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CIVIL ENGINEERING (183 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 183 of 183 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 252)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 79)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Multifunctional Composites     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 21)


Journal Cover Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
  [SJR: 1.603]   [H-I: 77]   [9 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1615-1488 - ISSN (Online) 1615-147X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2329 journals]
  • GOTICA - generation of optimal topologies by irregular cellular automata
    • Authors: Bogdan Bochenek; Katarzyna Tajs-Zielińska
      Abstract: In recent years the Cellular Automata (CA) concept has been successfully applied to structural topology optimization problems. In the engineering implementation of CA, the design domain is decomposed into a lattice of cells, and a particular cell together with the cells to which it is connected forms a neighborhood. It is assumed that the interaction between cells takes place only within the neighborhood and the states of cells are updated synchronously in subsequent time steps according to some local rules.The majority of results that have been obtained so far were based on regular lattices of cells. However, a practical engineering analysis and design in many cases require using highly irregular meshes for complicated geometries and/or stress concentration regions. The aim of the present paper is to extend the concept of CA towards the implementation of unstructured grid of cells related to non-regular mesh of finite elements. Introducing an irregular lattice of cells allows to reduce the number of design variables without loosing the accuracy of results and without an excessive increase of the number of elements caused by using a fine mesh for a whole structure. The implementation of non-uniform cells of Cellular Automaton requires a reformulation of standard local rules, for which the influence of the neighborhood on the current cell is independent of sizes of the neighboring cells.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1614-z
  • Structural optimization of a space mirror to selectively constrain optical
    • Authors: Rupali Sahu; Vrushang Patel; Sandeep Kumar Singh; B. S. Munjal
      Abstract: Structural optimization of a 1.2 m diameter space mirror is carried out using OptiStruct tool of HyperWorks 12 to minimize mass and constrain optical aberrations. Zerodur is used as the material for the mirror. A typical open-back mirror of the same diameter and material weighs around 90 kg. For optimization, constraints were imposed on defocus, coma and trefoil aberrations. Aberrations like piston and tilt are caused by rigid body displacements of the mirror can be compensated by on-board control mechanisms and hence ignored for this study. Also, astigmatism is controlled by the design of Mirror Fixation Devices (MFD). Since MFD design is out of the scope of this study, astigmatism is also ignored. Optimization runs are carried out for various boundary conditions. The optimized design weighs 63 kg and has acceptable optical performance. Suggestions are also presented to further minimize the mass while maintaining an acceptable level of optical performance.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1616-x
  • Material nonlinear topology optimization using the ground structure method
           with a discrete filtering scheme
    • Authors: Xiaojia Zhang; Adeildo S. Ramos; Glaucio H. Paulino
      Abstract: Topology optimization of truss lattices, using the ground structure method, is a practical engineering tool that allows for improved structural designs. However, in general, the final topology consists of a large number of undesirable thin bars that may add artificial stiffness and degenerate the condition of the system of equations, sometimes even leading to an invalid structural system. Moreover, most work in this field has been restricted to linear material behavior, yet real materials generally display nonlinear behavior. To address these issues, we present an efficient filtering scheme, with reduced-order modeling, and demonstrate its application to two- and three-dimensional topology optimization of truss networks considering multiple load cases and nonlinear constitutive behavior. The proposed scheme accounts for proper load levels during the optimization process, yielding the displacement field without artificial stiffness by simply using the truss members that actually exist in the structure (spurious members are removed), and improving convergence performance. The nonlinear solution scheme is based on a Newton-Raphson approach with line search, which is essential for convergence. In addition, the use of reduced-order information significantly reduces the size of the structural and optimization problems within a few iterations, leading to drastically improved computational performance. For instance, the application of our method to a problem with approximately 1 million design variables shows that the proposed filter algorithm, while offering almost the same optimized structure, is more than 40 times faster than the standard ground structure method.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1627-7
  • Enhanced hybrid metaheuristic algorithms for optimal sizing of steel truss
           structures with numerous discrete variables
    • Authors: Saeid Kazemzadeh Azad
