Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3420 journals)
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    - BIOLOGY (1632 journals)
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    - ZOOLOGY (146 journals)

BIOLOGY (1632 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ACS Pharmacology & Translational Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biologica Venezuelica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Acta Scientiae Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Biosystems     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Anales de Biología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Research & Review in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biotechnology and Bioresource Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Bacterial Empire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIO-SITE : Biologi dan Sains Terapan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 386)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Microbiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.644
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 10  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Diversity and phenotypic analyses of salt- and heat-tolerant wild bean
           Phaseolus filiformis rhizobia native of a sand beach in Baja California
           and description of Ensifer aridi sp. nov.
    • Abstract: Abstract In northern Mexico, aridity, salinity and high temperatures limit areas that can be cultivated. To investigate the nature of nitrogen-fixing symbionts of Phaseolus filiformis, an adapted wild bean species native to this region, their phylogenies were inferred by MLSA. Most rhizobia recovered belong to the proposed new species Ensifer aridi. Phylogenetic analyses of nodC and nifH show that Mexican isolates carry symbiotic genes acquired through horizontal gene transfer that are divergent from those previously characterized among bean symbionts. These strains are salt tolerant, able to grow in alkaline conditions, high temperatures, and capable of utilizing a wide range of carbohydrates and organic acids as carbon sources for growth. This study improves the knowledge on diversity, geographic distribution and evolution of bean-nodulating rhizobia in Mexico and further enlarges the spectrum of microsymbiont with which Phaseolus species can interact with, including cultivated bean varieties, notably under stressed environments. Here, the species Ensifer aridi sp. nov. is proposed as strain type of the Moroccan isolate LMR001T (= LMG 31426T; = HAMBI 3707T) recovered from desert sand dune.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Glucose sensitizes the stationary and persistent population of Vibrio
           cholerae to ciprofloxacin
    • Abstract: Abstract The subject of analysis in this report was the antibiotic susceptibility of V. cholerae under glucose supplementation since the metabolites can significantly alter the antibiotic sensitivity of bacteria. Glucose could change the antibiotic susceptibility in a growth phase-dependent manner, however, the antibiotic susceptibility of exponentially growing cells was not affected in the presence of glucose. What has been shown is that the stationary phase cells which show higher antibiotic tolerance, could be sensitized to ciprofloxacin and ampicillin by glucose supplementation (tenfold sensitive). The glucose increases the respiration which in turn increases the metabolism and cell division rate. Furthermore, the addition of glucose could increase the susceptibility of persister cells to ciprofloxacin only. In general, the bacterial susceptibility can be increased by combining the antibiotics with glucose.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Cervical cancer and vaginal microbiota changes
    • Abstract: Abstract Microbial changes in vaginal ecosystem may accelerate the process of cervical carcinogenesis. The developed cervical cancer can lead to changes in the vaginal microbiota. The aim of our study is to determine the vaginal microbiota changes at women with FIGO I stage cervical cancer. We conducted an open, single-site survey in the Department of Gynecology of the Military Medical Academy in Sofia, Bulgaria, from 2014 to 2019 year. The study included a total of 32 women aged 38–55 years with clinical and pathology established cervical cancer (FIGO I stage). The underlying vaginal DNA microbiological test indicated presence or absence of bacterial vaginosis, other vaginal infections or normal vaginal microbiota. Of 32 (100%) women enrolled in our study, 19 (59.4%) was with FIGO IA stage cervical cancer and 13 (40.6%) with IB stage. Disturbances of vaginal microbiota in we found at 23 (71.9%) of women with cervical cancer included in our study. At the rest of 9 (28.1%) women we found out normal vaginal microbiota. Bacterial vaginosis was determined clinically and microbiologically in 15 (46.9%) women enrolled in the study. Aerobic vaginitis caused by Streptococcus species we establish at 4 (12.5%) of women. Trichomonas vaginalis infection have 1 (3.1%) women and Candida Albicans the last one 1 (3.1%) from this group with disturbed vaginal microbial balance. Bacterial dysbacteriosis, characterized by a predominance of Gardnerella vaginalis alone or in complex with other anaerobic bacteria, aerobic vaginitis and other sexually transmitted vaginal pathogens from one side and a concomitant paucity of vaginal Lactobacillus species may be an HPV-dependent cofactor for cervical neoplasia development. Only with this single observation it is difficult to confirm that vaginal microbiota dysbiosis contributes to HPV infection and carcinogenesis.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Identification of the general stress stimulon related to colonization in
