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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 2982 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1420 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversidad Colombia     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 231)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  [SJR: 0.992]   [H-I: 87]   [5 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9699 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6072
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Reassessment of the taxonomic position of Burkholderia andropogonis and
           description of Robbsia andropogonis gen. nov., comb. nov.
    • Authors: Lucilene Lopes-Santos; Daniel Bedo Assumpção Castro; Mariana Ferreira-Tonin; Daniele Bussioli Alves Corrêa; Bevan Simon Weir; Duckchul Park; Laura Maria Mariscal Ottoboni; Júlio Rodrigues Neto; Suzete Aparecida Lanza Destéfano
      Pages: 727 - 736
      Abstract: Abstract The phylogenetic classification of the species Burkholderia andropogonis within the Burkholderia genus was reassessed using 16S rRNA gene phylogenetic analysis and multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA). Both phylogenetic trees revealed two main groups, named A and B, strongly supported by high bootstrap values (100%). Group A encompassed all of the Burkholderia species complex, whi.le Group B only comprised B. andropogonis species, with low percentage similarities with other species of the genus, from 92 to 95% for 16S rRNA gene sequences and 83% for conserved gene sequences. Average nucleotide identity (ANI), tetranucleotide signature frequency, and percentage of conserved proteins POCP analyses were also carried out, and in the three analyses B. andropogonis showed lower values when compared to the other Burkholderia species complex, near 71% for ANI, from 0.484 to 0.724 for tetranucleotide signature frequency, and around 50% for POCP, reinforcing the distance observed in the phylogenetic analyses. Our findings provide an important insight into the taxonomy of B. andropogonis. It is clear from the results that this bacterial species exhibits genotypic differences and represents a new genus described herein as Robbsia andropogonis gen. nov., comb. nov.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0842-6
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Inediibacterium massiliense gen. nov., sp. nov., a new bacterial species
           isolated from the gut microbiota of a severely malnourished infant
    • Authors: Maryam Tidjani Alou; Jaishriram Rathored; Caroline Michelle; Gregory Dubourg; Claudia Andrieu; Nicholas Armstrong; Cheikh Sokhna; Aldiouma Diallo; Didier Raoult; Pierre-Edouard Fournier
      Pages: 737 - 750
      Abstract: Abstract A novel strain, Mt12T (=CSUR P1907 = DSM 100590), was isolated from the fecal sample of a 7-month-old girl from Senegal afflicted with severe acute malnutrition. This bacterium is a strictly anaerobic, spore-forming Gram-stain positive bacillus. The major cellular fatty acid was identified as tetradecanoic acid. Its 16S rRNA gene sequence exhibited 94.9% similarity with that of Crassaminicella profunda strain Ra1766HT, currently the closest species with a validly published name. The draft genome of strain Mt12T is 3,497,275-bp long with a 30.45% of G+C content. 3397 genes were predicted, including 3268 protein-coding genes and 129 RNAs, including eight 16S rRNAs. Genomic comparison with closely related species with an available genome showed a lower quantitative genomic content. The phylogenetic analysis alongside the dDDH values under 30% and phenotypic characteristics suggest that strain Mt12T represents a new genus within the family Clostridiaceae, for which the name Inediibacterium massiliense gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0843-5
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Massilia chloroacetimidivorans sp. nov., a chloroacetamide
           herbicide-degrading bacterium isolated from soil
    • Authors: Hyosun Lee; Dong-Uk Kim; Sooyeon Park; Jung-Hoon Yoon; Jong-Ok Ka
      Pages: 751 - 758
