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Showing 1 - 48 of 48 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A - Animal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Acta Scientiarum. Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
African Journal of Livestock Extension     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Animal Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Animal Cells and Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal Reproduction     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Animal Research International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Animal Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Archives Animal Breeding     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Boletim de Indústria Animal     Open Access  
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Health, Animal Science and Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Livestock Production     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Applied Poultry Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of World's Poultry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternakan     Open Access  
La Chèvre     Full-text available via subscription  
Nigerian Journal of Animal Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Online Journal of Animal and Feed Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Porcine Health Management     Open Access  
Poultry Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Poultry Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Agriculture, Livestock and Fisheries     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Professional Animal Scientist     Hybrid Journal  
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Hybrid Journal  
Veeplaas     Full-text available via subscription  
World Rabbit Science     Open Access  
Journal Cover Tropical Animal Health and Production
  [SJR: 0.616]   [H-I: 31]   [0 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-7438 - ISSN (Online) 0049-4747
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Effects of protein-energetic supplementation frequency on growth
           performance and nutritional characteristics of grazing beef cattle
    • Authors: Renata Pereira da Silva-Marques; Joanis Tilemahos Zervoudakis; Nelcino Francisco De Paula; Luciana Keiko Hatamoto-Zervoudakis; Pedro Ivo José Lopes da Rosa e Silva; Núbia Bezerra do Nascimento Matos
      Pages: 495 - 501
      Abstract: Two experiments were conducted to evaluate reduced supplementation frequencies for grazing beef cattle in rainy season. In experiment 1, evaluating the nutritional parameters, four rumen-cannulated Nellore bulls (BW = 410 kg) were used. In experiment 2, evaluating animal performance, 48 Nellore bulls (BW = 358 kg) were used. The treatments were as follows: mineral supplement (MS) alone and MS plus protein-energy supplement provided 3×, 5× and 7×/week. Supplementation frequency did not affect (P > 0.05) intake and digestibility. Average daily gain was greater (P < 0.001) to supplementation compared with MS. The supplementation 5×/week resulted in greater weight gain per hectare (9.24) and higher economic returns during the study period (1.64%) compared to other supplementations. Supplementation 5×/week increased animal performance and positively influenced economic returns.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1458-6
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Population genetic structure of Santa Inês sheep in Brazil
    • Authors: Aurino de Araújo Rego Neto; José Lindenberg Rocha Sarmento; Natanael Pereira da Silva Santos; José Elivalto Guimarães Campelo; Luciano Silva Sena; Daniel Biagiotti; Gleyson Vieira dos Santos
      Pages: 503 - 508
      Abstract: This study aimed to describe the population genetic structure and evaluate the state of conservation of the genetic variability of Santa Inês sheep in Brazil. We used pedigree data of the Santa Inês breed available in electronic processing of the Brazilian Association of Sheep Breeders. A file with 20,206 records, which enabled the calculation of the genetic conservation index (GCI), individual inbreeding coefficient (F), change in inbreeding (ΔF), effective population size (Ne), effective number of founders (ƒe), effective number of ancestors (ƒɑ), generation interval (L), average relatedness coefficient of each individual (AR), and Wright’s F-statistics (F IT, F IS, and F ST). For pedigree analysis and calculation of population parameters, the program ENDOG was used. The average inbreeding coefficient ( \( \overline{F} \) ) was 0.97% and the mean average relatedness ( \( \overline{\mathrm{AR}} \) ) 0.49%. The effective numbers of founders and ancestors were, respectively, 199 and 161. The average values of F and AR increased significantly over the years. The effective population size fluctuated over the years concurrently to oscillations in inbreeding rates, wherein N e reached just 68 in the year 2012. The mean average generation interval was 5.3 years. The Santa Inês breed in Brazil is under genetic drift process, with loss of genetic variation. It requires the implementation of a genetic management plan in the herd, for conservation and improvement of the breed.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1459-5
