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  Subjects -> PSYCHOLOGY (Total: 871 journals)
Showing 1 - 174 of 174 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acción Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Colombiana de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Comportamentalia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta de Investigación Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Psychologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Activités     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades en Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ad verba Liberorum : Journal of Linguistics & Pedagogy & Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Addictive Behaviors Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
ADHD Report The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Experimental Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Advances in Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Advances in Physiotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Advances in the Study of Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
African Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology and Sport Facilitation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Aggression and Violent Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 388)
Aggressive Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Ágora - studies in psychoanalytic theory     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aletheia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Imago     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Community Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
American Journal of Health Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Psychoanalysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Psychotherapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
American Psychologist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 162)
Anales de Psicología     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Análise Psicológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis y Modificación de Conducta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 195)
Anuario de Psicología / The UB Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuario de Psicología Jurídica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anxiety, Stress & Coping: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Applied and Preventive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 65)
Applied Neuropsychology : Adult     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Applied Neuropsychology : Child     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Applied Psychological Measurement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Applied Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 125)
Applied Psychology: Health and Well-Being     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Archives of Scientific Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian American Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Business Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
At-Tajdid : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Attachment: New Directions in Psychotherapy and Relational Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian and Aotearoa New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Australian Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Autism Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Autism Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Autism's Own     Open Access  
Autism-Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Avaliação Psicológica     Open Access  
Avances en Psicologia Latinoamericana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Balint Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Barbaroi     Open Access  
Basic and Applied Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Behavior Analysis: Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Behavior Analyst     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Behavior Modification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Behavior Research Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavior Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Behavioral Development Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription  
Behavioral Interventions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Behavioral Neuroscience     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Behavioral Sciences & the Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Behavioral Sleep Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Behaviour Research and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 110)
Behavioural Processes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biofeedback     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BioPsychoSocial Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
BMC Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy: An International Journal for Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Boletim Academia Paulista de Psicologia     Open Access  
Boletim de Psicologia     Open Access  
Brain Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal of Clinical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 122)
British Journal of Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
British Journal of Health Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
British Journal of Mathematical and Statistical Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
British Journal of Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
British Journal of Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
British Journal of Social Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Burnout Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cadernos de psicanálise (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Cadernos de Psicologia Social do Trabalho     Open Access  
Canadian Art Therapy Association     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Psychology / Psychologie canadienne     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Child Development Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Child Development Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Ciencia Cognitiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia e Interculturalidad     Open Access  
Ciências & Cognição     Open Access  
Ciencias Psicológicas     Open Access  
Clínica y Salud     Open Access  
Clinical Medicine Insights : Psychiatry     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Clinical Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 67)
Clinical Psychology and Special Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Clinical Schizophrenia & Related Psychoses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Coaching Psykologi - The Danish Journal of Coaching Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Psychology     Open Access  
Cógito     Open Access  
Cognition & Emotion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cognitive Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Cognitive Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Consciousness and Cognition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Construção Psicopedagógica     Open Access  
Consulting Psychology Journal : Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Contemporary Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Contemporary School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Contextos Clínicos     Open Access  
Counseling Outcome Research and Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Counseling Psychologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Counselling and Psychotherapy Research : Linking research with practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Counselling and Values     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Counselling Psychology Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Couple and Family Psychoanalysis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Couple and Family Psychology : Research and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Creativity Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Creativity. Theories - Research - Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Criminal Justice Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Cuadernos de Neuropsicología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Psicologia del Deporte     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Psicopedagogía     Open Access  
Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access  
Culturas Psi     Open Access  
Culture and Brain     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Addiction Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Current Behavioral Neuroscience Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Directions In Psychological Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Current Psychological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Current Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Current psychology letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Decision     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Depression and Anxiety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Depression Research and Treatment     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Developmental Neuropsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Developmental Psychobiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Developmental Psychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Diagnostica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Dialectica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Discourse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicologia     Open Access  
Drama Therapy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Dreaming     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Drogues, santé et société     Full-text available via subscription  
Dynamics of Asymmetric Conflict: Pathways toward terrorism and genocide     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
E-Journal of Applied Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ecopsychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ECOS - Estudos Contemporâneos da Subjetividade     Open Access  
Educational Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Educazione sentimentale     Full-text available via subscription  
Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Emotion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
En-Claves del pensamiento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enseñanza e Investigacion en Psicologia     Open Access  
Epiphany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Escritos de Psicología : Psychological Writings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Journal Cover Australian Journal of Psychology
  [SJR: 0.384]   [H-I: 30]   [16 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0004-9530 - ISSN (Online) 1742-9536
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1589 journals]
  • A review of existing measures of attentional biases in body image and
           eating disorders research
    • Authors: Michelle Y.W. Jiang; Lenny R. Vartanian
      Abstract: Cognitive theories emphasise the important role of attentional biases in the development and maintenance of body image issues and eating pathology. A wealth of research has been conducted to examine attentional biases toward body-related information among individuals with eating pathology. However, there is considerable variability in the methods that have been used to measure attention and, importantly, these methods tap into different attentional processes. Given the multifaceted nature of attention, it is important for researchers to select the right tools to test their hypotheses. This review critically evaluates the attentional measures that have been used in previous research, primarily the modified Stroop task, dot probe task, visual search task, and eyetracking. The strengths and limitations of each measure will be discussed in order to provide a guide for researchers to further investigate the attentional mechanisms underlying body image issues and eating disorders. Overall, we recommend that researchers use a combination of eyetracking technology and specific reaction-time measures that target the specific attentional mechanism of interest.
      PubDate: 2017-03-30T01:07:52.405946-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12161
       
  • Exploring poor sleep, mental health, and help-seeking intention in
           university students
    • Authors: Marina L. Zochil; Einar B. Thorsteinsson
      Abstract: ObjectiveUniversity students experience common mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, and stress along with poor-sleep quality. This study explores the relationships between these concepts and help-seeking intention in a general Australian university student population. The primary aim was to examine the moderating effects of sleep quality on help-seeking intention for common mental health problems. The secondary aim was to examine sex differences in help-seeking behaviour.MethodUniversity students, between 18 and 55 years of age (M = 30.18, SD = 11.37, N = 117) of which 98 were female, completed an on-line survey assessing help-seeking intentions, common mental health problems, and sleep quality.ResultsHigh levels of depression, anxiety, and stress were significantly associated with decreased sleep quality or decreased help-seeking intention. A multiple regression analysis predicted that students were more likely to report intention to seek help if they had lower scores of depression, but higher scores of stress. Help-seeking intention levels were lower for males than females. Poor-sleep quality was not found to be a moderator of help-seeking intention.ConclusionAlthough the proposed moderation effect of poor-sleep quality on the relationship between common mental health problems and help-seeking intention was not supported, the study advanced our knowledge of university students’ low intention to seek help, despite high scores of poor-sleep quality. Implications for on-campus interventions and raising awareness among students about these issues are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-20T01:55:24.214117-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12160
       
