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CIVIL ENGINEERING (178 journals)                     

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ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access  
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access  
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 198)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal  
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Environmental Geotechnics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ingenio Magno     Open Access  
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Multifunctional Composites     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription  
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structures     Hybrid Journal  
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 20)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 21)


Journal Cover Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
  [SJR: 1.825]   [H-I: 61]   [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1615-1488 - ISSN (Online) 1615-147X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Multi-objective crashworthiness optimization of perforated square tubes
           using modified NSGAII and MOPSO
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, multi-objective optimization of perforated square tubes is performed considering absorbed energy, peak crushing force and weight of the tube as three conflicting objective functions. In the multi-objective optimization problem (MOP), absorbed energy and peak crushing force are defined by polynomial models extracted using the software GEvoM based on the train and test data obtained from the numerical simulation of quasi-static crushing of the perforated square tubes using ABAQUS. To verify the numerical procedure, 16 different experimental tests are performed and then the experimental and numerical results are compared together. The comparison shows reasonable similarities between the numerical and experimental results. The MOP is solved using modified Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm II (NSGAII) and Multi-objective Particle Swarm Optimization (MOPSO) and then the solutions are combined for non-dominated sorting to obtain the non-dominated individuals of 3-objective optimization. 105 optimum points are extracted from the multi-objective optimization process. Finally, Nearest to Ideal Point (NIP) method and Technique for Ordering Preferences by Similarity to Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) method are employed to find trade-off optimum design points out of all non-dominated individuals compromising all three objective functions together.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Cost optimization of reinforced concrete flat slabs of arbitrary
           configuration in irregular highrise building structures
    • Abstract: Abstract A model is presented for cost optimization of reinforced concrete (RC) flat slabs of arbitrary configuration in irregular highrise building structures. The model is general and can include any combination of columns and shear walls in the plan with or without openings and perimeter beams. A general cost function is formulated for flat slabs of arbitrary configurations taking into account not only the cost of concrete and steel materials but also construction cost. The nonlinear cost optimization problem is solved using the robust neural dynamics model of Adeli and Park. The methodology was applied to two flat slab examples in a real-life 36-story building structure. The methodology not only automates the process of RC slab design but also results in cost savings in the order of 6.7–9 %.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Requirements for papers focusing on new or improved global optimization
    • PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Design of the lower chassis of a monorail personal rapid transit (MPRT)
           car using the evolutionary structural optimization (ESO) method
    • Abstract: Abstract The Evolutionary Structural Optimization (ESO) procedure was applied to the design of the lower chassis of a monorail personal rapid transit (MPRT) car. As part of the early-stage development effort, ESO was used to identify a good topology of the lower chassis structure, which is effective in material usage, with lowly-stressed material removed. The procedure started with building a three-dimensional finite element model of the topology that occupies the design envelop, and lowly stressed elements were removed step by step during the ESO procedure. Multiple load cases concerning acceleration, deceleration, left turn, and right turn were analyzed separately, and a simple procedure dealing with multiple load cases was adopted. After 14 calculation increments, 80 % of the initial material was removed. The resulting topology reveals a reasonable frame structure with rounded outer corners, triangular cantilever supports, and Michell style beam structures, suitable as a starting reference for the structure design of a MPRT.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Torque control strategy incorporating charge torque and optimization for
           fuel consumption and emissions reduction in parallel hybrid electric
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper proposes a torque control strategy to charge the battery of parallel hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), in which the charge torque by an internal combustion engine (ICE) is newly introduced. In our previous paper, only regenerative braking was used to charge the battery. However, this is not sufficient for CO2 and NOx emissions reduction, and thus, a more effective energy management system (EMS) should be developed. To maintain the battery state of charge (SOC), a target SOC is also introduced in the charge torque. In addition, a CHARGE driving condition where the charge torque by the ICE is generated is newly proposed. By introducing the CHARGE driving, the ICE driving region on torque-engine speed plane was reduced. As a result, a greater reduction in CO2 and NOx emissions is expected. Based on the EMS proposed in our previous papers, an EMS incorporating the CHARGE driving is developed. Through typical driving cycles, the validity of the proposed EMS algorithm incorporating the CHARGE driving is examined.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Parallel surrogate-assisted global optimization with expensive functions
