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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3026 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1437 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 297)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Avian Conservation and Ecology
  [SJR: 0.903]   [H-I: 10]   [13 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 1712-6568
   Published by Society of Canadian Ornithologists Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Exposure to rodenticides in Northern Spotted and Barred Owls on remote
           forest lands in northwestern California: evidence of food web
           contamination

    • Authors: Gabriel, M. W; Diller, L. V, Dumbacher, J. P, Wengert, G. M, Higley, J. M, Poppenga, R. H, Mendia, S.
      Abstract: The documentation of anticoagulant rodenticides (AR) in nontarget species has centered around wildlife that inhabit urban or agricultural settings. However, recent studies in California have shown that AR use in remote forest settings has escalated and has exposed and killed forest carnivores. Anticoagulant rodenticides have been documented as physiological stressors for avian species. Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) critical and occupied habitat overlaps the areas where these studies occurred, yet no data were previously available to demonstrate whether this species was similarly affected. We investigated whether avian predators are also exposed to these specific pesticides and whether Barred Owls (Strix varia) may be a surrogate to indicate exposure rates in Northern Spotted Owls. We documented that 70% of Northern Spotted Owls and 40% of Barred Owls were exposed to one or more anticoagulant rodenticides. None of the rodent prey species sampled within the study area were positive for ARs. There were no spatial clusters for either low or high rates of exposure, though we detected low temporal trend early on throughout the study area. We hypothesize a recent change in land-use toward marijuana cultivation may have led to the increased use of AR in this area. This study demonstrates environmental contamination within occupied Northern Spotted Owl habitat and that Barred Owls can be used as adequate surrogates for detecting these pollutants in a rare species such as the Northern Spotted Owl. Furthermore, additional studies should focus on whether these pesticides are also affecting prey availability for these forest avian species.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 08:39:33 EST
       
  • Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover nest and brood survival at managed,
           

    • Authors: Farrell, P. D; Baasch, D. M, Farnsworth, J. M, Smith, C. B.
      Abstract: The Platte River Recovery Implementation Program (PRRIP) and its partners invested substantial resources in creating and managing off-channel nesting habitat for Interior Least Terns (Sternula antillarum athalassos) and Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) along the central Platte River in Nebraska. Among other things, management activities implemented at nesting sites to increase nest and brood survival have included tree removal, construction of a water barrier surrounding the nesting areas, installation of predator fences, and predator trapping. We used 15 years of data at off-channel sites along the central Platte River to assess the influence of several biotic and abiotic variables on the survival of Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover nests and broods. We observed high survival rates for Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover nests and broods as two-thirds of Interior Least Tern and three-quarters of Piping Plover nests were successful and three-quarters of all Interior Least Tern and Piping Plover broods were successful. We found productivity of Interior Least Terns and Piping Plovers was reduced during both the nesting and brood-rearing stages by weather-related variables rather than variables the PRRIP can manage. As such, we conclude habitat management activities implemented at off-channel sites to date are sufficient for maintaining high levels of productivity for Interior Least Terns and Piping Plovers along the central Platte River.
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Jan 2018 08:39:32 EST
       
  • Factors influencing mobility and survival of Eurasian Woodcock wintering
           in Spain

    • Authors: Guzm?n, J; Caro, J, Arroyo, B.
      Abstract: Survival and mobility have important implications for population management for game species. These parameters are influenced by both intrinsic and extrinsic factors. We describe movements (commuting flights between diurnal refuges and nocturnal feeding places; and escape flights during cold spells) and winter survival rate of Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) wintering in Spain. We also evaluate factors influencing these variables, using 51 radio-tracked birds over three winters (2008/2009, 2009/2010, and 2010/2011). Commuting flight distances were estimated at 961.5 ' 1041.9 m, and variations were mainly explained by age and temperature (they decreased with lower temperatures and were lower for first-winter birds). Three cold spells occurred in 2009/2010; 80% of woodcocks monitored that winter showed escape flights, moving > 20 km, and went back to their previous wintering place when the effects of cold spells finished (about 8 days later). Of monitored woodcocks, 54.9% survived the winter. The most frequent cause of death was hunting, affecting mainly first-winter birds. Woodcock survival was lower in areas with more hunting days per week, and in Mediterranean than in Atlantic climate regions. Our results highlight the importance of monitoring survival and factors affecting it. Also, these results underline the importance of developing future studies to understand the importance of Mediterranean regions, the use of refuge places during cold spells, and hunting pressure there.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Dec 2017 14:57:43 EST
       
