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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2278 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (190 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (182 journals)
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    - ENGINEERING (1206 journals)
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CIVIL ENGINEERING (182 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 0 of 0 Journals sorted alphabetically
ACI Structural Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Acta Polytechnica : Journal of Advanced Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Structilia : Journal for the Physical and Development Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Advances in Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Ambiente Construído     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Architectural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
Archives of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Hydro-Engineering and Environmental Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
BER : Building and Construction : Full Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
BER : Building Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
BER : Building Sub-Contractors' Survey     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
BER : Survey of Business Conditions in Building and Construction : An Executive Summary     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Planning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Bioinspired Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bridge Structures : Assessment, Design and Construction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Building Women     Full-text available via subscription  
Built Environment Project and Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Bulletin of Pridniprovsk State Academy of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Case Studies in Nondestructive Testing and Evaluation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Case Studies in Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cement and Concrete Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Challenge Journal of Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Challenge Journal of Structural Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Change Over Time     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Civil and Environmental Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil And Environmental Engineering Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Civil and Environmental Research     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Civil Engineering = Siviele Ingenieurswese     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Civil Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Civil Engineering Dimension     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Civil Engineering Infrastructures Journal     Open Access  
Cohesion and Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Composite Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235)
Computer-aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computers & Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Concrete Research Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Construction Economics and Building     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Construction Management and Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Construction Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Constructive Approximation     Hybrid Journal  
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
DFI Journal : The Journal of the Deep Foundations Institute     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Enfoque UTE     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Engineering Project Organization Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Engineering Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Engineering Structures and Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Environmental Geotechnics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Journal of Environmental and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Frattura ed Integrità Strutturale : Fracture and Structural Integrity     Open Access  
Frontiers in Built Environment     Open Access  
Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geomaterials     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Geosystem Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geotechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Géotechnique Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
HBRC Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hormigón y Acero     Full-text available via subscription  
HVAC&R Research     Hybrid Journal  
Indoor and Built Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Infrastructure Asset Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Insight - Non-Destructive Testing and Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
International Journal for Service Learning in Engineering     Open Access  
International Journal of 3-D Information Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Advanced Structural Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Condition Monitoring     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Geo-Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Geosynthetics and Ground Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Masonry Research and Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Pavement Research and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Protective Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Steel Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Structural Integrity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Structural Stability and Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Sustainable Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Sustainable Construction Engineering and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal on Pavement Engineering & Asphalt Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal Sustainable Construction & Design     Open Access  
Journal of Bridge Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Building Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Building Materials and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Building Performance Simulation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Civil Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Civil Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Civil Structural Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Composites     Open Access   (Followers: 79)
Journal of Composites for Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Construction Engineering and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Constructional Steel Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Earth Sciences and Geotechnical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fluids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Frontiers in Construction Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Green Building     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Highway and Transportation Research and Development (English Edition)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Infrastructure Systems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Legal Affairs and Dispute Resolution in Engineering and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Marine Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Multifunctional Composites     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Offshore Structure and Technology     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Performance of Constructed Facilities     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Pipeline Systems Engineering and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Solid Waste Technology and Management     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Structural Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 37)
