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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2358 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (201 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (192 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (107 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1240 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (394 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (56 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (72 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (96 journals)

CIVIL ENGINEERING (192 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 194 of 194 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Agregat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Building & Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 272)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture     Open Access  
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology     Open Access  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 80)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
npj Materials Degradation     Open Access  
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Promet : Traffic &Transportation     Open Access  
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Underground Space     Open Access  
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)

           

Journal Cover Civil Engineering and Architecture
  [21 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2332-1091 - ISSN (Online) 2332-1121
   Published by Horizon Research Publishing Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Environmental Change Detection Study in the Wider Area of Lignite Mines

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  2  Ioannis Kotaridis   and Maria Lazaridou   Environmental monitoring of mine areas offers critical information about how they affect both natural and man-made environment. The Ptolemaida-Amyntaio lignite center plays a very important role in electrical industry of Greece, since it is the main energy fuel. The spatial growth of the lignite mine causes land cover change in the wider area. This paper aims to detect land cover changes in the wider area of the mines, in northwestern Greece, between two time periods using Remote Sensing and Geoinformation system (RS and GIS) methods. For this purpose multispectral images for both times were acquired, from Landsat data and a supervised classification was applied. Finally, qualitative and quantitative results obtained through visual interpretation and digital change detection study indicate that there has been a great increase in mine areas, affecting both agricultural land and man-made environment.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • The Design Characteristics of Nature-inspired Buildings

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  2  Jin Kim   and Kanggeun Park   The systems, processes, and organisms optimized for the evolution of nature over several hundred million years have helped designers and architects seeking improved and innovative solutions. Inspired by the shape and function of nature, some architects have created great architectures by finding and applying new design sources from nature's elements. The beautiful and mysterious nature landscape surrounding us not only gives us a new appearance for the four seasons, but also provides the source of new ideas for human. When looking at nature elements such as trees, flowers, animals, and ocean organisms, architects can find unusual perspectives, visually interesting ideas, special structures, creative details and innovative mechanisms. Most modern cities are full of buildings like the shape of supermarkets and boxes, if possible, architects should try to satisfy human emotions with beautiful scenery and natural closeness through environmental architecture. When planning for future cities and constructing new buildings, how to satisfy our yearning for a harmonious interaction with nature, and how the historic characteristics of buildings are shown to be presence. All of these are related to our fundamental human feelings and emotions, can improve holistic interrelationships between buildings and nature for human life. Nature-inspired biomimicry is a way of observing the natural world to find design solutions that may enable us to create the concepts of new building design with sustainable and healthy. This study is to analyze what are nature inspirations for the visual and conception building designs and what are the characteristic of innovative designs and technologies inspired by nature.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • The Design of Flexible Furniture for the New Generation Offices

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  2  Didem Bedük Tuncel   and Hande Zeynep Kayan   The technological developments in every extent cause the office interiors to change, the furniture to be updated. This situation brings along new concepts in working spaces and furniture design. Because the changing activities require different technologies in the offices that consist of individuals coming together for the same purposes, especially the Y generation born between 1981-2000, raised in the 4th Industrial Revolution era has an important effect on workplace designs. In this era where modern information and mobile technologies come into prominence; the family and social life culture is changing rapidly and man power is slowly getting behind robotic-smart systems. The Y generation has different choices from their clothes to working hours, from their thinking to the way they work; so they demand flexibility in every aspect in their offices. This situation affects the use of technology, and working systems more and more each day causing us to rethink the working areas and how we use the office furniture.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Immobilization of Heavy Metals in Waste Phosphate Coating Sludge Using
           Kiln Dust as Portland Cement Substitute

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  2  G. Eker   In the present study, stabilization and solidification (S/S) of the waste phosphate sludge (WPS) using Portland cement (PC) and cement kiln dust (CKD) was investigated. In the first place, only PC was used to stabilize 5, 10 and 15% WPS. At a later stage, 10 and 15% CKD were used as PC substitute to stabilize 15%WPS. WPS contained initially 130.2 mg/L Zn and 22.6 mg/L Ni. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US-EPA) landfilling limits for Zn and Ni are 4.3 mg/L and 11 mg/L, respectively. Setting times and unconfined compressive strength (UCS) values were measured and permeability of selected samples was determined. TCLP (Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure) and SPLP (Synthetic Precipitation Leaching Procedure) were applied to determine the concentrations of Zn and Ni leached from the mortar samples and leachate pH values were measured. Use of the CKD as a cement substitute delayed setting times, decreased UCS and increased leached heavy metal concentrations. Leached Zn and Ni concentrations of the WPS stabilized with PC and CKD following SPLP were lower than the EPA landfilling limits. However, leached Zn concentrations following TCLP were not compatible with the EPA limit. Leached Ni concentrations remained lower than the EPA limit. It was concluded that relatively low levels of alkalies, CaO and SiO2 content of CKD negatively affected the setting, compressive strength and leaching characteristics.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Application of Scheffe's Theory to Develop Mathematical Prediction Model
           to Predict UCS for Hybrid Containing Organic Soil and POFA-OPC Additives

