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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 593 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Philosophica     Full-text available via subscription  
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Agone     Open Access  
Aisthema, International Journal     Open Access  
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Aisthesis. Pratiche, linguaggi e saperi dell’estetico     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Al-A'raf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat     Open Access  
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Al-Tijary : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Ulum     Open Access  
Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
American Journal of Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Analecta Hermeneutica     Open Access  
Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez     Open Access  
Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ancient Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Annales UMCS. Sectio I (Filozofia, Socjologia)     Open Access  
Annali del Dipartimento di Filosofia     Open Access  
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuari de la Societat Catalana de Filosofia     Open Access  
Appareil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archiv fuer Rechts- und Sozialphilosphie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Areté : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Argumentos - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Assuming Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
At-Tabsyir : Jurnal Komunikasi Penyiaran Islam     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
Attarbiyah : Journal of Islamic Culture and Education     Open Access  
Aufklärung: revista de filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Axiomathes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bajo Palabra     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Binghamton Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bollettino Filosofico     Open Access  
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique     Open Access  
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Business and Professional Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos Benjaminianos     Open Access  
Cadernos do PET Filosofia     Open Access  
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Zygmunt Bauman     Open Access  
Cakrawala : Jurnal Studi Islam     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Chiasmi International     Full-text available via subscription  
Childhood & Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Chromatikon     Full-text available via subscription  
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Cinta de Moebio     Open Access  
Clareira - Revista de Filosofia da Região Amazônica     Open Access  
Coactivity: Philosophy, Communication / Santalka: Filosofija, Komunikacija     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitio : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Cognitive Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Comparative and Continental Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Comparative Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Con-Textos Kantianos (International Journal of Philosophy)     Open Access  
Conceptus : zeitschrift für philosophie     Hybrid Journal  
CONJECTURA : filosofia e educação     Open Access  
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Chinese Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Contemporary Pragmatism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)
Contributions to the History of Concepts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Controvérsia     Open Access  
Conversations : The Journal of Cavellian Studies     Open Access  
Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Croatian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Bioetica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuestiones de Filosofía     Open Access  
Cultura : International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Dao     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Design Philosophy Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Dialektiké     Open Access  
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dinika : Academic Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Dirosat : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Economica : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access  
Edukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Eidos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ekstasis : Revista de Hermenêutica e Fenomenologia     Open Access  
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Empedocles : European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Endeavour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Éndoxa     Open Access  
Enrahonar : An International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Environmental Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Environmental Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Epoché : A Journal for the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Escritos     Open Access  
Essays in Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Estética     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía Práctica e Historia de las Ideas     Open Access  
Estudos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Ethical Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 46)
Ethics & Bioethics (in Central Europe)     Open Access  
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Éthique publique     Open Access  
Ethische Perspectieven     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Etikk i praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access  
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Études Platoniciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal for Philosophy of Science     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
European Journal of Islamic Finance     Open Access  
European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy     Open Access  
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Fichte-Studien     Full-text available via subscription  
Film-Philosophy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Filosofia Unisinos     Open Access  
Filozofia Chrześcijańska     Open Access  
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access  
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Frontiers of Philosophy in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Global Bioethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Governare la paura. Journal of interdisciplinary studies     Open Access  
Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Grafía     Open Access  
Grotiana     Hybrid Journal  
GSTF Journal of General Philosophy (JPhilo)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Harvard Review of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Hegel-Jahrbuch     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Heidegger Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
History and Philosophy of Logic     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
History of Communism in Europe     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Hobbes Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
HOPOS : The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Horizons philosophiques     Full-text available via subscription  
