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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3104 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1470 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.702]   [H-I: 85]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Insights into the human oral microbiome
    • Authors: Digvijay Verma; Pankaj Kumar Garg; Ashok Kumar Dubey
      Pages: 525 - 540
      Abstract: Human oral cavity harbors the second most abundant microbiota after the gastrointestinal tract. The expanded Human Oral Microbiome Database (eHOMD) that was last updated on November 22, 2017, contains the information of approximately 772 prokaryotic species, where 70% is cultivable, and 30% belong to the uncultivable class of microorganisms along with whole genome sequences of 482 taxa. Out of 70% culturable species, 57% have already been assigned to their names. The 16S rDNA profiling of the healthy oral cavity categorized the inhabitant bacteria into six broad phyla, viz. Firmicutes, Actinobacteria, Proteobacteria, Fusobacteria, Bacteroidetes and Spirochaetes constituting 96% of total oral bacteria. These hidden oral micro-inhabitants exhibit a direct influence on human health, from host’s metabolism to immune responses. Altered oral microflora has been observed in several diseases such as diabetes, bacteremia, endocarditis, cancer, autoimmune disease and preterm births. Therefore, it becomes crucial to understand the oral microbial diversity and how it fluctuates under diseased/perturbed conditions. Advances in metagenomics and next-generation sequencing techniques generate rapid sequences and provide extensive information of inhabitant microorganisms of a niche. Thus, the retrieved information can be utilized for developing microbiome-based biomarkers for their use in early diagnosis of oral and associated diseases. Besides, several apex companies have shown keen interest in oral microbiome for its diagnostic and therapeutic potential indicating a vast market opportunity. This review gives an insight of various associated aspects of the human oral microbiome.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1505-3
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Genes involved in Beauveria bassiana infection to Galleria mellonella
    • Authors: Anhui Chen; Yulong Wang; Ying Shao; Qiumei Zhou; Shanglong Chen; Yonghua Wu; Hongwei Chen; Enqi Liu
      Pages: 541 - 552
      Abstract: The ascomycete fungus Beauveria bassiana is a natural pathogen of hundreds of insect species and is commercially produced as an environmentally friendly mycoinsecticide. Many genes involved in fungal insecticide infection have been identified but few have been further explored. In this study, we constructed three transcriptomes of B. bassiana at 24, 48 and 72 h post infection of insect pests (BbI) or control (BbC). There were 3148, 3613 and 4922 genes differentially expressed at 24, 48 and 72 h post BbI/BbC infection, respectively. A large number of genes and pathways involved in infection were identified. To further analyze those genes, expression patterns across different infection stages (0, 12, 24, 36, 48, 60, 72 and 84 h) were studied using quantitative RT-PCR. This analysis showed that the infection-related genes could be divided into four patterns: highly expressed throughout the whole infection process (thioredoxin 1); highly expressed during early stages of infection but lowly expressed after the insect death (adhesin protein Mad1); lowly expressed during early infection but highly expressed after insect death (cation transporter, OpS13); or lowly expressed across the entire infection process (catalase protein). The data provide novel insights into the insect–pathogen interaction and help to uncover the molecular mechanisms involved in fungal infection of insect pests.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1456-0
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • UPLC-MS/MS analysis of antibiotics in pharmaceutical effluent in Tunisia:
           ecotoxicological impact and multi-resistant bacteria dissemination
    • Authors: Leyla Tahrani; Ines Mehri; Tim Reyns; Roel Anthonissen; Luc Verschaeve; Anis Bel Haj Khalifa; Joris Van Loco; Hassen Abdenaceur; Hedi Ben Mansour
      Pages: 553 - 565
