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BIOLOGY (1470 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 1720 Journals sorted alphabetically
AAPS Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Achievements in the Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACS Synthetic Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Acta Biologica Colombiana     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Biologica Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Acta Biologica Sibirica     Open Access  
Acta Biomaterialia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Acta Biotheoretica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Chiropterologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
acta ethologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Limnologica Brasiliensia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Médica Costarricense     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Musei Silesiae, Scientiae Naturales : The Journal of Silesian Museum in Opava     Open Access  
Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis     Open Access  
Acta Parasitologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Acta Scientiarum. Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Actualidades Biológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Health Care Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Studies in Biology     Open Access  
Advances in Antiviral Drug Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Bioinformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Biological Regulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Biosensors and Bioelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in Cellular and Molecular Biology of Membranes and Organelles     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Advances in DNA Sequence-Specific Agents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Ecological Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 42)
Advances in Environmental Sciences - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Advances in Experimental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Genome Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Advances in Human Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Life Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Marine Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Advances in Molecular and Cell Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Organ Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Planar Lipid Bilayers and Liposomes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Regenerative Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Space Biology and Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Structural Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Virus Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Range & Forage Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
AFRREV STECH : An International Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ageing Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Aging Cell     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Agrokémia és Talajtan     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
AJP Cell Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
AJP Endocrinology and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
AJP Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Al-Kauniyah : Jurnal Biologi     Open Access  
Alasbimn Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
AMB Express     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambix     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Fern Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Plant Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
American Malacological Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Naturalist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 70)
Amphibia-Reptilia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Anaerobe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Analytical Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anatomical Science International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Annales de Limnologie - International Journal of Limnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales françaises d'Oto-rhino-laryngologie et de Pathologie Cervico-faciale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Annales UMCS, Biologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Applied Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Annals of Human Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Biophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Cancer Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Annual Review of Phytopathology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anthropological Review     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Anti-Infective Agents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Antibiotics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Antioxidants     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Antioxidants & Redox Signaling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Anzeiger für Schädlingskunde     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Apidologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Apmis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
APOPTOSIS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Applied Bionics and Biomechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Applied Vegetation Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Aquaculture Environment Interactions     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aquaculture International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Aquaculture Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aquatic Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Aquatic Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Aquatic Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aquatic Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Archaea     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Molluskenkunde: International Journal of Malacology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Biological Sciences     Open Access  
