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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2279 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (191 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (185 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (101 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1203 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (390 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (55 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (65 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (89 journals)

CIVIL ENGINEERING (185 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 185 of 185 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 254)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ingenio Magno     Open Access  
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 78)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials and Engineering Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Multifunctional Composites     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Spektran     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 21)

           

Journal Cover Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
  [SJR: 1.603]   [H-I: 77]   [9 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1615-1488 - ISSN (Online) 1615-147X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2345 journals]
  • Concurrent topology optimization of multiscale structures with multiple
           porous materials under random field loading uncertainty
    • Authors: Jiadong Deng; Wei Chen
      Pages: 1 - 19
      Abstract: Design of multiscale structures is a challenging task due to a vast design space of both materials and structures. Consideration of load uncertainty adds another level of complexity. In this paper, a robust concurrent TO (topology optimization) approach is developed for designing multiscale structures composed of multiple porous materials under random field loading uncertainty. To determine the optimal distribution of the porous materials at the macro/structural scale, our key idea is to employ the discrete material optimization method to interpolate the material properties for multiple porous materials. In addition, for the first time we interpret the interpolation schemes in the existing concurrent TO model of porous material with a clear physical meaning by putting forward a SIMP-like single interpolation scheme. This scheme integrates the SIMP (Solid Isotropic Material with Penalization) at the microscale and PAMP (Porous Anisotropic Material with Penalization) at the macroscale into a single equation. Efficient uncertainty characterization and propagation methods based on K-L expansion and linear superposition are introduced, and several important improvements in objective function evaluation and sensitivity analysis are presented. Improved sensitivity analysis equations are derived for volume preserving filtering, which is employed to deal with numerical instabilities at the macro and micro scales in the robust concurrent TO model. Measures to ensure manufacturability and to improve analysis accuracy and efficiency are devised. 2D and 3D examples demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach in simultaneously obtaining robust optimal macro structural topology and material microstructural topologies.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1689-1
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Integrated layout and topology optimization design of multi-frame and
           multi-component fuselage structure systems
    • Authors: Ji-Hong Zhu; Wen-Jie Guo; Wei-Hong Zhang; Tao Liu
      Pages: 21 - 45
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to present an extended integrated layout and topology optimization method dealing with the multi-frame and multi-component fuselage structure systems design. Considering an aircraft or aerospace fuselage system including main structure, numbers of frames and featured components located on the frames, a simultaneous optimization procedure is proposed here including geometrical design variables of components and frames as well as topological design variables of main structure and frame structures. The multi-point constraints (MPC) scheme is used to simulate the rivets or bolts connecting the components, frames and structures. The finite circle method (FCM) is implemented to avoid the overlaps among different components and frames. Furthermore, to deal with the difficulties of large numbers of non-overlapping constraints, a penalty method is used here to compose the global strain energy and non-overlapping constraints into a single objective function. To guarantee the fuselage system’s balance, the constraint on the system centroid is also introduced into the optimization. Different numerical examples are tested and the optimized solutions have demonstrated the validity and effectiveness of the proposed formulation.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1645-5
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Topological derivative-based topology optimization of structures subject
           to design-dependent hydrostatic pressure loading
    • Authors: M. Xavier; A. A. Novotny
      Pages: 47 - 57
