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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2268 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (190 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (103 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1201 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (380 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (67 journals)
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CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 183 of 183 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 266)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Underground Space     Open Access  
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)

           

Journal Cover Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering
  [3 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2345-4415 - ISSN (Online) 2345-4423
   Published by Semnan University Homepage  [2 journals]
  • INNOVATIONS IN SUSTAINABLE EARTHQUAKE RESISTING ROCKING WALL-FRAMES

    • Abstract: This paper introduces a novel design concept for the development of efficient, sustainable Rocking-Wall Moment Frames (RWMFs) under seismic conditions. The proposed concepts lead to a novel structural configuration with provisions for Collapse Prevention (CP), Self-Centering (SC), reparability, performance control (PC), damage reduction, and energy based seismic analysis. It introduces the merits of design led analysis (DLA) over the traditional methods of approach, followed by the development of a lateral resisting system that is more efficient than its conventional counterparts. The fundamental idea behind the proposed methodology is that seismic structural response is mainly a function of design and construction, rather than numerical analysis. In design led analysis the rules of mechanics and structural design are induced rather than followed .The new system is a combination of grade beam restrained moment frames and articulated shear walls, tied to each other by means of post tensioned (PT) stabilizers and Gap Opening Link Beams (GOLBs).
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Effect of Pile Scouring on the Structural Behavior of a Fixed Jacket
           Platform with ...

    • Abstract: In offshore structures, most of failures are caused by the lack of sufficient piles strength. Scour phenomena affects the load transition and the pile strength. The necessity of the consideration of scouring phenomena amplifies when the scour depth becomes remarkable, which can endanger the jacket stability. In this paper, a new method is used to consider the pile scouring using nonlinear pushover analysis with SACS software. A recently-built existing jacket platform namely SPD 19C is selected as a case study. Results show that Reserve Strength Ratio (RSR) of the jacket platform decreases when scour depth increased in the both aged and recently-built cases. RSR decreasing becomes more sensible as scour depth increases. According to API RP2A collapse will be occurred in the range of RSR< 1.6. It is shown at RSR=1.6, collapse will be occurred in the scouring depth of 13.5m and 11m for recently-built and aged platform respectively, which both have approximately 27% lower RSR than their original state. So scour protection methods should be addressed in vulnerable areas as preventive alternatives.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Modeling of resilient modulus of asphalt concrete containing reclaimed
           asphalt pavement using ...

    • Abstract: Reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) is one of the waste materials that highway agencies promote to use in new construction or rehabilitation of highways pavement. Since the use of RAP can affect the resilient modulus and other structural properties of flexible pavement layers, this paper aims to employ two different artificial neural network (ANN) models for modeling and evaluating the effects of different percentages of RAP on resilient modulus of hot-mix asphalt (HMA). To this end, 216 resilient modulus tests were conducted for establishing the experimental dataset. Input variables for predicting resilient modulus were temperature, penetration grade of asphalt binder, loading frequency, change of asphalt binder content compared to optimum asphalt binder content and percentage of RAP. Results of modeling using feed-forward neural network (FFNN) and generalized regression neural network (GRNN) model were compared with the measured resilient modulus using two statistical indicators. Results showed that for FFNN model, the coefficient of determination between observed and predicted values of resilient modulus for training and testing sets were 0.993 and 0.981, respectively. These two values were 0.999 and 0.967 in case of GRNN. So, according to comparison of R2 for testing set, the accuracy of FFNN method was superior to GRNN method. Tests results and artificial neural network analysis showed that the temperature was the most effective parameter on the resilient modulus of HMA containing RAP materials. In addition by increasing RAP content, the resilient modulus of HMA increased.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • ULTRA-LOW CYCLE FATIGUE FRACTURE LIFE OF A TYPE OF BUCKLING RESTRAINED
           BRACE

    • Abstract: Buckling restrained braced frames (BRBFs) for seismic load resistance have been widely used in recent years. One of the key requirements for a buckling restrained brace is to sustain large plastic deformations under severe ground motions. The core of a buckling restrained brace is prone to fatigue fracture under cyclic loading. The earthquake induced fracture type of the core plate in a buckling restrained brace can be categorized as ultra-low cycle fatigue fracture. This paper investigates the ultra-low cycle fatigue fracture life of a type of composite buckling restrained brace previously tested. The newly developed cyclic void growth model was adopted to theoretically predict the fracture and crack initiation in the core. In addition, the Coffin-Manson fatigue damage model was applied to estimate the fracture life of the brace. A FEM model of the BRB developed in ABAQUS was used to evaluate the fatigue life. The analysis results showed that the cyclic void growth model is capable to nearly predict the fracture life of the core in buckling restrained brace.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Prediction of ligthweight aggregate concrete compressive strength

