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 Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2431 journals)     - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (210 journals)    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (203 journals)    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (112 journals)    - ENGINEERING (1271 journals)    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (402 journals)    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (57 journals)    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (77 journals)    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (99 journals) CIVIL ENGINEERING (203 journals)                  1 2 | Last
 Showing 1 - 200 of 203 Journals sorted alphabetically ACI Structural Journal       (Followers: 20) Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering       (Followers: 3) Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences       (Followers: 2) Advances in Civil Engineering       (Followers: 39) Advances in Structural Engineering       (Followers: 32) Agregat       (Followers: 1) Ambiente Construído       (Followers: 1) American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture       (Followers: 34) Architectural Engineering       (Followers: 5) Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering       (Followers: 3) Archives of Civil Engineering       (Followers: 12) Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics       (Followers: 2) ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology       (Followers: 4) Australian Journal of Structural Engineering       (Followers: 6) Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering       (Followers: 1) BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey       (Followers: 10) BER : Building Contractors' Survey       (Followers: 2) BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey       (Followers: 2) BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary       (Followers: 3) Bioinspired Materials       (Followers: 5) Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction       (Followers: 14) Building & Management       (Followers: 1) Building and Environment       (Followers: 15) Building Women Built Environment Project and Asset Management       (Followers: 14) Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture       (Followers: 6) Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering       (Followers: 13) Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis       (Followers: 6) Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation       (Followers: 11) Case Studies in Structural Engineering       (Followers: 9) Cement and Concrete Composites       (Followers: 20) Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters       (Followers: 3) Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics       (Followers: 6) Change Over Time       (Followers: 2) Civil and Environmental Engineering       (Followers: 8) Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports       (Followers: 7) Civil and Environmental Research       (Followers: 17) Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese       (Followers: 4) Civil Engineering and Architecture       (Followers: 22) Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems       (Followers: 3) Civil Engineering and Technology       (Followers: 12) Civil Engineering Dimension       (Followers: 10) Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal       (Followers: 1) Cohesion and Structure       (Followers: 2) Composite Structures       (Followers: 282) Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering       (Followers: 11) Computers & Structures       (Followers: 38) Concrete Research Letters       (Followers: 7) Construction Economics and Building       (Followers: 4) Construction Engineering       (Followers: 11) Construction Management and Economics       (Followers: 21) Construction Science       (Followers: 5) Constructive Approximation Curved and Layered Structures       (Followers: 3) DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute       (Followers: 1) Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics       (Followers: 17) Enfoque UTE       (Followers: 4) Engineering Project Organization Journal       (Followers: 7) Engineering Structures       (Followers: 13) Engineering Structures and Technologies       (Followers: 2) Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management       (Followers: 10) Environmental Geotechnics       (Followers: 5) European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering       (Followers: 9) Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures       (Followers: 18) Frontiers in Built Environment Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering       (Followers: 6) Geomaterials       (Followers: 3) Geosystem Engineering       (Followers: 1) Geotechnik       (Followers: 3) Géotechnique Letters       (Followers: 7) GISAP : Technical Sciences, Construction and Architecture HBRC Journal       (Followers: 2) Hormigón y Acero HVAC&R Research Indonesian Journal of Urban and Environmental Technology Indoor and Built Environment       (Followers: 2) Infrastructure Asset Management       (Followers: 3) Infrastructures Ingenio Magno       (Followers: 1) Insight - 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 International Journal of Advanced Structural EngineeringJournal Prestige (SJR): 0.399 Citation Impact (citeScore): 1Number of Followers: 17     Open Access journal ISSN (Print) 2008-3556 - ISSN (Online) 2008-6695 Published by SpringerOpen  [226 journals]
• Finite-element modeling of UHPC hybrid bridge deck connections

