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CIVIL ENGINEERING (219 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 219 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Agregat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Architecture and Engineering     Open Access  
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Building & Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 291)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Construindo     Open Access  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Gaceta Técnica     Open Access  
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture     Open Access  
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology     Open Access  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Research in Water and Wastewater     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 79)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Road and Traffic Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Water and Wastewater / Ab va Fazilab     Open Access  
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Lithosphere     Open Access  
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Media Komunikasi Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Media Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Mokslas – Lietuvos ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania     Open Access  
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
npj Materials Degradation     Open Access  
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Promet : Traffic &Transportation     Open Access  
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
REDER : Revista de Estudios Latinoamericanos sobre Reducción del Riesgo de Desastres     Open Access  
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Investigación     Open Access  
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Sul-Americana de Engenharia Estrutural     Open Access  
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
International Journal of Geo-Engineering
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2092-9196 - ISSN (Online) 2198-2783
Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [234 journals]
  • A review of Genetic Programming and Artificial Neural Network applications
           in pile foundations

    • Abstract: Uncertainty in the behavior of geotechnical materials (e.g. soil and rock) is the result of imprecise physical processes associated with their formation. This uncertainty provides complexity in modeling the behavior of such materials. The same condition is applied to the behavior of the structural elements dealing with them. In this regard, pile foundations, as the structural elements used to transfer superstructure loads deep into the ground, are subjected to these material uncertainties and modeling complexity. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has demonstrated superior predictive ability compared to traditional methods in modeling the complex behavior of materials. This ability has made AI a popular and particularly amenable option in geotechnical engineering applications. Genetic Programming (GP) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) are two of the most common examples of AI techniques. This paper provides a review of GP and ANN applications in estimation of the pile foundations bearing capacity.
      PubDate: 2018-01-09
  • Modeling the lateral response of pile groups in cohesionless and cohesive

    • Abstract: A three-dimensional finite element approach was used to assess the lateral pile and pile group response subjected to pure lateral load. The study evaluated three pile group configurations (i.e. 2 × 1, 2 × 2 and 3 × 2 pile groups) with four values of pile spacing (i.e. 2D, 4D, 6D and 8D, where D is the pile diameter). The results of the influence of load intensities, group configuration, pile spacing are discussed in terms of response of load vs. lateral displacement, load vs. soil resistance and corresponding p–y curves. The improved plots can be used for laterally loaded pile design and also to produce the group action design p-multiplier curves and equations. As a result, design curves were developed and applied in the actual case studies and similar expected cases for assessment of pile group behavior using improved p-multiplier. A design equation was derived from predicted design curves to be used in the evaluation of the lateral pile group action. The equation was used with the previous results to predict the expected design curve take in the account different source of p-multiplier. It was found that the group interaction effect led to reduced lateral resistance for the pile in the group relative to that for the single pile. In addition, the present study was compatible with the results of previous results for the first and second trailing row and was less compatible with the result from the previous works in the case of piles in leading row.
      PubDate: 2018-01-02
  • Ground subsidence in plains around Tehran: site survey, records
           compilation and analysis

    • Abstract: Ground subsidence has been occurring in the southern areas of Tehran in the former 25 years. This phenomenon influences a 525 km2 area with a maximum measured value of 2530 mm. Subsidence rate varies in different locations, and has a maximum rate of 360 mm/year in some areas. Existence of a thick layer of clay makes this region more susceptible to subsidence. Moreover, Tehran has been experiencing drought through these years which has resulted in decrease of groundwater level. This paper concentrates on variations of ground surface level in Tehran and Shahriar plains during 1992–2010, and studies its relationship with groundwater elevation changes in this period. Changes of ground and groundwater level are modeled via ArcGIS for several different time intervals. Current study reveals that in some locations, other factors including subsurface erosion, presence of old aqueducts, drainage of organic soils, and soil removal are more troublesome compared to groundwater elevation drawdown. In addition, site investigation is performed to study the occurrence of ground collapses, regional settlements, cracks in roads and buildings, and well-casing protrusion.
      PubDate: 2017-12-22
  • The potential of cement stabilized shale quarry dust for possible use as
           road foundation material

