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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3164 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1508 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Ageing Research Reviews
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.671
Citation Impact (citeScore): 9
Number of Followers: 11  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1568-1637
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3162 journals]
  • NAD metabolism: Implications in aging and longevity
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 47Author(s): Keisuke Yaku, Keisuke Okabe, Takashi Nakagawa Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is an important co-factor involved in numerous physiological processes, including metabolism, post-translational protein modification, and DNA repair. In living organisms, a careful balance between NAD production and degradation serves to regulate NAD levels. Recently, a number of studies have demonstrated that NAD levels decrease with age, and the deterioration of NAD metabolism promotes several aging-associated diseases, including metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases and various cancers. Conversely, the upregulation of NAD metabolism, including dietary supplementation with NAD precursors, has been shown to prevent the decline of NAD and exhibits beneficial effects against aging and aging-associated diseases. In addition, many studies have demonstrated that genetic and/or nutritional activation of NAD metabolism can extend the lifespan of diverse organisms. Collectively, it is clear that NAD metabolism plays important roles in aging and longevity. In this review, we summarize the basic functions of the enzymes involved in NAD synthesis and degradation, as well as the outcomes of their dysregulation in various aging processes. In addition, a particular focus is given on the role of NAD metabolism in the longevity of various organisms, with a discussion of the remaining obstacles in this research field.
       
  • Dietary advanced glycation end products and their relevance for human
           health
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 47Author(s): Kerstin Nowotny, David Schröter, Monika Schreiner, Tilman Grune Due to their bioactivity and harmful potential, advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are discussed to affect human health. AGEs are compounds formed endogenously in the human body andexogenously, especially, in foods while thermal processing. In contrast to endogenous AGEs, dietary AGEs are formed in much higher extent. However, their risk potential is also depending on absorption, distribution, metabolism and elimination. For over 10 years an intense debate on the risk of dietary AGEs on human health is going on. On the one hand, studies provided evidence that dietary AGEs contribute to clinical outcomes. On the other hand, human studies failed to observe any association. Because it was not possible to draw a final conclusion, the call for new interdisciplinary approaches arose. In this review, we will give an overview on the current state of scientific knowledge in this field. In particular, we focus on (I) the occurrence of AGEs in foods and the daily uptake of AGEs, (II) contribution to endogenous levels and (III) the effect on health-/disease-related biomarkers in humans.
       
  • Cerebral small vessel disease and the risk of Alzheimer’s disease: A
           systematic review
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 47Author(s): Yue Liu, Nady Braidy, Anne Poljak, Daniel K.Y. Chan, Perminder Sachdev BackgroundCerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) comprises a variety of disorders affecting small arteries and microvessels of the brain, manifesting as white matter hyperintensities (WMHs), cerebral microbleeds (CMBs), and deep brain infarcts. In addition to its contribution to vascular dementia (VaD), it has also been suggested to contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD).MethodA systematic review of the literature available on Medline, Embase and Pubmed was undertaken, whereby CSVD was divided into WMHs, CMBs and deep brain infarcts. Biomarkers of AD pathology in the cerebrospinal fluid or plasma, or positron emission tomographic imaging for amyloid and/or tau deposition were used for AD pathology.ResultsA total of 4117 articles were identified and 41 articles met criteria for inclusion. These consisted of 17 articles on vascular risk factors for clinical AD, 21 articles on Aβ pathology and 15 articles on tau pathology, permitting ten meta-analyses. CMBs or lobar CMBs were associated with pooled relative risk (RR) of AD at 1.546, (95%CI 0.842–2.838, z = 1.41 p = 0.160) and 1.526(95%CI 0.760–3.063, z = 1.19, p = 0.235) respectively, both non-significant. Microinfarcts were associated with significantly increased AD risk, with pooled odds ratio OR at 1.203(95%CI 1.014–1.428, 2.12 p = 0.034). Aβ pathology was significantly associated with WMHs in AD patients but not in normal age-matched controls. The pooled β (linear regression) for total WMHs with CSF Aβ42 in AD patients was -0.19(95%CI -0.26–0.11, z = 4.83 p = 0.000) and the pooled r (correlation coefficient) for WMHs and PiB in the normal population was -0.10 (95%CI -0.11–0.30, 0.93 p = 0.351). CMBs were significantly associated with Aβ pathology in AD patients. The pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) was -0.453, 95%CI -0.697– -0.208, z = 3.63 p = 0.000. There was no significant relationship between the incidence of lacunes and levels of CSFAβ, with a pooled β of 0.057 (95%CI -0.050–0.163, z = 1.05 p = 0.295). No significant relationship was found between CMBs and the levels of CSFt-tau/CSFp-tau in AD patients (-0.014, 95%CI -0.556–0.529, z = 0.05 p = 0.960; -0.058, 95%CI -0.630–0.515, z = 0.20 p = 0.844) and cortical CMBs and CSF p-tau in the normal population (0.000, 95%CI -0.706–0.706, z = 0.00 p = 0.999).ConclusionsSome CSVD markers were significantly associated with clinical AD pathology and may be associated with Aβ/tau pathology. WMHs and microinfarcts were associated with increased risk of AD. It remains unclear whether they precede or follow AD pathology.
       
