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Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
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Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
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Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
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Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription  
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversidad Colombia     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 293)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
  [SJR: 0.992]   [H-I: 87]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1572-9699 - ISSN (Online) 0003-6072
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Prevalence of sucretolerant bacteria in common soils and their isolation
           and characterization
    • Authors: Casper Fredsgaard; Donald B. Moore; Fei Chen; Benton C. Clark; Mark A. Schneegurt
      Pages: 995 - 1005
      Abstract: Sucretolerant microbes grow in the presence of sugar concentrations high enough to substantially lower water activities. Natural habitats high in sugars are mainly limited to dried fruit, floral nectar, honey, sugarcane, and associated soils. Organisms that tolerate extremes of solute concentration, high enough to lower water activities, might not be expected in common oligoosmotic soils. We report on the isolation of sucretolerant bacteria from common soils using media supplemented with 50% sucrose (a w 0.91) and their physiological characterization and identification by 16S rRNA gene phylogeny. Fifteen of these sucretolerant isolates from common soils were related to four Bacillus spp. A Lysinibacillus and a Microbacterium (actinomycete) also were collected. All grew at 50% sucrose and 13 grew at 60% sucrose. Most probable number counts were used to determine the abundance of sucretolerant microbes in several common soil types, including agricultural, managed turf, and native prairie. Microbial abundance (with fungicides) was about 105 and 103 cells g−1 soil in media containing 50 or 70% sucrose, respectively. The abundances of sucretolerant bacteria in common soils mirror those of halotolerant bacteria that grow at 10 and 20% NaCl. However, there is not a correlation between halotolerance and sucretolerance in our isolates, nor can predictions be made based on taxonomy. Specific solute effects may be at work, rather than biological responses to a single physicochemical parameter such as a w. The occurrence of spore-forming sucretolerant bacteria in common soils has relevance to forward planetary protection and astrobiology. Extraterrestrial habitable regions are defined in part by tolerance to high solute concentrations and osmotolerant soil microbes may contaminate spacecraft.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0873-z
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Plipastatin and surfactin coproduction by Bacillus subtilis pB2-L and
           their effects on microorganisms
    • Authors: Ling Gao; Jinzhi Han; Hongxia Liu; Xiaoxu Qu; Zhaoxin Lu; Xiaomei Bie
      Pages: 1007 - 1018
      Abstract: To convert the lipopeptide non-producer strain Bacillus subtilis pB2 into a plipastatin and surfactin coproducer, a gene expression cassette composed of a constitutive promoter (P43), functional gene sfp, and pleiotropic regulatory gene degQ was integrated into the chromosomal amyE locus of strain B. subtilis pB2 by homologous recombination, which generated a plipastatin and surfactin co-producer. Thirteen plipastatins and fifteen surfactins were identified in lipopeptide extracts using analytical techniques, and their effects on microorganisms were described by microscopic, cytoskeleton analysis and flow-cytometry, respectively. Plipastatins isolated from the engineered strain pB2-L exhibited strong antifungal activity (MIC 16 μg ml−1) by disrupting the cell walls, membranes and cytoskeleton of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cucumerinum hyphae. Surfactins affected the cell membrane of Staphylococcus aureus (MIC 20 μg ml−1), resulting in nucleic acid leakage and ultimately, cell death. Based on the convenience of genetic manipulation in the engineering strain, this work could be useful for the rational design of lipopeptide synthetases via the recombination of gene fragments to generate arrays of peptide derivatives and thus expand the diversity of microbial-produced lipopeptides.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0874-y
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Aquimarina seongsanensis sp. nov., isolated from sea water
    • Authors: Yoojin Oh; Bong-geun Choi; Joon Yong Kim; Seong Woon Roh; Sung-Jae Lee
      Pages: 1019 - 1025
      Abstract: An orange, rod-shaped, gliding bacterium, designated strain CBA3208T, was isolated from sea water of Jeju Island, Republic of Korea. Cells were observed to be Gram-stain negative, strictly aerobic, catalase positive and oxidase negative and to hydrolyse starch, gelatin, and Tweens 40 and 80. The major fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and iso-C15:1 G. The only isoprenoid quinone was found to be menaquinone-6 (MK-6) and the major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, two aminolipids and four unidentified polar lipids. The DNA G+C content of strain CBA3208T was determined to be 34.9 mol%. Strain CBA3208T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Aquimarina, for which the name Aquimarina seongsanensis sp. nov. is proposed based on this polyphasic taxonomic analysis. The type strain is CBA3208T (=KACC 17667T =JCM 19529T).