Journal of Structural Fire Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Sustainable Architecture and Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sustainable Design and Applied Research in Innovative Engineering of the Built Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Perencanaan     Open Access  
KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Materiales de Construcción     Open Access  
Mathematical Modelling in Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nondestructive Testing And Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Obras y Proyectos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Photonics and Nanostructures - Fundamentals and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Practice Periodical on Structural Design and Construction     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Bridge Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Civil Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Management, Procurement and Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Municipal Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers - Structures and Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Random Structures and Algorithms     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Recent Trends In Civil Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Research in Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista IBRACON de Estruturas e Materiais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Road Materials and Pavement Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Selected Scientific Papers - Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Slovak Journal of Civil Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Soils and foundations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Steel Construction - Design and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Structural Concrete     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Structural Control and Health Monitoring     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Structural Engineering International     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Structural Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Structural Survey     Hybrid Journal  
Structure     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Structure and Infrastructure Engineering: Maintenance, Management, Life-Cycle Design and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Structures     Hybrid Journal  
Study of Civil Engineering and Architecture     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Superlattices and Microstructures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Surface Innovations     Hybrid Journal  
Technical Report Civil and Architectural Engineering     Open Access  
Teknik     Open Access  
The IES Journal Part A: Civil & Structural Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
The Structural Design of Tall and Special Buildings     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Thin Films and Nanostructures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Thin-Walled Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Transactions of the VŠB - Technical University of Ostrava. Construction Series     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Geotechnics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Transportation Infrastructure Geotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Water Science & Technology     Partially Free   (Followers: 25)
Water Science and Technology : Water Supply     Partially Free   (Followers: 22)


Journal Cover Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization
  [SJR: 1.603]   [H-I: 77]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1615-1488 - ISSN (Online) 1615-147X
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Adaptive efficient global optimization of systems with independent
    • Authors: Samee Ur Rehman; Matthijs Langelaar
      Abstract: Abstract We present a novel approach for efficient optimization of systems consisting of expensive to simulate components and relatively inexpensive system-level simulations. We consider the types of problem in which the components of the system problem are independent in the sense that they do not exchange coupling variables, however, design variables can be shared across components. Component metamodels are constructed using Kriging. The metamodels are adaptively sampled based on a system level infill sampling criterion using Efficient Global Optimization. The effectiveness of the technique is demonstrated by applying it on numerical examples and an engineering case study. Results show steady and fast converge to the global deterministic optimum of the problems.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1663-y
  • S-Lay pipe laying optimization using specialized PSO method
    • Authors: Stefan Ivić; Siniša Družeta; Ivana Hreljac
      Abstract: Abstract The paper deals with the optimization of the S-Lay submarine pipe-laying. The considered laying model is based on a nonlinear elastic beam model with elastic contact interactions with rigid structures of roller supports and the seabed, solved in the Abaqus software. The optimization problem is formulated so as to determine the main parameters of pipe-laying. In order to maximize the efficiency of the optimization procedure, a specialized Particle Swarm Optimization variant is developed. The introduced δ-PSO employs an additional displacement of agent positions, through which the optimization is directed towards solutions based on offshore engineering practice. Two different cases of submarine pipe laying were used for testing. In these tests, the specialized PSO was compared to standard PSO and Mesh Adaptive Direct Search, which it both outperformed. The δ-PSO specialization is easy to implement in PSO or other swarm intelligence methods, and hopefully can provide similar improvements in other applications.
      PubDate: 2017-02-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1665-9
  • A modified stochastic perturbation algorithm for closely-spaced
           eigenvalues problems based on surrogate model
    • Authors: Hechen Qiu; Zhiping Qiu
      Abstract: Abstract Aiming at uncertainty propagation and dynamic reanalysis of closely-spaced eigenvalues, with consideration of uncertainties in design variables, a modified stochastic perturbation method is proposed. Concerning quasi-symmetric or partial-symmetric structures that frequently appear, one of their primary features is closely-distributed natural frequencies. For structure with closely-spaced eigenvalues, due to its instability and sensitivity to the changes of design variables and its excessively concentrated adjacent eigenvalues, conventional uncertainty analysis or dynamic reanalysis methods for distinct eigenvalue are no longer available. Initially, the spectral decompositions of stiffness and mass matrices are provided; by transfer technique, the eigen-problem of closely-spaced eigenvalues is converted to that of repeated eigenvalues with two perturbation parts appended; then the perturbed closely-spaced eigenvalue is rewritten as the sum of original closely-spaced eigenvalues’ mean value and surrogate model which approximates the first-order perturbation term by polynomial chaos expansions. According to this method, statistical quantities of perturbed closely-spaced eigenvalues are calculated directly and accurately, which contributes to its uncertainty analysis and dynamic reanalysis. Furthermore, the capability of proposed method in dealing with relatively large uncertainties and complex engineering structure is demonstrated. The accuracy and efficiency of proposed method have been verified sufficiently by numerical examples.