    • Abstract: This research investigated the potential of cement stabilized shale quarry dust for possible use as road foundation material. From the results, the shale consists mainly of SiO2 (27.7–60.1%), Al2O3 (7.30–17.9%), CaO (3.91–32.3%) and LOI (4.93–18.8%). The shale quarry dust (SQD) in its natural state had an average liquid limit (LL) as 38%, plasticity index (PI) as 24% and fines fraction as 14%, which is regarded as poor material according to American Society for Testing and Materials recommendation. The plasticity, compaction, California bearing ratio (CBR) and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) of the SQD were evaluated in its natural state and when mixed with varying percentages of cement. When stabilized with 3% cement, the strength parameters such as CBR and UCS showed improvement by about 20 and 25%, respectively, while the swellability indicators; plasticity and shrinkage limit reduced by about 56.2 and 46.6%, respectively, suggesting substantial improvement in the volume stability, strength and stress–strain properties and continued strength gain with time of the cement treated materials. The presence of the carbonate minerals contributed to the improved strength of the SQD for a given cement type and dosage. The beneficial changes in geotechnical properties of SQD when treated with 6% Portland cement, indicate that treated shale material satisfy most Nigerian specifications for highway fill and embankment, base and sub-base material. Their use, in heavy traffic highway, however, may be handled with caution as the continued high LL may likely imply some swelling on moisture influx.
      PubDate: 2017-12-18
  • Fundamentals of soil stabilization

    • Abstract: Clayey soils are usually stiff when they are dry and give up their stiffness as they become saturated. Soft clays are associated with low compressive strength and excessive settlement. This reduction in strength due to moisture leads to severe damages to buildings and foundations. The soil behavior can be a challenge to the designer build infrastructure plans to on clay deposits. The damage due to the expansive soils every year is expected to be $1 billion in the USA, £150 million in the UK, and many billions of pounds worldwide. The damages associated with expansive soils are not because of the lack of inadequate engineering solutions but to the failure to identify the existence and magnitude of expansion of these soils in the early stage of project planning. One of the methods for soil improvement is that the problematic soil is replaced by suitable soil. The high cost involved in this method has led researchers to identify alternative methods, and soil stabilization with different additives is one of those methods. Recently, modern scientific techniques of soil stabilization are on offer for this purpose. Stabilized soil is a composite material that is obtained from the combination and optimization of properties of constituent materials. Adding cementing agents such as lime, cement and industrial byproducts like fly ash and slag, with soil results in improved geotechnical properties. However, during the past few decades, a number of cases have been reported where sulfate-rich soils stabilized by cement or lime underwent a significant amount of heave leading to pavement failure. This research paper addressed the some fundamental and success soil improvement that used in civil engineering field.
      PubDate: 2017-12-16
  • Numerical study of plastic response of urban underground rock tunnel
           subjected to earthquake

    • Abstract: Underground facilities play an important role in infrastructure of modern society, especially some lifeline engineering, such as subway and railway tunnels, civil air-defense engineering and so on. As we know, the entire cognitive processes of seismic response of underground openings to earthquake is transforming from taking no account of earthquake load, primordially, to adopting the theory of free-field deformation, transitively, and the employing theory of dynamic design till now. However, so far, there are no established methods which can absolutely be employed for assessing and evaluating stability and induced plastic damage of tunnel surroundings ground during earthquakes. Based on a while building subway tunnel, this paper describes the propagation of seismic wave and seismic induced plastic damage of surrounding rock with a simple harmonic wave and a field recorded wave, which have the same dominate frequency. In addition, the specific energy density (SED) is introduced to represent the energy dissipation during ground shaking. Due to the recorded time-history wave, the response of feature points along tunnel and extension of plastic zone are analyzed with the different peak ground acceleration (PGA). Results illustrate that the upper tunnel cross section is more vulnerable than the lower part. Interestingly, when the PGA reaches 0.3 and 0.4 time of gravity acceleration, the seismic response of tunnel behaves almost the same.
      PubDate: 2017-12-14
  • An earth pressure coefficient based on the geomechanical and geometric
           parameters of backfill in a mine stope

