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Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
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Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
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Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
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Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 76)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
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Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access  
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 319)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)

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Journal Cover
Archives of Oral Biology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.752
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0003-9969
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3157 journals]
  • Investigation on the relationship of dimensions of the maxillary sinus
           drainage system with the presence of sinusopathies: a cone beam computed
           tomography study
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Ana Beatriz Gomes de Carvalho, Andre Luiz Ferreira Costa, Acácio Fuziy, Afonso Celso Souza de Assis, José Ribamar Castro Veloso, Luiz Roberto Coutinho Manhães, Mauro Pedrine Santamaria, Sérgio Lucio Pereira de Castro Lopes ObjectiveThis study sought to assess the relationship between the dimensions of the maxillary sinus drainage system with the content of sinuses.DesignThree-hundred cone beam computed tomography images were selected from a database (105 males and 195 females). The images were assessed by a single investigator, trained and calibrated, performing image analysis. The length of the infundibulum and the ostium height in both maxillary sinuses were measured. The data were analyzed using Minitab 1, using 5% as a critical p-value.ResultsA significant gender difference was also found for presence in the normal content of sinus for females and presence of antral pseudocyst for males (p 
  • Effects of far infrared radiation by isotropic high-density carbon on the
           human oral mucosa
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Isao Kimura, Toshiro Yamamoto, Koya Nakamura, Toshihiro Uenishi, Taku Asai, Masakazu Kita, Narisato Kanamura ObjectivesWound healing of the oral mucosal epithelium through the application of far infrared radiation emitted by isotropic high-density carbon was investigated in order to clarify the preventive and therapeutic effects of isotropic high-density carbon on oral mucosal injury.Materials and methodsA carbon massager with an isotropic high-density carbon tip was used. Far infrared radiation was applied to the human buccal mucosal squamous cell carcinoma cell line, HO-1-N-1 using a carbon massager, and cell growth factors and heat shock protein levels were measured using real-time RT-PCR and ELISA. Far infrared radiation was applied to oral mucosal injury in SD rats over time using the carbon massager, and its effects were examined by HE staining and immunostaining. The immunostaining positive rate was measured and analyzed using image analysis software.ResultsFar infrared radiation induced stronger mRNA expression and higher HSP27 and HSP70 protein levels on real-time RT-PCR and ELISA than in the control group. The far infrared radiation of oral mucosal injury in rats induced strong positive reactions, and positive rates for Ki67, HSP27, and HSP70 were higher than those in the control group.ConclusionsThe treatment of oral mucosal injury with far infrared radiation emitted by isotropic high-density carbon appears to have promoted heat shock protein production and induced regenerative reactions more strongly than in the control group.
  • The in vitro effects of CCN2 on odontoblast-like cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Youjing Qiu, Jia Tang, Takashi Saito ObjectiveTo investigate the in vitro effects of CCN2 on odontoblast-like cells proliferation and differentiation.DesignMDPC-23 cells were cultured in DMEM supplemented with 5% FBS. CCN2 was either added to culture media or coated onto culture polystyrene, addition or coating of dH2O was served as control. In the addition group, CCN2 (100 ng/mL) was added into culture media. In the coating group, CCN2 at the concentration of 1000 ng/mL was employed. Cell proliferation was performed using CCK-8 assay. Cell differentiation and mineralization were analyzed by ALPase activity assay, real time RT-PCR and alizarin red staining. One-way ANOVA with post-hoc tukey HSD test was used for statistical analysis.ResultsMDPC-23 cells exhibited robust proliferative activity upon exposure to either soluble or immobilized CCN2. ALP activity of cells cultured on CCN2-modified surface was continuously strengthened from day six (0.831 ± 0.024 units/μg protein versus 0.563 ± 0.006 units/μg protein of control) till day eight (1.035 ± 0.139 units/μg protein versus 0.704 ± 0.061 units/μg protein of control). Gene expression of BSP, OCN and OPN were promoted by soluble CCN2 after 48 h exposure. Moreover, gene expression of BSP, OCN, OPN, ALP, COL1 A1, Runx-2, DSPP and DMP-1 was significantly enhanced by immobilized CCN2. Finally, mineralization of MDPC-23 cells was accelerated by both soluble and immobilized CCN2 to different extent.ConclusionsThe findings indicate that CCN2 promoted proliferation, odontogenic gene expression and mineralization of MDPC-23 cells. It is proposed that CCN2 may be a promising adjunctive formula for dentin regeneration.
  • Effects of anterior tooth crown inclination on occlusal relationship—A
           study in three-dimensional reconstruction
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Feng Feng, Yifan Liu, Jingwen Chi, Yuqiao Wang, Bin Xing, Yucheng Wang, Wen Liu ObjectiveThis study aims to analyze the relationship between the central incisor crown inclination and occlusal relationship via three-dimensional study.MethodsTen Chinese volunteers with normal occlusion were selected from physical examination of college students. Lateral cephalograms and CT scans were taken, and the CT data were imported into Simplant pro 11.04 to reconstruct three-dimensional model. In the three-dimensional model, every tooth was separated independently. The upper and lower central incisors were moved labial inclination(up) or lingual inclination(down) and then the upper and lower tooth were aligned based on the central incisor’s position according to the principles of Andrew’s six keys. Four groups were set up with different changes of central incisors. The upper and the lower arch were aligned again based on the moved central incisors. After every motion, the mesio-distal distances of upper and lower canines and first molars were recorded. All data were analyzed using t-test via SPSS19.0, and the significance level was set at 5%.ResultsThe results showed that the mesio-distal distances of occlusal relationship were different from normal occlusal relations, when either upper incisor crown inclination or lower incisor crown inclination was changed, and both upper and lower incisor crown inclination were moved in same or opposite direction. According to the statistical analysis, there was no significant difference when the changes of U1-L1 were no more than 10° (P > 0.05). But there was statistically significant difference (P 
  • The impact of dietary consistency on structural craniofacial components:
           Temporomandibular joint/condyle, condylar cartilage, alveolar bone and
           periodontal ligament. A systematic review and meta-analysis in
           experimental in vivo research
