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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 2982 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1420 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversidad Colombia     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 231)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  

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Journal Cover Acta Médica Costarricense
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 0001-6002
   Published by SciELO Homepage  [723 journals]
  • La importancia de ser médico

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  • Vaccination in adults

    • Abstract: ResumenIntroducción:cada año, miles de adultos mueren por causa de enfermedades prevenibles mediante vacunación. Sin embargo, la aplicación de vacunas en adultos es muy baja a nivel mundial por múltiples razones, incluyendo los altos costos de implementación.Objetivos:discutir las recomendaciones nacionales e internacionales de inmunización de personas mayores de 18 años, incluyendo las poblaciones con alto riesgo de adquirir infecciones inmunoprevenibles y resumirlas en un esquema recomendado para vacunación de adultos en general, y personas con elevado nivel de riesgo.Métodos:se efectuó una revisión no sistemática de bibliografía médica y científica publicada entre 2000 y 2017, concerniente a vacunación en adultos. Así mismo, se compararon los esquemas de inmunización vigentes en América y Europa.Conclusiones:las recomendaciones para vacunación en adultos se basan principalmente en edad, condiciones médicas subyacentes, estilo de vida, inmunizaciones previas, características epidemiológicas locales y viajes. La necesidad de aplicar un esquema de vacunación adecuado a la población general y a poblaciones con factores de riesgo, representa una medida de gran importancia en un sistema de salud funcional. En este sentido, la adecuada asesoría e información provenientes del personal de salud constituyen un predictor clave en la inmunización de adultos.AbstractIntroduction:Every year thousands of adults die from vaccine preventable disease worldwide. Nevertheless, the vaccine application rates maintain in relative low levels for multiple reason, including high costs of the implementation of vaccination programs.Objectives:Discuss national and international existing immunization schemes for adult persons, including high risk populations for the acquisition of immune preventable infections and resume this knowledge in vaccination schemes for adults in general and high risk populationMethods:A nonsystematic revision of medical and scientific literature related to adult vaccination topics from the years 2000 to 2017 was performed. As well, a comparison between actual vaccination schemes from American and European countries has been realized.Conclusion:Vaccination recommendations are based in multiple factors like age, individual medical history, lifestyle, formerly applied vaccinations, local epidemiologic criteria end traveling activity.The application of adequate vaccination scheme for both, adults in general and an adaptation for persons with elevated risk factors, represents a crucial element for effective health system. Therefore, the adequate assessing and information provided by medical personnel represents a key factor in successful vaccination and disease prevention.
       
  • Isolation of components and hypoglycemic effect of methanolic basil
           

    • Abstract: ResumenAntecedentes:la albahaca (Ocium basilicum) es una hierba perteneciente a la familia laminaceae, caracterizada por sus bondades medicinales. Se ha referido su uso en la terapéutica del cáncer, vitíiigo, hipercolesterolemia y la diabetes mellitus.Objetivo:evaluar el efecto hipoglicemiante del extracto metanólico de la albahaca, su aislamiento y purificación de sus principales compuestos.Métodos:las hojas y tallos fueron colectadas en el sector la Hechicera, estado Mérida, Venezuela.Las muestras se maceraron en 20L de metanol al 70% v/v, dosificándose a dosis crecientes entre 1,0 y 2,0 g/kg, usando como modelo experimental, ratas macho de la cepa C57BL/6, con hiperglicemia inducida con aloxano monohidratado. Se incluyó un control positivo usando como agente hipoglucemiante la sitagliptina (400μg/kg). El extracto se sometió a fraccionamiento mediante cromatografía de columna abierta, cuyas fracciones (175 ml cada una) se asociaron por similitud estructural y fueron dosificadas a la población en estudio. Se obtuvieron muestras sanguíneas seriadas de la vena de la base de la cola y se procesaron siguiendo el método de la glucosa oxidasa-peroxidasa.Resultados:se demostró una disminución de la concentración de glucosa sanguínea a la dosis de 2,0 g/kg (<120 mg/dL). Los análisis estructurales se realizaron mediante pruebas cromatográficas, espectroscópicas, espectrométricas y químicas. Del estudio se aislaron e identificaron los siguientes compuestos: nandecilato de metilo (C20O2H40); behenato de metilo (C23O2H46) hexacosanoato de metilo(C27O2H54), así como 18-metoxicarbonil-3,4-didehidroibogamina, el flavonoides 5,7,3´-trihydroxi-3,6,4´-trimetoxiflavona, los cuales son reportados por primera vez en los análisis fitoquímicos para O. basilicum.Conclusión:estos hallazgos sustentan el potencial uso de la albahaca como alternativa considerable en el tratamiento hipoglucemiante.AbstractBackground:Basil (Ocium basilicum) is an herb belonging to the family laminaceae, characterized by its medicinal benefits. Its use has been referred for the treatment of cancer, vitiligo, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus.Objective:to evaluate the hypoglycemic effect of the methanol extract of basil, isolation and purification of its main compounds.Methods:The leaves and stems were collected in the sector La Hechicera, Mérida, Venezuela State. Samples were macerated in 20L of methanol to 70% v/v, dosing to increaseddoses between 1.0 and2.0 g/kg, using as experimental model, male rats of the C57BL/6 strain with hyperglycemia induced with alloxan monohydrate. A positivecontrol was included using as a hypoglycemic agent sitagliptin (400μg/kg). The extract was submitted to fractionation by open column chromatography,, whose fractions (175 ml each) were partnered by structural similarity and were dosed to the population under study. Serial blood samples from the base of the tail vein were obtained and were processed using the method of the glucose oxidase-peroxidase.Results:they showed a decrease of the concentration of blood glucose at a dose of 2.0 g/kg (&lt; 120 mg/dL). Structural analyses were conducted using chromatographic, spectroscopic, spectrometric and chemical tests. They were isolated from the study and the following compounds were identified: nandecilato of methyl (C20O2H40); methyl behenate (C23O2H46), methyl hexacosanoate (C27O2H54) as well as 18-methoxycarbonyl-3, 4-didehidroibogamina, 5,7,3´-trihydroxi-3,6,4´- trimetoxiflavona flavonoid, which are reported for the first time in the phytochemical analysis for O. basilicum.Conclusion:These findings support the potential use of Basil as a weed of traditional medicine in the hypoglycemic treatment.
       
