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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2282 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (192 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (186 journals)
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    - ENGINEERING (1204 journals)
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CIVIL ENGINEERING (186 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 186 of 186 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access  
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Underground Space     Open Access  
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)


Journal Cover Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering
  [SJR: 0.901]   [H-I: 51]   [10 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1093-9687 - ISSN (Online) 1467-8667
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1577 journals]
  • Automated Model-Based Finding of 3D Objects in Cluttered Construction
           Point Cloud Models
    • Authors: Mohammad-Mahdi Sharif; Mohammad Nahangi, Carl Haas, Jeffrey West
      Abstract: Finding construction components in cluttered point clouds is a critical pre-processing task that requires intensive and manual operations. Accurate isolation of an object from point clouds is a key for further processing steps such as positive identification, scan-to-building information modeling (BIM), and robotic manipulation. Manual isolaton is tedious, time consuming, and disconnected from the automated tasks involved in the process. This article adapts and examines a method for finding objects within 3D point clouds robustly, quickly, and automatically. A local feature on a pair of points is employed for representing 3D shapes. The method has three steps: (1) offline model library generation, (2) online searching and matching, and (3) match refinement and isolation. Experimental tests are carried out for finding industrial (curvilinear) and structural (rectilinear) elements. The method is verified under various circumstances in order to measure its performance toward addressing the major challenges involved in 3D object finding. Results show that the method is sufficiently quick and robust to be integrated with automated process control frameworks.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11T10:12:34.924904-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12306
  • Multiobjective Environmentally Sustainable Road Network Design Using
           Pareto Optimization
    • Authors: Yi Wang; W. Y. Szeto
      Abstract: In this article, a bi-level transportation network design problem with environmental considerations is investigated. To explicitly reflect various requirements of environmental sustainability from planners, total emissions costs and total excessive noise cost are minimized along with total system travel time while performing optimal capacity expansion. To leave space for additional information on decision making for planners and provide a more generalized description of solution optimality, the Pareto optimization approach is adopted. The study proposes a multiobjective variant of a new metaheuristic named Chemical Reaction Optimization as the optimization tool to solve the formulated network design problem. Pareto front approximations have been successfully acquired for each scenario tested using the Sioux Falls network. The results show that the relations between pairwise objectives can change significantly (e.g., from conflicting to aligned) with regard to different demand situations. The newly proposed multiobjective metaheuristic succeeds to produce better approximations of the Pareto front than NSGA-II with comparable runtime for the considered road network.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08T08:25:38.205263-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12305
  • A Strategic User Equilibrium for Independently Distributed
           Origin-Destination Demands
    • Authors: Tao Wen; Chen Cai, Lauren Gardner, Vinayak Dixit, S. Travis Waller, Fang Chen
      Abstract: This article proposes an extension of the strategic user equilibrium proposed by Waller and colleagues and Dixit and colleagues. The proposed model relaxes the assumption of proportional Origin-Destination (O-D) demand, as it accounts for users’ strategic link choice under independently distributed O-D demands. The convexity of the mathematical formulation is proved when each O-D demand is assumed to follow a Poisson distribution independently; link flow distributions and users’ strategic link choice are also proved to be unique. Network performance measures are given analytically. A numerical analysis is conducted on the Sioux Falls network. A Monte Carlo method is used to simulate network performance measures, which are then compared to the results computed from the analytical expression. It is illustrated that the model is capable of accounting for demand volatility while maintaining computation efficiency.
      PubDate: 2017-09-06T09:32:06.66437-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12292
  • Modeling the Proactive Driving Behavior of Connected Vehicles: A
           Cell-Based Simulation Approach
    • Authors: Feng Zhu; Satish V. Ukkusuri
      Abstract: Connected vehicles are able to proactively change speed to adapt to the prevailing traffic condition. Even in the mixed traffic environment, connected vehicles may function as leading vehicles, hence influencing the driving pattern of following nonconnected vehicles. This article proposes a cell-based simulation approach to model the proactive driving behavior of connected vehicles. First, a state variable of connected vehicles is introduced to track the trajectory of connected vehicles. Then the exit flow of cells containing connected vehicles is adjusted to simulate the proactive driving behavior, such that the traffic light is green when the connected vehicle arrives at the signalized intersection. The second part of the article conducts numerical tests to examine the effect of the proactive driving behavior of connected vehicles. Extensive test results consistently show that the presence of connected vehicles contributes significantly to the smoothing of traffic flow and vehicular emission reductions in the network.
