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  Subjects -> AGRICULTURE (Total: 879 journals)
    - AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS (77 journals)
    - AGRICULTURE (622 journals)
    - CROP PRODUCTION AND SOIL (99 journals)
    - DAIRYING AND DAIRY PRODUCTS (29 journals)
    - POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (52 journals)

POULTRY AND LIVESTOCK (52 journals)

Showing 1 - 52 of 52 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A - Animal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Livestock Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Frontiers     Hybrid Journal  
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Animal Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives Animal Breeding     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Hayvansal Üretim     Open Access  
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Livestock Production     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of World's Poultry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan     Open Access  
La Chèvre     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Porcine Health Management     Open Access  
Poultry Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Poultry Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Producción Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Professional Animal Scientist     Hybrid Journal  
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veeplaas     Full-text available via subscription  
World Rabbit Science     Open Access  
Journal Cover
Animal Reproduction
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1984-3143
This journal is no longer being updated because:
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  • Alternative strategies for nuclear reprogramming in Somatic Cell Nuclear
           transfer (SCNT)

    • Authors: Pasqualino Loi, Domenico Iuso, Paola Toschi, Luca Palazzese, Marta Czernik
      Pages: 377 - 382
      Abstract: Twenty years passed by since the production of Dolly the sheep, but despite significant technical progress has been achieved in the manipulation procedures, the proportion of offspring following transfer of SCNT embryos has remained almost unchanged in farm animals. Remarkable progress has been obtained instead in laboratory animals, particularly by Japanese Groups, in the mouse. However, the nuclear reprogramming strategies tested in mouse do not always work in farm animals, and others are difficult to be implemented, for require complicated molecular biology tools unavailable yet in large animals. In this review we put in contest the previous work done in farm and laboratory animals with recent achievements obtained in our laboratory, and we also indicate a road map to increase the reliability of SCNT procedures.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Methods to study ovarian function in monovulatory species using the cow as
           a model

    • Authors: Monique Tomazele Rovani, Bernardo Garziera Gasperin, Rogério Ferreira, Raj Duggavathi, Vilceu Bordignon, Paulo Bayard Dias Gonçalves
      Pages: 383 - 391
      Abstract: In this review, we discuss the utility of the cow as an in vivo model to study the regulation of ovarian functions in monovular species. It is increasingly becoming clear that besides endocrine control, locally produced factors play pivotal roles during dominant follicle selection, oocyte maturation, ovulation and luteolysis. Although in vitro culture systems have been used to study these processes, definitive understanding the interactions between endocrine and local factors requires appropriate in vivo models. Most of the experimental approaches to study ovarian functions in vivo in large animals are based on the use of ultrasonography and considerable progress in this field has been made during the last thirty years. It has been shown that cows are an excellent model to collect samples (e.g., follicular fluid, granulosa cells, oocytes) from live animals at specific stages of follicular development in order to study mechanisms of intrafollicular factors in a physiological endocrine environment. In addition to support fundamental studies, the cow model has contributed immensely to the refinement of assisted reproductive technologies, which are now widely used not only in farm animals but also in humans.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • A new simple and reliable vitrification device based on Hollow Fiber
           Vitrification (HFV) method evaluated using IVP bovine embryos

    • Authors: Galina P. Malenko, Ekaterina V. Kornienko, Ivan I. Nesterov, Gleb Yu Kosovsky
      Pages: 392 - 399
      Abstract: A new vitrification device based on hollow fiber vitrification (HFV) was constructed using a glass capillary, which lead to simplified construction process and increased practicality of the device. The hollow fiber was attached to heat-pulled tip of the glass capillary using forceps. A protective sheath fitted on the capillary provided protection for the cellulose triacetate hollow fiber with loaded embryos and allowed safe storage in liquid nitrogen for long periods of time (2-12 month), transfer between tanks with liquid nitrogen and transportation within these tanks. No embryos were lost in the process. The device was tested using seven-dayold and eight-day-old IVP bovine blastocysts and expanded blastocysts as a model. Obtained survival (90% at 24 h post warming) and hatching rates (62% at 72 h post warming) of day 7 blastocysts and expanded blastocysts were comparable to those gained using various vitrification carriers. Vitrified embryos did not show an increase in the number of cells with damaged membrane or a decrease in total cell number per embryos in comparison to their non-vitrified counterparts. Day 7 and 8 expanded blastocysts did not differ significantly in terms of survival at 24 (97.01 vs. 97.50%) and 48 h post warming (95.52 vs. 95%), but showed significantly higher survival and hatching rates than day 7 and 8 blastocysts. These results indicated that high and repeatable survival rates can be obtained by selection of IVP bovine embryos at the developmental stage of expanded blastocyst for HFV. Further modification of the method may be required to achieve high and stable results with different developmental stages of IVP bovine embryo. The vitrification device presented in the current article may contribute to wider application of HFV method in livestock production.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Effect of trans-10, cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid on boar
           semen quality after cryopreservation