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Influence of dietary chromium yeast supplementation on apparent trace
           elements metabolism in growing camel ( Camelus dromedarius ) reared under
           hot summer conditions
    • Authors: Ibrahim A. Alhidary; M. A. Alsofi; K. A. Abdoun; E. M. Samara; A. B. Okab; A. A. Al-Haidary
      Pages: 519 - 524
      Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary chromium (Cr) supplementation on the apparent metabolism of some trace elements in camel calves reared under hot summer conditions. The study was conducted on a total of 15 male camel calves (5–6 months old) reared under hot summer conditions for 12 weeks. The animals were housed individually under shelter and divided into three dietary treatment groups (diets supplemented with 0.0, 0.5, or 1.0 mg Cr/kg DM), five animals each. At the end of the study, a metabolic trial was conducted on all camels for the evaluation of trace elements metabolism. Cr excretion, absorption, and retention showed an increasing trend with the increasing level of dietary Cr supplementation. Dietary Cr supplementation at 0.5 mg Cr/kg DM to camel calves resulted in a significant (P < 0.05) increase in Cu and an increasing trend in Zn and Mn excretion via urine and feces. However, Fe retention increased significantly (P < 0.05) in camel calves fed on diet supplemented with Cr. Dietary Cr supplementation to camel calves resulted in an increasing trend of plasma Cr concentration, while plasma concentration of Cu and Zn tended to decrease and without any effect on plasma Fe concentration. The results of the present study suggests that care should be taken for the negative interaction of Cr with the utilization of other trace elements, in cases where Cr is supplemented to the diet as a feed additive to promote growth and immunity under hot climatic conditions.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1462-x
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Minor corral changes and adoption of good handling practices can improve
           the behavior and reduce cortisol release in Nellore cows
    • Authors: Maria Lúcia Pereira Lima; João Alberto Negrão; Claudia Cristina Paro de Paz; Temple Grandin
      Pages: 525 - 530
      Abstract: Inadequate corral facilities and improper handling are major causes of stress in beef cattle. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of minor changes in the corral and adoption of good handling practices on the behavior, cortisol release, and time spent taking blood samples in Nellore cows. Minor corral changes included obstructing the cow’s vision when the handler walked deep into the animal’s flight zone and the elimination of bright objects, color contrasts, puddles, shadows, and darkness in the corral. Handling was improved by eliminating dogs, electric goads (prods), and yelling, as well as adopting a calm behavior. A total of 141 Nellore cows from two typical extensive livestock farms were studied. The cows were evaluated individually before and after the corral changes. Blood samples were collected in the restraint device for cortisol measurement. The minor corral changes and the adoption of good handling practices result in better results for all variables studied. The results showed differences in the interactions between treatment and ranch for chute score (P = 0.0091) and exit score (P < 0.0001). The cortisol release was lower (P < 0.001) and better for the improved methods, resulting in calmer cows compared to cortisol released before the minor changes (41.03 ± 2.9 vs 60.40 ± 3.8 ng/mL). Minor changes made in the corrals and the adoption of good handling practices were effective in improving cow behavior in the chute and in reducing exit velocity, cortisol released, and the time spent taking blood samples.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1463-9
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Herbage intake of dairy cows in mixed sequential grazing with breeding
           ewes as followers
    • Authors: Juan Daniel Jiménez-Rosales; Ricardo Daniel Améndola-Massiotti; Juan Andrés Burgueño-Ferreira; Rodolfo Ramírez-Valverde; Pedro Topete-Pelayo; Maximino Huerta-Bravo
      Pages: 531 - 536
      Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the hypothesis that mixed sequential grazing of dairy cows and breeding ewes is beneficial. During the seasons of spring–summer 2013 and autumn–winter 2013–2014, 12 (spring–summer) and 16 (autumn–winter) Holstein Friesian cows and 24 gestating (spring–summer) and lactating (autumn–winter) Pelibuey ewes grazed on six (spring–summer) and nine (autumn–winter) paddocks of alfalfa and orchard grass mixed pastures. The treatments “single species cow grazing” (CowG) and “mixed sequential grazing with ewes as followers of cows” (MixG) were evaluated, under a completely randomized design with two replicates per paddock. Herbage mass on offer (HO) and residual herbage mass (RH) were estimated by cutting samples. The estimate of herbage intake (HI) of cows was based on the use of internal and external markers; the apparent HI of ewes was calculated as the difference between HO (RH of cows) and RH. Even though HO was higher in CowG, the HI of cows was higher in MixG during spring–summer and similar in both treatments during autumn–winter, implying that in MixG the effects on the cows HI of higher alfalfa proportion and herbage accumulation rate evolving from lower residual herbage mass in the previous cycle counteracted that of a higher HO in CowG. The HI of ewes was sufficient to enable satisfactory performance as breeding ewes. Thus, the benefits of mixed sequential grazing arose from higher herbage accumulation, positive changes in botanical composition, and the achievement of sheep production without negative effects on the herbage intake of cows.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1464-8
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Virulence traits of avian pathogenic (APEC) and fecal (AFEC) E. coli
           isolated from broiler chickens in Algeria
    • Authors: Lounis Mohamed; Zhao Ge; Li Yuehua; Gao Yubin; Kaidi Rachid; Oumouna Mustapha; Wang Junwei; Oumouna Karine
      Pages: 547 - 553
      Abstract: Avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) is the etiologic agent of avian colibacillosis, the most common disease responsible for chicken morbidity in the world. Although multiple virulence-associated factors were identified, their prevalence in Algeria is still poorly known. In the present research, 92 avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) isolates were recovered from broilers with clinical signs and lesions of colibacillosis. In addition, 32 E. coli isolates collected from feces of healthy birds (AFEC) were included for comparison. All isolates were investigated by PCR for the presence of a total of 11 virulence-associated genes described for avian pathogenic (iroN, ompT, hlyF, iss, iutA, and fimC) and diarrheagenic E. coli (eae, stx, elt/est, ipaH, and aggR). The sensitivity of 39 APEC isolates to 16 antibiotics was also determined using antimicrobial pretreated microplates. Here, we report that 98% of the examined isolates host at least one of the tested virulence factors. The most prevalent genes in APEC were iutA (90.6%), ompT (86.9%), and iss (85.8%); whereas, iutA (78.1%), fimC (78.1%), and iroN (68.7%) were the highest prevalent genes in AFEC. Our data showed that none of the AFEC isolates harbor any of the tested diarrheagenic genes. Moreover, only elt/est (5.4%), stx (2.1%), and ipaH (2.1%) genes were carried by APEC isolates. We further established that ceftazodime, ceftiofur, mequindox, amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, and meropenem were the most efficient antibiotics against the analyzed APEC isolates. Overall, our findings provide more insights about APEC and AFEC virulence potential in Algeria which could participate in the fight against colibacillosis.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1467-5
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effect of breeding method and season on pregnancy rate and embryonic and
           fetal losses in lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes
    • Authors: Arslan Qayyum; Usman Arshad; Muhammad Rizwan Yousuf; Nasim Ahmad
      Pages: 555 - 560
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of breeding method and season on pregnancy rate and cumulative embryonic and fetal losses in Nili-Ravi buffalo. Estrus detection was performed twice a day by teaser buffalo bull for 1 hour each. A 2 × 2 factorial design was used to address the breeding method and season. Buffaloes (n = 130) exhibiting estrus were randomly assigned to be bred either in peak breeding season (PBS; n = 80) or low breeding season (LBS; n = 50). Within each season, buffaloes were divided to receive either natural service (NS; n = 65) or artificial insemination (AI; n = 65). NS buffaloes, in estrus, were allowed to remain with the bull until mating. AI was achieved, using frozen thawed semen of bull of known fertility. PBS comprised of September to December and LBS were from May to July. Serial ultrasonography was performed on days 30, 45, 60, and 90 after breeding (day 0) to monitor pregnancy rate and embryonic and fetal losses. The pregnancy rate on day 30 after breeding was higher in NS as compared to AI group (63 vs. 43%; P < 0.05) during PBS while it did not differ (48 vs. 32%; P > 0.05) in LBS. The cumulative embryonic and fetal losses between days 31 and 90 were significantly lower in PBS than LBS (33 vs. 60%; P < 0.05), ignoring breeding method. Pregnancy rates were better with NS in PBS, and cumulative embryonic fetal losses were higher in LBS in Nili-Ravi buffalo.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1468-4