  • Understanding Australian university students’ mental health
           help-seeking: An empirical and theoretical investigation
    • Authors: Wenjing Li; Linley A. Denson, Diana S. Dorstyn
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo investigate correlates of Australian university students’ help-seeking intentions and actual service usage, testing and extending new models based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour and the Behavioural Model of Health Services Use.Method611 Australian domestic students (209 males and 402 females, mean age = 21 years; SD = 5.6) completed standardised measures and commented on facilitators, barriers, benefits, and potential improvements to student mental health services.ResultsA model based on Chinese university student data also fit the Australian data best. Bootstrapping revealed relationships between several predictors (knowledge concerning mental health and services, evaluated and perceived need, anticipated benefits, stigma concerns, and Asian values) and help-seeking intentions were significantly mediated by attitudes toward help-seeking and subjective norms. Logistic regression analysis identified predictors of service usage: help-seeking intentions, perceived behavioural control, gender, study major, knowledge of mental health, social support, income, self-rated mental health status, perceived need for help, and Asian values.ConclusionsPractitioners need to consider psycho-educational and marketing approaches to engage students, raise awareness of available services, increase understanding of mental illness and treatments, and reduce stigmatized attitudes.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17T07:55:33.87295-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12157
       
  • Parental alienation: Targeted parent perspective
    • Authors: Sian Balmer; Mandy Matthewson, Janet Haines
      Abstract: ObjectivesThe aims of the study were to determine targeted parent experiences of parental alienation post-separation from the alienating parent, and to investigate common targeted parent characteristics.MethodA total of 225 targeted parents completed an online survey.ResultsTargeted parents reported experiencing high severity of exposure to parental alienation tactics. Targeted parent sex and targeted child age significantly predicted variance in exposure to parental alienation. Targeted mothers experienced significantly higher severity of exposure to parental alienation than targeted fathers. Severity of exposure to parental alienation tactics significantly predicted increases in the appraisal of the parental alienation situation as threatening.ConclusionsThe findings offered new insights into targeted parent appraisals of their parental alienation experience. The results signified the seriousness of the impact of exposure to parental alienation for targeted parents, and highlighted a need for empirical research into the effectiveness of interventions and support services to assist targeted parents.
      PubDate: 2017-03-17T07:55:24.854172-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12159
       
  • Anger rumination in Australia and Spain: Validation of the Anger
           Rumination Scale
    • Authors: Juan Ramos-Cejudo; José M. Salguero, Lee Kannis-Dymand, Esperanza García-Sancho, Steven Love
      Abstract: ObjectiveRumination has been empirically supported in the experience of anger. The Anger Rumination Scale (ARS) was developed to assess ruminative processes in anger. The aim of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the ARS in Australia and Spain.MethodA large non-clinical sample (N = 1,752) completed a battery including the ARS and measures of trait anger, anger expression and control, aggression, emotional symptoms, and emotion regulation strategies, to determine the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the ARS. Variations between the two cultural samples were also analysed.ResultsConfirmatory factor analysis verified the four-factor structure of Angry Memories, Thoughts of Revenge, Angry Afterthoughts, and Understanding of Causes in both samples. Findings established good psychometric properties, evidence of convergent and discriminant validity, and associations in the expected direction with related variables. Males in both samples endorsed Thoughts of Revenge significantly higher. Spanish participants scored higher on Angry Memories and Understanding of Causes.ConclusionsThe ARS is a valid measure of anger rumination in Australian and Spanish populations. Further, gender and cultural variations may influence the tendency to engage in anger rumination.
      PubDate: 2017-03-03T05:21:09.236323-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12154
       
  • Employee engagement and emotional exhaustion of fly-in-fly-out workers: A
           diary study
    • Authors: Simon L. Albrecht; Jeromy Anglim
      Abstract: ObjectiveAlthough fly-in-fly-out (FIFO) work practices are widely used, little is known about their impact on the motivation and wellbeing of FIFO workers across the course of their work cycles. Drawing from the job demands-resources model, we aimed to test for the within-person effects of time of work cycle, job demands, and job resources on emotional exhaustion and employee engagement at 3-day intervals.MethodA total of 52 FIFO workers filled out three or more online diary surveys after every 3 days of their on-site work roster. The survey consisted of items drawn from previously validated scales. Bayesian hierarchical modelling of the day-level data was conducted.ResultsWorkers, on average, showed a decline in engagement and supervisor support, and an increase in emotional demand over the course of the work cycle. The results of the hierarchical modelling showed that day-level autonomy predicted day-level engagement and that day-level workload and emotional demands predicted emotional exhaustion.ConclusionsThe findings highlight the importance of managing FIFO employees’ day-to-day experiences of job demands and job resources because of their influence on employee engagement and emotional exhaustion. To best protect FIFO worker day-level wellbeing, employing organisations should ensure optimal levels of job autonomy, workload, and emotional demands. Practical implications, study limitations and areas for future research are outlined.
      PubDate: 2017-02-21T23:50:40.931659-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12155
       
  • Biculturalism amongst ethnic minorities: Its impact for individuals and
           intergroup relations
    • Authors: Eileen Chu; Fiona A. White, Stefano Verrelli
      Abstract: This review article offers an integration of acculturation, biculturalism, and intergroup relations research. Additionally, it argues that bicultural identities can be more accurately conceptualised as a third, hyphenated cultural identity (e.g., Chinese-Australian), in addition to one's ethnic and the dominant national identity. In doing so, this article proposes that hyphenated cultural identities may be personally meaningful for many ethnic minorities and discusses the function of hyphenated cultural identification for individuals and society. Given the relevance of bicultural identification, it is argued that recognising and understanding a hyphenated cultural identity is fundamental to ethnic minorities' wellbeing, as well as improving the quality of intergroup relations in multicultural societies, such as Australia.
      PubDate: 2017-01-19T01:15:48.270524-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12153
       
