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  Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 2999 journals)
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BIOLOGY (1425 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Biostatistics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 68)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversidad Colombia     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  
Biology Direct     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biology Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Microbiology
  [SJR: 0.702]   [H-I: 85]   [8 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-072X - ISSN (Online) 0302-8933
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • The effect of reconstruction works on planktonic bacterial diversity of a
           unique thermal lake revealed by cultivation, molecular cloning and next
           generation sequencing
    • Authors: Gergely Krett; Attila Szabó; Tamás Felföldi; Károly Márialigeti; Andrea K. Borsodi
      Pages: 1077 - 1089
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to gain detailed information about the diversity of planktonic bacterial communities of a worldwide special peat bedded natural thermal spa lake, and to reveal the effect of a lake wall reconstruction work. To compare the efficiency of different methods used for analyzing bacterial diversity, cultivation, molecular cloning and pyrosequencing were applied simultaneously. Despite the almost unchanged physical–chemical parameters and cell count values of lake water, remarkable differences were observed in the planktonic bacterial community structures during and after the reconstruction by all applied microbiological approaches. Rhodobacter sp. was found to be one of the most abundant community members during the works probably due to the sediment stirring effect of the reconstruction. Following the reconstruction higher diversity was detected than during the works by all approaches. Bacterial strains related to species Chryseobacterium and Exiguobacterium, furthermore sequences related to Arcobacter, Gemmobacter and MWH-UniP1 aquatic group were identified in the highest proportion at that time. Although the differences revealed by cultivation based and independent community structures were significant, only minor disparities were found by molecular cloning and next generation sequencing techniques.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1379-9
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Co-effects of pyrene and nitrate on the activity and abundance of soil
           denitrifiers under anaerobic condition
    • Authors: Zhi-Feng Zhou; Yan-Hong Yao; Ming-Xia Wang; Xiao-Hu Zuo
      Pages: 1091 - 1101
      Abstract: Abstract It has previously been confirmed that polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) could be degraded by soil microbes coupling with denitrification, but the relationships among soil denitrifiers, PAHs, and nitrate under obligate anaerobic condition are still unclear. Here, co-effects of pyrene and nitrate on the activity and abundance of soil denitrifiers were investigated through a 45-day incubation experiment. Two groups of soil treatments with (N30) and without (N0) nitrate (30 mg kg−1 dry soil) amendment were conducted, and each group contained three treatments with different pyrene concentrations (0, 30, and 60 mg kg−1 dry soil denoted as P0, P30, and P60, respectively). The pyrene content, abundances of denitrification concerning genes (narG, periplasmic nitrate reductase gene; nirS, cd 1-nitrite reductase gene; nirK, copper-containing nitrite reductase gene), and productions of N2O and CO2 were measured at day 3, 14, 28, and 45, and the bacterial community structures in four represented treatments (N0P0, N0P60, N30P0, and N30P60) were analyzed at day 45. The results indicated that the treatments with higher pyrene concentration had higher final pyrene removal rates than the treatments with lower pyrene concentration. Additionally, intensive emission of N2O was detected in all treatments only at day 3, but a continuous production of CO2 was measured in each treatment during the incubation. Nitrate amendment could enhance the activity of soil denitrifiers, and be helpful for soil microbes to sustain their activity. While pyrene seemed had no influence on the productions of N2O and CO2, and amendment with pyrene or nitrate both had no obvious effect on abundances of denitrification concerning genes. Furthermore, it was nitrate but not pyrene had an obvious influence on the community structure of soil bacteria. These results revealed that, under anaerobic condition, the activity and abundance of soil denitrifiers both were insensitive to pyrene, but nitrate could improve the activity of soil denitrfiers and induce the shifts in soil bacterial community structure.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1380-3
