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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2298 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (192 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (192 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (104 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1209 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (385 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (69 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (92 journals)

CIVIL ENGINEERING (192 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 192 of 192 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Agregat     Open Access  
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Building & Management     Open Access  
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal     Open Access  
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 268)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture     Open Access  
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology     Open Access  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
npj Materials Degradation     Open Access  
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings     Open Access  
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Underground Space     Open Access  
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)

           

Journal Cover Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring
  [SJR: 0.296]   [H-I: 7]   [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 2190-5452 - ISSN (Online) 2190-5479
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2355 journals]
  • Detection of mortar defects in ballastless tracks of high-speed railway
           using transient elastic wave method
    • Authors: Xiushu Tian; Weigang Zhao; Yanliang Du; Baoxian Wang
      Abstract: Abstract In the multi-layered track structure, the defects of cement-emulsified asphalt (CA) mortar are hidden and difficult to detect. There is still no effective detection method yet. Thus, this paper discusses the feasibility of mortar defect detection by transient elastic wave method. First, a finite-element model (FEM) was created by the LS-DYNA for a section of the multi-layered structure of the ballastless tracks, and the features of elastic waves were investigated in ballastless tracks with and without defects. Then, three identification parameters were presented and the spectra of measuring points were analysed in detail. Moreover, the IE method was adopted to detect the defects in the entity models of ballastless tracks. It is shown that the internal defects of the mortar layer can be pinpointed by comparing the waveforms of various frequencies in the frequency domain, different peaks of resonance frequency, and diverse power density values.
      PubDate: 2017-12-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0265-0
       
  • Efficiency investigation of structural interventions based on in situ
           ambient vibration measurements on Acheiropoietos Early Byzantine basilica,
           Thessaloniki, Greece
    • Authors: Thomas Salonikios; Nikolaos Theodoulidis; Konstantinos Morfidis; Georgia Zacharopoulou; Konstantinos Raptis
      Abstract: Abstract Acheiropoietos in its current state is a typical Early Byzantine three-aisled timber-roofed basilica with narthex and galleries. During the destructive earthquake of June 20, 1978, the basilica suffered significant damage. In the following years, ambient vibration measurements were performed at the damaged structure before any intervention and main eigenperiods of vibration were calculated. In 1990s, an extensive structural restoration project was undertaken aiming at the provision of diaphragms of controlled shear strength and rigidity at the level of the timber floors and roofs of the galleries. Horizontal steel frames were placed at the perimeter of these diaphragms providing the required diaphragmatic response. The interventions were intended to support the long north and south walls and galleries of the basilica by its stiffer east and west walls against horizontal actions. Within the framework of the present study, the efficiency of the interventions to achieve the desired diaphragmatic response was investigated by measuring the structure’s response to ambient vibration. The in situ measurements and the postprocessing data document that the timber diaphragms are actually behaving as rigid levels. Therefore, it is concluded that the implemented interventions on the basilika assure its proper diaphragmatic function, improving thus successfully its dynamic behavior in future earthquake excitations, according to the redesigned structural approach.
      PubDate: 2017-12-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0262-3
       
  • Final outcomes on the multi-disciplinary long-term monitoring and
           preservation state investigation on the medieval external Façades of
           Palazzo Ducale in Venice, Italy
    • Authors: Francesca Sciarretta; Fabrizio Antonelli; Fabio Peron; Silvia Caniglia
      Abstract: Abstract The paper presents the results of the research and monitoring activities carried out at Palazzo Ducale in Venice, Italy, between 2009 and 2014. A team of academic and technical personnel of the Iuav University designed and carried on the programme. The aim was to acquire knowledge and data to establish a clear picture of the preservation state of the two XIV–XV Century external façades (South and West). The size of the façades, their complex and uncertain consistency, as well as their long and complicated history dictated the choice of multi-disciplinary, integrated and nondestructive methodologies. In detail, the diagnostics consisted of static monitoring of cracks and rotation, dynamic monitoring along a critical vertical section, sonic wave velocity measurements, endoscopic probing and ground penetrating radar, infrared thermographic imaging and finally mineralogical and petro-physical analyses of stone samples. Other information from visual and geometric surveys, bibliographic research and conventional calculations supported the results of the diagnostic procedures. The outcomes of the programme enlightened specific conclusions for each activity as well as crossing multi-disciplinary points of view; the latter are about the quality and consistency of the load-bearing masonry, the stress state in the façade walls and the potentially critical issues. As a specific objective, optimization of the available knowledge besides test results could finally be reached. The outcomes could update the scientific knowledge basis and support maintenance provisions for this unique and world-famous monument.
      PubDate: 2017-12-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0263-2
       
