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BIOLOGY (1576 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access  
Acta Biologica Venezuelica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 80)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 384)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.856
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 16  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0829-8211 - ISSN (Online) 1208-6002
Published by NRC Research Press Homepage  [21 journals]
  • Low n-6/n-3 PUFA ratio improves inflammation and myocardial ischemic
           reperfusion injury
    • Authors: Caiyan Ma, Zehang Xu, Heng Lv
      Pages: 621 - 629
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, Volume 97, Issue 5, Page 621-629, October 2019.
      This study investigated the potential effect of n-6/n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on inflammation and myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury (MIRI) in rats, together with the underlying protective mechanisms, and screen out most effective ratio of n-6/n-3 within limits. The rats with pre-infarct treatment were distributed among 5 groups according to the n-6/n-3 ratio (36:1; 1:1, 5:1, 10:1, 50:1); for the post-infarct treatment, the rats were distributed among 6 groups, including the control group (36:1) which was subjected to a sham procedure; the model group (36:1); and 4 test groups (n-6/n-3 ratio: 1:1, 5:1, 10:1, 50:1). All of the rats were fed a purple perilla seed oil and safflower oil-based fatty emulsion. The serum levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Staining with triphenyl tetrazolium chloride, hematoxylin and eosin, or Masson’s trichrome was performed for histological examination. Cardiomyocyte apoptosis was examined by TUNEL assay. Western blotting was performed to examine the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins and signaling pathway proteins. Our data indicate that in both the pre-infarct treatment and post-infarct treatment, low ratios of n-6/n-3 PUFAs significantly inhibited the levels of serum inflammatory factors, the infarct size of MIRI rats, number of cardiomyocytes undergoing apoptosis, and the expression levels of caspase-3, Bcl-2, and Bax in the MIRI group. Thus a low ratio of n-6/n-3 PUFAs ameliorates inflammation and myocardial ischemic reperfusion injury.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-10-04T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0342
  • MiR-204 suppresses cell proliferation and promotes apoptosis in ovarian
           granulosa cells via targeting TPT1 in polycystic ovary syndrome
    • Authors: Xueqin Sun, Shan Su, Guoxiang Zhang, Hong Zhang, Xiaohui Yu
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      MicroRNA (miR)-204 is known to be associated with several different diseases. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has the highest incidence rate among the endocrine disorders in females between the ages of 18 and 44. We aimed to illustrate the miR-204 function in PCOS. MiR-204 expression levels in tissue and cell were examined through RT-qPCR. Colony formation assay and MTT assay were applied to detect the cell viability. Flow cytometry was employed to examine the apoptosis and cell cycle in cells. RNA binding protein immunoprecipitation assay and luciferase reporter assay were provided to demonstrate the direct interaction between translationally controlled tumor protein (TPT1) and miR-204. The expression of miR-204 was declined in KGN cells and ovarian cortex tissues of PCOS patients. MiR-204 enhanced the colony formation capacity and cell proliferation in KGN cells. Cell cycle and apoptosis were also influenced by miR-204. Since miR-204 has direct interaction with TPT1, TPT1 overexpression suppressed the miR-204-induced apoptosis and cell cycle alteration in KGN cells. MiR-204 inhibits the cell viability and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest by directly interacting with TPT1, indicating a role of miR-204 to be a potential target in the PCOS patients.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-08-28T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2019-0019
  • Effect of caveolin-1 on Stat3-ptyr705 levels in breast and lung carcinoma
    • Authors: Mulu Geletu, Zaid Taha, Rozanne Arulanandam, Reva Mohan, Hikmat H. Assi, Maria G. Castro, Ivan Robert Nabi, Patrick T. Gunning, Leda Raptis
