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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2277 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (191 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (103 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1204 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (385 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (66 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (90 journals)

CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 183 of 183 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 256)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ingenio Magno     Open Access  
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 26)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)

           

Journal Cover Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
  [SJR: 1.603]   [H-I: 77]   [9 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1615-1488 - ISSN (Online) 1615-147X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Topology optimization of planar linkage mechanisms for path generation
           without prescribed timing
    • Authors: Sang Min Han; Suh In Kim; Yoon Young Kim
      Pages: 501 - 517
      Abstract: Abstract The synthesis of planar linkage mechanisms by a topology optimization method has recently received much attention because both their numbers and dimensions can be simultaneously determined without baseline layouts. To synthesize a mechanism to produce a desired path at its end-effector, a desired path can be defined with or without prescribed timing. While earlier topology optimizations of mechanisms were all concerned with paths with prescribed timing, no study to deal with the topology optimization of mechanisms for path generation without prescribed timing is carried out in spite of its importance. The aim of this study is to propose and set up a gradient-based topology optimization formulation to synthesize planar linkage mechanisms that generate desired paths without prescribed timing. To this end, the desired path of the end-effector is expressed by the centroid distance function which is then represented by its Fourier descriptors. Then a topology optimization formulation using the Fourier descriptors is developed and the sensitivity analysis based on the Fourier descriptors is derived. Several numerical case studies are considered to verify the effectiveness of the proposed formulation. Some numerical issues appearing with the use of the Fourier descriptors are also investigated.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1712-6
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Concurrent multi-scale design optimization of composite frames with
           manufacturing constraints
    • Authors: Jun Yan; Zunyi Duan; Erik Lund; Jingyuan Wang
      Pages: 519 - 533
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a gradient based concurrent multi-scale design optimization method for composite frames considering specific manufacturing constraints raised from the aerospace industrial requirements. Geometrical parameters of the frame components at the macro-structural scale and the discrete fiber winding angles at the micro-material scale are introduced as the independent design variables at the two geometrical scales. The DMO (Discrete Material Optimization) approach is utilized to couple the two geometrical scales and realize the simultaneous optimization of macroscopic topology and microscopic material selection. Six kinds of manufacturing constraints are explicitly included in the optimization model as series of linear inequalities or equalities. The capabilities of the proposed optimization model are demonstrated with the example of compliance minimization, subject to constraint on the composite volume. The linear constraints and optimization problems are solved by Sequential Linear Programming (SLP) optimization algorithm with move limit strategy. Numerical results show the potential of weight saving and structural robustness design with the proposed concurrent optimization model. The multi-scale optimization model, considering specific manufacturing constraints, provides new choices for the design of the composite frame structure in aerospace and other industries.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1750-0
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Structural complexity control in topology optimization via moving
           morphable component (MMC) approach
    • Authors: Weisheng Zhang; Jianhua Zhou; Yichao Zhu; Xu Guo
      Pages: 535 - 552
      Abstract: Abstract In the present paper, an explicit method for controlling the structural complexity of continuum structures in topology optimization is proposed. This method is devised under the Moving Morphable Component (MMC) based framework where the geometries of the basic building blocks for topology optimization are described explicitly. Compared to the existing structural complexity control approaches which are generally developed in an implicit geometry/topology description framework, the proposed method allows an explicit definition of structural complexity, which facilitates the construction of the controlling schemes significantly. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated by numerical examples shown at the end of the paper.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1736-y
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A surrogate modeling approach for reliability analysis of a
           multidisciplinary system with spatio-temporal output
    • Authors: Zhen Hu; Sankaran Mahadevan
      Pages: 553 - 569
