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BIOLOGY (1420 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversidad Colombia     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 232)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Biology Methods and Protocols     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.702]   [H-I: 85]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • Expanding the ‘Digital Protologue’ database (DPD) to ‘Archives of
           Microbiology’: an offer to scientists and science
    • Authors: Erko Stackebrandt; David Smith
      Pages: 519 - 520
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1369-y
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Effect of metal sulfide pulp density on gene expression of electron
           transporters in Acidithiobacillus sp. FJ2
    • Authors: Faezeh Fatemi; Saba Miri; Samaneh Jahani
      Pages: 521 - 530
      Abstract: In Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, one of the most important bioleaching bacterial species, the proteins encoded by the rus operon are involved in the electron transfer from Fe2+ to O2. To obtain further knowledge about the mechanism(s) involved in the adaptive responses of the bacteria to growth on the different uranium ore pulp densities, we analyzed the expression of the four genes from the rus operon by real-time PCR, when Acidithiobacillus sp. FJ2 was grown in the presence of different uranium concentrations. The uranium bioleaching results showed the inhibitory effects of the metal pulp densities on the oxidation activity of the bacteria which can affect Eh, pH, Fe oxidation and uranium extractions. Gene expression analysis indicated that Acidithiobacillus sp. FJ2 tries to survive in the stress with increasing in the expression levels of cyc2, cyc1, rus and coxB, but the metal toxicity has a negative effect on the gene expression in different pulp densities. These results indicated that Acidithiobacillus sp. FJ2 could leach the uranium even in high pulp density (50%) by modulation in rus operon gene responses.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1318-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • The calmodulin gene in Neurospora crassa is required for normal vegetative
           growth, ultraviolet survival, and sexual development
    • Authors: Vijya Laxmi; Ranjan Tamuli
      Pages: 531 - 542
      Abstract: We isolated a Neurospora crassa mutant of the calmodulin (cmd) gene using repeat-induced point mutation and studied its phenotypes. The cmd RIP mutant showed a defect in growth, reduced aerial hyphae, decreased carotenoid accumulation, a severe reduction in viability upon ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, and a fertility defect. Moreover, meiotic silencing of the cmd gene resulted in a barren phenotype. In addition, we also performed site-directed mutational analysis of the calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase-2 (Ca2+/CaMK-2), a target of the CaM protein encoded by the cmd gene. The camk-2 S247A and the camk-2 T267A mutants in a homozygous cross, or in a cross with a Δcamk-2 mutant, displayed an intermediate phenotype, suggesting that serine 247 and threonine 267 phosphorylation sites of the Ca2+/CaMK-2 are essential for full fertility in N. crassa. Therefore, CaM in N. crassa is required for normal vegetative growth, UV survival, and sexual development. Additionally, serine 247 and threonine 267 phosphorylation sites are important for the Ca2+/CaMK-2 function.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1319-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Genetic characterization of canine parvovirus type 2 subtypes in Maputo,
    • Authors: J. Figueiredo; C. Miranda; R. Souto; E. Silva; J. Fafetine; G. Thompson
      Pages: 543 - 549
      Abstract: Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) comprises three antigenic subtypes (2a, 2b and 2c) that have been reported in many countries. These subtypes cause serious disease in dogs with characteristic gastroenteritis signs. Little information has been documented in Africa about the genetic characterization of CPV-2. The aim of this study was to detect and to characterize the CPV-2 subtypes circulating in dogs admitted to Veterinary Clinics from two cities of Mozambique, Maputo and Matola, in 2010. A total of 40 field fecal samples were collected and tested for CPV-2 by polymerase chain reaction assay. The partial length VP2 gene of the positive samples were sequenced and genetically analyzed. Twenty-six (65%) fecal samples were positive for CPV-2. The restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis was also performed from positive samples and did not reveal the presence of CPV-2c subtype. The results of the sequencing revealed the presence of CPV-2a (n = 9) and CPV-2b (n = 17). No CPV-2 and CPV-2c were detected. Sequence analysis comparison showed nucleotide identities of 99.6–100% among our CPV-2 isolates. Amino acid analysis showed predicted amino acid changes. Phylogenetically, all of the CPV-2a strains isolated formed a cluster together with South African and Nigerian isolates. Most of Mozambican CPV-2b isolates also tended to cluster together with South African isolates; however, four were more closely related to French strain and one isolates to the American strain. The present study was the first to characterize the CPV-2 circulating in the Mozambican dog population.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1320-7
