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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2449 journals)
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    - ENGINEERING (1288 journals)
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CIVIL ENGINEERING (208 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 208 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Agregat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Architecture and Engineering     Open Access  
Architecture, Civil Engineering, Environment     Open Access  
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Building & Management     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 290)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture     Open Access  
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology     Open Access  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Engineering and Geosciences     Open Access  
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Applied Research in Water and Wastewater     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Water and Wastewater / Ab va Fazilab     Open Access  
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Media Komunikasi Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Mokslas – Lietuvos ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania     Open Access  
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
npj Materials Degradation     Open Access  
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Periodica Polytechnica Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Promet : Traffic &Transportation     Open Access  
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Sul-Americana de Engenharia Estrutural     Open Access  
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teknik     Open Access  
Territorium : Revista Portuguesa de riscos, prevenção e segurança     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2149-8024
Published by TULPAR Academic Publishing Homepage  [2 journals]
  • Cover & Contents Vol.4 No.3

    • Authors: Journal Management CJSMEC
      PubDate: 2018-09-04
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 3 (2018)
       
  • Cover & Contents Vol.4 No.2

    • Authors: Journal Management CJSMEC
      PubDate: 2018-06-09
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Re-examination of steel frame office buildings in preventing collapse when
           subject to intense fires

    • Authors: Robert Mathews Korol, Ken S. Sivakumaran, Paul Heerema
      First page: 82
      Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to investigate the extent to which present-day design of steel framed buildings is susceptible to total collapse when subjected to extreme fire events. We select a 50 storey structure in which 2 and 4 adjacent storeys located at different above-ground heights are, in separate scenarios engulfed in raging fires. A total of 8 scenarios are analyzed, employing Newtonian mechanics and realistic energy dissipating properties of H-shaped columns and normal concrete floor slabs possessing secondary (shrinkage and temperature) reinforcement alone. While the present Canadian building code is the basis for our column designs, other standards provide very similar specifications. Although fire proofing is required in virtually all high rise building construction, we are excluding such materials in order to simplify the analyses, but clearly do not advocate its omission – quite the opposite in fact. As well, attributes such as floor beams, partitions and furnishings of every description, all of which would in practice participate in absorbing the kinetic energy of a crush-down upper block are excluded. Despite such a vast array of conservative assumptions, it is shown that partial collapse may occur during crush-down, however, in no case will total collapse be the consequence. These results should provide some comfort to code writers that their requirements should indeed prevent the most catastrophic of failures due to fires.
      PubDate: 2018-06-11
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.03.001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Optimum design of purlin systems used in steel roofs

    • Authors: İbrahim Aydoğdu, Mukaddes Merve Kubar, Dahi Şen, Osman Tunca, Serdar Çarbaş
      First page: 89
      Abstract: In this study, one existing purlin system which is used in steel roof is optimized by taking into account less cost and bearing maximum load via developed software. This software runs with firefly algorithm which is one of the recent stochastic search techniques. One of the metaheuristic techniques, so-called firefly algorithm imitates behaviors of natural phenomena. Behaviors and communications of firefly are inspired by this algorithm. In optimization algorithm, steel sections, distance between purlins, tensional diagonal braces are determined as design variables. Design loads are taken into account by considering TS498-1997(Turkish Code) in point of place where structure will be built, outside factors and used materials. Profile list in TS910 is used in selection stage of cross sections of profile. Constraints of optimization are identified in accordance with bending stress, deformation and shear stress in TS648. Design variables of optimization are selected as discrete variables so as to obtain applicable results. Developed software is tested on existing real sample so; it is evaluated with regard to design and performance of algorithm.
      PubDate: 2018-06-12
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.03.002
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Analyzing pre-stressed steel arch beams

