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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 2986 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1422 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 71)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.702]   [H-I: 85]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Glycomyces xinjiangensis sp. nov., a novel actinomycete isolated from a
           hypersaline habitat
    • Authors: Tong-Wei Guan; Hui-Ping Xiang; Peng-Hao Wang; Lei Tian; Shu-Kun Tang; Shun-Xian Zhao; Xi-Chao Zhang
      Pages: 1231 - 1235
      Abstract: A novel actinomycete strain, designated XHU 5301T, was isolated from a hypersaline habitat, China. The strain was aerobic, Gram-stain positive and the optimum NaCl concentration for growth was 7–9% (w/v). Phylogenetic analysis based on an almost-complete 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain XHU 5301T showed that the organism was most closely related to Glycomyces halotolerans TRM 40137T (96.0%). The whole-cell sugar pattern consisted of glucose and galactose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-10(H4), MK-10(H2), and MK-9(H4). The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15: 0, iso-C15: 0, iso-C16: 0, and methyl-C19: 0. The polar lipids consist of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, and one unknown phospholipid. The G+C content of the genomic DNA was 72.5 mol %. The novel species Glycomyces xinjiangensis sp. nov. was proposed, with strain XHU 5301T (=CCTCC AA 2016043T =KCTC 39689T) as the type strain of Glycomyces xinjiangensis.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1392-z
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Olivibacter flavus sp. nov., a novel endophytic bacterium isolated from
           the root of Camellia sinensis
    • Authors: Lei Tian; Tong-Wei Guan; Ling-Ling Yang; Kai-Yang Lu; Bing-Bing Liu; Wei-Xun ChunYu; Min Yin; En-Yuan Li; Yang Ji; Xiao-Ping Zhang; Shu-Kun Tang
      Pages: 1237 - 1242
      Abstract: A novel Gram-negative rod, endophytic bacterium, designated strain TMCC 8258T, was isolated from the root of Camellia sinensis collected from Puer, south-west China. Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the strain belongs to the family Sphingobacteriaceae and a neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree suggested that strain TMCC 8258T formed a cluster with the type strain of Olivibacter ginsengisoli (showed the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity of 95.8%). Chemotaxonomic data [major fatty acid iso-C15:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c), iso-C17:0 3-OH and major respiratory quinone MK-7] confirmed the affiliation of strain TMCC 8258T to the genus Olivibacter. The G + C content was 39.1 mol %. The results of the phylogenetic analysis, together with the physiological, morphological and biochemical tests, suggested that strain TMCC 8258T should be classified as representing a novel species of the genus Olivibacter, for which the name Olivibacter flavus is proposed. The type strain is TMCC 8258T (=CGMCC 1.16141 = KCTC 42683).
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1391-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Effect of environmental stress on cell surface and membrane fatty acids of
           Lactobacillus plantarum
    • Authors: Najla Haddaji; Abdel Kaim Mahdhi; Manel Ben Ismaiil; Amina Bakhrouf
      Pages: 1243 - 1250
      Abstract: Adhesion has been regarded as one of the basic features of probiotics. We undertake this study in the aim to give new insight about the change in cellular physiological state under heat and acid treatments of Lactobacillus plantarum. Different cell properties have been investigated such as adhesive ability to abiotic surfaces, the cell surface hydrophobicity and the fatty acids profiles. The results of cell surface properties and Gas chromatography analysis demonstrated a modification in term adhesive ability and fatty acid (FA) composition of the tested strain under stressful conditions. In fact, after the exposure of the strain to heat and acid treatments, an increase in the hydrophobicity level and the adhesion capacity on HeLa cells was shown. Our findings revealed that high temperature and low pH change the fatty acids profiles of the treated cells, especially the proportions of unsaturated and saturated fatty acid. In this context, our data revealed that the unsaturated FA-to-saturated FA ratio was increased significantly (P < 0.05) for stressed strains compared with control cells. The results of the present finding suggest that the tested strain have suffered changes like the modifications on bacterial membrane as a cellular response to survive the hard environmental conditions, allowing them to withstand harsh conditions and sudden environmental changes to survive under.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1395-9
