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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 659 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Philosophica     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agone     Open Access  
Aisthema, International Journal     Open Access  
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aisthesis. Pratiche, linguaggi e saperi dell’estetico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Al-Tijary : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Ulum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
American Journal of Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Analecta Hermeneutica     Open Access  
Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez     Open Access  
Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis     Open Access  
Análisis : Revista de investigación filosófica     Open Access  
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ancient Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Annales UMCS. Sectio I (Filozofia, Socjologia)     Open Access  
Annali del Dipartimento di Filosofia     Open Access  
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuari de la Societat Catalana de Filosofia     Open Access  
Anuario Filosófico     Full-text available via subscription  
Appareil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archiv fuer Rechts- und Sozialphilosphie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Areté : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Argumentos - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Assuming Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
At-Tabsyir : Jurnal Komunikasi Penyiaran Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
Attarbiyah : Journal of Islamic Culture and Education     Open Access  
Aufklärung: revista de filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Augustiniana     Full-text available via subscription  
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Axiomathes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bajo Palabra     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Binghamton Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bollettino Filosofico     Open Access  
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique     Open Access  
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Business and Professional Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos Benjaminianos     Open Access  
Cadernos do PET Filosofia     Open Access  
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Zygmunt Bauman     Open Access  
Cakrawala : Jurnal Studi Islam     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Chiasmi International     Full-text available via subscription  
Childhood & Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Chromatikon     Full-text available via subscription  
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cinta de Moebio     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Clareira - Revista de Filosofia da Região Amazônica     Open Access  
Claridades : Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
Coactivity: Philosophy, Communication / Santalka: Filosofija, Komunikacija     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitio : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Cognitive Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Comparative and Continental Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comparative Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Con-Textos Kantianos (International Journal of Philosophy)     Open Access  
Conceptus : zeitschrift für philosophie     Hybrid Journal  
CONJECTURA : filosofia e educação     Open Access  
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Contemporary Chinese Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Contemporary Pragmatism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 23)
Contrastes. Revista Internacional de Filosofía     Open Access  
Contributions to the History of Concepts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Controvérsia     Open Access  
Conversations : The Journal of Cavellian Studies     Open Access  
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access  
Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Croatian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Bioetica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuestiones de Filosofía     Open Access  
Cultura : International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Dao     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Design Philosophy Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Dialectic : A scholarly journal of thought leadership, education and practice in the discipline of visual communication design     Open Access  
Dialektiké     Open Access  
Dialogue Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimas : Jurnal Pemikiran Agama untuk Pemberdayaan     Open Access  
Dinika : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Dirosat : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Economica : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Eidos     Open Access  
Ekstasis : Revista de Hermenêutica e Fenomenologia     Open Access  
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Empedocles : European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
Endeavour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Éndoxa     Open Access  
Enrahonar : An International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Environmental Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Episteme     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epoché : A Journal for the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Escritos     Open Access  
Essays in Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Estética     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía Práctica e Historia de las Ideas     Open Access  
Estudos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Ethical Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Ethics & Bioethics (in Central Europe)     Open Access  
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Éthique publique     Open Access  
Ethische Perspectieven     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Etikk i praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access  
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Études phénoménologiques : Phenomenological Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Études Platoniciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal for Philosophy of Science     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Islamic Finance     Open Access  
European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fichte-Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Film-Philosophy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Filosofia Unisinos     Open Access  
Filozofia Chrześcijańska     Open Access  
Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society     Open Access  
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Frontiers of Philosophy in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Governare la paura. Journal of interdisciplinary studies     Open Access  
Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
  [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 2352-5525
   Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3175 journals]
  • Resolving disputes among inter-professional codes of ethics
    • Authors: S.H. Linder
      Pages: 27 - 33
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, Volume 4
      Author(s): S.H. Linder
      The effective delivery of complex, acute, health care now requires a diverse team of professionals, each with their own technical specialization, practice credential, and span of control. Responsible practice, in this context, traditionally entails a code of ethical conduct. The problem is, there are now separate codes for each specialization, often tied to governmental licensure and more importantly, they demand different things of people operating in the same context on the same case. While bioethics has provided some principles for guiding the physician-patient relationship, there are no principles governing the relationships among the professions involved in delivering care. With multiple codes at issue and no overarching “meta-code” to resolve possible conflicts, professionals are left to resolve disputes through more arbitrary means, say, authority granted by the institution, political power, or more traditional sources of professional status. Under these circumstances, how do we determine the right thing to do' We propose to develop an inter-professional ethics that speaks to the conflicts and generates a protocol for resolving conflict. Our intent is to develop ways of deliberating over differences based on a contractualist approach to moral justification. The key assumption is that reasonable individuals can come to an agreement that is equally binding and builds on mutual respect and inter-professional understanding.

      PubDate: 2018-04-25T12:01:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2018)
       
  • La médecine au défi de l’intelligence artificielle, 17e journée de la
           SFFEM, 13 décembre 2017
    • Authors: Juliette Eroukhmanoff; Côme Bommier
      Pages: 115 - 119
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, Volume 4
      Author(s): Juliette Eroukhmanoff, Côme Bommier


      PubDate: 2018-04-25T12:01:24Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 4 (2018)
       
  • Le pluralisme religieux, la laïcité et la bioéthique
    • Authors: Bommier
      Abstract: Publication date: January–March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, Volume 4
      Author(s): C. Bommier


      PubDate: 2018-04-25T12:01:24Z
       
  • Responsabilité juridique et sciences expérimentales sur le
           vivant
    • Authors: Nerhot
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): P. Nerhot
      Le « vivant » : non-pertinence des concepts de la philosophie profane des Lumières comme un déterminisme du temps. La recherche-construction d’une infinie-fin. Les sciences « expérimentales », comme non-distinction, entrent « cause » et « effet ». La nouvelle question de méthode posée par le « vivant ». Le défi d’une éthique comme adéquation entre morale et méthode. The “living”: non-pertinency of enlightentment concepts as a timeness determination. Research construction of and endless end. Experimental sciences as a non-distinction between “cause” and “effect”. The new methodological question of the “living”. Ethics as an adequation between moral and method.