      Abstract: The advent of modern computing technologies paved the way for development of numerous efficient structural design optimization tools in the recent decades. In the present study sizing optimization problem of steel truss structures having numerous discrete variables is tackled using combined forms of recently proposed metaheuristic techniques. Three guided, and three guided hybrid metaheuristic algorithms are developed by integrating a design oriented strategy to the stochastic search properties of three recently proposed metaheuristic optimization techniques, namely adaptive dimensional search, modified big bang-big crunch, and exponential big bang-big crunch algorithms. The performances of the proposed guided, and guided hybrid metaheuristic algorithms are compared to those of standard variants through optimum design of real-size steel truss structures with up to 728 design variables according to AISC-LRFD specification. The numerical results reveal that the hybrid form of adaptive dimensional search and exponential big bang-big crunch algorithm is the most promising algorithm amongst the other investigated techniques.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1634-8
  • An adaptive local range sampling method for reliability-based design
           optimization using support vector machine and Kriging model
    • Authors: Xin Liu; Yizhong Wu; Boxing Wang; Jianwan Ding; Haoxiang Jie
      Abstract: Kriging model is an effective method to overcome huge computational cost for reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) problems. However, the results of RBDO usually depend on constraint boundaries within the local range that contains the RBDO optimum. Determining this local range and building adaptive response surfaces within it can avoid selecting samples in unrelated areas. In this research, a new RBDO process is proposed. In the first phase, Kriging models of constraints are built based on Latin Hypercube sampling method, and updated by two new samples in each iteration. One of these two samples is selected based on SVM and mean squared error to make sure it is located near constraint boundaries. Another one is the deterministic optimum point (DOP) of current Kriging models, which is obtained based on the deterministic optimization and specifies the direction to the RBDO optimum. And the RBDO design point is obtained by SORA. When consecutive RBDO design points are close enough to each other, the local range is determined based on the current RBDO design point and the current DOP. In the second phase, new samples are located on constraint boundaries within the local range to refine Kriging models. The location and the size of the local range is adaptively defined by the RBDO design point and the DOP during each iteration. Several optimization examples are selected to test the computation capability of the proposed method. The results indicate that the new method is more efficient and more accurate.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1641-9
  • Topology optimization of structures with anisotropic plastic materials
           using enhanced assumed strain elements
    • Authors: Guodong Zhang; Lei Li; Kapil Khandelwal
      Abstract: The focus of this paper is on consistent and accurate adjoint sensitivity analyses for structural topology optimization with anisotropic plastic materials under plane strain conditions. In order to avoid the locking issue, the Enhanced Assumed Strain (EAS) elements are adopted in the finite element discretization, and the anisotropic Hoffman plasticity model, which can simulate the strength differences in tension and compression, is incorporated within the framework of density-based topology optimization. The path-dependent sensitivity analysis is presented wherein the enhanced element parameters are consistently incorporated in the constraints. The objective of topology optimization is to maximize the plastic work. Several numerical examples are presented to show the effectiveness of the proposed framework. The results illustrate that the optimized topologies are highly dependent on the plastic anisotropic material properties.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1612-1
  • Simultaneous identification of damage and input dynamic force on the
           structure for structural health monitoring
    • Authors: V. Jayalakshmi; A. Rama Mohan Rao
      Abstract: In this paper, we present an approach for simultaneous identification of the system parameters and the input dynamic force time history. The inverse problem associated with the system identification is formulated as an optimization problem and is solved using a newly developed dynamic hybrid adaptive firefly algorithm (DHAFA). A modified version of Tikhonov regularization is employed while solving the inverse problem associated with the force identification in order to improve the quality of the solution. Numerical simulation studies have been carried out by solving three distinct numerical examples. Studies presented in this paper indicate that the proposed algorithm is effective in identifying the system parameters as well as the input dynamic force simultaneously and can be effectively used for structural health monitoring purposes. Convergence studies presented in this paper on the newly developed dynamic hybrid firefly algorithm indicate that the proposed algorithm has better convergence characteristics and can be effectively employed for solving complex nonlinear optimization problems associated with system identification.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1637-5
  • Modified firefly algorithm for multidimensional optimization in structural
           design problems
    • Authors: Jui-Sheng Chou; Ngoc-Tri Ngo
      Abstract: An enhanced nature-inspired metaheuristic optimization algorithm, called the modified firefly algorithm (MFA) is proposed for multidimensional structural design optimization. The MFA incorporates metaheuristic components, namely logistic and Gauss/mouse chaotic maps, adaptive inertia weight, and Lévy flight with a conventional firefly algorithm (FA) to improve its optimization capability. The proposed MFA has several advantages over its traditional FA counterpart. Logistic chaotic maps provide a diverse initial population. Gauss/mouse maps allow the tuning of the FA attractiveness parameter. The adaptive inertia weight controls the local exploitation and the global exploration of the search process. Lévy flight is used in the exploitation of the MFA. The proposed MFA was evaluated by comparing its performance in solving a series of benchmark functions with those of the FA and other well-known optimization algorithms. The efficacy of the MFA was then proven by its solutions to three multidimensional structural design optimization problems; MFA yielded the best solutions among the observed algorithms. Experimental results revealed that the proposed MFA is more efficient and effective than the compared algorithms. Therefore, the MFA serves as an alternative algorithm for solving multidimensional structural design optimization problems.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1624-x