    • Abstract: Nowadays, the better performance of lightweight structures during earthquake has resulted in using lightweight concrete more than ever. However, determining the compressive strength of concrete used in these structures during their service through a none-destructive test is a popular and useful method. One of the main methods of non-destructive testing in the assessment of compressive strength of concrete in the service is ultrasonic pulse velocity test. The aim of this study is predicting the compressive strength of lightweight aggregate concrete by offering a suitable mathematical formulation. Many samples of lightweight aggregate concrete, made by expanded clay, have been produced and tested. After determining the actual compressive strength and indirect ultrasonic pulse velocity for each sample, a relationship was presented to predict the compressive strength through Gene Expression Programming (GEP). The results show the presented equation has high accuracy in estimating the compressive strength of samples and that experimental results are perfectly compatible with the test results.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Nonlinear Finite Element Modeling of Different Cross-Sectional Shapes of
           Slender RC Columns ...

    • Abstract: In the present study, non-linear finite element analyses are carried out on the slender reinforced concrete columns wrapped using CFRP composite with different cross-sectional shapes having the same area. Thickness of the CFRP wraps, concrete compressive strength, corner radius, loading condition, slenderness ratio and column size are the main parameters of this study. According to this, four different eccentricity-to-section-height ratios, four different levels of the CFRP thicknesses in the strengthened specimens, the slenderness ratio of the length to the section-height (l/h) from 6 to 12, three various types of column size, concrete compressive strength values from 20 MPa to 50 MPa and corner radius from 10 to 40 mm are considered. This paper presents a comparison of a numerical simulation using ABAQUS software, with the results of experimental tests by previous researchers to validate finite element models. It is shown that the predicted results by this numerical study are in reasonable agreement with the results of experimental studies. The results of this investigation also represented a considerable enhancement on the performance of strengthened columns with CFRP compared to unstrengthened columns.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION EFFECTS ON HYSTERETIC ENERGY DEMAND FOR
           STIFFNESS DEGRADING SYSTEMS ...

    • Abstract: This paper aims to study the influence of soil-structure interaction on plastic energy demand spectra directly derived from the energy-balance equations of soil-shallow-foundation structure with respect to an ensemble of far-field strong ground motions obtained from Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research (PEER) database and recorded on alluvium soil. The superstructure is modeled as a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) oscillator with Modified Clough stiffness degrading model resting on flexible soil. The soil beneath the superstructure is considered as a homogeneous elastic half space and is modeled through the concept of Cone shallow foundation Models. A parametric study is carried out for 2400 soil-structure systems with various aspect ratios of the building as well as non-dimensional frequency as a representative of the structure-to-soil stiffness ratio having a wide range of fundamental fixed-base period and target ductility demand values under a family of 19 earthquake ground motions. Results show that generally for the structure located on softer soils severe dissipated energy drop will be observed with respect to the corresponding fixed-base system. The only exception is for the case of short period slender buildings in which the hysteretic energy demand of soil-structure systems could be up to 70% larger than that of their fixed-base counterparts. Moreover, dissipated energy spectra are much more sensitive to the variation of target ductility especially for the case of drastic SSI effect.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Determining the Effective Distance of Wind Shelter Index by Defining
           Innovative Index Named ...

    • Abstract: The wind’s effectiveness was compared in different points of a watershed using a quantity called The Wind Shelter Index.The wind’s effectiveness was compared in different points of a watershed using a quantity called The Wind Shelter Index. It is necessary to choose a distance called the effective distance in the process of this index determination. The criterion already used for this purpose was only usable in snowy places. According to the wind shelter index usability in some phenomena that are not in snowy areas, the use of this index will be applied. This study uses observational data of snow surveys from 258 points in Samsami Basin to introduce a new index called “Virtual Wind Shelter” that can be used to choose the effective distance of the area applicable in snowy and non-snowy places. The results showed that the index introduced in this study has the capability of replacement with the correlation of wind shelter index with snow depth criterion.
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jul 2018 19:30:00 +010
       
  • Comparison of Seismic Input Energy Based on the Characteristics of
           Structural Hysteretic Behavior