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus in vitro by bacteriocinogenic
           Lactococcus lactis KTH0-1S isolated from Thai fermented shrimp ( Kung -
           som ) and safety evaluation
    • Authors: Sutanate Saelao; Suppasil Maneerat; Sireewan Kaewsuwan; Hanitra Rabesona; Yvan Choiset; Thomas Haertlé; Jean-Marc Chobert
      Pages: 551 - 562
      Abstract: Lactococcus lactis KTH0-1S isolated from Thai traditional fermented shrimp (Kung-som) is able to produce heat-stable bacteriocin and inhibits food spoilage bacteria and food-borne pathogens. The inhibitory effect of bacteriocin remained intact after treatment with different pHs and after heating, but was sensitive to some proteolytic enzymes. Addition of bacteriocin KTH0-1S to Staphylococcus aureus cultures decreased viable cell counts by 2.8 log CFU/ml, demonstrating a bactericidal mode of action. Furthermore, the growth of S. aureus decreased significantly after 12-h co-cultivation with bacteriocinogenic strain. The molecular mass of bacteriocin KTH0-1S was found to be 3.346 kDa after ammonium sulfate precipitation, reversed phase (C8 Sep-Pak), cation-exchange chromatography, RP-HPLC on C8 column and mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis. Bacteriocin KTH0-1S was identified as nisin Z using PCR amplification and sequencing. The majority of tested virulence factors were absent, confirming the safety. Evidenced inhibitory effect of this strain, the absence of virulence factors creates the possibility for its application as protective culture to inhibit pathogenic bacteria in the several fermented seafood products.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1324-3
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Root-associated bacterial diversities of Oryza rufipogon and Oryza sativa
           and their influencing environmental factors
    • Authors: Lei Tian; Xue Zhou; Lina Ma; Shangqi Xu; Fahad Nasir; Chunjie Tian
      Pages: 563 - 571
      Abstract: Oryza rufipogon is the ancestor of human-cultivated Oryza sativa. However, little is known about the difference between the root-associated microorganisms of O. rufipogon and O. sativa. In this study, the root-associated bacteria of O. rufipogon, Leersia hexandra, and O. sativa from different latitudes in China were studied by DGGE analysis. Their bacterial community structures were compared by principal component analysis. The relationship between root-associated bacteria and soil properties was explored by canonical correspondence analysis. The relationships of glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) content, soluble sugar content, proline content of the plant, and bacterial diversity indices of their root-associated microorganisms were also investigated. We found both broad-spectrum and host-specific bacteria, and the similarity, diversity and abundance indices of O. rufipogon and L. hexandra were higher than O. sativa root-associated bacteria. However, even living in the same habitat, O. rufipogon and L. hexandra selected different root-associated bacteria. Microbial composition was primarily correlated with available N, P, and K and the annual precipitation. We also found a positive correlation between the soluble sugar content of the plant and GRSP content of the root soil. The above results indicated that the community structure of root-associated bacteria differs between wild rice and cultivated rice. Human activity and the natural selection of the host plants shaped the differences, consistent with our hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1325-2
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Chitin degradation and utilization by virulent Aeromonas hydrophila strain
    • Authors: Dunhua Zhang; De-Hai Xu; Junqiang Qiu; Cody R. Rasmussen-Ivey; Mark R. Liles; Benjamin H. Beck
      Pages: 573 - 579
      Abstract: Virulent Aeromonas hydrophila (vAh) is one of the most important bacterial pathogens that causes persistent outbreaks of motile Aeromonas septicemia in warm-water fishes. The survivability of this pathogen in aquatic environments is of great concern. The aim of this study was to determine the capability of the vAh strain ML10-51K to degrade and utilize chitin. Genome-wide analysis revealed that ML10-51K encodes a suite of proteins for chitin metabolism. Assays in vitro showed that four chitinases, one chitobiase and one chitin-binding protein were secreted extracellularly and participated in chitin degradation. ML10-51K was shown to be able to use not only N-acetylglucosamine and colloidal chitin but also chitin flakes as sole carbon sources for growth. This study indicates that ML10-51K is a highly chitinolytic bacterium and suggests that the capability of effective chitin utilization could enable the bacterium to attain high densities when abundant chitin is available in aquatic niches.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1326-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • The use of stable and unstable green fluorescent proteins for studies in