  • A robust global optimization approach to solving CO problems – enhanced
           design space decrease collaborative optimization
    • Authors: Xia Jin; Fuhai Duan; Pu Chen; Yuanfeng Yang
      Abstract: Collaborative optimization (CO) is a decomposition-based multidisciplinary design optimization method that sometimes suffers from two predominant drawbacks: computational inefficiency and nonexistence of Lagrange multipliers when the system-level optimization solution is system-level feasible. To overcome aforementioned drawbacks, we propose enhanced design space decrease collaborative optimization (EDSDCO). It can notably simplify the system-level optimization problem through modifying the system-level consistency equality constraints that exist in the standard CO to create some linear inequality constraints with no tolerance. Thus, the aforementioned drawbacks, mainly resulted by the use of equality forms of consistency constraints, can be successfully overcome. During the process of optimization, the updated system-level solution space is constantly decreased; meanwhile, the original feasible region is entirely preserved throughout regardless of whether the constraints are convex. Consequently, the global optimum can be obtained when the system-level optimization solution moves into the original feasible region. In EDSDCO, the starting point is not introduced to the formulas of subsystem or system-level optimization. Therefore, the optimum obtained using EDSDCO cannot be affected by the parameters of the starting points, which certainly enhances EDSDCO’s robustness. EDSDCO converges faster than design space decrease collaborative optimization for two reasons: deleting more original infeasible region fragments per iteration and more efficient decision to choose the next solution subspace. In order to illustrate the proposed method’s capabilities, we describe the principles and process of EDSDCO and discuss its application to three optimization problems: a numerical test problem, gear reducer design problem, and combustion of propane problem.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1644-6
  • A hybrid PSO-GA algorithm for optimization of laminated composites
    • Abstract: This paper presents a new hybrid Particle Swarm Algorithm (PSO) for optimization of laminated composite structures. The method combines the standard PSO heuristics with Genetic Algorithm operators in order to improve the algorithm performance. Thus, operations that are important to the optimization of laminated composites such as mutation and layer swap are incorporated into the method. A specially designed encoding scheme is used to represent the laminate variables and the associated velocities. A study is carried-out to select the best variant of the proposed method for the optimization of laminated composites, considering different swarm topologies and genetic operators. Both strength maximization and weight minimization problems are considered. A meta-optimization procedure is used to tune the parameters of each variant in order to avoid biased results. The results showed that the proposed method led to excellent results for both traditional and dispersed laminates, representing a significant improvement over the standard PSO algorithm.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1631-y
  • Topology optimization of composite structures with data-driven resin
           filling time manufacturing constraint
    • Authors: Yuqing Zhou; Kazuhiro Saitou
      Abstract: This paper presents a framework for modeling the data-driven manufacturing constraints and integrating them into the structural topology optimization. The empirical surrogate model of manufacturing constraints is constructed by mining the results of numerical process simulations of massively sampled topologies, using statistical learning. During optimization, the manufacturing constraints are modeled as additional objectives to the structural performance objective, and the multi-objective topology optimization is solved by the Kriging-interpolated level-set (KLS) approach and the multi-objective genetic algorithm (MOGA). The resulting Pareto frontiers offer opportunities to select the designs with some sacrifice in structural performance, yet improved manufacturability. An example of topology optimization of composite structures considering resin filling time showed the process of the proposed framework, and demonstrated its feasibility. Due to the proposed abstract topology features inspired by underlying physics of the filling process, the surrogate model of resin filling time is far more generalizable than the traditional surrogate models based on, e.g., bitmap and local feature representation. In particular, the model can reasonably be applied to the situations with the different inlet gate locations and initial bounding boxes from the training set, while the traditional surrogate models fail in such situations. Three case studies for composite structure topology optimization are discussed with different inlet gate locations and initial bounding boxes in order to show the robustness of the data-driven resin filling time predictive model.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1628-6
  • Topology optimization of internal partitions in a flow-reversing chamber
           muffler for noise reduction
    • Authors: Gang-Won Jang; Jin Woo Lee
