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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 871 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 390)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 163)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 196)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access  
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 110)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 123)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover Australian Psychologist
  [SJR: 0.331]   [H-I: 31]   [11 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0005-0067 - ISSN (Online) 1742-9544
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1587 journals]
  • Relationships between Reading Ability and Child Mental Health: Moderating
           Effects of Self-Esteem
    • Authors: Mark E. Boyes; Bree Tebbutt, Kathryn A. Preece, Nicholas A. Badcock
      Abstract: ObjectiveChildren with reading difficulties are at elevated risk for externalising (e.g., conduct disorder) and internalising (e.g., anxiety and depression) mental health problems. Reading ability is also negatively associated with self-esteem, a consistent predictor of child and adolescent mental health more broadly. This study examined whether self-esteem moderated and/or mediated relationships between reading ability and mental health.MethodOne hundred and seventeen children (7–12 years) completed standardised reading assessments (Castles and Coltheart Test 2; CC2) and self-report measures of mental health (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; SDQ) and self-esteem (Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory). Non-verbal intelligence (IQ) was measured using the block design and matrix reasoning subscales of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, and was controlled for in all multivariate analyses.ResultsReading ability was negatively associated with internalising symptoms. This relationship was not moderated by self-esteem. Poor readers also reported more total difficulties and externalising symptoms, but only at low levels of self-esteem. There was no evidence that self-esteem mediated relationships between reading ability and mental health.ConclusionsPoor reading was associated with internalising symptoms. Self-esteem moderated the impact of reading ability on total difficulties and externalising symptoms, with high self-esteem buffering against negative impacts of poor reading. However, the reliability of the self-esteem scale used in the study was poor and findings need replication using a reliable and valid self-esteem measure, as well as other measures of child mental health. If replicated, future research should examine whether interventions aiming to improve self-esteem can reduce the risk of externalising problems in children with reading difficulties.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:25:29.635091-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12281
       
  • Does the Dark Triad Predict Prejudice?: The Role of Machiavellianism,
           Psychopathy, and Narcissism in Explaining Negativity Toward Asylum Seekers
           
    • Authors: Joel Anderson; Christopher Cheers
      Abstract: ObjectivePersonality has a long history of being linked to attitudes toward various social groups, but little research has explored how darker aspects of personality might contribute to social attitudes. In this article, we explore the role of the ominous personality traits in the Dark Triad (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy) in accounting for prejudice, in the specific case of antipathy toward asylum seekers.MethodA community sample of 173 Australians (Mage = 23.37 years, SD = 7.88; 74% females) responded to measures of classical and modern explicit attitudes and implicit attitudes toward this group. This study used a correlational research design.ResultsThe sample reported neutral explicit attitudes (both classical and modern) but implicit attitudes were negative. Classical attitudes were less negative than modern attitudes. Multiple hierarchical regression analyses revealed political conservatism and psychopathy predicted modern explicit attitudes while political conservatism and Machiavellianism predicted classical attitudes. Narcissism was unrelated to all attitudes, and none of the Dark Triad personality traits were related to implicit attitudes.ConclusionThe implications of the relationships between sub-clinical personality traits and social attitudes are discussed in reference to intervening with punitive attitudes towards this vulnerable social group. This article presents new evidence that Machiavellianism is related to classic attitudes, and provides more evidence that psychopathy is related to modern attitudes. Finally, this article adds to the scarce literature on implicit attitudes towards asylum seekers.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T00:55:22.998271-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12283
       
  • Closing the Gap in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Youth Suicide: A
           Social–Emotional Wellbeing Service Innovation Project
    • Authors: Delaney Michael Skerrett; Mandy Gibson, Leilani Darwin, Suzie Lewis, Rahm Rallah, Diego De Leo
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe suicide rate for Queensland's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people is over four times that of their non-Indigenous counterparts, with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (under 15) dying by suicide at 12 times the non-Indigenous rate. There is a need for interventions that are culturally validated and community-endorsed. The aim of this article is to describe the design and implementation of a group-based intervention, as well to report the results of the various qualitative and quantitative measures.MethodSixty-one Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons aged 11–21 years completed a social–emotional wellbeing (SEWB) program at headspace Inala. Data were available through to 2-month follow-up for 49 participants. The program was designed and delivered in collaboration with the local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community.ResultsThere was a statistically significant decrease in suicidal ideation experienced by the participants after completing the program. Qualitative measures indicated that participants experienced improved understanding of holistic health and an increased number of coping skills.ConclusionsNot only was this the first evaluated intervention in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth to ever report a decrease in individual suicidality, the program was carefully designed and implemented in consultation with community in a culturally sensitive manner and thus provides an invaluable framework for future SEWB work.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30T01:40:22.161327-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12277
       
  • Dysmorphic Appearance Concern and Hazardous Alcohol Use in University
           Students: The Mediating Role of Alcohol Expectancies
    • Authors: Mitchell Cunningham; Lexine Stapinski, Scott Griffiths, Andrew Baillie
      Abstract: ObjectiveA paucity of research has examined the link between body image concerns and alcohol use in university students. Individuals with elevated body image concerns may use alcohol due to the endorsement of expectancies that alcohol will reduce discomfort deriving from appearance concerns. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the how the link between body image concerns (i.e., dysmorphic appearance concerns) and hazardous alcohol use may be accounted for by alcohol-related expectancies.MethodParticipants were 138 undergraduates (74% male) who completed an online survey that gauged dysmorphic appearance concern, alcohol use, and alcohol-related expectancies.ResultsResults not only showed a link between dysmorphic appearance concern and hazardous alcohol use, but that the link between the constructs was partially mediated by positive alcohol expectancies. Moreover, individuals with elevated dysmorphic appearance concern appeared to use alcohol for their perceived sexual facilitation benefits and providing “liquid courage.”ConclusionsTherapies aimed at reducing hazardous alcohol use may benefit from targeting positive alcohol expectancies in young adults with elevated dysmorphic appearance concern.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17T08:40:28.079433-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12275
       
  • A Systematic Review: Non-Suicidal Self-injury in Australia and New
           Zealand's Indigenous Populations
    • Authors: Emma B. Black; Steve Kisely
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo undertake a systematic review of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) prevalence, patterns, functions, and behavioural correlates for the Indigenous populations of Australia (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders) and New Zealand (NZ; Maori).MethodWe searched the following electronic databases: PubMed, MedLine, Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, PsycInfo, and PsycArticles, CINAHL, and the Informit Health and Indigenous Peoples collections. Studies were included for review if they were published within the last 25 years and reported on NSSI in Australia and NZ's Indigenous populations.ResultsSeven studies were included, six of which came from Australia. The prevalence of NSSI in Australia ranged from 0.9% up to 22.50%; statistics varied by the different samples, types of prevalence, and relationship to alcohol. Several studies found that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples had higher rates of NSSI than other Australians, but that this was not significantly higher. Two studies indicated that NSSI was linked to alcohol use, incarceration, and a younger age. The one NZ study was of injury and not specifically NSSI.ConclusionsFindings are limited due to a small pool of literature. Cultural variations in NSSI presentation should be considered when working with Indigenous populations. Further research is required to help determine what cultural variations may exist.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T05:45:23.564631-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12274
       
  • Sports Media Representations of Concussions in the National Rugby League
    • Authors: Megan Kennard; Tracey McLellan, Audrey McKinlay
      Abstract: ObjectiveConcussion is poorly understood by the general public who are regularly exposed to this type of injury via televised sports such as the National Rugby League (NRL). This study investigated media representations of concussion by examining the terminology used by the commentators during the 2010 and 2011 NRL seasons.MethodData was obtained through a surveillance design where commentary statements were recorded for each observable concussion.ResultsDramatic terminology was the most frequently used followed by entertaining and humorous terminology. Commentators often portrayed the way the incident had occurred and the player's reaction to being concussed. However, information about a player sustaining an injury that required medical attention was rarely conveyed.ConclusionMedia tend to trivialise concussion and this may have an impact on the public's knowledge of, and influence their response to, concussion.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T05:35:22.226224-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12272
       
  • The Role of Social Support, Being Present, and Self-kindness in University
           Student Psychological Distress
    • Authors: Helen M. Stallman; Jeneva L. Ohan, Belinda Chiera
      Abstract: ObjectiveSelf-kindness, which is thought to be part of self-compassion, has the potential to contribute to mental health, as well as serve as a focus for interventions. However, little attention has been given to the potential role of self-kindness specifically, especially in the context of mindful presence and available social support, in buffering distress.MethodStructural equation modelling was used to test a theoretically based model of how these factors relate to each other and psychological distress. Participants were 592 Australian university students.ResultsResults confirmed our hypotheses, showing that: (a) receiving social support is important to the capacity for self-kindness both directly and indirectly through the ability to “be present,” and (b) the relationship between social support and psychological distress is partially mediated by the practices of self-kindness and being present. The model of social support, being present, and self-kindness accounted for half the variance in psychological distress. With the addition of stressors, a regression model explained a total of 62% of the variance.ConclusionsThese findings have implications for understanding the construct of self-kindness and its role in the development of interventions to improve student success.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T04:50:23.256636-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12271
       