           two bacterial models: Agrobacterium tumefaciens and Xanthomonas campestris
           pv. campestris
    • Authors: Pilar Sabuquillo; Adela Gea; Isabel M. Matas; Cayo Ramos; Jaime Cubero
      Pages: 581 - 590
      Abstract: Fluorescent proteins have been used to track plant pathogens to understand their host interactions. To be useful, the transgenic pathogens must present similar behaviour than the wild-type isolates. Herein, a GFP marker was used to transform two plant pathogenic bacteria, Agrobacterium and Xanthomonas, to localize and track the bacteria during infection. The transgenic bacteria were evaluated to determine whether they showed the same fitness than the wild-type strains or whether the expression of the GFP protein interfered in the bacterial activity. In Agrobacterium, the plasmid used for transformation was stable in the bacteria and the strain kept the virulence, while Xanthomonas was not able to conserve the plasmid and transformed strains showed virulence variations compared to wild-type strains. Although marking bacteria with GFP to track infection in plants is a common issue, works to validate the transgenic strains and corroborate their fitness are not usual. Results, presented here, confirm the importance of proper fitness tests on the marked strains before performing localization assays, to avoid underestimation of the microbe population or possible artificial effects in its interaction with the plant.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1327-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Litorivivens aequoris sp. nov., a gammaproteobacterium isolated from
    • Authors: Sangeun Jun; Jaewoo Yoon
      Pages: 591 - 596
      Abstract: A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, beige-pigmented, motile, chemoheterotrophic, rod-shaped or ovoid bacterium, designated strain KMU-37T, was isolated from seawater at Najeong Beach in the Republic of Korea. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that the novel isolate was affiliated with the genus Litorivivens, class Gammaproteobacteria, showing highest sequence similarity (97.4%) to Litorivivens lipolytica HJTF-7T. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strains KMU-37T and L. lipolytica HJTF-7T were 11.5 ± 0.4%. The DNA G+C content of strain KMU-37T was determined to be 53.8 mol%. Ubiquinone 8 (Q-8) was the sole respiratory quinone. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C17:1 ω8c and C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c. Strain KMU-37T had phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol and an unidentified lipid as polar lipids. From the distinct phylogenetic position and combination of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Litorivivens for which the name Litorivivens aequoris sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of L. aequoris sp. nov. is KMU-37T (= KCCM 90262T = NBRC 111904T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1329-y
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Lacinutrix chionocetis sp. nov., isolated from gut of a red snow crab
    • Authors: Hyangmi Kim; Sang-Chul Yoon; Kwang-Ho Choi; Sung-Tae Kim; Jae-Bong Lee; Dong-Sun Kim; Ho Le Han; Kyung Sook Bae; Doo-Sang Park
      Pages: 597 - 603
      Abstract: A Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated MAB-07T, was isolated from the gut of a red snow crab. The novel strain grew optimally at 20 °C, pH 7.0–8.0, and in the presence of 3% (w/v) NaCl. A phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the strain MAB-07T belongs to the type strains of species of the genus Lacinutrix. Strain MAB-07T exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 95.5–97.8% with the type strains of species of the genus Lacinutrix. The predominant cellular fatty acids of strain MAB-07T were iso-C15:1 G (27.5%) and iso-C15:0 (21.7%). The major respiratory quinine was identified as MK-6. The polar lipids consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, four unidentified aminolipids, and two unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G + C content was determined to be 33.3%, and its DNA–DNA relatedness values with the type strains of L. venerupis, L. mariniflava, L. jangbogonensis, L. algicola, and Olleya aquimaris were 28–32%. Based on the data from this polyphasic taxonomic study, strain MAB-07T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Lacinutrix, for which the name L. chionocetis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is MAB-07T (=KCTC 42767T = JCM 30988T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1330-5