  • Nrf2: Molecular and epigenetic regulation during aging
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 47Author(s): A. Silva-Palacios, M. Ostolga-Chavarría, C. Zazueta, M. Königsberg Increase in life-span is commonly related with age-related diseases and with gradual loss of genomic, proteomic and metabolic integrity. Nrf2 (Nuclear factor-erythroid 2-p45 derived factor 2) controls the expression of genes whose products include antioxidant proteins, detoxifying enzymes, drug transporters and numerous cytoprotective proteins. Several experimental approaches have evaluated the potential regulation of the transcription factor Nrf2 to enhance the expression of genes that contend against accumulative oxidative stress and promote healthy aging. Negative regulators of Nrf2 that act preventing it´s binding to DNA-responsive elements, have been identified in young and adult animal models. However, it is not clearly established if Nrf2 decreased activity in several models of aging results from disruption of that regulation. In this review, we present a compilation of evidences showing that changes in the levels or activity of Keap1 (Kelch-like ECH associated protein 1), GSK-3β (glycogen synthase kinase-3), Bach1, p53, Hrd1 (E3 ubiquitin ligase) and miRNAs might impact on Nrf2 activity during elderly. We conclude that understanding Nrf2 regulatory mechanisms is essential to develop a rational strategy to prevent the loss of cellular protection response during aging.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
       
  • Divergent mechanisms of metabolic dysfunction drive fibroblast and T-cell
           senescence
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 47Author(s): Lauren A. Callender, Elizabeth C. Carroll, Emilia A. Bober, Sian M. Henson The impact of cellular senescence during ageing is well established, however senescence is now recognised to play a role in a variety of age related and metabolic diseases, such as cancer, autoimmune and cardiovascular diseases. It is therefore crucial to gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that control cellular senescence. In recent years our understanding of the intimate relationship between cell metabolism, cell signalling and cellular senescence has greatly improved. In this review we discuss the differing roles of glucose and protein metabolism in both senescent fibroblast and CD8+ T-cells, and explore the impact cellular metabolism has on the senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) of these cell types.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
       
  • Cancer-free aging: Insights from Spalax ehrenbergi superspecies
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 47Author(s): Francisco Alejandro Lagunas-Rangel Cancer and ageing can be regarded as two different manifestations of the same underlying process—accumulation of cellular damage—and therefore both are closely linked. Nowadays, the ageing of populations worldwide is leading to an unprecedented increase in cancer cases and fatalities, and therefore the understanding of links between cancer and ageing is more important than ever. Spalax is considered an excellent model for ageing and, additionally, for cancer research, due to not show clear age-related phenotypic changes and not develop spontaneous tumours, despite its relatively long lifespan (∼20 years in captivity). Thereby, the purpose of this review is to summarize the recent knowledge on Spalax, with a particular emphasis on the molecular mechanisms associated with their longevity and cancer resistance.
       
  • Changes in the structure and function of the brain years after
           Pre-eclampsia
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 47Author(s): Olayemi K. Ijomone, Philemon Shallie, Thajasvarie Naicker Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy specific syndrome that affects multiple organs including the brain. PE resolves after delivery of the placenta. Nonetheless, PE is a predisposing factor for cardiovascular disorders and hypertension later in life. These conditions are associated with a cognitive decline and dementia later in life. Studies have suggested that there may be long term pathological changes within the brain of the woman after PE/eclampsia and PE may be a risk marker for early cerebrovascular impairment. The aim of this review is to provide an insight into the possible long-term effect of PE and eclampsia on the brain structure and function with the probability of PE being a risk factor for neurodegenerative development. Long term effects of PE include cognitive impairment such as memory loss, attention deficit and motor speed impairment. Also, the pathology of the brain seems to be much affected later in life in women with history of PE/eclampsia. Certain changes in the structure and function of the brain observed among women with history of PE/eclampsia are similar to neurological disease like Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and dementia.
       