  • Identifying and Addressing Barriers to Treatment Decision-making in
           Bipolar II Disorder: Clinicians’ Perspective
    • Authors: Alana Fisher; Vijaya Manicavasagar, Louise Sharpe, Rebekah Laidsaar-Powell, Ilona Juraskova
      Abstract: ObjectiveTreatment decision-making in bipolar II disorder is complex due to limited evidence on treatment efficacy and potentially burdensome side-effects of options. Thus, involving patients and negotiating treatment options with them is necessary to ensure that final treatment decisions balance both clinician and patient preferences. This study qualitatively explored clinician views on (a) effective treatment decision-making, unmet patient needs for (b) decision-support and (c) information.MethodQualitative semi-structured interviews with 20 practising clinicians (n = 10 clinical psychologists, n = 6 general practitioners, n = 4 psychiatrists) with experience treating adult outpatients with bipolar II disorder were conducted. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using framework methods. Self-report professional experience, and clinician preferences for patient decision-making involvement were also assessed.ResultsQualitative analyses yielded two inter-related themes: (a) challenges and barriers to decision-making and (b) facilitators of clinician decision-making. Symptom severity, negative family attitudes, system-based factors, and information gaps were thought to pose challenges to decision-making. By contrast, decision-making was supported by patient information, family involvement and patient-centredness, and a strong therapeutic relationship. Clinician views varied depending on their professional background (medical vs clinical psychologist), patient involvement preferences, and whether the clinician was a bipolar specialist.ConclusionsWhilst clinicians uniformly recognise the importance of involving patients in informed treatment decision-making, active patient participation is hampered by unmet informational and decision-support needs. Current findings inform a number of bipolar II disorder-specific, clinician-endorsed strategies for facilitating patient decision-making, which can inform the development of targeted patient decision-support resources for use in this setting.
      PubDate: 2017-02-14T00:00:30.766232-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12264
       
  • An Investigation of Supervisory Practices to Develop Relational and
           Reflective Competence in Psychologists
    • Authors: Fiona L. Calvert; Trevor P. Crowe, Brin F. S. Grenyer
      Abstract: BackgroundCompetency-based models of supervision acknowledge relationship, including reflective capacity, as foundational in professional psychology. However, current understandings of supervisory practices aimed at developing this competency are limited.ObjectiveThis study aimed to explore the practices used in supervision for the development of supervisee relational competence. These practices were also examined with reference to supervisor/supervisee theoretical orientation, as well as the nature of the supervisory relationship (including working alliance, real relationship, and attention to parallel process in supervision).MethodA total of 45 supervisees and 41 supervisors participated in an online survey in which they rated the perceived usefulness and actual use of various supervisory interventions for the development of relational competence. Participants also provided qualitative responses regarding the methods used to develop relationship competence. Finally, respondents completed measures of supervisory working alliance, real relationship, and attention to parallel process in supervision.ResultsRatings of supervisory methods and qualitative responses revealed a rich variety of interventions currently being utilised in enhancing supervisee relationship competence. Ratings of perceived usefulness and actual use of various supervisory interventions were not related to theoretical orientation. Finally, correlational analyses revealed multiple associations between the nature of the supervisory relationship and perceived usefulness and actual use of supervisory interventions for enhancing relational competence.ConclusionThe results of this study have important implications for the practice of supervision and guiding directions of future research.
      PubDate: 2017-01-30T00:40:53.795009-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12261
       
  • Competency-based Clinical Supervision: Status, Opportunities, Tensions,
           and the Future
    • Authors: Carol A. Falender; Edward P. Shafranske
      Abstract: Although competency-based clinical supervision has been adopted in many international clinical training settings, acceptance has been variable with scholarly opinion outpacing actual practice. The transtheoretical molecular model, as articulated by Gonsalvez and Calvert (2014), offers a structure for advancing competency-based supervision and an important contribution, providing for definition of content and processes implicit in supervision practice. Barriers to implementation of competency-based supervision include lack of consensus on effective supervision practices, lack of empirical support for the model, and an absence of systematic training in clinical supervision during the training trajectory. However, the competency-based model, when implemented with fidelity to an explicit approach with designated competencies (Falender & Shafranske, 2017; Gonsalvez & Calvert, 2014) provides essential components for implementation. These include supervisee and supervisor self-assessment of competence as a platform for goal setting, establishment of a collaborative supervisory relationship through this process, attention to the power differential implicit in the relationship, with a promise of transparency in feedback provided through competence assessment and monitoring, attention to diversity and multicultural personal factors, and ethical, legal, and regulatory factors. The process of supervision enhances the supervisee's metacompetence, or awareness of what he/she knows and does not know, and skill development through systematic targeted monitoring and feedback. However, significant tensions arise in balancing multiple supervisor roles and responsibilities involving multicultural and global competence. Steps are proposed to advance supervisor competence within competency-based supervision and the requisite practices are identified that define it as a model for future study and empirical analysis of supervision efficacy.
      PubDate: 2017-01-30T00:40:51.710891-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12265
       
  • Issue Information - TOC
    • Pages: 81 - 81
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:56:11.769277-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12273
       
  • Introduction to the Special Issue Recent Developments in Professional
           Supervision: Challenges and Practice Implications
    • Authors: Craig J. Gonsalvez; Frank P. Deane, Analise O'Donovan
      Pages: 83 - 85
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:56:12.041574-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12276
       
  • The Supervision Evaluation and Supervisory Competence Scale: Psychometric
           Validation
    • Authors: Craig J. Gonsalvez; Geaty Hamid, Nicole M. Savage, Danielle Livni
      Pages: 94 - 103
      Abstract: ObjectivesThe last two decades has witnessed a strong endorsement of competency-based models for both practitioner training and professional supervision. The valid and reliable measurement of supervisee and supervisory competence is an essential step towards progress, yet currently there are few instruments that can claim to measure the range of supervisor competencies. The current study establishes the Supervision Evaluation and Supervisory Competence (SE-SC) scale as a new, psychometrically sound instrument.MethodA total of 142 supervisees anonymously completed overall evaluations of supervision satisfaction and supervisor effectiveness and of specific supervisor competencies using the SE-SC instrument. The specific competencies were subjected to a hierarchical cluster analyses to determine the underlying structure of supervisory competence.ResultsThe results supported a six-cluster solution that included (a) Openness, caring and support, (b) Supervisor's Knowledge and Expertise as Therapist, (c) Supervision Planning and Management, (d) Goal-Directed Supervision, (e) Restorative Competencies, and (f) Insight into and Management of Therapist-Client Dynamics and Reflective Practitioner Competencies. The results yielded excellent internal reliability, test–retest reliability, and concurrent validity for the six clusters, with high and meaningful correlations with subscales of the Supervisory Working Alliance Inventory (SWAI) and the Supervisory Styles Inventory (SSI). More importantly, the six clusters together better predicted overall scores on supervision satisfaction and effectiveness (85% of variance) than did subscales of the SWAI (56%) and the SSI (57%).ConclusionThe SE-SC demonstrates good psychometric properties and is a useful scale to measure a supervisee's evaluation of supervisory competence.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:56:11.342999-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12269
       
  • A Framework to Support Experiential Learning and Psychological Flexibility
           in Supervision: SHAPE
    • Authors: Eric M.J. Morris; Linda Bilich-Eric
      Pages: 104 - 113
      Abstract: ObjectiveIn this article, we describe a pragmatic framework for supporting supervision, based on a contextual behavioural perspective.MethodThe development of psychological skills to a competent level requires didactic and experiential learning, and supervision is agreed to be a central vehicle for the integration of these experiences. Alongside engaging in problem-solving and giving instructions (to build adherence), supervisors can reasonably expect supervisees to learn from experience by attending closely to influences and effects of their choices. Experiential learning can help the psychologist to develop sensitivity in applying knowledge and skills in effective and safe ways for clients (thus demonstrating competence).ResultsWe argue that contingency-shaped learning is strengthened by including supervision elements that promote psychological flexibility (the capacity to actively embrace one's private experiences in the present moment and engage or disengage in patterns of behaviour in the service of chosen values). Psychological flexibility has been found to foster wellbeing, work effectiveness, openness to new learning, compassion, and acceptance of difference and diversity, in workplace settings. Moreover, the psychological flexibility of psychologists has been found to predict the use of evidence-based interventions, such as exposure.ConclusionThe SHAPE framework identifies five features (Supervision values; Hold stories lightly; Assessment of function; Perspective-taking; Experiential methods) likely to promote psychologists’ psychological flexibility and experiential learning in the supervision context. These five features are extensions of agreed supervision best practices, enhanced by developments in contextual behavioural science (perspective-taking, cognitive defusion, and acceptance). We describe examples of using SHAPE, and present research directions, to assess whether these features promote experiential learning in supervision.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:56:10.178945-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12267
       