      Abstract: Abstract Reliability analysis of a multidisciplinary system is computationally intensive due to the involvement of multiple disciplinary models and coupling between the individual models. When the system inputs and outputs are varying over time and space, the reliability analysis is even more challenging. This paper proposes a surrogate model-based method for the reliability analysis of a multidisciplinary system with spatio-temporal output. The transient characteristics of the multidisciplinary system output under time-dependent variability are analyzed first. Based on the transient analysis, surrogate models are built for individual disciplinary analyses instead of a single surrogate model for the fully coupled analysis. To address the challenge introduced by the high-dimensionality of spatially varying inter-disciplinary coupling variables, a data compression method is first employed to convert the high-dimensional coupling variables into low-dimensional latent space. Kriging surrogate modeling is then used to build surrogates for the individual disciplinary models in the latent space. Based on the individual disciplinary surrogate models, reliability analysis of the coupled multidisciplinary system under time-dependent uncertainty is investigated. Further, epistemic uncertainty sources, such as data uncertainty and model uncertainty, lead to uncertainty in the reliability estimate. Therefore, an auxiliary variable approach is used to efficiently include the epistemic uncertainty sources within the reliability analysis. An aircraft panel subjected to hypersonic flow conditions is used to demonstrate the proposed method. The analysis involves four interacting disciplinary models, namely, aerodynamics, aerothermal analysis, heat transfer, and structural analysis. The results show that the proposed method is able to effectively perform reliability analysis of a multidisciplinary system with spatio-temporal output.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1737-x
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Topology optimization using the p-version of the finite element method
    • Authors: Tam H. Nguyen; Chau H. Le; Jerome F. Hajjar
      Pages: 571 - 586
      Abstract: Abstract A multiresolution topology optimization approach is proposed using the p-version finite element method (p-version FEM). Traditional topology optimization, where a density design variable is assigned to each element, is suitable for low-order h-version FEM. However, it cannot take advantage of the higher accuracy of higher-order p-version FEM analysis for generating results with higher resolution. In contrast, the proposed method separates density variables and finite elements so that the resolution of the density field, which defines the structure, can be higher than that of the finite element mesh. Thus, the method can take full advantage of the higher accuracy of p-version FEM.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1675-7
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Optimal shape design of functionally graded thickness inversion tubes
           subjected to oblique loading
    • Authors: Omid Mohammadiha; Hashem Ghariblu
      Pages: 587 - 601
      Abstract: Abstract This paper aims to understand and optimize the crush response of Functionally Graded Thickness (FGT) tubes with various thickness distributions subjected to oblique loading using multi-objective optimization method. Hence, finite element (FE) models are established and their results are validated by experimental tests. Two objective functions (specific energy absorption and peak load) are approximated by four different multi-objective optimization models: the weighted average, multi-design optimization (MDO) technique, constrained single-objective optimization, and geometrical average methods. The optimum design results demonstrate that the selection of appropriate inversion tube parameters such as the die radius, the coefficient of friction between the die and tube, and thickness distribution function have significant roles in the crashworthiness design. The results give new ideas to improve the crashworthiness performance of inversion tubes under oblique loading conditions.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1676-6
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Topology optimization of freely vibrating continuum structures based on
           nonsmooth optimization
    • Authors: Pingzhang Zhou; Jianbin Du; Zhenhua Lü
      Pages: 603 - 618
      Abstract: Abstract The non-differentiability of repeated eigenvalues is one of the key difficulties to obtain the optimal solution in the topology optimization of freely vibrating continuum structures. In this paper, the bundle method, which is a very promising one in the nonsmooth optimization algorithm family, is proposed and implemented to solve the problem of eigenfrequency optimization of continuum. The bundle method is well-known in the mathematical programming community, but has never been used to solve the problems of topology optimization of continuum structures with respect to simple or multiple eigenfrequencies. The advantage of this method is that the specified information of iteration history may be collected and utilized in a very efficient manner to ensure that the next stability center is closer to the optimal solution, so as to avoid the numerical oscillation in the iteration history. Moreover, in the present method, both the simple and multiple eigenfrequencies can be managed within a unified computational scheme. Several numerical examples are tested to validate the proposed method. Comparisons with nonlinear semidefinite programming method and 0–1 formulation based heuristic method show the advantages of the proposed method. It is showed that, the method can deal with the nonsmoothness of the repeated eigenvalues in topology optimization in a very effective and efficient manner without evaluating the multiplicity of the eigenvalues.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1677-5
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Boundary shape design by using PDE filtered design variables
    • Authors: Tadayoshi Matsumori; Atsushi Kawamoto; Tsuguo Kondoh; Tsuyoshi Nomura; Hidetaka Saomoto
      Pages: 619 - 629
      Abstract: Abstract This paper deals with a design method for boundary shapes using filtering techniques based on a partial differential equation (PDE). In shape optimization, it is known that oscillatory boundaries appear when design variables are directly assigned to the design boundaries. In addition, during the optimization process, discretized elements in a computational domain are distorted due to extremely large shape changes along the design boundaries. The distorted elements may cause accuracy deterioration or numerical instability in a forward problem. In this paper, we propose a shape optimization method by using the PDE as a low pass filter which prevents the oscillatory boundaries of the optimized design. For restricting the shape distortion of the discretized elements, the shear deformation of the elements is constrained in the optimization problem. Mathematical programming is used to find the boundary shapes under the KKT conditions. The effectiveness of the proposed method is demonstrated through numerical examples in solid and fluid mechanics.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1678-4
