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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3036 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1440 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 47)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 74)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 285)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.702]   [H-I: 85]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Microbiological studies of hot springs in India: a review
    • Authors: Abhijit Poddar; Subrata K. Das
      Pages: 1 - 18
      Abstract: The earliest microbiological studies on hot springs in India date from 2003, a much later date compared to global attention in this striking field of study. As of today, 28 out of 400 geothermal springs have been explored following both culturable and non-culturable approaches. The temperatures and pH of the springs are 37–99 °C and 6.8–10, respectively. Several studies have been performed on the description of novel genera and species, characterization of different bio-resources, metagenomics of hot spring microbiome and whole genome analysis of few isolates. 17 strains representing novel species and many thermostable enzymes, including lipase, protease, chitinase, amylase, etc. with potential biotechnological applications have been reported by several authors. Influence of physico-chemical conditions, especially that of temperature, on shaping the hot spring microbiome has been established by metagenomic investigations. Bacteria are the predominant life forms in all the springs with an abundance of phyla Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Thermi, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus and Chloroflexi. In this review, we have discussed the findings on all microbiological studies that have been carried out to date, on the 28 hot springs. Further, the possibilities of extrapolating these studies for practical applications and environmental impact assessment towards protection of natural ecosystem of hot springs have also been discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1429-3
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of a blend of monoglycerides
           against Escherichia coli and Enterococci with multiple drug resistance
    • Authors: Immacolata Anacarso; Andrea Quartieri; Riccardo De Leo; Andrea Pulvirenti
      Pages: 85 - 89
      Abstract: Bacterial antibiotic resistance is a natural phenomenon, seriously affecting the treatment of infections. The biggest danger is that current antibiotics are not able to eradicate the resistant strains. In recent years, alternative antibacterial substances are being sought, which can help in these cases. Fatty acids and monoglycerides are known among the natural substances for their antimicrobial properties and, important detail, bacteria do not develop resistance to them. In this work, we studied the antimicrobial effects of a monoglyceride blend against some multi-resistant Enterococci and Escherichia coli strains. Based on literature data, a blend of fatty acids and their monoglycerides was created and its antimicrobial activity was evaluated against 37 strains of E. coli and 17 Enterococci presenting resistance to at least two antibiotics. A different behavior was observed in the two groups of bacteria, proving that alternative substances can be considerate for the potential treatment of multidrug-resistant strains.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1419-5
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Spirosoma metallum sp. nov., isolated from an automobile air conditioning
           system
    • Authors: Dong-Uk Kim; Hyosun Lee; Suyeon Lee; Sooyeon Park; Jung-Hoon Yoon; So Yoon Park; Jong-Ok Ka
      Pages: 91 - 96
      Abstract: A Gram-stain-negative and yellow-pigmented bacterial strain, designated TX0653T, was isolated from an automobile evaporator core collected in Korea. The cells were aerobic and rod-shaped. The strain grew at 10−28 °C (optimum, 25 °C), at pH 6.0−7.5 (optimum, 6.5), and in the presence of 0−1% (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 0%). Phylogenetically, the strain was related to members of the genus Spirosoma (95.1−90.8% 16S rRNA sequence similarity) and distantly related to Spirosoma pulveris JSH5-14T (95.1%), Spirosoma fluviale MSd3T (95.0%), Spirosoma endophyticum DSM 26130T (94.8%), and Spirosoma linguale DSM 74T (94.6%). The major fatty acids of the strain were summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω6c and/or C16:1 ω7c), C16:1 ω5c, iso-C15:0, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and C16:0. MK-7 was identified as the predominant menaquinone. The polar lipids profile indicated the presence of one phosphatidylethanolamine, one unidentified aminolipid, one unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified phospholipids, and three unidentified lipids. On the basis of the phenotypic, genotypic, and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain TX0653T represents a novel species in the genus Spirosoma, for which the name Spirosoma metallum sp. nov. (= KACC 19278T = NBRC 112495T) is proposed.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1424-8
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Yeast caspase-dependent apoptosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae BY4742
           induced by antifungal and potential antitumor agent clotrimazole
    • Authors: Berna Kavakçıoğlu; Leman Tarhan
      Pages: 97 - 106
      Abstract: Clotrimazole is an antifungal medication commonly used in the treatment of fungal infections. There is also promising research on using clotrimazole against other diseases such as malaria, beriberi, tineapedis and cancer. It was aimed to investigate the apoptotic phenotype in Saccharomyces cerevisiae induced by clotrimazole. The exposure of S. cerevisiae to 10 µM clotrimazole for 3, 6 and 9 h caused to decrease in cell viability by 24.82 ± 0.81, 56.00 ± 1.54 and 77.59 ± 0.53%, respectively. It was shown by Annexin V–PI assay that 110 µM clotrimazole treatment caused to death by 35.5 ± 2.48% apoptotic and only 13.1 ± 0.08% necrotic pathway within 30 min. The occurrence of DNA strand breaks and condensation could be visualised by the TUNEL and DAPI stainings, respectively. Yeast caspase activity was induced 12.34 ± 0.71-fold after 110 µM clotrimazole treatment for 30 min compared to the control. The dependency of clotrimazole-induced apoptosis to caspase was also shown using Δyca1 mutant.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1425-7
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • The Ax21 protein influences virulence and biofilm formation in
           Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
    • Authors: Shi-qi An; Ji-liang Tang
      Pages: 183 - 187
      Abstract: Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is an antibiotic-resistant Gram-negative pathogen, which is associated with hospital-acquired infection. The genome encodes a protein highly related to the Ax21 protein of Xanthomonas oryzae that is implicated in interactions of this plant pathogen with rice. Here, we report on the pleiotropic nature of ax21 mutation in S. maltophilia and the effects of addition of the Ax21 protein on the restoration of the wild-type phenotype. We show that loss by mutation of Ax21 leads to reduced motility, reduced biofilm formation, reduced tolerance to the antibiotic tobramycin and reduced virulence to larvae of Galleria mellonella, as well as alteration in the expression of specific genes associated with virulence or antibiotic resistance. Addition of the Ax21protein restored motility and the level of gene expression towards wild type. These findings are consistent with the notion that the Ax21 protein is involved in intraspecies communication, although other interpretations cannot be discounted.
      PubDate: 2018-01-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1433-7
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Bacteriocinogenic properties of Escherichia coli P2C isolated from pig
           gastrointestinal tract: purification and characterization of microcin V
    • Authors: Mohammed Tahar Boubezari; Tayeb Idoui; Riadh Hammami; Benoît Fernandez; Ahmed Gomaa; Ismail Fliss
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to isolate and investigate the bacteriocinogenic and probiotic potential of new Gram-negative isolates. Of 22 bacterial isolates from pig intestine and chicken crops, ten isolates had demonstrated a good activity, and the most potent five strains were identified as four E. coli and one as Proteus sp. No virulence factors were detected for E. coli strains isolated from pig intestine. The semi-purified microcins proved to be resistant to temperature and pH variation, but sensitive to proteolytic enzymes. Of particular interest, strain E. coli P2C was the most potent, free of virulence genes and sensitive to tested antibiotics. Purification procedure revealed the presence of a single pure peak having a molecular mass of 8733.94 Da and matching microcin V (MccV). The sequence obtained by LC–MS/MS confirmed the presence of MccV. Purified MccV showed a good activity against pathogenic coliforms, especially E. coli O1K1H7 involved in avian colibacillosis. The present study provides evidence that E. coli strains isolated from pig intestine produce microcin-like substances. E. coli P2C is a safe MccV producer that could be a good candidate for its application as novel probiotic strain to protect livestock and enhance growth performance.
      PubDate: 2018-02-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1482-6
       