  • Addressing Professional Competency Problems in Clinical Psychology
           Trainees
    • Authors: Kathryn Nicholson Perry; Mark Donovan, Rosalind Knight, Alice Shires
      Pages: 121 - 129
      Abstract: ObjectiveClinical psychology trainees with problems of professional competence (PPC) continue to be a challenge for courses. Despite the rapid development of competency-based training models, the impact of this shift to the identification and management of professional competency problems is unclear. This project aims to describe how clinical psychology trainees with PPC are identified and managed within the Australian and New Zealand context.MethodAn online survey was distributed through Australian and New Zealand universities offering clinical psychology training programmes. Questions addressed approaches to monitoring progress on placements, identification and management of trainees determined to be underperforming on placements, and the perceived usefulness of a range of strategies such as the use of standardised-rating tools.ResultsThirty one responses were received, representing 40 clinical psychology training courses in 22 institutions across Australia and New Zealand. In all cases, at least one trainee with a PPC had been detected in the previous 5 years, most commonly attributed to psychological, behavioural, and developmental issues. Respondents reported the use of a range of preventive and remedial strategies, including the use of psychometrically validated competency evaluation rating forms to assist in the grading of placements.ConclusionTrainees with PPC occur on a fairly regular basis in clinical psychology training courses in Australian and New Zealand. While some processes involved in the identification and management of these students have been refined and systematised, some opportunities to facilitate early identification and remediation may yet need further enhancement.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:56:09.090923-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12268
       
  • Is Supervisor Training Effective? A Pilot Investigation of Clinical
           Supervisor Training Program
    • Authors: Analise O'Donovan; Bonnie Clough, Jemima Petch
      Pages: 149 - 154
      Abstract: ObjectiveAlthough competency-based training of supervisors is now compulsory in many countries, there has been limited evidenced-based literature to guide the profession as to the most effective ways of training supervisors. The aim of the current pilot study was to examine the effects of a supervisor training program on supervisor, supervisee, and evaluator perceptions of supervisory competence.MethodTen female and two male supervisors employed by a state-wide counselling service participated in the study. Data, including taped supervision sessions relating to supervisor, supervisee, and evaluator perceptions of supervisory competence, skill, and process were collected at three time points; two prior to a supervisor training program and one following the program.ResultsThe evaluator observed significant improvements in supervisory competence from pre- to post-training. Although supervisors reported no significant change in competence as a result of training, they did report areas of positive changes in supervisory practice. Across time supervisors also reported a significant decrease in their perception of the supervisor–supervisee alliance on one measure, but this was not noted by the evaluator or supervisee, or on other measures of supervisory alliance.ConclusionsEvaluator ratings of supervisor competency and qualitative supervisor feedback provide preliminary support for the effectiveness of supervisor training. However, the pilot study was underpowered and some of the measures require further psychometric testing, which will need to be addressed in future research.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:56:11.820626-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12263
       
  • Preliminary Exploration of Psychologists’ Knowledge and Perceptions of
           Electronic Security and Implications for Use of Technology-Assisted
           Supervision
    • Authors: Russell Blackman; Frank P. Deane, Craig Gonsalvez, Daniel Saffioti
      Pages: 155 - 161
      Abstract: ObjectiveTechnology is increasingly used in the provision of psychology services, and technology-assisted supervision may offer improved access, convenience, and cost efficiencies in supervision settings, as well as augmenting and extending traditional supervision tools. The successful implementation and uptake of technology in supervision and training may be impacted by psychologists’ understanding of digital security mechanisms and their perception of risk associated with new technologies.MethodTwenty-five psychologists completed a survey exploring knowledge of e-security, perceptions of risk associated with different behaviours in both digital and more traditional working contexts, and the extent to which they engaged in these behaviours. Comfort and willingness to utilise new supervision technologies was also assessed.ResultsResults reveal a perceived lack of understanding of electronic security mechanisms. Comparisons of perceived risk between physical and equivalent digitally managed information were rated as similar. Psychologists tend to engage in higher perceived risk behaviours less often, although there are some clear discrepancies. Greater knowledge of e-security was associated with less comfort in using new supervision technologies.ConclusionsUser perceptions of risk may impact the uptake of potentially useful technologies that support supervision. Education in the implementation of appropriate digital security mechanisms is recommended, coupled with further research to understand barriers associated with greater knowledge of security risks.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T23:56:08.77496-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12262
       
  • Exploring Decision Making Around Therapist Self-Disclosure in Cognitive
           Behavioural Therapy
    • Authors: Emma Miller (nee Johnston); Angela McNaught
      Abstract: BackgroundTherapist self-disclosure (TSD) usage varies greatly among different psychotherapy orientations. Anecdotal evidence seems to suggest that there are reasons for its judicious use, and a small number of researchers have proposed guidelines for how TSD should be used to help therapists across psychotherapy models make decisions around disclosure. However, there is almost no literature specifically exploring how cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) practitioners make decisions around employing TSD within the CBT framework.ObjectiveThis study aimed to explore how experienced CBT practitioners make decisions around TSD.MethodIn-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with six clinical psychologists who were trained and experienced in CBT, and the interviews were analysed thematically.ResultsThere were two overarching themes in terms of how they made decisions to self-disclose: (A) the rules for TSD use, which included sub-themes (a) it must have a clear purpose, (b) it must fit, (c) the therapist must maintain boundaries, and (d) the therapist must always reflect on his/her use of TSD; and (B) how they use TSD, which included subthemes of (a) using it as a tool for change and (b) using it to manage the therapeutic relationship.ConclusionParticipants’ decisions on whether or not to self-disclose were strongly influenced by the CBT model, and this process went beyond what is suggested in the transtheoretical literature. Understanding this process may lead to the development of CBT-specific guidelines for making TSD-related decisions.
      PubDate: 2016-12-13T02:20:40.814034-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12260
       
  • Neuropsychology and Youth Mental Health in Victoria: The Results of a
           Clinical Service Audit
    • Authors: Caroline A. Fisher; Sarah E. Hetrick, Zalie Merrett, Emma M. Parrish, Kelly Allott
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe allocation of neuropsychology services in Victoria's public youth mental health system is very limited. The objective of this study was to evaluate the utility of a youth mental health neuropsychology service over a 16-month period, and to evaluate referrer feedback about the service.MethodsA 16-month clinical data audit and referrer survey of the Eastern Health Child and Youth Mental Health Service neuropsychology service.ResultsA total of 45 clients were seen for assessment during the audit period with an age range of 7–25 years. Neuropsychological involvement identified DSM diagnoses in 42% of clients, as well as findings that were considered to be of neuropsychological importance in a further 51%. Case manager referrer surveys were returned at a rate of 58%, with 100% of responses indicating that the neuropsychological input had assisted with treatment planning, and that 79% of responders had altered their therapeutic approach after receiving the neuropsychological results.ConclusionsNeuropsychology input in youth mental health services is useful from both a diagnostic and treatment planning perspective and often results in alterations in the therapeutic approach of case managers.
      PubDate: 2016-12-13T02:20:39.529509-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12259
       
  • How Effective is Cognitive Remediation in Enhancing Vocational Outcomes
           for Job Seekers with Severe Mental Illness in Australia'
    • Authors: Natalia A. Contreras; David J. Castle, Caroline Crosse, Dea Morgain, Ellie Fossey, Carol Harvey, Susan L. Rossell
      Abstract: ObjectiveDespite advances in the treatment of people with severe mental illness (SMI), access to work for this community still remains a challenge. Cognitive remediation (CR) is an intervention that can improve employment outcomes, especially when offered alongside employment support. This pilot study aimed to determine whether CR enhances vocational outcomes for job seekers participating in an innovative vocationally oriented psycho-educational program implemented in Australia.MethodFourteen participants with SMI were enrolled in Health Optimisation Program for Employment (HOPE) and attended 20 sessions of CR. Assessments were performed at baseline, post-CR, and 3 months follow-up. Individuals were assessed on a number of occupational and psychosocial variables (e.g., hours of paid and unpaid work, self-esteem, quality of life, social relationships), in addition to undertaking the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery.ResultsThere was no increase in hours of paid work for those in employment, but 46% of the group initiated tertiary studies between baseline and 3-month follow-up. There was a trend towards a significant increase in number of volunteer hours, with 31% of individuals having initiated a non-paid activity at the end of the CR. As predicted, cognition improved over time as did psychosocial outcomes in the areas of self-esteem, quality of life and social relationships.ConclusionsConsistent with previous studies, CR improved psychosocial and cognitive functioning. While employment benefits were not found, promising outcomes were reported on volunteering and educational participation. This pilot suggests there may be potential for combining CR with HOPE to enhance vocation-related participation and potential employability of job seekers with SMI in Australia. Given these preliminary findings, a further clinical trial with appropriate control group and sample size is required to validate the effectiveness of HOPE+CR.
      PubDate: 2016-12-02T06:40:35.96061-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12256
       
  • Predicting Supervision Outcomes: What is Different about Psychological
           Assessment Supervision'
    • Authors: Marla J. Vannucci; Douglas M. Whiteside, Seema Saigal, Lauren Nichols, Sasha Hileman
      Abstract: ObjectivePsychological assessment is a key activity for psychologists and a foundational element of psychology training, and psychological assessment supervision differs from psychotherapy supervision. The present study investigated factors that promote effectiveness in psychological assessment supervision.MethodParticipants were 47 assessment practica students at a clinical psychology doctoral program in the USA, their supervisors, and faculty evaluators of the Clinical Qualifying Exam-Assessment (CQE-A), which was the student competency outcome measure. Students were grouped by CQE-A performance: pass (n = 15), remediate (n = 23), and fail (n = 9).ResultsSuccessful students performed better on tasks that required them to integrate complex client information, reported more supplemental supervision experiences, such as in group or provided by unlicensed advanced trainees, and indicated that supplemental experiences were associated with greater confidence. Successful students were rated as more able to manage anxiety during the CQE-A and to use practicum supervision effectively. Students who failed reported greater focus in supervision on basic skills, and demonstrated inaccuracy in skills self-assessment. Student satisfaction was positively correlated with regular monitoring, ongoing feedback, clear goals and expectations, clear evaluation criteria, an initial baseline skills assessment, regular meetings, and supervisors staying updated.ConclusionsLinking skills assessment, goal setting, and evaluation are important for successful student outcomes. A developmental approach may aid in customizing supervision. Tools, such as supervision agreements and training to orient students to the process of assessment supervision, may impact student ability to use supervision effectively. Group and supplemental supervisors can aid in monitoring students and fine tuning skill development.
      PubDate: 2016-12-02T06:40:32.892819-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12258
       