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Rolf Scheidegger, Despina Koletsi, Theodore Eliades ObjectiveThe aim of this systematic review was to provide a comprehensive synthesis of available evidence evaluating the effect of dietary loading on temporomandibular joint/condyle, condylar cartilage, alveolar bone of the mandible and the periodontal ligament in healthy mice and rats.DesignMedline via PubMed, EMBASE and Open Grey databases were searched for published and unpublished literature. Search terms included “mandiblular condyle”, “alveolar bone”, “temporomandibular joint”, “condylar cartilage”, “periodontal ligament”, “rat”, “mice”. After data extraction, risk of bias (SYRCLE) and reporting quality (ARRIVE) were assessed. Random effects meta-analyses were performed for the outcomes of interest where applicable.ResultsA total of 33 relevant articles were considered in the systematic review, while only 6 studies were included in the quantitative synthesis. Risk of Bias in all studies was judged to be unclear to high overall, while reporting quality was suboptimal. Comparing soft to hard diet animals, significantly reduced anteroposterior condylar length (4 studies, weighted mean difference: −0.40 mm; 95% CI: −0.47, −0.32; p 
  • Epigallocatechin-3-gallate reduces damage to osteoblast-like cells treated
           with Zoledronic acid
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Eduardo Pons-Fuster López, Juan Seoane Leston, Pia López Jornet Objectiveanalyze the effect of zoledronic acid (ZA) alone and in combination with epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) on human osteoblast cells.MethodsSAOS-2 osteoblastic phenotype cell line treated with different doses (0.01–10 μM) of ZA or ZA + EGCG underwent cell viability, mineralization, collagen synthesis and cell migration tests.ResultsMicromolar (1 and 5 μM) doses of ZA reduced cell viability (p 
  • Effects of caffeic acid phenethyl ester application on dentin MMP-2,
           stability of bond strength and failure mode of total-etch and self-etch
           adhesive systems
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Vivianne Oliveira Pedrosa, Fabiana Mantovani Gomes França, Cecilia Pedroso Turssi, Flávia Lucisano Botelho do Amaral, Lucas Novaes Teixeira, Elizabeth Ferreira Martinez, Roberta Tarkany Basting ObjectiveInvestigate the long-term effect of dentin pretreatment with 0.05 or 0.1% caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) on (1) bond strength of resin composite to dentin by a three-step etch-and-rinse (Adper Scotchbond Multipurpose/ ASB) or a two-step self-etch adhesive system (Clearfil SE Bond/ CSE), (2) their fracture mode, (3) the micromorphological features of the hybrid layer formed; and (4) the level of MMP-2 in dentin (after application, using a correlative immunoexpression/quantification approach).DesignComposite resin blocks were fabricated on 48 third molars (n = 6), according to the type of adhesive and treatment (control, CAPE 0.05% and CAPE 0.1%). Slices were obtained for scanning electron microscopy (SEM) evaluation, and sticks were fabricated for microtensile tests (24 h and 1 year). Aliquots of dentin powder were distributed (n = 12) according to the treatment and the MMP-2 concentration was determined by ELISA.ResultsTukey test showed that ASB groups presented higher BS in 24 h than CSE groups. ASB presented a reduction in BS values after 1-year. ASB and CSE presented no significant differences in BS after 1-year. CAPE had no effect on BS for both adhesive systems. The predominant failure mode for the ASB groups were adhesive; when 0.1% CAPE was applied there was a predominance of mixed fractures. Regarding the CSE group, 0.05% CAPE led to more adhesive failures, and the 0.1% concentration resulted in a higher number of cohesive failures in dentin. Higher MMP-2 concentrations were detected for the groups that did not undergo demineralization treatment, and the lowest values for the ASB groups treated with CAPE. SEM analysis showed no influence of pretreatment with CAPE.ConclusionsCAPE did not influence the BS of the adhesives tested, or the micromorphology of the hybrid layer, irrespective of concentration or storage time. CAPE affected the fracture pattern at 24 h, depending on the concentration and the adhesive system used. Immunoassay analysis showed that CAPE 0.1% reduced the MMP-2 concentration in the ASB adhesive without affecting bond strength to dentin.
  • A novel electron-microscopic method for measurement of mineral content in
           enamel lesions
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): C. Fowler, R.J.M. Lynch, D. Shingler, D. Walsh, C. Carson, A. Neale, R.J. Willson, A. Brown ObjectiveTo assess Scanning Electron Microscopy in Back-Scattered Emission mode (BSE-SEM) for measurement of lesion mineral content as a function of depth. Direct comparison is made with Transverse Micro-Radiography (TMR) and Surface Micro-Hardness (SMH) on carious and erosive lesions.DesignCaries lesions prepared from sound bovine enamel at 37 °C and pH 4.6 in unsaturated (7d) or part-saturated (8d, 4.1 mM Ca2+, 8 mM Pi) lactic acid /methyl cellulose gel system, followed by TMR analysis. Erosive lesions prepared from sound bovine enamel (1% citric acid, pH3.8, room temperature) for 5, 10, 15 or 20 min at n = 10 per treatment group. SMH readings (Vickers diamond, 1.9 N, 20 s) were taken from acid-treated and reference areas of each sample. BSE-SEM performed on polished cross-sections of lesioned samples (Jeol JSM6490LV SEM; high vacuum, 10 keV beam voltage, magnification x500 with constant working distance of 10 mm). Under identical SEM conditions, polished standards i.e. MgF2, alumina, Mg, Al and Si provided a calibration plot of BSE-SEM signal vs. atomic number (z¯). Mineral content vs. depth plots were derived from the cross-sectional BSE-SEM data.ResultsCross-sectional BSE-SEM images clearly differentiate between caries and erosive lesions. Comparison of caries lesion mineral loss from BSE-SEM with TMR data showed good correlation (R2 = 0.98). Similarly, comparison of BSE-SEM data from erosive lesions showed good correlation (R2 = 0.99) with hardness loss data from SMH.ConclusionBSE-SEM provides a relatively rapid and cost-effective method for the assessment of mineral content in demineralised tooth enamel and is applicable to both caries and erosive lesions.
  • Are Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath cells necessary for periodontal
           formation by dental follicle cells'
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Yongwen Guo, Weihua Guo, Jie Chen, Guoqing Chen, Weidong Tian, Ding Bai ObjectiveThe role of Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath (HERS) cells in periodontal formation has been controversial. This study aimed to further clarify whether HERS cells participate in formation of the periodontium, and the necessity of HERS cells in differentiation of dental follicle cells (DFCs) for periodontal regeneration.DesignHERS cells and DFCs were isolated and identified from post-natal 7-day Sprauge-Dawley rats. In vitro, direct co-culture of HERS cells and DFCs as well as the individual culture of HERS and DFCs were performed and followed by alizarin red staining and the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis. For in vivo evaluation, the inactivated dentin matrix (iTDM) was fabricated. HERS cells and DFCs were seeded in combination or alone on iTDM and then transplanted into the rat omentum. Scanning electron microscope and further histological analysis were carried out.ResultsIn vitro, mineral-like nodules were found in the culture of HERS cells alone or HERS + DFCs either by alizarin red staining or scanning electronic microscope. The mineralization and fiber-forming relevant mRNA expressions, such as bone sialoprotein, osteopontin, collagen I and collagen III in HERS + DFCs were significantly higher than that of the HERS or DFCs alone group. After transplantation in vivo, cementum and periodontal ligament-like tissues were formed in groups of HERS + DFCs and HERS alone, while no evident hard tissues and attached fibers were found in DFCs alone.ConclusionsHertwig’s epithelial root sheath cells directly participate in the formation of the periodontium, and they are essential for the differentiation of dental follicle cells to form periodontal structures. The combination use of Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath cells and dental follicle cells is a promising approach for periodontal regeneration.