  • Bradyrhizobium forestalis sp. nov., an efficient nitrogen-fixing bacterium
           isolated from nodules of forest legume species in the Amazon
    • Authors: Elaine Martins da Costa; Amanda Azarias Guimarães; Teotonio Soares de Carvalho; Tainara Louzada Rodrigues; Paula Rose de Almeida Ribeiro; Liesbeth Lebbe; Anne Willems; Fatima M. de Souza Moreira
      Abstract: Three strains of nitrogen-fixing bacteria isolated from nodules of Inga sp. (INPA54BT) and Swartzia sp. (INPA86A and INPA01-91A) in soils under native forest in the Brazilian Amazon were previously identified as belonging to the Bradyrhizobium genus. In this study, these strains were characterized using a polyphasic approach to establish their taxonomic position. The three strains shared more than 99.5% sequence similarity of the 16S rRNA gene with the type strains of five Bradyrhizobium species (B. japonicum USDA 6T, B. liaoningense LMG 18230T, B. ottawaense OO99T, B. subterraneum 58 2-1T and B. yuanmingense LMG 21827T). However, multilocus sequence analysis of two (recA and glnII) or three (atpD, gyrB, and recA) housekeeping genes indicated that these three strains represent a new Bradyrhizobium species, which is closely related to B. subterraneum 58 2-1T and B. yuanmingense LMG 21827T. DNA–DNA hybridization values between INPA54BT and B. subterraneum 58 2-1T and B. yuanmingense LMG 21827T were only 41.5 and 30.9%, respectively. Phenotypic characterization also allowed the differentiation of the novel species from B. subterraneum 58 2-1T and B. yuanmingense LMG 21827T. In the phylogenetic analysis of the nodC and nifH genes, the three strains showed similar sequences that were divergent from those of type strains of all Bradyrhizobium species. We concluded that these strains represent a novel species, for which the name Bradyrhizobium forestalis is proposed, with INPA54BT (= LMG 10044T) as type strain. The G+C content in the DNA of INPA54BT is 63.7 mol%.
      PubDate: 2018-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1486-2
       