  • The impact of coping and resilience on anxiety among older Australians
    • Authors: Wendy Wen Li; Daniel J. Miller
      Abstract: Objective: This study aims to explore the relationships between various coping types, resilience, and anxiety among older Australians. Particular attention is paid to whether resilience moderates coping's effect on anxiety. Method: A total of 324 Australians aged between 55 and 90 (M = 66.7, SD = 8.6) were surveyed as part of the study. Moderation was assessed using structural equation modelling and plots of simple slopes. Results: Significant negative correlations were detected between anxiety and both proactive coping and preventive coping. Higher levels of resilience were associated with lower levels of anxiety. Age moderated both proactive coping and reflective coping's effects on anxiety and gender moderated avoidance coping's effect on anxiety. Resilience was found to moderate the relationships between proactive coping and anxiety, and instrumental support seeking and anxiety. For those high in resilience, there was little association between anxiety and proactive coping or anxiety and instrumental support seeking. Among low resilience individuals, there was a negative association between proactive coping and anxiety, but a positive association between instrumental support seeking and anxiety. Conclusion: Resilience, proactive coping, and preventive coping are all important predictors of anxiety among older people. Among those who are low in resilience, proactively coping with stress may be particularly important for good mental health. The results of the study highlight the complexity of the relationship between resilience, coping, and anxiety among older people.
      PubDate: 2017-01-19T01:15:45.33459-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12152
       
  • Outcome proportions, numeracy, and attribute-framing bias
    • Authors: Eyal Gamliel; Hamutal Kreiner
      Abstract: ObjectivesAn object presented positively is often judged more favourably than the same object described negatively even when the descriptions are logically equivalent. This difference, termed the attribute-framing bias, has been shown to be affected by numeracy, such that less numerate individuals are more susceptible to the bias than highly numerate individuals. This article examines the hypothesis that less numerate individuals are less attentive to numerical information than highly numerate individuals; hence, their judgements rely more heavily on positive and negative words that elicit the bias.MethodIn two experiments, participants’ numeracy was measured, and they were asked to rate different scenarios while attribute framing was manipulated by presenting logically equivalent scenarios described with either positive or negative outcomes in three different proportions.ResultsSignificant attribute-framing effects were found in both experiments. Critically, less numerate participants were as sensitive to different outcome proportions as highly numerate participants. Nevertheless, numeracy affected attribute framing as hypothesised: Less numerate participants were typically more susceptible to attribute-framing bias than highly numerate individuals.ConclusionsIndividual differences in sensitivity to numerical information did not modulate the effect of numeracy on attribute framing. We discuss the implications of these findings to understanding the cognitive processes underlying attribute-framing bias.
      PubDate: 2017-01-13T06:10:36.922908-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12151
       
  • Reviewer Summary for Australian Journal of Psychology, Volume 68, 2016
    • Pages: 74 - 74
      PubDate: 2017-02-14T04:31:15.630986-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12156
       
  • Predicting community attitudes towards asylum seekers: A multi-component
           model
    • Authors: Cameron J. Croucamp; Moira O'Connor, Anne Pedersen, Lauren J. Breen
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe current study investigated the role of cognitive, affective, and behavioural information in the prediction of overall attitudes towards asylum seekers.MethodA sample of 98 Australian adults participated in an online self-report questionnaire where participants generated their cognitive, affective, and behavioural factors towards asylum seekers and then rated those factors on a continuum from ‘positive’ to ‘negative’.ResultsMultiple regression analysis confirmed the primary role of cognitive, then affective, factors in predicting attitudes towards asylum seekers. Cognitive information accounted for a moderate, significant 31.92% of the variance in overall attitudes towards asylum seekers. The unique variance contributed by affective information accounted for a small but significant 3.46% of the variance in overall attitudes; the unique variance contributed by behavioural information was not significant.ConclusionsThe results provide a holistic theoretical basis for the assertion that community attitudes towards asylum seekers are based primarily on cognitive evaluations of the minority group. These findings have implications for changing community attitudes towards people seeking asylum in Australia.
      PubDate: 2016-11-14T04:40:26.717384-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12149
       
  • The impact of mindfulness meditation training on executive functions and
           emotion dysregulation in an Iranian sample of female adolescents with
           elevated attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms
    • Authors: Behnaz Kiani; Habib Hadianfard, John T. Mitchell
      Abstract: BackgroundMindfulness-based interventions improve a variety of clinical outcomes. Executive functioning (EF) and emotion dysregulation are among the proposed transdiagnostic mechanisms that such interventions are proposed to target. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the impact of mindfulness meditation training on EF and emotion dysregulation in a sample of female adolescents with elevations in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms against a waitlist control condition.MethodThis study adopted a mixed 2 (treatment group, waitlist control group) × 2 (pre-test, post-test) design. Adolescent females (13–15 years old) exhibiting elevations in ADHD symptoms according to multiple informants were randomly assigned to a mindfulness treatment group (n = 15) or a waitlist control group (n = 15).ResultsAmong EF laboratory tasks, planning and inhibition were higher in the treatment group relative to the control group with large effect sizes at post-treatment. The treatment group also exhibited lower scores in self-reported emotion dysregulation (total, nonacceptance of emotional responses, and impulse control difficulties) in comparison to the waitlist control group with large effect sizes at post-treatment. Within group pre-test and post-test comparisons indicated improvement on particular facets of EF and emotion dysregulation only for the treatment group.ConclusionsMindfulness meditation training improved particular facets of EF and emotion dysregulation in adolescent females with elevations in ADHD symptoms. Treatment development efforts should target clinical populations that exhibit difficulties in these transdiagnostic mechanisms.
      PubDate: 2016-11-10T05:00:32.443449-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12148
       
  • Seeking help for psychological distress: Barriers for mental health
           professionals
    • Authors: Janet L. Edwards; Dimity A. Crisp
      Abstract: ObjectiveMental health care is a demanding profession with high rates of stress and burnout. Given the implications of untreated illness, it is essential that mental health professionals feel able to seek help from appropriate service providers when required. This study investigated perceived barriers to disclosure and help-seeking within this population.MethodsA sample of 98 Australian mental health professionals and students (clinicians in training) completed an online survey assessing help-seeking intentions and past behaviour, barriers to accessing care for mental ill health, and concerns regarding disclosure of mental health problems.ResultsResults indicated that while the majority of participants (89%) would seek help if they were distressed, 57% acknowledged that there had been a time when they would have benefited from seeking help but had not done so. Reported barriers to seeking help included wanting to solve the problem on their own, fear about colleagues finding out, and the potential for negative consequences relating to the Australian Health Practitioner Regulation Agency's mandatory reporting requirement.ConclusionsThe findings provide initial evidence that despite good mental health literacy, and personal experience with mental illness, significant barriers exist for mental health professionals seeking help for mental health conditions. This is a significant area requiring further attention. Future research to better understand the perceived barriers and association between attitudes toward mental illness and help-seeking in this population is required. Education around mandatory reporting requirements may help to improve help-seeking behaviour.
      PubDate: 2016-08-26T00:15:35.89661-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12146
       
