Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3490 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1673 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Venezuelica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Scientiae Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biosystems     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Adversity and Resilience Science : Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de Biología     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Research & Review in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arabian Journal of Scientific Research / المجلة العربية للبحث العلمي     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arctic     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bacterial Empire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIO-SITE : Biologi dan Sains Terapan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Microbiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.644
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 10  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2626 journals]
  • Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137, the first non- Streptomyces
           actinobacterium, produces holomycin after cystine feeding
    • Abstract: Abstract Saccharothrix algeriensis NRRL B-24137 is an actinobacterium isolated from Algerian Saharan soil. This strain has the ability to produce several dithiolopyrrolone antibiotic derivatives depending on the precursors added to the culture medium. This group of antibiotics is known for their potent antimicrobial and anticancer activities. Holomycin is a member of the dithiolopyrrolone group of antibiotics, and has already been isolated from several species of actinobacteria belonging to the genus Streptomyces and also from some Gram-negative bacteria. In this study, holomycin was produced for the first time in the culture broth of a non-Streptomyces actinobacteria. This antibiotic was induced by adding 5 mM of L-cystine as precursor to the semi-synthetic fermentation broth of Sa. algeriensis NRRL B-24137 and then fully identified after HPLC purification. The minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) of holomycin were determined against several pathogenic microorganisms, including Escherichia coli ATCC 10536 Klebsiella pneumoniae CIP 82.91, Listeria monocytogenes CIP 82110, Staphylococcus aureus CIP 7625, Aspergillus carbonarius M333, Fusarium culmorum FC1, Candida albicans IPA 200. This antibiotic showed a broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity, inhibiting a variety of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and micro-fungi.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
  • Antibacterial effect of Blumea balsamifera DC. essential oil against
           Haemophilus parasuis
    • Abstract: Abstract Haemophilus parasuis (H. parasuis), the cause of the Glasser’s disease, is a potentially pathogenic gram-negative organism that colonizes the upper respiratory tract of pigs. The extraction of Blumea balsamifera DC., as a traditional Chinese herb, has shown great bacteriostatic effect against several common bacteria. To study the antibacterial effect on H. parasuis in vitro, this study evaluated the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of Blumea balsamifera DC. essential oil (BBO) as well as morphological changes in H. parasuis treated with it. Furthermore, changes in expression of total protein and key virulence factors were also assessed. Results showed that the MIC and MBC were 0.625 and 1.25 μg/mL, respectively. As the concentration of BBO increased, the growth curve inhibition became stronger. H. parasuis cells were damaged severely after treatment with BBO for 4 h, demonstrating plasmolysis and enlarged vacuoles, along with broken cell walls and membranes. Total protein and virulence factor expression in H. parasuis was significantly downregulated by BBO. Taken together, these results indicated a substantial antibacterial effect of BBO on H. parasuis.
      PubDate: 2020-07-08
  • Deinococcus detaillensis sp. nov., isolated from humus soil in Antarctica
    • Abstract: Abstract A Gram-staining-positive, non-motile, coccus or short-rod-shaped bacterium, designated H1T, was isolated from a humus soil sample in the Detaille Island of Antarctica. The 16S rRNA gene sequence result indicated that strain H1T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence identity with the type strain of Deinococcus alpinitundrae (96.2%). Growth of strain H1T occurred at 4–25 °C, pH 6.0–8.0 and in the presence of 0–1.0% NaCl (w/v). The respiratory quinone was MK-8. The major fatty acids were C16:0, C17:0 cyclo and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c/C16:1ω6c). The polar lipids were aminoglycophospholipid, aminophospholipid, glycolipid and glycophospholipid. The cell wall peptidoglycan type was A3β. The genomic DNA G + C content was 61.3 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) between strain H1T and the closely related Deinococcus members was below the cut-off level (95–96%) for species identification. Based on the above results, strain H1T represents a novel species of the genus Deinococcus, for which the name Deinococcus detaillensis sp. nov. is proposed. Type strain is H1T (= CGMCC 1.13938T = JCM 33291T).
