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BIOLOGY (1420 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversidad Colombia     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 233)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Apidologie
  [SJR: 1.14]   [H-I: 57]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0044-8435 - ISSN (Online) 1297-9678
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Azadirachtin-induced antifeeding in Neotropical stingless bees
    • Authors: Rodrigo C. Bernardes; Hudson V. V. Tomé; Wagner F. Barbosa; Raul N. C. Guedes; Maria Augusta P. Lima
      Pages: 275 - 285
      Abstract: Abstract The ongoing debate regarding the role of pesticides in the global decline of bee populations is increasing the demand for use of biopesticides, compounds generally believed to be less harmful to pollinators. However, there is lack of evidence justifying such perceptions, particularly regarding native pollinator species like Neotropical stingless bees. Here, we investigated whether azadirachtin, a neem-based biopesticide, causes significant lethal and sublethal effects on adult workers of the Neotropical stingless bee species Melipona quadrifasciata and Partamona helleri. Susceptibility to azadirachtin varied with several factors, including the route of exposure, the concentration of the biopesticide, and the bee species. We found that although azadirachtin did not affect worker bee mortality, flight, or respiration rate, it did, however, induce a significant antifeeding effect on the stingless bee species.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0473-3
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Should I stay or should I go: honeybee drifting behaviour as a function of
    • Authors: Célia Bordier; Maryline Pioz; Didier Crauser; Yves Le Conte; Cédric Alaux
      Pages: 286 - 297
      Abstract: Abstract Nest drifting is often observed in honeybees (Apis mellifera) and can be detrimental to neighbouring colonies because it has the potential to increase disease transmission. However, the characteristics of drifting behaviour over a honeybee’s lifetime and the influence of parasitism on this phenomenon have been insufficiently investigated. Using optical bee counters, we tracked the drifting behaviour of workers that were either infected with the parasite Nosema ceranae or uninfected. Approximately 10 % of the tracked bees drifted into a foreign colony. The drifting prevalence was influenced by the colony’s location in space but not by N. ceranae parasitism. However, the number and duration of drifts changed over the lifetime of the bees and the season, and parasitism had an effect on drifters, with Nosema-infected bees performing more but shorter drifts. This phenomenon was more pronounced in old bees (+62 and −15 % for the number and duration of drifts, respectively) and could potentially be explained by the energetic stress induced by the parasite. In conclusion, combining a detailed analysis of drifting behaviour with the actual risk of newly established disease in colonies will benefit our knowledge of bee epidemiology.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0475-1
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Pathogens, parasites, and parasitoids associated with bumble bees ( Bombus
           spp.) from Uruguay
    • Authors: Santiago Plischuk; Sheena Salvarrey; Natalia Arbulo; Estela Santos; Jeffrey H. Skevington; Scott Kelso; Pablo D. Revainera; Matías D. Maggi; Ciro Invernizzi; Carlos E. Lange
      Pages: 298 - 310
      Abstract: Abstract As elsewhere in the world, bumble bees play a vital role as pollinators in Uruguay, but knowledge on their health status is still limited. Between September 2012 and May 2013, 403 adult individuals of the two species of Bombus known for the country (Bombus atratus, Bombus bellicosus) were collected in six localities. We found that 177 (119 B. atratus, 58 B. bellicosus) were harboring one or two types of pathogens, parasites, or parasitoids. Identification of these natural enemies carried out by morphological or molecular procedures revealed the presence of two species of Microsporidia [Nosema ceranae (prevalence: 18.2 % in B. atratus; 44.9 % in B. bellicosus), Tubulinosema pampeana (prevalence: 13 % in B. atratus)], two species of Nematoda [Sphaerularia bombi (prevalence: 40.4 % in B. atratus; 40 % in B. bellicosus) and an unidentified Mermithidae (prevalence: 0.8 % in B. bellicosus)], and one species of Diptera parasitoid (prevalence: 3.2 % in B. atratus; 4.2 % in B. bellicosus). Except N. ceranae, none of the other species have been previously reported in Uruguay.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0474-2
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Cavity-nest boxes for solitary bees: a century of design and research
    • Authors: J. Scott MacIvor
      Pages: 311 - 327
