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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 198 journals)
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Journal Cover Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
  [SJR: 0.861]   [H-I: 50]   [32 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0002-7162 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3349
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [839 journals]
  • Tough on Crime, Tough on Families? Criminal Justice and Family Life in
    • Authors: Wakefield, S; Lee, H, Wildeman, C.
      Pages: 8 - 21
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216637048
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Surveys, Records, and the Study of Incarceration in Families
    • Authors: Geller, A; Jaeger, K, Pace, G. T.
      Pages: 22 - 43
      Abstract: More than 2 million American children have a parent incarcerated, making the consequences of parental incarceration for families a critical concern. A growing literature documents significant challenges not only among incarcerated men, but also among their spouses, partners, and children. Much remains to be learned about these experiences, however; and the data available for doing so are limited. In this article, we demonstrate how the quality of available data on paternal incarceration can be improved by supplementing a leading population-based survey of families with administrative records on criminal history from a state criminal justice agency. This administrative supplement provides only a low-end estimate of the extent of criminal justice involvement in our sample, but still increases the number of fathers identified with criminal histories by more than 20 percent. Building on such a supplement—in our current survey or future ones—could improve the identification of justice-involved fathers on a broader scale.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216633449
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Drinking Alone? The Effect of an Alcohol Treatment Program on
           Relationship Stability for Convicted Drunk Drivers in Denmark
    • Authors: Andersen S. H.
      Pages: 46 - 62
      Abstract: This article tests whether an alcohol treatment program for drunk drivers in Denmark increased the stability of their relationships with spouses or cohabiting partners. The treatment program, implemented in 1990, allowed a group of offenders to avoid prison and participate in a rehabilitation program. I use it here as a natural experiment, exploiting a rich administrative dataset to show that the program marginally increases offenders’ relationship stability. I also test whether increased relationship stability observed among the treated offenders results from their pardon from prison or from their participation in the rehabilitation program. Results suggest that the rehabilitation program drives the effect. These findings contribute to the literature on what alternative sanctions could be offered to offenders to improve their long-term social outcomes.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216632456
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • "A Twenty-Hour-a-Day Job": The Impact of Frequent Low-Level Criminal
           Justice Involvement on Family Life
    • Authors: Comfort M.
      Pages: 63 - 79
      Abstract: In the growing field of research on the consequences of criminal justice contact for family life, a heavy emphasis has been placed on how imprisonment influences the emotional, physical, and socioeconomic well-being of prisoners’ loved ones. In this article, I elaborate on and analyze the experiences of family members of people with frequent, low-level criminal justice involvement. I draw on ethnographic data collected in partnership with a clinical social worker over the course of a three-year study of an intensive case management intervention for HIV-positive individuals. Findings indicate that loved ones’ brief jail stays and community supervision through probation and parole pose hardships for family members that are distinct from those hardships that arise during imprisonment. These experiences are uniquely destabilizing, may confer specific risks to family members’ well-being, and merit further study to inform programs, social services, and public policy.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716215625038
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Paternal Incarceration and Family Functioning: Variation across Federal,
           State, and Local Facilities
    • Authors: Wildeman, C; Turney, K, Yi, Y.
      Pages: 80 - 97
      Abstract: This article extends research on the association between paternal incarceration and family functioning by differentiating between families with fathers who have been incarcerated in local jails, state prisons, federal prisons, and unknown types of facilities. Data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study (FFCW) enable this finer grained analysis. We show that there are few observable differences between families with fathers incarcerated in a local, state, or federal facility and the 53 percent of families with fathers incarcerated in an unknown facility type. We test the association between facility type and family functioning using a series of fixed effects models, showing strong associations between facility type and only two of seven family outcomes. The evidence presented here suggests that family functioning does not markedly vary by type of facility, but this finding needs to be substantiated in future research.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716215625042
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Commentary: Time to Get Rid of the Skid Bid? What Good Are Short Stays
           of Incarceration?
    • Authors: Maruna S.
      Pages: 98 - 102
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216632698
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • The Effects of Jail and Prison Confinement on Cohabitation and Marriage
    • Authors: Apel R.
      Pages: 103 - 126
      Abstract: This study uses the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 to explore the relationship between incarceration and the stability of cohabiting and marital relationships. Self-report dates of relatively short confinement in jail or prison (median one month) are linked with data on cohabitation and residential partnerships, by month, from ages 18 to 32. I estimate the effects of incarceration on transitions into and out of cohabitation and marriage while controlling for other salient life events (e.g., employment, parenthood). Findings indicate that incarceration precipitates an immediate and persistent disruption in residential partnerships and is also a long-term impediment to the transition to marriage (but not the transition to cohabitation). The long-term disruption in existing residential partnerships applies equally to females and males, as well as to whites, African Americans (males only), and Hispanics.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216629360
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Found Out and Opting Out: The Consequences of Online Criminal Records for
    • Authors: Lageson S. E.
