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  Subjects -> PHILOSOPHY (Total: 664 journals)
Showing 1 - 135 of 135 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
ACME : Annali della Facoltà di Studi Umanistici dell'Università degli Studi di Milano     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Philosophica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Affirmations : of the modern     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
African Journal of Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Aisthema, International Journal     Open Access  
Aisthesis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Aisthesis. Pratiche, linguaggi e saperi dell’estetico     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Banjari : Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu-Ilmu Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jami'ah : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Al-Tijary : Jurnal Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Ulum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Alpha (Osorno)     Open Access  
Alter : Revue de phénoménologie     Open Access  
American Journal of Semiotics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
American Society for Aesthetics Graduate E-journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Analecta Hermeneutica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez     Open Access  
Anales del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Análisis     Open Access  
Análisis : Revista de investigación filosófica     Open Access  
Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Analytic Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ancient Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Angewandte Philosophie / Applied Philosophy     Hybrid Journal  
Annali del Dipartimento di Filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals in Social Responsibility     Full-text available via subscription  
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anuari de la Societat Catalana de Filosofia     Open Access  
Anuario Filosófico     Full-text available via subscription  
Appareil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Araucaria. Revista Iberoamericana de Filosofía, Política y Humanidades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archiv fuer Rechts- und Sozialphilosphie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Areté : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Argos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Argumentos - Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Assuming Gender     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Astérion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
At-Tabsyir : Jurnal Komunikasi Penyiaran Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
Attarbiyah : Journal of Islamic Culture and Education     Open Access  
Aufklärung: revista de filosofia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Augustiniana     Full-text available via subscription  
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Australasian Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Parapsychology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Axiomathes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bajo Palabra     Open Access  
Balkan Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Between the Species     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Beytulhikme An International Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Binghamton Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
BioéthiqueOnline     Open Access  
Biology and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
BMC Medical Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch für Antike und Mittelalter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bollettino Filosofico     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Journal for the History of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
British Journal of Aesthetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
British Journal of Music Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin de Philosophie Medievale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bulletin of Symbolic Logic     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Business and Professional Ethics Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Business Ethics Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
C@hiers du CRHIDI     Open Access  
Cadernos Benjaminianos     Open Access  
Cadernos do PET Filosofia     Open Access  
Cadernos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Cadernos Zygmunt Bauman     Open Access  
Cahiers Droit, Sciences & Technologies     Open Access  
Cakrawala : Jurnal Studi Islam     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Chiasmi International     Full-text available via subscription  
Childhood & Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Christian Journal for Global Health     Open Access  
Chromatikon     Full-text available via subscription  
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Cilicia Journal of Philosophy     Open Access  
Cinta de Moebio     Open Access  
Circe de clásicos y modernos     Open Access  
Clareira - Revista de Filosofia da Região Amazônica     Open Access  
Claridades : Revista de Filosofía     Open Access  
Coactivity: Philosophy, Communication / Santalka: Filosofija, Komunikacija     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cognitio : Revista de Filosofia     Open Access  
Cognitive Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Collingwood and British Idealism Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Colombia Forense     Open Access  
Comparative and Continental Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Comparative Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Con-Textos Kantianos (International Journal of Philosophy)     Open Access  
CONJECTURA : filosofia e educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Constellations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Contemporary Chinese Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Political Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Contemporary Pragmatism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Continental Philosophy Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 24)
Contrastes. Revista Internacional de Filosofía     Open Access  
Contributions to the History of Concepts     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Controvérsia     Open Access  
