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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3153 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1504 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis     Open Access  
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Journal of Graduate Research     Open Access  
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology/ Medical Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 44)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anadolu University Journal of Science and Technology : C Life Sciences and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Models and Experimental Medicine     Open Access  
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annals of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche     Open Access  
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Batman Üniversitesi Yaşam Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
BioCentury Innovations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Biodiversity: Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 305)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
BioLink : Jurnal Biologi Lingkungan, Industri, Kesehatan     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover
Archives of Microbiology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.644
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Tricarboxylic acid cycle without malate dehydrogenase in Streptomyces
           coelicolor M-145
    • Authors: Tóshiko Takahashi-Íñiguez; Joana Barrios-Hernández; Marion Rodríguez-Maldonado; María Elena Flores
      Pages: 1279 - 1286
      Abstract: The oxidation of malate to oxaloacetate is catalysed only by a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-dependent malate dehydrogenase encoded by SCO4827 in Streptomyces coelicolor. A mutant lacking the malate dehydrogenase gene was isolated and no enzymatic activity was detected. As expected, the ∆mdh mutant was unable to grow on malate as the sole carbon source. However, the mutant grew less in minimal medium with glucose and there was a delay of 36 h. The same behaviour was observed when the mutant was grown on minimal medium with casamino acids or glycerol. For unknown reasons, the mutant was not able to grow in YEME medium with glucose. The deficiency of malate dehydrogenase affected the expression of the isocitrate dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase genes, decreasing the expression of both genes by approximately two- to threefold.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1541-z
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • Interactive effects of Magnaporthe inoculation and nitrogen doses on the
           plant enzyme machinery and phyllosphere microbiome of resistant and
           susceptible rice cultivars
    • Authors: Shobit Thapa; Radha Prasanna; Balasubramanian Ramakrishnan; Neelam Sheoran; Aundy Kumar; Kulandaivelu Velmourougane; Arun Kumar
      Pages: 1287 - 1305
      Abstract: Severity of plant diseases is often influenced by the availability of nutrients, particularly N; however, its effect on the phyllosphere microbiome in foliar pathogen challenged plants is less investigated in rice. The tripartite interaction among the fungal pathogen (Magnaporthe oryzae), rice cultivars (basmati and non-basmati, blast resistant or susceptible) and nitrogen (N) fertilization (0, 120 and 180 N) was investigated. Plant growth, elicitation of defense responses and abundance of microbial members in the rice phyllosphere were monitored using biochemical and molecular methods. In general, photosynthetic pigments were distinct for each cultivar, and optimal N doses led to higher values. The susceptible var. CO-39 and resistant CO-39I exhibited higher contents of photosynthetic pigments and micronutrients such as zinc in leaves in response to N doses. Elicitation of defense and hydrolytic enzymes was significantly influenced by pathogen inoculation and modulated by N doses, but varietal effects were distinct. Scoring indices emphasized the pathogen susceptibility of var. CO-39 and PB-1, which showed almost 40–60% higher values than the resistant cultivars; the interactions of cultivars and N doses was also significant. Characteristic changes were recorded in the abundances of the gene copies, particularly, with an overall increase in the number of cyanobacterial 16S rRNA, and bacterial amoA in pathogen-challenged treatments, while nifH gene copies exhibited a reducing trend with increasing N doses, in the presence or absence of pathogen. The varietal differences in the cause and effect relationships can be valuable in crop protection for more effective foliar application of pesticides or biocontrol agents.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1540-0
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • Spongiibacterium fuscum sp. nov., a marine Flavobacteriaceae isolated from
           the hard coral Galaxea fascicularis
    • Authors: Jaewoo Yoon; Mina Yasumoto-Hirose; Hiroaki Kasai
      Pages: 1317 - 1322
      Abstract: A novel marine bacterium, designated 04OKA-3-218T, was isolated from the hard coral Galaxea fascicularis L. collected in Japan. The strain was dark-brown-pigmented, Gram-negative, strictly aerobic, curved-rod-shaped and non-motile. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence showed the affiliation of the isolate with members of the family Flavobacteriaceae of the phylum Bacteroidetes, with the highest sequence similarity (95.2%) to Spongiibacterium pacificum SW169T. The DNA G+C content was 42.9 mol%; MK-6 was the major menaquinone; with iso-C17:0 3-OH (28.8%), iso-C15:0 (26.8%) and iso-C15:1 H and/or C13:0 3-OH (21.2%) as the main (>  10%) cellular fatty acids. The major polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, two unidentified aminolipids, two unidentified phosphoaminolipids and three unidentified lipids. On the basis of distinct phylogenetic and phenotypic evidences, the strain represents a novel species of the genus Spongiibacterium, for which the name Spongiibacterium fuscum sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of S. fuscum sp. nov. is 04OKA-3-218T (= KCTC 62504T = NBRC 113248T).