Archives of Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Natural History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Oral Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arid Ecosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arquivos do Instituto Biológico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivos do Museu Dinâmico Interdisciplinar     Open Access  
Arthropod Structure & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Arthropods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Artificial DNA: PNA & XNA     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artificial Photosynthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Bioethics Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Biological Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Developmental Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Nematology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Life Scientist     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Mammalogy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Autophagy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Avian Biology Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Avian Conservation and Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bacteriology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bacteriophage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Bioethics     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Berita Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bio Tribune Magazine     Hybrid Journal  
BIO Web of Conferences     Open Access  
BIO-Complexity     Open Access  
Bio-Grafía. Escritos sobre la Biología y su enseñanza     Open Access  
Bioanalytical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biocatalysis and Biotransformation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemistry and Cell Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Biochimie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
BioControl     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biocontrol Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biodemography and Social Biology     Hybrid Journal  
BioDiscovery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Biodiversitas : Journal of Biological Diversity     Open Access  
Biodiversity : Research and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Biodiversity Data Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biodiversity Informatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biodiversity Information Science and Standards     Open Access  
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Bioeksperimen : Jurnal Penelitian Biologi     Open Access  
Bioelectrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioelectromagnetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bioenergy Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioengineering and Bioscience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BioEssays     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biofabrication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Biofilms     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biogeosciences (BG)     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Biogeosciences Discussions (BGD)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioinformatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291)
Bioinformatics and Biology Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Bioinspiration & Biomimetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biointerphases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biojournal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Biologia     Hybrid Journal  
Biologia on-line : Revista de divulgació de la Facultat de Biologia     Open Access  
Biological Bulletin     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Biological Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Biological Invasions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Biological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biological Procedures Online     Open Access  
Biological Psychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Biological Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biological Research     Open Access  
Biological Rhythm Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biological Trace Element Research     Hybrid Journal  
Biologicals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Biologics: Targets & Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biologie Aujourd'hui     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Biologie in Unserer Zeit (Biuz)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Biologija     Open Access  
Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Aquaculture International
  [SJR: 0.613]   [H-I: 40]   [22 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-143X - ISSN (Online) 0967-6120
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • Effects of electrolyte enhanced water on culturing giant freshwater prawn
           Macrobrachium rosenbergii
    • Authors: Muhamad Syahmin Aiman Sahrir; Mushrifah Idris; Abdullah Samat; Suhairi Alimon
      Pages: 419 - 431
      Abstract: In this work, electrolyte enhanced water (EW) was used to determine the effect of EW in culturing freshwater prawns. The giant freshwater prawn juvenile, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, was exposed to different concentrations of EW in experiment 1. The EW was added into the water and labeled as treatment A1 which consists of 1% anolyte and 0.5% catholyte. In the respective treatments, the proportion of anolytes and catolytes are as follows: treatment B1 (1% anolyte and 1% catholyte), treatment C1 (2% anolyte and 0.5% catholyte), treatment D1 (2% anolyte and 1% catholyte), and control (without EW). All these treatments were run in three replicates for each treatment including the control. In the first experiment, the growth of the M. rosenbergii under treatment A1 showed an increased in growth as compared to the control after 56 days of exposure with a significant difference of p < 0.05. The survival rate of prawns is higher in treatments A1 (73%), B1 (70%), and control (63%) as compared to treatments C1 (53%) and D1 (50%). In the second experiment, the treatment using EW concentration of 1% anolyte and 0.5% catholyte was used as the most suitable concentration for the prawn culturing tested with recirculating aquaculture system (RAS). The treatments used in the second experiment was labeled as A2 (EW), B2 (EW and RAS), C2 (RAS), and control. Treatment B2 showed a higher growth and survival rate and was significantly different to the other treatments. The colony-forming unit (CFU) showed a lower count of bacteria in all experiments that used EW as compared to the control. The concentration of 1% of anolyte and 0.5% of catholyte has shown to improve the growth and survival rate of the M. rosenbergii culture when combined with the RAS. This study showed a potential use of electrolyte enhanced water in culturing giant freshwater prawn.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0223-1
