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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3121 journals)
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    - BIOLOGY (1487 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1487 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 299)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
APOPTOSIS
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.424
Citation Impact (citeScore): 4
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1573-675X - ISSN (Online) 1360-8185
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2348 journals]
  • Down-regulation of 14-3-3 zeta sensitizes human glioblastoma cells to
           apoptosis induction
    • Abstract: Strong 14-3-3 zeta protein expression plays an important role in tumorigenesis, including in the maintenance of cell growth, resistance increase, and the prevention of apoptosis. In this study, we focus on two targets: (1) the expression of 14-3-3 zeta in the different grades of human astrocytoma (II–IV), (2) suppression of 14-3-3 zeta protein expression in glioblastoma derived astrocytes by 14-3-3 zeta shRNA lentiviral particles. The tissues of human astrocytoma were provided from 30 patients (ten of each grade of astrocytoma). Control tissues were obtained from the peritumoral brain zone of those patients with glioblastoma. The protein and mRNA expression levels of each astrocytoma grade were assessed via western blotting and RT-PCR, respectively. Results indicated that 14-3-3 zeta was significantly expressed in glioblastoma multiforme (grade IV) and 14-3-3 zeta expression levels enhanced according to the increase of astrocytoma malignancy. In the cellular study for knock down of the 14-3-3 zeta protein, surgical biopsy of glioblastoma was used to isolate primary astrocyte. Astrocytes were transduced with 14-3-3 zeta shRNA or non-targeted shRNA lentiviral particles. Furthermore, reduction of the 14-3-3 zeta protein expression in the astrocytes evaluated through qRT-PCR and western blot after transduction of 14-3-3 zeta shRNA lentiviral particles. Moreover, apoptosis properties, including DNA fragmentation and ratio increase of Bax/Bcl-2 were observed in astrocytes following reduction of 14-3-3 zeta protein expression. Further observation indicated that the mitochondrial pathway through release of cytochorome c and caspase-3 activity was involved in the apoptosis induction. Hence, this study demonstrates a key role of the 14-3-3 zeta protein in tumorigenesis but also indicates that 14-3-3 zeta can be considered as a target for the astrocytoma treatment specially glioblastoma.
      PubDate: 2018-08-12
       
  • MLKL mediates apoptosis via a mutual regulation with PERK/eIF2α pathway
           in response to reactive oxygen species generation
    • Authors: Wen-Xiang Cao; Ting Li; Zheng-Hai Tang; Le-Le Zhang; Zhao-Yu Wang; Xia Guo; Min-Xia Su; Xiuping Chen; Jin-Jian Lu
      Abstract: The pseudokinase mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (MLKL) is a core effector of necroptosis, and its function in necroptosis is widely studied. However, the function of MLKL in apoptosis remains unclear. In the present study, the role of MLKL in chelerythrine (CHE)-promoted apoptosis was studied. A special band of MLKL (i.e., *MLKL) was observed after treatment with CHE. MLKL and *MLKL were accumulated in the nucleus upon treatment with CHE and MLKL silencing reversed the CHE-induced apoptosis. Blockade of CHE-triggered reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation or inhibition of CHE-activated protein kinase-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)-eukaryotic initiation factor 2 α subunit (eIF2α) pathway reversed the apoptosis. A decreased ROS level inhibited CHE-mediated nuclear translocation of MLKL and *MLKL and the activation of eIF2α, whereas MLKL or eIF2α silencing did not affect the CHE-triggered ROS generation. Furthermore, MLKL silencing prevented the CHE-activated eIF2α signal, and eIF2α silencing blocked the CHE-induced nuclear translocation of MLKL and *MLKL. Our studies suggested that CHE possibly induces apoptosis through the nuclear translocation of MLKL and *MLKL, which is promoted by a mutual regulation between MLKL and PERK–eIF2α pathway in response to ROS formation. The present study clarified the new function of MLKL in apoptosis.
      PubDate: 2018-08-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1475-6
       