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1547-6
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • Biofilm and planktonic bacterial communities in a drinking water
           distribution system supplied with untreated groundwater
    • Authors: Jianfei Chen; Ningning Li; Shuguang Xie; Chao Chen
      Pages: 1323 - 1331
      Abstract: It is known that both disinfection and water quality can influence the bacterial communities in a drinking water distribution system (DWDS). Here, we hypothesized that bacterial communities in a DWDS with untreated groundwater with no prior purification and disinfection might differ from those in a DWDS with disinfected surface water. The present study applied Illumina MiSeq sequencing to investigate biofilm and planktonic bacterial communities in a DWDS fed with untreated groundwater (receiving no prior purification and disinfection). Considerable differences in bacterial richness (Chao1 richness estimator: 389–745 for water and 392–485 for biofilm), diversity (Shannon diversity index: 2.70–3.77 for water and 2.53–3.66 for biofilm) and community structure existed among both DWDS waters and biofilms. Biofilm and planktonic bacterial communities had distinct structures. The service time of DWDS could affect biofilm bacterial richness, diversity and community structure. Moreover, planktonic bacterial diversity and community structure might be influenced by NO2− concentration, while planktonic bacterial richness was related to NO3− concentration. Proteobacteria dominated in both biofilm and planktonic bacterial communities. Higher concentrations of NO2− favored the deltaproteobacterial proportion, but lowered the gammaproteobacterial proportion in drinking water. Overall, our study indicates that bacterial communities in a DWDS could be influenced by a variety of factors, such as habitats (water or biofilm), DWDS service time, and water chemistry.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1546-7
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • Aliibacillus thermotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov.: a thermophilic and
           heterotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacterium from compost
    • Authors: Jie Xu; Xiu-Hong Xu; Meng-Qi Men; Qing-Xin Meng; Ben-Shu Xu
      Pages: 1357 - 1363
      Abstract: A novel moderately thermophilic and heterotrophic ammonia-oxidizing bacterium, designated strain BM62T, was isolated from compost in the thermophilic stage in Harbin, China. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain BM62T belongs to the family Bacillaceae within the class Bacilli and was most closely related to Alteribacillus iranensis X5BT (only 94.6% sequence similarity). Cells of strain BM62T were Gram-positive, rod-shaped, motile by periflagella, catalase-positive and oxidase-negative. Growth of strain BM62T was observed at salinities of 0–4% (optimum 2–3%), temperatures of 35–65 °C (optimum 50 °C) and pH values of 5–9 (optimum pH 7). The major cellular fatty acid was iso-C16:0, and the predominant ubiquinone was MK-7. The peptidoglycan type is A1γ, and meso-diaminopimelic acid was the diagnostic diamino acid. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phospholipid and phosphatidylglycerol. The G + C content of its genomic DNA was 36.5 mol%. Data from this polyphasic taxonomy study suggested that strain BM62T should be classified as the type strain of the type species of a new genus within the family Bacillaceae for which the name Aliibacillus thermotolerans gen. nov., sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of the species Aliibacillus thermotolerans sp. nov. is BM62T (= DSM 101851T = CGMCC 1.15790T). The respective DPD Taxon Number is GA00057.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1550-y
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • Buttiauxella chrysanthemi sp. nov., isolated from a chrysanthemum