  • Barriers to Provision of External Clinical Psychology Student Placements
    • Authors: Alice Shires; Lil Vrklevski, Judy Hyde, Vida Bliokas, Akeesha Simmons
      Abstract: ObjectiveWith increasing focus on the treatment of mental health problems the need for clinical psychologists is expanding, driving strong demand for postgraduate clinical psychology training programs. Although the number of training places in Australia has increased, the availability of external placements appears to have lagged behind, causing significant challenges to students. Using a survey of clinical psychologists in New South Wales, Australia, this study evaluated the capacity for placements and explored issues that may impact on field placement capacity.MethodA survey was developed in order to identify potential student placement capacity and factors that may prevent potential supervisors from offering placements to students. The survey was distributed electronically through clinical psychology networks targeting those employed in NSW.ResultsOne hundred and forty endorsed clinical psychologists completed the survey. Of these, 42% stated they felt unable to offer field placements to students within the next 12 months. The most commonly cited barriers to offering a placement included a lack of time (21%); not being a PsyBA supervisor (18%); being employed part-time (18%) and the concern that clinical supervision time did not attract funding under the current public health funding model (16%).ConclusionThe study provides an estimate of clinical field placement capacity in NSW. The results suggest that the capacity in the existing clinical psychology workforce could meet clinical field placement demand. The authors discuss reasons why anecdotally, this does not appear to reflect the reality of field placement coordinators and students. The authors provide possible strategies for addressing the issues raised.
      PubDate: 2016-11-10T05:10:32.985174-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12254
       
  • Resilience and Subjective Wellbeing: A Psychometric Evaluation in Young
           Australian Adults
    • Authors: Adrian J. Tomyn; Melissa K. Weinberg
      Abstract: ObjectiveResilience is an important and underdeveloped area of research, and there are few studies that describe levels of resilience among youth samples. A major aim of this research is to explore the utility of an adapted form of the 10-item Connor Davidson Resilience Scale and to clarify the association between this construct and a robust measure of subjective wellbeing.MethodA representative sample of 1000 Victorians aged 16–25 years participated in a telephone interview comprising the modified 10-item Connor Davidson Resilience Scale and the Personal Wellbeing Index.ResultsThe modified 10-item Connor Davidson Resilience Scale demonstrated adequate inter-item reliability and factored as intended. A moderate, positive correlation was found between the modified 10-item Connor Davidson Resilience Scale and the Personal Wellbeing Index. Significance testing revealed group differences for gender, age, and annual household income. The results are also used to establish theoretical “normal” ranges for resilience in Victoria's youth population.ConclusionThe results from this study support the modified 10-item Connor Davidson Resilience Scale as a valid and reliable measure of young people's resilience using traditional psychometric tests. Moreover, this is the first study to describe the levels of resilience among Victorian youths and to evaluate these data alongside a robust measure of subjective wellbeing. The implications of the findings for government policy and service delivery are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-11-01T23:30:33.062045-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12251
       
  • Excellence in Research in Australia 2010, 2012, and 2015: The Rising of
           the Curate's Soufflé'
    • Authors: Simon F. Crowe; Stephanie Watt
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA) data collections completed in 2010, 2012, and 2015 were developed by the Australian Research Council to identify the quality of research produced by the broad range of Australian tertiary education institutions. In each evaluation, the quality of research produced by the institutions was rated on a 5-point scale ranging from “well above world standard” to “well below world standard” within each field of research (FoR). The FoRs relevant to psychology include codes 1701 (Psychology), 1702 (Cognitive Sciences), and 17 (Psychology and Other Cognitive Sciences), a combination of the aforementioned codes.MethodThis analysis examined and compared the ratings of the 41 Australian universities across the years 2010, 2012, and 2015 for the psychology codes (i.e., 17, 1701, and 1702), as well as examining the combined means for all three data collections. The universities were also compared according to institution type (i.e., Group of 8, the Australian Innovative Research Universities, the Australian University Technology Network, and the Regional Universities Network across years. The final analysis compared other codes relevant to psychology across the years 2010, 2012, and 2015.ResultsResults of the analyses revealed an overall improvement in research ratings by the universities, with most improving or at least holding their ground.ConclusionIt is still concerning that almost 40% of the institutions did not meet the benchmark of at or above world standard. Some of the issues associated with the ERA data collections are discussed, and suggestions are made for improving this process.
      PubDate: 2016-10-12T08:42:20.71017-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12248
       
  • Illness Perceptions, Coping, Benefit Finding, and Adjustment in
           Individuals with Hepatitis C
    • Authors: Simon Langston; Mark S. Edwards, Michael Lyvers
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo investigate the ability of illness perceptions, adaptive, and maladaptive coping strategies, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment among individuals diagnosed with the hepatitis C virus (HCV), within an expanded self-regulatory model of illness (SRM).MethodA total of 126 participants with HCV completed an online questionnaire assessing illness perceptions, coping, benefit finding, and four adjustment outcomes, depression, physical functioning, life satisfaction and positive affect.ResultsIllness perceptions made significant contributions to the variance in adjustment outcomes across the four psychosocial and physical adjustment areas. At an individual level, personal control, identification with HCV symptoms, perceptions related to illness duration, illness coherence, and emotional responses to HCV made significant contributions to the prediction of adjustment. Similarly, the combined contributions of adaptive and maladaptive coping strategies explained significant variance across the four adjustment areas. Greater adoption of maladaptive coping strategies predicted poorer physical health, higher reported depression, greater life satisfaction, and positive affect outcomes, while increased engagement with adoptive coping strategies predicted higher positive affect. Increased benefit finding predicted greater positive affect, life satisfaction, and higher depression.ConclusionResults demonstrate the ability of the SRM features of illness perceptions and coping, and benefit finding to predict physical and psychosocial adjustment outcomes within the context of HCV.
      PubDate: 2016-10-12T08:42:09.423105-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12255
       
  • Brief Online Training with Standardised Vignettes Reduces Inflated
           Supervisor Ratings of Trainee Practitioner Competencies
    • Authors: Josephine Terry; Craig Gonsalvez, Frank Patrick Deane
      Abstract: ObjectiveSupervisor assessments of trainee competence are integral to ensuring that clinical psychology trainees reach competency benchmarks. The commonly used Clinical Psychology Practicum Competencies Rating Scale (CΨPRS) has been shown to elicit inflated ratings of competency. Hence, the aim of this study is to examine whether brief supervisor training reduces ratings by providing objective criteria with which supervisors can assess trainee competency.MethodThe ratings included were of 124 psychology trainees from nine Australian university clinical programmes. Of 170 supervisors, 32 completed the online training immediately prior to commencing the CΨPRS. Training required supervisors to rate the competency level described in five standardised vignettes (Beginner through to Competent). Vignette ratings, as determined by a panel of expert supervisors, were provided as feedback. A sixth calibration vignette was also rated (no feedback provided). Firstly, CΨPRS ratings from the trained and untrained supervisors were compared. Secondly, the difference between supervisor and expert ratings of the calibration vignettes were compared across trained and untrained groups.ResultsTrained supervisors provided lower CΨPRS ratings than untrained supervisors. In addition, trained supervisors (vs untrained supervisors) provided ratings of the calibration vignette that more accurately matched the ratings provided by the expert panel.ConclusionsBrief online training using standardised vignettes was associated with lower CΨPRS ratings. The standardised vignettes helped calibrate supervisors’ ratings and likely attuned supervisors to the skills and competency levels that are expected at particular developmental stages. As a consequence, training appeared to reduce ratings, arguably resulting in more accurate assessments of trainee performance.
      PubDate: 2016-10-12T08:42:06.948479-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12250
       
  • Repetitive, Safe, and Automatic: The Experience of Appearance-Related
           Behaviours in Body Dysmorphic Disorder
    • Authors: Alissa Oakes; James Collison, Jo Milne-Home
      Abstract: ObjectiveBody dysmorphic disorder (BDD) entails a preoccupation with a perceived appearance defect, which causes distress and/or functional impairment. The individual must also perform repetitive behaviours in response to these concerns (e.g., mirror checking, excessive grooming). Prior research has focused primarily on preoccupation, and behaviours have rarely been examined. As such, there is limited insight regarding how these activities are perceived by the sufferer. This study therefore examined how individuals with BDD experience these behaviours.MethodEight individuals diagnosed with BDD completed a 60-min, semi-structured interview. Inductive thematic analysis was employed to investigate semantic themes within the data.ResultsThree themes emerged: “Routine and repetitive”, “Safety through control,” and “Natural and automatic.” These findings portray a complex experience of distressing activities that may also provide comfort and safety, in time coming to embodying what “normal” constitutes for the individual.ConclusionsThe experience of BDD behaviour is complex. Camouflaging and using make-up provided a sense of relief and/or reassurance, whereas other behaviours were reported as distressing and likely to promote further concerns. Ironically, participants were seemingly dissatisfied with these symptoms, while also drawing comfort and a sense of identify from them. This inconsistent pattern of reward and punishment supports existing conceptual models of BDD, and may explain why these symptoms are so difficult to manage and/or change (i.e., via negative reinforcement). It also suggests that different types or categories of behaviour may exist for BDD (e.g., checking vs fixing behaviours), reflecting different functions and/or underlying motivations among individuals.
      PubDate: 2016-09-26T04:50:31.492215-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12247
       