      Abstract: The UPLC MS/MS analysis showed the presence of the two antibiotics in the pharmaceutical industry discharges during 3 months; norfloxacin and spiramycin which were quantified with the mean concentrations of 226.7 and 84.2 ng mL−1, respectively. Sixteen resistant isolates were obtained from the pharmaceutical effluent and identified by sequencing. These isolates belong to different genera, namely Citrobacter, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Delftia, Shewanella, and Rheinheimera. The antibiotic resistance phenotypes of these isolates were determined (27 tested antibiotics-discs). All the studied isolates were found resistant to amoxicillin and gentamicin, and 83.33% of isolates were resistant to ciprofloxacin. Multiple antibiotic resistances were revealed against β-lactams, quinolones, and aminoglycosides families. Our overall results suggest that the obtained bacterial isolates may constitute potential candidates for bioremediation and can be useful for biotechnological applications. Genotoxic effects were assessed by a battery of biotests; the pharmaceutical wastewater was genotoxic according to the bacterial Vitotox test and micronuclei test. Genotoxicity was also evaluated by the comet test; the tail DNA damages reached 38 and 22% for concentrated sample (10×) and non-concentrated sample (1×), respectively. However, the histological sections of kidney and liver’s mice treated by pharmaceutical effluent showed normal histology and no visible structural effects or alterations as cytolysis, edema, or ulcerative necrosis were observed. Residual antibiotics can reach water environment through wastewater and provoke dissemination of the antibiotics resistance and induce genotoxic effects.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1467-x
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Technological properties assessment and two component systems distribution
           of Streptococcus thermophilus strains isolated from fermented milk
    • Authors: Tong Hu; Yishuang Zhang; Yanhua Cui; Chunyu Zhao; Xu Jiang; Xirong Zhu; Yu Wang; Xiaojun Qu
      Pages: 567 - 580
      Abstract: Streptococcus thermophilus is one of the economically most representatives of lactic acid bacteria, which is widely used as a starter to produce fermented milk products. In this study, 22 S. thermophilus strains were isolated from 26 fermented milk samples. Most isolates showed the ability to ferment a broad range of carbohydrates. Interestingly, eight strains are galactose positive, which is a desirable property in various industrial dairy fermentations. Four different nucleotide sequences were found in the galR–galK intergenic regions. The 16S–23S intergenic spacer region sequences of most isolates were determined as ITS-St-II type, which are related with protease positive and fast acidification. CS18 presented excellent technological performances, and showed potential as a promising starter candidate. To gain a comprehensive view of stress response mechanisms of strains, the distribution of all the two-component systems (TCSs) in strains were investigated. TCS analysis indicated that the nucleotide sequence of TCSs have obvious differences in different strains. And the strains with the special nucleotide sequences of TCS have distinctive traits. Therefore, it was speculated that there is a certain connection between the traits’ difference and the TCS difference of strains.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1468-9
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Chryseobacterium chungangensis sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from soil of
           sweet gourd garden
    • Authors: Md. Amdadul Huq
      Pages: 581 - 587
      Abstract: A novel bacterial strain, named MAH-7T, was isolated from a soil sample of a Korean sweet gourd garden and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. Cells were Gram-staining negative, orange colored, non-motile and rod shaped. The strain was aerobic and catalase, oxidase positive, optimum growth temperature and pH were 28–30 °C and 7.0, respectively. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain MAH-7T belongs to the genus Chryseobacterium and is most closely related to Chryseobacterium formosense CC-H3-2T (97.96%) and Chryseobacterium zeae JM-1085T (97.19%). In DNA–DNA hybridization tests, the DNA relatedness between strain MAH-7T and its closest phylogenetic neighbors were below 45.0%. The DNA G+C content was 37.6 mol% and the predominant respiratory quinone was menaquinone-6 (MK-6). Flexirubin-type pigments were found to be present. The major cellular fatty acids were C15:0 iso, C17:0 iso 3OH, C17:1 isoω9c and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16:1ω6c). The DNA–DNA hybridization results and results of the genotypic analysis in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data demonstrated that strain MAH-7T represented a novel species within the genus Chryseobacterium, for which the name Chryseobacterium chungangensis is proposed. The type strain is MAH-7T (= KACC 19293T = CGMCC 1.16232T). The NCBI GenBank accession number for the 16S rRNA gene sequence of strain MAH-7T is KY964274.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1469-8
