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CIVIL ENGINEERING (178 journals)                     

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ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access  
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access  
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 221)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 77)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Multifunctional Composites     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structures     Hybrid Journal  
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 20)


Journal Cover Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
  [SJR: 1.603]   [H-I: 77]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1615-1488 - ISSN (Online) 1615-147X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Fast procedure for Non-uniform optimum design of stiffened shells under
           buckling constraint
    • Authors: Peng Hao; Bo Wang; Kuo Tian; Gang Li; Yu Sun; Chunxiao Zhou
      Abstract: Abstract For tailoring the non-uniform axial compression, each sub-panel of stiffened shells should be designed separately to achieve a high load-carrying efficiency. Motivated by the challenge caused by numerous variables and high computational cost, a fast procedure for the minimum weight design of non-uniform stiffened shells under buckling constraint is proposed, which decomposes a hyper multi-dimensional problem into a hierarchical optimization with two levels. To facilitate the post-buckling optimization, an efficient equivalent analysis model of stiffened shells is developed based on the Numerical Implementation of Asymptotic Homogenization Method. In particular, the effects of non-uniform load, internal pressure and geometric imperfections are taken into account during the optimization. Finally, a typical fuel tank of launch vehicle is utilized to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed procedure, and detailed comparison with other optimization methodologies is made.
      PubDate: 2016-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1590-3
  • A sequential sampling strategy for adaptive classification of
           computationally expensive data
    • Authors: Prashant Singh; Joachim van der Herten; Dirk Deschrijver; Ivo Couckuyt; Tom Dhaene
      Abstract: Abstract Many real-world problems in engineering can be represented and solved as a data-driven classification problem, where the goal is to build a classifier that maps a given set of input parameters onto a corresponding class or label. In some cases, the collection of data samples can be computationally expensive. It is therefore crucial to solve the problem using as little data as possible. To this end, a novel sequential sampling algorithm is proposed that begins with a very small training set and supplements it in each iteration by a small batch of additional (expensive) data points. The outcome is a representative set of data samples that focuses the sampling on those locations in the input space where the class labels are changing more rapidly, while making sure that no class regions are missed.
      PubDate: 2016-09-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1584-1
  • Numerical limit analysis of reinforced concrete slabs using a dual
           approach and conic programming
    • Abstract: Abstract This study presents a numerical procedure for the analysis of reinforced concrete slabs (RCS) that obey Nielsen’s yield criterion. A pseudo lower bound formulation of finite elements is established to solve the static theorem as a conic optimization problem with the aim to determine the maximum load capacity of RCS. Lower bound solution is improved by means of an adaptive remeshing strategy using a dissipation estimator which is obtained on the normalization of the kinematic criterion defined from the yield criteria. Different known examples are evaluated and the results show a good agreement with the exact values of the collapse load as well as numerical convergence. The displacement rates are estimated from the dual solution established in the optimization problem in order to determine the collapse mechanism in the slab.
      PubDate: 2016-09-19
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1582-3
  • Sensitivity reanalysis of vibration problem using combined approximations
    • Authors: Wenjie Zuo; Ke Huang; Jiantao Bai; Guikai Guo
      Abstract: Abstract Sensitivity is indispensable to structural modification and optimization. This paper focuses on the analytical sensitivity reanalysis for vibration problem in the framework of combined approximations (CA) method. The sensitivity reanalysis formulations of eigenvalues and eigenvectors are derived from the vibration equation reduced by CA method, where the eigenvector sensitivity is solved by Nelson’s method. Numerical examples demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed reanalysis method. Especially, this method can greatly improve the efficiency of sensitivity analysis and can accelerate the gradient-based structural optimization constrained with frequencies and modal shapes.
      PubDate: 2016-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1586-z
  • Game theory approach to robust topology optimization with uncertain
    • Authors: Erik Holmberg; Carl-Johan Thore; Anders Klarbring
      Abstract: Abstract The paper concerns robustness with respect to uncertain loading in topology optimization problems. Using a game theoretic framework we formulate problems, or games, defining generalized Nash equilibria. In each game a set of topology design variables aim to find an optimal topology, while a set of load variables aim to find the worst possible load. Several numerical examples with uncertain loading are solved in 2D and 3D. The games are formulated using global stress, mass and compliance as objective functions or constraints.
