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BIOLOGY (1424 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversidad Colombia     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Apidologie
  [SJR: 1.14]   [H-I: 57]   [4 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0044-8435 - ISSN (Online) 1297-9678
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Forest reserves and riparian corridors help maintain orchid bee
           (Hymenoptera: Euglossini) communities in oil palm plantations in Brazil
    • Authors: Thaline F. Brito; Colin C. Phifer; Jessie L. Knowlton; Cynthia M. Fiser; Nia M. Becker; Fernanda C. Barros; Felipe A. L. Contrera; Márcia M. Maués; Leandro Juen; Luciano F. A. Montag; Christopher R. Webster; David J. Flaspohler; Marcos P. D. Santos; Daniel P. Silva
      Pages: 575 - 587
      Abstract: Abstract Orchid bees (Apidae, Euglossini) are important pollinators in the Amazon forest. In eastern Brazilian Amazon, secondary forest and pastures are being replaced by oil palm plantations. Here, we tested the role of forest reserves and riparian corridors in maintaining orchid bees. We sampled bees in three different soil-type uses, comparing richness, abundance, and assemblage composition. Estimated richness was lowest in palm plantations than in forest reserves and riparian corridors on diversity of orchid bees. Riparian corridors had the highest abundance, followed by reserves, and oil palm plantations. Bee assemblage also varied with land cover, with the reserves having the most distinct composition. We also identified indicator bees for primary forest. Our results demonstrate riparian corridors and forest reserves can maintain orchid bees in oil palm landscapes.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0500-z
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Coumaphos residues in honey, bee brood, and beeswax after Varroa treatment
    • Authors: Blanka Premrov Bajuk; Katarina Babnik; Tomaž Snoj; Luka Milčinski; Metka Pislak Ocepek; Martina Škof; Vlasta Jenčič; Ayhan Filazi; Darinka Štajnbaher; Silvestra Kobal
      Pages: 588 - 598
      Abstract: Abstract Residues of acaricide coumaphos were assessed in honey, bee brood, and beeswax during a 2-year field experiment. Honey, bee brood, and beeswax samples were collected before and after routine use of coumaphos in the treatment of bee colonies against varroosis in two consecutive years. Determination of coumaphos in honey and bee brood was based on RP-HPLC with UV detection after a liquid-liquid extraction with hexane or ethyl acetate. Coumaphos in beeswax was identified and quantified by GC/MS. Results indicate the undetectable presence of coumaphos in honey. In bee brood, coumaphos was observed after the treatment. In beeswax, the accumulation of coumaphos was determined not only in hives where it was used but also in hives nearby in which coumaphos was not used. Results indicate the accumulation of coumaphos in bee brood and beeswax. Due to the coumaphos accumulation this drug should be used only in strongly affected bee colonies.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0501-y
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Molecular cloning, expression and oxidative stress response of the
           vitellogenin Gene ( AccVg ) from Apis cerana cerana
    • Authors: Weixing Zhang; Zhenguo Liu; Ming Zhu; Lanting Ma; Ying Wang; Hongfang Wang; Xingqi Guo; Baohua Xu
      Pages: 599 - 611
      Abstract: Abstract Vitellogenin (Vg) is a yolk precursor protein in most oviparous females. However, Vg has not been studied in the Apis cerana cerana. In this work, the Vg gene of the A. cerana cerana has been cloned and sequenced. The gene codes for a protein consisting of 1770 amino acids in seven exons with a predicted molecular mass and isoelectric point of 200 kDa and 6.46, respectively. Additionally, an 807-bp 5′-flanking region was isolated, and potential transcription factor binding sites associated with development and stress response were identified. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed that AccVg is highly expressed in pupae during different developmental stages. In addition, the expression of AccVg could be induced by cold (4 and 16 °C), CdCl2, and pesticide treatment. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-PCR) and western blot analyses indicated that AccVg transcription was induced by various abiotic stresses. Western blot was used to measure the expression levels of AccVg protein. Taken together, these results suggest that AccVg most likely plays essential roles in antioxidant defence and that it may be of critical importance to honey bee survival.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0503-9