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of extensive bottom cultivation of tropical oyster Crassostrea
           belcheri on benthic invertebrate community structure in Ban Don Bay,
           Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand
    • Authors: Sirusa Kritsanapuntu; Nilnaj Chaitanawisuti
      Pages: 433 - 449
      Abstract: The diversity, distribution, and species richness of benthic invertebrates were examined under extensive bottom cultivation of the tropical oyster Crassostrea belcheri during the summer of 2015 at Ban Don Bay, Suratthani Province, Southern Thailand. Oyster farms that had been operating for 25 years were selected for the study, and four sampling sites were allocated along each transect as (i) at the center of the farm, (ii) inside the farm, (iii) at the farm boundary, and (iv) a reference site. Results indicated that a total of 23 families and 28 species of benthic invertebrate taxa were recorded from the four sampling sites, and the macrobenthic invertebrates inhabiting all study sites consisted mainly of gastropods (11 species), polychaetes (11 species), and bivalves (8 species). No significant differences in total density, diversity index, evenness index, and species richness index of benthic invertebrates were found among each sampling site (P > 0.05). Significant differences in total nitrogen, nitrate, nitrite, total ammonia, sulfide, total phosphorus, organic matter, and grain sizes of sediment were found among each sampling site, but no significant differences in pH and total nitrogen were found. Among the independent variables analyzed, correlation analysis showed relationships between benthic diversity indices and abiotic variables. There were no clear patterns of differences in the detrimental environmental effects between sampling site locations, which indicated a minimal ecological impact of oyster cultivation.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0227-x
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Assessment of household risk management strategies for coastal
           aquaculture: the case of clam farming in Thaibinh Province, Vietnam
    • Authors: Thi Thu Hang Ngo; Hossein Azadi; Huu Cuong Tran; Philippe Lebailly
      Pages: 451 - 468
      Abstract: Clam farmers have experienced different types of risks that have been further exacerbated by the rapid expansion of clam farming areas, increased growing densities, and increased market difficulties in recent years in the Thaibinh Province of Vietnam. Most farmers have been seriously affected by production risk, market risk, and financial risk, while a number of others have met with success in almost all of their clam-raising cycles. This study applied a differentiating comparative analysis method and multiple discriminant analysis method to discuss the differences in risk management strategies between and among clam farming households and the impacts of those differences on their success/failure rates. In general, the tactics are related to increase in farm size, the application of technical innovations, diversifying livelihood activities, and accessing secure financial sources all provided better conditions for clam growth, diminished losses, and led to speedier recovery from shocks. To support farmers in managing risks, several government interventions are needed: (1) better re-zoning of clam farming areas in parallel with an increase in the farm size of each household, (2) promoting sustainable linkages between the farmers and the formal financial market and output market, and (3) investing more funding into research and extension related to sustainable clam farming practices and to the improvement of farmers’ skills in cooperative works and management.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0226-y
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Better management practices and their outcomes in shrimp farming: evidence
           from small-scale shrimp farmers in Southern Vietnam
    • Authors: Aya Suzuki; Vu Hoang Nam
      Pages: 469 - 486
      Abstract: Despite the growth of aquaculture exports from developing countries to developed countries in recent years, a high percentage of these products are rejected at developed countries’ ports because of non-compliance with international standards. This paper presents a case study of the shrimp aquaculture sector in Vietnam to examine the factors behind the persistence of such port rejections. In particular, we focus on why the so-called better management practices (BMPs) are not appropriately adopted by many farmers and examine whether the number and types of information sources matter in farmers’ decisions on BMP adoption and whether BMP adoption actually leads to better performances. On the basis of our estimation using primary data collected in Southern Vietnam, we find that information sources and training experiences indeed matter in the adoption of a higher number of BMPs and that BMP adoption indeed reduces the possibility of disease outbreaks. These results prove the effectiveness of BMPs and suggest the importance of disseminating knowledge regarding them to farmers through experts.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0228-9
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Can the polyculture with South American catfish improve the feeding
           efficiency of rainbow trout culture'
    • Authors: Felipe Anderson Pereira; Natalia Ha; André Fernando Nascimento Gonçalves; Hélio Antunes; Wagner C. Valenti; Thiago El Hadi Perez Fabregat
      Pages: 487 - 493
      Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine if the South American catfish (Rhamdia quelen) is suitable to be farmed in polyculture with rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in intensive systems during the juvenile phase to maximize feed efficiency. Juveniles of rainbow trout (3.94 ± 0.11 g) and South American catfish (2.07 ± 0.04 g) were distributed in 16 tanks (100 L) with continuous water renewal at the density of 50 fish/tank. The experimental design was completely randomized with four treatments (proportions between species) and four replicates. The treatments were 100% trout (100T), 70% trout and 30% catfish (70T30C), 50% trout and 50% catfish (50T50C), and 100% catfish (100C). Fish were fed twice daily with pelleted commercial feed (45% crude protein) during an experimental period of 56 days. No feed was provided for the catfish in polyculture. The weight gained by the trout was higher in polyculture. Fish survival did not differ among the treatments. The average survival of the trout in all tanks was 99.6 ± 1.0%, while the survival of the South American catfish was 97.9 ± 2.7%. The total feed conversion ratio was lower in the 70T30J treatment, followed by the 100T treatment. Rainbow trout and South American catfish are compatible species for farming together in the first phase of their juvenile development. The different spaces occupied by these species inside tanks probably prevent competition or agonistic behavior. Catfish eat the non-ingested leftover diet from the trout, which improves feed conversion and increases sustainability.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0234-y
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Environmental factors on virulence of Aeromonas hydrophila
    • Authors: Ruan E. F. Abreu; Thaís C Magalhães; Renilde C Souza; Samira TL Oliveira; Adriana MG Ibelli; Fábio N Demarqui; João JS Gouveia; Mateus M Costa; Gisele V Gouveia
      Pages: 495 - 507
      Abstract: Aeromonas hydrophila are known for being opportunistic pathogens, harboring various virulence factors and triggering lesions and death in fish. The disease caused by bacteria can make fish inappropriate for human consumption, besides representing a risk to public health. The pathogenesis can be influenced by environmental variables, affecting fish productivity and mortality. The present study aimed to determine whether A. hydrophila harbor the virulence genes aerolysin, hydrolipase, elastase, lipase, cytotonic enterotoxin (ast), lateral flagellum (laf), and polar flagellum (fla) and to evaluate the influence of environmental variables on in vitro growth, in vivo virulence and expression of some of these genes. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based screening for the presence of these virulence genes was performed on 35 isolates. Six isolates containing different profiles of virulence genes were tested for in vitro growth under different conditions of pH, temperature, and ammonia and for in vivo virulence under these same environmental conditions. RT-qPCR was used to quantify the expression of aerolysin, lipase, and fla genes. All the tested environmental factors influenced the growth of A. hydrophila, while pH and ammonia concentrations influenced the bacterial virulence. The expression of the fla gene increased when bacteria were grown in higher ammonia concentration. The mortality established by Aeromonas is influenced by several environmental factors pinpointing the importance of its control in fish farming to avoid higher economic loses associated to bacterial disease outbreaks.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0230-2
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • The application of two benthic indices to investigate the effects of
           land-based fish farms in coastal transitional ecosystems: two case studies
           in Tuscany region (Italy)
    • Authors: Andrea Alberto Forchino; Fabio Brambilla; Simona Rimoldi; Marco Saroglia; Genciana Terova
      Pages: 543 - 555
      Abstract: The effects on the benthic ecosystem deriving from the activities of two land-based fish farms located in Italian coastal transitional ecosystems (CTEs) were investigated. Together with chemical and physical analysis, some biological analysis was performed. For each fish farm, three stations were sampled: two stations located inside the farm (ponds exit and farm exit) and one station located outside the fish farm, considered as reference site. The AZTI’s Marine Biotic Index (AMBI) and the BENTIX index were calculated, which are being used in assessing the ecological status of benthic communities within the European Water Framework Directive (WFD). Results were compared in order to evaluate the more suitable index for this study area. Both the indices gave similar results but AMBI resulted more sensitive than BENTIX, probably due to the small size of the collected samples. This study seems to suggest that AMBI, being not dependent from sample size, could be preferred as descriptor of benthic health status in CTEs.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0224-0
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of cold acclimation on the survival, feeding rate, and
           non-specific immune responses of the freshwater red claw crayfish ( Cherax
           quadricarinatus )
    • Authors: Dong-Lei Wu; Zhi-Quan Liu; You-Hui Huang; Wei-Wei Lv; Ming-Hai Chen; Yi-Ming Li; Yun-Long Zhao
      Pages: 557 - 567
      Abstract: The effect of cold acclimation on growth performance, non-specific immune responses, and expression level of HSP21 and CSP gene were studied in red claw crayfish (Cherax quadricarinatus) using a 4-week stress trial. We set a four-temperature gradient, with water temperatures of 25, 20, 15, and 9 °C, respectively. With the gradual decrease of temperature, the survival rate, feeding rate, and hepatopancreas index (HIS) of the red claw crayfish showed a decreasing trend. Decreased total hemocyte count (THC) and hemocyanin concentration were observed when water temperature decreased. The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) in the hepatopancreas and hemolymph all gradually declined with decreasing temperatures and then significantly lowered at 9 °C compared with those at 25 °C. The activity of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in these two tissues showed in the opposite trend, indicating that they may have different regulation mechanisms. A gradual increase of malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration was detected in the hepatopancreas and hemolymph when the temperature decreased. Low temperature stress also affected the expression of heat shock proteins 21(HSP21) and cold shock domain protein (CSP). These results indicate that cold acclimation may induce oxidative stress on the crayfish and then cause oxidative damage and hemocyte apoptosis, as well as immunosuppression in Cherax quadricarinatus, which may finally affect the growth and survival of Cherax quadricarinatus.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0236-4
