Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3447 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1643 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Venezuelica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Scientiae Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biosystems     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de Biología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Research & Review in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bacterial Empire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIO-SITE : Biologi dan Sains Terapan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Marine Biology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.88
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 21  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0065-2881
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3204 journals]
  • Parasites of seabirds: A survey of effects and ecological implications
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 April 2019Source: Advances in Marine BiologyAuthor(s): Junaid S. Khan, Jennifer F. Provencher, Mark R. Forbes, Mark L. Mallory, Camille Lebarbenchon, Karen D. McCoyAbstractParasites are ubiquitous in the environment, and can cause negative effects in their host species. Importantly, seabirds can be long-lived and cross multiple continents within a single annual cycle, thus their exposure to parasites may be greater than other taxa. With changing climatic conditions expected to influence parasite distribution and abundance, understanding current level of infection, transmission pathways and population-level impacts are integral aspects for predicting ecosystem changes, and how climate change will affect seabird species. In particular, a range of micro- and macro-parasites can affect seabird species, including ticks, mites, helminths, viruses and bacteria in gulls, terns, skimmers, skuas, auks and selected phalaropes (Charadriiformes), tropicbirds (Phaethontiformes), penguins (Sphenisciformes), tubenoses (Procellariiformes), cormorants, frigatebirds, boobies, gannets (Suliformes), and pelicans (Pelecaniformes) and marine seaducks and loons (Anseriformes and Gaviiformes). We found that the seabird orders of Charadriiformes and Procellariiformes were most represented in the parasite-seabird literature. While negative effects were reported in seabirds associated with all the parasite groups, most effects have been studied in adults with less information known about how parasites may affect chicks and fledglings. We found studies most often reported on negative effects in seabird hosts during the breeding season, although this is also the time when most seabird research occurs. Many studies report that external factors such as condition of the host, pollution, and environmental conditions can influence the effects of parasites, thus cumulative effects likely play a large role in how parasites influence seabirds at both the individual and population level. With an increased understanding of parasite-host dynamics it is clear that major environmental changes, often those associated with human activities, can directly or indirectly affect the distribution, abundance, or virulence of parasites and pathogens.
  • Chapter Seven - Synthetic Musks: A Class of Commercial Fragrance Additives
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s): Xixi Li, Zhenhua Chu, Jiawen Yang, Minghao Li, Meijin Du, Xiaohui Zhao, Zhiwen (Joy) Zhu, Yu LiAbstractSynthetic musks (SMs) are promising fragrance additives used in personal care products (PCPs). The widespread presence of SMs in environmental media remains a serious risk because of their harmful effects. Recently, the environmental hazards of SMs have been widely reported in various environmental samples including those from coastal and marine regions. This paper provides a systematic review of SMs, including their classification, synthetic routes, analysis and occurrence in environmental samples, fate and toxicity in the environment, as well as the associated risk assessment and pollution control. Research gaps and future opportunities were also identified with the hope of raising interest in this topic.
  • Chapter Six - Brominated Flame Retardants, Microplastics, and Biocides in
           the Marine Environment: Recent Updates of Occurrence, Analysis, and
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s): Weiyun Lin, Xixi Li, Min Yang, Kenneth Lee, Bing Chen, Baiyu (Helen) ZhangAbstractEmerging contaminants (ECs) may pose adverse effects on the marine ecosystem and human health. Based on the analysis of publications filed in recent years, this paper provides a comprehensive overview on three prominent groups of ECs, i.e., brominated flame retardants, microplastics, and biocides. It includes detailed discussions on: (1) the occurrence of ECs in seawater, sediment, and biota; (2) analytical detection and monitoring approaches for these target ECs; and (3) the biological impacts of the ECs on humans and other trophic levels. This review provides a summary of recent advances in the field and remaining knowledge gaps to address, to enable the assessment of risk and support the development of regulations and mitigation technologies for the control of ECs in the marine environment.