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0875-x
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Arenimonas alkanexedens sp. nov., isolated from a frozen soil sample
    • Authors: Jie Zhu; Hui-Min Wang; Qi Zhang; Wei-Wei Dong; De-Long Kong; Yan-Wei Wang; Jin-Long Song; Xu Jiang; Shu-Miao Zhao; Wei Zhang; Zhi-Yong Ruan
      Pages: 1027 - 1034
      Abstract: A novel facultatively anaerobic bacterium, designated strain LAM-WHM-D11T, was isolated from a frozen soil sample of China. Cells of strain LAM-WHM-D11T were observed to be Gram-stain negative, non-motile and rod-shaped. Colonies were yellowish, and circular with convex shape. Strain LAM-WHM-D11T was found to be able to grow at 4–40 °C (optimum 15 °C), pH 7.5–2.0 (optimum 9.5) and 0–2.5% NaCl (w/v) (optimum 1.5%). The 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity analysis showed that strain LAM-WHM-D11T is closely related to Arenimonas metalli CF5-1T (98.0%), Arenimonas aquaticum NA-09T (97.9%), Arenimonas donghaensis HO3-R19T (95.6%) and Arenimonas aestuarii S2-21T (95.3%). The DNA–DNA hybridization values between the isolate and A. metalli CGMCC 1.10787T, A. aquaticum KACC 14663T, A. donghaensis KACC 11381T were 41.0 ± 1.7, 44.7 ± 1.4 and 42.8 ± 1.2%, respectively. The genomic DNA G+C content was found to be 66.5 mol% as determined by the T m method. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as iso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0. The major isoprenoid quinone was identified as ubiquinone 8 (Q-8). The major polar lipids were found to be diphosphatidyglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, two phospholipids and five unidentified lipids. Based on the phylogenetic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain LAM-WHM-D11T is concluded to represent a novel species within the genus Arenimonas, for which the name Arenimonas alkanexedens sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is LAM-WHM-D11T (ACCC 19750T = JCM 30464T).
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0876-9
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Mining lipolytic enzymes in community DNA from high Andean soils using a
           targeted approach
    • Authors: Daniel Borda-Molina; José Salvador Montaña; María Mercedes Zambrano; Sandra Baena
      Pages: 1035 - 1051
      Abstract: Microbial enrichments cultures are a useful strategy to speed up the search for enzymes that can be employed in industrial processes. Lipases have gained special attention because they show unique properties such as: broad substrate specificity, enantio- and regio-selectivity and stability in organic solvents. A major goal is to identify novel lipolytic enzymes from microorganisms living in cold extreme environments such as high Andean soils, of relevance to our study being their capability be used in industrial processes. Paramo and glacier soils from the Nevados National Park in Colombia were sampled and microbial communities enriched through a fed-batch fermentation using olive oil as an inductor substrate. After 15 days of enrichment under aerobic conditions, total DNA was extracted. Subsequently, metagenomic libraries were constructed in the cosmid vector pWEB-TNC™. After functional screening, twenty and eighteen lipolytic clones were obtained from Paramo and Glacier soil enrichments, respectively. Based on lipid hydrolysis halo dimensions, the clone (Gla1) from a glacier enrichment was selected. A gene related to lipolytic activity was subcloned to evaluate enzyme properties. Phylogenetic analysis of the identified gene showed that the encoded lipase belongs to the family GDSL from a Ralstonia-like species. Interestingly, the secreted enzyme exhibited stability at high temperature and alkaline conditions, specifically the preferred conditions at 80 °C and pH 9.0. Thus, with the identification of an enzyme with non-expected properties, in this study is shown the potential of extreme cold environments to be explored for new catalytic molecules, using current molecular biology techniques, with applications in industrial processes, which demand stability under harsh conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0877-8
