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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2431 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (210 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (203 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (112 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1271 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (402 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (57 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (77 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (99 journals)

CIVIL ENGINEERING (203 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 39)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Agregat     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Building & Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 282)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture     Open Access  
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology     Open Access  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Applied Research in Water and Wastewater     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access  
Journal of Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water and Environmental Nanotechnology     Open Access  
Journal of Water and Wastewater / Ab va Fazilab     Open Access  
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Media Komunikasi Teknik Sipil     Open Access  
Mokslas – Lietuvos ateitis / Science – Future of Lithuania     Open Access  
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
npj Materials Degradation     Open Access  
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Promet : Traffic &Transportation     Open Access  
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Resilience     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Mechanics of Engineering Constructions and Buildings     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Teknik     Open Access  
Territorium : Revista Portuguesa de riscos, prevenção e segurança     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)

        1 2 | Last

Journal Cover
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials
Journal Prestige (SJR): 1.601
Citation Impact (citeScore): 3
Number of Followers: 15  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1976-0485 - ISSN (Online) 2234-1315
Published by SpringerOpen Homepage  [226 journals]
  • Flexural Response of Reinforced Concrete Beams Strengthened with
           Near-Surface-Mounted Fe-Based Shape-Memory Alloy Strips

    • Abstract: This paper proposes an advanced near-surface-mounted (NSM) technique with an Fe-based shape-memory alloy (Fe-SMA) strip which can solve issues of low workability and reduced ductility of reinforced concrete (RC) beams strengthened with an NSM technique using prestressed fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) strips in the concrete tension section. The flexural behavior of the RC beam strengthened by the NSM technique with the Fe-SMA strip was investigated. A total of seven RC beams were tested by four-point bending tests under displacement control. The type of reinforcements, the quantity of Fe-SMA strips, and the pre-straining level of the Fe-SMA strips were considered as experimental variables. Cracking load, yielding load, and ultimate load increased, respectively, with larger quantities of Fe-SMA strip. In addition, activation of embedded Fe-SMA in the concrete by electrical resistance heating effectively induces a prestressing force on the concrete beam, resulting in a cambering effect. The introduced prestressing force to the RC beam by activation of the Fe-SMA increased the crack and yielding loads, and did not decrease the ductility of the RC beam compared to the RC beam with non-activated Fe-SMA. It can be concluded from the test results that the strengthening technique using the recovery stress of the Fe-SMA strip as the prestressing force solves the various problems of the existing prestressing strengthening systems, meaning that Fe-SMA can be used as a substitute for conventional prestressing strengthening systems.
      PubDate: 2018-06-30
       
  • Valorization of Dredged Sediments as a Component of Vibrated Concrete:
           Durability of These Concretes Against Sulfuric Acid Attack

    • Abstract: Hydraulic facilities are subjected to significant siltation which, in a very short period of time, can render them unusable. In Algeria, the silting-up of a great number of dams, built for drinking water needs and for irrigation, implies the necessity and urgency to take action. Therefore, the maintenance work, which leads to dredging the deposited silt, constitutes an unbearable obligation for the preservation of the environment. Chorfa dam (western Algeria) may be mentioned as a concrete example. This study is part of a long research whose objective is to contribute to the valorization and the optimization of the formulations economically that are easy to implement and which enable to use the dredged materials in the formulation of ordinary concretes by partial substitution to cement (10, 20 and 30%) of dredged sediments, after calcination at 750 °C to make them active. Tests were carried out on concrete that was vibrated in the fresh state (setting time) and hardened state (compressive strengths and durability of concrete exposed to sulfuric acid attack) in order to determine their characteristics. The results obtained confirmed the possibility to develop concretes containing calcined silt, with proportions up to 30%, and which can meet the economic, ecological and technological objectives.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Effect of Dowel Bar Arrangements on Performance of Jointed Plain Concrete
           Pavement (JPCP)