           Enterococcus faecalis
    • Abstract: Abstract Enterococcus faecalis has to cope with major stress conditions during colonization. To understand the effects of stress encountered during infection, the present study assessed the transcriptomic response of the bacteria facing exposure to serum, urine, bile salts, acid pH, or oxidative stress. Compared to non-stressed culture, 30% of the E. faecalis genes were differentially expressed. The transcriptome analysis reveals common but also specific responses, depending on stresses encountered: thus, urine exposure has the most important impact, and the highest number of genes with modified expression is involved in transport and metabolism. The results also pinpoint many stress-related sRNA or intergenic regions not yet characterized. This study identified the general stress stimulon related to infection: when the commensal bacterium initiates its response to stress related to infection, it increases its ability to survive to rough conditions for colonization, rather than promoting expression of virulence factors, and becomes this opportunistic pathogen that thrives in hospital settings.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Potential use of newly isolated bacteriophage as a biocontrol against
           Acidovorax citrulli
    • Abstract: Abstract Acidovorax citrulli, the gram-negative bacteria that causes bacterial fruit blotch (BFB), has been responsible for huge worldwide economic losses in watermelon and melon production since 1980. No commercial cultivar resistant to BFB has been reported. Of the two reported genotypes of A. citrulli, genotype I is the main causal agent of BFB in melon and genotype II causes disease in watermelon. After the isolation of the first bacteriophage against A. citrulli (ACP17), efforts have been made to isolate bacteriophages with wider host ranges by collecting samples from watermelon, pumpkin, and cucumber. The newly isolated phage ACPWH, belonging to the Siphoviridae family, has a head size of 60 ± 5 nm and tail size of 180 ± 5 nm, and can infect 39 out of 42 A. citrulli strains. ACPWH has genome size of 42,499 and GC content of 64.44%. Coating watermelon seeds with bacteriophage ACPWH before soil inoculation with A. citrulli resulted in 96% germination and survival, compared to 13% germination of uncoated control seeds. These results suggest that phage ACPWH may be an effective and low-cost biocontrol agent against BFB.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Characterization of phenazine-1-carboxylic acid by Klebsiella sp. NP-C49
           from the coral environment in Gulf of Kutch, India
    • Abstract: Abstract Coral-associated microbes from Marine National Park (MNP), Gulf of Kutch (GoK), Gujarat, India, were screened for siderophore production. Maximum siderophore-producing isolate NP-C49 and its compound were identified and characterized. The isolate was identified as Klebsiella sp. through 16S rRNA genes sequencing (GenBank accession nos. KY412519 and MTCC 25160). Antibiotic susceptibility profile against 20 commercial antibiotics showed its more sensitivity compared to human pathogenic strain, i.e., Klebsiella pneumonia. The compound was identified as phenazine-1-carboxylic acid (PCA) using the multinuclear ID (1H and 13C) and 2D (1H–1H COSY and 1H–13C HETCOR) NMR along with high-resolution mass spectrometry. No significant difference in the bacterial growth in the presence of PCA, FeCl3 and Fe(OH)3 indicated involvement of factors other than PCA in bacterial growth. The study first reports the identification and characterization of PCA from Klebsiella sp. both from terrestrial and marine sources.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Endophytic fungi from the medicinal herb Euphorbia geniculata as a
           potential source for bioactive metabolites
    • Abstract: Abstract Many researchers proved that plant endophytes manage successful issues to synthesize active chemicals within plant cells. These bioactive compounds might support a range of plant defense mechanism against many pathogenic microorganisms. In this study, a total of 22 isolates representing 21 fungal species belonging to 15 fungal genera in addition to one variety were isolated and identified for the first time from Euphorbia geniculate plants. The genus Aspergillus was the most common fungus isolated from the studied plant. The fungus Isaria feline was recorded in both leaves and stem, while Aspergillus flavus, A. ochraceus, A. terreus var. terreus, Emercilla nidulans var. acristata, Macrophomina phaseolina colonized both stem and root. The isolated fungi showed antagonistic activities against six strains of plant pathogenic fungi viz., Eupenicillium brefeldianum, Penicillium echinulatum, Alternaria phragmospora, Fusarium oxysporum, Fusarium