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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 995 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 469)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 235)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analitika : Jurnal Magister Psikologi Uma     Open Access  
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 285)
Anuario de investigaciones (Facultad de Psicología. Universidad de Buenos Aires)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Investigaciones de la Facultad de Psicología     Open Access  
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Applied Psycholinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 199)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Art Therapy Online     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Behavioural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counseling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Change     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 177)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Buletin Psikologi     Open Access  
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Cahiers d’Études sur la Représentation     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Castalia : Revista de Psicología de la Academia     Open Access  
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice & Epidemiology in Mental Health     Open Access  
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clocks & Sleep     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Coaching : Theorie & Praxis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Community Psychology in Global Perspective     Open Access  
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling et spiritualité / Counselling and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Creativity. Theories ? Research ? Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Development and Psychopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 48)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.731
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 30  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0887-6177 - ISSN (Online) 1873-5843
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [406 journals]
  • Diagnostic Accuracy, Item Analysis and Age Effects of the UPSIT Spanish
           Version in Parkinson’s Disease
    • Authors: Campabadal A; Segura B, Baggio H, et al.
      Pages: 435 - 444
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test (UPSIT) is the most commonly used test to detect olfactory impairment in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but the cut-off score for clinical purposes is often difficult to establish because of age and sex effects. The current work aims to study the sensitivity and specificity of the UPSIT Spanish version and its accuracy in discriminating PD patients at different age groups from healthy controls (HC), and to perform an item analysis.MethodNinety-seven non-demented PD patients and 65 HC were assessed with the UPSIT Spanish version. Sensitivity, specificity, and diagnostic accuracy for PD were calculated. Multiple regression analysis was used to define predictors of UPSIT scores.ResultsUsing the normative cut-off score for anosmia (≤18), the UPSIT showed a sensitivity of 54.6% with a specificity of 100.0% for PD. We found that, using the UPSIT cut-off score of ≤25, sensitivity was 81.4% and specificity 84.6% (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve = 0.908). Diagnosis and age were good predictors of UPSIT scores (B = −10.948; p < .001; B = −0.203; p < .001). When optimal cut-off scores were considered according to age ranges (≤60, 61–70, and ≥71), sensitivity and specificity values were >80.0% for all age groups.ConclusionsIn the Spanish UPSIT version, sensitivity and specificity are improved when specific cut-off scores for different age groups are computed.
      PubDate: Fri, 10 May 2019 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy053
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2019)
       
  • The Social Functioning Scale for Alzheimer’s Disease: A Short
           Informant-based Measure of Functional Status in Patients with
           Alzheimer’s Disease in Taiwan
    • Authors: Lu Y; Chiu M, Chen T, et al.
      Pages: 445 - 454
      Abstract: ObjectiveEvaluating social-functioning impairments in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) objectively is essential for clinical service. However, the existing instruments lack representative content, consensus on purposes of use, and adequate scoring systems and samples. This study was thus to develop a social functioning scale for patients: the Social Functioning Scale for Alzheimer’s Disease (SFSAD).MethodQuestionnaires were analyzed from 142 AD patients, 30 patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI), and 50 normal controls.ResultsBased on the literature review and experts’ opinions, the final scale includes 20 items in four subscales. The SFSAD showed high internal consistency coefficients (Cronbach’s α = .97) and test–retest reliability (r = .99) coefficients. The content validity was desirable, and the criterion-related validity was demonstrated by a significant association with the MMSE, the IADL, and the Barthel ADL. The discriminant validity of the scale was also demonstrated as the level of social-functioning impairment was significantly related to the degree of dementia, and for construct validity, our findings supported the structure of the four-factor hypothesized model.ConclusionsThe SFSAD is thus a practical, psychometrically sound, and easy-to-administer measure to evaluate social functioning of AD and aMCI in brisk clinical settings.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy055
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Cognitive Decline in Post-treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome
    • Authors: Touradji P; Aucott J, Yang T, et al.