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Humanidades Médicas     Open Access  
Humanist Studies & the Digital Age     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Hume Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Husserl Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Hypnos. Revista do Centro de Estudos da Antiguidade     Open Access  
IBDA' : Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam     Open Access  
Idealistic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ikonomika : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Acta Philosophica
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   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1121-2179 - ISSN (Online) 1825-6562
   Published by Pontificia Università della Santa Croce Homepage  [1 journal]
  • An Aristotelian Philosophy of Biology: Form, Function and Development
    • Abstract:  James G. LennoxSummary: 1. Preface. 2. Aristotle’s Philosophy of Biology. 2.1. Aristotle on Diversity, Form and Activity. 2.2. Form. 2.3 Function. 2.4. Development. 3. Aristotle and a 21st century Philosophy of Biology. 4. Conclusion. : In metaphysics and philosophy of science, a significant movement is making inroads, under the banner of ‘neo-Aristotelianism’. This movement has so far been focused primarily on the physical sciences; but given that Aristotle the natural scientist was above all a biologist, it is worth asking what a neo-Aristotelian philosophy of biology would look like' In this paper, I begin a discussion on precisely that question. One interesting result is that the fact that biology is now permeated by evolutionary ways of thinking is all but irrelevant to answering that question. Far more important is how central are concepts of organic form, function and development to biology. Given recent developments, there are reasons to think at least some areas of the biological sciences would welcome a neo-Aristotelian philosophy of biology - i.e. a critical exploration of these concepts from an Aristotelian perspective. Keywords: Aristotle, biology, neo-Aristotelian philosophy of biology, philosophy of science.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Heidegger e il nichilismo europeo
    • Abstract: Costantino EspositoSommario: 1. “Categorizzare” il nichilismo. Una chance. 2. La metafisica come verità del nichilismo e del Dasein. 3. L’ipoteca della modernità, ovvero: Platone. 4. Dalla svalutazione alla trasvalutazione: dal classico al metafisico. 5. Il nichilismo come “appello” estremo dell’essere. 6. Quale Cristianesimo' (alle radici della “scelta” di Heidegger riguardo al nichilismo). : It wouldn't be possible to understand the confrontation that Heidegger engages with the great question of nihilism without the long and meticulous interpretation of Nietzsche’s work, and in particular of the posthumous fragments known as “The will to power”. Starting from two apparently marginal passages of the course titled “Nietzsche: The European nihilism”, we will see how, according to Heidegger, more than in a loss, nihilism consists in a chance for western philosophy to remember the authentic ontological mystery. But such a comprehension is possible only because his research leads him to discover that the story of nihilism is, from Plato to the modern technical sciences, the story of metaphysics itself. This result allows him to re-think the constitutive lack-of-Being occurring in the time of nihilism as the necessary modality in which the being historically gives itself to us. Briefly retracing these heideggerian paths, the aim of this essay is to focus on and deepen the relationships of the German philosopher with ancient philosophy, modern and contemporary thought and, last but not least, Christianity. Keywords: Christianity, Heidegger, Nietzsche, Nihilism, Plato.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Histoire et philosophie de la biologie. Entretien avec Jean Gayon,
           réalisé par Anna Maria Dieli
    • Abstract:   : Literally speaking, “Philosophy of biology” is a rather old expression. William Whewell coined it in 1840, at the very time he introduced the expression “philosophy of science”. Whewell was fond of creating neologisms, like August Comte. The expression “philosophy of science” had two justifications: firstly, this phrase expressed the idea that "science" remained cognitively coherent enough to justify a critical enquiry into its methodological unity and its foundation; secondly, the phrase "philosophy of science" was required in order to distinguish a properly "philosophical" enquiry from a "historical" approach to science. Clearly, Whewell was not willing to confuse the genres of history and philosophy as Auguste Comte had done. Furthermore, the main philosophical problem raised by biology is its dual nature: biology is both nomological and a historical science. Modern philosophers of biology are generally unaware of the story of the origins of the expression "philosophy of biology", but Whewell's dual theoretical nature of biology is still a major concern for modern "philosophy of biology". Keywords: August Comte, epistemology, philosophy of biology, nature, William Whewell.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Homo e humanitas oltre l’“umanismo”. Esistenzialismo sartreano e
           umanesimo heideggeriano a confronto
    • Abstract: Marco ViscomiSommario: 1. Sartre e l’umanismo esistenzialista. 2. Heidegger e l’uomo come Dasein. 3. Alcune note critico-comparative. : The philosophical reflection thinks about the human being in its essential configuration. In this appointment, it is basic to reflect on the modality to be of the human as existent. Thinking about the essence of humanity means to study in deep the foundation of existence: the ground from which rises every possible way in understanding and being “humanus”. It is indispensable to promote dialogue between existentialist and ontological dimensions according to the human existing. That is especially necessary insofar we need to rethink what are the origins of the Italian “Umanesimo”, opposed to each other form of metaphysical “umanismo”. Outlining the distinction between these two terms, the definition of human being takes an essential pregnancy in order to its own existentialist qualifies, always founded on the ontological instance of Being. Comparison between Sartre and Heidegger configure an interesting place for the delineation of this original instance of research. Keywords: Heidegger, Sartre, umanesimo, esistenza, Dio.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Il politico deve contemplare il cosmo' Politica e cosmologia in
           Aristotele
    • Abstract: Gaia BagnatiSommario: 1. Introduzione. 2. EE 1126b 3-21: l’inutilità della cosmologia per la politica. 3. Un confronto con Platone. Leggi 817e 5-818a 7: politica e necessità divina delle nozioni cosmologiche. 4. EN 1102a 5-26: il politico e la conoscenza dell’anima umana. 5. Cittadino, polis e cosmo. : In Aristotle's Ethics and Politics the cosmological references are few whereas Plato, in  Timaeus and Laws, lays the foundations of ethics and politics in cosmology. This paper is concerned with the examination of the relationships between politics and cosmology in Aristotle’s perspective in comparison to Plato. It aims to determine some of the theoretical reasons for which Aristotle, differently from Plato, has not kept a connection between the two disciplines. The author first argues that the aristotelian division of sciences implies the uselessness of cosmology for politics. Then she focuses on the necessary bond established from Plato between cosmological notions, political activity and the divine, showing how it reflects the polis's subjection to the government of the cosmic soul. Afterwards she underlines that, for Aristotle, the political sphere deals exclusively with “human things” and demonstrates that the cosmic system does not affect the carrying out of the specific activities  of the polis. Keywords: cosmos, polis, man, divine, science.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • La fecundidad hermenéutica de la interculturalidad