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Bradyrhizobium sacchari sp. nov., a legume nodulating bacterium isolated
           from sugarcane roots
    • Authors: Gustavo Feitosa de Matos; Jerri Edson Zilli; Jean Luiz Simões de Araújo; Marcia Maria Parma; Itamar Soares Melo; Viviane Radl; José Ivo Baldani; Luc Felicianus Marie Rouws
      Pages: 1251 - 1258
      Abstract: Members of the genus Bradyrhizobium are well-known as nitrogen-fixing microsymbionts of a wide variety of leguminous species, but they have also been found in different environments, notably as endophytes in non-legumes such as sugarcane. This study presents a detailed polyphasic characterization of four Bradyrhizobium strains (type strain BR 10280T), previously isolated from roots of sugarcane in Brazil. 16S rRNA sequence analysis, multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) and analysis of the 16S-23S rRNA internal transcribed spacer showed that these strains form a novel clade close to, but different from B. huanghuaihaiense strain CCBAU 23303T. Average nucleotide identity (ANI) analyses confirmed that BR 10280T represents a novel species. Phylogenetic analysis based on nodC gene sequences also placed the strains close to CCBAU 23303T, but different from this latter strain, the sugarcane strains did not nodulate soybean, although they effectively nodulated Vigna unguiculata, Cajanus cajan and Macroptilium atropurpureum. Physiological traits are in agreement with the placement of the strains in the genus Bradyrhizobium as a novel species for which the name Bradyrhizobium sacchari sp. nov. is proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1398-6
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Characteristics and diversity of endophytic bacteria in moso bamboo (
           Phyllostachys eduli s) based on 16S rDNA sequencing
    • Authors: Fang Liu; Zongsheng Yuan; Xintao Zhang; Guofang Zhang; Baogui Xie
      Pages: 1259 - 1266
      Abstract: To understand the diversity and distribution of endophytic bacteria in moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis), we used 16S rDNA sequencing to investigate the characteristics and diversity of endophytic bacteria in different moso bamboo tissues. After 454 pyrosequencing, we obtained 141,269 sequences from seven moso bamboo tissue samples. The taxonomic origins of unique sequences were identified using RDP classifier. The results showed that these sequences belonged to 26 bacterial orders, including the Actinomycetales, Rickettsiales, Burkholderiales, Enterobacteriales, and Rhizobiales. Among these, Enterobacteriales was widely found in all bamboo tissues. Endophytic bacterial communities differed between the moso bamboo shoot and pole. With continuous growth and development, the number of endophytic species in the moso bamboo pole increased gradually.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1397-7
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • A double-quadratic model for predicting Vibrio species in water
           environments of Japan
    • Authors: Hidemasa Izumiya; Masato Furukawa; Kikuyo Ogata; Junko Isobe; Setsu Watanabe; Mari Sasaki; Kazuya Ichinose; Eiji Arakawa; Masatomo Morita; Ichiro Kurane; Makoto Ohnishi
      Pages: 1293 - 1302
      Abstract: Vibrio spp. are natural inhabitants of marine and estuarine environments. Vibrio cholerae, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and Vibrio vulnificus are the major infectious agents for humans. Their densities are affected by environmental factors such as water temperature and salinity. The detailed contribution of each factor still remains to be elucidated. Here we conducted multi-coastal study in a 21-month period to examine relationships between environmental factors and V. cholerae, V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus densities in sea surface water in eight coastal sites of four prefectures in Japan. Vibrio densities were measured by a most-probable-number with PCR method which is highly sensitive and quantitative (3/100 ml of detection limit). Vibrio densities were analyzed with environmental factors including water temperature, salinity, total dissolved substance, and pH, and their quadratics. A linear regression model suited best for prediction of V. cholerae density. A novel double-quadratic model suited best for the prediction of V. parahaemolyticus and V. vulnificus densities.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1402-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Bacillus alcaliphilum sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from a soda lake
