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  Subjects -> SOCIAL SERVICES AND WELFARE (Total: 192 journals)
Journal of Social Issues     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Social Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Social Policy and Social Work in Transition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Service Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 212)
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Work in Disability & Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of the Society for Social Work and Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Learning in Health and Social Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Maltrattamento e abuso all’infanzia     Full-text available via subscription  
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Mental Health and Substance Use: dual diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Merrill-Palmer Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Migration Action     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mortality: Promoting the interdisciplinary study of death and dying     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Mundos do Trabalho     Open Access  
National Emergency Response     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Journal of Occupational Therapy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Nonprofit Policy Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nordic Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Northwestern Journal of Law & Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Nouvelles pratiques sociales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Parity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Partner Abuse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Pedagogia i Treball Social : Revista de Cičncies Socials Aplicades     Open Access  
Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 194)
Personality and Social Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Philosophy & Social Criticism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Practice: Social Work in Action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Psychoanalytic Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Public Policy and Aging Report     Hybrid Journal  
Qualit@s Revista Eletrônica     Open Access  
Qualitative Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Quality in Ageing and Older Adults     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Race and Social Problems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Research in Social Stratification and Mobility     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Research on Language and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Research on Social Work Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173)
Review of Social Economy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Internacional De Seguridad Social     Hybrid Journal  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Trabajo Social     Open Access  
Safer Communities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Self and Identity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Service social     Full-text available via subscription  
Serviço Social & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Sexual Abuse in Australia and New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sexualidad, Salud y Sociedad (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Social & Legal Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Social Action : The Journal for Social Action in Counseling and Psychology     Free   (Followers: 1)
Social and Personality Psychology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Social Behavior and Personality : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Social Care and Neurodisability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Social Choice and Welfare     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Social Cognition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Social Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Influence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Social Justice Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Philosophy and Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Social Policy & Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Social Policy and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 184)
Social Science Japan Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Social Semiotics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Studies of Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Social Work & Social Sciences Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Work Education: The International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Social Work Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Work Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Social Work With Groups     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sociedade e Estado     Open Access  
Sociedade em Debate     Open Access  
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
SourceOCDE Questions sociales/Migrations/Sante     Full-text available via subscription  
Soziale Passagen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sozialer Fortschritt     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Technical Aid to the Disabled Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Tempo Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Milbank Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Third Sector Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Third World Planning Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Transnational Social Review     Hybrid Journal  
unsere jugend     Full-text available via subscription  
Violence and Victims     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Youth Studies Australia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Zeitschrift für Hochschulrecht, Hochschulmanagement und Hochschulpolitik: zfhr     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover Social Justice Research     [SJR: 0.688]   [H-I: 26]
   [13 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-6725 - ISSN (Online) 0885-7466
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2210 journals]
  • The Unfulfillable Promise of Meritocracy: Three Lessons and Their
           Implications for Justice in Education
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper draws on a literature in sociology, psychology and economics that has extensively documented the unfulfilled promise of meritocracy in education. I argue that the lesson learned from this literature is threefold: (1) educational institutions in practice significantly distort the ideal meritocratic process; (2) opportunities for merit are themselves determined by non-meritocratic factors; (3) any definition of merit must favor some groups in society while putting others at a disadvantage. Taken together, these conclusions give reason to understand meritocracy not just as an unfulfilled promise, but as an unfulfillable promise. Having problematized meritocracy as an ideal worth striving for, I argue that the pervasiveness of meritocratic policies in education threatens to crowd out as principles of justice, need and equality. As such, it may pose a barrier rather than a route to equality of opportunity. Furthermore, meritocratic discourse legitimates societal inequalities as justly deserved such as when misfortune is understood as personal failure. The paper concludes by setting a research agenda that asks how citizens come to hold meritocratic beliefs; addresses the persistence of (unintended) meritocratic imperfections in schools; analyzes the construction of a legitimizing discourse in educational policy; and investigates how education selects and labels winners and losers.
      PubDate: 2015-01-11
  • Advances in Relative Deprivation Theory and Research
    • Abstract: Abstract The focus of this special issue is relative deprivation (RD): the judgment that one or one’s group is worse off compared to some standard accompanied by feelings of anger and resentment. This collection of seven papers demonstrates the range of the new thinking and research about RD, and they include data from an impressive variety of participants—including Canadians (both French- and English-speakers), Dutch, the Maoris of New Zealand, Mongols, Singaporeans, and South Africans (both Blacks and Whites). These seven papers show that if RD, and its counterpart, relative gratification, are defined carefully, at the right level of analysis and employed within larger theoretical models, the concept offers invaluable insight to how people respond to often dramatic changes in their objective circumstances.