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Skermanella mucosa sp. nov., isolated from crude oil contaminated soil
    • Authors: Y. Subhash; Da-Eun Yoon; Sang-Seob Lee
      Pages: 1053 - 1060
      Abstract: A novel Gram-stain negative, small rod-shaped bacterium (strain 8-14-6T) was isolated from hydrocarbon contaminated desert soil collected from Kuwait. Strain 8-14-6T grew at 5–37 °C, pH 6.0–8.8 and 0–2% (w/v) of NaCl concentration. Casein, starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80 were hydrolyzed while urea, chitin, DNA and carboxymethyl-cellulose were not hydrolyzed by strain 8-14-6T. The major cellular fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω6c/C18:1ω7c, C16:0 and iso-C16:1I/C14:03-OH. Strain 8-14-6T produced diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified lipids and five unidentified amino lipids as polar lipids. Genomic G+C content was 73.5 mol %. 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons indicated that strain 8-14-6T represents a member of the genus Skermanella within family Rhodospirillaceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria. Strain 8-14-6T has a sequence similarity of 98.9% with Skermanella rosea M1T, 97.4% with Skermanella aerolata 5416T-32T, 96.9% with Skermanella stibiiresistens SB22T and <95.4% with the other two known species of the genus Skermanella. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strain 8-14-6T and the type strains of the closely related species were clearly below the 70% threshold. From the combination of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics and distinct phylogenetic position, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Skermanella, for which the name Skermanella mucosa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 8-14-6T (=KEMB 2255-438T =JCM 31590T).
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0878-7
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Terrimonas suqianensis sp. nov., isolated from a tetrabromobisphenol
           A-contaminated soil
    • Authors: Qing Chen; Xiao-Xia Zang; Xing Hang; Jing Chen; Hong-Mei Wang; Shun-Peng Li; Jian-Dong Jiang; Kai Chen
      Pages: 1061 - 1068
      Abstract: Strain C3-5T, a Gram-negative, asporogenous, rod-shaped bacterium, was isolated from a tetrabromobisphenol A contaminated soil. Growth was observed at 10–37 °C (optimum 30 °C) and at pH 5.5–9.5 (optimum pH 7.0). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain C3-5T is a member of the genus Terrimonas and exhibits high sequence similarities with Terrimonas pekingensis QHT (99.0%) and Terrimonas rhizosphaerae CR94T (97.3%), and exhibits low (<97%) sequence similarities with other known Terrimonas species. Chemotaxonomic analysis revealed that strain C3-5T possesses menaquinone-7 (MK-7) as the major isoprenoid quinone and iso-C15:0, iso-C15:1 G, iso-C17:0 3-OH and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c) as the major (>5% of total) fatty acids. The polar lipids were determined to be a lipid, glycolipid, phospholipid, phosphoaminolipid and phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G+C content was found to be 42.6 mol%. The DNA–DNA relatedness values with the closely related strains T. pekingensis QHT and T. rhizosphaerae CR94T were 25.2 and 48.5%, respectively. Based on phylogenetic analysis, phenotypic characteristics and chemotaxonomic data, strain C3-5T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Terrimonas, for which the name Terrimonas suqianensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is C3-5T (= CCTCC AB 2017042T = KCTC 52676T).