  • Inhibitory effects of tea catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate against
           biofilms formed from Streptococcus mutans and a probiotic lactobacillus
    • Abstract: Publication date: October 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 94Author(s): Ching-Yi Wu, Tzu-Yi Su, Mao-Yu Wang, Shue-Fen Yang, Kwei Mar, Shan-Ling Hung ObjectiveEffects of tea catechin epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) against biofilm formation by Streptococcus mutans and probiotic Lactobacillus casei in Yakult® (LcY) were examined.DesignBiofilms were formed by S. mutans alone (Sm) and co-culture of S. mutans and LcY (Sm + LcY) in the absence or presence of EGCG. The biomass of biofilms, which were sonicated or not, was measured by the crystal violet assay. Biofilm morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy. Bacterial viability and extracellular polysaccharides were determined by SYTO9/propidium iodide and dextran-conjugated fluorescein staining, respectively, and confocal microscopy. Gene expression of glucosyltransferase was determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction.ResultsWhile 250 μg/ml EGCG significantly decreased the biomass and acid production of Sm biofilms, 500 μg/ml EGCG was required to inhibit Sm + LcY biofilm formation and acid production. EGCG decreased the amount of live bacteria present in both Sm and Sm + LcY biofilms. The level of dead bacteria in Sm + LcY biofilms was higher than in Sm biofilms when formed in the presence of 250 μg/ml EGCG. EGCG decreased levels of extracellular polysaccharides in Sm and Sm + LcY biofilms. The extent of biofilm removal by sonication was not different between Sm and Sm+LcY biofilms formed in the absence or presence of 62.5 or 125 μg/ml EGCG. The level of Sm gtfB and gtfD expression in Sm + LcY biofilms was higher than those in the Sm biofilms when formed in the presence of EGCG at 250 μg/ml.ConclusionThe results indicated that LcY might interfere the inhibitory effects of EGCG against biofilm formation by S. mutans.
  • Identification of major matrix metalloproteinase-20 proteolytic processing
           products of murine amelogenin and tyrosine-rich amelogenin peptide using a
           nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy based method
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Garry W. Buchko, Rajith Jayasinha Arachchige, Jinhui Tao, Barbara J. Tarasevich, Wendy J. Shaw ObjectiveThe aim of this study was to identify major matrix metalloproteinase-20 (MMP20) proteolytic processing products of amelogenin over time and determine if the tyrosine-rich amelogenin peptide (TRAP) was a substrate of MMP20.DesignRecombinant15N-labeled murine amelogenin and 13C,15N-labeled TRAP were incubated with MMP20 under conditions where amelogenin self-assembles into nanospheres. Digestion products were fractionated by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography at various time points. Product identification took advantage of the intrinsic disorder property of amelogenin that results in little change to its fingerprint 1H-15N heteronuclear single-quantum coherence nuclear magnetic resonance spectrum in 2% acetic acid upon removing parts of the protein, allowing cleavage site identification by observing which amide cross peaks disappear.ResultsThe primary product in five out of the six major reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography bands generated after a 24 h incubation of murine amelogenin with MMP20 were: S55-L163, P2-L147, P2-E162, P2-A167, and P2-R176. After 72 h these products were replaced with five major reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography bands containing: L46-A170, P2-S152, P2-F151, P2-W45, and short N-terminal peptides. TRAP was completely digested by MMP20 into multiple small peptides with the initial primary site of cleavage between S16 and Y17.ConclusionsIdentification of the major MMP20 proteolytic products of amelogenin confirm a dynamic process, with sites towards the C-terminus more rapidly attacked than sites near the N-terminus. This observation is consistent with nanosphere models where the C-terminus is exposed and the N-terminus more protected. One previously reported end-product of the MMP20 proteolytic processing of amelogenin, TRAP, is shown to be an in vitro substrate for MMP20.
  • Effects of citric acid modified with fluoride, nano-hydroxyapatite and
           casein on eroded enamel
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Ayşe Dündar, Abdulkadir Şengün, Canan Başlak, Mahmut Kuş ObjectivesThe aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of citric acid containing fluoride, nano-hydroxyapatite, and casein on eroded enamel.DesignThe crowns of 120 extracted bovine incisors were embedded in acrylic resin. An enamel window (2 × 3 mm) was created on the surface. Before in vitro pellicle formation samples were eroded in 1% citric acid (pH = 3.2) for 1 h at 36 °C and were randomly classified to eight groups (n = 15) as follows: Positive control: 1% citric acid, Negative control: Distilled water, F1: 0.047 mmol/L sodium fluoride, F2: 0.071 mmol/L sodium fluoride, NHA1: %0.05 Nano-Hydroxyapatite, NHA2: %0.1 Nano-Hydroxyapatite, C1: %0.02 Casein, C2: %0.2 Casein. Erosion cycling was performed three times daily for 3 days. In each cycle, the samples were immersed in 10 mL of control or modified solutions (10 min) and in 10 mL of artificial saliva (60 min). The surface roughness and enamel loss were analyzed by using profilometer, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy techniques (AFM).ResultsAmong the groups, the positive control group was found to be having the highest erosive wear. Erosive wear in the F2, NHA2, C1, and C2 groups was not significantly different from the negative control group (p > 0.05). The C1 and C2 groups showed that erosion terminated and minimal tissue recovery occurred on the enamel surface.ConclusionAlthough all modifications reduced further demineralization, the citric acid modification with casein was found to be having a greater impact on dental erosion than the others.
  • Responses to spaceflight of mouse mandibular bone and teeth
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Didem Dagdeviren, Zana Kalajzic, Douglas J. Adams, Ivo Kalajzic, Alan Lurie, Maija I. Mednieks, Arthur R. Hand ObjectiveTo determine if spaceflight and microgravity affect non-weight bearing bones and development and mineralization of teeth, reasoning that combining an organ and a cellular level approach can lead to greater insights about these effects.DesignMandibles and incisors of mice flown on the US STS-135 space shuttle mission and the Russian Bion-M1 satellite were studied using micro-computed tomography and immunohistochemistry. Ground controls were mice housed in standard vivarium cages and flight habitats.ResultsIncisor length was greater in the 13-day STS-135 flight mice than in either control group. Initial incisor mineralization occurred more posteriorly, and incisor, enamel and dentin volumes and enamel and dentin thicknesses were greater in the 30-day Bion-M1 flight and habitat control mice than in vivarium control mice. Mandibular bone volume (BV) was increased in STS-135 flight and habitat groups and decreased in Bion-M1 flight and habitat groups compared to vivarium controls. No significant histological alterations occurred, but changes were seen in the bone and tooth proteins dentin sialoprotein, amelogenin and the type II regulatory subunit of protein kinase A. The percentage of sclerostin positive osteocytes was greatest in flight mice, and greater in STS-135 flight and habitat control mice than in the corresponding Bion-M1 groups. TRAP staining, representing osteoclastic bone remodeling, differed between the two flights and corresponded with changes in BV.Interpretation of the findings was limited by a small number of flight mice, different sex and ages of the mice in the two missions, and different habitats and diets.ConclusionsMicrogravity has measurable effects on mandibular bone physiology and incisor development and mineralization. The results also showed that the habitat had an effect either in flight or ground control samples, as demonstrated by the changes in BV and apparent slowing of incisor eruption. Therefore, developing appropriate habitats is critical for future spaceflight missions.