  • Cor Triatriatum Sinester

    • Abstract: ResumenEl cor triatriatum sinester es una anormalidad cardiaca congénita poco frecuente, que constituye del 0,1 al 0,4% de todas las malformaciones cardiacas. Se caracteriza por una división anómala de la aurícula izquierda por una membrana fibromuscular, la cual genera dos cavidades que se comunican por uno o más orificios con distinto grado de obstrucción.Se asocia con otras anomalías cardiacas, principalmente con comunicación interauricular. Se puede presentar en la infancia, cuando suele ser fatal, o más tardíamente en el adulto, como insuficiencia cardiaca, o incluso cursar de forma asintomática, dependiendo del tamaño de los orificios y del gradiente de presión entre las cavidades. En este artículo se presenta el caso de un masculino de 30 años, sin patologías crónicas, quien consulta por disnea de grandes esfuerzos en los últimos 6 meses, a quien se le diagnostica por medio del ecocardiograma transtorácico y transesofágico un cor triatriatum sinister.AbstractCor Triatriatum Sinister is a rare congenital heart defect, representing 0.1 to 0.4% of all cardiac malformations. This condition is characterized for an abnormal division of the left atrium by a fibromuscular membrane that generates two cavities, which are connected by one or more orifices with different degrees of obstruction. This condition is associated with other cardiac abnormalities mainly related to atrial septal defects. Its presentation in pediatric patients is often lethal, in adults it may appear as heart failure symptoms or as an asymptomatic finding in echocardiography depending on the pressure gradient between cavities. We present a case report of a 30 years old male without chronic conditions, who complained of dyspnea with strenuous physical activity occurring in the last 6 months, who was diagnosed with a cor triatriatum sinister by the use of transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiogram.
       
  • Femoral hernia a complication posterior to a laparoscopic cholecystectomy

    • Abstract: ResumenLa cirugía laparoscópica constituye uno de los grandes avances de la cirugía en el siglo XX, al poder realizar muchos de los procedimientos que se realizan en la cirugía abierta, con las ventajas de producir menor morbilidad, una recuperación más rápida y menos dolorosa, para que el paciente se reintegreen el menor tiempo posible a su vida normal.La incidencia de complicaciones relacionadas con el neumoperitoneo al realizar la laparoscopía es bastante baja, entre estas las más comunes son secundarias ala colocación incorrecta de la aguja de Veress durante la insuflación y las relacionadas con el sistema cardiorrespiratorio.Sin embargo, también ocurren complicaciones infrecuentes, como la formación de hernias posterior al neumoperitoneo. En este tipo de complicación intervienen ciertos factores predisponentes, como lo son un saco preformado, elevación de la presión intraabdominal y el debilitamiento de los músculos y tejidos del cuerpo.Se presenta el caso de una paciente, la cual se sometió a una cirugía laparoscópica, posterior a la cual presentó una hernia femoral encarcelada.AbstractLaparoscopy procedure is one of the great achievements of surgery in the 20th century. Through Laparoscopy, a surgeon is able to perform many of the procedures that are achievable through open-surgery with the added advantages of producing lower morbidity rates and a shorter, less painfulrecovery period, thus reducing the timeframe in which the patient can return back to his/her normal life.The incidence of pneumoperitoneum-related complications associated to the use of laparoscopy is quite low. Among the most common complications are: the incorrect placement of the Veress needle during insufflation and thecomplications related to the cardio-respiratory system.However, there are other less frequent complications such as post-pneumoperitoneum formation of hernias. Certain pre-existing conditions might intervene with this type of complications such as: pre-formed sack, higher intraabdominal pressure and a weaker body muscle/tissue.A case is presented for a patient that developed an encapsulated femoral hernia after undergoing laparoscopysurgery.
       