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Toxicity of organophosphorus pesticides to the stingless bees
           Scaptotrigona bipunctata and Tetragonisca fiebrigi
    • Authors: Andressa Linhares Dorneles; Annelise de Souza Rosa; Betina Blochtein
      Pages: 612 - 620
      Abstract: Abstract This study estimated the toxicity of the insecticides chlorpyrifos and phosmet to the stingless bees Scaptotrigona bipunctata and Tetragonisca fiebrigi. The results showed significant differences in susceptibility between the tested species, indicating that S. bipunctata are more tolerant to chlorpyrifos than T. fiebrigi in both assays. In contrast, the two tested stingless bee species showed no significant differences in susceptibility to phosmet. Our findings indicated that the insecticides chlorpyrifos and phosmet are potentially dangerous to S. bipunctata and T. fiebrigi both topically and by ingestion. It is essential to propose measures to minimize the impact of these products on pollinators. This study is the first evaluation of the lethal effects of the insecticides chlorpyrifos and phosmet to S. bipunctata and T. fiebrigi, and it provides important support for future studies on pesticide toxicity in stingless bees.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0502-x
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • A scientific note on genetic profile of the mite Varroa destructor
           infesting apiaries in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil
    • Authors: Carla Elizabete OCTAVIANO-SALVADÉ; Carlos Eduardo LEHER; David DE JONG; Paulo Marcos PINTO; Andrés DELGADO-CAÑEDO; Juliano Tomazzoni BOLDO
      Pages: 621 - 622
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0504-8
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Cytogenetic basis of thelytoky in Apis mellifera capensis
    • Authors: Miles P. Cole-Clark; Deborah A. Barton; Michael H. Allsopp; Madeleine Beekman; Rosalyn S. Gloag; Theresa C. Wossler; Isobel Ronai; Nicholas Smith; Rebecca J. Reid; Benjamin P. Oldroyd
      Pages: 623 - 634
      Abstract: Abstract Haplodiploid insects reproduce both sexually and asexually; haploid males arise from unfertilized eggs, while diploid females arise from fertilized eggs. Some species can also produce female offspring by thelytokous parthenogenesis. For example, queenless workers of the Cape honey bee, Apis mellifera capensis, of South Africa can produce diploid female offspring from unfertilized eggs. Genetic evidence suggests that in A. m. capensis, diploidy is restored in zygotes by the fusion of two maternal pronuclei, the haploid descendants of the two alternate products of meiosis I. Here, we confirm this genetic evidence by direct cytological observation of pronucleus fusion. We also provide a description of how the fusion occurs at 4.5–5 h post oviposition and describe the meiotic events that lead up to and follow the fusion. Finally, we document numerous departures from the typical meiotic patterns, which likely explain some of the anomalous A. m. capensis individuals that have been previously identified genetically.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0505-7
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Toxicity of thiametoxam on in vitro reared honey bee brood
    • Authors: Giacomo Grillone; Daniela Laurino; Aulo Manino; Marco Porporato
      Pages: 635 - 643
      Abstract: Abstract Pesticides are a possible cause of pollinator decline and honey bee colony losses experienced in several countries in recent years. In the past years, many north-west Italian beekeepers reported the presence of dead brood in field apiaries during neonicotinoid-coated maize sowing; therefore, a possible role of these insecticides was suspected. The objective of this study was to test this hypothesis. Laboratory repeated dose toxicity tests on in vitro reared larvae were carried out using thiamethoxam. The repeated treatment median lethal concentration (LC50) and the median lethal dose (LD50) 14 and 19 days after grafting were calculated and resulted of the same order of magnitude of realistic brood exposure under a worst-case scenario. Various sublethal effects, like brownish larvae, duplication of the pupal integument, delay in development, and deformed adults were also observed.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0506-6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • A scientific note on the first record of nesting sites of Peponapis
           crassidentata (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
