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BIOLOGY (1437 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 73)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biomedical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Biodiversity and Natural History     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 298)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription  
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Biology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biology Bulletin Reviews     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Archives of Virology
  [SJR: 1.086]   [H-I: 90]   [5 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1432-8798 - ISSN (Online) 0304-8608
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • The complete genome sequence of HetPV20-an1, an alphapartitivirus
           infecting the conifer-pathogenic fungus Heterobasidion annosum
    • Authors: Eeva J. Vainio
      Abstract: Abstract Root rot fungi of the genus Heterobasidion are highly destructive conifer pathogens in the northern Boreal forest region. This report describes the complete genome sequence of Heterobasidion partitivirus 20 infecting a Finnish strain of Heterobasidion annosum. The bisegmented dsRNA genome of HetPV20-an1 encodes a predicted RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of 605 amino acids (aa) and a capsid protein of 536 aa. Based on sequence similarity and phylogenetic analysis, this virus is a new member of the genus Alphapartitivirus. HetPV20-an1 shares ~65% RdRP aa sequence identity with the most similar virus strain, Rosellinia necatrix partitivirus 2, whereas the CP of HetPV20-an1 is most similar to that of rose partitivirus with ~27% overall aa sequence identity. HetPV20-an1 is only distantly related to previously known partitiviruses of Heterobasidion species and shares ~29% RdRP aa sequence identity and ~16% CP aa sequence identity with Heterobasidion partitivirus 1 from H. abietinum.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3707-z
  • DCAF1 is involved in HCV replication through regulation of miR-122
    • Authors: Yanling Yan; Conghui Li; Binlian Sun; Rongge Yang
      Abstract: Abstract Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a worldwide threaten to human health with a high ratio of chronic infections. Recently, we found that Vpr-mediated regulation of HCV replication depends on the host protein DDB1-Cul4 associate factor 1 (DCAF1), implying that DCAF1 might be involved in the replication of HCV. In this study, we demonstrated that DCAF1 knockdown reduced HCV replication both in the infectious (JFH1) and replicon (Con1) systems. Further investigation showed a negative regulation of HCV internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-mediated translation by DCAF1. Considering the positive effects on the replication of the HCV replicon, we speculated that DCAF1 affected the balance between HCV RNA replication and protein translation. Since miR-122 is involved in the regulation of this balance, we investigated the influence of DCAF1 on miR-122 expression. By measuring the expression of miR-122, pre-miR-122 and its target CAT-1 mRNA, we found that miR-122 was downregulated following DCAF1 knockdown. Furthermore, overexpression of miR-122 rescued HCV replication impairment induced by DCAF1 knockdown. In conclusion, our study suggests that DCAF1 is involved in HCV replication through regulation of miR-122 and thus provides new insights into the interaction between HCV and the host cell.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3691-8
  • Complete genome sequence and construction of an infectious full-length
           cDNA clone of a German isolate of celery mosaic virus
    • Authors: Hanna Rose; Edgar Maiss
      Abstract: Abstract The complete genome sequence of a German isolate of celery mosaic virus (CeMV, a potyvirus) from Quedlinburg (DSMZ PV-1003) was determined (MF962880). This represents the second fully sequenced genome of this virus, along with a Californian isolate (HQ676607.1). The positive-sense single-stranded RNA is 10,000 nucleotides in length and shows the typical organization of potyviruses but has a shorter PIPO than CeMV California. In comparison to CeMV isolates from different origins, CeMV-Quedlinburg and isolates from the Netherlands (AF203531.1) and Aschersleben, Germany (AJ271087.1) show a NAG instead of DAG in the region of the coat protein responsible for aphid transmission. In this study the first infectious full-length clone of celery mosaic virus was obtained and the infectivity confirmed by Rhizobium radiobacter infiltration of Apium species.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3705-1