    • Abstract: A full-scale jointed plain concrete pavement (JPCP) with two different dowel bar arrangements, namely, standard and special method, was constructed and evaluated under actual traffic-environmental condition in Florida. For standard dowel bar arrangement, dowel bars spaced at 304.8 mm (12 in), while three dowel bars spaced at 304.8 mm (12 in) only within the wheel paths were installed for special dowel bar arrangement. Field performance evaluation was conducted in terms of longitudinal crack, transverse crack, corner crack, spalling, and load transfer efficiency (LTE). Also, a three-dimensional (3-D) finite element (FE) model was developed to evaluate change in structural response characteristics due to different dowel bar arrangements under the critical loading condition. The developed FE model was used to perform a parametric analysis to determine the effects of different dowel bar arrangements. Results indicated that no significant changes in pavement structural responses, including the slab stresses and deflections, were predicted between two dowel bar arrangements that may result in no significant difference in expected performance for the test slabs evaluated, and this matched well with results of field performance evaluation. Also, it was indicated that the base modulus plays an important role on the dowel-joint behavior and stiffer base condition could significantly improve the dowel-joint performance. Therefore, when the base layer is stiff enough to support the slab deflection and resist erosion (e.g., AC layer), special dowel bar arrangement could provide similar performance as compared to standard dowel bar arrangement that result in significant cost savings without any negative effects on expected pavement performance.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Thermal Stability of Latex Modified Mortars Containing CNTs

    • Abstract: Durability of concrete and cementitious materials has been of a great concern to the construction industry in the last two decades due to the deterioration of large number of concrete structures which were built in the 60 and 70 s. Among different environmental conditions, the continuous exposure to freeze–thaw and thermal fatigue cycles remains one of the most aggressive conditions to concrete structures and bridges. On the other hand, the use of nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, has shown promising results in improving the properties of cementitious materials. In this paper, the role of using carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in the thermal stability and durability of latex modified mortars (LMM) is examined. CNTs contents of 0.5 wt%, 1.0%, and 1.5 wt% of latex were added prior to mixing the latex modified mortar components and the resulting LMM specimens were subjected to freeze–thaw and thermal fatigue cycles. The mechanical properties and dimensional stability of LMM specimens were then evaluated. In general, it was observed that the addition of CNTs improve the compressive strength of LMM specimens. On the contrary, CNTs have limited or no influence in the tensile strength, development of shrinkage strains, and flexural capacity of LMM specimens under same thermal conditions.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Control of Tensile Stress in Prestressed Concrete Members Under Service
           Loads

    • Abstract: In current design codes, crack control design criterion for prestressed concrete (PSC) members is stricter than conventional reinforced concrete (RC) members. In particular, it is stipulated that the net tensile stress of prestressing strands should be controlled under 250 MPa in the serviceability design of PSC members belonging to the Class C category section that is expected to be cracked due to flexure under service load conditions as defined in ACI318 code. Thus, the cracked section analysis is essentially required to estimate the tensile stress of the prestressing strands under the service loads, which requires very complex iterative calculations, thereby causing many difficulties in the applications of the Class C PSC members in practice. Thus, this study proposed a simple method to estimate the net tensile stress of the prestressing strands (Δf ps ) under the service load conditions, and also provided a summary table to be used for checking whether the net tensile stress (Δf ps ) exceeds the stress limit (250 or 350 MPa) with respect to the magnitude of effective prestress (f se ).
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Method for the Enhancement of Buildability and Bending Resistance of 3D
           Printable Tailing Mortar