           plantation in Brazil
    • Authors: João Pedro Rueda Furlan; Vânia Santos Braz; Jonas Augusto Rizzato Paschoal; Eliana Guedes Stehling
      Pages: 1365 - 1369
      Abstract: A novel Gram-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium, designated C1BT was isolated from a soil sample of a chrysanthemum plantation in Campinas, Brazil. Strain C1BT formed white colonies on BHI medium, it produces acid from d-lactose, d-mannose, d-arabinose, but does not produce from d-adonitol, m-inositol, d-melibiose, d-raffinose and d-sorbitol and it is negative for lysine and ornithine decarboxylase, phenylalanine deaminase, and citrate. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA and rpoB genes sequences showed that strain C1BT has a similarity of 98.2 and 96.8% with different species of Buttiauxella genus. Major fatty acids were C16:0, summed features 4 (C16:1 ω7c and iso-C15:0 2OH), summed features 7 (C18:1 ω7c, C18:1 ω9t, and/or C18:1 ω12t), C17:0 cyclo, summed features 3 (iso-C16:1 I and C14:0 3OH) and C14:0. The mole percent of G+C was 49.6 mol%. Based on these results, a new species Buttiauxella chrysanthemi is proposed. The type strain is C1BT (= CPQBA 1120/15T = CMRVSP5791T).
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1548-5
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • Dissolved oxygen-mediated enrichment of quorum-sensing phenomenon in the
           bacterial community to combat oxidative stress
    • Authors: Hitesh Tikariha; Anshuman A. Khardenavis; Hemant J. Purohit
      Pages: 1371 - 1379
      Abstract: Microbial community with their plasticity follows a course of changes that allow adaptation and survival in a particular habitat. In this study perturbations in microbial flora dwelling in two reactors with phenol as a carbon source under the limiting nitrogen and phosphorus conditions were monitored for 3 months with alterations of dissolved oxygen (DO). With the time, the shift in diversity and abundance of bacteria were observed with simultaneous increase in biofilm-forming bacteria like Pseudomonas, Escherichia, etc. Functional level screening revealed that the abundance of core metabolic genes were not much altered, however, the regulated level of increase in quorum sensing genes (acyl-homoserine lactone), biofilm-forming genes, catalase and ferroxidase enzymes at high DO suggest the survival mechanism of the community. This study sheds light on survival route followed by the bacterial community with abiotic stress, such as an increase in DO.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1551-x
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • MLST and RAPD molecular analysis of Staphylococcus aureus subsp.
           anaerobius isolated from goats in Poland
    • Authors: Olga Szaluś-Jordanow; Katarzyna Krysztopa-Grzybowska; Michał Czopowicz; Agata Moroz; Marcin Mickiewicz; Anna Lutyńska; Jarosław Kaba; Tomasz Nalbert; Tadeusz Frymus
      Pages: 1407 - 1410
      Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius is an etiological agent of Morel’s disease in small ruminants. The infection results in superficial abscesses located near lymph nodes. In the study, molecular analysis based on multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of seven housekeeping genes (arcC, aroE, glp, gmk, pta, tpi, yqiL) and random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) was carried out on 19 S. aureus subsp. anaerobius strains isolated from two different goat herds from Poland. All of the 19 S. aureus subsp. anaerobius strains were found to belong to single MLST and RAPD types which support the high clonality level of this agent. However, the results obtained show clearly that the S. aureus subsp. anaerobius clone found in goats in Poland is different from those previously described. However, it is identical to the ATCC 38844 strain isolated from sheep in Spain, which has not been so far genotyped using MLST.
