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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3154 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1504 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 1828-6550
Published by Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Endoscopic thyroidectomy: why we need a transoral approach

    • Authors: Antonina Catalfamo, Fausto Famà, Francesca Pia Pergolizzi, Maribel Cristina Sanchez Cruz, Giorgio De Pasquale, Sam Mahli, Gianlorenzo Dionigi
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Transoral thyroidectomy (TT) is a feasible novel surgical procedure that does not need visible incisions, a truly scar-free surgery. Inclusion criteria are (a) patients who have a ultrasonographically (US) estimated thyroid diameter not larger than 10 cm, (b) US estimated gland volume ≤45 mL, (c) nodule size ≤50 mm, (d) a benign tumor, such as a thyroid cyst, single-nodular goiter, or multinodular goiter, (e) follicular neoplasm, (f) papillary microcarcinoma without evidence of metastasis. The procedure is carried out through three-port technique placed at the  oral vestibule, one 10-mm port for 30° endoscope and two additional 5-mm ports for dissecting and coagulating instruments. CO2insufflation pressure is set at 6 mmHg. An anterior cervical subplatysmal space is created from the oral vestibule down to the sternal notch, laterally to the sterncleidomuscles. TT is done fully endoscopically using conventional endoscopic instruments. TT represents probably the best scarless approach to the thyroid due to the short distance between the thyroid and the incisions, respecting the surgical planes.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Atypical Presentation of Chronic Granulomatous Disease in a Child

    • Authors: Chiara Cuzzupè, Simona Santucci, Elda Pitrolo, Celeste Casto, Irene Viola, Claudio Romano, Mariella Valenzise, Filippo De Luca
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Chronic granulomatous disease is a rare, inherited immunodeficiency caused by deletions or mutations in genes that encode subunits of the NADPH oxidase complex. The pattern of chronic granulomatous disease inheritance can be X-linked (about 70% of cases) or autosomal recessive. The basic defect lies in phagocytic cells (neutrophils and monocytes) which fail to effectively destroy invading bacteria and fungi. Also, a dysregulated immune response, characterized by extensive granulomatous inflammation of visceral organs, develops in patients. This immunodeficiency is characterized by repeated suppurative infections mainly located in the lungs, skin, and lymph nodes, but also affecting other organs. The major agents involved in the infections are catalase positive bacteria, mycobacteria, fungi, and other opportunistic germs. Diagnosis is based on clinical suspicion and confirmed by nitroblue tetrazolium test or flow cytometry that demonstrate the inability of phagocytes from affected individuals to produce superoxides. The treatment of chronic granulomatous disease involves, in addition to general care such as the prevention of infections and vaccinations, the use of sulfamethoxazole–trimethoprim in combination with itraconazole for prophylaxis. We report the case of a 3-year-old boy with medical history of recurrent respiratory infections, anemia, growth failure, elevated inflammatory markers and occasional rectal bleeding. He was admitted to our department for a suspected chronic bowel inflammatory disease. Clinical history, lymph nodes involvement and the discovery of intestinal granulomas on biopsies confirmed the diagnosis of chronic granulomatous disease.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Psychological factors may impacton postmenopausal women fracture risk

    • Authors: Federica Bellone, Antonino Catalano, Gabriella Martino, Carmen Lasco, Annamaria Pugliese, Nunziata Morabito
      First page: 1
      Abstract: Anxiety and osteoporosis are common diseases and major public health problems. The association between  anxiety levels and bone loss was poorly investigated, thus we aimed to explore whether anxiety severity could be considered as an independent fracture risk. In a setting of postmenopausal women we measured anxiety levels by Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA), depressive symptoms by Beck Depression Inventory and evaluated quality of life by the 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) questionnaire. Women with higher anxiety levels showed lower BMD at lumbar spine and femoral neck, and exhibited a poorer quality of life after grouping our population in tertiles of HAMA score. Anxiety levels were predictive of reduced BMD after correcting for other known clinical risk of fractures.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • What do we know about occult hepatitis B virus infection'

    • Authors: Francesca Saffioti, Giovanni Raimondo
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Occult hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (OBI) is recognized as one of the phases in the natural history of chronic HBV infection and defines the persistence of HBV genomes in the hepatocytes of individuals testing negative for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) and detectable or undetectable HBV DNA in the serum. Occasionally, OBI is related to the infection with mutant viruses producing a modified HBsAg undetectable by diagnostic kits or with replication-defective variants. However, in most cases OBI is due to replication-competent viruses that are strongly suppressed in their activities by the host’s defence mechanisms. Growing evidence indicates that genetic, epigenetic and post-transcriptional mechanisms may be involved in the control of HBV activities and in the OBI occurrence.  OBI may be involved in several different clinical contexts, which can be grouped in four main categories: 1) transmission of the “occult” virus (mainly, through blood transfusion and orthotopic liver transplantation from OBI donors) causing classic forms of hepatitis B in the HBV naïve recipients; 2) reactivation of the HBV infection following the development of an immunosuppressive status, resulting in acute and occasionally fulminant hepatitis; 3) contribution to the progression of patients with various causes of liver disease toward cirrhosis; 4) involvement in hepatocarcinogenesis, likely through the maintenance of the direct and indirect pro-oncogenic properties typical of the overt HBV infection (such as the capacity to integrate in the host’s genome and to synthesize pro-oncogenic proteins) and by provoking a mild but persisting necroinflammation which favours cirrhosis development.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Thyroid dysfunction in patients treated with the immune checkpoint
           inhibitor nivolumab: different clinical features