    • Abstract: The variation of earthquake input energy with characteristics of various structural systems, particularly in hysteretic states, has not been studied to such extent that creates enough con-fidence for proposing energy-based design criteria. In this paper, at first, based on a somehow new insight into the concept of earthquake input energy, two concepts of ‘Received Energy’ (ERec) and ‘Returned Energy’ (ERet) have been discussed. Then, by using various hysteretic mod-els for expressing the behavior of structures, including elasto-plastic, bilinear, Wen, Clough, and Takeda models, and two strength levels for the structure, variations of the ‘Total Input Energy’ (ETot) and also ERec and ERet with respect to the structural specifications have been investigated, by a series of Non-Linear Time History Analyses (NLTHA). Several earthquake accelerograms with various frequency contents from low to high, and peak ground acceleration values have been used for NLTHA. Results show that in some cases the amount of seismic input energy varies remarkably with the hysteretic specifications of the structure, particularly its strength. On this basis, it can be claimed that the hysteretic specifications can be used as measures for limiting the amount of earthquake input energy, and accordingly the level of overall damage to the structure.
      PubDate: Sat, 11 Nov 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Application of soft computing techniques to Predict of hydraulic jump
           length on rough beds

    • Abstract: A hydraulic jump phenomenon serves a variety of purposes, for instance, to dissipate the energy of flow to prevent bed erosion and aerate water or to facilitate the mixing process of chemicals used for the purification of water. In the current study, three artificial intelligence approaches, namely artificial neural networks (ANNs), two different adaptive-neuro-fuzzy inference system with grid partition (ANFIS-GP), and gene expression programming (GEP) were applied to forecast developed and non-developed hydraulic jump length. Four different GEP, ANFIS-GP and ANN models comprising various combinations of Froude number, bed roughness height, upstream and downstream flow depth based on measured experimental data-set were developed to forecast hydraulic jump length variations. The determination coefficient (R2) and root mean square error (RMSE) statistics were used for evaluating the accuracy of models. Based on the comparisons, it was found that the ANN, ANFIS-GP and GEP models could be employed successfully in forecasting hydraulic jump length. A comparison was made between these artificial intelligence approaches which emphasized the superiority of ANNs and ANFIS-GP over the other intelligent models for modeling developed and non-developed hydraulic jump length, respectively. For non-developed hydraulic jump, the R2 and RMSE values obtained as 0.87 and 2.84 for ANFIS-GP model.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Nov 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Reliability and Sensitivity Analysis of Structures Using Adaptive
           Neuro-Fuzzy Systems

    • Abstract: In this study, an efficient method based on Monte Carlo simulation, utilized with Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) is introduced for reliability analysis of structures. Monte Carlo Simulation is capable of solving a broad range of reliability problems. However, the amount of computational efforts that may involve is a draw back of such methods. ANFIS is capable of approximating structural response for predicting probability of failure, allowing the computation of performance measures at much lower cost. In fact, ANFIS derives adaptively an explicit approximation of the implicit limit state functions. For this purpose, a quasi sensitivity analysis based on ANFIS was developed for determination of most influential design variables, used for predicting the limit state function, led to the approximation of the structural failure probability. Preparation of ANFIS however, was preceded using a relaxation based method developed by which the optimum number of training samples and epochs was obtained. That was introduced to more efficiently reduce the computational time of ANFIS training. To assess the effectiveness of the proposed methodology, some illustrative examples are considered.
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Nov 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • A two-step method for damage identification and quantification in large
           trusses via wavelet ...

    • Abstract: In the present study, a two-step approach for damage prognosis in long trusses is suggested in which the first step deals with locating probable damages by wavelet transform (WT) and static deflection derived from modal data with the intention of declining the subsequent inverse problem variables. Then, in the second step, optimization based model updating method using Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) algorithm will be employed to quantify the predicted damages within an inverse problem. Interestingly, it is shown in the paper that the two-step method greatly aids in declining the number of variables of the model updating process resulting in more precise results and far less computational effort. Besides, the method is found considerably effective especially for damage prognosis of large trusses. In this regard, two numerical examples including noisy data are considered to assess the efficacy of the method for real practical problems. Additionally, the validity of the second step results is investigated using other optimizers namely Invasive Weed Optimization (IWO) and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO).
      PubDate: Wed, 01 Nov 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Time-Dependent Structural Behavior of Repaired Corroded RC Columns Located
           in a Marine Site

    • Abstract: The chloride corrosion of reinforcing steel in reinforced concrete (RC) structures is a significant reason for premature deterioration and failure of RC structures in aggressive environments such as Persian Gulf region. This is one of the most important sources of engineering and economic problems in developed countries. So, the repair and maintenance of RC structures exposed to corrosive environments are very important for optimizing the service life and life cycle cost of these structures.In this research, a finite element model is applied to assess the time-dependent capacity of corroded RC structures using nonlinear analysis; this includes the impact of corrosion on inelastic buckling and low-cycle fatigue degradation of reinforcements. In this analysis, the influence of a number of repair or rehabilitation methods on the performance of a corroded square RC column due to chloride-induced corrosion are investigated and compared, including concrete surface coatings used on the external surface of concrete, and shotcrete repair after the initial cracking of concrete cover. So that, to investigate the surface coating influence on the corrosion percentage of reinforcements and structural performance due to corrosion, two surface coatings as repair methods are simulated as the equivalent concrete cover thickness. The equivalent concrete cover thickness is considered on the initial concrete cover at crack initiation time that decreases the corrosion current density and corrosion percentage after this time. Moreover, the equivalent concrete cover thickness is calculated based on experimental data of chloride diffusion into concrete specimens with surface coating located in south of Iran.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Experimental investigation of octagonal partially encased composite
           columns subject to ...