  • O-GlcNAcylation and neuronal energy status: Implications for
           Alzheimer’s disease
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 46Author(s): Tiffany S. Pinho, Diogo M. Verde, Sónia C. Correia, Susana M. Cardoso, Paula I. Moreira Since the first clinical case reported more than 100 years ago, it has been a long and winding road to demystify the initial pathological events underling the onset of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Fortunately, advanced imaging techniques extended the knowledge regarding AD origin, being well accepted that a decline in brain glucose metabolism occurs during the prodromal phases of AD and is aggravated with the progression of the disease. In this sense, in the last decades, the post-translational modification O-linked β-N-acetylglucosaminylation (O-GlcNAcylation) has emerged as a potential causative link between hampered brain glucose metabolism and AD pathology. This is not surprising taking into account that this dynamic post-translational modification acts as a metabolic sensor that links glucose metabolism to normal neuronal functioning. Within this scenario, the present review aims to summarize the current understanding on the role of O-GlcNAcylation in neuronal physiology and AD pathology, emphasizing the close association of this post-translational modification with the emergence of AD-related hallmarks and its potential as a therapeutic target.
       
  • Anti-senescence compounds: A potential nutraceutical approach to healthy
           aging
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 46Author(s): Felicia Gurău, Simone Baldoni, Francesco Prattichizzo, Emma Espinosa, Francesco Amenta, Antonio Domenico Procopio, Maria Cristina Albertini, Massimiliano Bonafè, Fabiola Olivieri The desire of eternal youth seems to be as old as mankind. However, the increasing life expectancy experienced by populations in developed countries also involves a significantly increased incidence of the most common age-related diseases (ARDs). Senescent cells (SCs) have been identified as culprits of organismal aging. Their number rises with age and their senescence-associated secretory phenotype fuels the chronic, pro-inflammatory systemic state (inflammaging) that characterizes aging, impairing the regenerative ability of stem cells and increasing the risk of developing ARDs. A variegated class of molecules, including synthetic senolytic compounds and natural compounds contained in food, have been suggested to possess anti-senescence activity. Senolytics are attracting growing interest, and their safety and reliability as anti-senescence drugs are being assessed in human clinical trials. Notably, since SCs spread inflammation at the systemic level through pro-oxidant and pro-inflammatory signals, foods rich in polyphenols, which exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions, have the potential to be harnessed as “anti-senescence foods” in a nutraceutical approach to healthier aging. We discuss the beneficial effects of polyphenol-rich foods in relation to the Mediterranean diet and the dietary habits of long-lived individuals, and examine their ability to modulate bacterial genera in the gut.
       
  • Muscle plasticity of aged subjects in response to electrical stimulation
           training and inversion and/or limitation of the sarcopenic process
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Ageing Research Reviews, Volume 46Author(s): Thierry Paillard This review addresses the possible structural and functional adaptations of the muscle function to neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) training in frail and/or aged (without advanced chronic disease) subjects. Evidence suggests that the sarcopenic process and its structural and functional effects would be limited and/or reversed through NMES training using excito-motor currents (or direct currents). From a structural viewpoint, NMES helps reduce muscle atrophy. From a functional viewpoint, NMES enables the improvement of motor output (i.e., muscle strength), gait, balance and activities of daily living which enhances the quality of life of aged subjects. Muscle plasticity of aged subjects in response to NMES training turns out to be undeniable, although many mechanisms are not yet explained and deserve to be explore further. Mechanistic explanations as well as conceptual models are proposed to explain how muscle plasticity operates in aged subjects through NMES training. NMES could be seen as a clinically applicable training technique, safe and efficient among aged subjects and could be used more often as part of prevention of sarcopenia. Therapists and physical conditioners/trainers could exploit this new knowledge in their professional practice to improve life conditions (including the risk of fall) of frail and/or aged subjects.
       
  • The multiple functions of melatonin in regenerative medicine
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 April 2018Source: Ageing Research ReviewsAuthor(s): Maryam Majidinia, Russel J. Reiter, Seyed-Kazem Shakouri, Iraj Mohebbi, Mojgan Rasteghar, Mojtaba Kaviani, Saber Ghazizadeh Darband, Rana Jahanban-Esfahlan, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi, Bahman Yousefik Melatonin research has been experiencing hyper growth in the last two decades; this relates to its numerous physiological functions including anti-inflammation, oncostasis, circadian and endocrine rhythm regulation, and its potent antioxidant activity. Recently, a large number of studies have focused on the role of melatonin in the regeneration of cells or tissues after their partial loss. In this review, we discuss the recent findings on the molecular involvement of melatonin in the regeneration of various tissues including the nervous system, liver, bone, kidney, bladder, skin, and muscle, among others.
       
 
 
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