      Abstract: In this paper the topological derivative concept is applied in the context of compliance topology optimization of structures subject to design-dependent hydrostatic pressure loading under volume constraint. The topological derivative represents the first term of the asymptotic expansion of a given shape functional with respect to the small parameter which measures the size of singular domain perturbations, such as holes, inclusions, source-terms and cracks. In particular, the topological asymptotic expansion of the total potential energy associated with plane stress or plane strain linear elasticity, taking into account the nucleation of a circular inclusion with non-homogeneous transmission condition on its boundary, is rigorously developed. Physically, there is a hydrostatic pressure acting on the interface of the topological perturbation, allowing to naturally deal with loading-dependent structural topology optimization. The obtained result is used in a topology optimization algorithm based on the associated topological derivative together with a level-set domain representation method. Finally, some numerical examples are presented, showing the influence of the hydrostatic pressure on the topology of the structure.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1646-4
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Robust optimization with convex model considering bounded constraints on
           performance variation
    • Authors: Naigang Hu; Baoyan Duan; Hongjun Cao; Yali Zong
      Pages: 59 - 69
      Abstract: In robust optimization, double-looped structures are often adopted where the outer loop is used to seek for the optimal design and the optimization performed in the inner loop is for the robustness assessment of the candidate solutions. However, the double-looped techniques usually will lead to a significant increase in computational efforts. Therefore, in this paper, a new robustness index is developed to handle bounded constraints on performance variation where no optimization run is required for the robustness evaluation work in the inner loop. The computation of this new index is based on the sensitivity Jacobian matrix of the system performances with respect to the uncertainties and it can quantitatively measure the maximal allowable magnitude of system variations. By introducing this index, the robust design problem can be reformulated as a deterministic optimization with robustness indices requirements. Two numerical examples are tested to show the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approach, whose solutions and computational efforts are compared to those from a double-looped approach proposed in previous literature.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1647-3
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A multi-point sampling method based on kriging for global optimization
    • Authors: Xiwen Cai; Haobo Qiu; Liang Gao; Peng Yang; Xinyu Shao
      Pages: 71 - 88
      Abstract: In general, sampling strategy plays a very important role in metamodel based design optimization, especially when computationally expensive simulations are involved in the optimization process. The research on new optimization methods with less sampling points and higher convergence speed receives great attention in recent years. In this paper, a multi-point sampling method based on kriging (MPSK) is proposed for improving the efficiency of global optimization. The sampling strategy of this method is based on a probabilistic distribution function converted from the expected improvement (EI) function. It can intelligently draw appropriate new samples in an area with certain probability according to corresponding EI values. Besides, three strategies are also proposed to speed up the sequential sampling process and the corresponding convergence criterions are put forward to stop the searching process reasonably. In order to validate the efficiency of this method, it is tested by several numerical benchmark problems and applied in two engineering design optimization problems. Moreover, an overall comparison between the proposed method and several other typical global optimization methods has been made. Results show that the higher global optimization efficiency of this method makes it particularly suitable for design optimization problems involving computationally expensive simulations.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1648-x
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Optimization of load-transfer and load-diffusion
    • Authors: V. Kobelev
      Pages: 89 - 99
      Abstract: The problem of optimization of a stringer, or a stiffener, attached to an elastic infinite plate is investigated. The plate is exposed to tensioning by uniformly distributed forces, and also to contact stresses due to forces as a result of enforced continuity with the reinforcing stiffener. The novelty of the optimization problem is emphasized in an elongated, needle-shaped form of the stringer. The cross-section together with its axial stiffness is variable along the axis of the stiffener. The cross-section, which is primarily unknown, represents the searchable function in the optimization problems. A flattened, plate-shaped stiffener that supports a semi-infinite prismatic body is also briefly pursued. Optimization problems of the flattened stiffener are proved to be quite similar to those of the elongated one. The governing equations of both studied cases transform into each other by means of alternation of the elastic constants. Consequently, the optimal cross-sections of both problems turn out to be identical after the appropriate choice of material parameters. The article studies two optimization problems: minimization of the ultimate stress along the stringer and minimization of the stringer mass under the constraints on the integral compliance of the reinforced body. The shape optimization is studied in the case of an isolated stiffener and in the case of a periodic array of stiffeners. The analytical expressions for the optimal cross-section profiles are found.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1649-9