  • Review of machine-vision based methodologies for displacement measurement
           in civil structures
    • Authors: Yan Xu; James M. W. Brownjohn
      Abstract: Abstract Vision-based systems are promising tools for displacement measurement in civil structures, possessing advantages over traditional displacement sensors in instrumentation cost, installation efforts and measurement capacity in terms of frequency range and spatial resolution. Approximately one hundred papers to date have appeared on this subject, investigating topics like system development and improvement, the viability on field applications and the potential for structural condition assessment. The main contribution of this paper is to present a literature review of vision-based displacement measurement, from the perspectives of methodologies and applications. Video-processing procedures in this paper are summarised as a three-component framework: camera calibration, target tracking and structural displacement calculation. Methods for each component are presented in principle, with discussions about the relative advantages and limitations. Applications in the two most active fields, bridge deformation and cable vibration measurement, are examined followed by a summary of field challenges observed in monitoring tests. Important gaps requiring further investigation are presented, e.g. robust tracking methods, non-contact sensing and measurement accuracy evaluation in field conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-12-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0261-4
       
  • Continuous monitoring of a challenging heritage tower in Monza, Italy
    • Authors: Antonella Saisi; Carmelo Gentile; Antonello Ruccolo
      Abstract: Abstract A recent survey of the historic complex of “Santa Maria del Carrobiolo” in Monza (Italy) highlighted that two sides of the bell-tower are directly supported by the load-bearing walls of the apse and South aisle of the neighbouring church. After the discovery of the weak structural arrangement of the building, a network of 10 displacement transducers, integrated by five temperature sensors, was installed in the tower to check the opening variation of the main cracks. Subsequently, ambient vibration tests were performed and closely spaced modes with similar mode shapes were clearly identified: since the dynamic characteristics of the tower are quite different from those obtained in past experimental studies of similar structures and conceivably related to the construction sequence, a simple dynamic monitoring system was installed in the tower to complete the health monitoring aimed at the preservation of the historic structure. The paper—after a brief description of the tower and a summary of selected evidences provided by on-site survey, historic research and static monitoring—focuses on the dynamic characteristics identified in the preliminary ambient vibration tests and the main results of 1-year dynamic monitoring. In order to assess the effects of changing temperature on the natural frequencies of the investigated tower, especially in view of the removal of those effects needed for an effective performance assessment, simple correlation studies between modal frequencies and temperature are presented and discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0260-5
       
  • Evaluation of one hundred and one instrumented bridges suggests a new
           level of inspection should be established in the bridge design codes
    • Authors: Baidar Bakht; Aftab Mufti
      PubDate: 2017-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0256-1
       
  • Toward effective structural identification of medium-rise building
           structures
    • Authors: A. Nguyen; K. A. T. L. Kodikara; T. H. T. Chan; D. P. Thambiratnam
      Abstract: Abstract Structural Identification (St-Id) is the process of constructing and calibrating a physics-based model based on the measured static and/or dynamic response of the structure. Over the last two decades, although the St-Id methods have become increasingly popular amongst civil–structural engineering communities, most complete and successful applications are often found with flexible structures such as long-span bridges and towers. Very few comprehensive studies were reported on building structures, especially those with medium-rise characteristics which are often associated with complicated analytical modelling and different degrees of parameter uncertainties. To address this need, this paper presents an in-depth study on St-Id of a benchmark medium-rise building firstly demonstrating the importance of developing appropriate initial analytical models that can be used for the automated model calibration techniques. Then, a novel parametric study-based sensitivity analysis approach is introduced to identify tuning parameters as well as their appropriate ranges to maximise the correlation of the calibrated model whilst preserving the physical relevance of the calibrated model. Modal data of the first few modes measured under ambient vibration conditions are used in this study. Further application of the St-Id process developed herein for structural health monitoring (SHM) of buildings is also discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-11-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0259-y
       