  • Latrodectism in Costa Rica

    • Abstract: ResumenSe reporta un accidente causado por la araña Latrodectus geometricus, incluida en el grupo conocido como “viudas negras”, en Costa Rica. El accidente le ocurrió a una mujer de 27 años vecina de la ciudad de Cartago, en su casa de habitación. Los síntomas mostrados cursaron la siguiente secuencia: dolor intenso en el área del piquete, enrojecimiento y aumento en la temperatura al tacto alrededor de ese punto, ampliación del área del dolor, sudoración, dolor de espalda, arritmia, taquicardia y aumento de la presión arterial. Los síntomas mostrados en este caso son muy similares a los descritos por personas picadas por la misma u otras especies de viudas negras en Suramérica y Centroamérica.AbstractWe here report a case of human lactrodectism in Costa Rica, caused by the spider Latrodectus geometricus, included in the group known as “black widows”. A 27 year-old woman was bitten by a Brown Widow spider in her home in Cartago city. She showed a moderately severe case with the following sequence of symptoms: an acute, intense local pain begins just after being bitten, and this irradiates to the entire affected limb, redness, increase in temperature around the bitten area, sweating and backache. At the cardiovascular level, she showed tachycardia and hypertension. The symptoms showed in this case are quite similar to those cases described for the Brown Widow spider and for other Black Widow spiders, in Central and South America.
       
  • La vacunación contra influenza al personal de salud requiere de medidas
           hospitalarias de higiene y aislamiento, complementarias y congruentes

    • Abstract: ResumenSe reporta un accidente causado por la araña Latrodectus geometricus, incluida en el grupo conocido como “viudas negras”, en Costa Rica. El accidente le ocurrió a una mujer de 27 años vecina de la ciudad de Cartago, en su casa de habitación. Los síntomas mostrados cursaron la siguiente secuencia: dolor intenso en el área del piquete, enrojecimiento y aumento en la temperatura al tacto alrededor de ese punto, ampliación del área del dolor, sudoración, dolor de espalda, arritmia, taquicardia y aumento de la presión arterial. Los síntomas mostrados en este caso son muy similares a los descritos por personas picadas por la misma u otras especies de viudas negras en Suramérica y Centroamérica.AbstractWe here report a case of human lactrodectism in Costa Rica, caused by the spider Latrodectus geometricus, included in the group known as “black widows”. A 27 year-old woman was bitten by a Brown Widow spider in her home in Cartago city. She showed a moderately severe case with the following sequence of symptoms: an acute, intense local pain begins just after being bitten, and this irradiates to the entire affected limb, redness, increase in temperature around the bitten area, sweating and backache. At the cardiovascular level, she showed tachycardia and hypertension. The symptoms showed in this case are quite similar to those cases described for the Brown Widow spider and for other Black Widow spiders, in Central and South America.
       
