Subjects -> BIOLOGY (Total: 3447 journals)
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    - BIOTECHNOLOGY (269 journals)
    - BOTANY (250 journals)
    - CYTOLOGY AND HISTOLOGY (32 journals)
    - ENTOMOLOGY (75 journals)
    - GENETICS (171 journals)
    - MICROBIOLOGY (286 journals)
    - MICROSCOPY (12 journals)
    - ORNITHOLOGY (29 journals)
    - PHYSIOLOGY (73 journals)
    - ZOOLOGY (147 journals)

ZOOLOGY (147 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 147 of 147 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Herpetologica     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Zoologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Acta Zoologica Cracoviensia     Free   (Followers: 2)
Acta Zoológica Lilloana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta zoológica mexicana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Zoology and Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
African Invertebrates     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Herpetology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
African Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Alces : A Journal Devoted to the Biology and Management of Moose     Open Access  
American Journal of Zoological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
animal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 240)
Animal Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Animal Biology & Animal Husbandry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Animal Biotelemetry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Animal Genetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Migration     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Animal Studies Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Annales Zoologici     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Annales Zoologici Fennici     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annals of Animal Science     Open Access  
Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthropozoologica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Applied Animal Behaviour Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Applied Entomology and Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Aquatic Mammals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aquatic Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Arquivos de Zoologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arthropod Management Tests     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Journal of Zoology     Open Access  
Bioacoustics : The International Journal of Animal Sound and its Recording     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Biodiversidade     Open Access  
Bird Conservation International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Bird Study     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
BMC Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
British Birds     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Caldasia     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Zooarchaeology / Zooarchéologie canadienne     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contributions to Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Zoology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Der Zoologische Garten     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ecology of Freshwater Fish     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
European Journal of Taxonomy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
European Zoological Journal     Open Access  
Euscorpius     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EvoDevo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Fish and Fisheries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Frontiers in Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Global Journal of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Graellsia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Herpetology Notes     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Herpetozoa     Open Access  
i-Perception     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Iheringia. Série Zoologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology - Animal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Integrative Zoology     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Odonatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Zoological Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Studies on Sparrows     Open Access  
International Zoo Yearbook     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Invertebrate Reproduction & Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Italian Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Italian Journal of Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agrobiology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 80)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Apicultural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Animal Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Basic & Applied Zoology : Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A : Ecological Genetics and Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Experimental Zoology Part B : Molecular and Developmental Evolution     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Freshwater Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Morphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Threatened Taxa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Wildlife and Biodiversity     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Wildlife Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Laboratory Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Mammal Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mammalia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Mastozoología Neotropical     Open Access  
Monographs of the Transvaal Museum     Full-text available via subscription  
Natural History Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
New Zealand Journal of Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Papéis Avulsos de Zoologia     Open Access  
Parasite     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Polish Journal of Entomology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Primate Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Research in Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Restoration of Buildings and Monuments     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Biología Marina y Oceanografía     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Zoologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Russian Journal of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Scientia Fungorum     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scientific Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientific Journal of Zoology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterologia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Skeletal Muscle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
South African Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
South American Journal of Herpetology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Sri Lanka Journal of Aquatic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Therya     Open Access  
Travaux du Mus?um National d'Histoire Naturelle - Grigore Antipa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Zoology     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Turkish Journal of Zoology     Open Access  
Uludağ Arıcılık Dergisi     Open Access  
University Journal of Zoology, Rajshahi University     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Waterbirds     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Wildlife Society Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
World Rabbit Science     Open Access  
Zoo Biology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
ZooKeys     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Zoologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zoologia (Curitiba)     Open Access  
Zoologica Poloniae     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zoologica Scripta     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Zoological Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Zoological Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Zoological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zoologische Mededelingen     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Zoologist (The)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Zoology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Zoology and Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zoology in the Middle East     Hybrid Journal  
Zoomorphology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Zoosystema     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Zoosystematics and Evolution - Mitteilungen Aus Dem Museum Fur Naturkunde Zu Berlin     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Zoology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.164
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 5  
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1674-5507 - ISSN (Online) 2396-9814
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [411 journals]
  • A perspective on sensory drive
    • Authors: Fuller R; Endler J.
      Pages: 465 - 470
      PubDate: Fri, 06 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy052
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • 25 Years of sensory drive: the evidence and its watery bias
    • Authors: Cummings M; Endler J, .