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Modulation of the multidrug efflux pump EmrD-3 from Vibrio cholerae by
           Allium sativum extract and the bioactive agent allyl sulfide plus
           synergistic enhancement of antimicrobial susceptibility by A. sativum
           extract
    • Authors: Merissa M. Bruns; Prathusha Kakarla; Jared T. Floyd; Mun Mun Mukherjee; Robert C. Ponce; John A. Garcia; Indrika Ranaweera; Leslie M. Sanford; Alberto J. Hernandez; T. Mark Willmon; Grace L. Tolson; Manuel F. Varela
      Pages: 1103 - 1112
      Abstract: Abstract The causative agent of cholera, Vibrio cholerae, is a public health concern. Multidrug-resistant V. cholerae variants may reduce chemotherapeutic efficacies of severe cholera. We previously reported that the multidrug efflux pump EmrD-3 from V. cholerae confers resistance to multiple structurally distinct antimicrobials. Medicinal plant compounds are potential candidates for EmrD-3 efflux pump modulation. The antibacterial activities of garlic Allium sativum, although poorly understood, predicts that a main bioactive component, allyl sulfide, modulates EmrD-3 efflux. Thus, we tested whether A. sativum extract acts in synergy with antimicrobials and that a main bioactive component allyl sulfide inhibits EmrD-3 efflux. We found that A. sativum extract and allyl sulfide inhibited ethidium bromide efflux in cells harboring EmrD-3 and that A. sativum lowered the MICs of multiple antibacterials. We conclude that A. sativum and allyl sulfide inhibit EmrD-3 and that A. sativum extract synergistically enhances antibacterial agents.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1378-x
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Two distinct periplasmic enzymes are responsible for tellurite/tellurate
           and selenite reduction by strain ER-Te-48 associated with the deep sea
           hydrothermal vent tube worms at the Juan de Fuca Ridge black smokers
    • Authors: Chris Maltman; Lynda J. Donald; Vladimir Yurkov
      Pages: 1113 - 1120
      Abstract: Abstract Strain ER-Te-48 isolated from a deep-ocean hydrothermal vent tube worm is capable of resisting and reducing extremely high levels of tellurite, tellurate, and selenite, which are used for respiration anaerobically. Tellurite and tellurate reduction is accomplished by a periplasmic enzyme of 215 kDa comprised of 3 subunits (74, 42, and 25 kDa) in a 2:1:1 ratio. The optimum pH and temperature for activity is 8.0 and 35 °C, respectively. Tellurite reduction has a V max of 5.6 µmol/min/mg protein and a K m of 3.9 mM. In the case of the tellurate reaction, V max and K m were 2.6 µmol/min/mg protein and 2.6 mM, respectively. Selenite reduction is carried out by another periplasmic enzyme with a V max of 2.8 µmol/min/mg protein, K m of 12.1 mM, and maximal activity at pH 6.0 and 38 °C. This protein is 165 kDa and comprised of 3 subunits of 98, 44, and 23 kDa in a 1:1:1 ratio.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1382-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Identification of proteins differentially expressed by Chlamydia
           trachomatis treated with chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 during
           intracellular growth
    • Authors: Jingyue Ma; Yina Sun; Changgui Sun; Quan Zhou; Manli Qi; Jie Kong; Jing Wang; Yuanjun Liu; Quanzhong Liu
      Pages: 1121 - 1131
      Abstract: Abstract Chlamydia trachomatis infection is one of the most prevalent sexually transmitted diseases. Our research pertains to the inhibitory effect and molecular mechanism of the chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 on the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis. In this research, the capsid protein VP1 of the guinea-pig conjunctivitis chlamydiaphage phiCPG1 was expressed, purified and identified, and then, it was applied to the cultivation of different serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis and Chlamydia psittaci. The inhibitory effect was observed in each serovar of Chlamydia trachomatis (D, E, F, G, H, I, K, and L2) and Chlamydia psittaci inoculated with VP1 protein. The inhibition affection of VP1 on the growth of Chlamydia trachomatis was caused by the changes of expressions of some related proteins including 36 proteins up-regulated and 81 proteins down-regulated in the development cycle of Ct through the label-free test, and the transcription levels of these proteins, including Hc1, pmpD, and MOMP, were confirmed by RT-PCR. It provides information that is essential for understanding the mechanism of chlamydiaphage capsid protein VP1 on chlamydia and a new direction for further clinical treatment of chlamydial infection.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1381-2
