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BIOLOGY (1536 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access  
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 76)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access  
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 330)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.22
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 4  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0044-8435 - ISSN (Online) 1297-9678
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Correction to: Heritabilities and genetic correlations for honey yield,
           gentleness, calmness and swarming behaviour in Austrian honey bees
    • Authors: Evert W. Brascamp; Alfons Willam; Christian Boigenzahn; Piter Bijma; Roel F. Veerkamp
      Abstract: In the paper, we computed the phenotypic variances of traits ignoring that the worker effect is in fact the colony mean, which has consequences for the estimates of heritabilities.
      PubDate: 2018-05-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0573-3
  • Soil textures of nest partitions made by the mason bees Osmia lignaria and
           O. cornifrons (Hymenoptera: Megachilidae)
    • Authors: Mario S. Pinilla-Gallego; James Crum; Randall Schaetzl; Rufus Isaacs
      Abstract: Osmia lignaria and O. cornifrons require mineral soil to build partitions between cells in their nests. We examined the textures of soil collected by these bees, using laser particle size analysis. For both species, soil in the nest was generally loam or sandy loam in texture, although individual partitions had wide variation in particle size. Partitions in O. cornifrons nests had 5.8% higher clay content than those in O. lignaria nests. Textural trends were similar when data from individual partitions were analyzed. For both species, we found no significant effect of nearby soil texture or the position of the partition in the nest, on the texture of individual partitions. Observations of partitions indicate that some females collect soil material from different locations to build one single partition. These results shed new light on the ecology of soil used by cavity nesting mason bees, with implications for their management as alternative pollinators.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0574-2
  • Repetitive DNAs in Melipona scutellaris (Hymenoptera: Apidae:
           Meliponidae): chromosomal distribution and test of multiple
           heterochromatin amplification in the genus
    • Authors: Mariani Cristina Alves Piccoli; Vanessa Bellini Bardella; Diogo Cavalcanti Cabral-de-Mello
      Abstract: Melipona bees are remarkable due to the high contrast in heterochromatin amounts, making this group interesting for studying repetitive DNA amplification. Here, we performed the first efforts for the chromosomal localization of different repetitive DNAs in M. (Michmelia) scutellaris and tested for unique or multiple heterochromatin amplification in Melipona subgenera. Our data revealed enrichment of repetitive DNAs in chromosomal heterochromatic arms demonstrated by C 0 t-DNA and DOP-PCR probe hybridization, although microsatellites and multigene families were located at terminal euchromatic regions. Analysis using C 0 t-DNA probe from M. scutellaris showed positive hybridization only in Michmelia species, suggesting monophyletic amplification and sharing of heterochromatin sequences between species. However, the subgenus Melikerria, with a high amount of heterochromatin, probably underwent independent heterochromatin amplification or experienced sequence modification.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0577-z
  • Species delimitation and sex associations in the bee genus Thygater , with
           the aid of molecular data, and the description of a new species
    • Authors: Felipe Vieira Freitas; José Eustáquio Santos Júnior; Fabrício Rodrigues Santos; Fernando A. Silveira
      Abstract: Thygater Holmberg 1884, a Neotropical bee genus included in the tribe Eucerini, is distributed from Argentina to Mexico, was last revised almost 50 years ago, and included 30 species. Significant problems in Thygater taxonomy are like those found in other bee taxa: sexual dimorphism (sometimes accentuated); large intraspecific variation in some taxa, especially in color patterns; great similarity among putative recently-diverging species; and scarcity of specimens for study of several apparently rare species. These problems hinder the correct delimitation of species boundaries and could result in an underestimated number of species and incorrect association of sexes. In this taxonomic and phylogenetic study of the genus, morphological and molecular evidence are considered together to elucidate the taxonomy of several Brazilian species of Thygater. The analyses allowed the description of two new species (one already described and other described here), additional support for the synonyms proposed elsewhere and sex associations for several species.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0576-0