verticilloid, and Alternaria alternata in dual culture assay. The highest antagonistic activity fungal species (Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, and Fusarium lateritium) and the lowest (Cladosprium herbarum, F. culomrum, and Sporotrichum thermophile) showed twining in their secondary metabolites especially terpens and alkaloids with that of their host E. geniculata. Three concentrations of (0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mg/ml) of these secondary metabolites extracted by ethyl acetate and n-butanol from the above six endophytic fungal species were tested against three pathogenic fungi isolated from infected tomato plant (E. brefeldianum-EBT-1, P. echinulatum-PET-2, and A. phragmospora-APT-3), whereas these pathogens showed promising sensitivity to these fungal secondary metabolites. In conclusion, this is the first report on the isolation of endophytic fungi from E. geniculata and evaluation of their antifungal activity.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Inoculation of Lupinus albus with the nodule-endophyte Paenibacillus
           glycanilyticus LJ121 improves grain nutritional quality
    • Abstract: Abstract Metabolic changes occurring in white lupine grain were investigated in response to Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR) root inoculation under field condition. We precisely targeted lipids and phenolics changes occurring in white lupine grain in response to Pseudomonas brenneri LJ215 and/or Paenibacillus glycanilyticus LJ121 inoculation. Lipids and phenolic composition were analyzed using an Ultra High‐Performance Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry Methods. As compared to grain of un-inoculated control plant, Paenibacillus glycaniliticus inoculation highly increased the total lipids content (from 232.55 in seeds of un-inoculated control plant to 944.95 mg/kg) and the relative percentage of several fatty acid such as oleic acid (+20.95%) and linoleic acid (+14.28%) and decreased the relative percentage of glycerophospholipids (− 13.11%), sterol (− 0.2% and − 0.34% for stigmasterol and campesterol, respectively) and prenol (− 17.45%) class. Paenibacillus glycaniliticus inoculation did not affect total phenolic content, while it modulated content of individual phenolic compounds and induced the accumulation of “new” phenolics compounds such as kaempferol. Paenibacillus glycanilyticus LJ121 can be a useful bio-fertilizer to enhance nutritional quality of white lupine grain.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Insights into non-symbiotic plant growth promotion bacteria associated
           with nodules of Sphaerophysa salsula growing in northwestern China
    • Abstract: Abstract In addition to rhizobia, other non-symbiotic endophytic bacteria also have been simultaneously isolated from the same root nodules. The existence of non-symbiotic endophytic bacteria in leguminous root nodules is a universal phenomenon. The vast majority of studies have detected endophytic bacteria in other plant tissues. In contrast, little systemic observation has been made on the non-symbiotic endophytic bacteria within leguminous root nodules. The present investigation was carried out to isolate plant growth-promoting endophytic non-symbiotic bacteria from indigenous leguminous Sphaerophysa salsula and their influence on plant growth. A total of 65 endophytic root nodule-associated bacteria were isolated from indigenous legume S. salsula growing in the northwestern arid regions of China. When combining our previous work with the current study, sequence analysis of the nifH gene revealed that the strain belonging to non-nodulating Bacillus pumilus Qtx-10 had genes similar to those of Rhizobium leguminosarum Qtx-10-1. The results indicated that horizontal gene transfer could have occurred between rhizobia and non-symbiotic endophyties. Under pot culture conditions, out of the 20 representative endophytic isolates, 15 with plant growth-promoting traits, such as IAA production, ACC deaminase, phosphate solubilization, chitinase, siderophore, and fungal inhibition activity showed plant growth-promoting activity with respect to various plant parameters such as chlorophyll content, fresh weight of plant, shoot length, nodule number per plant and average nodule weight per plant when co-inoculated with rhizobial bioinoculant Mesorhizobium sp. Zw-19 under N-free culture conditions. Among them, Bacillus pumilus Qtx-10 and Streptomyces bottropensis Gt-10 were excellent plant growth-promoting bacteria, which enhanced the seeding fresh weight by 87.5% and the shoot length by 89.4%, respectively. The number of nodules grew more than 31.89% under field conditions. Our findings indicate the frequent presence of these non-symbiotic endophytic bacteria within root nodules, and that they help to improve nodulation and nitrogen fixation in legume plants through synergistic interactions with rhizobia.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Bacterial succession and the dynamics of flavor compounds in the Huangjiu
           fermented from corn