      PubDate: 2015-01-08
  • Grievance Formation in Times of Transition: South Africa 1994–2000
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper is an exploration of grievance formation among black and white South Africans during the transition years from 1994 to 2000. Representative samples of black and white South Africans were surveyed annually. Respondents were asked about their objective circumstances and their (dis)satisfaction with their personal situation and the situation of the group with which they identified most strongly. Black South Africans reported higher levels of personal grievance in comparison with white South Africans, but white South Africans reported higher levels of group grievance in comparison with black South Africans. Respondents’ race and class predicted their levels of satisfaction, but over the 7 years of the study, race became a less important predictor and class became a more important predictor. However, grievances—at the individual and the group level—are mostly determined by comparisons, especially comparisons with others that people perceive to be in a better position.
      PubDate: 2015-01-03
  • Counter Cross-Cultural Priming and Relative Deprivation: The Role of
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper uses cross-cultural comparisons and comparisons obtained by experimental manipulation to examine how cultural and contextual factors influence responses to personal and group relative deprivation. Two studies were conducted, one in an individualistic country (The Netherlands) and one in a collectivistic country (Singapore). One way to examine the influence of the assumed cultural differences in individualism–collectivism is to assign participants to the conditions that elicit “countercultural” psychological states, that is, conditions that prime collectivistic mindsets in the Netherlands and individualistic mindsets in Singapore. Results show that cross-cultural differences have reliable effects on responses to relative deprivation and gratification. Furthermore, findings in the countercultural (experimental) conditions meaningfully differed from those observed in the control conditions in which participants were exposed to neutral stimulus materials. This suggests that cultural mindsets are not fixed, and that countercultural priming can be used to study cross-cultural and contextual differences with high levels of internal validity.
      PubDate: 2014-12-23
  • Predicting Protests by Disadvantaged Skilled Immigrants: A Test of an
           Integrated Social Identity, Relative Deprivation, Collective Efficacy
           (SIRDE) Model
    • Abstract: Abstract In Canada, skilled immigrants with foreign credentials tend to experience difficulty in obtaining a suitable job in their chosen profession. This is because employers do not recognize the full value of such qualifications. We used structural equation modeling to test a social identity, relative deprivation, collective efficacy model in a prospective study of a sample of skilled immigrants (N = 234) disadvantaged by this “credentialing” problem. In this model, variables measured at time 1 successfully predicted participation in protest actions during the following 4 months, measured at time 2. First, we conceptualized the affective component of collective relative deprivation (CRD) as (i) the perception of discrimination by the majority group and (ii) the emotional reaction of anger, resentment and frustration in response to that discrimination. The results suggested that the latter positively influenced participation in protest actions but, unexpectedly, the former had the opposite effect. Second, the evidence suggested that respondents’ identification with Canada, but not their cultural group, indirectly influenced such participation through collective efficacy and the two components of affective CRD. Third, the novel hypothesis that status insecurity mediates the relationship between cognitive CRD and the two components of affective CRD was supported. Finally, the results suggest that collective efficacy was a strong and direct determinant of participation in protest actions. The implications of these results for the development of an integrated social psychological theory that can predict participation in political protests are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-12-19
  • Opposing Paths to Ideology: Group-Based Relative Deprivation Predicts
           Conservatism Through Warmth Toward Ingroup and Outgroup Members
    • Abstract: Abstract Group-based relative deprivation (GRD) is a critical predictor of support for social change. Because resistance to change and acceptance of inequality are core features of a conservative ideology, we predicted that GRD would negatively correlate with conservatism. Moreover, given the central role affect plays in bridging the association between experiences with inequality and group-based responses, we expected that this hypothesized relationship would be mediated by intergroup emotions. We tested these hypotheses in a large national sample of Māori (N = 685)—the indigenous peoples of New Zealand. As predicted, GRD was indirectly associated with conservatism through participants’ warmth toward the majority outgroup (i.e., New Zealand Europeans) and the minority ingroup (i.e., Māori): whereas GRD was negatively correlated with warmth toward outgroup members, GRD was positively correlated with warmth toward the ingroup. In turn, warmth toward the (a) outgroup and (b) ingroup was positively and negatively associated with conservatism, respectively. Similar results were obtained when replacing conservatism with participants’ (a) satisfaction with the government and (b) support for New Zealand’s main center-right political party. Our findings demonstrate the complex relationship between GRD and political beliefs, while also highlighting the crucial role of emotions in connecting GRD with group-based attitudes.