      PubDate: 2018-11-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1568-1
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 9 (2018)
       
  • Bioremediation potential of bacteria able to reduce high levels of
           selenium and tellurium oxyanions
    • Authors: Chris Maltman; Vladimir Yurkov
      Pages: 1411 - 1417
      Abstract: Environmental contamination by Te and Se oxyanions has become a serious concern, with the search for green, ecologically friendly methods for removal gaining ground. Bacteria capable of reducing these highly toxic compounds to a virtually non-toxic elemental form could provide a solution. In this study, four strains of bacteria with potential for bioremediation of Te and Se oxyanions were investigated. Under aerobic conditions over 48 h, Erythromicrobium ramosum, strain E5 removed 244 µg/ml tellurite and 98 µg/ml selenite, Erythromonas ursincola, KR99 203 µg/ml tellurite and 100 µg/ml selenite, AV-Te-18 98 µg/ml tellurite and 103 µg/ml selenite and ER-V-8 93 µg/ml tellurite and 103 µg/ml selenite. In the absence of oxygen, AV-Te-18 and ER-V-8 removed 10 µg/ml tellurite after 24 and 48 h, respectively and 46 and 25 µg/ml selenite, respectively, over 48 h. ER-V-8 removed 14 µg/ml selenate after 5 days. This highlights the great potential of these microbes for use in bioremediation.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1555-6
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Free tryptophan residues inhibit quorum sensing of Pseudomonas aeruginosa
           : a potential approach to inhibit the development of microbial biofilm
    • Authors: Poulomi Chakraborty; Akshay Vishnu Daware; Monika Kumari; Ahana Chatterjee; Disha Bhattacharyya; Garbita Mitra; Yusuf Akhter; Surajit Bhattacharjee; Prosun Tribedi
      Pages: 1419 - 1425
      Abstract: Microbial biofilm reveals a cluster of microbial population aggregated on a surface. Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a strong biofilm forming organism, often causes several human diseases. Microorganism-based diseases become more difficult to manage when the causative organism develops biofilm during the course of disease progression as the organism attains alarming drug resistance in biofilm form. Agents inhibiting microbial biofilm formation could be considered as a potential tool to weaken the extent of microbial pathogenesis. Tryptophan has already been reported as a promising agent against the biofilm development by P. aeruginosa. In the current study, we had focused on the underlying mechanism of microbial biofilm inhibition of P. aeruginosa under the influence of tryptophan. The expression level of the mRNA of the genes (lasR, lasB and lasI) associated with quorum sensing was compared between tryptophan treated and untreated cells under similar conditions using real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results showed that the tested concentrations of tryptophan considerably reduced the expression of those genes (lasR, lasB and lasI) that are required during the occurrence of quorum sensing in P. aeruginosa. Molecular docking also revealed that tryptophan can interact with the proteins responsible for the occurrence of quorum sensing in P. aeruginosa. The cytotoxicity assay was carried out wherein we observed that the tested concentration of tryptophan did not show any considerable cytotoxicity against the RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line. From this study, it may be concluded that the tryptophan-mediated inhibition of biofilm formation is associated with interference of quorum sensing in P. aeruginosa. Hence, tryptophan could be used as a potential agent against the microbial biofilm mediated pathogenesis.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1557-4
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of the infB and rpsB gene fragments as genetic markers intended
           for identification and phylogenetic analysis of particular representatives