    • Authors: Vishnuvardhan Reddy Sultanpuram; Thirumala Mothe; Sasikala Chintalapati; Venkata Ramana Chintalapati
      Pages: 1303 - 1309
      Abstract: Two novel (14BT and 7B) Gram-stain-positive, rod-shaped, motile and endospore-forming bacterial strains were isolated from Lonar soda lake, India. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the strains 14BT and 7B were identified as belonging to the class Firmibacteria and were most closely related to Bacillus halodurans LMG 7121T (99.7 and 99.8%, respectively), Bacillus okuhidensis LMG 22468T (99.1 and 99.2%, respectively) and other members in the genus Bacillus (<97.0%). However, the DNA–DNA relatedness studies indicated that the strains 14BT and 7B were distantly related to B. halodurans LMG 7121T (49.1 ± 0.6 and 45.7 ± 0.6, respectively) and B. okuhidensis LMG 22468T (40.9 ± 0.9 and 42.1 ± 0.5, respectively). The high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (99.9%) and DNA–DNA relatedness (88 ± 9) indicated that strains 14BT and 7B were members of a single species. The strains grew optimally at a pH of 9.0–9.5 with 2–5% (w/v) NaCl and temperature of 37 °C. Strains 14BT and 7B were catalase positive and oxydase negative. The cell wall of strain 14BT contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid. Polar lipids include diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), an unknown aminophospholipid (APL1) and three unknown lipids (L1–3). The predominant isoprenoid quinone is MK-7. anteiso-C15:0 (30.8%) was the predominant fatty acid, and significant proportions of iso-C15:0 (24.9%), iso-C16:0 (17.9%) and anteiso-C17:0 (12.3%) were also detected in strains 14BT and 7B. The DNA G+C content of strains 14BT and 7B was 41.6 and 41.3 mol%, respectively. The results of molecular, physiological and biochemical tests allowed a clear differentiation of strains 14BT and 7B from all other members of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus alcaliphilum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 14BT (=KCTC 33777T = CGMCC 1.15474T).
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1403-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 9 (2017)
       
  • Quorum sensing molecules production by nosocomial and soil isolates
           Acinetobacter baumannii
    • Authors: Demet Erdönmez; Abbas Yousefi Rad; Nilüfer Aksöz
      Pages: 1325 - 1334
      Abstract: Acinetobacter species remain alive in hospitals on various surfaces, both dry and moist, forming an important source of hospital infections. These bacteria are naturally resistant to many antibiotic classes. Although the role of the quorum sensing system in regulating the virulence factors of Acinetobacter species has not been fully elucidated, it has been reported that they play a role in bacterial biofilm formation. The biofilm formation helps them to survive under unfavorable growth conditions and antimicrobial treatments. It is based on the accumulation of bacterial communication signal molecules in the area. In this study, we compared the bacterial signal molecules of 50 nosocomial Acinetobacter baumannii strain and 20 A. baumannii strain isolated from soil. The signal molecules were detected by the biosensor bacteria (Chromobacterium violaceum 026, Agrobacterium tumefaciens A136, and Agrobacterium tumefaciens NTL1) and their separation was determined by thin-layer chromatography. As a result, it has been found that soil-borne isolates can produce 3-oxo-C8-AHL and C8-AHL, whereas nosocomial-derived isolates can produce long-chain signals such as C10-AHL, C12-AHL, C14-AHL and C16-AHL. According to these results, it is possible to understand that these signal molecules are found in the infection caused by A. baumannii. The inhibition of this signaling molecules in a communication could use to prevent multiple antibiotic resistance of these bacteria.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1408-8