  • How Young Refugees Cope with Conflict in Culturally and Linguistically
           Diverse Urban Schools
    • Authors: Georgiana Cameron; Erica Frydenberg, Alun Jackson
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study compared how young people from diverse migration backgrounds (refugee, immigrant, and local) cope with interpersonal conflicts with an aim to understand how practitioners can most effectively support young people of different backgrounds. Productive, non-productive, and reference to other coping styles were expected to differ according to students’ age, exposure to trauma, and migration backgrounds.MethodsMixed methods were used to explore the meaning of conflict within culturally and linguistically diverse school settings, and investigate how social factors influenced students’ preferred coping styles in relation to conflict. Eighty students attending mainstream and specialist language schools in Melbourne completed measures regarding their exposure to traumatic events and preferred coping styles when dealing with conflicts.ResultsSignificant positive correlations were found between exposure to trauma and age, as well as exposure to trauma and the use of non-productive coping across the sample. Analyses on traumatic event items revealed that young refugees, compared to immigrant or locals, were more likely to have been exposed to events such as sudden death of a person, fire, or war zones.ConclusionsFindings suggested practitioners must consider how multiple factors such trauma, social environment, and everyday stressors influence how young people cope with conflict. Universal interventions with a problem-solving and coping framework are likely to be beneficial to those students exposed to trauma and whole school communities.
      PubDate: 2016-08-30T00:05:24.546812-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12245
       
  • Development of an Internet Intervention to Promote Wellbeing in College
           Students
    • Authors: Helen M Stallman; David J Kavanagh
      Abstract: ObjectiveWhile tertiary students commonly experience distress that substantially impacts functioning and performance, few seek help. Innovative strategies are needed to promote wellbeing and address this distress. The current article describes the development, acceptability testing, and use of an Internet intervention to promote student wellbeing and resilience—thedesk.MethodAcceptability and useability of the program were evaluated by user analytics and focus groups.ResultsIn the first 3.5 years, 118,000 individuals accessed the website and had 163,000 sessions averaging 5.3 min and 6.9 accessed pages. Users’ wellbeing scores were positively skewed, suggesting that the engaged content has broad relevance. While the percentage of people leaving the site after viewing the homepage was considered acceptable at 50%, there is significant room to improve engagement. Responses from consumer focus groups suggested high acceptability, perceived usability, and likely utility. Concerns included data security and, for international students, the need for greater direction on program use.ConclusionsWhile further research is needed to evaluate the effects of thedesk on wellbeing and distress, the current results suggest that it provides highly accessible support that is well accepted by most tertiary students and has the potential for use as a stand-alone intervention or, adjunctively, to increase the impact of other student support.
      PubDate: 2016-08-28T00:30:36.910833-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12246
       
  • The Availability of Psychological Services for Aged Care Residents in
           Australia: A Survey of Facility Staff
    • Authors: Jennifer Stargatt; Sunil S. Bhar, Tanya E. Davison, Nancy A. Pachana, Leander Mitchell, Deborah Koder, Carol Hunter, Colleen Doyle, Yvonne Wells, Edward Helmes
      Abstract: ObjectiveRates of depression and anxiety are high among older adults in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). This study examined the extent to which psychological services are made available to facility residents in Australia, and investigated barriers to accessing such services.MethodThe sample consisted of 90 senior staff from a random sample of RACFs. Participants completed self-report questionnaires regarding their perspectives on the availability of psychological services and potential barriers to access psychological services.ResultsAccess to psychological services was poor. Psychologists were employed at a rate only one third that of other providers of mental health services. Residents were rarely referred to psychologists or to psychological treatments. The most important barriers to access, as perceived by participants, were the low availability of psychologists specialising in treating older adults, lack of government funding for such access, and limited staff training in detecting depression and anxiety.ConclusionAccess to psychologists and psychological services remains poor in Australian residential aged care settings. Such access may be improved by developing a workforce of clinical geropsychologists, improving funding mechanisms for residents to access psychological services, and addressing staff knowledge about depression and anxiety.
      PubDate: 2016-08-26T00:15:27.078164-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12244
       
  • The Uti Kulintjaku Project: The Path to Clear Thinking. An Evaluation of
           an Innovative, Aboriginal-Led Approach to Developing Bi-Cultural
           Understanding of Mental Health and Wellbeing
    • Authors: Samantha J. Togni
      Abstract: ObjectiveUti kulintjaku means “to think and understand clearly.” Led by senior Aboriginal women, the Uti Kulintjaku Project took an innovative approach to developing a process to strengthen shared understandings of mental health between Aboriginal people and non-Aboriginal health professionals with the long-term aims of increasing help-seeking, strengthening health services’ cultural competency, and Aboriginal leadership.MethodDevelopmental evaluation supported the Project's development and utilised data collected through ten 3- to 4-day workshops over 3 years, reflective practice, participant observation, focussed discussion groups with Aboriginal participants, and 21 semi-structured, in-depth key stakeholder interviews.ResultsA model, Uti Kulintjaku Iwara: the path to clear thinking, has been developed. This model facilitates clear thinking, enables safe ways to talk about difficult issues, fosters healing and empowerment, and promotes finding new ways to enhance mental health and wellbeing. A range of outcomes at a personal, group, and Project level has been achieved: capacity development of the team of senior Aboriginal women; increased bi-cultural understanding of mental health; and emphasis on the importance of culture in enhancing Aboriginal mental health and wellbeing. A multi-lingual compendium of words and phrases was created and innovative resources were produced. Partnerships with mental health services were strengthened.ConclusionsThe Project's model and the healing, empowerment and leadership outcomes for the Aboriginal participants are consistent with programs identified as most effective in enhancing the social and emotional wellbeing and “suicide proofing” of Aboriginal communities. The model developed has potential application to address other complex social and health issues in various contexts.
      PubDate: 2016-08-11T00:10:38.969374-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12243
       
  • Neuropsychology Supervision: Incorporating Reflective Practice
    • Authors: Nicola J. Gates; Christine I. Sendiack
      Abstract: ObjectiveClinical supervision is fundamental to the training of psychologists. Neuropsychology (NP) is recognised as a distinct discipline of psychology and is an area of endorsement; however, specific training in NP supervision has received limited attention. Reflective practice is a supervisor competency required by the Psychology Board of Australia (PBA) and is one element of NP foundational competencies. Reflective practice can be described as the process of consciously analysing decision-making, and drawing upon theory and experience, in order to improve clinical practice. This discussion paper aims to improve the supervision of neuropsychologists in Australia by providing an explicit framework to incorporate reflective practice into NP supervision.MethodAs a discussion paper, the first stage is to review the NP supervision literature; and second to provide a practical supervision framework to integrate reflective practice in accordance with current research, NP-specific requirements, and the PBA.ResultsThe extant literature on NP supervision is exceedingly limited. NP supervision training frameworks were based upon developmental and competency-based models and indicate that reflective practice is a core element. A practical framework for the implementation of reflective practice was effectively developed.ConclusionsThe reflective approach allows supervisees to attain core functional and foundational neuropsychological competencies, and is flexible to allow for different contexts and potentially new supervision training requirements. Importantly, the reflective practice framework supports ongoing professional development and competency throughout the neuropsychologists’ professional career span.
      PubDate: 2016-08-11T00:10:36.45291-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12242
       
  • Impact of Client Suicide on Psychologists in Australia
    • Authors: Melissa Finlayson; Janette Graetz Simmonds
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis research aimed to assess the frequency and impact of client suicides on psychologists in Australia.MethodParticipants were 178 psychologists who completed an online self-report questionnaire concerning the frequency of occurrence and impact of client suicide.ResultFifty six (31.5%) participants reported one or more client suicides. Psychologists with more years of experience reported more client suicides. Participants who had experienced a client suicide reported a range of emotional, cognitive and behavioural reactions as well as professional impacts. Ratings of responsibility, preventability and predictability of a client suicide were associated with emotional and/or professional impacts. Beneficial coping responses included talking to supervisors and colleagues, recognising the psychologist is not responsible and having increased acceptance of a client suicide.ConclusionsThe findings have important implications for training, workplace practices and research.
      PubDate: 2016-08-11T00:10:32.931599-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12240
       