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  2  Yaser Gamil   Kemas Ahmed Zamahri   and Ismail Bakar   Unconfined compressive strength (UCS) is very significant parameters to evaluate the strength property of soil. In laboratory, it requires machinery and effort to determine UCS. Therefore, to predict UCS of organic soil stabilized by Palm Oil Fuel Ash-Ordinary Portland Cement (POFA-OPC) at less time and less cost for additive selection percentage the prediction model can simplify the selection of additives percentage by reducing the random selection of additives percentage and its disadvantageous results. As a result of that, the use of the prediction model eliminates the arbitrary selection of design mixes and its associated disadvantages. This paper is a continuous to previous publication by authors on the application of Scheffe's theory to predict resilient modulus however, this paper focused on the implementation of Scheffe's regression theory to develop mathematical model to predict UCS based on proposed mix proportions. The mixes were developed analytically from previous adopted rations of additives. The materials were characterized and investigated for the primary properties then the samples of POFA -OPC additives were prepared for the size of 70mm diameter and 140 height. 25 samples were designed and characterized for each mix proportion based on the UCS in 28 days curing. The Results of observed values from laboratory analysis are used to develop the mathematical model. In addition to that, the model was statistically scrutinized and confirmed for the adequacy and validity using f-test. The results showed that, the model is verified and adequate to predict UCS for any random POFA-OPC additives percentage.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • Seismic Analysis of Low and High Rise Building Frames Incorporating
           Metallic Yielding Dampers

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Mar 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  2  U. D. D. Liyanage   T. N. Perera   and H. Maneetes   There are many passive energy dissipating devices designed to dissipate earthquake energy in a structure. Metallic yielding dampers is one of these devices which are very efficient as they dissipate seismic input energy through hysteretic behavior. This research used ETABS software to analyze the performance of three metallic yielding dampers; X-shaped damper, Double X-Shaped and Comb Teeth Damper. The storey response data obtained from the analysis is storey shear. Each damper has three types of material; A992 steel, A36 steel and Aluminium. Concentrically braced steel frames with Chevron bracing were used and the dampers were placed in brace to beam orientation in each frame. The two types of frames analyzed were; low rise building with five storeys and a high rise building with twenty storeys. The site locations for both structures were in the region of California in the United States of America. The structures were analyzed by subjecting them to two earthquakes Loma Prieta and San Fernando as they were two of the major earthquakes that struck California in the nineties.
      PubDate: Mar 2018
       
  • A Comparative Study on Clay and Red Soil Based Geopolymer Mortar

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  1  M.N. Uddin   and V. Saraswathy   Geopolymer mortar is cement less which is gaining popularity globally towards the sustainable development. It can be produced from mineral admixtures such as fly ash, clay, red soil with user-friendly alkaline-reagents. Production of Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) requires large amount of energy as well as carbon footprint. It is shown that OPC emits approximately 5% of global CO2 emissions annually, which works out to nearly more than ½ ton of CO2 emission for every one ton production of OPC. So it is badly needed to reduce the global CO2 which has encouraged the researchers to search alternative sustainable building materials those are available in locality with lower embodied energy and carbon dioxide emissions. Clay and red soil are the best selection for that and both are usable as an eco-friendly building materials also available in locality. So an attempt has been made to explore the possibility of using clay and red soil based mortar in construction industry. The composition and microstructure were characterized by x-ray fluorescence (XRF), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) &particle size analyzer. Studies were carried out for both materials with respect to compressive strength, ultrasonic pulse velocity, effective porosity and co-efficient of absorption. The results indicated that geopolymer mortar with clay and red soil can be used as an alternate construction material in the construction industry.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Rehabilitation of an Edified Building in a Seismic Zone in Algeria
           According to the Eurocode 8-3

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  1  Amar Kassoul   Abdelkader Zerrouk   and Imane Djafar Henni   The objective of this paper is to perform a study on rehabilitation of a vital seven-story administrative building located in a low seismic area according to the old Algerian earthquake regulations (RPA88). Modifications were brought to the old code, including the seismic zoning which passed from moderate to high seismicity. The applied rehabilitation standards are based on the recommendations of the Eurocode 8-3 (EC8-3). The assessment of the vulnerability of the existing construction showed that the seismic forces at the base are lower than those required by the Algerian seismic code RPA99/V2003. As a retrofitting measure to strengthen this construction, the addition of new shears walls in both directions of the building was proposed. The dynamic study of the structure with the suggested structural intervention fulfilled all the required dynamic characteristics. For setting evidence of the performance of the proposed strengthening solution for the existing construction, a non-linear static analysis or pushover was accomplished. The obtained results using the SAP 2000 software enable us to make a comparison between the nonlinear behavior of the modified structure and the initial one. Compared to the original structure, from the point of view of the performance status, the strengthened structure showed a marked improvement in the strength and damping exceeding 80% while the overall capacity for resistance is enhanced more than three times.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Urban Strategies for a Renewal of Algerian Cities: Constantine of Tomorrow