      PubDate: 2020-07-03
  • Aerobic degradation of BTEX compounds by Streptomyces species isolated
           from activated sludge and agricultural soils
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, we tested the ability of Streptomyces to use for their growth benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and o-, m-, p-xylenes as sole source of carbon and energy. These bacteria were isolated from agricultural soils and activated sludge samples from a wastewater treatment plant. The results show that Streptomyces are capable of degrading at least one of the BTEX compounds. Among them, 3 isolates from activated sludge called (U, F and V) and a single isolate (SA13) isolated from an agricultural soil, can use as the sole source of carbon and energy, all of these BTEX compounds at concentrations of 1500 mg/L. Based on the analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequence, two active strains were identified as Streptomyces fimicarius, Streptomyces cavourensis, Streptomyces flavogriseus and Streptomyces pratensis. These strains can be excellent candidates for the bioremediation of the telluric and aquatic sites polluted by these xenobiotics.
      PubDate: 2020-07-02
  • Correction to: Alleviation of tetrabromobisphenol A toxicity in soybean
           seedlings by Rhodopseudomonas palustris RP11
    • Abstract: The original article has published with the incorrect article title.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Bradyrhizobium uaiense sp. nov., a new highly efficient cowpea symbiont
    • Abstract: Abstract This study describes two Bradyrhizobium strains, UFLA03-164T and UFLA03-153, which share more than 99% sequence similarity of the 16S rRNA with the type strains of 15 species in this genus. The concatenation of three housekeeping genes (recA, gyrB, and dnaK) indicated that both strains formed a single clade separate from known Bradyrhizobium species. B. viridifuturi, represented by SEMIA 690T, is the closest neighboring species (96.2%). Low (< 92%) average nucleotide identity (ANI) was observed between strain UFLA03-164T and any of the closest species on the phylogenetic trees based on concatenated housekeeping genes. The DNA G+C content of UFLA03-164T is 63.25%. Phenotypic characteristics were determined for both UFLA strains. Based on the data, the two strains represent a new species for which the name Bradyrhizobium uaiense is proposed, with UFLA03-164T (= LMG 31509T) as type strain.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Inoculation of plant growth-promoting bacteria attenuates the negative
           effects of drought on sorghum
    • Abstract: Abstract Microbial inoculants are suitable cost-effective technology to help plants endure drought. For the development of commercial inoculants, screening of efficient plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) is a crucial step. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of PGPB to modulate drought resistance in Sorghum bicolor. A pot experiment with sorghum was conducted to access the role of previously selected PGPB strains. In addition, two non-inoculated control treatments (with and without urea fertilization) were also evaluated. For comparison, a fully irrigated treatment (FIT) was also assessed. All plants were fully irrigated for 47 days when the water supply was completely suspended for the drought-stressed treatments. When the soil moisture was close to zero, the irrigation was resumed. During dehydration and rehydration process, the leaf gas exchange (LGE) was evaluated. The parameters of plant growth and nitrogen nutrition were assessed 8 days after reirrigation. Comparing to the FIT, all treatments reduced the LGE rates, but in the presence of Bacillus sp. ESA 402 photosynthesis rate was less reduced. Some inoculation treatments promoted better recovery of photosynthesis, comparable to the FIT, 6 days after rehydration. The plant growth and nitrogen nutrition were negatively affected by the drought, but the inoculation of different bacteria reduced some negative effects. The nitrogen accumulation in the shoots was increased by all strains, suggesting their diazotrophic ability even under drought. Overall, the inoculation of Bacillus sp. ESA 402 was the best bacterium with potential for future field trials.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Current approaches and trends in the production of microbial cellulases
           using residual lignocellulosic biomass: a bibliometric analysis of the
           last 10 years