  • CD155 downregulation synergizes with adriamycin to induce breast cancer
           cell apoptosis
    • Authors: Jian Gao; Qianqian Zheng; Yue Shao; Wei Wang; Chenghai Zhao
      Abstract: CD155 has been implicated in migration, invasion, proliferation and apoptosis of human cancer cells, and DNA damage response caused by chemotherapeutic agents or reactive oxygen species has been shown to attribute to CD155 induction. Adriamycin (Adr) is one of the most common chemotherapeutic drugs used to treat breast cancer. Here we reported that treatment with Adr upregulated CD155 expression on several in vitro cultured breast cancer cells and in breast cancer cell 4T1 xenografts. We also found that CD155 knockdown or Adr treatment induced apoptosis of in vitro cultured cancer cells and cancer cells in 4T1 xenografts, and a combination of CD155 knockdown with Adr treatment induced more cell death than either of them. Furthermore, we revealed that the combination of CD155 knockdown with Adr treatment suppressed the growth of 4T1 xenografts more significantly than them alone. In summary, our results demonstrate that CD155 downregulation synergizes with Adr to induce breast cancer cell apoptosis, thereby to suppress tumor growth. Our results also suggest that CD155 upregulation may be a mechanism underlying Adr resistance by breast cancer cells.
      PubDate: 2018-07-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1473-8
       
  • GD2 ganglioside-binding antibody 14G2a and specific aurora A kinase
           inhibitor MK-5108 induce autophagy in IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells
    • Authors: Małgorzata Durbas; Paweł Pabisz; Katarzyna Wawak; Aneta Wiśniewska; Elżbieta Boratyn; Iwona Nowak; Irena Horwacik; Olga Woźnicka; Hanna Rokita
      Abstract: The process of autophagy and its role in survival of human neuroblastoma cell cultures was studied upon addition of an anti-GD2 ganglioside (GD2) 14G2a mouse monoclonal antibody (14G2a mAb) and an aurora A kinase specific inhibitor, MK-5108. It was recently shown that combination of these agents significantly potentiates cytotoxicity against IMR-32 and CHP-134 neuroblastoma cells in vitro, as compared to the inhibitor used alone. In this study we gained mechanistic insights on autophagy in the observed cytotoxic effects exerted by both agents using cytotoxicity assays, RT-qPCR, immunoblotting, and autophagy detection methods. Enhancement of the autophagy process in the 14G2a mAb- and MK-5108-treated IMR-32 cells was documented by assessing autophagic flux. Application of a lysosomotropic agent—chloroquine (CQ) affected the 14G2a mAb- and MK-5108-stimulated autophagic flux. It is our conclusion that the 14G2a mAb (40 μg/ml) and MK-5108 inhibitor (0.1 μM) induce autophagy in IMR-32 cells. Moreover, the combinatorial treatment of IMR-32 cells with the 14G2a mAb and CQ significantly potentiates cytotoxic effect, as compared to CQ used alone. Most importantly, we showed that interfering with autophagy at its early and late step augments the 14G2a mAb-induced apoptosis, therefore we can conclude that inhibition of autophagy is the primary mechanism of the CQ-mediated sensitization to the 14G2a mAb-induced apoptosis. Although, there was no virtual stimulation of autophagy in the 14G2a mAb-treated CHP-134 neuroblastoma cells, we were able to show that PHLDA1 protein positively regulates autophagy and this process exists in a mutually exclusive manner with apoptosis in PHLDA1-silenced CHP-134 cells.
      PubDate: 2018-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1472-9
       
  • Co-expression of caspase-3 or caspase-8 with galanin in the human stomach
           section affected by carcinoma
    • Authors: Anna Kozłowska; Piotr Kozera; Mariusz Majewski; Janusz Godlewski
      Abstract: Neoplastic process may cause distinct changes in the morphology, i.e. size and number of the neurons of the neuronal plexuses forming the enteric nervous system (ENS) of the human intestine. Moreover, it was also reported that these changes were not directly associated with apoptosis. Thus, the main aim of this study was to determine the atrophic changes of myenteric plexuses (MPs) in the vicinity of cancer invasion and the potential reason which may be responsible for these changes if they occur. Tissue samples from the stomach were collected from ten patients which undergo organ resection due to cancer diagnosis. Samples were taken from the margin of cancer invasion and from a macroscopically-unchanged part of the stomach wall. Triple-immunofluorescence staining of the 10-µm-thick cryostat sections was used to visualize the co-expression of caspase-3 (CASP3) or caspase-8 (CASP8) with galanin (GAL) in the MPs of ENS. Microscopic observations of MPs located closely to gastric cancer invasion showed that they were significantly smaller than plexuses located distally. The percentage of neurons containing CASP3 within MPs located close to cancer-affected regions of the stomach was higher, while containing CASP8 was lower compared to the unchanged regions. Additionally, elevated high expression of CASP3 or CASP8 in the neurons from MPs was accompanied by a decreased expression of GAL. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the decomposition of MPs within cancer-affected human stomach wall and the possible role of apoptosis in this process.
      PubDate: 2018-07-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1470-y
       