      Abstract: Abstract A variety of solitary bee species that naturally nest in wood and plant stems aboveground also readily accept nest boxes, which are human-made devices that aggregate these nesting conditions. Nest boxes are sheltered bundles of hollow plant stems, bamboo or reeds, and holes drilled into wood or cavities made of other materials such as glass or polystyrene. In this paper, I examine the best practises in nest box material selection and construction, and the use of nest boxes to address four basic objectives related to our understanding of bee biology and enhancement of pollination services. A variety of materials and cavity dimensions are included in nest boxes that are used to monitor local bee diversity or to address fundamental questions in community ecology and environmental change. Others examine bee biology, physiology and behaviour that use nest boxes to obtain bees for further experimentation. The majority of studies use nest boxes in agricultural landscapes and in alternative pollinator management; these studies improve nest box design for target bee species to augment their numbers. Continued design and data sharing, as well as the refinement of nest box construction and deployment for specific objectives, will ensure they remain useful tools for bee science, conservation and alternative pollinator management.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0477-z
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Predictive systems models can help elucidate bee declines driven by
           multiple combined stressors
    • Authors: Mickaël Henry; Matthias A. Becher; Juliet L. Osborne; Peter J. Kennedy; Pierrick Aupinel; Vincent Bretagnolle; François Brun; Volker Grimm; Juliane Horn; Fabrice Requier
      Pages: 328 - 339
      Abstract: Abstract Bee declines are driven by multiple combined stresses, making it exceedingly difficult to identify experimentally the most critical threats to bees and their pollination services. We highlight here the too often ignored potential of mechanistic models in identifying critical stress combinations. Advanced bee models are now available as open access tools and offer an unprecedented opportunity for bee biologists to explore bee resilience tipping points in a variety of environmental contexts. We provide general guidelines on how to run bee models to help detect a priori critical stress combinations to be targeted in the field. This so-called funnel analysis should be performed in tight conjunction with the recent development of large-scale field monitoring programs for bee health surveillance.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0476-0
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Honey bee gut microbial communities are robust to the fungicide
           Pristine® consumed in pollen
    • Authors: Gloria DeGrandi-Hoffman; Vanessa Corby-Harris; Emily Watkins DeJong; Mona Chambers; Geoffrey Hidalgo
      Pages: 340 - 352
      Abstract: Abstract Honey bees that consume pollen with sublethal levels of the fungicide Pristine® can have reduced pollen digestion, lower ATP synthesis, and in many ways resemble malnourished bees. Reduced nutrient acquisition in bees exposed to Pristine® might be due to the effects of this fungicide on the composition of gut microbial communities. Two experiments were conducted in two separate years to test for the effects of Pristine® on the composition and diversity of bacteria in nurse bee midguts. In the low-dose experiment, bees fed the fungicide had a reduced relative abundance of Gilliamella sp. and the number of bacterial taxa within each individual bee was lower. In the high-dose experiment, the fungicide treatment led to increased relative abundance of Lactobacillus sp. Firm 4 and Firm 5 relative to the control. Presence of the fungicide did not impact the distribution of bacteria among individuals on either the low-or high-dose experiments. Considerable differences in gut microbial communities existed between the two experiments perhaps due to environmental and dietary factors. The effects of Pristine® on the gut microbiota were inconsistent between experiments indicating that exposure rate and environmental conditions can influence the effects of this fungicide on gut microbial communities.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0478-y
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Chronic exposure of honeybees, Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae), to a
           pesticide mixture in realistic field exposure rates
    • Authors: Franziska Böhme; Gabriela Bischoff; Claus PW Zebitz; Peter Rosenkranz; Klaus Wallner
      Pages: 353 - 363
      Abstract: Abstract Pollen might be contaminated by multiple pesticides representing a risk for long-term contamination of honeybees when collected. Standardized methodology to assess the effects of pesticide mixtures under field conditions is lacking. We conducted an experiment on chronic feeding of a diet contaminated with a field-realistic pesticide mixture on free-flying honeybee colonies. Pesticide residues in larvae and adult tagmata were detected in trace amounts. In colonies treated with a pesticide mixture, larval weight was higher and acini diameters of the hypopharyngeal glands of nurse bees were smaller than in the untreated control. Brood termination and adult lifespan did not differ between both groups. Our study offers a reproducible and applicable approach for testing effects of pesticides on bee health. As feeding of a field-realistic pesticide mixture did not elicit acute bee toxic effects, the described differences might be explained by sub-lethal effects or joint action of single compounds.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0479-x