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      We recently demonstrated that Cav1 (caveolin-1) is a negative regulator of Stat3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription-3) activity in mouse fibroblasts and human lung carcinoma SHP77 cells. We now examined whether the cellular context may affect their levels as well as the relationship between them, by assessing Cav1 and Stat3-ptyr705 amounts in different cell lines. In MDA-MB-231, A549, and HaCat cells, Cav1 levels were high and Stat3-ptyr705 levels were low, consistent with the notion of a negative effect of endogenous Cav1 on Stat3-ptyr705 levels in these lines. In addition, manipulation of Cav1 levels revealed a negative effect in MCF7 and mouse fibroblast cells, while Cav1 upregulation induced apoptosis in MCF7 cells. In contrast, however, line MRC9 had high Cav1 and high Stat3-ptyr705 levels, indicating that high Cav1 is insufficient to reduce Stat3-ptyr705 levels in this line. MCF7 and LuCi6 cells had very low Cav1 and Stat3-ptyr705 levels, indicating that the low Stat3-ptyr705 can be independent from Cav1 levels altogether. Our results reveal a further level of complexity in the relationship between Cav1 and Stat3-ptyr705 than previously thought. In addition, we demonstrate that in a feedback loop, Stat3 inhibition upregulates Cav1 in HeLa cells but not in other lines tested.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-04-15T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0367
  • Current approaches for RNA-labelling to identify RNA-binding proteins
    • Authors: Darren Gemmill, Simmone D’souza, Vanessa Meier-Stephenson, Trushar R. Patel
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      RNA is involved in all domains of life, playing critical roles in a host of gene expression processes, host-defense mechanisms, cell proliferation, and diseases. A critical component in many of these events is the ability for RNA to interact with proteins. Over the past few decades, our understanding of such RNA–protein interactions and their importance has driven the search and development of new techniques for the identification of RNA-binding proteins. In determining which proteins bind to the RNA of interest, it is often useful to use the approach where the RNA molecule is the “bait” and allow it to capture proteins from a lysate or other relevant solution. Here, we review a collection of methods for modifying RNA to capture RNA-binding proteins. These include small-molecule modification, the addition of aptamers, DNA-anchoring, and nucleotide substitution. With each, we provide examples of their application, as well as highlight their advantages and potential challenges.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-03-30T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2019-0041
  • Annexin A2 expression and partners during epithelial cell differentiation
    • Authors: Malik Zibouche, Françoise Illien, Jesus Ayala-Sanmartin
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      The members of the annexin family of calcium- and phospholipid-binding proteins participate in different cellular processes. Annexin A2 binds to S100A10, forming a functional heterotetrameric protein that has been involved in many cellular functions, such as exocytosis, endocytosis, cell junction formation, and actin cytoskeleton dynamics. Herein, we studied annexin A2 cellular movements and looked for its partners during epithelial cell differentiation. By using immunofluorescence, mass spectrometry (MS), and western blot analyses after S100A10 affinity column separation, we identified several annexin A2–S100A10 partner candidates. The association of putative annexin A2–S100A10 partner candidates obtained by MS after column affinity was validated by immunofluorescence and sucrose density gradient separation. The results show that three proteins are clearly associated with annexin A2: E-cadherin, actin, and caveolin 1. Overall, the data show that annexin A2 can associate with molecular complexes containing actin, caveolin 1, and flotillin 2 before epithelial differentiation and with complexes containing E-cadherin, actin, and caveolin 1, but not flotillin 2 after cell differentiation. The results indicate that actin, caveolin 1, and E-cadherin are the principal protein partners of annexin A2 in epithelial cells and that the serine phosphorylation of the N-terminal domain does not play an essential role during epithelial cell differentiation.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-03-18T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0393
  • Serum-dependent and -independent regulation of PARP2
    • Authors: Qizhi Sun, Mohamed I. Gatie, Gregory M. Kelly
