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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 199 journals)
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Journal Cover Science and Public Policy
  [SJR: 0.623]   [H-I: 42]   [50 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0302-3427 - ISSN (Online) 1471-5430
   Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Evolution of interdisciplinary collaboration: what are stimulating
           conditions'
    • Authors: Edelenbos J; Bressers N, Vandenbussche L.
      Pages: 451 - 463
      Abstract: AbstractIn the past, the attention paid to interdisciplinary working focused on putting it into practice. As it turns out, this is not without problems. This paper looks closely at the development of interdisciplinary working in a longitudinal case study. Our objective is to provide insight into the evolution of interdisciplinary working in practice. We discuss a European project, known as BRAINPOoL, and deal with knowledge integration, common ground, reflexivity, bridging internal interaction, and project commitment as core aspects of interdisciplinary research. We found that these factors evolved in the case study and we also found important evolutionary conditions: facilitative leadership, professional differences, and willingness to learn and cooperate are important drivers of interdisciplinary research.
      PubDate: 2017-07-25
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw035
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Beyond the digital divide: Towards a situated approach to open data
    • Authors: Bezuidenhout LM; Leonelli S, Kelly AH, et al.
      Pages: 464 - 475
      Abstract: AbstractPoor provision of information and communication technologies in low/middle-income countries represents a concern for promoting open data. This is often framed as a ‘digital divide’ and addressed through initiatives that increase the availability of information and communication technologies to researchers based in low-resourced environments, as well as the amount of resources freely accessible online. Using qualitative empirical data from a study of lab-based research in Africa we highlight the limitations of this framing and emphasize the range of additional factors necessary to effectively utilize data available online. We adapt Sen’s ‘capabilities approach’ to highlight the distinction between simply making resources available, and fostering researchers’ ability to use them. This provides an alternative orientation that highlights the persistence of deep inequalities within the seemingly egalitarian-inspired open data landscape. We propose that the extent and manner of future data sharing will hinge on the ability to respond to the heterogeneity of research environments.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw036
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • A fragile transparency: satellite imagery analysis, non-state actors, and
           visual representations of security
    • Authors: Witjes N; Olbrich P.
      Pages: 524 - 534
      Abstract: AbstractA broad range of non-state actors make use of commercial satellite imagery to monitor global security issues. Questioning the favourable narrative of achieving ‘global transparency’ through Earth observation, the article unravels the underlying relations between the US government, commercial imagery providers, and other non-state actors. Linking insights from Science and Technology Studies and International Relations, two related arguments are put forward: first, the commercialization of satellite technology and imagery does not dismiss the influence of the state but is conducive of the co-production of shifting actor constellations and related to that, different ideas about transparency and power. Secondly, this leads to a less benign understanding of transparency which emphasizes its contingent emergence, limited scope, and context dependence. This ‘fragile transparency’ exposes the shifting power relations inherent to commercial satellite imagery and its potential as a political practice to render certain things as visible and threats to international security.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw079
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Decentralisation as substantial and institutional policy change:
           scrutinising the regionalisation of science policy in Norway
    • Authors: Kolltveit K; Askim J.
      Pages: 546 - 555
      Abstract: AbstractDecentralisation of political and administrative functions from national to regional levels of government has been a major governance trend in Europe over the past decades. Although science policy has generally been an exception from this, parts of science policy have been decentralised to regional levels in several countries. This article studies characteristics of the science policy regime instituted by the Norwegian government’s decision, in 2010, to give counties responsibility for about one per cent of Norway’s total publicly-funded research. We conclude that the reform has fared better vis-à-vis its ambitions concerning policy substance—research quality and mobilisation of new R&D efforts—than vis-à-vis its ambitions concerning institutional structures—regional autonomy and bottom-up commitment. The study shows that limited institutional ambitions might help implement decentralisation reforms despite initial resistance. More generally, the article points to the need to scrutinise both substantial and institutional changes when studying decentralisation reforms.
      PubDate: 2017-01-08
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw083
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Wonks and geeks: examining commercial technology stakeholders’
           perceptions of and interactions with public policy
    • Authors: Ablon L; Golay AA.
      Pages: 556 - 564
      Abstract: AbstractThis article investigates the challenges that face the intersection of commercial technology and public policy. The authors conducted in-depth interviews with thirty stakeholders—company executives and investors—in the commercial technology community to understand their perceptions of public policy and their current interactions with policymakers and policy analysts. This research focuses on start-up founders, start-up chief executive officers, and the venture capitalists who fund commercial technology start-ups. Given the dearth of research investigating how the commercial technology and policy worlds interact, the study results offer unique insight into the perceptions of commercial technology stakeholders. Conclusions discuss where opportunities may exist for improving engagement with policymakers and analysts.