  • Effect of central and non-central frequency components on the quality of
           damage imaging
    • Authors: Gnana Teja Pudipeddi; Ching-Tai Ng; Andrei Kotousov
      Abstract: Abstract Accurate image reconstruction of damage through Lamb wave diffraction tomography (LWDT) requires substantial information of scatter field. This can be achieved using transducer network to collect the scatter field data. However, this requires a large number of transducers that creates logistical constraints for the practical applications of the technique. Various methods have been developed to improve the practicability of LWDT. One of the main approaches is to employ data at multiple frequencies within the bandwidth of the excitation signal. The objective of this study is to investigate the performance of using the data at non-central frequencies to reconstruct the damage image using LWDT. This provides an understanding on the influence of data at each individual frequency in the damage image reconstruction.In this paper, a series of numerical case studies with consideration of different damage sizes and shapes are carried out. Different non-central frequencies data is used to reconstruct the damage image. The results show that using the data at different non-central frequencies leads to different qualities of the reconstructed damage images. The quality of these reconstructed damage images are then compared to investigate the information contained of the data at each individual frequency. The study shows that the non-central frequencies data can provide additional information in the damage image reconstruction. Overall, the results of this study provide insights into the influences of the data at different frequencies, which is essential to advance the developments of the LWDT.
      PubDate: 2017-11-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0258-z
       
  • Structural health monitoring of bridges: a model-free ANN-based approach
           to damage detection
    • Authors: A. C. Neves; I. González; J. Leander; R. Karoumi
      Abstract: Abstract As civil engineering structures are growing in dimension and longevity, there is an associated increase in concern regarding the maintenance of such structures. Bridges, in particular, are critical links in today’s transportation networks and hence fundamental for the development of society. In this context, the demand for novel damage detection techniques and reliable structural health monitoring systems is currently high. This paper presents a model-free damage detection approach based on machine learning techniques. The method is applied to data on the structural condition of a fictitious railway bridge gathered in a numerical experiment using a three-dimensional finite element model. Data are collected from the dynamic response of the structure, which is simulated in the course of the passage of a train, considering the bridge in healthy and two different damaged scenarios. In the first stage of the proposed method, artificial neural networks are trained with an unsupervised learning approach with input data composed of accelerations gathered on the healthy bridge. Based on the acceleration values at previous instants in time, the networks are able to predict future accelerations. In the second stage, the prediction errors of each network are statistically characterized by a Gaussian process that supports the choice of a damage detection threshold. Subsequent to this, by comparing damage indices with said threshold, it is possible to discriminate between different structural conditions, namely between healthy and damaged. From here and for each damage case scenario, receiver operating characteristic curves that illustrate the trade-off between true and false positives can be obtained. Lastly, based on the Bayes’ Theorem, a simplified method for the calculation of the expected total cost of the proposed strategy, as a function of the chosen threshold, is suggested.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0252-5
       
  • Seismic performance assessment of isolated bridges for different limit
           states
    • Authors: P. Castaldo; R. Lo Priore
      Abstract: Abstract This study aims to evaluate the seismic performances of bridges isolated by the friction pendulum system (FPS) bearings considering the seismic hazard of Sant’Angelo dei Lombardi site (Italy), to provide useful and preliminary recommendations in terms of health assessment for design or retrofit of new or existing bridges, respectively. Single- and two-degree-of-freedom models are considered to describe the isolated bridge behavior taking into account an infinitely rigid deck and the isolated bridge behavior having an infinitely rigid deck with the elastic pier, respectively. In both models, a velocity-dependent rule for the FPS isolators is assumed. Seismic excitations are properly modeled as non-stationary stochastic processes having different intensities corresponding to different limit states and with frequency contents related to the medium soil condition, representative of the soil type in Sant’Angelo dei Lombardi site (Italy). The statistics of deck and pier responses of the isolated bridge are evaluated for different system parameters such as mass ratio, isolation period, pier period and friction coefficient of the FPS considering both Life Safety and Collapse Prevention limit states according to Italian seismic codes. The results, deriving mainly from the two-degree-of-freedom (2dof) model analyses, show that particular values of the friction coefficient allow to minimize the response of the pier depending on the different system properties and the different limit states. In particular, the optimum friction coefficient of the FPS ranges from 0.01 to 0.04 and from 0.01 to 0.05 for Life Safety and for Collapse Prevention limit state, respectively, depending on the structural properties.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0255-2
       