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      PARP2 belongs to a family of proteins involved in cell differentiation, DNA damage repair, cellular energy expenditure, and chromatin modeling. In addition to these overlapping functions with PARP1, PARP2 participates in spermatogenesis, T-cell maturation, extra-embryonic endoderm formation, adipogenesis, lipid metabolism, and cholesterol homeostasis. Knowledge of the functions of PARP2 is far from complete, and the mechanism(s) by which the gene and protein are regulated are unknown. In this study, we found that two different mechanisms are used in vitro to regulate PARP2 levels. In the presence of serum, PARP2 is degraded through the ubiquitin–proteasome pathway; however, when serum is removed or dialyzed with a 3.5 kDa molecular cut membrane, PARP2 rapidly becomes sodium dodecyl sulphate- and urea-insoluble. Despite the presence of a putative serum response element in the PARP2 gene, transcription is not affected by serum deprivation, and PARP2 levels are restored when serum is replaced. The loss of PARP2 affects cell differentiation and gene expression linked to cholesterol and lipid metabolism. These observations highlight the critical roles that PARP2 plays under different physiological conditions, and reveal that PARP2 is tightly regulated by distinct pathways.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-03-17T07:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0345
  • Apoptosis induced by synthetic compounds containing a
           3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl fragment against lymphoid immature neoplasms
    • Authors: I.M. Santos-Pirath, L.O. Walter, M.F. Maioral, P.D. Neuenfeldt, R.J. Nunes, M.C. Santos-Silva
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is an aggressive hematological malignancy originating from the malignant transformation of progenitor T cells at different stages of development. The treatment causes severe adverse effects and is associated with relapses and high morbidity and mortality rates. The present study aimed to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of 28 new compounds containing 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl analogues on hematological neoplastic cells lines. Cytotoxicity screening by the MTT method revealed that compound 1d was the most promising. Cell viability of neoplastic cells decreased in a concentration- and time-dependent manner, with compound 1d not causing hemolysis or reducing peripheral blood mononuclear cells viability, suggesting a selective cytotoxicity. We also suggested that compound 1d induced apoptotic-like cell death with mitochondrial involvement in Jurkat cells.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-03-08T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0316
  • Differential expression of leaf proteome of tolerant and susceptible maize
           (Zea mays L.) genotypes in response to multiple abiotic stresses
    • Authors: Suphia Rafique
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      In the present work, tropical maize genotypes were evaluated for multiple stresses (drought × low-N and waterlogging × low-N) applied simultaneously to 30-day-old maize seedlings. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis was used to examine the protein changes induced by combined stress, in leaves, of tolerant and susceptible genotypes. Moreover, physiological and biochemical parameters were assessed to understand the physiological status of tolerant and susceptible genotypes under combined stress. The results show that up-regulated proteins of the tolerant genotype have a significant role in activating defense response, restoration of plant growth, and to maintain metabolic homeostasis under stressful conditions. Therefore, they contribute to improve and maintain the state of acclimation of the genotype under stress. Alternatively in the susceptible genotype, the up-regulated proteins are representative biomarkers of stress or are involved in the defense against pathogens and efforts to maintain energy metabolism. Thus, protecting the survival of the genotype under multiple stress conditions. We conclude that depending on the given stress treatment, tolerant and susceptible genotypes differed in stress-enduring approaches. Therefore, the study provides insight to comprehend the response of tolerant and susceptible genotypes under combined stress conditions, which could be valuable for further research and will demonstrate that it is advantageous to select combined stress-tolerant genotypes.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-02-26T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0338
  • MiR-204 inhibits hepatocellular cancer drug resistance and metastasis
           through targeting NUAK1
    • Authors: Yuhui Yu, Yongsheng Wang, Xiangying Xiao, Wei Cheng, Liqiang Hu, Weiyun Yao, Zhangxuan Qian, Wei Wu
