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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 882 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 410)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 180)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 69)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 224)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 70)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 198)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Autism's Own     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 53)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behaviormetrika     Hybrid Journal  
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 128)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access  
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 143)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Sport and Exercise Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 72)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Cognitive Research : Principles and Implications     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover Australian Psychologist
  [SJR: 0.331]   [H-I: 31]   [12 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0005-0067 - ISSN (Online) 1742-9544
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1579 journals]
  • Improving Mental Health Outcomes Assessment with the Mental Health
           Inventory-21
    • Authors: Maria J. Hennessy; Jeff C. Patrick, Anne L. Swinbourne
      Abstract: ObjectiveThere is a growing consensus that mental health should be conceptualised as a complete state that considers both illness and well-being components. In Australian mental health services, the Mental Health Inventory (MHI) is the only one of the three currently used consumer outcome measures that includes this broader perspective. However, the MHI has been criticised for its length, and variable factor structure. In order to improve the clinical utility of the MHI, a reliability and validity study of the MHI was undertaken.MethodThe original 38-item version of the MHI was administered to an Australian adult community sample (n = 616), along with two other consumer outcome measures (BASIS-32 and Kessler-10), a measure of psychological distress (DASS-21) and a measure of well-being (Satisfaction with Life Scale).ResultsParallel analysis did not support the original factor structure of the MHI. The data indicated a correlated three-factor structure, measuring psychological distress, emotional well-being, and hopelessness. Seventeen items were deleted due to split loadings > .3, producing a shorter 21-item scale. New simplified additive scoring rules were also developed to support the practical utility of the scale.ConclusionResearch, clinical practice and consumer feedback consistently highlight the need for a balanced assessment approach to mental health, which considers not only illness symptomatology, but also the characteristics of well-being that support recovery. Use of the three subscales of the MHI-21 would support a complete state assessment of mental health outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-11-10T08:25:23.463258-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12330
       
  • Implicit Acculturation and the Academic Adjustment of Chinese Student
           Sojourners in Australia
    • Authors: Joel R. Anderson; Yao Guan
      Abstract: ObjectiveChinese students comprise the largest group of foreign-born tertiary students studying in Australia, and these students face unique challenges when striving toward their academic goals. The challenges including acculturation stress, culture shock, and studying in a foreign language. In this article, we explore implicit acculturation strategies of China-born student sojourners in Australia, and how this relates to academic outcomes.MethodIn Study 1, the capacity for the go/no-go association task to assess implicit cultural identification was established in local samples of local students (39 in Australia, 36 in China). These data were then used as a comparison after measuring the implicit acculturation of students studying abroad. Thus, in Study 2, 68 China-born student sojourners in Australia responded to this measure of implicit acculturation, as well as levels of academic adjustment, acculturation stress, and life satisfaction.ResultsThe sojourning sample demonstrated implicit separation acculturation attitudes, and moreover the excessive implicit associations with their home (Chinese) culture suggested an implicit cultural reaffirmation effect. Implicit acculturation was associated with increases in acculturation stress and decreases in life satisfaction, academic lifestyle, and motivation.ConclusionsThese findings suggest that Chinese student sojourners may not be able to (or choose not to) self-integrate within the Australian-based education community; however, this implicit cultural reaffirmation may be beneficial for ameliorating education-related outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06T09:00:22.452622-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12332
       
  • Men In and Out of Treatment for Depression: Strategies for Improved
           Engagement
    • Authors: Zac E. Seidler; Simon M. Rice, John L. Oliffe, Andrea S. Fogarty, Haryana M. Dhillon
      Abstract: ObjectiveWhile the prevalence of major depressive disorder continues to rise, many men are reticent to seek and sustain psychotherapy. The current study explored Australian men's experiences with treatment for depression with a view to guiding recommendations for improving treatment engagement.MethodTwenty men (23–64 years) who had received psychotherapy for depressive symptoms in the past 3 years took part in individual, semi-structured interviews. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and coded in line with interpretive descriptive methodologies.ResultsFindings suggested men's preference for a transparent orientation to treatment, including the provision of a clear structure for therapy. Men's preferred structure included focusing on individualised goals and expected progress, establishment of trust, and a sharing of decisional control. Providing an action-oriented functional treatment with targeted skills attainment was recommended as most engaging. The focus on “doing” in treatment, as distinct from pure talk therapy, engendered feelings of strength and empowerment in the men, bridging self-management of symptoms and wellness. Most participants, however, did not receive a treatment style that properly engaged them, and articulated clear recommendations for changes needed.ConclusionsFindings highlight the potential for development and dissemination of gender sensitive, strength-based clinical training and treatment options for better engaging men in psychotherapy for depression.
      PubDate: 2017-10-30T00:35:31.228491-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12331
       
  • Psychometric Properties and Norms for the Strengths and Difficulties
           Questionnaire Administered Online in an Australian Sample
    • Authors: Rebecca J. Seward; Donna M. Bayliss, Helen M. Stallman, Jeneva L. Ohan
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) was developed for clinicians and researchers as a brief screening instrument for behavioural and emotional problems in children. Administered in its traditional pen-and-paper format, the SDQ has demonstrated sound psychometric properties. The SDQ is increasingly being administered online, despite there being little evaluation of the psychometric properties and norms of the instrument in this new administrative context, and none in an Australian (or English-speaking) sample. Therefore, the aim of the current study was to explore the psychometric properties and present normative data for the online administration of the parent-report version of the SDQ in an Australian sample.MethodsParticipants were parents (n = 1,070) of Australian primary school-aged children (5 to 12 years) who completed the SDQ online via a web-based software program.ResultsResults demonstrate sound psychometric properties for the SDQ in its online administrative format that are comparable to previous Australian studies utilising the traditional pen-and-paper format of the SDQ. Moreover, we provide normative data on the SDQ subscales, as well as the impact supplement when administered online.ConclusionsTogether, the results support the use of the SDQ online, and provide emerging evidence that the psychometric properties and the norms for the parent-report SDQ in an English-speaking sample are similar regardless of online versus pen-and-paper administration.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13T00:55:24.487042-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12325
       