      PubDate: 2017-09-05T09:26:19.526498-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12289
  • Blind Modal Identification in Frequency Domain Using Independent Component
           Analysis for High Damping Structures with Classical Damping
    • Authors: Xiao-Jun Yao; Ting-Hua Yi, Chunxu Qu, Hong-Nan Li
      Abstract: Output-only modal identification methods are practical for large-scale engineering. Recently, independent component analysis (ICA) which is one of the most popular techniques of blind source separation (BSS) has been used for output-only modal identification to directly separate the modal responses and mode shapes from vibration responses. However, this method is only accurate for undamped or lightly damped structures. To improve the performance of ICA for high damping structures, this article presents an extended ICA-based method called ICA-F, which establishes a BSS model in frequency domain. First, the basic idea of BSS and ICA applied in modal identification is introduced in detail. The free vibration responses and the correlation functions of ambient responses can be cast into the frequency-domain BSS framework just by mapping the time history responses to frequency domain through fast Fourier transform (FFT). Then, an ICA-based method in frequency domain called ICA-F is proposed to accurately extract mode shapes and modal responses for both light and high damping structures. A simulated 3 degree of freedom mass-spring system and a 4-story simulated benchmark model developed by the IASC-ASCE Task Group in Health Monitoring are employed to verify the effectiveness of the proposed method. The results show that the proposed method can perform accurate modal identification for both light and high damping structures. Finally, the IASC-ASCE experimental benchmark structure is also utilized to illustrate the proposed method applied to practical structure.
      PubDate: 2017-09-05T04:56:59.424358-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12303
  • Variable Neighborhood Search for Multistage Train Classification at
           Strategic Planning Level
    • Authors: Ivan Belošević; Miloš Ivić
      Abstract: Considerations on influences and interrelations between structural design and functional planning are imperative for raising the cost and operational effectiveness of marshaling yards in the context of managing wagonload services. This article focuses on multistage train classification, which rearranges a set of wagons from inbound trains to create a set of multigroup outbound trains in a proper form. Previous papers on the subject of multistage train classification were limited to considerations on the optimal classification schedule addressing the number of sorting steps as a primary objective. In contrast, this article proposes a model for overall optimization of the classification schedule and sidings layout, simultaneously addressing the number of sorting steps and the total number of wagon movements in the objective function. The model is created on a binary integer programming formulation. A Variable Neighborhood Search (VNS) heuristic is developed due to the computational complexity of the problem. Numerical experiments validate the formulated model and demonstrate the efficiency of the VNS meta-heuristic approach.
      PubDate: 2017-08-30T10:40:56.004656-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12304
  • A Method to Identify and Classify the Vertical Alignment of Existing Roads
    • Authors: Santiago Higuera de Frutos; María Castro
      Abstract: A detailed knowledge of the geometric characteristics of already built roads is necessary for various tasks related to their exploitation. However, sufficiently accurate or updated information about their geometric characteristics is frequently not available. Therefore, it is common to collect data of road geometry normally by means of a vehicle equipped with various sensors and, from the data obtained, generate analytically a geometric design that fits reality as closely as possible. There are several procedures to recreate the horizontal alignment of existing roads. However, no such effort has been made for vertical alignment. Knowledge of vertical profile's geometry is important for safety traffic studies as sight distance. This article presents a method of obtaining the geometrical elements of the vertical profile of highways through the longitudinal slope of their centerline points. The procedure has been successfully validated by its application on five rural highways in Spain.
      PubDate: 2017-08-26T09:40:40.657648-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12302
  • Crew Allocation System for the Masonry Industry
    • Authors: Laura Florez
      Abstract: Masonry construction is labor-intensive. Processes require a large number of crews made up of masons with diverse skills, capabilities, and personalities. Often crews are reassembled and the superintendent in the site is responsible for allocating crews to balance between the complexity of the job and the need for quality and high production rates. However, the masonry industry still faces increased time and low productivity rates that result from inefficiencies in crew allocation. This article presents a system for efficient crew allocation in the masonry industry formulated as a mixed-integer program. The system takes into consideration characteristics of masons and site conditions and how to relate these to determine the right crew for the right wall to increase productivity. With the system, superintendents are not only able to identify working patterns for each of the masons but also optimal crew formation, completion times, and labor costs. To validate the model, data from a real project in the United States is used to compare the crew allocation completed by the superintendent onsite with the one proposed by the system. The results showed that relating characteristics of workers with site conditions had a substantial impact on reducing the completion time to build the walls, maximizing the utilization of masons, and outlining opportunities for concurrent work.