  • Isolation and identification of Lactobacillus bacteria found in the
           gastrointestinal tract of the dwarf honey bee, Apis florea Fabricius, 1973
           (Hymenoptera: Apidae)
    • Authors: Shabnam Parichehreh; Gholamhosein Tahmasbi; Alimorad Sarafrazi; Sohrab Imani; Naser Tajabadi
      Abstract: Recent research in bacteria-insect symbiosis has shown that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) establish symbiotic relationships with several Apis species. The current study was carried out to isolate and identify Lactobacillus bacteria housed in the gastrointestinal tract of the Asian dwarf honey bee (Apis florea), which is distributed in different regions of Iran. The current study was performed using 100 Gram-stained isolates, which were tested for catalase activity. Bacterial universal primers were used to amplify 16S rDNA genes isolated from bacterial colonies. Sequencing was done for 16S rDNA genes isolated from 43 bacteria. The phylogenetic analyses demonstrated that Lactobacillus flora found in the gastrointestinal tract of A. florea encompassed eight different phenotypes classified as three different species: L. kunkeei, L. plantarum, and L. apis. According to the specific association between bacteria and A. florea, we classified the Apis populations into three zones. Furthermore, the association of L. plantarum with insects foraging in citrus orchards might be explained by differences in nectar and pollen components resulting in the growth of different species of bacteria.
      PubDate: 2018-04-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0569-z
  • No evidence for an inbreeding avoidance system in the bumble bee Bombus
    • Authors: Gherardo Bogo; Natasha de Manincor; Alessandro Fisogni; Marta Galloni; Laura Zavatta; Laura Bortolotti
      Abstract: Inbreeding is caused by the mating of closely related individuals and may produce a decrease in the fitness of offspring and have deleterious consequences for adults. In haplodiploid social Hymenoptera inbreeding has a further negative effect due to the production of unviable or sterile diploid males. As a consequence, mechanisms of inbreeding avoidance would be expected to evolve. In this study, we investigated the mating choice between related (inbred) or unrelated (outbred) gynes and males of Bombus terrestris reared in laboratory conditions by performing cage and tunnel experiments. Not only did we find no mating preference for related or unrelated partners (mating success 41.55 ± 3.7 and 39.69 ± 4.4%, respectively), but the mating latency was even shorter in inbred (6.97 ± 0.6 min) than in outbred matings (8.74 ± 0.8 min). We hypothesize that in wild populations of B. terrestris, the lack of incest avoidance could be compensated by tolerance of high levels of inbreeding.
      PubDate: 2018-04-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0575-1
  • A scientific note on improved isolation methods for Melissococcus
           plutonius from diseased Apis mellifera larvae
    • Authors: Yuka Nakai; Michika Ishihara; Rie Arai; Daisuke Takamatsu
      PubDate: 2018-04-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-018-0572-4
  • Co-occurrence of RNA viruses in Tasmanian-introduced bumble bees ( Bombus
           terrestris ) and honey bees ( Apis mellifera )
    • Authors: Elisabeth Fung; Kelly Hill; Katja Hogendoorn; Andrew B. Hingston; Richard V. Glatz
      Abstract: A number of bee RNA viruses, including Deformed wing virus (DWV), are so far unreported from Australia. These viruses can be introduced together with imported live honey bees (Apis mellifera) and their products, with other bee species, and bee parasites. Given that bee viruses have a profound impact on bee health, it is surprising that since the introduction of bumble bees (Bombus terrestris) onto Tasmania in 1992 from New Zealand, no work has been done to investigate which RNA viruses are associated with these bees. Consequently, we investigate the current prevalence of RNA viruses in B. terrestris and A. mellifera collected in south-eastern Tasmania. We did not find DWV in either A. mellifera and B. terrestris. However, both bee species shared Kashmir bee virus (KBV) and Sacbrood virus (SBV), but Black queen cell virus (BQCV) was detected only in A. mellifera. This reinforces the importance of ongoing strong regulation of the anthropogenic movement of live bees and their products.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0549-8
  • Reproduction of rebel workers in honeybee ( Apis mellifera ) colonies
    • Authors: Karolina Kuszewska; Agnieszka Wącławska; Michal Woyciechowski