      Pages: 471 - 484
      Abstract: AbstractIt has been 25 years since the formalization of the Sensory Drive hypothesis was published in the American Naturalist (1992). Since then, there has been an explosion of research identifying its utility in contributing to our understanding of inter- and intra-specific variation in sensory systems and signaling properties. The main tenet of Sensory Drive is that environmental characteristics will influence the evolutionary trajectory of both sensory (detecting capabilities) and signaling (detectable features and behaviors) traits in predictable directions. We review the accumulating evidence in 154 studies addressing these questions and categorized their approach in terms of testing for environmental influence on sensory tuning, signal characteristics, or both. For the subset of studies that examined sensory tuning, there was greater support for Sensory Drive processes shaping visual than auditory tuning, and it was more prevalent in aquatic than terrestrial habitats. Terrestrial habitats and visual traits were the prevalent habitat and sensory modality in the 104 studies showing support for environmental influence on signaling properties. An additional 19 studies that found no supporting evidence for environmental influence on signaling traits were all based in terrestrial ecosystems and almost exclusively involved auditory signals. Only 29 studies examined the complete coevolutionary process between sensory and signaling traits and were dominated by fish visual communication. We discuss biophysical factors that may contribute to the visual and aquatic bias for Sensory Drive evidence, as well as biotic factors that may contribute to the lack of Sensory Drive processes in terrestrial acoustic signaling systems.
      PubDate: Thu, 07 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy043
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • Evaluation and hedonic value in mate choice
    • Authors: Rosenthal G; .
      Pages: 485 - 492
      Abstract: AbstractMating preferences can show extreme variation within and among individuals even when sensory inputs are conserved. This variation is a result of changes associated with evaluative mechanisms that assign positive, neutral, or negative hedonic value to stimuli—that is, label them as attractive, uninteresting, or unattractive. There is widespread behavioral evidence for differences in genes, environmental cues, or social experience leading to marked changes in the hedonic value of stimuli. Evaluation is accomplished through an array of mechanisms that are readily modifiable through genetic changes or environmental inputs, and that may often result in the rapid acquisition or loss of behavioral preferences. Reversals in preference arising from “flips” in hedonic value may be quite common. Incorporating such discontinuous changes into models of preference evolution may illuminate our understanding of processes like trait diversification, sexual conflict, and sympatric speciation.
      PubDate: Wed, 04 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy054
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • Visual “playback” of colorful signals in the field supports sensory
           drive for signal detectability
    • Authors: Gunderson A; Fleishman L, Leal M, et al.
      Pages: 493 - 498
      Abstract: AbstractColorful visual signals are important systems for investigating the effects of signaling environments and receiver physiology on signal evolution as predicted by the sensory drive hypothesis. Support for the sensory drive hypothesis on color signal evolution is mostly based on documenting correlations between the properties of signals and habitat conditions under which the signals are given (i.e., a correlational approach) and less commonly on the use of mathematical models that integrate representations of visual environments, signal properties, and sensory systems (i.e., a functional approach). Here, we used an experimental approach in the field to evaluate signal efficacy of colorful lizard throat fans called dewlaps that show geographic variation in the lizard Anolis cristatellus. We used a remote controlled apparatus to display “fake dewlaps” to wild lizards to test for adaptive divergence in dewlap brightness (i.e., perceived intensity) among populations in situ. We found evidence of local adaptation in dewlap brightness consistent with the sensory drive hypothesis. Specifically, dewlaps that had the brightness characteristics of local lizards were more likely to be detected than those with the brightness characteristics of non-local lizards. Our findings indicate that simplified mathematical representations of visual environments may allow robust estimates of relative detectability or conspicuousness in natural habitats. We have shown the feasibility of evaluating color signal efficacy experimentally under natural conditions and demonstrate the potential advantages of presenting isolated components of signals to an intended receiver to measure their contribution to signal function.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy046
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • The pervasive effects of lighting environments on sensory drive in bluefin
           killifish: an investigation into male/male competition, female choice, and
    • Authors: Mitchem L; Stanis S, Sutton N, et al.