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Erythrobacter alti sp. nov., a marine alphaproteobacterium isolated from
           seawater
    • Authors: Jaewoo Yoon
      Pages: 1133 - 1139
      Abstract: Abstract A polyphasic taxonomic study was performed on strain KMU-34T, which was isolated from seawater in the Republic of Korea. The bacterial cells were Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, chemoheterotrophic, yellow-pigmented and rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene sequence indicated that the novel marine strain was affiliated with the family Erythrobacteraceae of the class Alphaproteobacteria and that it showed highest sequence similarity (98.6%) to Erythrobacter atlanticus s21-N3T. The DNA–DNA relatedness values between strains KMU-34T and E. atlanticus KCTC 42697T were 8.6 ± 1.2%. The DNA G + C content of strain KMU-34T was determined to be 60.4 mol%. Ubiquinone 10 (Q-10) was the sole respiratory quinone. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C18:1 ω7c (43.8%) and C16:1 ω7c (16.8%). Strain KMU-34T had phosphatidylethanolamine, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, a sphingoglycolipid, an unidentified phospholipid and two unidentified lipids as polar lipids. From the distinct phylogenetic position and combination of genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, the strain is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Erythrobacter for which the name Erythrobacter alti sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of E. alti sp. nov. is KMU-34T (= KCCM 90261T = NBRC 111903T).
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1384-z
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Identification of the zinc, copper and cadmium metalloproteome of the
           protozoon Tetrahymena thermophila by systematic bioinformatics
    • Authors: Christos T. Chasapis; Claudia Andreini; Athanasia K. Georgiopolou; Maria E. Stefanidou; Alexios Vlamis-Gardikas
      Pages: 1141 - 1149
      Abstract: Abstract Tetrahymena thermophila (T. thermophila) is a ciliated protozoon that can detect freshwater pollution by heavy metals (“whole-cell biosensor”). This work employed a systematic bioinformatics approach to predict and analyze the metalloproteome of T. thermophila for the essential Zn, Cu and the non-essential Cd. 3784 metal-binding proteins were identified compared to the 456 annotated so far in UniProt. The localization, functional classification, and the functionally enriched network of the newly identified metalloproteome are presented. Cd toxicity could be explained in terms of the metal replacing Cu and especially Zn in MAPKs, transporters and antioxidant enzymes. The predicted results for Cd toxicity and responses reflect those observed experimentally in different organisms after their exposure to Cd.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1385-y
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • The effectiveness of anti-biofilm and anti-virulence properties of
           dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate in fighting against
           methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    • Authors: Seung-Gyun Woo; So-Min Lee; So-Yeon Lee; Kyoung-Hee Lim; Eun-Ju Ha; Sa-Hyun Kim; Yong-Bin Eom
      Pages: 1151 - 1163