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Expression of a codon-optimized β-glucosidase from Cellulomonas flavigena
           PR-22 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae for bioethanol production from
    • Authors: Francisco Javier Ríos-Fránquez; Enrique González-Bautista; Teresa Ponce-Noyola; Ana Carmela Ramos-Valdivia; Héctor Mario Poggi-Varaldo; Jaime García-Mena; Alfredo Martinez
      Pages: 605 - 611
      Abstract: Bioethanol is one of the main biofuels produced from the fermentation of saccharified agricultural waste; however, this technology needs to be optimized for profitability. Because the commonly used ethanologenic yeast strains are unable to assimilate cellobiose, several efforts have been made to express cellulose hydrolytic enzymes in these yeasts to produce ethanol from lignocellulose. The C. flavigenabglA gene encoding β-glucosidase catalytic subunit was optimized for preferential codon usage in S. cerevisiae. The optimized gene, cloned into the episomal vector pRGP-1, was expressed, which led to the secretion of an active β-glucosidase in transformants of the S. cerevisiae diploid strain 2-24D. The volumetric and specific extracellular enzymatic activities using pNPG as substrate were 155 IU L−1 and 222 IU g−1, respectively, as detected in the supernatant of the cultures of the S. cerevisiae RP2-BGL transformant strain growing in cellobiose (20 g L−1) as the sole carbon source for 48 h. Ethanol production was 5 g L−1 after 96 h of culture, which represented a yield of 0.41 g g−1 of substrate consumed (12 g L−1), equivalent to 76% of the theoretical yield. The S. cerevisiae RP2-BGL strain expressed the β-glucosidase extracellularly and produced ethanol from cellobiose, which makes this microorganism suitable for application in ethanol production processes with saccharified lignocellulose.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1333-2
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Microbial diversity in different compartments of an aquaponics system
    • Authors: Zala Schmautz; Andreas Graber; Sebastian Jaenicke; Alexander Goesmann; Ranka Junge; Theo H. M. Smits
      Pages: 613 - 620
      Abstract: Aquaponics is a solution for sustainable production of fish and plants in a single semi-closed system, where nutrient-rich water from the aquaculture provides nutrients for plant growth. We examined the microbial communities within an experimental aquaponics system. Whereas the fish feces contained a separate community dominated by bacteria of the genus Cetobacterium, the samples from plant roots, biofilter, and periphyton were more similar to each other, while the communities were more diverse. Detailed examination of the data gave the first indications to functional groups of organisms in the different compartments of the aquaponic system. As other nitrifiers other than members of the genus Nitrospira were only present at low numbers, it was anticipated that Nitrospirae may perform the nitrification process in the biofilm.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1334-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Deinococcus malanensis sp. nov., isolated from radiation-polluted soil
    • Authors: Jing Zhu; Shan-Hui Li; Qi-Yong Tang; Min Chu; Wei Wang; Nimaichand Salam; Li Li; Wael N. Hozzein; Zhi-Dong Zhang; Wen-Jun Li
      Pages: 621 - 626
      Abstract: A Gram-staining positive, non-spore forming, short rod-shaped and coccus-shaped, non-motile, pink-colored, gamma- and UV-resistant strain, designated T93T was isolated from soil of Malan area in Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, Northwest China. The taxonomic position of the new isolate was determined using a polyphasic approach. Strain T93T shared the highest 16 S rRNA gene sequence similarity with Deinococcus deserti VCD115T (97.54%). The genomic DNA G+C content of the isolate T93T was 61.7 mol%. The predominant menaquinone was MK-8, while the major cellular fatty acids were iso-C16:0, C15:1 ω6c, C16:0, C17:1 ω8c and Summed Feature 3 (comprising C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c). The major polar lipid profiles consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol and phosphatidylinositol mannoside. Based on the phenotypic and genotypic data, strain T93T is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Deinococcus, for which the name Deinococcus malanensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is T93T (= KCTC 33563T = JCM 30331T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-016-1335-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Recombinant Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki HD73 strain that
           synthesizes Cry1Ac and chimeric ChiA74∆sp chitinase inclusions
    • Authors: Karen S. González-Ponce; Luz E. Casados-Vázquez; Rubén Salcedo-Hernández; Dennis K. Bideshi; María C. del Rincón-Castro; José E. Barboza-Corona
      Pages: 627 - 633