  • A numerical–experimental study for structural damage detection in CFRP
           plates using remote vibration measurements
    • Authors: Guilherme Ferreira Gomes; Yohan Alí Diaz Mendéz; Sebastião Simões da Cunha; Antônio Carlos Ancelotti
      Abstract: Abstract The performance and behavior of composite structures can be significantly affected by degradation and damage. Degradation can be caused by exposure to environmental conditions and damage can be caused by handling conditions, such as impact and loading. Such damages are not always visible on the surface and could potentially lead to catastrophic structural failures. This paper addresses the specific challenge of using numerical simulations to assess damage detection techniques applied to composite laminated plates. This study aims to solve the direct and inverse problem of damage detection by combining numerical and experimental data. Finite element analysis was carried out to analyze the direct problem of mechanical response. Heuristic optimization techniques were used to solve the direct and inverse problem by combining data from a model with that of the experiment to identify structural damage. This study also sought to update the finite element model by minimizing the objective function. The structure studied was constituted of a composite plate. Two damage models were used: (i) circular hole and (ii) delamination (local stiffness reduction). The results of the optimization algorithms show good efficacy in the detection of structural damage, identifying the damaged location on the structure and also quantifying the size of the damage in real composite structures. A method has been proposed to identify the damage in CFRP plates using remote vibration measurements. Furthermore, the numerical simulation and experimental tests have been used to verify the method.
      PubDate: 2017-11-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0254-3
       
  • Monitoring-based analysis of the static and dynamic characteristic of wind
           actions for long-span cable-stayed bridge
    • Authors: Dong-Hui Yang; Ting-Hua Yi; Hong-Nan Li; Yu-Feng Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract Wind action is one of the environmental actions which has substantial static and dynamic effects on the long-span bridges. The main objective of the paper is to reveal the static and dynamic characteristics of the regular wind and typhoon condition. A monitoring-based investigation has been carried out to analyze the characteristics of the wind actions. The static characteristics of regular wind and typhoon condition are investigated by analyzing the average wind speed. Moreover, the dynamic characteristics of the two conditions of wind actions are studied by analyzing the parameters of turbulence intensity and gust factors. The correlation analysis is performed between the lateral wind speed and the lateral girder displacement to reveal the static effects of the wind actions on the bridge structures. It is concluded that static and dynamic characteristics of regular wind and typhoon conditions are quite different, and the dynamic effects of wind actions obtained based on monitoring data need to be further studied.
      PubDate: 2017-11-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0257-0
       
  • Dynamic monitoring system for utility-scale wind turbines: damage
           detection and fatigue assessment
    • Authors: Gustavo Oliveira; Filipe Magalhães; Álvaro Cunha; Elsa Caetano
      Abstract: Abstract Wind turbines are designed to last about 20 years. However, information regarding the actual structural condition of the wind turbine throughout this period is very limited or even null. This situation prevents the exploitation of the full potential of the support structure of the turbine, including the extension of its period of life. This paper presents an overview of a dynamic monitoring system developed to monitor the structural integrity of utility-scale wind turbines. This monitoring system, based on automated techniques of operational modal analysis, aims to deliver important information regarding the actual condition of the wind turbine: early detection of structural changes (i.e. damage) and evaluation of fatigue condition of the support structure. In this paper, a special focus is given to the latter.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0250-7
       