      PubDate: 2017-01-14
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw084
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • A comparison of university technology transfer offices’
           commercialization strategies in the Scandinavian countries
    • Authors: Bengtsson L.
      Pages: 565 - 577
      Abstract: AbstractMany European countries have followed the American example by changing the intellectual property laws governing university technology transfer from university inventorship to university ownership. The Scandinavian countries have chosen different paths as Denmark and Norway changed their laws in favor of university ownership, while Sweden retained its university inventor laws. This longitudinal study shows increasing technology transfer organization (TTO) capacity in all three countries regardless of change in intellectual property rights (IPR) framework or not. Danish and Norwegian TTOs increased their use of the license commercialization strategy, with variations at the TTO level, while the Swedish universities TTOs have maintained their use of the spin-off commercialization strategy. The relative use of the two commercialization strategies, licensing and spin-offs, is indirectly influenced by the IPR framework, and more directly by the designs of the policy intent of the university technology transfer system, the government funding system, the TTOs access to business development resources and competence, and monitoring of the university TTOs.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw086
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Smart Technologies and the End(s) of Law
    • Authors: Schuelke-Leech B.
      Pages: 579 - 580
      Abstract: Smart Technologies and the End(s) of LawBy HildebrandtMireille, Edward Elgar Publishing, Northampton, MA, 2015, 296 pages, $135 (hardback), $31.96 (paperback), ISBN 978 1 84980 876 7
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scx003
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Towards strengthening European scientific elite'
    • Authors: Ulnicane I.
      Pages: 580 - 582
      Abstract: Towards European Science: Dynamics and Policy of an Evolving European Research Space edited by WedlinLinda and NedevaMaria, ElgarEdward, Cheltenahm, UK, 2015, 216 pages, GBP£75 (hardback), ISBN 9781782545507
      PubDate: 2017-02-07
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scx005
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • Beyond the dichotomy of instrumentality and non-instrumentality of
           knowledge production: The case of generation challenge programme
    • Authors: Basu S; Jongerden J, Ruivenkamp G.
      Pages: 583 - 597
      Abstract: AbstractA change in the discourse on knowledge production as a shift from the non-instrumentality to the instrumentality approach has been identified and, moreover, generally been regarded as an inevitable, unilinear transition. In this article, we question this assumption by questioning some of the key features of the instrumentality paradigm, particularly in relation to a specific organisation geared towards international agrarian knowledge production, the Generation Challenge Programme (GCP). We first provide an account of the non-instrumentality approach to knowledge production and of the gradual shift towards instrumentality. Then, different theories of instrumental knowledge production are analysed for patterns that holistically indicate the essence of instrumental knowledge production. Finally, by providing a descriptive analysis of the GCP, we argue against the idea of a unilinear transition towards the instrumental paradigm insofar as, within GCP, several non-instrumental patterns are emerging that seem to go beyond the dichotomous (instrumental versus non-instrumental) understanding of knowledge production discourse.
      PubDate: 2017-04-12
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scx008
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • The perceived impact of four funding streams on academic research
           production in Nordic countries: the perspectives of system actors †
    • Authors: Bégin-Caouette O; Schmidt E, Field CC.
      Pages: 598 - 598
      Abstract: This article has been corrected to address an error in an author name. The correct author name is Evanthia Kalpazidou Schmidt.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scx025
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2017)
       
  • From the idea of scale to the idea of agency: An actor-network theory
           perspective on policy development for renewable energy
    • Authors: Iskandarova M.
      Pages: 476 - 485
      Abstract: AbstractThis paper offers a new perspective on the co-evolution of policy and large technological developments in emerging industries. The analysis is based on a UK study of a controversial wave energy project, Wave Hub, and the underpinning policy landscape. The actor-network theory approach provides insights into the complexity of the policy network; it allows stepping beyond a contextual understanding of policy and developing the idea of policy as an evolving actor-network and actant. This approach explains how the policy effects were construed, and in particular, the relationship between political decisions and the development of Wave Hub, as well as a reciprocal effect of the project on marine energy policy and regulation. Revealing the most prominent policy issues in relation to wave energy, the case study adds to our understanding of policy shaping processes instigated by technology development.