  • Confirmatory Factor Analysis and Psychometric Properties of the
           Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Scale
    • Authors: Samuel Lapkin; Ritin Fernandez
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Acculturative Stress Scale (MASS) when used to examine the stressors faced by senior Asian Indian women immigrants in Australia.MethodData collected from a sample of Asian Indian women immigrants residing in Sydney, Australia, were used to examine the psychometric properties of the MASS using confirmatory factor analysis.ResultsA total of 203 Indian women immigrants with an average age of 66.11 years [standard deviation (SD) ± 9.60; range 50–90) participated in the study. The majority of the participants were born in India (n = 142; 70%) and their length of stay in Australia was between 1 month and 42 years. The original 24-item, five-factor MASS structure was confirmed, and the model showed a good fit to the data: comparative fit index = 0.93; root mean square error of approximation = 0.06; and standardised root mean square residual = 0.08. The Cronbach's alpha coefficients for the five subscales ranged from 0.80 to 0.93 and was 0.91 for the overall scale demonstrating high internal consistency.ConclusionsThe findings confirm the factor structure and reliability of the MASS for assessing acculturative stress among female Asian Indian immigrants. However, scale development is an iterative process and further testing in other contexts is recommended.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13T00:40:56.383236-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12326
       
  • The Role of School Connectedness and Social Support in the Acculturation
           in Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Youth in Australia
    • Authors: Nigar G. Khawaja; Emily Allan, Robert D. Schweitzer
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe current study investigated the relationship of demographic and social ecology factors (social support and school connectedness) with acculturation of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) youth.MethodParticipants comprised of 237 CALD youth, from migrant and refugee backgrounds, attending a specialised Australian school designed to address English language development and re-settlement needs of CALD youth.ResultsHierarchical regression analyses revealed that after controlling for demographic factors, school connectedness and social support explained a significant percentage of the variance.ConclusionThis study has implications for assisting CALD youth in schools. Findings highlight the need for further research exploring the modifiable factors that promote school connectedness and social support. Interventions and effective practices that enhance school connectedness and social support for CALD youth are identified as likely to contribute to successful acculturation.
      PubDate: 2017-10-13T00:40:24.45136-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12327
       
  • Increasing Psychological Literacy and Work Readiness of Australian
           Psychology Undergraduates through a Capstone and Work-Integrated Learning
           Experience: Current Issues and What Needs to be Done
    • Authors: Kyra Hamilton; Shirley A. Morrissey, Lara J. Farrell, Michelle C. Ellu, Analise O'Donovan, Tanja Weinbrecht, Erin L. O'Connor
      Abstract: ObjectiveWhile most students undertaking bachelor level training in psychology will not become registered psychologists, as graduates they join a large pool of well-educated and psychologically literate citizens who can apply psychology in a range of contexts. Our objective is to showcase the literature on capstone and work integrated learning (WIL) courses and outline how these specialised courses could be utilised to support undergraduate psychology students and ensure the community benefits from their strengths.MethodIn this paper, we summarise the current issues, emerging trends, and educational priorities in this area. We provide a critical survey of the extensive literature produced in the last decade, offering a synthesis of current thinking in the field and perspectives on directions forward. We review and summarise different primary studies on capstone and WIL courses from which we draw conclusions into a holistic integration gained by the authors’ own experience and the available literature.ResultsCapstone and WIL courses address a significant gap in the work readiness of Australian psychology undergraduates and may also consolidate these students’ psychological literacy.ConclusionsDeveloping a sense of professional identity and increasing self-efficacy in these graduates can enhance students’ work readiness, potentially facilitating a smooth transition into professional work. We advocate for changes to the education of psychology undergraduates and outline the implications for the future workforce.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03T02:10:41.392644-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12309
       
  • Diagnostic Accuracy in Australian Psychologists: Impact of Experience and
           Endorsement on the Anchoring Effect
    • Authors: Daniel John Wendt; Graham Tyson
      Abstract: ObjectiveThere is pressure domestically and internationally to abandon the “4 + 2” pathway in order to more closely align with other western countries. Yet there is limited empirical evidence to support the benefits of the “postgraduate” pathway above that of the internship model. This study examined the training pathways to qualify for registration as a psychologist in Australia and their relationship to years of practice experience, the anchoring effect, and diagnostic accuracy.MethodA total of 121 psychologists in Australia completed the study requirements via an online questionnaire. The participants were randomly allocated to conditions with those in the experimental groups receiving an introductory statement suggesting a diagnosis (depression or anxiety). The control group received no statement. All participants then reviewed the same de-identified case material of a real client and formulated a diagnosis based on the information presented. The data were examined using hierarchical binary logistic regression.ResultsThe study found that endorsement significantly predicted more accurate diagnosis but that additional practice experience did not further increase diagnostic skills in the specialist group. Additional years of practice experience did improve accuracy in those without endorsement. An anchoring effect was not consistently observed.ConclusionsThe results suggest that endorsement appears beneficial for improving diagnostic accuracy; however, a similar level of improvement can be acquired through practice experience if endorsement is not pursued. While the endorsement pathway appears advantageous, practice experience also has its merits as an alternative to develop clinical skills.
      PubDate: 2017-09-28T01:05:25.547296-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12311
       
  • Understanding How Personality Impacts Exhaustion and Engagement: The Role
           of Job Demands, and Job and Personal Resources as Mediators
    • Authors: Tamara Genevieve Robins; Rachel Margaret Roberts, Aspa Sarris
      Abstract: ObjectiveDirect relationships have been found between neuroticism and burnout and between extraversion, conscientiousness, and engagement, key concepts in occupational wellbeing. This study aimed to explore the direct and indirect relationships between neuroticism and exhaustion, the core component of burnout, and between extraversion, conscientiousness, and engagement. Job demands, job resources, and psychological flexibility, a personal resource, were explored as potential mediators.MethodParticipants completed an online questionnaire at two time points, 1 year apart. Participants were studying nursing, social work, psychology, or occupational therapy at time one (T1) and either studying (n = 18) or working (n = 81) at time two (T2), with no employment information for one participant. At T2 working participants were nurses (n = 36), psychologists (n = 14), occupational therapists (n = 13), social workers (n = 7), other health profession workers (n = 7), and non-health profession workers (n = 4). At T2 the average age of participants was 31 (standard deviation: 9.52; range: 21–60) and 92% were female.ResultsThe direct relationships between T1 neuroticism and T2 exhaustion, and T1 conscientiousness and T2 engagement were not significant when controlling for the outcome variables at T1, exhaustion and engagement, respectively. Multiple mediation and bootstrapping analyses indicated potential mediation relationships between T1 neuroticism and T2 exhaustion and between T1 extraversion and T2 engagement.ConclusionWhile personality appears to be important in understanding burnout and engagement, the role of mediation suggests a complex relationship. Further longitudinal and large sample studies are needed to better understand the mechanisms by which personality impacts burnout and engagement.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01T04:40:27.118704-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12310
       