      Abstract: Abstract A Gram-stain negative, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain, designated TA-C7eT, was isolated from an agricultural soil obtained from Taean region, Korea. Phylogenetically, the strain was grouped with the genus Massilia and shared 95.33–97.97% 16S rRNA sequence similarity with the type strains of other species of the genus Massilia. The DNA–DNA hybridisation between TA-C7eT and Massilia haematophila KACC 13771T, Massilia suwonesis KACC 12635T, and Massilia yuzhufengensis KACC 16569T revealed a low level of relatedness (<40%). The low levels of DNA–DNA hybridisation values identified strain TA-C7eT as a novel species in the genus Massilia. The major fatty acids of the strain were C16:0 (37.3%) and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) (40.6%). Q-8 was identified as the only isoprenoid quinone. The polar lipids profile of the strain showed the presence of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified aminophospholipid and three unidentified lipids. The DNA G+C content of the strain was found to be 63.2 mol%. On the basis of the phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain TA-C7eT represents a novel species in the genus Massilia, for which the name Massilia chloroacetimidivorans sp. nov. (=KACC 18674T = NBRC 112463T) is proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0845-3
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Isolation and characterisation of an enterocin P-producing Enterococcus
           lactis strain from a fresh shrimp ( Penaeus vannamei )
    • Authors: Olfa Ben Braïek; Hamdi Ghomrassi; Paola Cremonesi; Stefano Morandi; Yannick Fleury; Patrick Le Chevalier; Khaled Hani; Omrane Bel Hadj; Taoufik Ghrairi
      Pages: 771 - 786
      Abstract: Abstract Screening for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from fresh shrimp samples (Penaeus vannamei) collected from retail seafood markets in the Tunisian’s coast, resulted in the isolation of an Enterococcus strain termed Q1. This strain was selected for its antagonistic activity against pathogenic bacteria such as Listeria monocytogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Lactococcus garvieae and against fungi (Aspergillus niger and Fusarium equiseti). The Q1 strain was characterised using standard morphological and biochemical tests, growth assays at different temperatures, pH and salinity. 16S rRNA, rpoA and pheS gene sequencing, as well as the 16S-23S rRNA intergenic spacer analyses, were combined to identify strain Q1 as a strain of Enterococcus lactis. The bacteriocin produced by E. lactis Q1 is thermostable, active in the pH range from 4.0 to 9.0 and has a bactericidal mode of action. The enterocin P structural gene was detected by specific PCR in strain E. lactis Q1, which is in good agreement with SDS-PAGE data of the purified bacteriocin. A lack of significant antibiotic resistance genes and virulence determinants was confirmed by specific PCRs. This work provides the first description of an enterocin P producer E. lactis strain isolated from a fresh shrimp. Based on its safety properties (absence of haemolytic activity, virulence factors and antibiotic resistance genes), this strain has the potential to be used as a natural additive or adjunct protective culture in food biopreservation and/or probiotic culture.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0847-1
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Actinomadura alkaliterrae sp. nov., isolated from an alkaline soil
    • Authors: Hilal Ay; Imen Nouioui; Maria del Carmen Montero-Calasanz; Lorena Carro; Hans-Peter Klenk; Michael Goodfellow; José M. Igual; Demet Çetin; Nevzat Şahin; Kamil Işık
      Pages: 787 - 794
      Abstract: Abstract A polyphasic study was undertaken to establish the taxonomic status of an Actinomadura strain isolated from the margin of a saline, alkaline lake in Central Anatolia, Turkey. Strain D310ATT was shown to have chemotaxonomic, cultural and morphological properties consistent with its classification in the genus Actinomadura such as hooked or irregular spiral spore chains, meso-diaminopimelic acid as the major cell wall diaminopimelic acid, and diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol as major polar lipids. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain D310ATT is closely, albeit loosely, associated with Actinomadura darangshiensis DLS-70T with 97.2% sequence similarity, but was readily separated from the latter using diverse phenotypic properties. Consequently, the isolate is considered to represent a new species of Actinomadura for which the name Actinomadura alkaliterrae sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain D310ATT (=DSM 101185T = KCTC 39657T).