      PubDate: 2014-12-19
  • Social Justice and the Ethics of Resistance: A Review Essay
    • PubDate: 2014-11-19
  • Another Look at Moral Foundations Theory: Do Authoritarianism and Social
           Dominance Orientation Explain Liberal-Conservative Differences in
           “Moral” Intuitions?
    • Abstract: Abstract Moral foundations theorists propose that the moral domain should include not only “liberal” ethics of justice and care but also ostensibly “conservative” concerns about the virtues of ingroup loyalty, obedience to authority, and enforcement of purity standards. This proposal clashes with decades of research in political psychology connecting the latter set of characteristics to “the authoritarian personality.” We demonstrate that liberal-conservative differences in moral intuitions are statistically mediated by authoritarianism and social dominance orientation, so that conservatives’ greater valuation of ingroup, authority, and purity concerns is attributable to higher levels of authoritarianism, whereas liberals’ greater valuation of fairness and harm avoidance is attributable to lower levels of social dominance. We also find that ingroup, authority, and purity concerns are positively associated with intergroup hostility and support for discrimination, whereas concerns about fairness and harm avoidance are negatively associated with these variables. These findings might lead some to question the wisdom and appropriateness of efforts to “broaden” scientific conceptions of morality in such a way that preferences based on authoritarianism and social dominance are treated as moral—rather than amoral or even immoral—and suggest that the explicit goal of incorporating conservative ideology into the study of moral psychology (in order to increase ideological diversity) may lead researchers astray.
      PubDate: 2014-11-16
  • Balance Without Equality: Just World Beliefs, the Gay Affluence Myth, and
           Support for Gay Rights
    • Abstract: Abstract The harmfulness of negative stereotypes toward gay and lesbian people has been established, but the effect of positive stereotypes has not been thoroughly examined. Gay and lesbian Americans continue to struggle against interpersonal and institutionalized discrimination, yet many people do not see them as a politically disadvantaged group, and voter support for gay rights has been inconsistent and somewhat unpredictable. Drawing on previous research regarding reactions to disadvantaged and advantaged targets, we examined the social cognitive underpinnings of support for gay rights. After accounting for general anti-gay attitudes and degree of religious affiliation, we found that global endorsement of just world beliefs negatively predicted support for gay rights, and that this effect was mediated by an inclination to perceive discrimination against gay and lesbian people as less of an issue in American society. Additionally, we found that endorsement of the ‘gay affluence’ stereotype also negatively predicted support of gay rights, particularly among non-student adults, and that this effect was moderated by character beliefs about gay and lesbian people pertaining to wealth-deservingness.
      PubDate: 2014-11-16
  • Doing Good to Self and Others: Some Ideas About the Antecedents,
           Processes, and Consequences of Fair Resource Allocation
    • Abstract: Abstract Drawing on multidisciplinary findings and ideas, I discuss in this paper fair allocation of social resources, such as goods, services, and information. It is held that the allocation event, featuring actor, recipient, and observer, as well as the social resources to be allocated by an actor, can function as a guideline for the essentials of fair behavior. The role of the essential features of allocation behavior: motivation, cognition, and emotion, as well as morality and reactions to perceived unfairness are examined. I give explanations as to why, how, and to what extent, people, in an effort to attain justice, allocate social resources between self and others and among others. I explore the conditions under which an actor may deviate from a just division of social resources, thus, instigating a reaction from recipients and observers.
      PubDate: 2014-11-05
  • Financial Returns Versus Moral Concerns: Laypeople’s Willingness to
           Engage in Fair Investments
    • Abstract: Abstract Both household consumption and savings behavior are increasingly influenced by fairness concerns. Although justice research has repeatedly investigated consumers’ ethical consumption, research on laypeople’s (i.e., non-experts’) ethical investment behavior has received far less attention. Across four studies, we find that—on average—people are willing to accept lower interest rates for an increased ethicality of their financial investments, which suggests that fairness concerns are taken into account when making investment decisions. We find that investments with higher fairness must yield an overall lower return to be preferred over a secure fixed-income fund compared to more immoral investments (Study 1). Furthermore, laypeople prefer fairer funds in direct comparison (Study 2), an effect that cannot be solely attributed to people’s general tendency to underestimate dynamic interest rate effects (Study 3). Finally, we explored the potential psychological processes that could underlie this average preference for moral investments and find that harm/care and fairness moral foundations moderate the effect (Study 4). We find that perceptions of fairness mediate the link, but perceptions of risk do not. The results provide consistent support for fairness concerns in laypeople’s financial decision making, similar to what has been found in ethical consumption.