      Pages: 455 - 465
      Abstract: ObjectivePatient-reported cognitive complaints are common in those with post-treatment Lyme disease syndrome (PTLDS). Objective evidence of cognitive impairment in this population is variable in part due to methodological variability in existing studies. In this study, we sought to use a systematic approach to characterizing PTLDS based on the most current consensus diagnosis. We further examined PTLDS-related cognitive decline, operationalized as a significant decline in cognitive test performance relative to premorbid cognitive ability.MethodWe enrolled a case series of 124 patients with confirmed PTLDS defined by Infectious Diseases Society of America-proposed case definition. Cognitive functioning was evaluated using standardized neuropsychological measures.ResultsThe majority (92%) of participants endorsed some level of cognitive difficulty, yet 50% of the sample showed no statistically or clinically significant cognitive decline, 26% of the sample evidenced significant cognitive decline on measures of memory and variably on measures of processing speed, and 24% of the sample were excluded from analyses due to suboptimal test engagement.ConclusionsThe current findings are consistent with the literature showing that the most robust neurocognitive deficit associated with PTLDS is in verbal memory and with variable decline in processing speed. Compared to population normative comparison standards, PTLDS-related cognitive decline remains mild. Thus, further research is needed to better understand factors related to the magnitude of subjective cognitive complaints as well as objective evidence of mild cognitive decline.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy051
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Neurocognition in Post-Treatment Lyme Disease and Major Depressive
           Disorder
    • Authors: Keilp J; Corbera K, Gorlyn M, et al.
      Pages: 466 - 480
      Abstract: ObjectiveNeurocognitive dysfunction in patients with residual or emergent symptoms after treatment for Lyme Disease is often attributed to comorbid depression. In this study, patients with Post-Treatment Lyme Disease Syndrome (PTLDS) were compared to patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), as well as healthy comparison subjects (HC), on neurocognitive measures administered through the same laboratory, to determine if patterns of performance were similar.MethodsTwo analyses were conducted. First, performance on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-III) and on subtests from the Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS-III) was compared among the groups. Second, comparable subgroups of PTLDS and MDD patients with at least one low WMS-III score were compared on an additional set of measures assessing motor function, psychomotor performance, attention, memory, working memory, and language fluency, to determine if the overall profile of performance was similar in the two subgroups.ResultsIn the first analysis, PTLDS patients performed more poorly than both MDD and HC on tasks assessing verbal abilities, working memory, and paragraph learning. Processing speed in the two patient groups, however, was equally reduced. In the second analysis, MDD patients with low WMS-III exhibited concomitantly greater difficulties in psychomotor speed and attention, while low-WMS-III PTLDS patients exhibited greater difficulties in language fluency.ConclusionsMDD and PTLDS can be confused neuropsychologically because both exhibit similar levels of psychomotor slowing. However, problems on memory-related tasks, though mild, are more pronounced in PTLDS. PTLDS patients with poorer memory also exhibit poorer language fluency, and less deficit in processing speed and attention compared to MDD.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy083
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Robot Diagnosis Test for Egocentric and Allocentric Hemineglect
    • Authors: Montedoro V; Alsamour M, Dehem S, et al.