  • “Drive-by’’ bridge frequency-based monitoring utilizing
           wavelet transform
    • Authors: Chengjun Tan; Ahmed Elhattab; Nasim Uddin
      Abstract: Abstract In recent years, the concept of bridge monitoring using indirect measurements from a passing vehicle has been rapidly developed. This concept is known as “drive-by bridge inspection”. Most of the methods proposed under this approach utilize the dynamic characteristics of the bridge as an indicator of damage, such as the natural frequency of the bridge. The natural frequency is often estimated using fast Fourier transform (FFT). However, FFT has a low frequency resolution at the condition of higher velocity of a passing vehicle; therefore, it is not appropriate to be used to monitor the frequency change caused by the degradation of the bridge structural integrity. This paper introduces a new frequency identification technique based on wavelet analysis. Wavelet transform is characterized by its high-frequency resolution and can, therefore, be used to visualize the bridge damage represented as changing the fundamental frequency of the bridge. The paper will implement this approach using an implicit Vehicle-Bridge Interaction (VBI) algorithm to simulate the passage of the inspection vehicle over the bridge. The acceleration signals are then processed using wavelet analysis to extract the bridge frequency. In addition, the study will investigate the use of a subtracted signal from two consecutive axles. The latter point has the advantage of substantially removing the effect of the road roughness from the recorded acceleration history.
      PubDate: 2017-10-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0246-3
       
  • Quantifying live bending moments in rail using train-mounted vertical
           track deflection measurements and track modulus estimations
    • Authors: Saeideh Fallah Nafari; Mustafa Gül; J. J. Roger Cheng
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a new methodology to quantify the vertical bending moments that generate in rail under the passage of train wheels. In this method, the rail-bending moments are quantified from track modulus estimated using train-mounted vertical track deflection (VTD) measurements. This provides a practical approach for quantifying the rail-bending moments along large railway networks. The method requires the mathematical correlations between VTD, track modulus and rail-bending moments. Hence, a detailed finite element model was developed to investigate and quantify the mathematical correlations between these parameters. Various track modulus distributions were simulated and the resultant VTD and rail-bending moments were calculated. The mathematical correlation between inputted track modulus, and modelled VTD and rail-bending moments were then quantified using statistical approaches. From the results, track modulus average and standard deviation can be estimated over track windows using the VTD measurements. These estimations can be then employed to quantify the average and peak for the envelope of the maximum vertical bending moment in rail over the same track window. The accuracy of the method was verified using a numerical case study for which a random track modulus distribution was considered and artificial noise was added to the modelled VTD.
      PubDate: 2017-10-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0248-1
       
  • Toward transportation asset management: what is the role of geotechnical
           monitoring'
    • Authors: P. Mazzanti
      Abstract: Abstract Geotechnical assets are vital for the efficiency of transportation corridors. Geotechnical monitoring can be a powerful tool for an effective maintenance of transportation assets and for safety purposes. Thanks to the technological evolution that has occurred during recent years, several monitoring technologies are now available to perform geotechnical monitoring. Ranging from remote satellite systems to contact instrumentation, it is now possible to perform a multi-scale approach in space and time, thus effectively supporting management and decision making actions. In this paper, three main categories of geotechnical monitoring are considered on the basis of the “monitoring purpose”: knowledge monitoring, control monitoring and emergency monitoring. STN (space–time-need) diagrams are proposed as a simple and useful graphic tool for the design of an effective monitoring plan that accounts for both the technical capabilities of the available monitoring technologies and the specific monitoring needs. Effective monitoring programs, suitable tools for data collection, management and processing combined with efficient models to support decision making leads to “Smart Geotechnical Asset Management” (SGAM). SGAM is a program that takes advantage of sensors collecting data in order to make risk assessment continuously updated over time.
      PubDate: 2017-10-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0249-0
       
  • Experimental vibration analyses of a historic tower structure
    • Authors: Giovanni Bongiovanni; Giacomo Buffarini; Paolo Clemente; Dario Rinaldis; Fernando Saitta
      Abstract: Abstract Tower structures were often built by Romans to celebrate military victories, especially in honor of army leaders. They played an important role in the reconstruction of some historical periods, but also in the study of the historical seismicity. These considerations, in conjunction with their cultural value, justify the interest in such structures, which are still objects of several studies. In this paper, the experimental dynamic analyses of the column erected in honour of Emperor Trajan, which is one of the most interesting tower structure in Rome, are shown. The experimental results obtained recently are compared with those of a previous experimental campaign. The study is the base for a numerical modelling of the tower and successive structural analysis in the framework of a preservation effort.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0245-4
       