  • Flavonoids of Rosa roxburghii Tratt offers protection against radiation
           induced apoptosis and inflammation in mouse thymus
    • Authors: Sai-Juan Xu; Fan Zhang; Li-Juan Wang; Ming-Hua Hao; Xian-jun Yang; Na-na Li; Hong-long Ji; Ping Xu
      Abstract: The present study evaluated the protective effect of the natural compound flavonoids of Rosa roxburghii Tratt (FRT) against γ-radiation-induced apoptosis and inflammation in mouse thymus cells in vivo and in vitro. Thymus cells and mice were exposed to 60Co γ-ray at a dose of 6 Gy. The radiation treatment induced significant cell apoptosis and inflammation. Radiation increased the expressions of cleaved caspase 3/8–10, AIF, and PARP-1, and FRT could mitigate their activation and inhibit subsequent apoptosis in the thymus both in vitro or in vivo. Irradiation increased the mRNA expression of ICAM-1/VCAM-1, IL-1α/IL-6 and TNF-α/NF-κB. Our results also indicated that FRT alleviated gene expression of some inflammatory factors such as ICAM-1/VCAM-1, TNF-α/NF-κB, but not IL-1α/IL-6. Irradiation increased the protein expression levels of ICAM-1/VCAM-1, IL-1α/IL-6 and TNF-α/NF-Κb, and our results also indicated that FRT alleviated protein level expression of certain inflammatory factors such as ICAM-1, IL-1α/IL-6, TNF-α/NF-κB, but not VCAM-1. Our results suggested that FRT enhanced radioprotection at least partially by regulating caspase 3/8–10, AIF, and PARP-1 to reduce apoptosis and by regulating ICAM-1, IL-1α/IL-6, TNF-α/NF-κB to reduce inflammation.
      PubDate: 2018-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1466-7
       
  • Protective effects of circulating microvesicles derived from ischemic
           preconditioning on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats by
           inhibiting endoplasmic reticulum stress
    • Authors: Miao Liu; Yilu Wang; Qian Zhu; Junyu Zhao; Yao Wang; Man Shang; Minglin Liu; Yanna Wu; Junqiu Song; Yanxia Liu
      Abstract: Microvesicles (MVs) have been shown to be involved in pathophysiology of ischemic heart diseases. However, the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Here we investigated the effects of MVs derived from ischemic preconditioning (IPC-MVs) on myocardial ischemic/reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats. Myocardial IPC model was elicited by three cycles of ischemia and reperfusion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. IPC-MVs from the peripheral blood of the above animal model were isolated by ultracentrifugation and characterized by flow cytometry and transmission electron microscopy. IPC-MVs were administered intravenously (7 mg/kg) at 5 min before reperfusion procedure in I/R injury model which was induced by 30-min ischemia and 120-min reperfusion of LAD in rats. We found that total IPC-MVs and different phenotypes, including platelet-derived MVs (PMVs), endothelial cell-derived MVs (EMVs), leucocyte-derived MVs and erythrocyte-derived MVs (RMVs) were all isolated which were identified membrane vesicles (< 1 µm) with corresponding antibody positive. The numbers of PMVs, EMVs and RMVs were significantly increased in circulation of IPC treated rats respectively. Additionally, treatment with IPC-MVs significantly alleviated damage of myocardium, and restored cardiac function of I/R injury rats, as evidenced by increased heart rate, and decreased the elevation of ST-segment. The size of myocardial infarction, lactate dehydrogenase activity, and the number of apoptotic cardiomyocytes were also reduced significantly with IPC-MVs treatment, coincident with the above function amelioration. Moreover, IPC-MVs decreased the activity of caspase 3, and the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) markers, GRP78, CHOP and caspase 12 indicating the involvement of ERS-specific apoptosis in I/R injury, and cardioprotective effects of IPC-MVs. In summary, our study demonstrated a novel mechanism of IPC in which circulating IPC-MVs could protect hearts from I/R injury in rats through attenuation of ERS-induced apoptosis. These findings provide new insight into therapeutic potential of IPC-induced MVs in cardioprotection against I/R injury.
      PubDate: 2018-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1469-4
       