           of the order Lactobacillales
    • Authors: C. Mekadim; J. Killer; J. Mrázek; V. Bunešová; R. Pechar; Z. Hroncová; E. Vlková
      Pages: 1427 - 1437
      Abstract: Detailed differentiation, classification, and phylogenetic analysis of the order Lactobacillales are performed using molecular techniques that involve the comparison of whole genomes, multilocus sequence analysis, DNA–DNA hybridisation, and 16S rRNA sequencing. Despite the wide application of the latter two techniques, issues associated with them are extensively discussed. Although complete genomic analyses are the most appropriate for phylogenetic studies, they are time-consuming and require high levels of expertise. Many phylogenetic/identification markers have been proposed for enterococci, lactobacilli, streptococci, and lactobacilli. However, none have been established for vagococci and some genera within the order Lactobacillales. The objective of the study was to find novel alternative housekeeping genes for classification, typing, and phylogenetic analysis of selected genera within the order Lactobacillales. We designed primers flanking variable regions of the infB (504 nt) and rpsB (333 nt) genes and amplified and sequenced them in 56 strains of different genera within the order Lactobacillales. Statistical analysis and characteristics of the gene regions suggested that they could be used for taxonomic purposes. Phylogenetic analyses, including assessment of (in)congruence between individual phylogenetic trees indicated the possibility of using the concatenation of the two genes as an alternative tool for the evaluation of phylogeny compared with the 16S rRNA gene representing the standard phylogenetic marker of prokaryotes. Moreover, infB, rpsB regions and their concatenate were phylogenetically consistent with two widely applied alternative genetic markers in taxonomy of particular Lactobacillales genera encoding the 60 kDa chaperonin protein (GroEL-hsp60) and phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase, alpha subunit (pheS).
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1554-7
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Microvirga rosea sp. nov.: a nanoparticle producing bacterium isolated
           from soil of rose garden
    • Authors: Md. Amdadul Huq
      Pages: 1439 - 1445
      Abstract: A Gram-stain negative, aerobic, non-motile, and rod-shaped novel bacterial strain, designated MAH-2T, was isolated from a soil sample of rose garden and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. The colonies were light pink color, smooth, circular and 0.2–0.6 mm in diameter when grown on nutrient agar for 3 days. Strain MAH-2T grows at 15–40 °C (optimum growth temperature 30 °C), at pH 5.0–7.0 (optimum growth pH 6.5) and at 0–2% NaCl (optimum 0-0.5%). Cell growth occurs on nutrient agar and R2A agar but not on tryptone soya agar, luria–bertani agar and MacConkey agar. The strain was positive for both catalase and oxidase tests. The strain was able to synthesis of silver nanoparticles. According to the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the isolate was identified as a member of the genus Microvirga and was most closely related to Microvirga soli R491T (96.7% sequence similarity), Microvirga subterranea Fail4T (96.4%), Microvirga guangxiensis 25BT (96.0%) and Microvirga aerophila 5420S-12T (95.9%). The genomic DNA G + C content of isolated strain was determined to be 62.5 mol% and the predominant isoprenoid quinone was Q-10. The major fatty acids were identified as summed feature 8 (comprising C18:1 ω7c and/or C18:1 ω6c) and C19:0 cyclo ω8c. On the basis of these phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic studies and DNA–DNA hybridization results, the isolated strain MAH-2T represents a novel species, for which the name Microvirga rosea sp. nov. is proposed, with MAH-2T as the type strain (= KACC 19290T = CGMCC1.16488T).