      Abstract: A topology-optimization-based design method for a flow-reversing chamber muffler is suggested to maximize the transmission loss value at a target frequency considering flow power dissipation. Rigid partitions for high noise reduction should be carefully placed inside the muffler to avoid extreme flow power dissipation due to a 180° change in flow direction from an inlet to an outlet. The optimal flow path for minimum flow power dissipation is well known to change depending on the Reynolds number, which is a function of the inlet flow velocity. To optimize the partition layout with an optimal flow path in an expansion chamber at a given Reynolds number, a flow-reversing chamber muffler design problem is formulated by topology optimization. The formulated topology optimization problem is implemented using the finite element method with a gradient-based optimization algorithm and is solved for various design conditions such as the target frequencies, rigid partition volumes, Reynolds numbers, non-design domain settings, and allowed amounts of flow power dissipation. The effectiveness of our suggested approach is verified by comparing the optimized partition layouts obtained by the suggested method and previous methods.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1635-7
  • Shape optimization of microstructural designs subject to local stress
           constraints within an XFEM-level set framework
    • Authors: Lise Noël; Pierre Duysinx
      Abstract: The present paper investigates the tailoring of bimaterial microstructures minimizing their local stress field exploiting shape optimization. The problem formulation relies on the extended finite element method (XFEM) combined with a level set representation of the geometry, to deal with complex microstructures and handle large shape modifications while working on fixed meshes. The homogenization theory, allowing extracting the behavior of periodic materials built from the repetition of a representative volume element (RVE), is applied to impose macroscopic strain fields and periodic boundary conditions to the RVE. Classical numerical homogenization techniques are adapted to the selected XFEM-level set framework. Following previous works by the authors on analytical sensitivity analysis (Noël et al. (2016)), the scope of the developed approach is extended to tackle the problem of stress objective or constraint functions. Finally, the method is illustrated by revisiting 2D classical shape optimization examples: finding the optimal shapes of single or multiple inclusions in a microstructure while minimizing its local stress field.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1642-8
  • Interval prediction of responses for uncertain multidisciplinary system
    • Authors: Xiaojun Wang; Ruixing Wang; Xianjia Chen; Lei Wang; Xinyu Geng; Weichao Fan
      Abstract: Considering that numerous sample data points are required in the probabilistic method, a non-probabilistic interval analysis method can be an alternative when the information is insufficient. In the paper, new strategies, which are iterative algorithm based interval uncertainty analysis methods (IA-IUAMs), are developed to acquire the bounds of the responses in multidisciplinary system. Two iterative processes, Jacobi iteration and Seidel iteration, are applied in the new methods respectively. The Jacobi iteration based interval uncertainty analysis method (JI-IUAM) utilizes the strategy of concurrent subsystem analysis to improve computational efficiency while the Seidel iteration based interval uncertainty analysis method (SI-IUAM) can accelerate convergence by utilizing the newest information. Both IA-IUAMs are able to evaluate the bounds of responses accurately and quickly. The presented methods are compared with general sensitivity analysis based interval uncertainty analysis method (SIUAM) and conventional Monte Carlo simulation approach (MCS). The validity and efficiency of the new methods are demonstrated by two numerical examples and two engineering examples. Results show that, on the one hand, IA-IUAMs are more efficient than MCS by avoiding hundreds of system analyses, on the other hand, IA-IUAMs are more accurate and have a wider range of application than SIUAM by avoiding linear approximation and global sensitivity calculation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1601-4
  • Constrained combinatorial optimization of multi-layered composite
           structures by means of Stud GA with proportionate selection and extinction
    • Authors: Francesco Danzi; Giacomo Frulla; Enrico Cestino
      Abstract: In this paper a revised algorithm, derived by the Stud GA, to optimize the stacking sequence of layered composite structures is presented. The constrained combinatorial problem is formulated and hence solved by means of the algorithm presented herein. Unlike the Stud GA, the proposed algorithm uses a fitness-proportionate selection to find potential mates to the Stud and a self-adaptive extinction to avoid premature convergence. Elitism is also allowed. Standard benchmark problems have been used to fully assess the validity of the proposed algorithm. Results in terms of reliability and efficiency are compared against three GAs and a Permutation Search (PS) algorithm. It has been demonstrated, by means of a parametric study, that a low probability of extinction is sufficient to ensure fast convergence as well as reliable results. Finally the optimization of a more complex aeronautic structure is addressed aiming to prove the validity of the proposed algorithm in a two level optimization strategy. Results in terms of efficiency are compared against those of an in-house standard GA.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1638-4
  • Gradient based hyper-parameter optimisation for well conditioned kriging
    • Authors: Jonathan Ollar; Charles Mortished; Royston Jones; Johann Sienz; Vassili Toropov