      Abstract: The honeybee is one of several eusocial species in which the queen is typically the only reproductive member of the colony; worker reproduction is mostly restricted to queenless colonies. Because workers cannot mate, they lay unfertilized eggs, which develop into males. A recent study showed that in queenless colonies, which arise after swarming, worker larvae develop into rebel workers that have greater reproductive potential than do workers reared in queenright colonies, as measured by the number of ovarioles and degree of ovary activation. However, there was no evidence that rebels had an opportunity to produce male offspring. Here, we show for the first time that rebel workers not only activate their ovaries but also produce significantly more male offspring in queenright colonies than do normal workers. Moreover, our results show that the level of rebel reproduction in queenright colonies is similar to the reproduction of normal workers in queenless colonies. This finding suggests that the ultimate factor favouring the evolution of the rebel strategy is the decrease in relatedness between the old-generation workers and the new queen’s offspring that occurs after queen exchange at swarming.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0537-z
  • Effect of pollen traps on the relapse of chronic bee paralysis virus in
           honeybee ( Apis mellifera ) colonies
    • Authors: Eric Dubois; Caroline Reis; Frank Schurr; Nicolas Cougoule; Magali Ribière-Chabert
      Abstract: Pollen traps are used by beekeepers to collect pollen harvested by honeybees. Here, we set up an experiment to evaluate whether pollen traps are a risk factor involved in the development of the chronic bee paralysis, a viral honeybee disease affecting adult bees and transmitted by contact. After a recent episode of chronic bee paralysis in an apiary, pollen traps were installed on three hives while two hives without pollen traps were used as control. During the experiment, the chronic bee paralysis virus (CBPV) loads in foragers from the control hives remained lower than 108 equivalent copies of CBPV genome per bee but were higher than 1010 equivalent copies of CBPV genome per bee in the many symptomatic bees and in the hundreds of dead bees found in front of trap hives. Clinical signs of the disease persisted for 3 weeks at the entrance of the trap hives. These signs disappeared after the pollen traps were removed, accompanied by a decrease in the viral loads in foragers. Despite the small number of colonies examined, the results of this study suggest the impact of pollen traps on the relapse of chronic paralysis outbreaks in colonies infected by CBPV.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0547-x
  • A scientific note on first detection of Kashmir bee virus in Apis
           mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in South America
    • Authors: Gustavo Riveros; Nolberto Arismendi; Nelson Zapata; Guy Smagghe; Marta Rodríguez; Marcos Gerding; Marisol Vargas
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0545-z
  • Morphological similarity of widely separated populations of two Euglossini
           (Hymenoptera; Apidae) species based on geometric morphometrics of wings
    • Authors: Marina Lopes Grassi-Sella; Carlos Alberto Garófalo; Tiago Mauricio Francoy
      Abstract: Euglossini bees are able to fly long distances, which could help to maintain gene flow among widely separated populations. In order to investigate if different environmental conditions affect morphological variation in Euglossa annectans and Euglossa truncata, we analyzed the patterns of venation of the forewings of 310 individuals, sampled in the same six locations for the two species. Populations from the two species clustered in a similar way, following the phytophysiognomy of the sampling sites. These populations also presented little or no population structure. Based on our results, we suggest that the forest fragmentation is not a problem for these species. The tendency of samples to group based on site phytophysiognomy can be explained by phenotypic plasticity or local adaptations.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0536-0
  • Effect of the own colony odor on olfactory and thermal preferences of the
           honeybee (Apis mellifera) workers
    • Authors: Przemysław Grodzicki; Michał Caputa; Bartosz Piechowicz