      Pages: 499 - 512
      Abstract: AbstractSensory drive predicts that the conditions under which signaling takes place have large effects on signals, sensory systems, and behavior. The coupling of an ecological genetics approach with sensory drive has been fruitful. An ecological genetics approach compares populations that experience different environments and asks whether population differences are adaptive and are the result of genetic and/or environmental variation. The multi-faceted effects of signaling environments are well-exemplified by the bluefin killifish. In this system, males with blue anal fins are abundant in tannin-stained swamps that lack UV/blue light but are absent in clear springs where UV/blue light is abundant. Past work indicates that lighting environments shape genetic and environmental variation in color patterns, visual systems, and behavior. Less is known about the selective forces creating the across population correlations between UV/blue light and the abundance of blue males. Here, we present three new experiments that investigate the roles of lighting environments on male competition, female mate choice, and predation. We found strong effects of lighting environments on male competition where blue males were more likely to emerge as dominant in tea-stained water than in clear water. Our preliminary study on predation indicated that blue males may be less susceptible to predation in tea-stained water than in clear water. However, there was little evidence for female preferences favoring blue males. The resulting pattern is one where the effects of lighting environments on genetic variation and phenotypic plasticity match the direction of selection and favor the expression of blue males in swamps.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy038
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • A different view: sensory drive in the polarized-light realm
    • Authors: Cronin T; .
      Pages: 513 - 523
      Abstract: AbstractSensory drive, the concept that sensory systems primarily evolve under the influence of environmental features and that animal signals are evolutionarily shaped and tuned by these previously existing sensory systems, has been thoroughly studied regarding visual signals across many animals. Much of this work has focused on spectral aspects of vision and signals. Here, I review work on polarized-light signals of animals and relate these to what is known of polarization visual systems, polarized-light aspects of visual scenes, and polarization-related behavior (e.g., orientation, habitat-finding, contrast enhancement). Other than the broad patterns of scattered polarized light in the sky, most polarization in both terrestrial and aquatic environments results from either reflection or scattering in the horizontal plane. With overhead illumination, horizontal features such as the surfaces of many leaves or of air: water interfaces reflect horizontal polarization, and water scatters horizontally polarized light under most conditions. Several animal species have been demonstrated to use horizontally polarized light fields or features in critical aspects of their biology. Significantly, most biological signals are also horizontally polarized. Here, I present relevant polarization-related behavior and discuss the hypothesis that sensory drive has evolutionarily influenced the structure of polarization signals. The paper also considers the evolutionary origin of circular polarization vision and circularly polarized signals. It appears that this class of signals did not evolve under the influence of sensory drive. The study of signals based on polarized light is becoming a mature field of research.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 May 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy040
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • Evolutionary ecology of chemosensation and its role in sensory drive
    • Authors: Yohe L; Brand P, .
      Pages: 525 - 533
      Abstract: AbstractAll behaviors of an organism are rooted in sensory processing of signals from its environment, and natural selection shapes sensory adaptations to ensure successful detection of cues that maximize fitness. Sensory drive, or divergent selection for efficient signal transmission among heterogeneous environments, has been a useful hypothesis for describing sensory adaptations, but its current scope has primarily focused on visual and acoustic sensory modalities. Chemosensation, the most widespread sensory modality in animals that includes the senses of smell and taste, is characterized by rapid evolution and has been linked to sensory adaptations to new environments in numerous lineages. Yet, olfaction and gustation have been largely underappreciated in light of the sensory drive hypothesis. Here, we examine why chemosensory systems have been overlooked and discuss the potential of chemosensation to shed new insight on the sensory drive hypothesis and vice versa. We provide suggestions for developing a framework to better incorporate studies of chemosensory adaptation that have the potential to shape a more complete, coherent, and holistic interpretation of the sensory drive.
      PubDate: Mon, 02 Jul 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy048
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • Reviewing guppy color vision: integrating the molecular and physiological
           variation in visual tuning of a classic system for sensory drive
    • Authors: Sandkam B; Dalton B, Breden F, et al.
      Pages: 535 - 545
      Abstract: AbstractSensory drive predicts coevolution of mate choice signals with the sensory systems detecting those signals. Guppies are a classic model for sensory drive as mate preferences based on coloration differ across individuals and populations. A large body of work has identified variation in color vision, yet we lack a direct tie between how such variation in color vision influences variation in color preference. Here we bring together studies that have investigated guppy vision over the past 40 years to: (1) highlight our current understanding of where variation occurs in the guppy color vision pathway and (2) suggest future avenues of research into sources of visual system variation that could influence guppy color preference. This will allow researchers to design careful studies that couple measures of color preference with measures of visual system variation from the same individual or population. Such studies will finally provide important answers as to what sets the direction and speed of mate preference evolution via sensory drive.
      PubDate: Sat, 09 Jun 2018 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zoy047
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2018)
  • Foraging, feeding, and physiological stress responses of wild wood mice to
           increased illumination and common genet cues
    • Authors: Navarro-Castilla Á; Barja I, Díaz M.