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Honeybee colony losses in Uruguay during 2013–2014
    • Authors: Karina Antúnez; Ciro Invernizzi; Yamandú Mendoza; Dennis vanEngelsdorp; Pablo Zunino
      Pages: 364 - 370
      Abstract: Abstract High rates of honey bee colony losses have been reported worldwide; however, data about colony loss rates in South America is scarce. This study quantified colony losses experienced in Uruguay during the 2013–2014 season and identifies the self-diagnosed causes for these losses. An estimated 2.6% of all Uruguayan beekeepers, who collectively managed 5% of the estimated 550,000 colonies in the country, responded to this survey. We found that total summer and winter losses were similar (summer 19.0% (95% CI 13.26–24.77%), winter 20.2% (95% CI 14.98–25.39)), as were the average operational losses (summer 19.8% (95% CI 14.01–25.52), winter 18.3% (95% CI 13.15–23.56%)). The total annual loss was 28.5% (95% CI 22.42–34.51%), with each beekeeper losing, on average, 28.6% (95% CI 22.52–34.61%) of the colonies in their operation. Loss rates were similar across operations of different sizes. Queen failure, diseases and parasites, and pesticides were the leading self-reported and self-diagnosed causes of colony losses. This study is the first to document honey bee colony losses in Uruguay, establishing a baseline for future long-term monitoring.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0482-2
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Evaluating the effects of floral resource specialisation and of nitrogen
    • Authors: Wiebke KÄMPER; Christiane WEINER; Sara KÜHSEL; Christian STORM; Thomas ELTZ; Nico BLÜTHGEN
      Pages: 371 - 383
      Abstract: Abstract The abundance and the diversity of bumblebees have been declining for the past decades. While some species remain abundant and widespread, others have experienced vast declines. We tested if diet breadth and exclusiveness of floral resource use affected abundance and land-use response of bumblebees and honeybees in heterogeneous agricultural landscapes. Based on an ecological niche modelling approach, we discovered that three of 13 species (12 Bombus spp. and A. mellifera) responded negatively to land use, while no species responded positively. Overall abundance as well as land-use response of different bee species was unrelated to resource use. The generalist forager B. lapidarius, the slightly more specialised forager B. terrestris/lucorum species complex and the specialist forager B. wurflenii declined most with land use. Moreover, we found that honeybees and two bumblebee species contained higher levels of nitrogen than other non-predatory Hymenoptera and performed almost perfect homeostasis despite variable nitrogen contents of floral resources. We conclude that at least common species of social bees have good nitrogen homeostasis capacity. Generally, our data do not support the notion that species with more specialised floral resource use are more likely to suffer from land use.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0480-4
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • A scientific note on occurrence of pathogens in colonies of honey bee Apis
           mellifera in Vale do Ribeira, Brazil
    • Authors: Lubiane Guimarães-Cestaro; José Eduardo Serrão; Maria Luisa Teles Marques Florêncio Alves; Dejair Message; Érica Weinstein Teixeira
      Pages: 384 - 386
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0481-3
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Natural strategies for the control of Paenibacillus larvae , the causative
           agent of American foulbrood in honey bees: a review
    • Authors: Rosa Maria Alonso-Salces; Noelia Melina Cugnata; Elisa Guaspari; Maria Celeste Pellegrini; Inés Aubone; Fiorella Giselle De Piano; Karina Antunez; Sandra Rosa Fuselli
      Pages: 387 - 400
      Abstract: Abstract American foulbrood (AFB) is a severe bacterial disease that affects larvae of honey bees (Apis mellifera). The causative agent of AFB is the spore-forming bacteria Paenibacillus larvae. The use of antibiotics for the control of AFB has led to the appearance of resistant bacterial strains and residues in beehive products. Nowadays, antibiotics are legally banned in several countries, and the affected colonies have to be destroyed by burning the hives. Therefore, the development of alternative methods for the control and prevention of AFB is necessary. In this context, different natural strategies based on the application of essential oils, plant extracts, propolis, royal jelly, nonconventional natural molecules, bacteria, and bacteriocines, have been studied in vitro and in vivo for the prevention and control of P. larvae. The experimental data achieved from these studies are reviewed and discussed in the present review, which intend to be a starting point for future research in the field.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0483-1