      PubDate: 2017-02-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1660-1
  • A multi-point sampling method based on kriging for global optimization
    • Authors: Xiwen Cai; Haobo Qiu; Liang Gao; Peng Yang; Xinyu Shao
      Abstract: Abstract In general, sampling strategy plays a very important role in metamodel based design optimization, especially when computationally expensive simulations are involved in the optimization process. The research on new optimization methods with less sampling points and higher convergence speed receives great attention in recent years. In this paper, a multi-point sampling method based on kriging (MPSK) is proposed for improving the efficiency of global optimization. The sampling strategy of this method is based on a probabilistic distribution function converted from the expected improvement (EI) function. It can intelligently draw appropriate new samples in an area with certain probability according to corresponding EI values. Besides, three strategies are also proposed to speed up the sequential sampling process and the corresponding convergence criterions are put forward to stop the searching process reasonably. In order to validate the efficiency of this method, it is tested by several numerical benchmark problems and applied in two engineering design optimization problems. Moreover, an overall comparison between the proposed method and several other typical global optimization methods has been made. Results show that the higher global optimization efficiency of this method makes it particularly suitable for design optimization problems involving computationally expensive simulations.
      PubDate: 2017-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1648-x
  • Design of absorbing material distribution for sound barrier using topology
    • Authors: Wenchang Zhao; Leilei Chen; Changjun Zheng; Cheng Liu; Haibo Chen
      Abstract: Abstract A topology optimization approach based on the boundary element method (BEM) and the optimality criteria (OC) method is proposed for the optimal design of sound absorbing material distribution within sound barrier structures. The acoustical effect of the absorbing material is simplified as the acoustical impedance boundary condition. Based on the solid isotropic material with penalization (SIMP) method, a topology optimization model is established by selecting the densities of absorbing material elements as design variables, volumes of absorbing material as constraints, and the minimization of sound pressure at reference surface as design objective. A smoothed Heaviside-like function is proposed to help the SIMP method to obtain a clear 0–1 distribution. The BEM is applied for acoustic analysis and the sensitivities with respect to design variables are obtained by the direct differentiation method. The Burton–Miller formulation is used to overcome the fictitious eigen-frequency problem for exterior boundary-value problems. A relaxed form of OC is used for solving the optimization problem to find the optimal absorbing material distribution. Numerical tests are provided to illustrate the application of the optimization procedure for 2D sound barriers. Results show that the optimal distribution of the sound absorbing material is strongly frequency dependent, and performing an optimization in a frequency band is generally needed.
      PubDate: 2017-02-14
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1666-8
  • Temporal and spatial multi-parameter dynamic reliability and global
           reliability sensitivity analysis based on the extreme value moments
    • Authors: Yan Shi; Zhenzhou Lu; Kai Cheng; Yicheng Zhou
      Abstract: Abstract Aiming at efficiently estimating the dynamic failure probability with multiple temporal and spatial parameters and analyzing the global reliability sensitivity of the dynamic problem, a method is presented on the moment estimation of the extreme value of the dynamic limit state function. Firstly, two strategies are proposed to estimate the dynamic failure probability. One strategy is combining sparse grid technique for the extreme value moments with the fourth-moment method for the dynamic failure probability. Another is combining dimensional reduction method for fractional extreme value moments and the maximum entropy for dynamic failure probability. In the proposed two strategies, the key step is how to determine the temporal and spatial parameters where the dynamic limit state function takes their minimum value. This issue is efficiently addressed by solving the differential equations satisfying the extreme value condition. Secondly, three-point estimation is used to evaluate the global dynamic reliability sensitivity by combining with the dynamic failure probability method. The significance and the effectiveness of the proposed methods for estimating the temporal and spatial multi-parameter dynamic reliability and global sensitivity indices are demonstrated with several examples.