      PubDate: 2016-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1548-5
  • On design optimization for structural crashworthiness and its state of the
    • Authors: Jianguang Fang; Guangyong Sun; Na Qiu; Nam H. Kim; Qing Li
      Abstract: Abstract Optimization for structural crashworthiness and energy absorption has become an important topic of research attributable to its proven benefits to public safety and social economy. This paper provides a comprehensive review of the important studies on design optimization for structural crashworthiness and energy absorption. First, the design criteria used in crashworthiness and energy absorption are reviewed and the surrogate modeling to evaluate these criteria is discussed. Second, multiobjective optimization, optimization under uncertainties and topology optimization are reviewed from concepts, algorithms to applications in relation to crashworthiness. Third, the crashworthy structures are summarized, from generically novel structural configurations to industrial applications. Finally, some conclusions and recommendations are provided to enable academia and industry to become more aware of the available capabilities and recent developments in design optimization for structural crashworthiness and energy absorption.
      PubDate: 2016-09-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1579-y
  • Generalized incremental frequency method for topological designof
           continuum structures for minimum dynamic compliance subject to forced
           vibration at a prescribed low or high value of the excitation frequency
    • Authors: Niels Olhoff; Jianbin Du
      Abstract: Abstract This paper deals with topological design optimization of elastic, continuum structures without damping that are subjected to time-harmonic, design-independent external dynamic loading with prescribed excitation frequency, amplitude and spatial distribution. The admissible design domain, the boundary conditions, and the available amount(s) of material(s) for single- or bi-material structures are given. An important objective of such a design problem is often to drive the resonance frequencies of the structure as far away as possible from the given excitation frequency in order to avoid resonance and to reduce the vibration level of the structure. In the present paper, the excitation frequency is defined to be ‘low’ for positive values up to and including the fundamental resonance frequency of the structure, and to be ‘high’ for values beyond that. Our paper shows that it may be very important to consider different design paths in problems of minimum dynamic compliance in order to obtain desirable solutions for prescribed excitation frequencies, and a so-called ‘incremental frequency technique’ (IF technique) is applied for this. Subsequently, the IF technique is integrated into an extended, systematic method named as the ‘generalized incremental frequency method’ (GIF method) that is developed for gradient based dynamic compliance minimization for not only ‘low’, but also ‘high’ excitation frequencies of the structure. The GIF method performs search for and determination of the solution to the minimum dynamic compliance design problem, but this is subject to the complexity that problems with prescribed high excitation frequencies exhibit disjointed design sub-spaces. Each of these sub-spaces is associated with a local minimum value of the dynamic compliance, so in general the ‘global optimum solution’ will have to be selected as the ‘best’ solution from among a number of local candidate solutions. Illustrative examples of application of the IF technique and the GIF method are presented in the paper.
      PubDate: 2016-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1574-3
  • Sequential statistical modeling method for distribution type
    • Authors: Young-Jin Kang; O-Kaung Lim; Yoojeong Noh
      Abstract: Abstract To accurately analyze behavior of mechanical system, accurate statistical modeling of input variables is necessary by identifying probabilistic distributions of input variables. These distributions are generally determined by applying goodness-of-fit (GOF) tests or model selection methods to the given data on the input variables. However, GOF tests only accept or reject the hypothesis that a candidate distribution is appropriate to represent the given data. The model selection methods determine the best-fit distribution for the given data among various candidate distributions but do not provide any information about the adequacy of using the identified distribution to represent the given data. Therefore, in this paper, a sequential statistical modeling (SSM) method is proposed. The SSM method uses a GOF test to select appropriate candidate distributions from among all possible distributions and then identifies the best-fit distribution from among the selected candidate distributions using a model selection method. The adequacy of the identified best-fit distribution is verified by using an area metric that measures the intersection area between the probability density function (PDF) of the best-fit distribution and the data distribution. This metric can be used to analyze the similarities between the PDFs of the candidate distributions. In statistical simulation tests, it was observed that the SSM method identified correct distributions more accurately and conservatively than the GOF tests or model selection methods alone.