      Pages: 481 - 494
      Abstract: ObjectivePatients with hemineglect fail to respond to egocentric stimuli or allocentric parts of stimuli contralateral to the brain lesion. The clinical diagnosis of hemineglect mainly involves evaluation of the egocentric form, while less sensitive standardized tests exist for other forms. Our global aim is to develop an innovative integrative robot measure, the MonAmour test, combining the assessment of egocentric, allocentric and motor hemineglect. Here, we present the egocentric and allocentric evaluations.MethodsThirty-five first stroke patients (25 hemineglect) and 56 age-matched healthy controls were assessed on the index test (MonAmour) and on three reference standard tests (Bells test, Apples test and Neglect subtest of the Test for Attentional Performance). Based on controls’ performance, normative data were created. Validity was evaluated between the MonAmour and the reference standard tests through correlations and test sensitivity/specificity. Reliability of the MonAmour was measured with test–retest and minimal detectable change.ResultsResults demonstrated moderate to strong correlations between the MonAmour and the reference standard tests (r = .40–.88, p < .001 – p = .016). The sensitivity was high (50%–96%), with accurate diagnosis of patients with hemineglect, and reliability was excellent (Intraclass Correlation Coefficient = .79–.95, p < .001).ConclusionsThe MonAmour robot test is a valid, sensitive and reliable tool that can diagnose egocentric and allocentric hemineglect. Future studies will deepen the assessment and understanding of the different forms of hemineglect by testing the motor component of the test in order to use this accurate and integrative measure in daily clinical routine.RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov(NCT02543424).
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy062
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Cognitive Reserve Attenuates the Effect of Disability on Depression in
           Multiple Sclerosis
    • Authors: Cadden M; Guty E, Arnett P.
      Pages: 495 - 502
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe current study explored the moderating role of cognitive reserve on the relationship between disability and depression in a sample of individuals in which brain pathology is thought to contribute to depression (multiple sclerosis; MS).MethodFifty-four individuals with MS were examined. Depression was measured using the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). In addition to collecting demographic (education) and disease burden (Expanded Disability Status Scale; EDSS) related variables, participants completed a neuropsychological test battery and psychosocial questionnaires. Cognitive reserve (CR) was conceptualized in two ways: Fixed CR and Malleable CR. Fixed CR was measured using years of education and crystallized intelligence (Shipley Vocabulary). Malleable CR was operationalized as a composite of measures from the Cognitive Heath Questionnaire (CHQ). Two regressions on depression (BDI-FS) examining either type of cognitive reserve, EDSS, and their interactions were explored. Results: The interaction between EDSS and both conceptualizations of cognitive reserve were significant, t(50) = −2.60, p = .013, PRE = .12 (Fixed CR); t(47) = −2.02, p = .049, PRE = .08 (Malleable CR). Simple effects testing revealed the same pattern regardless of the type of cognitive reserve examined; EDSS predicted depression only in those with low cognitive reserve.ConclusionsCognitive reserve moderates the relationship between disability and depression in MS; disability does not appear to influence depression in those with high cognitive reserve.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy067
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Predictors of Financial Capacity in Young Adults
    • Authors: Demakis G; Szczepkowski K, Johnson A.
      Pages: 503 - 510
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo examine several predictors of financial capacity as assessed via the Independent Living Scales Money Management (ILS-MM) subtest in a regression correlational design.MethodOne hundred and five college students were administered measures of financial literacy and financial experience, as well as multiple neuropsychological measures assessing language, processing speed, executive functioning, and arithmetic. Using hierarchical regression analyses, we sought to predict performance on the two subscales of the ILS-MM—Problem Solving and Performance/Information. The former assesses financial knowledge (e.g., defining financial terms such as health insurance) whereas the latter assesses financial abilities (e.g., computing a financial balance).ResultsAfter controlling for demographic variables, financial literacy and experience predicted the Problem Solving subscale, but not the Performance subscale. Neuropsychological measures did not account for additional variance. In contrast, after controlling for demographic variables and financial literacy and financial experience, neuropsychological measures predicted the Performance but not the Problem Solving subscale. The key predictor was the Arithmetic subtest of the Wide Range Achievement Test4, which is not surprising given the mathematical demands of the task. Measures of executive functioning were not related to this measure.ConclusionsFinancial capacity is a broad construct, encompassing many financial abilities and concepts. To predict these, a variety of measures is necessary: financial literacy and experience predict knowledge-based items, whereas neuropsychological measures, especially arithmetic, predict performance-based items. Clinical and research implications of these findings are discussed as well as directions for future investigation.