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Conservation of Erwinia amylovora pathogenicity-relevant genes among
           Erwinia genomes
    • Authors: Luigimaria Borruso; Marco Salomone-Stagni; Ivan Polsinelli; Armin Otto Schmitt; Stefano Benini
      Pages: 1335 - 1344
      Abstract: The Erwinia genus comprises species that are plant pathogens, non-pathogen, epiphytes, and opportunistic human pathogens. Within the genus, Erwinia amylovora ranks among the top 10 plant pathogenic bacteria. It causes the fire blight disease and is a global threat to commercial apple and pear production. We analyzed the presence/absence of the E. amylovora genes reported to be important for pathogenicity towards Rosaceae within various Erwinia strains genomes. This simple bottom-up approach, allowed us to correlate the analyzed genes to pathogenicity, host specificity, and make useful considerations to drive targeted studies.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1409-7
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Variability of composition and effects of essential oils from Rhanterium
           adpressum Coss. & Durieu against mycotoxinogenic Fusarium strains
    • Authors: Fatiha Elhouiti; Djilali Tahri; Djalila Takhi; Mohamed Ouinten; Christian Barreau; Marie-Noëlle Verdal-Bonnin; Isabelle Bombarda; Mohamed Yousfi
      Pages: 1345 - 1356
      Abstract: The antifungal potency of the essential oils of Rhanterium adpressum was evaluated against four mycotoxigenic strains of the genus Fusarium. The essential oils were obtained, separately, by hydro-distillation of the aerial parts of R. adpressum (leaves and flowers). The parts were collected during the period of bloom (3 months) for 3 years. The GC–MS analysis revealed thirty-six compounds for the essential oils, divided into four classes of chemical compounds, with variable percentages according to the month of extraction. The monoterpene hydrocarbons form the main class in these oils. On the other hand, the highest percentages of the oxygenated compounds are observed in the samples collected during the month of May. The direct contact method was used to evaluate the antifungal activity of the essential oils. The activity can be attributed to their relatively high composition of oxygenated monoterpenes. Flowers extract showed strong inhibitory activity, with very interesting concentrations of IC50 and MIC for both tests on solid and liquid medium. The effect of these oils on the production of type B trichothecenes (TCTBs) was evaluated, showing a significant inhibitory effect on TCTBs production, for both extracts (leaves and flowers). The rates of inhibition were 66–97 and 76–100% of FX, 3-ADON and 15-ADON, respectively. The inhibition of fungal biomass and the production of TCTBs depended on the used concentration of the essential oils. These results suggest that the essential oils from R. adpressum are able to control the growth of the tested strains and their subsequent production of TCTB mycotoxins.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1404-z
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • A simple and rapid in vitro test for large-scale screening of fungal
           endophytes from drought-adapted Australian wild plants for conferring
           water deprivation tolerance and growth promotion in Nicotiana benthamiana
           seedlings
    • Authors: Khondoker M. G. Dastogeer; Hua Li; Krishnapillai Sivasithamparam; Michael G. K. Jones; Stephen J. Wylie
      Pages: 1357 - 1370
      Abstract: Some fungal endophytes confer novel phenotypes and enhance existing ones in plants, including tolerance to water deprivation stress. A range of fungal endophytes was isolated from wild Nicotiana plants growing in arid parts of northern Australia. These were screened for ability to enhance water deprivation stress tolerance by inoculating seedlings of the model plant N. benthamiana in two in vitro tests. Sixty-eight endophyte isolates were co-cultivated with N. benthamiana seedlings on either damp filter paper or on agar medium before being subjected to water deprivation. Seventeen isolates were selected for further testing under water deprivation conditions in a sand-based test in a glasshouse. Only two fungal isolates, Cladosporium cladosporioides (E-162) and an unknown fungus (E-284), significantly enhanced seedling tolerance to moisture deprivation consistently in both in vitro and sand-based tests. Although