  • Serotype a of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans down-regulates the
           increased serotype b-induced cytokine and chemokine production in
           dendritic cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Leticia Rojas, Samanta Melgar-Rodríguez, Jaime Díaz-Zúñiga, Carla Alvarez, Gustavo Monasterio, Carolina Rojas, Paola Carvajal, Rolando Vernal ObjectiveIn Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, different serotypes have been described based on LPS antigenicity. Mixed infection with the different A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes is frequent in periodontitis patients; accordingly, the role of this bacterial species in the pathogenesis of periodontitis may differ depending whether patients or periodontal lesions harbour one or more of the A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes. We hypothesized that different combinations of these serotypes could be associated with distinct host responses and hence different inflammatory patterns. This investigation was aimed to assess whether the increased immuno-stimulatory potential attributed to the serotype b of A. actinomycetemcomitans on immune cells is able to be modified during co-infection with other A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes.MethodsDendritic cells (DCs) were obtained from healthy subjects and stimulated with the different A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes or their purified LPS using the following stimulatory conditions: serotype a, b, or c, and the combinations a+b, a+c, b+c, or a+b+c. The cytokine, CCR, and CCL levels were quantified by qPCR and ELISA.ResultsHigher levels of cytokines, CCRs, and CCLs were induced when DCs were stimulated with the serotype b of A. actinomycetemcomitans compared with the same cells stimulated with the other serotypes. When DCs were co-infected, these levels decreased in comparison with the serotype b-stimulation alone, in particular when the serotype a was present in the mixed infection.ConclusionsThe increased immuno-stimulatory potential attributed to the serotype b was modified when DCs were co-infected with other A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes, in particular, when the serotype a was present, the DC response diminished.
  • N-acetyl cysteine inhibits lipopolysaccharide-mediated induction of
           interleukin-6 synthesis in MC3T3-E1 cells through the NF-kB signaling
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Ling Guo, Hui Zhang, Wangyang Li, Danting Zhan, Min Wang BackgroundInterleukin-6 (IL-6) is a potent stimulator of osteoclastic activity. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) has been shown to regulate the expression of potent inflammatory factors, including TNF-α and IL-6. Currently, effective therapeutic treatments for bacteria-caused bone destruction are limited. N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is an antioxidant small molecule that possibly modulates osteoblastic differentiation. However, whether NAC can affect the LPS-mediated reduction of IL-6 synthesis in MC3T3-E1 cells is still unknown.AimsThe aim of this study was to investigate the role of NAC in the LPS -mediated reduction of IL-6 synthesis by MC3T3-E1 cells and to explore the underlying molecular mechanisms. In addition, we aimed to determine the involvement of the NF-kB pathway in any changes in IL-6 expression observed in response to LPS and NAC.MethodsMC3T3-E1 cells (ATCC, CRL-2593) were cultured in α-minimum essential medium. Cells were stimulated using NAC or LPS at various concentrations. Cell proliferation was observed at multiple time points using a cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8). IL-6 mRNA expression and protein synthesis were determined using quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay analyses. NF-kB mRNA expression and protein synthesis was determined using qPCR and Western blots analyses.ResultsThe results demonstrate that LPS induced IL-6 and NF-kB mRNA expression and protein synthesis in the cultured MC3T3-E1 cells. However, these effects were abolished following pre-treatment with NAC. Pretreatment with NAC (1 mmol/l) or BAY11-7082 (10 μmol/l) both significantly inhibited the NF-kB activity induced by LPS.ConclusionNAC inhibits the LPS-mediated induction of IL-6 synthesis in MC3T3-E1 cells through the NF-kB pathway.
  • Culture supernatants of oral cancer cells induce impaired IFN-α
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Nannan Han, Zun Zhang, Houyu Jv, Jingzhou Hu, Min Ruan, Chenping Zhang ObjectivesThe aim of the present study was to investigate whether tumor-derived supernatants down-regulate the immune function of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) in oral cancer and the potential molecular mechanisms of this effect.Materials and MethodsImmunohistochemistry (IHC) and flow cytometry were used to detect tumor-infiltrating and peripheral blood pDCs. MTS and flow cytometry were employed to evaluate the immune response of CD4+ T cells. Real-time PCR and ELISA assays were used to identify TLR-7 and TLR-9 expression, IFN-α production and tumor-secreted soluble cytokines.ResultsThe proportion of pDCs (0.121%±0.043%) was significantly higher in Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) samples than in normal tissue (0.023%±0.016%) (P = 0.021). TLR9 mRNA was significantly lower in tumor-infiltrating pDCs and positively correlated to low IFN-α production (r = 0.956; P
  • Direct evidence for the age-dependent demise of GNAS-mutated cells in oral
           fibrous dysplasia
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Yu Isobe, Katsu Takahashi, Honoka Kiso, Kazumasa Nakao, Masayuki Ikeno, Noriaki Koyama, Manabu Sugai, Akira Shimizu, Hironori Haga, Kazuhisa Bessho ObjectiveFibrous dysplasia (FD) is a benign bone disease characterized by fibro-osseous lesions. FD is caused by somatic mutations in the gene, guanine nucleotide-binding protein, alpha stimulating activity polypeptide 1 (GNAS), which encodes the G protein subunit, Gsα. FD manifests early in life, but the growth of lesions usually ceases in adulthood. FD lesions often exhibit somatic mutation mosaicism. In this study, the relationship between lesion growth and mutation prevalence within a lesion was investigated.DesignLesions from five FD patients were characterized by radiographical, histological and immunohistochemical methods. To accurately calculate the prevalence of mutations within lesions, GNAS codon 201 in genomic DNA isolated from fresh surgical FD specimens was sequenced.ResultsUniquely, a lesion in one 46-year-old patient was still growing, enabling simultaneous analysis of both stable-old and active-new FD lesions in the same patient. Immunohistochemical analysis indicated that a newer, proximal lesion was growing while an older, distal lesion was not. The mutation prevalence differed between these lesions; it was low in the old and high in the new lesion. Thus, the frequency of mutated cells had decreased in the older lesion.ConclusionsThis is the first direct evidence for the age-dependent demise of mutated cells in FD, helping to explain why FD lesion growth generally ceases in adulthood.
