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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 2987 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1422 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
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Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
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African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
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Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
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Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
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Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
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Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
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Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
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Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
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BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
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Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
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Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
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Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
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Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
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Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
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Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
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Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Advances in Ecological Research
  [SJR: 3.25]   [H-I: 43]   [43 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 0065-2504
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3051 journals]
  • Chapter Six 14 Questions for Invasion in Ecological Networks
    • Authors: J.H. Pantel; D.A. Bohan; V. Calcagno; P. David; P.-F. Duyck; S. Kamenova; N. Loeuille; G. Mollot; T.N. Romanuk; E. Thébault; P. Tixier; F. Massol
      Pages: 293 - 340
      Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research, Volume 56
      Author(s): J.H. Pantel, D.A. Bohan, V. Calcagno, P. David, P.-F. Duyck, S. Kamenova, N. Loeuille, G. Mollot, T.N. Romanuk, E. Thébault, P. Tixier, F. Massol
      Why do some species successfully invade new environments? Which of these invasive species will alter or even reshape their new environment? The answers to these questions are simultaneously critical and complex. They are critical because invasive species can spectacularly alter their new environment, leading to native species extinctions or loss of important ecosystem functions that fundamentally reduce environmental and societal services. They are complex because invasion success in a novel environment is influenced by various attributes embedded in natural landscapes—biogeographical landscape properties, abiotic environmental characteristics, and the relationship between the invasive species and the resident species present in the new environment. We explore whether a condensed record of the relationships among species, in the form of a network, contains the information needed to understand and predict invasive species success and subsequent impacts. Applying network theory to study invasive species is a relatively novel approach. For this reason, much research will be needed to incorporate existing ecological properties into a network framework and to identify which network features hold the information needed to understand and predict whether or not an invasive species is likely to establish or come to dominate a novel environment. This paper asks and begins to answer the 14 most important questions that biologists must address to integrate network analysis into the study of invasive species. Answering these questions can help ecologists produce a practical monitoring scheme to identify invasive species before they substantially alter native environments or to provide solutions to mitigate their harmful impacts.

      PubDate: 2017-01-20T07:30:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.10.008
      Issue No: Vol. 56 (2017)
       
  • Series Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research, Volume 57


      PubDate: 2017-03-16T21:34:13Z
       
  • Advances in Ecological Research Volume 1–57
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research, Volume 57


      PubDate: 2017-03-16T21:34:13Z
       
  • Invasions of Host-Associated Microbiome Networks
    • Authors: C.L. Murall; J.L. Abbate; M. Puelma Touzel; E. Allen-Vercoe; S. Alizon; R. Froissart; K. McCann
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 26 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): C.L. Murall, J.L. Abbate, M. Puelma Touzel, E. Allen-Vercoe, S. Alizon, R. Froissart, K. McCann
      The study of biological invasions of ecological systems has much to offer research on within–host (WH) systems, particularly for understanding infections and developing therapies using biological agents. Thanks to the ground-work established in other fields, such as community ecology and evolutionary biology, and to modern methods of measurement and quantification, the study of microbiomes has quickly become a field at the forefront of modern systems biology. Investigations of host-associated microbiomes (e.g. for studying human health) are often centred on measuring and explaining the structure, functions and stability of these communities. This momentum promises to rapidly advance our understanding of ecological networks and their stability, resilience and resistance to invasions. However, intrinsic properties of host-associated microbiomes that differ from those of free-living systems present challenges to the development of a WH invasion ecology framework. The elucidation of principles underlying the invasibility of WH networks will ultimately help in the development of medical applications and help shape our understanding of human health and disease.

      PubDate: 2017-01-28T07:58:12Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.11.002
       