  • Untapped bacterial diversity and metabolic potential within Unkeshwar hot
           springs, India
    • Authors: Gajanan Mehetre; Manan Shah; Syed G. Dastager; Mahesh S. Dharne
      Abstract: Hot springs support diverse and interesting groups of microorganisms adapted to extreme conditions and gaining attention in biotechnological applications. However, due to limitations of cultivation methods, a majority of such extremophiles remain uncultivated and unexplored. The advent of multiple cultivation conditions and specialized culture media could possibly aid to access the unexplored microbial portion of hot springs. In the present study, different media and isolation strategies were applied to isolate hitherto unexplored bacterial taxa in the water samples collected from Unkeshwar hot springs, India. Molecular, phylogenetic and predictive functional characterization of the isolated bacterial population was done using 16S rRNA sequencing coupled with Tax4Fun tools. Furthermore, representative isolates were screened for important enzymes (cellulase, xylanase, amylase, and protease) and heavy metal tolerance (chromium, arsenic) properties. A total of 454 bacterial isolates obtained were mapped into 57 unique bacterial genera and 4 different bacterial phyla. Interestingly, 37 genera not previously isolated from Indian hot springs, were isolated for the first time in the present study. However, most of these genera (23 out of 37) were reported only in metagenomics studies from Indian and global hot springs. Furthermore, around 14 genera not previously cultivated and not detected in metagenomics studies of hot springs are documented here. The metabolic potential was ascertained by determining the abundance of specific genes using in silico based Tax4Fun tool, which identified around 315 metabolic pathways for metabolism of carbohydrates, synthesis of secondary metabolites and degradation of xenobiotic compounds. Bioprospection study revealed that 33 and 25 bacterial genera were positive for enzyme production and resistance to the heavy metals, respectively. The present study revealed the advantages of cultivation methods using a comprehensive multiple isolation approach for exploring untapped and unique bacterial diversity, and also utilities for various biotechnological and environmental applications.
      PubDate: 2018-02-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1484-4
       
  • Soil commensal rhizobia promote Rhizobium etli nodulation efficiency
           through CinR-mediated quorum sensing
    • Authors: Junting Miao; Na Zhang; Hejun Liu; Hui Wang; Zengtao Zhong; Jun Zhu
      Abstract: The rhizosphere microbiome is composed of diverse microorganisms directly interacting with plants and each other. We sought to achieve a better understanding of how rhizobia interact with other soil bacteria during the initial symbiosis period. In this study, we investigated how soil commensals, particularly other rhizobia, affect Rhizobium etli–Phaseolus vulgaris interactions. We found that R. etli formed significantly more nodules on beans grown in unsterilized soil than those in sterilized soil. Furthermore, a strain identified as Rhizobium fabae, isolated from unsterilized soil, was found to affect R. etli nodulation. Interestingly, we found that the key quorum sensing regulator CinR is important for R. etli nodulation efficiency when it is co-inoculated with R. fabae. Moreover, we found that quorum sensing signals produced by R. fabae promoted CinR-mediated gene expression in R. etli. These data suggest that the effects of R. fabae on R. etli symbiosis may act through multispecies bacterial cell–cell communication.
      PubDate: 2018-02-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1478-2
       