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Reliability-based design optimization using SORM and SQP
    • Authors: Niclas Strömberg
      Pages: 631 - 645
      Abstract: Abstract In this work a second order approach for reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) with mixtures of uncorrelated non-Gaussian variables is derived by applying second order reliability methods (SORM) and sequential quadratic programming (SQP). The derivation is performed by introducing intermediate variables defined by the incremental iso-probabilistic transformation at the most probable point (MPP). By using these variables in the Taylor expansions of the constraints, a corresponding general first order reliability method (FORM) based quadratic programming (QP) problem is formulated and solved in the standard normal space. The MPP is found in the physical space in the metric of Hasofer-Lind by using a Newton algorithm, where the efficiency of the Newton method is obtained by introducing an inexact Jacobian and a line-search of Armijo type. The FORM-based SQP approach is then corrected by applying four SORM approaches: Breitung, Hohenbichler, Tvedt and a recent suggested formula. The proposed SORM-based SQP approach for RBDO is accurate, efficient and robust. This is demonstrated by solving several established benchmarks, with values on the target of reliability that are considerable higher than what is commonly used, for mixtures of five different distributions (normal, lognormal, Gumbel, gamma and Weibull). Established benchmarks are also generalized in order to study problems with large number of variables and several constraints. For instance, it is shown that the proposed approach efficiently solves a problem with 300 variables and 240 constraints within less than 20 CPU minutes on a laptop. Finally, a most well-know deterministic benchmark of a welded beam is treated as a RBDO problem using the proposed SORM-based SQP approach.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1679-3
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • A decoupling approach for evidence-theory-based reliability design
           optimization
    • Authors: Z. L. Huang; C. Jiang; Z. Zhang; T. Fang; X. Han
      Pages: 647 - 661
      Abstract: Abstract For the problem of evidence-theory-based reliability design optimization (EBDO), this paper presents a decoupling approach which provides an effective tool for the reliability design of some complex structures with epistemic uncertainty. The approach converts the original nested optimization into a sequential iterative process including design optimization and reliability analysis. In each iteration step, through the uniformity algorithm, the original EBDO is firstly transformed to a conventional reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) and an optimal solution is obtained by solving it. At the solution, the first-order approximate reliability analysis method (FARM) is then used to perform the evidence-theory-based reliability analysis for each constraint. In addition, the RBDO solving and the evidence-theory-based reliability analysis are carried out alternately until reaching the convergence. Finally, two numerical examples and a practical engineering application show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1680-x
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Optimal design of computer experiments for surrogate models with
           dimensionless variables
    • Authors: Ion Hazyuk; Marc Budinger; Florian Sanchez; Christian Gogu
      Pages: 663 - 679
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a method for constructing optimal design of experiments (DoE) intended for building surrogate models using dimensionless (or non-dimensional) variables. In order to increase the fidelity of the model obtained by regression, the DoE needs to optimally cover the dimensionless space. However, in order to generate the data for the regression, one still needs a DoE for the physical variables, in order to carry out the simulations. Thus, there exist two spaces, each one needing a DoE. Since the dimensionless space is always smaller than the physical one, the challenge for building a DoE is that the relation between the two spaces is not bijective. Moreover, each space usually has its own domain constraints, which renders them not-surjective. This means that it is impossible to design the DoE in one space and then automatically generate the corresponding DoE in the other space while satisfying the constraints from both spaces. The solution proposed in the paper transforms the computation of the DoE into an optimization problem formulated in terms of a space-filling criterion (maximizing the minimum distance between neighboring points). An approach is proposed for efficiently solving this optimization problem in a two steps procedure. The method is particularly well suited for building surrogates in terms of dimensionless variables spanning several orders of magnitude (e.g. power laws). The paper also proposes some variations of the method; one when more control is needed on the number of levels on each non-dimensional variable and another one when a good distribution of the DoE is desired in the logarithmic scale. The DoE construction method is illustrated on three case studies. A purely numerical case illustrates each step of the method and two other, mechanical and thermal, case studies illustrate the results in different configurations and different practical aspects.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1683-7
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Global sensitivity analysis for fiber reinforced composite fiber path
           based on D-MORPH-HDMR algorithm
    • Authors: Hu Wang; Liming Chen; Fan Ye; Lei Chen
      Pages: 697 - 712