  • Recognising an at Risk Mental State for Psychosis: Australian Lay People
           and Clinicians’ Ability to Identify a Problem and Recommend Help Across
           Vignette Types
    • Authors: Kate T. Greenhalgh; Dianne C. Shanley
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study assessed lay people and clinicians’ recognition of an at risk mental state (ARMS) for psychosis, their intentions to recommend help, and the equivalence of written and videotaped vignettes when detecting the problem.MethodsIn an Australian online survey, 52 lay people and 32 psychologists with provisional or full registration were randomly assigned to either a videotaped or written vignette of someone with an ARMS. Measures assessed detection and labelling of the mental health problem, and lay people's intentions to recommend help.ResultsData were analysed with Chi-Square statistics, Fisher's Exact tests, and Multinomial Logistic Regression. Lay people frequently detected that a mental health problem existed but labelled it incorrectly. All clinicians detected that a mental health problem existed and most labelled it correctly. Lay people's detection that a mental health problem existed was not associated with vignette type but videotaped vignettes produced significantly more correct labelling. Clinicians had poorer labelling when the vignette was videotaped. Correct labelling was associated with intentions to recommend help to a doctor, psychiatrist, and psychologist/counsellor but not with other help sources or with “no help.”ConclusionsResults indicated that if lay people received further education about ARMS, they may be more likely to recommend help to certain mental health professionals. They further highlight the need to use multiple vignette methods in mental health literacy research and the importance of simulated learning about ARMS in professional training environments. Replication of these results in larger samples is required.
      PubDate: 2016-08-08T13:19:43.638704-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12238
       
  • Body Weight, the Home Environment, and Eating Behaviour Across Three
           Generations of Women: A Quasi-Longitudinal Study in Four Mediterranean and
           Non-Mediterranean Countries
    • Authors: Jane Ogden; Marianna Dalkou, Marianna Kousantoni, Stephanie Savona Ventura, Rebecca Reynolds
      Abstract: ObjectiveA quasi-longitudinal design was used to explore how changes in the home environment reflect body weight and eating behaviours in three generations of women across two non-Mediterranean (UK and Australia) and two Mediterranean countries (Greece and Malta).MethodA within- and between-subjects design was used. The within-subjects factor was generation (daughters, mothers, and grandmothers). The between-subjects factor was nationality [Mediterranean (Malta, n = 135 and Greece, n = 106) vs non-Mediterranean (UK, n = 120 and Australia, n = 96]. Body mass index (BMI), eating behaviour, and aspects of the home environment were assessed using questionnaires for family triads.ResultsThere were consistent differences by generation in terms of BMI, eating behaviour, and most aspects of the home environment, with daughters being lighter but reporting less healthy diets in terms of drinks, snacks, meals, and food preparation than either their mothers or grandmothers and a lower endorsement of parental control over food, a lower belief in controlling forms of parenting, and a lower belief in the mothers’ autonomy over their daughter. Further, those from Mediterranean countries were heavier and reported poorer diets and a stricter approach to the home environment. The results also indicate that a shift between the generations was more marked in Mediterranean countries, with more pronounced differences occurring between daughters, their mothers, and grandmothers.ConclusionIncreased weight may be associated with a less managed home environment and poorer eating behaviours, which are particularly apparent in those from Mediterranean countries, where daughters may be reacting against their more controlling family culture.
      PubDate: 2016-08-03T05:46:43.437399-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12224
       
  • Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Towards Asylum Seekers in Australia:
           Demographic and Ideological Correlates
    • Authors: Joel Anderson
      Abstract: ObjectiveAttitudes toward asylum seekers that have been reported in Australia are negative and pervasive. To date, this body of literature has explored only measured explicit responses. This article is the first to explore their implicit counterpart.MethodTwo cross-sectional studies measured explicit and implicit attitudes towards asylum seekers. The first study used a community sample (N = 183, Mage = 24.98 years, 115 females), and the second used a sample of students (N = 106, Mage = 22.75 years, 87 female). The sample in Study 2 also responded to scales measuring levels of ideological orientations toward social dominance orientation (SDO), right-wing authoritarianism (RWA), and principle of social justice.ResultsIn Study 1, an exploration of demographic variables revealed that gender predicted explicit attitudes, but gender and religious affiliation predicted implicit attitudes. In Study 2, an exploration of ideological variables revealed that higher levels of SDO and RWA predict negative explicit attitudes, and macrojustice principles predict positive explicit attitudes, but only SDO predicts (negative) implicit attitudes.ConclusionsThe evidence presented reveals some discrepancies between factors that predict explicit and implicit attitudes toward this socially vulnerable group, and the findings are interpreted as evidence for a dual-construct model of attitudes toward asylum seekers.
      PubDate: 2016-07-30T00:10:25.926036-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12229
       
  • Drunkorexia: An Empirical Investigation among Australian Female University
           Students
    • Authors: Alissa Knight; Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Susan Simpson
      Abstract: ObjectiveAnecdotal claims insinuate that female Australian university students may be engaging in a new type of hazardous phenomena called “drunkorexia” (i.e., using disordered eating to compensate for planned binge drinking). However, to date, this conjecture has not been validated by empirical evidence. The primary aim of the present study was to estimate the frequency of drunkorexia behaviours in a population of non-clinical Australian undergraduate female university students. A secondary aim was to explore whether drunkorexia may be a stand-alone problem, separate from traditional eating disorders.MethodsOne hundred and thirty-six healthy female Australian undergraduate university students between 18 and 25 years (M=21.32, SD=2.73) completed the self-report Compensatory Eating and Behaviors in Response to Alcohol Consumption Scale to screen for drunkorexia symptomatology.ResultsAmong the study sample, 57.7% (n = 85) of Australian female university students reported drunkorexia-type behaviours 25% of the time or more, while 27.2% (n = 37) reported no drunkorexia-type behaviour. In addition, 16.2 8% (n = 22) of the participants reported engaging in characteristic drunkorexic behaviours to specifically offset ingested alcohol calories while not engaging in such behaviours routinely for any other reason or with any other type of food or drink.ConclusionsResults of this study add preliminary empirical evidence that a number of Australian female university students are employing drunkorexia-type behaviours as a way to drink alcohol without the concern of ingested calories. Further evidence is needed to definitively conclude that drunkorexia represents a distinctive problem that is separate from traditional eating disorders.
      PubDate: 2016-06-30T00:40:50.381088-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12212
       
  • The Performance of Australian Children and Adolescents on Rey's Tangled
           Lines Test
    • Authors: Debra A Dunstan; Jennifer A Rees Brown
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe study aimed to generate preliminary Australian normative data for the performance of individuals aged 8–15 years on the Rey Tangled Lines Test (Rey TLT), and to chronicle age-related trends in the acquisition of processing speed and accuracy. The Rey TLT is a neuropsychometric test that queries processing speed and was intended to assist in the differentiation of problems in fine eye tracking from wider cognitive disorders. This instrument does not require verbal or motor responses and may be administered in less than 10 min. To date, it has been unavailable for inclusion in a child or adolescent cognitive assessment battery due to the absence of normative data for this population.MethodsN = 120 children aged 8–15 years (68 females and 52 males) were recruited to establish four, 2-year chronological age groups (i.e., 8–9, 10–11, 12–13, and 14–15 years) with n = 30 participants per group. The Rey TLT was administered to each participant in a single session. Response time and accuracy were documented.ResultsSets of normative data for Australian children's performance on the Rey TLT were collected. Completion time decreased and task accuracy increased with age; younger children generally performed more slowly and less accurately than older children.ConclusionsThe Rey TLT appears to be sensitive to changes in age of children and is quick and simple to administer. It holds promise for inclusion in a battery of psychological tests to examine processing speed and fine eye tracking.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:26:19.797441-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12198
       
  • Resilience in Early-Career Psychologists: Investigating Challenges,
           Strategies, Facilitators, and the Training Pathway
    • Authors: Christina Kolar; Kathryn Treuer, Carly Koh
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe profession of psychology is a challenging and demanding field, particularly for newly registered psychologists entering the workforce. Resilience can be an important factor in psychologists' success and well-being, therefore this study aimed to explore the concept of resilience among early-career psychologists by identifying factors and strategies which support resilience and which aspects of work are most challenging for an early-career psychologist. The study also explored how universities could help graduates to be more resilient.MethodA sample of 96 early-career psychologists practising in Australia within various specialisations was recruited, and participants were asked five questions about their resilience and any contributing factors. The research team implemented a qualitative method and formulated the interview schedule with items determined through the literature. Interview data were thematically analysed.ResultsDominant themes regarding workplace factors that affect resilience concerned leadership, organisational culture, effort–reward imbalance, and emotional labour. Strategies reported to foster resilience in early-career psychologists included workload management, professional development, utilising peer networks, reflection, exercise, and socialising. Regarding the university training pathway, support from the Australian Psychological Society and colleges was important, as well as greater focus on work placements, supervision, work-integrated learning, job-relevant coursework, self-care education, teamwork, critical thinking skills, work readiness initiatives, career management support, and experience working within multidisciplinary teams.ConclusionsThis study has shown the important role that universities and workplaces play in determining an early-career psychologist's resilience. These findings have new practical implications for university curricula and organisational practices.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:26:16.810193-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12197
       