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0850-6
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Lentzea chajnantorensis sp. nov., an actinobacterium from a very high
           altitude Cerro Chajnantor gravel soil in northern Chile
    • Authors: Hamidah Idris; Imen Nouioui; Juan A. Asenjo; Alan T. Bull; Michael Goodfellow
      Pages: 795 - 802
      Abstract: Abstract The taxonomic position of a filamentous actinobacterial strain, isolate H45T, recovered from a high altitude Atacama Desert gravel soil, was established using a polyphasic approach. The strain, which is known to produce novel dienes, has chemotaxonomic and morphological properties typical of the genus Lentzea and formed a distinct branch in the Lentzea 16S rRNA gene tree that is closely related to the type strain of Lentzea kentuckyensis. The two strains were distinguished using a combination of phenotypic properties and by a DNA:DNA relatedness value of 37.6 ± 4.0%. On the basis of these genotypic and phenotypic data it is proposed that isolate H45T (=NCIMB 4966T = NRRL B-65282T) be classified in the genus Lentzea as Lentzea chajnantorensis sp. nov.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0851-5
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Geodermatophilus daqingensis sp. nov., isolated from
           petroleum-contaminated soil
    • Authors: Yang Wang; Liguo Zhang; Xiaofei Zhang; Jinying Huang; Yu Zhao; Yuanling Zhao; Jianxin Liu; Cui Huang; Jing Wang; Yingying Hu; Guoling Ren; Xiuhong Xu
      Pages: 803 - 809
      Abstract: Abstract A novel Gram-positive actinobacterium, designated WT-2-1T, was isolated from a sample of petroleum-contaminated soil collected in Daqing, Heilongjiang province, China and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The optimal growth for strain WT-2-1T was found to be at 25–35 °C and at pH 6.0–9.0 and with 0–4% (w/v) NaCl, forming blackish green-coloured colonies. Chemotaxonomic and molecular characteristics of the isolate match those described for members of the genus Geodermatophilus. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; galactose, glucose and xylose were detected as diagnostic sugars. The main phospholipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylglycerol; MK-9(H4) was the dominant menaquinone present. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C16:0 and iso-C15:0. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain WT-2-1T is a member of the genus Geodermatophilus, with high sequence similarities to Geodermatophilus aquaeductus BMG801T (98.4%), Geodermatophilus saharensis CF5/5T (98.4%), Geodermatophilus bullaregiensis BMG841T (98.3%) and Geodermatophilus normandii CF5/3T (98.3%). Based on the phenotypic characteristics, phylogenetic data and DNA–DNA hybridization results, the isolate is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Geodermatophilus, for which the name Geodermatophilus daqingensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is WT-2-1T (=CGMCC 4.7381T = DSM 104001T).
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0853-3
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Deinococcus planocerae sp. nov., isolated from a marine flatworm
    • Authors: Huina Lin; Yong Wang; Jiaomei Huang; Qiliang Lai; Ying Xu
      Pages: 811 - 817
      Abstract: Abstract A Gram-positive, non-motile and coccoid strain, designated XY-FW106T, was isolated from a marine flatworm identified to be Planocera sp. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this pink organism was consistent with membership of the genus Deinococcus, with high sequence similarity to Deinococcus aetherius ST0316T (94.7%). The optimum growth temperature range of the strain XY-FW106T was found to be 25–30 °C and optimum growth occurs at pH 7.2–7.4 without NaCl. The strain XY-FW106T was found to contain unidentified glycolipids, unidentified phosphoglycolipids, unidentified phospholipids and unidentified lipids, which differed from those of closely related species. Menaquinone MK-8 was identified as the major respiratory quinone and the predominant cellular fatty acids were found to be Summed Feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c/C16:1 ω6c), C16:0, iso-C15:0, and Summed Feature 8 (C18:1 ω7c/C18:1 ω6c). The DNA G+C content was determined to be 70.2 mol%. The biochemical and chemotaxonomic data together suggest that the strain represents a new species for which the name Deinococcus planocerae sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is XY-FW106T (=MCCC 1K01499T=KCTC 33809T).
