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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2118 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (179 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (159 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1163 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (54 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (54 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (79 journals)

CIVIL ENGINEERING (159 journals)                  1 2     

ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access  
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access  
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Constructii : Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Environmental Geotechnics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Ingenio Magno     Open Access  
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Protective Structures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Accessibility and Design for All     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Advanced Research in Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access  
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

        1 2     

Journal Cover   Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
  [SJR: 1.825]   [H-I: 61]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1615-1488 - ISSN (Online) 1615-147X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2302 journals]
  • Optimum design of FRP bridge deck: an efficient RS-HDMR based approach
    • Abstract: Abstract A novel efficient hybrid method based on random sampling-high dimensional model representations (RS-HDMR) and genetic algorithm coupled with a local unconstrained multivariable minimization function is proposed in this study for optimization of FRP composite web core bridge deck panels. The optimization is performed for lightweight design of FRP composite bridge deck panels based on deflection limit, stresses, buckling and failure criteria and subsequently the representative design curves are developed considering normal as well as skew configurations of FRP bridge decks. Sensitivity analysis is also performed to study the effect of variation in geometry of the bridge deck to its deflection, stress and buckling behaviours. High level of computational efficiency can be achieved without compromising the accuracy of results for optimization of high dimensional systems following the proposed approach.
      PubDate: 2015-04-25
  • On the layout of a least weight multiple span structure with uniform load
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper focuses on identifying an analytical description for the layout of a minimum volume pin-jointed structure (truss) that is uniformly loaded and supported on equally spaced locations. The methodology utilized takes advantage of Maxwell’s Theorem of Load Paths and the properties of reciprocal diagrams (as described by the authors in previous papers). The approach followed in this work provides considerable insight in the properties of the optimal layout. In addition, the solution to the problem is presented in terms of a structure and its dual. The dual truss associated with the force diagram of the original structure has the same total load path as the original structure itself but completely different geometry and corresponds to a different, but related, load condition. Therefore, multiple optimal layouts are available to the practicing engineer for the problem considered. Analytical expressions describing the geometry and the volume of the optimal truss layout and its dual are provided showing that simple formulas describe the geometric properties of the solution. The solutions are presented for equal magnitude tensile and compressive stress limits first and then the effect of unequal stress limits is explored. Comparison with numerical results confirms the validity of the solutions presented.
      PubDate: 2015-04-24
  • Optimization of structures with unrestricted dynamic shakedown constraints
    • Abstract: Abstract The unrestricted dynamic shakedown theory is here utilized with the aim to formulate different optimal design problems for structures mainly subjected to seismic loads. In particular, reference is made to plane frame structures constituted by elastic perfectly plastic material subjected to load combinations characterized by the presence of simultaneous fixed and seismic actions. The design problems, formulated on the ground of a statical approach, are devoted to structures with and without seismic protection devices, with special emphasis to seismic isolators. For the proposed design problem formulations different constraints are utilized; actually, for structures without protection devices the design problem must impose that the optimal structure remains elastic for fixed loads, shakes down for serviceability seismic conditions and prevents the instantaneous collapse for high seismic loads; while for structures provided with a given base isolation system, it is imposed that they remain elastic for fixed loads and shakes down for full seismic conditions. Appropriate modal analyses are utilized in order to take into account for both classically and non-classically damped structures. The seismic load history to be considered for shakedown and collapse limit admissibility conditions is a repeated seismic load one according with the unrestricted shakedown theory. The effected applications are related to plane steel frames.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23
  • A variational growth approach to topology optimization
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a new approach to topology optimization that is based on observations of natural biological systems in which growth processes are initialized during high mechanical loading. A compliance parameter is introduced that serves as an internal variable and for which evolution equations are derived using the variational principle of the minimum of the dissipation potential. The well-known problem of checkerboarding is faced with regularization techniques on the Helmholtz free energy. The final procedure uses only the Helmholtz free energy as input. Several numerical examples are given for demonstration purposes.
      PubDate: 2015-04-17
  • Design optimization based on state problem functionals
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a general mathematical structure for design optimization problems, where state problem functionals are used as design objectives.It extends to design optimization the general model of physical theories pioneered by Tonti (1972, 1976) and Oden and Reddy (1974, 1983). It turns out that the classical structural optimization problem of compliance minimization is a member of the treated general class of problems. Other particular examples, discussed in the paper, are related to Darcy-Stokes flow and pipe flow models. A main novel feature of the paper is the unification of seemingly different design problems, but the general mathematical structure also explains some previously not fully understood phenomena. For instance, the self-penalization property of Stokes flow design optimization receives an explanation in terms of minimization of a concave function over a convex set.