           – a survey
    • Abstract: Abstract Surrogate assisted global optimization is gaining popularity. Similarly, modern advances in computing power increasingly rely on parallelization rather than faster processors. This paper examines some of the methods used to take advantage of parallelization in surrogate based global optimization. A key issue focused on in this review is how different algorithms balance exploration and exploitation. Most of the papers surveyed are adaptive samplers that employ Gaussian Process or Kriging surrogates. These allow sophisticated approaches for balancing exploration and exploitation and even allow to develop algorithms with calculable rate of convergence as function of the number of parallel processors. In addition to optimization based on adaptive sampling, surrogate assisted parallel evolutionary algorithms are also surveyed. Beyond a review of the present state of the art, the paper also argues that methods that provide easy parallelization, like multiple parallel runs, or methods that rely on population of designs for diversity deserve more attention.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • A discontinuous phase field approach to variational growth-based topology
    • Abstract: Abstract Numerical instabilities cause the well-known problem of checkerboarding during topology optimization: elements that possess material are periodically neighbored to elements that are material-free. Furthermore, such numerical solutions depend on the finite element mesh and no reasonable processing techniques exist for manufacture. Thus, integral- or gradient-based regularization techniques are usually applied during topology optimization. In this paper, a novel approach to regularization is derived for a recently published variational approach to topology optimization that is based on material growth. The presented approach shares some similarities with the discontinuous Galerkin method and completely removes consideration of additional nodal quantities or complex integration schemes. The derivation and numerical treatment of the resulting phase field equation as well as exemplary numerical results are presented.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Response surface single loop reliability-based design optimization with
           higher-order reliability assessment
    • Abstract: Abstract Reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) aims at determination of the optimal design in the presence of uncertainty. The available Single-Loop approaches for RBDO are based on the First-Order Reliability Method (FORM) for the computation of the probability of failure, along with different approximations in order to avoid the expensive inner loop aiming at finding the Most Probable Point (MPP). However, the use of FORM in RBDO may not lead to sufficient accuracy depending on the degree of nonlinearity of the limit-state function. This is demonstrated for an extensively studied reliability-based design for vehicle crashworthiness problem solved in this paper, where all RBDO methods based on FORM strongly violates the probabilistic constraints. The Response Surface Single Loop (RSSL) method for RBDO is proposed based on the higher order probability computation for quadratic models previously presented by the authors. The RSSL-method bypasses the concept of an MPP and has high accuracy and efficiency. The method can solve problems with both constant and varying standard deviation of design variables and is particularly well suited for typical industrial applications where general quadratic response surface models can be used. If the quadratic response surface models of the deterministic constraints are valid in the whole region of interest, the method becomes a true single loop method with accuracy higher than traditional SORM. In other cases, quadratic response surface models are fitted to the deterministic constraints around the deterministic solution and the RBDO problem is solved using the proposed single loop method.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Optimum design of steel space frames including soil-structure interaction
    • Abstract: Abstract The effect of soil-structure interaction on the optimum design of steel space frames is investigated using metaheuristic algorithms. Three-parameter elastic foundation model is used to incorporate soil-structure interaction. A computer program is developed in MATLAB interacting with SAP2000-OAPI for two way data flow in all optimization procedures. Optimum design of space frames is formulated according to LRFD-AISC (Load and Resistance Factor Design, American Institute of Steel Construction) specifications. The parameters of foundation model are obtained by using soil surface displacements. It is concluded that consideration of soil-structure interaction ends up with heavier frames, and method is applicable for practical purposes.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Accelerated failure identification sampling for probability analysis of
           rare events
    • Abstract: Abstract Critical engineering systems generally demand high reliability while considering uncertainties, which makes failure event identification and reliability analysis based on computer simulation codes computationally very expensive. Rare event can be defined as a failure event that has a small probability of failure value, normally less than 10−5. This paper presents a new approach, referred to as Accelerated Failure Identification Sampling (AFIS), for probability analysis of rare events, enabling savings of vast computational efforts. To efficiently identify rare failure sample points in probability analysis, the proposed AFIS technique will first construct a Gaussian process (GP) model for system performance of interest and then utilize the developed model to predict unknown responses of Monte Carlo sample points. Second, a new quantitative measure, namely “failure potential”, is developed to iteratively search sample points that have the best chance to be a failure sample point. Third, the identified sample points with highest failure potentials are evaluated for the true performance and then used to update the GP model. The failure identification process will be iteratively preceded and the Monte Carlo simulation will then be employed to estimate probabilities of rare events if the maximum failure potential of existing Monte Carlo samples falls below a given target value. Two case studies are used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the developed AFIS approach for rare events identification and probability analysis.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • A new metaheuristic for continuous structural optimization: water