    • Abstract: Javier GraciaSumario: 1. El punto crítico de la hermenéutica, comprender (más) adecuadamente. 2. Carácter dinámico y limitado de la productividad de la distancia temporal (Zeitenabstand). 3. Entender como una apropiada desapropiación. 4. Repensar la interculturalidad en términos de fusión de horizontes. 5. Conclusión: La potencialidad hermenéutica de la distancia cultural: la inter-culturalidad. : In this paper I focus on Gadamer’s Philosophical hermeneutics in order to consider the possibility of an intercultural understanding. I start by calling attention on some limitations of the Gadamerian “productivity of temporal distance”, which were recognized by Gadamer himself. Although Gadamer does not explicitly refer to the area of multiculturalism, I propose to consider the cultural distance as the task of an intercultural hermeneutics. So my working hypothesis will be to see if the hermeneutical treatment of interculturality contributes to overcoming some of the critical gaps that involves temporal distance and what possible advantages or limitations involved. We examine whether the Gadamerian approach manages adequately to respond to those challenges of understanding people from another culture. And we confront some intercultural readings about the Gadamerian hermeneutics such as the Ram Adhar Mall with the one of Charles Taylor. Keywords: Philosophical hermeneutics, interculturality, Hans-Georg Gadamer, Charles Taylor.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Living beings as differences
    • Abstract:  Alfredo MarcosSummary: 1. Introduction: Philosophy of life or philosophy of biology' 2. Thinking life or thinking the living being' 3. Living beings as differences. 3.1. Constitutive and comparative differences. 3.2. The unity of differences in the final difference. 3.3. The intelligibility of the final difference. 4. Conclusion. : Philosophy has investigated the phenomenon of life [throughout this article, the word "life" is used in its biological sense, not in its biographical sense] from two perspectives: the philosophy of life (PhL) and the philosophy of biology (PhB). Both perspectives are currently converging (section 1). PhL uses more and more information from biology, and PhB has recently broadened its scope to include problems such as the concept of life and the ontology of living beings. This article claims that the concept of living being is prior to that of life, and that we cannot understand what life is if we do not deal first with the ontological question of the living being (section 2). In order to investigate this kind of problem we need the conceptual resources of both the above-mentioned perspectives. The convergence between these two perspectives needs therefore to be welcomed and fostered. In order to contribute to this convergence, this paper addresses the ontology of living beings via the concept of difference (section 3) which belongs to both traditions. We find that the concept of difference is already present in Aristotle's biological and philosophical works. Today it has appeared forcefully in the so-called philosophy of difference, as well as in the biology of development. The thesis that will be defended here is that each living being is a difference, and that finding out what this is will require metaphorical creativity and the analogical use of biological concepts. These are the conclusions summarized in section 4.Keywords: philosophy of life, philosophy of biology, living being, difference, metaphor.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Ma in che modo si dice il bene' Sull’omonimia – analogia
           del bene in EN I, 4
    • Abstract: Ignacio YarzaSommario: 1. Introduzione. 2. Premessa. 3. Argomento categoriale. 4. L’analogia del bene. 5. L’argomento del bene per sé e bene per altro. 6. Ma il bene è veramente omonimo' : The article attempts to answer the question raised by Aristotle in NE I, 4 1096 b 26 by presenting, in a synthetic way, the meaning and scope of homonymy in Aristotle’s thought. The categorial argument deployed by Aristotle to criticize Plato’s position regarding the good is subsequently analyzed. However, that argument does not lead to affirm conclusively the real homonymy of the good, as Aristotle himself seems to admit. The fact that the good appears in diverse domains of reality does not assure its polivocity, which is a necessary condition for homonymy. Besides, the article points out the meaning of analogy with regards to the good. Next, it analyzes the argument that seems to be critical to assure the polivocity of the good and its relative homonymy, the argument in which the distinction between the good in itself and the good for the sake of another good is grounded. Thus admitted the relative homonymy of the good — without excluding its analogical relationship —, the article attempts to understand the real answer — not indicated by Aristotle — to the question regarding the way in which the good is predicated; the answer, which is circumscribed to the practical sphere, would be that only for the virtuous person is the good a homonym reality related to a first good, happiness.Keywords: analogy, Aristotle, good, homonymy, Plato.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Metascientific Views: Challenge and Opportunity for Philosophy of Biology
           in Practice
    • Abstract: Emanuele SerrelliSummary: 1. Introduction. 2. Many Methods for Getting to Know a Scientific Community. 3. Philosophy. 4. Conclusion. : In this paper I take evolutionary biology as an example to reflect on the role of philosophy and on the transformations that philosophy is constantly stimulated to do in its own approach when dealing with science. I consider that some intellectual movements within evolutionary biology (more specifically, the various calls for ‘synthesis’) express metascientific views, i.e., claims about ‘what it is to do research’ in evolutionary biology at different times. In the construction of metascientific views I see a fundamental role to be played by philosophy, and, at the same time, a need to complement the philosophical methods with many more methods coming from other sciences. What leads philosophy out of itself is its own attention to scientific practice. My humble methodological suggestions are, at this stage, only meant to help us imagine metascientific views that are built with a more scientific, interdisciplinary approach, in order to attenuate partiality, subjectivity and impressionism in describing the scientific community. And yet, we should not be naïve and imbued with the myth of ‘data-driven’ research, especially in this field: other complex issues about metascientific views call for a serious, constant philosophical reflection on scientific practice. Keywords: Philosophy of science in practice, Philosophy of biology, Evolutionary synthesis, Interdisciplinarity.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 26 (2017), Issue 1
       
