for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3308 journals)
    - BIOCHEMISTRY (255 journals)
    - BIOENGINEERING (129 journals)
    - BIOLOGY (1576 journals)
    - BIOPHYSICS (49 journals)
    - BIOTECHNOLOGY (259 journals)
    - BOTANY (245 journals)
    - CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (30 journals)
    - ENTOMOLOGY (73 journals)
    - GENETICS (169 journals)
    - MICROBIOLOGY (270 journals)
    - MICROSCOPY (10 journals)
    - ORNITHOLOGY (28 journals)
    - PHYSIOLOGY (72 journals)
    - ZOOLOGY (143 journals)

BIOLOGY (1576 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access  
Acta Biologica Venezuelica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 80)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 378)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta Médica Costarricense
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0001-6002
Published by SciELO Homepage  [737 journals]
  • Doctor Carlos Arrea Baixench: pionero de la cirugía pediátrica
           costarricense

    •  
  • Analysis of the cost-effectiveness of the levonorgestrel intrauterine
           system as alternative to histerectomies in two latin american countries

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: El sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel ha demostrado un fuerte efecto supresor endometrial de mucha utilidad en gran variedad de problemas ginecológicos. Existen numerosos estudios y revisiones del sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel que avalan su uso en sangrado uterino anormal, como también bastantes publicaciones que demuestran su costo-efectividad. No se encontraron publicaciones latinoamericanas. El objetivo del estudio es desarrollar un modelo para valorar el beneficio en costos del uso del dispositivo como manejo alternativo del sangrado uterino anormal. Métodos : Se realizó modelo fármaco-económico que ayudará a comparar costos y efectividad de sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel, inserción, controles clínicos más ultrasonido transvaginal al mes, y anuales, y se comparó con los costos directos de histerectomía. Los costos de histerectomía se obtienen mediante GRD-WinSIG en Chile y los costos reales directos en Costa Rica. El modelo es básicamente comparar los costos de la inserción de sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel más las fallas del tratamiento versus histerectomías. Resultados: El modelo permite demostrar que al utilizar el sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel como alternativa a la histerectomía en pacientes seleccionadas, se produce un ahorro en costos, aun asumiendo el costo de las fallas. Estos modelos no consideran los costos asociados a las complicaciones eventuales de todo acto quirúrgico, de tal forma que el ahorro generado por el uso del sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel podría ser mayor. Conclusión: La inclusión del sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel en guías de práctica clínica permite la posibilidad de disminuir las histerectomías en pacientes refractarias a tratamiento médico convencional, y que cumplan con criterios de inclusión y exclusión estrictos. El modelo permitió demostrar que al utilizar el sistema intrauterino con levonorgestrel como alternativa a la histerectomía, se produce un gasto que es solo un tercio del generado al realizar histerectomías.Summary Objective: The intrauterine system with levonorgestrel has demonstrated a strong endometrial suppressive effect that is useful in a wide variety of gynecological problems. There are numerous studies and reviews of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system that support its use in abnormal uterine bleeding, as well as numerous publications that demonstrate its cost-effectiveness. As far as we know, there are no Latin American publications in this regard. The objective of the present study was to develop a model to assess the costs benefits of the use of the devices as alternative management of abnormal uterine bleeding. Methods: A pharmacoeconomic model was performed comparing costs and effectiveness with costs of levonorgestrel intrauterine system, insertion, clinical controls plus ultrasounds per month and annually, compared with the direct costs of hysterectomy. Hysterectomy costs were obtained through DRG-WinSIG or direct real costs in Chile and Costa Rica respectively. Results: Our model demonstratde that when using the levonorgestrel intrauterine systsem as an alternative to hysterectomy in selected patients there is an expenditure of only one third of the costs of performing the hysterectomies in the same patients, even assuming failures with the dispositive. These model did not consider the costs associated with the eventual complications of any surgical act, thus, savings generated by use of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system in these patients could be even greater. Conclusión: The inclusion of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system in clinical practice guidelines could allow the possibility of reducing hysterectomies in patients refractory to conventional medical treatment and who meet strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. Our models demonstrate that when using the levonorgestrel intrauterine system as an alternative to hysterectomy in selected patients there is a reduction in costs.
       