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Molecular diversity of Photorhabdus and Xenorhabdus bacteria, symbionts of
           Heterorhabditis and Steinernema nematodes retrieved from soil in Benin
    • Authors: Anique Godjo; Leonard Afouda; Hugues Baimey; Wilfrida Decraemer; Anne Willems
      Pages: 589 - 601
      Abstract: The diversity of 43 bacterial strains isolated from Beninese entomopathogenic nematodes was investigated molecularly by analyzing the 16S rRNA, recA, and gyrB genes. Based on 16S rRNA sequence analysis, 15 bacterial strains were identified as Xenorhabdus sp., 27 strains as Photorhabdus sp., and one as Serratia sp. The Xenorhabdus strains were isolated from Steinernema nematodes and identified as Xenorhabdus indica based on 16S rRNA gene and concatenated recA and gyrB sequence analysis. However, analysis of 16S rRNA and concatenated recA and gyrB gene sequences of the Photorhabdus strains, all isolated from Heterorhabditis nematodes, resulted in two separate sub-clusters (A) and (B) within the Photorhabdus luminescens group, distinct from the existing subspecies. They share low sequence similarities with nearest phylogenetic neighbors Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. luminescens HbT, Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. caribbeanensis HG29T, and Photorhabdus luminescens subsp. noenieputensis AM7T.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1470-2
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Mesorhizobium zhangyense sp. nov., isolated from wild Thermopsis
           lanceolate in northwestern China
    • Authors: Lin Xu; Yong Zhang; Osama Abdalla Mohamad; Chenying Jiang; Ville-Petri Friman
      Pages: 603 - 610
      Abstract: A Gram-stain-negative strain, 23-3-2T, was isolated from a nodule of Thermopsis lanceolate grown in Northwest China. Phylogenetic analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence showed that the strain was closely related to Mesorhizobium camelthorni CCNWXJ 40-4T and M. alhagi CCNWXJ 12-2T having 98.0 and 97.9% similarities, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on the protein-coding genes atpD and glnA showed lower similarity with the same closely related species (94.5 and 89.9%, respectively), which suggest that 23-3-2T strain represents a distinctly delineated genospecies of the genus Mesorhizobium. The 23-3-2T strain grew at 20–37 °C temperature (optimum 28 °C) and 5.0–9.0 pH range (optimum pH 7.0). The cells contained Q-10 as the sole respiratory quinone and 18:1ω7c (24.56%) as the major cellular fatty acid. The DNA relatedness between the strain 23-3-2T and the two reference strains was 39–44%. Based on the phenotypic, chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic properties, strain 23-3-2T represents a novel species of the genus Mesorhizobium, for which the name Mesorhizobium zhangyense sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is 23-3-2T (= CGMCC 1.15528T = NBRC 112337T). The respective DPD Taxon Number is TA00147.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1464-0
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Genomic characterization of key bacteriophages to formulate the potential
           biocontrol agent to combat enteric pathogenic bacteria
    • Authors: Krupa M. Parmar; Nishant A. Dafale; Hitesh Tikariha; Hemant J. Purohit
      Pages: 611 - 622
      Abstract: Combating bacterial pathogens has become a global concern especially when the antibiotics and chemical agents are failing to control the spread due to its resistance. Bacteriophages act as a safe biocontrol agent by selectively lysing the bacterial pathogens without affecting the natural beneficial microflora. The present study describes the screening of prominent enteric pathogens NDK1, NDK2, NDK3, and NDK4 (Escherichia, Klebsiella, Enterobacter, and Serratia) mostly observed in domestic wastewater; against which KNP1, KNP2, KNP3, and KNP4 phages were isolated. To analyze their potential role in eradicating enteric pathogens and toxicity issue, these bacteriophages were sequenced using next-generation sequencing and characterized based on its genomic content. The isolated bacteriophages were homologous to Escherichia phage (KNP1), Klebsiella phage (KNP2), Enterobacter phage (KNP3), Serratia phage (KNP4), and belonged to Myoviridae family of Caudovirales except for the unclassified KNP4 phage. Draft genome analysis revealed the presence of lytic enzymes such as holing and lysozyme in KNP1 phage, endolysin in KNP2 phage, and endopeptidase with holin in KNP3 phage. The absence of any lysogenic and virulent genes makes this bacteriophage suitable candidate for preparation of phage cocktail to combat the pathogens present in wastewater. However, KNP4 contained a virulent gene rendering it unsuitable to be used as a biocontrol agent. These findings make the phages (KNP1–KNP3) as a promising alternative for the biocontrol of pathogens in wastewater which is the main culprit to spread these dominated pathogens in different natural water bodies. This study also necessitates for genomic screening of bacteriophages for lysogenic and virulence genes prior to its use as a biocontrol agent.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1471-1