  • Chapter Five - Modification of Hexachlorobenzene to Molecules with Lower
           Long-Range Transport Potentials Using 3D-QSAR Models with a Full Factor
           Experimental Design
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s): Meijin Du, Wenwen Gu, Xixi Li, Fuqiang Fan, Yu LiAbstractIn this study, the hexachlorobenzene molecule was modified by three-dimensional quantitative structure–activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models and a full factor experimental design to obtain new hexachlorobenzene molecules with low migration ability. The 3D-QSAR models (comparative molecular field analysis (CoMFA) and comparative molecular similarity indices analysis (CoMSIA)) were constructed by SYBLY-X 2.0 software, using experimental data of octanol–air partition coefficients (KOA) for 12 chlorobenzenes (CBs) congeners as the dependent variable, and the structural parameters of CBs as independent variables, respectively. A target molecule (hexachlorobenzene; HCB: its long-distance migration capability leads to pollution of the marine environment in Antarctic and Arctic) was modified using the 3D-QSAR contour maps associated with resolution V of the 210-3 full-factorial experimental design method, and 11 modified HCB molecules were produced with a single chlorine atom (–Cl2) and three chlorine atoms (–Cl1, –Cl3, and –Cl5) replaced with electropositive groups (–COOH, –CN, –CF3, –COF, –NO2, –F, –CHF2, –ONO2, and –SiF3) to increase the logKOA. The new molecules had essentially similar biological enrichment functions and toxicities as HCB but were found to be more easily degraded. A 2D-QSAR model and molecular docking technology indicated that both dipole moments and highest occupied orbital energies of the substituents markedly affected migration and degradation of the new molecules. The abilities of the compounds to undergo long distance migration were assessed. The modified HCB molecules (i.e. 2-CN-HCB, 2-CF3-HCB, 1-F-3-COOH-5-NO2-HCB, 1-NO2-3-CN-5-CHF2-HCB and 1-CN-3-F-5-NO2-HCB) moved from a long-range transport potential of the modified molecules to a relatively low mobility class, and the transport potentials of the remaining modified HCB molecules (i.e. 2-COOH-HCB, 2-COF-HCB, 1-COF-3-ONO2-5-NO2-HCB, 1-F-3-CN-5-SiF3-HCB, 1-F-3-COOH-5-SiF3-HCB and 1-CN-3-SiF3-5-ONO2-HCB) also significantly decreased. These results provide a basic theoretical basis for designing environmentally benign molecules based on HCB.
  • Chapter Four - Fate and Transport Modelling of Emerging Pollutants from
           Watersheds to Oceans: A Review
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s): Arpana Rani Datta, Qiao Kang, Bing Chen, Xudong YeAbstractThis chapter provides a review of the fate and transport modelling of emerging pollutants (EPs) and discusses the major research challenges. The overwhelming limitation of the past modelling studies has been the lack of data necessary for model validation, thus calling for large-scale field data sampling. The identification and understanding of fate and transport processes and their interactions of the target EPs and the corresponding selection of appropriate parameter values were also challenging. Such limitations and challenges were evidenced by the elaboration of the representative models in the field. The review also reveales that the model parameter values varied significantly with the EPs (and chemical compositions) and media of concerns. Sensitivity analysis was found to be necessary for modelling of those EPs with limited references in the literature. In comparison with traditional water pollutants, the concentrations of many EPs in water bodies are usually low and even at a trace level, leading to uncertainties or inaccuracy in measured data. This could further challenge model calibration and validation, and especially the determination of parameter values when lacking sufficient data support. How to improve the existing models to address such an issue special for EPs is an urgent task for researchers to ensure the accuracy and reliability of modelling results.
  • Chapter Three - Characterization of Nitrogen-Containing Polycyclic
           Aromatic Heterocycles in Crude Oils and Refined Petroleum Products
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s): Gong Zhang, Chun Yang, Mariam Serhan, Graeme Koivu, Zeyu Yang, Bruce Hollebone, Patrick Lambert, Carl E. BrownAbstractA large amount of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their heterocyclic analogues (N, S, O) are released to the marine environment from natural oil seeps, oil spills, bilge discharges and input of land-based sources. Many of these compounds are toxic and have a deleterious effect on marine biota. Nitrogen-containing compounds in crude oils are typically present as cyclic compounds such as polycyclic aromatic nitrogen heterocycles (PANHs) and are generally classified into the two categories of nonbasic (N-PANHs) and basic compounds (B-PANHs). Chromatographic analyses of PANHs are easily to be interfered by other oil components without proper sample preparation prior to instrumental analysis. In this work, dual solid phase extraction columns of 3-(isocyanato)propyl-functionalized silica gel (Si-NCO) and silica gel were employed to efficiently separate both N-PANHs and B-PANHs from saturated and aromatic petroleum hydrocarbons, which enable simultaneous accurate analyses of these groups with single sample preparation. Crude oils studied contain various concentrations of N-PANHs including carbazole, benzocarbazole and B-PANHs including quinolone, acridine and benzoacridine as well as their alkylated homologues. These compounds in light fuel and lubricating oil are generally not detected or are only in trace concentration, but have considerable abundance in heavy fuel oils. Crude oils from different sources and various petroleum products have their unique absolute concentrations and relative distribution patterns of PANHs. Chemical fingerprints of PANHs can provide valuable information for forensic oil spill identification and improve the understanding of the fate, behaviour and chemical degradation of spilled crude oil.