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1558-3
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • The influence of surface microbial diversity and succession on
           microbiologically influenced corrosion of steel in a simulated marine
           environment
    • Authors: Vanessa Moura; Iris Ribeiro; Priscilla Moriggi; Artur Capão; Carolina Salles; Suleima Bitati; Luciano Procópio
      Pages: 1447 - 1456
      Abstract: To explore how a succession of bacteria grown on steel coupons in a marine environment can influence their corrosion process, we designed a microcosm in laboratory to evaluate corrosion kinetics and microbial diversity over 30 days. The results described a clear influence of corrosion by a succession of different bacterial groups. During the initial period, 2–7 days, a sharp increase in the rate of corrosion was detected accompanied by the presence of Alteromonadaceae, Vibrionaceae, Oceanospirillaceae, Rhodobacteraceae, Rhodospirillaceae and Flavobacteriaceae bacteria families. After 15 days, representatives of families Piscirickettsiaceae and Pseudomonadaceae were also described, accompanied by a continuous corrosion process over the coupons. After 30 days, there was a sudden change in the profile of the bacteria present on the steel coupons, with a prevalence of Halomonadaceae family species, and establishment and continuity of the corrosion process by the biofilm grown on the coupons. The results describe differences in microbial diversity over the time, highlighting certain bacterial lithotrophic species that persisted for most of the experiment, through a complex association between bacteria and metal surfaces, which can be a new starting point for development and maintenance of a favorable microenvironment to accelerate corrosion processes.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1559-2
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Rhodanobacter ginsengiterrae sp. nov., an antagonistic bacterium against
           root rot fungal pathogen Fusarium solani , isolated from ginseng
           rhizospheric soil
    • Authors: Yue Huo; Jong-Pyo Kang; Jin-Kyu Park; Jinfeng Li; Ling Chen; Deok-Chun Yang
      Pages: 1457 - 1463
      Abstract: A novel bacterium, designated DCY112T, was isolated from the rhizospheric soil of a ginseng-cultivated field in Gochang-gun, Republic of Korea. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, this isolate was assigned to the genus Rhodanobacter and is closely related to Rhodanobacter soli DCY45T (98.0%) and R. umsongensis GR24-2T (98.0%). Strain DCY112T is Gram-negative, catalase- and oxidase-positive, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped, and produces yellow-pigmented colonies on R2A medium. Q-8 was the predominant respiratory quinone. The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0, and summed feature 9 (iso-C17:1 ω9c and/or 10-methyl-C16:0). The major polar lipids were phosphatidylglycerol (PG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), an unknown amino lipid (AL1), and an unidentified polar lipid (L3). The genomic DNA G + C content was 65.2 mol%. DNA–DNA homology values between strain DCY112T and related strains were lower than 55%. The low DNA relatedness data in combination with phenotypic and genotypic tests indicated that strain DCY112T could not be assigned to a recognized species. Strain DCY112T showed antagonistic activity against the fungal pathogen Fusarium solani (KACC 44891T), which causes ginseng root rot. The results of this study support that strain DCY112T is a novel species belonging to the genus Rhodanobacter, for which the name Rhodanobacter ginsengiterrae is proposed. The type strain is DCY112T (= KCTC 62018T = JCM 32167T).
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1560-9
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Bhargavaea changchunensis sp. nov. isolated from soil in China
    • Authors: Feng-Hua Tian; Dong-Yu Fan; Chen Zhang; Chuan-Wen Jia; Wei Gao; Yu Li; Chang-Tian Li
      Pages: 1465 - 1470
      Abstract: A Gram-staining-positive, aerobic, rod-shaped (201802YP6T) bacteria was isolated from soil, Northeast of China. Growth occurred at 10–40 °C (optimum 25–30 °C), at pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum 7.0) and at 0–2% NaCl. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, the nearest phylogenetic neighbors of strain 201802YP6T were identified as Bhargavaea cecembensis DSE10T (99.52%), Bhargavaea beijingensis ge10T (99.45%), Bhargavaea indica KJW98T (99.45%), Bhargavaea ullalensis ZMA19T (98.81%), and Bhargavaea ginsengi ge14T (98.76%). Levels of similarity among strain 201802YP6T and other Bhargavaea species were lower than 98.76%. GyrB amino acid sequence-based analysis supported the phylogenetic position and also distinguished strain 201802YP6T from the other species of the genus Bhargavaea. DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain 201802YP6T and B. cecembensis, B. beijingensis, B. indica, B. ullalensis, B. ginsengi were 43.5%, 43%, 32.5%, 30.5% and 20.4%, respectively. The DNA G + C content of strain 201802YP6T was 51.23 mol%. The average nucleotide identity (ANI) of the draft genome was 87.04% to B. cecembensis DSE10T. The major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, glycolipids, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidyllipid. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8. The major fatty acids were iso-C15:0 (39.91%), anteiso-C15:0 (28.86%), anteiso-C17:0 (6.30%) and C16:0 (6.13%). On the basis of the phylogenetic analysis, chemotaxonomic data, physiological characteristics and DNA–DNA hybridization data, strain 201802YP6T represents a novel species of the genus Bhargavaea, for which the name Bhargavaea changchunensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 201802YP6T (= CGMCC 1.13508T = KCTC 33975T).