      PubDate: 2015-04-16
  • Discrete sizing optimization of steel trusses under multiple displacement
           constraints and load cases using guided stochastic search technique
    • Abstract: Abstract The guided stochastic search (GSS) is a computationally efficient design optimization technique, which is originally developed for discrete sizing optimization problems of steel trusses with a single displacement constraint under a single load case. The present study aims to investigate the GSS in a more general class of truss sizing optimization problems subject to multiple displacement constraints and load cases. To this end, enhancements of the GSS are proposed in the form of two alternative approaches that enable the technique to deal with multiple displacement/load cases. The first approach implements a methodology in which the most critical displacement direction is considered only when guiding the search process. The second approach, however, takes into account the cumulative effect of all the critical displacement directions in the course of optimization. Advantage of the integrated force method of structural analysis is also utilized for further reduction of the computational effort in these approaches. The proposed enhancements of GSS are investigated and compared with some selected techniques of design optimization through six truss structures that are sized for minimum weight. The numerical results reveal that both enhancements generally provide promising solutions with an insignificant computational effort.
      PubDate: 2015-04-15
  • Extension of concurrent subspace optimization to structural optimization
           of product families
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper discusses the problem of structural optimization of product families with predefined platforms. The main challenge lies in the increased design variables and constraints, and providing an optimal tradeoff for individual products performance in the family which are competitive with each other. The Concurrent Subspace Optimization for multidisciplinary problem is extended to product family design with predefined platforms. The main advantage of the proposed approach is that the system level owns the ability to catch the global tendency of the true design space and the number of evaluations required is reduced by using surrogate models. Each subspace optimization problem has the freedom to specify the unique variables for one family member, and the system level optimizes the product platform using the surrogate models created based on subspace optimizations. The process is solved in an iterative way, and the improving surrogate models guide the optimization to the global optimal design. Results from a truss family example with small design space confirm the ability and efficiency of the extended Concurrent Subspace Optimization to address product family problem by compared with ATC approach. Then the proposed method is successfully applied to a family of unmanned aircraft wing structures, which is more complicated and related to practical implementation issues.
      PubDate: 2015-04-14
  • The effect of ignoring dependence between failure modes on evaluating
           system reliability
    • Abstract: Abstract Assuming independence between failure modes makes system reliability calculation simple but it adds approximation error. Interestingly, error due to ignoring dependence can be negligible for a highly reliable system. This paper investigates the reasons and the factors affecting the error. Error in system probability of failure (PF) is small for high reliability when tail-dependence is not very strong or the ratio between individual PFs is large. We created various conditions using copulas and observed the effect of ignoring dependence. Two reliability-based design optimization problems with a 2-bar and a 10-bar trusses are presented to show the effect of error on the optimum design and the system PF calculation. For the 10-bar truss, there were 5 % error in system PF and mass penalty less than 0.1 % in the optimum design for a target system PF of 10−7 even though five truss failures were strongly correlated.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13
  • L-dominance: An approximate-domination mechanism for adaptive resolution
           of Pareto frontiers
    • Abstract: Abstract In Evolutionary Multi-objective Optimization (EMO), the mechanism of 𝜖-dominance has received significant attention because of its ability to guarantee convergence near the Pareto frontier and maintain diversity among solutions at a reasonable computational cost. A noticeable weakness of this mechanism is its inability to vary the resolution it provides of the Pareto frontier based on the frontier’s tradeoff properties. We therefore propose a new mechanism—L-dominance, based on the Lamé curve—as an alternative to 𝜖-dominance in EMO. The geometry of the Lamé curve naturally supports a greater concentration of Pareto solutions in regions of significant tradeoff between objectives. This variable resolution of solutions allows an algorithm using L-dominance to generate fewer solutions to describe the Pareto frontier as a whole while maintaining a desired concentration of solutions where the frontier requires greater detail. The L-dominance mechanism is analyzed theoretically and by simulation on five test problems, and is shown to result in increasingly significant computational gains as the dimensionality of problems increases.
      PubDate: 2015-04-13
  • Bridging art and engineering using Escher-based virtual elements
    • Abstract: Abstract The geometric shape of an element plays a key role in computational methods. Triangular and quadrilateral shaped elements are utilized by standard finite element methods. The pioneering work of Wachspress laid the foundation for polygonal interpolants which introduced polygonal elements. Tessellations may be considered as the next stage of element shape evolution. In this work, we investigate the topology optimization of tessellations as a means to coalesce art and engineering. We mainly focus on M.C. Escher’s tessellations using recognizable figures. To solve the state equation, we utilize a Mimetic Finite Difference inspired approach, known as the Virtual Element Method. In this approach, the stiffness matrix is constructed in such a way that the displacement patch test is passed exactly in order to ensure optimum numerical convergence rates. Prior to exploring the artistic aspects of topology optimization designs, numerical verification studies such as the displacement patch test and shear loaded cantilever beam bending problem are conducted to demonstrate the accuracy of the present approach in two-dimensions.
