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BIOLOGY (1543 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Biologica Turcica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Nonlinear Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Tropical Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences     Open Access  
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 76)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadol University Journal of Science and Technology B : Theoritical Sciences     Open Access  
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio C – Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Applied Biology     Open Access  
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha : Revista CEPSUL     Open Access  
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 342)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Archives of Microbiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.644
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 9  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • Comparison of six methods of DNA extraction for the diagnosis of bovine
           brucellosis by real-time PCR
    • Abstract: Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the genus Brucella, which affects domestic animals and is transmissible to humans. The objective of this study was to evaluate six methods of DNA extraction directly from bovine tissue to detect Brucella spp. The Cq values for all samples were above 30 and varied according to the extraction kit used, but four kits showed no statistical difference in sensitivity. This work demonstrates the importance of choosing the best extraction kit before validation of a molecular diagnostic technique.
      PubDate: 2019-05-17
  • Description of Gelidibacter japonicus sp. nov., isolated from the Inland
           Sea (Setonaikai) in Japan
    • Abstract: A novel Gelidibacter strain, JCM 31967T, was isolated from seawater collected from the Inland Sea (Setonaikai) in Japan. It was characterized as a Gram-negative, halophilic, oxidase-negative, catalase-positive, aerobic, nonmotile, but gliding, rod-shaped bacterium without flagella. Based on 16S rDNA gene identity, strain JCM 31967T is closely related to Gelidibacter mesophilus (DSM 14095T, 96.6% identity), G. gilvus (IC158T, 96.4%), G. algens (DSM 12408T, 96.1%), G. sediminis (S11-41T, 94.7%), and G. salicanalis (IC162T, 94.7%). The G + C content of strain JCM 31967T DNA was found to be 39.1%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) values of JCM 31967T against G. algens DSM 12408T and G. mesophilus DSM 14095T were 79.1% and 80.9%, respectively. Strain JCM 31967T phenotypically differed from the closest related Gelidibacter species in its utilization of methyl α-d-mannopyranoside, methyl α-d-glucopyranoside, and d-ribose and in its lack of utilization of l-arginine and d-arabinose. It was further differentiated based on its fatty acid composition, specifically properties of C18:0 and C20:2 ω6c, 9c, which were significantly different from those of G. algens, G. gilvus, G. mesophilus, G. salicanalis, and G. sediminis type strains. Overall, the results of DNA–DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical analyses differentiated strain JCM 31967T from a previously described species of Gelidibacter. Based on these polyphasic taxonomic findings, it was concluded that strain JCM 31967T is a novel Gelidibacter species, for which the name Gelidibacter japonicus sp. nov. is proposed, with JCM 31967T (= LMG 30063T) as the type strain.
      PubDate: 2019-05-16
  • Lactobacillus intestinalis efficiently produces equol from daidzein and
           chungkookjang, short-term fermented soybeans
    • Abstract: Equol improves menopausal symptoms and it is synthesized from daidzein, one of the isoflavonoids in soybeans, by the bacteria in the large intestines of some people. The purpose of this study was to isolate equol-producing bacteria using daidzein from the intestinal microflora and to produce equol-containing chungkookjang (short-term fermented soybean). Equol-producing bacteria from the feces of Sprague–Dawley female rats were isolated using media containing daidzein. The isolated bacteria were cultured in thioglycollate media and equol production was identified through thin-layer chromatography and ultraperformance liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry. The bacteria were identified by 16S rRNA sequencing. The rate of equol production in different concentrations of daidzein was assessed. The expression of genes that code for enzymes associated with the production of equol from daidzein was detected through reverse transcription quantitative PCR. The bacterium we isolated was Lactobacillus intestinalis (LC096206.1, 99%). L. intestinalis was found to express daidzein reductase, dihydrodaidzein reductase, and tetrahydrodaidzein reductase, the enzymes involved in producing equol from daidzein. The conversion rate of equol from daidzein was highest (29.5%) using 200 μM daidzein for 48 h of incubation. When chungkookjang fermented with Bacillus amyloquencies SRCM100001 was incubated with L. intestinalis, 0.32 ± 0.04 mg equol/g chungkookjang was produced. In conclusion, L. intestinalis efficiently produces equol from not only daidzein but also in chungkookjang.