  • Comparative evaluation of the Omniplex-HPV and RFMP HPV PapilloTyper for
           detecting human papillomavirus genotypes in cervical specimens
    • Authors: Young Ahn Yoon; Bo-Hyun Kim; Su-Hak Heo; Hwi Jun Kim; Young-Jin Choi
      Abstract: Abstract Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a major cause of cervical neoplasia development. HPV screening is very important because early treatment can prevent cervical cancer. Omniplex-HPV is a polymerase chain reaction followed by Luminex xMAP bead microarray technology that is designed for detecting 40 HPV genotypes. The aim of this study is to evaluate the analytical and clinical performance of the Omniplex-HPV in comparison with that of the commercially available RFMP (restriction fragment mass polymorphism) HPV PapilloTyper. A total of 2,808 cervical swab specimens were obtained. Of these, only 1799 specimens had a cytology result. A type-specific direct sequencing test was performed using the reference method in case of discrepancies between the two test results. The overall percent agreement (OPA) between Omniplex-HPV and RFMP HPV PapilloTyper was 97.9% (κ=0.84; 95% CI: 0.81-0.88). The positive percent agreement (PPA) and the negative percent agreement (NPA) were 98.0% and 96.2%, respectively. The Omniplex-HPV and RFMP HPV PapilloTyper showed comparable sensitivities (90.2% and 91.9%, respectively) and specificities (91.3% each), while the Omniplex-HPV produced more accurate results and required less turnaround time and labor. The agreement between these two methods was excellent for HPV genotyping (P>0.05; McNemar’s test), and clinical sensitivity, specificity, and odds ratio of the two assays were comparable to the result of cytology tests in identifying high risk HPV. In conclusion, Omniplex-HPV and RFMP HPV PapilloTyper were highly comparable with regard to detection and genotyping analysis of HPV.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3687-4
  • Complete genome sequence of a phage hyperparasite of Candidatus
           Xenohaliotis californiensis (Rickettsiales) – a pathogen of Haliotis spp
    • Authors: Roberto Flores; Jorge Cáceres-Martínez; Miguel Ángel Del Río-Portilla; Alexei F. Licea-Navarro; Ricardo Gonzales-Sánchez; Abraham Guerrero
      Abstract: Abstract Bacteriophages are recognized as major mortality agents of microbes, among them intracellular marine rickettsiales-like bacteria. Recently, a phage hyperparasite of Candidatus Xenohaliotis californiensis (CXc) has been described. This bacterium is considered the causal agent of Withering Syndrome (WS) which is a chronic and potentially lethal disease of abalone species from California, USA and the peninsula of Baja California, Mexico. This hyperparasite which infects CXc could be used as a biocontrol agent for WS. Therefore, it is necessary to obtain genomic information to characterize this phage. In this study, the first complete genome sequence of a novel phage, Xenohaliotis phage (pCXc) was determined. The complete genome of pCXc from red abalone (Haliotis rufescens) is 35,728 bp, while the complete genome of pCXc from yellow abalone (Haliotis corrugata) is 35,736 bp. Both phage genomes consist of double-stranded DNA with a G + C content of 38.9%. In both genomes 33 open reading frames (ORFs) were predicted. Only 10 ORFs encode proteins that have identifiable functional homologues. These 10 ORFs were classified by function, including structural, DNA replication, DNA packaging, nucleotide transport and metabolism, life cycle regulation, recombination and repair, and additional functions. A PCR method for the specific detection of pCXc was developed. This information will help to understand a new group of phages that infect intracellular marine rickettsiales-like bacteria in mollusks.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3703-3
  • Antiviral effect of lithium chloride on replication of avian leukosis
           virus subgroup J in cell culture
    • Authors: Kun Qian; Xiaowei Cheng; Danyang Zhang; Hongxia Shao; Yongxiu Yao; Venugopal Nair; Aijian Qin
      Abstract: Abstract Lithium chloride (LiCl) has been reported to possess antiviral activity against several viruses. In the current study, we assessed the antiviral activity effect of LiCl on ALV-J infection in CEF cells by using real-time PCR, Western blot analysis, IFA and p27 ELISA analysis. Our results showed that both viral RNA copy number and protein level decreased significantly in a dose and time dependent manner. Time-course analysis revealed that the antiviral effect was more pronounced when CEFs were treated at the post infection stage rather than at early absorption or pre-absorption stages. Further experiments demonstrated that LiCl did not affect virus attachment or entry, but rather affected early virus replication. We also found that inhibition of viral replication after LiCl treatment was associated with reduced mRNA levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. These results demonstrate that LiCl effectively blocked ALV-J replication in CEF cells and may be used as an antiviral agent against ALV-J.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3692-7