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Nitrogen-fixation activity and the abundance and taxonomy of nifH genes in
           agricultural, pristine, and urban prairie stream sediments chronically
           exposed to different levels of nitrogen loading
    • Authors: Ingrid R. Caton; Todd M. Caton; Mark A. Schneegurt
      Pages: 623 - 633
      Abstract: Small streams exert great influences on the retention and attenuation of nitrogen (N) within stream networks. Human land use can lead to increased transport of dissolved inorganic N compounds and downstream eutrophication. Microbial activity in streams is important for maintaining an actively functioning N cycle. Chronically high N loading in streams affects the rates of the central processes of the N cycle by increasing rates of nitrification and denitrification, with biota exhibiting decreased efficiency of N use. The LINXII project measured N-cycle parameters in small streams using 15NO3− tracer release experiments. We concurrently measured N2 fixation rates in six streams of three types (agricultural, pristine, and urban prairie streams) as part of this broader study of major N-cycle processes. Nitrogen fixation in streams was significantly negatively correlated with nitrate levels, dissolved inorganic N levels, and denitrification rates. Algal mat and leaf litter samples generally exhibited the highest rates of N2 fixation. The abundance of nifH genes, as measured by real-time PCR, was marginally correlated with N2-fixation rates, but not to other N-cycle processes or stream characteristics. The nifH sequences observed were assigned to cyanobacteria, Deltaproteobacteria, Methylococcus, and Rhizobia. Seasonal changes, disturbances, and varying inputs may encourage a diverse, flexible, stable N2-fixing guild. Patchiness in the streams should be considered when assessing the overall impact of N2 fixation, since algal biomass exhibited high rates of N2 fixation.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1475-5
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Characterization of multiple antilisterial peptides produced by sakacin
           P-producing Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a
    • Authors: Kátia G. Carvalho; Felipe H. S. Bambirra; Jacques R. Nicoli; Jamil S. Oliveira; Alexandre M. C. Santos; Marcelo P. Bemquerer; Antonio Miranda; Bernadette D. G. M. Franco
      Pages: 635 - 644
      Abstract: Antimicrobial compounds produced by lactic acid bacteria can be explored as natural food biopreservatives. In a previous report, the main antimicrobial compounds produced by the Brazilian meat isolate Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei 2a, i.e., bacteriocin sakacin P and two ribosomal peptides (P2 and P3) active against Listeria monocytogenes, were described. In this study, we report the spectrum of activity, molecular mass, structural identity and mechanism of action of additional six antilisterial peptides produced by Lb. sakei 2a, detected in a 24 h-culture in MRS broth submitted to acid treatment (pH 1.5) and proper fractionation and purification steps for obtention of free and cell-bound proteins. The six peptides presented similarity to different ribosomal proteins of Lb. sakei subsp sakei 23K and the molecular masses varied from 4.6 to 11.0 kDa. All peptides were capable to increase the efflux of ATP and decrease the membrane potential in Listeria monocytogenes. The activity of a pool of the obtained antilisterial compounds [enriched active fraction (EAF)] against Listeria monocytogenes in a food model (meat gravy) during refrigerated storage (4 °C) for 10 days was also tested and results indicated that the populations of L. monocytogenes in the food model containing the acid extract remained lower than those at time 0-day, evidencing that the acid extract of a culture of Lb. sakei 2a is a good technological alternative for the control of growth of L. monocytogenes in foods.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1477-3
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Chitinophaga caseinilytica sp. nov., a casein hydrolysing bacterium
           isolated from forest soil
    • Authors: Ram Hari Dahal; Jaisoo Kim
      Pages: 645 - 651