      PubDate: 2019-05-08
  • Flotillin homologue is involved in the swimming behavior of Escherichia
    • Abstract: Cellular membrane is a key component for maintaining cell shape and integrity. The classical membrane structure and function by Singer and Nicolson groundbreaking model has depicted the membrane as a homogeneous fluid structure. This view has changed by the discovery of discrete domains containing different lipid compositions, called lipid rafts, which play a key role in signal transduction in eukaryotic cells. In the past few years, lipid raft-like structures have been found in bacteria also, constituted by cardiolipin and other modified lipids, perhaps involved in generating a specific site for protein clustering. Here, we report the analysis of a protein termed YqiK from Escherichia coli, a prohibitin homolog that has been implicated in stress sensing by the formation of membrane-associated microdomains. The E. coli yqiK-deficient mutant strain showed an enhanced swimming behavior and was resistant to ampicillin but its response to other stressing conditions was similar to that of the wild-type strain. The abnormal swimming behavior is reversed when the protein is expressed in trans from a plasmid. Also, we demonstrate that YqiK is not redundant with QmcA, another flotillin homolog found in E. coli. Our results, along with the data available in the literature, suggest that YqiK may be involved in the formation of discrete membrane-associated signaling complexes that regulate and agglomerate signaling proteins to generate cell response to chemotaxis.
      PubDate: 2019-05-06
  • Assessment of the alteration in phage adsorption rates of
           antibiotic-resistant Salmonella typhimurium
    • Abstract: This study was designed to evaluate the phage-binding receptors on the surface of antibiotic-sensitive Salmonella typhimurium (ASST) and antibiotic-resistant S. typhimurium (ARST). The antibiotic susceptibilities of plasmid-cured ASST and ARST were evaluated against ampicillin, cephalothin, ciprofloxacin, kanamycin, penicillin, and tetracycline. The capsular polysaccharides (CPSs) and lipopolysaccharides (LPSs) were quantified using carbazole assay and HPLC, respectively. The amounts of CPSs and LPSs in ARST were decreased from 108 to 62 μg/ml and 284–111 ng/ml, respectively, after plasmid curing. The adsorption rates of P22, PBST10, and PBST13 to plasmid-uncured and plasmid-cured ASST and ARST were decreased after proteinase K and periodate treatments. The highest reduction in phage adsorption rate was observed for P22 to the plasmid-cured ARST treated with periodate (71%). The relative expression levels of btuB, fhuA, and rfaL were decreased by more than twofold in the plasmid-cured ASST, corresponding to the decrease in the adsorption rates of P22 and PBST10. The plasmid-cured ARST lost the ability to express the β-lactamase gene, which was related to the loss of resistance to ampicillin, cephalothin, kanamycin, penicillin, and tetracycline. The results provide valuable insights into understanding the interaction between phage and antibiotic-resistant bacteria.