a strongly significant correlation was observed between any two screening methods, the result of filter paper test was more strongly reflected (r = 0.757, p < 0.001) in results of the glasshouse test, indicating its relative suitability over the agar-based test. In another experiment, the same 17 isolates carried forward to the sand-based test used in the glasshouse screening test were inoculated to N. benthamiana plants in pots in a nutrient-limiting environment to test their influence on growth promotion. Isolates related to C. cladosporioides, Fusarium equiseti, and Thozetella sp. promoted seedling growth by increasing shoot length and biomass. The fungal isolate E-162 (C. cladosporioides) significantly enhanced moisture deprivation tolerance as well as promoted seedling growth.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1411-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Study of the correlation between fengycin promoter expression and its
           production by Bacillus subtilis under different culture conditions and the
           impact on surfactin production
    • Authors: Yazen Yaseen; Frédérique Gancel; Max Béchet; Djamel Drider; Philippe Jacques
      Pages: 1371 - 1382
      Abstract: This work aimed to rely expression of the fengycin promoter to fengycin production under different culture conditions. To this end, Bacillus subtilis BBG208, derived from BBG21, which is a fengycin overproducing strain carrying the green fluorescent protein (GFP) under the control of fengycin promoter, was used to assess the effects of different carbon and nitrogen sources on surfactin and fengycin production and the fengycin promoter expression. The data showed that some carbon sources oriented synthesis of one family of lipopeptides, while most of the nitrogen sources allowed high co-production of fengycin and surfactin. High expressions of promoter Pfen and fengycin synthesis were obtained with urea or urea + ammonium mixture as nitrogen source and mannitol as carbon source. Moreover, temperature, pH and oxygenation influenced their biosynthesis based on the nutrition conditions. Optimization of the production medium increased the fengycin production to 768 mg L−1, which is the highest level reported for this strain. This study defines the suitable nutrient conditions allowing as well the highest expression of the fengycin promoter and portrays the conditions relying on the fengycin and surfactin production.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1406-x
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Detection of Verticillium species in Swedish soils using real-time PCR
    • Authors: Georgios Tzelepis; Sarosh Bejai; Muhammad Naeem Sattar; Arne Schwelm; Jonas Ilbäck; Johan Fogelqvist; Christina Dixelius
      Pages: 1383 - 1389
      Abstract: Verticillium species are soilborne plant pathogens, responsible for big yield losses worldwide. Here, we report improved procedures to generate DNA from Verticillium species imbedded in farm soils. Using new genomic sequence information, primers for V. dahliae, V. albo-atrum, V. tricorpus, and V. longisporum were designed. In a survey of 429 samples from intensively farmed soil of two Swedish regions, only V. dahliae and V. longisporum were identified. A bias towards V. longisporum (40%) was seen in the south, whereas V. dahliae was more frequent in the western region (19%). Analyses of soil and leaf samples from 20 sugar beet fields, where foliar wilting had been observed, revealed V. dahliae DNA in all leaf and soil samples and V. longisporum in 18 soil samples, illustrating host choice and longevity of the V. longisporum microsclerotia. This study demonstrates the applicability of new molecular diagnostic tools that are important for growers of variable crops.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1412-z
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Bacillus catenulatus sp. nov., an alkalitolerant bacterium isolated from a
           soda lake
    • Authors: Vishnuvardhan Reddy Sultanpuram; Thirumala Mothe; Sasikala Chintalapati; Venkata Ramana Chintalapati
      Pages: 1391 - 1397