CoSMo | Comparative Studies in Modernism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CR : The New Centennial Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Creativity Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Croatian Journal of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos de Bioetica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuestiones de Filosofía     Open Access  
Cultura : International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultural-Historical Psychology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Dao     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Décalages : An Althusser Studies Journal     Open Access  
Design Philosophy Papers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Diagonal : Zeitschrift der Universität Siegen     Hybrid Journal  
Dialectic : A scholarly journal of thought leadership, education and practice in the discipline of visual communication design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dialektiké     Open Access  
Dialogue Canadian Philosophical Review/Revue canadienne de philosophie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Diánoia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Dimas : Jurnal Pemikiran Agama untuk Pemberdayaan     Open Access  
Diogenes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Dirosat : Journal of Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Doxa : Cuadernos de Filosofía del Derecho     Open Access  
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Economica : Jurnal Ekonomi Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Eidos     Open Access  
Ekstasis : Revista de Hermenêutica e Fenomenologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Empedocles : European Journal for the Philosophy of Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
En Líneas Generales     Open Access  
Endeavour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Éndoxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enrahonar : An International Journal of Theoretical and Practical Reason     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Entelekya Logico-Metaphysical Review     Open Access  
Environmental Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Environmental Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Episteme     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Epoché : A Journal for the History of Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ergo, an Open Access Journal of Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Erkenntnis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Escritos     Open Access  
Essays in Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Estética     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía     Open Access  
Estudios de Filosofía Práctica e Historia de las Ideas     Open Access  
Estudos Nietzsche     Open Access  
Ethical Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Ethical Theory and Moral Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Ethics & Bioethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethics, Medicine and Public Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Éthique publique     Open Access  
Ethische Perspectieven     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Etikk i praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études de lettres     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Études phénoménologiques : Phenomenological Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Études Platoniciennes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études Ricoeuriennes / Ricoeur Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Journal for Philosophy of Science     Partially Free   (Followers: 10)
European Journal of Islamic Finance     Open Access  
European Journal of Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
FairPlay, Revista de Filosofia, Ética y Derecho del Deporte     Open Access  
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fichte-Studien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Film-Philosophy Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Filosofia Unisinos     Open Access  
Filozofia Chrześcijańska     Open Access  
Filozofija i društvo / Philosophy and Society     Open Access  
FLEKS : Scandinavian Journal of Intercultural Theory and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Frontiers of Philosophy in China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)

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Journal Cover
British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.161
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 35  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0007-0882 - ISSN (Online) 1464-3537
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [396 journals]
  • Evolution, Dysfunction, and Disease: A Reappraisal
    • Authors: Griffiths P; Matthewson J.
      Pages: 301 - 327
      Abstract: AbstractSome ‘naturalist’ accounts of disease employ a biostatistical account of dysfunction, whilst others use a ‘selected effect’ account. Several recent authors have argued that the biostatistical account offers the best hope for a naturalist account of disease. We show that the selected effect account survives the criticisms levelled by these authors relatively unscathed, and has significant advantages over the BST. Moreover, unlike the BST, it has a strong theoretical rationale and can provide substantive reasons to decide difficult cases. This is illustrated by showing how life-history theory clarifies the status of so-called diseases of old age. The selected effect account of function deserves a more prominent place in the philosophy of medicine than it currently occupies. 1 Introduction2 Biostatistical and Selected Effect Accounts of Function3 Objections to the Selected Effect Account  3.1 Boorse  3.2 Kingma  3.3 Hausman  3.4 Murphy and Woolfolk4 Problems for the Biostatistical Account  4.1 Schwartz5 Analysis versus Explication6 Explicating Dysfunction: Life History Theory and Senescence7 Conclusion
      PubDate: Sat, 08 Oct 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw021
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Regarding the ‘Hole Argument’
    • Authors: Weatherall J.
      Pages: 329 - 350
      Abstract: AbstractI argue that the hole argument is based on a misleading use of the mathematical formalism of general relativity. If one is attentive to mathematical practice, I will argue, the hole argument is blocked. 1. Introduction2. A Warmup Exercise3. The Hole Argument4. An Argument from Classical Spacetime Theory5. The Hole Argument Revisited
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw012
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Model-Selection Theory: The Need for a More Nuanced Picture of Use-Novelty
           and Double-Counting
    • Authors: Steele K; Werndl C.