      Abstract: In this work a two step approach to efficiently carrying out hyper parameter optimisation, required for building kriging and gradient enhanced kriging metamodels, is presented. The suggested approach makes use of an initial line search along the hyper-diagonal of the design space in order to find a suitable starting point for a subsequent gradient based optimisation algorithm. During the optimisation an upper bound constraint is imposed on the condition number of the correlation matrix in order to keep it from being ill conditioned. Partial derivatives of both the condensed log likelihood function and the condition number are obtained using the adjoint method, the latter has been derived in this work. The approach is tested on a number of analytical examples and comparisons are made to other optimisation approaches. Finally the approach is used to construct metamodels for a finite element model of an aircraft wing box comprising of 126 thickness design variables and is then compared with a sub-set of the other optimisation approaches.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1626-8
  • Reanalysis-based space mapping method, an alternative optimization way for
           expensive simulation-based problems
    • Authors: Hu Wang; Tingxiang Fan; Guangyao Li
      Abstract: The computational cost of evaluation in the design procedure is an essential bottleneck for simulation-based applications. To handle this problem, space mapping(SM) algorithm and reanalysis method are integrated to improve the efficiency of optimization without loss of accuracy. In the suggested method, the SM algorithm is used to construct the projection between coarse and fine spaces. In the coarse space, the reanalysis method is used to analyze finite element (FE) models. Compared with surrogate assisted evaluation, the accuracy of reanalysis method is significantly improved due to introduction of equilibrium equations. Generally, compared with other SM algorithms, coarse and fine spaces are based on solvers instead of models. Due to the high accurate reanalysis method, the reanalysis-based SM algorithm is easier to converge. Moreover, to integrate geometry and finite element models easily, a B-rep based reanalysis method is also introduced. To verify the performance of the suggested method, two examples have been carried out by using reanalysis based space mapping method. According to the results, the efficiency of optimization procedure is improved significantly.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1633-9
  • Obstacles reconstruction from partial boundary measurements based on the
           topological derivative concept
    • Authors: S. S. Rocha; A. A. Novotny
      Abstract: In this work a new method for obstacles reconstruction from partial boundary measurements is proposed. For a given boundary excitation, we want to determine the quantity, locations and sizes of a number of holes embedded within a geometrical domain, from partial boundary measurements related to such an excitation. The resulting inverse problem is written in the form of an ill-posed and over-determined boundary value problem. The idea therefore is to rewrite it as an optimization problem where a shape functional measuring the misfit between the boundary measurement and the solution to an auxiliary boundary value problem is minimized with respect to a set of ball-shaped holes. The topological derivative concept is used for solving the associated topology optimization problem, leading to a second-order reconstruction algorithm. The resulting algorithm is non-iterative – and thus very robust with respect to noisy data – and also free of initial guess. Finally, some numerical results are presented in order to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed reconstruction algorithm.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1632-x
  • Modular platform optimization in conceptual vehicle body design via
           modified graph-based decomposition algorithm and cost-based priority
    • Authors: Wenbin Hou; Chunlai Shan; Ye Yu; Ping Hu; Hongzhe Zhang
      Abstract: The modular platform design, an increasingly popular method for designing vehicles, involves several unresolved problems such as the lack of effective techniques for dividing structural components into modules. This article presents a methodology for dividing a typical body-in-white structure into modules based on a modified graph-based decomposition algorithm, then selecting the shared modules based on a cost-based priority method. Structural stiffness, manufacturability, and assembling ability are three main optimization objects. Shared modules, parameterized modules, and flexible modules can be easily determined and optimized through the proposed methodology. In the case study, the proposed methodology was applied to design a car product family to validate its feasibility and effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1629-5
  • Reliability analysis of structures using stochastic response surface
           method and saddlepoint approximation
    • Authors: Xianzhen Huang; Yang Liu; Yimin Zhang; Xufang Zhang
      Abstract: Stochastic response surface method (SRSM) is a technique used for reliability analysis of complex structural systems having implicit or time consuming limit state functions. The main aspects of the SRSM are the collection of sample points, the approximation of response surface and the estimation of the probability of failure. In this paper, sample points are selected close to the most probable point of failure and the actual limit state surface (LSS). The response surface is fitted using the weighted regression technique, which allows the fitting points to be weighted based on their distance from the LSS. The cumulant generating function (CGF) of the response surface is derived analytically. The saddlepoint approximation (SPA) method is utilized to compute the probability of failure of the structural system. Finally, four numerical examples compare the proposed algorithm with the traditional quadratic polynomial SRSM, Kriging based SRSM and direct MCS.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1617-9
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