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Aspergillus terreus treated rice straw suppresses methane production and
           enhances feed digestibility in goats
    • Authors: P. Mohd Azlan; M. F. Jahromi; M. O. Ariff; M. Ebrahimi; S. C. L. Candyrine; J. B. Liang
      Pages: 565 - 571
      Abstract: The objectives of this study were to test the efficacy of producing lovastatin in rice straw treated with Aspergillus terreus in larger laboratory scale following the procedure previously reported and to investigate the effectiveness of the treated rice straw containing lovastatin on methane mitigation in goats. The concentration of lovastatin in the treated rice straw was 0.69 ± 0.05 g/kg dry matter (DM) rice straw. Our results showed that supplementation of lovastatin at 4.14 mg/kg BW reduced methane production by 32% while improving the DM digestibility by 13% (P < 0.05) in goats fed fermented rice straw compared to those fed untreated rice straw. Populations of total methanogens and Methanobacteriales species were significantly reduced (P < 0.05) while the population of total bacteria and Ruminococcus albus were increased in the treatment group (P < 0.05). Our results demonstrated that lovastatin in the treated rice straw acted specifically on the methanogens by inhibiting the activity of HMG-CoA reductase in the methanogens’ cell membrane biosynthesis pathway and thus the growth of rumen methanogens as previously reported. This study provides a simple yet practical approach to mitigate enteric methane production particularly in the developing countries which depend heavily on the use of agro-biomass such as rice straw to feed their ruminant animals.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1470-x
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Nucleotide and octapeptide-repeat variations of the prion protein coding
           gene ( PRNP ) in Anatolian, Murrah, and crossbred water buffaloes
    • Authors: Yalçın Yaman; Cemal Ün
      Pages: 573 - 579
      Abstract: Resistance to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) that is significantly associated with insertion/deletion (indel) polymorphisms at two loci (putative promoter and intron 1) on the prion protein gene (PRNP) in cattle has been well documented. Studies suggest that the insertion alleles are related to BSE resistance. Until recently, BSE has never been reported in water buffaloes (unlike cattle). Previous studies have demonstrated that the PRNP gene in water buffalo consists mostly of insertion alleles at both loci; nevertheless, whether or not water buffaloes are genetically resistant to BSE and the role of indel polymorphisms in their resistance status is not clear. We examined the coding region of PRNP to determine the nucleotide and octapeptide-repeat (octarepeats) variations of Anatolian, Murrah and Murrah × Anatolian (M × A) water buffaloes. Three synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) at positions 126, 234, and 285, and a non-synonymous SNP at position 322 (G108S) were detected. Triplet G/A/T base substitutions were observed at position 126 and two additional genotypes, T/A and T/G, at this position were determined. We also found six octarepeats that indicated the presence of the wild-type PRNP6 allele in the coding region. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of the T/A and T/G genotypes in water buffaloes.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1471-9
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Assessment of gastrointestinal nematode infection, anthelmintic usage and
           husbandry practices on two small-scale goat farms in Malaysia
    • Authors: Flora Wong; Neil Sargison
      Pages: 581 - 587
      Abstract: Haemonchosis is a common problem on goat farms in tropical countries such as Malaysia. Prevention of production losses generally depends on the use of anthelmintic drugs, but is threatened by the emergence of anthelmintic resistance. This study investigates anthelmintic efficacy on small-scale Malaysian goat farms and describes putative risk factors. Adult goats had moderate to high pre-treatment faecal trichostrongyle egg counts, despite being housed on slatted floors and fed on cut-and-carry forage, raising questions about the source of nematode infection. Our results show multiple resistance to benzimidazole and macrocyclic lactone anthelmintic drugs and allow us to discuss the genetic origins of resistance with reference to farm husbandry and management. We conclude that improvement in Malaysian goat production efficiency will require the development of sustainable helminth control strategies, underpinned by a better understanding of the origins and population genetics of anthelmintic resistance.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1472-8