  • Regional, age and respiratory-secretion-specific prevalence of respiratory
           viruses associated with asthma exacerbation: a literature review
    • Authors: Xue-yan Zheng; Yan-jun Xu; Wei-jie Guan; Li-feng Lin
      Abstract: Abstract Despite increased understanding of how viral infection is involved in asthma exacerbations, it is less clear which viruses are involved and to what extent they contribute to asthma exacerbations. Here, we sought to determine the prevalence of different respiratory viruses during asthma exacerbations. Systematic computerized searches of the literature up to June 2017 without language limitation were performed. The primary focus was on the prevalence of respiratory viruses, including AdV (adenovirus), BoV (bocavirus), CoV (coronavirus), CMV (cytomegalovirus), EnV (enterovirus), HSV (herpes simplex virus), IfV (influenza virus), MpV (metapneumovirus), PiV (parainfluenzavirus), RV (rhinovirus) and RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) during asthma exacerbations. We also examined the prevalence of viral infection stratified by age, geographic region, type of respiratory secretion, and detection method. Sixty articles were included in the final analysis. During asthma exacerbations, the mean prevalence of AdV, BoV, CoV, CMV, EnV, HSV, IfV, MpV, PiV, RV and RSV was 3.8%, 6.9%, 8.4%, 7.2%, 10.1%, 12.3%, 10.0%, 5.3%, 5.6%, 42.1% and 13.6%, respectively. EnV, MPV, RV and RSV were more prevalent in children, whereas AdV, BoV, CoV, IfV and PiV were more frequently present in adults. RV was the major virus detected globally, except in Africa. RV could be detected in both the upper and lower airway. Polymerase chain reaction was the most sensitive method for detecting viral infection. Our findings indicate the need to develop prophylactic polyvalent or polyvirus (including RV, EnV, IfV and RSV) vaccines that produce herd immunity and reduce the healthcare burden associated with virus-induced asthma exacerbations.
      PubDate: 2018-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3700-y
  • A novel passerivirus (family Picornaviridae ) in an outbreak of enteritis
           with high mortality in estrildid finches ( Uraeginthus sp. )
    • Authors: Péter Pankovics; Ákos Boros; Tung Gia Phan; Eric Delwart; Gábor Reuter
      Abstract: Abstract An enteric outbreak with high mortality (34/52, 65.4%) was recorded in 2014 in home-reared estrildid finches (Estrildidae) in Hungary. A novel passerivirus was identified in a diseased violet-eared waxbill using viral metagenomics and confirmed by RT-(q)PCR. The complete genome of finch picornavirus strain waxbill/DB01/HUN/2014 (MF977321) showed the highest amino acid sequence identity of 38.9%, 61.6%, 69.6% in P1cap, 2Chel and 3CproDpol, respectively, to passerivirus A1 (GU182406). A high viral load (6.58 × 1010 genomic copies/ml) was measured in a cloacal specimen and in the tissues (spinal cord, lung, and the intestines) of two additional affected finches. In addition to intestinal symptoms (diarrhoea), the presence of extra-intestinal virus suggests a generalized infection in this fatal disease, for which the passerivirus might be a causative agent.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3699-0
  • The emerging influenza virus threat: status and new prospects for its
           therapy and control
    • Authors: Binod Kumar; Kumari Asha; Madhu Khanna; Larance Ronsard; Clement Adebajo Meseko; Melvin Sanicas
      Abstract: Abstract Influenza A viruses (IAVs) are zoonotic pathogens that cause yearly outbreaks with high rates of morbidity and fatality. The virus continuously acquires point mutations while circulating in several hosts, ranging from aquatic birds to mammals, including humans. The wide range of hosts provides influenza A viruses greater chances of genetic re-assortment, leading to the emergence of zoonotic strains and occasional pandemics that have a severe impact on human life. Four major influenza pandemics have been reported to date, and health authorities worldwide have shown tremendous progress in efforts to control epidemics and pandemics. Here, we primarily discuss the pathogenesis of influenza virus type A, its epidemiology, pandemic potential, current status of antiviral drugs and vaccines, and ways to effectively manage the disease during a crisis.