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • Thelytoky in Cape honeybees ( Apis mellifera capensis ) is controlled by a
           single recessive locus
    • Authors: Denise Aumer; Mike H. Allsopp; H. Michael G. Lattorff; Robin F. A. Moritz; Antje Jarosch-Perlow
      Pages: 401 - 410
      Abstract: Abstract Worker reproduction in Apis mellifera typically leads to haploid males produced via arrhenotokous parthenogenesis. An exception are laying workers of the South African Cape honeybee Apis mellifera capensis. Due to an abnormal spindle rotation during meiosis A. m. capensis workers are able to produce female progeny via thelytokous parthenogenesis. This trait has been suggested to be genetically controlled by a recessive allele at the thelytoky locus (th), but this conclusion was recently challenged by Chapman et al. (2015). To clarify the mode of inheritance for thelytokous parthenogenesis in Cape honeybees, we determined the sex of the offspring of 74 A. m. capensis workers of a single queen from a colony of the endemic wild population at the Cape of Good Hope Nature Reserve. When we tested individual worker reproduction, parthenogenesis was dimorphic, segregating in a Mendelian fashion supporting the single locus model. We could exclude maternal or paternal effects determining the mode of parthenogenesis. A careful re-analysis of the data of Chapman et al. (2015) also revealed that their data do not contradict the one locus model for the inheritance of thelytoky.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0484-0
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • In vitro study of the antimicrobial activity of European propolis against
           Paenibacillus larvae
    • Authors: Valery A. Isidorov; Krzysztof Buczek; Grzegorz Zambrowski; Krzysztof Miastkowski; Izabela Swiecicka
      Pages: 411 - 422
      Abstract: Abstract Typical European propolis is an antibiotic substance derived from the resin of poplar, birch, and aspen buds. Here, we tested the ability of propolis originating from the resins of these plants to inhibit the in vitro growth of Paenibacillus larvae, the organism that causes American foulbrood, a fatal honeybee larval disease. The study involved GC-MS analysis of extracts from nine samples of propolis gathered from the temperate climate zone of Europe. The extracts showed noticeable differences in the content of flavonoids and other phenolic compounds. Despite the differences in chemical composition, all tested extracts inhibited the growth of P. larvae, with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 7.8 to 62.4 μg mL−1. It was found that not only did the content of flavonoids affect the strength of antimicrobial activity, but other phenolics, such as the phenylpropenoids hydroxycinnamyl sesquiterpenols, glycerides and benzoates also had an effect. This is the first report on the comparative activity of different types of European propolis against P. larvae.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-016-0485-z
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 3 (2017)
  • A scientific note on using large mixed sperm samples in instrumental
           insemination of honeybee queens
    • Authors: Johanna T. Pieplow; Jürgen Brauße; Jacob P. van Praagh; Robin F. A. Moritz; Silvio Erler
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0516-4
  • Internal hive temperature as a means of monitoring honey bee colony health
           in a migratory beekeeping operation before and during winter
    • Authors: William G. Meikle; Milagra Weiss; Patrick W. Maes; William Fitz; Lucy A. Snyder; Tim Sheehan; Brendon M. Mott; Kirk E. Anderson
      Abstract: Abstract Internal temperatures of honey bee hives kept at different sites in North Dakota were monitored before and during winter to evaluate the effects of treatment, in the form of exposure to commercial pollination, and location on colony health. In October, hives exposed to commercial pollination during the summer had fewer adult bees and less brood than hives kept near natural forage, as well as lower average temperatures throughout winter. Within-day temperature variability was higher among hives exposed to commercial agriculture than for those kept near natural forage, indicating reduced temperature control. Fungicides, insecticides, varroacides, and an herbicide were detected in bee bread and wax samples; no major differences were observed either in the diversity or in the concentrations of agrochemicals with the exception of chlorpyrifos at one site. Varroa and Nosema densities were low overall. Data from the same site used in successive years showed significantly more brood the first year, as well as lower temperature variability; high levels of chlorpyrifos were detected in bee bread of colonies in the second year. Colony average temperature and temperature variability were informative with respect to colony phenology and post-winter status.