  • Postbreeding dispersal and staging of Common and Arctic Terns throughout
           the western North Atlantic

    • Authors: Loring, P. H; Ronconi, R. A, Welch, L. J, Taylor, P. D, Mallory, M. L.
      Abstract: In the western North Atlantic, Common (Sterna hirundo) and Arctic (S. paradisaea) Terns are sympatric at breeding colonies but show divergent migration strategies to coastal areas of South America and pelagic regions of the Antarctic, respectively. During 2013, we studied postbreeding movements of adult Common (n = 130) and Arctic (n = 52) Terns from four breeding colonies in the eastern USA and Canada using digital very high frequency (VHF) transmitters and an array of 62 automated radio telemetry towers. Relative to hatch dates at respective colonies, Arctic Terns departed breeding sites an average of eight days later than Common Terns. Common Terns were detected during the postbreeding period by coastal towers upward of 850 km south of their original nesting sites. The telemetry array detected postbreeding movements of Arctic Terns from the Petit Manan Island colony in the Gulf of Maine as they traveled eastward past Nova Scotia, Canada, mostly during the night. Nantucket Sound, Massachusetts, USA was identified as an important staging area for Common Terns from all colonies, whereby 26% of 53 tagged Common Terns from colonies in the Gulf of Maine and Canada were detected for up to three weeks. Common Terns typically arrived at Nantucket Sound within 2 h of sunset, 2 to 10 days after their last detection at Gulf of Maine and Canadian colonies, suggesting rapid postbreeding dispersal. Postbreeding dispersal of Arctic Terns was poorly documented with the telemetry array, suggesting that this species is not using coastal sites for staging, and is instead departing directly from colonies to offshore staging areas prior to long-distance migrations. We conclude that digital VHF telemetry is a useful method for monitoring regional movements of Common Terns, but additional offshore receiving stations are needed to effectively monitor movements of Arctic Terns away from their nesting colonies.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Dec 2017 14:44:22 EST
       
  • No effect of insect abundance on nestling survival or mass for three
           aerial insectivores

    • Authors: Imlay, T. L; Mann, H. A. R, Leonard, M. L.
      Abstract: Swallows, along with other aerial insectivores, are experiencing steep population declines. Decreased insect abundance has been implicated as a potential cause of the decline. However, to determine if there is a guild-level effect of reduced insect abundance on swallows, research is needed to examine relationships between insect abundance and breeding success for multiple species. The goal of our study was two-fold. First, we determined if insect abundance during nestling rearing varied with breeding phenology for three species of swallows, Barn (Hirundo rustica), Cliff (Petrochelidon pyrrhonota), and Tree Swallows (Tachycineta bicolor), such that swallows breeding when insects are abundant have greater success. Then we determined if insect abundance was related to nestling survival and mass (as a proxy for postfledgling survival). We collected insects daily at each of three study sites during the breeding season, monitored swallow nests to determine breeding phenology and success, and weighed nestlings at or just prior to the peak of rapid nestling growth to determine mass. We found early hatching Cliff and Tree Swallow nests had higher insect abundance during nestling rearing. However, neither nestling survival nor mass were related to insect abundance. Our results suggest that breeding success in three species of swallows was not related to insect abundance in our study area. We suggest that the role of insect abundance on aerial insectivore declines may vary across their geographic range, and call for broad-scale, multispecies research on aerial insectivore declines.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Dec 2017 09:17:27 EST
       
  • Potential benefits of augmenting road-based breeding bird surveys with
           autonomous recordings