      PubDate: 2014-10-26
  • Incidental Disgust Increases Adherence to Left-Wing Economic Attitudes
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous research has suggested that disgust is associated with conservative political attitudes (Cognit Emot, 23:714–725 by Inbar et al. 2009). The present research evaluated whether disgust can also lead to more liberal attitudes, due to its relation to fairness-related violations. Across three studies, we demonstrated that inducing feelings of disgust lead participants to adopt more left-wing political attitudes with regard to economic issues. In Study 1, participants induced to experience disgust by looking at four photographs reported more left-wing economic attitudes than participants who were exposed to sadness-inducing images. In Study 2, the same effect was observed but only for participants who had greater sensitivity to their bodily sensations. Study 3 replicated Studies 1–2 and also showed that besides economic attitudes, participants’ general political orientation was also shifted toward the liberal spectrum by a disgust induction. Taken together, these results provide evidence for a relationship between feelings of disgust and the endorsement of equality-promoting political attitudes. Our results, therefore, provide a different perspectives on disgust and the first evidence that it can also lead people to adopt more liberal attitudes on economic issues.
      PubDate: 2014-10-12
  • Beliefs in a Just World, Subjective Well-Being and Attitudes Towards
           Refugees Among Refugee Workers
    • Abstract: Abstract Previous research has shown that the belief that the world is fair to the self (BJW-self) is positively related to indices of subjective well-being, whereas the belief that the world is fair to others (BJW-others) is positively related to harsher social attitudes. The present study aims to investigate the relation between these two forms of beliefs in a just world and the subjective well-being and social attitudes of people working with refugees. A sample of 253 refugee workers completed measures of BJW-others, BJW-self, perceived stress, life satisfaction, attitudes towards refugees and empathy for refugees. We found that refugee workers with stronger BJW-self reported experiencing less stress and more life satisfaction. Stronger BJW-others, however, predicted harsher attitudes towards refugees while controlling for BJW-self. These findings highlight the important function that justice beliefs play in the subjective well-being and social attitudes of refugee workers.
      PubDate: 2014-09-21
  • A Justice-Oriented Innovation System: A Grounded Theory Approach
    • Abstract: Abstract Researchers are becoming increasingly concerned about integrating the goals of a social justice system with innovation and technical change. Although most of the previous studies concerned the dynamics of the relationship between innovation and social justice, a consistent solution for reconciling these two seemingly conflicting objectives has not been discovered as yet. Prior findings suggest several partial, incoherent, and even conflicting solutions. This paper examines the possibility of the above-mentioned integration goals. Grounded theory is applied to propose a consistent framework of solutions (at the national level), including an innovative social justice system, the necessary ontological supports, and the relevant domestic and international context. This paper also discusses the applicability and implications of this new framework for future research.
      PubDate: 2014-09-14
  • Raising the Question on ‘Who Should Get What?’ Again: On
           the Importance of Ideal and Existential Standards
    • Abstract: Abstract This contribution compares the importance of ideal standards and existential standards on people’s ideas on fair earnings. Ideal standards refer to persons’ preferences for a distribution rule according to which earnings ought to be allocated among members of a social aggregate. Existential standards refer to conditions of the social context, like the average earning or pay inequality, that serves as points of reference when people shape their ideas on just earnings. In line with the theoretical literature, we find that both standards are relevant for shaping people’s ideas on just earnings. However, there seems to be greater consensus among our respondents on the importance attached to the existential standards than over that attached to the ideal standards. We also found a “reversed just gender wage gap”: by assigning higher earnings to fictitious female than fictitious male employees, our female and male respondents seem to compensate former gender-related income discrimination against female employees in the German labor market. Our analysis is based on the answers of 676 respondents living in Germany who participated in an internet-based factorial survey.
      PubDate: 2014-09-06
  • Social Creativity in Olympic Medal Counts: Observing the Expression of
           Ethnocentric Fairness
    • Abstract: Abstract Although fairness rules provide a basis for conflict resolution, social and psychological processes can lead people to use these rules flexibly to allow their own groups to compare favorably relative to other groups. In two studies, we examined the expression of such ethnocentric fairness in the context of the Olympic Games. Participants rated the fairness of different methods of determining relative rankings of countries’ performances. Results showed that participants used fairness rules flexibly in ways likely to enhance the relative standing of their own country. Thus, even in this context of normative intergroup harmony, fairness rules can be a basis for intergroup conflict. We conclude that fairness rules are best understood as dynamic constructions reflecting the realities of social life and identity-related processes involved in negotiating that social life.
