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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 861 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Acheronta     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Philosophica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription  
Agora: papeles de Filosofía     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ahkam : Jurnal Ilmu Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aisthema, International Journal     Open Access  
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aisthesis. Pratiche, linguaggi e saperi dell’estetico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ajatus : Suomen Filosofisen Yhdistyksen vuosikirja     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AJIS : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Akademos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
al-Afkar : Journal For Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Fikra     Open Access  
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
AL-Qadissiya Magzine for Human Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Tijary : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-Ulum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Alter : Revue de phénoménologie     Open Access  
American Journal of Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
An-Nisbah : Jurnal Ekonomi Syariah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anais de Filosofia Clássica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anais Eletrônicos do Congresso Epistemologias do Sul     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analecta Hermeneutica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez     Open Access  
Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis     Open Access  
Análisis : Revista de investigación filosófica     Open Access  
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Analytica : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ancient Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Andrews University Seminary Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ANFUSINA : Journal of Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Angewandte Philosophie / Applied Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio I – Philosophia-Sociologia     Open Access  
Annali del Dipartimento di Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuari de la Societat Catalana de Filosofia     Open Access  
Anuario Filosófico     Full-text available via subscription  
Appareil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Apuntes Filosóficos     Open Access  
Apuntes Universitarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archai : revista de estudos sobre as origens do pensamento ocidental     Open Access  
Archiv fuer Rechts- und Sozialphilosphie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Areté : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Argos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argumentos - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Assuming Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Astrolabio     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
At-Tabsyir : Jurnal Komunikasi Penyiaran Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
Attarbiyah : Journal of Islamic Culture and Education     Open Access  
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Augustiniana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Aurora : papeles del Seminario María Zambrano     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Auslegung : A Journal of Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australasian Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 66)
Australasian Philosophical Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Axiomathes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bajo Palabra     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Binghamton Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Bioethica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bohemistyka     Open Access  
Bollettino Filosofico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
British Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Budhi : A Journal of Ideas and Culture     Full-text available via subscription  
Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Yaroslav Mudryi NLU : Series : Philosophy, philosophy of law, political science, sociology     Open Access  
Business and Professional Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos Benjaminianos     Open Access  
Cadernos de Ética e Filosofia Política     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Filosofia Alemã : Crítica e Modernidade     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos do PET Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Espinosanos     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Zygmunt Bauman     Open Access  
Cahiers de Philosophie de l’Université de Caen     Open Access  
Cahiers Droit, Sciences & Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cakrawala : Jurnal Studi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Bioethics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Chiasmi International     Full-text available via subscription  
Childhood & Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Chromatikon     Full-text available via subscription  
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Ciência & Trópico     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Cilicia Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Cinta de Moebio     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Civitas Augustiniana     Open Access  
Clareira - Revista de Filosofia da Região Amazônica     Open Access  
Claridades : Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
Clotho     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cognitio : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Cognitive Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Comparative and Continental Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Comparative Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Con-Textos Kantianos (International Journal of Philosophy)     Open Access  
Conatus : Journal of Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CONJECTURA : filosofia e educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Chinese Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Contemporary Pragmatism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Contrastes. Revista Internacional de Filosofía     Open Access  
Contributions to the History of Concepts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Controvérsia     Open Access  
Convivium : Revista de Filosophia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cracow Indological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Croatian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cuadernos de Filosofía Latinoamericana     Open Access  
Cuestiones de Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cultura : International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cuyo Anuario de Filosofía Argentina y Americana     Open Access  
Daimon Revista Internacional de Filosofía     Open Access  
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Dao : A Journal of Comparative Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Design Philosophy Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte     Hybrid Journal  
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Diakrisis Yearbook of Theology and Philosophy     Open Access  
Dialectic : A scholarly journal of thought leadership, education and practice in the discipline of visual communication design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dialektiké     Open Access  
Dialogue Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dianoia     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Diferencia(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimas : Jurnal Pemikiran Agama untuk Pemberdayaan     Open Access  
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Dios y el Hombre     Open Access  
Dirosat : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Discurso     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Discusiones Filosóficas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Disputatio     Open Access  
Dissonância : Revista de Teoria Crítica     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Doxa : Cuadernos de Filosofía del Derecho     Open Access  
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Economica : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Eidos     Open Access  
Ekstasis : Revista de Hermenêutica e Fenomenologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
El Banquete de los Dioses     Open Access  
Elenchos     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  