    • Authors: Pankratz, R. F; Hache, S, S?lymos, P, Bayne, E. M.
      Abstract: The North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) is one of the longest annual avian surveys and has the greatest spatiotemporally extensive coverage in the Western Hemisphere. Although this important survey provides trend estimates for more than 400 species, it has limited coverage in the boreal forest and biases in representation and detectability that complicate inference. Thus, there is a need to evaluate the potential of new technologies and analytical approaches to increase coverage and improve monitoring efficiency. We documented variation in counts between BBS surveys (hereafter “human BBS”) and different on-road and forest-edge surveys using autonomous recording units (ARUs) from 3 routes in the Northwest Territories, Canada. Specifically, we quantified percent differences (i.e., bias in counts) in species richness, abundance indices of birds, and species-specific variation in counts between human BBS and ARU-based surveys conducted on-road and at the forest edge at different dates and times of day. We also generated on-road effective detection radius (EDR) estimates for 15 species and tested for species-specific differences in EDR to explain bias in counts between on-road and forest-edge ARU surveys. Overall, species richness and abundance indices in human BBS surveys were higher than forest-edge ARU surveys conducted simultaneously and when similar forest-edge ARU surveys were conducted at sunset and a week earlier in June. However, there was no difference when comparing values from human BBS with on-road ARU BBS and forest-edge ARU surveys conducted at sunrise. Extracting the maximum count per species from 4 types of 3-minute forest-edge surveys increased counts by 62% and 64% for species richness and abundance indices, respectively, relative to human BBS, but the importance of this bias differed considerably among the 10 most common species in the study area. Our results suggest that false-negative bias in species detection could be corrected with appropriate methods, and ARUs deployed at the forest edge near BBS stops could be used to increase data quality of on-road surveys. When combined with appropriate correction factors to adjust for surveys done at the forest edge, ARUs could also be used to increase the geographic coverage of boreal surveys by allowing inexperienced volunteers to collect BBS data along winter or secondary roads in remote locations.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 11:45:43 EST
       
  • Location matters: evaluating Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)
           boom chorus propagation

    • Authors: Raynor, E. J; Whalen, C. E, Bomberger Brown, M, Powell, L. A.
      Abstract: Anthropogenic disturbances can affect species of conservation concern by influencing their behavior. Of special concern is the possibility that noise from anthropogenic structures in grassland habitats, such as wind turbines and roads, may affect the propagation of the low-frequency boom chorus of lekking male Greater Prairie-Chickens (Tympanuchus cupido). We used sound pressure levels from acoustic recordings taken at 10 leks in the Nebraska Sandhills, USA during 2013 and 2014 in a SPreAD-GIS sound propagation model to make spatial projections of the boom chorus under a variety of conditions including landscape composition, conspecific attendance, and weather. We then used sets of linear mixed models in a model selection process to determine how background noise, female and male lek attendance, time of day, relative humidity, air temperature, and wind speed affected the area of chorus propagation. The predicted area of propagation decreased with increasing background noise (β = -0.09, SE = 0.04) and increased with greater female lek attendance (β = 0.09, SE = 0.03), higher levels of relatively humidity (β = 0.07, SE = 0.03), and higher air temperatures (β = 0.05, SE = 0.03). Our analyses provide new insight on how acoustic, social, and meteorological factors influence an important reproductive behavior in an imperiled prairie grouse.
      PubDate: Mon, 11 Dec 2017 09:48:15 EST
       
  • Variability in egg size and population declines of Herring Gulls in
           relation to fisheries and climate conditions

    • Authors: Bennett, J. L; Jamieson, E. G, Ronconi, R. A, Wong, S. N. P.
      Abstract: Changes in clutch and egg size in many avian species have been linked to seasonal variation, female physiological state, and laying date during breeding season. These reproductive variables have also been linked to population status and habitat variables. Recent declines in Herring Gull (Larus argentatus) populations in the Atlantic region may be associated with environmental changes, fishery activities, or natural species interactions and fluctuations. We studied variability and trends in Herring Gull egg, clutch, and population size at a cluster of three islands of the Grand Manan Archipelago in the Bay of Fundy, Canada. A generalized linear model investigating variability in Herring Gull egg volume over a 28-year period (1988 to 2015) showed increasing egg volume since a low in 2000, significant positive correlations with regional fisheries landings, and weak interactions with sea surface temperature and the winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index. Herring Gull egg size decreased by 11.6% from 1988 to 2000, but both egg size and clutch size have increased significantly since 2001. A 2015/2016 population estimate of the three islands showed a 36% decline in Herring Gull numbers since 2001. Changes in annual and seasonal availability of various fishery related food sources, specifically decreasing Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) and groundfish landings and increasing American lobster (Homarus americanus) landings, may be linked to these increases in reproductive variables. However, it appears that other factors may be influencing the declining gull population because despite increased availability of alternative food sources and increased clutch size and egg volume, there has been no documented increase in abundance. Interspecific interactions, anthropogenic activities, and climatic variability may also have a role in these population dynamics.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Nov 2017 11:16:28 EST
       