      Abstract: Two novel (18CT and 6C) Gram-stain-positive, rod shaped, motile and endospore-forming bacterial strains were isolated from Lonar soda lake, India. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strains 18CT and 6C were identified as belonging to the class Firmibacteria, and were most closely related to Bacillus cohnii KCTC 3572T (99.3 and 99.9%, respectively), Bacillus zhanjiangensis KCTC 13713T (97.4 and 98.0%, respectively), Bacillus halmapalus LMG 17950T (97.0 and 97.6%, respectively) and other members in the genus Bacillus (<97.0%). However, the DNA–DNA relatedness between 18CT and 6C and B. cohnii KCTC 3572T (49.6 ± 0.9 and 51.6 ± 0.7, respectively), B. zhanjiangensis KCTC 13713T (42.9 ± 0.8 and 47.1 ± 0.3, respectively) and B. halmapalus LMG 17950T (39.9 ± 0.8 and 40.8 ± 0.3, respectively) indicated that the novel strains were distantly related to these strains. Further, the high 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (100%) and DNA–DNA relatedness (90 ± 5%) suggested that strains 18CT and 6C were members of a genomospecies. The strains grew optimally at a pH of 7.5 with 2–3% (w/v) NaCl and temperature of 37 °C. Strains 18CT and 6C were catalase and oxidase negative. The cell wall of strain 18CT contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as the diagnostic diamino acid, which was in contrast with its nearest neighbour B. cohnii KCTC 3572T, which contained ornithine and aspartic acid. Polar lipids include diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), an unknown phospholipid (PL) and three unknown lipids (L1-3). The predominant isoprenoid quinone was MK-7. iso-C15:0 (32.5%) was the predominant fatty acid and significant proportions of anteiso-C15:0 (19.5%), C16:0 (11.5%), iso-C17:0 (9.5%) and anteiso-C17:0 (6.3%) were also detected. The DNA G + C content of strains 18CT and 6C were 39.3 and 39.2 mol%, respectively. The results of molecular, biochemical and chemotaxonomic tests showed a clear differentiation of strains 18CT and 6C from all other members of the genus Bacillus, for which the name Bacillus catenulatus sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 18CT (=KCTC 33781T = CGMCC 1.15475T).
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1413-y
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Kribbella sindirgiensis sp. nov. isolated from soil
    • Authors: Fadime Ozdemir-Kocak; Kamil Isik; Salih Saricaoglu; Hayrettin Saygin; Kadriye Inan-Bektas; Demet Cetin; Kiymet Guven; Nevzat Sahin
      Pages: 1399 - 1407
      Abstract: A Kribbella strain FSN23T was isolated from soil sample which was collected from Caygoren Dam lakeside located in Sındırgı, Turkey. The isolate was investigated using a polyphasic approach consisting of numeric, chemotaxonomic and molecular analysis. The isolate indicated chemotaxonomic, morphological and phylogenetic properties associated with members of the genus Kribbella. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA sequence of the strain demonstrated that the strain forms a subclade with K. aluminosa HKI 0478T and K. jejuensis HD9T. The organism formed an extensively branched substrate and aerial hyphae which generated spiral chains of spores with smooth surfaces. The cell wall contained ll-diaminopimelic acid, and the whole cell sugars were glucose and ribose along with trace amounts of mannose. The polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylglycerol, diphosphatidylglycerol, four unidentified lipids and five unidentified polar lipids. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4). The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0 and iso-C16:0. Polyphasic taxonomy properties confirm that strain FSN23T represents a novel Kribbella taxon distinguished from closely related type strains. Hence, strain FSN23T (=KCTC 29220T = DSM 27082T) is proposed as the type strain of a novel species with the name Kribbella sindirgiensis sp. nov.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1414-x
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • The first report on Listeria monocytogenes producing siderophores and
           responds positively to N -acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) molecules by
           enhanced biofilm formation
    • Authors: Milind Mohan Naik; Purva Bhangui; Chinmay Bhat
      Pages: 1409 - 1415