  • Staurosporine-induced apoptotic water loss is cell- and
           attachment-specific
    • Authors: Michael A. Model; Nathan J. Mudrak; Priyanka S. Rana; Robert J. Clements
      Abstract: Apoptotic volume decrease (AVD) is a characteristic cell shrinkage observed during apoptosis. There are at least two known processes that may result in the AVD: exit of intracellular water and splitting of cells into smaller fragments. Although AVD has traditionally been attributed to water loss, direct evidence for that is often lacking. In this study, we quantified intracellular water in staurosporine-treated cells using a previously described optical microscopic technique that combines volume measurements with quantitative phase analysis. Water loss was observed in detached HeLa and in adherent MDCK but not in adherent HeLa cells. At the same time, adherent HeLa and adherent MDCK cells exhibited visually similar apoptotic morphology, including fragmentation and activation of caspase-3. Morphological changes and caspase activation were prevented by chloride channel blockers DIDS and NPPB in both adherent and suspended HeLa cells, while potassium channel blocker TEA was ineffective. We conclude that staurosporine-induced dehydration is not a universal cell response but depends on the cell type and substrate attachment and can only be judged by direct water measurements. The effects of potassium or chloride channel blockers do not always correlate with the AVD.
      PubDate: 2018-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1471-x
       
  • Correction to: Dying to communicate: apoptotic functions of Eph/Ephrin
           proteins
    • Authors: Mustapha Kandouz
      Abstract: The original version of this article contained a mistake in reference. The references in Table 1 are incorrect. The corrected Table with proper citation is given below. The field codes ADDIN REFMGR.CITE inadvertently appeared along the article. This was overlooked during the process.
      PubDate: 2018-07-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1465-8
       
  • In vitro leishmanicidal effects of the anti-fungal drug natamycin are
           mediated through disruption of calcium homeostasis and mitochondrial
           dysfunction
    • Authors: Bhanu Priya Awasthi; Kalyan Mitra
      Abstract: Natamycin, a Food and Drug Administration approved anti-fungal drug, and also used as a food additive was evaluated for anti-leishmanial activity since it is known to specifically bind to ergosterol, which is essential to these parasites but absent in mammals. Promising anti-proliferative activity was observed in both promastigote and amastigote forms of the parasite with IC50 values of 15 and 8 µM respectively and a selective index of 12.5. The ultrastructural effects of natamycin on both forms of the parasite and physiological effects on promastigotes were studied in detail for the first time. Electron microscopic observations in treated cells revealed sub-cellular changes like plasma membrane alterations, accumulation of vesicles in the flagellar pocket and extensive mitochondrial damage. Natamycin treatment in promastigotes resulted in elevation of cytosolic calcium (Ca2+) levels which caused irreversible loss of mitochondrial membrane potential. This resulted in depletion of cellular ATP levels along with ROS generation finally leading to apoptosis-like and necrotic cell death. In view of our observations along with the safety profile of an existing anti-fungal drug, natamycin may be further investigated for repurposing it as a promising drug candidate against Leishmaniasis.
      PubDate: 2018-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1468-5
       
  • P53/PUMA are potential targets that mediate the protection of
           brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)/TrkB from etoposide-induced cell
           death in neuroblastoma (NB)
    • Authors: Zhongyan Hua; Yue Zhan; Simeng Zhang; Yudi Dong; Min Jiang; Fei Tan; Zhihui Liu; Carol J. Thiele; Zhijie Li
      Abstract: The over-expressions of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its tyrosine kinase receptor TrkB have been reported to induce chemo-resistance in neuroblastoma (NB) cells. In this study, we investigated the roles of P53 and BCL2 family members in the protection of BDNF/TrkB from etoposide-induced NB cell death. TB3 and TB8, two tetracycline (TET)-regulated TrkB-expressing NB cell lines, were utilized. The expressions of P53 and BCL2 family members were detected by Western blot or RT-PCR. Transfection of siRNAs was used to knockdown P53 or PUMA. Activated lentiviral was used to over-express PUMA. Cell survival was performed by MTS assay, and the percentage of cell confluence was measured by IncuCyte ZOOM. Our results showed that etoposide treatment induced significant and time-dependent increase of P53, which could be blocked by pre-treatment with BDNF, and knockdown P53 by transfecting siRNA attenuated etoposide-induced TrkB-expressing NB cell death. PUMA was the most significantly changed BCL2 family member after treatment with etoposide, and pre-treatment with BDNF blocked the increased expression of PUMA. Transfection with siRNA inhibited etoposide-induced increased expression of PUMA, and attenuated etoposide-induced NB cell death. We also found that over-expression of PUMA by infection of activated lentiviral induced TrkB-expressing NB cell death in the absence of etoposide, and treatment of BDNF protected NB cells from PUMA-induced cell death. Our results suggested that P53 and PUMA may be potential targets that mediated the protection of BDNF/TrkB from etoposide-induced NB cell death.
      PubDate: 2018-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1467-6
       