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  1  Naouel Hanane Boudjabi   Foued Bouzahzah   and Abdelouhab Bouchareb   The town is not 'fixed', it is constantly developing, transforming, extending, renewing... These developments are made according to inhabitants needs, the evolution of lifestyles, opportunities or territory projects, policies, wills ... etc.; But also according to the capacities for the evolution of urban fabrics and social acceptability of this evolution. Today, urban intervention takes place in a context of 're-urbanization' marked by territorial and socio-economic complexity and by uncertainty. While new fabrics become increasingly important and concern the notion of 'project' instead of that of 'plan'. In Algeria, since independence in 1962, the town plan had been promoted as a 'plan' which had worked to extend the city beyond its fringes in order to respond to ever-increasing demands for housing. After years of drastic cuts in public spending, a turning point seems to be taking place. Indeed, the last two decades have been marked by many political, economic and social modifications at the same time. Through a financial upturn, the government committed itself to a series of reforms aimed at boosting the economy, increasing housing and employment, and undertaking extensive urban restructuring work. This new socio-economic context has led, in an unprecedented way, actions and interventions on the existing urban fabrics, to prefigure Algerian city modification and bringing out new and complex problems. Thus, in parallel with an Algerian city that continues to spread, the existing city is moved by a profusion of structuring public projects but also different operations of transformations; So many actions that can be assimilated to the beginnings of urban renewal for the Algerian city. The capital of Algerian east 'Constantine', is a city that could be described as an 'incomplete metropolis', it is highly renowned for many specificities, yet it has a specific crisis in relation to its context and its Urbanization, its upgrading is imminent and adapts itself to the international economy within the framework of a sustainable development in relation with the quality of life and the future of future generations. It seems to know, as Algerian cities do, many actions and projects that are transforming. The main objective of this work is first, to examine the effectiveness and relevance of the degree of involvement and involvement of local actors, in particular the users, and finally to consider the consistency of the programs.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • Development Control Regulations Compliance: Paradigm Change to Reinvent
           

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jan 2018
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  6  Number  1  Olufemi, Ojo-Fajuru   and Ambrose, Adebayo   Public spaces in the human society predate the built environment. Settlements expanding unto open spaces necessitate statutory control to ensure orderly development and mutual existence of various land uses. In developing countries like Nigeria, public spaces are subjected to encroachment and depletion. These result from rapid urbanization, population increase and space demand for human activities. Extant development control regulations seem ineffective in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State capital. Illegal development into public spaces is alarming, subtracting vital greenery and environmental quality from the city. This paper assesses the state of the environment to determine the extent of encroachment, and examines causal factors. Methods includes the review of existing planning laws pertaining to the establishment and maintenance of setbacks, open spaces and parks; and other related issues from literature sources. Questionnaire administration, interviews, focus group discussions and direct observation in selected city districts generated primary data. Findings reveal deplorable state of the environment occasioned by audacious encroachment of public spaces mainly by informal commercial activities. Ignorance of good quality environment, lack of effective governmental control, and people's desire for economic benefits are among factors responsible for these public spaces disruption. The research establishes that the city is devoid of greenery, while aesthetics, environmental quality, mobility, health, and livability are adversely affected. It is recommended that the State Government and municipal authority should strictly enforce extant statutory development control laws to reclaim lost socio-cultural spaces and revitalize urban green places. Functional 'trading/market' places should be incorporated into some of these spaces as development solution for informal sector economic activities, and thereby cater for the needs of itinerant traders and the urban populace. These measures, guided by a well-structured green city master plan, guarantee the return of the greens and biodiversity into the cityscape, and also provide avenues for making future sense of a great place in Ado-Ekiti, the fledging capital city of Ekiti State, Nigeria.
      PubDate: Jan 2018
       
  • The Astronomical Orientation of Ancient Greek Theatres in Relation to the
           Topography and the Greek Mythology

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  5  George Pantazis   The study of the astronomical orientation of monuments in Greece has been strengthened over the last decade by the development and application of contemporary methods of measurement and analysis. The study has highlighted important findings related to monuments from the Antiquity up to the modern era. This study includes monuments of the classical antiquity, early Christian basilicas, Byzantine temples and mosques. However, an equally important Monument category is the ancient theatres. These monuments due to both their size and usefulness became the subject of study in this paper. This paper presents the results of a systematic research concerning the determination of the astronomical orientation of six ancient theatres in Greece. At the same time, the interpretation of their orientation and their possible relation to the mythology, the position and movement of constellations and the topography of their site is also studied. The geometric data produced with modern accurate methods of measurement and analysis certainly contributes to a more thorough study and interpretation of the placement and orientation of such large ancient constructions. This systematic research is carried out for six of the most important theatres in Greece. These are the ancient theatres of Dionysus, Delphi, Epidaurus, Ancient Epidaurus, Argos and Sicyon.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • The Structural Analysis of King Parakramabahu's Palace