  • Can online participation on issues of asylum seeking lead to action?
           Understanding the intent to act
    • Authors: Fiona H. McKay; Matthew Dunn
      Abstract: ObjectiveIssues of refuge and asylum are often controversial in Australia, with misinformation, fear, and emotion often used to sway public opinion. The objective of this study was to understand individuals’ willingness to advocate on asylum seeker issues.MethodUsing an online survey, this study investigated the attitudes, opinions, and activities of those who had signed up to a Facebook page or newsletter of an asylum seeker support organisation.ResultsIn total, 3,978 surveys were completed; 1,688 from people who were signed up to a regular newsletter, and 2,416 people who ‘liked’ the Facebook site. Most respondents were women, from Victoria, and were educated to at least the university level.ConclusionsThe findings of this study indicate that the engagement of those who had ‘liked’ the Facebook page were more Internet based, suggesting that when the cost of engaging action is low, people do little more than engage in token support, a number of interpretations for this finding are presented. Organisations need to consider how to engage this group in more ‘meaningful support’.
      PubDate: 2016-08-26T00:15:34.083901-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12147
       
  • Sleep and headaches: Relationships between migraine and non-migraine
           headaches and sleep duration, sleep quality, chronotype, and obstructive
           sleep apnoea risk
    • Authors: Daniel P. Sullivan; Paul R. Martin
      Abstract: ObjectivesPrimary headache disorders affect a large proportion of the world's population, and sleep factors have been increasingly implicated in their aetiology. This study aimed to assess the relationships between a number of sleep factors, sleep duration, sleep quality, and chronotype, and migraine and non-migraine headache. The approach was multifaceted which included assessing correlations with headache frequency, mediation effects of headache triggers, and diagnostic prediction modelling.MethodA total of 378 participants retained in the dataset (85.2% female) completed a battery of online self-report tests measuring headache diagnosis and triggers, sleep factors, psychological distress, and demographic factors.ResultsPoor sleep quality was the strongest correlate of both migraine and non-migraine headache. Poor sleep quality also was found to mediate the effect of sensitivity to headaches triggered by lack of sleep, in the order of 10% of the effect. The predictive modelling showed that morning chronotype was a significant predictor of chronic migraine, and that evening chronotype and anxiety significantly predicted chronic non-migraine headache diagnosis.ConclusionsThe results indicate the importance of sleep quality in the headache relationship, and how it may impact on headaches triggered by other sleep factors, namely, lack of sleep. Further investigation into the role of chronotype in headache aetiology is needed, particularly, based on two theories. The first being the Trigger Avoidance Model of Headaches, and the second being a stress-based model related to social and occupational incompatibilities with the rhythms of more extreme morning or evening chronotypes.
      PubDate: 2016-08-26T00:15:25.355985-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12143
       
  • Scholarly productivity and citation impact of academic psychologists in
           Group of Eight universities
    • Authors: Nick Haslam; Michelle Stratemeyer, Adriana Vargas-Sáenz
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study sought to update norms for scholarly publication and citation impact for Australian Group of Eight (Go8) university psychology academics published by McNally (2010).MethodPublication and citation data for 279 Go8 psychology academics were extracted using the Scopus and Google Scholar databases. Norms for career-wise publications, citations, and the h-index were developed for each academic level (from Lecturer to Professor), and eight-year publication counts for 2009–2016 were compared with the 2001–2008 figures reported by McNally.ResultsEvidence of a steep increase in scholarly productivity was found relative to McNally (2010), and new norms were generated. There was notable variation between psychology subdisciplines, with neuroscience and clinical science academics typically having higher publication and citation counts than their cognitive psychology peers.ConclusionsNorms for scholarly productivity and citation impact among Australian psychology academics have undergone substantial change in recent years. Caveats concerning the application of research metrics are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-08-11T00:10:30.191182-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12142
       
  • Insights into reading processes through investigating diversity
    • Authors: Heather Winskel
      Abstract: The general goal of reading is to obtain meaning from what is written on the page or screen. The numerous scripts around the world used to write different languages vary in terms of what aspects of language are encoded in the written form. The aim of the current review is to examine some recent research on lesser-studied orthographies, in particular Thai, to illustrate the benefits of comparative studies in building a greater understanding of what processes are common or distinct when reading diverse writing systems. Three areas of reading are focused on where there is substantial variation across orthographies: (1) reading with and without interword spaces, (2) flexibility in letter position coding and initial letter position advantage, and (3) the role of lexical tone when reading. In order to effectively read a script, readers need to attend to the critical features of the script that interface with the particular language of the speaker. For example, in scripts with interword spaces, these salient visual cues form clear word boundaries, whereas in unspaced scripts other orthography-specific cues need to be identified and utilised. Furthermore, comparative research shows that letter position encoding varies across languages, which is shaped by the characteristics of the orthography. Finally, research on Thai and Chinese indicates that tone takes a secondary role in comparison to segmental information (consonantal and vowel information) and appears to be processed at a later stage.
      PubDate: 2016-07-27T08:35:39.746684-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12136
       
  • Expanding schema conceptualisation and assessment: Towards a richer
           understanding of adaptive and maladaptive functioning
    • Authors: Patrick R. Steffen; Charles H. Elliott, Maureen K. Lassen, Joseph Olsen, Laura L. Smith
      Abstract: ObjectiveFrom a variety of perspectives, moderate self-views and behavioural patterns contribute to adaptive functioning. However, current conceptualisations and measurement of schemas take an exclusively unipolar, extreme approach to assessing schema domains primarily with highly negatively valenced content. The purpose of this study was to develop and examine a psychometrically sound and theoretically grounded measure that assesses moderate schemas and contrasts them with excessively high or low schemas using the Assessment of Schema Adaptability Profile (ASAP).MethodA total of 233 participants (average age 36, 36% females, 70% white) completed the Adult Attachment Questionnaire and the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised to assess well-being as a validation instrument for the ASAP. The ASAP covers 10 schema dimensions (e.g., Entitled vs Unworthy) with items addressing overly positive, over negative, and moderate aspects of schema functioning.ResultsA single, moderate adaptive response pattern was evident across all profile domains. Those who endorsed excessively high or low responses loaded together and did not overlap with the moderate responders. Moderate responders reported increased well-being and positive attachment, whereas excessive responders reported decreased well-being and negative attachment.ConclusionsOverall, the ASAP identifies and distinguishes between moderate and excessively high or low schemas and provides a unique, useful tool for conducting schema-based research.
      PubDate: 2016-07-27T08:35:36.874711-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12141
       