• Abstract: In recent years, linked bridge deck elements have gained popularity for facilitating more durable components in bridge decks, but these components require field-applied connections for constructing the entire bridge. Ultra-high-performance concrete (UHPC) is started to be a major material for closure pours in bridges and various Department of Transportations have been developing guidelines. UHPC is known by its superior quality than conventional concrete in terms of constructability, strength and durability. So far, very limited data are available on the finite-element modeling (FEM) of hybrid bridge deck connections. In this study, FEMs have been presented to define the crucial factors affecting the response of bridge hybrid deck panel system under monotonic loads. The commercial software ABAQUS was used to validate the modes and to generate the data presented herein and the concrete damage plasticity was used to simulate both conventional concrete and UHPC. Numerical results were validated using available experimental data. The key parameters studied were the mesh size, the dilation angle, reinforcement type, concrete models, steel properties, and the contact behavior between the UHPC and the conventional concrete. The models were found to capture the load–deflection response of experimental results, failure modes, crack patterns and ductility indices show satisfactorily response. A sensitivity test was also conducted by considering various key parameters such as concrete and steel constitutive models and their associated parameters, mesh size, and contact behavior. It is perceived that increasing the dilation angle leads to an increase in the initial stiffness of the model. The damage in concrete under monotonic loading is found higher in normal concrete than UHPC with no signs of de-bonding between the two materials. Changing the dilation angle from 20° to 40° results in an increase of 7.81% in ultimate load for the panel with straight reinforcing bars, whereas for the panel with headed bars, the increase in ultimate load was found 8.56%.
PubDate: 2018-07-17

• Distortional buckling behaviour of intermediate cold-formed steel lipped
channel section with various web stiffeners under compression

• Abstract: The aim of the study is to investigate the distortional buckling behaviour of intermediate cold-formed lipped channel section under pinned end condition subjected to axial compression. An extensive test and numerical investigation of cold-formed lipped channel column with various types of intermediate web stiffeners is presented. In this study, three types of intermediate web stiffeners are chosen such as V, U and Σ. The entire cross-sectional dimensions meet with the pre-qualified column dimension given in Direct Strength Method for cold-formed steel structures. Totally, 12 columns are tested and results are compared with the numerical analysis. Numerical analysis is carried out using software ABAQUS. Material and geometric imperfections are incorporated in the FE model. Selected section dimensions met with the distortional buckling mode. Good correlation is achieved between experiment and finite element analysis. All the results are compared with the Direct Strength Method specifications for cold-formed steel structures. Based on the comparison of results, a suitable design modification is proposed. Furthermore, results are verified with the existing results which are available from the literature.
PubDate: 2018-06-29

• Free vibration characteristics of stiffened plates

• Abstract: The free vibration characteristics, such as fundamental frequency and mode shape of stiffened plates employing standard finite element analysis, are investigated in this paper. The parametric study is presented for free vibration characteristics of stiffened plates with various parameters, such as type, orientation and number of stiffeners, boundary conditions and aspect ratio of plates and stiffener depth to plate thickness ratio. Typical mode shapes are also presented for clamped square eccentrically stiffened plates. Finally, design charts with non-dimensional parameters are proposed to determine the fundamental frequency of commonly adopted clamped stiffened plates in construction. These charts will be very much useful for designers for obtaining the fundamental frequencies of the stiffened plates of different dimensions without doing much complicated analysis or using standard computer codes.
PubDate: 2018-06-04

• Effects of courtyard and opening on a rectangular plan shaped tall

• Abstract: The variation in pressure on various faces of a rectangular shaped tall building due to the presence of courtyard and opening is examined for a boundary layer flow condition corresponding to terrain category II of IS:875 (Part 3)-2015. ANSYS CFX is used for the simulation. Two turbulence models, k- $$\varepsilon$$ and shear stress transport (SST), are used in the validation of ANSYS CFX, and the results are compared with different international standards. In the presence of courtyard and opening, interesting and unusual pressure distributions on certain faces are observed due to a self-interference effect. Flow patterns around the building for different areas of opening are also studied to explain the phenomena occurring around the building. Furthermore, the polynomial expressions for calculating force coefficients and mean pressure coefficients of each face for different angles of attack and areas of opening are proposed using least-squares regression method. Accuracy of the fitted polynomials is measured by R2 value.
PubDate: 2018-06-04