    • Authors: Sofia Margarida Pontes Teixeira, António Eduardo Nobre Chaveiro, Joaquim Fernando Moreira da Silva
      Pages: 400 - 405
      Abstract: The use of frozen semen in pig industry is limited by problems with viability and fertility compared to cooled semen. Part of the decrease in motility and fertility, associated to cryopreservation, may be due to oxidative damage from excessive formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Frozen thawed boar spermatozoa are still considered suboptimal due to the low conception rates and smaller litters after artificial insemination. The relatively low fertility of frozen thawed boar semen is associated with many factors including cytotoxicity of the cryoprotectant, osmotic stress, injuries due to ice formation during freezing and thawing, cold shock damages and even inter and intra variations present among boars. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the impact of conjugated linoleic acid (trans- 10, cis-12; CLA) supplementation in the cryopreservation extender frozen-thawed boar on semen quality parameters. Semen was collected from three boars (three ejaculates per boar) which were subjected to cryopreservation, without any supplementation (control) or supplemented with 50 µm CLA, and then the semen was frozen using a controlled rate freezer. Before freezing, and after thawing, the sperm motility was assessed, microscopically and viability and acrosome integrity were assessed using the flow cytometry technique. Regarding live spermatozoa, no significant differences (P > 0.05) were observed among treatments. However, statistical differences (P < 0.05) were found between refrigerated and frozen-thawed semen. Both sperm viability and motility diminished after thawing. Significant differences (P < 0.05) in motility were found not only between refrigerated semen and frozen-thawed group, but also between treatments. In acrosome integrity, no significant differences (P > 0.05) were observed among treatments. In conclusion, the addition of trans-10, cis-12 isomer of conjugated linoleic acid, in the concentration used in the cryopreservation media, showed no advantages on the post-thaw boar sperm viability and integrity.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Regulation of key enzymes of glucose metabolism in bovine COCs

    • Authors: Cynthia Gutnisky, Elizabeth Breininger, Gabriel Carlos Dalvit, Pablo Daniel Cetica
      Pages: 406 - 412
      Abstract: The aim of this work was to study the regulation of PFK 1 and G6PDH, two key enzymes involved in glucose metabolism in cumulus oocytecomplexes (COCs), and its relationship with the oocyte maturation process. It was observed that the activity of PFK 1 in the presence of ATP was inhibited whereas the addition of AMP increased the activity (P < 0.05). To verify the effect of the physiological modulators on the COC glycolytic pathway, the lactate production during IVM and the maturation rate were evaluated. In accordance with the enzymatic activity, the glycolytic activity evaluated by lactate production and the maturation rate diminished (P < 0.05) with the addition of ATP. While the AMP had a dose response effect on the lactate production, the maturation rate remained unaltered. It was observed that NADPH inhibited the activity of the G6PDH and the addition of NADP increased the activity of the enzyme (P < 0.05). To verify the effect of the physiological modulators on the COC pentose phosphate pathway (PPP), the proportion of colourless oocytes evaluated by brilliant cresyl blue (BCB) and the maturation rate were carried out. In presence of NADPH an inhibition (P < 0.05) on PPP and maturation rate was observed. On the other hand, NADP had no effect on PPP activity and maturation rate. The present study shows that the regulation of key enzymes of glucose metabolism in bovine COCs are regulated mainly by the energetic charge and the redox status. We also reported a tight relation between the activity of the PFK 1 and G6PDH enzymes, glycolytic and PPP activities and the oocyte maturation process.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Efficiency of different methods of estrus synchronization followed by
           fixed time artificial insemination in Persian downy does