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Body weight change of Abergelle breed and Abergelle crossbred goats fed
           hay supplemented with different level of concentrate mixture
    • Authors: Bewketu Amare; Tewodros Alemu; Belay Deribe; Alemu Dagnachew; Natnael Teshager; Alemu Tsegaye
      Pages: 613 - 620
      Abstract: The experiment was conducted at Sekota District using 36 intact yearling males of pure Abergelle breed and Abergelle crossbred goats (50%) with a mean live weight of 18.92 ± 0.72 kg (mean ± SE). The objective of the experiment was to evaluate the effect of different levels of concentrate mixture supplementation on feed intake, live weight gain, and economic gain of the breeds. Goats were blocked based on initial body weight and were randomly assigned to the dietary treatments. The experimental design was a 2 × 3 factorial in RCBD (randomized complete block design). The treatments included ad libitum feeding of local grass hay and supplementation with three levels (184, 368, and 552 g/day) of concentrate mixture. The experiment consisted of 90 days of feeding. Daily, total dry matter and CP (crude protein) intakes were affected by diet and genotype (P < 0.01). Significant decrease (P < 0.001) in hay intake was observed as the level of the supplement increased. Besides, substitution rate increased with increasing levels of supplementation. Average daily body weight gains were significantly impacted only by diet. Animals fed on 184 significantly lower weights, while nonsignificant difference was observed in live weight gain between 368 and 552 supplemented group. Supplementation of 368 concentrate mix significantly improved (P < 0.05) feed intake, daily weight gain, and feed conversion efficiency. Supplementation of 368 g/day had showed significantly higher net return for both goat breeds. However, the Abergelle breed was significantly better in net profit and sensitivity than the crossbreed. Both genotypes performed better with the diet containing 368 g/day than that with 184 and 552 g/day of concentrate supplementation.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1477-3
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Pregnancy rate in water buffalo following fixed-time artificial
           insemination using new or used intravaginal devices with two progesterone
    • Authors: J. C. Gutiérrez-Añez; R. A. Palomares; J. R. Jiménez-Pineda; A. R. Camacho; G. E. Portillo-Martínez
      Pages: 629 - 634
      Abstract: This study evaluated the pregnancy rate (PR) after timed artificial insemination (TAI) in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) during both non-breeding and breeding season, using either a new or reused intravaginal device (IVD) with two different progesterone concentrations. A total of 247 dairy buffalo cows were randomly assigned using a two-by-three factorial design and four replicates to the following groups: (1) new intravaginal device (IVD-New: DIB®, 1.0 g of P4, n = 51 or CIDR®, 1.38 g of P4, n = 55); (2) intravaginal device previously used once (9 days) (IVD-Used1x: DIB, n = 40 or CIDR, n = 51); or (3) intravaginal device previously used twice (18 days) (IVD-Used2x: DIB, n = 27 or CIDR, n = 23). On day 0, animals received the IVD plus 10.5 μg of buserelin acetate (GnRH) intramuscularly. On day 9, the devices were removed and 25 mg of PGF2α plus 500 IU of eCG was given intramuscularly. On day 11 (48 h after IVD withdrawal), animals received 10.5 μg of GnRH and were artificially inseminated 8–12 h later. Data were analyzed using Proc Logistic of SAS®. Animals that received IVD-New-DIB, had a significantly higher PR (62.7%; P = 0.0193) compared to animals that received IVD-New-CIDR (40%). Pregnancy rate was not negatively affected by reusing both types of IVD. Overall PR (new and reused devices) was higher (P = 0.0055) in the DIB group (62.7%) compared to the CIDR group (45%). In conclusion, PR was higher in buffaloes treated with devices containing 1.0 g of P4 (DIB®) compared to those receiving 1.38 g of P4 (CIDR®). Reusing the intravaginal devices did not affect negatively PR/TAI, suggesting that P4 concentrations within the TAI protocols in water buffaloes could be reduced, without impairing their fertility.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1479-1
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Investigations into nematode parasites of goats in pastoral and crop
           livestock systems of Ethiopia