  • Professionals' Perceptions Regarding the Suitability of Investigative
           Interview Protocols with Aboriginal Children
    • Authors: Gemma Hamilton; Martine B Powell, Sonja P Brubacher
      Abstract: ObjectiveDespite the heterogeneity of Australian Aboriginal peoples, certain styles of relating are shared and are markedly different to the communication styles of non-Aboriginal peoples. These differences may affect the suitability of current investigative interview protocols to Australian Aboriginal children. This study aimed to qualitatively evaluate the applicability of an investigative interview protocol to Australian Aboriginal children and examine how it could be modified to better suit the communication styles in many Aboriginal communities.MethodA diverse group of 28 participants who had expertise in Aboriginal language and culture, as well as an understanding of the child investigative interview process, each partook in an in-depth semi-structured interview where they were prompted to reflect on Aboriginal language and culture with reference to a current interview protocol (in the context of sexual assault investigation).ResultsThematic analysis revealed overall support for the narrative-based structure of the interview protocol when eliciting information from Aboriginal children. A number of concerns were also identified, and these largely related to the syntax and vocabulary within the protocol, as well as the methods of questioning and building rapport with the child.ConclusionsDirections for future research and potential modifications to investigative interview protocols to better suit Aboriginal children are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:26:12.821057-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12196
       
  • Interviewing of Children for Family Law Matters: A Review
    • Authors: Katrine M Turoy-Smith; Martine B Powell
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study aims to provide a review of the current literature on the interviewing of children for family law matters as an up-to-date resource for practitioners who might be starting out in, or considering entering, the family law arena and as a guide for future research.MethodThis study is a literature review of publications concerning the purpose and practice of child interviews in family law matters. Specifically, this review is structured around the following questions: (a) what is sought from interviews with children for family law matters; (b) what capacity do children have to provide reliable information; and (c) how should children and how are children currently being interviewed in the family law context.ResultsResearch on the interviewing of children for family law matters is still in its infancy, with the majority of the work concentrated on providing guidelines, principles, and suggestions for interviews without an evaluation of whether these guidelines or suggestions are being utilised or whether they are effective.ConclusionsNo one has yet extensively examined how child interviews for parenting disputes are being conducted. Overall, the aim of future research should therefore include investigation of: (a) how children are actually being interviewed for reports in family law proceedings; (b) what effect known interviewing techniques have in the family law context; and (c) how best practice interviewing can be developed and applied for assessments in family law proceedings.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:26:10.12479-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12193
       
  • The Establishment of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy in Argentina
    • Authors: Guido Pablo Korman
      Abstract: Although Argentina is well known for the popularity of psychoanalysis, in recent years the field of psychotherapy has been expanded to include cognitive behavioural therapy. At present, cognitive behavioural therapy has become much more common in universities and postgraduate educational programmes in Argentina. This work aims to describe the development of cognitive behavioural therapy in Argentina. First, we will depict some general characteristics of psychology in Argentina. Then, we will refer to the first cognitive behavioural therapists in Argentina, highlighting the trajectories of the local main figures, and the events that paved the road for the development of this model in Argentina, such as the visit of Hans Eysenck to Buenos Aires, the impact of Aaron T. Beck's work, and the presence of Vittorio Guidano. Then, we will describe the various institutions that, in the 1990s, established the Argentinian Cognitive Therapies Association. Finally, we will describe the current development of cognitive behavioural therapy in Argentina, and analyse its characteristics and the challenges of local culture.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:26:05.750819-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12195
       
  • Determinants of Transition From Child and Adolescent to Adult Mental
           Health Services: A Western Australian Pilot Study
    • Authors: Rebecca H Perera; Shane L Rogers, Stephen Edwards, Paul Hudman, Catherine Malone
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe aim of this research was to explore the transition pathways of transition-aged youth out of child and adolescent mental health services in Perth, Western Australia. A secondary aim was to identify factors that have some impact upon the transition process.MethodCases discharged from seven child and adolescent mental health community clinics in the Perth metropolitan area, from 1 June 2004 to 30 June 2013, at transition age (16–25 years of age), were examined retrospectively. Two hundred and forty-five cases met the selection criteria and were reviewed on the Psychiatric Services Online Information System.ResultsFour specific pathways of referral and acceptance into an adult mental health service were identified: not referred, referred with immediate engagement, referred with delayed engagement, and referred with no engagement and not accepted. Principal discharge diagnosis, length of stay, and housing situation on discharge were all found to influence likelihood of referral. Only principal discharge diagnosis was found to influence successful acceptance into an adult mental health service.ConclusionsThe factors found to influence transition pathways in the present study were largely consistent with findings from the UK. Findings of the present research can assist clinicians to make more informed decisions when discussing transition with clients. More broadly, findings can be used by policy makers to support the formation and maintenance of transition protocols.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:26:04.95618-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12192
       
  • Acculturation of Indian Subcontinental Adolescents Living in Australia
    • Authors: Proshanta Dey; Gomathi Sitharthan
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to explore the preferred acculturation strategies adopted by Indian subcontinental adolescents living in Australia. The study also examined the demographic, ethnocultural, and psychological factors that could influence subcontinental migrant groups' attitudes towards acculturation and their acculturation strategies.MethodA cross-sectional design was used in which the dependent variables were the four acculturation strategies. Multivariate data analysis was conducted. Pearson's correlation, analysis of variance, and step-wise multiple regression analyses were performed to establish the relationships among the study variables.ResultsIntegration was the most preferred strategy and marginalisation was the least preferred strategy for all ethnic groups. Acculturation preferences are predicted partly by the adolescents' ethnicity, their ethnic identity, friendship choices, acculturative stress, sense of mastery (self-concept) and gender. The findings provide significant information on the acculturation practices of Indian subcontinental adolescents, including their ethnic identity search and commitment, their psychological well-being and their integration strategies.ConclusionsEducational institutions could benefit from increased awareness of the needs of these culturally diverse groups, especially if this information is incorporated into teacher training materials. The inclusion of intercultural relations courses in the academic curriculum would promote harmonious relations between culturally diverse ethnic groups.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:25:56.314768-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12190
       
  • Transgender Mental Health in Australia: Satisfaction with Practitioners
           and the Standards of Care
    • Authors: Felicity Ho; Alexander J Mussap
      Abstract: ObjectiveThere is evidence that some transgender people find aspects of the Standards of Care (SOC) for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender, and Gender Nonconforming People, and/or their implementation by health professionals, problematic and counterproductive to transitioning. This study evaluated the significance of this dissatisfaction to the transitioning and mental health of transgender people.Method161 self-identified transgender people responded to an online survey that assessed satisfaction with health services provided in accordance with SOC guidelines, satisfaction with health professionals assisting with their transition, personal hardiness, gender congruence, steps to transition, and depression, anxiety, and stress.ResultsAlthough results revealed dissatisfaction with the Standards of Care and with health professionals (particularly psychiatrists), subsequent path analyses conducted via structural equation modelling failed to reveal associations between this dissatisfaction and factors relevant to transitioning or mental health. However, personal hardiness was found to be associated with greater progress in transitioning and, by way of this, improved gender congruence, self-esteem, and mental health.ConclusionWhile the results reveal dissatisfaction with the Australian health system and its professionals, this does not appear to translate into poor mental health outcomes. Rather personal hardiness during transition is the important predictor of transitioning and mental health. This argues for greater emphasis to be placed on building and supporting personal resilience in transgender people.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:25:53.538955-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12188
       
  • Alexithymia among Perpetrators of Violent Offences in Australia:
           Implications for Rehabilitation
    • Authors: James Strickland; Cate L. Parry, Maria M. Allan, Alfred Allan
      Abstract: ObjectiveAlexithymia, which involves difficulties identifying, communicating, and thinking about emotions, could be an important factor in violent offending. Our aim with the current study was to explore the levels of alexithymia among perpetrators of different types of violence (i.e., general and intimate partner) in Australia to better understand their treatment needs.MethodSeventy-nine male general violent offenders incarcerated in Western Australian prisons, 31 male intimate partner violence (IPV) perpetrators from IPV intervention programs, and 80 men from the general community completed the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20).ResultsGeneral violent offenders and IPV perpetrators both scored significantly higher than men from the general community on total alexithymia score and the subscales that measure difficulty identifying and describing feelings; the violent groups did not differ from the general community on externally oriented thinking style. There was no significant difference between the general violent offenders and IPV perpetrators on the total alexithymia score or any of the three subscales of the TAS-20.ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that perpetrators of violence in Australia have higher levels of alexithymia than non-offending men, and that alexithymia should be assessed in the treatment of violent offenders. Our findings also suggest both types of violent offenders have similar alexithymia profiles and that both have difficulties identifying and describing their emotions.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:25:48.707289-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12187
       
  • Eating Disorder Patient Experiences of Volitional Stigma Within the
           Healthcare System and Views on Biogenetic Framing: A Qualitative
           Perspective
    • Authors: Amy Bannatyne; Peta Stapleton
      Abstract: ObjectiveResearch has consistently indicated that fear of stigma is a pertinent factor when understanding the poor prevalence of treatment seeking among individuals with mental illness, particularly eating disorders (EDs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the treatment experiences of ED sufferers within an Australian context, in addition to exploring patient views on framing EDs as biogenetic conditions, given the increased understanding and presentation of EDs as biologically based conditions.MethodsSemi-structured online data collection was conducted with 35 Australian women with a history of an ED (54.3% in treatment, 45.7% in “recovery” or “recovered”). The data were evaluated using a three-phased coding system, allowing findings to emerge from significant themes inherent within the raw data (thematic analysis).ResultsTreatment was perceived as traumatic, punitive, blaming, lacking in understanding/education, and overemphasised the physical dimensions of the illness. The experience of volitional stigma in the health “care” system was frequent and expected, and for many sufferers had adverse effects. Biogenetic framing was perceived to be more likely to reduce (rather than exacerbate) stigma, particularly perceptions of volition and personal responsibility. Although reductions in blame and responsibility were welcomed, there was concern that biogenetic explanations could negatively impact recovery by endorsing genetic fatalism and encouraging self-fulfilling prophecies via genetic essentialism.ConclusionsOverall, findings highlight that attention to volitional stigma within the health system is required (particularly education) and that aetiological framing (with caution and sensitivity) is perceived to be a feasible stigma reduction method by ED sufferers.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T05:25:27.25666-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12171
       