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0879-6
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Juglone alleviates pneumolysin-induced human alveolar epithelial cell
           injury via inhibiting the hemolytic activity of pneumolysin
    • Authors: Meng Song; Gejin Lu; Meng Li; Xuming Deng; Jianfeng Wang
      Pages: 1069 - 1075
      Abstract: Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococcus) is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for several human diseases, including acute otitis media, pneumonia, sepsis and bacterial meningitis, and possesses numerous virulence factors associated with pneumococcal infection and pathogenesis. With the capacity to form pores in cholesterol-rich membranes, pneumolysin (PLY) is a key virulence factor of S. pneumoniae and causes severe tissue damage during pneumococcal infection. Juglone (JG), a natural 1,4-naphthoquinone widely found in the roots, leaves, woods and fruits of Juglandaceae walnut trees, inhibits PLY-induced hemolysis via inhibition of the oligomerization of PLY and exhibits minimal anti-S. pneumoniae activity. In addition, when human alveolar epithelial (A549) cells were co-cultured with PLY and JG, PLY-mediated cell injury was significantly alleviated. These results indicate that JG directly interacts with PLY to reduce the cytotoxicity of the toxin in human alveolar epithelial cells. Hence, JG is an effective inhibitor of PLY and protects lung cells from PLY-mediated cell injury. This study also provides the basis for the development of anti-virulence drugs for the treatment of S. pneumoniae infections.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0880-0
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Altererythrobacter lauratis sp. nov. and Altererythrobacter palmitatis sp.
           nov., isolated from a Tibetan hot spring
    • Authors: Chang-Guo Yuan; Xing Chen; Zhao Jiang; Wei Chen; Lan Liu; Wen-Dong Xian; Mipeshwaree Devi Asem; Xiao-Yang Zhi; Wen-Jun Li
      Pages: 1077 - 1086
      Abstract: Two Gram-negative, moderately thermophilic, yellow-pigmented, rod-shaped and motile bacterial strains, designated YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T, were isolated from sediment samples collected from the Tagejia hot spring in Tibet, western China. The taxonomic affiliation of the two strains was investigated by a polyphasic approach. Pairwise comparison of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T are closely related to Altererythrobacter buctense M0322T (97.2 and 97.1% respectively), while sharing 99.9% sequence similarity against each other. Optimum growth of the two strains was observed at 37–45 °C, pH 8.0 and in the presence of 1–6% NaCl (w/v). Their predominant respiratory quinone was found to be ubiquinone 10. The major fatty acids in both the strains were identified as summed feature 8 (C18:1 ω6c and/or C18:1 ω7c) and summed feature 4 (C17:1 anteiso B and/or iso I). Their major polar lipid profiles were found to be diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and sphingoglycolipid. The DNA G+C contents of strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T were determined to be 61.3 and 60.1 mol%, respectively. The DNA-DNA hybridization values between strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T, and between the two strains and their closely related phylogenetic neighbour A. buctense M0322T (=CGMCC 1.12871T) were less than 70%. Based on the morphological and physiological properties, phylogenetic analyses, chemotaxonomic characteristics and DNA–DNA relatedness values, the two strains can be distinguished from each other and from their phylogenetically closely related strain. Strains YIM 75003T and YIM 75004T are, therefore, considered to represent two novel species of the genus Altererythrobacter, for which the names Altererythrobacter lauratis sp. nov. (type strain YIM 75003T = KCTC 52606T = CCTCC AB2016268T) and Altererythrobacter palmitatis sp. nov. (type strain YIM 75004T = KCTC 52607T = CCTCC AB2016270T) are proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0882-y
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Diversity and plant growth promoting properties of rhizobia isolated from
           root nodules of Ononis arvensis
    • Authors: Sylwia Wdowiak-Wróbel; Monika Marek-Kozaczuk; Michał Kalita; Magdalena Karaś; Magdalena Wójcik; Wanda Małek
      Pages: 1087 - 1103