           evaporation optimization
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper proposes a novel physically inspired population-based metaheuristic algorithm for continuous structural optimization called as Water Evaporation Optimization (WEO). WEO mimics the evaporation of a tiny amount of water molecules adhered on a solid surface with different wettability which can be studied by molecular dynamics simulations. A set of six truss design problems from the small to normal scale are considered for evaluating the WEO. The most effective available state-of-the-art metaheuristic optimization methods are used as basis of comparison. The optimization results demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of the WEO and its competitive performance to other algorithms for continuous structural optimization problems.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Filtering structures out of ground structures – a discrete filtering
           tool for structural design optimization
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents an efficient scheme to filter structures out of ground structures, which is implemented using a nested elastic formulation for compliance minimization. The approach uses physical variables and allows control of the minimum ratio between the minimum and maximum areas in the final topology. It leads to a singular problem which is solved using a Tikhonov regularization on the structural problem (rather than on the optimization problem). The filter allows a multiple choice solution in which the user can control the global equilibrium residual in the final structural topology and limit variations of the objective function between consecutive iterations (e.g., compliance). As a result, an unambiguous discrete solution is obtained where all the bars that belong to the topology have well-defined finite areas. This filter feature, with explicit control of member areas, allows the user (e.g., engineer or architect) to play with different alternatives prior to selecting a specific structural configuration. Examples are provided to illustrate the properties of the present approach and the fact that the technique does not always lead to a fully stressed design. The method is efficient in the sense that the finite element solution is computed on the filtered structure (reduced order model) rather than on the full ground structure.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Isoperimetric inequality in the periodic Greenhill Problem of twisted
           elastic rod
    • Abstract: Abstract In this article we demonstrate the isoperimetric inequality arising in exactly solvable structural optimization problem of stability under torque load. The Greenhill problem describes the forming of a loop in an elastic bar under torsion. The inequality for infinite rod with periodical cross-section with two types of supports is rigorously verified. The optimal shape of the twisted rod is constant along its length and the optimal shape of cross-section is the equilateral triangle. The technique to demonstrate of isoperimetric inequalities exploits the variational method and the Hölder inequality.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Erratum to: A flow topology optimization method for steady state flow
           using transient information of flow field solved by lattice Boltzmann
    • PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • On the implementation and effectiveness of morphological close-open and
           open-close filters for topology optimization
    • Abstract: Abstract This note reconsiders the morphological close-open and open-close filters for topology optimization introduced in an earlier paper (Sigmund Struct Multidiscip Optim 33(4–5):401–424 (2007)). Close-open and open-close filters are defined as the sequential application of four dilation or erosion filters. In the original paper, these filters were proposed in order to provide length scale control in both the solid and the void phase. However, it was concluded that the filters were not useful in practice due to the computational cost of the sensitivity analysis. In this note, it is shown that the computational cost is much lower if the sensitivity analysis for each erosion or dilation step is performed sequentially. Unfortunately, it is also found that the close-open and open-close filters do not have the expected effect in terms of length scale control: each close or open operation ruins the effect of the preceding filters, resulting in a design with a minimum length scale in either the solid phase or the void phase, but not both.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
  • Taguchi optimization approach for the polypropylene fiber reinforced
           concrete strengthening with polymer after high temperature
    • Abstract: Abstract In this study, the strengthening with polymer the polypropylene fiber reinforced concrete exposed to high temperature was examined. Taguchi L9 (33) orthogonal array was used for the design of experiments. Three different parameters were used in the study; polypropylene fiber percentage (0 %, 1 % and 2 %), high temperature degree (300 °C, 600 °C and 900 °C) and curing period (3, 7 and 28 days). Cube samples of 100x100x100 mm sizes were produced for the compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity tests. The samples were removed from the water and dried at 105 ± 5 °C, and then they were exposed to temperatures of 300 °C, 600 °C and 900 °C. Then, the polymerization of monomer and the vinyl acetate monomer impregnation on the samples were carried out. The compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity tests were made. Taguchi analysis showed that the largest compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity were obtained at a rate of 0 % from the samples with polypropylene fiber exposed to 600 °C and kept for 28 days as cure period. It was determined as the result of Anova analysis that high temperature had made biggest effect on the compressive strength and ultrasonic pulse velocity of the concrete reinforced with polymer.