      Abstract: Honeybee foragers were tested on their preference for the own colony odor either separately, in an olfactometer, or in combination with their temperature preference, in thermal gradient chambers, where their motor activity was also recorded. The bees in the gradient chambers were either deprived of their colony odor for 9 days or exposed to the odor during the experimental days 4–9. The source of odor was wax from the own colony. Bees were attracted by the odor, and this attraction culminated at night. Thermal preference and motor activity fluctuated in a circadian rhythm both in absence and in combination with the own colony odor but there was an upward drift of both variables in bees deprived of the odor. The data are discussed on the background of detrimental effects of isolation from the own colony odor possibly indicating an age related phenomenon.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0543-1
  • Casteless behaviour in social groups of the bee Exoneurella eremophila
    • Authors: Rebecca Dew; Simon Tierney; Michael Gardner; Michael Schwarz
      Abstract: The comparison of social systems, particularly in closely related taxa, can be highly valuable to the understanding of social evolution. While much research has focused on the formation of hierarchies and eusocial organisation, it needs to be remembered that not all social systems are necessarily based on hierarchies. The allodapine bee Exoneurella tridentata is the only eusocial species within the entire subfamily Xylocopinae (Apidae) with discrete queen and worker morphology. Here, we show that a non-eusocial congener, Exoneurella eremophila, is casteless. Nest collection and dissection data show no evidence of hierarchies, and there were no per capita benefits to group nesting in terms of brood production in any collection period. The casteless behaviour exhibited by E. eremophila appears to be common among very diverse lineages of the bee tribe Allodapini, and as such represents an evolutionarily persistent behavioural strategy. We discuss likely ecological factors that may have driven the evolution of species lacking castes and a species with morphologically distinct castes from within a small monophyletic group—genus Exoneurella.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0550-2
  • Characterization of cuticular hydrocarbons according to colony duties in
           the stingless bee Tetragonisca angustula
    • Authors: María Sol Balbuena; Andrés González; Walter M. Farina
      Abstract: In social insects, task-related recognition plays an important role in the coordination and cohesion between members of the colony. Tetragonisca angustula is an eusocial stingless bee that presents a sophisticated system of defense involving two complementary groups of guards: hovering and standing guards. We identified, quantified, and compared the cuticular compounds of worker bees captured within the nest, and bees performing tasks outside: foragers and guards. In addition to cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), we identified abundant di- and triterpenes. Among the CHCs, we found a mixture of n-alkanes, methyl-branched alkanes, alkenes, and alkadienes. Significant differences in the relative abundance of CHCs between behavioral groups were found. Particularly, guards present high amounts of branched alkanes relative to nest bees and foragers. Differential CHC profiles associated with behavioral groups could imply a mechanism for caste recognition.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0539-x
  • Effects of neonicotinoid exposure on molecular and physiological
           indicators of honey bee immunocompetence
    • Authors: Elizabeth J. Collison; Heather Hird; Charles R. Tyler; James E. Cresswell
      Abstract: Bee declines have been associated with various stressors including pesticides and pathogens. We separately exposed immune-challenged adult worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) to two neonicotinoid pesticides, thiamethoxam (10 ppb) and imidacloprid (102 ppb), by dietary delivery. We found that whereas neonicotinoid exposure weakly affected transcriptional responses of antimicrobial genes, it did not detectably affect the physiological antimicrobial response as measured by a lytic clearance assay of haemolymph. Our findings add to the evidence that transcriptional responses in immune-related genes are not yet reliable indicators of pesticide impacts on bee health, which suggests caution in their future use as biomarkers in pesticide risk assessment.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0541-3
  • Upregulation of antioxidant genes in the spermathecae of honey bee ( Apis
           mellifera ) queens after mating
    • Authors: Alejandra N. Gonzalez; Nancy Ing; Juliana Rangel