  • Magellanic Woodpeckers in three national parks of central-southern Chile:
           habitat effects and population variation over the last two decades

    • Authors: Vergara, P. M; Meneses, L. O, Saavedra, M, Diaz, F. E, Norambuena, K, Fierro, A, Rodewald, A. D, Soto, G. E.
      Abstract: A major challenge for protected areas is providing wildlife with enough suitable habitat to cope with stochastic environment and increased pressure from the surrounding landscapes. In this study, we addressed changes in local populations of Magellanic Woodpeckers (Campephilus magellanicus) occupying three national parks of central-southern Chile. We compared the breeding and postbreeding abundance of woodpeckers during the 1990s with the present (2016) abundance (n = 4 years), and assessed the extent to which abundance was explained by forest type and quality of foraging habitat (as quantified through the plant senescence reflectance index; PSRI). Results show a distinctive temporal variation in woodpecker abundance at each park, with local populations of Magellanic Woodpeckers declining by 42.2% in Conguillío National Park, but increasing by 34.3% in Nahuelbuta National Park. Woodpeckers responded to forest conditions within each park such that their abundance increased with high quality of foraging habitat, i.e., large PSRI values, and the presence of old-growth Monkey puzzle (Araucaria araucana) - Nothofagus pumilio mixed forest. Anecdotal evidence suggests that populations of woodpeckers in Conguillío National Park might have responded negatively to large-scale disturbances from recent forest fires affecting part of the forest area within park. Because stochastic events seemed to strongly mediate population changes, our findings suggest that regional conservation of Magellanic Woodpeckers requires expanding the current conservation area network in central-southern Chile.
      PubDate: Tue, 28 Nov 2017 09:26:15 EST
       
  • Recommendations for acoustic recognizer performance assessment with
           application to five common automated signal recognition programs

    • Authors: Knight, E. C; Hannah, K. C, Foley, G. J, Scott, C. D, Brigham, R. Mark, Bayne, E.
      Abstract: Automated signal recognition software is increasingly used to extract species detection data from acoustic recordings collected using autonomous recording units (ARUs), but there is little practical guidance available for ecologists on the application of this technology. Performance evaluation is an important part of employing automated acoustic recognition technology because the resulting data quality can vary with a variety of factors. We reviewed the bioacoustic literature to summarize performance evaluation and found little consistency in evaluation, metrics employed, or terminology used. We also found that few studies examined how score threshold, i.e., cut-off for the level of confidence in target species classification, affected performance, but those that did showed a strong impact of score threshold on performance. We used the lessons learned from our literature review and best practices from the field of machine learning to evaluate the performance of five readily-available automated signal recognition programs. We used the Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor) as our model species because it has simple, consistent, and frequent vocalizations. We found that automated signal recognition was effective for determining Common Nighthawk presence-absence and call rate, particularly at low score thresholds, but that occupancy estimates from the data processed with recognizers were consistently lower than from data generated by human listening and became unstable at high score thresholds. Of the five programs evaluated, our convolutional neural network (CNN) recognizer performed best, with recognizers built in Song Scope and MonitoR also performing well. The RavenPro and Kaleidoscope recognizers were moderately effective, but produced more false positives than the other recognizers. Finally, we synthesized six general recommendations for ecologists who employ automated signal recognition software, including what to use as a test benchmark, how to incorporate score threshold, what metrics to use, and how to evaluate efficiency. Future studies should consider our recommendations to build a body of literature on the effectiveness of this technology for avian research and monitoring.
      PubDate: Mon, 27 Nov 2017 12:19:22 EST
       