      PubDate: 2018-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3708-y
  • Role of ribavirin in the treatment of hepatitis C virus-associated mixed
           cryoglobulinemia with interferon-free regimens
    • Authors: Lucio Boglione; Jessica Cusato; Simone Mornese Pinna; Amedeo De Nicolò; Giuseppe Cariti; Giovanni Di Perri; Antonio D’Avolio
      Abstract: Abstract Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is the most common extrahepatic manifestation of chronic hepatitis C (CHC), with the presence of symptoms in 10–15% of cases. There have been encouraging data regarding immunological and clinical responses in patients treated with the novel combinations of direct-acting antivirals (DAAs), but the role of ribavirin (RBV) in the treatment of MC has not yet been demonstrated. We prospectively enrolled 132 patients affected by MC and CHC, and virological, immunological and clinical responses were evaluated at 12 weeks after completion of treatment. All subjects were treated with interferon (IFN)-free regimens according to clinical guidelines, with or without RBV. All patients achieved a virological response. A complete immunological response (CR) was observed in 71 subjects (53.8%), a partial response in 44 (33.3%), and no response in 17 (12.8%). Ten patients showed a complete resolution of symptoms (7.6%), and 31 showed a significant improvement (23.5%). CR was significantly higher in patients taking RBV (71.1 vs. 44.8%, p < 0.001) and in treatment-naïve patients (62.5 vs. 43.3%, p < 0.001). In logistic regression analysis, duration of HCV infection of less than 20 years (OR 2.448; 95% IC 1.335–6.202; p = 0.019), treatment-naïve status (OR 2.885; 95% IC 1.404–9.660; p = 0.025) and the use of RBV (OR 6.961; 95% IC 3.912–26.885; p < 0.001) were predictors of CR. In MC patients, IFN-free regimens are effective and well tolerated, and RBV seems to significantly increase the immunological response and promote a decline in cryocrit.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3684-7
  • Chromogenic detection of yam mosaic virus by closed-tube reverse
           transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP)
    • Authors: Chukwuemeka K. Nkere; Joshua O. Oyekanmi; Gonçalo Silva; Moritz Bömer; Gabriel I. Atiri; Joseph Onyeka; Norbert G. Maroya; Susan E. Seal; P. Lava Kumar
      Abstract: Abstract A closed-tube reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (CT-RT-LAMP) assay was developed for the detection of yam mosaic virus (YMV, genus Potyvirus) infecting yam (Dioscorea spp.). The assay uses a set of six oligonucleotide primers targeting the YMV coat protein region, and the amplification products in YMV-positive samples are visualized by chromogenic detection with SYBR Green I dye. The CT-RT-LAMP assay detected YMV in leaf and tuber tissues of infected plants. The assay is 100 times more sensitive in detecting YMV than standard RT-PCR, while maintaining the same specificity.
