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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2449 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (208 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (208 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (116 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1288 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (394 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (56 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (81 journals)
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CIVIL ENGINEERING (208 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 208 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Agregat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Architecture and Engineering     Open Access  
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment     Open Access  
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Building & Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 290)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture     Open Access  
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology     Open Access  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Research in Water and Wastewater     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Water and Wastewater / Ab va Fazilab     Open Access  
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Media Komunikasi Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Mokslas – Lietuvos ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania     Open Access  
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
npj Materials Degradation     Open Access  
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Promet : Traffic &Transportation     Open Access  
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Sul-Americana de Engenharia Estrutural     Open Access  
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teknik     Open Access  
Territorium : Revista Portuguesa de riscos, prevenção e segurança     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.982
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 3  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 1644-9665
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3162 journals]
  • A parametric investigation of roller hemming operation on a curved edge
           part
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2019Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 19, Issue 1Author(s): Selim Gürgen This study presents the roller hemming operation of a curved edge sheet metal which is critical in terms of dimensional accuracy and deformation. The investigation is focused on the process parameters such as bending angle, sheet thickness and roller diameter to observe their influence on roll-in, deformation, undesired wrinkling formation and hemming force which are directly related to material reliability and visual quality in the operation. A set of numerical simulations was designed and through the regression analysis of the results, the magnitude of each input parameter was investigated. The verification of the numerical model was carried out using experimental results. In the light of the results, the influence of input parameters was discussed for designing proper roller hemming operations for curved edge parts.
       
  • Relief of residual stress in Al2O3/Nb joints brazed with
           Ag-Cu-Ti/Cu/Ag-Cu-Ti composite interlayer
    • Abstract: Publication date: March 2019Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 19, Issue 1Author(s): Yating Zhao, Ying Wang, Zhenwen Yang, Dongpo Wang Ag-Cu-Ti/Cu/Ag-Cu-Ti composite interlayer was successfully designed to braze Al2O3 ceramic and Nb. The effect of the addition of Cu interlayer with various thicknesses on the microstructure, residual stress and mechanical properties of the brazed joints was investigated by finite element modeling (FEM) computation combined with experimental verification. The results showed that the layered Ag-Cu-Ag solid solution structure formed in the Al2O3/Nb brazed joints when the composite interlayer was used. Moreover, the thickness of TiO + Ti3Cu3O reaction layers adjacent to the Al2O3 ceramic substrate did not change obviously regardless of the Cu foil thickness. The maximum residual stress in the whole brazed joint always appeared in the Al2O3 ceramic substrate nearby the interlayer, but it was reduced from 384 MPa to 119 MPa when a 150 μm thick Cu foil was added. The variation of calculated residual stresses as a function of Cu foil thickness, which was verified by X-ray measurement, exhibited a consistent with Al2O3 ceramic strain energy. Thus, the calculation of Al2O3 ceramic strain energy could be a good criterion to evaluate the joint shear strength because the fracture occurred in the Al2O3 ceramic. The reduction of detrimental residual stress was primarily attributed to the increased plastic strain energy of Cu interlayer. The FEM and experiment results indicated that the ability of plastic deformation of the interlayer played a key role in determining the residual stress in the brazed joint, providing a method for improving the bonding properties of ceramic and metal.
       
  • Calibration of constitutive equations under conditions of large strains
           and stress triaxiality
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Andrzej Neimitz, Jaroslaw Galkiewicz, Ihor Dzioba Constitutive equations were calibrated to improve their application in assessing a stress field in front of a crack under the conditions of large strains and stress triaxiality. The Bai–Wierzbicki method was adopted, and certain changes and new terms were introduced to incorporate material softening. Five shapes of specimens were tested to cover a wide range of stress triaxiality conditions and Lode factors. Tests were performed at three different temperatures, namely, +20 °C, –20 °C, and –50 °C, and on three different materials obtained by three different heat treatments of S355JR steel.
       
  • Visualization study of the flow processes and phenomena in the external
           gear pump
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): P. Antoniak, J. Stryczek External gear pumps make some of the most frequently used hydraulic energy generators. In spite of the fact that those well known machines feature good operational parameters, the research and development work on the pumps is still going on. There is a number of various research methods applied. One of them, an experimental method, is a visualization study, on which this paper is focused.In this article, the visualization research method has been presented, which has been used for the study of the flow processes and phenomena in the external gear pump. Findings of the research enabled a detailed description of the flow process, namely of the transporting of the working fluid through the pump, in each of the typical zones of the pump. It turns out that a characteristic feature of the process is the occurrence of various cavitation phenomena. All characteristic cavitation forms, as well as the degrees of their intensity, observed during the research, have been catalogued and specifically described. The research also made it possible to identify the critical areas of the pump, which, consequently, allowed the development of specific design, construction and operational recommendations. A result of applying those recommendations was a considerable reduction of the intensity of the cavitation phenomena, evidence of which is the experimental study presented in this paper.
       