  • The effect of industrial noise on owl occupancy in the boreal forest at
           multiple spatial scales

    • Authors: Shonfield, J; Bayne, E. M.
      Abstract: Noise in natural environments can mask important acoustic signals used for animal communication. Owls use vocal communication to attract mates and defend territories, and also rely on acoustic cues to locate their prey. Industrial noise has been shown to negatively affect owl hunting success and reduce foraging efficiency by affecting their ability to detect prey, but it is not known if this results in reduced habitat suitability for owls in areas near industrial noise sources. To determine if owls avoid areas surrounding industrial noise sources in northeastern Alberta and at what scale, we acoustically surveyed for owls at sites with chronic industrial noise, sites with intermittent traffic noise, and sites with no noise. We deployed autonomous recording units at multiple stations within each site to detect territorial individuals vocalizing. Detections of owls were extracted from the recordings using automated species recognition and analyzed using occupancy models at two spatial scales. Barred Owls (Strix varia), Great Horned Owls (Bubo virginianus), and Boreal Owls (Aegolius funereus) were equally likely to occupy both types of noisy sites compared to sites with no noise, indicating that site level occupancy (representing a home range scale) was unaffected by the presence of noise sources on the landscape. On a smaller scale, there was no decline in station level occupancy (representing use of the area surrounding recording stations) at stations with higher noise levels for either of the three owl species. Our study contributes to research on the effects of anthropogenic noise, but suggests the effect on owls is minimal, and unlikely to result in a population change.
      PubDate: Wed, 08 Nov 2017 13:23:20 EST
       
  • Assessing the reliability of avian biodiversity measures of urban
           greenspaces using eBird citizen science data

    • Authors: Callaghan, C. T; Lyons, M. B, Martin, J. M, Major, R. E, Kingsford, R. T.
      Abstract: Urban greenspaces are important areas for biodiversity, serving multiple uses, sometimes including conservation and biodiversity management. Citizen science provides a cheap and potentially effective method of assisting biodiversity management in urban greenspaces. Despite this potential, the minimum amount of citizen science data required to adequately represent a community is largely untested. We used eBird data to test the minimum sampling effort required to be confident in results for three biological metrics, species richness, Shannon diversity, and community composition (Bray-Curtis similarity). For our data, from 30 urban greenspaces in North America, for a 90% threshold level, a minimum mean number of 210, 33, and 58 checklists were necessary for species richness, Shannon diversity, and community composition, respectively. However, when we eliminated those species that were present in fewer than 5% of checklists at a given site, there was a marked decrease in mean minimum number of checklists required (17, 9, and 52, respectively). Depending on the ecological questions of interest, eBird data may be a potentially reliable data source in urban greenspaces. We provide a validation methodology using eBird data, with its associated code in the R statistical environment, to provide confidence for land managers and community groups managing urban greenspaces.
      PubDate: Fri, 03 Nov 2017 09:59:46 EDT
       
  • Space invaders: House Sparrow densities along three urban-agricultural
           landscapes

    • Authors: MacGregor-Fors, I; Quesada, J, Lee, J. G-H, Yeh, P. J.
      Abstract: One of the most successful avian urban invaders is the House Sparrow (Passer domesticus). Here, we examine House Sparrow numbers in the urban-agricultural landscape of three cities, one where the sparrow is native (Barcelona) and two where it is nonnative (Los Angeles, Mexico City), comparing between five different land classes based on land-use, location relative to urban center, and urbanization intensity. We estimated sparrow densities using distance-sampling corrected procedures and compared sparrow numbers between the three cities and between the land classes within each city. This two-year survey showed the highest density of sparrows occurring in Mexico City and the lowest in Los Angeles. In both cities where the sparrow is nonnative, we recorded the greatest abundances in highly urbanized areas. In Barcelona, where the sparrow is native, abundances did not differ among land classes. We also related sparrow numbers to specific environmental variables, describing vegetation structure, urban infrastructure, and human activity, using classification and regression trees. We found several variables related to differences in House Sparrow abundances among the three cities. For Los Angeles and Mexico City, the most important variables explaining House Sparrow numbers were urban infrastructure (i.e., maximum building height, high urbanization) and/or human activity (i.e., pedestrians), all of which related positively with sparrow abundance. For Barcelona, sparrow numbers showed both positive and negative relationships with vegetation (i.e., tree abundance, maximum tree height, maximum herbaceous plant height) and human-related variables (i.e., cars, pedestrians). Although the scope of this study is geographically limited to three cities, our results suggest that House Sparrow numbers between cities and land classes areas vary considerably, and are likely determined by a complex array of variables. Our study provides some insight to the growth and decline of House Sparrow populations in their nonnative and native ranges, respectively.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Nov 2017 10:34:21 EDT
       