• Seismic behavior of a low-rise horizontal cylindrical tank

• Abstract: Cylindrical storage tanks are widely used for various types of liquids, including hazardous contents, thus requiring suitable and careful design for seismic actions. The study herein presented deals with the dynamic analysis of a ground-based horizontal cylindrical tank containing butane and with its safety verification. The analyses are based on a detailed finite element (FE) model; a simplified one-degree-of-freedom idealization is also set up and used for verification of the FE results. Particular attention is paid to sloshing and asynchronous seismic input effects. Sloshing effects are investigated according to the current literature state of the art. An efficient methodology based on an “impulsive-convective” decomposition of the container-fluid motion is adopted for the calculation of the seismic force. The effects of asynchronous ground motion are studied by suitable pseudo-static analyses. Comparison between seismic action effects, obtained with and without consideration of sloshing and asynchronous seismic input, shows a rather important influence of these conditions on the final results.
PubDate: 2018-05-12

• Effect of strong-column weak-beam design provision on the seismic
fragility of RC frame buildings

• Abstract: Incremental dynamic analyses are conducted for a suite of low- and mid-rise reinforced-concrete special moment-resisting frame buildings. Buildings non-conforming and conforming to the strong-column weak-beam (SCWB) design criterion are considered. These buildings are designed for the two most severe seismic zones in India (i.e., zone IV and zone V) following the provisions of Indian Standards. It is observed that buildings non-conforming to the SCWB design criterion lead to an undesirable column failure collapse mechanism. Although yielding of columns cannot be avoided, even for buildings conforming to a SCWB ratio of 1.4, the observed collapse mechanism changes to a beam failure mechanism. This change in collapse mechanism leads to a significant increase in the building’s global ductility capacity, and thereby in collapse capacity. The fragility analysis study of the considered buildings suggests that considering the SCWB design criterion leads to a significant reduction in collapse probability, particularly in the case of mid-rise buildings.
PubDate: 2018-04-25

• Assessment of the behavior of reinforced concrete beams retrofitted with

• Abstract: Rehabilitation of weak and damaged structures has been considered widely during recent years. A relatively modern way of strengthening concrete components is to confine parts under tension and shear by means of carbon fiber reinforce polymer (CFRP). This way of strengthening due to the conditions of composite materials such as light weight, linear elastic behavior until failure point, high tensile strength, high elastic modulus, resistance against corrosion, and high fatigue resistance has become so common. During structural strengthening by means of not pre-stressed FRP materials, usually, it is not possible to benefit from the maximum capacity of FRP materials. In addition, sometimes, the expensive cost of such materials will not make a suitable balance between rates of strengthening and consuming spending. Thus, pre-stressing CFRP materials has an undeniable role in the effective use of materials. In the current research, general procedure of simulation using finite-element method (FEM) by means of the numerical package ABAQUS has been presented. In this article, 12 reinforced concrete (RC) models in two states (strengthened with simple and pre-stressed CFRP) under cycling loading have been considered. A parametric study has been carried out in this research on the effects of parameters such as CFRP surface area, percentage of tensile steel rebar and pre-stressing stress on ultimate load carrying capacity (ULCC), stiffness, and the ability of depreciation energy for the samples. In the current article also, for design parameters, percentages of tensile steel rebars, surface area of CFPR sheets, and the effective pre-stressing stress in RC beams retrofitted with pre-stressed CFPR sheets have investigated. In this paper, it was investigated that using different amount of parameters such as steel rebar percentage, CFRP surface area percentage, and CFRP pre-stressing, the resulted ULCC and energy depreciation of the specimens was observed to be increasing and decreasing. Results from examined specimens with optimum steel rebar percentage, CFRP surface area percentage, and CFRP pre-stressing which had the most enhancement on ULCC and energy depreciation are reported in the current article.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• Prediction of strain values in reinforcements and concrete of a RC frame
using neural networks

• Abstract: The level of strain in structural elements is an important indicator for the presence of damage and its intensity. Considering this fact, often structural health monitoring systems employ strain gauges to measure strains in critical elements. However, because of their sensitivity to the magnetic fields, inadequate long-term durability especially in harsh environments, difficulties in installation on existing structures, and maintenance cost, installation of strain gauges is not always possible for all structural components. Therefore, a reliable method that can accurately estimate strain values in critical structural elements is necessary for damage identification. In this study, a full-scale test was conducted on a planar RC frame to investigate the capability of neural networks for predicting the strain values. Two neural networks each of which having a single hidden layer was trained to relate the measured rotations and vertical displacements of the frame to the strain values measured at different locations of the frame. Results of trained neural networks indicated that they accurately estimated the strain values both in reinforcements and concrete. In addition, the trained neural networks were capable of predicting strains for the unseen input data set.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• The parameters effect on the structural performance of damaged steel box
beam using Taguchi method