      PubDate: 2016-06-22
  • Reliability-based design optimization for problems with interval
           distribution parameters
    • Abstract: Abstract Traditional reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) generally describes uncertain variables using random distributions, while some crucial distribution parameters in practical engineering problems can only be given intervals rather than precise values due to the limited information. Then, an important probability-interval hybrid reliability problem emerged. For uncertain problems in which interval variables are included in probability distribution functions of the random parameters, this paper establishes a hybrid reliability optimization design model and the corresponding efficient decoupling algorithm, which aims to provide an effective computational tool for reliability design of many complex structures. The reliability of an inner constraint is an interval since the interval distribution parameters are involved; this paper thus establishes the probability constraint using the lower bound of the reliability degree which ensures a safety design of the structure. An approximate reliability analysis method is given to avoid the time-consuming multivariable optimization of the inner hybrid reliability analysis. By using an incremental shifting vector (ISV) technique, the nested optimization problem involved in RBDO is converted into an efficient sequential iterative process of the deterministic design optimization and the hybrid reliability analysis. Three numerical examples are presented to verify the proposed method, which include one simple problem with explicit expression and two complex practical applications.
      PubDate: 2016-06-20
  • Fail-safe topology optimization
    • Abstract: Abstract Fail-safe robustness of critical load carrying structures is an important design philosophy for aerospace industry. The basic idea is that a structure should be designed to survive normal loading conditions when partial damage occurred. Such damage is quantified as complete failure of a structural member, or a partial damage of a larger structural part. In the context of topology optimization fail-safe consideration was first proposed by Jansen et al. Struct Multidiscip Optim 49(4):657–666, (2014). While their approach captures the essence of fail-safe requirement, it has two major shortcomings: (1) it involves analysis of a very large number of FEA models at the scale equal to the number of elements; (2) failure was introduced in generic terms and therefore the fundamental aspects of failure test of discrete members was not discussed. This paper aims at establishing a rigorous framework for fail-safe topology optimization of general 3D structures, with the goal to develop a computationally viable solution for industrial applications. We demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach on several examples including a 3D example with over three hundred thousand elements.
      PubDate: 2016-06-18
  • Shape optimization of energy storage flywheel rotor
    • Abstract: Abstract A flywheel plays an important role in storing energy in modern machine systems. Flywheels can store rotational energy at a high rotating speed and have the ability to deliver a high output power if the system needs a stored energy to overcome a sudden loading or keep rotating for an expected long time. The energy density (stored energy per unit mass) and the amount of rotational energy are the two essential parameters to evaluate the performance of energy storage flywheels. In order to improve the energy storage capability of flywheels, parametric geometry modeling and shape optimization method for optimizing the flywheel rotor geometry is proposed in the present paper. We first build the shape optimization model of flywheel by parametric geometry modeling method with the objective to maximize the energy density of a flywheel rotor. Then the downhill simplex method is adopted to solve the nonlinear optimization problem in multidimensional space. Finally, we obtain the optimized shapes of flywheel rotor which could significantly improve the energy storage capability and working safety performance compared with the traditional design flywheel of constant thickness rotor. It is found that the maximum structural stress constraint applied in the designed region has a remarkable effect on the shape optimization.
      PubDate: 2016-06-17
  • Multi-material topology optimization using ordered SIMP interpolation
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper an ordered multi-material SIMP (solid isotropic material with penalization) interpolation is proposed to solve multi-material topology optimization problems without introducing any new variables. Power functions with scaling and translation coefficients are introduced to interpolate the elastic modulus and the cost properties for multiple materials with respect to the normalized density variables. Besides a mass constraint, a cost constraint is also considered in compliance minimization problems. A heuristic updating scheme of the design variables is derived from the Kuhn-Tucker optimality condition (OC). Since the proposed method does not rely on additional variables to represent material selection, the computational cost is independent of the number of materials considered. The iteration scheme is designed to jump across the discontinuous point of interpolation derivatives to make stable transition from one material phase to another. Numerical examples are included to demonstrate the proposed method. Because of its conceptual simplicity, the proposed ordered multi-material SIMP interpolation can be easily embedded into any existing single material SIMP topology optimization codes.
      PubDate: 2016-06-17
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