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ULUM : Journal of Religious Inquiries
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2645-9132
Published by DergiPark Homepage  [214 journals]
  • Reincarnation (Tanāsukh) According to Islam: Comparative, Historical
           and Contemporary Analyses

    • Authors: Mehmet Bulğen
      Abstract: This study has three parts. In the first part I am going to make a comparison between belief in the Hereafter in Islam and belief in reincarnation in Indian religions in terms of their respective views of about God and the universe. In the second part, I am going to discuss the group associated with belief in the migration of the soul (tanāsukh) and the reaction they received from Muslim thinkers through Islamic history. In the third part, I am going to deal with the idea of reincarnation as the modern version of the idea of the migration of the soul. In this context, I am going to discuss various claims of groups or organizations defending the idea of reincarnation. Among these claims, one may include the following: reincarnation is scientifically verified, belief in reincarnation solves the problem of evil, and reincarnation is supported by sacred books including the Qur’an. My overall purpose is to show that the religion and thought systems reveal their doctrines of immortality within the integral framework of their ontology, epistemology and universe models. In this regard, I will conclude by noting that the belief in reincarnation is not only compatible with the Islam's belief in hereafter but also Islamic teachings concerning God, the universe, and man.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Overview of the Adventure of Meaning of Concept of Messiah within the
           Covenant Tradition

    • Authors: Mustafa Selim Yılmaz
      Abstract: The concept of Messiah a basically reformed in Judaism and Christianity is the principal matter of this paper. This concept that was outlined by more humanely worries can be found in many cultures. Nonetheless the main purpose is to evaluate it only chronologically from Judaism to Islam, that is to say, the Covenant Tradition. It is tried to clearly understand that which kind of transformation been faced about it and on the other hand what is approach of Holy Qur’ān the last ring of the revelation to this concept’s adventure throughout history and which imagination can be true in terms of Qur’ān. Consequently, it can be accepted that the concept of Messiah has been as an important sample of instrument for disregarding human nature. 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An Overview of Knowledge-Value Relationship in Mu'tazilite Ethical
           Theory

    • Authors: Fethi Kerim Kazanç
      Abstract: This article is concerned with the problem of the relationship between knowledge and value because the ethical theory of Mu‘tazila has an importance in the Mediaeval Age Muslim world. Contrary to Ash’arītes, Mu‘tazila has supported that some objective value terms whether a religion is sent or not, good, bad, and necessary can be known via wisdom with reference to the relationship of knowledge-value. Mu‘tazila supports objectivism in the scope of ethical values; however, we can describe such an objectivist thought, which is supported by them and receives its necessity completely from God, as “divine objectivism”, so to speak. These values were placed in both world of objectives and human mind only by God at the beginning. According to Mu‘tazila, both wisdom and narration are the essential sources about knowing value concepts like good and bad. Therefore, the wisdom that is supported by Mu‘tazila can be accepted as “partial rationalism”. Consequently, according to the ethical system of Mu‘tazila, human can sustain a moral life by using the competent mind given by God at the beginning of creation.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Comparative Approach to the Problem of Evil from a Theological and
           Philosophical Perspective

    • Authors: Metin Özdemir
      Abstract: The problem of evil is the common problem of both philosophy and theology. Philosophers and kalām scholars have developed a theodicy/defense of divine justice that is in keeping with their understanding of religion, paradigms and methodologies. They have tried to explain and make sense of the evil in the world in accordance with their theories of creation. For this reason, both sides show serious differences in both metaphysical and moral evil. Philosophers have drifted away from rational thought on the topic of metaphysical evil as they have stuck to emanation theory based on fictional assumptions, yet have taken an exceptionally rational path towards moral evil. Kalām scholars, on the other hand, have never been able to disentangle themselves from turning both the matter of natural and moral evil into a metaphysical problem. The truth is that this problem will be more resolvable when it is evaluated together with the laws of universe, testing process and the belief of hereafter. In order to be able to see their point of departure and rational basis in this subject, we have tried to present this article in a comparative manner with the main lines.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Concept of ‘Nature’ in Peripatetic Islamic Philosophers