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Genetic, nutritional and pathological investigations on the effect of
           feeding low protein diet and biofloc on growth performance, survival and
           disease prevention of Indian white shrimp Fenneropenaeus indicus
    • Authors: Mohamed E. Megahed; Gamal Elmesiry; Ahmed Ellithy; Khaled Mohamed
      Pages: 589 - 615
      Abstract: This experiment was carried out to investigate the effect of feeding low protein diets (~20BFd20.13; ~22BFd22.20; ~24BFd24.32, and ~26BFd26.44) in the presence of the biofloc on the growth performance and feed utilization of (Fenneropenaeus indicus) in comparison with commercial feed of 35% CP as control. The present study was based on application of genetic, nutritional and pathological tools. The biofloc was developed in the low protein diet using molasses as a carbon source. Fifty juveniles F. indicus with an average body weight of 0.52 ± 0.03 g were stocked in 50 L plastic tanks. Low protein diets and the control were tested in three replicates over a 112 days feeding trial. There were significant differences in protein, amino acids profile, lipids and fatty acids profile between the control and low diets group in the presence of the biofloc. However, less variation was noticed in the whole body composition (protein, amino acid profile, lipids and fatty acid profiles) of the shrimp between the control and low diets groups in the presence of the biofloc. There were no significant differences in final weight between control and low diets groups. Same trend was noted in the SGR, which did not vary significantly between low protein diets and control. However, the utilization of the biofloc by shrimp as a feed source was evident by the significant differences (P< 0.05) in FCR between low protein diets and control. There was a significant difference in the shrimp survival (%) (P< 0.05) between the low protein diets and the control which ranged between 86.66 % and 66.66 %, respectively. The development of biofloc significantly reduced the TAN, nitrate NO3-N and nitrite NO2-N levels in the low protein diets tanks. Diagnostic of mortality cases revealed that biofloc can serve as a biosecurity system for shrimp farmimg. RAPD-PCR were used to study the epidemiology of Vibrio parahaemolyticus responsible for early mortality syndrome (EMS) isolated from the water of culture system. The OPC5 (GATGACCGCC) primer produced bands ranged from 1 to 8 with sizes from 0.2–5.0 kb.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0231-1
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Experimental infection of Betanodavirus in freshwater fish Gambusia
           affinis (Baird and Girard, 1853)—a potential infection model for viral
           encephalopathy and retinopathy
    • Authors: J. Praveenraj; P. Ezhil Praveena; T. Bhuvaneswari; A. Navaneeth Krishnan; K. P. Jithendran
      Pages: 617 - 627
      Abstract: Betanodaviruses are the causative agents of the disease known as viral nervous necrosis (VNN) or viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) in a variety of marine and freshwater fish species. The aim of this study was to demonstrate experimental infection of an isolate of betanodavirus (RGNNV genotype) in freshwater fish, Gambusia affinis, for elucidation of transmission mechanism and potential use as a laboratory model. Morbidity and mortality rate was significantly higher by injection route of infection as compared to immersion by bath and resembled the natural infection of juvenile marine fish. The fish in disease affected group showed severe neurological disorders accompanied by extensive vacuolar degeneration and mild to moderate neuronal necrosis of the brain in comparison to control. Amplification of ~ 427 bp product in the variable region of the coat protein gene of betanodavirus was achieved by RT-PCR with 100% sequence homology to RGNNV genotype.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0241-7
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Demographic and competition studies on Brachionus ibericus and Proales
           similis in relation to salinity and algal ( Nannochloropsis oculata )
    • Authors: Uriel Arreguin Rebolledo; S. Nandini; S. S. S. Sarma; José Cristóbal Román Reyes; Gustavo Alejandro Rodríguez Montes de Oca
      Pages: 629 - 644
      Abstract: We isolated the rotifers Brachionus ibericus and Proales similis from the sediment of shrimp tanks and studied their individual demographic characters and competition between them at two food levels (0.25 × 106, 1.00 × 106 cells ml−1 of Nannochloropsis oculata at 25 °C) and salinities ranging from 10 to 30‰. Our hypothesis was that growth rates would be higher with increasing food levels and salinities. Observations were taken twice a day for life table studies and daily once for population growth experiments. Using survivorship and fecundity data, we derived various life history variables. Although the average life span (7.6 ± 0.4 days) and gross reproductive rate (33.8 ± 2.9 neonate female−1 day−1) of B. ibericus were higher than those of P. similis (average life span 5.4 ± 0.6 days and gross reproductive rate 13.0 ± 0.6 neonate female−1 day−1), the population growth experiments showed that P. similis had higher r values (0.32 ± 0.005 day−1) than B. ibericus (0.23 ± 0.002 day−1) at 1.0 × 106 cells ml−1 of N. oculata. The rotifer P. similis was more adversely affected due to the presence of B. ibericus than vice versa. The data are important for developing techniques for a large-scale culture of these rotifers as food in aquaculture.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-017-0233-z
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Individual growth pattern of juvenile stages of the Chinese mitten crab (
           Eriocheir sinensis ) reared under laboratory conditions
    • Authors: Zhigang Yang; Banghong Wei; Qibin Liu; Yongxu Cheng; Junyu Zhou
      Pages: 645 - 657