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  5  K.K. Prabhani Auchithya Ranaweera   W.K. Randesh Lilushan   D.M. Waruni Lakma Randenigama   and Kushan Kalmith Wijesundara   King Parakramabahu, (1153-1186) in Polonnaruwa monarch who built the 'Parakrama Samudra' had a magnificent seven storied palace called 'Vijayanta Prasada' or 'Vijayothpaya', the palace of God Sakra. This study has investigated the structural configuration of the palace through historical data and observation of existing part of the palace. The chronicles Chulawansa and Mahawansa has described the palace as seven storied building with thousand chambers. Though the main building possibly cannot hold such a number of chambers, considering the whole palace complex this number seems a possible. The research was being conducted using the existing brick wall and was used to identify the column beam configuration and how the load path was distributed. During the research the load path from the upper floors to the ground was also investigated. The dimensions of all the existing structural components were taken into consideration. The results revealed that the upper floors could have been made out of timber such as Weera and Palu and the existing wall must have held the massive wooden structure that form the floor of the upper level. The study was conducted in order to prove that the ancestors who lived 1000 years ago also used a method similar to Euler - Bernouli beam theorem for constructions.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Thermal Conditions Controlled by Thermostats: An Occupational Comfort and
           Well-being Perspective

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  5  Qiuhua Duan   and Julian Wang   From the perspective of occupational comfort and well-being, indoor thermal condition characterized by its temperature levels, spatial variations, and airflow patterns plays an important role. Studies have demonstrated strong correlations among indoor comfort levels and users' well-being, productivity, and overall health. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has been used to investigate indoor thermal comfort. In this research, a private office on the University of Cincinnati campus was selected and studied in order to spatially map the thermal comfort index. Autodesk® CFD, a ventilation simulation software, was utilized to model the office space and air conditioning systems, as well as simulate the airflow in the indoor space. Based on the simulation results, the air speed, ambient temperature, and relative humidity were all obtained for different vent locations. These simulated parameters can be used in dynamic anthropometry to acquire the predicted mean vote (PMV) and temperature in specific office areas. Through this method, a visualized indoor comfort map was developed as a means of indicating potential user comfort effects; spatial variations in the indoor comfort index have also been analyzed and discussed.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Role of Adaptive Home Based Workspaces in Coping Gender Inequality in
           Korail Slum, Dhaka

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Oct 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  5  Iftekhar Ahmed   Gender and the politics of space are closely interrelated. Like many other sprawling cities, in Dhaka slums are the natural consequence of rapid, unplanned urbanization and poor economic growth. Due to extreme poverty and lower level of education, the female slum dwellers face acute gender inequality. The study investigates how women facing gender inequality use home based work as coping mechanism. The study attempts to identify the adaptive micro-scale workspaces and their role in everyday life of female slum dwellers. To explore this and related issues, the study uses interviews, focus group discussion and observation as research tools in Korail slum of Dhaka. Key findings of the study are the pattern of spontaneous cultural adaptations and female workers' ability to create home based workspaces for survival. These will potentially contribute in identifying the spontaneous micro-scale space typologies in adapted gendered spaces. Establishing this facilitates the understanding of their role as coping mechanism against gender inequality, which can guide possible future intervention and/or external support.
      PubDate: Oct 2017
       
  • Consideration on Design and Choice of Modern Pipelines for Use in
           Earthquake Areas

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  3  Frans Alferink   and Hugo Guerreros Cordóva   Pipelines for distribution of gas, water and for the collection of sewage are considered as part of the lifelines of the society. When buried in settlement prone areas or earthquake prone areas, they are loaded by prescribed displacements. In case of settlement prone areas, like in river-deltas, the deformations are slow but considerable. In earth quake prone areas the deformation are also considerable but they are happening in a much shorter period of time. Experience has been gained with the performance of pipelines under these conditions. Reference will be made to these experiences. The experiences show that the performance of the pipeline is very much related to the ability of the pipeline to follow the soil movements. That ability can be created by flexible joints and/or by using flexible and ductile pipeline materials. A beam model will be used in order to better understand the experience as well as to illustrate the relative importance of the pipeline characteristics, such as pipe diameter, type of jointing, Overall Design Coefficient, flexibility and ductility of the pipe system. It is realized that especially in an earthquake event, more types loading then just bending of the pipeline happens. Also longitudinal soil/pipe friction and changes in the volume in the pipe will occur. The latter event results are in a quite different loading for water pipes then for gas pipes. A model will be used to illustrate this. Moreover, the paper also triggers the attention to limit the risks of pipeline failure in case of a possible future earthquake event. When burying a pipeline system, also the potential mal-functioning of the system at an earthquake event, which may occur 30 years after installation, is buried with it. Designers do have the possibility to limit these risks. Designing systems using smaller diameters, making use of a robust type of jointing, and using sliding or partially sliding socketed joints instead of full welded systems, yield a lower risk of failure. Conclusions will be drawn and a table shown, listing the most relevant parameters affecting the risk level for the most common systems.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Designing Meaningful Landscapes through Systematic Discovery of Character
           of Place

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  3  Rasoul Rafat   and Sara Mirhadi   Place is a space which takes meanings due to human activities. Perceptions and memories contribute to shape such meanings and especially distinguished character. Character of place as the general atmosphere of the place can increase place attachment which is defined as an emotional bond between place and people and causes vitality, involvement, safety and sense of responsibility. Thus, a space can be turned into a place of with a higher quality by reviving its character. Such places can become a "Landscape". This investigation aims to explore the factors which help to find character of the place. To achieve this purpose, it reviews the theories of place and landscape. It continues with defining and comparing four concepts related to place that are very close in meanings such as genius loci, place identity, essence of place and character of place. Through a major analysis, the factors that could lead us to decode the main character of a place will be extracted. A Questionnaire survey, based on the factors, is used to evaluate and discover the principal character of the place in the context of a case study of Shiraz. Results suggest that inhabitants' memories, which are latent in historical, social and cultural context, determine the genuine character of place and can recreate the missing place attachment in modern landscapes. In conclusion, character of place is a main concept which is contextual and should be discovered through the factors in the study phase in order to design meaningful landscapes.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • ICT Hindering Factors Applied in Jordan Construction Projects