  • Evaluation of pre-treatment efficiency on sugarcane bagasse fibers for the
           production of cement composites
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Matheus R. Cabral, Erika Y. Nakanishi, Valdemir dos Santos, Joahnn H. Palacios, Stéphane Godbout, Holmer Savastano Junior, Juliano Fiorelli In the present study, physical, chemical, morphological, crystallographic analysis of the non-treated and treated (100 °C during 30 min) sugarcane bagasse fibers were examined. Sugarcane bagasse fibers pre-treatment effect on the Portland cement hydration was monitored by inhibition tests and differential scanning calorimetry in the first 24 h. Furthermore, 28 days age physical-mechanical properties of cement composite materials with sugarcane bagasse fibers were also evaluated. Inhibition index of treated sugarcane bagasse fibers was 5.9%, while for the non-treated sugarcane bagasse fibers it was 67.3%. Cement composites containing treated sugarcane bagasse fibers showed lower physical properties (water absorption and thickness swelling) than the cement composites reinforced with non-treated sugarcane bagasse fibers (p 
       
  • Durability analysis of forging tools after different variants of surface
           treatment using a decision-support system based on artificial neural
           networks
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Barbara Mrzygłód, Marek Hawryluk, Zbigniew Gronostajski, Andrzej Opaliński, Marcin Kaszuba, Sławomir Polak, Paweł Widomski, Jacek Ziemba, Maciej Zwierzchowski This article concerns a decision-support system based on artificial neural networks (ANN) enabling analysis and forecasting of the durability of forging tools used in the hot forging process of a cover forging – a sealing element of the driveshaft in road freight vehicles. The process of knowledge acquisition, adopted neural network architecture and parameters of the developed network are presented. In addition, 3 variants of a hybrid layer (gas nitrided layer GN + PVD coating) were applied to the selected tools (punches applied in the 2nd top forging operation): GN/AlCrTiN, GN/AlCrTiSiN, and GN/CrN, in order to improve durability, and the resultant tools were also compared to standard tools (with only gas nitriding) and regenerated tools (after repair welding regeneration). The indispensable knowledge about the durability of selected forging tools (after various surface engineering variants), required for the process of learning, testing and validation for various neural network architectures was obtained from comprehensive, multi-year studies. These studies covered, among other things: operational observation of the forging process, macroscopic analysis combined with scanning of tools’ working surfaces, microhardness measurements, microstructural analysis and numerical modeling of the forging process. The developed machine-learning dataset was a collection of approx. 900 knowledge records. The input (independent) variables were: number of forgings manufactures, pressing forces, temperature on selected tool surfaces, friction path and type of protective layer applied to tool. Meanwhile, output (dependent) variables were: geometrical loss of tool material and percentage share of the four main destructive mechanisms. Obtained results indicate the validity of employing ANN-based IT tools to build decision-support systems for the purpose of analyzing and forecasting the durability of forging tools.
       
  • Microstructural characterization of cellulose fibres in reinforced cement
           boards
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Krzysztof Schabowicz, Daria Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka, Zbigniew Ranachowski, Stanislav Kudela, Tomas Dvorak The microscopic analysis of the different cellulose fibre cement composites is presented. The observations of the fibres in optical microscope in transmitted light and in scanning electron microscope are described. The micro computed tomography (micro-CT) and SEM were used to determine the distribution of the fibres in the matrix. The investigated fibre cement boards were produced by extrusion process and panels were cured in natural conditions. The main goal of the research was application of different microscopic methods to analyze the fibres distribution as a result of a different methods of their production. Micro-CT was used for 3D visualization of fibres distribution in three different fibre cement boards. It was possible to determine the average diameter of the fibres and their concentration using the high-resolution mode of micro-CT scanning procedure. Finally, a procedure which can be applied as a useful tool for analysis of the different procedures used in production of fibre cement boards is described. This procedure can be successfully used in the quality control system of cellulose fibre distribution in cement composites.
       