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Improved hybrid cellular automata for crashworthiness optimization of
           thin-walled structures
    • Authors: Duo Zeng; Fabian Duddeck
      Pages: 101 - 115
      Abstract: Thin-walled structures are of great importance in automotive crashworthiness design, because of their high crash energy absorption capability and their high potential for light weighting. To identify the best compromise between these two requirements, numerical optimization is needed. Size and shape optimization is relatively well explored while topology optimization for crash is still an open issue. Hence, this paper proposes an approach based on hybrid cellular automata (HCA) for crashworthiness topology optimization with a special focus on thin-walled structures. First approaches have been published, e.g. Duddeck et al. (Struct Multidiscip Optim 54(3):415–428, 2016), using a simple rule to define the target mass for the inner loop of the HCA. To improve the performance, a modified scheme is proposed here for the outer optimization loop, which is based on a bi-section search with limited length. In the inner loop, hybrid updating rules are used to redistribute the mass and a mass correction technique is proposed to make the real mass converge to the target mass strictly. The efficiency and correctness of the proposed method is compared with LS-OPT for axial crash case. Two different methods of defining the target mass in the outer loop are studied, the proposed bi-section search with limited length shows its advantage in two types of three-point bending crash optimization cases. Another advantage of this method is that it requires no significantly increasing number of evaluations when the number of design variables increases. This is demonstrated by applying this method to a crashworthiness optimization problem with 380 design variables.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1650-3
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Temporal and spatial multi-parameter dynamic reliability and global
           reliability sensitivity analysis based on the extreme value moments
    • Authors: Yan Shi; Zhenzhou Lu; Kai Cheng; Yicheng Zhou
      Pages: 117 - 129
      Abstract: Aiming at efficiently estimating the dynamic failure probability with multiple temporal and spatial parameters and analyzing the global reliability sensitivity of the dynamic problem, a method is presented on the moment estimation of the extreme value of the dynamic limit state function. Firstly, two strategies are proposed to estimate the dynamic failure probability. One strategy is combining sparse grid technique for the extreme value moments with the fourth-moment method for the dynamic failure probability. Another is combining dimensional reduction method for fractional extreme value moments and the maximum entropy for dynamic failure probability. In the proposed two strategies, the key step is how to determine the temporal and spatial parameters where the dynamic limit state function takes their minimum value. This issue is efficiently addressed by solving the differential equations satisfying the extreme value condition. Secondly, three-point estimation is used to evaluate the global dynamic reliability sensitivity by combining with the dynamic failure probability method. The significance and the effectiveness of the proposed methods for estimating the temporal and spatial multi-parameter dynamic reliability and global sensitivity indices are demonstrated with several examples.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1651-2
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Design of materials using hybrid cellular automata
    • Authors: D. C. Da; J. H. Chen; X. Y. Cui; G. Y. Li
      Pages: 131 - 137
      Abstract: This paper presents a new approach for the topological design of materials with extreme properties. The method is based on hybrid cellular automaton (HCA), which is an implicit optimization technique that uses local rules to update design variables iteratively until meeting the described optimality conditions. By means of an energy-based homogenization approach, the effective properties of the considered material are calculated in terms of element mutual energies. By this method, no sensitivity information is required to find the optimal topology for the considered design objectives: bulk modulus, shear modulus, and negative Poisson’s ratio. The proposed method is validated by a series of numerical examples.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1652-1
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Multi-objective design of post-tensioned concrete road bridges using
           artificial neural networks
    • Authors: Tatiana García-Segura; Víctor Yepes; Dan M. Frangopol
      Pages: 139 - 150