    • Authors: A. Haile; H. Hassen; H. Gatew; T. Getachew; R. N. B. Lobo; B. Rischkowsky
      Pages: 643 - 650
      Abstract: We generated epidemiological information on the prevalence of nematode parasites and possible resistance/resilience of goats in three areas, Bati, Shinille, and Borana, of Ethiopia. A total of 350 breeding does were randomly selected and monitored for one year. Fecal egg counts (FEC), packed cell volume (PCV), body weight (BW), body condition score (BC), and fecal larvae identification were done. In Borana, the long rainy season had higher FEC, lower PCV, lower BC, and smaller BW compared to dry and short rainy seasons (p < 0.01). For Bati and Shinille, the differences between the seasons were significant (p < 0.01) but not clear-cut. Breed differences were also evident (p < 0.01) on FEC, PCV, and BW. The mean FEC for Borana goat was 158.5 ± 1.12, whereas for Bati it was 38.9 ± 1.12. Age differences did not have effect on FECs, PCV, and BC. No differences in parasite load, as reflected by FEC, was verified between male and female goats. In the wet season, large numbers of larvae were recovered from the study sites except for Bati. In the three sites, Haemonchus contortus followed by Trichostrongylus colubriformis were the dominant species. In the dry season, however, very little number of larvae was recovered, only of H. contortus in Bati and of H. contortus and T. colubriformis in Borana. Generally, the level of nematode infection was low. Therefore, nematode parasites are not a major problem and strategic control program using broad spectrum anthelmintic is not advisable. Rather, monitoring parasite load and selective de-worming should be sufficient to reduce productivity loses and pasture contamination.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1481-7
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Peanut cake can replace soybean meal in supplements for lactating cows
           without affecting production
    • Authors: Carina Anunciação Santos Dias; Adriana Regina Bagaldo; Weiler Giacomaza Cerutti; Analívia Martins Barbosa; Gleidson Giordano Pinto de Carvalho; Emellinne Ingrid Souza Costa; Leilson Rocha Bezerra; Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira
      Pages: 651 - 657
      Abstract: This study evaluated the total replacement of soybean meal with peanut cake in the concentrate supplement of lactating cows grazing. Eight crossbred 5/8 Holstein × 3/8 Zebu cows between the 45th and 60th day of lactation and 507 ± 35 kg BW were distributed in a 4 × 4 double Latin square design with four levels of peanut cake (0, 110, 220, and 330 g/kg of the dry matter—DM) as a replacement of soybean meal in the concentrate supplement. The intake of pasture, total (pasture + concentrate), crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fiber (NDF), total digestible nutrients, and digestibility of the DM, CP, ether extract (EE), and NDF was not affected by the replacement of soybean meal with peanut cake. However, the EE (P = 0.83) intake and non-fiber carbohydrate digestibility (P = 0.09) exhibited an increasing linear trend by the peanut cake inclusion. The NDF exhibited a decreasing linear trend (P = 0.07) as the level of peanut cake increased. Production, corrected production, and protein, fat, lactose, total solid, and non-fat solid composition concentrations in the cows’ milk were not affected (P > 0.05) by the peanut cake inclusion. The protein/fat ratio exhibited an increasing linear trend (P = 0.082) by the peanut cake inclusion. Peanut cake can completely replace soybean meal in the concentrate mixture because it does not alter dry matter intake, production, and composition of milk, and in addition it can reduce the cost of feeding.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1482-6
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Effect of supplementation of indigenous browse tree pods on weight gain
           and carcass parameters of Abergelle rams
    • Authors: Gebreslassie Gebru; Desta Tekle; Shumuye Belay
      Pages: 659 - 664
      Abstract: The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of supplementation of indigenous browse tree pods on nutrient intake, digestibility, weight gain, and carcass parameters of local Abergelle rams fed grass hay as a basal diet. This experiment was conducted at the Abergelle Agricultural Research Center farm in Tigray region, northern Ethiopia. Experimental rams were grouped according to their initial body weight (17.4 ± 0.95 kg) in a randomized complete block design into three treatments and six replications. Treatments consisted of feeding grass hay free of choice supplemented with pods of either Acacia tortilis (T1), Faidherbia albida (T2), or Dichrostachys cinerea (T3) fed at the rate of 10 g kg−1 body weight daily. The crude protein (CP) contents of the supplemental feeds in T1, T2, and T3 were 