  • How well does forestry in Ontario’s boreal forest emulate natural
           disturbances from the perspective of birds'

    • Authors: Zimmerling, J. Ryan, Francis, C. M; Roy, C, Calvert, A. M.
      Abstract: Emulating natural disturbance has become a paradigm for biodiversity retention in forest management. This study evaluates the extent to which harvest management practices have created stands that emulate natural fire disturbance from the perspective of bird communities in Ontario, Canada. We compared the relative abundance of forest landbirds at the stand level in mature forest (> 80 years old) with that in early-regenerating (0–20 years) and midregenerating (21–80 years) forests originating from fire or timber harvest across the boreal forest of Ontario using over 7000 point counts. Our results indicate that forest harvest management practices in Ontario have created stands that only partially emulate natural fire disturbances in terms of the bird community composition. Total bird abundance and species richness were significantly lower postharvest than postfire in midregenerating forests, although they did not differ in early-regenerating stands. Species-level comparisons revealed several differences between postharvest and postfire stands, as well as among age classes. Although no species was completely missing from any stand type, 8% of species in early- and 34% in midregenerating stands were detected significantly less often in postharvest than postfire forests. Some other species were found significantly more often in postharvest stands, while the majority of species detected (84% and 71% in early- and midregenerating stands, respectively) showed no significant difference between disturbance types. Collectively, these results suggest that widespread replacement of fire with logging as the dominant disturbance type will shift the relative abundance of species within Ontario’s boreal forest bird community. Quantifying the population-level implications of these shifts requires extrapolating these stand level effects to the landscape level, while considering the actual or anticipated abundance and distribution of forest age classes across the province under different forest management regimes.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 12:59:02 EDT
       
  • Species-environment associations and predicted distribution of Black
           Oystercatcher breeding pairs in Haida Gwaii, British Columbia, Canada

    • Authors: Dalgarno, S; Mersey, J. E, Gedalof, Z, Lemon, M.
      Abstract: We present a species distribution model (SDM) for prediction of Black Oystercatcher (Haematopus bachmani) breeding pair occurrence in Haida Gwaii, British Columbia. Boosted regression trees, a machine learning algorithm, was used to fit the model. In total, 14 predictors were selected a priori through development of a conceptual model. Breeding pair occurrence data were compiled from two available surveys conducted in 2005 and 2010 (545 km of shoreline surveyed in total). All data were aggregated to common model units (vector polyline shoreline segments approximately 100 m in length), which approximate breeding territory size. The final model, which included eight predictors (distance to treeline, island area, wave exposure, shoreline type, intertidal area within 50 m, segment length, rat occurrence, and intertidal area within 1000 m), had excellent predictive ability assessed by 10-fold cross-validation (AUC = 0.89). Predictive ability was reduced when the model was trained and tested on spatially (AUC = 0.86) and temporally (AUC = 0.83) independent data. Distance to treeline and island area had greatest influence on the model (RI = 41.5% and RI = 36.7%, respectively); we hypothesized that these predictors are related to avoidance of predators. Partial dependence plots revealed that breeding pairs tended to occur: further from the treeline, on small islands, at high wave exposures, at moderate intertidal area, on bedrock or gravel shoreline types, and on islands without rats. However, breeding pairs tended not to occur on very small islands and at very high wave exposures, which we hypothesize to reflect avoidance of nest washout. Results may inform local conservation and management efforts, i.e., from predictive maps, and eventual development of a high-resolution (~100 m) model for prediction of Black Oystercatcher breeding pairs at a regional scale. Further, methods and GIS data sets developed may be used to model distribution of other coastal species in the region.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Oct 2017 11:02:26 EDT
       