      PubDate: 2017-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1651-2
  • Multi-objective design of post-tensioned concrete road bridges using
           artificial neural networks
    • Authors: Tatiana García-Segura; Víctor Yepes; Dan M. Frangopol
      Abstract: Abstract In order to minimize the total expected cost, bridges have to be designed for safety and durability. This paper considers the cost, the safety, and the corrosion initiation time to design post-tensioned concrete box-girder road bridges. The deck is modeled by finite elements based on problem variables such as the cross-section geometry, the concrete grade, and the reinforcing and post-tensioning steel. An integrated multi-objective harmony search with artificial neural networks (ANNs) is proposed to reduce the high computing time required for the finite-element analysis and the increment in conflicting objectives. ANNs are trained through the results of previous bridge performance evaluations. Then, ANNs are used to evaluate the constraints and provide a direction towards the Pareto front. Finally, exact methods actualize and improve the Pareto set. The results show that the harmony search parameters should be progressively changed in a diversification-intensification strategy. This methodology provides trade-off solutions that are the cheapest ones for the safety and durability levels considered. Therefore, it is possible to choose an alternative that can be easily adjusted to each need.
      PubDate: 2017-02-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1653-0
  • Thanks to our Reviewers
    • PubDate: 2017-02-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1654-z
  • Variable stiffness composite material design by using support vector
           regression assisted efficient global optimization method
    • Authors: Fan Ye; Hu Wang; Guangyao Li
      Abstract: Abstract In this work, a surrogate assisted optimization method is utilized to optimize buckling loads of variable stiffness composites made by fiber steering. To improve the efficiency of optimization procedure, an expected improvement criterion is employed. Moreover, considering uncertainties of the fiber placement, a robust surrogate, least square support vector regression (LSSVR) considering empirical and structural risks is integrated with the expected improvement (EI) criterion and applied to two applications. The first case is the fiber path design of a variable stiffness plate under the compression load. The second one is the fiber path design of a variable stiffness cylinder under the bending load. According to results of the optimization, the buckling load of the variable stiffness plate has 52.63% improvement than the constant stiffness plate and 24.3% improvement than the quasi-isotropic plate. The buckling load of the variable stiffness cylinder has 40.22% improvement than the constant stiffness cylinder and 31.25% improvement than the quasi-isotropic cylinder. Furthermore, to verify the robustness of optimal design variables for the variable stiffness cylinder, the perturbed optimum design is presented and demonstrates that the results are reliable.
      PubDate: 2017-01-31
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1658-8
  • Metamodeling for high dimensional design problems by multi-fidelity
    • Authors: Xiwen Cai; Haobo Qiu; Liang Gao; Xinyu Shao
      Abstract: Abstract Multi-fidelity metamodeling provides an efficient way to approximate expensive black-box problems by utilizing the samples of multiple fidelities. While it still faces the challenge of “curse-of-dimensionality” when used in approximating high dimensional problems. On the other hand, the high dimensional model representation (HDMR) method, as an efficient tool to tackle high dimensional problems, can only handle single-fidelity samples in approximation. Therefore, a hybrid metamodel which combines Cut-HDMR with Co-kriging and kriging is proposed to improve the metamodeling efficiency for high dimensional problems. The developed HDMR, termed as MF-HDMR, can efficiently use multi-fidelity samples to approximate black-box problems by using a two stage metamodeling strategy. It can naturally explore and exploit the linearity/nonlinearity and correlations among variables of underlying problems, which are unknown or computationally expensive. Besides, to further improve the efficiency of MF-HDMR, an extended maximin distance sequential sampling method is proposed to add new sample points of different fidelities in the metamodeling process. Moreover, a mathematical function is used to illustrate the modeling theory and procedures of MF-HDMR. In order to validate the proposed method, it is tested by several numerical benchmark problems and successfully applied in the optimal design of a long cylinder pressure vessel. Moreover, an overall comparison between the proposed method and several other metamodeling methods has been made. Results show that the proposed method is very efficient in approximating high dimensional problems by using multi-fidelity samples, thus making it particularly suitable for high dimensional engineering design problems involving computationally expensive simulations.
