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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3104 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1470 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  [SJR: 0.992]   [H-I: 87]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9699 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6072
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Dispatches from the land of the morning calm: special issue papers from
           the 18th International Symposium on the Biology of Actinomycetes
    • Authors: Paul A. Hoskisson; Gilles P. van Wezel
      Pages: 639 - 639
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1077-x
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Corynebacterium glutamicum WhcD interacts with WhiA to exert a regulatory
           effect on cell division genes
    • Authors: Dong-Seok Lee; Pil Kim; Eung-Soo Kim; Younhee Kim; Heung-Shick Lee
      Pages: 641 - 648
      Abstract: Corynebacterium glutamicum WhcD plays an important regulatory role in cell division. Binding of WhcD to the promoter region of its target genes, such as ftsZ, was observed by electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) using purified fusion proteins; however, binding could only be observed in the presence of WhiA. Although WhcD alone did not bind to the DNA, it stimulated binding of WhiA to the promoter region of the cell division gene ftsZ. Binding of WhcD and WhiA to DNA did not occur in the presence of the oxidant diamide. Purified WhcD and WhiA physically interacted in vitro. The presence of diamide did not disrupt the WhcD–WhiA interaction but affected binding of WhiA to the promoter region of ftsZ. The GACAC motif and adjacent sequences were found to be important for binding of the WhcD–WhiA complex to the DNA. Collectively, our results suggest that WhcD enhances the WhiA DNA-binding activity by physically interacting with WhiA. In addition, loss of WhiA DNA-binding activity in the presence of an oxidant agent may suggest a role for this protein as a switch that controls cell division in cells under oxidative stress.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0953-0
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • The coronafacoyl phytotoxins: structure, biosynthesis, regulation and
           biological activities
    • Authors: Dawn R. D. Bignell; Zhenlong Cheng; Luke Bown
      Pages: 649 - 666
      Abstract: Phytotoxins are secondary metabolites that contribute to the development and/or severity of diseases caused by various plant pathogenic microorganisms. The coronafacoyl phytotoxins are an important family of plant toxins that are known or suspected to be produced by several phylogenetically distinct plant pathogenic bacteria, including the gammaproteobacterium Pseudomonas syringae and the actinobacterium Streptomyces scabies. At least seven different family members have been identified, of which coronatine was the first to be described and is the best-characterized. Though nonessential for disease development, coronafacoyl phytotoxins appear to enhance the severity of disease symptoms induced by pathogenic microbes during host infection. In addition, the identification of coronafacoyl phytotoxin biosynthetic genes in organisms not known to be plant pathogens suggests that these metabolites may have additional roles other than as virulence factors. This review focuses on our current understanding of the structures, biosynthesis, regulation, biological activities and evolution of coronafacoyl phytotoxins as well as the different methods that are used to detect these metabolites and the organisms that produce them.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-1009-1
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Genome sequence and comparative analysis of Jiangella alba YIM 61503 T
           isolated from a medicinal plant Maytenus austroyunnanensis
    • Authors: Jian-Yu Jiao; Nimaichand Salam; Lan Liu; Manik Prabhu Narsing Rao; Xiao-Tong Zhang; Bao-Zhu Fang; Ming-Xian Han; Zi-Tong Zhang; Jing Chen; Jiao Zhao; Yu Zhou; Dalal Hussien M. Alkhalifah; Qing Liu; Min Xiao; Hans-Peter Klenk; Wen-Jun Li
      Pages: 667 - 678