      PubDate: 2016-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1567-2
  • Improved genetic algorithm with two-level approximation using shape
           sensitivities for truss layout optimization
    • Authors: Shen-yan Chen; Xiao-fang Shui; Hai Huang
      Abstract: Abstract Truss layout optimization is a procedure for optimizing truss structures under the combined influence of size, shape and topology variables. This paper presents an Improved Genetic Algorithm with Two-Level Approximation (IGATA) that uses continuous shape variables and shape sensitivities to minimize the weight of trusses under static or dynamic constraints. A uniform optimization model including continuous size/shape variables and discrete topology variables is established. With the introduction of shape sensitivities, the first-level approximations of constraint functions are constructed with respect to shape/topology/size variables. This explicit problem is solved by implementation of a real-coded GA for continuous shape variables and binary-coded GA for 0/1 topology variables. Acceleration techniques are used to overcome the convergence difficulty of the mixed-coded GA. When calculating the fitness value of each member in the current generation, a second-level approximation method is embedded to optimize the continuous size variables effectively. The results of numerical examples show that the usage of continuous shape variables and shape sensitivities improves the algorithm performance significantly.
      PubDate: 2016-09-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1583-2
  • Topology optimization considering overhang constraints: Eliminating
           sacrificial support material in additive manufacturing through design
    • Authors: Andrew T. Gaynor; James K. Guest
      Abstract: Abstract Additively manufactured components often require temporary support material to prevent the component from collapsing or warping during fabrication. Whether these support materials are removed chemically as in the case of many polymer additive manufacturing processes, or mechanically as in the case of (for example) Direct Metal Laser Sintering, the use of sacrificial material increases total material usage, build time, and time required in post-fabrication treatments. The goal of this work is to embed a minimum allowable self-supporting angle within the topology optimization framework such that designed components and structures may be manufactured without the use of support material. This is achieved through a series of projection operations that combine a local projection to enforce minimum length scale requirements and a support region projection to ensure a feature is adequately supported from below. The magnitude of the self-supporting angle is process dependent and is thus an input variable provided by the manufacturing or design engineer. The algorithm is demonstrated on standard minimum compliance topology optimization problems and solutions are shown to satisfy minimum length scale, overhang angle, and volume constraints, and are shown to be dependent on the allowable magnitudes of these constraints.
      PubDate: 2016-09-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1551-x
  • Sequential improvement for robust optimization using an uncertainty
           measure for radial basis functions
    • Authors: J. Havinga; A. H. van den Boogaard; G. Klaseboer
      Abstract: Abstract The performance of the sequential metamodel based optimization procedure depends strongly on the chosen building blocks for the algorithm, such as the used metamodeling method and sequential improvement criterion. In this study, the effect of these choices on the efficiency of the robust optimization procedure is investigated. A novel sequential improvement criterion for robust optimization is proposed, as well as an improved implementation of radial basis function interpolation suitable for sequential optimization. The leave-one-out cross-validation measure is used to estimate the uncertainty of the radial basis function metamodel. The metamodeling methods and sequential improvement criteria are compared, based on a test with Gaussian random fields as well as on the optimization of a strip bending process with five design variables and two noise variables. For this process, better results are obtained in the runs with the novel sequential improvement criterion as well as with the novel radial basis function implementation, compared to the runs with conventional sequential improvement criteria and kriging interpolation.
      PubDate: 2016-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1572-5
  • Multidisciplinary optimization design of a new underwater vehicle with
           highly efficient gradient calculation
    • Authors: Daiyu Zhang; Baowei Song; Peng Wang; Xu Chen
      Abstract: Abstract In order to reduce the cost of oceanographic exploration, a new underwater vehicle is designed to sail the required distance with the lowest energy consumed. Since the new underwater vehicle is a complicated multidisciplinary system, it is firstly decomposed into four smaller disciplines and then a multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) problem is built based on these disciplines. The Multidisciplinary Feasible (MDF) architecture is adopted as the solution strategy to this optimization problem considering that it is easily implemented and a multidisciplinary feasible solution is always guaranteed throughout the optimization process. To solve this optimization problem efficiently, the coupled adjoint method is firstly introduced to improve the efficiency of gradient calculation and then a discipline-merging method is proposed to further enhance the computational efficiency. After this, the discipline-merging method is verified against the finite difference method in two aspects of solution accuracy and computational costs and the results show it is an effective and high efficient gradient calculation method. Finally, the multidisciplinary design optimization of the new underwater vehicle is performed efficiently under the MDF architecture with the discipline-merging method to calculate gradients.