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0854-2
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Two new species of the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex isolated from
           the natural environment
    • Authors: Tarek A. A. Moussa; Hassan S. Al-Zahrani; Naif M. S. Kadasa; Sarah A. Ahmed; G. Sybren de Hoog; Abdullah M. S. Al-Hatmi
      Pages: 819 - 832
      Abstract: Abstract Two new species in the Fusarium fujikuroi species complex (FFSC) are introduced. One of these, represented by strain CBS 454.97 was isolated from plant debris (Striga hermonthica) in the Sudan, while the second, represented by strains CBS 119850 and CBS 483.94, which originated from soil in Australia. Molecular analyses were performed including TEF1 spanning 576 bp region, 860 bp region of rPB2, and 500 bp BT2 region. Phylogenetic trees based on these regions showed that the two species are clearly distinct from all known taxa in the F. fujikuroi species complex. Based on phenotypic, physiological characters and molecular data, we introduce Fusarium sudanense and Fusarium terricola as novel species in the complex.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0855-1
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Occurrence and virulence properties of Vibrio and Salinivibrio isolates
           from tropical lagoons of the southern Caribbean Sea
    • Authors: Milagro Fernández-Delgado; Paula Suárez; Sandra Giner; Virginia Sanz; Jessy Peña; Damarys Sánchez; M. Alexandra García-Amado
      Pages: 833 - 841
      Abstract: Abstract The Vibrionaceae are Gram-negative bacteria present in marine and estuarine environments worldwide, including several species known as important pathogens to humans and aquatic organisms. The aim of this research was to investigate the occurrence and virulence properties of Vibrio and Salinivibrio isolated from lagoons at Cuare Wildlife Refuge and Margarita Island in the southern Caribbean Sea. Water, plankton and oyster samples were collected during October 2011 and March 2012 and examined by specific PCR and culture methods. Vibrio genus DNA was detected in 95% of samples, while the intergenic spacer region (ISR) of Vibrio cholerae and the genes that code for the thermolabile direct haemolysin (tl) of Vibrio parahaemolyticus and the haemolysin/cytolysin (vvhA) of Vibrio vulnificus were absent or amplified in low proportions (23, 5, and 0%, respectively). Nine isolates from water and plankton were confirmed as Vibrio or Salinivibrio by phenotypic tests, 16S rRNA gene sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. All the isolates presented similar patterns of virulence factors, in which the genes ctxA (encoding for cholera toxin), tl and vvhA were lacking, whereas seven isolates displayed antibiotic resistance against ampicillin and cephalosporins. The 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis showed the clustering of Vibrio isolates in three main clades: the plankton isolate from Cuare Wildlife Refuge formed a group with V. cholerae and Vibrio mimicus while the Margarita isolates clustered with sequences from the harveyi clade and Salinivibrio. This is the first time that Salinivibrio species are reported in tropical lagoons of the Caribbean Sea with antibiotic resistance.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0856-0
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 6 (2017)
       
  • Bacillus zanthoxyli sp. nov., a novel nematicidal bacterium isolated from
           Chinese red pepper ( Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim) leaves in China
    • Authors: Ma Li; Cao Yong Hong; Wang Xiao Yan; Zheng Shuai Chao; Yang Cheng Gang; Duo Jin Ling; Zhou Xing Kui; Xi Jia Qin; Zhu Ming Liang; Mo Ming He
      Abstract: Abstract A novel strain, 1433T, was isolated from leaves of Chinese red pepper (Huajiao, Zanthoxylum bungeanum Maxim) collected from Gansu province in northwestern China, and was characterised by a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain 1433T were observed to be Gram-stain positive, aerobic, asporogenous, rod shaped, motile and to have peritrichous flagella. The strain was observed to grow at a range of temperatures and pH, 4–45 °C (optimum 28–32 °C) and 6.0–10.0 (optimum pH 6.0–7.0), respectively. Growth was found to occur in the presence of 0–7% (w/v) NaCl [optimum 0–3% (w/v)]. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 41.9 mol% and the cell wall peptidoglycan found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid. The predominant menaquinone was identified as MK-7 and the major polar lipids as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified polar lipid and three unidentified phospholipids. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0 (31.6%), anteiso-C15:0 (26.9%) and iso-C14:0 (17.1%). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain 1433T is a member of the genus Bacillus and is closely related to Bacillus aryabhattai DSM 21047T (99.4% sequence similarity) and Bacillus megaterium DSM 32T (99.2%). DNA–DNA relatedness of the novel strain 1433T with B. aryabhattai DSM 21047T and B. megaterium DSM 32T was 33.8 ± 2.8% and 28.9 ± 3.4%, respectively. On the basis of the polyphasic evidence presented, strain 1433T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Bacillus, for which we propose the name Bacillus zanthoxyli sp. nov. The type strain is 1433T (= CCTCC AB 2016326T = KCTC33730T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0890-y
       