      PubDate: 2014-08-23
  • Speed of Decision-Making as a Procedural Justice Principle
    • Abstract: Abstract The uncertainty management theory (Lind and Van den Bos, Research in organizational behavior 24, 181–223, 2002; Van den Bos and Lind, Advances in experimental social psychology, pp. 1–60, 2002) proposes that perceived fairness decreases experienced uncertainty, and, thus, the importance of fairness is enhanced under higher uncertainty. For example, the six procedural justice principles (Leventhal, Social exchange: advances in theory and research pp. 27–55, 1980) can be seen to reduce uncertainty in the long run by producing higher quality decisions. However, the decision-making process itself also may cause uncertainty, especially when the process is prolonged. Thus, we bring the speed of the decision-making process into discussion as one justice principle. We suggest that people use speed-related information as heuristic information and substitute lacking procedures-related information by drawing inferences from the speed of the decision-making. We propose that the speed of decision-making has a twofold effect on perception of procedural fairness: very fast and very slow decision-making processes are perceived to produce more uncertainty than moderate time processes, and consequently, a moderate process is expected to be related with more positive fairness perceptions than very slow or very fast processes. The statement was further tested by examining the mediating role of procedural fairness perceptions in the relationship between speed and its one consequence, perceived legitimacy, with a survey sample (N = 846) in the context of Finnish forest policy. The analysis confirmed the hypotheses. The role of speed as a justice rule and its contribution to the uncertainty management theory is discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-07-29
  • Forecasting Errors in the Averseness of Apologizing
    • Abstract: Abstract Apologizing is often seen as the appropriate response after a transgression for perpetrators. Yet, despite the positive effects that apologies elicit after situations of conflict, they are not always delivered easily. We argue that this is due—at least in part—to perpetrators overestimating the averseness of apologizing, thus committing a forecasting error. Across two laboratory experiments and one autobiographical recall study, we demonstrate that perpetrators overestimate the averseness they will experience when apologizing compared to the averseness they experience when they actually apologize. Moreover, we show that this effect is driven by a misconstrual of the effects of an apology. Perpetrators overestimate the potentially negative effects of apologizing while simultaneously underestimating the potentially positive effects of apologizing. This forecasting error may have a negative effect on the initiation of the reconciliation process, due to perpetrators believing that apologizing is more averse than it actually is.
      PubDate: 2014-07-27
  • Toward More Interesting Research Questions: Problematizing Theory in
           Social Justice
    • Abstract: Abstract The majority of research in social justice, indeed in all of social science, is incremental, has received few citations, has garnered little attention in the public, and can be viewed as dull and uninteresting by both academics and lay readers. Although often well versed in a variety of methodological techniques for testing research questions, we rarely receive explicit guidance in how to construct them in a way that is interesting, useful, and pushes theory forward. A novel “problematization” approach for constructing interesting research questions has been proposed by Alvesson and Sandberg (Constructing research questions: doing interesting research. Sage Publications, London, 2013). In this essay, I introduce the problematization method to social justice scholars in a comprehensive review and critique that identifies the benefits and limitations of the approach. Then, to provide a cursory illustration of the method in practice, I problematize the domain of retributive justice, attempting to identify potentially interesting directions for future research inquiry.
      PubDate: 2014-07-24
  • Examining Self-Advantage in the Suffering of Others: Cross-Cultural
           Differences in Beneficiary and Observer Justice Sensitivity Among Chinese,
           Germans, and Russians
    • Abstract: Abstract Other-related concerns for justice are fundamental components of morality and interpersonal behaviors. In this paper, we investigated macro/cultural and micro/individual differences in justice concerns for others. More specifically, beneficiary sensitivity (BS) and observer sensitivity (OS) were compared across China as a typical collectivist society, and Germany and Russia as two individualistic societies. Individualism–collectivism was assumed to mediate the cultural variance of BS and OS. In Study 1, Chinese participants exhibited more BS but less OS compared to German participants. In Study 2, the Chinese participants exhibited more BS but not significantly different OS compared to Russian participants. Moreover, collectivism mediated this cultural difference in BS but not OS. In Study 3, collectivist participants identified according to their proposals in social value games exhibited more BS than did individualistic participants, while the two groups revealed no significant difference in OS. Taken together, our studies consistently show that higher collectivism both on the cultural and individual levels is related to BS but not to OS, suggesting that collectivist values make people sensitive to self-advantage in comparison to the suffering of others.
      PubDate: 2014-05-13
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