  • Response of the respiratory mucosal cells to mycobacterium avium subsp.
           Hominissuis microaggregate
    • Authors: Lmar Babrak; Luiz E. Bermudez
      Abstract: Mycobacterium avium: subsp. hominissuis (MAH) is an opportunistic pathogen that commonly infects immunocompromised individuals. Recently, we described an invasive phenotypic change MAH undergoes when incubated with lung airway epithelial host cells for 24 h, which is accompanied with microaggregate formation in vitro. The microaggregate phenotype also resulted in higher colonization in the lungs of mice early during infection. Previously, we identified genes highly regulated during microaggregate formation and further characterized the function of two highly upregulated bacterial proteins, mycobacterial binding protein-1 (MBP-1) and mycobacterial inversion protein-1 (MIP-1), which were found to be involved in binding and invasion of the respiratory mucosa. While these studies are valuable in understanding the pathogenesis of MAH, they primarily investigated the bacteria during microaggregate infection without commenting on the differences in the host response to microaggregate and planktonic infection. The bacteria–host interaction between microaggregates and epithelial cells was examined in a variety of assays. Using a transwell polarized epithelial cell model, microaggregates translocated through the monolayer more efficiently than planktonic bacteria at set timepoints. In addition, during infection with microaggregate and planktonic bacteria, host phosphorylated proteins were identified revealing differences in immune response, glutathione synthesis, and apoptosis. The host immune response was further investigated by measuring pro-inflammatory cytokine secretion during microaggregate and planktonic infection of BEAS-2B bronchial epithelial cells. The epithelial cells secreted more CCL5 during infection with microaggregates suggesting that this chemokine may play an important role during microaggregate invasion. Subsequent experiments showed that microaggregates are formed more efficiently in the presence of CCL5, suggesting that MAH had evolved a strategy to use the host response in its benefit. Collectively, this study establishes the different nature of infection by planktonic bacteria and microaggregates.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1479-1
       
  • Bifunctional alanine dehydrogenase from the halotolerant cyanobacterium
           Aphanothece halophytica : characterization and molecular properties
    • Authors: Sittipol Phogosee; Takashi Hibino; Hakuto Kageyama; Rungaroon Waditee-Sirisattha
      Abstract: A link between carbon and nitrogen metabolism is important for serving as metabolic ancillary reactions. Here, we identified and characterized the alanine dehydrogenase gene in Aphanothece halophytica (ApalaDH) that is involved in alanine assimilation/dissimilation. Functional analysis revealed that ApalaDH encodes a bifunctional protein catalyzing the reversible reaction of pyruvate to l-alanine via its pyruvate reductive aminase (PvRA) activity, the reaction of l-alanine to pyruvate via its alanine oxidative dehydrogenase activity, and the non-reversible reaction of glyoxylate to glycine via its glyoxylate reductive aminase (GxRA) activity. Kinetic analysis showed the lowest affinity for pyruvate followed by l-alanine and glyoxylate with a Km of 0.22 ± 0.02, 0.72 ± 0.04, and 1.91 ± 0.43 mM, respectively. ApalaDH expression was upregulated by salt. Only PvRA and GxRA activities were detected in vivo and both activities increased about 1.2- and 2.7-fold upon salt stress. These features implicate that the assimilatory/dissimilatory roles of ApAlaDH are not only selective for l-alanine and pyruvate, but also, upon salt stress, can catabolize glyoxylate to generate glycine.
      PubDate: 2018-01-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1481-7
       
  • Isolation and characterization of a novel bacteriophage infecting Vibrio
           alginolyticus
    • Authors: Constantina Kokkari; Elena Sarropoulou; Roberto Bastias; Manolis Mandalakis; Pantelis Katharios
      Abstract: Vibrio alginolyticus is a common marine bacterium implicated in disease outbreaks in marine farmed fish and invertebrates. Due to the inappropriate use of antibiotics in aquaculture, alternative therapies have been proposed. One of the most promising options is the use of lytic bacteriophages to control pathogenic bacteria. This work describes the isolation and characterization of a lytic phage (VEN) against a V. alginolyticus strain (V2) isolated from a disease outbreak in common dentex (Dentex dentex) cultured at the Hellenic Centre for Marine Research (HCMR) in Crete, Greece. The bacteriophage is morphologically similar to phages from Podoviridae family and remained stable for 1 year at 4 °C and over 1 h when kept at 50 °C. VEN was able to lyse the host bacteria at several multiplicity of infection (MOI) (0.1–100) in liquid cultures. However, it was unable to infect other V. alginolyticus strains. Its genome consists of 44,603 bp with a GC content of 43.5%, while sequence analysis revealed the presence of 54 potential ORFs with a T7-like genomic organization. Almost 65% of the predicted ORFs presented homology with proteins of the vibriophages Vc1 and phi-A318 infecting Vibrio cyclitrophicus and Vibrio alginolyticus, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis applying the amino acid sequence of the large terminase subunit confirmed the close relationship of these phages. Furthermore, the comparison of the RNA polymerase of these phages revealed that the motifs A, B and C related to the catalytic activity and the recognition loop related to promotor identification were also conserved. VEN has an obligate lytic life cycle demonstrated by experimental data and genomic analysis. These results suggest that VEN may provide a good candidate to control recurrent diseases caused by V. alginolyticus at HCMR.
      PubDate: 2018-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1480-8
       