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      Liver cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths globally. Tumor response rate of liver cancer patients towards systemic chemotherapy is low and chemoresistance can easily develop. Identifying novel molecules that can repress drug resistance and metastasis of liver cancer will facilitate the development of new therapeutic strategies. The aim of this study is to determine the roles of NUAK1 and miR-204 in the drug resistance and metastasis of liver cancer and to reveal their relationship. We found that NUAK1 was increased in the tumor of primary liver cancer. Knockdown of NUAK1 significantly inhibited cell growth and migration. Moreover, NUAK1 was the direct downstream target of miR-204, and there was clinical relevance between miR-204 down-regulation and NUAK1 up-regulation in liver cancer. Furthermore, we found that miR-204 increased drug sensitivity by down-regulating NUAK1 expression. Based on these results, we identified miR-204 as a tumor suppressor by inhibiting NUAK1 expression in liver cancer, indicating both miR-204 and NUAK1 may act as promising targets for liver cancer therapy.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-02-26T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0354
  • Vitamin A status affects weight gain and hepatic glucose metabolism in
           rats fed a high-fat diet
    • Authors: Heqian Kuang, Cheng-hsin Wei, Tiannan Wang, Jennifer Eastep, Yang Li, Guoxun Chen
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      Whether vitamin A (VA) has a role in the development of metabolic abnormalities associated with intake of a high-fat diet (HFD) is unclear. Sprague–Dawley rats after weaning were fed an isocaloric VA sufficient HFD (VAS-HFD) or a VA deficient HFD (VAD-HFD) for 8 weeks. Body mass, food intake, liver and adipose tissue mass, and the hepatic expression levels of key proteins for metabolism were determined. VAD-HFD rats had lower body, liver, and epididymal fat mass than VAS-HFD rats. VAD-HFD rats had lower hepatic protein expression levels of cytochrome P450 26A1, glucokinase, and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase than VAS-HFD rats. VAD-HFD rats had higher protein levels of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3α and lower levels of GSK-3β, but not glycogen synthase, than VAS-HFD rats. VAD-HFD rats had higher hepatic levels of insulin receptor substrate-1 (IRS-1), insulin receptor β-subunit, mitogen-activated protein kinase proteins, and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator 1α mRNA, and lower level of IRS-2 protein than VAS-HFD rats. These results indicate that in a HFD setting, VA deficiency attenuated HFD-induced obesity, and VA status altered the expression levels of proteins required for glucose metabolism and insulin signaling. We conclude that VA status contributes to the regulation of hepatic glucose and lipid metabolism in a HFD setting, and may regulate hepatic carbohydrate metabolism.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-02-25T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0284
  • LncRNA-ANRIL inhibits cell senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells by
           regulating miR-181a/Sirt1
    • Authors: Pan Tan, Yong-Hong Guo, Jun-Kun Zhan, Li-Min Long, Mei-Li Xu, Ling Ye, Xin-Yu Ma, Xing-Jun Cui, Hai-Qin Wang
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      Background: Cardiovascular disease is one of the major threats to human life and health, and vascular aging is an important cause of its occurrence. Antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) is a kind of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) that plays important roles in cell senescence. However, the role and mechanism of ANRIL in senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are unclear. Methods: Cell viability and cell cycle were evaluated using an MTT assay and flow cytometry analysis, respectively. Senescence-associated (SA)-β-galactosidase (gal) staining was used to determine cell senescence. Dual luciferase reporter assays were conducted to confirm the binding of ANRIL and miR-181a, as well as miR-181a and Sirt1. The expression of ANRIL, miR-181a, and Sirt1 was determined using qRT-PCR and protein levels of SA-β-gal and p53–p21 pathway-related proteins were evaluated by Western blotting. Results: ANRIL and Sirt1 were down-regulated, whereas miR-181a was up-regulated in aging VSMCs. In young and aging VSMCs, over-expression of ANRIL could down-regulate miR-181a and up-regulate Sirt1. MTT and SA-β-gal staining assays showed that over-expression of ANRIL and inhibition of miR-181a promoted cell viability and inhibited VSMC senescence. The dual-luciferase reporter assay determined that miR-181a directly targets ANRIL and the 3′-UTR of Sirt1. Furthermore, over-expression of ANRIL inhibited cell cycle arrest and the p53–p21 pathway. Conclusion: ANRIL promotes cell viability and inhibits senescence in VSMCs, possibly by regulating miR-181a/Sirt1, and alleviating cell cycle arrest by inhibiting the p53–p21 pathway. This study provides novel insights for the role of ANRIL in the development of cell senescence.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-02-21T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0126