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1563-6
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Immunomodulatory activity of exopolysaccharide from the rhizobacterium
           Paenibacillus polymyxa CCM 1465
    • Authors: Irina V. Yegorenkova; Alla A. Fomina; Kristina V. Tregubova; Svetlana A. Konnova; Vladimir V. Ignatov
      Pages: 1471 - 1480
      Abstract: Bacterial polysaccharides are promising stimulants of protective functions in humans and animals. We investigated the ability of exopolysaccharide from the rhizobacterium Paenibacillus polymyxa CCM 1465 to induce nonspecific resistance factors in the macroorganism. We examined in vitro the effect of the exopolysaccharide, produced with different carbon sources, on the phagocytic activity of murine macrophages, on the generation of reactive oxygen species and of enzymes (acid phosphatase and myeloperoxidase), on the proliferation of murine splenocytes, and on the synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines [interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α)] by human mononuclear cells. The exopolysaccharide promoted the phagocytosis of bacterial cells, activated metabolic processes in human and animal leukocytes, and moderately affected the production of TNF-α and IL-1β. The exopolysaccharides produced on media with glucose and sucrose differed in their effect on the immune cells, possibly owing to their different compositions, structures, and properties. The results validly indicate that the exopolysaccharide of P. polymyxa CCM 1465 promotes nonspecific immunity. Therefore, it can find application as a biologically active immunomodulatory substance.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1564-5
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Sphingobacterium praediipecoris sp. nov. isolated from effluent of a dairy
           manure treatment plant
    • Authors: Ve Van Le; Shalem Raj Padakandla; Hyangmi Kim; Jong-Chan Chae
      Pages: 1481 - 1486
      Abstract: A novel Gram-reaction-negative, rod-shaped, non-motile bacterium, designated as strain G2-10T was isolated from effluent of a dairy manure treatment plant. Growth occurred at 20–40 °C (optimum at 25–30 °C), pH 7.0–8.0 (optimum at pH 7.0). The range of NaCl concentration for growth was between 0% and 3% (w/v) (optimum 0–1%, w/v). Comparison of 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that strain G2-10T was moderately related to the type strains of Sphingobacterium nematocida M-SX103T and Sphingobacterium suaedae T47T with a pair-wise sequence similarity of 94.3% and 94.0%, respectively. The major fatty acid constituents of strain G2-10T were identified as iso-C15:0 (37.6%), summed feature 3 (consisting of C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c, 29.6%) and iso-C17:0 3-OH (15.2%). Phosphatidylethanolamine was the major polar lipids of strain G2-10T. Sphingophospholipids were present. The isoprenoid quinone was composed of only MK-7. The DNA G + C content of strain G2-10T was found to be 42.5 mol%. The phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties suggest that strain G2-10T represents a novel species within the genus Sphingobacterium, for which the name Sphingobacterium praediipecoris is proposed. The type strain is G2-10T (= KCTC 52880T = NBRC 112848T).