  • Intensity of vocal responses to spider and snake pictures in fearful
           individuals
    • Authors: Anders Flykt; Tanja Bänziger, Sofie Lindeberg
      Abstract: ObjectiveStrong bodily responses have repeatedly been shown in participants fearful of spiders and snakes when they see pictures of the feared animal. In this study, we investigate if these fear responses affect voice intensity, require awareness of the pictorial stimuli, and whether the responses run their course once initiated.MethodAnimal fearful participants responded to arrowhead-shaped probes superimposed on animal pictures (snake, spider, or rabbit), presented either backwardly masked or with no masking. Their task was to say ‘up’ or ‘down’ as quickly as possible depending on the orientation of the arrowhead. Arrowhead probes were presented at two different stimulus onset asynchronies (SOA), 261 or 561 ms after picture onset. In addition to vocal responses, electrocardiogram, and skin conductance (SC) were recorded.ResultsNo fear-specific effects emerged to masked stimuli, thereby providing no support for the notion that fear responses can be triggered by stimuli presented outside awareness. For the unmasked pictures, voice intensity was stronger and SC response amplitude was larger to probes superimposed on the feared animal than other animals, at both SOAs. Heart rate changes were greater during exposure to feared animals when probed at 561 ms, but not at 261 ms, which indicates that a fear response can change its course after initiation.ConclusionExposure to pictures of the feared animal increased voice intensity. No support was found for responses without awareness. Observed effects on heart rate may be due to change in parasympathetic activation during fear response.
      PubDate: 2016-07-27T08:35:34.739898-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12137
       
  • Women's experiences of parenting toddlers following postnatal depression
    • Authors: Valeria Nilova; Lynn Ward, Pauline Hall
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to gain an in-depth understanding of the experience of women parenting toddlers and babies older than 6 months after taking part in a therapeutic support group for postnatal depression (PND).MethodThematic analysis was conducted following individual semi-structured interviews conducted in 2014 with eight women whose children were aged between 6.5 months and 2.5 years.ResultsThree overarching themes and six subthemes reflecting how PND can affect parenting experiences beyond the immediate postpartum period were identified: (1) parental self-perception; both positive: strength gained and unbroken bonds, and negative: high expectations, comparison to others and concerns about judgement; (2) parenting behaviour including difficulties regaining and managing control, and anger attributed to PND directed at siblings; and, (3) mixed feelings around partner support.ConclusionPND can impact parenting of children into toddlerhood, including parenting of an older sibling even when PND was not experienced at their birth. The importance of support in enhancing parenting skills following PND was highlighted.
      PubDate: 2016-07-27T08:35:26.825785-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12138
       
  • Depression and physical disability in chronic pain: The mediation role of
           emotional intelligence and acceptance
    • Authors: Joana Costa; João Marôco, José Pinto-Gouveia, Nuno Ferreira
      Abstract: ObjectiveEmotional intelligence (EI) and acceptance have previously been identified as potential factors in the adjustment to chronic pain (CP). This study examined the associations between CP experiences, depression, and physical disability. It further investigated the mediating effect of EI and acceptance in the relationship between CP experiences, depression, and physical disability and how this changes with the duration of the CP.MethodA cross-sectional design, employing validated questionnaires, was used to measure pain experience, physical disability, depression, EI, and acceptance in 133 CP patients.ResultsAll variables were found to be significantly associated in theoretically predicted ways. The relationship between CP experiences and depression was mediated by both factors, as high EI and acceptance promoted a decreased influence of pain on depression. By contrast, the relationship between CP experiences and physical disability was mediated by acceptance, but not by EI. Further, the temporal stability analysis of this mediation model showed that long-term CP patients are better able to make use of these factors.ConclusionsThe relationship between the experience of pain and depression or physical disability seems to be significantly mediated by factors such as EI and acceptance. This study lends further support to the development of more encompassing models that take both control and non-control variables into account when conceptualising the adjustment to CP. Theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-07-12T06:00:50.057549-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12131
       
  • Negative reactivity and parental warmth in early adolescence and
           depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood
    • Authors: Brendan Lloyd; Jacqui A. Macdonald, George J. Youssef, Tess Knight, Primrose Letcher, Ann Sanson, Craig A. Olsson
      Abstract: ObjectiveCross-sectional research suggests that relationships between temperamental negative reactivity and adolescent depressive symptoms may be moderated by parental warmth. The primary purpose of this study was to conduct the first prospective analysis of this relationship.MethodData from 1,147 families in an Australian population-based longitudinal study were used to examine: (1) temporal relationships between negative reactivity in early adolescence (13–14 years) and depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood (19–20 years); (2) the moderating role of parent-reported warmth in early adolescence (13–14 years); and (3) the moderating role of child gender. Hierarchical multiple regression was conducted to test the hypothesis that parental warmth would moderate the relationship between early adolescent negative reactivity and depressive symptoms in emerging adulthood.ResultsAfter accounting for previous depressive symptoms at age 13–14 years, negative reactivity was positively associated with later depressive symptoms. By contrast, parental warmth at 13–14 years was negatively associated with later depressive symptoms for females but not males. Parental warmth did not moderate the association between early adolescent negative reactivity and subsequent depressive symptoms.ConclusionsThis study was the first to use prospective data to assess the protective effects of early adolescent parental warmth on the association between negative reactive temperaments and early adult depressive symptoms. Findings suggest that parental warmth for negatively reactive children provides only concurrent protection against subsequent depressive risk. This study did not examine parent–child transactional models, which may, in future longitudinal research, improve understanding of how trajectories of parent–child goodness-of-fit contribute to depressive symptoms.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T04:20:28.620702-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12129
       
  • The spider anxiety and disgust screening for children: Reliability and
           validity of a screening for children
    • Authors: Anke M. Klein; Rianne E. Niekerk, Jeanine M.D. Baartmans, Mike Rinck, Eni S. Becker
      Abstract: ObjectivesSpecific fears, such as fear of spiders, are often used as a model for studying the development of other fears because several studies suggest that the underlying processes of fear are similar. For the screening of spider fear in children, a good, fast, and reliable screening instrument is needed. Unfortunately, however, such an instrument does not appear to exist yet. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to develop a short, reliable, and valid questionnaire to assess spider fear and spider disgust in children, the Spider Anxiety and Disgust Screening for Children (SADS-C).MethodsIn Study 1, we tested the items of the SADS-C. In Study 2, we tested the psychometric properties related to the validity and reliability of the SADS-C. In Study 3, we administered the SADS-C in a large sample in order to provide normative data.ResultsThe results indicate good validity and reliability of the SADS-C; it was able to predict Spider Phobia Questionnaire for Children-C, Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders-animal, and Behavioural Assessment Test Scores. The studies were all community-based samples; none of the children were actually seeking help for their spider fear.ConclusionsThe SADS-C is a suitable questionnaire for assessing spider fear and disgust in children and is very suitable for epidemiological studies or for the screening of children in experimental research for which there is currently no appropriate instrument.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01T04:20:21.768509-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12132
       
