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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3104 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1470 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Acta Médica Costarricense
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0001-6002
   Published by SciELO Homepage  [715 journals]
  • Sal mediterránea, yogur, genética e inmunoterapia

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  • Update of the effect of antihyperglycemic agents on renal function in type
           2 diabetes mellitus

    • Abstract: Resumen La diabetes mellitus tipo 2 es una de las enfermedades metabólicas que afecta a diferentes órganos, uno en el cual es el riñón. Una de las principales complicaciones microvasculares es la nefropatía diabética, siendo la principal causa de insuficiencia renal crónica a nivel mundial. De ahí la importancia de las recomendaciones en la utilización o no de los fármacos antihiperglicemiantes, basadas en sus efectos beneficiosos a nivel de la función renal en relación con la tasa de filtración glomerular estimada y la relación albumina/creatinina en pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y enfermedad renal. En estudios recientes se han evaluado antihiperglicemiantes con un impacto beneficioso a nivel de desenlaces cardiovascular y renal. En el presente artículo se revisan las acciones y los efectos de los diferentes grupos de medicamentos como la metformina, los inhibidores de la dipeptidil peptidasa 4, los agonistas de la GLP-1, tiazolidinedionas, sulfonilureas, inhibidores del cotransportador de sodio-glucosa tipo 2 e insulinas en la función renal en cuanto a las dosis de cada fármaco, tanto el uso de dosis establecidas, disminución de la dosis o el no uso del medicamento con base en el empeoramiento de la tasa de filtración glomerular estimada. Con respecto a la metodología aplicada para el desarrollo del artículo, se seleccionó artículos a partir de palabras claves como diabetes mellitus tipo 2, antihiperglicemiantes en la función renal, tasa de filtración glomerular estimada y relación albumina/creatinina; se emplearon artículos de revistas reconocidas que no superaran 5 años en su publicación, sin embargo, se utilizaron artículos que superaran este tiempo, dado que aportaban datos importantes para el artículo de revisión. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the metabolic diseases that affects different organs, one of which is the kidney. One of the main microvascular complications is diabetic nephropathy, being the main cause of chronic renal failure worldwide. Hence the importance of recommendations on the use or non-use of antihyperglycemic drugs based on their beneficial effects on kidney function, expressed by the estimated glomerular filtration rate and the albumin / creatinine ratio in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and kidney disease. Recent studies have shown antihyperglycemic agents with beneficial impact in cardiovascular and renal endpoints. In the present article we will review the actions and effects of different groups of drugs such as metformin, inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase 4, GLP-1 agonists, thiazolidinediones, sulfonylureas, SGLT-2 inhibitors and insulins in renal function in relation to the doses of each drug, both the use of established doses, reduction of the dose or non-use of the drug based on the worsening of the estimated glomerular filtration rate. With respect to the methodology applied for the development of the article, a selection of articles was made based on key words such as type 2 diabetes mellitus, antihyperglycemic agents in renal function, estimated glomerular filtration rate and albumin/ creatinine ratio. Prestigious journal articles were used with less than 5 years since its publication, however articles that exceed this time were used as they provided important data in the review article.
       
  • New Delhi Metallo-β-lactamase in Enterobacteriaceae species isolated from
           hospitalized patients, Managua Nicaragua

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: determinar la frecuencia de metalo-β lactamasa tipo Nueva Delhi (NDM), en aislados de enterobacterias provenientes de pacientes hospitalizados con diferentes procesos infecciosos. Método: se realizó una investigación descriptiva transversal, agosto 2015 - octubre 2016, en el Hospital Alemán Nicaragüense. Se estudiaron 249 cepas en vigilancia activa a los carbapenémicos. La identificación y perfil de resistencia se efectuó en Vitek2; la sospecha de resistencia a los carbapenémicos se tomó cuando la CMI de Imipenem y Meropenem 2-4 μg/mL y Ertapenem 2 μg/mL, se determinó mediante Kirby Bauer, el test de sinergia triple disco (carbapenémicos y EDTA 10µg); se hizo la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa para metalo-β-lactamasa Nueva Delhi. Resultados: se analizaron 249 cepas, entre estas se identificó 45 cepas resistentes a los carbapenémicos, correspondiendo al 18%. De estas cepas, 43 dieron positivo para el test de sinergia con EDTA; 21 portaban el gen de Nueva Delhi. El 66% de metalo-β-lactamasa Nueva Delhi se encontró en aislamientos de Klebsiella pneumoniae, seguida de Escherichia vulneris en un 14%, Escherichia coli en un 5%, Providencia rettgeri en un 5%, Pantoea agglomerans en un 5% y Kluyvera cryocrescens en un 5%.19 Conclusiones: el hallazgo del presente estudio es una advertencia clara sobre la circulación de cepas de metalo-β-lactamasa tipo Nueva Delhi que codifican la resistencia a los carbapenémicos en el hospital analizado. Objective: to determine the frequency of New Delhi-type metallo-β-lactamase (NDM) in isolates of enterobacteria from patients hospitalized with different infectious processes. Method: a cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out between August 2015 and October 2016 at Alemán Nicaragüense Hospital. A total of 249 strains were studied in active surveillance of carbapenems resistance. The identification and resistance profile was carried out in Vitek2. Suspected resistance to carbapenems was considered when the MIC of Imipenem and Meropenem was 2-4 μg/mL and for Ertapenem of 2 μg/mL, determined by Kirby Bauer, the triple disc synergy test (carbapenems and EDTA 10μg). A polymerase chain reaction test was made to determinate New Delhi metallo-β lactamase. Results: a total of 249 strains were analyzed, among which 45 strains resistant to carbapenems were identified, corresponding to 18%. Of these strains, 43 were positive for the synergy test with EDTA; 21 carried the New Delhi gene. Of the New Delhi metallo-β lactamase. 66% were found in isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae, followed by Escherichia vulneris in 6 isolates, Escherichia coli in 2, Providencia rettgeri in 2, Pantoea agglomerans in 2 and Kluyvera cryocrescens by 2. Conclusions: the results of the present study are a clear warning about the circulation of New Delhi-type metallo-β-lactamase strains that codify for the resistance to carbapenems in the hospital analyzed.
       