  • Massively Introduced Managed Species and Their Consequences for
           Plant–Pollinator Interactions
    • Authors: B. Geslin; B. Gauzens; M. Baude; I. Dajoz; C. Fontaine; M. Henry; L. Ropars; O. Rollin; E. Thébault; N.J. Vereecken
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): B. Geslin, B. Gauzens, M. Baude, I. Dajoz, C. Fontaine, M. Henry, L. Ropars, O. Rollin, E. Thébault, N.J. Vereecken
      Since the rise of agriculture, human populations have domesticated plant and animal species to fulfil their needs. With modern agriculture, a limited number of these species has been massively produced over large areas at high local densities. Like invasive species, these Massively Introduced Managed Species (MIMS) integrate local communities and can trigger cascading effects on the structure and functioning of ecosystems. Here, we focus on plant and insect MIMS in the context of plant–pollinator systems. Several crop species such as mass flowering crops (e.g. Brassica napus) and domesticated pollinating insects (e.g. Apis mellifera, Bombus terrestris) have been increasingly introduced worldwide and their impact on natural communities is addressed by an increasing number of scientific studies. First, we review the impacts of major insect and plant MIMS on natural communities by identifying how they affect other species through competition (direct and apparent competition) or facilitation (attraction, spillover). Second, we show how MIMS can alter the structure of plant–pollinator networks. We specifically analysed the position of A. mellifera from 63 published plant–pollinator webs to illustrate that MIMS can occupy a central position in the networks, leading to functional consequences. Finally, we present the features of MIMS in sensitive environments ranging from oceanic islands to protected areas, as a basis to discuss the impacts of MIMS in urban context and agrosystems. Through the case study of MIMS in plant–pollinator interactions, we thus provide here a first perspective of the role of MIMS in the functioning of ecosystems.

      PubDate: 2017-01-20T07:30:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.10.007
       
  • Novel and Disrupted Trophic Links Following Invasion in Freshwater
           Ecosystems
    • Authors: M.C. Jackson; R.J. Wasserman; J. Grey; A. Ricciardi; J.T.A. Dick; M.E. Alexander
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): M.C. Jackson, R.J. Wasserman, J. Grey, A. Ricciardi, J.T.A. Dick, M.E. Alexander
      When invasive species become integrated within a food web, they may have numerous direct and indirect impacts on the native community by creating novel trophic links, and modifying or disrupting existing ones. Here we discuss these impacts by drawing on examples from freshwater ecosystems, and argue that future research should quantify changes in such trophic interactions (i.e. the links in a food web), rather than simply focusing on traditional measures of diversity or abundance (i.e. the nodes in a food web). We conceptualise the impacts of invaders on trophic links as either direct consumption, indirect trophic effects (e.g. cascading interactions, competition) or indirect nontrophic effects (e.g. behaviour mediated). We then discuss how invader impacts on trophic links are context-dependent, varying with invader traits (e.g. feeding rates), abiotic variables (e.g. temperature, pH) and the traits of the receiving community (e.g. predators or competitors). Co-occurring invasive species and other environmental stressors, such as climate change, will also influence invader impacts on trophic links. Finally, we discuss the available methods to identify new food web interactions following invasion and to quantify how invasive species disrupt existing feeding links. Methods include direct observations in the field, laboratory trials (e.g. to quantify functional responses) and controlled mesocosm experiments to elucidate impacts on food webs. Field studies which use tracer techniques, such as stable isotope analyses, allow diet characterisation of both invaders and interacting native species in the wild. We conclude that invasive species often drastically alter food webs by creating and disrupting trophic links, and future research should be directed particularly towards disentangling the effects of invaders from other environmental stressors.

      PubDate: 2017-01-20T07:30:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.10.006
       
  • Series Page
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research, Volume 56


      PubDate: 2017-01-20T07:30:35Z
       
  • Advances in Ecological Research Volume 1–56
    • Abstract: Publication date: 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research, Volume 56


      PubDate: 2017-01-20T07:30:35Z
       
  • Robustness Trade-Offs in Model Food Webs: Invasion Probability Decreases
           While Invasion Consequences Increase With Connectance
    • Authors: T.N. Romanuk; Y. Zhou; F.S. Valdovinos; N.D. Martinez
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): T.N. Romanuk, Y. Zhou, F.S. Valdovinos, N.D. Martinez
      The invasion of ecosystems by nonnative species is widely considered the greatest threat to biodiversity after habitat loss. Given limited theoretical and empirical understanding of ecological robustness to such perturbations, we simulated invasions of complex ecological networks by integrating the ‘niche model’ of food web structure and a nonlinear bioenergetic model of population dynamics. Overall, 7958 successful invasions by 100 different invaders in 150 food webs with 15–29 original species (mean 20) and 5–38% connectance (mean 16%) showed that most (61%) communities were robust to invasion in that they experienced no species loss. The distribution of robustness in terms of the fraction of native species that persisted (mean 94%) was skewed with a long tail reaching to values as low as 20%. Loss of a single species occurred less frequently (14% of cases) than ‘extinction cascades’ involving the loss of two or more species (25% of cases). These cascades were often caused by invaders with many prey species and few predator species. While low-connectance webs and webs invaded by omnivores were most likely to lose at least one additional species, high-connectance webs experiencing extinction cascades lost the most species, especially when invaded by secondary consumers. These and earlier simulation results suggest how the structure of invaded communities and the properties of invaders involve trade-offs among robustness and resistance to invasion. For example, high-connectance communities are highly resistant and robust to invasion overall but lose the most species in the relatively few cases when extinctions occur. Low-connectance webs are the least resistant and more often lack robustness but lose the fewest species in the relatively many cases when extinctions occur. Broadly speaking, these findings suggest that high connectance makes food webs rigidly resistant to invasion but more brittle once such rigidity is breached. Low-connectance webs are less rigid while more flexibly suffering fewer extinctions when extinctions occur.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T14:49:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.11.001
       