  • Postnatal expression of chondrogenic and osteogenic regulatory factor mRNA
           in the rat condylar cartilage
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Mohamad Al-Dujaili, Trudy J. Milne, Richard D. Cannon, Mauro Farella ObjectivesThe condylar cartilage is a key site of growth and development of the mandible. The aim of this research was to determine the mRNA expression levels of a number of chondrogenic and osteogenic regulatory factors in the condylar cartilage of the postnatal rat.Materials and methodsCondyles were extracted from 40 rats aged 4, 10, 21 or 90 days with 10 rats assigned to each age group. The condyles from one rat from each age group was fixed and decalcified in 10% EDTA for histology. Using cryogenic grinding combined with QIAzol reagent total RNA was purified from pooled samples collected for each age group. Each pool contained six condyles (N = 3). mRNA expression levels for 28 genes were determined using qPCR.ResultsHistological analysis revealed distinct morphological differences in the condyle tissue of the 4, 10, 21 and 90 day old postnatal rats. Expression of all examined genes was detected. High levels of mRNA for Alpl, Bglap, Col1a1, Col2a1, Runx2, Sox9 and Sp7 but not Msx1 were detected. Fgf1 and Fgf2 were expressed at a similar level. No significant difference (defined as ± fold-regulation> 2 and P < 0.05) in the gene mRNA expression levels was found when days 10, 21 or 90 were compared to day 4.ConclusionsApparent morphological changes of the rat condylar cartilage are not reflected in a change in the expression levels of the chondrogenic and osteogenic regulatory factor mRNA investigated in this study.
  • Differences in interleukin-1β release-inducing activity of Candida
           albicans toward dendritic cells and macrophages
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Akira Hasebe, Ayumi Saeki, Yasuhiro Yoshida, Ken-ichiro Shibata ObjectiveThe purpose of this study is to elucidate differences in the mechanism of the IL-1β release-inducing activity of Candida albicans toward dendritic cells and macrophages because IL-1β is one of the proinflammatory cytokines which is crucial in host defense against candidiasis.DesignTwo C. albicans strains were used in this study. One strain is uridine-auxotrophic (CAI4) that needs uridine to grow and form hyphae, and another is a strain without any specific auxotrophy (pACT1-GFP), which forms hyphae naturally by culturing with serum components. Murine macrophage and dendritic cell lines were primed with LPS and then stimulated with C. albicans CAI4 or pACT1-GFP.ResultsBoth strains of C. albicans induced IL-1β release from dendritic cells, and C. albicans pACT1-GFP induced IL-1β release but CAI4 induced little amounts in macrophages. These differences were suggested to be due to the difference in the amount of extracellular ATP released in the cell culture supernatants induced by C. albicans CAI4 or pACT1-GFP. For induction of IL-1β release from both macrophages and dendritic cells by C. albicans, direct contacts of the microbes with cells were required. In addition, macrophages required morphological change of C. albicans from yeast to hyphae for induction of IL-1β release, whereas dendritic cells did not require it. Dead C. albicans could induce IL-1β release from dendritic cells, but could not from macrophages.ConclusionsThere are different mechanisms by which C. albicans induces IL-1β release from dendritic cells and macrophages.
  • Analysis of the oral microbiome on the surface of modified dental polymers
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Denise Tornavoi de Castro, Cássio do Nascimento, Oswaldo Luiz Alves, Emerson de Souza Santos, José Augusto Marcondes Agnelli, Andréa Cândido dos Reis ObjectivesThis study characterized the microbial diversity of formed biofilm on the surface of acrylic resins modified with nanostructured silver vanadate decorated with silver nanoparticles (AgVO3) after incubation in human saliva.DesignResin specimens prepared with AgVO3 at concentrations 0%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5% by either vacuum mixing or polymer solubilization were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). After 24 h and 7 days of saliva incubation, biofilm samples were collected from the surface of the specimens. The 16S rDNA genes were amplified, sequenced with the 454-Roche next-generation sequencing platform and analyzed to identify the Operational Taxonomic Units at the genus or higher level.ResultsSignificant differences in the dispersion pattern of the nanoparticles were observed among the two different methods of AgVO3 incorporation. In the microbiological analysis, a total of 103 genera and 7 more inclusive taxa, representing the phyla Bacteroidetes, Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were identified colonizing resin surfaces. The incorporation method of the AgVO3 had little to no significant effect on the microbiota of samples. Significant time and concentration-dependent responses to AgVO3 caused changes in the taxonomic profile at the phylum and genus level.ConclusionsThe results show differences in relation to the microbial diversity of modified resins during the initial phase of biofilm maturation. The incorporation of AgVO3 seems to significantly affect the colonizing microbiota.
  • Multiple supernumerary teeth in a likely syndromic individual from
           prehistoric Illinois
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Lita Sacks ObjectiveThis paper reports the first published case of a prehistoric human with five or more supernumerary teeth. Such cases are often neglected in paleopathology, in part due to a gap between the medicodental and anthropological literature leading to the view in anthropology that supernumerary teeth are curious anomalies rather than pathologies.DesignReconstruction and pathological description of the skeletal remains were performed according to standard osteological protocols. Each supernumerary tooth was categorized based on its morphology, location, and orientation. The dental characteristics of the individual were compared to published norms for incidences of syndromic and non-syndromic supernumerary teeth and a differential diagnosis was subsequently performed.ResultsSix supernumerary teeth and one deciduous tooth were identified. Additionally, the individual suffered from impacted teeth, dilacerated roots, and extensive sutural anomalies (including retention of the metopic suture into adulthood and an unusually high number of sutural bones). The morphology and location of the supernumerary teeth, in conjunction with the suite of other symptoms, are highly unusual among non-syndromic patients and therefore are indicative of a complex genetic disorder.ConclusionsThe individual reported here almost certainly suffered from a genetic disorder or syndrome resulting in extensive dental and sutural abnormalities. Despite a lack of post-cranial involvement, a tentative diagnosis of Cleidocranial Dysplasia was made on the basis that mutations in the RUNX2 gene may cause the dental symptoms without any pathology of the clavicle.
  • Association between BMP4 gene polymorphisms and cleft lip with or without
           cleft palate in a population from South China
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Jiansuo Hao, Ruirui Gao, Wenli Wu, Liang Hua, Yiyang Chen, Fan Li, Jiayu Liu, Dongyuan Luo, Jin Han, Hongtao Wang ObjectivePrevious studies have suggested an association between several polymorphisms of the BMP4 gene and susceptibility to non-syndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in various populations. However, this association may vary according to ethnic group and the form of NSCL/P. This study analyzed the association between the BMP4 gene polymorphisms rs762642, rs17563, and rs10130587 with the risk of cleft lip only (CLO), cleft palate only (CPO), and cleft lip with palate (CLP) in a population from South China.MethodsThis case-control study included 165 patients with NSCL/P (53 patients with CPO, 52 with CLO, and 60 with CLP) and 52 healthy volunteers. Peripheral blood samples were collected from all subjects to genotype the rs762642, rs17563, and rs10130587 polymorphisms by direct sequencing. Genotype and allelic frequencies of these polymorphisms were compared between healthy volunteers and patients with various forms of NSCL/P.ResultsThe genotype and allelic frequencies of rs762642 differed significantly between subgroups (CPO and CLP) and normal controls, whereas a significant difference was observed only in the CLO subgroup for the rs17563 polymorphism and in the CLO and CLP groups for the rs10130587 polymorphism. In addition, we identified a novel association of a BMP4 gene polymorphism, which was in linkage disequilibrium with the rs10130587 polymorphism, with CLO and CLP.ConclusionThe BMP4 gene polymorphisms rs762642, rs17563, and rs10130587 exhibit different associations with different forms of NSCL/P, suggesting that different forms of NSCL/P may have different etiologies.