  • Influence of call broadcast timing within point counts and survey duration
           on detection probability of marsh breeding birds

    • Authors: Tozer, D. C; Falconer, C. Myles, Bracey, A. M, Gnass Giese, E. E, Niemi, G. J, Howe, R. W, Gehring, T. M, Norment, C. J.
      Abstract: The Standardized North American Marsh Bird Monitoring Protocol recommends point counts consisting of a 5-min passive observation period, meant to be free of broadcast bias, followed by call broadcasts to entice elusive species to reveal their presence. Prior to this protocol, some monitoring programs used point counts with broadcasts during the first 5 min of 10-min counts, and have since used 15-min counts with an initial 5-min passive period (P1) followed by 5 min of broadcasts (B) and a second 5-min passive period (P2) to ensure consistency across years and programs. Influence of timing of broadcasts within point counts and point count duration, however, have rarely been assessed. Using data from 23,973 broadcast-assisted 15-min point counts conducted throughout the Great Lakes–St. Lawrence region between 2008 and 2016 by Bird Studies Canada’s Marsh Monitoring Program and Central Michigan University’s Great Lakes Coastal Wetland Monitoring Program, we estimated detection probabilities of individuals for 14 marsh breeding bird species during P1B compared to BP2, P1 compared to P2, and P1B compared to P1BP2. For six broadcast species and American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus), we found no significant difference in detection during P1B compared to BP2, and no significant difference in four of the same seven species during P1 compared to P2. We observed small but significant differences in detection for 7 of 14 species during P1B compared to P1BP2. We conclude that differences in timing of broadcasts causes no bias based on counts from entire 10-minute surveys, although P1B should be favored over BP2 because the same amount of effort in P1B avoids broadcast bias in all broadcast species, and 10-min surveys are superior to 15-min surveys because modest gains in detection of some species does not warrant the additional effort. We recommend point counts consisting of 5 min of passive observation followed by broadcasts, consistent with the standardized marsh bird protocol, for surveying marsh breeding birds.
      PubDate: Thu, 26 Oct 2017 12:58:39 EDT
       
  • Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) survival, recovery, and harvest rates
           derived from 55 years of banding in Prairie Canada, 1960–2014

    • Authors: Bartzen, B. A; Dufour, K. W.
      Abstract: Northern Pintail (Anas acuta; hereafter pintail) experienced a significant population decline in North America in the 1980s but did not rebound to the previous population level the way that other prairie dabbling duck species (Anas spp.) did once habitat conditions improved. Although the population decline occurred throughout the breeding range of pintails, the decline was most pronounced and sustained in Prairie Canada, i.e., southern Alberta and Saskatchewan. Thus, we estimated and examined annual survival, recovery, and harvest rates of pintails banded in Prairie Canada from 1960–2014. Annual survival rates varied by sex but were relatively high compared to those of other dabbling duck species and increased slightly over the study period to end at 0.64 ± 0.13 (SE) and 0.74 ± 0.10 for females and males, respectively. Recovery and harvest rates varied over time but generally declined in the 1980s and increased from the early 1990s until the end of the study period. There was no clear evidence that hunting bag limit restrictions affected annual survival, recovery, or harvest rates. In addition, we could find no compelling evidence that harvest mortality was substantially additive to nonharvest mortality for pintails. However, we could not definitively ascertain the effects of the restrictions, and we suggest that a trial basis of liberalized hunting bag limits would do much to improve the understanding of harvest and population dynamics of pintails and pose little risk to the population. Based on our results, we believe that measures other than harvest restrictions will likely have to be taken to elevate the pintail population to the North American Waterfowl Management Plan objective.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Sep 2017 12:06:35 EDT
       
  • Reproductive parameters of the Turquoise-fronted Parrot (Amazona aestiva)
           in the dry Chaco forest