  • Physical Health in Public Mental Health Care: A Qualitative Study
           Employing the COM-B Model of Behaviour to Describe Views and Practices of
           Australian Psychologists
    • Authors: Natalie Avery; Sue Patterson
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo inform improvement in the process and outcomes of care by describing the views and practices of psychologists working in public mental health services (PMHS) regarding provision of physical healthcare for consumers.MethodCross-sectional qualitative study employing a theoretical model of behaviour (capability, opportunity, motivation, and behaviour; COM-B model). Data collected in semi-structured interviews with maximum diversity sample of 29 psychologists were analysed using the framework approach.ResultsParticipants were cognisant of the need to improve physical health among people with severe mental illness (SMI); they endorsed, to varying extents, the obligation of PMHS and potential of psychologists, collectively to contribute to this goal through provision of interventions targeting health behaviours. Within a context in which psychology was generally underutilised, practice varied widely, ranging from avoidance to integration of physical health care in clinical practice. In combination, mixed-messages about service priorities, role ambiguity, competing demands, and concern about adequacy of knowledge and skills inhibited attention to physical health for most participants, particularly those working in generic case management roles. Some highly motivated psychologists, most of whom worked in specialised teams within which attention to physical health was normative, made and capitalised on opportunities to develop and apply skills to enable consumers to change behaviour and improve physical health.ConclusionWhile further education and training will enhance capability and motivation of psychologists, realisation of the potential contribution to improvement in physical health of people with SMI will fundamentally, require assertion of the identity and value of the profession within mental health services. Ensuring optimal use of scarce resources necessitates careful consideration of deployment of discipline specific expertise, and clarity about responsibilities of psychologists within teams.
      PubDate: 2017-07-24T06:55:35.121443-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12302
       
  • Predicting Parental Intentions to Enrol Their Children in Swimming Lessons
           Using an Extended Theory of Planned Behaviour
    • Authors: Jenna Irwin; Frances O'Callaghan, Aleck Ian Glendon
      Abstract: ObjectiveFor children under 15 years, drowning accounts for higher worldwide mortality rates than any other injury source. Our aim was to determine the predictors of parents accessing learn-to-swim classes for their children and whether parents’ overall motivation contributed to the explanation of behavioural intention. Using an extended version of the theory of planned behaviour (TPB), incorporating past behaviour and parents’ health motivation, barriers and benefits associated with parents’ intentions to enrol their child/children in learn-to-swim classes were investigated.MethodParents (N = 114) with school children in Kindergarten up to Year 6 were recruited from Australian rural communities (mean age [M] = 38.2 years; standard deviation [SD] = 7.0). They completed questionnaires including demographic information, swimming ability, direct and belief-based measures of the TPB, past behaviour, and health motivation. Belief-based measures were derived from a pilot study following Ajzen's (1991) guidelines. This was followed by administration of the main questionnaire.ResultsHierarchical regression analyses revealed that attitudes and past behaviour, respectively, predicted 55.6% and 4.5% of variance in parental intentions. Multivariate analyses of variance highlighted a number of beliefs that could be targeted in campaigns to encourage parents to involve their children in swimming classes.ConclusionsRecommendations for campaigns targeting this issue include: (a) induce positive attitudes towards enrolling children in swimming lessons and (b) target parents of children not previously enrolled in swimming lessons to influence their future intentions, with a particular focus on attitudes and changing beliefs about behaviours relevant to swimming lessons for their children.
      PubDate: 2017-07-24T06:40:35.612995-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12303
       
  • Refugee Students’ Psychological Wellbeing and Experiences in the
           Australian Education System: A Mixed-methods Investigation
    • Authors: Tahereh Ziaian; Helena Anstiss, Teresa Puvimanasinghe, Emily Miller
      Abstract: ObjectivesRefugee children and adolescents are widely acknowledged to experience multiple disadvantages that place them at increased risk of poor education and employment outcomes, which in turn affect their mental health and well-being. The aim of this study is to explore the interconnection between their educational and schooling experiences, and mental health outcomes.MethodWe used a mixed methods approach. Participants included a multiethnic sample of 495 South Australian refugee children (4–12 years) and adolescents (13–17 years) from Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, and former Yugoslavia. Mental health outcomes were assessed using the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Thirteen focus groups with 85 refugee adolescents aged 13–17 years explored their educational experiences and well-being.ResultsQuantitative analysis revealed differences between teacher, parent, and adolescent self-ratings, with teachers identifying a higher proportion of refugee students with mental health problems than parents or adolescents. The focus groups identified inadequate educational support, parental pressure to excel, heavy family and household responsibilities, supporting psychologically distressed parents, and school based discrimination and racism as barriers to their educational progress. Qualitative results also afforded plausible explanations for the discrepancy between teacher-ratings with parent- and adolescent self-ratings of the mental health.ConclusionAnalysis of both quantitative and qualitative findings provides insight into the interconnection between educational and schooling experiences of young refugees and their mental health. Avenues for further research include developing and evaluating more holistic models of education to address the interrelated education and mental health needs of refugee youth.
      PubDate: 2017-06-21T23:41:45.576404-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12301
       
  • Factor Analysis and Psychometric Validation of the Body Image Disturbance
           Questionnaire in an Australian Undergraduate Sample
    • Authors: James Collison; Justin Mahlberg
      Abstract: ObjectiveBody image disturbance encompasses various cognitive and behavioural states originating from a distressing, negative evaluation of one's appearance. It is broader than negative body image, comprising not only dissatisfaction but also distress and dysfunction, and is a core feature of body dysmorphic disorder (BDD). This study had two broad aims: to establish normative values for body image disturbance within an Australian population and to examine the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Body Image Disturbance Questionnaire (BIDQ).MethodAustralian undergraduate students (N = 950, 744 female) from Western Sydney completed the BIDQ, along with measures of clinical psychopathology, self-esteem, and functional impairment.ResultsThe BIDQ displayed good internal consistency and predictable concurrent relationships with measures of depression, anxiety, stress, self-esteem, and functional impairment. It also yielded a single latent construct, while higher scores were noted among participants who screened positively for BDD.ConclusionsBIDQ scores for this sample differ to those originally reported, which may reflect sample differences or cultural variation. These values provide a more accurate and reliable guide for clinicians using the BIDQ in Australia than previously available. Overall, the BIDQ demonstrates good psychometric efficacy in an undergraduate sample, although future research should validate the measure among wider clinical and community populations.
      PubDate: 2017-06-14T01:31:24.383123-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12293
       