  • Molecular control of protein synthesis, glucose metabolism, and apoptosis
           in the brain of hibernating thirteen-lined ground squirrels
    • Authors: Shannon N. Tessier, Cheng-Wei Wu, Kenneth B. Storey
      Pages: 1 - 9
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      Thirteen-lined ground squirrels (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus) are excellent models for studying acute brain ischemia because they show high resistance to reductions in blood flow and oxygen delivery without evidence of neurological damage. In this study, we analyzed the insulin signaling pathway and regulation of mitochondrial substrate oxidation in three regions of ground squirrel brain (forebrain, cerebellum, and brainstem), comparing summer, late torpor, and interbout arousal conditions. We found select decreases in phospho-Akt in the cerebellum during torpor compared with summer animals, as well as select increases in the forebrain during interbout arousal, suggesting that Akt may influence either metabolism or cytoprotective pathways. The phosphoprotein abundance of glycogen synthase kinase 3 beta (GSK3β) showed the most consistent trend across all three brain regions, with peak increases observed during deep torpor, suggesting a crucial role for this protein during hibernation. Furthermore, all three regions of the brain showed increased phospho-protein abundance of pyruvate dehydrogenase at serine 232 during both deep torpor and interbout arousal, and serine 300 during interbout arousal only, whereas other phosphorylation sites showed a region-specific expression pattern. Information collected from these studies sheds light on the molecular controls governing insulin signaling and fuel utilization in the brain of hibernating ground squirrels.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-02-14T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0256
  • Cellular roles of the human Obg-like ATPase 1 (hOLA1) and its YchF
    • Authors: Nirujah Balasingam, Harland E. Brandon, Joseph A. Ross, Hans-Joachim Wieden, Nehal Thakor
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      P-loop NTPases comprise one of the major superfamilies of nucleotide binding proteins, which mediate a variety of cellular processes, such as mRNA translation, signal transduction, cell motility, and growth regulation. In this review, we discuss the structure and function of two members of the ancient Obg-related family of P-loop GTPases: human Obg-like ATPase 1 (hOLA1), and its bacterial/plant homolog, YchF. After a brief discussion of nucleotide binding proteins in general and the classification of the Obg-related family in particular, we discuss the sequence and structural features of YchF and hOLA1. We then explore the various functional roles of hOLA1 in mammalian cells during stress response and cancer progression, and of YchF in bacterial cells. Finally, we directly compare and contrast the structure and function of hOLA1 with YchF before summarizing the future perspectives of hOLA1 research. This review is timely, given the variety of recent studies aimed at understanding the roles of hOLA1 and YchF in such critical processes as cellular-stress response, oncogenesis, and protein synthesis.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-02-11T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0353
  • Involvement of M1 and M3 receptors in isolated pancreatic islets function
           during weight cycling in ovariectomized rats
    • Authors: Kayo Augusto Salandin Pacher, Thaís Furtado Camargo, Thiago Antonio Moretti Andrade, Helena Cristina Lima Barbosa-Sampaio, Maria Esméria Corezola do Amaral