      PubDate: 2018-01-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3706-0
  • Physiological traits of endornavirus-infected and endornavirus-free common
           bean ( Phaseolus vulgaris ) cv Black Turtle Soup
    • Authors: S. Khankhum; R. A. Valverde
      Abstract: Abstract This study evaluated the physiological traits of eight lines of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) cv. Black Turtle Soup, four of which were double-infected with Phaseolus vulgaris endornavirus 1 and Phaseolus vulgaris endornavirus 2, and four of which were endornavirus-free. Plants from all eight lines were morphologically similar and did not show statistically significant differences in plant height, wet weight, number of days to flowering and pod formation, pods per plant, pod thickness, seed size, number of seeds per pod, and anthocyanin content. However, the endornavirus-infected lines had faster seed germination, longer radicle, lower chlorophyll content, higher carotene content, longer pods, and higher weight of 100 seeds, all of which were statistically significant. The endornaviruses were not associated with visible pathogenic effects.
      PubDate: 2018-01-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3702-4
  • Genetic and biological characterization of three poultry-origin H5N6 avian
           influenza viruses with all internal genes from genotype S H9N2 viruses
    • Authors: Kaituo Liu; Min Gu; Shunlin Hu; Ruyi Gao; Juan Li; Liwei Shi; Wenqi Sun; Dong Liu; Zhao Gao; Xiulong Xu; Jiao Hu; Xiaoquan Wang; Xiaowen Liu; Sujuan Chen; Daxin Peng; Xinan Jiao; Xiufan Liu
      Abstract: Abstract During surveillance for avian influenza viruses, three H5N6 viruses were isolated in chickens obtained from live bird markets in eastern China, between January 2015 and April 2016. Sequence analysis revealed a high genomic homology between these poultry isolates and recent human H5N6 variants whose internal genes were derived from genotype S H9N2 avian influenza viruses. Glycan binding assays revealed that all avian H5N6 viruses were capable of binding to both human-type SAα-2,6Gal receptors and avian-type SAα-2,3Gal receptors. Their biological characteristics were further studied in BALB/c mice, specific-pathogen-free chickens, and mallard ducks. All three isolates had low pathogenicity in mice but were highly pathogenic to chickens, as evidenced by 100% mortality 36-120 hours post infection at a low dose of 103.0EID50 and through effective contact transmission. Moreover, all three poultry H5N6 isolates caused asymptomatic infections in ducks, which may serve as a reservoir host for their maintenance and dissemination; these migrating waterfowl could cause a potential global pandemic. Our study suggests that continuous epidemiological surveillance in poultry should be implemented for the early prevention of future influenza outbreaks.
      PubDate: 2018-01-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3695-4
  • Enemies with benefits: mutualistic interactions of viruses with lower
    • Authors: Shounak S. Jagdale; Rakesh S. Joshi
      Abstract: Abstract Viruses represent some of the deadliest pathogens known to science. Recently they have been reported to have mutualistic interactions with their hosts, providing them direct or indirect benefits. The mutualism and symbiogenesis of such viruses with lower eukaryotic partners such as fungi, yeast, and insects have been reported but the full mechanism of interaction often remains an enigma. In many instances, these viral interactions provide resistance against several biotic and abiotic stresses, which could be the prime reason for the ecological success and positive selection of the hosts. These viruses modulate host metabolism and behavior, so both can obtain maximum benefits from the environment. They bring about micro- and macro-level changes in the hosts, benefiting their adaptation, reproduction, development, and survival. These virus-host interactions can be bilateral or tripartite with a variety of interacting partners. Exploration of these interactions can shed light on one of the well-coordinated biological phenomena of co-evolution and can be highly utilized for various applications in agriculture, fermentation and the pharmaceutical industries.