    • Abstract: Abstract Huangjiu is one of the Chinese unique and traditional liquor. Corn is a kind of high yield crop in China, which has the characteristics of wide distribution, low price and high starch content. Fermenting Huangjiu with corn not only enrich Huangjiu types, but also opens up a new way for the utilization of corn. The flavor compounds and microorganisms in corn wine fermentation were studied in this study. A total of 98 volatile compounds and 8 kinds of organic acids were detected. Bacillus, Weissella, Streptomyces, Aeromonas and Blautia were the dominant bacteria. The correlation analysis between flavor compounds and bacteria showed that there were 557 correlations between major flavor compounds and bacteria. Among them, Lactococcus, Virgibacillus, Sphingobacterium and Sporolactobacillus were dominant genus of flavor producing bacteria. This study may reveal the changing rule of bacteria in Huangjiu, predict the relationship between metabolites and bacteria. In addition, this study expanded the application of corn and increased the variety of Huangjiu.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Diagnosis of Candida albicans : conventional diagnostic methods compared
           to the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay
    • Abstract: Abstract Candida species cause a wide range of opportunistic infections in humans and animals. The detection of Candida species by conventional diagnosis methods is costly and time consuming. This study was conducted for the first time to evaluate and compare a relatively new molecular assay and the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technique with conventional methods for detection of Candida albicans. In this study, 70 different species of Candida identified by conventional methods were cultured on Sabouraud chloramphenicol agar medium and then the genomic DNA was extracted. The LAMP technique was performed using specific primers targeting the ITS2 gene of C. albicans. The analytical sensitivity and specificity of LAMP were measured using a tenfold serial dilution prepared from extracted DNA from standard C. albicans strain from 1 ng to 1 fg and the DNA samples of other clinical Candida species and three non-Candida yeast. Out of 70 yeast samples analyzed by LAMP technique, 24 samples (34.3%) were positive for C. albicans. Comparison of the results showed that the CHROMagar Candida and germ tube production methods are quite consistent with the LAMP technique, while the agreement amount between the results of carbohydrate assimilation and chlamydoconidia generation assays and LAMP technique was 98.5% and 72.8%, respectively. The detection limits of the LAMP assay were 10 fg of the DNA from the standard C. albicans strain. No amplification was observed in the DNA samples of other yeast species and only the DNA sample of standard C. albicans strain was amplified. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the LAMP method is as specific and precise as common diagnostic methods, but is faster, easier deployable or more sensitive. Therefore, this method can be used as a suitable complementary assay for Candida diagnosis in medical diagnostic laboratories and field conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Genome analysis provides insights into microaerobic toluene-degradation
           pathway of Zoogloea oleivorans Buc T
    • Abstract: Abstract Zoogloea oleivorans, capable of using toluene as a sole source of carbon and energy, was earlier found to be an active degrader under microaerobic conditions in aquifer samples. To uncover the genetic background of the ability of microaerobic toluene degradation in Z. oleivorans, the whole-genome sequence of the type strain BucT was revealed. Metatranscriptomic sequence reads, originated from a previous SIP study on microaerobic toluene degradation, were mapped on the genome. The genome (5.68 Mb) had a mean G + C content of 62.5%, 5005 protein coding gene sequences and 80 RNA genes. Annotation predicted that 66 genes were involved in the metabolism of aromatic compounds. Genome analysis revealed the presence of a cluster with genes coding for a multicomponent phenol-hydroxylase system and a complete catechol meta-cleavage pathway. Another cluster flanked by mobile-element protein coding genes coded a partial catechol meta-cleavage pathway including a subfamily I.2.C-type extradiol dioxygenase. Analysis of metatranscriptomic data of a microaerobic toluene-degrading enrichment, containing Z .  oleivorans as an active-toluene degrader revealed that a toluene dioxygenase-like enzyme was responsible for the ring-hydroxylation, while enzymes of the partial catechol meta-cleavage pathway coding cluster were responsible for further degradation of the aromatic ring under microaerobic conditions. This further advances our understanding of aromatic hydrocarbon degradation between fully oxic and strictly anoxic conditions.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Induction of defense-related genes in tomato plants after treatments with
           the biocontrol agents Pseudomonas chlororaphis ToZa7 and Clonostachys
           rosea IK726