    • Abstract: Abstract Considering the potential use of lignocellulosic biomass residues in microbial cultures to produce cellulases, the objective of this research was to investigate trends and discussions regarding scientific research conducted in this field through a bibliometric and scientometric analysis. Using the Elsevier Scopus database and VOSviewer software, scientific papers published between 2007 and 2018 were investigated. The results showed that the production of cellulases is related to obtaining xylanases and glucose. Obtaining of bioethanol and determining cellulolytic and xylanase activities were the relevant indicators for the use of these enzymes. China, India and Brazil are countries with a high number of publications in this field, most likely due to investments made between 2015 and 2017. This analysis showed that research on the use of lignocellulosic residues is focused on obtaining biofuels through enzymatic hydrolysis.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Metal ions and graphene-based compounds as alternative treatment options
           for burn wounds infected by antibiotic-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • Abstract: Abstract Burn infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa pose a major complication in wound healing. This study aimed to determine the antimicrobial effect of metal ions, graphene (Gr), and graphene oxide (GO), individually and in combination, against the planktonic and biofilm states of two antimicrobially resistant clinical strains of P. aeruginosa each with different antibiotic resistance profiles. Minimum inhibitory, minimum bactericidal, and fractional inhibitory concentrations were performed to determine the efficacy of the metal ions and graphene composites individually and their synergy in combination. Crystal violet biofilm and XTT assays measured the biofilm inhibition and metabolic activity, respectively. Molybdenum, platinum, tin, gold, and palladium ions exhibited the greatest antimicrobial activity (MIC = 7.8–26.0 mg/L), whilst GO and Gr demonstrated moderate-to-no effect against the planktonic bacterial cells, irrespective of their antibiograms. Biofilms were inhibited by zinc, palladium, silver, and graphene. In combination, silver–graphene and molybdenum–graphene inhibited both the planktonic and biofilm forms of the bacteria making them potential candidates for development into topical antimicrobials for burns patients infected with antibiotic-resistant P. aeruginosa.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Gorillibacterium timonense sp. nov., isolated from an obese patient
    • Abstract: Abstract A Gram-negative and facultative anaerobic bacterium, designated strain SN4T, was isolated from the stool sample of an obese Amazonian patient. The new isolate was characterized by the taxonogenomics approach. The strain SN4T was beige-colored, circular and not haemolytic. Cells are rod shaped and motile with several flagella. Strain SN4T grows optimally at pH 7 and can survive in the presence of a saline concentration of up to 75 g/l NaCl. The 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequence analysis of the novel strain SN4T showed 95.28% similarity in nucleotide sequence with Gorillibacterium massiliense G5T, the phylogenetically closest neighbor and the type species of this genus. Anteiso-C15:0, iso-C15:0 and C16:0 were found as the major components in the cellular fatty acid analysis of this isolate. The genomic draft of strain SN4T is 5,263,742 bp long with 53.33% of G+C content. The differences in physiological, biochemical characteristics and phylogenetic and genomic data make it possible to clearly distinguish the strain SN4T from G. massiliense G5T. Based on the taxonogenomic description and the phenotypic and biochemical characteristics of this bacterium presented in this article, we propose the SN4T strain (= CSUR P2011 = DSM 100,698) as a new species, Gorillibacterium timonense sp. nov.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Stability of potential prophages in commercial strain Lactobacillus
           plantarum NCU116 under various stressors
    • Abstract: Abstract Genetic stability of bacterium as a starter culture is vital for product quality in fermentation industry. The commercial strain Lactobacillus plantarum NCU116 widely used in fruit and vegetable fermentation was induced with various stressors to investigate the stability of potential prophages. PHAge Search Tool (PHAST) identified three potential prophages in bacterial genome. By spectrophotometric analysis, mitomycin C (MMC), lactic acid, and bile salt were found to inhibit the growth of L. plantarum NCU116 while ethanol and hydrogen peroxide had no notable impacts. Transcriptions of four phage-synthesizing genes (phaR, phacap, phaada, phatail) and four phage-resistant genes (cas116, helR, hsd1, hsd2) under stressors were investigated by quantitative reverse transcription PCR. MMC was found to most significantly upregulated transcriptions of phage-synthesizing genes, followed by lactic acid and bile salt. By transmission electron microscopy, no virus particles from the lysates of strain NCU116 treated by MMC were observed, corresponding to the result that no phage nucleic acids could be extracted from the supernatants of strain NCU116 treated by MMC. This study suggested that no prophages could be induced from L. plantarum NCU116 by strong inducer MMC, indicating its genetic stability, which supports the comprehensive application of strain NCU116 in industry without causing fermentation failure.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Diabetes-associated infections: development of antimicrobial resistance