      PubDate: 2015-03-27
  • Thanks to our reviewers
    • PubDate: 2015-03-25
  • Level set topology optimization of stationary fluid-structure interaction
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper introduces a topology optimization approach that combines an explicit level set method (LSM) and the extended finite element method (XFEM) for designing the internal structural layout of fluid-structure interaction (FSI) problems. The FSI response is predicted by a monolithic solver that couples an incompressible Navier-Stokes flow model with a small-deformation solid model. The fluid mesh is modeled as an elastic continuum that deforms with the structure. The fluid model is discretized with stabilized finite elements and the structural model by a generalized formulation of the XFEM. The nodal parameters of the discretized level set field are defined as explicit functions of the optimization variables. The optimization problem is solved by a nonlinear programming method. The LSM-XFEM approach is studied for two- and three-dimensional FSI problems at steady-state and compared against a density topology optimization approach. The numerical examples illustrate that the LSM-XFEM approach convergences to well-defined geometries even on coarse meshes, regardless of the choice of objective and constraints. In contrast, the density method requires refined grids and a mass penalization to yield smooth and crisp designs. The numerical studies show that the LSM-XFEM approach can suffer from a discontinuous evolution of the design in the optimization process as thin structural members disconnect. This issue is caused by the interpolation of the level set field and the inability to represent particular geometric configurations in the XFEM model. While this deficiency is generic to the LSM-XFEM approach used here, it is pronounced by the nonlinear response of FSI problems.
      PubDate: 2015-03-17
  • Thickness filters for gradient based multi-material and thickness
           optimization of laminated composite structures
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a new gradient based method for performing discrete material and thickness optimization of laminated composite structures. The novelty in the new method lies in the application of so-called casting constraints, or thickness filters in this context, to control the thickness variation throughout the laminate. The filters replace the layerwise density variables with a single continuous through-the-thickness design variable. Consequently, the filters eliminate the need for having explicit constraints for preventing intermediate void through the thickness of the laminate. Therefore, the filters reduce both the number of constraints and design variables in the optimization problem. Based upon a continuous approximation of a unit step function, the thickness filters are capable of projecting discrete 0/1 values to the underlying layerwise or ”physical” density variables which govern the presence of material in each layer through the thickness of the laminate. Combined with an in-plane density filter, the method enables manufacturers to control the length scale of the geometry while obtaining near discrete designs. Together with the applied manufacturing constraints it is now possible for manufacturers to steer the design towards a higher level of manufacturability. The method is demonstrated for mass minimization with displacement and manufacturing constraints. The results show that the method indeed is capable of obtaining near discrete designs which obey the governing constraints.
      PubDate: 2015-03-13
  • Development of a widely applicable gradientless shape optimization based
           bone adaptation model for comparative parametric studies
    • Abstract: Abstract Many gradientless optimization based methods have been developed to predict mechanically-driven strength adaptations of bone and to improve the failure resistance of inert mechanical components. However, because the gradientless optimization methods commonly used in these applications typically do not result in a unique solution, few are capable of providing quantitative comparisons of the effects of different boundary conditions on the resulting shape and strength changes of the objects studied. Driven by relative measures of the current local stress state, global stress state, and variation of the local stress state over the design region, a condition-independent, system-independent shape/strength adaptation model was developed that can be applicable to a system with a large number of design variables. Using a local extrema independent quantitative measure of the progression of the design region to a more uniform stress state, a consistent comparison point was defined that can be used regardless of the system studied, the boundary conditions applied, or the initial amount of stress variation. The implementation of the developed model demonstrated its effectiveness in the repeatable prediction of shape and strength changes over multiple orders of magnitude differences in boundary values with no changes to the modeling parameters or stopping criteria. The developed gradientless optimization based shape adaptation technique can be a useful tool in the comparison of the effects of various loading conditions on the strength changes in bones and in the creation of exercise regimens to strengthen fracture prone regions.
      PubDate: 2015-03-11
  • Design optimization of a runflat structure based on multi-objective
           genetic algorithm
    • Abstract: Abstract Runflat structure plays an important role in determining the sustainable mileage after the tire is shot. Lightweight, stiffness and strength are highly relevant to the overall performance of the structure. A parameterized model was built based on the full study of the structure, and a new adaptive meshing method is proposed to ensure the quality of the model. The accuracy of the new model was verified by comparing to the traditional finite element model. The parameter study was carried out to investigate the response of the performance and mass. Multi-objective optimization model was established by applying optimal Latin square design method and response surface model approach. Non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II (NSGA-II) was applied to obtain the optimization design. The results indicate that the combination of parameterized model and multi-objective genetic algorithms successfully achieve the goal of multi-objective optimization for mass and displacement while ensuring the stress. Meanwhile, the optimal topology, shape and thickness optimization for the runflat structure have been achieved at the same time.