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      We investigated the structural and functional adaptations of the pancreas during weight cycling in animals submitted to hypoestrogenism. Female Wistar rats were distributed among the following test groups: ShamAL (AL, ad libitum); OVXAL (ovariectomized); and OVXcycle (dietary restriction with weight cycling). The ShamAL and OVXAL groups received commercial feed ad libitum, whereas the OVXcycle group received 21 days of commercial feed ad libitum, and 21 days of caloric restriction, with caloric intake amounting to 40% of the amount of feed consumed by the rats in the OVXAL group. The tolerance tests for glucose and insulin were applied. After euthanasia, the pancreas and adipose tissue were collected. The disappearance of glucose during the insulin assay occurred at a higher rate in tissues from the OVXcycle group, compared with the OVXAL group. Fasting glycemia and perirenal adipose tissue were lower in the OVXcycle group. By comparison with the ShamAL and OVXAL groups, the OVXcycle group showed higher protein expression of the M1 and M3 receptors and SOD1–2, as well as higher carbachol-induced insulin secretion. Under highly stimulatory conditions with 16.7 mmol/L glucose, the OVXAL and OVXcycle groups presented lower insulin secretion compared with the ShamAL group. Morphological analysis revealed higher iron deposition in the OVXAL islets by comparison with the OVXcycle group. These results show that ovariectomy accelerated the loss of pancreatic islet function, and that weight cycling could restore the function of the islets.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-02-01T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0306
  • The long noncoding RNA HOTTIP promotes breast cancer cell migration,
           invasiveness, and epithelial–mesenchymal transition via the
           Wnt–β-catenin signaling pathway
    • Authors: Sijia Han, Xiaoming Jin, Zhen Liu, Fei Xing, Ye Han, Xiaopeng Yu, Guijin He, Fang Qiu
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      Long noncoding RNA HOTTIP (HOXA transcript at the distal tip) has recently been reported to have a role in the proliferation of various cancer cells, yet its role in cell migration, invasiveness, and the EMT (epithelial–mesenchymal transition) in breast cancer and the potential mechanisms remain unknown. Breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-468 were transfected with shRNA (short hairpin RNA) that specifically targeting HOTTIP. We observed a remarkable decrease in migration and invasiveness in these two breast cancer cell lines after knock-down of HOTTIP by shHOTTIP. We also demonstrated that the EMT of these two breast cell lines was suppressed after HOTTIP knock-down, as evidenced by increased E-cadherin levels, and decreased levels of N-cadherin, Snail, and Twist. Moreover, HOTTIP silencing also suppressed tumor metastasis in nude mice in vivo. In addition, we found that the expression of β-catenin was significantly decreased in breast cancer cells after knock-down of HOTTIP. In a further rescue experiment using overexpression of β-catenin, the rates of cell migration, invasiveness, and EMT of HOTTIP-silenced breast cancer cells were promoted, disclosing a potential role of the Wnt–β-catenin signaling pathway in this process. Overall, we discovered the positive regulatory function of HOTTIP in the migration, invasiveness, and EMT of breast cancer cells, via regulating the Wnt–β-catenin pathway.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-01-24T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0313
  • Knockdown of RNF2 enhances the radiosensitivity of squamous cell carcinoma
           in lung
    • Authors: Jie Yang, Fan Yu, Jinlei Guan, Tao Wang, Changjiang Liu, Yuxiang Wang, Guangjie Liu, Shuchai Zhu
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      A previous study has reported that knockdown of RING finger protein 2 (RNF2) increases the radiosensitivity of esophageal cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo. However, the effect of RNF2 knockdown on radiosensitivity in squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) remains unknown. For this, NCI-H226 and SK-MES-1 cells were exposed to X-ray irradiation and then RNF2 levels were determined. RNF2 was knocked-down and stable transfectants were selected. Radiosensitivity, cell proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, and γ-H2AX foci formation were evaluated. Interaction among ataxia telangiectasia mutated protein (ATM), mediator of DNA damage checkpoint 1 (MDC1), and H2AX were examined. Xenograft models were used to explore the effect of RNF2 knockdown on radiosensitivity in vivo. The results showed that RNF2 expression was significantly increased by X-ray irradiation. RNF2 knockdown combined with X-ray irradiation markedly inhibited cell proliferation, caused cell cycle arrest at the G1 phase, and induced cell apoptosis. In addition, RNF2 knockdown enhanced the radiosensitivity of SqCC cells, inhibited irradiation-induced γ-H2AX foci formation, and impaired the interactions among ATM, MDC1, and H2AX. Furthermore, combination of RNF2 knockdown and X-ray irradiation suppressed tumor growth and promoted tumor cell apoptosis in vivo. RNF2 may be a new therapeutic target to enhance the radiosensitivity of SqCC cells in lung.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-01-23T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0252