  • Prevalence of parasitosis in children aged 1 to 7 years in vulnerable
           condition in the South Central Region of Costa Rica

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: Actualizar la información sobre la prevalencia de parasitosis en niños en Costa Rica y la relación de esta con factores socioeconómicos. Metodología: se realizó un estudio para determinar la prevalencia de parásitos y comensales intestinales en niños de 1-7 años, de 13 centros que cuentan con dos modalidades de programas de alimentación. A los padres se les administró un cuestionario estructurado (n=2514; 96,8% de los padres invitados a participar accedieron). Se recolectaron muestras de heces de los niños (n=1368, 54,0%), que fueron analizadas por frotis directo y montaje de Kato. Se corrieron pruebas de chi cuadrado, se calcularon las razones de probabilidades (OR) y se realizó un modelo de regresión logística binaria para examinar las asociaciones entre las características socioeconómicas de las familias de los niños y su probabilidad de desarrollar parasitosis. Resultados: la prevalencia de protozoarios comensales, protozoarios patógenos, helmintos o una combinación de los anteriores (CPH) fue del 24,1% (IC 95%: 21,9-26,4). La prevalencia de parásitos patógenos y la de helmintiasis fue del 8,5% (IC 95%: 7,5-10,5) y 0,7% (IC 95%: 0,1-1,5), respectivamente. El protozoario patógeno más frecuente fue Giardia intestinalis (8,0%), el comensal fue Endolimax nana (7,7%) y el helminto fue Ascaris lumbricoides (0,4%). No se observaron diferencias significativas en la prevalencia de CPH o parasitosis según sexo o programa de alimentación. Las prevalencias más altas de CPH y parasitosis se observaron en La Uruca (46,9% y 17,2%, respectivamente) y las más bajas en Paso Ancho (7,7% y 0%, respectivamente). Tener una edad >5 años, vivir en una casa con paredes construidas con material de desecho o zinc, habitar en una vivienda no adecuada (i.e., vivienda indígena, cuarto en cuartería, tugurio, casa móvil, pensión o convento) y tener una familia con más de 4 miembros, fueron identificados como posibles factores de riesgo para CPH. Conclusiones: la prevalencia de comensales, patógenos, helmintos encontrada en este estudio fue menor a la observada en la última Encuesta Nacional de Nutrición de Costa Rica (32,6%), realizada en 2008-2009. Sin embargo, el estudio muestra que existen condiciones permisivas para la trasmisión de enteroparásitos, y que resulta necesario darle seguimiento a las medidas preventivas y de tratamiento de las parasitosis. Objective: to determine the prevalence of parasitosis in children in Costa Rica and its association with socioeconomic factors. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study to assess the prevalence of intestinal parasites and commensals in children aged 1-7 years old, from 13 centers with two types of food distribution programs. We administered a structured questionnaire, which included some questions from the 2014 Costa Rican National Home Survey, to most of the parents who consented for their children to participate in the study (n=2435 out of 2514). We collected stool samples from children (n=1368; 54,0%) and then analyzed them using a direct smear and Kato assembly. Odds ratios (OR) and chi-square tests were calculated and a binary logistic regression model was fitted to assess the associations between socioeconomic characteristics of the children’s families and the probability of having an intestinal parasitic infection. Results: The prevalence of commensal protozoans, pathogenic protozoans, helminthes, or a combination of them (referred to henceforth as CPH) was 24.1% (95% CI: 21.9-26.4), whereas prevalences of pathogenic parasites and helmithiasis were 8.5% (95% CI: 7.5-10.5) and 0.7% (95% CI: 0.1-1.5), respectively. The most prevalent pathogenic parasite was Giardia intestinalis (8.0%), the most frequent commensal protozoan was Endolimax nana (7.7%), and the most prevalent helminth was Ascaris lumbricoides (0.4%). There were no significant differences in the prevalence of CPH or parasitosis by sex or nutritional program. The highest prevalences of CPH and parasitosis were observed in La Uruca (46.9% and 17.2%, respectively) and the lowest in Paso Ancho (7.7% and 0%, respectively). Being 5 years old or above, living in a house with walls made up of waste material or zinc, having a non-suitable house (i.e., indigenous housing, living in a small room inside a quartery house, slums, mobile housing, pension, or convent), and having more than 4 family members were identified as risk factors for having a CPH. Conclusions: The CPH prevalence found in this study was lower than the one observed in the Costa Rican National Nutritional Survey 2008-2009 (32.6%). However, this study shows that there are several permissive conditions that allow the transmission of intestinal parasites and that it is necessary to improve the preventive and treatment measures of intestinal parasites.
       