    • Authors: Erkan Polat, Barlas Özden Çağlayan
      First page: 95
      Abstract: Techniques are being developed day-by-day to make it possible to pass through larger openings using smaller beam-column sections. Parallel to this trend, there is another necessity to produce not only smaller but also more economical and architecturally attractive beams. The aim of this study is to explain the structural behavior of steel arch beams reinforced using post-tension cables. Due to the effect of these, the arch beam load carrying capacity increases and a smaller sized optimized section can be obtained with a better architectural view. Moreover, it also allows better mechanical and applicable solutions for buildings. For a better understanding of the behavior of the reinforced beam, a steel beam and a steel arch beam with post-tensioned cables were modeled and analyzed using the SAP2000 finite element analysis computer program and compared with each other. In addition, full-scale specimens were prepared for testing to determine the structural behavior and compare the results with those from the computer modeling, the outcome of which was very promising. The similarity between the results inferred that no extra engineering knowledge and effort are needed to design such beams. The predicted (and proved by the testing) beam bearing capacity was 35% higher than that of the unreinforced beam. With just three full-scale tests completed, it was evident that the ratio (35%) could be increased by adjusting the cable post-tension force on much smaller sized beams.
      PubDate: 2018-06-11
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.03.003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • An investigation of the behavior of header end-plate connections under
           monotonic loading

    • Authors: Adem Karasu, Cüneyt Vatansever, Haluk Emre Alçiçek
      First page: 108
      Abstract: In seismically active regions such as Turkey, the context of the nonlinearity provided by a building is based on the behaviors of structural components; beams, columns and their connections constituting the seismic force resisting system of the structure. Of these members, beam-to-column connections can play a considerably important role even if they have a capability of limited stiffness and flexural strength. Structural steel connections are mainly classified as a pinned or a moment connection. However, some beam-to-column connections having limited stiffness and flexural strength, which are called semi-rigid connections such as header end-plate connections designed so as to transmit only shear forces, can be characterized by moment-rotation relationship. This paper investigates the behavior of header end-plate connections using finite element (FE) modeling. The FE models include material, geometrical and contact nonlinearities. FE modeling technique was first verified through the test results of the experimental research performed by Aggarwal (1990). Then the effect of header end-plate thickness upon moment-rotation relationship was investigated. According to the analyses results, in addition to shear stresses, axial tensile stresses have been observed to occur in the bolts at the tension side and thickness of the header end-plate and beam web play a governing role in the development of initial rotational stiffness and the flexural strength of header end-plate connections.
      PubDate: 2018-08-03
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.03.004
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Numerical investigation of reinforced concrete frame behavior subjected to
           progressive collapse

    • Authors: Mohammad Bagher Paripour, Ahmet Budak, Oğuz Akın Düzgün
      First page: 117
      Abstract: Progressive collapse is defined as the spread of an initial local failure of a structure. This phenomenon, caused by the removal of one or more load-bearing element, is followed by a chain of failures through the structure and ultimately leads to partial or even full collapse of an entire structure. As a result, an accurate understanding of structural behavior subjected to large displacements, caused by progressive collapse, is essential to ensure a safe structural design. A progressive collapse in buildings often starts with the removal of one or more columns and continues with the collapse of adjoining structural elements. Experimental studies on progressive collapse are generally not recommended because of its cost and safety reasons. Today, as a result of progress in computer technology, more complicated problems can be investigated numerically. In this study, a numerical model is used for nonlinear analysis of a reinforced concrete (RC) frame behavior subjected to progressive collapse. It is obtained that there is a good agreement between the results with those of the experimental study given in the literature. According to the results, it can be predicted numerically the response of an RC frame to progressive collapse at a highly accurate level.
      PubDate: 2018-08-15
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.03.005
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Cover & Contents Vol.4 No.1

    • Authors: Journal Management CJSMEC
      PubDate: 2018-03-03
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Influencing factors on effective width of compressed zone in joint column
           - cylindrical shell of steel silo