    • Authors: Nuri Adıgüzel
      Abstract: In this study, lexical and terminological meanings of the term “nature” were analyzed and some Peripatetical Islamic philosophers’ opinions about this term were included. A comparison was made between the words “tabiat” and “doğa” which are used in Turkish language to meet the term “nature”. The realm of existence which Peripatetical Islamic philosophers have used “nature” in as a noun was explained. Debate between Ibn Sīnā and Ibn Rushd (Averroes) about the necessity of proving the term “nature” was mentioned. Ibn Sīnā's views on what “nature” portends in terms of being a source of motion and duration in objects were presented in comparison with Aristotle. Later definitions which are made by philosophers for “nature” as a term were presented. Peripatetical Islamic philosophers’ definition of the term “nature” which has a critical role in Islamic philosophy and the way they use it differentiates from that of Aristotle’s. The term “nature” which they especially use to explain every kind of becoming and motion enables to connect all reason to Allah in aspects of etymology. And it is also known that the term “nature” serves as a basis for differentiation between physics and metaphysics. The purpose of this article is to clarify the possible usages of the term “nature” in relation to new theories.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Role of Ijtihād in Family Law Reforms of Modern Muslim-Majority
           States: A Case Study of Morocco (PhD. Dissertation)

    • Authors: Miyase Yavuz Altıntaş
      Abstract: Yavuz [Altıntaş], Miyase.The Role of Ijtihādin Family Law Reforms of Modern Muslim-Majority States: A Case Study of Morocco.PhD. Dissertation, SOAS University of London Faculty of Law and Social Sciences School of Law, England, 2018. The primary objective of this thesis is to investigate the role of ijtihādin its application to Islamic law in modern Muslim-majority states by analysingits conceptualisationsand the jurisprudential justification for its practices. The question of how and why ijtihādoperates in legal reforms is addressed as well as what are the motivations, techniques, forms and reasoning adopted when practisingit. This thesis involves examining whether ijtihād is exercised by going back to the primary sources, i.e. the Qur’an and the Sunnah or by choosing among existing juristic views in classical Islamic jurisprudence. To what extent the rules and principles of classical Islamic legal theory (uṣūl al-fiqh) are respected and followed in bringing about the reforms by means of contemporary ijtihād, is explored. The main substantive area of focus is family law due to its being the most widely applied aspect of Islamic law among modern Muslim-majority states. Specifically, the reforms of the Moroccan Family Code of 2004 are examined as having been introduced on the basis of ijtihād. A central argument of the thesis is that whilst the modern conceptualisations of ijtihādand its practice differ from classical mainstream understanding of the notion in terms of their definition, scope, and the authority of exercising it, they can still be accommodated within Islamic law. That is, a conceptual analysis reveals that various ijtihād understandings and practices, which were particularly triggered by the socio-political changes of the historical context, existed in Islamic legal history. Based on the research findings, it is concluded that most modern ijtihād practices do not strictly follow the detailed rules and principles of classical Islamic legal theory, in general. Nevertheless, they do not lack jurisprudential justifications, and some of them can be rooted in classical Islamic jurisprudence. Moreover, these practices also present a legitimate theoretical, albeit rudimentary, framework. 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • ULUM Journal of Religious Inquiries 1/1 (July 2018)