    • Abstract: Partially Encased Composite (PEC) column is one of the recent achievements in the field of composite columns. This paper presents a combined experimental and theoretical study on the mechanical performances of six octagonal PEC columns subjected to axial compressive and bending moment loading. The major different between them was the concrete reinforcement details. The parameters studied in the experimental and numerical study were the type of reinforcement details and the failure mode. The results were presented as load-deformation and moment-rotation curves. In the analytical phase, the experimental results in the compressive loading were compared with those obtained from CSA S16-14 and EN 1994-1-1 equations. The comparison of the code equations given in CSA S16-14 and EN 1994-1-1 revealed that the equation in CSA S16-14 underestimates the capacity. Also, theoretical relationships were used to estimate the compressive capacity and the behavior of laboratory models in order to find the confinement coefficient of concrete.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Cross section effects on convergence-confinement method in multi stage
           tunnel excavation

    • Abstract: Dimensionless coefficient () in convergence confinement method shows the relaxation of stress in the wall of the tunnel at different excavation movements. This factor is considered a constant number in previous studies and tunnel geometric characteristics (such as depth, cross-section shape, radius, soil material, etc.) are not included in its determination; however, ignoring these effects can cause significant errors in the analysis of tunnels. In this study, the effect of excavation pattern and tunnel cross section shape on stress reduction factor has been investigated. For this purpose, at first, by considering the conventional cross sections of the tunnel (circular, horseshoe, and double arch), using finite difference numerical simulation software FLAC 2D and FLAC 3D, the type of excavation (full face and multi face) was investigated in estimating the stress reduction factor by considering depth, radius, and different points around the tunnel. Finally, studies were carried out between the 2D and 3D analyses and the experiments conducted at Karaj Subway to verify the results obtained from the above 2D analyses. The results of this study show the important effect of tunnel cross-section on determining stress reduction factor. Using variable stress reduction factor in the all-around of tunnel cross section can lead to more realistic simulations of complex behavior of tunnels during the excavation. Moreover, this method can be used for the analysis and design of tunnel due to its time saving nature and at the same time sufficient accuracy.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Leak detection in water collection and transmission networks using minimum
           nodal pressure ...

    • Abstract: Leak has always been one of the problems in water distribution networks, whose preventing not only results in saving of water sources, but also has profound effects on maintenance cost of networks. In present paper, a new method is applied for leak detection in water collection and transmission network. In this method, detection of leak location is performed by pressure difference analysis at junctions and by the help of relative index of leak. In this regard, at least two nodes have to be selected for pressure measurement within the network, in order to monitor the pressure changes in with and without leak cases. The investigated network in this research includes 7 wells with approximate length of 7800 m located in North Western city of Mashhad. A real leak with a rate of 7.57 l/s is created at one of the network nodes whose amount is measurable by a volume counter. Finally, this leak is identified by the proposed method via 3 nodal pressure measurements
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
  • Impact of Loading Protocol on the Performance of the Steel Moment Frame
           Connections

    • Abstract: Today, for the moment frame structures, seismic provisions of the structural engineering design codes depend on the inelastic deformation as well as inelastic capacity of the connections. A cyclic loading protocol is normally exercised for measuring such capability. This paper investigates the deformation capacity of steel moment resisting frame’s connections subjected to different loading protocols. To evaluate the performance of the connections subjected to various cyclic loads, behavior of three types of connections is studied. Behavior and capacity of each connection are assessed subjected to different loading protocols; namely ATC, FEMA and SAC. The results from this research indicate that the ATC and FEMA loading make greater demands on the connections; while SAC basic loading shows a better agreement with the target values of the loading protocol. A loading protocol has been developed taking some criteria into account in order to match the target values presented in SAC study for steel moment connection’s bam to column sub-assemblies. Then the connections were subjected once again to the proposed loading protocol and results compared to those of other loading protocols. The results reveal that the connections subjected to the proposed loading protocol provide greater deformation and strength capacity. Also, lower equivalent plastic strain and lower dissipated energy were observed when the connection is subjected to the proposed loading protocol.
      PubDate: Mon, 30 Oct 2017 20:30:00 +010
       
 
 
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