      Abstract: A draft genome sequence of Jiangella alba YIM 61503T revealed a genome size of 7,664,864 bp arranged in 33 scaffolds. The genome was predicted to contain 7196 predicted genes, including 51 coding for RNA. Phylogenetic and comparative analyses of the draft genome of J. alba YIM 61503T with the available genomes of other Jiangella species suggested a proximal similarity between strains J. alba YIM 61503T and J. muralis DSM 45357T, while indicating a high divergence between J. gansuensis YIM 002T and other Jiangella species. The genome of J. alba YIM 61503T also revealed genes involved in indole-3-acetic acid biosynthesis and an alkylresorcinols gene cluster. Further, detection of phosphotransferase genes in the genome of all Jiangella species indicated that they can uptake and phosphorylate sugars. The presences of TreX-Z, TreS and OtsA-OtsB genes in some of the Jiangella strains also indicated a possible mechanism for their tolerance of high salinity. Besides providing new insights into its genetic features, our results suggested that J. alba YIM 61503T could be a potential strain for further genome mining studies. The release of this genome may, therefore, provide a better prospect for understanding “evolutionary taxonomy” about this genus in future.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-1010-8
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Inter- and intracellular colonization of Arabidopsis roots by endophytic
           actinobacteria and the impact of plant hormones on their antimicrobial
           activity
    • Authors: Anne van der Meij; Joost Willemse; Martinus A. Schneijderberg; René Geurts; Jos M. Raaijmakers; Gilles P. van Wezel
      Pages: 679 - 690
      Abstract: Many actinobacteria live in close association with eukaryotes such as fungi, insects, animals and plants. Plant-associated actinobacteria display (endo)symbiotic, saprophytic or pathogenic life styles, and can make up a substantial part of the endophytic community. Here, we characterised endophytic actinobacteria isolated from root tissue of Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis) plants grown in soil from a natural ecosystem. Many of these actinobacteria belong to the family of Streptomycetaceae with Streptomyces olivochromogenes and Streptomyces clavifer as well represented species. When seeds of Arabidopsis were inoculated with spores of Streptomyces strain coa1, which shows high similarity to S. olivochromogenes, roots were colonised intercellularly and, unexpectedly, also intracellularly. Subsequent exposure of endophytic isolates to plant hormones typically found in root and shoot tissues of Arabidopsis led to altered antibiotic production against Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis. Taken together, our work reveals remarkable colonization patterns of endophytic streptomycetes with specific traits that may allow a competitive advantage inside root tissue.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1014-z
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Streptomyces AcH 505 triggers production of a salicylic acid analogue in
           the fungal pathogen Heterobasidion abietinum that enhances infection of
           Norway spruce seedlings
    • Authors: Nadine Keilhofer; Jonny Nachtigall; Andreas Kulik; Margret Ecke; Rüdiger Hampp; Roderich D. Süssmuth; Hans-Peter Fiedler; Silvia D. Schrey
      Pages: 691 - 704
      Abstract: The necrotrophic fungus Heterobasidion spp. is the causal agent of ‘annosum root rot’ of Norway spruce. In the presence of the rhizosphere bacterium Streptomyces AcH 505, enhanced colonization of Norway spruce roots with Heterobasidion abietinum 331 has previously been observed. By analyzing dual cultures of H. abietinum 331 and Streptomyces AcH 505 with HPLC, a fungal metabolite was identified that was increased in the presence of Streptomyces AcH 505. Likewise, challenge of H. abietum 331 with common antifungals produced by soil streptomycetes rendered the same effect. The structure of the compound, 5-formylsalicylic acid (5-FSA), was elucidated by HPLC-HR-ESI-Orbitrap-mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy. Based on in vivo measurements of maximum photosystem II efficiency of Norway spruce seedlings, 5-FSA did not influence plant vitality. However, when challenged with H. abietinum 331, ergosterol amounts in infected roots increased significantly for 5-FSA pre-treated seedlings. The severity of the infection was comparable to that observed in the presence of Streptomyces AcH 505. 5-FSA is a structural analogue of salicylic acid, an important signalling molecule active in plant defence. Thus, the expression of two defence-response related marker genes (PR1, Hel) was analysed in 5-FSA treated Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings by Northern blot analysis. The transcription of both marker genes was altered, indicating that 5-FSA is perceived by Arabidopsis in a similar manner to salicylic acid and is able to interfere with Arabidopsis defence signalling. The role of 5-FSA as a potential virulence factor of H. abietinum 331 in the presence of Streptomyces AcH 505 is discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1017-9