      PubDate: Fri, 27 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy054
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Initiation, Inhibition and Strategy Generation Across the Healthy Adult
           Lifespan
    • Authors: Gibson E; Barker M, Martin A, et al.
      Pages: 511 - 523
      Abstract: ObjectiveExecutive functions are crucial for adaptive behavior in novel contexts. In healthy aging, these abilities are more sensitive to dysfunction than other cognitive abilities. The effect of aging on initiation, inhibition, and strategy use was investigated via performance on the Hayling Sentence Completion Test.MethodThe standard Hayling Test and baseline cognitive tests were administered to healthy adults (N = 344), aged 18–89 years (cross-sectional study). Bivariate Pearson’s correlations, partial correlations, and regression analyses were used to assess the impact of aging on the components of the Hayling Test.ResultsThere were significant positive correlations between age and response time for both Initiation and Suppression, and the number of Suppression Errors. Further, older age was negatively associated with strategy use. These findings remained significant after controlling for demographic factors such as education and crystallized intelligence and other cognitive functions sensitive to aging such as fluid intelligence, attention, working memory and semantic and phonemic word fluency.ConclusionsThis study provides clarification of the effect of age on the processes of initiation, inhibition, and strategy generation across the adult lifespan. The focus and analysis of strategy on the Hayling Test provides clinicians with an additional and valuable measure of executive functioning. That is, it provides insight into how older adults may be able to compensate for decline in these processes, and thus maximize quality of life and independence.
      PubDate: Sat, 04 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy057
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Comparability of iPad and Web-Based NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery
           Administration in Veterans
    • Authors: Brearly T; Rowland J, Martindale S, et al.
      Pages: 524 - 530
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe purpose of this study was to evaluate the comparability of National Institutes of Health Toolbox Cognitive Battery test scores across iPad application and web-based personal computer administration platforms. Original test norms were developed using a personal computer-based administration and no previous studies assessing platform comparability have been published.MethodParticipants (N = 62; final analyzed sample n = 49) were combat-exposed post-deployment veterans without neurologic disorder, severe mental illness, current substance use disorder, or a history of moderate or severe traumatic brain injury. All participants completed both iPad and web-based versions of tests on the same day in an experimental within-subjects crossover design. Standalone validity measures were incorporated to exclude invalid performance. Outcome measures included the Dimensional Change Card Sort Test, Flanker Inhibitory Control and Attention Test, List Sorting Working Memory Test, and Pattern Comparison Processing Speed Test.ResultsScore differences between platforms were found on the Flanker Inhibitory Control and Attention Test. Scores were moderately correlated across tests, with the exception of low correlations for the Pattern Comparison Processing Speed Test. Most participants preferred iPad to web administration, regardless of administration order.ConclusionsResults suggest caution when interpreting iPad-acquired scores, particularly for the Flanker Inhibitory Control and Attention Test. iPad-based testing offers valuable improvements; however, the development of iPad-specific norms may be necessary to ensure valid interpretation of acquired data.
      PubDate: Thu, 27 Sep 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy070
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Derivation of New Embedded Performance Validity Indicators for the Child
           and Adolescent Memory Profile (ChAMP) Objects Subtest in Youth with Mild
           Traumatic Brain Injury
    • Authors: Brooks B; MacAllister W, Fay-McClymont T, et al.