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  3  Salahuddin Al-Shammary   and Ali Abbas Ali   Construction projects are complex domain, and that push the firms to use information and communication technology ICT in projects management. To determine the lack in use ICT in construction projects in Jordan, questionnaires distributed and interviews holds with experts to determine the factors effecting, then new questionnaire distributed to find the vital factors which are hindering the use of ICT as engineering practice. Conclusions are summarized and recommendations are proposed to support using ICT as new management style in construction projects.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Effects of Cittaslow Movement on Conservation of Cultural Heritage: Case
           of Seferihisar & Halfeti, Turkey

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Jun 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  3  Müjgan Karatosun   and Deniz Çakar   Considerations related to the definition of cultural heritage have been changed importantly in historical period. In the past, the concept of heritage was in the scope of conservation considered with its monumental value. But in time its cultural and identity value has started to be discussed. Cultural heritage has started to be considered integrated with its environment after the many ideas were established in years and the necessity of the continuation of the "cultural identity" concept has been taken importance. Cittaslow movement is an internationally recognized movement and aims to transform cities into places of high quality. The aim of this article is to evaluate the impacts of Cittaslow movement on integrative conservation of cultural heritage. Within this framework, international conservation documents are examined to follow the development process of integrative conservation of cultural heritage as a new approach. In the research, two Cittaslow settlement of Turkey named Seferihisar and Halfeti have been studied. By taking into consideration projects developed after the membership within the scope of conservation, direct and indirect effects of Cittaslow movement on conservation of cultural heritage have been revealed. The types, contents and situations of actualization of these projects have been taken into consideration as determinants.
      PubDate: Jun 2017
       
  • Exploring Metropolitan Governance: The Balance between the Institutional
           Context and the Planning Practices

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  1  Rui Florentino   and José Miguel Fernández Güell   The institutional mark and the planning practices can be the two principal dimensions for improving metropolitan governance, addressing the running challenges of several greater cities. Regarding the South West European capital regions, what are the main differences and innovations in their currently processes and models' This paper proposes an applied framework to present the metropolitan governance analysis. Through a comparative case study methodology, various elements and interviews were qualitatively measured, in the regions of Madrid, Barcelona, Paris and Lisbon. The conclusion finds a tendency to balance, between the efforts on those major dimensions of the metropolitan governance system, which does not prevent different paths to register: for example Ile-de-France has developed good initiatives in the technical processes, which then require some adjustments in the political mark, while Madrid had in recent years "less activity", in result of his institutional stability. If it can be obvious that institutional reforms lead to new challenges in planning practices, the research argues that the opposite direction is also true - that operational processes give rise to structural changes, proving their corresponding influence on responsibilities, resources and leadership, given by the political context.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Structural and Earthquake Engineering Applications of a Model Wooden
           Structure

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  1  Ayse Elif Özsoy   and Hasan Özkaynak   In this study, small scale "hands-on" experiments were conducted on a model wooden frame structure under dynamic effects. The base excitation was applied to the specimen by a "home-made" shaking table which was designed and developed within the scope of the graduation projects of civil engineering students. The device is capable of producing harmonic motion at the base level of the model structure. Two alternative structural systems were designed and constructed namely rigid frame and flexible frame. Displacement responses derived from the tests were compared with the linear time history analysis. The analytical model is capable of capturing the achieved displacement values. In the second part of the study, harmonic tests were performed on the frame structure which was instrumented with small scaled seismic isolation devices. Seismic isolators were selected as pendulum bearings which are installed between the structure and its foundation in order to isolate the supported structure from harmonic excitations. Design of structures with the friction pendulum technology is cost-effective, since the isolated structure behaves elastically during the seismic motions without any structural damage. The base isolation device having the characteristics of a pendulum tends to increase the natural vibration period of the isolated structure with the reduced dynamic forces. The test results showed that displacement and the acceleration responses of the isolated structure were significantly reduced.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Infrastructure Watch Culture: Zambia's Infrastructure Report Card

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  1  Mundia Muya   Chisanga Kaluba   Ian Nzali Banda   Suzanne Rattray   Christopher Mubemba   and Garry Mukelabai   Every country needs a well-maintained public infrastructure system to deliver essential services to its citizens and propel economic growth. The Engineering Institution of Zambia carried out a comprehensive study on the state of public infrastructure in Zambia and produced the country's first ever 'report card'. A team of experts assessed the state of infrastructure based on four criteria: condition; capacity; operations; and security. The purpose of the report card was to sensitize the government and the general public about the condition and performance of engineering infrastructure in the country. The report covered seven categories comprising: roads and bridges; water supply, sanitation and solid waste; electricity; information and communication technology; and airports and railway infrastructure. These were graded on a scale A to F where Grade A was awarded to infrastructure that was adequate for present and future use and F to that which was totally inadequate. Overall, the infrastructure system was found to be inadequate to meet present and future needs in a number of aspects.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Pietro Porcinai and Pinocchio's Park in Collodi, Italy: Art, Garden,
           Landscape