      Pages: 351 - 375
      Abstract: AbstractThis article argues that common intuitions regarding (a) the specialness of ‘use-novel’ data for confirmation and (b) that this specialness implies the ‘no-double-counting rule’, which says that data used in ‘constructing’ (calibrating) a model cannot also play a role in confirming the model’s predictions, are too crude. The intuitions in question are pertinent in all the sciences, but we appeal to a climate science case study to illustrate what is at stake. Our strategy is to analyse the intuitive claims in light of prominent accounts of confirmation of model predictions. We show that on the Bayesian account of confirmation, and also on the standard classical hypothesis-testing account, claims (a) and (b) are not generally true; but for some select cases, it is possible to distinguish data used for calibration from use-novel data, where only the latter confirm. The more specialized classical model-selection methods, on the other hand, uphold a nuanced version of claim (a), but this comes apart from (b), which must be rejected in favour of a more refined account of the relationship between calibration and confirmation. Thus, depending on the framework of confirmation, either the scope or the simplicity of the intuitive position must be revised. 1 Introduction2 A Climate Case Study3 The Bayesian Method vis-à-vis Intuitions4 Classical Tests vis-à-vis Intuitions5 Classical Model-Selection Methods vis-à-vis Intuitions  5.1 Introducing classical model-selection methods  5.2 Two cases6 Re-examining Our Case Study7 Conclusion
      PubDate: Tue, 30 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw024
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Does Homotopy Type Theory Provide a Foundation for Mathematics'
    • Authors: Ladyman J; Presnell S.
      Pages: 377 - 420
      Abstract: AbstractHomotopy Type Theory (HoTT) is a putative new foundation for mathematics grounded in constructive intensional type theory that offers an alternative to the foundations provided by ZFC set theory and category theory. This article explains and motivates an account of how to define, justify, and think about HoTT in a way that is self-contained, and argues that, so construed, it is a candidate for being an autonomous foundation for mathematics. We first consider various questions that a foundation for mathematics might be expected to answer, and find that many of them are not answered by the standard formulation of HoTT as presented in the ‘HoTT Book’. More importantly, the presentation of HoTT given in the HoTT Book is not autonomous since it explicitly depends upon other fields of mathematics, in particular homotopy theory. We give an alternative presentation of HoTT that does not depend upon ideas from other parts of mathematics, and in particular makes no reference to homotopy theory (but is compatible with the homotopy interpretation), and argue that it is a candidate autonomous foundation for mathematics. Our elaboration of HoTT is based on a new interpretation of types as mathematical concepts, which accords with the intensional nature of the type theory. 1 Introduction2 What Is a Foundation for Mathematics'  2.1 A characterization of a foundation for mathematics  2.2 Autonomy3 The Basic Features of Homotopy Type Theory  3.1 The rules  3.2 The basic ways to construct types  3.3 Types as propositions and propositions as types  3.4 Identity  3.5 The homotopy interpretation4 Autonomy of the Standard Presentation'5 The Interpretation of Tokens and Types  5.1 Tokens as mathematical objects'  5.2 Tokens and types as concepts6 Justifying the Elimination Rule for Identity7 The Foundations of Homotopy Type Theory without Homotopy  7.1 Framework  7.2 Semantics  7.3 Metaphysics  7.4 Epistemology  7.5 Methodology8 Possible Objections to this Account  8.1 A constructive foundation for mathematics'  8.2 What are concepts'  8.3 Isn’t this just Brouwerian intuitionism'  8.4 Duplicated objects  8.5 Intensionality and substitution salva veritate9 Conclusion  9.1 Advantages of this foundation
      PubDate: Thu, 22 Sep 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw006
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Can the Science of Well-Being Be Objective'
    • Authors: Alexandrova A.