    • Authors: Lyubomir Zdravkov
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: In order to ensure unloading of whole amount of stored product by gravity, steel silos are often placed on supporting structure. The simplest way to design these complicated facilities is to divide cylindrical shell on two parts in our minds - discretely supported ring beam and continuously supported shell above it. Obviously, to ensure continuously support of shell, bending stiffness of ring beam should be high. In European standard EN 1993-4-1, that concept is recognized but it keeps silence about recommended stiffness of ring beam. Another way to design is to know law of distribution of compressive axial stresses due to discrete column reactions R, by height of shell. Knowing it, we could calculate the effective width leff of distribution of compressive stresses on every level. Where effective width is equal to distance between discrete supports, there critical height of shell ends and above it cylindrical body is continuously supported. Unfortunately the above quoted standard EN 1993-4-1 does not give an information how to calculate leff. The questions here are; should we accept linear distribution of compressive forces by height' In addition, could we use directly the results of Whitmore (1952), where angle of distribution α = 30°' Or, even to accept a far more brave opinion that α = 45°, used by many of the elder designers' Moreover, is value of angle α constant or does it depend on various influencing factors'
      PubDate: 2018-03-03
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.01.001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Mechanical performance comparison of glass and mono fibers added gypsum
           composites

    • Authors: Sadık Alper Yıldızel, Serdar Çarbaş
      Pages: 9 - 12
      Abstract: Gypsum and gypsum based composite are widely preferred in construction industry for various purposes. Mechanical performances of gypsum composite have been enhanced by researchers in order to increase its area of usage. In this research, gypsum composites containing expanded glass were reinforced by glass fibers (GF) and mono polypropylene fibers (MPF). GF and MPF were used up to 1.5 %. The flexural strength, compressive strength, and shrinkage behavior of the composites were examined within the scope of this study. 50 x 50 x 50 mm and 40 x 40 x 160 sized specimens were prepared for the mechanical performance tests. It was obtained that flexural and shrinkage behavior of the composite were enhanced with the addition of MPF compared to GF added mixes; however, compressive strength values were not as high as GF reinforced composites.
      PubDate: 2018-03-03
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.01.002
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Seismic assessment of a curved multi-span simply supported truss steel
           railway bridge

    • Authors: Mehmet Fatih Yılmaz, Barlas Özden Çağlayan, Kadir Özakgül
      Pages: 13 - 17
      Abstract: Fragility curve is an effective method to determine the seismic performance of a structural and nonstructural member. Fragility curves are derived for Highway Bridges for many studies. In Turkish railway lines, there are lots of historic bridges, and it is obvious that in order to sustain the safety of the railway lines, earthquake performance of these bridges needs to be determined. In this study, a multi-span steel truss railway bridge with a span length of 25.7m is considered. Main steel truss girders are supported on the abutments and 6 masonry piers. Also, the bridge has a 300m curve radius. Sap 2000 finite element software is used to model the 3D nonlinear modeling of the bridge. Finite element model is updating according to field test recordings. 60 real earthquake data selected from three different soil conditions are considered to determine the seismic performance of the bridge. Nonlinear time history analysis is conducted, and maximum displacements are recorded. Probabilistic seismic demand model (PSDMs) is used to determine the relationship between the Engineering Demand Parameter (EDP) and Intensity Measure (IMs). Fragility curve of the bridge is derived by considering the serviceability limit state, and results are discussed in detail.
      PubDate: 2018-03-03
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.01.003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Forced vibration analysis of Mindlin plates resting on Winkler foundation

    • Authors: Yaprak Itır Özdemir
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to study shear locking-free parametric earthquake analysis of thick and thin plates resting on Winkler foundation using Mindlin’s theory, to determine the effects of the thickness/span ratio, the aspect ratio and the boundary conditions on the linear responses of thick and thin plates subjected to earthquake excitations. In the analysis, finite element method is used for spatial integration and the Newmark-β method is used for the time integration. Finite element formulation of the equations of the thick plate theory is derived by using higher order displacement shape functions. A computer program using finite element method is coded in C++ to analyze the plates clamped or simply supported along all four edges. In the analysis, 8-noded finite element is used. Graphs are presented that should help engineers in the design of thick plates subjected to earthquake excitations. It is concluded that 8-noded finite element can be effectively used in the earthquake analysis of thick plates. It is also concluded that, in general, the changes in the thickness/span ratio are more effective on the maximum responses considered in this study than the changes in the aspect ratio.
      PubDate: 2018-03-03
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.01.004
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Investigating the effect of infill walls on steel frame structures