      Abstract: The specific growth pattern of Chinese mitten crab, Eriocheir sinensis, during the juvenile stages was investigated under an individual rearing system for 160 days, including parent crab selection, hatchery management, larval stages, and juvenile cultivation. There were 36 males and 40 females developed from megalopa to the juvenile crab stage 10 (M–C10), with a total survival of 38%. The survival rate in early stages (M–C3) remained less than 80%, which was lower than that in latter stages (> 90%). The intermoult duration sharply increased in an exponential manner (y = 3.1059e0.2149x R2 = 0.9383) from 4 ± 0.54 days to 38 ± 6.26 days. The increments in wet weight, carapace width, and carapace length per moult were recorded throughout the experiment, which followed certain patterns with progressing moulting time. In addition, moulting increment in wet weight varied greatly from C1 to C6, with a minimum increment of 108.09%. Meanwhile, the specific growth rate markedly increased in the early stages and subsequently decreased, mainly because of significant increases in the intermoult duration starting from C6 stage. Males and females could be differentiated at C4 based on sexual dimorphism in the abdomen, and the most distinct changes in female and male juvenile crabs occurred in the shape of the abdomen and amount of cheliped fluff, respectively.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0239-1
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • Effects of tank color on the growth, stress responses, and skin color of
           snakeskin gourami ( Trichogaster pectoralis )
    • Authors: Parichart Ninwichian; Nirandon Phuwan; Kesara Jakpim; Panya Sae-Lim
      Pages: 659 - 672
      Abstract: The effects of tank color on the growth, stress responses, and skin color of snakeskin gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis) were investigated in this study. Fish with initial body weights of 5.03±0.00 g were reared in five experimental tank colors (white, red, green, blue, and black) for 8 weeks. Each tank color was tested in triplicate with an initial stocking density of 15 fish per tank. Fish were fed with commercial sinking pellets at 4% of the average body weight per day. Growth performance, feed utilization efficiency, stress indicators (hematocrit, blood glucose, plasma cortisol levels), and skin color parameters were investigated. The fish reared in blue tanks had a significantly higher average final body weight (9.73 ± 0.14 g) and significantly lower average feed conversion ratio (3.42 ± 0.12) than the fish reared in black tanks (P < 0.05). The fish reared in black tanks exhibited higher average hematocrit (36.63 ± 1.11%), blood glucose (48.33 ± 1.45 mg dL−1), and plasma cortisol (9.00 ± 0.56 μg dL−1) levels than those reared in the other tank colors. However, the blood glucose levels in only the fish reared in black tanks were significantly higher than those in the fish reared in the other tank colors. The fish skin color ranged from very pale (high skin lightness) in the white tanks to very dark (low skin lightness) in the black tanks, and 80% of the variation in skin lightness were explained by the tank lightness. The use of a blue tank resulted in normal skin color; hence, blue tanks will not affect the customer acceptance of the fish. Our study revealed that blue is the most appropriate tank color for culturing snakeskin gourami.
      PubDate: 2018-04-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0242-6
      Issue No: Vol. 26, No. 2 (2018)
  • PGF 2α and gonadal steroid plasma levels of successful and unsuccessful
           spawning Piaractus mesopotamicus (Teleostei, Characiformes) females
    • Authors: Rafael Yutaka Kuradomi; Sergio Ricardo Batlouni
      Abstract: Gonadal steroid and prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α) plasma levels were evaluated in successfully (SP) and unsuccessfully ovulated (UN) female Piaractus mesopotamicus. Forty-one females were injected with crude carp pituitary extract (0.6 and 5.4 mg kg−1 with a 24-h interval between the doses) and sampled to determine the plasma concentration of 17β-estradiol (E2), 17α-hydroxyprogesterone (17α-OHP), 17α,20β-dihydroxy-4-pregnen-3-one (DHP), PGF2α, and testosterone (T) after each injection (first—A1 and second—A2), and at the time of ovulation for SP and UN. Two clusters were obtained using multivariate analysis: 1—composed of all A1, all A2, and some UN; and 2—composed of all SP and some UN. Median values of E2 plasma levels were similar between clusters; however, plasma levels of T, 17α-OHP, DHP, and PGF2α of cluster 2 (predominantly formed by SP) were higher than those of cluster 1. Since cluster 2 contained all SP and females of this cluster presented higher levels of PGF2α, T, 17α-OHP, and DHP, here we evidently shown in an unprecedented manner that concomitant increased levels of these substances were associated with successful ovulation in this species, but such an increase was not determinant for successful ovulation due to the presence of some UN females in the same cluster 2. These findings highlight the unexplored potential of PGF2α to be used as an accessory tool for inducing successful ovulation for fish farming purposes.
      PubDate: 2018-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0269-8
  • Influence of porosity of low-density polyethylene media on the maturation
           process of biofilters used in recirculating aquaculture systems
    • Authors: Túlio Pacheco Boaventura; Kleber Campos Miranda-Filho; Rodrigo Lambert Oréfice; Ronald Kennedy Luz
      Abstract: The effect of pores with different diameters in polyethylene media on the process of ammonia nitrification during the maturation of biofilters is evaluated. Four types of media were produced: M1 without pores, M2 with 40–112 μm in diameter pores, M3 with 125–187 μm diameter pores, and M4 with 312–437 μm diameter pores. Ammonia concentrations were statistically equal among media. On the majority of days, nitrite concentrations were lowest for M1 and M2, intermediate for M3, and highest for M4. Increased pore diameter favored the formation of biofilm in the interior, but the pores obtained in the expansion process were not interconnected, which may have caused low oxygenation of the water in the internal area. It was concluded that porosity did not reduce biofiltration time and did not increase the efficiency of nitrification of ammonia.