      Abstract: A novel casein hydrolysing bacterium designated strain S-52T was isolated from Kyonggi University forest soil. Cells were strictly aerobic, Gram stain-negative, oxidase- and catalase- positive, non-motile, non-spore-forming, rod-shaped, and golden-yellow-pigmented. Strain S-52T hydrolysed casein. It was able to grow at 20–37 °C (optimum 25–32 °C), pH 6.5–11.0 (optimum 7–9.5), and at 3% (w/v) NaCl concentration. Strain exhibits flexirubin-type pigments. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequence revealed that strain S-52T formed a lineage within the genus Chitinophaga that was distinct from other species of the genus. Closest member was Chitinophaga barathri YLT18T (97.16% 16 S rRNA gene sequence similarity). The major cellular fatty acids were iso-C15:0, C16:1ω5c, iso-C17:0 3-OH, and summed feature 3 (C16:1ω7c and/or C16: 1ω6c). MK-7 was sole respiratory quinone. The major polar lipid was phosphatidylethanolamine. The DNA G + C content of strain S-52T was 48.8 mol%. DNA–DNA relatedness of strain S-52T with Chitinophaga barathri was 42.5%. On the basis of phenotypic, genotypic, phylogenetic, and chemotaxonomic characterization, S-52T represents a novel species in the genus Chitinophaga, for which the name Chitinophaga caseinilytica sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is S-52T (= KEMB 9005-540T = KACC 19118T = NBRC 112679T).
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1473-7
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Analysis of the succession of structure of the bacteria community in soil
           from long-term continuous cotton cropping in Xinjiang using
           high-throughput sequencing
    • Authors: Zhang Wei; Du Yu
      Pages: 653 - 662
      Abstract: The present study aimed to identify the structural succession of the bacteria community in soil during long-term continuous cotton cropping and its relationship with continuous cropping obstacles in Xinjiang, China. High-throughput sequencing was used to analyze and compare the composition of the bacterial community in the soil at the cotton root zone after years of continuous cotton cropping and crop rotation over 30 years of cultivation. Cotton cultivation increased the structural diversity of the bacterial community, among which the populations of Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, Firmicutes, Nitrospirae, and Chloroflexi changed considerably. A 0-year sample and samples after continuous short- and long-term cropping, along with some with crop rotation, were gathered into three individual clusters. The findings of the rotation sample were similar to those of the sample of continuous long-term cropping. Cropping is the main cause of changes in the structure of the bacteria community; however, the new structure formed under continued duress of both long-term cotton cultivation and the associated farming methods gradually stabilizes after 10 years of repeated fluctuations. Crop rotation can lead to the rapid recovery of some species of soil bacteria.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1476-4
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Limoniibacter endophyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., an alphaproteobacterium
           isolated from the roots of Limonium otolepis
    • Authors: Li Li; Ghenijan Osman; Nimaichand Salam; Osama Abdalla Mohamed; Jianyu Jiao; Jinbiao Ma; Mipeshwaree Devi Asem; Min Xiao; Wen-Jun Li
      Pages: 663 - 670
      Abstract: A Gram-negative bacterium, designated as strain YIM 690229T, was isolated from the roots of Limonium otolepis. The strain was able to grow at 10–40 °C (optimum, 28–37 °C), pH 6.0–8.0 (optimum, 7.0) and in the presence of up to 7% NaCl (w/v) (optimum, up to 2.5%). Comparative 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain YIM 690229T shared less than 93.9% sequence similarities with members within the order Rhizobiales, and was remotely related to members of the family Hyphomicrobiaceae. Strain YIM 690229T was characterized by the presence of Q-10 as the predominant respiratory lipoquinone. The major fatty acids (> 10%) detected were C18:1 ω7c, C16:0, anteiso-C15:0 and summed feature 4 (iso-C17:1 I and/or anteiso-C17:1 B). The polar lipids consisted of diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylmethylethanoamine and two unidentified lipids. The genomic DNA G + C content was 57.2 mol%. Data from this polyphasic taxonomy study suggested that strain YIM 690229T should be classified as a new species of a new genus within the family Hyphomicrobiaceae for which the name Limoniibacter endophyticus gen. nov., sp. nov., is proposed. The type species of the genus Limoniibacter gen. nov. is Limoniibacter endophyticus. The type strain of the species Limoniibacter endophyticus sp. nov. is YIM 690229T (= KCTC 42097T = JCM 30141T = CCTCC AB 2014130T = CGMCC 1.12906T).