      PubDate: 2019-05-03
  • Flavobacterium edaphi sp. nov., isolated from soil from Jeju Island, Korea
    • Abstract: An aerobic, Gram-stain-negative, bright yellow-pigmented, oxidase and catalase-positive, non-motile, non-spore forming, rod-shaped strain designated DMN11T was isolated from the soil of crossroads of Jeju Island in South Korea. Colonies were circular, bright yellow-pigmented and smooth with regular edges and measured approximately 1–2 mm in diameter. Flexirubin-type pigments were absent. Phylogenetic tree analysis based on the 16SrRNA gene sequence revealed that the strain DMN11T formed a lineage within the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes, and it was the most closely related to Flavobacterium suzhouense XIN-1T and Flavobacterium hauense BX12T (98.6% and 98.2% similarity, respectively). The major isoprenoid quinone was MK-6. The major fatty acids were summed feature 3 (comprising C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), iso-C15:0 and iso-C15:0 3OH. The polar lipid profile of the strain DMN11T showed the presence of phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) as major lipid. The DNA G+C content was 35.3 mol%, as determined by the thermal denaturation method. The mean levels of DNA–DNA relatedness of the strain DMN11T with F. suzhouense XIN-1T and F. hauense BX12T were 20.5% and 29.2%, respectively. Thus, the data accumulated in this study support the suggestion that the strain DMN11T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Flavobacterieum, for which the name Flavobacterium edaphi sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DMN11T (= KCTC 62114T = JCM 32372T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • The rhizomicrobiomes of wild and cultivated crops react differently to
    • Abstract: The fungicides used to control diseases in cereal production can have adverse effects on non-target microbial communities, with possible consequences for plant health and productivity. Although we know that fungicides affect microbial community structure and soil activities, it is unclear how crop cultivars have altered the impact of fungicides on rhizomicrobiomes. In this study, the rhizosphere bacterial and fungal communities and structures of cultivated crops and their wild relatives were studied by Illumina MiSeq sequencing analysis. The results indicated that the rhizomicrobiome communities of wild crops reacted more strongly to fungicides than that of their cultivated relatives. Furthermore, fungal community composition was more affected by fungicides than bacterial community composition. Remarkably, the same trend was observed in both soybean and rice with regard to the influence of crop cultivar on the response of the rhizomicrobiome to fungicide application, although the level of the response was not similar. We report for the first time that the rhizomicrobiomes of wild crops reacted more strongly to fungicides than the rhizomicrobiomes of cultivated crops.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Caballeronia ginsengisoli sp. nov., isolated from ginseng cultivating soil
    • Abstract: A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile, ivory colored and rod-shaped bacterium (designated Gsoil 652T) isolated from ginseng cultivating soil, was characterized using a polyphasic approach to clarify its taxonomic position. Strain Gsoil 652T was observed to grow optimally at 30 °C and at pH 7.0 on R2A agar medium. Phylogenetic analysis, based on 16S rRNA gene sequences similarities, indicated that Gsoil 652T belongs to the genus Caballeronia of the family Burkholderiaceae and was most closely related to Caballeronia choica LMG 22940T (98.9%), Caballeronia udeis LMG 27134T (98.9%), Caballeronia sordidicola LMG 22029T (98.2%) and Caballeronia humi LMG 22934T (98.1%). The DNA G+C content was 62.1 mol% and Q-8 was the major isoprenoid quinone. The main polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, unidentified aminophospholipid, and unidentified phospholipid. The predominant fatty acids were C16:0, C17:0 cyclo and C19:0 cyclo ω8c. The DNA–DNA relatedness value between strain Gsoil 652T and closely related type strains of Caballeronia species were less than 36.0%. Moreover, strain Gsoil 652T could be distinguished phenotypically from the recognized species of the genus Caballeronia. The novel isolate, therefore, represents a novel species, for which the name Caballeronia ginsengisoli sp. nov. is proposed, with the type strain Gsoil 652T (= KACC 19441T = LMG 30326T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Cinnamaldehyde inhibit Escherichia coli associated with membrane
           disruption and oxidative damage
    • Abstract: In this study, the antimicrobial mechanism of cinnamaldehyde (CIN) against Gram-negative Escherichia coli ATCC 25922 (E. coli) based on membrane and gene regulation was investigated. Treatment with low concentration (0, 1/8, 1/4, 3/8 MIC) of CIN can effectively suppress the growth of E. coli by prolonging its lag phase and Raman spectroscopy showed obvious distinction of the E. coli after being treated with these concentration of CIN. The determination of relative conductivity indicated that CIN at relatively high concentration (0, 1, 2, 4 MIC) can increase the cell membrane permeability, causing the leakage of cellular content. Besides, the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) and the activity of total superoxide dismutase (SOD) of E. coli increased with increasing treatment concentration of CIN, implying that CIN can cause oxidative damage on E. coli cell membrane and induce the increase of total SOD activity to resist this oxidative harm. Moreover, quantitative real-time RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis revealed the relationship between expression of antioxidant genes (SODa, SODb, SODc) and treatment CIN concentration, suggesting that SOD, especially SODc, played a significant role in resistance of E. coli to CIN. The underlying inactivation processing of CIN on E. coli was explored to support CIN as a potential and natural antimicrobial agent in food industry.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Endozoicomonas coralli sp. nov., isolated from the coral Acropora sp.