      Abstract: This is the first report describing isolates from root nodules of Ononis arvensis (field restharrow). The aim of this investigation was to describe the diversity, phylogeny, and plant growth promoting features of microsymbionts of O. arvensis, i.e., a legume plant growing in different places of the southern part of Poland. Twenty-nine bacterial isolates were characterized in terms of their phenotypic properties, genome fingerprinting, and comparative analysis of their 16S rRNA, nodC and acdS gene sequences. Based on the nodC and 16S rRNA gene phylogenies, the O. arvensis symbionts were grouped close to bacteria of the genera Rhizobium and Mesorhizobium, which formed monophyletic clusters. The acdS gene sequences of all the isolates tested exhibited the highest similarities to the corresponding gene sequences of genus Mesorhizobium strains. The presence of the acdS genes in the genomes of rhizobia specific for O. arvensis implies that these bacteria may promote the growth and development of their host plant in stress conditions. The isolated bacteria showed a high genomic diversity and, in the BOX-PCR reaction, all of them (except three) exhibited DNA fingerprints specific only for them. Our studies showed that restharrow isolates formed effective symbiotic interactions with their native host (O. arvensis) and Ononis spinosa but not with Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa belonging to the same tribe Trifolieae as Ononis species and not with Lotus corniculatus, representing the tribe Loteae.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0883-x
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Expression of the stress-response regulators CtsR and HrcA in the
           uropathogen Staphylococcus saprophyticus during heat shock
    • Authors: Ciro César Rossi; Lorayne Lauria de Oliveira; Deivid de Carvalho Rodrigues; Turán Peter Ürményi; Marinella Silva Laport; Marcia Giambiagi-deMarval
      Pages: 1105 - 1111
      Abstract: The uropathogen Staphylococcus saprophyticus is an ubiquitous bacterium but little is known about mechanisms that allow its persistence in diverse environments. Here we evaluated S. saprophyticus growth and survival during heat shock, the expression of stress response regulators ctsR and hrcA through qRT-PCR and heat shock protein synthesis through 35S-Met metabolic labeling. S. saprophyticus does not tolerate temperatures much higher than the optimal 37 °C, as its growth is greatly affected at 42 °C, though viability is maintained up to 48 °C. At 42 °C, the expression of ctsR and hrcA repressor genes approximately triple when compared to 37 °C and continue to increase together with temperature till 48 °C. Expression of hrcA peaks after 20 min of heat shock and decreases significantly after 30 min, indicating that heat stress response regulated by this gene may last 20-30 min. An increase in temperature is accompanied by the synthesis of at least eight proteins, three of which are likely the chaperones DnaK, GroEL and ClpB. In silico analysis indicate that the groEL gene may be regulated by HrcA, clpB by CtsR and dnaK by both repressors. This is the first work to discuss heat stress response in S. saprophyticus and a step forward in the understanding of mechanisms that make this a widespread and emergent pathogen.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0881-z
      Issue No: Vol. 110, No. 8 (2017)
  • Polyamine-binding protein PotD2 is required for stress tolerance and
           virulence in Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae
    • Authors: Zhuang Zhu; Qin Zhao; Yu Zhao; Fei Zhang; Xintian Wen; Xiaobo Huang; Yiping Wen; Rui Wu; Qigui Yan; Yong Huang; Xiaoping Ma; Xinfeng Han; Sanjie Cao
      Abstract: Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the cause of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia, which is one of the most important respiratory diseases in swine and causes huge economic losses in the swine industry. PotD, a polyamine-binding protein, has been well characterised in many pathogens of humans and animals. In this study, a ΔpotD2 mutant of A. pleuropneumoniae strain MS71 (serovar 1) was constructed successfully by homologous recombination. Growth curves of different strains showed that the growth of the ΔpotD2 mutant was affected greatly in the logarithmic phase compared with that of parental strain. In vitro stress assays revealed that the viability of ΔpotD2 mutant strain was significantly impaired under multiple environmental stresses, including high temperature, oxidation and hyperosmosis. Additionally, the ΔpotD2 mutant caused significantly decreased mortality in a mouse model. Taken together, the findings in this study suggest an important role of PotD2 in the growth, stress tolerance and virulence of A. pleuropneumoniae.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0914-7
  • The N-terminal and central domain of colicin A enables phage lysin to lyse