      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
       
  • An anthropology of women's body according to the FEMEN organization
    • Authors: P. Charlier; S. Deo
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 18 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): P. Charlier, S. Deo


      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.12.002
       
  • PubPeer contre “fake news” en Sciences '
    • Authors: Forest
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): C. Forest


      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
       
  • Usage de toxiques et mesures pénalement ordonnées : les difficultés
           inhérentes à leurs applications
    • Authors: E. Christin; J. Hiquet; J. Fougas; O. Dubourg; S. Gromb-Monnoyeur
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): E. Christin, J. Hiquet, J. Fougas, O. Dubourg, S. Gromb-Monnoyeur
      Les mesures pénalement ordonnées représentent un ensemble de soins prononcés par la justice à l’encontre d’un auteur d’infraction pénale souvent rattachable à des actes de violences ou d’usage de substances illicites. Dans le cadre des consommations de toxiques, hors contexte d’hospitalisation, on dénombre quatre mesures : l’obligation de soin, l’injonction thérapeutique, l’injonction de soins et le stage de sensibilisation aux dangers de l’usage de produits stupéfiants. Ces dispositifs, au-delà de la finalité répressive, revêtent un intérêt particulier grâce à l’interaction qu’ils créent entre le consommateur et le système de soins, par la sanction pénale. De nombreuses difficultés persistent dans la mise en place de ces soins, malgré plusieurs tentatives d’amélioration via de multiples modifications législatives. Ces difficultés concernent notamment l’injonction thérapeutique qui semble être la réponse la plus adaptée à la problématique addictive. De surcroît, les données de la littérature disponibles soulignent l’existence d’inadéquations entre ces mesures prononcées par la justice et les modalités d’usage de toxiques des personnes. Les mesures de courte durée, comme le stage de sensibilisation, sont adaptées aux usagers simples, dans un cadre de prévention et de sensibilisation, mais sont trop souvent prononcées pour une problématique de dépendance nécessitant une prise en charge au long cours. Justice-ordered cares are measures of care delivered by justice following an offense. Besides hospitalisation, four measures exist to treat addiction related issues: compulsory care, therapeutic injunction, care injunction and awareness-raising courses on the dangers of drug abuse. All the above play an important part in caring for substance users since they foster contact between the user and the health care system through the judicial way. A review of the literature pointed out the existence of many difficulties in the implementation of these measures. This is specifically the case for therapeutic injunction, which seemed to be an appropriate response to toxic abuse. It also showed that according to usage patterns, acute care appeared to be suitable for single users, within a field of prevention and awareness, while they did not correspond to drug addicts who need long term care.

      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.01.004
       
  • La bibliométrie et l’innovation : l’étude de l’impact de la
           propriété intellectuelle sur le progrès scientifique
    • Authors: Hetu
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): M. Hetu
      La bibliométrie est couramment utilisée afin de mesurer différentes facettes de la croissance, de la performance et de la trajectoire de la recherche scientifique. Les récents travaux de recherche sur l’impact des droits de propriété intellectuelle sur l’innovation sont d’ailleurs fondés sur l’utilisation de méthodes d’analyse bibliométrique. Bien que ces travaux aient apporté un éclairage nouveau sur cette problématique, de nombreuses questions n’ont pas encore été abordées. Bibliometrics is commonly used in order to measure different aspects of the growth, performance and path of scientific research. Recent studies on the impact of intellectual property rights on innovation are accordingly based on the use of bibliometric analysis methods. Although these studies have shed new light on this topic, numerous issues have yet to be addressed.

      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
       
  • Praise of a medical and public health ethics for the 21st century
    • Authors: C. Herve; P. Charlier
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): C. Herve, P. Charlier


      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.02.006
       
  • Martin Hirsch : une autopsie de l’Assistance Publique
    • Authors: Charlier
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): P. Charlier


      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
       
  • Apologie d’une éthique médicale et de la santé pour
           le 21e siècle
    • Authors: Charlier
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): C. Hervé, P. Charlier


      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
       
  • Principles for public health ethics
    • Authors: J.P. Spike
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): J.P. Spike
      This paper is organized to accomplish three objectives. First, it explains what the principles approach to ethics looks like and why it can be very helpful to establishing a field. Second, it proposes a set of principles for public health ethics. Since public health ethics is a relatively new field, and not the same as biomedical ethics, these will not be the same principles as the principles of biomedical ethics, but perhaps can be just as helpful to their own field as biomedical ethics has been to its now well-established field. Third, it briefly discusses how environmental ethics is yet another subject, distinct from public health ethics and deserving of its own principles. I briefly mention what those principles might be, in case some people with an interest in public health ethics also have an interest in environmental ethics but have failed to carefully distinguish the two subjects. If one does not make the differences clear, one might mistakenly be led to criticize the principles of public health ethics for not including environmental ethics. Both fields are equally important but they have distinct concerns (population health versus the health of species and ecosystems) and different professions engaged in their protection.

      PubDate: 2018-03-21T00:07:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.12.003
       
  • 5e journée junior de la SFFEM 11 octobre 2017
    • Authors: Torres
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): P. Torres


      PubDate: 2018-03-09T18:58:17Z
       
  • Santé des jeunes et futurs médecins
    • Authors: B.V. Tudrej; C. Bommier; F. Birault
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): B.V. Tudrej, C. Bommier, F. Birault


      PubDate: 2018-03-09T18:58:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.02.005
       
  • Health zones in Oregon: Exploring an ethical deliberation process in
           county public health
    • Authors: K.M. Dirksen; S.D. Present; P. Mason; D. Emerick
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): K.M. Dirksen, S.D. Present, P. Mason, D. Emerick
      Clackamas County, an administrative division in the State of Oregon on the west coast of the United States, has provided training in ethics and a decision-making framework to members of its public health advisory committee in an attempt to develop an ethical deliberation mechanism in public health. The goal of this mechanism is to ensure that a process exists for the Public Health Division to review value-laden issues relating to policies impacting the community. By providing guidance to county public health leadership upon request through an open and transparent review process, the intended outcome is a culture of ethical awareness and high ethical standards. The first deliberation of this body addressed the ethical concerns relating to the implementation of mapped “public health zones”: a project intended to more effectively communicate public health data of communities within the county in smaller geographic units and using geographic information system (GIS) technology.