  • Mining lipolytic enzymes in community DNA from high Andean soils using a
           targeted approach
    • Authors: Daniel Borda-Molina; José Salvador Montaña; María Mercedes Zambrano; Sandra Baena
      Abstract: Abstract Microbial enrichments cultures are a useful strategy to speed up the search for enzymes that can be employed in industrial processes. Lipases have gained special attention because they show unique properties such as: broad substrate specificity, enantio- and regio-selectivity and stability in organic solvents. A major goal is to identify novel lipolytic enzymes from microorganisms living in cold extreme environments such as high Andean soils, of relevance to our study being their capability be used in industrial processes. Paramo and glacier soils from the Nevados National Park in Colombia were sampled and microbial communities enriched through a fed-batch fermentation using olive oil as an inductor substrate. After 15 days of enrichment under aerobic conditions, total DNA was extracted. Subsequently, metagenomic libraries were constructed in the cosmid vector pWEB-TNC™. After functional screening, twenty and eighteen lipolytic clones were obtained from Paramo and Glacier soil enrichments, respectively. Based on lipid hydrolysis halo dimensions, the clone (Gla1) from a glacier enrichment was selected. A gene related to lipolytic activity was subcloned to evaluate enzyme properties. Phylogenetic analysis of the identified gene showed that the encoded lipase belongs to the family GDSL from a Ralstonia-like species. Interestingly, the secreted enzyme exhibited stability at high temperature and alkaline conditions, specifically the preferred conditions at 80 °C and pH 9.0. Thus, with the identification of an enzyme with non-expected properties, in this study is shown the potential of extreme cold environments to be explored for new catalytic molecules, using current molecular biology techniques, with applications in industrial processes, which demand stability under harsh conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-05-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0877-8
       
  • Description of Chryseobacterium timonianum sp. nov., isolated from a
           patient with pneumonia
    • Authors: Rita Abou Abdallah; Teresa Cimmino; Sophie Baron; Frédéric Cadoret; Caroline Michelle; Didier Raoult; Pierre-Edouard Fournier; Fadi Bittar
      Abstract: Abstract Using a polyphasic taxonomic strategy, an aerobic, Gram-negative, non-motile, yellow pigmented rod isolated from a sputum sample of a patient with pneumonia was characterised. This bacterial strain, designated G972T, could not be identified by our systematic MALDI-TOF screening on a MicroFlex. This led to the sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene, which shows 98.57% sequence identity with that of Chryseobacterium indologenes 16777T, the phylogenetic closely related type strain of a species with standing in nomenclature, which putatively classifies it as a new species. The major cell fatty acids were identified as 13-methyl-tetradecanoic acid (61%), 3-hydroxy-heptadecanoic acid (16%) and 15-methyl-11-hexadecenoic acid (11%). d-glucose, d-mannose, aesculin, d-maltose, d-trehalose, and gentibiose are the main carbon source. Digital DNA–DNA hybridization (dDDH) estimation and average nucleotide identity values (ANI) of the strain G972T against genomes of the type strains of related species ranged between 18.9 and 32.8% and between 71.46 and 83.61%, respectively, thus confirming again the new species status of the strain. Here, we describe the characteristics of this organism, complete genome sequence and annotation. The 5,390,132 bp size genome contains 4867 protein-coding genes, 89 RNAs (three genes are 5S rRNA, one gene is 16S rRNA, one gene is 23S rRNA and 84 tRNAs) with 35.51% GC content. Finally, on the basis of these polyphasic data, consisting of phenotypic and genomic analyses, we conclude that strain strain G972T (= DSM 103388T = CSUR P2233T) represents a novel species for which we propose the name Chryseobacterium timonianum. The 16S rRNA and genome sequences are available in GenBank database under accession numbers LT161886 and FJVD00000000.