  • Causality, Nature and Fate in Alexander of Aphrodisias
    • Abstract: Alberto RossSummary: 1. Introduction. 2. Fate and nature in De fato. 3. Providence and fate in the Aristotelianism of Alexander of Aphrodisias. 4. Conclusions. : The aim of this paper is to examine the relationship between “causality”, “nature”, and “fate” in the De Fato of Alexander of Aphrodisias. The Greek commentator offers several arguments against determinism in the mentioned book, but I will focus my attention on only one of them in order to achieve my purpose. Alexander points out that everything that is “in accordance with nature” (katà tèn phúsin) is also “in accordance with fate” (kath’heimarménen). I will try to clarify this point and I will consider some novel aspects of Alexander’s theory which emerge in the reconstruction of his assimilation of Aristotelianism Keywords: Aristotle, Alexander of Aphrodisias, Nature, Fate, Providence, Causality, God.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 2
       
  • La condizione sessuata. Tendenza sessuata, eros e donazione
    • Abstract: Antonio Malo Sommario: 1. La condizione sessuata come superamento del naturalismo e del costruttivismo postmoderno. 2. La tendenza sessuata. 3. L’eros o desiderio sessuale. 4. La donazione. 5. Conclusione. : This essay examines the anthropological character of human sexuality. For this purpose there is, first, a review of the two most current ways of understanding sexuality: naturalistic and constructivist. Afterwards, the author shows how both ways reduce the anthropological significance of human sexuality, that should not be understood neither as something completely given nor as the result of a social construction or of an arbitrary choice, but as a structure composed of a plurality of elements that are to be integrated, that is, the sexual condition (condizione sessuata). In addition to the body, the psyche and the spirit, the sexual condition takes account of generation, the experience of childhood with its periods of identification and differentiation respect to parental figures, interpersonal relationships, especially with persons belonging to the 'other sexual condition', and the call to self-giving in marriage and in celibacy. Therefore, the sexual condition is presented here as a key that allows us to understand the different phenomena related to human sexuality (modesty, shame, idolatry, jealousy, chastity, fidelity). In order to demonstrate this thesis, the author examines in detail the sexual desire, that contains implicitly the different elements that make up the sexual condition. Keywords: tendency, desire, sex, gender, integration, self-giving, marriage, fidelity
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 2
       