      PubDate: 2018-03-09T18:58:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.01.008
       
  • Blueprint for scaling advance care planning conversations to medical
           practices
    • Authors: G.E. Bondi
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G.E. Bondi
      Establishment of the Community Conversations initiative in Schenectady County, New York began as a response to pleas from palliative care professionals who recognized the absence or paucity of Advance Directives (AD) in the medical records of referred patients. The palliative care physicians responsible for cases of the critically ill or those with diminished or no decisional capacity often faced the challenging task of locating a previously prepared AD, if any, identifying a healthcare proxy or agent who could speak on behalf of the patient (in terms of best interests or substituted judgment), or identifying clear and convincing evidence as to what, if any, life-sustaining treatment was expressed prior to illness. Practitioners and patients, both in the US and France, have historically avoided the confrontation and “the conversation.” Similarly, examination of shared decision making training programs evidenced wide variations in how and what they deliver. More importantly, evidence of their effectiveness was sparse. Studies on shared decision making programs suggest there is a need for international consensus on ways to address the variability in patient-centered programs concerning “the conversation” surrounding Advance Care Planning (ACP).

      PubDate: 2018-03-09T18:58:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.01.006
       
  • Biomedical ethics, public health ethics, and bioethics: Identifying the
           interrelationships between three distinct fields
    • Authors: J.P. Spike
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): J.P. Spike


      PubDate: 2018-03-09T18:58:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2018.01.003
       
  • Ethical competencies for public health personnel
    • Authors: L.M. Lee
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 March 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): L.M. Lee
      Public health cannot function without public trust, and public trust is largely dependent on the public health work force's ability to demonstrate ethical competence. Public health ethics is defined as both our moral governance – the values that motivate our work – and a decision-making framework to help guide complex ethical decisions we face in our practice. While there is no master list of values or recipe for public health ethics, there is agreement that public health ethics comprises both liberal concepts and collective concepts. At times, these liberal and collective values conflict. There are four skill domains that all public health professionals need to make ethical decisions in their practice. These domains comprise an iterative cycle, starting with the ability to identify the ethical dimensions of our work, articulate ethical dimensions and dilemmas we face in our efforts to protect the public's health, determine a path forward, especially when values and motivations conflict, and implement and evaluate the solution to allow for course corrections. Ensuring all public health professionals have minimal competence in these four skill domains will facilitate our work, build public trust, and contribute to the health of our communities.

      PubDate: 2018-03-09T18:58:17Z
       
  • Bioethics North and South: Creating a common ground
    • Authors: S.H. Miles; A.K. Laar
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 February 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): S.H. Miles, A.K. Laar
      Bioethics as practiced in Europe, the United States, and Canada has a tenuous and tentative reach into the developing countries of Africa, South America, and Asia. This paper explores the problematic translation of bioethics between the Global North and South; and between resource rich and resource poor countries. As Alexander Capron put it in 2007, bioethics has a 10/90 problem, analogizing to the observation that medical research spends 90% of its resources on problems affecting 10% of the world's population. Today, UNESCO's bioethics website says bioethics focuses on “stem cell research, genetic testing, cloning, progress in the life sciences”. Any review of the most widely cited bioethics articles and journals finds that the writing is largely centered within an enclave of first world concerns. Stem cells and cloning are neither health care nor health science priorities of developing countries. The priorities of developing countries (i.e., those that would improve the health of populations or that refer to local diseases) are marginalized. Costly and/or impractical medical infrastructure is discussed or proposed. The first-world orientation of bioethics was perhaps somewhat practicable during a post-World War II stasis, but it is increasingly dysfunctional and even dangerous in the context of twenty-first century climate change, refugee movements, and disease vector migrations. A new global bioethics is urgently needed.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T21:23:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.12.004
       
  • How do nuclear medicine physicians deal with ethical aspects of
           communicating results to patients after PET performed for oncological
           indications' A French National Survey
    • Authors: S. Gonzalez; P. Le Coz; A.E. Abdullah; M. Tondeur; A. Loundou; N. Griffon; C. Colavolpe; K. Baumstarck; G. Bonardel; O. Mundler; D. Taieb
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): S. Gonzalez, P. Le Coz, A.E. Abdullah, M. Tondeur, A. Loundou, N. Griffon, C. Colavolpe, K. Baumstarck, G. Bonardel, O. Mundler, D. Taieb
      Objectif There are no guidelines regarding the content of information to be delivered in nuclear medicine. This study aimed at describing practices of French nuclear medicine physicians concerning results communication to patients undergoing PETs for oncological indications. Methodes A survey was performed among French nuclear medicine physicians using an electronic questionnaire. Resultats The study included 250 nuclear medicine physicians. Their practices regarding communication of PET results to patients were heterogeneous: (1) pre- and/or post-PET consultations were systematic for 56%, adapted on a case-to-case basis for 35%, and never performed for 9% of respondents; (2) oral communication of results was systematic for 13%, adapted on a case-to-case basis for 63%, and never performed for 24% of respondents. Working in a private center, presence of post-PET consultations, being older and more years of experience were significantly associated with more oral communication of results. Finally, 80% of physicians admit that current recommendations are not clear enough. Conclusion The heterogeneity of practices among French nuclear medicine physicians concerning communication of PET results to patients probably results from lack of clear recommendations. An inter-collegial, ethical, and multi-disciplinary reflection is needed to better guide nuclear medicine physicians in relation to the communication of results to patients suffering from serious disease.