  • Developing an integrated theoretical model of young peoples’ condom
           use in sub-Saharan Africa
    • Authors: Cleo Protogerou; Martin S. Hagger
      Abstract: ObjectiveWe aimed to develop an integrated theoretical model of the determinants of condom use in young people from sub-Saharan African (SSA) nations. Model development was informed by research predicting condom use in SSA nations adopting individual-level social-cognitive and socio-ecological theories, and guided by McMillan and Conner's (2007) framework of social-cognitive predictors of health.MethodWe conducted a scoping review of research on social-cognitive and socio-ecological predictors of condom use in young people in SSA. The integrated model was developed based on the constructs from the review and guided by McMillan and Conner's framework to classify the constructs and isolate the processes by which the constructs impact condom use.ResultsIncluded studies (N = 45) utilised constructs from seven individual-level social-cognitive theories and included multiple socio-ecological variables as predictors of condom use. The integrated model included dispositions to act as a proximal determinant of condom use which mediated the effect of four categories of social-cognitive constructs on condom use: attitudes, control perceptions, norms, and self-representations. Socio-ecological factors were classified into four categories: relational, individual differences, societal/structural, and community and peer influences. Each had direct and indirect effects on condom use in the model, reflecting the non-conscious and conscious pathways to action, respectively.ConclusionWe expect our integrated model to provide an evidence- and theory-based guide to future research examining the antecedents of condom use in young people in SSA. We also anticipate it will assist in developing targets for interventions that will be effective in promoting condom use in this population.
      PubDate: 2016-05-11T06:29:19.238762-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12127
       
  • Task values and self-efficacy beliefs of undergraduate psychology students
    • Authors: Rebecca A. Green; Elizabeth G. Conlon, Shirley A. Morrissey
      Abstract: ObjectivePsychological literacy has been proposed as an outcome for psychology graduates, which requires an understanding of and integration between theory, research, and practice. Using the expectancy-value theory, the current study aimed to examine psychology students’ values and self-efficacy towards these domains.MethodThree hundred and nineteen psychology students (Mage = 26.25, SD = 10.26) reported on their social influences, task values, and self-efficacy beliefs for theory, research, and practice.ResultsUsing 3 (Year) × 3 (Domain) mixed factorial analyses of variance (ANOVAs), it was shown that students have poorer task values and lower self-efficacy towards research than theory or practice. A consistent effect of year was not found for task values, but students’ self-efficacy beliefs showed an effect of training, with first years reporting poorer self-efficacy than middle and fourth-year students. Results indicated that students hold contrasting views of what they perceive friends and family to value compared to their perception of what academic staff value.ConclusionsIt was recommended that the undergraduate curriculum promote equal values across theory, research, and practice by integrating education in the three domains. Utility interventions are discussed as a cost-effective way to improve task values and performance in learning domains that are not well-valued by students.
      PubDate: 2016-05-11T03:00:27.255227-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12125
       
  • Psychological distress among Australian welfare recipient job seekers
    • Authors: Edward Helmes; Melody-Anna Fudge
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe frequency of psychological distress amongst welfare recipient job seekers in Australia has largely been neglected by researchers and social policy experts. A link between a high level of psychological distress and reduced capacity to work has recently been identified. This is of significant concern as welfare recipients are increasingly expected to participate in programmes in exchange for their welfare payments. The objective of this project was to estimate the frequency of psychological distress amongst this population and to identify characteristics associated with an increased risk of distress.MethodA sample of 519 income support job seekers aged 15–64 years was interviewed using the Kessler Psychological Distress scale.ResultsForty-five per cent of the sample met the clinical criteria for psychological distress and were deemed likely to have a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual 4th ed., (DSM-IV) diagnosis of depression and/or anxiety. Several risk factors for psychological distress were identified, including being aged between 40 and 54 years, being female, and being classed as long-term unemployed.ConclusionsFindings from this study now provide some Australian figures on the frequency of psychological distress amongst welfare recipient job seekers. The implementation of social policy changes in intervention programmes is recommended to improve the psychological well-being of welfare recipient job seekers in Australia and ensure their capacity to meet income support obligations.
      PubDate: 2016-04-21T23:26:33.725133-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12123
       
  • Veterinary nurses' psychological well-being: The impact of patient
           suffering and death
    • Authors: Rebecca E. Deacon; Paula Brough
      Abstract: ObjectivePreliminary evidence suggests veterinary nurses are an at-risk population for high levels of occupational stress. This study sought to advance knowledge of occupational stress in this under-researched professional group by applying the Job Demands–Resources model to assess predictors of psychological strain, work-related burnout, and work engagement.MethodResearch participants consisted of 144 veterinary nurses employed within one Australian state (response rate of 41%). Data were obtained via an anonymous self-report questionnaire. All research participation was voluntary.ResultsAnalyses indicated the mean level of work-related burnout in this sample exceeded that of normative samples in human health-care professions. We also found that although both generic and occupation-specific job demands were significantly associated with levels of psychological strain and burnout, generic job demands accounted for a greater proportion of variance. Only direct effects were produced for the association of both workplace social support and job control with work engagement; no evidence was found for the moderating effects of these two job resources.ConclusionsThe findings both validate and challenge the tenets of the Job Demands–Resources explanation of occupation stress. Theoretical and applied implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-03-16T07:20:50.702191-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12119
       
  • Australian young adults’ tanning behaviour: The role of ideal skin tone
           and sociocultural norms
    • Authors: Ashley K. Day; Carlene J. Wilson, Amanda D. Hutchinson, Rachel M. Roberts
      Abstract: ObjectiveDecreasing intentional tanning behaviour is a critical area of skin cancer prevention. Research evidence that tanning behaviour is significantly influenced by appearance motivations exists. The Tripartite Influence Model posits that internalisation of ideals about body image mediates the relationship between sociocultural norms and appearance-related behaviour and has been demonstrated primarily in the domain of weight. This study aimed to assess whether ideal skin tone (internalisation of a tanned ideal) mediated the endorsement of sociocultural norms about attractiveness of tanned skin and 12-month tanning behaviour.MethodYoung adult participants (N = 514) from the university (removed for blind review) were surveyed regarding their ideal skin tone and sociocultural norm endorsement.ResultsAt 12-month follow-up, 246 participants reported their tanning behaviour over the previous year. Results indicated that the internalisation of a tanned ideal mediated the relationship between sociocultural norms and tanning behaviour for females but not males. Young adult males also desired a tanned appearance, and peer sociocultural perceptions were associated with male tanning behaviour.ConclusionsThis research lends support to the proposition that the Tripartite Influence Model has explanatory power for tanning behaviour. We recommend that future research involving young adults incorporate skin tone and tanning as a component of body image alongside body shape and eating behaviours.
      PubDate: 2016-02-25T04:57:48.710754-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12121
       