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • A possible mechanism for lincomycin induction of secondary metabolism in
           Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2)
    • Authors: Misaki Ishizuka; Yu Imai; Keiichiro Mukai; Kazuma Shimono; Ryoko Hamauzu; Kozo Ochi; Takeshi Hosaka
      Pages: 705 - 716
      Abstract: Lincomycin forms cross-links within the peptidyl transferase loop region of the 23S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) of the 50S subunit of the bacterial ribosome, which is the site of peptide bond formation, thereby inhibiting protein synthesis. We have previously reported that lincomycin at concentrations below the minimum inhibitory concentration potentiates the production of secondary metabolites in actinomycete strains, suggesting that activation of these strains by utilizing the dose-dependent response of lincomycin could be used to effectively induce the production of cryptic secondary metabolites. Here, we aimed to elucidate the fundamental mechanisms underlying lincomycin induction of secondary metabolism in actinomycetes. In the present study, the dose-dependent response of lincomycin on gene expression of the model actinomycete Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) and possible relationships to secondary metabolism were investigated. RNA sequencing analysis indicated that lincomycin produced enormous changes in gene expression profiles. Moreover, reverse transcription PCR and/or comparative proteome analysis revealed that in S. coelicolor A3(2), lincomycin, which was used at concentrations for markedly increased blue-pigmented antibiotic actinorhodin production, rapidly enhanced expression of the gene encoding the lincomycin-efflux ABC transporter, the 23S rRNA methyltransferase, and the ribosome-splitting factor to boost the intrinsic lincomycin resistance mechanisms and to reconstruct the probably stalled 70S ribosomes with lincomycin; and in contrast temporarily but dramatically reduced mRNA levels of housekeeping genes, such as those encoding FoF1 ATP synthase, RNA polymerase, ribosomal proteins, and transcription and translation factors, with an increase in intracellular NTPs. A possible mechanism for lincomycin induction of secondary metabolism in S. coelicolor A3(2) is discussed on the basis of these results.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1021-0
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • The role of corynomycolic acids in Corynebacterium -host interaction
    • Authors: Andreas Burkovski
      Pages: 717 - 725
      Abstract: Within the Actinobacteria, the genera Corynebacterium, Mycobacterium, Nocardia and Rhodococcus form the so-called CMNR group, also designated as mycolic acid-containing actinomycetes. Almost all members of this group are characterized by a mycolic acid layer, the mycomembrane, which covers the cell wall and is responsible for a high resistance of these bacteria against chemical and antibiotic stress. Furthermore, components of the mycomembrane are crucial for the interaction of bacteria with host cells. This review summarizes the current knowledge of mycolic acid synthesis and interaction with components of the immune system for the genus Corynebacterium with an emphasis on the pathogenic species Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and Corynebacterium ulcerans as well as the biotechnology workhorse Corynebacterium glutamicum.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1036-6
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Selective isolation and characterisation of novel members of the family
           Nocardiopsaceae and other actinobacteria from a marine sediment of Tioman
           Island
    • Authors: Zoe Yi Ng; Geok Yuan Annie Tan
      Pages: 727 - 742