  • Instabilities in membrane tension: Parametric study for large strain
           thermoplasticity
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Marzena Mucha, Balbina Wcisło, Jerzy Pamin, Katarzyna Kowalczyk-Gajewska This paper deals with the numerical analysis of localized deformation for a rectangular plate in membrane tension, modelled with large strain thermoplasticity. The aim is to determine the influence of selected factors on the localization phenomena, which can result from geometrical, material, and thermal softening. Two types of boundary conditions are considered: plane stress and plane strain, as well as two yield functions, Huber–Mises–Hencky and Burzyński–Drucker–Prager, with selected values of friction angle. First, isothermal conditions are considered and next, a conductive case with thermal softening is studied. Moreover, three types of plastic behaviour are analysed: strain hardening (with different values of hardening modulus), ideal plasticity, and strain softening. Numerical tests, performed using AceGen/FEM packages, are carried out for the rectangular plate under tension with an imperfection, using three finite element discretizations. The results for plane strain in the isothermal model show that with the decrease of linear hardening modulus, we can observe stronger mesh sensitivity, while for plane stress, mesh sensitivity is visible for all cases. Furthermore, for the thermomechanical model the results also depend on the mesh density due to insufficient heat conduction regularization.
       
  • Microwave and spark plasma sintering of carbon nanotube and graphene
           reinforced aluminum matrix composite
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Ehsan Ghasali, Parvaneh Sangpour, Alireza Jam, Hosein Rajaei, Kamyar Shirvanimoghaddam, Touradj Ebadzadeh Graphene and carbon nanotube due to their outstanding mechanical performance were used as reinforcement in aluminum (Al) based composite through spark plasma sintering (SPS), microwave (MW) and conventional techniques. The initial compositions of Al-1 wt% CNT, Al-1 wt% GNP and Al-1 wt% CNT–1 wt% GNP were mixed by a high energy ultrasonic device and mixer mill to achieve homogenous dispersion. The SPS, MW and conventional processes were conducted at almost 450, 600 and 700 °C, respectively. The maximum relative density (99.7 ± 0.2% of theoretical density) and bending strength (337 ± 11 MPa) obtained by SPS, while maximum microhardness of 221 ± 11 Vickers achieved by microwave for Al-1 wt% CNT–1 wt% GNP hybrid composite. X-ray diffraction (XRD) examinations identified Al as the only dominant phase accompanied by very low intensity peaks of Al4C3. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) micrographs demonstrated uniform distribution of GNP as well as CNT reinforcement in spark plasma sintered samples.
       
  • Introduction and seismic performance investigation of the proposed lateral
           bracing system called “OGrid”
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Maryam Boostani, Omid Rezaifar, Majid Gholhaki In this paper proposed bracing systems for earthquake resistant steel structures are introduced and studied through an experimental program and FEM (finite element method) numerical analysis. These proposed bracing systems called OGrid, by two types as the OGrid-I and the OGrid-H, are braced frames with circular braces connected to MRF (moment resisting frame) with joint connections. Linear and nonlinear behavior of the new OGrid bracing systems are studied and compared with X-bracing system, and MRF in one story base models. To achieve the linear and nonlinear behavior of models, response spectrum analysis and nonlinear static (pushover) analysis are used by FEM. Results showed that new OGrid bracing systems have appropriate vibration period, elastic stiffness and displacement. Absorbed energy of the proposed OGrid-I and OGrid-H bracing systems in comparison with MRF is 1.74 times and in comparison with X-bracing system is 34.8 times. The OGrid-I and OGrid-H bracing systems have more ductility and have great distance between relative deformation of the structure in yield strength level and the maximum relative deformation of structure after entering the plastic region, which cause to dissipate much lateral loads, and there is a great distance between first hinge formation and the moment that structure collapses.
       
  • Synthesis, microstructure and mechanical properties of bronze–molybdenum
           composites processed via LPS and SPS methods
    • Abstract: Publication date: September 2018Source: Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): Sina Memari, Mohammad Ardestani, Alireza Abbasi In this work, synthesis, densification and properties of bronze–70 wt% Mo and bronze–30 wt% Mo composite powders were investigated. The composite powders were prepared by mechanical milling of bronze–Mo powder mixtures for 16 h. The results of cold compressibility investigations showed that Heckel and Ge equations provided the best fit scenario for bronze–70 wt% Mo and bronze–30 wt% Mo, respectively. The composite powders were consolidated via pressureless and spark plasma sintering processes. The relative densities of spark plasma sintered samples with 30 and 70 wt% molybdenum were about 98%. However, the relative density of bronze–70 wt% Mo and bronze–30 wt% Mo pressureless sintered samples were 97.1 and 94.3%, respectively. The scanning electron microscopy observations revealed that the size and dispersion of Mo particles within the bronze matrix in the pressureless sintered samples was completely different from that of the spark plasma sintered ones. Furthermore, it was found that in spite of nearly close relative densities, the hardness and flexural strength of the spark plasma sintered samples were higher than that of the pressureless sintered ones which was due to different shape, size and dispersion of the Mo particles within the matrix phase in the different samples. According to the results, the preferred densification process was SPS method.
       
 
 
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