      PubDate: 2016-09-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1575-2
  • Topology optimization of reflector antennas based on integrated
           thermal-structural-electromagnetic analysis
    • Authors: Naigang Hu; Hong Bao; Baoyan Duan; Guigeng Yang; Yali Zong; Meng Wang
      Abstract: Abstract In the area of structural design of reflector antennas, the existing researches mainly focus on size/shape optimization or just optimizing for structural performances (e.g., the reflector surface accuracy). Reflector antennas are one kind of equipment which is finally judged by its electromagnetic performances, and topology optimization has been proven a powerful method for structural design. In this paper, an integrated thermal-structural-electromagnetic (TSE) analysis procedure based on topology variables for reflector antennas is established for the first time. Then, topology optimization of the backup structure (BUS) of reflector antennas is developed and solved by genetic algorithms (GA) with bit-matrix representation of chromosome. The proposed optimization design method takes both the electromagnetic performance (antenna gain) and structure performance (total weight) into consideration. Numerical examples of BUS topology optimization of maximum gain with weight constraint are carried out. For comparison, a traditional minimum compliance design is also performed. The results illustrate the validity and effectiveness of the proposed method in the topology optimization of reflector antennas.
      PubDate: 2016-09-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1581-4
  • Single loop single vector approach using the conjugate gradient in
           reliability based design optimization
    • Authors: Seong-Beom Jeong; Gyung-Jin Park
      Abstract: Abstract Conventional reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) approaches require high computing costs. Among the existing RBDO methods, the single loop single vector approach (SLSV) converts the RBDO problem into a single loop deterministic optimization. Hence, it can efficiently reduce the design cost compared to other methods. However, this method has a weakness in that instability or inaccuracy in convergence can be increased according to the problem characteristics. It often happens when the performance function is highly nonlinear or concave. In this study, a novel method is proposed to overcome the problems. It is an SLSV method using the conjugate gradient that is calculated with the gradient directions at the most probable points (MPP) of the previous cycles. Mathematical examples and structural applications are solved to verify the proposed method. The numerical performances of the proposed method are compared with other RBDO methods such as the RIA, PMA, SORA and SLSV approaches. It is shown that the SLSV method using the conjugate gradient (SLSVCG) is not greatly influenced by problem characteristics and the convergence capability is quite superior. Also, the computational cost of the proposed method is significantly reduced and an excellent solution satisfying the specified reliability is obtained.
      PubDate: 2016-09-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1580-5
  • On the consideration of uncertainty in design: optimization - reliability
           - robustness
    • Authors: Nicolas Lelièvre; Pierre Beaurepaire; Cécile Mattrand; Nicolas Gayton; Abdelkader Otsmane
      Abstract: Abstract Structural designs proposed by engineers aim to ensure that specific defined requirements are satisfied. Structural optimization is also widely used to identify an admissible design with optimal performance. However, it is important to remember that real mechanical problems exhibit uncertainties in practice that might entail challenges when searching for admissible and/or optimal design solutions. One objective of this paper is to discuss the possible formulations of design problems in this type of uncertain context. By considering uncertainties in the constraint and/or objective functions underlying design problems, several design strategies might in fact be implemented. Especially, this paper should contribute to clarifying the use of the concepts of robustness and reliability in design. After an introduction, the featured design strategies are illustrated and discussed via three academic examples which involve multiple random and design variables. Results show that the structural solutions obtained can be quite sensitive to the formulation of the problem. Thus, the latter should be considered as an essential step during the design procedure.