  • Incidence and mortality of bladder cancer in Costa Rica and Panama,
           2007-2013

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: Se desconoce el comportamiento epidemiológico del cáncer de vejiga en Panamá y Costa Rica; globalmente, se reporta un aumento de la incidencia de dicha patología. Este estudio tiene como propósito reportar la incidencia, mortalidad y severidad del cáncer de vejiga, durante el período comprendido entre 2007 y 2013, en ambos países. Métodos: Se realiza un análisis epidemiológico transversal en el periodo comprendido entre 2007 y 2013, contemplando los casos incidentes y fallecidos por cáncer de vejiga en Costa Rica y Panamá. La tasa de incidencia y mortalidad anual para cada uno de los países y según sexo fue estimada de acuerdo con las proyecciones anuales de población. La severidad del comportamiento de la esta neoplasia se evaluó mediante la razón de incidencia / mortalidad. Resultados: Se identifica un total de 2048 casos de cáncer de vejiga. Se evidencia un aumento de las tasas de incidencia y mortalidad en los últimos 3 años del periodo de estudio, con un compromiso mayor en el sexo masculino. La tasa de incidencia aumentó de 2007 a 2013 en un 42,3 % en Costa Rica y un 71,4 % en Panamá. En dicho periodo, la mortalidad aumentó un 25,9 % para Costa Rica y un 44,7 % para Panamá. La razón de incidencia / mortalidad se mantuvo estable para ambos países durante el periodo de estudio. Conclusión: Existe una tendencia creciente en las tasas de incidencia y mortalidad por cáncer de vejiga, en Costa Rica y Panamá. Aim: The incidence and mortality of bladder cancer has increased in some regions of the world. However, the epidemiological profile of this neoplasia is largely unknown in Panama and Costa Rica. Therefore, the aim of this study was to report the incidence, mortality, and severity of this disease during years 2007 to 2013. Methods: An epidemiological cross-sectional study was conducted between 2007 and 2013 with all incident and mortality cases of bladder cancer in Costa Rica and Panama. The annual incidence and mortality rates for each country, and according by sex were estimated based on the annual population estimates. The incidence/mortality ratio was estimated as a measure to evaluate the severity of the pathology. Results: A total of 2048 cases of bladder cancer were included. During the last 3 years of the study period we detected an increased in incidence and mortality rates, predominately in males. The incidence rate increased from year 2007 to year 2013 in 42.3% and 71.4% in Costa Rica and Panama, respectively. During the same period the mortality rate also increased 25.9% in Costa Rica and 44.7% in Panama. The incidence/ mortality rate had a steady behavior during the study period. Conclusion: These findings confirm a growing trend in the incidence and mortality rates of bladder cancer in Costa Rica and Panama.
       