      PubDate: 2017-05-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0885-8
       
  • Skermanella mucosa sp. nov., isolated from crude oil contaminated soil
    • Authors: Y. Subhash; Da-Eun Yoon; Sang-Seob Lee
      Abstract: Abstract A novel Gram-stain negative, small rod-shaped bacterium (strain 8-14-6T) was isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated desert soil collected from Kuwait. Strain 8-14-6T grew at 5–37 °C, pH 6.0–8.8 and 0–2% (w/v) of NaCl concentration. Casein, starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80 were hydrolyzed while urea, chitin, DNA and carboxymethyl-cellulose were not hydrolyzed by strain 8-14-6T. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and iso-C16:1I/C14:03-OH. Strain 8-14-6T produced diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified lipids and five unidentified amino lipids as polar lipids. Genomic G+C content was 73.5 mol %. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain 8-14-6T represents a member of the genus Skermanella within family Rhodospirillaceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria. Strain 8-14-6T has a sequence similarity of 98.9% with Skermanella rosea M1T, 97.4% with Skermanella aerolata 5416T-32T, 96.9% with Skermanella stibiiresistens SB22T and <95.4% with the other two known species of the genus Skermanella. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strain 8-14-6T and the type strains of the closely related species were clearly below the 70% threshold. From the combination of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics and distinct phylogenetic position, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Skermanella, for which the name Skermanella mucosa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 8-14-6T (=KEMB 2255-438T =JCM 31590T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0878-7
       
  • Nocardia tengchongensis sp. nov., isolated from a soil sample
    • Authors: Shuai Li; Hong Ming; Yan-Yan Duan; Jian-Rong Huang; Zhuo-Li Zhao; Ling-Yu Zhang; Wei-Li Ji; Xiao-Lin Meng; Wen-Jun Li; Guo-Xing Nie
      Abstract: Abstract The taxonomic status was determined of two actinomycetes, designated CFH S0057T and CFH S0065, that were isolated from soil samples collected from an extinct volcano in Tengchong county, Yunnan province, south-west China. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains CFH S0057T and CFH S0065 belong to the genus Nocardia and formed a single clade within this genus. The two isolates were able to grow at 4–45 °C, pH 5.0–7.0 and with a NaCl tolerance up to 5.0% (w/v). The whole-cell hydrolysates were rich in meso-diaminopimelic acid, galactose, arabinose and fructose. Mycolic acids were present. Strains CFH S0057T and CFH S0065 exhibited a menaquinone system with MK-8 (H4, ω cyclo), and the major polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol, phosphatidylinositol mannoside and one unidentified phospholipid. Major fatty acids were C16:0, Summed features 3, C18:1 ω9c and C18:0 10-methyl (TBSA). The genomic DNA G + C contents of strains CFH S0057T and CFH S0065 were 65.7 and 66.1 mol%, respectively. The combined genotypic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic results indicated the isolates are considered to represent a novel species of the genus Nocardia, for which the name Nocardia tengchongensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CFH S0057T (= KCTC 29485T = JCM 30083T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0887-6
       
  • Diversity and plant growth promoting properties of rhizobia isolated from
           root nodules of Ononis arvensis
    • Authors: Sylwia Wdowiak-Wróbel; Monika Marek-Kozaczuk; Michał Kalita; Magdalena Karaś; Magdalena Wójcik; Wanda Małek
      Abstract: Abstract This is the first report describing isolates from root nodules of Ononis arvensis (field restharrow). The aim of this investigation was to describe the diversity, phylogeny, and plant growth promoting features of microsymbionts of O. arvensis, i.e., a legume plant growing in different places of the southern part of Poland. Twenty-nine bacterial isolates were characterized in terms of their phenotypic properties, genome fingerprinting, and comparative analysis of their 16S rRNA, nodC and acdS gene sequences. Based on the nodC and 16S rRNA gene phylogenies, the O. arvensis symbionts were grouped close to bacteria of the genera Rhizobium and Mesorhizobium, which formed monophyletic clusters. The acdS gene sequences of all the isolates tested exhibited the highest similarities to the corresponding gene sequences of genus Mesorhizobium strains. The presence of the acdS genes in the genomes of rhizobia specific for O. arvensis implies that these bacteria may promote the growth and development of their host plant in stress conditions. The isolated bacteria showed a high genomic diversity and, in the BOX-PCR reaction, all of them (except three) exhibited DNA fingerprints specific only for them. Our studies showed that restharrow isolates formed effective symbiotic interactions with their native host (O. arvensis) and Ononis spinosa but not with Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa belonging to the same tribe Trifolieae as Ononis species and not with Lotus corniculatus, representing the tribe Loteae.