      Pages: 421 - 445
      Abstract: AbstractWell–being, health and freedom are some of the many phenomena of interest to science whose definitions rely on a normative standard. Empirical generalizations about them thus present a special case of value-ladenness. I propose the notion of a ‘mixed claim’ to denote such generalizations. Against the prevailing wisdom, I argue that we should not seek to eliminate them from science. Rather, we need to develop principles for their legitimate use. Philosophers of science have already reconciled values with objectivity in several ways, but none of the existing proposals are suitable for mixed claims. Using the example of the science of well-being, I articulate a conception of objectivity for this science and for mixed claims in general. 1 Introduction2 What Are Mixed Claims'3 Mixed Claims Are Different  3.1 Values as reasons to pursue science  3.2 Values as agenda-setters  3.3 Values as ethical constraints on research protocols  3.4 Values as arbiters between underdetermined theories  3.5 Values as determinants of standards of confirmation  3.6 Values as sources of wishful thinking and fraud4 Mixed Claims Should Stay  4.1 Against Nagel5 The Dangers of Mixed Claims6 The Existing Accounts of Objectivity  6.1 The perils of impartiality7 Objectivity for Mixed Claims8 Three Rules  8.1 Unearth the value presuppositions in methods and measures  8.2 Check if value presuppositions are invariant to disagreements  8.3 Consult the relevant parties9 Conclusion
      PubDate: Tue, 16 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw027
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • On the Existence of Spacetime Structure
    • Authors: Curiel E.
      Pages: 447 - 483
      Abstract: AbstractI examine the debate between substantivalists and relationalists about the ontological character of spacetime and conclude it is not well posed. I argue that the hole argument does not bear on the debate, because it provides no clear criterion to distinguish the positions. I propose two such precise criteria and construct separate arguments based on each to yield contrary conclusions, one supportive of something like relationalism and the other of something like substantivalism. The lesson is that one must fix an investigative context in order to make such criteria precise, but different investigative contexts yield inconsistent results. I examine questions of existence about spacetime structures other than the spacetime manifold itself to argue that it is more fruitful to focus on pragmatic issues of physicality, a notion that lends itself to several different explications, all of philosophical interest, none privileged a priori over any of the others. I conclude by suggesting an extension of the lessons of my arguments to the broader debate between realists and instrumentalists. 1 Introduction2 The Hole Argument3 Limits of Spacetimes4 Pointless Constructions5 The Debate between Substantivalists and Relationalists6 Existence and Physicality: An Embarassment of Spacetime Structures7 Valedictory Remarks on Realism and Instrumentalism, and the Structure of Our Knowledge of Physics
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw014
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Complements, Not Competitors: Causal and Mathematical Explanations
    • Authors: Andersen H.
      Pages: 485 - 508
      Abstract: AbstractA finer-grained delineation of a given explanandum reveals a nexus of closely related causal and non-causal explanations, complementing one another in ways that yield further explanatory traction on the phenomenon in question. By taking a narrower construal of what counts as a causal explanation, a new class of distinctively mathematical explanations pops into focus; Lange’s ([2013]) characterization of distinctively mathematical explanations can be extended to cover these. This new class of distinctively mathematical explanations is illustrated with the Lotka–Volterra equations. There are at least two distinct ways those equations might hold of a system, one of which yields straightforwardly causal explanations, and another that yields explanations that are distinctively mathematical in terms of nomological strength. In the first case, one first picks out a system or class of systems, and finds that the equations hold in a causal–explanatory way. In the second case, one starts with the equations and explanations that must apply to any system of which the equations hold, and only then turns to the world to see of what, if any, systems it does in fact hold. Using this new way in which a model might hold of a system, I highlight four specific avenues by which causal and non-causal explanations can complement one another. 1. Introduction2. Delineating the Boundaries of Causal Explanation  2.1. Why construe causal explanation narrowly' The land of explanation versus grain-focusing  2.2. Reasons to narrow the scope of causal explanation3. Broadening the Scope of Mathematical Explanation4. Lotka–Volterra: Same Model, Different Explanation Types  4.1. General biocide in the Lotka–Volterra model  4.2. Two ways a model can hold, yielding causal versus mathematical explanations5. Four Complementary Relationships between Mathematical and Causal Explanation  5.1. Slight reformulations of explananda  5.2. Causal distortion of idealized mathematical models  5.3. Partial explanations requiring supplementation  5.4. Explanatory dimensionality6. Conclusion
      PubDate: Wed, 17 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw023
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Infinitesimal Probabilities*
    • Authors: Benci V; Horsten L, Wenmackers S.