  • PET imaging of cardiomyocyte apoptosis in a rat myocardial infarction
           model
    • Authors: Hui Ma; Shaoyu Liu; Ying Xiong; Zhanwen Zhang; Aixia Sun; Shu Su; Hong Liang; Gongjun Yuan; Ganghua Tang
      Abstract: Cardiomyocyte apoptosis has been observed in several cardiovascular diseases and contributes to the subsequent cardiac remodeling processes and progression to heart failure. Consequently, apoptosis imaging is helpful for noninvasively detecting the disease progression and providing treatment guidance. Here, we tested 18F-labeled 2-(5-fluoropentyl)-2-methyl-malonic acid (18F-ML-10) and 18F-labeled 2-(3-fluoropropyl)-2-methyl-malonic acid (18F-ML-8) for apoptosis imaging in rat models of myocardial infarction (MI) and compared them with 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (18F-FDG). MI was induced in Sprague-Dawley rats by permanent left coronary artery ligation. Procedural success was confirmed by echocardiography and positron emission tomography (PET) imaging with 18F-FDG. In vivo PET imaging with 18F-ML-10 and 18F-ML-8 was performed in the MI models at different time points after operation. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) assays and immunohistochemical analyses were used to evaluate myocardial apoptosis. In vitro cell binding assays were performed to validate 18F-ML-8 binding to apoptotic cardiomyocytes. PET imaging demonstrated high 18F-ML-10 and 18F-ML-8 uptake where 18F-FDG uptake was absent. The focal accumulation of the two tracers was high on days 1 and 3 but was not notable on days 5 and 7 after surgery. The infarct-to-lung uptake ratio was 4.29 ± 0.30 for 18F-ML-10 and 3.51 ± 0.18 for 18F-ML-8 (n = 6, analyzed by averaging the uptake ratios on postoperative days 1 and 3, P < 0.05). The TUNEL results showed that myocardial cell apoptosis was closely related to the focal uptake of the apoptotic tracers in the infarct area. In addition, the apoptosis rates calculated from the TUNEL results were better correlated with 18F-ML-8 uptake than with 18F-ML-10 uptake. Ex vivo cell binding assays demonstrated that 18F-ML-8 accumulated in apoptotic cells but not in necrotic or normal cells. PET imaging using 18F-ML-10 or 18F-ML-8 allows the noninvasive detection of myocardial apoptosis in the early phase. In addition, 18F-ML-8 may be better than 18F-ML-10 for apoptosis imaging. We propose that PET imaging with 18F-ML-10 or 18F-ML-8 combined with 18F-FDG is an alternative for detecting and assessing MI.
      PubDate: 2018-06-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1463-x
       
  • Gastrointestinal microecology: a crucial and potential target in acute
           pancreatitis
    • Authors: Meng-Er Cen; Feng Wang; Ying Su; Wang-Jun Zhang; Bei Sun; Gang Wang
      Abstract: In the early stage of acute pancreatitis (AP), abundant cytokines induced by local pancreatic inflammation enter the bloodstream, further cause systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) by “trigger effect”, which eventually leads to multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS). During SIRS and MODS, the intestinal barrier function was seriously damaged accompanied by the occurrence of gut-derived infection which forms a “second hit summit” by inflammatory overabundance. Gastrointestinal microecology, namely the biologic barrier, could be transformed into a pathogenic state, which is called microflora dysbiosis when interfered by the inflammatory stress during AP. More and more evidences indicate that gastrointestinal microflora dysbiosis plays a key role in “the second hit” induced by AP gut-derived infection. Therefore, the maintenance of gastrointestinal microecology balance is likely to provide an effective method in modulating systemic infection of AP. This article reviewed the progress of gastrointestinal microecology in AP to provide a reference for deeply understanding the pathogenic mechanisms of AP and identifying new therapeutic targets.
      PubDate: 2018-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1464-9
       