    • Abstract: The backfilling of underground stopes in mines has become common practice in the mining industry as it increases the stability of mine excavations and reduces environmental problems. The backfilling process involves several technical aspects that must be assessed to ensure that the backfilling objectives are achieved. The horizontal stress exerted by backfill on excavation walls must be estimated accurately to avoid the failure of mine pillars. The analytical Marston method is often used for evaluating this stress as it takes into consideration an earth pressure coefficient (K) that is dependent on the geotechnical properties of the backfill. This paper demonstrates that the accuracy of the Marston method for predicting horizontal earth pressure would be improved by using K values that are determined as a function of backfill geotechnical parameters and also excavation geometry. Both components vary inevitably from one backfilled site to another. A methodology is developed to adjust the K value to be a function of these parameters for its application within the Marston analytical method thereby providing a more accurate prediction of earth pressure. Based on various geometric and geomechanical parameters, two graphs are developed to evaluate proper earth pressure values. These graphs can be used for estimating more accurate K values that are based on the characteristics of the stope and the backfill material.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11
  • Performance assessment of single and group of helical piles embedded in
           expansive soil

    • Abstract: The present work deals with helical piles that extensively used in foundations for structures subjected to both compressive and tensile forces. The behavior of square helical piles models (5 × 5) mm, embedded in expansive soil overlaying a layer of well compacted sandy soil, (single and group of helical piles) were investigated and compared with ordinary piles. Model tests are performed with helical pile length 150, 200, and 300 mm and helix diameters 15 and 20 mm. Helical piles with one helix and double helix were considered. The pattern of helical piles group models consists of four piles in a square arrangement. Thirty-six models of helical pile groups embedded into the expansive soil were performed. It is found that the pile length, number of helix, and helix diameter have a great effect on the amount and rate of uplift movement of helical piles embedded in expansive soil. The deeper helical piles with higher L/D ratios showed greater pullout capacity comparing to the shallower piles. The maximum upward movement of helical piles group is less than that of single pile.
      PubDate: 2017-12-09
  • Effect of RBI Grade 81 on strength characteristics of clayey subgrade

    • Abstract: The present study deals with the effect of Road Building International Grade 81 (RBI Grade 81) on strength characteristics of the clayey subgrade. A wide range of tests was conducted on various percentages of RBI Grade 81 subgrade mixtures such as Atterberg limits, compaction characteristics, California Bearing Ratio (CBR) and Unconfined Compression Strength tests (UCS). It can be noticed that the CBR of clayey subgrade has increased significantly with the addition of RBI Grade 81. Similarly, the maximum dry density (MDD) has decreased and the optimum moisture content (OMC) has increased with RBI Grade 81 addition to subgrade. The strength of clay subgrade at 8% of RBI Grade 81 has improved 3–3.5 times as compared to the natural clayey subgrade. Overall, it can be concluded that RBI Grade 81 is suggested as a potential stabilizing agent especially for clayey subgrades.
      PubDate: 2017-11-24
  • Correction to: Effect of different parameters on the behavior of strip
           footing resting on weak soil improved by granular piles

    • Abstract: After publication of this article [1] it came to our attention that the affiliation of Mohamed Elsawy was incorrectly shown. His affiliation should have been given as Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Aswan, Aswan 81542, Egypt, with Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Tabuk, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia as his present address.
      PubDate: 2017-11-22
  • A numerical comparison of random vibration theory and time histories based
           methods for equivalent-linear site response analyses