      PubDate: 2018-02-25T21:23:08Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.12.007
       
  • Lettre ouverte : « Quelle leçon tirer de la récente controverse
           française sur l’épisiotomie ' » ou la généralisation d’une
           véritable éthique des pratiques en clinique humaine
    • Authors: Ville
      Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, Volume 3, Issue 4
      Author(s): C. Hervé, Y. Ville


      PubDate: 2017-12-27T07:01:08Z
       
  • Enquête de la santé mentale. De l’importance de la santé mentale des
           étudiants et jeunes médecins
    • Authors: Valentin
      Abstract: Publication date: October–December 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health, Volume 3, Issue 4
      Author(s): C. Valentin


      PubDate: 2017-12-27T07:01:08Z
       
  • Non-adjectival bioethics
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 23 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): P. Łuków
      It has become customary to think about bioethics as populated by “adjectival bioethics” such as utilitarian bioethics, deontological bioethics, Christian bioethics, feminist bioethics, and more. The unfortunate outcome of such a designation is a perception of bioethics as incapable of offering definitive conclusions of practical or social importance, and so as useless for a modern pluralistic society. Accordingly, it is not a viable alternative to traditional ways of dealing with ethical issues associated with medicine or relations between human beings and non-human nature. Moral pluralism of the society is mirrored by the multiplicity of views of bioethicists and plurality of adjectival bioethics. The paper argues for an understanding of bioethics that is better suited to a pluralistic democratic society. On this view, bioethics is a complex of ideas, commitments, and practices, which enables the exchange of opinions of both experts of various specialities and lay citizens about ethical problems associated with medicine and relations between human beings and non-human nature. Such “non-adjectival bioethics” relies on a paradigm of intellectual engagement in the form of public debate, which is characteristic of a democratic society. The argument proceeds in two steps. The first step (which focuses on various forms of reflection on ethical issues in medicine but its conclusions apply to all fields of bioethics) starts with two distinctions. One distinction is between the medical-professional perspective and normative-theoretical together with a doctrinal perspective on ethical issues regarding medicine. The other distinction is between bioethics as academic research and education and bioethics as a practice of public debate. On the ground of these distinctions, the non-adjectival view of bioethics is offered. It is a two-layer discourse, which covers both academic research and instruction, and a social practice of public debate that involves professional, normative-theoretical, and doctrinal components. The goal of the debate is to clarify publicly recognised ethical problems and, if possible, offer their publicly shared solutions. Such a non-adjectival bioethics is normative; it functions on various forums and engages academics, the professions, and laypersons. The second part of the paper discusses normative presuppositions of non-adjectival bioethics. It is conceived of in the spirit of deliberative view of public decision-making. Non-adjectival bioethics is animated by two normative sources. One source is democratic values and ideals, such as individual liberty, equality, mutual recognition, and respect, which form the broadest normative framework for a public debate of a democratic society on publicly identified ethical issues. The other normative source of non-adjectival bioethics is doctrines, which are endorsed by citizens populating the society. These doctrines are valuable pools of reasons and arguments that can be examined in the bioethical debate. Non-adjectival bioethics is therefore a discourse and discipline, which is defined and bounded by the democratic values and ideals. Unlike adjectival bioethics, which aspire to universally bind conclusions by building their normative claims on metaphysical doctrines or to being a freestanding theory or framework, non-adjectival bioethics looks for clarifications and solutions of ethical problems recognised by pluralistic democratic societies, which are founded on such moral values and ideals as individual liberty, equality, and mutual recognition, and respect.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
       
  • Principles, rules, and the deflation of the good in bioethics
    • Authors: J.P. Bishop
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): J.P. Bishop
      Prior to the Nuremberg Code, German Law had prohibited research on subjects without their consent. Yet, German Law could not restrain the Nazi research machine. Likewise, the United States Public Health Service continued research on poor black men in the southern US for 25years after the promulgation of the Nuremberg Code. Once the Tuskegee Experiments were exposed, it prompted philosophers to articulate the more general and philosophically robust norms and principles that should ground and guide all future research and practice. Yet, this move to more general principles results in the deflation of metaphysical concepts traditionally thought necessary for ethics, namely the concept of the good and the concept of persons. Put differently, modern principles of biomedical ethics that seek to avoid pluralism and relativism grounds its ideas in the philosophy of right action at the expense of the philosophy of good. This essay argues that, because medicine is aimed at health, and the goods possible for persons in health, any ethics of medicine must be grounded in a philosophy of the goods for persons and goods of persons.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.012
       
  • The Nuremberg veil
    • Authors: Goss
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): B. Goss
      Subject autonomy is widely considered the distinctive achievement of contemporary research ethics. Popular history claims that there were no attempts to protect subject autonomy or informed consent until the Nuremberg Doctors’ Trial brought the Nazi research abuses into infamy. This is however a false history. There were at least two research codes in Europe before the Nazis: the Prussian Decree of 1900 and the German Reichsrundschreiben of 1931. Ironically, these codes had stricter demands for subject autonomy and informed consent than contemporary research codes like the Belmont Report and the Nuremberg Code. Yet, the strict demands were overridden by the Nazi state once it faced the emergencies of war. This historical lesson reveals a fundamental flaw in political liberalism, which caused the pre-Nazi codes to fail. But during the Nuremberg Trial, Allied prosecutors were manipulated by the Nazi defence into forgetting about these pre-Nazi codes. Consequently, a frightening lesson from history was lost to modern ethicists. Modern research codes remain vulnerable to the same problem that caused pre-Nazi codes to fail. Thus, recovering this lost history is as important as ever.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
       