  • Jumonji domain-containing protein 3 regulates the early inflammatory
           response epigenetically in human periodontal ligament cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Puyu Wang, Junli Yue, Weizhe Xu, Xi Chen, Xiaowei Yi, Ling Ye, Lan Zhang, Dingming Huang ObjectiveTo investigate the role of the histone 3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) demethylase Jumonji domain-containing protein 3 (Jmjd3) in the epigenetic regulation of the inflammatory response in human periodontal ligament cells (HPDLs).DesignHPDLs were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide from E. coli. The expression of Jmjd3 in HPDLs was examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR), Western Blot and immunofluorescent staining. Potential target genes were selected by silencing Jmjd3 and were confirmed by Chromatin Immunoprecipitation (ChIP).ResultsQ-PCR, Western Blot and immunofluorescent staining revealed that the expression of Jmjd3 was increased in inflamed HPDLs. Knockdown of Jmjd3 led to the suppression of inflammation-induced up-regulation of interleukin-6 and interleukin-12. Moreover, ChIP assays demonstrated that Jmjd3 was recruited to the promoters of interleukin-6 and interleukin-12b and this recruitment was associated with decreased levels of trimethylated histone 3 lysine 27 (H3K27).ConclusionsIt was concluded that Jmjd3 regulated the activation of interleukin-6 and interleukin-12b in the early inflammatory response of HPDLs via demethylation of H3K27me3 at promoters. This molecular event may play an important role in the regulation of the inflammatory response in HPDLs.
  • Immunohistochemical expression of myofibroblasts, TGF-β1 and
           IFN-γ in oral fibrous lesions
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Pedro Paulo de Andrade Santos, Keila Martha Amorim Barroso, Cassiano Francisco Weege Nonaka, Leão Pereira Pinto, Lélia Batista de Souza ObjectiveAnalyze the presence of myofibroblasts (MFBs) in oral fibrous lesions and investigate TGF-β1 and IFN-γ expression by immunohistochemistry during their differentiation.DesignTwenty giant cell fibromas (GCFs), 20 fibromas (FIBs), and 20 fibrous hyperplasias (FHs) were selected. To evaluate the presence of MFBs, anti-α-SMA-immunoreactive cells were quantified in connective tissue. TGF-β1 and IFN-γ expressions were evaluated in epithelial and connective tissue by determining the percentage of immunoreactive cells.ResultsHigher MFBs concentrations were observed in GCFs (median of 20.00), followed by FHs (15.00) and FIBs (14.00) (P = 0.072). No significant correlation between TGF-β1 or IFN-γ immunoexpression and the number of MFBs in oral fibrous lesions was observed (P > 0.05).ConclusionsThe higher density of MFBs found in GCFs, followed by FHs and FIBs, reaffirms the fibrogenic role of these cells, while the higher concentrations detected in GCFs, including evidence of giant MFBs, also suggest a role in the neoplastic behavior of these lesions. No correlation was observed between TGF-β1 and IFN-γ in the myofibroblastic transdifferentiation process of the analyzed lesions.
  • Comparison of two digestion strategies on characteristics and
           differentiation potential of human dental pulp stem cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Maziar Ebrahimi Dastgurdi, Fatemeh Ejeian, Marzie Nematollahi, Ahmad Motaghi, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani Objective: This study aimed to compare the behavior of dental pulp stem cells (DPSCs) after isolation using solutions containing either collagenase/dispase or collagenase alone.Design: DPSCs were isolated by two digestion methods (collagenase/dispase or collagenase alone) from human third molars. Immunophenotypic features were confirmed by flow cytometry for cell markers STRO-1, cluster of differentiation (CD) 146, CD45, and collagen type-I. The proliferation potential of cells was evaluated by 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (brdU) incorporation assay, and finally they were assessed for multi-lineage differentiation potential. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and independent t-tests.Results: DPSCs isolated by either method showed similar levels of STRO-1, CD45, and collagen type-I and similar incorporation of brdU (P > 0.05). However, DPSCs obtained by collagenase I/dispase treatment had significantly higher numbers of CD146+ cells and osteogenic and chondrogenic capacities compared to those obtained by treatment with collagenase I alone (P 
  • Influence of nicotine on orthodontic tooth movement: A systematic review
           of experimental studies in rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Dimitrios Michelogiannakis, P. Emile Rossouw, Deema Al-Shammery, Zohaib Akram, Junad Khan, Georgios E. Romanos, Fawad Javed ObjectiveThe objective of this systematic review was to assess the impact of nicotine administration on orthodontic tooth movement (OTM).MethodsA systematic search was conducted in PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE (OVID) and Web of Knowledge databases and the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were followed. Studies evaluating the influence of nicotine on OTM, and with the presence of a control group (OTM without nicotine administration), were included. Quality assessment of the selected studies was performed following the Animal Research Reporting in Vivo Experiment (ARRIVE) guidelines.ResultsSix of the initially identified 108 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were selected. All included studies were performed in male rats, which underwent OTM with or without nicotine administration. Since there was a variation among the included studies regarding nicotine dosage and the duration and magnitude of force application during OTM only a qualitative analysis could be performed. The studies reported that nicotine administration accelerated OTM by inducing alveolar bone resorption around the moving teeth. It was also found that nicotine increased root resorption during experimental OTM. More standardized animal research or clinical studies are warranted to further evaluate the impact of nicotine on OTM.ConclusionsOn an experimental level, nicotine exposure in rats jeopardizes OTM by increasing alveolar bone loss and root resorption. From a clinical perspective, further studies are needed to assess the impact of habitual use of tobacco products on OTM.