      Abstract: Tioman Island is one of many sources for underexplored actinobacterial diversity in Malaysia. Selective isolation, molecular profiling, 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analyses were carried out to highlight the diversity of the marine actinobacterial community in a sediment collected off Tioman Island. A high number of diverse actinobacteria were recovered using skim milk/HEPES pre-treatment on a mannitol-based medium. A total of 123 actinobacterial strains were isolated, including thirty obligate marine actinobacteria putatively identified as Salinispora spp. Molecular fingerprinting profiles obtained with a double digestion approach grouped the remaining non-Salinispora-like strains into 24 different clusters, with Streptomyces and Blastococcus as the major clusters. A total of 17 strains were identified as novel actinobacterial species within the genera Streptomyces (n = 6), Blastococcus (n = 5), Marinactinospora (n = 3), Nocardiopsis (n = 1), Agromyces (n = 1) and Nonomuraea (n = 1) based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses. Polyphasic data from three putative Marinactinospora spp. showed that the strains represent a new genus in the Nocardiopsaceae family. Crude extracts from the strains were also found to inhibit the growth of Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis) and Gram-negative (Providencia alcalifaciens) pathogens. Hierarchical clustering of the bioactivities of an active fraction revealed a unique profile, which is closely related that of fosfomycin.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1042-8
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Manipulation of metabolic pathways controlled by signaling molecules,
           
    • Authors: Kenji Arakawa
      Pages: 743 - 751
      Abstract: Streptomyces is well characterized by an ability to produce a wide variety of secondary metabolites including antibiotics, whose expression is strictly controlled by small diffusible signaling molecules at nano-molar concentrations. The signaling molecules identified to date are classified into three skeletons; γ-butyrolactones, furans, and γ-butenolides. Accumulated data suggest the structural diversity of the signaling molecules in Streptomyces species and their potential in activating cryptic secondary metabolite biosynthetic pathways. Several genome mining approaches to activate silent biosynthetic gene clusters have been reported for natural product discovery. This review updates recent examples on genetic manipulation including blockage of metabolic pathways together with inactivation of transcriptional repressor genes.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1052-6
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Variations on a theme: evolution of the phage-shock-protein system in
           Actinobacteria
    • Authors: Janani Ravi; Vivek Anantharaman; L. Aravind; Maria Laura Gennaro
      Pages: 753 - 760
      Abstract: The phage shock protein (Psp) stress-response system protects bacteria from envelope stress through a cascade of interactions with other proteins and membrane lipids to stabilize the cell membrane. A key component of this multi-gene system is PspA, an effector protein that is found in diverse bacterial phyla, archaea, cyanobacteria, and chloroplasts. Other members of the Psp system include the cognate partners of PspA that are part of known operons: pspF pspABC in Proteobacteria, liaIHGFSR in Firmicutes, and clgRpspAMN in Actinobacteria. Despite the functional significance of the Psp system, the conservation of PspA and other Psp functions, as well as the various genomic contexts of PspA, remain poorly characterized in Actinobacteria. Here we utilize a computational evolutionary approach to systematically identify the variations of the Psp system in ~450 completed actinobacterial genomes. We first determined the homologs of PspA and its cognate partners (as reported in Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis) across Actinobacteria. This survey revealed that PspA and most of its functional partners are prevalent in Actinobacteria. We then found that PspA occurs in four predominant genomic contexts within Actinobacteria, the primary context being the clgRpspAM system previously identified in Mycobacteria. We also constructed a phylogenetic tree of PspA homologs (including paralogs) to trace the conservation and evolution of PspA across Actinobacteria. The genomic context revealed that PspA shows changes in its gene-neighborhood. The presence of multiple PspA contexts or of other known Psp members in genomic neighborhoods that do not carry pspA suggests yet undiscovered functional implications in envelope stress response mechanisms.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1053-5
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Interplay between carbon, nitrogen and phosphate utilization in the
           control of secondary metabolite production in Streptomyces
    • Authors: Alba Romero-Rodríguez; Nidia Maldonado-Carmona; Beatriz Ruiz-Villafán; Niranjan Koirala; Diana Rocha; Sergio Sánchez
      Pages: 761 - 781