• Abstract: In the current study, the influence of notch or opening parameters and the positions of the applied load on the structural performance of steel box beams up to failure was investigated using Finite Element analysis program, ANSYS. The Taguchi-based design of experiments technique was used to plan the current study. The plan included 12 box steel beams; three intact beams, and nine damaged beams (with opening) in the beams web. The numerical studies were conducted under varying the spacing between the two concentrated point loads (location of applied loads), the notch (opening) position, and the ratio between depth and width of the notch with a constant notch area. According to Taguchi analysis, factor X (location of the applied loads) was found the highest contributing parameters for the variation of the ultimate load, vertical deformation, shear stresses, and the compressive normal stresses.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• Experimental and finite element study of ultimate strength of continuous
composite concrete slabs with steel decking

• Abstract: Composite one-way concrete slabs with profiled steel decking as permanent formwork are commonly used in the construction industry. The steel decking supports the wet concrete of a cast in situ reinforced or post-tensioned concrete slab and, after the concrete sets, acts as external reinforcement. In this type of slab, longitudinal shear failure between the concrete and the steel decking is the most common type of failure at the ultimate load stage. Design codes require the experimental evaluation of the ultimate load capacity and longitudinal shear strength of each type of steel decking using full-scale tests on simple-span slabs. There is also no procedure in current design codes to evaluate the ultimate load capacity and longitudinal shear strength of continuous composite slabs and this is often assessed experimentally by full-scale tests. This paper presents the results of three full-scale tests up to failure on continuous composite concrete slabs cast with trapezoidal steel decking profile (KF70) that is widely used in Australia. Slab specimens were tested in four-point bending at each span with shear spans of span/4. The longitudinal shear failure of each slab is evaluated and the measured mid-span deflection, the end slip and the mid-span steel and concrete strains are also presented and discussed. Redistribution of bending moment in each slab is presented and discussed. A finite element model is proposed and verified by experimental data using interface element to model the bond properties between steel decking and concrete slab and investigate the ultimate strength of continuous composite concrete slabs.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• Steel-reinforced concrete-filled steel tubular columns under axial and

• Abstract: SRCFT columns are formed by inserting a steel section into a concrete-filled steel tube. These types of columns are named steel-reinforced concrete-filled steel tubular (SRCFT) columns. The current study aims at investigating the various types of reinforcing steel section to improve the strength and hysteresis behavior of SRCFT columns under axial and lateral cyclic loading. To attain this objective, a numerical study has been conducted on a series of composite columns. First, FEM procedure has been verified by the use of available experimental studies. Next, eight composite columns having different types of cross sections were analyzed. For comparison purpose, the base model was a CFT column used as a benchmark specimen. Nevertheless, the other specimens were SRCFT types. The results indicate that reinforcement of a CFT column through this method leads to enhancement in load-carrying capacity, enhancement in lateral drift ratio, ductility, preventing of local buckling in steel shell, and enhancement in energy absorption capacity. Under cyclic displacement history, it was observed that the use of cross-shaped reinforcing steel section causes a higher level of energy dissipation and the moment of inertia of the reinforcing steel sections was found to be the most significant parameter affecting the hysteresis behavior of SRCFT columns.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• Experimental characterization and numerical simulation of riveted
lap-shear joints using Rivet Element