    • Authors: Abdullah Demir
      Abstract: ULUM is an new academic refereed journal dedicated to publishing articles, essays, translations, symposium reviews, and book reviews primarily within the fields of Religious and Islamic Studies including Arts and Humanities, Religion, Islamic Studies as well as Social and Behavioral Sciences, Theology and Ethics.The objective of the journal is to provide a forum for the scholars of Study of Religion(s) and Islamic Studies from Turkey and all over the world through which they can share and disseminate their research results and findings. This is especially important within the context of Turkish academy as the ULUM is the second in its kind publishing in English and thus providing a channel of communication with international audience for scholars who based in Turkey. ULUM aims to contribute to the scholarship by offering an effective venue for constructive critique and creative thinking in all aspects of Religious and Islamic Studies.ULUM is published twice a year in July and December and adopts double-blind peer-review process. There are at least two reviewers for the total number of articles in each issue. In addition, all articles are checked by means of a software program in order to confirm that they are unpublished and avoid plagiarism. ULUM accepts paper submission from researchers with only doctoral degrees in research articles and book review. ULUM requires writers to use the Isnad Citation Style: www.isnadsistemi.orgWe are delighted to offer you high-quality original reasearch papers in various themes and topics with the current issue. As the editor of ULUM, I am thankful to all those scholars and the members of the editorial board for their dedication, cooperation, and assistance. 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Postcolonial Reading on Eurocentrism, Otherization and Orientalist
           Discourse in Sociological Thought and Its Criticism

    • Authors: İrfan Kaya
      Abstract: Modernity has long been a dominant paradigm in producing knowledge and in determining theoretical framework of the disciplines although it is in connivance with a Eurocentric ideology and conflict of paradoxes in itself. The other participant of the crime, committed with Eurocentric ideology, is sociology as an observation method of modernity’s self and developed with it. They also display a tautological view with each other. Compatibility of paradoxes in modernity makes the othering notions of rejection, negation etc. inevitable. Otherization in sociological literature has been a reference point in historiography that is developed with the claim that historical process experienced throughout Europe is the only straight and universal one with an essentialist perspective, in the Orientalist discourse that is established in parallelism with colonial activities and generating ideal tips. This article aims to criticize the framework and the narrative in modernity and sociology as they contain Eurocentric discourse according to post-colonial theory. While chasing a non-othering paradigm inquiring troubles and dilemmas that post-colonial theory faced will also be the other aim of this study. This paper aims to be authentic by determining the problems of post-colonial theory that criticizes the dominant paradigm through orientalist discourse yet falls into clutches of self-orientalism. 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • God’s Omnipotence and Impossibility in al-Ghazālī and
           Thomas Aquinas

    • Authors: Özcan Akdağ
      Abstract: During the Middle Ages, most theological and philosophical works were translated into Latin language, such as Avicenna’s al-Shifā: Ilahiyāt(The Metaphysics of The Healing),al-Ghazālī’s Maqāsıd al-falāsifa(The Aims of Philosophers), and Averroes’s commentaries on Aristotle’s books. Thanks to these translations, Latin world have got acquainted with various controversial issues in the Islamic thought, such as whether “God knows particulars in their essence”, “whether God acts necessarily because of His nature” and “whether reason and revelation can be reconciled or not” conveyed into Latin West. In addition to these issues, Latin thinkers have also got to know the problem of what scope of God’s absolute power. In this paper, I tried to show the idea that God can do what is logically possible and this does not limit God’s absolute power was conveyed in to Latin West because of translation of Avicenna’s al-Shifāand al-Ghazālī’s Maqāsıdal-falāsifa.  As far as I can see, there is drastic textual similarity between idea of al-Ghazālīand Thomas Aquinas about this matter. Based on the similarities between al-Ghazālīand Aquinas, it is highly probable that Aquinas’ idea about God’s power goes back to Islamic tradition.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
  • One of The Founders of The Hanafi School Zufar Ibn Hudhayl’s
           Approach to Istiḥsān