      Abstract: In order to minimize the total expected cost, bridges have to be designed for safety and durability. This paper considers the cost, the safety, and the corrosion initiation time to design post-tensioned concrete box-girder road bridges. The deck is modeled by finite elements based on problem variables such as the cross-section geometry, the concrete grade, and the reinforcing and post-tensioning steel. An integrated multi-objective harmony search with artificial neural networks (ANNs) is proposed to reduce the high computing time required for the finite-element analysis and the increment in conflicting objectives. ANNs are trained through the results of previous bridge performance evaluations. Then, ANNs are used to evaluate the constraints and provide a direction towards the Pareto front. Finally, exact methods actualize and improve the Pareto set. The results show that the harmony search parameters should be progressively changed in a diversification-intensification strategy. This methodology provides trade-off solutions that are the cheapest ones for the safety and durability levels considered. Therefore, it is possible to choose an alternative that can be easily adjusted to each need.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1653-0
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Metamodeling for high dimensional design problems by multi-fidelity
           simulations
    • Authors: Xiwen Cai; Haobo Qiu; Liang Gao; Xinyu Shao
      Pages: 151 - 166
      Abstract: Multi-fidelity metamodeling provides an efficient way to approximate expensive black-box problems by utilizing the samples of multiple fidelities. While it still faces the challenge of “curse-of-dimensionality” when used in approximating high dimensional problems. On the other hand, the high dimensional model representation (HDMR) method, as an efficient tool to tackle high dimensional problems, can only handle single-fidelity samples in approximation. Therefore, a hybrid metamodel which combines Cut-HDMR with Co-kriging and kriging is proposed to improve the metamodeling efficiency for high dimensional problems. The developed HDMR, termed as MF-HDMR, can efficiently use multi-fidelity samples to approximate black-box problems by using a two stage metamodeling strategy. It can naturally explore and exploit the linearity/nonlinearity and correlations among variables of underlying problems, which are unknown or computationally expensive. Besides, to further improve the efficiency of MF-HDMR, an extended maximin distance sequential sampling method is proposed to add new sample points of different fidelities in the metamodeling process. Moreover, a mathematical function is used to illustrate the modeling theory and procedures of MF-HDMR. In order to validate the proposed method, it is tested by several numerical benchmark problems and successfully applied in the optimal design of a long cylinder pressure vessel. Moreover, an overall comparison between the proposed method and several other metamodeling methods has been made. Results show that the proposed method is very efficient in approximating high dimensional problems by using multi-fidelity samples, thus making it particularly suitable for high dimensional engineering design problems involving computationally expensive simulations.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1655-y
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • An efficient reliability analysis approach for structure based on
           probability and probability box models
    • Authors: Xin Liu; Lairong Yin; Lin Hu; Zhiyong Zhang
      Pages: 167 - 181
      Abstract: In this paper, a new reliability analysis method for engineering structures is developed based on probability and probability box (p-box) models. Random variable distributions are used to deal with the uncertain parameters with sufficient information, while the p-box models are employed to deal with the uncertain-but-bounded variables. Due to the existence of the p-box parameters, a limit-state band will result and a complex nesting optimization problem will be involved in this reliability analysis. To reduce the computational burden, an efficient decoupling strategy is developed to solve the nesting optimization problem. Through interval analysis for the probability transformation process, the complex nesting optimization problem can be transformed to a single-layer optimization model. Then, the optimum solution and corresponding reliability index can be obtained by introducing a sequential quadratic programming (SQP) method. Four engineering numerical examples are investigated to demonstrate the effectiveness of the present method.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1659-7
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Reliability-based design optimization of wind turbine drivetrain with
           integrated multibody gear dynamics simulation considering wind load
           uncertainty
    • Authors: Huaxia Li; Hyunkyoo Cho; Hiroyuki Sugiyama; K. K. Choi; Nicholas J. Gaul
      Pages: 183 - 201