  • Impacts of Invasive Species on Food Webs: A Review of Empirical Data
    • Authors: P. David; E. Thébault; O. Anneville; P.-F. Duyck; E. Chapuis; N. Loeuille
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 4 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): P. David, E. Thébault, O. Anneville, P.-F. Duyck, E. Chapuis, N. Loeuille
      We review empirical studies on how bioinvasions alter food webs and how a food-web perspective may change their prediction and management. Predation is found to underlie the most spectacular damage in invaded systems, sometimes cascading down to primary producers. Indirect trophic effects (exploitative and apparent competition) also affect native species, but rarely provoke extinctions, while invaders often have positive bottom-up effects on higher trophic levels. As a result of these trophic interactions, and of nontrophic ones such as mutualisms or ecosystem engineering, invasions can profoundly modify the structure of the entire food web. While few studies have been undertaken at this scale, those that have highlight how network properties such as species richness, phenotypic diversity, and functional diversity, limit the likelihood and impacts of invasions by saturating niche space. Vulnerable communities have unsaturated niche space mainly because of evolutionary history in isolation (islands), dispersal limitation, or anthropogenic disturbance. Evolution also modulates the insertion of invaders into a food web. Exotics and natives are evolutionarily new to one another, and invasion tends to retain alien species that happen to have advantage over residents in trophic interactions. Resident species, therefore, often rapidly evolve traits to better tolerate or exploit invaders—a process that may eventually restore more balanced food webs and prevent extinctions. We discuss how network-based principles might guide management policies to better live with invaders, rather than to undertake the daunting (and often illusory) task of eradicating them one by one.

      PubDate: 2017-01-12T14:49:02Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.10.001
       
  • Invasions Toolkit: Current Methods for Tracking the Spread and Impact of
           Invasive Species
    • Authors: Kamenova T.J.; Bartley Bohan J.R. Boutain R.I. Colautti Domaizon Fontaine
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): S. Kamenova, T.J. Bartley, D. Bohan, J.R. Boutain, R.I. Colautti, I. Domaizon, C. Fontaine, A. Lemainque, I. Le Viol, G. Mollot, M.-E. Perga, V. Ravigné, F. Massol
      Biological invasions exert multiple pervasive effects on ecosystems, potentially disrupting species interactions and global ecological processes. Our ability to successfully predict and manage the ecosystem-level impacts of biological invasions is strongly dependent on our capacity to empirically characterize complex biological interactions and their spatiotemporal dynamics. In this chapter, we argue that the comprehensive integration of multiple complementary tools within the explicit context of ecological networks is essential for providing mechanistic insight into invasion processes and their impact across organizational levels. We provide an overview of traditional (stable isotopes, populations genetics) and emerging (metabarcoding, citizen science) techniques and methods, and their practical implementation in the context of biological invasions. We also present several currently available models and machine-learning approaches that could be used for predicting novel or undocumented interactions, thus allowing a more robust and cost-effective forecast of network and ecosystem stability. Finally, we discuss the importance of methodological advancements on the emergence of scientific and societal challenges for investigating local and global species histories with several skill sets.