  • Chapter Two - Occurrence, Impact, Analysis and Treatment of Metformin and
           Guanylurea in Coastal Aquatic Environments of Canada, USA and Europe
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s): Yunwen Tao, Bing Chen, Baiyu (Helen) Zhang, Zhiwen (Joy) Zhu, Qinhong CaiAbstractThis review discusses the occurrence, impact, analysis and treatment of metformin and guanylurea in coastal aquatic environments of Canada, USA and Europe. Metformin, a biguanide in chemical classification, is widely used as one of the most effective first-line oral drugs for type 2 diabetes. It is difficult to be metabolized by the human body and exists in both urine and faeces samples in these regions. Guanylurea is metformin's biotransformation product. Consequently, significant concentrations of metformin and guanylurea have been reported in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and coastal aquatic environments. The maximum concentrations of metformin and guanylurea in surface water samples were as high as 59,000 and 4502 ng L−1, respectively. Metformin can be absorbed in non-target organisms by plants and in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Guanylurea has a confirmed mitotic activity in plant cells. Analysis methods of metformin are currently developed based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC–MS). The removal of metformin from aquatic environments in the target regions is summarized. The review helps to fill a knowledge gap and provides insights for regulatory considerations. The potential options for managing these emerging pollutants are outlined too.
  • Chapter One - The Potential Impact of Hydrocarbons on Mussels in Port au
           Port Bay, Newfoundland
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s): Melissa C. Cook, Adam May, Lucas Kohl, Geert Van Biesen, Christopher C. Parrish, Penny L. MorrillAbstractSince 2012, the scallop fishery in Port au Port Bay, Newfoundland, Canada has experienced a drastic decline, while no decline was observed in adjacent St. George's Bay. Local fishermen have raised concerns about an abandoned oil exploration well in the Port au Port Bay. This study investigated the potential impact of petroleum hydrocarbons on sediments and blue mussels [Mytilus edulis] (a proxy organism for scallops) in the area. Sediments from both bays were characterized for their hydrocarbons and compared to potential petroleum hydrocarbon sources. Mussels were analysed for health indices and their 14C content. The results showed that the concentration of hydrocarbons found in the sediments of the fishing ground was within the range of unpolluted marine sediments and that the hydrocarbons present were likely from a mixture of sources. The health indices of the mussels in Port au Port Bay were similar to the health indices of mussels in St. George's Bay and the 14C content of the mussels from both bays was modern. These data suggest that the Port au Port fishing ground was not solely contaminated from crude oil leaking from an oil exploration well, that the mussels were not contaminated with petroleum hydrocarbons, and that Port au Port mussels were just as healthy as the mussels of St. George's Bay. Therefore, whatever caused the scallop decline was most likely scallop- and bay-specific. During this study a fast and efficient method for extracting petroleum hydrocarbons from sediment using accelerated solvent extraction with integrated silica gel was developed.
  • Series Contents for Last Fifteen Years
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s):
  • Contributors to Volume 81
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s):
  • Series Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 81Author(s):
  • Chapter Two - The Importance of Natural Acidified Systems in the Study of
           Ocean Acidification: What Have We Learned'
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 80Author(s): Sara González-Delgado, José Carlos HernándezAbstractHuman activity is generating an excess of atmospheric CO2, resulting in what we know as ocean acidification, which produces changes in marine ecosystems. Until recently, most of the research in this area had been done under small-scale, laboratory conditions, using few variables, few species and few life cycle stages. These limitations raise questions about the reproducibility of the environment and about the importance of indirect effects and synergies in the final results of these experiments. One way to address these experimental problems is by conducting studies in situ, in natural areas where expected future pH conditions already occur, such as CO2 vent systems. In the present work, we compile and discuss the latest research carried out in these natural laboratories, with the objective to summarize their advantages and disadvantages for research to improve these investigations so they can better help us understand how the oceans of the future will change.
  • Chapter One - Drivers of Soft and Stony Coral Community Distribution on
           the High-Latitude Coral Reefs of South Africa
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 80Author(s): Michael H. Schleyer, Sean N. PorterAbstractThe role of abiotic parameters in determining the distribution of coral communities was assessed on the relatively pristine Maputaland reefs of South Africa from comprehensive reef survey data. The reefs, on which 42 communities could be defined, occur within three geographically separate complexes. Patterns in benthic distribution could be partially explained by latitude and depth, in particular, with slope, turbulence and reef aspect playing far less role in that order. A few species were associated exclusively or in high abundance with some of the communities; in most, it was the ratio of otherwise cosmopolitan species within all of the reef complexes that distinguished them. Complex biotic variables were also considered but not quantified and it is likely that low genetic connectivity and high levels of self-seeding result in a measure of isolation of the communities within a latitudinal gradient.
  • Series Contents for Last Fifteen Years
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 80Author(s):
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    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 80Author(s):
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    • Abstract: Publication date: 2018Source: Advances in Marine Biology, Volume 80Author(s):
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Heriot-Watt University
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