  • Biosynthetic and antimicrobial potential of actinobacteria isolated from
           bulrush rhizospheres habitat in Zhalong Wetland, China
    • Authors: Yamei Li; Yumei Li; Qiang Li; Juan Gao; Juanjuan Wang; Yan Luo; Xiangyu Fan; Pengfei Gu
      Abstract: The wetland ecosystem is known to possess unique vegetation and serves multiple functions within the environment. In this study, bacterial bioprospecting of bulrush rhizospheres in the Zhalong Wetland, China, was performed using comprehensive methods, including strain isolation and phylogenetic analysis, PCR detection of biosynthetic gene clusters, assessment of antimicrobial activity, metabolite profiling and genome analysis. A total of 27 actinobacterial strains were isolated, and their biosynthetic gene clusters (NRPS, PKS-I and PKS-II) were investigated; all of the tested strains had at least one of the three aforementioned biosynthetic gene clusters. Furthermore, fermentation broth extracts produced by these strains showed antimicrobial activities against certain pathogens, and ten of the extracts exhibited broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity. Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC–MS) analysis indicated chemical diversity of secondary metabolites from these extracts. Among these strains, ZLSD-24 generated the largest amounts and types of secondary metabolites. Subsequent genome analysis showed that 41 secondary metabolite biosynthetic gene clusters were present in the strain ZLSD-24, which was in accordance with the LC–MS data. Taken together, the results of this study reveal that bulrush rhizosphere habitat in the Zhalong wetland is a promising source of novel natural products.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1474-6
       
  • Limoniibacter endophyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., an alphaproteobacterium
           isolated from the roots of Limonium otolepis
    • Authors: Li Li; Ghenijan Osman; Nimaichand Salam; Osama Abdalla Mohamed; Jianyu Jiao; Jinbiao Ma; Mipeshwaree Devi Asem; Min Xiao; Wen-Jun Li
      Abstract: A Gram-negative bacterium, designated as strain YIM 690229T, was isolated from the roots of Limonium otolepis. The strain was able to grow at 10–40 °C (optimum, 28–37 °C), pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum, 7.0) and in the presence of up to 7% NaCl (w/v) (optimum, up to 2.5%). Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain YIM 690229T shared less than 93.9% sequence similarities with members within the order Rhizobiales, and was remotely related to members of the family Hyphomicrobiaceae. Strain YIM 690229T was characterized by the presence of Q-10 as the predominant respiratory lipoquinone. The major fatty acids (> 10%) detected were C18:1 ω7c, C16:0, anteiso-C15:0 and summed feature 4 (iso-C17:1 I and/or anteiso-C17:1 B). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanoamine and two unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G + C content was 57.2 mol%. Data from this polyphasic taxonomy study suggested that strain YIM 690229T should be classified as a new species of a new genus within the family Hyphomicrobiaceae for which the name Limoniibacter endophyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type species of the genus Limoniibacter gen. nov. is Limoniibacter endophyticus. The type strain of the species Limoniibacter endophyticus sp. nov. is YIM 690229T (= KCTC 42097T = JCM 30141T = CCTCC AB 2014130T = CGMCC 1.12906T).
      PubDate: 2018-01-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1472-0
       