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1566-3
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Rhodobacter alkalitolerans sp. nov., isolated from an alkaline brown pond
    • Authors: Suresh Gandham; Tushar Lodha; Sasikala Chintalapati; Venkata Ramana Chintalapati
      Pages: 1487 - 1492
      Abstract: An alkali-tolerant, Gram-stain-negative, motile, rod-to-oval-shaped, yellowish brown-colored, phototrophic bacterium, designated as strain JA916T, was isolated from an alkaline brown pond in Gujarat, India. The DNA G + C content of the strain JA916T was 65.1 mol%. Strain JA916T grew well at pH 10. Respiratory quinone was Q-10 and major fatty acid was C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c, with significant quantities of C15:02OH observed. Strain JA916T shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity with the type strains of Rhodobacter johrii (98.4%), followed by Rhodobacter megalophilus (98.3%), Rhodobacter sphaeroides (98.3%), Rhodobacter azotoformans (97.9%) and other members of the genus Rhodobacter (< 97%). 16S rRNA gene-based phylogenetic tree shows that strain JA916T formed a distinct sub-clade with Rhodobacter johrii, Rhodobacter megalophilus, Rhodobacter sphaeroides and Rhodobacter azotoformans. Further, rpoB-based phylogenetic analysis showed lower similarity with closely related species (≤ 93.0%) of the genus Rhodobacter, which suggests that JA916T is a novel species of the genus Rhodobacter. DNA–DNA hybridization values between strain JA916T and related type strains were less than 40%. Phenotypic, chemotaxonomical and phylogenetic differences showed that strain JA916T was distinct from other species of the genus Rhodobacter, suggesting strain JA916T represents a new species of the genus for which the name Rhodobacter alkalitolerans sp. nov. is proposed. Type strain is JA916T (= KCTC 15473T = LMG 28749T).
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1561-8
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Endophytic fungus Paecilomyces formosus LHL10 produces sester-terpenoid
           YW3548 and cyclic peptide that inhibit urease and α-glucosidase enzyme
           activities
    • Authors: Saqib Bilal; Liaqat Ali; Abdul Latif Khan; Raheem Shahzad; Sajjad Asaf; Muhammad Imran; Sang-Mo Kang; Sang-Kuk Kim; In-Jung Lee
      Pages: 1493 - 1502
      Abstract: Endophytic fungi have been used to obtain novel bioactive secondary metabolites with potential applications in medical and agricultural sectors, which can also act as lead targets for pharmaceutical and medicinal potential. In the present study, the endophytic fungus Paecilomyces formosus LHL10 isolated from the root of cucumber plant was tested for its enzyme inhibitory potential. The ethyl acetate (EtOAc) extract of LHL10 was screened for its inhibitory effect on acetylcholinesterase (AChE), α-glucosidase, urease, and anti-lipid peroxidation. The findings suggest that the EtOAc extract from LHL10 possesses significant inhibitory potential against urease and α-glucosidase. The EtOAc extract was thus, subjected to advanced column chromatographic techniques for the isolation of pure compounds. The structure elucidation was carried out through spectroscopic analysis and comparison with literature data, and these compounds were confirmed as known a sester-terpenoid (1) and a known cyclic peptide (2). The enzyme inhibition bioassay indicated that Compounds 1 and 2 exhibited remarkable inhibitory rate against α-glucosidase and urease, with an IC50 value of 61.80 ± 5.7, 75.68 ± 6.2 and 74.25 ± 4.3, 190.5 ± 10.31 µg/g, respectively. Thus, the current study concludes the enzyme inhibitory potential of endophyte LHL10 and provides the basis for further investigations of bioactive compounds, which could be used as potent drugs for enzyme inhibition.
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1562-7
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
  • Correction to: Analysis of resistance genes of clinical Pannonibacter
           phragmitetus strain 31801 by complete genome sequencing
    • Authors: De-song Ming; Qing-qing Chen; Xiao-tin Chen
      Pages: 1503 - 1503
      Abstract: Subsequent to publication it has been noticed that the below listed text parts, figures and tables of the above paper were taken from paper
      PubDate: 2018-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1579-y
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 10 (2018)
       
 
 
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