  • ARS2 is required for retinal progenitor cell S-phase progression and
           Müller glial cell fate specification
    • Authors: Connor O’Sullivan, Philip E.B. Nickerson, Oliver Krupke, Jennifer Christie, Li-Li Chen, Monica Mesa-Peres, Minyan Zhu, Bridget Ryan, Robert L. Chow, Perry L. Howard
      Pages: 1 - 11
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      During a developmental period that extends postnatally in the mouse, proliferating multipotent retinal progenitor cells produce one of 7 major cell types (rod, cone, bipolar, horizontal, amacrine, ganglion, and Müller glial cells) as they exit the cell cycle in consecutive waves. Cell production in the retina is tightly regulated by intrinsic, extrinsic, spatial, and temporal cues, and is coupled to the timing of cell cycle exit. Arsenic-resistance protein 2 (ARS2, also known as SRRT) is a component of the nuclear cap-binding complex involved in RNA Polymerase II transcription, and is required for cell cycle progression. We show that postnatal retinal progenitor cells (RPCs) require ARS2 for proper progression through S phase, and ARS2 disruption leads to early exit from the cell cycle. Furthermore, we observe an increase in the proportion of cells expressing a rod photoreceptor marker, and a loss of Müller glia marker expression, indicating a role for ARS2 in regulating cell fate specification or differentiation. Knockdown of Flice Associated Huge protein (FLASH), which interacts with ARS2 and is required for cell cycle progression and 3′-end processing of replication-dependent histone transcripts, phenocopies ARS2 knockdown. These data implicate ARS2–FLASH-mediated histone mRNA processing in regulating RPC cell cycle kinetics and neuroglial cell fate specification during postnatal retinal development.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-01-23T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0250
  • Protein kinase A mediates novel serine-584 phosphorylation of HDAC4
    • Authors: Shanmukha K. Doddi, Githavani Kummari, Jagannadham M.V., Arunasree M. Kalle
      Pages: 1 - 10
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      Given the well-established diversified signaling pathways for histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) and the regulation of HDAC4 by several post-translational modifications (PTMs), including phosphorylation, sumoylation, and ubiquitination, an unbiased and detailed analysis of HDAC4 PTMs is needed. In this study, we used matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight (MALDI-TOF/TOF) to describe phosphorylation at serine 584 (Ser584) along with already-known dual phosphorylation at serines 265 and 266 (Ser265/266), that together regulate HDAC4 activity. Overexpression of site-specific HDAC4 mutants (S584A, S265/266A) in HEK 293T cells, followed by HDAC activity assays, revealed the mutants to be less active than the wild-type protein. In vitro kinase assays have established that Ser584 and Ser265/266 are phosphorylated by protein kinase A (PKA). Luciferase assays driven by the myocyte enhancer factor 2 (MEF2) promoter and real-time PCR analysis of the MEF2 target genes show that the S584A and S265/266A mutants are less repressive than the wild-type. Furthermore, treatment with PKA activators such as 8-Bromo-cAMP and forskolin, and silencing either by shRNA or its inhibitor H-89 in a mouse myoblast cell line (C2C12) and in a non-muscle human cell line (K562), confirmed in vivo phosphorylation of HDAC4 in C2C12 but not in K562 cells, indicating the specific functional significance of HDAC4 phosphorylation in muscle cells. Thus, we identified PKA-induced Ser584 phosphorylation of HDAC4 as a yet unknown regulatory mechanism of the HDAC4–MEF2 axis.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-01-19T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0208
  • MicroRNA-134 deactivates hepatic stellate cells by targeting TGF-β
           activated kinase 1-binding protein 1
    • Authors: Peiqin Wang, Shujuan Lei, Xiaohang Wang, Wenping Xu, Pingfang Hu, Fei Chen, Xin Zhang, Chuan Yin, Weifen Xie