      Abstract: This study aims to develop an integrated computational framework for the reliability-based design optimization (RBDO) of wind turbine drivetrains to assure the target reliability under wind load and gear manufacturing uncertainties. Gears in wind turbine drivetrains are subjected to severe cyclic loading due to highly variable wind loads that are stochastic in nature. Thus, the failure rate of drivetrain systems is reported to be higher than the other wind turbine components, and improving drivetrain reliability is critically important in reducing downtime caused by gear failures. In the numerical procedure developed in this study, a wide spatiotemporal variability for wind loads is considered using 249 sets of wind data to evaluate probabilistic contact fatigue life in the sampling-based RBDO. To account for wind load uncertainty in evaluation of the tooth contact fatigue, multiple drivetrain dynamics simulations need to be run under various wind load scenarios in the RBDO process. For this reason, a numerical procedure based on the multivariable tabular contact search algorithm is applied to the modeling of wind turbine drivetrains to reduce the overall computational time while retaining the precise contact geometry required for considering the gear tooth profile optimization. An integrated computational framework for the wind turbine drivetrain RBDO is then developed by incorporating the wind load uncertainty, the rotor blade aerodynamics model, the drivetrain dynamics model, and the probabilistic contact fatigue failure model. It is demonstrated that the RBDO optimum for a 750 kW wind turbine drivetrain obtained using the procedure developed in this study can achieve the target 97.725% reliability (2 sigma quality level) with only a 1.4% increase in the total weight from the baseline design, which had a reliability of 8.3%. Furthermore, it is shown that the tooth profile optimization, tip relief introduced as a design variable, prevents a large increase of the face width that would result in a large increase in the weight (cost) of the drivetrain in order to satisfy the target reliability against the tooth contact fatigue failure.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1693-5
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Variable stiffness composite material design by using support vector
           regression assisted efficient global optimization method
    • Authors: Fan Ye; Hu Wang; Guangyao Li
      Pages: 203 - 219
      Abstract: In this work, a surrogate assisted optimization method is utilized to optimize buckling loads of variable stiffness composites made by fiber steering. To improve the efficiency of optimization procedure, an expected improvement criterion is employed. Moreover, considering uncertainties of the fiber placement, a robust surrogate, least square support vector regression (LSSVR) considering empirical and structural risks is integrated with the expected improvement (EI) criterion and applied to two applications. The first case is the fiber path design of a variable stiffness plate under the compression load. The second one is the fiber path design of a variable stiffness cylinder under the bending load. According to results of the optimization, the buckling load of the variable stiffness plate has 52.63% improvement than the constant stiffness plate and 24.3% improvement than the quasi-isotropic plate. The buckling load of the variable stiffness cylinder has 40.22% improvement than the constant stiffness cylinder and 31.25% improvement than the quasi-isotropic cylinder. Furthermore, to verify the robustness of optimal design variables for the variable stiffness cylinder, the perturbed optimum design is presented and demonstrates that the results are reliable.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1658-8
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • A note on truss topology optimization under self-weight load:
           mixed-integer second-order cone programming approach
    • Authors: Yoshihiro Kanno; Hiromichi Yamada
      Pages: 221 - 226
      Abstract: The self-weight load is a typical design-dependent load in structural optimization. This paper presents a mixed-integer second-order cone programming approach to global optimization of truss topology under the self-weight load.
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1657-9
      Issue No: Vol. 56, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Surrogate based multidisciplinary design optimization of lithium-ion
           battery thermal management system in electric vehicles
    • Authors: Xiaobang Wang; Mao Li; Yuanzhi Liu; Wei Sun; Xueguan Song; Jie Zhang
      Abstract: A battery thermal management system (BTMS) is a complex system that uses various heat removal and temperature control strategies to keep battery packs at optimal thermal conditions, thereby improving the lifetime and safety of lithium-ion battery packs in electric vehicles (EVs). However, an optimal design of BTMS is still challenging, due to its large number of sub-systems and/or disciplines involved. To address this challenge, an air-based BTMS is hierarchically decoupled into four sub-systems and/or sub-disciplines in this paper, including the battery thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, structure, and lifetime model. A high-fidelity computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is first developed to analyze the effects of key design variables (i.e., heat flux, mass flow rate, and passage spacing size) on the performance of BTMS. Aiming to perform the multidisciplinary design optimization (MDO) of BTMS based on the high-fidelity CFD model, surrogate models are developed using an automatic model selection method, the Concurrent Surrogate Model Selection (COSMOS). The surrogate models represent the BTMS performance metrics (i.e., the pressure difference between air inlet and outlet, the maximum temperature difference among battery cells, and the average temperature of the battery pack) as functions of key design parameters. The objectives are to maximize the battery lifetime and to minimize the battery volume, the fan’s power, and the temperature difference among different cells. The MDO results show that the lifetime of the battery module is significantly improved by reducing the temperature difference and battery volume.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1733-1
       