    • Authors: Osman Fatih Bayrak, Seda Yedek, Muhammet Musab Erdem, Murat Bikce
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: Infill walls consisting of materials such as hollow concrete, hollow clay and autoclaved aerated concrete bricks are not only preferred in reinforced concrete buildings but also in steel frame structures. It is a well-known fact that infill walls limit the displacement of frames under horizontal loads. However, they may also bring about certain problems due to being placed randomly in horizontal and discontinuously in vertical directions for some architectural reasons. Moreover, cracks in frame-wall joints are observed in steel frame structures in which ductile behaving steel and brittle behaving infill walls are used together. In this study, the effect of infill walls on steel frames has been investigated. In the steel frame structure chosen for the study, four different situations consisting of different combinations of infill walls have been modeled by using ETABS Software. Later, the pushover analyses have been performed for all the models and their results have been compared. As a result of the analyses done by using the equivalent diagonal strut model, it has been found out that infill walls limit the displacement of steel frames and increase the performance of a structure. However, it has been also determined that in the steel frame structure in which the infill walls have been placed discontinuously in vertical and asymmetrically in horizontal, infill walls may lead to torsional and soft story irregularities. As a result, it is possible to observe cracks in the joints of infill walls and steel frame, the deformation properties of which differ, unless necessary precautions are taken.
      PubDate: 2018-03-03
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.01.005
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Effects of structural irregularities on low and mid-rise RC building
           response

    • Authors: Hüseyin Bilgin, Rezarta Uruçi
      First page: 33
      Abstract: During the recent earthquakes, it has been observed that structural irregularities are one of the main reasons of the building damage. Irregularities are weak points in a building which may cause failure of one element or total collapse of the building during an earthquake. Since Albania is a country with moderate seismicity which has been hit by earthquakes of different magnitudes many times establishes the need to study the effect of irregularities is well-founded. The main structural irregularities encountered in Albanian construction practice consist of short column, large and heavy overhangs and soft story. In this study, these types of irregularities are considered in two different types of buildings, low and mid-rise reinforced concrete frame buildings represented by 3- and 6- story respectively. Pushover analyses are deployed to get the effect of structural irregularities on RC buildings response. A building set is chosen to represent the existing construction practice in the region; regular framed building and buildings with irregularities such as soft stories, short columns, heavy overhangs and the presence of soft story with heavy overhangs. The analyses have been conducted by using ETABS and Seismosoft software. Pushover curves of building set are determined by nonlinear static analysis in two orthogonal directions. Comparative performance evaluations are done by considering EC8 and Albanian Seismic codes (KTP-N2-89). From the obtained results, it is observed that low and mid-rise structures with soft story- two sided overhangs and short column are more vulnerable during earthquakes.
      PubDate: 2018-04-19
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.02.001
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Performance based study on the seismic safety of buildings

    • Authors: Zinnur Çelik, Ahmet Budak
      First page: 45
      Abstract: In the scope of this study, information has been provided on the Static Pushover Analysis which is a nonlinear deformation controlled analysis method and the Capacity Spectrum Method used to determine the performance point. In this study, static pushover analysis was made on a six-storey building with reinforcement concrete frame system by changing the materials, steel rebars and soil characteristics. The building’s capacity curves were drawn and decided according to different concrete and reinforcement groups. Furthermore the performance points of different classes of concrete were studied according to three seismic effect levels. In the case of a decrease in the reinforcement strength, a decrease of approximately 30% occurs in the base shear force. If the concrete strength is increased, an increase of 11% occurred in the base shear force. Consequently, in the comparisons made with five different concrete groups and two different reinforcement groups, rather than the increase in the strength of the concrete, an increase in the reinforcement strength was observed to be more effective on the structural capacity. Furthermore, local soil classifications were observed to be the most significant point regarding peak displacement.
      PubDate: 2018-02-23
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.02.002
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Use of geosynthetics to reduce the required right-of-way for roadways and
           railways