    • Authors: Majid Hashemi, Mazaher Safdarian
      Pages: 413 - 417
      Abstract: For evaluating different methods of long term estrous synchronization followed by fixed time artificial insemination and to select the most efficient method, during the breeding season 160 Persian downy does were equally allocated to groups (n = 20/group). Estrus was synchronized using controlled internal drug release devices alone (CIDR) or with equine chorionic gonadotropin (CIDR-eCG), intravaginal sponge impregnated with 45 mg fluorgestone acetate alone (Sponge) or with eCG (Sponge-eCG), subcutaneous auricular implant of 2 mg norgestomet alone (Implant) or with eCG (Implant-eCG) or two intramuscular injections of 10 mg prostaglandin F2α 10 days apart alone (PGF) or accompany with eCG (PGF-eCG). The dose of eCG was 400 IU and injected intramuscularlly at the end of treatments. Heat detection and fixed time artificial insemination were done 12 and 48 hours after the end of the treatments, respectively. The estrus was detected in 94.7-100% of the does who received different forms of progestagens and estrus response was not affected by eCG. Estrus response in PGF-based groups was significantly lower (P < 0.05) than progesterone-based groups. Injection of eCG did not affect fertility, fecundity and prolificacy rates in CIDR, Sponge and Implant groups. It also did not affect parturition rate in implant group. Finally, with respect to estrus response, fertility rate, costs and the simplicity of methods it can be concluded that the use of intravaginal CIDR for 16 days without administration of eCG may be a more efficient method for estrus synchronization in fixed-time artificial insemination programs in Persian downy does.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Isolation and identification of proteins from swine sperm chromatin and
           nuclear matrix

    • Authors: Guilherme Arantes Mendonça, Romualdo Morandi Filho, Elisson Terêncio Souza, Thais Schwarz Gaggini, Marina Cruvinel Assunção Silva-Mendonça, Robson Carlos Antunes, Marcelo Emílio Beletti
      Pages: 418 - 428
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to perform a proteomic analysis to isolate and identify proteins from the swine sperm nuclear matrix to contribute to a database of swine sperm nuclear proteins. We used prechilled diluted semen from seven boars (19 to 24 weekold) from the commercial line Landrace x Large White x Pietran. The semen was processed to separate the sperm heads and extract the chromatin and nuclear matrix for protein quantification and analysis by mass spectrometry, by LTQ Orbitrap ELITE mass spectrometer (Thermo-Finnigan) coupled to a nanoflow chromatography system (LC-MS/MS). We identified 222 different proteins in the sample; a total of 159 (71.6%) were previously described as present in the somatic or sperm nuclei of other species, 41 (18.5%) did not have a previously reported nuclear presence and 22 (9.9%) had not been characterized. The most abundant family of proteins corresponded to ribosomal (13.1%), followed by cytoskeleton (12.2%), uncharacterized (9.9%), histones (5.4%), proteasome subunits (3.6%) and heat shock (1.8%). The other proteins clustered in other families accounted for 54% of the total proteins. The protein isolation of the nuclear matrix of the swine spermatozoa was satisfactory, thus demonstrating that the protocol used was efficient. Several proteins were identified and described. However, it was not possible to identify some protein structures. Therefore, this study helps to establish a starting point for future proteomic studies comparing fertile and sub-fertile animals.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Influences of different space allowance on reproductive performances in
           buffalo

    • Authors: Angela Salzano, Maria Stefania Spagnuolo, Pietro Lombardi, Domenico Vecchio, Antonio Limone, Sergio Bolletti Censi, Anna Balestrieri, Alessandra Pelagalli, Gianluca Neglia
      Pages: 429 - 436
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different conditions of space allowance on reproductive performance and oxidative parameters, biochemical and hormonal profiles in buffalo. The trial was carried out on one hundred pluriparous buffaloes divided into two different groups. Buffaloes in group HDG (high density group - n = 50) were maintained in open yards that allowed 10 m2 /head while those in group LDG (low density group - n = 50) were maintained in 22 m2 /head. After 60 days, 45 buffaloes in each group underwent synchronization of ovulation by Ovsynch and were artificially inseminated to assess the reproductive efficiency. On the day of AI blood samples were collected to evaluate oxidative stress, hormonal and metabolic profile. Furthermore, on the same day, blood, saliva and hair samples were collected to assess cortisol levels. Simultaneously, five buffaloes/group, were synchronized but not inseminated and on the day of the hypothetical timed artificial insemination (TAI), follicular fluid was recovered by OPU and blood samples were collected from each animal to evaluate the redox status on both plasma and follicular fluid. Conception rate on day 70 post-AI was similar between the two groups (57.5 vs. 62.5%, in LDG and HDG, respectively). No significant differences were found on redox status, metabolic and hormonal profile and cortisol levels between the groups. In conclusion, on the conditions of this experiment it was observed that the space allowance of 10 m2 /head did not affect reproductive efficiency in buffalo cows.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Validation of the CellRox Deep Red® fluorescent probe to oxidative stress
           assessment in equine spermatozoa