  • Mediating role of psychiatric symptoms on the relationship between learned
           resourcefulness and life satisfaction among Turkish university students
    • Authors: Berna Guloglu
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe transition from high school to higher education can be stressful for some students. Stressful situations can put individuals at risk of developing adverse psychological problems. The aim of the current study was to investigate the mediating role of psychiatric symptoms in the relationship between learned resourcefulness and life satisfaction of university students.MethodData were collected from 389 (285 women, 73.26%) Turkish university students from first year through senior year. To collect data, Rosenbaum's Learned Resourcefulness Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, and Brief Symptom Inventory were administered during a class period. A structural equation modelling (SEM) methodology was utilised to assess associations among variables.ResultsThe SEM results indicated that the hypothesised model provided a good fit to the data. The findings revealed that learned resourcefulness as a psychological strength influenced life satisfaction both directly and indirectly via the mediating effect of psychiatric symptoms. In other words, highly resourceful university students reported low level of psychiatric symptoms, which in turn were associated with life satisfaction.ConclusionsThe implications of the findings were discussed in terms of cultural factors and intervention strategies for the enhancement of learned resourcefulness and life satisfaction among university students.
      PubDate: 2016-02-25T04:57:04.531089-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12122
       
  • Sexual behaviour in early adolescence: A cross-national comparison of
           Australian and United States youth
    • Authors: Laura E. Prendergast; Rachel K. Leung, John W. Toumbourou, Angela Taft, Barbara J. McMorris, Richard F. Catalano
      Pages: 3 - 11
      Abstract: ObjectiveThis study used matched samples from schools in the states of Victoria and Washington to compare sexual behaviour in early adolescence. It was hypothesised that the contrasting dominant policy objectives of harm minimisation in Australia and abstinence in the USA would result in state differences for markers of sexual risk, mirroring prior cross-national findings in substance use.MethodA two-stage cluster sampling approach was used to recruit students from the two states. Self-reported sexual behaviour was examined for 1,596 students in annual surveys from Grade 7 in 2002 to Grade 9 in 2004. Prevalence estimates were derived for each measure of sexual behaviour, and comparisons were made between gender groups in each state.ResultsState differences were found for girls' first sex, with significantly more girls in Washington than Victoria having had sex by Grade 7. By Grade 9, significantly more girls in Victoria reported sex in the last year and more sexual partners than girls in Washington. A large proportion of Grade 9 students across both states reported inconsistent contraception use.ConclusionsContradicting the abstinence policy objective, first sex by Grade 7 was more prevalent in Washington than in Victoria. While sexual behaviour was more prevalent in Grade 9 in Victoria, the sexually active showed no clear cross-national differences in markers of risk such as contraception use and pregnancy outcomes. Findings demonstrate few cross-national differences in adolescent sexual behaviour despite the different policy contexts of Victoria and Washington.
      PubDate: 2016-03-16T06:36:03.541824-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12118
       
  • Mental health service use and ethnicity: An analysis of service use and
           time to access treatment by South East Asian-, Middle Eastern-, and
           Australian-born patients within Sydney, Australia
    • Authors: Shanna Logan; David Rouen, Renate Wagner, Zachary Steel, Caroline Hunt
      Pages: 12 - 19
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe current research aimed to assess the association between country of birth and use of a specialised mental health service in Sydney, Australia.MethodsPatient file data were analysed from individuals who accessed the Clinic for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress in Western Sydney between 1996 and 2010. Patients had undergone a clinical assessment and research interview prior to receiving treatment. Data on demographic information and health history were extracted from these files. South East (SE) Asian- and Middle Eastern-born minority groups were compared with an Australian-born majority group, using country of birth as a proxy measure of ethnicity. Ratios of service use by group were compared with data on ethnicities residing within the local government area health district.ResultsRelative to the local population, country of birth minority status was associated with fewer patients accessing the service, with SE Asian-born patients reporting low service use across all cohorts studied. However, Middle Eastern-born patients' service utilisation increased over time, becoming commensurate with the local population. Middle Eastern-born patients reported a significantly shorter delay to seek treatment compared with Australian-born patients, although no significant differences were reported between ethnic minority groups.ConclusionsDifferences between SE Asian- and Middle Eastern-born groups in service utilisation patterns over time and treatment delay relative to an Australian-born group highlight the importance of better understanding the impact of ethnicity on service use.
      PubDate: 2016-03-24T05:30:46.298465-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12113
       
  • Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder within fire and
           emergency services in Western Australia
    • Authors: Petra M. Skeffington; Clare S. Rees, Trevor Mazzucchelli
      Pages: 20 - 28
      Abstract: ObjectiveWhile it is widely accepted that fire and emergency work is of high risk for potentially traumatic event exposure and post-trauma pathology, there has been limited published data regarding Australian fire and emergency service workers. The relationship between trauma exposure and mental health outcomes, in particular the significance of social support and coping style was explored.MethodParticipants were 210 Department of Fire and Emergency Services (DFES) career firefighters in Western Australia (WA). This study employed a cross-sectional, correlational design, with a combination of self-selection and random sampling.ResultsResults found that DFES career members were exposed to trauma at significantly higher rates than the general population and reported elevated rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology. Trauma exposure, social support, and coping style significantly contributed to variation in PTSD symptomatology, with maladaptive coping strategies accounting for more PTSD variance than adaptive coping.ConclusionsElevated rates of PTSD identify WA DFES members as a high risk population. There was evidence that trauma exposure, social support, and coping style significantly contributed to levels of PTSD symptomatology. Maladaptive coping strategies, such as distraction, substance use, venting and self-blame, accounted for more variance in PTSD symptomatology than adaptive coping strategies, indicating that prevention or treatment interventions may be most effective by targeting reduction of maladaptive coping strategies, with a secondary focus on building adaptive coping strategies.
      PubDate: 2016-03-16T07:55:17.59592-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12120
       