      PubDate: 2015-03-11
  • A software development framework for structural optimization considering
           non linear static responses
    • Abstract: Abstract In the real world, structural systems may not have linear static characteristics. However, structural optimization has been developed based on static responses because sensitivity analysis regarding static finite element analysis is developed quite well. Analyses other than static analysis are heavily required in the engineering community these days. Techniques for such analyses have been extensively developed and many software systems using the finite element method are easily available in the market. On the other hand, development of structural optimization using such analyses is fairly slow due to many obstacles. One obstacle is that it is very difficult and expensive to consider the nonlinearities or dynamic effects in the way of conventional optimization. Recently, the equivalent static loads method for non linear static response structural optimization (ESLSO) has been proposed for structural optimization with various responses: linear dynamic response, nonlinear static response, and nonlinear dynamic response. In ESLSO, finite element analysis other than static analysis is performed, equivalent static loads (ESLs) are generated, linear static response structural optimization is carried out with the ESLs and the process iterates. A software system for the automatic use of ESLSO is developed and described. One of the advantages of ESLSO is that it can use well developed commercial software systems for structural analysis and linear static response structural optimization. Various analysis and optimization systems are integrated in the developed system. The structure of the system is systematically defined and the software is developed by the C++ language on the Windows operating system.
      PubDate: 2015-03-10
  • Global blending optimization of laminated composites with discrete
           material candidate selection and thickness variation
    • Abstract: Abstract A method capable of simultaneous topology and thickness optimization of laminated composites has previously been published by one of the authors. Mass constrained compliance minimization subject to certain manufacturing constraints was solved on basis of interpolation schemes with penalization. In order to obtain large patchwise material candidate continuity while also accommodating variable laminate thickness, a bi-linear stiffness parameterization was introduced, causing a non-convex problem. In this present work, we introduce an alternative problem formulation that holds identical capabilities but is, however, convex in the original mixed binary nested form. Convexity is the foremost important property of optimization problems, and the proposed method can guarantee the global or near-global optimal solution; unlike most topology optimization methods. The material selection is limited to a distinct choice among predefined numbers of candidates. The laminate thickness is variable but the number of plies must be integer. We solve the convex mixed binary non-linear programming problem by an outer approximation cutting-plane method augmented with a few heuristics to accelerate the convergence rate. The capabilities of the method and the effect of active versus inactive manufacturing constraints are demonstrated on several numerical examples of limited size, involving at most 320 binary variables. Most examples are solved to guaranteed global optimality and may constitute benchmark examples for popular topology optimization methods and heuristics based on solving sequences of non-convex problems. The results will among others demonstrate that the difficulty of the posed problem is highly dependent upon the composition of the constitutive properties of the material candidates.
      PubDate: 2015-03-10
  • A survey on handling computationally expensive multiobjective optimization
           problems using surrogates: non-nature inspired methods
    • Abstract: Abstract Computationally expensive multiobjective optimization problems arise, e.g. in many engineering applications, where several conflicting objectives are to be optimized simultaneously while satisfying constraints. In many cases, the lack of explicit mathematical formulas of the objectives and constraints may necessitate conducting computationally expensive and time-consuming experiments and/or simulations. As another challenge, these problems may have either convex or nonconvex or even disconnected Pareto frontier consisting of Pareto optimal solutions. Because of the existence of many such solutions, typically, a decision maker is required to select the most preferred one. In order to deal with the high computational cost, surrogate-based methods are commonly used in the literature. This paper surveys surrogate-based methods proposed in the literature, where the methods are independent of the underlying optimization algorithm and mitigate the computational burden to capture different types of Pareto frontiers. The methods considered are classified, discussed and then compared. These methods are divided into two frameworks: the sequential and the adaptive frameworks. Based on the comparison, we recommend the adaptive framework to tackle the aforementioned challenges.
      PubDate: 2015-03-10
  • 11th World congress on structural and multidisciplinary optimization
    • PubDate: 2015-03-01
  • A note on optimal design of multiphase elastic structures
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper describes the first exact results in optimal design of three-phase elastic structures. Two isotropic materials, the “strong” and the “weak” one, are laid out with void in a given two-dimensional domain so that the compliance plus weight of a structure is minimized. As in the classical two-phase problem, the optimal layout of three phases is also determined on two levels: macro- and microscopic. On the macrolevel, the design domain is divided into several subdomains. Some are filled with pure phases, and others with their mixtures (composites). The main aim of the paper is to discuss the non-uniqueness of the optimal macroscopic multiphase distribution. This phenomenon does not occur in the two-phase problem, and in the three-phase design it arises only when the moduli of material isotropy of “strong” and “weak” phases are in certain relation.
      PubDate: 2015-03-01
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