    • Authors: Renata Lançoni, Rubens Paes de Arruda, Maíra Bianchi Rodrigues Alves, Letícia Zoccolaro Oliveira, Gabriel de Carli dos Santos, Kleber Menegon Lemes, Shirley Andréa Florez-Rodriguez, Eneiva Carla Carvalho Celeghini
      Pages: 437 - 441
      Abstract: Considering the importance of ROS influence on sperm functionality and some limitations in sperm oxidative stress assessment methods, a field to studies of new techniques are still open. In this sense, the aim of this study is to validate the ROS detection technique through the CellRox Deep Red Reagent® probe in stallion sperm. Four stallions were used and the analyses were conducted on four replicates of semen samples from each of stallion (n = 16). The results of the polynomial regression presented a quadratic effect, high determination coefficient value (R2 = 0.88) and high significant P value (P < 0.0001). The CellRox Deep Red® fluorescent probe is able to detect reactive oxygen species in equine sperm, indicating accurately the occurrence of oxidative stress in stallion semen.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Magnesium sulfate protects testis against unilateral varicocele in rat

    • Authors: Ahmad Asghari, Ghasem Akbari, Geghani Galustanian
      Pages: 442 - 451
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) on experimental unilateral varicocele-induced in rats. Sixty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into six experimental groups (n = 10). The Control group had no received any medications and surgery. The Sham group had no received any medication, abdominal cavity was opened without varicocele-induced. Varicocele group: abdominal cavity was opened, varicocele done without any medication treatment. In group 4 abdominal cavity was opened, varicocele-induced then animals orally treated with MgSO4 (25 mg/kg) for 42 days. The groups 5 and 6 were similar to group 4, except animals received 50 and 100 mg/kg of MgSO4, respectively. At the end of days 21 and 42, the abdomen was opened, the left testis extracted for histopathological studies. Also, from the cauda epididymis semen samples were collected to determine malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase values. According to the results, there was a significant difference in testis damage grade in Varicocele group compared to the Control group (P < 0.05). The MgSO4 significantly improved testis damage grade on day 42 (P < 0.05). The MgSO4 treatment, dose dependently improved seminiferous tubules with many spermatocytes in the seminiferous tubules in experimental unilateral varicocele established rats after 21 and 42 days (P < 0.05). Also, administration of the MgSO4 via a dose dependent manner significantly normalized malondialdehyde, superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase values to the physiologic level in varicocele-induced rats after 21 and 42 days (P < 0.05). These results suggest administration of the MgSO4 protects testis against unilateral varicocele in rat.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Seasonal changes in hypothalamic gonadotropin inhibitory hormone
           expression in the paraventricular nucleus of chukar partridge (Alectoris
           chukar)

    • Authors: Farzad Mohammad Rezazadeh, Mohammad Reza Jafarzadeh Shirazi, Mohammad Javad Zamiri, Mohammad Saied Salehi, Mohammad Reza Namavar, Amir Akhlaghi, Amin Tamadon, Kazuyoshi Tsutsui
      Pages: 452 - 458
      Abstract: Gonadotropin inhibitory hormone (GnIH) as a hypothalamic neuropeptide inhibits the synthesis and release of gonadotropins via affecting gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons and could be a key neuropeptide in regulating seasonal breeding in birds. The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of GnIH in the hypothalamus of male and female chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar) during the breeding and non-breeding seasons. In breeding (May) and non-breeding (January) seasons, the brains of sexually-matured male (n = 10) and female (n = 10) chukar partridges were removed following fixation. Sections (30 μm) were prepared from the entire diencephalon and stained immunohistochemically. GnIH-immunoreactive neurons were primarily found in paraventricular nucleus, and few positive neurons were detected in dorsomedial nucleus. The numbers of GnIHimmunoreactive neurons were significantly lower in the breeding season compared with the non-breeding season in both male and female (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the number of GnIH neurons in paraventricular nucleus between the sexes. Gonadal weight and volume in male and female partridges were significantly higher in the breeding season. The results showed that GnIH neurons may partly contribute to the regulation of the seasonal breeding in the chukar partridge.
      PubDate: 2017-02-01
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
       
 
 
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