    • Abstract: Dynamic site response is usually implemented using an equivalent-linear approach through analyses based on time-histories or random vibration theory (RVT). In the RVT approach the input motion is characterized in the frequency domain by means of Fourier Amplitude Spectra (FAS) or power spectral densities so that the need for selecting/developing multiple suitable time-histories is avoided. Nevertheless, past studies have found that RVT may produce results that differ significantly from empirically determined site amplification functions and from the time history approach. This work is aimed to further understand the potential differences in the results from RVT and time-histories based approaches by performing a comprehensive numerical evaluation that takes into account the effect of the input intensity level, input spectral shape, site conditions, and the methodology used to produce the input FAS. The results obtained corroborate that RVT over-predictions occur mainly at the site fundamental frequencies and are larger for relatively soft soil deposits with significant impedance contrast at the soil/rock interface. However, in the soft site evaluated the magnitude of the over-prediction was rather insensitive to the increase in the inelastic demand, conversely, the over-prediction in the stiffer site increased as the site softened due to the rising inelastic demand.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06
  • On the development of a non-linear calibration relationship for the
           purpose of clay content estimation from the natural gamma ray log

    • Abstract: The Shurijeh Formation of Early Cretaceous age is an important clastic sandstone reservoir rock in the Gonbadli field, NE Iran. The quantitative determination of Shurijeh clay minerals has been considered to be a very important and challenging task due to the heterogeneity of formation. The calibrated gamma ray log has been traditionally used as the primary estimator of volume of clay in the subsurface formations. The comparison between the core-measured values and the resulting estimates from the old calibration methods in Shurijeh Formation revealed that despite of applying old calibrations, the Shurijeh clay contents suffers from overestimations. Thus, the most accurate calibration for natural gamma ray log was developed, using the integration of quantitative mineralogical analyses from 76 core samples to estimate the volume of clay in Shurijeh Formation. The least percent relative error, i.e., 11.4%, was achieved in developing a new regression relationship in the form of a rational function acting as the most accurate non-linear clay indicator. The reliability of it was verified by the excellent correlation between the laboratory-measured clay contents in the core samples from another wells drilled in the mentioned Formation and the estimated values. The spectral log ratios have also been used to estimate the Formation depositional environment and different clay minerals types in it. It could truly be inferred that the Shurijeh was deposited in a marine environment with most of data having a thorium to uranium (Th/U) ratio in the range of 1–10. However, the indirect clay typing accomplished by several cross-plots, did not provide consistent results with the laboratory-determined types from the XRD test.
      PubDate: 2017-11-01
  • Contaminated dredged soil stabilization using cement and bottom ash for
           use as highway subgrade fill

    • Abstract: Large amount of sediments are dredged from connecting drains of River Yamuna as a part of its regular maintenance in Delhi. These dredged soils generally considered as waste due to its poor engineering properties. In this study attempt has been made to improve strength, durability and immobilize contaminants of the contaminated dredged soil collected from Najafgarh drain by mixing it with different proportion of cement–bottom ash mix so that it can suitably fulfill the requirements of highway subgrade materials. Compaction test, California bearing ratio test, wetting and drying test, toxicity characteristic leaching procedure leachate test and scanning electron microscope test were performed on the contaminated dredged soil specimens and the results indicated that cement–bottom ash mix was effective in improving the engineering properties of the contaminated dredged soils. Also, the test results of the contaminated dredged soil stabilized with cement–bottom ash mix were better in comparison to cement alone. From the study it reveals that the optimum proportion of additive to be used to improve properties of the contaminated dredged soils was 10% cement + 10% bottom ash mix for use it as a highway subgrade fill materials.
      PubDate: 2017-10-24
  • Prediction of the uniaxial compressive strength and Brazilian tensile
           strength of weak conglomerate