  • Chitinophaga caseinilytica sp. nov., a casein hydrolysing bacterium
           isolated from forest soil
    • Authors: Ram Hari Dahal; Jaisoo Kim
      Abstract: A novel casein hydrolysing bacterium designated strain S-52T was isolated from Kyonggi University forest soil. Cells were strictly aerobic, Gram stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase- positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, and golden-yellow-pigmented. Strain S-52T hydrolysed casein. It was able to grow at 20–37 °C (optimum 25–32 °C), pH 6.5–11.0 (optimum 7–9.5), and at 3% (w/v) NaCl concentration. Strain exhibits flexirubin-type pigments. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain S-52T formed a lineage within the genus Chitinophaga that was distinct from other species of the genus. Closest member was Chitinophaga barathri YLT18T (97.16% 16 S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, C16:1ω5c, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16: 1ω6c). MK-7 was sole respiratory quinone. The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G + C content of strain S-52T was 48.8 mol%. DNA–DNA relatedness of strain S-52T with Chitinophaga barathri was 42.5%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic, phylogenetic, and chemotaxonomic characterization, S-52T represents a novel species in the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga caseinilytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S-52T (= KEMB 9005-540T = KACC 19118T = NBRC 112679T).
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1473-7
       
  • Analysis of the succession of structure of the bacteria community in soil
           from long-term continuous cotton cropping in Xinjiang using
           high-throughput sequencing
    • Authors: Zhang Wei; Du Yu
      Abstract: The present study aimed to identify the structural succession of the bacteria community in soil during long-term continuous cotton cropping and its relationship with continuous cropping obstacles in Xinjiang, China. High-throughput sequencing was used to analyze and compare the composition of the bacterial community in the soil at the cotton root zone after years of continuous cotton cropping and crop rotation over 30 years of cultivation. Cotton cultivation increased the structural diversity of the bacterial community, among which the populations of Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, Firmicutes, Nitrospirae, and Chloroflexi changed considerably. A 0-year sample and samples after continuous short- and long-term cropping, along with some with crop rotation, were gathered into three individual clusters. The findings of the rotation sample were similar to those of the sample of continuous long-term cropping. Cropping is the main cause of changes in the structure of the bacteria community; however, the new structure formed under continued duress of both long-term cotton cultivation and the associated farming methods gradually stabilizes after 10 years of repeated fluctuations. Crop rotation can lead to the rapid recovery of some species of soil bacteria.
      PubDate: 2018-01-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1476-4
       
  • Characterization of multiple antilisterial peptides produced by sakacin
           P-producing Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a
    • Authors: Kátia G. Carvalho; Felipe H. S. Bambirra; Jacques R. Nicoli; Jamil S. Oliveira; Alexandre M. C. Santos; Marcelo P. Bemquerer; Antonio Miranda; Bernadette D. G. M. Franco
      Abstract: Antimicrobial compounds produced by lactic acid bacteria can be explored as natural food biopreservatives. In a previous report, the main antimicrobial compounds produced by the Brazilian meat isolate Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a, i.e., bacteriocin sakacin P and two ribosomal peptides (P2 and P3) active against Listeria monocytogenes, were described. In this study, we report the spectrum of activity, molecular mass, structural identity and mechanism of action of additional six antilisterial peptides produced by Lb. sakei 2a, detected in a 24 h-culture in MRS broth submitted to acid treatment (pH 1.5) and proper fractionation and purification steps for obtention of free and cell-bound proteins. The six peptides presented similarity to different ribosomal proteins of Lb. sakei subsp sakei 23K and the molecular masses varied from 4.6 to 11.0 kDa. All peptides were capable to increase the efflux of ATP and decrease the membrane potential in Listeria monocytogenes. The activity of a pool of the obtained antilisterial compounds [enriched active fraction (EAF)] against Listeria monocytogenes in a food model (meat gravy) during refrigerated storage (4 °C) for 10 days was also tested and results indicated that the populations of L. monocytogenes in the food model containing the acid extract remained lower than those at time 0-day, evidencing that the acid extract of a culture of Lb. sakei 2a is a good technological alternative for the control of growth of L. monocytogenes in foods.
      PubDate: 2018-01-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1477-3
       