    • Abstract: The innovative 3D printing has been successfully applied to layeredly build-up construction-scale structures through the extrusion of various cementitious materials. Favourable buildability of fresh cement mixture and the hardened properties of the printed structures are essential requirement for the application of 3D concrete printing. This paper firstly proposed a 3D printable cement mixture containing 40% mining tailings. The influence of paste age on the buildability of forty-layer structure was evaluated, as well as the bending resistance of prism specimen sawed from the printed structure. The bonding between layers is a critical factor that influences the structural capacity. In particular, the weak bonding interface formed in the layered extrusion process was identified through high-resolution X-ray CT scanning. It is necessary and desirable for the cement paste to perform both well buildability and mechanical performances. Thereafter, a proper amount of viscosity modify agent (VMA) was used to improve the structural integrity by increasing the contact behaviour between the adjacent extruded layers. Meanwhile, the impact of curing method on the hardened properties of 3D printed structures was accessed. Results indicated that the prepared tailing mortar achieved sufficient buildability to be used in an extrusion-typed 3D printer at the paste age of 45 min. The mould-cast specimens process flexural strength of 7.87 MPa. In contrast, the flexural strength of printed specimens values 5.22 MPa and 12.93 MPa, respectively, after the addition of 1.5% VMA and 90 °C steam curing.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Cyclic Behavior of HPFRCC Coupling Beams with Bundled Diagonal Bars

    • Abstract: Coupled shear walls are efficient in resisting lateral forces induced by winds and earthquakes. However, it is difficult to construct coupled shear walls particularly because current design codes require complex reinforcing details within coupling beams. The objective of this study was to develop simple reinforcement details for diagonally reinforced coupling beams; reducing transverse steel by use of high-performance fiber-reinforced cementitious composites (HPFRCCs) and bundling diagonal bars are explored. Four coupling beam specimens with length-to-depth aspect ratios of 2.0 or 3.5 were fabricated and tested under cyclic lateral displacements. The test results revealed that HPFRCC coupling beams with bundled diagonal bars and widely spaced transverse reinforcement (one-half the amount of reinforcement required by current seismic codes) exhibited excellent seismic performance compared with ordinary concrete coupling beams having code-required distributed diagonal reinforcement and transverse reinforcement.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Experimental Investigation on Flexural Crack Control for High-Strength
           Reinforced-Concrete Beam Members

    • Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate the flexural crack development of high-strength reinforced concrete (HSRC) beams and suggest the design equations of the flexural crack control for HSRC beams. This study conducts two full-size simply-supported beam specimens and seven full-size cantilever beam specimens, and collects the experimental data of twenty full-size simply-supported beams from the past researches. In addition to high-strength reinforced steel bars of specified yielding stresses of 685 and 785 MPa, these specimens are all designed with the high-strength concrete of a specified compressive stress of 70 or 100 MPa. The experimental data is used to verify the application of the flexural crack control equations recommended in ACI 318-14, as reported by AIJ 2010, as reported by JSCE 2007 and as reported by CEB-fib Model Code 2010 on HSRC beam members; then, this study concludes the design equations for the flexural crack control based on ACI 318-14. Additionally, according to the experimental data, to ensure the reparability of an HSRC beam member in a medium-magnitude earthquake, the allowable tensile stress of the main bars can be set at the specified yielding stress of 685 MPa.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Axial Load Testing of Hybrid Concrete Columns Consisting of UHPFRC Tube
           and Normal-Strength Concrete Core

    • Abstract: To investigate the axial load behavior of hybrid concrete columns consisting of an ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete tube (20 mm thick, 92.6 MPa or 143.3 MPa) and normal-strength concrete core (28.2 MPa), concentric axial load tests were performed for five column specimens. The UHPFRC tube can function as a form during core-filling and as a cover having high performance at service and ultimate load conditions. Axial loading was applied to the core only, and the tube was indirectly loaded by bearing of transverse threaded bars. Test parameters included the volume fraction of steel fibers, volumetric ratio of transverse bars, and usage of wire-mesh in the tube. Test results showed that structural performance such as initial stiffness, peak load, displacement ductility, and energy absorption capacity varied greatly according to each test parameter. During the course of axial loading applied on the core only, the axial load behavior of the hybrid concrete columns generally corresponded to the full composite action at the initial loading stage and then changed to that of non-composite action (core only) after the failure of the threaded bars.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Punching Shear Failure of Concrete Ground Supported Slab