      Abstract: Abstract Human pathogens have readily been converted into multidrug-resistant pathogens, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), because of the long-term use of conventional antibiotics. In addition, the biofilms formed by S. aureus cells are especially problematic and are related to the persistence of chronic infections because they constitute a major mechanism of promoting tolerance to diverse antimicrobial agents. Hence, the inhibitions of biofilm formation and/or toxin production are accepted as alternative means of controlling S. aureus infections. The present study was aimed at identifying novel anti-biofilm and/or anti-virulence compounds in friedelane-based pentacyclic triterpenoids present in many edible and medicinal plants—and investigating them against MRSA strains. As a result, dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate were found to both inhibit the biofilm formation of, and to disrupt the preformed biofilms of, MRSA strains to an increasingly greater degree with increasing concentrations of each compound. Furthermore, these two triterpenoids also clearly inhibited the hemolytic activity of MRSA—and in-line with their anti-biofilm activities, rendered the cell more hydrophilic. Additionally, corroborating phenotypic results, transcriptional analyses showed that both dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate disturbed the expression of gene related to α-hemolysin (hla) and down-regulated the expressions of the crucial biofilm-associated genes (agrA, sarA, ica, RNAIII, and rbf) in MRSA. The findings of this study suggest that friedelane-based pentacyclic triterpenoids—especially dihydrocelastrol and dihydrocelastryl diacetate—have the potential to be candidates both for use in controlling biofilm-related infections and for use as important components of anti-virulence strategies for fighting against MRSA infection.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1386-x
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • A metabonomic analysis on the response of Enterobacter cloacae from
           coastal outfall for land-based pollutant under phoxim stress
    • Authors: Dijun Zhang; Shan He; Tinghong Ming; Chenyang Lu; Jun Zhou; Xiurong Su
      Pages: 1165 - 1173
      Abstract: Abstract Enterobacter cloacae is an opportunistic pathogen widely distributed in human and animal intestinal systems. The secretion of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and cephalosporinase (AmpC) endows E. cloacae with strong drug resistance. In a previous study by our group, protein expression of E. cloacae under phoxim stress was measured by two-dimensional electrophoresis. Here, nuclear magnetic resonance was used to detect differences in E. cloacae metabonomics when under phoxim stress. We determined that there are 29 types of metabolites that differ between phoxim stress and normal culture conditions. Among these, 6 types of metabolites were upregulated in the phoxim stress group, and 23 types of metabolites were inhibited. Though enrichment analysis, seven pathways were identified by different expression levels of metabolites, which were involved in DNA and RNA synthesis, DNA damage repair, antioxidation and functions of the cell membrane and cell wall. The mechanism underlying how phoxim affects E. cloacae was determined by studying the results of both two-dimensional electrophoresis in our prior work and the analysis of E. cloacae metabonomic changes under phoxim stress.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1383-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Properties of Streptomyces albus J1074 mutant deficient in tRNA Leu UAA
           gene bldA
    • Authors: Oksana Koshla; Maria Lopatniuk; Ihor Rokytskyy; Oleksandr Yushchuk; Yuriy Dacyuk; Victor Fedorenko; Andriy Luzhetskyy; Bohdan Ostash
      Pages: 1175 - 1183
      Abstract: Abstract Streptomyces albus J1074 is one of the most popular and convenient hosts for heterologous expression of gene clusters directing the biosynthesis of various natural metabolic products, such as antibiotics. This fuels interest in elucidation of genetic mechanisms that may limit secondary metabolism in J1074. Here, we report the generation and initial study of J1074 mutant, deficient in gene bldA for tRNALeu UAA, the only tRNA capable of decoding rare leucyl TTA codon in Streptomyces. The bldA deletion in J1074 resulted in a highly conditional Bld phenotype, with depleted formation of aerial hyphae on certain solid media. In addition, bldA mutant of J1074 was unable to produce endogenous antibacterial compounds and two heterologous antibiotics, moenomycin and aranciamycin, whose biosynthesis is directed by TTA-containing genes. We have employed a new TTA codon-specific β-galactosidase reporter system to provide genetic evidence that J1074 bldA mutant is impaired in translation of TTA. In addition, we have discussed the possible reasons for differences in the phenotypes of bldA mutants described here and in previous studies, providing knowledge to study bldA-based regulation of antibiotic biosynthesis.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1389-7