    • Abstract: A novel bacterium, designated strain Acr-12T, was isolated from the coral Acropora sp. off coast of Southern Taiwan. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain Acr-12T belonged to the genus Endozoicomonas and had closest phylogenetic identity to Endozoicomonas acroporae Acr-14T (98.7%) and Endozoicomonas atrinae WP70T (97.8%). Cells of strain Acr-12T were Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, poly-β-hydroxybutyrate-accumulating, rod-shaped and formed creamy white colonies. Optimal growth occurred at 30 °C, pH 7, and in the presence of 3% NaCl. Strain Acr-12T contained summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c), summed feature 8 (C18:1ω7c and/or C18:1ω6c) and C16:0 as the predominant fatty acids. The major polar lipids were phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and diphosphatidylglycerol. The predominant isoprenoid quinone was Q-9. The genomic DNA G + C content was 49.6 mol%. The DNA–DNA relatedness of strain Acr-12T with respect to the closest species of the genus Endozoicomonas was less than 30%. Phenotypic characteristics of the novel strain also differed from those of the closest related species of the genus Endozoicomonas. On the basis of the genotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phenotypic data, strain Acr-12T represents a novel species in the genus Endozoicomonas, for which the name Endozoicomonas coralli sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is Acr-12T (= BCRC 80921T = KCTC 42900T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Isolation and identification of Ammodendron bifolium endophytic bacteria
           and the action mechanism of selected isolates-induced seed germination and
           their effects on host osmotic-stress tolerance
    • Abstract: This study aimed to identify Ammodendron bifolium endophytic bacteria, and to evaluate promoting mechanism of selected isolates on seed germination and their effects on host osmotic-stress tolerance. Forty-five strains were isolated from A. bifolium and were classified into 13 different genera by 16S rDNA gene sequence analysis. AY3, AY9 and AG18, which were identified as Staphylococcus, Kocuria, Bacillus sp., promoted host seed ethylene release during germination. Ethrel and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid (ACC) imitated the effect of AY3, AY9 and AG18 on seed germination. The data suggest that ethylene mediates AY3-, AY9-, AG18-induced A. bifolium seed germination. In addition, osmotic stress prevented seed germination and radicle elongation. However, the inhibitory effect of osmotic stress on seed germination and radicle elongation were rescued by AY3, AY9 and AG18. The results show that AY3, AY9 and AG18 increased osmotic-stress tolerance in A. bifolium. AY3, AY9, AG18 induced A. bifolium seed germination through promoting ethylene production during endophytic bacteria–plant interaction, and increase osmotic-stress tolerance in A. bifolium. AY3, AY9 and AG18 are potential candidates for the protection of A. bifolium.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Free radical stress induces DNA damage response in RAW264.7 macrophages
           during Mycobacterium smegmatis infection
    • Abstract: Genomic instability resulting from oxidative stress responses may be traced to chromosomal aberration. Oxidative stress suggests an imbalance between the systemic manifestation of reactive free radicals and biological system’s ability to repair resulting DNA damage and chromosomal aberration. Bacterial infection associated insult is considered as one of the major factors leading to such stress conditions. To study free radical responses by host cells, RAW 264.7 macrophages were infected with non-pathogenic M. smegmatis mc2155 at different time points. The infection process was followed up with an assessment of free radical stress, cytokine, toll-like receptors (TLRs) and the resulting DNA damage profiles. Results of CFU count showed that maximum infection in macrophages was achieved after 9 h of infection. Host responses to the infection across different time periods were validated from nitric oxide quantification and expression of iNOS and were plotted at regular intervals. IL-10 and TNF-α expression profile at protein and mRNA level showed a heightened pro-inflammatory response by host macrophages to combat M. smegmatis infection. The expression of TLR4, a receptor for recognition of mycobacteria, in infected macrophages reached the highest level at 9 h of infection. Furthermore, comet tail length, micronuclei and γ-H2AX foci recorded the highest level at 9 h of infection, pointing to the fact that breakage in DNA double strands in macrophage reaches its peak at 9 h of infection. In contrast, treatment with ROS inhibitor N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) prevented host cell death through reduction in oxidative stress and DNA damage response during M. smegmatis infection. Therefore, it can be concluded that enhanced oxidative stress response in M. smegmatis infected macrophages might be correlated with DNA damage response.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Modulation of nitrogen metabolism of maize plants inoculated with