  • A non-destructive method to determine the rotational stiffness of timber
           frame connections
    • Authors: Paul Crovella; George Kyanka
      Abstract: Abstract A method for non-destructive determination of the initial rotational stiffness of timber joints using the natural frequency of vibration of the beam is presented. The rotational stiffness of the joint is defined as “k”, and the bending stiffness of the member is defined as EI/L. The ratio of joint stiffness to the bending stiffness (k/EI/L or kL/EI) is defined as α. Previous researchers have found that for 1 < α < 100, the joint is semi-rigid, and the structural analysis should include joint rotational stiffness to limit stress calculation error to < 5%. The stiffness determined using the frequency of vibration was compared to stiffness determined using the measured deflection with a center-point loading. The relative deviation between the two, using the center point loading as a reference, was calculated. Twenty beams located in six buildings were tested, and 70% were found to have α > 1. The method accurately classified the joints as pinned or semi-rigid for 90% of the cases. The average percent relative deviation for the field-tested beams with α > 1 was 38%. Percent deviation for α > 1 could be reduced by almost half by taking a 5 mm diameter × 50 mm long sample for density testing. The probability distribution of the joint stiffnesses was characterized using a Weibull distribution. Errors due to assumptions about (1) equal stiffness of joints at each end, (2) existing stress in members, and (3) vibration damping were all studied. The relative impact of each on the results of the method is presented.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0247-2
       
  • Numerical model upgrading of a historical masonry building damaged during
           the 2016 Italian earthquakes: the case study of the Podestà palace in
           Montelupone (Italy)
    • Authors: F. Clementi; A. Pierdicca; A. Formisano; F. Catinari; S. Lenci
      Abstract: Abstract In October 2016, two major earthquakes occurred in Marche region in the Centre of Italy, causing widespread damage. The epicentre of the second one struck Norcia, Visso and Accumoli and a lot of damages to cultural heritage were done in the cities of Tolentino, San Severino, Camerino, Matelica, Macerata and Montelupone, where are located the Podestà Palace and the Civic Tower investigated in this paper. The main aim of this research is the determination of modal properties of these historical masonry constructions using experimental and numerical studies. The experimental analysis was based on ambient vibration survey, while numerical analysis was based on finite element analysis with solid elements. The results of the experimental study were used to tune the numerical model of the structure. As the most doubtful parameters, the modulus of elasticity of the masonry and the interaction among structural parts were adjusted to achieve the experimental results with numerical model by simple operations. Obtaining good consistency between the experimental and numerical analyses, the study revealed the actual dynamic properties of the damaged palace.
      PubDate: 2017-10-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0253-4
       
  • Study on dynamic characteristics and seismic response of the extradosed
           cable-stayed bridge with single pylon and single cable plane
    • Authors: Qu Hao; Su Jufeng; Huang Pingming
      Abstract: Abstract Taking Sifang Bridge in Suijiang County, Yunnan Province as a research object, this paper established a three-dimensional finite-element model of the entire bridge. In the semi-floating structure system, the dynamic characteristics were calculated according to the pile–soil interaction, and the influence of pile–soil interaction on the dynamic characteristics of the structure was analyzed. Based on this, the seismic dynamic time history analysis method was used by considering the cable sag, nonlinearity of the support, rigidity of the structure, boundary condition setting, and the pile–soil interaction. Then, we analyzed the seismic performance of the structure and its responses by providing the seismic wave at different levels. The results showed that the structure can be softened by the pile–soil interaction. The dynamic characteristics of the structure in each direction could be accurately reflected by considering the pile–soil interaction. Due to the weak lateral stiffness of the main pylon, the other structural measures should be added in the design. The support between the pylon and girder was the most unfavorable part in the along bridge segment, while the bottom of the pylon was the most unfavorable part in the across bridge segment. Under the earthquake magnitude E1, the bridge sustained the damage and the structure was in the elastic working range. Under the earthquake magnitude E2, some local repairable damage has been detected in some segment of the bridge. The results of this study can be used as a potential reference for practical engineering problems as well as can provide the parameter basis for the subsequent seismic design of the bridge. At the same time, this study has also provided a theoretical reference and an effective method for the seismic analysis of cable-stayed bridge with single pylon and single cable plane of the same kind.
      PubDate: 2017-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13349-017-0243-6
       
 
 
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