  • Exploring Psychological wellbeing in a Sample of Australian Actors
    • Authors: Alison E Robb; Clemence Due, Anthony Venning
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe objective of the current study was to explore what factors might impact the psychological wellbeing of adult, Australian professional actors.MethodTwenty South Australian actors were recruited using purposive and snowball sampling. Ten were male and 10 female, ranging in age from 22 to 66 years old, with self-reported professional experience ranging from 1 to 50 years. The participants were interviewed in-depth about their experiences of being an actor, with a particular focus on wellbeing, and the data were analysed using thematic analysis, with numerous checks in place for methodological rigour.ResultsTwo broad categories of themes were established; environmental and personal factors. Environmental factors included power, lifestyle, fringe-dwelling, engagement, the tribe, and taking care of yourself. Personal factors included pursuit, strengths, the calling, precariousness and looking within.ConclusionsThemes were considered in terms of contemporary wellbeing theory, along with clinical implications relating to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM5). Findings included: actors experience a range of threats to wellbeing, such as problems with autonomy, lack of environmental mastery, complex interpersonal relationships and high self-criticism. Factors facilitating wellbeing include ongoing personal growth and a sense of purpose. The findings also suggest that actors are vulnerable to depression, generalised anxiety symptoms, vicarious trauma, and perfectionism.
      PubDate: 2016-06-16T02:25:39.508454-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12221
       
  • Schizophrenia: An Exploration of an Acceptance, Mindfulness, and
           Compassion-based Group Intervention
    • Authors: Maria João Martins; Paula Castilho, Vitor Santos, Andrew Gumley
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study aimed to develop and apply a brief (five-session) group-based intervention called Compassionate, Mindful and Accepting approach to Psychosis (CMAP) for patients diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia.MethodsThe intervention was based on three major approaches: the mindfulness framework adapted for psychosis with the proposed modifications for meditation work, the rationales from Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, and Compassion-Focused Therapy adapted to psychosis. The intervention was in group format, with one therapist (five 1-hr sessions). Five patients (male, single, between 22 and 35 years old, Caucasian) completed the intervention. Participants completed self-report measures at baseline (1 week prior to intervention) and post-treatment (1 week—additionally the Satisfaction with Intervention Questionnaire).ResultsThe intervention seemed acceptable for all participants. For illustration of potential benefits of this approach, pre-post results are presented and discussed for two patients. Overall, there was improvement in both patients, although in different measures. Both patients’ conviction in paranoid delusions decreased, while an increase in acting with awareness was observed.ConclusionsAlthough preliminary, the results are in line with previous research in psychosis. Future directions and clinical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-06-03T09:06:36.913837-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12210
       
  • Brief on the Role of Psychologists in Residential and Home Care Services
           for Older Adults
    • Authors: Tanya E. Davison; Deborah Koder, Edward Helmes, Colleen Doyle, Sunil Bhar, Leander Mitchell, Carol Hunter, Bob Knight, Nancy Pachana
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis brief examines the evidence that is currently available to inform the provision of psychological services within aged care services, considering both residential care and home care settings.MethodA narrative literature review of the literature evaluating psychological approaches for common conditions in aged care settings was conducted, focusing on the assessment and treatment of common mental health disorders and dementia. Information on the current employment and training of Australian psychologists in geropsychology was also summarised.ResultsWhile further research is required, existing literature provides a clear rationale for the benefit of psychological approaches to address a range of conditions, including the management of dementia. There is only limited research focusing specifically on the home care setting, despite the increasing number of older adults who receive aged care services in their own homes. The current provision of psychological services in Australia is critically low, driven in part by funding limitations. Meanwhile, substantial gaps remain in the training provided to provisional psychologists.ConclusionA number of key recommendations are made to address the growing need for age-specific psychological assessments and interventions to be included as part of the delivery of aged care services in this country. Given the continued high prevalence of mental health disorders and dementia within aged care settings, as well as even higher rates of subthreshold conditions, improved access to psychological services for older Australians must become a priority.
      PubDate: 2016-06-03T09:06:27.594895-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12209
       
  • Experiences of Fly-In, Fly-Out and Drive-In, Drive-Out Rural and Remote
           Psychologists
    • Authors: Carly Rose Sutherland; Anna Chur-Hansen, Helen Winefield
      Abstract: ObjectiveFly-in, fly-out (FIFO) and drive-in, drive out (DIDO) work practices have been central to the resource sector in Australia for many years. While research considering the impacts of this lifestyle on mining workers is emerging, comparatively little is known about the experiences of FIFO/DIDO health professionals. The lack of information on FIFO/DIDO psychologists may be detrimental to both the communities serviced by them and the profession in terms of developing appropriate workforce planning and training for psychological service delivery in rural and remote areas. This qualitative study therefore aimed to explore the experiences of FIFO/DIDO psychologists.MethodSemi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 10 psychologists living in metropolitan South Australia and working in rural and remote areas. Interviews were conducted by telephone, face-to-face, or in a group. Data were analysed using thematic analysis.ResultsWhile participants reported experiencing similar challenges as resident rural psychologists, including diverse and complex cases and a lack of referral options, they also reported unique challenges, advantages, and support needs as FIFO/DIDO psychologists. These were encompassed by the themes of “Living away from home” and “Working away from home,” which included two sub-themes: “Limited time” (referring to the limited time spent in the rural setting) and “Professional isolation” (factors associated with working away from professional supports).ConclusionsThis study may assist in recruitment and retention of FIFO/DIDO psychologists by providing insight into what is required in the role and may inform training and models of rural and remote psychological service delivery.
      PubDate: 2016-03-24T23:50:43.776728-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12194
       
  • Grist to the Mill: A Qualitative Investigation of Mindfulness-Integrated
           Cognitive Behaviour Therapy for Experienced Health Professionals
    • Authors: Mick Darby; Vanessa Beavan
      Abstract: ObjectiveMindfulness-integrated cognitive behaviour therapy (MiCBT) is a transdiagnostic psychological intervention for the alleviation of chronic mental health conditions. Although health workers utilise the approach in Australasia, Europe, and North America, the modality has been overlooked in the literature. Furthermore, few qualitative studies have investigated mindfulness training for experienced healthcare professionals. This study addresses these gaps and is the first investigation of an Australian sample in this field of study.MethodThe design comprises a two-stage qualitative analysis of the recorded experiences of six health professionals during introductory MiCBT training in Australia, using course workbooks and semi-structured interviews conducted at between 3 and 21 months’ follow-up.ResultsResults show a high level of agreement with the extant literature on other mindfulness-based approaches. Themes involve harnessing of personal challenges during training to one's advantage, gaining equanimity through exposure, and personal benefits linked to home practice. However, notable themes from the literature relating to group cohesion and professional self-care are absent. Novel findings include the reported ability of participants to regard personal difficulties as opportunities, rather than threats, to practice; and differences in how mindfulness training is implemented professionally by psychologists and social workers working with dissimilar client groups.ConclusionsResults suggest that specifics of the training delivery, occupation of professionals, and level of client functioning could all play a part in determining perceived outcomes of mindfulness training for participants. The findings will be of interest to anyone who designs, implements, or participates in mindfulness-based training programmes.
      PubDate: 2016-03-15T06:51:28.625524-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12215
       
  • Psychological Treatment of Co-occurring Anxiety Disorders in Clinical
           Practice: A Vignette Study
    • Authors: Gavin I. Clark; Tanya L. Hanstock, Laura H. Clark
      Abstract: Background and ObjectivesMany individuals with anxiety difficulties present with co-occurring anxiety disorders yet no evidence-based guidelines exist on how to treat this presentation. The present study investigated how Australian psychologists approach treating co-occurring anxiety disorders.MethodsA total of 169 psychologists practicing in Australia undertook an online survey consisting of open-questions relating to the treatment of DSM-IV anxiety disorder diagnoses and reported practice in relation to two clinical vignettes. Participant responses were coded using a directed content analysis approach.ResultsThe majority of psychologists reported utilising cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) interventions in the treatment of single and co-occurring anxiety disorders but not specific evidence-based treatment guides or protocols. The majority of the psychologists surveyed reported that they adopt a transdiagnostic approach to addressing co-occurring anxiety disorders.ConclusionsPsychologists typically do not follow a specific treatment guide in the treatment of anxiety disorders and judge a transdiagnostic approach incorporating CBT techniques as the best way to treat comorbidity. More effort may be needed to disseminate evidence-based interventions for anxiety disorders and for authors of empirically supported treatments to provide clear guidelines regarding treating co-occurring anxiety disorders.
      PubDate: 2016-03-09T12:26:49.404093-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12214
       
 
 
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