  • Efficacy of red propolis hydro-alcoholic extract in controlling
           Streptococcus mutans biofilm build-up and dental enamel demineralization
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Mariana Leonel Martins, Karla Lorene de França Leite, Edivaldo Ferreira Pacheco-Filho, Adriana Farah de Miranda Pereira, Maria Teresa Villela Romanos, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves, Wilton Wilney Nascimento Padilha, Yuri Wanderley Cavalcanti ObjectiveThe efficacy of a red propolis hydro-alcoholic extract (RP) in controlling Streptococcus mutans biofilm colonization was evaluated. The effect of RP on dental demineralization was also investigated.MethodsChemical composition was determined by High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Minimum Inhibitory and Bactericidal Concentration (MIC and MBC, respectively) were investigated against Streptococcus mutans (ATCC 25175). The cytotoxic potential of 3% RP in oral fibroblasts was observed after 1 and 3 min. Bovine dental enamel blocks (N = 24) were used for S. mutans biofilm formation (48 h), simulating ‘feast or famine’ episodes. Blocks/biofilms were exposed 2×/day, for 3 days, to a cariogenic challenge with sucrose 10% (5 min) and treated (1 min) with: 0.85% saline solution (negative control), 0.12% Chlorhexidine (CHX, positive control for biofilm colonization), 0.05% Sodium Fluoride (NaF, positive control to avoid demineralization) and 3% RP. Biofilms were assessed for viability (CFU/mL), and to observe the concentration of soluble and insoluble extracellular polysaccharides (SEPS and IEPS). Dental demineralization was assessed by the percentage of surface hardness loss (%SHL) and through polarized light microscopy (PLM).ResultsThe RP presented 4.0 pH and ºBrix = 4.8. The p-coumaric acid (17.2 μg/mL) and luteolin (15.23 μg/mL) were the largest contents of phenolic acids and flavonoids, respectively. MIC and MBC of RP were 293 μg/mL and 1172 μg/mL, respectively. The 3% RP showed 43% of viably cells after 1 min. Lower number (p 
  • The overview of channels, transporters, and calcium signaling molecules
           during amelogenesis
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Hee-Eun Kim, Jeong Hee Hong Enamel is a highly calcified tissue. Its formation requires a progressive and dynamic system for the regulation of electrolyte concentration by enamel epithelia. A critical function of enamel epithelial cells, ameloblasts, is the secretion and movement of electrolytes via various channels and transporters to develop the enamel tissue. Enamel formation generates protons, which need to be neutralised. Thus, ameloblasts possess a buffering system to sustain mineral accretion. Normal tooth formation involves stage-dependent net fluctuations in pH during amelogenesis. To date, all of our information about ion transporters in dental enamel tissue is based solely on immunostaining-expression techniques. This review critically evaluates the current understanding and recent discoveries and physiological role of ion channels and transporters, Mg2+ transporters, and Ca2+ regulatory proteins during amelogenesis in enamel formation. The ways in which ameloblasts modulate ions are discussed in the context of current research for developing a novel morphologic-functional model of enamel maturation.
  • Rational development of nanomedicines for molecular targeting in
           periodontal disease
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Nikola Geskovski, Simona Dimchevska Sazdovska, Silvana Gjosheva, Rumenka Petkovska, Mirjana Popovska, Liljana Anastasova, Kristina Mladenovska, Katerina Goracinova Recent advances in understanding the etiology and pathogenesis of periodontal disease and polymicrobial synergy in the dysbiotic oral microbial community endorsed novel therapeutic targets and assured further improvement in periodontal disease treatment. Moreover, understanding of the events at the molecular level inspired the researchers to alleviate the stress from the disease by applying the bottom-up approach and delivering the drugs at the site of action, using nanoscale medicines. This review is focused on promising strategies for rational design of nanopaharmaceuticals for periodontal disease treatment based on novel therapeutic targets and the potential of advanced concepts for inflammation cascade targeting. Due to their size, nanomedicines are capable to interact with the elements of the immune system through cell receptor binding and to subsequently influence specific intracellular signaling pathways activation. They might also interfere with different signaling molecules continuously involved in the disease progression, in order to abolish cell activation and block the production of proinflammatory substances. Different biomacromolecules can be trafficked to the site of action using nanomedicines for gene targeting: i) decoy oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) for suppression of NF-κB transcription activity, ii) DNA therapeutics for modulation of cell inflammatory response and iii) siRNA for cytokine production silencing. However, despite the potential of the nanotechnology for improvement of periodontal disease treatment, the translation of nano-drug delivery systems to clinical therapy is hindered by the lack of standard procedures for proper safety and efficacy profile evaluation.
  • Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) in oral pathology
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Aranka Ilea, Anida M. Băbţan, Bianca A. Boşca, Maria Crişan, Nausica B. Petrescu, Massimo Collino, Rosa M. Sainz, Jared Q. Gerlach, Radu Septimiu Câmpian ObjectiveMaillard advanced glycation end products (AGEs) are connected with high dry temperature food processing, color and flavor modification of food products. Oral cavity pathology is strongly influenced by dietary intake. The aim of the present paper is to update current data regarding the sources and metabolism of AGEs, their impact on oral cavity tissues, to discuss and suggest new approaches for the early diagnosis and efficient treatment of AGEs-related oral pathology.DesignThis paper is a narrative review of the studies discussing AGEs and mainly the dietary AGEs (dAGEs) sources, metabolism, linkage to general diseases, and specifically the oral cavity pathology. The authors used "PUBMED" and MeSH for the finding of English written and published articles concerning AGEs. There were used the next keywords association: “advanced glycation end products- AGEs” AND “Maillard products”, “AGEs” AND “diet-related disease, “AGEs” AND “salivary biosensor”, “AGEs” AND “metabolic syndrome AGEs”, “AGEs” AND “oral pathology”, “AGEs” AND “dentin AGEs” OR “periodontal AGEs”, “AGEs” AND “diagnosis and monitoring”. The authors used free full-text articles to determine the etiology and physiopathology of AGEs, their association with general diseases and oral cavity disease, assessment methods used in biofluids and tissues, AGEs prevention and treatment approaches. Articles concerning AGEs etiology, metabolism and effect in the human body and specific implication in oral pathology were selected. There were no exclusion criteria in what concerns the study design. Studies in other language than English and articles abstracts were excluded.Criteria of inclusion were free full-text articles written in English. Equally human and animal model studies were included. Regarding the date of publication, all subjects concerning glycation products after 1953 (first published article) were included.ResultsEvidence show that AGEs are responsible for inducing low intensity chronic inflammation and thereby, for initiating and/or aggravating chronic diseases. Nowadays, research has demonstrated a significant association between AGEs and dental or periodontal pathology. Moreover, salivary AGEs are consistent with the levels of AGEs in other biological fluids and are correlated with the general and oral pathology.ConclusionsAssessment of salivary AGEs could be a reliable tool for early diagnosis and monitoring diet-related disease.
  • The association between interleukin polymorphism and recurrent aphthous
           stomatitis: A meta-analysis
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Donglei Wu, Jinglei Xin, Jing Liu, Peng Zhou ObjectiveTo assess the association between interleukin gene polymorphism and recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS).DesignsTwo electronic databases, PubMed and Embase, were utilized to assemble potentially relevant studies meeting the inclusion criteria. A meta-analysis was conducted using Revman 5.3 software (London, UK), and the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were then used to evaluate the strength of the relationship between the gene polymorphisms of IL-1beta(−511C/T), IL-1beta(+3954C/T), IL-6(−174G/C) and IL-10(−1082G/A) and the risk of RAS.ResultsTen studies were included in the final meta-analysis, with 884 cases and 1104 controls participating. The results demonstrated that the polymorphism of IL-1beta(−511C/T) significantly increased the probability of the development of RAS in Europeans. (T vs. C: OR = 1.35, 95%CI = 1.09–1.67; CC vs. CT + TT: OR = 1.77, 95%CI = 1.24–2.53; CC vs. TT: OR = 1.86, 95%CI = 1.18–2.95). Furthermore, the C allele in IL-1beta(+3954C/T) was determined to be related to the risk of RAS in Americans (C vs. T: OR = 1.52, 95%CI = 1.07–2.17) and the presence of the C gene was considered a risk variant (CC + CT vs. TT: OR = 1.46, 95%CI = 1.01–2.11), but no relationship was found between the polymorphism of IL-10(−1082G/A) and the risk of RAS.ConclusionsThe meta-analysis suggested that the mutation of IL-1beta(−511C/T) in Europe and IL-1beta(+3954C/T) in America tend to increase the risk of RAS, but the polymorphism of IL-10(−1082G/A) appears to have no association with RAS risk in America. Further study is required to confirm the above conclusions.
