for Journals by Title or ISSN
for Articles by Keywords
help
  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2268 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (190 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (103 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1201 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (380 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (67 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)

CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 183 of 183 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 265)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructures     Open Access  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Civil Engineering Forum     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Konstruksia     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Underground Space     Open Access  
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)

           

Journal Cover Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese
  [4 followers]  Follow
    
   Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
   ISSN (Print) 1021-2000
   Published by Sabinet Online Ltd Homepage  [188 journals]
  • Code of ethics for SAICE members : code of ethics
    • Abstract: Civil Engineering is the application of science and technology in the control and use of forces and materials of nature, for the progressive benefit of all the peoples on planet Earth. Construction is an essential human activity that rivals few in its consumption of resources and its potential to harm the Earth. Many decisions have environmental and ecological consequences, which may not immediately affect any of the primary actors in a project, but which still require wise ethical judgement. Codes of conduct established by the Built Environment Councils regulate the behaviour of professionals. They do not inculcate a value system within which choices between rival goods or ills can be made. A code of ethics is therefore required to provide a framework within which decisions between alternative courses of action can be made.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • M&D Construction rises to the occasion : on the cover
    • Abstract: The impressive Mafenya Reservoir, which forms part of the Mafenya pipeline, is nearing completion and will soon be supplying water to the Maseve Mine and its surrounding communities, situated approximately 35 km northwest of Rustenburg in the North West Province. Th e project was awarded in July 2015, and construction of the reservoir started in September 2015.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Nsezi Pump Station - City of uMhlathuze : urban and rural engineering
    • Abstract: The sustainable supply of water to the residents of Richards Bay and environment from local available resources had, until recently, been manageable from a single, primary source - Lake Mzingazi.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Construction of the Western Aqueduct on track : urban and rural
           engineering
    • Abstract: Durban's largest-ever bulk water pipeline, the Western Aqueduct, is making steady progress and reaching important milestones.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Direct potable or non-potable water reuse in communities? A case study at
           Hartbeesfontein : urban and rural engineering
    • Authors: Marelize De Beer; Adesola Ilemobade
      Abstract: South Africa is a semi-arid country with average annual rainfall of between 500-600 mm, and is therefore regarded to be the 30th most water-scarce country in the world. The ongoing drought being experienced all over the country emphasises the need to manage our nation's freshwater resources with greater care, and to explore other sources of water to meet/augment different water requirements. Water reuse is a viable water option that many communities can benefit from, especially if they generate significant quantities of effluent. In these communities, reuse may be indirect potable reuse (IPR, i.e. discharging treated effluent into an environmental buff er prior to extraction by a downstream drinking-water treatment plant), direct potable reuse (DPR, i.e. advanced treatment of treated effluent for potable water purposes without prior discharge into the environment), or non-potable reuse (NPR, i.e. untreated or treated effluent for non-potable water requirements).
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Project Somarela Thothi : urban and rural engineering
    • Abstract: Project Somarela Thothi was initiated in March 2015 to reduce water losses and improve water use efficiency in the Greater Gaborone water supply area. The partnership between GIZ, Water Utilities Corporation and First National Bank Botswana (FNBB) Foundation aimed to reduce the current water demand through the implementation of social and technical water loss reduction initiatives to curb the impact of Botswana's worst drought in 32 years. The social interventions focused on creating awareness to conserve water through the use of promotional material, schools awareness campaigns and various outreach activities. The technical interventions focused on bulk metering and sectorisation to assess leakage and the potential for pressure management.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Flood mitigation and stormwater management for eThekwini Municipality's CS
           & CM Department : urban and rural engineering
    • Authors: Moragh Dann
      Abstract: In recent years eThekwini Municipality's Coastal Stormwater and Catchment Management (CS & CM) Department has received numerous flood-related complaints from residents of the Molife Road area in Chesterville. The adjacent road accesses were being washed away, which had a negative impact on residential dwellings, while flooded business kiosks resulted in loss of income.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Groundwater in the civil engineering environment : urban and rural
           engineering
    • Authors: Ernst Bertram
      Abstract: The fact that groundwater is a problem in the civil engineering environment is well known. A shallow water table and groundwater ingress in deep foundations digging is but one example. However, the fact that groundwater can be an asset seems to be less well known.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Changing specifications challenge 23.6 km road rehabilitation project :
           urban and rural engineering