  • Identification of a Suitable Short-form of the UCLA-Loneliness Scale
    • Authors: Brad Elphinstone
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe current study aimed to identify the most statistically appropriate short-form of the UCLA-Loneliness Scale (LS). This was intended to provide researchers and practitioners with a measure that reduces the burden on participants and measures a unidimensional model of loneliness in accordance with the theory proposed by Russell.MethodEight short-forms of the UCLA-LS were assessed in two undergraduate samples (N = 552, 206). Students were from a metropolitan Australian university and completed online surveys.ResultsOne-, two-, and three-factor (i.e., an overall loneliness factor, and two method factors representing positively and negatively scored items) models of the original 20-item UCLA-LS provided poor model fit. One 10-item short-form provided adequate model fit in both samples. However, all configurations of the measure were generally internally consistent and displayed convergent validity. Greater loneliness was significantly associated with reduced social wellbeing, positive affect, life satisfaction, vitality, and psychological wellbeing, and increased negative affect.ConclusionsIt is recommended that a 10-item short-form is used in future applications. This short-form displayed similar internal consistency and convergent validity as the 20-item measure despite being half as long, and provided superior model fit.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T04:25:28.231484-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12285
       
  • Rural and Remote General Practitioners’ Perceptions of Psychologists
    • Authors: Carly Rose Sutherland; Anna Chur-Hansen, Helen Winefield
      Abstract: ObjectiveAs the first professional contact for most Australians with mental health concerns, general practitioners (GPs) are often considered the “gateway” to accessing psychologists. Understanding GPs’ views of psychologists is therefore of great importance to the profession. GPs serve a particularly important role in mental health in rural and remote areas given the lack of other services; however there has been limited research investigating the relationship between psychologists and GPs in rural areas. This study aimed to investigate rural GPs’ perceptions of rural psychologists.MethodSemi-structured qualitative telephone and in-person interviews were conducted with 13 GPs working in rural and remote South Australia. Data were analysed thematically.ResultsThree main themes were identified: Psychologists are useful/helpful; working with psychologists can be challenging; and psychologists are not well understood. Rural GPs held mostly positive views about psychologists and their value in providing professional support and reducing GP workloads. However, GPs’ understanding of psychologists’ training and expertise varied considerably, with most reporting gaps in their knowledge. Challenges included limited access to psychologists and communication barriers. Communication was considered to be enhanced by co-locating psychology services within the GP practice, which was also considered to be a valuable educational opportunity for GPs.ConclusionWhile rural GPs held largely positive views of psychologists, they may require further support in understanding what psychologists can offer and promoting psychology to their patients. Results may assist in improving communication between rural psychologists and GPs and inform strategies to improve rural GPs’ understanding of psychologists’ skills and training.
      PubDate: 2017-06-09T04:25:25.682358-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12295
       
  • Influences on Psychological Well-Being and Ill-Being in Older Women
    • Authors: Wee Hong Tan; Jeanie Sheffield, Soo Keat Khoo, Gerard Byrne, Nancy A. Pachana
      Abstract: ObjectivesTo examine factors contributing to psychological well-being and ill-being in older Australian women.MethodsA multi-variable model examining personality traits, life events, medical diagnoses, and cognitive appraisal was tested on 296 women (mean age = 69.13, standard deviation = 10.20) from the Longitudinal Assessment of Women Study using a cross-sectional design.ResultsNeuroticism, optimism, and extraversion were associated with both well-being and ill-being, but these relationships were partially mediated by cognitive appraisal. The relationship between number of life events and ill-being was fully mediated by cognitive appraisal, while the relationship between number of life events and well-being was partially mediated by cognitive appraisal. The number of medical diagnoses directly predicted well-being.ConclusionsThe supported model suggests that individual and public-health interventions targeting personality traits, cognitive appraisal, and life events might have potential to improve well-being and reduce ill-being as individuals age.
      PubDate: 2017-06-06T07:50:22.656801-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12297
       
  • Motivation to the Past, Present, and Future: Time Orientation and
           Disorientation before Therapy
    • Authors: Terence V Bowles
      Abstract: ObjectivesThe aim of this research was to confirm the structure of time orientation and affects associated with the past, present, and future and self-esteem of those beginning therapy and a comparison group.MethodResponses from clinical respondents (n = 217; mean age 33 years) and non-clinical respondent (n = 196; mean age 34 years) were used to analyse the structure of the measures. A matched group method was used to investigate group differences based on clinical status and gender of the respondent.ResultsThe measures of time orientation and measures of affects associated with the past, present, and future were well structured and provide evidence of a balanced view in which an orientation to each time dimension is important. Results showed that the therapeutic group was less future, present, and past oriented. Further, the therapeutic group was consistently and significantly higher on negative affect and lower on positive affect and self-esteem than the comparison group. The findings are discussed in reference to therapeutic and theoretical implications.ConclusionsThe concept of time orientation and the associated affects is of substantial interest to therapeutic interventions and the findings provide some evidence of the utility of attending to the strength of orientation to the three time dimensions and the dependency between them over their apparent separateness. The measures have utility in providing insights that inform the focus of therapy.
      PubDate: 2017-05-17T02:00:44.046198-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12289
       
  • Non-Work Time Activities Predicting Teachers’ Work-Related Fatigue and
           Engagement: An Effort-Recovery Approach
    • Authors: Adam Garrick; Anita S Mak, Stuart Cathcart, Peter C Winwood, Arnold B Bakker, Kurt Lushington
      Abstract: ObjectiveDrawing on the effort-recovery model of work stress, this study examined the effects of school teachers’ sleep quality and time spent in various non-work time activities on work-related stress and motivational outcomes. We proposed that sleep quality and different types of non-work time activities would have differential effects on levels of work-related fatigue and engagement.MethodNine hundred and sixty Australian school teachers (mean age 46 years, 707 females, 237 males) completed a cross-sectional online survey measuring sleep quality, time spent in non-work time activities, and work-related fatigue and engagement.ResultsTeachers spent relatively higher amounts of time on work-related activities outside of formal work hours, and lower amounts of time on health-promoting activities such as exercise. Multiple regression analyses indicated that sleep quality was related to reduced fatigue and increased engagement, while time spent socialising outside of work was related to reduced fatigue. Time spent on work-related tasks outside of working hours was related to both increased fatigue and engagement. Other activities, including passive activity, exercise, and hobbies, were not significantly related to either outcome.ConclusionsWe discuss the implications of our findings in relation to theories and research in work stress, particularly in the context of where priorities should be placed for self-care interventions to facilitate teachers’ day-to-day recovery from work demands.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T04:23:35.573136-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12290
       