    • Authors: Adem Çiftci
      Abstract: From the earliest times when schools of legal thought (madhhab) have started to form, there has been debate whether or not “istiḥsān (juristic preference; moving away from the implications of an analogy to an analogy that has a stronger evidence from the Qurʾān, Sunnah or ijmāʿ)” is a method of “istidlāl (inference)”. At the basis of these discussions, the effect of the arbitrariness/subjectivity implied by the term “istiḥsān”, which has not yet completed its conceptualization process, is far too much. Therefore, those who adopted “istiḥsān” as a method were subjected to serious accusations. Hanafī jurists are at the forefront among those who adopted “istiḥsān”. So much so that the “istiḥsān” method has become known by the Hanafi School. However, we have come across with two opposing arguments about the approach of Zufar ibn Hudhayl, who is one of the leading representatives of the school, prominent with his analogical reasoning, to “istiḥsān”. As a result of our research and investigation, it is seen that neither of the claims is right; in addition to the skill of the Zufar to make analogies, he is in favor of analogical reasoning to the full extent on the issue of having recourse to “istiḥsān”; but in cases where analogies are inadequate in producing solutions to the issues or do not give correct outcomes, as a necessity for not to leave the issue without any verdict, he had recourse to “istiḥsān”. As a result, it can be said that being bound to the Hanafī method in general terms, Zufar ibn Hudhayl has narrowed the framework for using “istiḥsān” as a method of “istidlāl”; on the issue of having recourse to analogies, on the other hand, he tried to broaden the boundaries as much as possible. Starting from Hijri 2ndcentury which was the beginning of the formation of idolatry, in terms of whether it is the nature and the method of stratification, istiḥsān, generally described as “Because of stronger evidence, it would be better to abandon the provision of similar powers to another ruling”, has been argued. So much so that two different approaches have emerged in the form of supporters and opponents.The opponents of istiḥsān have accused the people who adopted and done sets of fiqh deductions accordingly of judging according to their desires and to establishing a new sharia. However, the effect of the concept of istiḥsān, which has not yet completed its conceptualization process, arbitrary/subjective sense of this oppositional approach is too great.Imam Shafī was a strong opponent of istiḥsān. However, Shafī, consulted istiḥsān to regard the amount of “mut‘a” (consolation gift) thirty dirham and the period of the “shuf‘a”(right of pre-emption) as three days, he even used this concept by saying “I am doing istiḥsān”. Therefore, it can be said that the opposition of Imam Shafī is aimed at the “logic of exception” which resides in istiḥsān rather than the provision reached by the means of istiḥsān.Imam Shafī’s istiḥsān opposition is more directed to the Hanafis, who are identified with istiḥsān. Particularly, it is seen that the students Abu Yûsuf and Imam Muhammad and Abu Hanifa one of the founder imams of Hanafi School consulted istiḥsān frequently. However, there are not sufficient and clear information about Zufar ibn Hudhayl’s view of istiḥsān. Zufar ibn Hudhayl, who is at this point also worth investigating and examining, because he is one of the founding imams of the school and has his own ideas.Different determinations on Zufar ibn Hudhayl’s approach to istiḥsān were done by contemporary researchers. One of these is a proof that Zufar ibn Hudhayl was using istiḥsān largely similarly to other founder of the Hanafi School; and the other is that he falled in line with Imam Shafī in terms of istiḥsān. Since both studies are not directly related to Zufar ibn Hudhayl’s approach to istiḥsān, the researchers did not feel the need to point the arguments that they based these assumptions on.Zufar ibn Hudhayl has passed away after a very short time (d. 158/775) from Abu Hanifa, and he spent the 6 of his last 8 years in Basra. Therefore, there is no detailed information about him like the other founding imams of the school. Moreover, the absence of any work or the lack of knowledge about it, makes it very difficult to determine Zufar ibn Hudhayl’s views of istiḥsān. This necessitates the application of Hanafi resources from the initial period for further investigation.Especially in the examination of the classical period Hanafi School’s method and furūʿ al-fiqh (substantive law) literature, we could not reach any knowledge about Zufar ibn Hudhayl’s approach to istiḥsān. However, almost all layered authors describe Zufar ibn Hudhayl as a “qiyās(analogy) expert” and emphasize his skill and expertise in using analogy. This is also quite remarkable. However, in the works of Pīrī-Zāde and Kawtharī, who directly examine Zufar ibn Hudhayl’s fiqh, there is no information about what philosophical background of his was about what is meant by the qualifications of “expert” or “qiyās expert” about him.Two conclusions can be reached from these characterizations about Zufar ibn Hudhayl: one of them is, he was quite successful and competent in using analogies against the matters where the provision is absent and the other one is ...
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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