      PubDate: 2016-10-27
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw075
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • The effects of funding and co-authorship on research performance in a
           small scientific community
    • Authors: Mali F; Pustovrh T, Platinovšek R, et al.
      Pages: 486 - 496
      Abstract: AbstractThe evaluation of research performance increasingly relies on quantitative indicators determined by national science policies. We focus on two dimensions of research performance—productivity and excellence—as defined in the evaluation methodology of the Slovenian Research Agency. Our analysis focuses on the effects of two science policy factors—co-authorship collaboration and researcher funding—on the productivity and excellence of Slovenian researchers at the level of research disciplines. A multilevel analysis using a hierarchical linear model with regression analysis was applied to the data with several nested levels. As many variables have a semi-continuous distribution, a statistical model was used to address them. The results show a very strong positive effect of international co-authorship collaboration on productivity and excellence, while fragmentation of funding shows a negative impact only on excellence. We also include interviews with excellent Slovenian researchers regarding their views on scientific excellence and quantitative indicators.
      PubDate: 2016-09-29
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw076
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • R&D Programmes, Policy Mix, and the ‘European Paradox’: Evidence
           from European SMEs
    • Authors: Radicic D; Pugh G.
      Pages: 497 - 512
      Abstract: AbstractUsing a sample of small and medium-sized enterprises from twenty-eight European countries, this study evaluates the input and output additionality of national and European Union (EU) R&D programmes both separately and in combination. Accordingly, we contribute to understanding the effectiveness of innovation policy from the perspective of policy mix. Empirical results are different for innovation inputs and outputs. For innovation inputs, we found positive treatment effects from national and EU programmes separately as well as complementary effects for firms supported from both sources relative to firms supported only by national programmes. For innovation outputs, we report no evidence of additionality from national programmes and cannot reject crowding out from EU programmes. However, crowding out from EU support is eliminated by combination with national support. These findings have policy implications for the governance of R&D policy and suggest that the European paradox—success in promoting R&D inputs but not commercialisation—is not yet mitigated.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw077
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Quality monitoring in transition: The challenge of evaluating
           translational research programs in academic biomedicine
    • Authors: Rushforth AD; de Rijcke S.
      Pages: 513 - 523
      Abstract: AbstractWhile the efficacy of peer review for allocating institutional funding and benchmarking is often studied, not much is known about issues faced in peer review for organizational learning and advisory purposes. We build on this concern by analyzing the largely formative evaluation by external committees of new large, ‘translational’ research programs in a University Medical Center in the Netherlands. By drawing on insights from studies which report problems associated with evaluating and monitoring large, complex, research programs, we report on the following tensions that emerged in our analysis: (1) the provision of self-evaluation information to committees and (2) the selection of appropriate committee members. Our article provides a timely insight into challenges facing organizational evaluations in public research systems where pushes toward ‘social’ accountability criteria and large cross-disciplinary research structures are intensifying. We end with suggestions about how the procedure might be improved.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw078
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • All different' All equal' differentiation of universities’
           mission statements and excellence initiatives in Germany
    • Authors: Jungblut J; Jungblut M.
      Pages: 535 - 545
      Abstract: AbstractGerman universities have traditionally been characterized as homogenous. However, recent policies such as the excellence initiative were supposed to introduce differentiation and incentivize universities to develop more specific missions. This study analyzes the mission statements of German universities using a quantitative content analysis. It focuses on the question, whether the mission statements of German universities can be clustered in different groups and if so, whether the membership in one of these groups correlates with a university’s success in one of the initiatives or other organizational characteristics. The results show that German universities today have somewhat differentiated mission statements focusing either on research or education. Additionally, half of the universities created significantly longer mission statements with more diverse profiles. However, the characteristics of a university’s mission statement are found not to be related to the university’s success in the excellence initiative, the Competition for Teaching Excellence or the type of institution.
      PubDate: 2016-12-24
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw082
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2016)
       
  • Ethics, Environmental Justice and Climate Change
    • Authors: Sutherlin JW.
      Pages: 578 - 598
      Abstract: Ethics, Environmental Justice and Climate ChangeBy HarrisPaul G., Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, UK, 2016, 935 pages, UK £375 (hardback), ISBN 978-1-78347-713-5
      PubDate: 2016-12-08
      DOI: 10.1093/scipol/scw081
      Issue No: Vol. 44, No. 4 (2016)
       
 
 
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