  • Normal gait pattern in elderly costaricans

    • Abstract: Resumen El estudio es de tipo descriptivo prospectivo, con el objetivo de evaluar la marcha de los adultos mayores de 60 años, para definir parámetros de normalidad del patrón de marcha en este grupo poblacional, que sirvan de referencia para el estudio de los adultos mayores con alteración de la marcha. Se les aplicó: una prueba FiCSIT4, Sit-to-stand test, índice dinámico de marcha modificado y una caminata en la alfombra Gait Rite. Los resultados se compararon según género y según los valores de referencia de los test, con un nivel de significancia del 0,05. Se contó con una muestra de 200 participantes seleccionados al azar en la consulta externa del Hospital Nacional de Geriatría y en grupos para adultos mayores, todos independientes para actividades básicas de la vida diaria y sin factores de riesgo de caídas. Se encontró un desempeño promedio en la prueba FiCSIT4 de 26,96(DS 1,206); para el IDMm se evidenció dificultad para la marcha con giros verticales y horizontales de cabeza, con menor rendimiento en los mayores de 80 años y en las mujeres al rodear obstáculos y subir escaleras. Se obtuvo una velocidad de la marcha promedio de 151,6 cm/seg en hombres, y las mujeres 136,8 cm/seg, sin diferencia significativa por género o grupos de edad, con una cadencia promedio de 122 pasos/min, longitud promedio de la zancada izquierda en 141,3 cm y 141,1 cm,la derecha. En conclusión, los adultos mayores presentan un patrón de marcha normal, a pesar de los cambios por el envejecimiento y la comorbilidad, muy similar al de los adultos menores de 60 años. The present study is descriptive, its objective was to evaluate the gait of adults over 60 years, to define parameters of normality of the gait speed in this population group to serve as a reference for the study of older adults with impaired gait and describe gait parameters. They tests applied were the FiCSIT4 test, the Sit-to-stand test, mIDM and walked on the Gait Rite walkway. The results were compared according to gender and according with the test reference values with a p <0.05 considered to indicate statistical significance. A sample of 200 participants were randomly selected from the outpatient clinic of the National Geriatrics Hospital and in groups for senior citizens; all of the candidates were independent in basic activities of daily life, without risk factors for falls. The mean performance in the FiCSIT4 test was 26.96 (SD 1.206), in the mIDM test a difficulty walking with vertical and horizontal head turns was found with lower significant performance in the group of 80 to 85 years, as well as a significant difference in favor of men in surrounding obstacles and climbing stairs. An average gait speed of 151.6 cm/s was obtained in men and an average gait speed of 136.8 cm/s in women, without significant difference by gender or age groups, with an average cadence of 122 steps/min, an average length of the left stride of 141.3 cm and 141.1 cm of the right stride. We concluded that the older adults in this study had a normal gait pattern, despite the changes associated with aging and the associated comorbidity and it was very similar to the gait pattern of adults under the 60 years of age.
       
  • Added sugar intake in a Costa Rican urban population: Latin American
           nutrition and health study ELANS-Costa Rica

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo : El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el consumo de azúcares añadidos por la población urbana costarricense y los factores asociados a este. Método: Estudio transversal donde se analizan los datos de 798 participantes del Estudio ELANS-Costa Rica, que constituyen una muestra representativa de la población urbana costarricense, (con edades entre 15 y 65 años). Para conocer el consumo de azúcares añadidos, se realizan dos recordatorios de 24 horas, en días no consecutivos. Se recolectan variables sociodemográficas, cantidad, lugar y momento del consumo. Resultados: El consumo de azúcares añadidos representa el 14,7% de la energía consumida por la población urbana costarricense, siendo este porcentaje mayor en las mujeres y en las personas más jóvenes. La mayor cantidad de azúcares añadidos se consume en el hogar y durante las meriendas. Las bebidas azucaradas constituyen la principal fuente de azúcares añadidos en la dieta costarricense, y las bebidas gaseosas son la fuente más importante en el quintil de mayor consumo. Conclusión: La ingesta de energía obtenida de los azúcares añadidos supera la recomendación máxima establecida por la Organización Mundial de la Salud, por lo tanto, es necesario establecer políticas públicas dirigidas a reducir su consumo y a la modificación de conductas asociadas a la preparación e ingesta de alimentos fuente de azúcares añadidos. Aim: High consumption of added sugars has been associated with a greater risk of chronic diseases, appearance of caries and weight gain, which implies a lower quality of life for the population and an increase in costs for the health system. The aim of this study was to evaluate the intake of added sugar and its related factors in urban Costa Rican population. Methods : This was a cross-sectional study conducted in a representative sample of the Costa Rican urban population (798 participants aged between 15 and 65 years). To determine the consumption of added sugars, two 24 hours recalls were conducted, in non-consecutive days. Sociodemographic variables, quantity of food consumed, place and time of consumption were collected. Results: The consumption of added sugars represents 14.7% of total energy intake for the Costa Rican urban population. This consumption is higher among women and younger people. The greater amount of added sugars was consumed in the home and during snacks. Sugar-sweetened beverages were the main source of this added sugar in the Costa Rican diet and soft drinks were the most important source in the highest consumption quintile. Conclusions: The intake of energy obtained from the added sugars exceeds the máximum recommendation established by the World Health Organization, therefore it is necessary to establish public policies aimed at reducing consumption and modifying behaviors associated with the preparation and intake of food source of added sugars.
       