• Abstract: In aeronautical and automotive industries the use of rivets for applications requiring several joining points is now very common. In spite of a very simple shape, a riveted junction has many contact surfaces and stress concentrations that make the local stiffness very difficult to be calculated. To overcome this difficulty, commonly finite element models with very dense meshes are performed for single joint analysis because the accuracy is crucial for a correct structural analysis. Anyhow, when several riveted joints are present, the simulation becomes computationally too heavy and usually significant restrictions to joint modelling are introduced, sacrificing the accuracy of local stiffness evaluation. In this paper, we tested the accuracy of a rivet finite element presented in previous works by the authors. The structural behaviour of a lap joint specimen with a rivet joining is simulated numerically and compared to experimental measurements. The Rivet Element, based on a closed-form solution of a reference theoretical model of the rivet joint, simulates local and overall stiffness of the junction combining high accuracy with low degrees of freedom contribution. In this paper the Rivet Element performances are compared to that of a FE non-linear model of the rivet, built with solid elements and dense mesh, and to experimental data. The promising results reported allow to consider the Rivet Element able to simulate, with a great accuracy, actual structures with several rivet connections.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• Experimental investigation of steel fiber-reinforced concrete beams under

• Abstract: An experimental study has been conducted to study the cyclic behavior of reinforced concrete beams in which steel fibers were added to the concrete mix. Seven similar geometrically specimens in full scale were studied under four- point bending test in the form of slow cyclic loading. One sample as a control specimen was made without steel fibers or 0% volume fraction (vf) and six other samples with 1, 2 and 4% vf of steel fibers in twin models. The maximum and ultimate resistance, ductility, degradation of loading and unloading stiffness, absorption and dissipation of energy and equivalent viscous damping were studied in this investigation and the effect of steel fibers on the cyclic behavior was compared with each other. Generally, the addition of steel fibers up to a certain limit value (vf = 2%) improves the cyclic behavior of reinforced concrete beams and results in the increase of maximum strength and ultimate displacement.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• Comparison of nonlinear Von Karman and Cosserat theories in very large
deformation of skew plates

• Abstract: Prediction of plate behavior in large deformation is one of the important problems in plate theories. Cosserat theory is an advanced theory for simulation of plates in very large deformation, but it is complex from mathematical viewpoint. Another theory that has been used extensively for large deformation problems is nonlinear Von Karman theory which is easy for formulation and computation. In this paper, these theories were compared for rectangular and skew plates in simply supported and clamped boundary conditions to propose the acceptable range of using nonlinear Von Karman in very large deformation as a simpler theory. Higher order shear deformation plate theory was used with Von Karman nonlinearity. Whole domain method was employed for numerical solution. Each theory was validated with the literature for verification of the numerical method. Deflection and stress distribution were compared from small to very large deformations. The obtained results show that two theories were matched up to the maximum nondimensional deflection of 5 and 3 for simply supported and clamped boundary conditions, respectively. Moreover, by increasing the skew angle, the consistency of two theories would decrease even in deflections smaller than the thickness of the plate.
PubDate: 2018-03-01

• Adaptive form-finding method for form-fixed spatial network structures

• Abstract: An effective form-finding method for form-fixed spatial network structures is presented in this paper. The adaptive form-finding method is introduced along with the example of designing an ellipsoidal network dome with bar length variations being as small as possible. A typical spherical geodesic network is selected as an initial state, having bar lengths in a limit group number. Next, this network is transformed into the ellipsoidal shape as desired by applying compressions on bars according to the bar length variations caused by transformation. Afterwards, the dynamic relaxation method is employed to explicitly integrate the node positions by applying residual forces. During the form-finding process, the boundary condition of constraining nodes on the ellipsoid surface is innovatively considered as reactions on the normal direction of the surface at node positions, which are balanced with the components of the nodal forces in a reverse direction induced by compressions on bars. The node positions are also corrected according to the fixed-form condition in each explicit iteration step. In the serial results of time history, the optimal solution is found from a time history of states by properly choosing convergence criteria, and the presented form-finding procedure is proved to be applicable for form-fixed problems.
PubDate: 2018-02-26

• Seismic performance of spherical liquid storage tanks: a case study

• Abstract: Spherical storage tanks are widely used for various types of liquids, including hazardous contents, thus requiring suitable and careful design for seismic actions. On this topic, a significant case study is described in this paper, dealing with the dynamic analysis of a spherical storage tank containing butane. The analyses are based on a detailed finite element (FE) model; moreover, a simplified single-degree-of-freedom idealization is also set up and used for verification of the FE results. Particular attention is paid to the influence of sloshing effects and of the soil–structure interaction for which no special provisions are contained in technical codes for this reference case. Sloshing effects are investigated according to the current literature state of the art. An efficient methodology based on an “impulsive–convective” decomposition of the container-fluid motion is adopted for the calculation of the seismic force. With regard to the second point, considering that the tank is founded on piles, soil–structure interaction is taken into account by computing the dynamic impedances. Comparison between seismic action effects, obtained with and without consideration of sloshing and soil–structure interaction, shows a rather important influence of these parameters on the final results. Sloshing effects and soil–structure interaction can produce, for the case at hand, beneficial effects. For soil–structure interaction, this depends on the increase of the fundamental period and of the effective damping of the overall system, which leads to reduced design spectral values.
PubDate: 2018-02-24