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1472-0
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Evaluation of the chitin-binding dye Congo red as a selection agent for
           the isolation, classification, and enumeration of ascomycete yeasts
    • Authors: Tomas Linder
      Pages: 671 - 675
      Abstract: Thirty-nine strains of ascomycete yeasts representing 35 species and 33 genera were tested for their ability to grow on solid agar medium containing increasing concentrations of the chitin-binding dye Congo red. Six strains were classified as hypersensitive (weak or no growth at 10 mg/l Congo red), five were moderately sensitive (weak or no growth at 50 mg/l), three were moderately tolerant (weak or no growth at 100 mg/l), while the remaining 25 strains were classified as resistant (robust growth at ≥ 100 mg/l) with 20 of these strains classified as hyper-resistant (robust growth at 200 mg/l). Congo red growth phenotypes were consistent within some families but not others. The frequency of Congo red resistance among ascomycete yeasts was deemed too high for the practical use of Congo red as a selection agent for targeted isolation, but can be useful for identification and enumeration of yeasts.
      PubDate: 2018-05-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1498-y
      Issue No: Vol. 200, No. 4 (2018)
       
  • Antioxidant enzymes and reactive oxygen species level of the Achromobacter
           xylosoxidans bacteria during hydrocarbons biotransformation
    • Authors: I. S. Sazykin; M. A. Sazykina; L. E. Khmelevtsova; E. Yu. Seliverstova; K. Sh. Karchava; M. V. Zhuravleva
      Abstract: The level of catalase and superoxide dismutase induction, as well as generation of superoxide anion radical in cells and accumulation of hydrogen peroxide in the culture medium were researched in three strains of oil-degrading bacteria Achromobacter xylosoxidans at cultivation in rich nutrient medium and in the media with hydrocarbons as the only source of carbon. The effects of pentane, decane, hexadecane, cyclohexane, benzene, naphthalene and diesel fuel were evaluated. It was determined that in the microbial cell on media with hydrocarbons, the generation of superoxide anion radical increases, accumulation of hydrogen peroxide and induction of superoxide dismutase synthesis occur, and catalase activity is reduced. Oxidative stress in the cells of A. xylosoxidans was caused by biotransformation of all the studied hydrocarbons. The most pronounced effect was observed at incubation of bacteria with cyclohexane, pentane, diesel fuel, benzene and naphthalene.