           and possible treatment strategies
    • Abstract: Abstract Diabetes mellitus is associated with various types of infections notably skin, mucous membrane, soft tissue, urinary tract, respiratory tract and surgical and/or hospital-associated infections. The reason behind this frequent association with infections is an immunocompromised state of diabetic patient because uncontrolled hyperglycemia impairs overall immunity of diabetic patient via involvement of various mechanistic pathways that lead to the diabetic patient as immunocompromised. There are specific microbes that are associated with each type of infection and their presence indicates specific type of infections. For instance, E. coli and Klebsiella are the most common causative pathogens responsible for the development of urinary tract infections. Diabetic-foot infections commonly occur in diabetic patients. In this article, we have mainly focused on the association of diabetes mellitus with various types of bacterial infections and the pattern of resistance against antimicrobial agents that are frequently used for the treatment of diabetes-associated infections. Moreover, we have also summarized the possible treatment strategies against diabetes-associated infections.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Vesicular transport and secretion of penicillin G in Penicillium rubens
    • Abstract: Abstract The compartmentalization of penicillin G biosynthesis in Penicillium rubens has been extensively studied. However, how this compound is secreted has not been completely elucidated, although its transport could be of the vesicular type. This work was aimed at observing vesicles and penicillin secretion and proposing a hypothetical model for their compartmentalization and secretion. For this purpose, a high-penicillin-producing strain (P. rubens P2-32-T) was compared by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM) with a null-producing strain (P. rubens npe10) in 24- and 48-h cultures. The results showed multivesicular bodies and secretory vesicles, suggesting that P. rubens transports and secretes penicillin G through vesicular excretion.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Optimization of pH conditions to improve the spore production of
           Clostridium butyricum NN-2 during fermentation process
    • Abstract: Abstract Clostridium butyricum, an anaerobic spore-forming bacillus, is a common human and animal gut commensal bacterium. Spore is an important structure for C. butyricum to tolerate environmental stress. However, it is not easy to form in common fermentation process of C. butyricum. In this study, the parameters for optimizing the spore formation of C. butyricum NN-2 were defined. The results showed that the pH value was a crucial factor that significantly affected the spore formation of C. butyricum NN-2. Down-regulation steps of pH value from 6.5 to 5.5 over time during the cultural process significantly (p < 0.05) promoted spore formation of C. butyricum NN-2, allowing for the sporulation rate of > 90%. In addition, the duration of pH regulation also had significant effects on the spore formation of C. butyricum NN-2. The results revealed a highly effective strategy for enhancing the spore production of C. butyricum.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Intracellular oxidative damage due to antibiotics on gut bacteria reduced
           by glutathione oxidoreductase-derived antioxidant molecule GM15
    • Abstract: Abstract The human gut consists of > 1000 different bacterial species for the smooth functioning of the gut. In normal conditions, the antioxidant system present in cells minimize the effects of reactive oxygen species. Upon exposure to antibiotics, there is a rise in ROS level which induces oxidative stress to the cells, ultimately killing the cells. Two broad-spectrum antibiotics, streptomycin and gentamicin at a concentration of 50 µM and 25 µM, were treated with Bacillus subtilis SRMIST201901 (MN726522) and B. cereus SRMIST201902 (MN726923); the treatment reduced the cell counts. Considering the bacterial defense property which relies on the antioxidant mechanism, in this study, we have reported an antioxidant peptide (GM15) derived from glutathione oxidoreductase of spirulina (or called cyanobacteria) Arthrospira platensis (Ap) which reduced the intracellular oxidative stress. Cellular ROS detection was confirmed by fluorescent-associated cell sorting (FACS) using the DCFDA dye. Resazurin dye test also confirmed the activity of peptide on the growth of the Bacillus sp. Based on the results obtained, it was concluded that there was a significant (P < 0.05) reduction in the intracellular oxidative stress on treating with GM15 peptide. Overall, the study indicates the influence of antioxidant peptide on the intracellular oxidative stress, leading to the development of an antioxidant drug from glutathione oxidoreductase of A. platensis against oxidative-related stresses.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Alternative therapy to manage otitis media caused by multidrug-resistant