    • Authors: Oliverio Delgado-Carrillo; Martha Lopezaraiza-Mikel; Lorena Ashworth; Ramiro Aguilar; Jorge A. Lobo; Mauricio Quesada
      Pages: 644 - 647
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0507-5
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Genetic diversity of Varroa destructor parasitizing Apis mellifera
           unicolor in Madagascar
    • Authors: Henriette RASOLOFOARIVAO; Johanna CLÉMENCET; Adrien SPECK; Lala Harivelo RAVELOSON-RAVAOMANARIVO; Bernard REYNAUD; Hélène DELATTE
      Pages: 648 - 656
      Abstract: Abstract Varroa destructor is an invasive alien species that has been reported parasitizing the endemic honey bee of Madagascar, Apis mellifera unicolor, since 2010. Studying its nuclear genetic diversity and structure was our main goal. Using 11 microsatellite loci and 344 mites collected from 12 apiaries, we observed a low genetic diversity, with only 8 multilocus genotypes (MLG) identified. V. destructor populations form a single genetic cluster, clonal richness ranged from 0.02 to 0.20, and number of MLG within apiaries varied between one and six MLGs. About 69.5% of the mites analyzed harbored the same genotype (100%, homozygous), and 23.3% had a genotype differing by a single allele. The overall low diversity observed suggests one or multiple introductions of similar genotypes. The greater abundance of MLGs in High Land apiaries (eight MLGs) than on the east coast (two MLGs) and the presence of particular MLGs in High Land apiaries favor the hypothesis that V. destructor has been first introduced close to the international airport, and then spread to other regions by commercial exchanges.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0509-3
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • A scientific note on the arrival of the dwarf honeybee, Apis florea
           (Hymenoptera: Apidae), in Djibouti
    • Authors: Warren E. Steiner
      Pages: 657 - 659
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0511-9
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Paternal effects on Apis mellifera capensis worker ovary size
    • Authors: Rebecca J. Reid; Emily J. Remnant; Michael H. Allsopp; Madeleine Beekman; Benjamin P. Oldroyd
      Pages: 660 - 665
      Abstract: Abstract The kinship theory of genomic imprinting argues that conflicting reproductive interests between males and females can lead to epigenetic modifications to the genome, altering gene expression in offspring in a parent-of-origin specific manner. The phenomenon is well documented in mammals and angiosperms, while the evidence for imprinting in social insects is steadily increasing. Workers of the South African honey bee, Apis mellifera capensis (Capensis) produce fatherless female offspring via thelytokous parthenogenesis, whereas queens produce female eggs sexually. We examined differences in reproductive phenotype between thelytokously and sexually derived Capensis workers. Workers with a father had significantly more ovarioles than fatherless workers, suggesting that males may imprint genes to enhance the reproductive success of their worker offspring.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0510-x
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Internal hive temperature as a means of monitoring honey bee colony health
           in a migratory beekeeping operation before and during winter
    • Authors: William G. Meikle; Milagra Weiss; Patrick W. Maes; William Fitz; Lucy A. Snyder; Tim Sheehan; Brendon M. Mott; Kirk E. Anderson
      Pages: 666 - 680
      Abstract: Abstract Internal temperatures of honey bee hives kept at different sites in North Dakota were monitored before and during winter to evaluate the effects of treatment, in the form of exposure to commercial pollination, and location on colony health. In October, hives exposed to commercial pollination during the summer had fewer adult bees and less brood than hives kept near natural forage, as well as lower average temperatures throughout winter. Within-day temperature variability was higher among hives exposed to commercial agriculture than for those kept near natural forage, indicating reduced temperature control. Fungicides, insecticides, varroacides, and an herbicide were detected in bee bread and wax samples; no major differences were observed either in the diversity or in the concentrations of agrochemicals with the exception of chlorpyrifos at one site. Varroa and Nosema densities were low overall. Data from the same site used in successive years showed significantly more brood the first year, as well as lower temperature variability; high levels of chlorpyrifos were detected in bee bread of colonies in the second year. Colony average temperature and temperature variability were informative with respect to colony phenology and post-winter status.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0512-8