      Pages: 409 - 417
      Abstract: AbstractIn nature, animals are exposed to a broad range of threats imposed by predators, which may strongly influence the ecology of prey species directly or indirectly by affecting their behavior via fear of predation. Here, we studied wood mice Apodemus sylvaticus behavioral and physiological responses to simulated predation risk. Risk avoidance was analyzed by live trapping with control traps and traps treated with feces of common genet Genetta genetta (direct cue of risk) under new moon nights and following by simulated full moon conditions (indirect cue). The time devoted to foraging behavior and capture time were analyzed by video recording mice activity around traps. Food intake was calculated based on the amount of bait remaining in each trap. Fecal corticosterone metabolites (FCMs) were measured by enzyme-immunoassay as indicators of physiological stress responses. Fewer wood mice were captured during full moon, yet only non-breeding adult males clearly avoided common genet odor. Mice were captured sooner at night during the simulated full moon conditions and later in predator-treated traps. Foraging activity was lower when individuals faced predator’s feces, but neither food intake nor FCM levels were affected by predation risk cues. Direct and indirect cues of predation risk selectively affected wood mice behavior, although behavioral responses seem to be modulated by different costs–benefit balances related to the individual’s perception of risk. The lack of physiological responses to predation risk cues suggests that wood mice did not perceive them as reliable stressors or the response was too small or transient to be measured by FCM.
      PubDate: Wed, 02 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zox048
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2017)
  • Moose at their bioclimatic edge alter their behavior based on weather,
           landscape, and predators
    • Authors: Ditmer M; Moen R, Windels S, et al.
      Pages: 419 - 432
      Abstract: AbstractPopulations inhabiting the bioclimatic edges of a species’ geographic range face an increasing amount of stress from alterations to their environment associated with climate change. Moose Alces alces are large-bodied ungulates that are sensitive to heat stress and have exhibited population declines and range contractions along their southern geographic extent. Using a hidden Markov model to analyze movement and accelerometer data, we assigned behaviors (rest, forage, or travel) to all locations of global positioning system-collared moose (n = 13, moose-years = 19) living near the southern edge of the species’ range in and around Voyageurs National Park, MN, USA. We assessed how moose behavior changed relative to weather, landscape, and the presence of predators. Moose significantly reduced travel and increased resting behaviors at ambient temperatures as low as 15 °C and 24 °C during the spring and summer, respectively. In general, moose behavior changed seasonally in association with distance to lakes and ponds. Moose used wetlands for travel throughout the year, rested in conifer forests, and foraged in shrublands. The influence of wolves Canis lupus varied among individual moose and season, but the largest influence was a reduction in travel during spring when near a wolf home range core, primarily by pregnant females. Our analysis goes beyond habitat selection to capture how moose alter their activities based on their environment. Our findings, along with climate change forecasts, suggest that moose in this area will be required to further alter their activity patterns and space use in order to find sufficient forage and avoid heat stress.
      PubDate: Fri, 28 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zox047
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2017)
  • Cane toads beneath bird rookeries: utilization of a natural disturbance by
           an invasive species
    • Authors: Lettoof D; Lyons J, Shine R, et al.
      Pages: 433 - 439
      Abstract: AbstractMany invasive species exploit anthropogenically disturbed habitats, but most of those taxa evolved long before humans. Presumably, then, an ability to use natural (non-anthropogenic) disturbances pre-adapted invaders to a world later degraded by people. Studies on invasive species in naturally disturbed habitats thus can clarify the ancestral niche of invaders. In the Australian tropics, metallic starlings Aplonis metallica nest communally in emergent rainforest trees during the wet-season, and invasive cane toads Rhinella marina join other predators (mammals, birds, reptiles, and other anurans) to exploit the food resources beneath those trees. Compared to conspecifics found along nearby roads through the forest, cane toads beneath bird-nesting trees occur at higher densities, and are smaller in body size. The sex ratio is female-biased, and recapture records suggest that females may be philopatric at these sites (whereas recaptures were rare for both sexes found along the roads). Some toads were found under the same trees in successive wet-seasons. Spooling showed that distances moved per night were similar along the road versus under the trees, but toads under trees showed lower net displacements. Diets also differed (based upon scat analysis), with tree toads feeding more on beetles and less on ants. These nutrient-rich hotspots are exploited primarily by adult females and juvenile toads, whereas adult males congregate at breeding sites. By magnifying pre-existing intraspecific divergences in habitat use, bird rookeries may enhance population viability of cane toads by enabling critical age and sex classes to exploit food-rich patches that are rarely used by adult males.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Jun 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zox041
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2017)
  • Kinship promotes affiliative behaviors in a monkey
    • Authors: Ren Y; Huang K, Guo S, et al.