      PubDate: 2017-05-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0512-8
  • A scientific note on the arrival of the dwarf honeybee, Apis florea
           (Hymenoptera: Apidae), in Djibouti
    • Authors: Warren E. Steiner
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0511-9
  • Paternal effects on Apis mellifera capensis worker ovary size
    • Authors: Rebecca J. Reid; Emily J. Remnant; Michael H. Allsopp; Madeleine Beekman; Benjamin P. Oldroyd
      Abstract: Abstract The kinship theory of genomic imprinting argues that conflicting reproductive interests between males and females can lead to epigenetic modifications to the genome, altering gene expression in offspring in a parent-of-origin specific manner. The phenomenon is well documented in mammals and angiosperms, while the evidence for imprinting in social insects is steadily increasing. Workers of the South African honey bee, Apis mellifera capensis (Capensis) produce fatherless female offspring via thelytokous parthenogenesis, whereas queens produce female eggs sexually. We examined differences in reproductive phenotype between thelytokously and sexually derived Capensis workers. Workers with a father had significantly more ovarioles than fatherless workers, suggesting that males may imprint genes to enhance the reproductive success of their worker offspring.
      PubDate: 2017-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0510-x
  • Cytogenetic basis of thelytoky in Apis mellifera capensis
    • Authors: Miles P. Cole-Clark; Deborah A. Barton; Michael H. Allsopp; Madeleine Beekman; Rosalyn S. Gloag; Theresa C. Wossler; Isobel Ronai; Nicholas Smith; Rebecca J. Reid; Benjamin P. Oldroyd
      Abstract: Abstract Haplodiploid insects reproduce both sexually and asexually; haploid males arise from unfertilized eggs, while diploid females arise from fertilized eggs. Some species can also produce female offspring by thelytokous parthenogenesis. For example, queenless workers of the Cape honey bee, Apis mellifera capensis, of South Africa can produce diploid female offspring from unfertilized eggs. Genetic evidence suggests that in A. m. capensis, diploidy is restored in zygotes by the fusion of two maternal pronuclei, the haploid descendants of the two alternate products of meiosis I. Here, we confirm this genetic evidence by direct cytological observation of pronucleus fusion. We also provide a description of how the fusion occurs at 4.5–5 h post oviposition and describe the meiotic events that lead up to and follow the fusion. Finally, we document numerous departures from the typical meiotic patterns, which likely explain some of the anomalous A. m. capensis individuals that have been previously identified genetically.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0505-7
  • Genetic diversity of Varroa destructor parasitizing Apis mellifera
           unicolor in Madagascar
    • Authors: Henriette RASOLOFOARIVAO; Johanna CLÉMENCET; Adrien SPECK; Lala Harivelo RAVELOSON-RAVAOMANARIVO; Bernard REYNAUD; Hélène DELATTE
      Abstract: Abstract Varroa destructor is an invasive alien species that has been reported parasitizing the endemic honey bee of Madagascar, Apis mellifera unicolor, since 2010. Studying its nuclear genetic diversity and structure was our main goal. Using 11 microsatellite loci and 344 mites collected from 12 apiaries, we observed a low genetic diversity, with only 8 multilocus genotypes (MLG) identified. V. destructor populations form a single genetic cluster, clonal richness ranged from 0.02 to 0.20, and number of MLG within apiaries varied between one and six MLGs. About 69.5% of the mites analyzed harbored the same genotype (100%, homozygous), and 23.3% had a genotype differing by a single allele. The overall low diversity observed suggests one or multiple introductions of similar genotypes. The greater abundance of MLGs in High Land apiaries (eight MLGs) than on the east coast (two MLGs) and the presence of particular MLGs in High Land apiaries favor the hypothesis that V. destructor has been first introduced close to the international airport, and then spread to other regions by commercial exchanges.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0509-3
  • Erratum to: Temporal niche overlap and distinct bee ability to collect
           floral resources on three species of Brazilian Malpighiaceae
    • Authors: Gudryan Jackson Barônio; Helena Maura Torezan-Silingardi
      PubDate: 2017-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0508-4
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