  • Treating metastatic prostate cancer with microRNA-145
    • Authors: Alexandre Iscaife; Sabrina Thalita Reis; Denis Reis Morais; Nayara Izabel Viana; Iran Amorim da Silva; Ruan Pimenta; Andre Bordini; Nelson Dip; Miguel Srougi; Katia Ramos Moreira Leite
      Abstract: Prostate cancer (PCa) is an incurable disease at the metastatic stage. Although there are different options for treatment, the results are limited. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a group of small, noncoding, regulatory RNAs with important roles in regulating gene expression. miR-145 is reported to be a key tumor suppressor miRNA (tsmiR) that controls important oncogenes, such as MYC and RAS. In this study, in vitro studies were performed to show the control of MYC and RAS by miR-145. Flow cytometry was used to analyze cell proliferation and apoptosis. The efficacy of miR-145 in treating metastatic PCa was tested in nude mice using a model of bone metastasis promoted by intraventricular injection of PC-3MLuc-C6 cells. Tumor growth was evaluated by an in vivo bioluminescence system. After the full establishment of metastases on day 21, six animals were treated with three intravenous doses of miR-145 (on days 21, 24 and 27), and six were injected with scramble miRNA as controls. Compared to the controls, tumor growth was significantly reduced in animals receiving miR-145, most importantly on day 7 after the third and last dose of miRNA. After discontinuing the treatment, tumor growth resumed, becoming similar to the group of non-treated animals. A decrease in MYC and RAS expression was observed in all cell lines after treatment with miR-145, although statistical significance was achieved only in experiments with LNCaP and PC3 cell lines, with a decrease in 56% (p = 0.012) and 31% (p = 0.013) of RAS expression, respectively. Our results suggest that miR-145 is a potential molecule to be tested for treatment of metastatic, castration-resistant PCa.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1461-z
       
  • Apoptosis on the move
    • Authors: Patrycja Nowak-Sliwinska; Arjan W. Griffioen
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1462-y
       
  • Dying to communicate: apoptotic functions of Eph/Ephrin proteins
    • Authors: Mustapha Kandouz
      Abstract: The Erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma (Eph) receptors constitute the largest family of receptor tyrosine kinases and interact with a group of ligands called Ephrins. An essential feature of the Eph receptors and Ephrin ligands is that both are membrane-bound and, upon cell–cell interaction, initiate a bidirectional signaling involving both the receptor (forward signaling) and the ligand (reverse signaling). They regulate a large set of pleiotropic functions in virtually every tissue and physiological system. In vitro as well as in vivo data support a role for Eph and Ephrin molecules in cellular processes such as proliferation, cell–cell attraction and repulsion, motility and sorting. An increasing amount of evidence supports a role for these molecules in apoptosis and, although this function in cell death has been barely examined, the available information warrants a global consideration, to identify unmet needs and potential research avenues. Here we propose a comprehensive analysis of the data available regarding the importance of Ephs and Ephrins in cell death mechanisms throughout a large array of physiological systems.
      PubDate: 2018-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1458-7
       
  • Prodigiosin stimulates endoplasmic reticulum stress and induces autophagic
           cell death in glioblastoma cells
    • Authors: Shu-Yu Cheng; Nan-Fu Chen; Hsiao-Mei Kuo; San-Nan Yang; Chun-Sung Sung; Ping-Jyun Sung; Zhi-Hong Wen; Wu-Fu Chen
      Abstract: Prodigiosin, a secondary metabolite isolated from marine Vibrio sp., has antimicrobial and anticancer properties. This study investigated the cell death mechanism of prodigiosin in glioblastoma. Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive primary cancer of the central nervous system. Despite treatment, or standard therapy, the median survival of glioblastoma patients is about 14.6 month. The results of the present study clearly showed that prodigiosin significantly reduced the cell viability and neurosphere formation ability of U87MG and GBM8401 human glioblastoma cell lines. Moreover, prodigiosin with fluorescence signals was detected in the endoplasmic reticulum and found to induce excessive levels of autophagy. These findings were confirmed by observation of LC3 puncta formation and acridine orange staining. Furthermore, prodigiosin caused cell death by activating the JNK pathway and decreasing the AKT/mTOR pathway in glioblastoma cells. Moreover, we found that the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine reversed prodigiosin induced autophagic cell death. These findings of this study suggest that prodigiosin induces autophagic cell death and apoptosis in glioblastoma cells.
      PubDate: 2018-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1456-9
       