      Abstract: Streptomyces species are a wide and diverse source of many therapeutic agents (antimicrobials, antineoplastic and antioxidants, to name a few) and represent an important source of compounds with potential applications in medicine. The effect of nitrogen, phosphate and carbon on the production of secondary metabolites has long been observed, but it was not until recently that the molecular mechanisms on which these effects rely were ascertained. In addition to the specific macronutrient regulatory mechanisms, there is a complex network of interactions between these mechanisms influencing secondary metabolism. In this article, we review the recent advances in our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of regulation exerted by nitrogen, phosphate and carbon sources, as well as the effects of their interconnections, on the synthesis of secondary metabolites by members of the genus Streptomyces.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1073-1
      Issue No: Vol. 111, No. 5 (2018)
       
  • Introduction to papers from the third meeting on the Planctomycetes -
           Verrucomicrobia - Chlamydiae bacteria: new model organisms in the omics
           era
    • Authors: Olga Maria Lage; Damien P. Devos
      PubDate: 2018-04-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1089-6
       
  • Flavisolibacter carri sp. nov., isolated from an automotive
           air-conditioning system
    • Authors: Hyosun Lee; Dong-Uk Kim; Suyeon Lee; Song-Gun Kim; A-Young Park; Jae-Hyung Ahn; Jong-Ok Ka
      Abstract: A Gram-stain negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped and yellow bacterium, designated TX0651T, was isolated from an automotive air-conditioning system. Phylogenetically, the strain groups with the members of the genus Flavisolibacter and exhibits high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities with Flavisolibacter ginsenosidimutans Gsoil 636T (97.4%), Flavisolibacter ginsengiterrae Gsoil 492T (96.3%) and Flavisolibacter ginsengisoli Gsoil 643T (96.2%). DNA–DNA relatedness between TX0651T and F. ginsenosidimutans KCTC 22818T and F. ginsengiterrae KCTC 12656T were determined to be less than 40%. The low levels of DNA–DNA relatedness identifies the strain TX0651T as a novel species in the genus Flavisolibacter. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), iso-C15:1 G and iso-C17:0 3-OH. The predominant respiratory quinone was identified as MK-7. The polar lipids were found to be comprised of phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified amino-glycophospholipids, an unidentified aminophospholipid, an unidentified amino lipid and unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of the strain was determined to be 31.2 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain TX0651T should be classified in a novel species in the genus Flavisolibacter, for which the name Flavisolibacter carri sp. nov. (= KACC 19014T = KCTC 52836T = NBRC 111784T) is proposed.
      PubDate: 2018-04-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1086-9
       
  • Clinical infection in house rats ( Rattus rattus ) caused by
           Streptobacillus notomytis
    • Authors: Viktoria Michel; Claudia Ulber; Dietrich Pöhle; Beate Köpke; Katharina Engel; Ute Kaim; Ahmad Fawzy; Sophie Funk; Juliane Fornefett; Christoph Georg Baums; Tobias Eisenberg
      Abstract: Rat bite fever is an under-reported, under-diagnosed emerging zoonosis with worldwide distribution. Besides Spirillum minus, Streptobacillus moniliformis is the major causative microorganism although it usually colonises rats without any clinical signs. A group of house rats (Rattus rattus) kept in a zoo exhibition for educational purposes suffered from neurological signs including disorientation, torticollis, stall walking, ataxia and death. Gross pathological and histo-pathological examinations of the investigated rats revealed high-grade otitis interna et media, from which Streptobacillus notomytis was isolated in pure culture or as the predominant microorganism. This case series underlines a previously expressed hypothesis that R. rattus might be naturally colonised with S. notomytis, whereas the traditional rat bite fever organism, S. moniliformis, might be restricted to the Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus). However, the general paucity of Streptobacillus isolates, especially from their respective animal hosts, precludes definitive proof of these host tropisms. This is the first report of S. notomytis detection outside Asia and Australia and the first evidence for its role as a facultative pathogen in house rats.