  • Nitrogen-fixation activity and the abundance and taxonomy of nifH genes in
           agricultural, pristine, and urban prairie stream sediments chronically
           exposed to different levels of nitrogen loading
    • Authors: Ingrid R. Caton; Todd M. Caton; Mark A. Schneegurt
      Abstract: Small streams exert great influences on the retention and attenuation of nitrogen (N) within stream networks. Human land use can lead to increased transport of dissolved inorganic N compounds and downstream eutrophication. Microbial activity in streams is important for maintaining an actively functioning N cycle. Chronically high N loading in streams affects the rates of the central processes of the N cycle by increasing rates of nitrification and denitrification, with biota exhibiting decreased efficiency of N use. The LINXII project measured N-cycle parameters in small streams using 15NO3− tracer release experiments. We concurrently measured N2 fixation rates in six streams of three types (agricultural, pristine, and urban prairie streams) as part of this broader study of major N-cycle processes. Nitrogen fixation in streams was significantly negatively correlated with nitrate levels, dissolved inorganic N levels, and denitrification rates. Algal mat and leaf litter samples generally exhibited the highest rates of N2 fixation. The abundance of nifH genes, as measured by real-time PCR, was marginally correlated with N2-fixation rates, but not to other N-cycle processes or stream characteristics. The nifH sequences observed were assigned to cyanobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria, Methylococcus, and Rhizobia. Seasonal changes, disturbances, and varying inputs may encourage a diverse, flexible, stable N2-fixing guild. Patchiness in the streams should be considered when assessing the overall impact of N2 fixation, since algal biomass exhibited high rates of N2 fixation.
      PubDate: 2018-01-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1475-5
       
  • Genomic characterization of key bacteriophages to formulate the potential
           biocontrol agent to combat enteric pathogenic bacteria
    • Authors: Krupa M. Parmar; Nishant A. Dafale; Hitesh Tikariha; Hemant J. Purohit
      Abstract: Combating bacterial pathogens has become a global concern especially when the antibiotics and chemical agents are failing to control the spread due to its resistance. Bacteriophages act as a safe biocontrol agent by selectively lysing the bacterial pathogens without affecting the natural beneficial microflora. The present study describes the screening of prominent enteric pathogens NDK1, NDK2, NDK3, and NDK4 (Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Serratia) mostly observed in domestic wastewater; against which KNP1, KNP2, KNP3, and KNP4 phages were isolated. To analyze their potential role in eradicating enteric pathogens and toxicity issue, these bacteriophages were sequenced using next-generation sequencing and characterized based on its genomic content. The isolated bacteriophages were homologous to Escherichia phage (KNP1), Klebsiella phage (KNP2), Enterobacter phage (KNP3), Serratia phage (KNP4), and belonged to Myoviridae family of Caudovirales except for the unclassified KNP4 phage. Draft genome analysis revealed the presence of lytic enzymes such as holing and lysozyme in KNP1 phage, endolysin in KNP2 phage, and endopeptidase with holin in KNP3 phage. The absence of any lysogenic and virulent genes makes this bacteriophage suitable candidate for preparation of phage cocktail to combat the pathogens present in wastewater. However, KNP4 contained a virulent gene rendering it unsuitable to be used as a biocontrol agent. These findings make the phages (KNP1–KNP3) as a promising alternative for the biocontrol of pathogens in wastewater which is the main culprit to spread these dominated pathogens in different natural water bodies. This study also necessitates for genomic screening of bacteriophages for lysogenic and virulence genes prior to its use as a biocontrol agent.
      PubDate: 2018-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1471-1
       
  • Restriction enzyme-mediated insertional mutagenesis: an efficient method
           of Rosellinia necatrix transformation
    • Authors: Chandrika Attri; Swati; Saurabh Kulshrestha
      Abstract: Rosellinia necatrix: causing root rot disease is a very destructive pathogen of woody plants and is responsible for yield losses to a large number of fruit trees. The genetic analysis of this pathogen has not been picked up because of difficulty in generating mutations in Rosellinia necatrix for many reasons. A number of methods have been proposed for inducing mutations in Rosellinia necatrix but none of them proved worth because of very low transformation efficiencies. Here, we propose an efficient method for Rosellinia necatrix protoplast production, where protoplasts in the tune of 107 per ml can be easily generated. We also propose a restriction enzyme-mediated integration (REMI)-based methods for efficient transformation of Rosellinia necatrix. In the present study, an approximate of 800 transformants was obtained from 5 μg of linearized plasmid. Out of 47 single spored transformants analyzed, only 33 showed hygromycin gene amplification using PCR and only 19 transformants showed single gene integration in southern hybridization, which accounted for single gene integration percentage of 42%, highest amongst all the previous reports on Rosellinia necatrix transformations. Some of the transformants studied for pathogenicity phenotype also showed a marked reduction in pathogenicity. Thus, in the present investigation, 42% single gene integrations among the transformed colonies can be considered as excellent transformation efficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-12-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1466-y
       
 
 
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