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Hydroxy-Al and cell-surface negativity are responsible for the enhanced
           
    • Authors: Xue Qiang Zhao; Xue Min Bao; Chao Wang; Zuo Yi Xiao; Zhen Min Hu; Chun Li Zheng; Ren Fang Shen
      Pages: 1185 - 1194
      Abstract: Abstract Aluminum (Al) is ubiquitous and toxic to microbes. High Al3+ concentration and low pH are two key factors responsible for Al toxicity, but our present results contradict this idea. Here, an Al-tolerant yeast strain Rhodotorula taiwanensis RS1 was incubated in glucose media containing Al with a continuous pH gradient from pH 3.1–4.2. The cells became more sensitive to Al and accumulated more Al when pH increased. Calculations using an electrostatic model Speciation Gouy Chapman Stern indicated that, the increased Al sensitivity of cells was associated with AlOH2+ and Al(OH) 2 + rather than Al3+. The alcian blue (a positively charged dye) adsorption and zeta potential determination of cell surface indicated that, higher pH than 3.1 increased the negative charge and Al adsorption at the cell surface. Taken together, the enhanced sensitivity of R. taiwanensis RS1 to Al from pH 3.1–4.2 was associated with increased hydroxy-Al and cell-surface negativity.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1387-9
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Lipid droplets accumulation and other biochemical changes induced in the
           fungal pathogen Ustilago maydis under nitrogen-starvation
    • Authors: Lucero Romero Aguilar; Juan Pablo Pardo; Mónica Montero Lomelí; Oscar Ivan Luqueño Bocardo; Marco A. Juárez Oropeza; Guadalupe Guerra Sánchez
      Pages: 1195 - 1209
      Abstract: Abstract In many organisms, the growth under nitrogen-deprivation or a poor nitrogen source impacts on the carbon flow distribution and causes accumulation of neutral lipids, which are stored as lipid droplets (LDs). Efforts are in progress to find the mechanism of LDs synthesis and degradation, and new organisms capable of accumulating large amounts of lipids for biotechnological applications. In this context, when Ustilago maydis was cultured in the absence of a nitrogen source, there was a large accumulation of lipid bodies containing mainly triacylglycerols. The most abundant fatty acids in lipid bodies at the stationary phase were palmitic, linoleic, and oleic acids, and they were synthesized de novo by the fatty-acid synthase. In regard to the production of NADPH for the synthesis of fatty acids, the cytosolic NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase and the glucose-6-phosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases couple showed the highest specific activities, with a lower activity of the malic enzyme. The ATP-citrate lyase activity was not detected in any of the culture conditions, which points to a different mechanism for the transfer of acetyl-CoA into the cytosol. Protein and RNA contents decreased when U. maydis was grown without a nitrogen source. Due to the significant accumulation of triacylglycerols and the particular composition of fatty acids, U. maydis can be considered an alternative model for biotechnological applications.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1388-8
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Bradyrhizobium brasilense sp. nov., a symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium
           isolated from Brazilian tropical soils
    • Authors: Elaine Martins da Costa; Amanda Azarias Guimarães; Rayssa Pereira Vicentin; Paula Rose de Almeida Ribeiro; Aniele Carolina Ribas Leão; Eduardo Balsanelli; Liesbeth Lebbe; Maarten Aerts; Anne Willems; Fatima Maria de Souza Moreira
      Pages: 1211 - 1221
      Abstract: Abstract Four strains of rhizobia isolated from nodules of Vigna unguiculata (UFLA03-321T, UFLA03-320 and UFLA03-290) and Macroptilium atropurpureum (UFLA04-0212) in Brazilian soils were previously reported as a new group within the genus Bradyrhizobium. To determine their taxonomic position, these strains were characterized in this study using a polyphasic approach. The analysis of the 16S rRNA gene grouped the four strains with Bradyrhizobium pachyrhizi PAC48T. However, the concatenated sequence analysis of the two (recA and glnII) or three (atpD, gyrB and recA) housekeeping genes indicated that these strains represent a novel species of Bradyrhizobium, which is very closely related to B. pachyrhizi PAC48T and B. elkanii USDA 76T. Genomic relatedness analyses