      Pages: 531 - 538
      Abstract: BackgroundDevelopment of an embedded performance validity test (PVT) is desired for visual memory tests. The goal of this study was to derive an embedded PVT for the Child and Adolescent Memory Profile (ChAMP) Objects visual memory subtest in youth with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI).MethodsChildren and adolescents (N = 91; mean age = 14.9 years, SD = 2.2, range = 8–18) on average 25.2 weeks (SD = 15.4) post-MTBI were administered ChAMP Objects. Two stand-alone PVTs (Test of Memory Malingering and Medical Symptom Validity Test) were administered, which allowed for grouping into valid (zero failed stand-alone PVTs) and invalid (both stand-alone PVTs failed). Cutoff scores for invalid performance on ChAMP Objects and Objects Delayed were established using failure on two PVTs as the criterion.ResultsOne in five youth (n = 19) failed both PVTs. Invalid performance was not associated with demographics or time since injury, but was significantly correlated with both ChAMP Objects (r = .53, p<.001) and Objects Delayed (r = −.63, p<.001). Area under the curve suggested adequate discrimination by Objects (.87) and excellent discrimination by Objects Delayed (.91). A cutoff scaled score of 5 or less on ChAMP Objects provided sensitivity of 58% for detecting invalid performance with 96% sensitivity. A cutoff scaled score of 5 or less on ChAMP Objects Delayed achieved sensitivity of 63% and specificity of 96%. Interpreting the two embedded PVTs simultaneously improved sensitivity to 79% with 93% specificity.ConclusionThis study yields promising new embedded PVTs for the ChAMP Objects subtest with strong sensitivity and specificity for detecting invalid performance in youth with MTBI.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy068
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Temporal Stability of Cognitive Functioning and Functional Capacity in
           Women with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
    • Authors: Gould F; Dunlop B, Rosenthal J, et al.
      Pages: 539 - 547
      Abstract: ObjectiveIn addition to clinical symptoms, patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often experience considerable disability and may evidence minor impairments in performance on measures of cognition and functional capacity (FC). The objective of the present study was to determine if cognitive and functional skills manifest temporal stability as observed in other neuropsychiatric conditions in the presence of greater fluctuations in clinical symptoms.MethodAssessments of cognition, FC, and clinical symptoms were conducted over two time points as part of a pre- and post-treatment assessment in a placebo-controlled clinical trial in 96 women with PTSD. The goal of these analyses was to examine the relative stability of scores and intercorrelations of measures of cognition, FC, and clinical symptoms.ResultsCognitive and FC performance manifested considerably greater cross-temporal stability compared to clinical symptoms. FC performance did not change over time. Similar to previous findings in patients with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder measures of symptoms and self-reported disability did not correlate with measures of functional skills or cognitive performance.ConclusionsCognitive performance and functional capacity were temporally stable in women with PTSD. In contrast, clinical symptoms had much more cross-temporal fluctuation. Self-reported disability was correlated with current symptomatology but unrelated to objective measures of performance. Similar to other neuropsychiatric conditions, mood symptoms likely influence estimates of current level of functioning more than cognitive or functional skills.
      PubDate: Wed, 15 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy064
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Volumes of the Hippocampal Formation Differentiate Component Processes of
           Memory in a Community Sample of Homeless and Marginally Housed Persons
    • Authors: Gicas K; Thornton A, Waclawik K, et al.
      Pages: 548 - 562
      Abstract: ObjectivePersons who are homeless or marginally housed exhibit significant cognitive dysfunction, with memory being the most impaired domain. Hippocampal subfield volumes have been found to differentially relate to component processes of memory. The neural correlates of memory have not been previously examined in marginalized persons who are understudied and underserved. We examined whether hippocampal subfields and entorhinal cortex volumes are uniquely related to indices of verbal episodic memory using the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test – Revised.MethodData was used from a large sample of community dwelling homeless and marginally housed adults (N = 227). Regression analyses were conducted to examine hippocampal subfield volumes (CA1, CA3, CA4, dentate gyrus, subiculum) and entorhinal cortex, and their associations with measures of verbal immediate recall, learning slope, and verbal delayed recall.ResultsGreater CA3 subfield volume was associated with better performance on an index of encoding (immediate recall), but only in older individuals. Greater CA1 and subiculum volumes were associated with better performance on immediate and delayed recall (measures that tap into retrieval processes), but not with learning slope (a more pure index of encoding). Entorhinal cortex volume was related to all components of memory beyond total hippocampal volume.ConclusionsOur results suggest common neuroanatomical correlates of memory dysfunction in large sample of marginalized persons, and these are uniquely related to different components of memory. These findings have clinical relevance for marginalized populations and theoretical relevance to the growing literature on functional specialization of the hippocampal subfields.