      PubDate: 2017-01-04T10:02:59Z
       
  • Parasites and Biological Invasions: Predicting Ecological Alterations at
           Levels From Individual Hosts to Whole Networks
    • Authors: Firmat D.J.; Sheath Pegg Andreou J.R. Britton
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): V. Médoc, C. Firmat, D.J. Sheath, J. Pegg, D. Andreou, J.R. Britton
      The network approach is increasingly used by food-web ecologists and ecological parasitologists and has shed light on how parasite–host assemblages are organized, as well as on the role of parasites on the structure and stability of food webs. With accelerating rates of nonnative parasites being introduced around the world, there is an increasing need to predict their ecological impacts and the network approach can be helpful in this regard. There is inherent complexity in parasite invasions as parasites are highly diverse in terms of taxa and life strategies. Furthermore, they may depend on their cointroduced host to successfully overcome some crucial steps in the invasion process. Free-living introduced species often experience enemy release during invasion, which reduces the number of introduced parasites. However, introduced parasites that successfully establish may alter the structure of the recipient network through various mechanisms including parasite spill-over and spill-back, and manipulative and nonmanipulative phenotypic alterations. Despite limited literature on biological invasions in infectious food webs, some outstanding methodological issues and the considerable knowledge gaps that remain, the network approach provides valuable insights on some challenging questions, such as the link between structure and invasibility by parasites. Additional empirical data and theoretical investigations are needed to go further and the predictive power of the network approach will be improved by incorporating weighted methods that are based on trophic data collected using quantitative methods, such as stable isotope analyses.

      PubDate: 2017-01-04T10:02:59Z
       
  • The Effects of Invasive Species on the Decline in Species Richness: A
           Global Meta-Analysis
    • Authors: Mollot J.H.; Pantel T.N. Romanuk
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 January 2017
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): G. Mollot, J.H. Pantel, T.N. Romanuk
      Biological invasions are one of the most important ecological disturbances that threaten native biodiversity. An expected increase in the rate of species extinction will have major effects on the structure and function of ecosystems worldwide. The goal of our study is to determine which ecological properties mediate the impact of invasive species on biodiversity loss on a global scale using a meta-analysis. We considered the role of properties such as the trophic and taxonomic position of invaders, taxonomic groups of invaded systems, the type of habitats invaded and whether the invasive species is included in a list of the most harmful invasive species for biodiversity loss. We compiled 185 studies that included 253 numerical values of changes of species richness due to species invasion. We investigated the role of trophic and taxonomic parameters of invaders, as well as the role of abiotic parameters of habitat on changes in species richness due to biological invasions. Our results show that plant invaders are highly represented (85% of all invaders studied), especially those belonging to the Poaceae family. For animals, predation seems to be the feeding behaviour associated with the greatest decrease in species richness and this relationship is independent of habitat type, with a 21% decline observed in aquatic habitats and a 27% decline in terrestrial habitats. In invaded communities, birds suffer the greatest decline in species richness (41% decline). Finally, we found that species richness declines in Europe are spatially autocorrelated, suggesting that the consequences of invasive species cannot be understood through local-scale analysis alone.

      PubDate: 2017-01-04T10:02:59Z
       
  • Importance of Microorganisms to Macroorganisms Invasions: Is the Essential
           
    • Authors: L. Amsellem; C. Brouat; O. Duron; S.S. Porter; A. Vilcinskas; B. Facon
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 27 December 2016
      Source:Advances in Ecological Research
      Author(s): L. Amsellem, C. Brouat, O. Duron, S.S. Porter, A. Vilcinskas, B. Facon
      Microorganisms comprise the majority of earth's biodiversity and are integral to biosphere processes. Biological invasions are no exception to this trend. The success of introduced macroorganisms can be deeply influenced by diverse microorganisms (bacteria, virus, fungus and protozoa) occupying the whole range of species interaction outcomes, from parasitism to obligate mutualism. This large range of interactions, often coupled with complex historical and introduction events, can result in a wide variety of ecological dynamics. In this chapter, we review different situations in which microorganisms affect biological invasions. First, we consider outcomes of microorganism loss during the introduction of alien species. Second, we discuss positive effects of microorganisms on the invasiveness of their exotic hosts. Third, we examine the influence of microorganisms hosted by native species on the success of introduced species. Finally, in an applied perspective, we envisage how microorganisms can be used (i) to better decipher invasion processes and (ii) as biological control agents.

      PubDate: 2017-01-04T10:02:59Z
      DOI: 10.1016/bs.aecr.2016.10.005
       
 
 
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