between the UFLA03-321T strain and B. elkanii USDA 76T and B. pachyrhizi PAC48T revealed an average nucleotide identity below 96% and values of estimated DNA–DNA hybridization below 70%, confirming that they represent genomically distinct species. Analysis of MALDI-TOF MS (Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry) profiles and phenotypic characteristics also allowed differentiation of the novel species from its two neighboring species. In phylogenetic analysis of nodC and nifH genes, UFLA03-321T exhibited maximum similarity with B. tropiciagri CNPSo 1112T. The data suggest that these four UFLA strains represent a novel species, for which the name Bradyrhizobium brasilense sp. nov. is proposed, with UFLA03-321T (=LMG 29353 =CBAS645) as type strain. G + C content in the DNA of UFLA03-321T is 63.9 mol %.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1390-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Pseudomonas aestus sp. nov., a plant growth-promoting bacterium isolated
           from mangrove sediments
    • Authors: Rafael L. F. Vasconcellos; Suikinai Nobre Santos; Tiago Domingues Zucchi; Fábio Sérgio Paulino Silva; Danilo Tosta Souza; Itamar Soares Melo
      Pages: 1223 - 1229
      Abstract: Abstract Strain CMAA 1215T, a Gram-reaction-negative, aerobic, catalase positive, polarly flagellated, motile, rod-shaped (0.5–0.8 × 1.3–1.9 µm) bacterium, was isolated from mangrove sediments, Cananéia Island, Brazil. Analysis of the 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain CMAA 1215T forms a distinct phyletic line within the Pseudomonas putida subclade, being closely related to P. plecoglossicida ATCC 700383T, P. monteilii NBRC 103158T, and P. taiwanensis BCRC 17751T of sequence similarity of 98.86, 98.73, and 98.71%, respectively. Genomic comparisons of the strain CMAA 1215T with its closest phylogenetic type strains using average nucleotide index (ANI) and DNA:DNA relatedness approaches revealed 84.3–85.3% and 56.0–63.0%, respectively. A multilocus sequence analysis (MLSA) performed concatenating 16S rRNA, gyrB and rpoB gene sequences from the novel species was related with Pseudomonas putida subcluster and formed a new phylogenetic lineage. The phenotypic, physiological, biochemical, and genetic characteristics support the assignment of CMAA 1215T to the genus Pseudomonas, representing a novel species. The name Pseudomonas aestus sp.nov. is proposed, with CMAA 1215T (=NRRL B-653100T = CBMAI 1962T) as the type strain.
      PubDate: 2017-10-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1410-1
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 8 (2017)
       
  • Omp31 plays an important role on outer membrane properties and
           intracellular survival of Brucella melitensis in murine macrophages and
           HeLa cells
    • Authors: L. Verdiguel-Fernández; R. Oropeza-Navarro; Francisco J. Basurto-Alcántara; A. Castañeda-Ramírez; Antonio Verdugo-Rodríguez
      Pages: 971 - 978
      Abstract: Abstract Brucellosis is an infectious disease that affects practically all species of mammals, including human, and is a major zoonosis worldwide. Brucella spp. are facultative intracellular pathogens that have the ability to survive and multiply in phagocytic and nonphagocytic cells such as trophoblast and epithelial cells. Among the six recognized species of the genus Brucella, Brucella melitensis is the main etiological agent involved in goat brucellosis and is also the most pathogenic for human. It causes significant losses in livestock production as a result of abortions, metritis, infertility, and birth of weak animals. Outer membrane proteins (OMPs) are exposed on the bacterial surface and are in contact with cells and effectors of the host immune response, whereby they could be important virulence factors of Brucella species. To evaluate this hypothesis, the gene encoding for the major outer membrane protein Omp31 was amplified, cloned into pUC18 plasmid, and inactivated by inserting a kanamycin cassette, rendering pLVM31 plasmid which was transformed into B. melitensis wild-type strain to obtain LVM31 mutant strain. The Outer membrane (OM) properties of the mutant strain were compared with B. melitensis Bm133 wild-type and B. melitensis Rev1 vaccine strains, in assessing its susceptibility to polymyxin B, sodium deoxycholate, and nonimmune serum. The mutant strain was assessed in vitro with survival assays in murine macrophages J774.A1 and HeLa cells. Our results demonstrate that LVM31 mutant is more susceptible to polymyxin B, sodium deoxycholate, and nonimmune serum than control strains; moreover, Omp31 mutation caused a decrease in the internalization and a significant decrease in the intracellular survival compared with the reference strains in both cell lines. These results allow us to conclude that Omp31 is important for maintaining OM integrity, but also it is necessary for bacterial internalization, establishment and development of an optimal replication niche, and essential for survival and intracellular multiplication.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1360-7