      PubDate: 2018-04-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1085-x
       
  • Cachaça yeast strains: alternative starters to produce beer and
           bioethanol
    • Authors: Thalita Macedo Araújo; Magalhães Teixeira Souza; Raphael Hermano Santos Diniz; Celina Kiyomi Yamakawa; Lauren Bergmann Soares; Jaciane Lutz Lenczak; Juliana Velasco de Castro Oliveira; Gustavo Henrique Goldman; Edilene Alves Barbosa; Anna Clara Silva Campos; Ieso Miranda Castro; Rogelio Lopes Brandão
      Abstract: This work was performed to verify the potential of yeast strains isolated from cachaça distilleries for two specific biotechnological applications: beer and bioethanol production. In the beer production, the strains were tested for characteristics required in brewery practices, such as: capacity to ferment maltose and maltotriose, ability to grow at lowest temperatures, low H2S production, and flocculation profile. Among the strains tested, two of them showed appropriate characteristics to produce two different beer styles: lager and ale. Moreover, both strains were tested for cachaça production and the results confirmed the capacity of these strains to improve the quality of cachaça. In the bioethanol production, the fermentation process was performed similarly to that used by bioethanol industries: recycling of yeast biomass in the fermentative process with sulfuric acid washings (pH 2.0). The production of ethanol, glycerol, organic acids, dry cell weight, carbohydrate consumption, and cellular viability were analyzed. One strain presented fermentative parameters similar to PE2, industrial/commercial strain, with equivalent ethanol yields and cellular viability during all fermentative cycles. This work demonstrates that cachaça distilleries seem to be an interesting environment to select new yeast strains to be used in biotechnology applications as beer and bioethanol production.
      PubDate: 2018-04-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1063-3
       
  • New Penicillium and Talaromyces species from honey, pollen and nests of
           stingless bees
    • Authors: Renan N. Barbosa; Jadson D. P. Bezerra; Cristina M. Souza-Motta; Jens C. Frisvad; Robert A. Samson; Neiva T. Oliveira; Jos Houbraken
      Abstract: Penicillium and Talaromyces species have a worldwide distribution and are isolated from various materials and hosts, including insects and their substrates. The aim of this study was to characterize the Penicillium and Talaromyces species obtained during a survey of honey, pollen and the inside of nests of Melipona scutellaris. A total of 100 isolates were obtained during the survey and 82% of those strains belonged to Penicillium and 18% to Talaromyces. Identification of these isolates was performed based on phenotypic characters and β-tubulin and ITS sequencing. Twenty-one species were identified in Penicillium and six in Talaromyces, including seven new species. These new species were studied in detail using a polyphasic approach combining phenotypic, molecular and extrolite data. The four new Penicillium species belong to sections Sclerotiora (Penicillium fernandesiae sp. nov., Penicillium mellis sp. nov., Penicillium meliponae sp. nov.) and Gracilenta (Penicillium apimei sp. nov.) and the three new Talaromyces species to sections Helici (Talaromyces pigmentosus sp. nov.), Talaromyces (Talaromyces mycothecae sp. nov.) and Trachyspermi (Talaromyces brasiliensis sp. nov.). The invalidly described species Penicillium echinulonalgiovense sp. nov. was also isolated during the survey and this species is validated here.
      PubDate: 2018-04-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1081-1
       
  • Metschnikowia mating genomics
    • Authors: Dong Kyung Lee; Tom Hsiang; Marc-André Lachance
      Abstract: Genes involved in mating type determination and recognition were examined in Metschnikowia and related species, to gather insights on factors affecting mating compatibility patterns among haplontic, heterothallic yeast species of the genus. We confirmed the universality of the special mating locus organisation found in Clavispora lusitaniae across and exclusive to the family Metschnikowiaceae (i.e., Metschnikowia and Clavispora). Timing of the divergence between idiomorphs was confirmed to coincide with the origin of the larger (CUG-ser) clade comprising the Debaryomycetaceae and the Metschnikowiaceae, exclusive of Cephaloascus fragrans. The sequence of the a mating pheromone is highly conserved within the large-spored Metschnikowia species, including Metschnikowia orientalis and Metschnikowia hawaiiana, but not Metschnikowia drosophilae or Metschnikowia torresii, which have a pattern of their own, as do other clades in the genus. In contrast, variation in α pheromones shows a more continuous, although imperfect correlation with phylogenetic distance as well as with in vivo mating compatibility.