      PubDate: 2016-09-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1556-5
  • A level set-based topology optimization method for optimal manifold
           designs with flow uniformity in plate-type microchannel reactors
    • Authors: Seiji Kubo; Kentaro Yaji; Takayuki Yamada; Kazuhiro Izui; Shinji Nishiwaki
      Abstract: Abstract This paper proposes an optimal design method for plate-type microchannel reactor manifolds, using a level set-based topology optimization method that targets flow uniformity among the microchannels. For plate-type microchannel reactors, manifold designs must consider both the uniformity of flow among the microchannels and minimization of pressure drop in the device. To address these design requirements, the pressure drop in the device is defined as the objective functional to be minimized under a flow rate inequality constraint, defined as the deviation in flow rate among the microchannels during the optimization. In addition, we propose a comparably simple and stable augmented Lagrangian method using an exponential function, to determine the Lagrange multiplier that acts to satisfy the flow rate inequality constraint. To demonstrate the utility of our proposed method, two-dimensional Z-type and U-type manifold design problems are presented in the numerical examples.
      PubDate: 2016-09-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1577-0
  • Design optimization of a novel NPR crash box based on multi-objective
           genetic algorithm
    • Authors: Guan Zhou; Zheng-Dong Ma; Guangyao Li; Aiguo Cheng; Libin Duan; Wanzhong Zhao
      Abstract: Abstract Possessing the unique properties of lower mass and higher performances, the structure with Negative Poisson’s Ratio (NPR) can be widely used in aerospace and vehicle industry. By combing the NPR structure filled core and the traditional crash box, a novel NPR crash box is first proposed in this work to improve the performances of the crash box. The performances of the novel NPR crash box are fully studied by comparing to the traditional crash box and the aluminum foam filled crash box. A parameterized model of the NPR crash box, which integrates the design parameters of the basic NPR cell structure, is built to improve the analysis and optimization efficiency, the accuracy of the parameterized model is also verified by comparing to traditional FEM model. Multi-objective optimization model of the NPR crash box is established by combining the parameterized model, optimal Latin square design method and response surface model approach. Non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II) is then applied to optimize the design parameters of the basic NPR cell structure to improve the performances of the NPR crash box. The results indicate that the novel NPR crash box can improve the performances of the crash box remarkably and the combination of parameterized model and multi-objective genetic algorithms optimize the NPR crash box efficiently. The presented new method also serves as a good example for other application and optimization of NPR structure.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1452-z
  • Designing meta material slabs exhibiting negative refraction using
           topology optimization
    • Authors: Rasmus E. Christiansen; Ole Sigmund
      Abstract: Abstract This paper proposes a topology optimization based approach for designing meta materials exhibiting a desired negative refraction with high transmission at a given angle of incidence and frequency. The approach considers a finite slab of meta material consisting of axis-symmetric designable unit cells subjected to an exterior field. The unit cell is designed to achieve the desired properties based on tailoring the response of the meta material slab under the exterior field. The approach is directly applicable to physical problems modeled by the Helmholtz equation, such as acoustic, elastic and electromagnetic wave problems. Acoustic meta materials with unit cell size on the order of half the wave length are considered as examples. Optimized designs are presented and their performance under varying frequency and angle of incidence is investigated.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1411-8
  • Thanks to our Reviewers
    • Authors: Raphael T. Haftka
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1425-2
  • A full-space barrier method for stress-constrained discrete material
           design optimization
    • Authors: Graeme J. Kennedy
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we present a full-space barrier method designed for stress-constrained mass minimization problems with discrete material options. The advantages of the full-space barrier method are twofold. First, in the full-space the stress constraints are provably concave, which facilitates the construction of convex subproblems within the optimization algorithm. Second, by using the full-space, it is no longer necessary to employ stress constraint aggregation techniques to reduce adjoint-gradient evaluation costs. The proposed optimization algorithm uses a Newton method where an approximate linearization of the KKT conditions is solved inexactly at each iteration using a preconditioned Krylov subspace method. Sparse constraints that arise in the discrete material parametrization are treated using a null-space method. Results of the proposed algorithm are demonstrated on a series of three topology and multimaterial optimization problems with selection between isotropic and orthotropic materials, as well as discrete ply-angle selection.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1428-z
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