  • Cultural Competence in Clinical Psychology Training: A Qualitative
           Investigation of Student and Academic Experiences
    • Authors: Lennie R.C. Geerlings; Claire L. Thompson, Ruth Bouma, Russell Hawkins
      Abstract: ObjectiveRecent years have seen a marked increase in attention to cultural competence in clinical psychology practice in Australia. While the body of literature on the need for cultural competence is expanding, this is the first study that analyses how cross-cultural training and practice is experienced and related to standardised models of cultural competence.MethodTwelve participants (8 students and 4 academics; 9 females and 3 males, ages 22–57) in two Australian universities were interviewed on their experiences with cultural competence during clinical psychology training. Each semi-structured interview took about 30 min and focused on identifying the training experiences and needs for cultural competence.ResultsInterpretative Phenomenological Analysis of the transcripts delivered three master themes: experiences of culture, strategies for culturally competent practice, and experiences of cultural competence development.ConclusionsStudents and academics experienced a “western” bias in training, and consequently adopted a variety of strategies to adapt their practice with culturally non-western clients. These findings draw attention to the need for structured cultural competence development in professional training programs.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T04:05:55.001258-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12291
       
  • Treatment of Pathological Worry in Children With Acceptance-Based
           Behavioural Therapy and a Multisensory Learning Aide: A Pilot Study
    • Authors: Richard Meagher; Danuta Chessor, Vincent Jacques Fogliati
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe primary objective of this study was to provide an initial test of the efficacy of acceptance-based behavioural therapy in reducing pathological worry and anxious symptomology in children. A secondary objective was to examine the benefit of supplementing standard acceptance-based behavioural therapy with a multisensory learning aide (MSA). The MSA provides kinaesthetic, tactile, and visual stimuli to facilitate children's understanding of acceptance-based behavioural therapy principles and the development of acceptance- and mindfulness-based skills.MethodTwo variations of an acceptance-based behavioural therapy treatment were administered over 8 weeks to children aged 7–11 years: a standard acceptance-based behavioural therapy treatment condition, and a condition that supplemented acceptance-based behavioural therapy with a novel MSA. Anxious symptomology and pathological worry were measured at pre-treatment and post-treatment. A program evaluation questionnaire was also administered to parents at post-treatment.ResultsResults demonstrated that children in the acceptance-based behavioural therapy with a novel MSA condition reported significant reductions in worry and anxious symptomology at post-treatment. Furthermore, parents in this condition reported the model to be effective in helping their children understand concepts of acceptance, defusion, and meta-cognition.ConclusionsThe present study found that acceptance-based behavioural therapy, adapted for children and supplemented with a novel multisensory aide designed specifically to enhance treatment, led to reductions in child-reported worry and parent-reported anxiety. Parental feedback suggested that the multisensory aide was highly acceptable, and that it may have facilitated children's understanding of abstract therapeutic principles.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05T04:02:00.964252-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12288
       
  • Relationships between Reading Ability and Child Mental Health: Moderating
           Effects of Self-Esteem
    • Authors: Mark E. Boyes; Bree Tebbutt, Kathryn A. Preece, Nicholas A. Badcock
      Abstract: ObjectiveChildren with reading difficulties are at elevated risk for externalising (e.g., conduct disorder) and internalising (e.g., anxiety and depression) mental health problems. Reading ability is also negatively associated with self-esteem, a consistent predictor of child and adolescent mental health more broadly. This study examined whether self-esteem moderated and/or mediated relationships between reading ability and mental health.MethodOne hundred and seventeen children (7–12 years) completed standardised reading assessments (Castles and Coltheart Test 2; CC2) and self-report measures of mental health (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; SDQ) and self-esteem (Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory). Non-verbal intelligence (IQ) was measured using the block design and matrix reasoning subscales of the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, and was controlled for in all multivariate analyses.ResultsReading ability was negatively associated with internalising symptoms. This relationship was not moderated by self-esteem. Poor readers also reported more total difficulties and externalising symptoms, but only at low levels of self-esteem. There was no evidence that self-esteem mediated relationships between reading ability and mental health.ConclusionsPoor reading was associated with internalising symptoms. Self-esteem moderated the impact of reading ability on total difficulties and externalising symptoms, with high self-esteem buffering against negative impacts of poor reading. However, the reliability of the self-esteem scale used in the study was poor and findings need replication using a reliable and valid self-esteem measure, as well as other measures of child mental health. If replicated, future research should examine whether interventions aiming to improve self-esteem can reduce the risk of externalising problems in children with reading difficulties.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12T01:25:29.635091-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12281
       
  • Does the Dark Triad Predict Prejudice?: The Role of Machiavellianism,
           Psychopathy, and Narcissism in Explaining Negativity Toward Asylum Seekers
           
    • Authors: Joel Anderson; Christopher Cheers
      Abstract: ObjectivePersonality has a long history of being linked to attitudes toward various social groups, but little research has explored how darker aspects of personality might contribute to social attitudes. In this article, we explore the role of the ominous personality traits in the Dark Triad (narcissism, Machiavellianism, and psychopathy) in accounting for prejudice, in the specific case of antipathy toward asylum seekers.MethodA community sample of 173 Australians (Mage = 23.37 years, SD = 7.88; 74% females) responded to measures of classical and modern explicit attitudes and implicit attitudes toward this group. This study used a correlational research design.ResultsThe sample reported neutral explicit attitudes (both classical and modern) but implicit attitudes were negative. Classical attitudes were less negative than modern attitudes. Multiple hierarchical regression analyses revealed political conservatism and psychopathy predicted modern explicit attitudes while political conservatism and Machiavellianism predicted classical attitudes. Narcissism was unrelated to all attitudes, and none of the Dark Triad personality traits were related to implicit attitudes.ConclusionThe implications of the relationships between sub-clinical personality traits and social attitudes are discussed in reference to intervening with punitive attitudes towards this vulnerable social group. This article presents new evidence that Machiavellianism is related to classic attitudes, and provides more evidence that psychopathy is related to modern attitudes. Finally, this article adds to the scarce literature on implicit attitudes towards asylum seekers.
      PubDate: 2017-03-31T00:55:22.998271-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12283
       