      Abstract: In this study, the endochitinase chiA74 gene lacking its secretion signal peptide sequence (chiA74∆sp) was fused in frame with the sequence coding for the C-terminal crystallization domain and transcription terminator of cry1Ac. The chimeric gene was expressed under the strong pcytA-p/STAB-SD promoter system in an acrystalliferous Cry−B strain of Bacillus thuringiensis and B. thuringiensis subsp. kurstaki HD73. We showed that the chimeric ChiA74∆sp produced amorphous inclusions in both Cry−B and HD73. In addition to the amorphous inclusions putatively composed of the chimera, bipyramidal Cry1Ac crystals, smaller than the wild-type crystal, were observed in recombinant HD73, and chitinase activity was remarkably higher (75-fold) in this strain when compared with parental HD73. Moreover, we observed that lyophilized samples of a mixture containing Cry1Ac, amorphous inclusions, and spores maintained chitinase activity. Amorphous inclusions could not be separated from Cry1Ac crystals by sucrose gradient centrifugation. Interestingly, the chitinase activity of purified Cry1Ac/amorphous inclusions was 51-fold higher compared to purified Cry1Ac inclusions of parental HD73, indicating that the increased enzymatic activity was due primarily to the presence of the atypical amorphous component. The possibility that the chimera is occluded with the Cry1Ac crystal, thereby contributing to the increased endochitinolytic activity, cannot be excluded. Finally, bioassays against larvae of Spodoptera frugiperda with spore/crystals of HD73 or spore-crystal ChiA74∆sp chimeric inclusions of recombinant HD73 strain showed LC50s of 396.86 and 290.25 ng/cm2, respectively. Our study suggests a possible practical application of the chimera in formulations of B. thuringiensis-based lepidopteran larvicides.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1339-4
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Genome characterization of Pasteurella multocida subspecies septica and
           comparison with Pasteurella multocida subspecies multocida and gallicida
    • Authors: Zhong Peng; Wan Liang; Wenjing Liu; Huanchun Chen; Bin Wu
      Pages: 635 - 640
      Abstract: Pasteurella multocida: subspecies multocida, gallicida, and septica are noted to have a contribution to fowl cholera, a life-threatening disease to both domestic and wild bird species. The genome sequences of avian P. multocida subspecies gallicida and multocida have been well analyzed and compared. However, the genome characterization of avian P. multocida subspecies septica is rarely discussed. In this study, we determined the draft genome sequence of a virulent P. multocida subspecies septica serogroup A strain HB02. The genome of P. multocida HB02 was composed of a single chromosome of 2,213,604 bp with a 40.27% G + C content, which showed a similar genome size and %GC content to the P. multocida subspecies multocida and gallicida genomes. The entire sequence specified 2002 putative coding DNA sequences plus 2 encoded rRNAs and 46 encoded tRNAs. In addition, the subspecies septica had a similar content of genes coding for metabolic traits that found in the subspecies gallicida and multocida. In addition, comparison of virulent versus avirulent avian P. multocida genomes identified 657 unique genes in either of the virulent strains HB02, P1059 and/or X73 compared to the avirulent strain Pm70. These genes should be the potential virulence-associated genes. Our work may add a novel genome sequence for the avian P. multocida genome database and shed a light on the pathogenesis of P. multocida.
      PubDate: 2017-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1341-x
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 4 (2017)
  • Properties of Streptomyces albus J1074 mutant deficient in tRNA Leu UAA
           gene bldA
    • Authors: Oksana Koshla; Maria Lopatniuk; Ihor Rokytskyy; Oleksandr Yushchuk; Yuriy Dacyuk; Victor Fedorenko; Andriy Luzhetskyy; Bohdan Ostash
      Abstract: Streptomyces albus J1074 is one of the most popular and convenient hosts for heterologous expression of gene clusters directing the biosynthesis of various natural metabolic products, such as antibiotics. This fuels interest in elucidation of genetic mechanisms that may limit secondary metabolism in J1074. Here, we report the generation and initial study of J1074 mutant, deficient in gene bldA for tRNALeu UAA, the only tRNA capable of decoding rare leucyl TTA codon in Streptomyces. The bldA deletion in J1074 resulted in a highly conditional Bld phenotype, with depleted formation of aerial hyphae on certain solid media. In addition, bldA mutant of J1074 was unable to produce endogenous antibacterial compounds and two heterologous antibiotics, moenomycin and aranciamycin, whose biosynthesis is directed by TTA-containing genes. We have employed a new TTA codon-specific β-galactosidase reporter system to provide genetic evidence that J1074 bldA mutant is impaired in translation of TTA. In addition, we have discussed the possible reasons for differences in the phenotypes of bldA mutants described here and in previous studies, providing knowledge to study bldA-based regulation of antibiotic biosynthesis.