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Auxiliary brood cell construction in nests of the stingless bee Plebeia
           lucii (Apidae: Meliponini)
    • Authors: Geisyane Franco da Luz; Lúcio Antônio de Oliveira Campos; José Cola Zanuncio; José Eduardo Serrão
      Pages: 681 - 691
      Abstract: Abstract Queen production in stingless bees with fusion of neighboring brood cells occurs by the perforation of the adjacent brood cell or construction of an auxiliary one. This study describes the auxiliary brood cell building behavior in queenless colonies of Plebeia lucii. Queenright and queenless (orphan) colonies were monitored, and auxiliary cell construction was video-recorded in orphan colonies. Brood cells with auxiliary cells added were analyzed with X-rays to identify the amount of food and the larval behavior into the brood cells. Plebeia lucii had specific behavioral sequence in auxiliary cell building. The addition of auxiliary cells is the main strategy to produce queens in P. lucii, mainly for the production of emergency queens in orphan colonies because queen absence triggered a high production of auxiliary cells. X-ray analyses showed that auxiliary cell addition occurred when the food in the larval brood cells had been completely eaten and showed changes in dorsoventral position of the larvae. Larvae of males did not perforate auxiliary cells, indicating that sex-related factors affect this behavior. The wax handling by workers and the fused thin and concave-shaped wall between the auxiliary and larval brood cells seems to facilitate wall perforation by the larvae.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0513-7
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Managed honeybee colony losses of the Eastern honeybee ( Apis cerana ) in
           China (2011–2014)
    • Authors: Chao Chen; Zhiguang Liu; Yuexiong Luo; Zheng Xu; Shunhai Wang; Xuewen Zhang; Rongguo Dai; Jinglin Gao; Xiao Chen; Haikun Guo; Huihua Wang; Jiao Tang; Wei Shi
      Pages: 692 - 702
      Abstract: Abstract Colony losses of managed honeybees have raised a major concern, and surveys of colony losses were conducted around the globe to understand the apicultural situation. Up to now, most studies have focused on the mortality of the Western honeybee (Apis mellifera); however, little is known about the mortality of its eastern counterpart—the Eastern honeybee (Apis cerana). Here, we report the survey results of A. cerana colony losses in three consecutive years (2011–2012, 2012–2013, and 2013–2014) in China. Colony losses were low overall (12.8%, 95% CI 11.9–13.7%) but varied among years, provinces, and types of apiaries. We used generalized linear mixed effects models to estimate the effects of possible risk factors and found that queen problems (queenless or drone-laying queens) were associated with colony losses. Further analyses showed that differences in mortality among different types of apiaries may be contributable to the differences in queen problems. This is the first survey of colony losses of A. cerana.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0514-6
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • The impact of hive type on the behavior and health of honey bee colonies (
           Apis mellifera ) in Kenya
    • Authors: Alexander McMenamin; Fiona Mumoki; Maryann Frazier; Joseph Kilonzo; Bernard Mweu; Tracey Baumgarten; Harland Patch; Baldwyn Torto; Daniel Masiga; James Tumlinson; Christina Grozinger; Elliud Muli
      Pages: 703 - 715
      Abstract: Abstract There has been a long-standing interest in developing approaches to maximize honey production by Kenyan beekeepers. Since honey bees in Kenya are passively managed, the main decision beekeepers make is which hive type to use: traditional Log hives, Langstroth hives, and Kenyan top-bar hives. We found Langstroth hives to be the most attractive to migrating swarms, followed by Log hives, while Kenyan top-bar hives were the least preferred. Pathogen and parasite loads correlated only with colony age and absconding rates were associated only with colony size and weight. We recommend additional studies to understand the factors that drive swarm attraction to hive bodies and highlight practical concerns about Kenyan top-bar hives that need to be addressed to improve their utility to beekeepers. Also, placing apiaries in areas with floral resources may reduce absconding rates; however, periodic breaks in brood production may serve as a mechanism to reduce parasite and pathogen loads.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0515-5