  • Closing the Gap in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Youth Suicide: A
           Social–Emotional Wellbeing Service Innovation Project
    • Authors: Delaney Michael Skerrett; Mandy Gibson, Leilani Darwin, Suzie Lewis, Rahm Rallah, Diego De Leo
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe suicide rate for Queensland's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander young people is over four times that of their non-Indigenous counterparts, with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander children (under 15) dying by suicide at 12 times the non-Indigenous rate. There is a need for interventions that are culturally validated and community-endorsed. The aim of this article is to describe the design and implementation of a group-based intervention, as well to report the results of the various qualitative and quantitative measures.MethodSixty-one Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander persons aged 11–21 years completed a social–emotional wellbeing (SEWB) program at headspace Inala. Data were available through to 2-month follow-up for 49 participants. The program was designed and delivered in collaboration with the local Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander community.ResultsThere was a statistically significant decrease in suicidal ideation experienced by the participants after completing the program. Qualitative measures indicated that participants experienced improved understanding of holistic health and an increased number of coping skills.ConclusionsNot only was this the first evaluated intervention in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander youth to ever report a decrease in individual suicidality, the program was carefully designed and implemented in consultation with community in a culturally sensitive manner and thus provides an invaluable framework for future SEWB work.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30T01:40:22.161327-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12277
       
  • Dysmorphic Appearance Concern and Hazardous Alcohol Use in University
           Students: The Mediating Role of Alcohol Expectancies
    • Authors: Mitchell Cunningham; Lexine Stapinski, Scott Griffiths, Andrew Baillie
      Abstract: ObjectiveA paucity of research has examined the link between body image concerns and alcohol use in university students. Individuals with elevated body image concerns may use alcohol due to the endorsement of expectancies that alcohol will reduce discomfort deriving from appearance concerns. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the how the link between body image concerns (i.e., dysmorphic appearance concerns) and hazardous alcohol use may be accounted for by alcohol-related expectancies.MethodParticipants were 138 undergraduates (74% male) who completed an online survey that gauged dysmorphic appearance concern, alcohol use, and alcohol-related expectancies.ResultsResults not only showed a link between dysmorphic appearance concern and hazardous alcohol use, but that the link between the constructs was partially mediated by positive alcohol expectancies. Moreover, individuals with elevated dysmorphic appearance concern appeared to use alcohol for their perceived sexual facilitation benefits and providing “liquid courage.”ConclusionsTherapies aimed at reducing hazardous alcohol use may benefit from targeting positive alcohol expectancies in young adults with elevated dysmorphic appearance concern.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17T08:40:28.079433-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12275
       
  • A Systematic Review: Non-Suicidal Self-injury in Australia and New
           Zealand's Indigenous Populations
    • Authors: Emma B. Black; Steve Kisely
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo undertake a systematic review of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) prevalence, patterns, functions, and behavioural correlates for the Indigenous populations of Australia (Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders) and New Zealand (NZ; Maori).MethodWe searched the following electronic databases: PubMed, MedLine, Scopus, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, PsycInfo, and PsycArticles, CINAHL, and the Informit Health and Indigenous Peoples collections. Studies were included for review if they were published within the last 25 years and reported on NSSI in Australia and NZ's Indigenous populations.ResultsSeven studies were included, six of which came from Australia. The prevalence of NSSI in Australia ranged from 0.9% up to 22.50%; statistics varied by the different samples, types of prevalence, and relationship to alcohol. Several studies found that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples had higher rates of NSSI than other Australians, but that this was not significantly higher. Two studies indicated that NSSI was linked to alcohol use, incarceration, and a younger age. The one NZ study was of injury and not specifically NSSI.ConclusionsFindings are limited due to a small pool of literature. Cultural variations in NSSI presentation should be considered when working with Indigenous populations. Further research is required to help determine what cultural variations may exist.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T05:45:23.564631-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12274
       
  • Sports Media Representations of Concussions in the National Rugby League
    • Authors: Megan Kennard; Tracey McLellan, Audrey McKinlay
      Abstract: ObjectiveConcussion is poorly understood by the general public who are regularly exposed to this type of injury via televised sports such as the National Rugby League (NRL). This study investigated media representations of concussion by examining the terminology used by the commentators during the 2010 and 2011 NRL seasons.MethodData was obtained through a surveillance design where commentary statements were recorded for each observable concussion.ResultsDramatic terminology was the most frequently used followed by entertaining and humorous terminology. Commentators often portrayed the way the incident had occurred and the player's reaction to being concussed. However, information about a player sustaining an injury that required medical attention was rarely conveyed.ConclusionMedia tend to trivialise concussion and this may have an impact on the public's knowledge of, and influence their response to, concussion.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T05:35:22.226224-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12272
       
  • The Role of Social Support, Being Present, and Self-kindness in University
           Student Psychological Distress
    • Authors: Helen M. Stallman; Jeneva L. Ohan, Belinda Chiera
      Abstract: ObjectiveSelf-kindness, which is thought to be part of self-compassion, has the potential to contribute to mental health, as well as serve as a focus for interventions. However, little attention has been given to the potential role of self-kindness specifically, especially in the context of mindful presence and available social support, in buffering distress.MethodStructural equation modelling was used to test a theoretically based model of how these factors relate to each other and psychological distress. Participants were 592 Australian university students.ResultsResults confirmed our hypotheses, showing that: (a) receiving social support is important to the capacity for self-kindness both directly and indirectly through the ability to “be present,” and (b) the relationship between social support and psychological distress is partially mediated by the practices of self-kindness and being present. The model of social support, being present, and self-kindness accounted for half the variance in psychological distress. With the addition of stressors, a regression model explained a total of 62% of the variance.ConclusionsThese findings have implications for understanding the construct of self-kindness and its role in the development of interventions to improve student success.
      PubDate: 2017-02-24T04:50:23.256636-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12271
       