      PubDate: 2018-04-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0266-y
  • Photoperiod manipulation for the reproductive management of captive
           wolffish populations: Anarhichas minor and A. lupus
    • Authors: Bernard-Antonin Dupont Cyr; Helge Tveiten; Domynick Maltais; Grant W. Vandenberg; Nathalie R. Le François
      Abstract: This study provides new and practical information to implement the use of photoperiodic manipulation for the control of the sexual maturation of Canadian 6+ Atlantic wolffish (Anarhichas lupus) and 3+ first-time spawners spotted wolffish (Anarhichas minor) from Canadian and Norwegian populations. Wolffish reproductive cycle (gametogenesis and oocyte maturation and spermiation) was monitored for 23 consecutive months. Control groups were held under a 12-month simulated natural photoperiod and treatment groups under an 8-month compressed photoperiod. Plasma sex steroid concentrations (estradiol-17β and 11-ketotestosterone), oocyte diameter growth, and milt production were assessed monthly. For all groups under study, fish subjected to the compressed photoperiod spawned 2–6 months earlier than the controls. Complete out-of-shift cycle was not achieved based on the completion of two reproduction cycles, and this is briefly discussed. Photoperiod treatment induced temporal shifts in sex steroid profiles, which are the likely mediators of altered timing of ovulation/final maturation. Photoperiod has a strong influence on the timing of wolffish maturation and could be used as an efficient and inexpensive tool to secure wolffish reproduction operations (year-round supply of egg and milt and/or timing with optimal temperature regimes).
      PubDate: 2018-04-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0267-x
  • Inorganic nitrogen control, growth, and immunophysiological response of
           Litopenaeus vannamei (Boone, 1931) in a biofloc system and in clear water
           with or without commercial probiotic
    • Authors: Gang Liu; Zhangying Ye; Dezhao Liu; Songming Zhu
      Abstract: A 5-week feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of biofloc in situ and commercial probiotic supplementation on white shrimp (1.87 ± 0.03 g) inorganic nitrogen control, growth, and immunophysiological response. For this purpose, four treatments were conducted: clear water with no probiotic application (CW), clear water with probiotic application (CW+P), biofloc with no probiotic application (FLOC), and biofloc with probiotic application (BFT+P); each group had three replicates. Growth parameters (final body weight, daily weight gain, specific growth rate) were significantly higher in the two biofloc systems (P < 0.05), and the FLOC and FLOC+P group did not have a significant difference (P > 0.05). The immune responses (total hemocyte count, complement component protein, and lysozyme) and antioxidant status (glutathione, catalase) in the CW+P, FLOC, and FLOC+P groups were increased significantly at the end of the experiment compared with the CW group (P < 0.05), and the FLOC and FLOC+P groups did not have a significant difference (P > 0.05). Results of a 10-day Vibrio harveyi challenge test show that the survival rates in CW+P, FLOC, and FLOC+P groups were significantly higher (P < 0.05), and the FLOC and FLOC+P groups did not have a significant difference (P > 0.05). These results suggest that probiotic addition in the biofloc system had little advantage, but probiotics can improve the immune status of the shrimp in the clear water system. Further, cost-effectiveness analysis showed that the biofloc system was an efficient and economical option for the production of white shrimp.