      Pages: 127 - 141
      Abstract: Online criminal histories document and publicize even minor brushes with the law and represent people who may not even be guilty of any crime. This has dramatically changed the relationship that millions of Americans have with the criminal justice system and may affect their social and private lives. Drawing on interviews and fieldwork with people attempting to expunge and legally seal their criminal records, I explore how online versions of these records impact family relationships. Many who appear on mug shot and criminal history websites are arrestees who are never formally charged or convicted of a crime. The indiscriminate posting of all types of justice contact on websites may impact those who, for the most part, desist from crime and are core contributors to their family and community. I find that many of those who are affected by the stigma of online records did not know that records existed until they "popped up" unexpectedly, and that this experience leads them to self-select out of family duties that contribute to child well-being.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716215625053
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Commentary: Records, Relationships, and Reentries: How Specific Punishment
           Conditions Affect Family Life
    • Authors: Uggen C.
      Pages: 142 - 148
      Abstract: This commentary highlights some of the key lessons from the preceding articles by Sarah Lageson on online criminal histories and Robert Apel on cohabitation and marriage. To provide additional perspectives on institutions and families, it draws briefly on interview data from the Minnesota Exits and Entries Project, comparing the reentry experiences of 18- to 25-year-olds leaving prisons, jails, the armed forces, the juvenile justice system, foster care, drug treatment, and mental health facilities. While the prison surely ranks among the most salient institutions for U.S. families today and as such merits close scrutiny, there is also great benefit in "escaping prison": considering how the justice system might productively import or borrow ideas and programs from other institutional domains. In collectively showing how specific punishment conditions affect family life, we can provide the research base needed to help institutions better support individuals and families.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716215625051
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • How Childrens Educational Outcomes and Criminality Vary by Duration and
           Frequency of Paternal Incarceration
    • Authors: Andersen L. H.
      Pages: 149 - 170
      Abstract: Existing studies of the consequences of paternal incarceration for children treat paternal incarceration as a dichotomous event (a child either experiences paternal incarceration or does not), although effects could accumulate with both the frequency and duration of paternal incarcerations. In this article I use register data on Danish children from birth cohort 1991, some of whom experienced paternal incarceration before age 15, to show how educational outcomes and criminality up to age 20 vary by frequency and total duration of paternal incarceration. The high quality of Danish register data also allows me to distinguish between paternal arrest and paternal incarceration and to show results for the total duration of paternal incarcerations conditioned on frequency of paternal incarceration. Results show that educational outcomes and criminality indeed correlate with duration and frequency of paternal incarceration, indicating that treating paternal incarceration as a dichotomous event blurs important heterogeneity in the consequences of paternal incarceration.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216632782
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Families at the Intersection of the Criminal Justice and Child Protective
           Services Systems
    • Authors: Berger, L. M; Cancian, M, Cuesta, L, Noyes, J. L.
      Pages: 171 - 194
      Abstract: The prevalence of incarceration in the United States is increasingly well known. The prevalence of family involvement with child protective services (CPS) is less understood, though, and there is limited research examining links between incarceration and CPS involvement. Here, we describe the incidence and prevalence of incarceration and CPS involvement in the United States and outline reasons that the same individuals and families may be at risk for involvement in both systems. We then use unique longitudinal data from Wisconsin to describe intergenerational and intragenerational overlap in the two systems. Specifically, we calculate (1) the proportion of all CPS-involved children who have an incarcerated parent; (2) the proportion of incarcerated adults who have a CPS-involved child; (3) the proportion of incarcerated young men and women who were involved in the CPS system as adolescents; and (4) the proportion of CPS-involved adolescents who subsequently became incarcerated. We conclude with a discussion of directions for future research and implications for practice and policy.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216633058
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Distinguishing Petty Offenders from Serious Criminals in the Estimation of
           Family Life Effects
    • Authors: Wakefield, S; Powell, K.
      Pages: 195 - 212
      Abstract: Prior research on the consequences of imprisonment for the family suggest that incarceration of so-called petty offenders is most harmful for families, yet few studies provide a clear description of who is and is not a petty offender and how best to make such distinctions. We compare various ways of categorizing inmates (using preprison family involvement and characteristics related to criminality and child well-being) to better understand heterogeneity in the consequences of paternal incarceration for children. In our analysis, we find that differentiating between "harmful" and "helpful" fathers is rather difficult, and reform efforts that are overly reliant on criminal offense categories may not be the most gainful policy approach in terms of benefit to children. We also describe a small population of children who appear to benefit from paternal incarceration: children of fathers with severe substance abuse problems. The pattern of results suggests that providing alternative interventions to incarceration, rather than no intervention at all, is critical to improving outcomes for all children of incarcerated parents.
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216633078
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Commentary: Could Linked Data Help Us to Better Understand the Macrolevel
           Consequences of Mass Imprisonment?
    • Authors: Sabol W. J.
      Pages: 213 - 221
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216633446
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Reexamining Race When Studying the Consequences of Criminal Justice
           Contact for Families
    • Authors: Haskins, A. R; Lee, H.
      Pages: 224 - 230
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216633447
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Bridging the Gap between Research and Practice: The Role of Science in
           Addressing the Effects of Incarceration on Family Life
    • Authors: Rodriguez N.
      Pages: 231 - 240
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:17-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216633404
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
  • Corrigendum
    • Pages: 241 - 243
      PubDate: 2016-04-10T21:00:18-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0002716216629642
      Issue No: Vol. 665, No. 1 (2016)
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