      Abstract: Listeria monocytogenes are Gram-positive well-known emerging food-borne pathogens causing listeriosis in humans. In the present study, we have isolated biofilm-forming Listeria sp. from utensils used by a local milk collection dairy society at Usgao Goa, which collects milk for Goa dairy. Through biochemical tests and 16S rRNA sequence analysis, the bacterium was confirmed to be L. monocytogenes and designated as strain BN3, having GenBank accession number MF095110. We report for the first time Gram-positive L. monocytogenes strain BN3 producing iron-chelating siderophores by chrome azurol S (CAS) agar test. Also, this is a first report which reveals that L. monocytogenes strain BN3 responds to N-hexanoyl-homoserine lactone molecule (C6-HSL) by gradual increase in their biofilm-forming potential with a gradual increase in AHL (C6-HSL) concentration (250, 500 nM–1 μM) as compared to control revealed by crystal violet assay (CV) in microtiter plate. These results were further confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A significant decrease in biofilm formation was observed when L. monocytogenes strain BN3 was treated with 10 µg/ml (R)-2-(2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid, but when 250 and 500 nM AHL molecules were added, biofilm formation in strain BN3 was found to be enhanced as compared to control even in the presence of antibacterial compound, (R)-2-(2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid. These results revealed that AHL molecules nullify the effect of antimicrobial compound and promote biofilm formation in L. monocytogenes strain BN3.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1416-8
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Evaluation of the antimicrobial activities of ultrasonicated spinach leaf
           extracts using RAPD markers and electron microscopy
    • Authors: Ammar Altemimi; Naoufal Lakhssassi; Amer Abu-Ghazaleh; David A. Lightfoot
      Pages: 1417 - 1429
      Abstract: Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) leaves represent an important dietary source of nutrients, antioxidants and antimicrobials. As such, spinach leaves play an important role in health and have been used in the treatment of human diseases since ancient times. Here, the aims were to optimize the extraction methods for recovering antimicrobial substances of spinach leaves, determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of the antimicrobial substances against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus and, finally, evaluate the effects of spinach leaves’ antimicrobials on bacterial DNA using central composite face-centered methods. The effect of the extracts on both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial models was examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and random amplification of polymorphic (bacterial) DNA (RAPD). The optimal extraction conditions were at 45 °C, ultrasound power of 44% and an extraction time of 23 min. The spinach extracts exhibited antimicrobial activities against both bacteria with MICs in the 60–100 mg/ml range. Interestingly, SEM showed that the treated bacterial cells appear damaged with a reduction in cell number. RAPD analysis of genomic DNA showed that the number and sizes of amplicons were decreased by treatments. Based on these results, it was inferred that spinach leaf extracts exert bactericidal activities by both inducing mutations in DNA and causing cell wall disruptions.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1418-6
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Halomarina rubra sp. nov., isolated from a marine solar saltern
    • Authors: Yao Zhou; Yang Li; Zhen-Zhen Lü; Heng-Lin Cui
      Pages: 1431 - 1435
      Abstract: Halophilic archaeal strain ZS-47-ST was isolated from Zhoushan marine solar saltern, China. Cells were pleomorphic, stained Gram-negative, and formed red-pigmented colonies on agar plate. Strain ZS-47-ST was able to grow at 20–50 °C (optimum 37 °C), at 0.9–4.8 M NaCl (optimum 3.4 M), at 0.005–1.0 M MgCl2 (optimum 0.03 M), and at pH 5.5–9.5 (optimum pH 6.5–7.5). The cells lysed in distilled water and the minimal NaCl concentration to prevent cell-lysis was 5% (w/v). The major polar lipids were C20C20 and C20C25 diether derivatives of phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol phosphate methyl ester, phosphatidylglycerol sulfate, glucosyl mannosyl glucosyl diether, and three unidentified glycolipids. The 16S rRNA gene and rpoB′ gene of strain ZS-47-ST were phylogenetically related to the corresponding genes of Halomarina oriensis JCM 16495T (98.57 and 92.94% similarities, respectively) and Halomarina salina CGMCC 1.12543T (97.96 and 93.65% similarities, respectively). The DNA G + C content of strain ZS-47-ST was 64.6 mol % (T m). The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic properties suggested that strain ZS-47-ST (=CGMCC 1.12563T = JCM 30037T) represents a new species of Halomarina, for which the name Halomarina rubra sp. nov. is proposed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1420-z