  • La verdad. Desde Tomás de Aquino a John McDowell pasando por Richard
           Rorty
    • Abstract: Juan José Salinas - Enrique R. MorosSumario: 1. La verdad en la concepción tomista. 2. La verdad en las propuestas de McDowell. 2.1. La verdad del ente y el contenido conceptual. 2.2. La verdad del intelecto y el espacio lógico de las razones. 2.3. La verdad como medida y la objetividad. 2.4. Constreñimiento, verdad y libertad. 3. Breve conclusión. : In this paper a comparison is made between the notion of truth as offered by Thomas Aquinas and John McDowell’s reflections on knowledge and truth. We suggest that some correspondences can be drawn between the thomist idea of trascendental truth and McDowell’s proposal of the unboundedness of the conceptual, and between the realist thesis that truth of things measure our understanding and McDowell’s defense of objectivity, understood as the constraint exerted by external reality on our thinking, which makes possible a free and responsible exercise of conceptual capacities. In order to highlight those correspondences, we analyse two essays of McDowell, in which, by examining some aspects of Rorty’s position regarding knowledge and truth, the southafrican professor offers a defense of objectivity that, far from being an obstacle for the characteristic freedom of our rational capacity, is a condition for it. Keywords: Truth; Rationality; Objectivity, Aquinas, McDowell, Rorty
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 2
       