           Escherichia coli extracellularly
    • Authors: Guangmou Yan; Jianfang Liu; Qiang Ma; Rining Zhu; Zhimin Guo; Chencheng Gao; Shuang Wang; Ling Yu; Jingmin Gu; Dongliang Hu; Wenyu Han; Rui Du; Junling Yang; Liancheng Lei
      Abstract: Multidrug-resistant Escherichia coli has seriously threatened antibiotic resources and international public health. Bacteriophage lysin preparations have been widely considered as valid agents for solving multidrug resistances. Many lysins have been derived to treat diseases caused by Gram-positive bacteria, but only a few lysin preparations have been found that successively treat diseases caused by Gram-negative bacteria. The outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria effectively blocks the interactions between peptidoglycan in the periplasmic space and bacteriophage lysins, which therefore hampers the antimicrobial effects of bacteriophage lysins. In this study, a new fusion protein (Colicin-Lysep3) was constructed by fusing the translocation and receptor binding domains of colicin A with an E. coli phage lysin, which endows Colicin-Lysep3 bactericidal activity against E. coli from outside of Gram-negative bacteria. These results show that Colicin-Lysep3 could lyse the E. coli broadly in vitro and significantly reduce the number of E. coli in an intestinal infection mouse model. Overall, our findings first demonstrated that a colicin A fragment could enable a bacteriophage lysin to lyse E. coli from the outside, promoting the application of phage lysin preparations in control of Gram-negative bacteria.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0912-9
  • Idiomarina andamanensis sp. nov., an alkalitolerant bacterium isolated
           from Andaman Sea water
    • Authors: Sherin Zachariah; Subrata K. Das
      Abstract: Two closely related aerobic, Gram-negative rod shaped bacteria (strain W5T and W3) were isolated from Andaman Sea. Heterotrophic growth on marine agar was observed at 15–45 °C and pH 6–10. Strain W5T showed maximum 16S rRNA sequence similarity of 99.58% with Idiomarina marina JCM 15083T. DNA fingerprinting analysis by ERIC-REP PCR, PFGE and MLSA revealed differences in banding patterns, also DNA–DNA hybridization values were well below 70% confirming W5T to be a new species. DNA G+C content was 46.7 mol%. Major fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0, iso-C17:1 ω9c, iso-C13:0 3OH, iso-C11:0 3OH and C16:0. Polar lipids included phosphatidylglycerol (PG) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG) phospholipid (PL) two aminolipids (AL) and two unidentified lipids (L1-2). Q-8 is the predominant ubiquinone. On the basis of polyphasic taxonomic study, strain W5T is considered to be representative of a new species of the genus Idiomarina, for which the name Idiomarina andamanensis sp. nov. is being proposed. The type strain W5T (= LMG 29773T = JCM 31645T) was isolated from Andaman Sea.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0908-5
  • Nitrogen assimilation in denitrifier Bacillus azotoformans LMG 9581 T
    • Authors: Yihua Sun; Paul De Vos; Anne Willems
      Abstract: Until recently, it has not been generally known that some bacteria can contain the gene inventory for both denitrification and dissimilatory nitrate (NO3 −)/nitrite (NO2 −) reduction to ammonium (NH4 +) (DNRA). Detailed studies of these microorganisms could shed light on the differentiating environmental drivers of both processes without interference of organism-specific variation. Genome analysis of Bacillus azotoformans LMG 9581T shows a remarkable redundancy of dissimilatory nitrogen reduction, with multiple copies of each denitrification gene as well as DNRA genes nrfAH, but a reduced capacity for nitrogen assimilation, with no nas operon nor amtB gene. Here, we explored nitrogen assimilation in detail using growth experiments in media with different organic and inorganic nitrogen sources at different concentrations. Monitoring of growth, NO3 − NO2 −, NH4 + concentration and N2O production revealed that B. azotoformans LMG 9581T could not grow with NH4 + as sole nitrogen source and confirmed the hypothesis of reduced nitrogen assimilation pathways. However, NH4 + could be assimilated and contributed up to 50% of biomass if yeast extract was also provided. NH4 + also had a significant but concentration-dependent influence on growth rate. The mechanisms behind these observations remain to be resolved but hypotheses for this deficiency in nitrogen assimilation are discussed. In addition, in all growth conditions tested a denitrification phenotype was observed, with all supplied NO3 − converted to nitrous oxide (N2O).