      PubDate: 2018-04-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1516-0
       
  • Paenibacillus panacihumi sp. nov., a potential plant growth-promoting
           bacterium isolated from ginseng-cultivated soil
    • Authors: Chun-Gon Kim; Jong-Pyo Kang; Yue Huo; Mohan Chokkalingam; Yeon-Ju Kim; Dong-Hyun Kim; Deok-Chun Yang
      Abstract: A novel bacterium, designated DCY114T, was isolated from ginseng-cultivated soil in Gochang-gun, Republic of Korea. This isolate was assigned to the genus Paenibacillus and is closely related to Paenibacillus amylolyticus NRRL NRS-290T (98.3%), P. dongdonensis KUDC0114T (98.0%), P. tylopili MK2T (97.9%), P. tundrae A10bT (97.8%), and P. xylanexedens B22aT (97.5%) based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. Strain DCY114T is a Gram-reaction positive, catalase and oxidase positive, facultatively aerobic rod that is motile by peritrichous flagella. Strain DCY114T produces siderophores and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) and is able to solubilize phosphate as a plant growth-promoting bacterium. MK-7 was the diagnostic menaquinone. The major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, C16:0, and C18:0, and the major polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE), and an unknown amino lipid (AL1,2). The genomic DNA G + C content was 46.0 mol%. Phenotypic and chemotaxonomic results also placed strain DCY114T within the genus Paenibacillus. DNA–DNA homology values between strain DCY114T and closely related reference strains were lower than 43%. The low DNA relatedness data in combination with phylogenetic and biochemical tests indicated that strain DCY114T could not be assigned to a recognized species. The results of this study support that the DCY114T strain is a novel species belonging to the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus panacihumi is proposed. The type strain is DCY114T (= KCTC 33915T = JCM 32073T).
      PubDate: 2018-04-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1517-z
       
  • Whole-genome sequence and genome annotation of Xanthomonas citri pv.
           mangiferaeindicae , causal agent of bacterial black spot on Mangifera
           indica
    • Authors: Feng Liu; Xiong-chang Ou; Ru-lin Zhan
      Abstract: A newly isolated strain XC01 was identified as Xanthomonas citri pv. mangiferaeindicae, isolated from an infected mango fruit in Guangxi, China. The complete genome sequence of XC01 was carried out using the PacBio RSII platform. The genome contains a circular chromosome with 3,865,165 bp, 3442 protein-coding genes, 53 tRNAs, and 2 rRNA operons. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that this pathogen is very close to the soybeans bacterial pustule pathogen X. citri pv. glycines CFBP 2526, with a completely different host range. The genome sequence of XC01 may shed a highlight genes with a demonstrated or proposed role in on the pathogenesis.
      PubDate: 2018-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1513-3
       
  • Cyanotrophic and arsenic oxidizing activities of Pseudomonas mendocina
           P6115 isolated from mine tailings containing high cyanide concentration
    • Authors: Alejandra Miranda-Carrazco; Juan M. Vigueras-Cortés; Lourdes Villa-Tanaca; César Hernández-Rodríguez
      Abstract: Mine tailings and wastewater generate man-made environments with several selective pressures, including the presence of heavy metals, arsenic and high cyanide concentrations, but severe nutritional limitations. Some oligotrophic and pioneer bacteria can colonise and grow in mine wastes containing a low concentration of organic matter and combined nitrogen sources. In this study, Pseudomonas mendocina P6115 was isolated from mine tailings in Durango, Mexico, and identified through a phylogenetic approach of 16S rRNA, gyrB, rpoB, and rpoD genes. Cell growth, cyanide consumption, and ammonia production kinetics in a medium with cyanide as sole nitrogen source showed that at the beginning, the strain grew assimilating cyanide, when cyanide was removed, ammonium was produced and accumulated in the culture medium. However, no clear stoichiometric relationship between both nitrogen sources was observed. Also, cyanide complexes were assimilated as nitrogen sources. Other phenotypic tasks that contribute to the strain’s adaptation to a mine tailing environment included siderophores production in media with moderate amounts of heavy metals, arsenite and arsenate tolerance, and the capacity of oxidizing arsenite. P. mendocina P6115 harbours cioA/cioB and aoxB genes encoding for a cyanide-insensitive oxidase and an arsenite oxidase, respectively. This is the first report where P. mendocina is described as a cyanotrophic and arsenic oxidizing species. Genotypic and phenotypic tasks of P. mendocina P6115 autochthonous from mine wastes are potentially relevant for biological treatment of residues contaminated with cyanide and arsenic.