      Pages: 441 - 447
      Abstract: AbstractIn social mammals, kinship is an important factor that often affects the interactions among individuals within groups. In primates that live in a multilevel society, kinship may affect affiliative patterns between individuals at different scales within the larger group. For this study, we use field observations and molecular methods to reveal the profiles of how kinship affects affiliative behaviors between individuals in a breeding band of wild golden snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus roxellana). We use a novel nonparametric test, the partition Mantel test, to measure independently the correlation between kinship and each of three affiliative behaviors. Our results show that more closely related females are more likely to groom each other. Average relatedness between adult females within the same one-male unit (OMU) is higher than that between adult females from different OMUs. We suggest that closely related females may reside in the same OMU in order to attain inclusive fitness benefits, and that kinship plays an important role in maintaining the social structure of this species.
      PubDate: Fri, 14 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zox046
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2017)
  • Morph-specific assortative mating in common wall lizard females
    • Authors: Sacchi R; Coladonato A, Ghitti M, et al.
      Pages: 449 - 453
      Abstract: AbstractColor polymorphism often is associated with alternative reproductive strategies and may reflect different adaptive optima that coexist within populations. The equilibrium among morph frequencies is maintained by the occurrence of opposite selective pressures (disruptive vs. stabilizing), which promote polymorphism while preserving gene flow. Sexual selection may contribute on both sides, particularly when morphs do not mate randomly. Reptiles offer a good model, notably lizards. Nevertheless, previous studies on mate choice in polymorphic lizards have generated contrasting results, with some studies suggesting that female morphs might tune their preference depending on environmental/social conditions such as crowding. We experimentally manipulated the number of individuals a female common wall lizard Podarcis muralis perceives around her, to test if females of different morphs (white or yellow) tune their choice for white and yellow males in order to maximize the probability that hatchlings follow the strategy best adapted to the population density. Results showed that crowding experienced by females did not affect mate choice, arguing against a flexible choice strategy by females. However, white females significantly associated with white males, whereas yellow females did not significantly associate with yellow males. Thus, sexual selection could contribute to the maintenance of color polymorphism in this species by a mix of assortative and non-assortative mating strategies, which could maintain the equilibrium between gene divergence and gene flow among morphs.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Sep 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zox055
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2017)
  • Elevational divergence in the great tit complex revealed by major
           hemoglobin genes
    • Authors: ZHu X; Guan Y, Qu Y, et al.
      Pages: 455 - 464
      Abstract: AbstractGene flow and demographic history can play important roles in the adaptive genetic differentiation of species, which is rarely understood in the high-altitude adaptive evolution of birds. To elucidate genetic divergence of populations in the great tit complex (Parus major, P. minor and P. cinereus) at different elevations, we compared the genetic structure and gene flow in hemoglobin genes with neutral loci. Our results revealed the elevationally divergent structure of αA-globin gene, distinctive from that of the βA-globin gene and neutral loci. We further investigated gene flow patterns among the populations in the central-northern (> 1,000 m a.s.l.), south-eastern (< 1,000 m a.s.l.) regions and the Southwest Mountains (> 2,000 m a.s.l.) in China. The high-altitude (> 1,000 m a.s.l.) diverged αA-globin genetic structure coincided with higher αA-globin gene flow between highland populations, in contrast to restricted neutral gene flow concordant with the phylogeny. The higher αA-globin gene flow suggests the possibility of adaptive evolution during population divergence, contrary to the lower αA-globin gene flow homogenized by neutral loci during population expansion. In concordance with patterns of historical gene flow, genotypic and allelic profiles provide distinctive patterns of fixation in different high-altitude populations. The fixation of alleles at contrasting elevations may primarily due to highland standing variants αA49Asn/72Asn/108Ala originating from the south-western population. Our findings demonstrate a pattern of genetic divergence with gene flow in major hemoglobin genes depending on population demographic history.
      PubDate: Thu, 06 Jul 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zox042
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2017)
  • Moose at their bioclimatic edge alter their behavior based on weather,
           landscape, and predators
    • Authors: Ditmer M; Moen R, Windels S, et al.
      Pages: 547 - 547
      Abstract: Current Zoology 2017, published as an advance access article on July 28, 2017.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Aug 2017 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cz/zox051
      Issue No: Vol. 64, No. 4 (2017)
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