      PubDate: 2018-01-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3686-5
  • Genetic and immunogenicity analysis of porcine circovirus type 2 strains
           isolated in central China
    • Authors: Chang Liu; Yunchao Liu; Hongying Chen; Hua Feng; Yumei Chen; Yinbiao Wang; Juan Wang; Dongmin Liu; Ruiguang Deng; Gaiping Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is an economically important pathogen in domestic pigs and wild boars all around the world. To understand the molecular epidemiology of PCV2 strains circulating in central China and to provide a potential vaccine candidate strain, we analyzed the genetic variations of 46 PCV2 isolates circulating from 2009 to 2016 in Henan Province (24 detected in the field from 2009-2013 and 22 from 2013-2016) and evaluated the efficacy of an isolate as a vaccine candidate strain in a mouse model. We found that PCV2b was the predominant genotype and PCV2b-1C was the main subtype. The PCV2 isolate DF-1, which had a virus titer of 106.5 TCID50/mL and a stable genome, was selected and used to immunize Kunming mice. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), immunoperoxidase monolayer assay (IPMA), and virus neutralization test (VNT) results indicated that the DF-1 vaccine candidate strain could elicit a level of specific antibodies and neutralizing antibodies similar to those induced by a commercial vaccine. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of virus in vaccinated mice after challenge revealed that DF-1 vaccination was effective in clearing the virus in different tissues. Hence, the PCV2 isolate DF-1, a circulating subtype of PCV2b-1C, might be used as a potential vaccine candidate strain.
      PubDate: 2018-01-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3685-6
  • Molecular characterization of a putative gammapartitivirus in the
           phytopathogenic fungus Nigrospora oryzae
    • Authors: Jin Xiu Yu; Jun Zi Zhu; Ying Wang; Chao Jun Zhang; Jie Zhong; Hong Jian Zhu; Bi Da Gao; Qian Zhou
      Abstract: Abstract We report the molecular attributes of a novel bisegmented double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) virus, designated “Nigrospora oryzae partitivirus 1” (NoPV1), from a phytopathogenic fungus Nigrospora oryzae. The genome of NoPV1 contains two dsRNA segments (dsRNA1 and 2), 1875 bp and 1601 bp in length, respectively. dsRNA1 and -2 both have a single open reading frame encoding the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and coat protein, respectively. NoPV1 has a high degree of sequence identity to members of genus Gammapartitivirus in the family Partitiviridae. This is the first report of a mycovirus in the family Partitiviridae that infects N. oryzae.
      PubDate: 2018-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3671-z
  • Mitochondrial bioenergy alterations in avian HD11 macrophages infected
           with infectious bronchitis virus
    • Authors: Sergio E. L. da Silva; Helena L. Ferreira; Andrea F. Garcia; Felipe E. S. Silva; Roberto Gameiro; Carolina U. F. Fabri; Dielson S. Vieira; Tereza C. Cardoso
      Abstract: Abstract To establish an association between mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptosis following infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) infection, HD11 avian macrophage cells were infected with the Massachusetts 41 (M41) strain. Our results show that the M41 strain of IBV induced cytopathic effects followed by the release of new viral particles. Elevated numbers of apoptotic cells were observed at 24, 48 and 72 h post-infection (p.i.). Viral infection was associated with mitochondrial membrane depolarization and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production at all of the examined timepoints p.i. In summary, IBV M41 replication in infected HD11 macrophages seems to induce mitochondrial bioenergy failure, acting as a respiratory chain uncoupler, without compromising viral replication.
      PubDate: 2018-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-018-3704-2
  • Complete genomic sequence of Raphanus sativus cryptic virus 4 (RsCV4), a
           novel alphapartitivirus from radish
    • Authors: Laurence Svanella-Dumas; Sébastien Theil; Matthieu Barret; Thierry Candresse
      Abstract: Abstract The present work reports the discovery and complete genome sequencing of a virus from symptomless radish seedlings, classifiable as a novel member of the genus Alphapartitivirus, family Partitiviridae. Total RNA extracted from germinating seedlings was sequenced using Illumina technology. Bioinformatic analysis of the RNA-seq data revealed two contigs representing the near full-length genomic sequences of two genomic RNAs representing a new virus. Analysis of the genome sequence (excluding the polyA tail, RNA1: 1976 nt and RNA2: 1751 nt, respectively) showed a genomic organization typical of viruses classed within the Partitiviridae, with each genomic RNA encoding a single open reading frame (ORF). Phylogenetic analysis of the RNA dependent RNA polymerase (RNA1 ORF) and of the capsid protein (RNA2 ORF) clearly showed the new virus can be classified within the genus Alphapartitivirus, but sequence divergence establishes it as a new species, for which the name “Raphanus sativus cryptic virus 4” is proposed.