    • Abstract: Abstract Pseudomonas chlororaphis ToZa7 is a promising biocontrol agent possessing valuable characteristics and reducing disease severity caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. radicis-lycopersici (Forl) in tomato. In this study, the strain’s ability to induce three pathogenesis-related (PR) genes (PR-1a, GLUA, and CHI3) in tomato, was studied using quantitative reverse transcription PCR. The genes PR-1a and GLUA were up-regulated after 120 h exposure to P. chororaphis ToZa7 (15.22- and 13.11-fold, respectively), as compared to the untreated control, without challenge inoculation by the pathogen. To study the effects of individual or combined application of P. chororaphis ToZa7 and the compatible biocontrol fungus Clonostachys rosea IK726, challenged with the pathogen, the expression patterns of the above three PR genes were monitored, in tomato roots. Expression of PR1-a was noteworthy, especially 48 h after challenge inoculation, when C. rosea IK726 alone or in combination with P. chororaphis, ToZa7 was pre-inoculated on tomato roots (38.53-fold and 53.74-fold, respectively). Expression of PR1-a, 72 h after challenge inoculation, was the highest in P. chororaphis ToZa7, among biocontrol treatments. Expression of CHI3 was much lower, while up-regulation of GLUA was overall not observed. Confocal laser scanning microscopy of intact tomato roots and bacterial counts of superficially disinfected roots revealed, for the first time, that P. chororaphis ToZa7 colonizes the exterior as well as the internal tissues.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Comparison of clinical and sewage isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii from
           two long-term care facilities in Zagreb; mechanisms and routes of spread
    • Abstract: Abstract In the previous studies OXA-23-like and OXA-24-like β-lactamase were reported among Acinetobacter baumannii in both hospitals and long-term care facilities (LTCF) in Croatia. The aim of this study was to analyze clinical and sewage A. baumannii isolates from two nursing homes in Zagreb, with regard to antibiotic susceptibility and resistance mechanisms, to determine the route of spread of carbapenem-resistant isolates. Nine clinical isolates were collected from February to May 2017 whereas in April 2017, ten A. baumannii isolates were collected from sewage of two nursing homes in Zagreb. Antibiotics susceptibility was determined by broth microdilution method. The presence of carbapenemase and extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) encoding genes was explored by PCR. Conjugation and transformation experiments were performed as previously described. Genotyping was performed by SG determination, PFGE and MLST. Seven clinical isolates were positive for blaOXA24-like whereas two clinical and environmental carbapenem-resistant isolates, respectively, were found to possess blaOXA-23-like genes. Attempts to transfer imipenem resistance were unsuccessful indicating chromosomal location of blaOXA-23 gene. All carbapenem-resistant isolates belonged to SG- 1 (IC-2) whereas the rest of the isolates susceptible to carbapenems were allocated to SG- 2 (IC-1). PFGE analysis revealed low degree of genetic variability within both IC- I and IC- II. MLST corroborated that two environmental OXA-23 isolates belong to the ST-195. This study showed dissemination of OXA-23 producing A. baumannii from the nursing home into the urban sewage. Disinfection of nursing home sewage should be recommended in order to prevent the spread of resistance genes into the community sewage.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Acholeplasma equirhinis sp. nov. isolated from respiratory tract of horse
           ( Equus caballus ) and Mycoplasma procyoni sp. nov. isolated from oral
           cavity of raccoon ( Procyon lotor )
    • Abstract: Abstract We describe two novel species of Acholeplasma sp. strain N93 and Mycoplasma sp. strain LR5794 which were isolated from the nasopharynx of a horse from the United Kingdom and from the oral cavity of a North American raccoon from Canada, respectively. These strains were phenotypically and genetically characterized and compared to other established Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma species. Both strains are facultative anaerobes, resistant to penicillin, and produce acid from glucose but do not hydrolyze arginine and urea. Both strains grew well in microaerophilic and anaerobic atmospheric conditions at 35–37 °C using PPLO (pleuropneumonia-like organisms) medium. Acholeplasma sp. N93 does not require serum for growth. Colonies of both strains showed a typical fried-egg appearance and transmission electron microscopy of bacterial cells revealed a typical mycoplasma cellular morphology. Molecular characterization included assessment of several genetic loci. The genetic analysis indicated that Acholeplasma sp. N93 and Mycoplasma sp. LR5794 were most closely related to A. hippikon and A. equifetale, and M. molare and M. lagogenitalium, respectively. However, both novel strains were genetically unique in comparison to other well-known Mycoplasma and Acholeplasma species. Based on the isolation source history, phenotypic, genotypic, and phylogenetic characteristics of these novel strains, we propose the name Acholeplasma equirhinis sp. nov. for Acholeplasma sp. isolated from the nasopharynx of a horse [the type strain is N93T (= DSM 106692T = ATCC TSD-139T = NCTC 14351T)], and the name Mycoplasma procyoni sp. nov. for the Mycoplasma sp. isolated from the oral cavity of a North American raccoon [the type strain is LR5794T (= DSM 106703T = ATCC TSD-141T = NCTC 14309T)].