  • Diurnal rhythm and salivary electrolyte
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Oral Biology, Volume 93Author(s): Gordon Proctor
  • Association of the infiltration of tumor-associated macrophages,
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 July 2018Source: Archives of Oral BiologyAuthor(s): wei Wei, Chen Hujie ObjectiveTo explore the association between Smad7 expression and tumor-associated macrophage (TAM), and their relationship with clinicopathological features and prognosis in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).MethodsThis study collected cancer tissues from 314 OSCC patients from May 2002 to May 2012 at our hospital. Immunohistochemistry was carried out to detect the density of CD68+ cells and Smad7.ResultsThe densities of CD68TFMean and CD68TFHotspot shared a significant negative correlation with the immunoscore (IS) of Smad7, indicated that Smad7 was evidently increased with the decrease densities of CD68TFMean and CD68TFHotspot in OSCC tissues. Besides, low differentiation degree together with high TNM, T and N stage of OSCC patients presented decreased densities of CD68TFMean and CD68TFHotspot but increased expression of Smad7. Kaplan-Meier univariate survival analysis showed that the prognosis of OSCC patients was associated with differentiation degree, clinical stages, Smad7 expression, as well as densities of CD68TFMean and CD68TFHotspot. Cox regression analysis results demonstrated that N staging, the densities of CD68TFMean and CD68TFHotspot and Smad7 expression were independent risk factors influencing the survival rate of OSCC patients.ConclusionDecreased densities of CD68TFMean and CD68TFHotspot were negatively correlated with the increased Smad7 expression in OSCC tissues, both of which linked to clinicopathological features and prognosis of OSCC.
  • Symmetry of root anatomy and root canal morphology in maxillary premolars
           analyzed using cone-beam computed tomography
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 June 2018Source: Archives of Oral BiologyAuthor(s): Yi-han Li, Shi-jie Bao, Xiang-wen Yang, Xiao-mei Tian, Bin Wei, Yuan-li Zheng ObjectiveThis study aimed to use cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to evaluate the root anatomy and canal morphology of maxillary premolars in a Chinese population and determine their degree of bilateral symmetry.Design774 CBCT images were retrospectively analyzed, representing 1387 maxillary first premolars and 1403 second premolars. The number of roots and canals were recorded. The morphology of root canal systems was determined according to Vertucci’s classification. The symmetry of root and canal anatomies between maxillary contralateral premolars was further evaluated.ResultsThe most common anatomy of maxillary first and second premolars was one-rooted with two canals (58.0%) and one-rooted with one canal (50.3%), respectively. The typical canal morphology was type IV (42.7%) in maxillary first premolars and type I (50.3%) in maxillary second premolars. One-rooted maxillary premolars exhibited a higher variability in the canal morphology, compared to two-rooted or three-rooted teeth. Maxillary second premolars exhibited greater anatomic symmetry than first premolars. The root and canal numbers showed bilateral symmetry between 80.2% of maxillary first premolar pairs and 81.8% of second premolar pairs. Bilateral symmetry in both number and morphology of roots and canals was observed for 72.3% of maxillary first premolar pairs and 73.2% of second premolar pairs.ConclusionThe root anatomy and canal morphology of maxillary premolars in a Chinese population were quite diversified. Maxillary contralateral premolars demonstrated a high degree of symmetry in root and canal anatomies, which enables practitioners to better determine the nature of the root canal system during treatment of opposite homonymous teeth.
  • MiR-200c inhibited the proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells
           by targeting Akt pathway and its downstream Glut1
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 June 2018Source: Archives of Oral BiologyAuthor(s): Yixuan Yan, Fengzhi Yan, Qun Huang ObjectiveOur study aimed to investigate the functionality of miR-200c in oral squamous cell carcinoma.MethodsTumor tissues and adjacent tissues were obtained from oral squamous cell carcinoma patients, and blood samples were extracted from both oral squamous cell carcinoma patients and healthy controls. Expression of miR-200c in those tissues was detected by qRT-PCR. All patients were followed-up for 5 years and ROC curves as well as survival analyses were performed to evaluate the diagnostic as well as prognostic values of serum miR-200c for oral squamous cell carcinoma. miR-200c and Glut1 overexpression oral squamous cell carcinoma cell lines were constructed and cell proliferation was detected by CCK-8 assay. Glucose uptake was determined by glucose uptake assay. Interactions between miR-200c, Akt and Glut1 were explored by western blot.ResultsExpression of miR-200c was significantly downregulated in tumor tissues comparing with adjacent tissues in most oral squamous cell carcinoma patients. Serum level of miR-200c was lower in oral squamous cell carcinoma patients than that in healthy controls, and it was decreased with increased primary tumor stages. Serum levels of miR-200c can been used to effectively distinguish oral squamous cell carcinoma patients from healthy control, and patients with lower serum level of miR-200c showed shorter survival time. miR-200c overexpression inactivated Akt and Glut1 expression, while Akt activator and Glut1 overexpression showed no significant effects on miR-200c. Akt activator promoted Glut1 expression, but Glut1 overexpression showed no significant effects on Akt. MiR-200c inhibited cell proliferation and glucose uptake, while Akt activator and Glut1 overexpression reduced the inhibitory effect of miR-200c overexpression on cell proliferation.ConclusionmiR-200c can inhibit the proliferation of oral squamous cell carcinoma cells by targeting Akt pathway and its downstream Glut1.
  • In vitro effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis combined with influenza A
           virus on respiratory epithelial cells
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 5 April 2018Source: Archives of Oral BiologyAuthor(s): Xin Li, Chen Li, Jun-chao Liu, Ya-ping Pan, Yong-gang Li ObjectiveRespiratory epithelial cells are the first natural barrier against bacteria and viruses; hence, the interactions among epithelial cells, bacteria, and viruses are associated with disease occurrence and development. The effect of co-infection by P. gingivalis and influenza A virus (IAV) on respiratory epithelial cells remains unknown. The aim of this study was to analyze in vitro cell viability and apoptosis rates in respiratory epithelial A549 cells infected with P. gingivalis or IAV alone, or a combination of both pathogens.DesignA549 cells were first divided into a control group, a P. gingivalis group, an IAV group, and a P. gingivalis + IAV group, to examine cell viability and apoptosis rates, the levels of microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3 B (LC3-II), microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3A (LC3-I), and sequestosome 1 (P62), and the formation of autophagosomes. The autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3MA), was used to assess autophagy and apoptosis in A549 cells infected with P. gingivalis or IAV.ResultsAn MTT assay revealed that cell viability was significantly lower in the IAV group than in the P. gingivalis + IAV group (P 
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