  • Metafisica e macroanthropos: il realismo sociologico di Emmanuele Morandi
    • Abstract: Adalberto ArrigoniSommario: 1. Premessa. 2. L’ambiente metafisico di una “sociologia degli antichi”. 3. Un’ontologia sociale relazionale. 4. Per una società di liberi: l’autonomia della relazione sociale come “determinazione” della reciprocità. : This short essay is an introduction to Emmanuele Morandi streams of research, which aimed at recreating a new connection between social sciences and metaphysics, empirical research and moral reflections. After a brief introduction, the kind of anthropological critical metaphysical realism fostered by Morandi is outlined. The third paragraph addresses some foundational aspect of his social ontology; lastly, the complex distinction between social, political and economic spheres will be presented. Keywords: sociological realism, social ontology, sociology and metaphysics, society and politics, Emmanuele Morandi.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 2
       
  • On the Use and Abuse of the Concept of Gender
    • Abstract: John M. Rist : The aim of this paper is to distinguish 'gender ideology' from a legitimate and needed study of the perception and expectations of women in historical societies. It would be a serious - and unfortunately common - mistake to dismiss the latter because of a contempt for the former. Keywords: sex, gender, grammar, moral constructivism, political élites, patriarchy, over-abstract philosophizing.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 2
       
  • Radicalidad de la condición sexuada
    • Abstract: Blanca Castilla de CortázarSumario: 1. Dificultades a superar. 2. La condición sexuada. 3. Peculiaridades de la condición sexuada. 3.1. Transversalidad. 3.2. Capacidad de mutuo engendramiento. 3.3. Exponencial fecundidad de la “unidad de los dos”. 3.4. Determinación de la identidad de la persona. 3.5. Posibilitación del autoconocimiento. 4. El misterio de la esponsalidad: una tarea pendiente. 5. Búsqueda de su estatuto ontológico. 6. La diferencia en la persona. 7. Renovar la humanidad. : The current debate around gender and personal identity highlights the lack of a reflection on sexual difference within a systematic context. After enumerating the difficulties to overcome, peculiarities of the human condition that explain the radicality of both concepts are emphasized. Finally a possible ontological status for the same as a difference in the person is set out. Keywords: sexed condition, personal identity, spousal character, fecundity, transversality, radicality.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 2
       
  • Soggettività, corpo e differenza sessuale nel dibattito filosofico di
           area femminista
    • Abstract: Maria Teresa RussoSommario: 1. La sessualità come questione filosofica. 2. Filosofie della differenza sessuale e fenomenologia del corpo sessuato. 3. Lo statuto della differenza sessuale: nel, con o oltre il corpo? : Reflecting on subjectivity is one of the fundamental questions of modern thinking. In the second half of the twentieth century this reflection is mainly focused on two keys: the knowledge of sex and the knowledge of gender. What symbolic and ethical importance does the sexual body have? How to consider the sexual difference? Which role does the perception of gender play in the establishment of the identity? Finally, which type of relation does exist between sexuality and political power? These are questions which are faced for the first time by philosophy in a large and systematic way, thanks also to the reflection of thinkers, men and women, who are more or less close to the area of diversified feminism. Among the many voices of this debate there are of particular interest the ones who, on the basis of a phenomenology of the sexual body, intend to refuse the neutral conception of identity and emphasize the insuppressible character of the difference between man and woman. Nevertheless, affirming that sexual difference is something ontologically original and absolute does evoke further questions which require a more solid metaphysical and anthropological perspective. Keywords: sexual difference, feminism, gender theory, personal identity, phenomenology of the sexual body, philosophical anthropology.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 2
       