  • ‘To whom does my body belong'’
    • Authors: Novak
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): D. Novak
      In debates over whether a society should recognize the right of an individual person to end his or her own life (and to enlist the services of a physician to do so), the question is often formulated in terms of ownership: Who owns my body' Those who advocate for self-ownership of their body see the reason for the public enforcement of this right to be “autonomy.” Those who advocate for societal ownership of anyone's body see the reason for the public recognition of this right to be “heteronomy.” And those who advocate for God's ownership of anybody see the reason for the public enforcement of this right to be “theonomy.” Advocates of autonomy, though, have difficulty in justifying a right of self-ownership, since humans are far more dependent on others than they are on themselves. Self-ownership implies a largely fictitious self-sufficiency. Advocates of heteronomy, though, have difficulty in justifying a right of public ownership, since this has been the justification of totalitarian regimes to eliminate persons arbitrarily deemed dangerous or even useless to them. And advocates of theonomy, though, have difficulty in justifying the killing of any living being that is a creature of God. This paper will argue that the whole ownership model is morally flawed. Instead, a model of mutual care is morally more adequate. In this model, we are all both the subjects and objects of care, and that we couldn’t survive were this not so. We come into the world as infants totally dependent on the care of others. As we grow into adulthood, we become the subjects of the claims of others to care for them and for ourselves along with them. Society's task is to coordinate our mutual roles as care-receivers and caregivers. No functioning adult is only a caregiver or only a care-receiver. As caregivers we have duties; as care-receivers we have rights. Autonomy should only be invoked when society claims ownership of any of its members. Heteronomy should only be invoked when an individual person acts as if his or her decision to live or die involves nobody else, and nobody else should be concerned. And theonomy should be invoked whenever an individual person or a society claims to have created himself or itself and to have the right to do with themselves whatever they please. Therefore, individual persons have the right to call for their society to care for them when they cannot help themselves, instead of the right to call for society to help them eliminate themselves from society even when they want to do so. A society has the right to call for individuals to care for themselves and others when they can do so, instead of the right of a society to eliminate individual persons it no longer wants to care for. And religious believers can affirm both the duty of individuals to care themselves, and the societal duty to care for its individual members, are to be exercised in imitation of the God who cares for creation and who commands human creatures to act accordingly. God's unique ownership of creation, however, is another matter and, as such, it is inimitable.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
       
  • On the philosophical foundations of medical ethics: Aristotle, Kant, JS
           Mill and Rawls
    • Authors: R. Cohen-Almagor
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 22 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): R. Cohen-Almagor
      This article aims to trace back some of the theoretical foundations of medical ethics that stem from the philosophies of Aristotle, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill and John Rawls. The four philosophers had in mind rational and autonomous human beings who are able to decide their destiny, who pave for themselves the path for their own happiness. It is argued that their philosophies have influenced the field of medical ethics as they crafted some very important principles of the field. I discuss the concept of autonomy according to Kant and JS Mill, Kant's concepts of dignity, benevolence and beneficence, Mill's Harm Principle (nonmaleficence), the concept of justice according to Aristotle, Mill and Rawls, and Aristotle's concept of responsibility.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.009
       
  • The slippery slope, some remarks on the long and winding road to heaven or
           hell
    • Authors: G. Hermeren; I. de Beaufort
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Hermeren, I. de Beaufort
      The slippery slope argument is often used in (bio)ethical debates. It is an intriguing argument: it confronts us with fears, gut feelings, and fundamental values; it invites us to think about the future, and it forces us not only to look at a technology or policy in isolation but at the whole picture. Rhetorically it is attractive with its often vivid images and sweeping statements, sometimes derived from fictional tales. The argument is based on two general assumptions: (1) the slope is slippery, if application of a policy or technology X to area A is permitted, it is not possible to stop, and (2) one will end up in final stage D which should not be allowed to happen. We do not discuss the argument in relation to a specific bioethical problem but use different examples, as we want to focus on some general issues that in our view deserve attention. We first distinguish three uses of the argument: the debate-stopper use, the disqualify-opponents use and the scenario-use, when the argument is used as an invitation to debate by using the end stage D as a possible scenario among other scenarios. We secondly discuss the following questions: can the slope be (made) more or less slippery' Is it possible to stop the sliding on the slope at one or more points' How robust is the evaluation of the final stage D' With regard to the description of initial situation A we point out that the choice of descriptions may not be ethically neutral and stress that it is important to consider the alternatives to allow X in A. With regard to the evaluation of end stage D, we argue, using the example of IVF, that after initial fear and awe people may change their minds on D. We state that critical examination of the evidence is necessary. This involves checking the tenability, the relevance and the completeness of the evidence brought forward in the slippery slope argument, both for the slipperiness of the slope as well as for the evaluation of the end stage. Claims have to be founded, albeit defenders of a slope sometimes seem to presume that this is not necessary, as it ‘obvious’ or ‘self-evident’. We finally point out that there is also a ‘road to paradise’ or ‘stairway to heaven’ version of the slippery slope argument. This argument also needs scrutiny. We summarize our discussion in stating that the following questions should always be raised and answered when using or being confronted by a slippery slope argument: Is the argument used as an incentive to have a debate' What are the alternatives to allowing X in the current situation A, and do they not lead to a slippery slope' How strong is the moral evidence for the claim that the end stage of the slope morally wrong or bad' Is the slope really slippery or are there different measures, empirical or logical, to prevent the sliding down'