167, 156, and 135 g kg−1 dry matter (DM), respectively. The CP intake was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in T1 and T2 than that in T3. No statistical difference (P > 0.05) was observed in the digestibilities of DM and CP. Final body weight, average daily gain, slaughter weight (SW), hot carcass weight, and ribeye area were not significantly different (P > 0.05) among the treatments. However, dressing percentage based on SW in T1 and T2 was significantly higher (P < 0.05) than that in T3. Therefore, from this research, it can be concluded that though the weight gains and carcass weights of experimental rams were not as such remarkable among the treatments, efficient utilization of locally available and cheap browse tree pods as alternative protein supplements to Abergelle sheep during the dry season could be important to small holder farmers.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1483-5
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Serum lipid, enzyme, and hematological responses of broilers fed Acacia
           angustissima leaf meal-based diets
    • Authors: Sharai Ncube; Petronella Tapiwa Saidi; Musavengana Tapera Tivapasi; Venancio Edward Imbayarwo-Chikosi; Tinyiko Edward Halimani
      Pages: 665 - 670
      Abstract: The objective of the study was to determine serum lipid, enzyme, and hematological responses of broilers to Acacia angustissima leaf meal. Acacia angustissima leaves were harvested at mid maturity, ground into a leaf meal, and included in broiler diets at 0, 5, and 10%. One hundred and fifty-day-old chicks of 41.7 ± 1.560 g were randomly allocated to 15 groups of the three diets. Feed and water were provided ad libitum throughout the trial. At days 14, 28, and 42, 4 ml of blood were collected from the jugular vein in plain vacutainer tubes for alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and total cholesterol (TC) analyses. At the end of the experiment, 4 ml of blood were collected from two randomly selected birds of each replicate in sterilized bottles containing ethylene diamine tetra acetic acid (EDTA) for full blood count and packed cell volume assessment. Data was tested for normality and analyzed using the General Linear Model Procedure of SAS version 9.3 (SAS 2010). Comparison of means was done using Tukey’s test. A. angustissima had no effect on serum ALP, AST, LDH, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, TG, full blood count, and packed cell volume. Increasing levels of A. angustissima leaf meal increased the ALT in the serum (p < 0.05) at 4 and 6 weeks. However, serum ALT indices for birds on the control and 5% diet were not different. It was concluded that 5% A. angustissima leaf meal can be included in broiler diets without a negative effect on serum lipid and enzyme profile, production and proportions of white blood cells and packed cell volume.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1484-4
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Prevalence of avian influenza (H9N2) in commercial quail, partridge, and
           turkey farms in Iran, 2014–2015
    • Authors: Mohammad Hosein Fallah Mehrabadi; Alireza Bahonar; Kamran Mirzaei; Aidin Molouki; Arash Ghalyanchilangeroudi; Seyed Ali Ghafouri; Farshad Tehrani; Swee Hua Erin Lim
      Pages: 677 - 682
      Abstract: Avian influenza virus (AIV) H9N2 subtype is endemic in Iran and causes substantial economic loss to the growing poultry industry within the country. In this study, a cross-sectional analysis was carried out to determine the sero-prevalence of H9N2 in several commercial farms between the years 2014 and 2015. The comparison of the mean of serum titers and the ratio of sero-positive birds between all units were analyzed using one-way ANOVA test. In 2014, a total of 77 farms (58 turkey farms, 14 quail farms, and 5 partridge farms) and 894 birds (682 turkeys, 154 quails, and 58 partridges) were sampled while in 2015, a total of 69 farms (54 turkey farms, 8 quail farms, and 7 partridge farms) and 856 birds (675 turkeys, 105 quails, and 76 partridges) were sampled. Of that, 52 of 77 sampled farms (67.5%) and 437 of 894 samples (48.9%) were positive for H9N2 in 2014 while. Forty-one of 69 farms (59.4%) and 307 of 856 sera (35.9%) were positive in 2015. Furthermore, the mean titer of partridge farms was significantly lower than that of turkey farms (p < 0.01) and the mean percentage of sero-positive turkey farms was significantly higher than partridge farms (p < 0.01) in 2014. In 2015, no significant difference was observed between the mean sera titer amongst farms and percentage of sero-positive birds (p > 0.05). Our results indicated that H9N2 is circulating in these farms. Since many more such farms are being established for operations, in addition to the threat of emergence and continuous reemergence of the disease in these farms, enhanced veterinary biosecurity measures on farms are required for mitigation.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1438-x