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      Aberrant expression of microRNAs is associated with liver fibrogenesis. We previously found that microRNA-134 (miR-134) expression was reduced in fibrosis-based hepatocarcinogenesis induced by diethylinitrosamine. Herein we investigate the role and mechanisms of miR-134 in hepatic fibrosis. Our data show that miR-134 expression is reduced in rat hepatic fibrogenesis induced by carbontetrachloride, bile duct ligation, and dimethylnitrosamine, as well as in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Moreover, miR-134 inhibited HSC proliferation, and decreased the expression of smooth muscle actin and collagen I in HSCs, whereas the miR-134 inhibitor increased HSC activation. MiR-134 also negatively regulated transforming growth factor-β-activated kinase 1-binding protein 1 (TAB1) expression in both human and rat HSCs by directly binding to its 3′ untranslated region. Importantly, TAB1 expression was significantly elevated during liver fibrogenesis and HSC activation. Knockdown of TAB1 inhibited the proliferation and fibrogenic behavior of HSCs, and significantly reduced the effect of the miR-134 inhibitor on HSC proliferation. Collectively, these data suggest that miR-134 inhibits the activation of HSCs via directly targeting TAB1, and the restoration of miR-134 or targeting TAB1 is of clinical significance in the treatment of liver fibrosis.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-01-15T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0211
  • Enhanced susceptibility to apoptosis and growth arrest of human breast
           carcinoma cells treated with silica nanoparticles loaded with monohydroxy
           flavone compounds
    • Authors: Nagwa Abo El-Maali, Gamal Badr, Douaa Sayed, Randa Adam, Gamal Abd El Wahab
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      The treatment of drug-resistant cancer is a clinical challenge, hence screening for novel anticancer drugs is critically important. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor potential of three plant-derived flavone compounds: 3-hydroxy flavone (3-HF), 6-hydroxy flavone (6-HF), and 7-hydroxy flavone (7-HF), either alone or combined with silica nanoparticles (3-HF + NP, 6-HF + NP, and 7-HF + NP), on the human breast carcinoma cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7, as well as on non-tumorigenic normal breast epithelial cells (MCF-10). The IC50 values of these flavone compounds loaded with NP (flavones + NP) in these cell lines were determined to be 1.5 μg/mL without affecting the viability of normal MCF-10 cells. Additionally, using annexin V – propidium iodide double-staining followed by flow cytometry analysis, we found that the combination of flavones with NP significantly induced apoptosis in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cancer cells. Furthermore, flavones + NP increased the expression of cytochrome c and caspase-9, mediating the growth arrest of these cancer cells. Most importantly, the combination of flavones with NP significantly abolished the expression of ATF-3, which is responsible for the proliferation and invasion of bone-metastatic breast cancer cells. Our data revealed the potential therapeutic effects of these flavones in fighting breast cancer cells, and provide the first insights concerning the underlying molecular mechanisms.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-01-14T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0133
  • FKBP25 participates in DNA double-strand break repair
    • Authors: David Dilworth, Fade Gong, Kyle Miller, Christopher J. Nelson
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Biochemistry and Cell Biology, e-First Articles.
      FK506-binding proteins (FKBPs) alter the conformation of proteins via cis–trans isomerization of prolyl-peptide bonds. While this activity can be demonstrated in vitro, the intractability of detecting prolyl isomerization events in cells has limited our understanding of the biological processes regulated by FKBPs. Here we report that FKBP25 is an active participant in the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). FKBP25 influences DSB repair pathway choice by promoting homologous recombination (HR) and suppressing single-strand annealing (SSA). Consistent with this observation, cells depleted of FKBP25 form fewer Rad51 repair foci in response to etoposide and ionizing radiation, and they are reliant on the SSA repair factor Rad52 for viability. We find that FKBP25’s catalytic activity is required for promoting DNA repair, which is the first description of a biological function for this enzyme activity. Consistent with the importance of the FKBP catalytic site in HR, rapamycin treatment also impairs homologous recombination, and this effect is at least in part independent of mTor. Taken together these results identify FKBP25 as a component of the DNA DSB repair pathway.
      Citation: Biochemistry and Cell Biology
      PubDate: 2019-01-08T08:00:00Z
      DOI: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0328
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