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.07.008
       
  • The subject and power of bioethics
    • Authors: Hull
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Hull
      The present paper argues that late work of Michel Foucault is helpful in understanding contemporary bioethics. Specifically, Foucault's writings on biopower and subjectivity are increasingly relevant as we consider the intersection of public policy and clinical ethics in a socio-political context increasingly structured by the demands of neoliberalism. Although Foucault's earlier work on the clinical gaze has been important to bioethics, that is no longer as important as his later, incomplete research into power and subjectivity. The paper develops this argument in four steps. In the first, I look at a classic phenomenological approach to clinical bioethics by Richard Zaner, starting from which I develop a Foucauldian perspective. In that section, I also offer a basic outline of what I take Foucault's primary theoretical contributions to be by way of an initial explication of the biopower-subjectification nexus. The following two sections of the paper present exemplary applications of Foucauldian theory to two areas at the intersection of public policy and clinical bioethics. The first is the procedure for testing women for the BRCA1/2 mutations, mutations that impose on carriers a significant risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. A comparison between American and Dutch practices underscores not only the new ways that genetic testing interprets the body, but also the importance of local political and cultural contexts for understanding how the test is presented, administered and managed. The second is a consideration of the intersection of employee wellness programs and wearable technologies. In it, I develop Foucault's thought that subjects in the Christian West have long been encouraged to understand themselves confessionally, offering to authority figures the “truth” about themselves. I then interpret the compulsory use of wearables as a verification strategy for compliance with wellness programs as exemplary of such confessional strategies. The final section ties the discussion back to the clinical encounter as Zaner formulates it as an inherently moral encounter structured by vulnerabilities that matter for understanding the selfhood of patients. Based on the preceding examples, I make the case that American understandings of selfhood are increasingly separated from any sense of publicness and that this structuring of selfhood is of increasing importance in framing and adequately understanding bioethics today.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
       
  • Donation decisions after death: The case for a family veto
    • Authors: Johnston
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): Y. Johnston
      This paper argues that families should be able to refuse to donate the organs of their deceased relative, even when their relative was registered as an organ donor. Families generally hold important relational claims on the body of a decedent, claims which should be respected in the form of allowing families to “veto” postmortem organ donation. Current arguments for and against a “family veto” will first be addressed in order to demonstrate their insufficiency. Typical claims against a family veto either are overly utilitarian, or they appeal to the donor's autonomy and face the problem of explaining why informed consent should be respected after death. I offer a new approach for this issue, which considers relational autonomy and embodied relationships. Thus, I conclude that organ donation decisions should be balanced between the potential donor and their family in a double-veto system.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
       
  • Value pluralism, moral diversity, moral reasoning, and the foundations of
           bioethics
    • Authors: Marino
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): P. Marino
      This paper considers how matters concerning value pluralism and moral diversity bear on issues in bioethics, with particular attention to methodology, moral reasoning, and the possibility of intractable disagreements. Drawing on work in my recent book Moral Reasoning in a Pluralistic World, I examine what methodological implications value pluralism has for coherence reasoning, then articulate some practical implications. On the theoretical side, I argue that in contexts of value pluralism, a norm of “systematicity,” which says that the principles of a theory should be as few and as simple as possible, is epistemologically unsupported. Instead, coherence should be understood as “case consistency”: finding a principled way of prioritizing conflicting considerations from one case to another. On the practical side, adopting case consistency means that multiple internally coherent sets of moral beliefs are possible. So sometimes deep value-based disagreements cannot be resolved by reasoning alone. There are also implications for pedagogy: if moral reasoning accommodates various values and requires principled compromises that can take various forms, teaching about moral issues by first introducing a range of unified theories would not be the right approach. Instead, students ought to be encouraged to bring coherence to their own, possibly pluralistic, ways of valuing.

      PubDate: 2017-11-29T10:53:17Z
       
  • L’identité institutionnelle au sein des outils bibliométriques : un
           enjeu stratégique
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 November 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): J. Sempéré
      Tout service bibliométrique utilise les deux principaux outils disponibles : Scopus d’Elsevier et Web of Science de Clarivate Analytics. Dans le contexte français de transformation institutionnelle, quelques institutions comme l’université Paris-Saclay ont travaillé avec ces deux entreprises pour mieux définir leur identité. Ce travail de correction des données est utile pour chaque institution afin de mieux comprendre comme les classements internationaux peuvent utiliser leurs données bibliométriques et d’exposer des données plus justes. Any bibliometrics services use the two main tools available: Scopus by Elsevier and Web of Science by Clarivate Analytics. In the French context of institutional transformation, an institution such as Université Paris-Saclay works with these two providers to better define its identity. This work of data curation is useful for each institution in order to well understand how the international rankings can use its bibliometrics data and to expose more correct data.