      PubDate: 2017-01-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1655-y
  • Combined shape and topology optimization for minimization of maximal von
           Mises stress
    • Authors: Haojie Lian; Asger N. Christiansen; Daniel A. Tortorelli; Ole Sigmund; Niels Aage
      Abstract: Abstract This work shows that a combined shape and topology optimization method can produce optimal 2D designs with minimal stress subject to a volume constraint. The method represents the surface explicitly and discretizes the domain into a simplicial complex which adapts both structural shape and topology. By performing repeated topology and shape optimizations and adaptive mesh updates, we can minimize the maximum von Mises stress using the p-norm stress measure with p-values as high as 30, provided that the stress is calculated with sufficient accuracy.
      PubDate: 2017-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1656-x
  • A note on truss topology optimization under self-weight load:
           mixed-integer second-order cone programming approach
    • Authors: Yoshihiro Kanno; Hiromichi Yamada
      Abstract: Abstract The self-weight load is a typical design-dependent load in structural optimization. This paper presents a mixed-integer second-order cone programming approach to global optimization of truss topology under the self-weight load.
      PubDate: 2017-01-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1657-9
  • Optimization of load-transfer and load-diffusion
    • Authors: V. Kobelev
      Abstract: Abstract The problem of optimization of a stringer, or a stiffener, attached to an elastic infinite plate is investigated. The plate is exposed to tensioning by uniformly distributed forces, and also to contact stresses due to forces as a result of enforced continuity with the reinforcing stiffener. The novelty of the optimization problem is emphasized in an elongated, needle-shaped form of the stringer. The cross-section together with its axial stiffness is variable along the axis of the stiffener. The cross-section, which is primarily unknown, represents the searchable function in the optimization problems. A flattened, plate-shaped stiffener that supports a semi-infinite prismatic body is also briefly pursued. Optimization problems of the flattened stiffener are proved to be quite similar to those of the elongated one. The governing equations of both studied cases transform into each other by means of alternation of the elastic constants. Consequently, the optimal cross-sections of both problems turn out to be identical after the appropriate choice of material parameters. The article studies two optimization problems: minimization of the ultimate stress along the stringer and minimization of the stringer mass under the constraints on the integral compliance of the reinforced body. The shape optimization is studied in the case of an isolated stiffener and in the case of a periodic array of stiffeners. The analytical expressions for the optimal cross-section profiles are found.
      PubDate: 2017-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1649-9
  • Design of materials using hybrid cellular automata
    • Authors: D. C. Da; J. H. Chen; X. Y. Cui; G. Y. Li
      Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a new approach for the topological design of materials with extreme properties. The method is based on hybrid cellular automaton (HCA), which is an implicit optimization technique that uses local rules to update design variables iteratively until meeting the described optimality conditions. By means of an energy-based homogenization approach, the effective properties of the considered material are calculated in terms of element mutual energies. By this method, no sensitivity information is required to find the optimal topology for the considered design objectives: bulk modulus, shear modulus, and negative Poisson’s ratio. The proposed method is validated by a series of numerical examples.
      PubDate: 2017-01-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1652-1
  • Improved hybrid cellular automata for crashworthiness optimization of
           thin-walled structures
    • Authors: Duo Zeng; Fabian Duddeck
      Abstract: Abstract Thin-walled structures are of great importance in automotive crashworthiness design, because of their high crash energy absorption capability and their high potential for light weighting. To identify the best compromise between these two requirements, numerical optimization is needed. Size and shape optimization is relatively well explored while topology optimization for crash is still an open issue. Hence, this paper proposes an approach based on hybrid cellular automata (HCA) for crashworthiness topology optimization with a special focus on thin-walled structures. First approaches have been published, e.g. Duddeck et al. (Struct Multidiscip Optim 54(3):415–428, 2016), using a simple rule to define the target mass for the inner loop of the HCA. To improve the performance, a modified scheme is proposed here for the outer optimization loop, which is based on a bi-section search with limited length. In the inner loop, hybrid updating rules are used to redistribute the mass and a mass correction technique is proposed to make the real mass converge to the target mass strictly. The efficiency and correctness of the proposed method is compared with LS-OPT for axial crash case. Two different methods of defining the target mass in the outer loop are studied, the proposed bi-section search with limited length shows its advantage in two types of three-point bending crash optimization cases. Another advantage of this method is that it requires no significantly increasing number of evaluations when the number of design variables increases. This is demonstrated by applying this method to a crashworthiness optimization problem with 380 design variables.