    • Abstract: The article handles potential approaches to design and determination of total load capacity of foundation slabs and floors. The research is focused on punching shear failure of reinforced ground supported slab. The article presents detailed results of the experiment made and advanced numerical modelling based on nonlinear analysis and application of fracture-plastic model. The experiment made included a 2.0 × 1.95 m reinforced concrete slab-on-ground of 120 mm thickness. The experiment was followed by a parametric study of total load capacity calculation with nonlinear analysis which is supplemented by calculations based on existing design model code.
      PubDate: 2018-05-29
       
  • Behaviour of Carbon and Basalt Fibres Reinforced Fly Ash Geopolymer at
           Elevated Temperatures

    • Abstract: This paper presents the behaviour of potassium activators synthesized fly ash geopolymer containing carbon and basalt fibre at ambient and elevated temperature. Six series of fly ash based geopolymer were cast where carbon and basalt fibre were added as 0.5, 1 and 1.5% by weight of fly ash. One extra control series without any fibre was also cast. Each series of samples were tested at ambient temperature and also heated at 200, 400, 600 and 800 °C and thus a total of 35 series of samples were tested in this study. The result shows that the geopolymer containing 1 wt% basalt and 1 wt% carbon fibre exhibited better compressive strength, lower volumetric shrinkage and mass loss than other fibre contents. Among two fibres composites, the carbon fibre geopolymer exhibited better performance than its basalt fibre counterpart regardless of temperature. The microstructure of carbon fibre reinforced geopolymer composite is more compact containing fewer pores/voids than its basalt based counterpart at elevated temperatures. The results also support the fact that carbon fibre is better than basalt fibre at elevated temperature and showed better bonding with geopolymer at elevated temperature.
      PubDate: 2018-05-25
       
  • Bond Behavior of Pretensioned Strand Embedded in Ultra-High-Performance
           Fiber-Reinforced Concrete

    • Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the bond properties of prestressing strands embedded in ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHPFRC). Toward this end, two types of prestressing strands with diameters of 12.7 and 15.2 mm were considered, along with various concrete cover depths and initial prestressing force magnitudes. The average bond strength of the strands in UHPFRC was estimated by using pullout tests, and the transfer length was evaluated based on a 95% average maximum strain method. Test results indicated that the average bond strength of the pretensioned strand reduced as the diameter of the strand increased, and was between the bond strengths of round and deformed steel rebars. Higher bond strength was also obtained with a lower embedment length. Based on a comparison of p value, the bar diameter and embedment length most significantly influenced the bond strength of strands in UHPFRC, compared to a ratio of cover depth to diameter and initial prestressing force. Pretensioned strands in UHPFRC exhibited much higher bond strength and shorter transfer length compared with strands embedded in ordinary high-strength concrete. Lastly, ACI 318 and AASHTO LRFD codes significantly overestimated the transfer length of the strands embedded in UHPFRC.
      PubDate: 2018-04-03
       
  • Experimental and Analytical Studies of U-Shaped Thin-Walled RC Beams Under
           Combined Actions of Torsion, Flexure and Shear

    • Abstract: U-shaped thin-walled concrete bridge beams usually suffer the combined actions of flexure, shear and torsion, but no research about the behavior of U-shaped thin-walled RC beams under combined actions has been reported in literature. Three large specimens of U-shaped thin-walled RC beams were tested under different torque–bending moment ratios (T–M ratios) of 1:5, 1:1 and 1:0 to investigate the mechanical responses such as crack patterns, reinforcement strains, failure modes and ductility. The testing results showed that ductile flexural failures occurred for all three of the U-shaped thin-walled beam specimens, although the combined shear effect of circulatory torque, warping torque and shear force increased as the T–M ratio increased from 1:5 via 1:1 to 1:0, reflected by diagonal cracks and stirrup strains. More specifically, basically symmetrical flexural failure was dominated by the bending moment when the T–M ratio was 1:5; flexural failure of the loaded half of the U-shaped thin-walled section was dominated by the combined action of the bending moment and warping moment, while there were only a few cracks on the other half of the U-shaped section when the T–M ratio was 1:1; and anti-symmetrical flexural failure was dominated by the warping moment when the T–M ratio was 1:0 (pure torsion). A simple method to calculate the ultimate load of such U-shaped thin-walled RC beams under different T–M ratios was suggested, and the calculating results were corresponding well with the experimental results.
      PubDate: 2018-03-27
       