  • Facial reconstruction with free lateral arm flap

    • Abstract: ResumenLas lesiones faciales malignas complejas o muy extensas, tratadas mediante resección quirúrgica, a menudo constituyen un reto para el cirujano plástico, debido a la gran exposición social del sitio, así como la escasa oferta de tejido para la reconstrucción del defecto cutáneo residual. En estos casos es imperativa la obtención de márgenes libres de malignidad; en segundo lugar, intentar recuperar la funcionalidad del área quirúrgica, y por último, buscar resultados estéticos favorables. Cuando sea posible, la ausencia de cobertura cutánea debe ser restaurada con tejido de similar grosor, color y textura, para lo cual el cirujano debe evaluar cuidadosamente el tamaño del defecto, la localización, las capas de tejido involucradas, la relación con estructuras aledañas y la cantidad de tejido donador disponible, con el fin de conseguir el mejor resultado final. Para deformidades de gran extensión que involucran múltiples capas de tejido, el concepto del triángulo reconstructivo de Mathes y Nahai, puede brindar mejores resultados, dándole opción al cirujano de escoger entre transposición de colgajos locoregionales, colgajos libres o expansión tisular. Los colgajos libres pueden satisfacer mejor las necesidades de forma y función facial, y permiten una considerable oferta de tejido con adecuada vascularidad, similitud de color, textura y grosor. A continuación se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 21 años con el diagnóstico de carcinoma basocelular de mejilla derecha recidivante, quien fue sometido a resección completa y reconstrucción del defecto mediante transferencia libre de un colgajo lateral del brazo derecho, con excelentes resultados anatómicos y funcionales.AbstractComplex or very extensive malignant facial lesions that are treated by surgical resection are often challenging for the plastic surgeon because of the large social exposure of the site as well as for the limited supply of tissue for reconstruction of the residual skin defect. In these cases it is imperative to first obtain free margins from malignancy, secondly try to recover the functionality of the surgical area and finally seek for favorable aesthetic results. Whenever possible, the facial defect should be restored with tissue of similar thickness, color and texture, for which the surgeon should carefully evaluate the size of the defect, location, tissue layers involved, the relationship with surrounding structures and the available donor tissue, in order to obtain the best final result. For large deformities involving multiple layers of tissue, the Mathes and Nahai concept of the reconstructive triangle can provide better outcomes, giving the surgeon a choice among transposition of locoregional flaps, free flaps, or tissue expansion. Free flaps can better satisfy the need of facial contour and function, they allow a considerable supply of tissue with adequate vascularity, similarity of color, texture and thickness. The authors present a clinical case of a 21-year-old male patient with the diagnosis of recurrent basal cell carcinoma of the right cheek who underwentcomplete resection and reconstruction of the facial defect with a free right lateral arm flap with excellent anatomical and functional results.
       
  • Efectividad del alendronato más calcio y vitamina D, comparado con calcio
           y vitamina D para la prevención de la fractura de cadera

    • Abstract: ResumenLas lesiones faciales malignas complejas o muy extensas, tratadas mediante resección quirúrgica, a menudo constituyen un reto para el cirujano plástico, debido a la gran exposición social del sitio, así como la escasa oferta de tejido para la reconstrucción del defecto cutáneo residual. En estos casos es imperativa la obtención de márgenes libres de malignidad; en segundo lugar, intentar recuperar la funcionalidad del área quirúrgica, y por último, buscar resultados estéticos favorables. Cuando sea posible, la ausencia de cobertura cutánea debe ser restaurada con tejido de similar grosor, color y textura, para lo cual el cirujano debe evaluar cuidadosamente el tamaño del defecto, la localización, las capas de tejido involucradas, la relación con estructuras aledañas y la cantidad de tejido donador disponible, con el fin de conseguir el mejor resultado final. Para deformidades de gran extensión que involucran múltiples capas de tejido, el concepto del triángulo reconstructivo de Mathes y Nahai, puede brindar mejores resultados, dándole opción al cirujano de escoger entre transposición de colgajos locoregionales, colgajos libres o expansión tisular. Los colgajos libres pueden satisfacer mejor las necesidades de forma y función facial, y permiten una considerable oferta de tejido con adecuada vascularidad, similitud de color, textura y grosor. A continuación se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 21 años con el diagnóstico de carcinoma basocelular de mejilla derecha recidivante, quien fue sometido a resección completa y reconstrucción del defecto mediante transferencia libre de un colgajo lateral del brazo derecho, con excelentes resultados anatómicos y funcionales.AbstractComplex or very extensive malignant facial lesions that are treated by surgical resection are often challenging for the plastic surgeon because of the large social exposure of the site as well as for the limited supply of tissue for reconstruction of the residual skin defect. In these cases it is imperative to first obtain free margins from malignancy, secondly try to recover the functionality of the surgical area and finally seek for favorable aesthetic results. Whenever possible, the facial defect should be restored with tissue of similar thickness, color and texture, for which the surgeon should carefully evaluate the size of the defect, location, tissue layers involved, the relationship with surrounding structures and the available donor tissue, in order to obtain the best final result. For large deformities involving multiple layers of tissue, the Mathes and Nahai concept of the reconstructive triangle can provide better outcomes, giving the surgeon a choice among transposition of locoregional flaps, free flaps, or tissue expansion. Free flaps can better satisfy the need of facial contour and function, they allow a considerable supply of tissue with adequate vascularity, similarity of color, texture and thickness. The authors present a clinical case of a 21-year-old male patient with the diagnosis of recurrent basal cell carcinoma of the right cheek who underwentcomplete resection and reconstruction of the facial defect with a free right lateral arm flap with excellent anatomical and functional results.
       
 
 
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