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Short communication: milk production and lamb development in Saint Croix
           and Katahdin hair sheep breeds ( Ovis aries )
    • Authors: Carlos Burgos-González; Maricela Huerta-Aparicio; Virginio Aguirre; Reyes Vázquez; Agustín Orihuela; Mariana Pedernera
      Pages: 683 - 687
      Abstract: The aim of the present study was to characterize milk production and preweaning development of lambs from Katahdin and Saint Croix sheep. Milk production was measured weekly, from birth to 8 weeks using oxytocin technique, in 12 Katahdin (62.0 ± 5.0 kg) and 11 Saint Croix (46.2 ± 4.83 kg) multiparous ewes. The mean daily milk production for the Katahdin ewes was 1.38 ± 0.54 L/day and for the Saint Croix ewes it was 1.26 ± 0.49 L/day (P > 0.05) (mean ± SE for each group). However, more colostrum was produced immediately after parturition by the Katahdin than Saint Croix ewes (P < 0.001). The lamb’s weight and weight gain were recorded weekly. The birth weight of lambs from both breeds was similar but at weaning, the Katahdin lambs were heavier (16.46 ± 0.58 kg) than the Saint Croix lambs (12.90 ± 0.59 kg) (P < 0.001). Furthermore, a significant positive correlation was found between daily milk yield and daily gain weight in both breeds, but with a greater slope in Katahdin lambs in comparison with Saint Croix lambs. It was concluded that Saint Croix and Katahdin hair sheep breeds produced similar amounts of milk during lactation, but the latter produced heavier lambs at weaning.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1448-8
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • Prevalence of African swine fever virus and classical swine fever virus
           antibodies in pigs in Benue State, Nigeria
    • Authors: A. Asambe; A. K. B. Sackey; L. B. Tekdek
      Pages: 689 - 692
      Abstract: This study investigated the prevalence of African swine fever virus (ASFV) and classical swine fever virus (CSFV) antibodies in pigs in Benue State, Nigeria. Serum samples were collected from a total of 460 pigs, including 416 from 74 piggeries and 44 from Makurdi slaughter slab. The samples were analysed using indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) test kit to detect the presence of ASFV antibodies, while competitive ELISA test kit was used to detect antibodies to CSFV. Our findings showed a total ASF prevalence of 13 (2.8%), while prevalences of 7 (1.7%) and 6 (13.6%) were observed in piggeries and in Makurdi slaughter slab, respectively. However, no CSFV antibody sera were detected in this study. Relatively higher ASFV antibody-positive pigs were detected in the slaughter slab than in piggeries. The difference in prevalence of ASF between the two locations was significantly associated (p = 0.017). These findings suggest the presence of ASFV antibody-positive pig in Benue State, Nigeria. Continuous surveillance and monitoring of these diseases among pigs in Nigeria to prevent any fulminating outbreak are recommended.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1461-y
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
  • An outbreak of poisoning by Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in cattle in
           northeastern Brazil
    • Authors: Fábio S. Mendonça; Naiara C. F. Nascimento; Valdir M. Almeida; Thaiza C. Braga; Daniele P. Ribeiro; Hisadora A. S. Chaves; Givaldo B. Silva Filho; Franklin Riet-Correa
      Pages: 693 - 696
      Abstract: In the world, Kalanchoe species are primarily ornamentals and houseplants, but some have escaped cultivation and can be found in the field. In Latin America, there are no reports of spontaneous poisoning by Kalanchoe species in animals. This study aimed to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and pathological aspects of an outbreak of poisoning by Kalanchoe blossfeldiana in cattle in the semiarid region of Pernambuco, Brazil. Epidemiological and clinical data were obtained from the owner and veterinarian during technical visits. Prunings of this plant were disposed of in a pasture with a shortness of forage. Seventeen cattle had clinical signs, and thirteen died 4–5 days after the first clinical signs were observed. Clinical signs and gross and histological lesions include gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and neuromuscular disorders. Kalanchoe spp. contain cardiotoxic glycosides, and the clinical signs and lesions in cattle of this outbreak were consistent with poisoning by plants that contain these toxins.
      PubDate: 2018-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11250-017-1465-7
      Issue No: Vol. 50, No. 3 (2018)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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