  • Shear Behavior of Single Cast-in Anchors in Plastic Hinge Zones

    • Abstract: This paper presents two shear tests of ¾-in. diameter cast-in anchors embedded in the plastic hinge zone of reinforced concrete columns. Design codes, such as ACI 318-14, require special reinforcement for concrete anchors in concrete that could be substantially damaged during an earthquake. The test anchors in this study were equipped with the anchor reinforcement recommended and verified in the literature. The column specimens were subjected to quasi-static cyclic loading before the test anchors were loaded in shear. Steel fracture was achieved in both test anchors despite cracks and concrete spalling occurred to the concrete within the plastic hinge zones. Meanwhile, the measured anchor capacities were smaller than the code-specified capacity, especially for the anchors subjected to cyclic shear. Concrete cover spalling was found critical to the observed capacity reduction, which caused combined bending and shear action in the anchor bolts. Measures should be developed to mitigate such adverse impact. In addition, further studies are needed for post-installed anchors before practical applications.
      PubDate: 2018-03-27
       
  • Durability Assessment of Blended Concrete by Air Permeability

    • Abstract: Assessment of concrete cover quality is necessary for proper maintenance of concrete structures. Concrete durability is evaluated primarily based on chloride penetrability, neutralization and other external factors. The present study attempts to analyze concrete quality and its mass transfer resistance performance by measuring the air permeability and its relation with concrete durability indicators like chloride diffusion and neutralization. The applicability of air permeability as a durability indicator is validated using concrete with different materials, parameters and curing conditions. The tests are conducted on laboratory prepared concrete as well as for concrete exposed to actual marine conditions. From the experimental results, it is found that air permeability coefficient, neutralization coefficient and chloride ion diffusion coefficient have high correlation. It is suggested that air permeability could be considered as an alternative to estimate mass transfer resistance of concrete and as a concrete durability indicator.
      PubDate: 2018-03-27
       
  • Blast and Impact Analyses of RC Beams Considering Bond-Slip Effect and
           Loading History of Constituent Materials

    • Abstract: An improved numerical model that can simulate the nonlinear behavior of reinforced concrete beams subjected to blast and impact loadings is introduced in this paper. The layered section approach is based in the formulation, and the dynamic material behaviors of concrete and steel are defined with the use of the dynamic increase factor. Unlike the classical layered section approach that usually gives conservative structural responses because of no consideration of the bond-slip effect, the introduced numerical model takes into account the bond-slip between reinforcing steel and surrounding concrete by changing the bending stiffness EI of elements placed within the plastic hinge length. Since the bond-slip developed after yielding of reinforcing steel is dominant and accompanies fixed-end rotation, the equivalent bending stiffness to be used in the critical region can be evaluated on the basis of the compatibility condition. In advance, the consideration of the unloading and reloading histories of reinforcing steel and concrete makes it possible to exactly trace the structural behavior even after reaching the maximum structural response. Finally, correlation studies between analytical results and experimental data are conducted to establish the validity of the introduced numerical model, and the obtained results show that it is important to consider the bond-slip effect and the loading history of constituent materials.
      PubDate: 2018-03-27
       
  • Durability of Mortar Incorporating Ferronickel Slag Aggregate and
           Supplementary Cementitious Materials Subjected to Wet–Dry Cycles