  • Use of nutritional supplements in the Costa Rican urban population

    • Abstract: Resumen Objetivo: Diversos estudios revelan que el perfil de los consumidores de suplementos nutricionales corresponde a individuos con estilos de vida saludables y ambiente sociodemográfico favorable. Sin embargo, en Costa Rica no hay información disponible referente al consumo de suplementos nutricionales a nivel nacional. Esta investigación pretendió analizar el uso y las características sociodemográficas, antropométricas y de ingesta de los consumidores de suplementos nutricionales, en población urbana costarricense de 15 a 65 años. Métodos: Se utilizaron los datos del Estudio Latinoamericano de Nutrición y Salud (ELANS), una investigación observacional, transversal y correlacional, con una muestra de 798 participantes. Adicionalmente, se diseñó y aplicó un cuestionario vía telefónica, seis meses después del primer contacto con los consumidores de suplementos nutricionales, para profundizar en las características y percepciones de uso de estas sustancias. Resultados: Un 6 % de la población refirió el uso suplementos nutricionales, principalmente multivitamínicos. No se encontrón diferencias significativas según el sexo, edad, nivel socioeconómico, nivel educativo o índice de masa corporal. Los consumidores de suplementos nutricionales presentaron ingestas significativamente mayores de calcio en ambos sexos, y vitaminas C y E en mujeres, en comparación con los no consumidores. Los motivos de consumo de suplementos nutricionales se centraron en el bienestar, y aunque se perciben como beneficiosos, en un 58 % de los casos el uso fue descontinuado luego de seis meses. Conclusiones: La prevalencia de consumo de suplementos nutricionales fue menor a la reportada por otros estudios en el campo, y no se halló un patrón de características similar al descrito por la bibliografía. Aim: Several studies reveal that the profile of nutritional supplement consumers corresponds to individuals with healthy lifestyles and a favorable sociodemographic environment; however, in Costa Rica there is no information regarding nutritional supplement consumption at a national level. This research aimed to analyze the use of nutritional supplement and the sociodemographic, nutritional and anthropometric characteristics of users in the urban Costa Rican population, aged 15 to 65 years. Methods: The data was obtained from the Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS), an observational, cross-sectional and correlational investigation with a sample of 798 participants. Additionally, a questionnaire was designed and applied by telephone, six months after the first contact with nutritional supplement consumers was made, in order to delve in the characteristics and perceptions regarding the use of these substances. Results: 6% of the population reported nutritional supplement use, mainly multivitamins. No significant differences were found according to sex, age, socioeconomic level, educational level or body mass index. NS nutritional supplement users showed significantly higher intakes of calcium in both sexes, and vitamins C and E in women, compared with non-consumers. The reasons for nutritional supplement consumption were focused on well-being, and although they are perceived as beneficial, in 58% of the cases the use was discontinued after six months. Conclusions: The prevalence of nutritional supplements consumption was lower than that reported by other studies in the field, with characteristics similar to those described by the literature.
       