      PubDate: 2017-08-23T18:42:42.588027-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12301
  • Integrated Train Timetabling and Rolling Stock Scheduling Model Based on
           Time-Dependent Demand for Urban Rail Transit
    • Authors: Yixiang Yue; Juntao Han, Shifeng Wang, Xiang Liu
      Abstract: The congestion of urban transportation is becoming an increasingly critical problem for many metropolises. The Urban Rail Transit (URT) system has attracted substantial attention due to its safety, high speed, high capacity, and sustainability. With a focus on a holistic modeling framework for train scheduling problems, this article proposes a novel optimization methodology that integrates both train timetabling and rolling stock scheduling based on time-dependent passenger flow demands. We particularly consider the tradeoff between waiting times for passengers and the train frequency of the URT system. By using train paths and rolling stock indicators as decision variables, this problem is formulated as a bi-level programming model. A simulated-annealing (SA)-based heuristic algorithm is employed to solve the proposed model and generate approximate optimal solutions. In the case study of Line 10 of Beijing Subway, GAMS (The General Algebraic Modeling System) with the IBM ILOG CPLEX Optimization Studio (CPLEX) solver can barely obtain a solution in more than 2 hours, whereas the SA-based heuristic can obtain the solution within 16 minutes and 44 seconds with the objective value improved by more than 14%. The calculation results and comparisons indicate that the SA-based heuristic can efficiently produce approximate optimal scheduling strategies; these findings demonstrate the practical value of our proposed approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-08-21T14:21:04.094223-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12300
  • Automated Pixel-Level Pavement Crack Detection on 3D Asphalt Surfaces
           Using a Deep-Learning Network
    • Authors: Allen Zhang; Kelvin C. P. Wang, Baoxian Li, Enhui Yang, Xianxing Dai, Yi Peng, Yue Fei, Yang Liu, Joshua Q. Li, Cheng Chen
      Abstract: The CrackNet, an efficient architecture based on the Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), is proposed in this article for automated pavement crack detection on 3D asphalt surfaces with explicit objective of pixel-perfect accuracy. Unlike the commonly used CNN, CrackNet does not have any pooling layers which downsize the outputs of previous layers. CrackNet fundamentally ensures pixel-perfect accuracy using the newly developed technique of invariant image width and height through all layers. CrackNet consists of five layers and includes more than one million parameters that are trained in the learning process. The input data of the CrackNet are feature maps generated by the feature extractor using the proposed line filters with various orientations, widths, and lengths. The output of CrackNet is the set of predicted class scores for all pixels. The hidden layers of CrackNet are convolutional layers and fully connected layers. CrackNet is trained with 1,800 3D pavement images and is then demonstrated to be successful in detecting cracks under various conditions using another set of 200 3D pavement images. The experiment using the 200 testing 3D images showed that CrackNet can achieve high Precision (90.13%), Recall (87.63%) and F-measure (88.86%) simultaneously. Compared with recently developed crack detection methods based on traditional machine learning and imaging algorithms, the CrackNet significantly outperforms the traditional approaches in terms of F-measure. Using parallel computing techniques, CrackNet is programmed to be efficiently used in conjunction with the data collection software.