    • Abstract: This paper presents the strength and durability of cement mortars using 0–100% ferronickel slag (FNS) as replacement of natural sand and 30% fly ash or ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBFS) as cement replacement. The maximum mortar compressive strength was achieved with 50% sand replacement by FNS. Durability was evaluated by the changes in compressive strength and mass of mortar specimens after 28 cycles of alternate wetting at 23 °C and drying at 110 °C. Strength loss increased by the increase of FNS content with marginal increases in the mass loss. Though a maximum strength loss of up to 26% was observed, the values were only 3–9% for 25–100% FNS contents in the mixtures containing 30% fly ash. The XRD data showed that the pozzolanic reaction of fly ash helped to reduce the strength loss caused by wet–dry cycles. Overall, the volume of permeable voids (VPV) and performance in wet–dry cycles for 50% FNS and 30% fly ash were better than those for 100% OPC and natural sand.
      PubDate: 2018-03-26
       
  • Effect of Alkali-Silica Reactivity Damage to Tip-Over Impact Performance
           of Dry Cask Storage Structures

    • Abstract: This paper investigates the effect of concrete degradation due to alkali-silica reactivity (ASR) and its effect on the performance of vertical concrete casks in the case of a hypothetical tip-over event. ASR is one of the major problems in certain concrete structures exposed to high relative humidity and temperature. Using the first order kinetic model, the mechanical and environmental effects of degradation are modeled for a dry-cask storage structure under the conditions that ASR is completely extended. Following the degradation, a tip-over impact simulation was performed and compared with that of an intact cask in terms of failure modes, damage patterns, stresses, and accelerations. It was seen that concrete crushing and shear banding are major failure modes in the cask with intact concrete, but in the case of the ASR affected cask, the concrete is fully damaged and a longitudinal crack which separates the cask into two parts propagates through the outerpack.
      PubDate: 2018-03-22
       
  • Two-Way Flexural Behavior of Donut-Type Voided Slabs

    • Abstract: Voided slab systems were developed using segmented void formers such as spherical or oval plastic balls for two-way slab applications. This type of slab is expected to behave like a general two-way reinforced concrete slab because it has segmented voids, rather than the continuous voids of hollow core slabs. However, the structural behaviors of two-way voided slabs with segmented voids have not been clearly verified. Therefore, this paper analyzes the possibility of applying a donut-type two-way voided slab, which was investigated with a 12-point two-way bending test focused on global behaviors, including its load bearing capacity, flexural stiffness, ductility, deflection, and load distribution. In addition, the design method of a donut-type two-way voided slab was reviewed through the yield line method. The test results showed that one donut-type two-way voided slab acted like a conventional two-way reinforced concrete slab with the load distributed evenly between the different directions; however, another donut-type two-way voided slab with different characteristics showed uneven load distribution with different crack patterns. In addition, the yield line method could predict the load bearing capacities of the donut-type voided slabs with approximately 95% accuracy.
      PubDate: 2018-03-20
       
  • Single Web Shear Element Model for Shear Strength of RC Beams with
           Stirrups

    • Abstract: In this paper, an analytical model to rationally evaluate the shear strength of reinforced concrete beams with stirrups has been developed. In the developed model, a shear critical section has been idealized with a single web element for shear and the top and bottom chords for flexure, respectively. With the longitudinal strain at the mid-depth in the shear critical section, evaluated from the flexural analysis, the web element has been analyzed, based on the analysis procedure modified from the modified compression field theory finite element formulation. Through the comparison with the test results of 201 reinforced concrete beams with stirrups exhibiting shear failure before flexural yielding, it was investigated that the developed model well predicted the actual shear strength of reinforced concrete beams with stirrups. In addition, it was investigated that the developed model rationally considered the effect of main parameters such as concrete compressive strength, shear span–depth ratio, stirrup ratio, and member depth. Through simplification, the developed model can be useful to develop more rational shear design provisions for reinforced concrete members with stirrups.
      PubDate: 2018-03-20
       
 
 
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