      PubDate: 2017-11-10T18:34:19Z
       
  • L’humain, l’humanité et les biotechnologiesL’humain, l’humanité
           et le progrès scientifique, S. Bordet, B.M. Knoppers. Dalloz, Dunod,
           Paris (2009), 125-137
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • Quelle éthique pour les hybrides 'L’humain, l’humanité et le
           progrès scientifique, B. Andrieu. Dalloz, Dunod, Paris (2009), 75-93
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • L’Homme et sa diversité : l’humanité au-delà des normes
           biologiquesL’humain, l’humanité et le progrès scientifique, S.
           Guihard-Costa. Dalloz, Dunod, Paris (2009), 139-147
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • Le plagiat, le pas factice de la création
    • Authors: A. Ivasilevitch
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): A. Ivasilevitch
      Que ce soit à travers des approches étymologiques, historiques, sociologiques ou encore juridiques, les études autour du plagiat se sèment et foisonnent. Toutefois, trop souvent, reste que le véritable point d’achoppement y est négligé. Aussi, il ne s’agit plus de réfléchir autour du problème du plagiat. Il s’agit, ici, de pénétrer au cœur de la notion de plagiat, d’en élucider son centre de gravité, le noyau autour duquel il n’est par suite qu’agglomération : la création. Sur cette voie, c’est d’abord à la philosophie de répandre ses lumières, afin d’éclaircir en quoi consiste, pour un auteur, l’acte de créer. Dans une première partie est dégagée une subtilité : celle de l’œuvre et de la création. Dénouées l’une de l’autre, la création ne se confond plus avec l’œuvre. Dénouées, la création, c’est plutôt le mouvement par lequel l’auteur s’achemine vers l’œuvre, entendue comme espace de l’ineffable, voilé derrière les apparences et n’appartenant à personne et dont le fond, une fois découvert, est ramené par l’auteur au sein d’une forme, à la fois manière propre, personnelle à lui, de le révéler aux autres, et fin où se cristallise et se lit l’ensemble de son parcours créatif. Cette forme, à distinguer du simple support, est ainsi le don que l’auteur fait aux autres, le partage de son travail et de sa découverte, l’œuvre. À leur tour, c’est dans l’engendrement de cette forme que les autres reconnaissent l’auteur, en son ipséité. Ce qui revient à dire que créer, c’est découvrir une œuvre, puis la présenter dans une forme, dans laquelle se rassemble et s’exprime l’effort de l’auteur, sa personnalité. À l’inverse, ni les éléments sur lesquels il s’est appuyé pour créer – les apparences qu’il a fouillées, explorées –, ni ce qu’il tend à démontrer – l’œuvre, en tant que découverte –, ne lui appartiennent. Découvrir, former, tel est le sens de créer. Cette définition mise au clair, la deuxième partie la place face au droit, pour en vérifier la correspondance. Autant dans l’attribution du droit d’auteur que sa sanction, c’est-à-dire la contrefaçon, une concorde s’établit. D’une part, c’est bien la création de l’auteur que la loi protège, son effort, en lui attribuant un droit de propriété. Cependant, parce qu’un minimum de matérialité est nécessaire à l’application d’une norme, cet effort doit se matérialiser dans la production d’une forme, ici qualifiée d’œuvre d’esprit. Autrement dit, en droit, l’œuvre d’esprit apporte la preuve de l’effort créatif, et c’est par elle que l’auteur, encore une fois, se reconnaît. D’autre part, la création de l’auteur marque, aussi, la limite de son droit. Ainsi, tout ce qui ne relève pas de son effort ne saurait être protégé. Cela explique le champ de la contrefaçon – appréhension légale du plagiat –, dont la répression se limite au fait de reproduire la forme engendrée par un autre, expression de sa singularité, de sa recherche personnelle. En ce sens, de même que l’auteur, dans la première partie, ne se confondait ni avec les éléments sur lesquels il s’appuie pour découvrir, ni avec l’œuvre qu’il vise à démontrer, de même, ici, sont exclus de la contrefaçon les éléments de la nature, les faits historiques, les idées, les théories ou encore les découvertes scientifiques, à moins que leur démonstration ne présente quelque singularité. En bref, l’on assiste à une concorde louable entre la philosophie et le droit. La troubler par un élargissement du droit d’auteur serait en effet priver les autres créations de leurs sources et, ce faisant, vider le lit de leur possibilité. C’est pourquoi, s’agissant du plagiat dans la recherche universitaire, opportunément soulevé et étudié par l’avis 2017-34 du Comets, la troisième partie met en garde contre la tentation d’excéder cet équilibre. Plutôt que d’étendre la contrefaçon, l’accent est mis sur un renforcement de l’éthique, notamment par le développement et le prononcé des sanctions disciplinaires. À travers cette mise en œuvre, remède serait apporté à une impunité qui relève moins d’un non-droit, que d’un non-dit au sein des universités. Whether through etymological, historica...
      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.08.003
       
  • L’humain, l’humanité et le progrès scientifique, C. Hervé, M.S.
           Jean, P.-A. Molinari, M.-A. Grimaud, E. Laforêt. Dunod, Paris (2009)
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • Le cancer comme souci de soiL’humain, l’humanité et le progrès
           scientifique, R. Mendjeli. Dalloz, Dunod, Paris (2009), 159-171
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • Sciences et humanismesL’humain, l’humanité et le progrès
           scientifique, D. Jacques. Dalloz, Dunod, Paris (2009), 149-158
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • L’homme machine ou l’homme sans essence : la tentation au cœur du
           progrès techno-scientifiqueL’humain, l’humanité et le progrès
           scientifique, A. Gras. Dalloz, Dunod, Paris (2009), 63-67
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • Le corps régénéré : la lutte anti-âge et la quête
           d’immortalitéL’humain, l’humanité et le progrès scientifique, C.
           Lafontaine. Dalloz, Dunod, Paris (2009), 45-61
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • Le trans- et le posthumanisme, nouvelles religions ou vieilles
           idéologies 'L’humain, l’humanité et le progrès scientifique,
           A. Robitaille. Dalloz, Dunod, Paris (2009), 69-74
    • Authors: G. Maujean; B.V. Tudrej
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 3 October 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): G. Maujean, B.V. Tudrej


      PubDate: 2017-10-06T12:01:35Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.09.002
       