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Bacterial communities on facial skin of teenage and elderly Thai females
    • Authors: Naraporn Somboonna; Alisa Wilantho; Chutika Srisuttiyakorn; Anunchai Assawamakin; Sissades Tongsima
      Pages: 1035 - 1042
      Abstract: Abstract The Human Microbiome Project was first established to understand the roles of human-associated microbes to human health and disease. This study presents preliminary findings of Thai female facial skin microbiome using three pooled samples from groups of skin microbiome profiles, namely (1) healthy and (2) acne-prone young adults (teenage.hea and teenage.acn) and (3) healthy elderly adults (elderly.hea) based on standard dermatological criteria. These samples were sequenced using 454-pyrosequencing targeting 16S rRNA (V3–V4 regions). Good’s coverage index of greater than 92% shows sufficient sampling of our data for each group. Three unique OTUs for each microbiome profile (43, 258 and 59 for teenage.hea, teenage.acn and ederly.hea, respectively) were obtained with 134 shared OTUs among the three datasets. Based on Morisita–Horn similarity coefficient, age is the major factor that brings the community relationship factor closer. The comparison among the three datasets reveal majority of Gemmatimonadetes, Planctomycetes and Nitrospirae in the teenage.hea, whereas Firmicutes are more prevalent in teenage.acn and elderly.hea skin types. In addition, when comparing Thai facial microbial diversity with the 16S data from U.S. forehead female database, significant differences were found among orders of bacteria, pointing to possible differences in human ecto-flora.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1375-0
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Different nitrogen sources change the transcriptome of welan gum-producing
           strain Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555
    • Authors: Xiaopeng Xu; Zuoming Nie; Zhiyong Zheng; Li Zhu; Hongtao Zhang; Xiaobei Zhan
      Pages: 1055 - 1064
      Abstract: Abstract To reveal effects of different nitrogen sources on the expressions and functions of genes in Sphingomonas sp. ATCC 31555, it was cultivated in medium containing inorganic nitrogen (IN), organic nitrogen (ON), or inorganic–organic combined nitrogen (CN). Welan gum production and bacterial biomass were determined, and RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) was performed. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the different ATCC 31555 groups were identified, and their functions were analyzed. Welan gum production and bacterial biomass were significantly higher in the ON and CN groups compared with those in the IN group. RNA-seq produced 660 unigenes, among which 488, 731, and 844 DEGs were identified between the IN vs. ON, IN vs. CN, and ON vs. CN groups, respectively. All the DEGs were related significantly to metabolic process and signal transduction. DEGs between the IN vs. CN and ON vs. CN groups were potentially associated with bacterial chemotaxis. Real-time PCR confirmed the expressions of selected DEGs. Organic nitrogen led to higher bacterial biomass and welan gum production than inorganic nitrogen, which might reflect differences in gene expression associated with metabolic process, signal transduction, and bacterial chemotaxis induced by different nitrogen sources.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1372-3
      Issue No: Vol. 199, No. 7 (2017)
       
  • Microbiological studies of hot springs in India: a review
    • Authors: Abhijit Poddar; Subrata K. Das