      PubDate: 2017-07-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0911-x
  • The diversity and antibiotic properties of actinobacteria associated with
           endemic deepwater amphipods of Lake Baikal
    • Authors: Eugenii S. Protasov; Denis V. Axenov-Gribanov; Yuriy V. Rebets; Irina V. Voytsekhovskaya; Bogdan T. Tokovenko; Zhanna M. Shatilina; Andriy N. Luzhetskyy; Maxim A. Timofeyev
      Abstract: The emergence of pathogenic bacteria resistant to antibiotics increases the need for discovery of new effective antimicrobials. Unique habitats such as marine deposits, wetlands and caves or unexplored biological communities are promising sources for the isolation of actinobacteria, which are among the major antibiotic producers. The present study aimed at examining cultivated actinobacteria strains associated with endemic Lake Baikal deepwater amphipods and estimating their antibiotic activity. We isolated 42 actinobacterial strains from crustaceans belonging to Ommatogammarus albinus and Ommatogammarus flavus. To our knowledge, this is the first report describing the isolation and initial characterization of representatives of Micromonospora and Pseudonocardia genera from Baikal deepwater invertebrates. Also, as expected, representatives of the genus Streptomyces were the dominant group among the isolated species. Some correlations could be observed between the number of actinobacterial isolates, the depth of sampling and the source of the strains. Nevertheless, >70% of isolated strains demonstrated antifungal activity. The dereplication analysis of extract of one of the isolated strains resulted in annotation of several known compounds that can help to explain the observed biological activities. The characteristics of ecological niche and lifestyle of deepwater amphipods suggests that the observed associations between crustaceans and isolated actinobacteria are not random and might represent long-term symbiotic interactions.
      PubDate: 2017-07-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0910-y
  • Erratum to: Structural characterization of an all-aminosugar-containing
           capsular polysaccharide from Colwellia psychrerythraea 34H
    • Authors: Angela Casillo; Jonas Ståhle; Ermenegilda Parrilli; Filomena Sannino; Daniel E. Mitchell; Giuseppina Pieretti; Matthew I. Gibson; Gennaro Marino; Rosa Lanzetta; Michelangelo Parrilli; Göran Widmalm; Maria L. Tutino; Maria M. Corsaro
      PubDate: 2017-07-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0900-0
  • Selection and validation of reference genes for RT-qPCR indicates that
           juice of sugarcane varieties modulate the expression of C metabolism genes
           in the endophytic diazotrophic Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans strain
    • Authors: Valéria Polese; Cleiton de Paula Soares; Paula Renata Alves da Silva; Jean Luiz Simões-Araújo; José Ivo Baldani; Marcia Soares Vidal
      Abstract: Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) is an important tool for evaluating gene expression. However, this technique requires that specific internal normalizing genes be identified for different experimental conditions. To date, no internal normalizing genes are available for validation of data analyses for Herbaspirillum rubrisubalbicans strain HCC103, an endophyte that is part of the sugarcane consortium inoculant. This work seeks to identify and evaluate suitable reference genes for gene expression studies in HCC103 grown until middle log phase in sugarcane juice obtained from four sugarcane varieties or media with three different carbon sources. The mRNA levels of five candidate genes (rpoA, gyrA, dnaG, recA and gmK) and seven target genes involved in carbon metabolism (acnA, fbp, galE, suhB, wcaA, ORF_0127.0101 and _0127.0123) were quantified by RT-qPCR. Analysis of expression stability of these genes was carried out using geNorm and Normfinder software. The results indicated that the HCC103 dnaG and gyrA genes are the most stable and showed adequate relative expression level changes among the different sugarcane juices. The highest expression level was seen for ORF_0127.0101, which encodes a sugar transporter, in juice from sugarcane variety RB867515 and glucose as the carbon source. The suhB gene, encoding SuhB inositol monophosphatase, had a higher relative expression level on 0.5% glucose, 100% sugarcane juice from variety RB867515 and 0.5% aconitate. Together the results suggest that dnaG and gyrA genes are suitable as reference genes for RT-qPCR analysis of strain HCC103 and that juice from different sugarcane varieties modulates the expression of key genes involved in carbon metabolism.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0906-7
  • A gyrB oligonucleotide microarray for the specific detection of pathogenic
           Legionella and three Legionella pneumophila subsp.