  • Vision personnelle et professionnelle d’un gériatre sur la mort et de
           la fin de vie : un parcours pédagogique d’éthique de la sollicitude
    • Authors: Piccoli
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 19 September 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): M. Piccoli
      L’art médical requière un apprentissage long et peut revêtir un caractère initiatique, en particulier grâce au compagnonnage. Une des épreuves la plus révélatrice du passage d’étudiant à celui de médecin responsable est celle de la confrontation à la mort et à la fin de vie. L’objectif de cet article est de partir de ma propre expérience de ces questions et des interrogations qui ont jalonné mon cursus pour questionner mes pratiques de la médecine gériatrique. De l’illusion d’une victoire permanente du progrès médical contre la maladie et la mort, le cursus théorique permet d’appréhender les limites de la pratique médicale, le handicap, l’inéluctable fin de la vie ainsi que la prise en charge optimale d’accompagnement. Les apprentissages pratiques et la confrontation avec les véritables limites questionnent également la place laissée aux patients dans des décisions aussi importantes que celles de leur fin de vie. Cela mobilise les compétences du médecin défenseur des droits des patients, humaniste et capable de réflexivité sur ses pratiques, qui assume d’accompagner un patient jusqu’au décès, respecte sa dignité et ses choix éclairés et ne le laisse pas seul face à l’incompréhension ultime qu’est la mort, y compris sociale. Ce cheminement personnel d’un apprentissage théorique et pratique de la gériatrie et de la médecine palliative témoigne de l’appropriation professionnelle de l’éthique de la sollicitude de Paul Ricœur, reconnaissant notre propre vulnérabilité à travers celle d’autrui. Medical art requires a long period of teaching and training through a companionship, which can be initiatory by its nature. One of the most revealing steps of the transition from student to responsible physician is experiencing a patient's death or end of life. This article aims to reveal how my personal questionings along my medical, geriatric and palliative curriculum on these topics questions my medical practice. From a false and idealized representation of a permanent victory of medical progress against sickness and death, our academic courses allows us to better grasp the limits of medical practice, disability, the unavoidable end of life as well as the optimal palliative care. Applied education, practice and confrontation with our real limits also question the patient's place in decisions as important as their end of life. This mobilizes some medical skills: patient's advocate, humanist, reflective. Doing so, a physician can undertake the care of the patient until his death, respects his dignity and informed choices and doesn’t leave him alone when he is facing the most incomprehensible experience, death, including social death. This personal path of a theoretical and applied learning of geriatrics and palliative care testifies an appropriation of Paul Ricoeur's ethics of solicitude (or ethics of care), which leads to recognize our own vulnerability by recognizing the other's one.

      PubDate: 2017-09-23T16:01:10Z
       
  • Dommage associé au soin : penser et raconter la médecine
    • Authors: E. Galam; M. Michot-Casbas
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 August 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): E. Galam, M. Michot-Casbas
      Centré sur l’exploration de la place du soignant dans les soins et la gestion de ses fragilités et dysfonctionnements, ce travail est issu d’une réflexion à partir des pratiques de terrain. Il se veut une maïeutique d’aide à la décision partagée, dans une visée d’apaisement et d’enrichissement des pratiques et des personnes. Penser la médecine, c’est aussi la raconter à l’aune de l’évacuation impérieuse et impossible, puis de la réintroduction progressive et inéluctable du sujet-médecin. Cette évolution vient ainsi éclairer le devenir médecin et sa gestion. Une réflexion est de ce fait nécessaire sur comment penser la médecine. Mais penser la médecine c’est aussi accepter qu’à l’instar des patients et de la collectivité qui l’utilisent, les soignants habitent la médecine, et que leur identité professionnelle et la façon dont ils l’habitent, est à prendre en compte si l’on veut améliorer le système de santé. Ainsi, la recherche des critères du bien-faire nécessite aussi de questionner les pratiques soignantes et la notion de savoir être, surtout lorsque ces pratiques ne sont pas optimales, posant ainsi la question des failles, défaillances et de la vulnérabilité des soignants. Mais aussi et surtout il est urgent de ressentir et de penser la médecine surtout lorsque tout défaille. Ce « pourquoi, penser la médecine », est un des outils, fondamental et nécessaire, pour pouvoir continuer à discuter sans se disputer, surtout lorsque survient le drame du dommage associé au soin, qu’il soit coupable ou non. Ces échanges dérangeant et difficiles restent féconds parce qu’ils compensent l’humilité d’une médecine pas toujours triomphante par une altérité en dialogue inscrite dans un humanisme plus large. This work is centered on the exploration of caregiver fragilities and dysfunctions in medical practice. It aims to help shared decision-making, reassurance and enrichment of patients and physicians’ well-being. Thinking medicine requires specifying doctors’ place in healthcare practices and to understand how to use wisely professional identities. Improving quality of care, patient safety and physician well-being need to find the ways to continue to speak together when medical errors occur. Beyond the drama, these disturbing and difficult exchanges remain an opportunity to question, challenge and improve humanity of medical practice.

      PubDate: 2017-09-06T11:13:13Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.07.004
       
  • Se parler malgré tout
    • Authors: E. Galam; M. Michot-Casbas
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 August 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): E. Galam, M. Michot-Casbas


      PubDate: 2017-08-29T08:16:40Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.07.002
       
  • Habiter la médecine
    • Authors: Galam Michot-Casbas
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 25 August 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): E. Galam, M. Michot-Casbas


      PubDate: 2017-08-29T08:16:40Z
       
  • Prise en charge des urgences en odontologie : de la nécessité d’une
           réflexion éthique
    • Authors: M. Guivarc’h; G. Maille; F. Bukiet; P. Le Coz
      Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 August 2017
      Source:Ethics, Medicine and Public Health
      Author(s): M. Guivarc’h, G. Maille, F. Bukiet, P. Le Coz
      L’urgence en odontologie implique le plus souvent pour les patients des douleurs aiguës et incontrôlables qui créent pour ces derniers une dépendance extrême vis-à-vis des chirurgiens-dentistes. Pourtant, l’accès aux soins d’urgence peut être complexe et il n’est pas rare que les patients se heurtent à la difficulté voire l’impossibilité d’obtenir une prise en charge rapide. L’objectif de cet article est d’identifier et de discuter des tensions éthiques sous-tendues par la problématique de l’accès aux soins d’urgence odontologiques dans le système de soins français et au travers de cette réflexion d’interroger la notion même d’urgence en odontologie. Emergency dental care most often involves acute and uncontrollable pain for patients making them highly dependent on dentists. Yet, access to emergency care can be a challenging one for patients: it is not uncommon that they encounter difficulty or even the impossibility of obtaining a rapid appointment. The aim of this paper is to identify and discuss the ethical tensions underlying the problem of access to emergency dental care in the French healthcare system and to question the very notion of emergency applied to odontology.

      PubDate: 2017-08-19T07:25:54Z
      DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2017.07.001
       
 
 
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