      PubDate: 2017-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0883-x
       
  • Rhodococcus gannanensis sp. nov., a novel endophytic actinobacterium
           isolated from root of sunflower ( Helianthus annuus L.)
    • Authors: Jun Ma; Liguo Zhang; Guangjin Wang; Shuquan Zhang; Xiaofei Zhang; Yongbin Wang; Chuanqi Shi; Liang Si; Haibin Zhao; Fengqi Liu; Bixian Zhang; Xutang Huang
      Abstract: Abstract A novel Gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile strain, designated strain M1T, was isolated from sunflower root (Helianthus annuus L.) and characterised using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The morphological and chemotaxonomic properties of the isolate were typical of those of members of the genus Rhodococcus. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that strain M1T belongs to the genus Rhodococcus and clustered with Rhodococcus canchipurensis MBRL 353T (99.1%, sequence similarity) and Rhodococcus pedocola UC12T (98.7%). However, the DNA–DNA hybridizations between strain M1T and R. canchipurensis MBRL 353T and R. pedocola UC12T were found to be 52.8 ± 0.7 and 41.8 ± 0.2%, respectively. The optimal growth temperature and pH for strain M1T was found to be at 28 °C and at pH 7.0. The peptidoglycan was found to contain meso-diaminopimelic acid; galactose, glucose and arabinose were detected as diagnostic sugars. The main polar lipids were identified as diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside; MK-8(H2) was found to be the dominant menaquinone. The major fatty acids were identified as C16:0, 10-methyl C18:0 and C18:1 ω9c. Mycolic acids were found to be present. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was determined to be 69.5 mol%. Based on a comparative analysis of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics, in combination with DNA–DNA hybridization results, the isolate is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Rhodococcus, for which the name Rhodococcus gannanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is M1T (=CGMCC 1.15992T = DSM 104003T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0884-9
       
  • Plipastatin and surfactin coproduction by Bacillus subtilis pB2-L and
           their effects on microorganisms
    • Authors: Ling Gao; Jinzhi Han; Hongxia Liu; Xiaoxu Qu; Zhaoxin Lu; Xiaomei Bie
      Abstract: Abstract To convert the lipopeptide non-producer strain Bacillus subtilis pB2 into a plipastatin and surfactin coproducer, a gene expression cassette composed of a constitutive promoter (P43), functional gene sfp, and pleiotropic regulatory gene degQ was integrated into the chromosomal amyE locus of strain B. subtilis pB2 by homologous recombination, which generated a plipastatin and surfactin co-producer. Thirteen plipastatins and fifteen surfactins were identified in lipopeptide extracts using analytical techniques, and their effects on microorganisms were described by microscopic, cytoskeleton analysis and flow-cytometry, respectively. Plipastatins isolated from the engineered strain pB2-L exhibited strong antifungal activity (MIC 16 μg ml−1) by disrupting the cell walls, membranes and cytoskeleton of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum hyphae. Surfactins affected the cell membrane of Staphylococcus aureus (MIC 20 μg ml−1), resulting in nucleic acid leakage and ultimately, cell death. Based on the convenience of genetic manipulation in the engineering strain, this work could be useful for the rational design of lipopeptide synthetases via the recombination of gene fragments to generate arrays of peptide derivatives and thus expand the diversity of microbial-produced lipopeptides.