  • Identifying and Addressing Barriers to Treatment Decision-making in
           Bipolar II Disorder: Clinicians’ Perspective
    • Authors: Alana Fisher; Vijaya Manicavasagar, Louise Sharpe, Rebekah Laidsaar-Powell, Ilona Juraskova
      Abstract: ObjectiveTreatment decision-making in bipolar II disorder is complex due to limited evidence on treatment efficacy and potentially burdensome side-effects of options. Thus, involving patients and negotiating treatment options with them is necessary to ensure that final treatment decisions balance both clinician and patient preferences. This study qualitatively explored clinician views on (a) effective treatment decision-making, unmet patient needs for (b) decision-support and (c) information.MethodQualitative semi-structured interviews with 20 practising clinicians (n = 10 clinical psychologists, n = 6 general practitioners, n = 4 psychiatrists) with experience treating adult outpatients with bipolar II disorder were conducted. Interviews were audiotaped, transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using framework methods. Self-report professional experience, and clinician preferences for patient decision-making involvement were also assessed.ResultsQualitative analyses yielded two inter-related themes: (a) challenges and barriers to decision-making and (b) facilitators of clinician decision-making. Symptom severity, negative family attitudes, system-based factors, and information gaps were thought to pose challenges to decision-making. By contrast, decision-making was supported by patient information, family involvement and patient-centredness, and a strong therapeutic relationship. Clinician views varied depending on their professional background (medical vs clinical psychologist), patient involvement preferences, and whether the clinician was a bipolar specialist.ConclusionsWhilst clinicians uniformly recognise the importance of involving patients in informed treatment decision-making, active patient participation is hampered by unmet informational and decision-support needs. Current findings inform a number of bipolar II disorder-specific, clinician-endorsed strategies for facilitating patient decision-making, which can inform the development of targeted patient decision-support resources for use in this setting.
      PubDate: 2017-02-14T00:00:30.766232-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12264
       
  • An Investigation of Supervisory Practices to Develop Relational and
           Reflective Competence in Psychologists
    • Authors: Fiona L. Calvert; Trevor P. Crowe, Brin F. S. Grenyer
      Abstract: BackgroundCompetency-based models of supervision acknowledge relationship, including reflective capacity, as foundational in professional psychology. However, current understandings of supervisory practices aimed at developing this competency are limited.ObjectiveThis study aimed to explore the practices used in supervision for the development of supervisee relational competence. These practices were also examined with reference to supervisor/supervisee theoretical orientation, as well as the nature of the supervisory relationship (including working alliance, real relationship, and attention to parallel process in supervision).MethodA total of 45 supervisees and 41 supervisors participated in an online survey in which they rated the perceived usefulness and actual use of various supervisory interventions for the development of relational competence. Participants also provided qualitative responses regarding the methods used to develop relationship competence. Finally, respondents completed measures of supervisory working alliance, real relationship, and attention to parallel process in supervision.ResultsRatings of supervisory methods and qualitative responses revealed a rich variety of interventions currently being utilised in enhancing supervisee relationship competence. Ratings of perceived usefulness and actual use of various supervisory interventions were not related to theoretical orientation. Finally, correlational analyses revealed multiple associations between the nature of the supervisory relationship and perceived usefulness and actual use of supervisory interventions for enhancing relational competence.ConclusionThe results of this study have important implications for the practice of supervision and guiding directions of future research.
      PubDate: 2017-01-30T00:40:53.795009-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12261
       
  • Issue Information - TOC
    • Pages: 327 - 327
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:42.278381-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12328
       
  • Editorial to the Special Issue “Psychology and End-of-Life”
    • Authors: Lauren J. Breen; Anna Ugalde
      Pages: 329 - 330
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:41.579909-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12312
       
  • Psychology and End of Life: Australian Psychologist
    • Authors: Phyllis Butow
      Pages: 331 - 334
      Abstract: This edition of Australian Psychologist focuses on the contribution psychologists can make to improve the experience of people at the end of their life, and that of their families and carers. What an important topic!
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:42.31934-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12306
       
  • Psychotherapeutic Interventions Near the End of Life: Theory, Evidence,
           and Future Directions
    • Authors: Gary M. Rodin
      Pages: 335 - 339
      Abstract: This special issue of the Australian Psychologist on psychology at the end of life is most timely in view of the rising prevalence and mortality rates from cancer and other non-communicable diseases, largely due to the ageing of the world's population. An important focus in the papers in this edition is the subjective experience of patients and families and interventions that involve empathy, meaning-making, and narrative construction. This focus is a departure, in some respects, from the recent emphasis in psychology and psychiatry on interventions more specifically directed to cognitions and behaviour. It may also reflect a renewed interest in subjectivity and/or an awareness of the importance of such approaches in the treatment of patients and families living with advanced and terminal disease. I will discuss each of these papers in this edition and summarise briefly the work of our group on a psychotherapeutic intervention for patients with metastatic and advanced cancer.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:42.05731-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12307
       
  • Psychosocial Interventions for End-of-Life Care: An Invited Commentary
    • Authors: Maria Ftanou; Michaela C Pascoe, Steve Ellen
      Pages: 340 - 345
      Abstract: End-of-life care impacts on emotional, physical, spiritual, and social wellbeing for both the individual and their family. Despite remarkable medical advances in the field, the empirical evidence regarding the development and efficacy of psychosocial interventions at end-of-life care is lagging behind. A number of psychosocial interventions are promising and represent important progress in the field. Psychologists have a range of suitable skills and knowledge, however, the profession is underutilised in end-of-life care. This special issue on end-of-life care highlights the need for more research into this area and could act as a call to action to accelerate our understanding of the role of Psychology in end-of-life care.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:43.971058-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12305
       
  • Identity and the End-of-Life Story: A Role for Psychologists
    • Authors: Rosemary Leonard; Debbie Horsfall, Kerrie Noonan, John Rosenberg
      Pages: 346 - 353
      Abstract: ObjectiveNarrative approaches to identity, which conceptualise a person's identity as their life story, present a useful way for approaching support at end-of-life because they do not pathologise dying but rather recognise it is the final chapter of a life story. The construction of life stories is always a social process and could be supported by psychologists. Attention to issues of identity and relationships is beneficial for dying people and their carers and counteracts the medicalisation of dying.The Caring at End-of-Life Research Program identified the support necessary from family, friends, community, and professionals for people to die at home, which is the preference of over 80% of Australians. Identifying the current and potential role of psychologists is the present focus.MethodQualitative analysis of eight service provider focus groups (88 people), 13 focus groups with carers and their support networks (n = 84), and individual interviews with carers (n = 23), and community (n = 17) was conducted in urban and rural New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.ResultsEnd-of-life transition was achieved without loss of identity when relationships with people, places, and objects which sustained identity were maintained. Carers required knowledge, skills, and adjustments about which psychologists have expertise such as emotional work, supporting networks, resisting pressure from medical staff, and adjustment at death. However, no psychologists attended the service provider focus groups and carers identified only three psychologists among 58 service providers.ConclusionPsychologists could play a valuable role by recognising end-of-life as a major transition and assisting with identity maintenance through that time.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:43.301396-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12270
       