      PubDate: 2018-04-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1084-y
       
  • Gallaecimonas mangrovi sp. nov., a novel bacterium isolated from mangrove
           sediment
    • Authors: Wei-Yan Zhang; Ye Yuan; Deng-Quan Su; Xiao-Ping He; Shuai-Bo Han; Slava S. Epstein; Shan He; Min Wu
      Abstract: A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, non-motile, strictly aerobic bacterium HK-28T was isolated from a mangrove sediment sample in Haikou city, Hainan Province, China. Strain HK-28T was able to grow at 10–45 °C (optimum 25–30 °C), pH 5.0–8.5 (optimum 6.0–7.0) and 0.5–12.0% (w/v) NaCl (optimum 1.0–3.0%, w/v). The major cellular fatty acids were C16:0, Summed Feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c), Summed Feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), C17:0, C12:0 3-OH and C17:1ω8c. Ubiquinone-8 (Q-8) was the predominant respiratory quinone. The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminophospholipids, four unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified glycolipid, an unidentified glycophospholipid, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified lipid. The DNA G+C content was 50.2 mol%. Accoroding to 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities, strain HK-28T shared 97.1 and 96.7% sequence similarities to the validly named species Gallaecimonas xiamenensis MCCC 1A01354T and Gallaecimonas pentaromativorans MCCC 1A06435T, respectively, and shared lower sequence similarities (< 92.0%) to all other genera. Phylogenetic analysis showed strain HK-28T was clustered with G. pentaromativorans MCCC 1A06435T and G. xiamenensis MCCC 1A01354T. Strain HK-28T showed low DNA–DNA relatedness with G. xiamenensis MCCC 1A01354T (28.3 ± 1.5%) and G. pentaromativorans MCCC 1A06435T (25.2 ± 2.4%). On the basis of phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and genotypic characteristics, strain HK-28T is considered to represent a novel species in the genus Gallaecimonas, for which the name Gallaecimonas mangrovi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is HK-28T (= KCTC 62177T = MCCC 1K03441).
      PubDate: 2018-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1076-y
       
  • Acidovorax monticola sp. nov., isolated from soil
    • Authors: Dhiraj Kumar Chaudhary; Jaisoo Kim
      Abstract: A novel strain K-4-16T was isolated from forest soil of Namsan Mountain, Seoul, South Korea, and was taxonomically characterized by a polyphasic approach. Strain K-4-16T was observed to be a Gram-staining negative, grayish white-coloured, motile with peritrichous flagella, and rod shaped bacterium. It was able to grow at 15–45 °C, at pH 4.5–10.5, and at 0–4% (w/v) NaCl concentration. Based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain K-4-16T belongs to the genus Acidovorax and is closely related to Acidovorax anthurii CFBP 3232T (98.3% sequence identity), Acidovorax konjaci K2T (97.9% sequence identity), Acidovorax valerianellae CFBP 4730T (97.8% sequence identity), and Acidovorax caeni R-24608T (97.8% sequence identity). The only respiratory quinone was ubiquinone-8. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, and diphosphatidylglycerol. The predominant fatty acids of strain K-4-16T were summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), C16:0, and summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c). The genomic DNA G+C content of this novel strain was 64.7 mol%. The DNA–DNA relatedness between strain K-4-16T and its reference strains were below the threshold value of 70%. The morphological, physiological, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic analyses clearly distinguished this strain from its close phylogenetic neighbors. Thus, strain K-4-16T represents a novel species of the genus Acidovorax, for which the name Acidovorax monticola sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is K-4-16T (= KEMB 9005-570T = KACC 19171T = NBRC 113141T).
      PubDate: 2018-04-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-018-1083-z
       
 
 
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