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Feb 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  1  Claudia Maria Bucelli   Pinocchio's Park was created within a context of great historical significance, as it is located near one of the most lavish examples of eighteenth century gardens, Villa Garzoni, the ancient fortified dwelling of Collodi. This innovative model of contemporary amusement garden with art also reflects the aesthetics of the traditional Tuscan rural landscape. It is an example of rare artistic, cultural and historical relevance created, "to the measures of infancy", over a twenty-year period in post-war Italy with the aim of boosting the local economy. To this day, it still represents a unique model of landscape-meets-art. From the moment it appeared, Pinocchio's Park succeeded in making real a mental landscape already existing for so many children dreaming about their friend Pinocchio. It brought to life an environmental art form ahead of its time, set in a garden reminiscent of childhood with sculptures, architectural follies and furnishings, which echo the events of a fairytale familiar to millions. It created an "imaginative reality" providing the setting for a meta-language of fun and games based on art and didactics, visually referring to the surrounding landscape.
      PubDate: Feb 2017
       
  • Digital Tools as a Means to Foster Inclusive, Data-informed Urban Planning

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  6  Stéphanie Hasler   Jérôme Chenal   and Marc Soutter   Rapid urbanization, climate change, resource depletion, the desire for more sustainable development and widespread use of the Internet and mobile phones are major challenges for urban planning. While the smart city model is seen as a means to cope with these challenges, it is often reduced to an amalgam of technologies. Citizens are usually seldom included in the planning process, though the knowledge they produce and can share on how they use and live in the city is extremely valuable. Digital technologies create an opportunity to reshape the planning process by improving interactions and information exchanges among urban planners and citizens, which are central in the move towards more sustainable, responsive planning. This research aims to answer the following two questions: (1) how is digital participation changing the role citizens play in urban planning and decision making processes' and, (2) what are the advantages and limitations of involving citizens in these processes through digital tools' This paper explores how digital tools can be harnessed to enhance citizen involvement in the planning process. We will give an overview of how these tools can inform urban planning by providing citizen-centric data to foster more inclusive and responsive planning. This paper identifies both the opportunities - particularly in terms of data production and exchange – and limitations of digital tools.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Socio-economic Assessment of Inhabitants of Residential Densities in
           Akure, Nigeria

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  6  Gabriel Emmanuel   and Fasakin, J. O.   This paper examines socio-economic attributes of inhabitants in residential densities in Akure, Nigeria. The research investigated the sex, age, education, marital status, household size, occupation and level of income of the respondents. The sample size of 1,134 respondents was distributed in the proportion of 567; 425 and 142, for the core, transition and peripheral zones respectively. Sex of respondents varies from one zone to the other. Age shows that there is more of productive age than the dependent citizens while without formal education accounted for 12.8% within the study area. Seventy-nine percent were married inhabitants and 12.1% single, while 4 to 6 number of members of families had the highest percentage. Most people residing at the heart of the city of Akure were business men/women (49.3%) and craftsmen/others (34.4%) and general monthly income is low with 37.8% of respondents earning less than ₦20,000 per month. Consequently, the research work recommends poverty alleviation schemes, establishment of skill acquisition centres and housing loan/subsidies among others.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Terrestrial Laser Scanning in Building Documentation

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  6  Aikaterini Karagianni   During the last decades, documentation of buildings has proven to be a valuable tool for a variety of civil engineering issues, such as urban planning, preservation and restoration of cultural heritage buildings, as well as monitoring during the construction phase. Several techniques have been developed for this purpose including topographic, photogrammetric and ground-based remote sensing techniques or a combination of them. The increasing interest in the generation of 3D facade models for documentation of built environment has made laser scanning a valuable tool for 3D data collection. Regarding civil engineering, terrestrial laser scanning could be considered an efficient method for digitizing buildings facades, generating dense 3D point clouds available for further processing. This paper presents the study of a mansion house of cultural significance built in the middle of the 18th century, using terrestrial laser scanning techniques for facade documentation. Scanning process included multiple external scans of the main facade of the building which were registered using artificial targets and appropriate software to form a single colored 3D model. Further process resulted in a model that offers measurement possibilities valuable to future plans and designs for preservation and restoration. High resolution satellite data were also used to gain detailed information about the physiognomy of building's surrounding area.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • New Designs in Historic Context: Starchitecture vs Architectural
           Conservation Principles