      PubDate: 2017-08-21T14:16:22.576112-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12297
  • Scheduling Optimization of Linear Schedule with Constraint Programming
    • Authors: Yuanjie Tang; Rengkui Liu, Futian Wang, Quanxin Sun, Amr A. Kandil
      Abstract: In recent decades, construction project scheduling optimization has received extensive attention from the research community. However, the most commonly used scheduling approach, the critical path method, is often inapplicable to transportation-type linear projects. Recently, the linear scheduling method (LSM) has demonstrated many advantages for such projects and has become a popular research subject. As a relatively novel scheduling method, LSM requires further improvement, as there are restrictions associated with the scheduling/optimization of linear projects. By analyzing results from previous studies, we propose a unique three-element mode, a description method for LSM's logical relationships and constraints system. An LSM-based scheduling optimization model based on constraint satisfaction problems and constraint programming is then proposed that could be used in classical scheduling optimization problems with flexibility, practicability, and solution superiority. The proposed model is verified using three practical transportation construction projects. Verification under six optimization scenarios demonstrates the advantages of our approach.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04T16:21:57.210595-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12277
  • Proactive, Backward Analysis and Learning in Road Probabilistic Bayesian
           Network Models
    • Authors: Enrique Castillo; Zacarías Grande, Elena Mora, Xiangdong Xu, Hong K. Lo
      Abstract: Some probabilistic safety assessment models based on Bayesian networks have been recommended recently for safety analysis of highways and roads. These methods provide a very natural and powerful alternative to traditional approaches, such as fault and event tree based methods. In this article, we present several new and original contributions to complement the inference engine tools of these models to provide new and relevant information about safety and backward analysis on one hand, and to learn the complex multidimensional joint probabilities of all variables, on the other hand. More precisely, we show how standard tools combined with the partitioning technique can be used in new ways to solve three relevant problems (1) to prognosticate the most probable combinations of variables leading to incidents, (2) to perform a backward analysis to identify the causes of accidents, and (3) to learn the model parameters using Bayesian conjugate methods (categorical and Dirichlet families). Finally, some real examples of applications are used to illustrate the proposed methods.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04T16:10:58.780213-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12294
  • Multiobjective Path Optimization for Critical Infrastructure Links with
           Consideration to Seismic Resilience
    • Authors: Zengfu Wang; Qing Wang, Moshe Zukerman, Jun Guo, Yu Wang, Gang Wang, Jun Yang, Bill Moran
      Abstract: We study the generic problem of path optimization for a critical infrastructure link between two locations on the surface of the Earth in the vicinity of earthquake-prone areas. The problem has two (conflicting) objective functions, one for minimizing the construction cost of the link and the other for minimizing the number of potential repairs along the link in the wake of earthquakes. In our model, the Earth's surface is approximated by a triangulated manifold, and ground motion intensity data are used to provide a measure of repair rate. We approach the multiobjective variational problem by first converting it into a single objective variational problem using the weighted sum method. Then, we show that the problem can be further transformed into an Eikonal equation and solved by a computationally efficient algorithm based on the fast marching method. Extensive simulations are performed on real-world three-dimensional geographical data, from which we obtain Pareto optimal solutions that provide insight and guidance to design trade-offs between cost effectiveness and seismic resilience.
      PubDate: 2017-07-31T06:08:57.772455-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12287
  • Modeling Virtual Design and Construction Implementation Strategies
           Considering Lean Management Impacts
    • Authors: María G. Mandujano; Claudio Mourgues, Luis F. Alarcón, John Kunz
      Abstract: Virtual design and construction (VDC) implementation remains a challenge as companies lack understanding of the implementation strategies and their relation with other important improvement efforts such as lean management. This article presents a performance modeling methodology that allows companies to assess VDC implementation strategies, including lean management as a moderator. The methodology is based on a conceptual model of the implementation variables that influence project performance and a mathematical method that uses partial least squares to explain the relationships among the multiple variables. The methodology was tested using data from an existing survey to identify the variables and quantify the relationships. A significant finding is that using lean as a moderator strengthens the connection between strategies and allows a better performance on companies. The results are exploratory but provide interesting insights into VDC implementation strategies and provide evidence of the methodology's power.
      PubDate: 2017-03-29T17:05:33.85414-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12253
  • A Mathematical Framework to Optimize Critical Infrastructure Resilience
           against Intentional Attacks
    • Authors: Min Ouyang; Yiping Fang
      Abstract: This article establishes a tri-level decision-making model supporting critical infrastructure (CI) resilience optimization against intentional attacks. A novel decomposition algorithm is proposed to exactly identify the best pre-event defense strategy (protecting vulnerable components and building new lines), the worst-case attack scenario, and the optimal postevent repair sequence of damaged components. As different types of CIs have different flow models, this article mainly considers the direct current power flow model and the maximal flow model for illustrative purposes. The proposed framework is illustrated by a simple but representative case system with nine nodes, and main results include: (1) the marginal value of extra defense investment under low defense budget is more considerable for mitigating system resilience loss, especially under large intentional attacks; (2) no defense strategy is always the best under different attack budgets; (3) increasing amount of repair resources can dramatically enhance CI resilience, but makes the pre-event defense strategy less effective; (4) the use of maximal flow model can provide a lower bound estimation of the resilience loss from the power flow model; (5) the optimum defense strategy and the worst-case attack identified by minimizing CI resilience loss largely differ from those by minimizing CI vulnerability, where the latter does not consider the recovery actions. Finally, the algorithm complexity is analyzed by comparing with the enumeration method and by testing two larger electric power systems.
      PubDate: 2017-02-03T15:35:39.340528-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12252
  • Issue Information - TOC
    • Pages: 803 - 804
      PubDate: 2017-09-06T12:28:33.189281-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/mice.12299
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