  • Critical contribution of RIPK1 mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and
           oxidative stress to compression-induced rat nucleus pulposus cells
           necroptosis and apoptosis
    • Authors: Songfeng Chen; Xiao Lv; Binwu Hu; Lei Zhao; Shuai Li; Zhiliang Li; Xiangcheng Qing; Hongjian Liu; Jianzhong Xu; Zengwu Shao
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate whether RIPK1 mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress contributed to compression-induced nucleus pulposus (NP) cells necroptosis and apoptosis, together with the interplay relationship between necroptosis and apoptosis in vitro. Rat NP cells underwent various periods of 1.0 MPa compression. To determine whether compression affected mitochondrial function, we evaluated the mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), mitochondrial ultrastructure and ATP content. Oxidative stress-related indicators reactive oxygen species, superoxide dismutase and malondialdehyde were also assessed. To verify the relevance between oxidative stress and necroptosis together with apoptosis, RIPK1 inhibitor necrostatin-1(Nec-1), mPTP inhibitor cyclosporine A (CsA), antioxidants and small interfering RNA technology were utilized. The results established that compression elicited a time-dependent mitochondrial dysfunction and elevated oxidative stress. Nec-1 and CsA restored mitochondrial function and reduced oxidative stress, which corresponded to decreased necroptosis and apoptosis. CsA down-regulated mitochondrial cyclophilin D expression, but had little effects on RIPK1 expression and pRIPK1 activation. Additionally, we found that Nec-1 largely blocked apoptosis; whereas, the apoptosis inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK increased RIPK1 expression and pRIPK1 activation, and coordinated regulation of necroptosis and apoptosis enabled NP cells survival more efficiently. In contrast to Nec-1, SiRIPK1 exacerbated mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress. In summary, RIPK1-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress play a crucial role in NP cells necroptosis and apoptosis during compression injury. The synergistic regulation of necroptosis and apoptosis may exert more beneficial effects on NP cells survival, and ultimately delaying or even retarding intervertebral disc degeneration.
      PubDate: 2018-04-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1455-x
       
  • Feasibility study of stain-free classification of cell apoptosis based on
           diffraction imaging flow cytometry and supervised machine learning
           techniques
    • Authors: Jingwen Feng; Tong Feng; Chengwen Yang; Wei Wang; Yu Sa; Yuanming Feng
      Abstract: This study was to explore the feasibility of prediction and classification of cells in different stages of apoptosis with a stain-free method based on diffraction images and supervised machine learning. Apoptosis was induced in human chronic myelogenous leukemia K562 cells by cis-platinum (DDP). A newly developed technique of polarization diffraction imaging flow cytometry (p-DIFC) was performed to acquire diffraction images of the cells in three different statuses (viable, early apoptotic and late apoptotic/necrotic) after cell separation through fluorescence activated cell sorting with Annexin V-PE and SYTOX® Green double staining. The texture features of the diffraction images were extracted with in-house software based on the Gray-level co-occurrence matrix algorithm to generate datasets for cell classification with supervised machine learning method. Therefore, this new method has been verified in hydrogen peroxide induced apoptosis model of HL-60. Results show that accuracy of higher than 90% was achieved respectively in independent test datasets from each cell type based on logistic regression with ridge estimators, which indicated that p-DIFC system has a great potential in predicting and classifying cells in different stages of apoptosis.
      PubDate: 2018-04-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1454-y
       
  • Correction to: Licarin A induces cell death by activation of autophagy and
           apoptosis in non-small cell lung cancer cells
    • Authors: Uma Maheswari; Krishna Ghosh; Sudha Rani Sadras
      Abstract: The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake.
      PubDate: 2018-03-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s10495-018-1452-0
       
 
 
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