           Azospirillum brasilense and Herbaspirillum seropedicae
    • Abstract: Maize is highly responsive to the application of nitrogen to achieve high productivity. Inoculation with diazotrophic bacteria can improve plant growth with low N fertilization. The objective was to evaluate the inoculation of two species of diazotrophs on N metabolism in maize plants, in the presence of two concentrations of nitrogen in a hydroponic system. A factorial arrangement composed of two N levels (3.0 and 0.3 mM), with the presence of Hs—Herbaspirillum seropedicae, and Ab—Azospirillum brasilense or not. The parameters used were dry mass; N, P, and K accumulation; nitrate reductase activity; soluble fractions in roots and leaves. The inoculation altered the N metabolism and promoted greater development of maize plants, as well as a higher accumulation of P and K in the shoots. A more intensive process of N assimilation was evidenced when the plants were inoculated with H. seropedicae, leading to increased levels of NO3− and reduced N-amino, sugars, and NH4+ in leaves associated with high N level, opposite of A. brasilense.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Chromosomal integration of heterologous oxalate decarboxylase in
           Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 using mobile genetic element Ll.LtrB
    • Abstract: Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 (L. plantarum WCFS1) is commonly used as a potential cell factory because of its ‘generally recognized as safe’ status. The plasmid instability and the presence of antibiotic selection marker complicate the application of genetically modified L. plantarum in human clinical trials. In the present study, we aimed to integrate oxalate decarboxylase (oxdC) gene of Bacillus subtilis origin by targeted chromosomal mutation in L. plantarum using mobile genetic element Ll.LtrB as a therapeutic tool against calcium oxalate stone disease. oxdC expression cassette was constructed and integrated into a targeted gene, thymidylate synthase (thyA) in the L. plantarum genome. The dependence on external thymidine for growth and survival was established by live dead population assay and SEM (scanning electron microscopy) analysis. The western blotting assay showed the secretion of 44 kDa OxdC protein in the culture supernatant of L. plantarum ∆thyA:OxdC. The biologically contained recombinant strain significantly reduced the oxalate concentration by 53% and exhibited a loss of viability when introduced to environmental samples. Biologically contained L. plantarum secreting OxdC constructed using group II intron has the ability to degrade oxalate present in the extracellular environment and could be used as a therapeutic tool for the calcium oxalate stone disease.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Pharmacological properties of marine macroalgae-associated heterotrophic
    • Abstract: The rich diversity of marine macroalgae and their associated bacterial flora represent a potential reservoir of bioactive compounds with valuable biotechnological and pharmaceutical use. Heterotrophic bacteria associated with the intertidal macroalgae were isolated and evaluated for their pharmacological properties using various in vitro models. Among 148 cultivable isolates, more than 50% were dominated by γ-Proteobacteria and Firmicutes, wherein 53 of them showed consistent antibacterial activity against a broad spectrum of clinically significant pathogens. The bacteria were characterized by extensive microbiological, molecular and chemical identification tools. The heterotrophs Bacillus amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12716 and Shewanella algae MTCC 12715 isolated from a red marine macroalga Hypnea valentiae exhibited potential anti-infective properties against multidrug-resistant pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (minimum inhibitory concentration of 6.25–12.5 µg/mL). The organic extract of B. amyloliquefaciens displayed significantly greater antioxidative properties (IC90 < 1 mg/mL) and