  • Assessing mobile phone dependency and teens' everyday life in Hong Kong
    • Authors: Chi-hung Leung
      Pages: 29 - 38
      Abstract: ObjectivesHong Kong has among the highest mobile phone usage rates in Asia. Although the mobile phone may foster adolescents’ communication with parents and peers, there is also concern that some teens may become dependent on the mobile phone. The present study investigated the psychometric properties of the Mobile Phone Dependence Questionnaire (MPDQ) in a sample of young adolescents.MethodThe MPDQ was translated and validated in a Hong Kong sample of adolescents (N = 733) from S1 (ages 11–12), S2 (ages 12–13), and S5 (ages 16–17) in six schools representing various levels of socioeconomic status. A subset of 27 students participated in focus groups on the topic of adolescents’ mobile phone usage.ResultConfirmatory factor analysis identified three psychological factors represented in adolescents’ responses to the MPDQ: compulsive text messaging, making and receiving a high number of calls, and obsessive thinking about using the mobile phone. Using the criterion of a score 2 standard deviations above the mean, 3.41% of students would be classified as showing mobile phone dependency, with a higher rate among females than males.DiscussionPositive examples of mobile phone usage were mobile parenting to monitor children, and children's use of the phone to seek mobile tutoring from teachers. E-counselling and e-tutoring are suggested as ways to provide support to adolescents using technology that is already an integral part of their lives.
      PubDate: 2016-03-21T07:37:05.895646-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12115
       
  • Youth with Tourette syndrome: Parental perceptions and experiences in the
           Australian context
    • Authors: Deirdre O'Hare; Valsamma Eapen, Rachel Grove, Edward Helmes, Kerry McBain, John Reece
      Pages: 48 - 57
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo enhance understandings of the impact of Tourette Syndrome (TS) on the parents of diagnosed youth. Specifically, the current study aimed to explore and identify the multidimensional stressors associated with parenting a child or adolescent with TS in the Australian context.MethodAs part of a larger qualitative and quantitative community-based study, semi-structured telephone interviews with 22 mothers of youth with TS were conducted regarding their experiences.ResultsThe study identified parent, child, and contextual factors that contributed to parental stress, with many mirroring the experiences of parents of children with other chronic paediatric disorders. However, several TS-specific factors also emerged from the data analysis, highlighting the unique difficulties encountered by parents of diagnosed youth. Serious deficits in professional expertise and services currently available for the TS community were also identified.ConclusionsFindings indicate the generally unacknowledged challenge of parenting a child with TS, which equates with that experienced in the context of other serious chronic paediatric disorders. Results also indicate the need for psychosocial support for both child and parent, and greatly improved access to well-informed mental health and educational services in the Australian context.
      PubDate: 2016-03-21T07:36:34.868113-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12111
       
  • Comparative optimism: An automatised self-presentational answer' The
           contribution of response times
    • Authors: Florence Spitzenstetter; Sarah Schimchowitsch
      Pages: 58 - 64
      Abstract: ObjectiveOur study sought to explore, by using response time measures, the cognitive effort associated with comparative optimism expression (CO) and its modulation. More precisely, our aim was to decide between two opposite options: (1) expressing CO as a self-serving bias (presenting oneself as better than others) will require less cognitive effort than restraining CO; and (2) modulating CO depending on social context will be effortless, thus for example restraining CO as a normative self-presentational answer (for presenting oneself modestly) will require less cognitive effort than expressing CO.MethodsParticipants answered a CO questionnaire in two social contexts in which CO is socially valued (professional domain) or not valued (friendship domain). They had to answer either spontaneously or in order to convey a favourable or an unfavourable impression. Answers and times needed to respond were recorded.ResultsThe present data revealed that participants were slower when restraining CO to convey a negative image to an employer or to depict a modest self to a friend. Conversely, they were faster when expressing CO to convey a favourable image to a recruiter or a negative one to a friend. In the spontaneous condition, a same level of CO was expressed, but response times were lengthened in the friendship domain.ConclusionOverall, these results suggest that in comparing one's own risk with that of an average other, restraining CO according to the socially valued self-presentational standard of modesty corresponds to a strenuous answer. Consequently, expressing CO might represent a more overlearned, automatised self-presentational answer.
      PubDate: 2016-03-21T07:26:13.357494-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12112
       
  • Providing depth information in the display for pursuit and compensatory
           tracking and optimization in 3-D space
    • Authors: Hongyan Liu; Mengdan Sun, Haili Ye, Duming Wang, Liezhong Ge
      Pages: 65 - 73
      Abstract: ObjectiveThe formats of tracking displays exert important influences on tracking performance. Few previous studies explored the 3-D tracking display formats. The present study aimed to construct the 3-D formats for the manual pursuit and compensatory tracking displays by adding the depth information. Based on the results of tracking performance, we further optimized the preferable tracking format.MethodThree experiments were conducted. Experiment 1 was a confirmatory experiment to compare the effects of the two display formats on 2-D manual tracking performance with previous studies. Experiment 2 extended the investigation to a 3-D display by adding a depth cue indicating the relative size of the control marker and target. Experiment 3 was an optimisation experiment in which an improved 3-D tracking display was modified, i.e., an extra depth cue was complemented to clearly signify the relative position of the target and the control marker.ResultsPursuit tracking performance was better than compensatory tracking performance in both 2-D (Experiment 1) and 3-D space (Experiment 2). It also found that the extra depth cue significantly improved the tracking success rate and the subjective satisfaction of the pursuit display format in 3-D space (Experiment 3).ConclusionsThese findings indicated that the depth cues could be used in tracking display in 3-D space and have important implications for the design of some motor training and tracking systems.
      PubDate: 2016-01-07T20:35:01.066899-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12117
       
  • Crowdsourcing participants for psychological research in Australia: A test
           of Microworkers
    • Authors: Damien L. Crone; Lisa A. Williams
      Pages: 39 - 47
      Abstract: ObjectiveAustralian researchers interested in studying psychological phenomena using Australian samples have a limited range of reliable sampling options, often limited to undergraduate participant pools and convenience samples subject to well-known limitations. To expand the range of sampling options available, we attempted to validate the crowdsourcing platform, Microworkers, as a viable tool for collecting data from Australian participants.MethodAcross two studies, 122 Australian participants were recruited via Microworkers to complete a demographic survey (Studies 1 and 2), personality questionnaire (Study 2), and a standard decision-making task designed to elicit a framing effect (Study 2).ResultsProviding a first indication of the viability of Microworkers as a recruitment platform for Australian participants by Australian researchers, we were successful in acquiring our desired sample size. Moreover, the recruited Microworkers samples were demographically diverse (in a similar fashion to Internet samples in general), and produced valid psychological data.ConclusionOverall, these results provide promising preliminary evidence for Microworkers as a viable platform for the recruitment of Australian participants for psychological research, and for Australian researchers interested in crowdsourced participants more generally.
      PubDate: 2015-12-23T02:04:25.717045-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/ajpy.12110
       
 
 
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