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 10 (2017)
       
  • Microbiological and chemical profiles of elephant grass inoculated with
           and without Lactobacillus plantarum and Pediococcus acidilactici
    • Authors: Assar Ali Shah; Yuan Xianjun; Dong Zhihao; Li Junfeng; Tao Sao
      Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate the microbiological and chemical profiles of elephant grass inoculated with and without different wild strains of lactic acid bacteria. Silage was prepared of four treatments and one control with three replicates as control (EKC, adding 2 ml/kg sterilizing water), Lactobacillus plantarum (USA commercial bacteria) (EKP), Lactobacillus plantarum (EKA), Pediococcus acidilactici (EKB), and Pediococcus acidilactici (SKD) isolated from King grass. Silage were prepared using polyethylene terephthalate bottles, and incubated at room temperature for different ensiling days. The pH and acetic acid (AA) were significantly (P < 0.05) reduced and lactic acid (LA), butyric acid (BA), and ethanol were significantly increased (P < 0.05) at 3, 5, 7, and 14 days in treatment groups as compared to control. Water-soluble carbohydrate (WSC) and NH3–N concentration was not affected at days 3, 5, and 7, but significantly (P < 0.05) reduced at 14 days in treatment groups as compared to control. The LA, BA, and ethanol were significantly (P < 0.05) increased and AA, WSC NH3–N, and yeast were significantly (P < 0.05) decreased at 30 days of ensiling in treatment groups as compared to control. It is recommended that the inoculation of LAB could improve the fermentation quality of elephant grass silage and further effort is needed to evaluate these effects on silage produced on farm scale and on animal production performance.
      PubDate: 2017-11-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1447-1
       
  • Secretome profile analysis of multidrug-resistant, monodrug-resistant and
           drug-susceptible Mycobacterium tuberculosis
    • Authors: Chanyanuch Putim; Narumon Phaonakrop; Janthima Jaresitthikunchai; Ratikorn Gamngoen; Khajornsak Tragoolpua; Sorasak Intorasoot; Usanee Anukool; Chayada Sitthidet Tharincharoen; Ponrut Phunpae; Chatchai Tayapiwatana; Watchara Kasinrerk; Sittiruk Roytrakul; Bordin Butr-Indr
      Abstract: The emergence of drug-resistant tuberculosis has generated great concern in the control of tuberculosis and HIV/TB patients have established severe complications that are difficult to treat. Although, the gold standard of drug-susceptibility testing is highly accurate and efficient, it is time-consuming. Diagnostic biomarkers are, therefore, necessary in discriminating between infection from drug-resistant and drug-susceptible strains. One strategy that aids to effectively control tuberculosis is understanding the function of secreting proteins that mycobacteria use to manipulate the host cellular defenses. In this study, culture filtrate proteins from Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv, isoniazid-resistant, rifampicin-resistant and multidrug-resistant strains were gathered and profiled by shotgun-proteomics technique. Mass spectrometric analysis of the secreted proteome identified several proteins, of which 837, 892, 838 and 850 were found in M. tuberculosis H37Rv, isoniazid-resistant, rifampicin-resistant and multidrug-resistant strains, respectively. These proteins have been implicated in various cellular processes, including biological adhesion, biological regulation, developmental process, immune system process localization, cellular process, cellular component organization or biogenesis, metabolic process, and response to stimulus. Analysis based on STITCH database predicted the interaction of DNA topoisomerase I, 3-oxoacyl-(acyl-carrier protein) reductase, ESAT-6-like protein, putative prophage phiRv2 integrase, and 3-phosphoshikimate 1-carboxyvinyltransferase with isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol and streptomycin, suggesting putative roles in controlling the anti-tuberculosis ability. However, several proteins with no interaction with all first-line anti-tuberculosis drugs might be used as markers for mycobacterial identification.
      PubDate: 2017-11-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1448-0
       
 
 
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