  • A Thomistic Truthmaker Principle
    • Abstract: Timothy Pawl Summary: 1. Introduction. 2. The First Restriction: Truths about the Past and Future. 3. Theories of Time and the First Restriction. 4. Objections to and Worries about the First Restriction. 5. The Second Restriction: Truths about Non-Being. 6. Objections to and Worries about the Second Restriction. 7. What, Then, to Make of the Passages that Seem to Support Maximalism? 8. Conclusion. : In this article I provide a Thomistic truthmaker principle. Although Aquinas himself never provides a truthmaker principle, he does say things that show he thought many truths require truthmakers, or, in other terms, that truths have an ontological grounding. That truths are somehow grounded or explained by reality is an important aspect of Thomistic thought. The principle I provide could be affirmed by someone with Thomistic tendencies: it is consistent with Aquinas’ thought and makes sense of some peculiar aspects of his writings. In what follows, I will argue that a Thomistic truthmaker principle should require all truths about being to have a truthmaker at any time that they are about (and I will explain what these two restrictions mean). Keywords: St. Thomas Aquinas, Truthmaking, Negative Existentials, Presentism, Eternalism.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 1
       
  • Determinaciones heideggerianas de la animalidad. El sentido de un diálogo
           entre filosofía y zoología
    • Abstract: Felipe Johnson Sumario: 1. “Los conceptos fundamentales de la metafísica” y el diálogo entre filosofía y ciencia. 2. Filosofía y zoología: la necesidad de recuperar lo animal. 3. La esencia de lo animal: la conversión de la praxis biológica. : The lecture course The fundamental concepts of metaphysics (1929/1930) offers one of the few opportunities to observe Heidegger´s discussion with the particular science, in this case, with biology and zoology, where the scientific advances seem to be positively accepted through philosophical consideration. In fact, for anyone who wonders how the relationship between philosophy and science could be understood in their own thought, this lecture course seems to give an appropriate example. Thus, by making explicit the methodical sense of Heidegger’s reflections on animality, we aim to understand how philosophy might be able to develop a concrete dialogue with science, without neglecting their fundamental differences. Keyword: philosophy, science, animality, zoology, Heidegger.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 1
       
  • Divine Action and Thomism. Why Thomas Aquinas’s Thought Is
           Attractive Today
    • Abstract: Ignacio Silva Sumario: 1. Introduction. 2. Thomas Aquinas and the History of Divine Action Theories. 3. Thomas Aquinas on Divine Action: Primary and Secondary Causation. 4. Some uses of Aquinas’ doctrine today. 5. Some objections to Aquinas’ understanding of primary and secondary causation. 6. Conclusion. : In this paper I suggest a reason why the Thomas Aquinas’ doctrine of providence is attractive to contemporary philosophers of religion in the English-speaking academy. The main argument states that there are at least four metaphysical principles that guided discussions on providence and divine action in the created world, namely divine omnipotence and transcendence, divine providential action, the autonomy of natural created causes, and the success of reason and natural science. Aquinas’ doctrine, I hold, is capable of affirming these four principles without rejecting any of them, as it is in the cases of other doctrines. In addition, I present and answer some objections raised against Aquinas’ thought, and briefly expand on how Aquinas’ ideas on providence are used today to tackle issues regarding contemporary science, such as evolutionary biology, quantum mechanics, and big bang theory. Keywords: Thomas Aquinas, Providence, Divine Action, Thomism.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 1
       
  • Essence in Kripke and Aristotle: Essence as Classification or Essence as
           Explanation?
    • Abstract: Christopher Martin Summary: 1. Introduction. 2. Categorizations. 3. Approaching the essence. 4. An Aristotelian-Kripkean notion of essence. : The classificatory Kripkean notion of essence is narrowed down until it matches an explanatory Aristotelian notion of essence. The difference between classificatory and explanatory notions of essence is clarified, and each step of the narrowing process is justified on grounds related to the philosophy of science.  Keywords: Kripke, Aristotle, essence, explanation, classification.
      Citation: Acta Philosophica, Vol. 25 (2016), Issue 1
       
 
 
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