  • Acute pancreatitis as an adverse side effect of L-asparaginase in the
           treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    • Abstract: Resumen La leucemia linfocítica aguda es la enfermedad oncológica con mayor incidencia en la población pediátrica, tanto a nivel mundial como en Costa Rica. Para su tratamiento requiere protocolos de quimioterapia complejos, lo que representa un reto constante para los médicos, ya que deben equilibrar los riesgos y beneficios del manejo. Es necesario tomar en cuenta los factores de riesgo de cada paciente, el grado de severidad de la enfermedad y los potenciales efectos adversos del tratamiento. A continuación, se reporta un caso de pancreatitis aguda edematosa no biliar, secundaria al uso de L-asparginasa, en un paciente con diagnóstico de leucemia linfocítica aguda, atendido en el Hospital Nacional de Niños “Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera”. El paciente, quien se encontraba cumpliendo el régimen poliquimioterapeútico AHOPCA 2008, presentó clínica sugestiva de pancreatitis aguda en el día 50 de este, por lo que se decidió no colocar la quimioterapia indicada e inmediatamente se trasladó al Servicio de Emergencias. El cuadro clínico estaba asociado a laboratorios y ultrasonido anormales, por lo que fue tratado interdisciplinariamente y su pronóstico fue favorable; actualmente continúa con tratamiendo quimioterapeútico, como fue indicado. The acute lymphocytic leukemia is the oncological disease with the highest incidence in the pediatric population both worldwide and in Costa Rica. It requires complex chemotherapy protocols, which confers a constant challenge on physicians to balance the risks and benefits of management. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account the risk factors of each patient, the degree of severity of the disease and the potential adverse effects of the treatment. A case report is presented with an acute non-biliary edematous pancreatitis, secondary to the use of L-asparaginase in a patient diagnosed with acute lymphocytic leukemia, seen at the National Children’s Hospital “Dr. Carlos Sáenz Herrera”. The patient who was started on the AHOPCA 2008 polychemotherapy regimen presented symptoms suggestive of acute pancreatitis on the day 50 of the same, so it was decided not to apply the indicated chemotherapy and transfer the patient to the Emergency Room. The clinical picture was associated with abnormal laboratories and ultrasound, so it was immediately treated interdisciplinarily, which is why its prognosis was favorable and currently he continues with chemotherapy treatment as indicated.
       
  • Rheumatoid vasculitis: about two cases

    • Abstract: Resumen La vasculitis reumatoide constituye una complicación inusual, pero severa, de la artritis reumatoide, caracterizada por un proceso inflamatorio que compromete vasos sanguíneos de pequeño y mediano calibre, asociada o no a manifestaciones extraarticulares. Algunos factores predisponentes descritos incluyen ciertos haplotipos de antígenos leucocitarios humanos, fumado y enfermedad de larga data. Una disminución en la incidencia ha sido notada desde los años 90 y confirmada en estudios recientes, asociada en particular a un diagnóstico precoz de artritis reumatoide y estrategias terapéuticas que incluyen un aumento en la prescripción de metotrexate. La vasculitis reumatoide se asocia a tasas de mortalidad hasta del 40% a los 5 años y morbilidad importante. Se presentan dos pacientes con diagnóstico previo de artritis reumatoide, con un cuadro crónico de úlceras y disestesias en miembros inferiores, asociado a síndrome anémico. Los estudios histológicos revelaron vasculitis de mediano vaso compatible con vasculitis reumatoide. Se inició manejo con inmunosupresores más esteroides, con resolución del cuadro clínico inicial. Rheumatoid vasculitis remains a rare but serious complication of rheumatoid arthritis characterized by an inflammatory process that primarily affects small to medium-sized blood vessels, it can be associated with other extra-articular manifestations. A number of predictor or predisposing factors including certain human leukocyte antigen haplotypes, smoking and long-standing disease. A declining trend in the incidence of rheumatoid vasculitis has been noted since the 1990s and reconfirmed in recent studies, related to early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, and widespread use of methotrexate. Rheumatoid vasculitis is associated with high rates of premature mortality with up to 40% of patients dying by 5 years, as well as a significant morbidity. We present two patients with diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis with a chronic condition of ulcers and dysesthesias on legs associated with anemic syndrome; the histological study revealed medium size vasculitis. Treatment with inmunosuppresants and steroids was given with resolution of symptoms.
       
 
 
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