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Fibrisoma montanum sp. nov., isolated from soil of Mountain Danxia, China
    • Abstract: Abstract A Gram-stain-negative, non-motile, rod-shaped, aerobic bacterium, designated HYT19T, was isolated from soil of Mountain Danxia in southern China. It showed the highest similarity of 16S rRNA gene sequence (97.0%) and formed a monophyletic clade with Fibrisoma limi BUZ 3T. Strain HYT19T grew at 16–37 °C (optimum 28–30 °C) and at pH 6–7. The draft genome size of strain HYT19T was 7.8 Mb with a DNA G+C content of 54.0 mol%. The digital DDH and average nucleotide identity values between strain HYT19T and F. limi BUZ 3T were 28.8% and 85.1%, respectively. MK-7 was the sole respiratory quinone. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids, unidentified phospholipid and unidentified lipid. The strain contained C16:1ω5c, iso-C15:0, summed feature 3 (C16:1ω6c and/or C16:1ω7c), C16:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH and anteiso-C15:0 as the major fatty acids. On the basis of phylogenetic, genomic, phenotypic and chemotaxonomic analysis, we propose a new species Fibrisoma montanum sp. nov. of genus Fibrisoma. The type strain is HYT19T (= CCTCC AB 2018342T = JCM 33105T).
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Fluviicola chungangensis sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from rice field
    • Abstract: Abstract A Gram-stain negative, aerobic, motile and rod-shaped novel bacterial strain, designated MAH-3T, was isolated from soil sample of a rice field. The colonies were orange pigmented, smooth, circular and 0.4–0.9 mm in diameter when grown on R2A agar for 3 days. Strain MAH-3T was found to grow at 10–40 °C (optimum 30 °C), pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum 7.0) and in the presence of 0–1.0% NaCl (optimum 0%). Cell growth occurs on R2A agar and Luria–Bertani agar, but not on nutrient agar, tryptone soya agar and MacConkey agar. Cells were positive for catalase test but negative for oxidase test. Cells were able to hydrolyze casein, gelatin, DNA and Tween 80. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain MAH-3T was most closely related to the genus Fluviicola and exhibited the highest sequence similarity to Fluviicola hefeinensis MYL-8T (97.4%), Fluviicola taffensis RW262T (96.2%) and Fluviicola kyonggii CA-1T (95.6%). Strain MAH-3T had a genome size of 4,271,694 bp and the genomic DNA G + C content was determined to be 41.7 mol%. The genome contained 19 contigs encoded by 3,664 protein-coding genes with 34 tRNA and 4 rRNA genes. The genomic ANI value between strain MAH-3T and one of the closely related type strains, F. taffensis DSM 16823T was 76.2%. The predominant isoprenoid quinone of isolated strain MAH-3T was menaquinone-6 (MK-6). The major fatty acids were identified as C15:0 iso, C15:0 2OH and C17:0 iso 3OH. On the basis of these phenotypic, genotypic and chemotaxonomic studies and DNA–DNA hybridization results, the isolated strain MAH-3T represents a novel species, for which the name Fluviicola chungangensis sp. nov. is proposed, with MAH-3T as the type strain (= KACC 19742T = CGMCC 1.13750T).