the activities showed considerable positive correlation (r2 > 0.8, P < 0.05) with the inhibitory activities against angiotensin converting enzyme-I, pro-inflammatory cyclooxygenases and 5-lipoxygenase, dipeptidyl peptidase-4 and hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase, which were associated with hypertension, inflammation, diabetes, and hypercholesterolemia, respectively. The applications of nuclear magnetic resonance-based fingerprinting to analyze the characteristic signals in the solvent extracts and to correlate them with the pharmaceutical properties were underlined. The heterotrophic bacterium B. amyloliquefaciens MTCC 12716 might, therefore, serve as a potential therapeutic candidate to develop products with wide pharmaceutical applications.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Inside the plant: addressing bacterial endophytes in biotic stress
    • Abstract: Bacterial endophytes are the internal association of bacteria with the plants, cherished whole or any part of their life cycle inside the plant. They are reported to improve plant health against the biotic stresses via de novo synthesis of structural compounds and stimulation of plant immunity. They are found to be vital in development of host resistance against phytopathogens and capable in reducing and elimination of deleterious effects of plant pathogens. Fungal-, bacterial-, viral-, insect- and nematode-associated negative effect can be reduced by the bacterial endophytes. They are also reported to control plant pathogens through several defense mechanisms such as by producing antimicrobial compounds and antibiotics, de novo synthesis of structural compounds, keeping out of pathogens by niche competition and induction of plant immunity or induced systemic resistance. In this review, an effort is made to summarize the exploitation of endophytic bacteria as a biological substitute to control biotic stresses in agricultural practices.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Marinactinospora rubrisoli sp. nov., isolated from red soil
    • Abstract: A novel Marinactinospora strain JX35-4T was isolated from red soil which was collected from Wushan, northern Jiangxi Province, China. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain JX35-4T belongs to the genus Marinactinospora and formed a distinct phylogenetic clade with Marinactinospora thermotolerans SCSIO 00652T and Marinactinospora endophytica YIM 690053T with sequence similarity of 96.97% and 96.42%, respectively. The strain was Gram-positive and formed branched substrate hyphae with no fragmentation, and abundant aerial hyphae that differentiated into long spore chains, and short rod-shaped spores. Growth occurred at 20–45 °C, pH 7.0–12.0 and in the presence of 0–7.5% (w/v) NaCl. The genomic DNA G + C content was determined to be 68.3 mol%. The cell wall of strain JX35-4T contained meso-diaminopimelic acid and xylose. Polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylinositol mannosides and one unidentified phospholipid. The major fatty acids of strain JX35-4T consisted of anteiso-C17:0 and iso-C16:0. Major menaquinones were MK-9(H10), MK-12 and MK-10(H2). Based on the polyphasic data, strain JX35-4T (= CGMCC 4.7382T = DSM 104977T) is concluded to represent a novel species of the genus Marinactinospora, for which the name Marinactinospora rubrisoli sp. nov. is proposed.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Seonamhaeicola acroporae sp. nov., a marine species of the family
           Flavobacteriaceae isolated from the hard coral Acropora formosa
    • Abstract: A novel marine flavobacterial species, designated 3KA7-17T, was isolated from the hard coral Acropora formosa D. collected in Japan. The strain was pale-orange pigmented, Gram-stain negative, strictly aerobic, coccus shaped, and non-motile. Preliminary analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed an affiliation with the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes, and it had the greatest sequence similarity (96.0%) to Seonamhaeicola algicola Gy8T. The DNA G + C content was 34.3 mol%. MK-6 was the major menaquinone, with iso-C15:1 H and/or C13:0 3-OH (24.3%), iso-C15:0 (19.5%), iso-C15:0 3-OH (14.2%), and iso-C17:0 3-OH (15.9%) as the main (> 10%) cellular fatty acids. The major polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids, and two unidentified lipids. Based on distinct phylogenetic and phenotypic evidence, the strain represents a novel species of the genus Seonamhaeicola, for which the name Seonamhaeicola acroporae sp. nov. is proposed and the type strain is 3KA7-17T (= KCTC 62713T = NBRC 113410T).