      PubDate: Thu, 08 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy066
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Validity of the ImPACT Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) Affective
           Symptom Cluster as a Screener for Depression in Collegiate Athletes
    • Authors: Riegler K; Guty E, Arnett P.
      Pages: 563 - 574
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe relationship between depression and sports-related concussion is complex and has implications both pre- and post-injury. The current study established the construct validity, convergent and discriminant, of the affective symptom cluster of The Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Test (ImPACT) post-concussion symptom scale (PCSS) as a screening tool for depression.MethodNine hundred and thirty (M = 695, F = 235) college athletes were assessed at baseline using the ImPACT PCSS and Beck-Depression Inventory-Fast Screen (BDI-FS). Previous factor analysis identified four symptom clusters on the PCSS: affective, physical, cognitive, and sleep. Clinically significant depression was operationalized as a BDI-FS score ≥4. Receiver Operating Characteristic curves (ROC) were used to determine the ideal cutoff, Chi-square tests of independence were calculated to establish convergent validity, and Fisher’s r-to-z comparisons were used to establish discriminant validity of the affective symptom cluster.ResultsThe 90th percentile cutoff yielded the highest sensitivity and specificity on the affective symptom cluster for males (4) and females (6). The correlation between BDI-FS and the 90th percentile cutoff was statistically significantly higher in females (φ = .96) than males (φ = .83), Z = 9.49, p < .001. When correlating the BDI-FS with each PCSS symptom cluster, the correlation with the affective symptom cluster was stronger than its correlation with cognitive, sleep, and physical clusters across gender.DiscussionBy utilizing a measure of depression within an existing and commonly used assessment, clinicians can easily screen for depression and identify athletes at risk for complicated recovery even in the absence of a supplemental depression assessment.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Nov 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy081
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Neurocognitive Performance of 425 Top-Level Football Players:
           Sport-specific Norm Values and Implications
    • Authors: Prien A; Junge A, Brugger P, et al.
      Pages: 575 - 584
      Abstract: ObjectiveConcussion diagnosis and management in sports largely relies on neurocognitive testing. In the absence of baseline assessment, only norm values of the general population are available for comparison with scores of concussed athletes. To evaluate whether (elite) sport specific norm values are needed, cognitive performance was compared between top-level football players and the general population.MethodsCognitive performance of 425 top-level football players was evaluated using the computerized test battery CNS Vital Signs. Players were split into two age groups (15–19 and 20–29 years) and test results were compared with a norm sample (n = 268) by means of age-standardized scores using Cohen’s d effect size statistics.ResultsThe younger age group outperformed the norm sample in all domains, with small to moderate effects on tests of processing speed (d = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.31,0.85), cognitive flexibility (d = 0.27, 95% CI = 0.01,0.53) and psychomotor speed (d = 0.97, 95% CI = 0.69,1.24). In the older age group, no differences were found on four out of six domains; a moderate positive effect was found for psychomotor speed (d = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.54,0.93), a small negative effect for reaction time (d = −0.47, 95% CI = −0.66,−0.28). Relative to the norm, older football players scored lower than younger football players on all test domains.ConclusionCognitive performance of elite football players may be different from the general population. It is recommended to use football-specific norm scores for comparison with test results of concussed players, and to choose an adequate control group when investigating effects of contact sport on cognition. Studies with older/retired football players are needed to further analyze potential sport-specific age effects.
      PubDate: Sat, 25 Aug 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/arclin/acy056
      Issue No: Vol. 34, No. 4 (2018)
       
 
 
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