      Pages: 509 - 552
      Abstract: AbstractNon-Archimedean probability functions allow us to combine regularity with perfect additivity. We discuss the philosophical motivation for a particular choice of axioms for a non-Archimedean probability theory and answer some philosophical objections that have been raised against infinitesimal probabilities in general. 1 Introduction2 The Limits of Classical Probability Theory  2.1 Classical probability functions  2.2 Limitations  2.3 Infinitesimals to the rescue'3 NAP Theory  3.1 First four axioms of NAP  3.2 Continuity and conditional probability  3.3 The final axiom of NAP  3.4 Infinite sums  3.5 Definition of NAP functions via infinite sums  3.6 Relation to numerosity theory4 Objections and Replies  4.1 Cantor and the Archimedean property  4.2 Ticket missing from an infinite lottery  4.3 Williamson’s infinite sequence of coin tosses  4.4 Point sets on a circle  4.5 Easwaran and Pruss5 Dividends  5.1 Measure and utility  5.2 Regularity and uniformity  5.3 Credence and chance  5.4 Conditional probability6 General Considerations  6.1 Non-uniqueness  6.2 InvarianceAppendix 
      PubDate: Thu, 11 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw013
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • The Limits of Physical Equivalence in Algebraic Quantum Field Theory
    • Authors: Lupher T.
      Pages: 553 - 576
      Abstract: AbstractSome physicists and philosophers argue that unitarily inequivalent representations (UIRs) in quantum field theory (QFT) are mathematical surplus structure. Support for that view, sometimes called ‘algebraic imperialism’, relies on Fell’s theorem and its deployment in the algebraic approach to QFT. The algebraic imperialist uses Fell’s theorem to argue that UIRs are ‘physically equivalent’ to each other. The mathematical, conceptual, and dynamical aspects of Fell’s theorem will be examined. Its use as a criterion for physical equivalence is examined in detail and it is proven that Fell’s theorem does not apply to the vast number of representations used in the algebraic approach. UIRs are not another case of theoretical underdetermination, because they make different predictions about ‘classical’ operators. These results are applied to the Unruh effect where there is a continuum of UIRs to which Fell’s theorem does not apply. 1 Introduction2 Weak Equivalence and Physical Equivalence3 Mathematical Overview of Algebraic Quantum Field Theory4 Fell’s Theorem and Philosophical Responses to Weak Equivalence5 Weak Equivalence in C*-Algebras and W*-Algebras6 Classical Equivalence and Weak Equivalence7 Interlude: Is Weak Equivalence Really Physical Equivalence'8 The Unruh Effect9 Time Evolution and Symmetries10 ConclusionsAppendix 
      PubDate: Thu, 04 Aug 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw017
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
  • Information and Inaccuracy
    • Authors: Roche W; Shogenji T.
      Pages: 577 - 604
      Abstract: AbstractThis article proposes a new interpretation of mutual information (MI). We examine three extant interpretations of MI by reduction in doubt, by reduction in uncertainty, and by divergence. We argue that the first two are inconsistent with the epistemic value of information (EVI) assumed in many applications of MI: the greater is the amount of information we acquire, the better is our epistemic position, other things being equal. The third interpretation is consistent with EVI, but it is faced with the problem of measure sensitivity and fails to justify the use of MI in giving definitive answers to questions of information. We propose a fourth interpretation of MI by reduction in expected inaccuracy, where inaccuracy is measured by a strictly proper monotonic scoring rule. It is shown that the answers to questions of information given by MI are definitive whenever this interpretation is appropriate, and that it is appropriate in a wide range of applications with epistemic implications. 1 Introduction2 Formal Analyses of the Three Interpretations    2.1 Reduction in doubt  2.2 Reduction in uncertainty  2.3 Divergence3 Inconsistency with Epistemic Value of Information4 Problem of Measure Sensitivity5 Reduction in Expected Inaccuracy6 Resolution of the Problem of Measure Sensitivity    6.1 Alternative measures of inaccuracy  6.2 Resolution by strict propriety  6.3 Range of applications7 Global Scoring Rules8 Conclusion
      PubDate: Sat, 22 Oct 2016 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/bjps/axw025
      Issue No: Vol. 69, No. 2 (2016)
       
 
 
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