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Antiviral activity of five filamentous cyanobacteria against
           coxsackievirus B3 and rotavirus
    • Abstract: Abstract Coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) and rotavirus (RV) are pathogens of some chronic human diseases. The aim of this study was to determine in vitro antiviral activity of some cyanobacteria against RV and CVB3 infections. Five cyanobacteria were collected from Egypt, identified, and analyzed biochemically. Then, the inhibition of the cytopathic effect of RV and CVB3 viruses by cyanobacterial extracts was examined. Methanol extract of the cyanobacterial isolates showed high antiviral activity against CVB3 with Therapeutic index (TI) of 50.0, 30.0, 27.6, 16.6, and 20.0 for Leptolyngbya boryana, Arthrospira platensis, Nostoc punctiforme, Oscillatoria sp., and Leptolyngbya sp., respectively. The extracts reduced CVB3 titers comparing to 50% tissue culture infectious doses (TCID50) with values 3.25–5.75 log10 of TCID50. Moreover, extracts of A. platensis, and Oscillatoria sp. exhibited high antiviral activity against RV with TI values of 45 and 42.5, respectively, and a reduction in virus titers by 5.75 log10 and 5.5 log10 of TCID50, respectively. Extracts of L. boryana, Leptolyngbya sp., and N. punctiforme had a moderate to low antiviral activity against RV with TI ranging between 2.8 and 7, respectively, and a reduction in virus titers between 0.5 log10 and 1.5 log10 of TCID50, respectively. This study concluded that extracts of five cyanobacterial isolates possess a potent antiviral effect against CVB3 and RV, making them promising sources of new safe antiviral drugs.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Phyllosphere-associated Methylobacterium : a potential biostimulant for
           ginger ( Zingiber officinale Rosc.) cultivation
    • Abstract: Abstract Methanol, a by-product associated with plant metabolism, is a substrate for pink pigmented facultative methylotrophs (PPFMs) of phyllosphere. The symbiotic interaction of PPFMs has many desirable effects on plant growth and disease resistance. The present study investigated the potential of native PPFMs for mitigating biotic stress and plant growth promotion in ginger. PPFMs were isolated from ginger phyllosphere by leaf imprint technique and screened against major fungal phytopathogens of ginger viz. Macrophomina phaseolina, Sclerotium rolfsii, Pythium myriotylum, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Fusarium oxysporum. Among the 60 PPFMs, IISRGPPFM13 was selected for its highly inhibitory activity against the target pathogens. The isolate was useful for mineral solubility, production of IAA, siderophores and hydrolytic enzymes like cellulase, pectinase, lipase, amylase and chitinase. On in planta experiments revealed that IISRGPPFM13 considerably increased plant growth parameters when the bacterium was applied as soil drenching cum foliar spraying. Methanol utilization potential of the isolate was confirmed by mxaF gene analysis where the sequence showing 95.51% identity towards Methylobacterium platani and M. iners. Further, 16S rRNA gene sequence showing 98.73% identity with M. komagatae 002-079 T (AB252201). This is the first report of its kind that a genus of Methylobacterium with biostimulant potential isolated from the phyllosphere of ginger.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
  • Microaerobic conditions caused the overwhelming dominance of Acinetobacter
           spp. and the marginalization of Rhodococcus spp. in diesel fuel/crude oil
           mixture-amended enrichment cultures
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of the present study was to reveal how different microbial communities evolve in diesel fuel/crude oil-contaminated environments under aerobic and microaerobic conditions. To investigate this question, aerobic and microaerobic bacterial enrichments amended with a diesel fuel/crude oil mixture were established and analysed. The representative aerobic enrichment community was dominated by Gammaproteobacteria (64.5%) with high an abundance of Betaproteobacteriales (36.5%), followed by Alphaproteobacteria (8.7%), Actinobacteria (5.6%), and Candidatus Saccharibacteria (4.5%). The most abundant alkane monooxygenase (alkB) genotypes in this enrichment could be linked to members of the genus Rhodococcus and to a novel Gammaproteobacterium, for which we generated a high-quality draft genome using genome-resolved metagenomics of the enrichment culture. Contrarily, in the microaerobic enrichment, Gammaproteobacteria (99%) overwhelmingly dominated the microbial community with a high abundance of the genera Acinetobacter (66.3%), Pseudomonas (11%) and Acidovorax (11%). Under microaerobic conditions, the vast majority of alkB gene sequences could be linked to Pseudomonas veronii. Consequently, results shed light on the fact that the excellent aliphatic hydrocarbon degrading Rhodococcus species favour clear aerobic conditions, while oxygen-limited conditions can facilitate the high abundance of Acinetobacter species in aliphatic hydrocarbon-contaminated subsurface environments.
      PubDate: 2020-03-01
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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