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • A scientific note on using large mixed sperm samples in instrumental
           insemination of honeybee queens
    • Authors: Johanna T. Pieplow; Jürgen Brauße; Jacob P. van Praagh; Robin F. A. Moritz; Silvio Erler
      Pages: 716 - 718
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0516-4
      Issue No: Vol. 48, No. 5 (2017)
  • Erratum to: Behavioral and genetic mechanisms of social evolution:
           insights from incipiently and facultatively social bees
    • Authors: Wyatt A. Shell; Sandra M. Rehan
      PubDate: 2017-09-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0544-0
  • Morphological similarity of widely separated populations of two Euglossini
           (Hymenoptera; Apidae) species based on geometric morphometrics of wings
    • Authors: Marina Lopes Grassi-Sella; Carlos Alberto Garófalo; Tiago Mauricio Francoy
      Abstract: Abstract Euglossini bees are able to fly long distances, which could help to maintain gene flow among widely separated populations. In order to investigate if different environmental conditions affect morphological variation in Euglossa annectans and Euglossa truncata, we analyzed the patterns of venation of the forewings of 310 individuals, sampled in the same six locations for the two species. Populations from the two species clustered in a similar way, following the phytophysiognomy of the sampling sites. These populations also presented little or no population structure. Based on our results, we suggest that the forest fragmentation is not a problem for these species. The tendency of samples to group based on site phytophysiognomy can be explained by phenotypic plasticity or local adaptations.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0536-0
  • RNA-Seq reveals that mitochondrial genes and long non-coding RNAs may play
           important roles in the bivoltine generations of the non-social Neotropical
           bee Tetrapedia diversipes
    • Authors: Natalia S. Araujo; Priscila Karla F. Santos; Maria Cristina Arias
      Abstract: Abstract In animals, voltinism is a result of evolutionary adaptations to environmental conditions. These evolutionary adaptations may profoundly affect the population structure and social organization level. To study the bivoltinism of the solitary bee Tetrapedia diversipes, we performed comparative transcriptomics analyses of foundresses and larvae from the two reproductive generations (G1 and G2) produced per year by this bee. Most of the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were found between foundresses: 52 DEGs between adults, but only one between the larvae. Among the DEGs in foundresses, 46 were higher expressed in G1 and most of them (38) have no functional annotation defined in the database. Interestingly, mitochondrial genes and long non-coding RNAs were the only type of identified transcripts in the set of upregulated genes. These results highlight the importance of developing studies on non-model species and suggest that maternal genes may be of importance for determining larval diapause in T. diversipes.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0542-2
  • The ontogenetic saga of a social brain
    • Authors: Angel Roberto Barchuk; Gabriele David dos Santos; Ricardo Dias Caneschi; Delcio Eustaquio de Paula Junior; Lívia Maria Rosatto Moda
      Abstract: Abstract Queen and worker honeybees differ in a number of life-history traits, including the size of certain brain regions, such as the mushroom bodies (MBs), which are larger in workers. However, during the larval period, the differential feeding offered to queens promotes faster brain development. As a result, members of this caste have larger brains than workers. This developmental process is accompanied by the higher expression of several neurogenic genes. Nonetheless, a caste-specific shift in relative brain growth occurs during the next developmental stage. The suggested molecular underpinnings of this phenomenon are variations in hormonal environments, which may mediate higher cell death rates in the queen’s brain than in the workers’. The brain development of this highly eusocial bee is thus a paradoxical case that may represent an evolutionary by-product of the reproductive division of labour in species with female size diphenism.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0540-4
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