      Abstract: Abstract This study presents a quantitative sensitivity analysis for the assessment of fiber reinforced composites (FRCs). Global sensitivity analysis (GSA) approach is based on the variance based method incorporating Random Sampling-High Dimensional Model Representation (RS-HDMR) expansion in which component functions are determined by diffeomorphic modulation under observable response preserving homotopy (D-MORPH) regression. The advantage of the D-MORPH regression lies in its capability to solve linear algebraic equations with a limited number of sample points. The main purpose is to investigate the influence of fiber path, regarded as the design variable, on the formability and structural performance of FRCs. Wherein, spring-back and load-carrying capacity are two meaningful problems to be addressed. Two typical FRCs are included that an L-shaped part with straight fiber path using autoclave manufacturing process and a variable stiffness composite cylindrical shell under pure bending. The work not only focuses on the ranking of design variables but also hopes to find out their interactions represented by the second order global sensitivity indexes. After being tested by three typical numerical functions, the GSA algorithm highlights that spring-back of FRC using autoclave manufacturing process is most sensitive to fiber orientation angles on plies close to the tool. And buckling performance of the VS cylinder is dominated by fiber orientation angles at compression/tension regions.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1681-9
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Shape and topology optimization of acoustic lens system using phase field
           method
    • Authors: Quang Dat Tran; Gang-Won Jang; Hyu-Sang Kwon; Wan-Ho Cho
      Pages: 713 - 729
      Abstract: Abstract A layout optimization method for a two-dimensional acoustic lens system used in underwater imaging is presented. To this end, a shape and topology optimization is formulated for the design problem of a lens system for the first time. The layout of a lens system to be optimized includes the number of lenses, shape of lens surfaces, distances between lenses, and lens materials. A phase field function is employed to implicitly parameterize the boundaries of the lenses, which move according to design sensitivities during optimization. Multiple lenses with different materials are optimized using a single phase field function. Because the ratio of the acoustic wavelength with respect to lens dimensions is large, diffraction effects should be taken into account. Accordingly, the performance of a lens system should be analyzed using wave acoustics and not the ray tracing method. The optimization problem is formulated to remove the aberrations of coma and field curvature. The validity of the proposed optimization method is demonstrated by solving benchmark design problems including a lens system with a large field of view.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1682-8
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • On fully stressed design and p -norm measures in structural optimization
    • Authors: Mingdong Zhou; Ole Sigmund
      Pages: 731 - 736
      Abstract: Abstract This brief note revisits the fully stressed design schemes and p-norm measures used in stress-based structural optimization. Two simple shape optimization cases are used to remind the reader that fully stressed designs only are optimal when unimpeded by geometrical restrictions and that high values of the stress norm are needed in order to achieve satisfactory designs.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1731-3
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Topology optimization of structures with gradient elastic material
    • Authors: Lei Li; Guodong Zhang; Kapil Khandelwal
      Pages: 371 - 390
      Abstract: Abstract Topology optimization of structures and mechanisms with microstructural length-scale effect is investigated based on gradient elasticity theory. To meet the higher-order continuity requirement in gradient elasticity theory, Hermite finite elements are used in the finite element implementation. As an alternative to the gradient elasticity, the staggered gradient elasticity that requires C 0-continuity, is also presented. The solid isotropic material with penalization (SIMP) like material interpolation schemes are adopted to connect the element density with the constitutive parameters of the gradient elastic solid. The effectiveness of the proposed formulations is demonstrated via numerical examples, where remarkable length-scale effects can be found in the optimized topologies of gradient elastic solids as compared with linear elastic solids.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1670-z
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Topology optimization for finding shell structures manufactured by deep
           drawing
    • Authors: R. Dienemann; A. Schumacher; S. Fiebig
      Pages: 473 - 485
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a new approach for optimizing shell structures considering their mid surface design including cut-outs. Therefore we introduced a manufacturing constraint to the 3D topology optimization based on the density method in order to receive an optimized structure without undercuts and with a constant wall thickness, so that these structures can be manufactured by deep drawing in one step. It is shown that introducing cut-outs while increasing the shell thickness can improve the performance of shell structures considering their stiffness at a constant mass.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1661-0
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • On the numerical implementation of continuous adjoint sensitivity for
           transient heat conduction problems using an isogeometric approach
    • Authors: Zhen-Pei Wang; Deepak Kumar
      Pages: 487 - 500
      Abstract: Abstract A crucial problem of continuous adjoint shape sensitivity analysis is the numerical implementation of its lengthy formulations. In this paper, the numerical implementation of continuous adjoint shape sensitivity analysis is presented for transient heat conduction problems using isogeometric analysis, which can serve as a tutorial guide for beginners. Using the adjoint boundary and loading conditions derived from the design objective and the primary state variable fields, the numerical analysis procedure of the adjoint problem, which is solved backward in time, is demonstrated. Following that, the numerical integration algorithm of the shape sensitivity using a boundary approach is provided. Adjoint shape sensitivity is studied with detailed explanations for two transient heat conduction problems to illustrate the numerical implementation aspects of the continuous adjoint method. These two problems can be used as benchmark problems for future studies.