      Abstract: Abstract The earliest microbiological studies on hot springs in India date from 2003, a much later date compared to global attention in this striking field of study. As of today, 28 out of 400 geothermal springs have been explored following both culturable and non-culturable approaches. The temperatures and pH of the springs are 37–99 °C and 6.8–10, respectively. Several studies have been performed on the description of novel genera and species, characterization of different bio-resources, metagenomics of hot spring microbiome and whole genome analysis of few isolates. 17 strains representing novel species and many thermostable enzymes, including lipase, protease, chitinase, amylase, etc. with potential biotechnological applications have been reported by several authors. Influence of physico-chemical conditions, especially that of temperature, on shaping the hot spring microbiome has been established by metagenomic investigations. Bacteria are the predominant life forms in all the springs with an abundance of phyla Firmicutes, Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Thermi, Bacteroidetes, Deinococcus-Thermus and Chloroflexi. In this review, we have discussed the findings on all microbiological studies that have been carried out to date, on the 28 hot springs. Further, the possibilities of extrapolating these studies for practical applications and environmental impact assessment towards protection of natural ecosystem of hot springs have also been discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1429-3
       
  • Isolation of a fungus Pencicillium sp. with zinc tolerance and its
           mechanism of resistance
    • Abstract: Abstract A zinc (Zn)-tolerant fungus, designated BC109-2, was isolated from rhizosphere soil and was identified as Penicillium janthinellum BC109-2 based on ITS sequence analysis. To understand its Zn tolerance mechanisms, a series of studies was carried out addressing the subcellular distribution of Zn, its chemical forms, and the antioxidant system (superoxide dismutase, catalase, peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, reduced glutathione, oxidized glutathione and malondialdehyde) of the fungus. The maximum level of resistance to Zn for strain BC109-2 is 2100 mg L−1. The Zn contents and percentages of cell wall and soluble fraction increased with increasing Zn concentration in the medium, which indicated extracellular accumulation/precipitation and vacuolar compartmentation mechanism might play significant role in the detoxificating process. The proportion of inactive forms of Zn was higher in the fungus, which indicated that BC109-2 mainly formed inactive Zn and stored it in the cell walls and vacuoles to decrease Zn toxicity. Furthermore, changes in antioxidant enzyme activities at various concentrations of Zn showed that the addition of Zn could cause oxidative stress in the fungal cells and that antioxidant enzymes in fungi played important roles in resistance to Zn toxicity. Moreover, the high level of lipid peroxidation showed that the protective effects of the antioxidant system were not sufficient at the high concentrations of Zn even though the antioxidant enzyme activity levels were very high. The purpose of this work is to figure out the heavy metal tolerance mechanisms of microorganisms in soil and the microbial isolate could be potentially used in bioremediation of Zn-contaminated environments.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1430-x
       
  • Potential for aerobic NO 2 − reduction and corresponding key enzyme
           genes involved in Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR
    • Authors: Yuan Sheng Huang; Qiang An; Bin Zhao; Qing Hao Lv; Jing Song Guo
      Abstract: Abstract The potential for aerobic NO2 − removal by Alcaligenes faecalis strain NR was investigated. 35 mg/L of NO2 −-N was removed by strain NR under aerobic conditions in the presence of NH4 +. 15N-labeling experiment demonstrated that N2O and N2 were possible products during the aerobic nitrite removal process by strain NR. The key enzyme genes of nirK, norB and nosZ, which regulate the aerobic nitrite denitrification process, were successfully amplified from strain NR. The gene sequence analysis indicates that copper-containing nitrite reductase (NIRK) and periplasmic nitrous oxide reductase (NOSZ) were both hydrophilic protein and the transmembrane structures were absent, while nitric oxide reductase large subunit (NORB) was a hydrophobic and transmembrane protein. According to the three-dimensional structure and binding site analysis, the bulky and hydrophobic methionine residue proximity to the nitrite binding sites of NIRK was speculated to be related to the oxygen tolerance of NIRK from strain NR.
      PubDate: 2017-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00203-017-1428-4
       
 
 
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