      PubDate: 2018-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1514-2
       
  • Luteibacter pinisoli sp. nov., a casein degrading bacterium isolated from
           rhizospheric soil of Pinus koraiensis
    • Authors: Shahina Akter; Md. Amdadul Huq
      Abstract: A yellow pigmented, Gram-staining negative, motile and rod-shaped novel bacterial strain, designated MAH-14T was isolated from rhizospheric soil and was characterized using a polyphasic approach. The isolated strain was aerobic, oxidase and catalase were positive, optimum growth temperature and pH were 28–30 °C and 6.5, respectively. The novel strain is able to hydrolyze casein, starch, esculin, gelatin, l-tyrosine, DNA, tween 80, tween 20, l-arginine and 4-nitrophenyl-BD-galactopyranoside. On the basis of 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, strain MAH-14T belongs to the genus Luteibacter and is most closely related to Luteibacter yeojuensis R2A16-10T (98.5%), Luteibacter anthropi CCUG 25036T (98.4%) and Luteibacter rhizovicinus LJ96T (98.3%). In DNA–DNA hybridization experiments, the DNA relatedness between strain MAH-14T and its closest phylogenetic neighbor was below 45.0%. The predominant respiratory quinone and the DNA G + C content of the novel strain were ubiquinone-8 and 63.5 mol%, respectively. The novel strain MAH-14T is able to produce flexirubin-type pigments. The major cellular fatty acids were C15:0 iso, summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or C16:1 ω6c) and summed feature 9 (C17:1 iso ω9c and/or C16:0 10-methyl). The DNA–DNA hybridization results and results of the genotypic analysis in combination with chemotaxonomic and physiological data revealed that strain MAH-14T represented a novel species within the genus Luteibacter, for which the name Luteibacter pinisoli, is proposed. The type strain is MAH-14T (= KACC 19298T = CGMCC 1.16227T).
      PubDate: 2018-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1515-1
       
  • Strand-specific RNA-seq analysis of the Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans
           transcriptome in response to magnesium stress
    • Authors: Deping Tang; Jiangong Duan; Qiyu Gao; Yang Zhao; Yang Li; Peng Chen; Jianping Zhou; Zhengrong Wu; Ruixiang Xu; Hongyu Li
      Abstract: Bioleaching is a promising process for 350 million tons Jinchuan low-grade pentlandite. But, Jinchuan pentlandite has lots of magnesium and high concentration of Mg2+ is harmful to bioleaching microorganisms. Thus, finding a way to improve the adaption of microorganisms to Mg2+ is a key for bioleaching. In the study, we found that oxidizing activity, bioleaching ability and biofilm formation of A.f were inhibited by Mg2+ stress. In addition, we analyzed mRNA and small RNA (sRNA) of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans (A.f) under Mg2+ stress by strand-specific RNA-sequencing (ssRNA-seq). After the bioinformatics process, 2475 coding genes were obtained, and there were 33 differential expression genes (DEGs) in 0.1 M-VS-Con, including 28 down-regulated and 5 up-regulated, whereas 52 DEGs were obtained in 0.5 M-VS-Con, including 28 down-regulated and 24 up-regulated. Gene ontology analysis showed most of DEGs were involved in catalytic activity, metabolic process and single-organism process. Furthermore, we identified 636 sRNA and some differential expression sRNA that may respond to Mg2+ stress. Further analysis of DEGs suggested that Mg2+ stress reduced biofilm formation perhaps through inhibiting Type IV Pili-related gene expression and inhibited bacterial activity perhaps through affecting carbon fixation. The study provided the foundation to understand the mechanisms of Mg2+ resistance in A.f and may be helpful to improve bioleaching ability for pentlandit.
      PubDate: 2018-04-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-018-1503-5
       
 
 
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