      PubDate: 2018-04-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0263-1
  • Dietary inclusion of hydrolyzed soybean and cottonseed meals influence
           digestion, metabolic enzymes, and growth-related hormones and growth of
           juvenile turbot ( Scophthalmus maximus )
    • Authors: Zhidong Song; Peiyu Li; Jiying Wang; Yongzhi Sun; Chengqiang Wang
      Abstract: To investigate the effects of a mixture of hydrolyzed soybean and cottonseed meals (HSC) on the digestion, metabolic enzymes, growth-related hormones, and growth of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) (initial weight ca 35 g), six isoenergetic (ca 20 kJ/g) and isoproteic (ca 45%) diets were formulated with 0 (control), 14.7% (HSC14.7), 29.4% (HSC29.4), 44.1% (HSC44.1), 58.8% (HSC58.8) HSC, and 44.1% its native protein (SC44.1). Each diet was assigned to triplicate tanks with 36 fish per tank in a re-circulating system. Fish were fed twice daily. After 54 days, fish were weighed after a 24-h fast, and five digestive tracts were dissected for digestive enzyme analysis. Six blood and liver samples were collected from remaining 31 fish at 5 h post-feeding for metabolic enzymes and hormones analysis. The results showed that fish fed diets containing 14.7–44.1% HSC had higher average weight gain (g) (38.77–41.52 vs 29.74) but lower feed conversion rate (0.83–0.88 vs 1.02) than fish given the control diet. The HSC diets increased apparent digestibility coefficients of dry material, protein, and energy from 73.82% to 80.03%, 87.38% to 93.68%, and 76.13% to 81.46%, respectively. Pepsin and trypsin activities (U mg prot−1) were higher in group HSC14.7 (4.94 vs 4.26, 141.66 vs 115.14) than in the control group. The HSC44.1 and HSC58.8 diets increased the serum insulin level (IU L−1) (5.38, 5.50 vs 4.05), as well as the activities (U g prot−1) of hepatic alanine transaminase (868.42, 938.71 vs 730.82), aspartate transaminase (793.84, 854.64 vs 600.30), and glucokinase (104.76, 109.17 vs 93.90). The HSC diets reduced glucose 6 phosphatase activity (262.27–383.81 vs 537.21, U g prot−1) but increased phosphofructokinase activity (1592.55–1983.71 vs 978.52, U g prot−1). The HSC29.4 diet increased insulin-like growth factor 1 level (187.30 vs 151.17, ng L−1). Fish fed the SC41.1 diet exhibited lower growth performance and diet utilization than those fed the HSC44.1 diet. In conclusion, juvenile turbot can efficiently utilize HSC, and the recommended inclusion level is 27.14–30.70%.
      PubDate: 2018-04-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0265-z
  • Culture environment and the odorous volatile compounds present in
           pond-raised channel catfish ( Ictalurus punctatus )
    • Authors: Stephen T. McCrummen; Yifen Wang; Terrill R. Hanson; Lisa Bott; Shaoyang Liu
      Abstract: A headspace solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) coupled with GS-MS method was used to measure volatile compounds in fillets from musty off-flavor, muddy off-flavor, and on-flavor channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus), along with water and soil samples from the farm ponds in which the fish had been raised. Two ponds of each type of flavor were selected, and five fish, water, and soil samples were collected from each pond. Linear and multiple linear regression analyses were carried out between/among off-flavor strength and volatile compound contents to investigate their possible correlations. The combination of two strong off-flavor compounds, 2-methylisoborneol (MIB) and geosmin (GSM), was probably mainly responsible for the musty off-flavor in the catfish fillets, and an odorous alcohol, 1-hexanol, was correlated with muddy off-flavor (p = 0.015). There was a strong correlation between beta-cyclocitral and MIB in a pond that gave musty off-flavor catfish contents (p = 0.006), suggesting that these compounds might be generated by similar cyanobacteria. The contents of GSM, MIB, and beta-cyclocitral were high in the water of ponds that yielded off-flavor fish, indicating that catfish might acquire these compounds from pond water.
      PubDate: 2018-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0247-1
  • Growth enhancement and protective potential of feed-based outer membrane
           proteins against vibriosis in Macrobrachium rosenbergii
    • Authors: Abdullateef Ajadi; M. Y. Sabri; A. B. Dauda; M. Y. Ina-Salwany; A. H. Hasliza
      Abstract: The use of antibiotics to curtail vibriosis, which is a major infectious disease, plaguing shrimp and prawn is rather becoming less effective and the need for a better alternative is expedient. The outer membrane proteins (OMPs) of V. alginolyticus were extracted, mixed with powdered commercial feed and fed to the prawns to evaluate its effect on growth performance and protective potential. Sixty prawns were divided into groups A, B and C of 10 prawns each, with two replicates in six (150 L) glass aquaria. Groups A, B and C were fed with OMPs mixed diet, with OMPs-Freund’s incomplete adjuvant mixed diet and OMPs or adjuvant free diet (control diet) respectively. All the prawns were weighed weekly, and haemolymph was collected to determine the total haemocyte count (THC) and phenoloxidase (PO) activity. At the end of the feeding trial, prawns were intramuscularly challenged with 50 μL of 107 CFU V. alginolyticus. The treated groups were significantly higher in growth performance and THC than the control group, but no significant difference between the groups in terms of PO activity and mortality rate. The study, however, submitted that oral administration of OMPs with or without adjuvant is a good growth promoter and has the potential for protection against vibriosis in giant freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii).
      PubDate: 2018-02-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s10499-018-0244-4
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