    • Abstract: Abstract During the last few decades, the increase in the incidence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) fungal infections has become an emerging threat to public health. Therefore, it is important to illuminate the usage of alternative therapy to treat MDR fungal infection. This study was carried out to elucidate the usage of plant extract and essential oil, either alone or with other antifungal drugs to treat otitis media caused by MDR fungi. Medicinal plant is a safe and cheap source when compared with chemical antifungal drugs. Twenty-one fungal isolates out of 104 ear swabs from patients suffering from otitis media were characterized using both phenotypic and genotypic methods. The antibiogram typing was used to determine the MDR isolates. The sensitivity of MDR fungal isolates was tested against several plant extracts and essential oils, either alone or with other antifungal drugs. Thyme oil and clove extracts proved to have synergistic effects suggesting their use in the treatment of fungal infections, especially otitis media caused by MDR fungi. The ultrastructure of MDR fungal isolates exhibited a complete destruction post exposure to the used materials when observed under the transmission microscope (TEM). Thyme oil and clove extract were found to be the most effective agents against MDR fungal isolates and they constitute a promising tool for the management of fungal infection causing the otitis media.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities of Clostridium butyricum
           supernatant against Acinetobacter baumannii
    • Abstract: Abstract Acinetobacter baumannii is the major nosocomial pathogen that causes serious infections such as ventilator-associated pneumonia and bacteremia due to its biofilms. Hence, this study investigated the antimicrobial and antibiofilm potentials of cell-free supernatants (CFS) obtained from Clostridium butyricum, as probiotic, against A. baumannii. Our results demonstrated that C. butyricum CFS inhibited A. baumannii cell growth in planktonic culture. Also, C. butyricum CFS not only inhibited the biofilm development and dispersed mature biofilms, but also suppressed the metabolic activity of biofilm cells, showing antibiofilm activity. The biofilm components reduced by C. butyricum CFS were observed via confocal laser scanning microscopy. In addition, C. butyricum CFS exhibited antivirulence effect by inhibiting the motility of A. baumannii. Furthermore, C. butyricum CFS significantly downregulated the expression of efflux pump-related genes including adeA, adeB and adeC in A. baumannii. Our data demonstrate that C. butyricum CFS showed antimicrobial and antibiofilm effects on A. baumannii. These effects are closely associated with suppression of motility and efflux pump-related genes in A. baumannii. The findings suggest that C. butyricum CFS can be used as a new therapeutic alternative against biofilm-associated infection caused by multidrug-resistant A. baumannii.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Description of Gemmobacter aestuarii sp. nov., isolated from estuarine
           surface water and reclassification of Cereibacter changlensis as
           Gemmobacter changlensis Chen et al. 2013
    • Abstract: Abstract A Gram-stain-negative, tyrosine-metabolizing, non-motile, strictly aerobic, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped marine bacterium, designated strain CC-PW-75T, was isolated from the estuarine water off Pintung, Taiwan. Strain CC-PW-75T formed a distinct phyletic lineage associated with Gemmobacter species, sharing the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with G. megaterium CF17T and G. straminiformis CAM-8T (96.0% each) followed by G. aquatilis IFAM 1031T and G. nectariphilus AST4T (95.8% each). Analysis of the draft genome (3.76 Mbp) revealed the presence of genes encoding light-harvesting complexes, photosynthetic reaction centers and proteins involved in the metabolism of CO, CO2, HCO3‒ and H2S. However, bacteriochlorophyll a was not detected. Average nucleotide identity values between the genome sequence of CC-PW-75T and the related Gemmobacter species (n = 6) were estimated to be 72.8–76.3%. Polar lipid analysis revealed the presence of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and