      PubDate: 2017-05-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0874-y
       
  • Altererythrobacter lauratis sp. nov. and Altererythrobacter palmitatis sp.
           nov., isolated from a Tibetan hot spring
    • Authors: Chang-Guo Yuan; Xing Chen; Zhao Jiang; Wei Chen; Lan Liu; Wen-Dong Xian; Mipeshwaree Devi Asem; Xiao-Yang Zhi; Wen-Jun Li
      Abstract: Abstract Two Gram-negative, moderately thermophilic, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped and motile bacterial strains, designated YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T, were isolated from sediment samples collected from the Tagejia hot spring in Tibet, western China. The taxonomic affiliation of the two strains was investigated by a polyphasic approach. Pairwise comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T are closely related to Altererythrobacter buctense M0322T (97.2 and 97.1% respectively), while sharing 99.9% sequence similarity against each other. Optimum growth of the two strains was observed at 37–45 °C, pH 8.0 and in the presence of 1–6% NaCl (w/v). Their predominant respiratory quinone was found to be ubiquinone 10. The major fatty acids in both the strains were identified as summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c) and summed feature 4 (C17:1 anteiso B and/or iso I). Their major polar lipid profiles were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid. The DNA G+C contents of strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T were determined to be 61.3 and 60.1 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T, and between the two strains and their closely related phylogenetic neighbour A. buctense M0322T (=CGMCC 1.12871T) were less than 70%. Based on the morphological and physiological properties, phylogenetic analyses, chemotaxonomic characteristics and DNA–DNA relatedness values, the two strains can be distinguished from each other and from their phylogenetically closely related strain. Strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T are, therefore, considered to represent two novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter, for which the names Altererythrobacter lauratis sp. nov. (type strain YIM 75003T = KCTC 52606T = CCTCC AB2016268T) and Altererythrobacter palmitatis sp. nov. (type strain YIM 75004T = KCTC 52607T = CCTCC AB2016270T) are proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0882-y
       
  • Screening lactic acid bacteria strains with ability to bind di- n -butyl
           phthalate via Turbiscan technique
    • Authors: Zhao Lili; Zhao Hongfei; Sana Shoukat; Zhang Xiaochen; Zhang Bolin
      Abstract: Abstract Di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant that poses a risk to humans. Previous work indicates that the ability of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) to bind phthalic acid esters is strain-specific. As cell suspensions of LAB strains in aqueous solution are likely to be colloidal dispersions, this study provided a technique to efficiently screen LAB strains that bind DBP via Turbiscan, which has been widely used to measure the stability of emulsions or colloidal dispersions. Eleven LAB strains belonging to Lactobacillus plantarum, Lb. pentosus, Lb. paralimentarius, Lb. helveticus, Leuconostoc mesenteroides, Lb. acidophilus, Bifidobacterium lactis, and Bifidobacterium bifidum species were used in this study, and seven of them were selected to test in an earlier stage of exploring the process for finding a screening method; others were used for a validation test. It was observed that the various values of the 10 h Turbiscan Stability Index (TSI) of the cell suspension from each strain, at the equilibrium time of dispersed particles according to the peak thickness of cell-suspensions as measured by Turbiscan, had significant negative correlations with the DBP-binding percentage of LAB strains. Higher TSI values are correlated with lower binding of bacteria strains to DBP with a correlation coefficient of 0.8292. Cell surface hydrocarbons of LAB strains and their adherence were observed to correlate with DBP-binding percentages and may lead to the different states of aggregation or equilibrium of bacterial cell-suspensions, and the aggregation of bacterial cells resulted in fewer binding sites in the cell wall for DBP. Finally, four LAB strains were randomly selected to verify the feasibility of the method. In all, the findings demonstrate that TSI might be used as a tool to quickly screen strains that bind DBP. The present work could be extended to the removal of other toxic compounds, when screening of high-efficiency strains is required.
      PubDate: 2017-04-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0846-2
       
 
 
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