  • A Narrative Review of Dignity Therapy Research
    • Authors: Brenda Bentley; Moira O'Connor, Josephine Shaw, Lauren Breen
      Pages: 354 - 362
      Abstract: IntroductionDignity therapy is an end-of-life psychological intervention that focuses on the creation of a legacy document to alleviate end-of-life distress. Dignity therapy is based on an empirical model of dignity at the end of life. Research on dignity therapy has been ongoing for over 12 years in 11 countries, which has created a solid empirical base.ObjectiveThis article presents a narrative overview of the literature on dignity therapy to provide a comprehensive narrative review and critical synthesis of published research.MethodElectronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, and Scopus) were searched using the key terms “dignity therapy,” “dignity psychotherapy,” and “Chochinov” from 2000 to March 2016.ResultsThirty-nine publications were included and findings were grouped into the following areas: Efficacy; Feasibility with different study populations; Web-assisted delivery; Impact on families; Cultural studies; Case studies; Themes found in documents; Clinical perspectives; and Implementation studies.ConclusionsWhile dignity therapy is well accepted in most cases, it may not always be effective, therapeutically valid, or practical, and may cause family or cultural frictions. It is recommended that clinicians take into consideration each person's unique circumstances in relation to the current literature before undertaking dignity therapy. Future research is indicated to evaluate dignity therapy with different cultural groups, to investigate the views of recipients of dignity therapy documents, to discover the time and resource commitments required to deliver dignity therapy, to identify who should provide dignity therapy, and to examine the experiences of clinicians who deliver dignity therapy. More research is also needed comparing dignity therapy to other end-of-life interventions.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:42.513305-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12282
       
  • Clients’ Perspectives on Outcomes and Mechanisms of Bereavement
           Counselling: A Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Mary Klasen; Sunil S. Bhar, Anna Ugalde, Christopher Hall
      Pages: 363 - 371
      Abstract: ObjectivesBereavement counselling (BC) seeks to address pervasive grief and facilitate healthy adaptation to loss. There is limited understanding of BC outcomes and the mechanisms that facilitate outcomes. Quantitative measures tend to focus on clinical rather than salutogenic outcomes such as post-traumatic growth. Furthermore, there is limited research about the contribution that client and counsellor attributes and the therapeutic alliance make to effective outcomes. This study addressed two questions: What are the outcomes of BC for clients' What are the mechanisms of BC that generate these outcomes'MethodParticipants were 16 former clients of an Australian specialist BC centre. A semi-structured interview was conducted to generate information about clients’ BC experience. Responses were subjected to thematic analysis.ResultsThree themes were induced from the data. First, Seeking Bereavement Counselling: I was desperate. I knew I needed help, comprised recognition of need and help seeking behaviour. Second, Working Collaboratively: Let's work together to see what we can achieve, incorporated client and counsellor attributes, collaborative therapeutic relationship, and client centred interventions. Third, Appraising Efficacy: I'm learning to live again, included reduction in grief symptomatology, adaptation to loss, and positive growth.ConclusionParticipants offered detailed information about their experience of BC. The study highlighted three important mechanisms of BC that enable positive outcomes for participants: client agency, client-counsellor collaboration, and person centred interventions. The study supports BC as a relational context where the salient needs of bereaved people are respected and addressed, enabling change to occur.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:43.615535-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12280
       
  • Carers’ Experiences of End-of-Life Care: A Scoping Review and
           Application of Personal Construct Psychology
    • Authors: Timothy R. Broady
      Pages: 372 - 380
      Abstract: ObjectiveIndividuals who care for a family member or friend at end-of-life experience a range of practical and emotional challenges. This paper applies a theoretical framework of personal construct psychology (PCP) to explore carers’ experiences of end-of-life care, with a focus on implications for their sense of identity.MethodLiterature searches were conducted through PsycINFO, Medline, PubMed, and Google Scholar for articles published since 2005 with a focus on carer experiences at end-of-life. Main themes identified through this literature review were considered in light of PCP theory, with particular attention on the notion of “threat” (i.e., an imminent and comprehensive change in a person's core identity structure). Implications were then drawn for providing practical carer support.ResultsThe reviewed literature highlighted carers’ practical challenges at end-of-life (e.g., assisting with activities of daily living), emotional challenges (e.g., negotiating the imminent death of a family member or friend), and personal implications (e.g., sudden removal of caring responsibilities).ConclusionsThe constructivist notion of “threat” is a particularly salient concept for end-of-life carers as they negotiate the approaching death of a family member or friend. This can have significant ramifications for their sense of identity beyond bereavement. Clinical approaches based on PCP may effectively support end-of-life carers to develop identities beyond their caring role as they transition to a life without caring responsibilities.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:41.704602-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12278
       
  • Psychosocial Interventions for Parents with Incurable End-Stage Cancer: A
           Rapid Evidence Assessment
    • Authors: Vera Steiner; Aron Shlonsky, Lynette Joubert
      Pages: 381 - 391
      Abstract: ObjectiveParenting is a primary concern for patients with minor children facing palliative-stage cancer, yet psychosocial support addressing parenting concerns during end-stage cancer is not routinely provided in the healthcare setting. The purpose of this review is to: (a) identify evaluation studies describing psychosocial interventions for parents with incurable end-stage cancer; and (b) review the effectiveness evidence.MethodThis review was based on a rapid evidence assessment using transparent and comprehensive search terms and narrative synthesis. Inclusion criteria were broad and consisted of qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method studies that focused on psychosocial interventions for parents with advanced cancer.ResultsFour studies were identified, but only one of these reported results specific to parents with end-stage cancer. A child-centred and family-focused approach was central to all program interventions. All programs encompassed a structured format with the majority being dedicated to providing both individual and family sessions. The studies varied in methodological quality and all used small, non-representative samples limiting the generalisability of the findings. There were no high quality quantitative studies that specifically address outcomes for this parent group and few qualitative studies that detail parents’ intervention experience.ConclusionsThe findings suggest that targeted, child-centred, family-focused psychosocial interventions are sometimes used to support adult patients with parenting during end-stage cancer. These purport to promote child-parent communication and to contribute to parent psychosocial wellbeing. Further research using larger parent populations from diverse sociodemographic backgrounds is required. More importantly, comparative effectiveness studies are needed that test the timing, delivery, and content of these interventions.
      PubDate: 2017-09-20T05:00:42.899668-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ap.12286
       
 
 
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