    • Abstract: Stefanutti Stocks Roads & Earthworks recently completed the rehabilitation of 23.6 kilometres of the road running between Laudium and Diepsloot for the Gauteng Department of Roads and Transport.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Traffic calming in small to medium-sized municipalities : urban and rural
           engineering
    • Authors: Simeon Du Preez
      Abstract: Many small towns in South Africa are forced to deal with much higher traffic volumes than their road networks were originally designed to handle. One of the problems that is caused by these busy road networks is unsafe roads for pedestrians and road users.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • City of Cape Town designs innovative pedestrian information signs : urban
           and rural engineering
    • Authors: Susan Smit; Matthew Meder
      Abstract: The City of Cape Town recently undertook a project to conceptualise, design and produce an accessible pedestrian information sign that would be implemented at signalised pedestrian crossings in the city. The objective was to increase pedestrian and road-user awareness and understanding of the way in which the pedestrian push button should be used.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Using intelligent transport technologies in SA's largest urban areas
    • Authors: Kersen Naidoo
      Abstract: The use of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) is one of the interventions that the South African National Roads Agency Ltd (SANRAL) is utilising to improve road safety to reduce the number of crashes and incidents, and when they do occur, to mitigate injury and fatality outcomes.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Project finance as a driver of economic growth in Africa : urban and rural
           engineering
    • Authors: Johann Lubbe
      Abstract: Many factors influence and/or cause economic growth and development. For many years researchers, economists, policy makers and governments have investigated and researched the causal link and relationship between financial development and economic growth. However, researchers have conflicting views on the finance-growth relationship and the impact or importance of financial development on economic growth. Some researchers argue that financial development does not cause or is not important for economic growth, but rather follows or is a consequence of economic growth. On the other hand, some researchers have found that financial development and the strength or depth of a country's financial systems (sophistication of financial systems) do contribute towards economic growth. For the latter school of thought the question is not 'if', but rather 'how' financial development can affect economic growth. Financial development contributes to both the quality and quantity of capital available in the financial markets. It is, however, the 'quality of capital' that contributes towards and influences the economic growth and development in an economy.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Liberalising market access in the road freight industry within the SADC -
           an analysis : international
    • Authors: Bevuya Mdlankomo
      Abstract: According to Lee (2005), market liberalisation can be defined as the removal of restrictions that act as barriers to entry into markets, thereby encouraging competition. The removal of barriers to market entry usually culminates in the proliferation of services across borders. The OECD (1997) accentuates that the most significant market liberalisation industry reform has been made in transportation, mainly in aviation and rail. Whilst there is evidence to affirm such, the focus of the study on which this article is based was limited to analysing and assessing the progress being made to liberalise market access with specific regard to only road freight in the SADC region. The road transport industry plays a significant role, especially for developing regions that are landlocked, as it facilitates the rapid movement of goods across borders (Kieck 2010).
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Massive concrete block retaining walls stabilise warehouse platform :
           retaining walls
    • Authors: Brennan Small; Trevor Green
      Abstract: Variable geology, sloping land and an immense single-level platform presented an exceptional set of challenges in the construction of a warehouse and distribution centre for earth-moving-equipment giant, Komatsu, at Tunney Ext 12 in Elandsfontein, Germiston.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Civillain : cartoon
    • Authors: Jonah Ptak
      Abstract: Civillain - cartoon
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Receiving readymix concrete : dealing with readymix concrete
    • Authors: Johan Van Wyk
      Abstract: This article is the fifth in a series of short articles on how to deal with readymix concrete. The first four articles appeared in the May, June, July and August 2016 editions of Civil Engineering. We trust that these 'how-to' pieces will address any uncertainties about the correct handling of readymix concrete.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Think like an engineer : SAICE and professional news - young members'
           pages
    • Authors: Iksha Singh
      Abstract: This article is a shortened version of the winning presentation in SAICE's 2015 National Investigative Project Showdown. The event brings together the best final-year civil engineering research projects and sees the finalists present their findings to a panel of judges in a national 'showdown' while competing for a sponsored cash prize. The 2016 event is scheduled for 1 December in Johannesburg.
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • SAICE Training Calendar 2016 : SAICE and professional news
    • Abstract: SAICE Training Calendar 2016SAICE / Mentoring 4 SuccessCandidate Academy
      PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Transportation
    • PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Black commuter transport: the challenge of the eighties
    • PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Commuter travel between Mabopane and Pretoria
    • PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Mabopane to Pretoria: the rail link
    • PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
  • Light transit for Bophutatswana
    • PubDate: 2016-10-01T00:00:00Z
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Email: journaltocs@hw.ac.uk
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
 
Home (Search)
Subjects A-Z
Publishers A-Z
Customise
APIs
Your IP address: 54.224.187.45
 
About JournalTOCs
API
Help
News (blog, publications)
JournalTOCs on Twitter   JournalTOCs on Facebook

JournalTOCs © 2009-2016