      Abstract: During storage, the viability of sperm in a honey bee (Apis mellifera) queen’s spermatheca can be decreased by reactive oxygen species. We hypothesized that the expression of antioxidant genes would increase in queen spermathecae after mating. We measured queen morphometric characteristics and expression levels of seven antioxidant-encoding genes in virgin and mated queen spermathecae. We identified a 12% increase in body weight and a fourfold increase in ovary weight in mated queens. There was a twofold higher expression of catalase, thioredoxin 2, and thioredoxin reductase 1 in the spermathecae of mated vs. virgin queens. Expression of the other antioxidant genes (glutathione S-transferase D1, superoxide dismutase 1, vitellogenin, and glyoxalase domain-containing 4-like (GLOD4L) in spermathecae was not different between mated and virgin queens. In drone semen, expression of antioxidant genes was overall low compared to queens except for GLOD4L, which was equivalent to that in queen spermathecae. Increased expression of antioxidant genes may assist in maintaining sperm viability inside the spermathecae of mated queens.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0546-y
  • The impact of winter feed type on intestinal microbiota and parasites in
           honey bees
    • Authors: Paul D’Alvise; Franziska Böhme; Marius Cosmin Codrea; Alexander Seitz; Sven Nahnsen; Mieke Binzer; Peter Rosenkranz; Martin Hasselmann
      Abstract: The intestinal microbiota of honey bees consists of only few bacterial species and may have effects on health and pathogen resilience. Honey is usually harvested and replaced by sugar syrup. We hypothesized that replacing honey may change the composition of the intestinal microbiota, and therefore compromise pathogen resilience. Fifteen colonies were fed with wheat starch syrup, sucrose syrup, or blossom honey. 16S-based bacterial community analysis was performed on three individuals per hive in summer and winter, and Nosema ceranae and Crithidia/Lotmaria levels were assessed by qPCR. Seasonal differences in the intestinal microbiota and N. ceranae were found; however, microbiota and parasite levels were very similar between the feed types. Rhizobiales and Bifidobacteria were found to be increased in the bees that had received honey or wheat starch syrup, as compared to sucrose syrup. In conclusion, intestinal microbiota and parasites were found to be largely unaffected by the winter feed type.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0551-1
  • Constant flower damage caused by a common stingless bee puts survival of a
           threatened buzz-pollinated species at risk
    • Authors: Juliana Ordones Rego; Reisla Oliveira; Claudia Maria Jacobi; Clemens Schlindwein
      Abstract: Illegitimate flower visitors may reduce the reproductive success of their host plants. Eriocnema fulva, a threatened Melastomataceae of the Atlantic Forest, Brazil, has pollen flowers with poricidal anthers that show frequent damage of floral parts. We identified the flower-damaging bees and determined their impact on fruit set. Bees of seven species visited their flowers, but only three species collected pollen by vibration. With only one visit to a flower patch per 12 h, the frequency of effective buzz pollinating bees was negligible, while flower-damaging workers of the stingless bee Trigona fulviventris (Apidae) accounted for 70% of the visits. During their lengthy visits, they cut anthers to access pollen, and often styles as well. We conclude that the direct negative consequence of flower damage by Trigona bees, as well as their indirect impact by making the flowers unattractive for effective pollinators is a major reason for the low fruit set (6.9%) of E. fulva. Considering the rareness of the plant species, these negative effects put the survival of E. fulva at risk.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0552-0
  • Computer software for identification of honey bee subspecies and
           evolutionary lineages
    • Authors: Anna Nawrocka; İrfan Kandemir; Stefan Fuchs; Adam Tofilski
      Abstract: Within the western honey bee (Apis mellifera), there are more than 20 recognised subspecies. It is well known that these subspecies differ in their wing venation patterns. However, there is a demand for efficient tools to identify honey bee subspecies, ecotypes, populations or hybrids. The aim of this study was to develop a fast and easy identification method based on analysing forewing vein patterns of honey bees by geometric morphometrics. Reference samples for the subspecies were obtained from the Morphometric Bee Data Bank in Oberursel, Germany. These contained 187 honey bee colonies allocated into 25 subspecies from four evolutionary lineages. The identification of evolutionary lineages of honey bees based on forewing venations proved to be highly reliable, which confirms earlier studies. The accuracy of honey bee subspecies identification was less consistent and ranged from 100 to 50% and was particularly low in African honey bees. The obtained identification data were exported to the IdentiFly computer software, which is freely available.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13592-017-0538-y
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