    • Abstract: Uniaxial compressive strength and tensile strength considered as important parameters in characterization of rock material in rock engineering. The necessary core samples cannot always be obtained from weak and block-in-matrix conglomeratic rock. For this reason, the predictive models can employed for the indirect estimation of mechanical parameters. The study investigated correlations uniaxial compressive strength and tensile strength with point load index. Numerous specimens of weak conglomerate were collected from different sites of dams in Iran. Predictive models include regression techniques and artificial neural network. To control performance of prediction capacity of equation, root mean square error and correlation coefficients were calculated. The correlation coefficients indices were calculated as 0.96 for the uniaxial compressive strength obtained from the regression model and 0.94 obtained from artificial neural network model; 0.605 for the tensile strength obtained from the regression model and 0.638 obtained from artificial neural network model.
      PubDate: 2017-09-12
  • Monitoring and evaluating of slope stability for setting out of critical
           limit at slope stability radar

    • Abstract: Slope stability monitoring and evaluating play vital role in the risk management of open cast mines. Generally, Issue of slope failure occurs at open cast mines due to undisciplined mining, impacts of weather conditions. Slope stability radar provide slope stability warning impending failure and also it has used for setting out threshold value. This threshold value obtained from parameter value, some previous scan data of radar at open cast mines and applied statistical analysis. After that it has carried out accurate result of slope stability monitoring area and remotely scanning region slopes to continuously measure any surface movements.
      PubDate: 2017-09-04
  • Determination of soil shear properties on a soil to concrete interface
           using a direct shear box apparatus

    • Abstract: Direct shear experiments were carried out both to investigate the interaction between a predominantly cohesion less soil and in-situ concrete and the validation of the tangent of two-third of the angle of internal friction angle normally assumed in design involving stability of structures with respect to friction. The tests for soil to soil interface indicate internal friction angles of 13.9° and 14.3°, while the soil to in situ concrete interface indicates friction angles of 24.9° and 27.9°. For the soil–concrete interface; the tangent of two-third of the friction angles gives values that are developed by a range of normal stress indicated by the direct shear experiment. These values are between 141 and 430 kPa. The friction values computed from the soil–concrete interface are very conservative for this range of normal stress. However for normal stress values less than 141 kPa, the use of the tangent of two-third of the angle of internal friction principle may not be safe as it may overestimate the friction values which such a system will develop. The study indicates that a range of stress level should be specified for a given friction value adopted in a design situation.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
  • Analysis of blasted rocks fragmentation using digital image processing
           (case study: limestone quarry of Abyek Cement Company)

    • Abstract: One of the inseparable parts of mining activities is blasting which one of its important outcomes is fragmentation. Fragmentation is the first result of blasting that is directly related to the mining costs. There are various methods for determining the degree of fragmentation which are divided into two groups, direct and indirect methods. Among direct methods, sieve analysis and, among indirect methods, observational, empirical and digital image processing methods may be referred. In this study, which dealt with the amount of fragmentation in Pir Ali limestone mine, the digital image processing method and Split Desktop software that is the most efficient software in this respect were used. Three blocks with different blast patterns were analyzed to study the fragmentation phenomenon and, ultimately, the F20, F50 and F80 and top size values for each block were obtained separately. Outputs of the Split Desktop software were obtained in tabular form as well as cumulative grain-size curves. The F80 values for the 2.5 × 2.5 m, 2 × 2.5 m, and 2.5 × 3 m patterns were approximately 65.8, 56, and 70 cm, respectively. Finally, outputs of Split Desktop were compared to the results of the Kuz-Ram experimental model. The F80 values obtained for the 2.5 × 2.5 m, 2 × 2.5 m, and 2.5 × 3 m patterns were 54.9, 43.5, and 62.03 cm, respectively, which were in close agreement with the outputs from the software. It can be concluded that the closer F80 of the blasted rocks to the crusher entrance (60 cm), reduced the production costs, which is an outcome practically realized for the 2.5 × 2.5 m pattern.
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
  • Effect of salinity of water in lime-fly ash treated sand