  • Plasmapheresis in neuropsychiatric involvement in systemic lupus
           erythematosus

    • Abstract: Resumen De las complicaciones sistémicas más temidas del lupus eritematoso sistémico, destaca el compromiso neuropsiquiátrico y en especial la psicosis asociada. A pesar del gran espectro de presentaciones clínicas y ambigua definición, la sospecha clínica y el registro de casos ha ido en aumento en los últimos años. Poca evidencia científica existe sobre el tratamiento de la psicosis asociada al lupus eritematoso sistémico; sin embargo, se reconoce como un fenómeno autoinmune mediado por anticuerpos, sin que exista daño estructural cerebral. Los esteroides, ciclofosfamida y rituximab forman parte de las opciones terapéuticas. Se presenta el caso de una adolescente de 13 años, con diagnóstico reciente de lupus eritematoso sistémico y en quien una de las principales manifestaciones iniciales fue afección neuropsiquiátrica, en especial psicosis refractaria. Los tratamientos con glucocorticoides y ciclofosfamida fueron inefectivos y se logró remisión exitosa únicamente con el uso de plasmaféresis terapéutica. En total, se ofrecieron 4 sesiones de plasmaféresis con albúmina humana, logrando rápida remisión de su psicosis. One of the most feared clinical presentations of systemic lupus erythematosus is neuropsychiatric involvement, specially associated psychosis. Diagnostic definitions are not well stablished to date however clinical suspicion and case registry has been increasing over time. There is scarce evidence regarding correct therapeutic approach to psychiatric presentations of systemic lupus erythematosus, however, it is well known that it is consequence of noxious autoimmune activity of the brain without structural compromise. Corticosteroids, cyclophosphamide and rituximab are part of the pharmacologic tools available. We present a case a 13 year old adolescent with new onset systemic lupus erythematosus in whom one of the principal initial concerns was how to address intense neuropsychiatric manifestations and specially refractory psychosis. First, high doses of steroid boluses were offered with no benefit in psychiatric symptoms, then cyclophosphamide was administered, with no success. Finally, therapeutic plasma exchange was offered to the patient with rapid clinical improvement. A total of 4 sessions of plasmapheresis with human albumin were done.
       
  • Cardiac amyloidosis in a patient with multiple myeloma

    • Abstract: Resumen La amiloidosis sistémica constituye una enfermedad poco frecuente, donde la infiltración cardíaca es la principal causa de morbimortalidad, sin importar la causa subyacente del depósito amiloide. Se reporta el caso de una paciente femenina de 48 años con síndrome nefrótico, insuficiencia cardíaca e inmunocompromiso, estableciéndose el diagnóstico de amiloidosis primaria con infiltración cardíaca secundaria a mieloma múltiple. Se discute brevemente la enfermedad, la importancia del juicio clínico apoyado en medios diagnósticos y los retos terapéuticos actuales. Systemic amyloidosis constitutes a non common disease in which cardiac involvement is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, regardless of the underlying pathogenesis of amyloid production. We present the case of a 48 years old female with nephrotic syndrome, heart failure and immunocompromise in which Primary Amyloidosis with cardiac involvement secondary to Multiple Myeloma is established as diagnosis. The disease is briefly discussed, as well as the value of clinical judgment supported on diagnostic means and the therapeutic challenges now days.
       
  • Del desgaste al suicidio

    • Abstract: Resumen La amiloidosis sistémica constituye una enfermedad poco frecuente, donde la infiltración cardíaca es la principal causa de morbimortalidad, sin importar la causa subyacente del depósito amiloide. Se reporta el caso de una paciente femenina de 48 años con síndrome nefrótico, insuficiencia cardíaca e inmunocompromiso, estableciéndose el diagnóstico de amiloidosis primaria con infiltración cardíaca secundaria a mieloma múltiple. Se discute brevemente la enfermedad, la importancia del juicio clínico apoyado en medios diagnósticos y los retos terapéuticos actuales. Systemic amyloidosis constitutes a non common disease in which cardiac involvement is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality, regardless of the underlying pathogenesis of amyloid production. We present the case of a 48 years old female with nephrotic syndrome, heart failure and immunocompromise in which Primary Amyloidosis with cardiac involvement secondary to Multiple Myeloma is established as diagnosis. The disease is briefly discussed, as well as the value of clinical judgment supported on diagnostic means and the therapeutic challenges now days.
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 35.172.195.49
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-