    • Authors: Niyazi Özgür Bezgin
      First page: 54
      Abstract: Roadway and railway routes require a right-of-way (ROW) to provide the necessary width for the required travelled way, drainage and earthwork. Correct understanding of ROW along a route is necessary in order to establish a correct width for the intended transportation corridor. Availability of land becomes scarce and cost of land increases in urban zones. Therefore, the costs of establishing a ROW in rural areas and in urban areas are not the same. Earthworks are an important component of route establishment. The required excavations and fills necessitate the use of proper side slopes for the stability of the excavation or the fill. These side slopes directly relate to the mechanical properties of the soil and the depth of the earthwork. This study provides a quantitative and a qualitative understanding of the ROW requirements of roadways and railways and the influence of the earthworks on the determined values of the ROW. The study further investigates the benefits of using geogrids to reduce the necessary ROW for a transportation route through finite element analysis.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.02.003
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Eigenvector and eigenvalue analysis of thick plates resting on elastic
           foundation with first order finite element

    • Authors: Yaprak Itır Özdemir
      First page: 61
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to study free vibration analysis of thick plates resting on Winkler foundation using Mindlin’s theory with first order finite element, to determine the effects of the thickness/span ratio, the aspect ratio, subgrade reaction modulus and the boundary conditions on the frequency parameters of thick plates subjected to free vibration. In the analysis, finite element method is used for spatial integration. Finite element formulation of the equations of the thick plate theory is derived by using first order displacement shape functions. A computer program using finite element method is coded in C++ to analyze the plates free, clamped or simply supported along all four edges. In the analysis, 4-noded finite element is used. Graphs are presented that should help engineers in the design of thick plates subjected to earthquake excitations. It is concluded that 4-noded finite element can be effectively used in the free vibration analysis of thick plates. It is also concluded that, in general, the changes in the thickness/span ratio are more effective on the maximum responses considered in this study than the changes in the aspect ratio.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.02.004
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
  • Structural features of cold-formed steel profiles

    • Authors: Osman Tunca, Ferhat Erdal, Arif Emre Sağsöz, Serdar Çarbaş
      First page: 77
      Abstract: Using capacity of cold-formed steel sections increases thanks to the opportunities which are offered by the developing technology. Low production cost and variety of profiles that can be produce easy, fast, high quality provide to improve its popularity as a structural material. In production, Sulphur and Phosphorous accumulation region occurs at intersection region of flanges and web of hot rolled steel profile. This causes to decrease strength of profile. Other difference between cold-formed and hot rolled steel sections is that mechanical properties of steel material homogeneously distributes throughout the profile. Both in frame and truss systems, cold-formed steel profiles develop both as main and secondary bearing element. These present variety options to the designers with pure, galvanized, aluminized applications. As with many building materials, mechanical behavior of cold-formed steel profile is quite complex due to the nature of thin walled steel sections. Design and analysis methods of cold-formed steel profile are rapidly shaped day by day. The general theory of beams investigated in past studies make possible analyses of cold-formed steel profile. Moreover, in structural systems, using of cold-formed steel profile provide height strength besides sustainable, environmentalist, green building because it requires less material and cost. Although these profiles have many advantages, use of cold-formed steel profiles in our country structures is rather limited unfortunately. New steel construction regulations in Turkey also do not mention cold-formed thin walled steel structure. Main purpose of this study reviews structural specifications of cold-formed steel profiles which are applied world-wide.
      PubDate: 2018-06-02
      DOI: 10.20528/cjsmec.2018.02.005
      Issue No: Vol. 4, No. 1 (2018)
       
 
 
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