    • Authors: Giuseppe Giuffrida, Alfredo Campennì, Francesco Trimarchi, Rosaria M. Ruggeri
      First page: 2
      Abstract: Rationale. Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors (ICIs) are approved for some advanced neoplasms, increasing survival. ICIs block inhibitor receptors cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) and programmed death-1 (PD-1) and trigger T cell-mediated immunity against tumor. Their action is accompanied by several immunity-related adverse events (IRAEs), also involving the endocrine system (pituitary, thyroid, adrenals). We report two different cases of thyrotoxicosis following administration of the anti-PD-1 nivolumab. Patients. Patient 1, M, 75 years-old, treated for non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) since September 2016, with euthyroid multinodular goiter. In January 2017 (12 weeks from baseline), he developed frank hyperthyroidism, with positive TSH-receptor antibodies (TRAb) and thyroperoxidase antibodies (TPOAb). A Tc99m thyroid scintiscan showed diffuse uptake and “cold” areas. After nivolumab withdrawal, treatment with metimazole (MMI) 5 mg per day was started and euthyroidism was resumed, so to restart the drug in May 2017. Patient 2, M, 80 years-old, treated for a left-eye choroid melanoma since January 2017, with euthyroid nodular goiter. In April 2017 (6 weeks from baseline), thyrotoxicosis was detected, with positive thyroglobulin antibodies (Tg-Ab, 244 IU/ml, nv <4) and no scintiscan uptake, as in destructive thyroiditis. Scalar-dose prednisone was initiated, and after 3 months TSH was >4.5 µIU/ml (subclinical hypothyroidism). Patient was treated with replacement doses of levothyroxine (LT-4), and continued nivolumab infusions. Conclusions. Two forms of thyrotoxicosis were reported: the first with thyroid hyperfunction and positive TRAb, the latter as a destructive thyroiditis. In both cases (mean onset after 9 weeks), the moderate severity and the appropriate management of endocrine IRAEs allowed treatment continuation.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • The influence of cognitive factors on pathological gambling

    • Authors: Tindara Caprì, Angela Foti, Rosa Angela Fabio, Annamaria Pugliese, Gabriella Martino
      First page: 2
      Abstract: The purpose of this study wasto examine the role of cognitive factors, such as superstition, locus of control, decision-making and unrealistic optimism,on gambling.Eighty-six subjects participated in this study. They were divided into four groups: non-players, social players, problem gamblers, and pathological gamblers. Groups were formed on the basis of South Oaks Gambling Screen  Scale. Results showed that pathological gamblers group obtained a high superstition index. With reference to unrealistic optimism, gambler groupbelieved that they had a better chance of success compared to non-gamblers. They also showed a higher impulsivity index in decision making than non-gamblers. This study supports the idea that cognitive factors such as superstition, unrealistic optimism, impulsivity and external locus of control are involved in gambling.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania in an adult responding to valproate: a case
           report

    • Authors: Daniela Parisi, Giuseppe Vita, Massimo Autunno
      First page: 3
      Abstract: Chronic paroxysmal hemicrania (CPH) is a rare primary headache syndrome classified as a trigeminal autonomic cephalalgia. It is characterized by repeated attacks of severe, strictly unilateral and short-lasting pain occurring with cranial autonomic features. The absolute response to indomethacin represents the diagnostic key. Unfortunately, often, treatment with indomethacin may cause adverse events, mostly gastrointestinal. We report the case of a 53-year-old male affected by CPH responding to indomethacin, which had to be withdrawn because of gastric side effects. He had a subsequent good and prolonged response to valproate. Our observation suggests the potential use of valproate as a treatment option in patients with CPH with contraindications or intolerance to indomethacin.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • In GH-treated girls with Turner syndrome height prognosis may sometimes
           exceed target height: a case report

    • Authors: Giorgia Pepe, Tommaso Aversa, Rosy Civa, Domenico Corica, Letteria Morabito, Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska
      First page: 4
      Abstract: A 5-years-old girl was diagnosed with Turner syndrome (TS) during a diagnostic work-up for short stature and dysmorphic features. Chromosome analysis revealed rare X-chromosomal abnormalities 46 Xt (13:X) (p12:q24). GH therapy was started at the age of 5.5 years, and continued for 7 years with a fixed dose of 0.33 mg/kg/week, until adult height (AH) achievement. Six-monthly assessment of height standard deviation score and height velocity was performed under therapy, evaluating a prepubertal height gain of 31.7 cm and pubertal height gain of 20 cm. She achieved an AH of 159.3 cm, better than her target height (156.8 cm). In addition, she underwent spontaneous puberty at the age of 9.6 years, completed with menarche at 11.6 years and followed by regular menstrual cycles.  During GH treatment, IGF-1, insulin and glucose blood levels remained within a normal range. The early onset of GH therapy may have allowed such a successful height outcome, with the achievement of full stature recovery during childhood and puberty in this TS case. The rare karyotype of our patient may also positively influenced her height final result.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • An unusual evolution of pneumonia in a child