      PubDate: 2018-01-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3693-6
  • Genetic characterization of low-pathogenic avian influenza viruses
           isolated on the Izumi plain in Japan: possible association of dynamic
           movements of wild birds with AIV evolution
    • Authors: Hiroko Nakagawa; Kosuke Okuya; Toshiko Kawabata; Aya Matsuu; Kozo Takase; Masakazu Kuwahara; Shigehisa Toda; Makoto Ozawa
      Abstract: Abstract The Izumi plain in Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan, is an overwintering site of endangered cranes (hooded cranes and white-naped cranes) and of many other migratory birds (including wild ducks) that are considered carriers of avian influenza viruses (AIVs). To assess the risks of a highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreak in the crane populations, we tested various environmental samples for AIVs in this area. In the 2014–2015 winter season, we isolated one AIV of the H6N2 subtype from the cranes’ roost water and two AIVs of the H11N9 subtype from a crane fecal sample and a cloacal swab of a dead spot-billed duck. Genetic analysis of these AIV isolates indicated that our H6N2 isolate is genetically close to AIVs isolated from wild birds in Southeast Asian countries, except that the PB1 and NS genes belong to the North American virus lineage. All genes of the two H11N9 isolates are related to AIVs belonging to the Eurasian virus lineage. Notably, in our phylogenetic trees, H11 HA and N9 NA genes showing high sequence similarity to the corresponding genes of isolates from wild birds in South Africa and Spain, respectively, did not cluster in the major groups with recent wild-bird isolates from East Asia. These results suggest that AIVs with viral gene segments derived from various locations and bird species have been brought to the Izumi plain. These findings imply a possible association of dynamic movements of wild birds with AIV evolution.
      PubDate: 2018-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3698-1
  • HPV genotypes detected by linear array and next-generation sequencing in
           anal samples from HIV positive men who have sex with men in Mexico
    • Authors: Luz A. González-Hernández; María G. Flores-Miramontes; Adriana Aguilar-Lemarroy; Krissya S. Quintanilla-Peña; Fabiola L. Martin-Amaya-Barajas; Moisés Ramos-Solano; Luis F. Enciso Gómez; Jaime F. Andrade-Villanueva; Luis F. Jave-Suárez
      Abstract: Abstract The incidence of anal cancer has been rising, especially in HIV+ patients and has been associated with HPV infection. HIV+ patients are more at risk of HPV coinfection and are seven times more likely to have persistent HPV infection; moreover, HIV+ men have an increased risk of developing anal cancer compared to HIV+ women. The development of screening strategies for the detection of HPV in HIV+ men is of major importance; however, there is not enough information about the HPV genotypes and variants that are colonizing the anal epithelia of HIV+ men in diverse geographical regions. Therefore, this work was aimed at identifying HPV genotypes present in the anal epithelium of HIV+ men who have sex with men (MSM), with or without anal lesions (n = 75). For HPV genotyping, two approaches were performed: Linear Array HPV Genotyping Test and next-generation sequencing (NGS). In general, the six most frequent HPV genotypes found by Linear Array were HPV6, 62, 61, 81, 16 and 51. On the other hand, employing NGS, a total of 36 HPV genotypes belonging to both alpha and beta genera were found. The genotypes with the greatest number of reads, according to the diagnostic group, were: HPV81, 45, 6, 51 and 61 in MSM without anal lesions (WAIN); HPV6, 61, 70, 62 and 66 in MSM with atypical lesions (AAL); HPV6, 11, 66, 81 and 61 in MSM with anal intraepithelial neoplasia grade I (AIN I); and HPV16, 81, 58, 61 and 52 with AIN III. Additionally, a great diversity of L1 variants was observed, especially in genotypes HPV16, 58, 61, 52, 45 and 59.
      PubDate: 2018-01-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00705-017-3697-2
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