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • The role of the NADH-dependent nitrite reductase, Nir, from Escherichia
           coli in fermentative ammonification
    • Abstract: Nitrate and nitrite reduction are of paramount importance for nitrogen assimilation and anaerobic metabolism, and understanding the specific roles of each participating reductase is necessary to describe the biochemical balance that dictates cellular responses to their environments. The soluble, cytoplasmic siroheme NADH-nitrite reductase (Nir) in Escherichia coli is necessary for nitrate/nitrite assimilation but has also been reported to either “detoxify” nitrite, or to carry out fermentative ammonification in support of anaerobic catabolism. Theoretically, nitrite detoxification would be important for anaerobic growth on nitrate, during which excess nitrite would be reduced to ammonium. Fermentative ammonification by Nir would be important for maximization of non-respiratory ATP production during anaerobic growth in the presence of nitrite. Experiments reported here were designed to test the potential role of Nir in fermentative ammonification directly by growing E. coli along with mutant strains lacking Nir or the respiratory nitrite reductase (Nrf) under anaerobic conditions in defined media while monitoring nitrogen utilization and fermentation metabolites. To focus on the role of Nir in fermentative ammonification, pH control was used in most experiments to eliminate nitrite toxicity due to nitric acid formation. Our results demonstrate that Nir confers a significant benefit during fermentative growth that reflects fermentative ammonification rather than detoxification. We conclude that fermentative ammonification by Nir allows for the energetically favorable fermentation of glucose to formate and acetate. These results and conclusions are discussed in light of the roles of Nir in other bacteria and in plants.
      PubDate: 2019-05-01
  • Diversity and distribution of thermophilic hydrogenogenic carboxydotrophs
           revealed by microbial community analysis in sediments from multiple
           hydrothermal environments in Japan
    • Abstract: In hydrothermal environments, carbon monoxide (CO) utilisation by thermophilic hydrogenogenic carboxydotrophs may play an important role in microbial ecology by reducing toxic levels of CO and providing H2 for fuelling microbial communities. We evaluated thermophilic hydrogenogenic carboxydotrophs by microbial community analysis. First, we analysed the correlation between carbon monoxide dehydrogenase (CODH)–energy-converting hydrogenase (ECH) gene cluster and taxonomic affiliation by surveying an increasing genomic database. We identified 71 genome-encoded CODH–ECH gene clusters, including 46 whose owners were not reported as hydrogenogenic carboxydotrophs. We identified 13 phylotypes showing > 98.7% identity with these taxa as potential hydrogenogenic carboxydotrophs in hot springs. Of these, Firmicutes phylotypes such as Parageobacillus, Carboxydocella, Caldanaerobacter, and Carboxydothermus were found in different environmental conditions and distinct microbial communities. The relative abundance of the potential thermophilic hydrogenogenic carboxydotrophs was low. Most of them did not show any symbiotic networks with other microbes, implying that their metabolic activities might be low.
      PubDate: 2019-04-27
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