    • Authors: Simona Santucci, Chiara Cuzzupè, Elda Pitrolo, Francesco Monaco, Carmelo Romeo, Concetta Sferlazzas, Mariella Valenzise, Filippo De Luca
      First page: 5
      Abstract: Pleural empyema represents a severe complication of community acquired pneumonia with an incidence of 0.6% among hospitalized children.  Clinical manifestations of picture may be different in infants and young children and it should always be suspected in a child with pneumonia without significant clinical improvement after 48 hours of antibiotic treatment.  The most common microorganism associated with empyema is Streptococcus pneumoniae, especially in children under 5 years of age. Chest radiograph is the gold standard for diagnosis but chest ultrasonography,  and in some cases chestCT,  may be necessary to study features and evolution of the pleural fluid in order to guide therapeutic choices.  In most cases small pleural empyema responds to antibiotics alone. However in severe and extensive cases, drainage and invasive treatments, like video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) and thoracotomy, became necessary.  Due to the early start of antibiotic therapy, blood and pleural fluid cultures may result negative; in these cases only the use of molecular techniques, like polymerase chain reaction in biological fluids, may determine the etiology of the infection.  Here we report the case of previously healthy 8-years-old boy with an important and severe pleural empyema as a complication of S. Pneumoniae pneumonia, that did not respond to antibiotic therapy and thoracocentesis and for which decortication has been necessary. In our patient only molecular analysis on pleuric fluid has allowed us to define the etiology of the process.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A case of amiodarone-induced hypothyroidism in a mild to moderate iodine
           deficiency area

    • Authors: Roberto Vita, Salvatore Benvenga
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Thyroid dysfunction associated to amiodarone treatment depends on iodine intake, as thyrotoxicosis occurs more frequently in iodine deficiency areas, whereas hypothyroidism in iodine sufficient areas. We present here a case of severe overt hypothyroidism induced by prolonged treatment with amiodarone for atrial fibrillation in a man living in a low iodine intake area. The case was managed with levothyroxine (LT4) replacement and amiodarone withdrawal. Euthyroidism was restored after two months, and atrial fibrillation has not relapsed to date.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Corneal dystrophy in a cocker spaniel dog: a case report

    • Authors: Monica Ragusa, Michela Pugliese, Domenico Britti, Ernesto Palma, Antonio Pugliese
      First page: 7
      Abstract: A 1-year-old female Cocker Spaniel dog was examined at the ophthalmology service of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital - University of Messina (Italy) for evaluation of symmetrical white spots in both corneas and “red eyes”. Dog was clinically healthy, haematological and biochemical examination were unremarkable, Leishmania PCR was negative. After a complete ophthalmic examination, the clinical diagnosis was corneal stromal dystrophy with uveitis-induced. In dogs, corneal stromal dystrophy is a primary, inherited, bilateral opacity of the corneanot associated with ocular inflammation or systemic disease. Detailed description of corneal dystrophy are available only for few breeds. This lesion is not progressive and treatment is not usually recommended unless vision is impaired or the deposits become irritating.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Glaucoma and lens subluxation in a crossbred Puli X Pumi dog: a case
           report

    • Authors: Monica Ragusa, Michela Pugliese, Domenico Britti, Ernesto Palma, Antonio Pugliese
      First page: 8
      Abstract: The Pumi is a rare sheep-herding terrier breed dog selected in Hungary from the Puli breed mixed with French and German herding dogs since the 17th century. The current case report described a 9.5 years old, cross-breed Puli/Pumi, male dog with clinical signs of glaucoma and intraocular inflammation accompanied  by lens subluxation and no abnormal gonioscopic findings in the left eye. At the presentation,  the dog appeared painful and blind in the left eye. Diagnose of glaucoma was made at the ophthalmological examination. Furthermore, glaucoma was suspected to be caused by a primary subluxation and vitreous debris. An intensive medical treatment was performed without considerable improve of eye condition, and disruption of ciliary body was finally performed through gentamicin injection. One week after surgery, there was a severe reduction of IOP in the left eye from the preoperative value of 50 mmHg to 9 mmHg. Persistent intraocular inflammation justified postoperative treatment with topical corticoids. So far there are no published reports of inherited ocular conditions in Pumi and in this crossbreed and/or the numbers of individuals for which examinations are recorded are too low to identify the presence of significant ocular disorders. Examinations are encouraged to accumulate information and reduce the likelihood of undetected conditions becoming problematic.
      PubDate: 2017-12-21
      Issue No: Vol. 105, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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