an unidentified lipid in major amounts, and phosphatidylmonomethylethanolamine, phosphatidylcholine, an unidentified aminolipid and an unidentified lipid in minor amounts. C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c, C18:0 and C18:1ω7c 11-methyl were identified to be major fatty acids. The DNA G + C content was 66.2 mol% (draft genome sequence). Ubiquinone-10 (Q-10) was the sole respiratory quinone. Based on the polyphasic taxonomic evidence, CC-PW-75T is most likely a novel species of the genus Gemmobacter, affiliated to the family Rhodobacteraceae, for which the name Gemmobacter aestuarii sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CC-PW-75T (= JCM 19754T = BCRC 80759T). Also, we propose the reclassification of Cereibacter changlensis as Gemmobacter changlensis Chen et al. 2013 using the polyphasic data presented in this study.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Biocharacteristics and draft genome sequence of Halomonas hydrothermalis
           C22, a pyruvate-producing halophilic bacterium isolated from a commercial
           Spirulina culture in Vietnam
    • Abstract: Abstract Halophilic bacteria are receiving increasing attention for industrial chemical production processes due to their unique properties. Herein, an alkaliphilic and halophilic bacterium was isolated from a commercial Spirulina culture at Nghe An province in Vietnam and found to secrete pyruvate. Pyruvate is widely used as a starting material in the industrial biosynthesis of pharmaceuticals, and is employed for production of crop protection agents, polymers, cosmetics, and food additives. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic characterization, and the 16S rRNA gene sequence homology with Halomonas hydrothermalis strain DSM 15,725 (99.2%) predicted that the strain belongs to the Halomonas genus, thus we named this strain as H. hydrothermalis strain C22. We investigated the biocharacteristics and capacity of strain C22 and determined the draft genome sequence comprising 3,934,166 bp with a G + C content of 60.2% encoding 3,668 proteins, 58 tRNAs, 9 rRNAs, and 1 tmRNA. Maximal pyruvate secretion reached 51.1 g/l after 84 h of cultivation. The results will facilitate future studies on the genetic and metabolic diversity of halophilic bacteria and expand our understanding of important bioprocesses in this microorganism.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
  • Miscanthus cultivation shapes rhizosphere microbial community structure
           and function as assessed by Illumina MiSeq sequencing combined with
           PICRUSt and FUNGUIld analyses
    • Abstract: Abstract Soil microbes play important roles in plant growth and in the biogeochemical cycling of earth’s elements. However, the structure and functions of the microbial community associated with the growth of second-generation energy crops, such as Miscanthus, remain unclear. Thus, in this study, the composition and function of the bacterial and fungal communities associated with Miscanthus cultivation were analyzed by MiSeq sequencing combined with PICRUSt and FUNGUIld analyses. The results of community composition and diversity index analyses showed that Miscanthus cultivation significantly altered the bacterial and fungal community composition and reduced bacterial and fungal diversity. In addition, Miscanthus cultivation increased the soil organic matter (SOM) and total nitrogen (TN) contents. The correlation analysis between microbial community composition and environmental factors indicated that SOM and TN were the most important factors affecting bacterial and fungal communities. Miscanthus cultivation could enrich the abundances of Pseudomonas, Rhizobium, Luteibacter, Bradyrhizobium, Phenylobacterium and other common plant-promoting bacteria, while also increasing Cladophialophora, Hymenula, Magnaporthe, Mariannaea, etc., which predicted corresponded to the saprotrophic, plant pathogenic, and pathotrophic trophic modes. The PICRUSt predictive analysis indicated that Miscanthus cultivation altered the metabolic capabilities of bacterial communities, including the metabolism of carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus cycle. In addition, FUNGUIld analysis indicated that Miscanthus cultivation altered the fungal trophic mode. The effects of Miscanthus on the communities and function of bacteria and fungi varied among Miscanthus species. Miscanthus specie Xiangdi NO 1 had the greatest impact on soil bacterial and fungal communities, whereas Miscanthus specie Wujiemang NO 1 had the greatest impact on soil bacteria and fungi functions. The results of this study provide a reference for the composition and function of microbial communities during the growth of Miscanthus.
      PubDate: 2020-07-01
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Heriot-Watt University
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