  • Analytical sensitivities for statistically extrapolated extreme load
           constraints in structural optimization
    • Authors: Lars Einar S. Stieng; Michael Muskulus
      Abstract: For some applications in structural optimization, it is required to have constraints on the extreme loads that represent long term loading conditions. This usually involves a statistical extrapolation procedure that fits maxima from simulated load time series to short term extreme value distributions and then extrapolates to an n-year return value. Often such situations are highly simplified because of the apparent complexity involved in evaluating the sensitivity of such constraints. However, such simplification is not necessary. In this study, we present a method to evaluate the sensitivities of such extrapolated extreme load constraints in a semi-analytical way. The method uses the implicit function theorem to obtain local derivatives at the points defined by the solution of the maximum likelihood estimate that is used to calculate the parameters of the short term extreme value distributions. Comparing with high accuracy finite difference estimates, the method is shown to give reasonably accurate values. We also demonstrate how the method can be used to estimate the uncertainty of the estimated n-year return value caused by uncertainty in both the maximum likelihood estimate and inherent uncertainties in the data. The method then is applied to a simple optimization example and shown to perform very well compared with using finite difference estimates for the sensitivities. Finally, we note that the method is in principle fairly general and could be applied to similar problems that do not specifically involve statistical extrapolation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1738-9
       
  • Optimal seismic design of 3D steel moment frames: different ductility
           types
    • Authors: A. Kaveh; M. H. Ghafari; Y. Gholipour
      Abstract: Three different types of lateral resisting steel moment frames consisting of ordinary moment frame (OMF), intermediate moment frame (IMF) and special moment frame (SMF) are available for design of 3D frames in literature. In this paper, optimum seismic design of 3D steel moment frames with different types of lateral resisting systems are performed according to the AISC-LRFD design criteria. A comparison is made considering the results of the above mentioned frames of different ductility types. These frames are analyzed by Response Spectrum Analysis (RSA), and optimizations are performed using nine different well-established metaheuristic algorithms. Performances of these algorithms are then compared for introducing the most suitable metaheuristic algorithms for optimal design of the 3D frames.
      PubDate: 2017-06-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1727-z
       
  • On fully stressed design and p -norm measures in structural optimization
    • Authors: Mingdong Zhou; Ole Sigmund
      Abstract: This brief note revisits the fully stressed design schemes and p-norm measures used in stress-based structural optimization. Two simple shape optimization cases are used to remind the reader that fully stressed designs only are optimal when unimpeded by geometrical restrictions and that high values of the stress norm are needed in order to achieve satisfactory designs.
      PubDate: 2017-06-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1731-3
       
  • Topology optimization with finite-life fatigue constraints
    • Authors: Jacob Oest; Erik Lund
      Abstract: This work investigates efficient topology optimization for finite-life high-cycle fatigue damage using a density approach and analytical gradients. To restrict the minimum mass problem to withstand a prescribed finite accumulated damage, constraints are formulated using Palmgren-Miner’s linear damage hypothesis, S-N curves, and the Sines fatigue criterion. Utilizing aggregation functions and the accumulative nature of Palmgren-Miner’s rule, an adjoint formulation is applied where the amount of adjoint problems that must be solved is independent of the amount of cycles in the load spectrum. Consequently, large load histories can be included directly in the optimization with minimal additional computational costs. The method is currently limited to proportional loading conditions and linear elastic material behavior and a quasi-static structural analysis, but can be applied to various equivalent stress-based fatigue criteria. Optimized designs are presented for benchmark examples and compared to stress optimized designs for static loads.
      PubDate: 2017-06-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1701-9
       
 
 
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