• Compressive behavior of glulam columns with initial cracks under eccentric

• Abstract: This paper investigates the mechanical performance of longitudinally cracked glulam columns under eccentric compression loads. Experimental investigation was conducted to explore the influence of initial cracks on the failure modes and load bearing capacity of glulam columns. Two different crack patterns named DC and IC, and two column lengths (i.e. 600 and 1100 mm) were considered in the experiments. It was indicated that these two crack patterns reduced the capacity of slender glulam columns and the difference of failure modes was observed between glulam columns with and without initial cracks. Further, a numerical model was developed and validated by the test results. With the application of cohesive zone material model, the propagation of initial cracks could be considered in the numerical modeling. A parametric study was carried out by the verified model and the influence of crack lengths and crack locations was further investigated. From the numerical analysis, it was found that through cracks reduced the capacity of glulam columns significantly. Also, crack location impacts the capacity of glulam columns and the extent of impact relates to the slenderness ratio of the columns, while cracks with different lengths have similar influence on the capacity of columns.
PubDate: 2018-01-25

• Study of wind-induced vibrations in tall buildings with tuned mass dampers
taking into account vortices effects

• Abstract: In recent years, construction of tall buildings has been of great interest. Use of lightweight materials in such structures reduces stiffness and damping, making the building more influenced by wind loads. Moreover, tall buildings of more than 30 to 40 stories, depending on the geographical location, the wind effects are more influential than earthquakes. In addition, the complexity of the effects of wind flow on the structure due to the interaction of the fluid flow and solid body results in serious damages to the structure by eliminating them. Considering the importance of the issue, the present study investigates the phenomenon of wind-induced vibration on high-rise buildings, taking into account the effects of vortices created by the fluid flow and the control of this phenomenon. To this end, the governing equations of the structure, the fluid flow and the tuned mass damper (TMD) are first introduced, and their coefficient values are extracted according to the characteristics of ACT skyscraper in Japan. Then, these three coupled equations are solved using a program coded in MATLAB. After validation of the results, the effects of wind loads are analyzed and considered with regard to the effects of vortices and the use of TMD, and are compared with the results of the state where no vortices are considered. Generally, the results of this study point out the significance of vibrations caused by vortices in construction of engineering structures as well as the appropriate performance of a TMD in reducing oscillations in tall buildings.
PubDate: 2017-11-15

• Experimental study of geotextile as plinth beam in a pile group-supported
modeled building frame

• Abstract: This paper presents the experimental results of static vertical load tests on a model building frame with geotextile as plinth beam supported by pile groups embedded in cohesionless soil (sand). The experimental results have been compared with those obtained from the nonlinear FEA and conventional method of analysis. The results revealed that the conventional method of analysis gives a shear force of about 53%, bending moment at the top of the column about 17% and at the base of the column about 50–98% higher than that by the nonlinear FEA for the frame with geotextile as plinth beam.
PubDate: 2017-09-20

• Dynamic response characteristics of steel portal frames having semi-rigid
joints under sinusoidal wave excitation

• Abstract: To demonstrate the characteristics of the nonlinear response of steel frames, an elastic dynamic response analysis of the semi-rigid frame is performed under the harmonic wave. The semi-rigid contact is represented by the alternating spring which is given stiffness by a three-parameter energy model which approaches the hysterical curve by hardening model. The properties of spectra and hysteric curves are presented. This study shows that (1) the greater the acceleration input capacitance the smaller the instant connection capability and the smaller is the response. (2) However, by allowing an extreme increase in capacitance input acceleration, response spectra can be increased as the contact stiffness results near zero.
PubDate: 2017-08-28

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