    • Authors: Daoyi Xi; Yan Dou; Wei Ren; Shuang Yang; Lu Feng; Boyang Cao; Lei Wang
      Abstract: Among the 50 species and 70 serogroups of Legionella identified, Legionella pneumophila, comprising three subsp. (subsp. pneumophila, subsp. fraseri, and subsp. pasculleii), is recognized as the major cause of epidemic legionellosis. Rapid and reliable assays to identify pathogenic Legionella spp., and the three L. pneumophila subsp. in particular, are in great demand. In this study, we analyzed the gyrB genes of eleven Legionella spp. and subsp., comprising L. anisa, L. bozemanii, L. dumoffii, L. feeleii, L. gormanii, L. longbeachae, L. micdadei, L. waltersii, L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila, L. pneumophila subsp. fraseri, and L. pneumophila subsp. pasculleii. We developed a rapid oligonucleotide microarray detection technique to identify accurately these common pathogenic Legionella spp. and L. pneumophila subsp. To detect multiple Legionella species with high specificity, 31 reproducible probes were designed in the array. Sixty-one strains were analyzed in total, including 37 target pathogens and 24 non-target bacterial species used to validate the microarray. The sensitivity of the detection was 1.0 ng using genomic DNA of three Legionella spp., L. anisa, L. dumoffii, and L. waltersii, or 13 CFU/100 mL using the cultured L. pneumophila subsp. pneumophila. Eight isolated strains were tested using the microarray with 100% accuracy. The data indicated that the technique is an efficient method to diagnose and detect Legionella spp. and subsp. in basic microbiology, clinical diagnosis, epidemiological surveillance, and food safety applications. In addition, a phylogenetic study based on the gyrB gene revealed the genetic relationship among the different Legionella spp. and subsp.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0903-x
  • Two new Leptographium spp. reveal an emerging complex of
           hardwood-infecting species in the Ophiostomatales
    • Authors: Robert Jankowiak; Beata Strzałka; Piotr Bilański; Riikka Linnakoski; Truls Aas; Halvor Solheim; Małgorzata Groszek; Z. Wilhelm de Beer
      Abstract: Species of Leptographium are generally characterized by mononematous conidiophores and are commonly associated with bark beetles and weevils. These species are responsible for sapstain and in some cases serious diseases on a range of primarily coniferous trees. In comparison with coniferous trees, the occurrence of Leptographium species on hardwood trees has been poorly studied in Europe. During a survey of ophiostomatoid fungi on various tree species in Norway and Poland, three unusual species, which fit the broader morphological description of Leptographium spp., were found in association with Scolytus ratzeburgi, Dryocoetes alni and Trypodendron domesticum on a variety of hardwoods, and from wounds on Tilia cordata. Phylogenetic analyses of sequence data for three gene regions (ITS2-LSU, β-tubulin, and TEF1-α) showed that these Leptographium species are phylogenetically closely related to each other and form a well-supported lineage that included Grosmannia grandifoliae and Leptographium pruni. The first species could be distinguished from the other Leptographium species based on conidiophores arising from spiral hyphae, chlamydospore-like structures and a hyalorhinocladiella-like synanamorph in culture. The second species differs from the previous one by having distinctly shorter conidiophores and smaller conidia. This species also produces a well-developed sporothrix-like synanamorph with denticulate conidiogenous cells. Based on these unusual morphological characteristics and distinct DNA sequences, these fungi were recognised as new taxa for which the names Leptographium trypodendri sp. nov. and L. betulae sp. nov. are provided. The third group of isolates belonged to Grosmannia grandifoliae, representing the first report of this species outside of the USA. The newly defined G. grandifoliae complex is the first species complex in Leptographium s.l. consisting of only hardwood-infecting species.
      PubDate: 2017-07-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s10482-017-0905-8
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