      PubDate: 2017-08-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1669-5
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 2 (2017)
       
  • Stopping rule of multi-start local search for structural optimization
    • Authors: Makoto Ohsaki; Makoto Yamakawa
      Abstract: Abstract Stopping rule for multi-start local search is investigated for application to structural optimization problems with moderately large number of local optima. The size of attractor of an unknown local optimal solution is estimated using the information of already obtained solutions. A stopping rule is defined using the likelihood of obtaining the specific set of local optimal solutions. This way, characteristics of the specific optimization problem is successfully incorporated. The proposed rule is first verified using the mathematical problems in comparison with the existing rule utilizing the estimated ratio of the total size of attractors to the size of feasible domain. The rule is next applied to an optimization problem of a plane frame under constraints on inter-story drift angle and stress against static loads. Characteristics of the distribution of attractors of optimal solutions are also investigated.
      PubDate: 2017-08-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1779-0
       
  • Mixed-integer linear programming approach for global discrete sizing
           optimization of frame structures
    • Authors: R. Van Mellaert; K. Mela; T. Tiainen; M. Heinisuo; G. Lombaert; M. Schevenels
      Abstract: Abstract This paper focuses on discrete sizing optimization of frame structures using commercial profile catalogs. The optimization problem is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) problem by including the equations of structural analysis as constraints. The internal forces of the members are taken as continuous state variables. Binary variables are used for choosing the member profiles from a catalog. Both the displacement and stress constraints are formulated such that for each member limit values can be imposed at predefined locations along the member. A valuable feature of the formulation, lacking in most contemporary approaches, is that global optimality of the solution is guaranteed by solving the MILP using branch-and-bound techniques. The method is applied to three design problems: a portal frame, a two-story frame with three load cases and a multiple-bay multiple-story frame. Performance profiles are determined to compare the MILP reformulation method with a genetic algorithm.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1770-9
       
  • Reliability-based and deterministic design optimization of a FSAE brake
           pedal: a risk allocation analysis
    • Authors: José Romero; Nestor Queipo
      Abstract: Abstract While probabilistic designs can translate into significant weight savings through better risk allocation, deterministic design optimization remains widely used in industry. To promote the use of probabilistic designs among engineering students and practitioners, this work solves reliability based design optimization (RBDO) and deterministic design optimization (DDO) models of a FSAE brake pedal with multiple failure modes (stress and buckling) with their relative performance evaluated through a risk allocation analysis. The problems of interest were systematically solved through the following steps: i) topology optimization to specify the brake-pedal shape, ii) numerical 3D brake-pedal modeling under uncertainty for stress and buckling analysis, iii) mass (M), maximum von Mises stress (Smax) and buckling load factor (fbuck) surrogate modeling, iv) global sensitivity analysis and surrogate model selection, and v) surrogate-based RBDO and DDO with risk allocation analysis. Results show that when compared to DDO with alternative safety factors, for the same probability of system failure, the RBDO brake pedal designs were significantly lighter and more robust (less mass variability).
      PubDate: 2017-07-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1747-8
       
 
 
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