      PubDate: 2017-05-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1389-7
  • A metabonomic analysis on the response of Enterobacter cloacae from
           coastal outfall for land-based pollutant under phoxim stress
    • Authors: Dijun Zhang; Shan He; Tinghong Ming; Chenyang Lu; Jun Zhou; Xiurong Su
      Abstract: Enterobacter cloacae is an opportunistic pathogen widely distributed in human and animal intestinal systems. The secretion of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and cephalosporinase (AmpC) endows E. cloacae with strong drug resistance. In a previous study by our group, protein expression of E. cloacae under phoxim stress was measured by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Here, nuclear magnetic resonance was used to detect differences in E. cloacae metabonomics when under phoxim stress. We determined that there are 29 types of metabolites that differ between phoxim stress and normal culture conditions. Among these, 6 types of metabolites were upregulated in the phoxim stress group, and 23 types of metabolites were inhibited. Though enrichment analysis, seven pathways were identified by different expression levels of metabolites, which were involved in DNA and RNA synthesis, DNA damage repair, antioxidation and functions of the cell membrane and cell wall. The mechanism underlying how phoxim affects E. cloacae was determined by studying the results of both two-dimensional electrophoresis in our prior work and the analysis of E. cloacae metabonomic changes under phoxim stress.
      PubDate: 2017-05-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1383-0
  • The effectiveness of anti-biofilm and anti-virulence properties of
           dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate in fighting against
           methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    • Authors: Seung-Gyun Woo; So-Min Lee; So-Yeon Lee; Kyoung-Hee Lim; Eun-Ju Ha; Sa-Hyun Kim; Yong-Bin Eom
      Abstract: Human pathogens have readily been converted into multidrug-resistant pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), because of the long-term use of conventional antibiotics. In addition, the biofilms formed by S. aureus cells are especially problematic and are related to the persistence of chronic infections because they constitute a major mechanism of promoting tolerance to diverse antimicrobial agents. Hence, the inhibitions of biofilm formation and/or toxin production are accepted as alternative means of controlling S. aureus infections. The present study was aimed at identifying novel anti-biofilm and/or anti-virulence compounds in friedelane-based pentacyclic triterpenoids present in many edible and medicinal plants—and investigating them against MRSA strains. As a result, dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate were found to both inhibit the biofilm formation of, and to disrupt the preformed biofilms of, MRSA strains to an increasingly greater degree with increasing concentrations of each compound. Furthermore, these two triterpenoids also clearly inhibited the hemolytic activity of MRSA—and in-line with their anti-biofilm activities, rendered the cell more hydrophilic. Additionally, corroborating phenotypic results, transcriptional analyses showed that both dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate disturbed the expression of gene related to α-hemolysin (hla) and down-regulated the expressions of the crucial biofilm-associated genes (agrA, sarA, ica, RNAIII, and rbf) in MRSA. The findings of this study suggest that friedelane-based pentacyclic triterpenoids—especially dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate—have the potential to be candidates both for use in controlling biofilm-related infections and for use as important components of anti-virulence strategies for fighting against MRSA infection.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1386-x
  • Identification of the zinc, copper and cadmium metalloproteome of the
           protozoon Tetrahymena thermophila by systematic bioinformatics
    • Abstract: Tetrahymena thermophila (T. thermophila) is a ciliated protozoon that can detect freshwater pollution by heavy metals (“whole-cell biosensor”). This work employed a systematic bioinformatics approach to predict and analyze the metalloproteome of T. thermophila for the essential Zn, Cu and the non-essential Cd. 3784 metal-binding proteins were identified compared to the 456 annotated so far in UniProt. The localization, functional classification, and the functionally enriched network of the newly identified metalloproteome are presented. Cd toxicity could be explained in terms of the metal replacing Cu and especially Zn in MAPKs, transporters and antioxidant enzymes. The predicted results for Cd toxicity and responses reflect those observed experimentally in different organisms after their exposure to Cd.
      PubDate: 2017-05-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1385-y
  • Erythrobacter alti sp. nov., a marine alphaproteobacterium isolated from
    • Authors: Jaewoo Yoon
      Abstract: A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on strain KMU-34T, which was isolated from seawater in the Republic of Korea. The bacterial cells were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, yellow-pigmented and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the novel marine strain was affiliated with the family Erythrobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria and that it showed highest sequence similarity (98.6%) to Erythrobacter atlanticus s21-N3T. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strains KMU-34T and E. atlanticus KCTC 42697T were 8.6 ± 1.2%. The DNA G + C content of strain KMU-34T was determined to be 60.4 mol%. Ubiquinone 10 (Q-10) was the sole respiratory quinone. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c (43.8%) and C16:1 ω7c (16.8%). Strain KMU-34T had phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, a sphingoglycolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids as polar lipids. From the distinct phylogenetic position and combination of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Erythrobacter for which the name Erythrobacter alti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of E. alti sp. nov. is KMU-34T (= KCCM 90261T = NBRC 111903T).
      PubDate: 2017-05-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1384-z
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