    • Abstract: Ensuring sustainable development of coastal areas need improvement of road embankment infrastructure. Being a byproduct of industry, fly ash may be considered as environment friendly and low cost material for this purpose. However, scarcity of fresh water in coastal areas may compel to use saline water. To investigate the effects of sodium chloride content of mixing water on fly ash and lime mixed compacted sand, a series of the unconfined compression tests have been conducted on 50 mm diameter and 100 mm high specimens. Lime content was varied over a range of 1–5% of dry sand weight and fly ash contents were 9, 15 and 30% of dry sand weight. Besides, 0, 4 and 8% of sodium chloride were mixed with tap water, which were used for preparing specimens at 10% moisture content by compaction method. The specimens were cured for 7, 15, 30 and 60 days by spraying method. Experiment results show that, the unconfined compression strength of fly ash and lime mixed compacted sand increases with the increase in sodium chloride content. However, the long term effect of using saline water in fly ash and lime mixed compacted sand should be investigated, which is out of scope of this study.
      PubDate: 2017-08-08
  • Effect of nonplastic silt content on undrained shear strength of
           sand–silt mixtures

    • Abstract: To assess the behavior of sand–silt mixtures, strain-controlled monotonic triaxial tests were conducted on sand–silt mixtures of specimen size 71 mm in diameter and 142 mm in height at various relative densities but same isotropic effective confining pressure of 100 kPa. Concept of limiting fines content (LFC) was verified by these undrained monotonic triaxial tests. LFC was found to be the very important parameter to understand the behavior of sand–silt mixtures. The behavior of sand–silt mixture changes approximately at LFC. At constant relative density, increase in silt content decreases the undrained peak shear strength till LFC. After LFC the strength becomes near about same till pure silt sample. The reason of behavior could not be explained. At constant global void ratio, the peak shear strength decreases with increase in silt content till LFC and for further increment of silt content the peak shear strength increases. Sand–silt mixtures containing certain amount of silt which is near to the LFC showed flow type as well as brittle behavior. Failure of structure on this type of soil will be catastrophic during earthquake. In the case of permeability decreased with increasing silt content up to LFC. After the LFC, dry density is decreasing with increasing silt content but permeability remains constant till pure silt.
      PubDate: 2017-07-21
  • Behavior of seismic-acoustic parameters during deforming and failure of
           rock samples, large blocks and underground opening: base for monitoring

    • Abstract: Construction of engineered projects, such as underground spaces, tunnels, machine halls etc. is connected with variations in stress-state and deformations of large volumes of rock mass. Latter can results in damage of rocks, their collapse into underground space, danger for equipment and risk for human life. To avoid such consequences different in situ geotechnical and geophysical monitoring is carried out during construction and exploitation of underground structures. Geophysical monitoring is based on observations for behavior of elastic shear- and longitudinal wave velocities (Vs and Vp, respectively) and microseismic activity. Behavior of the elastic velocities during deforming of the rock depends on type of the future failure that, in turn, is defined by structure and properties of medium and characteristics of stress state σ 3/σ 1 and hydrostatic pressure. These velocity variations are defined by difference in effective parameters of forming microfractures, whose geometry is distinguished at different modes of stress-state. At that character of interaction between microfractures determines type of the macrofailure. We studied behavior of longitudinal wave velocities during loading of rock samples, large blocks and underground opening orienting measurements along maximum (σ 1) and minimum (σ 3) stresses. It is shown that velocity variations along maximum stress is more informative at elastic phase of rock deformations (velocity increases), whereas velocity variations along axis of minimum stress is more informative at the stage of nonlinear deformation of rock (velocity begin decrease). These regularities are well appeared at deforming of large blocks and unloading of rock mass in underground openings. This knowledge should be used at planning and performing of monitoring of stability of underground structures.
      PubDate: 2017-07-12
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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