    • Authors: Berkunsky, I; Segura, L. N, Ruggera, R. A, Faegre, S. I. K, Trofino-Falasco, C, L?pez, F. G, Velasco, M. A, Kacoliris, F. P, Arambur?, R. M, Reboreda, J. C.
      Abstract: The progressive exploitation and destruction of nesting habitat in recent years, combined with the substantial pressure from legal and illegal removal of wild nestlings and adults, justifies the development of a comprehensive study on the reproductive biology of the Turquoise-fronted Parrot (Amazona aestiva). We analyzed breeding parameters in a wild protected population of Turquoise-fronted Parrots in the Chaco forest, Argentina, examining variation among years, over the course of the breeding season, and in relation to the age of the nest. Mean clutch-size per nesting attempt was 3.68 eggs. Hatching success (proportion of eggs laid that hatch) was 0.73. Fledging success (proportion of nestlings that fledge) was 0.88. The overall breeding success (mean number of fledglings per laying female per year) was 0.95. Clutch size did not vary among years but it decreased with the delay of the nest initiation date. Hatching failure was the greatest cause of egg partial losses, and brood reduction was the main cause of nestling partial loses. Brood reduction was positively correlated with clutch size and with egg-laying date. We did not find interannual variation in any of the clutch or brood size variables. Our results showed that the population of Turquoise-fronted Parrots in the dry Chaco forest has high values of clutch size and nestling survival, and low values of hatching success. However, some aspects of the breeding biology need more attention, especially if the species continues to be harvested.
      PubDate: Wed, 20 Sep 2017 13:02:43 EDT
       
  • Nest box use by American Kestrels and other cavity-nesting birds during
           the nonbreeding season

    • Authors: Davis, C. M; Heath, J. A, McClure, C. J. W.
      Abstract: Nest boxes are posted to provide breeding sites for cavity-nesting birds but less is known about their function in the nonbreeding season, when nest boxes may become important roost sites. In winter months, we surveyed 79 nest boxes before dawn for roosting American Kestrels (Falco sparverius) and other cavity-nesting birds in southwestern Idaho and we reviewed camera recordings from the entire nonbreeding season at a nest box within the study site to better understand nest box use in the nonbreeding season. During surveys we found seven American Kestrels roosting in six nest boxes, Northern Flickers (Colaptes auratus) in 16 nest boxes and a European Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) in one nest box. Video recordings revealed inter- and intra-specific conflicts within the nest box as well as a positive relationship between the length of night and the time spent roosting in the box. These results suggest that cavity-nesting birds in our study area are likely to seek out and compete for nest boxes to use as roost sites in the nonbreeding season and the effects of nest boxes on the nonbreeding season ecology of birds should be considered.
      PubDate: Tue, 29 Aug 2017 07:31:07 EDT
       
  • Managing urban and rural rights-of-way as potential habitats for grassland
           birds

    • Authors: Leston, L. F. V; Koper, N.
      Abstract: Urban grassy rights-of-way (ROWs) such as along transmission lines could be managed cumulatively as collections of potential grassland habitats to contribute to the conservation of grassland birds. To optimize conservation opportunities, managing urban ROWs for grassland birds may require reductions in frequent mowing and spraying and may also depend on the suitability of landscape structure within the urban environment. We compared effects of mowing regime relative to effects of the matrix surrounding ROWs on grassland bird abundance and occupancy along 48 ROWs in and surrounding Winnipeg, Manitoba, in 2007–2009. We used both hierarchical distance-sampling and multiseason occupancy modeling methods to account for effects of urbanization (e.g., traffic noise), observer experience, time of season, and survey time in the morning on the probability of detecting birds at study sites. We did not find differences in detection of grassland birds due to urbanization, but we did find effects of time of season, survey time in the morning, and observer experience. After accounting for availability, we found that several species declined along ROWs that were surrounded by more urban or wooded land. Western Meadowlark occupancy increased as the amount of grassland within 100 m of ROWs increased. Savannah Sparrow showed some evidence of increasing with mowing, whereas Clay-colored Sparrow showed some evidence of decreasing with mowing, although these species and Western Meadowlark also increased within hayed ROWs. We conclude that urban ROWs managed as grassland bird habitats will probably attract more individuals and species if there is less nearby urban or wooded land and more grassland, and within which there is a mixture of unmowed and hayed ROW sections.
      PubDate: Mon, 21 Aug 2017 14:20:02 EDT
       
 
 
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