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  6  Damla Mısırlısoy   The design approach of new additions is one of the most commonly discussed issues in the conservation field. Additions should be differentiated but compatible for achieving a harmony between new and old. Heritage buildings can be transformed into major landmarks of the city after conversions or may harm the originality and significance of the heritage buildings. Although there are international preservation standard and charters that introduce principles for interventions in historical context, they are not followed by some countries. Local authorities give permission to new developments that have been designed by Star architects, which can be inappropriate to historical context, to promote the district and the country. The paper questions the success of the selected designs by star architects in terms of architectural conservation principles that defined in the international preservation standards and charters. Selected case studies have been assessed through the identified principles from the selected international preservation standards and charters. New designs in historic environments should add another value to the heritage buildings rather than destroying its character and identity. The additions can be acceptable if it contributes to the city identity and if it does not damage the identity of the existing historic structure.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Qualitative Adequacy of Students Hostels in Wa, Ghana

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Dec 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  6  Elvis Attakora-Amaniampong   Stephen Ameyaw   and Wise Akortsu   This study sought to assess the adequacy levels of some purpose-built hostels around the Wa campus of the UDS to meet the growing students' population in the Wa township. It sought to find out the qualitative adequacy levels of the accommodation provided by these private hostels and how the accommodation provided by the private sector adequately supports the educational needs and requirements of students. It also sought to identify the key housing attributes and services (facilities) whose improvement will enhance the level of satisfaction derived from these hostels. It was a post-occupancy evaluation based on survey questionnaires of 31 housing attributes. A five-point Likert scale was used in measuring the qualitative adequacy levels of five purpose-built hostels. The data was analysed with descriptive statistical techniques. Respondents found the hostels fairly adequate for academic purposes. No hostel was either very inadequate or very adequate. The building component attributes rated were mainly found to be adequate whiles the ancillary services needed by students were mostly found fairly adequate. Fire safety and internet services were found to be inadequate and contributed least to the overall adequacy of the hostels. The results suggest the need for regulation in the planning, design and construction of hostels in Wa since about one-half of the attributes used were generally rated fair and none found very adequate. Fire safety is critical in students housing due to the multitenant nature of hostels. This was however found inadequate; necessitating urgent attention to avert any future disaster.
      PubDate: Dec 2017
       
  • Re-designing Urban Stream Landscape by Investigating the Citizens'
           Preference Matrix

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  4  Ali Asadpour   In addition to the ecological concerns, public preferences and social perceptions are important subjects in urban stream redevelopment. There are few studies addressing public concerns in Middle East nations, such as Iran. This study took The Khoshk River (in local language means Dry River) in Shiraz metropolitan area, Iran, as an object to do some comprehensive evaluation of its natural and built environment by questioner survey. Random sampling method have been used and totally 474 citizens participated in the study. They had been asked to choose the river scape preference according to Kaplan's' environmental matrix (coherence, legibility, complexity & mystery) in Likert scale. The variable 'naturalness' added to the mentioned matrix as a proposal. Findings analyzed by SPSS (Version 19). Results show that there is a significant correlation between naturalness and 'coherence', 'complexity', 'legibility' and 'mystery' preference named in order of importance and relationships. It means that, naturalness as a preference variable has a grater correlation with 'immediate' variables (named coherence and complexity) than inferred ones (named legibility and mystery). The paper, suggests that naturalness could be added to preference matrix of urban streams. Furthermore, the results confirm the gaps between public perceptions and purpose of city governments in naturalizing the river scape. Strategies are also being proposed to redesign the landscape of the river.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Disaster Resilience of Low-cost Houses: Case Study of Thua Thien Hue
           Province, Vietnam

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  4  Suyeon Lee   and Seyeon Lee   This research documents the post-flood and typhoon conditions of low income housing in the Thua Thien Hue Province, Vietnam, an area prone to extreme flooding in Central Vietnam. The cost of rebuilding houses after a natural hazard has been always a burden for low income households and it often led to the elimination of essential construction practices for disaster resistance. While there has been remarkable improvement in relief and rehabilitation, poor people have been disproportionately vulnerable to extreme events due to their low adaptive capacity and suffered the same damages every year. The research documents existing conditions of low income houses in the Thua Thien Hue province and identifies leading causes of the building failure from the natural disasters. The quality of construction and repairs are assessed based on Coastal Construction Manual and by Federal Emergency Management Agency. In order to examine people's perception toward housing reinforcement as a coping strategy as well as to identify problems and issues associated with achieving stronger and safer housing, focus group and individual interviews were conducted with local residents from four different flood and typhoon-prone communities. The research found that many households in the affected areas now realize the importance of improving housing structures as a coping strategy to resist the impacts of floods and typhoons, however due to low income and a lack of professional instruction and technical guidance in the area, many households still reside in weak and fragile housing conditions that cannot withstand climate related risks. In particular, low-income households spend a considerable amount of their income on housing repair every year. Consultation and communication with professionals about building a resilient housing is lacking. Given that the major immediate recovery action taken by the local people tends to focus on repairing damaged houses, providing proper and applicable construction practices is crucial to improve the housing condition, but also to contribute to reduce poverty in Vietnam.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • Sustainable Strategies for Promoting the Horezu Pottery and the Cultural
           Landscape of Horezu, Romania

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  4  Smaranda Maria Bica   and Elena Roxana Florescu   Romania occupies on the UNESCO list of Immaterial Cultural Patrimony only four positions. Since December 2012 the Horezu pottery entered this short list. This pottery is presented in most of the handicraft stores all over the country, but otherwise lacks any other promotion policies: information, data about the geographical position and the beautiful hilly landscape, history of the handicraft and data about the former and contemporary artists, presentation of the variety of decoration motifs, local gastronomy traditions etc. Today tourists have come to visit the 17th-century Monastery, shortly stop to see the pottery in display on the access road and eventually acquire some products. The visibility of the valuable production of Horezu is minor, but a greater influx of tourist in the present conditions would be unsustainable. The paper intends to outline some directions for a sustainable promotion of the pottery itself, but also of the varied valuable traditions, of the architectural dowry, of the natural attractions and of other riches existing in the area.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • The Jardin - Anglais as Public Image of the Self

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Aug 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  4  Janet R. White   At first glance, the jardin-anglais of 18th-century France appears to be composed of a standard set of pieces. A closer examination of specific gardens, however, reveals that elements were often chosen in order to "fit" the garden to the patron. These choices were intended to make each garden into a kind of portrait of its owner, an important means of projection of self to others. Three gardens are examined here: Marie Antoinette's at the Petit Trianon at Versailles; the Desert d' Ermenonville, the garden of the Marquis de Girardin; and Monsieur de Monville's Desert de Retz. A "close reading" of features of each reveals that each plays on the standard repertoire to turn the garden into a public self-portrait of its creator as he or she wished to be seen. They add up to three very different public images of the self-projected by three gardens with very different atmospheres. The new innate self of the second half of the eighteenth century was to be "cultivated by a spontaneous relation to nature" [1]. It is perhaps not surprising then to find nature as expressed in the garden being in turn made into the means of projecting the self to others.
      PubDate: Aug 2017
       
  • City as Open Work

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  2  Claudia Chirianni   The scientific discoveries of recent decades and in particular those relating to Complexity Theory have led to recognize the city as a typical example of adaptive complex system. Urban and architectural design must face today this complexity and the substantial unpredictability of generative bottom-up processes that determine it. That is, design should be aimed not to produce a finished object but rather to trigger a processuality that welcomes and benefits from the creativity of the community that the project itself will host. A design, therefore, no longer prescriptive but aimed at orienting the spontaneous evolution of the city system. This means, above all, stop thinking about architecture as an immutable finished object and start to consider it as a continuous process, that is, to adopt a procedural thinking. This finds its best expression in programming languages that today seem the most effective tools to manage a design process leading to not a single outcome, but all possible outcomes.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Walkability as a Culture Practice

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  2  Dimitra Riza   The research approaches walking as an artistic performance and urban experience that provokes and reestablishes every day habits. Rethinking the urban space in terms of its anthropological and perceptual attributes and not only of its geometrical or morphological characteristics is the main focus of the paper. The hypothesis is that walking as a kinesthetic urban performance can affect the way of perceiving and experiencing the contemporary urban environment.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • Urban Projects to Prefigure the Sustainable City -- Case: the City of Ain
           Beida (Algeria)

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  2  Foued Benghadbane   and Fatima Zohra Berkani   Algerian cities suffer from multiple problems, which directly had influence in blocking the realization of the sustainable urban development and made it a significant challenge faced by many studies and researches especially urban projects that have become the modern tools of urban planning and which take into consideration the sustainable urban development dimensions within its basic guidance. Field practice of urban planning has proven that theoretical studies and political strategies cannot achieve the required sustainability, because it needs to activate the principle of people's participation and partnership between different actors during planning required urban projects, without neglecting the leading role played by the decision-makers, and that needs more rationalization to achieve good urban governance, which is the primary objective of urban project. In this context, the aim of this study is to provide the mechanisms that help to create sustainable and locale made urban projects, compatible with the natural, cultural and social characteristics of the Algerian cities taking the city of Ain Beida in the Algerian east area to apply this study, by placing a comprehensive systematic approach that combines urban sustainability problems of the city with the proposed solutions, through urban projects to monitor the ambitions of the population in the planning of their city, which would promote the city of Ain Beida to the class of sustainable city with optimum and rational exploitation of technologies and the available sophisticated means, and to stop the import of ready-made Western solutions, which is the main reason for the today's Algerian cities problems.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
  • An Analysis of Occupational Accidents in Demolition Work

    • Abstract: Publication date:  Apr 2017
      Source:Civil Engineering and Architecture  Volume  5  Number  2  Hüseyin Ertaş   and Ali Sayıl Erdoğan   The significance of occupational health and safety is becoming better understood every day, and in this respect, countries institute various arrangements and conditions. Measures to be taken to prevent occupational accidents and disease are determined, and laws and regulations are made accordingly. Thousands of accidents happen every year in the construction sector, which is one of the most dangerous in terms of safety. These range from simple cuts and scratches to life changing injuries and death. It is also important to consider demolition work, which is one of the branches of the construction sector and a permanent part of our daily life, according to occupational health and safety. In this article, demolition work is discussed according to occupational health and safety statistics and occupational accidents in demolition are considered. The accidents studied and classified are taken from all 653 occupational accidents in demolition work registered in 1984-2012 in the workers' section of the US Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). According to the analyzed records, each kind of hazard in demolition work is evaluated with regard to different work procedures and the results are shown.
      PubDate: Apr 2017
       
 
 
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