      PubDate: 2017-01-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1650-3
  • An efficient reliability analysis approach for structure based on
           probability and probability box models
    • Authors: Xin Liu; Lairong Yin; Lin Hu; Zhiyong Zhang
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, a new reliability analysis method for engineering structures is developed based on probability and probability box (p-box) models. Random variable distributions are used to deal with the uncertain parameters with sufficient information, while the p-box models are employed to deal with the uncertain-but-bounded variables. Due to the existence of the p-box parameters, a limit-state band will result and a complex nesting optimization problem will be involved in this reliability analysis. To reduce the computational burden, an efficient decoupling strategy is developed to solve the nesting optimization problem. Through interval analysis for the probability transformation process, the complex nesting optimization problem can be transformed to a single-layer optimization model. Then, the optimum solution and corresponding reliability index can be obtained by introducing a sequential quadratic programming (SQP) method. Four engineering numerical examples are investigated to demonstrate the effectiveness of the present method.
      PubDate: 2017-01-23
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-017-1659-7
  • The use of CFD and multi-objective optimisation techniques to customise an
           industrial pre-mixer
    • Authors: JS. Thompson; S. Walton; O. Hassan; SA. Rolland; J. Sienz
      Abstract: Abstract Considering the use of commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) devices in industry, a case study has been undertaken implementing the goal driven optimisation of a venturi-type pre-mixer. This COTS device is used to supply the correct ratio of a specific fuel and oxidiser to a pre-mix burner. Providing the correct quantity of excess air results in a reduction of the N O x emissions; and this, in addition to the requirement for complete mixing of the constituents has been used to define the multi-objective optimisation of the device. A Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation has been carried out using Fluent v14.5; verified by experimental data. To find an optimised design of the pre-mixer, four geometrical dimensions of its current design have been considered. An assessment of varying sampling and interpolation techniques has been made, in order to establish the most appropriate for use with this specific problem. The evolutionary-based NSGA-II and deterministic Nelder Mead optimisation algorithms have been used and their results compared to verify the optimisation outcome. Based on these findings suggested customisation of the COTS pre-mixer’s design could result in improvements in mixing performance, in the region of 30 %.
      PubDate: 2017-01-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1643-7
  • Robust optimization with convex model considering bounded constraints on
           performance variation
    • Authors: Naigang Hu; Baoyan Duan; Hongjun Cao; Yali Zong
      Abstract: Abstract In robust optimization, double-looped structures are often adopted where the outer loop is used to seek for the optimal design and the optimization performed in the inner loop is for the robustness assessment of the candidate solutions. However, the double-looped techniques usually will lead to a significant increase in computational efforts. Therefore, in this paper, a new robustness index is developed to handle bounded constraints on performance variation where no optimization run is required for the robustness evaluation work in the inner loop. The computation of this new index is based on the sensitivity Jacobian matrix of the system performances with respect to the uncertainties and it can quantitatively measure the maximal allowable magnitude of system variations. By introducing this index, the robust design problem can be reformulated as a deterministic optimization with robustness indices requirements. Two numerical examples are tested to show the effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed approach, whose solutions and computational efforts are compared to those from a double-looped approach proposed in previous literature.
      PubDate: 2017-01-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1647-3
  • Design sensitivity analysis for transient response of non-viscously damped
           dynamic systems
    • Authors: Kyeong-Soo Yun; Sung-Kie Youn
      Abstract: Abstract A design sensitivity analysis for the transient response of the non-viscously damped dynamic systems is presented. The non-viscously (viscoelastically) damped system is widely used in structural vibration control. The damping forces in the system depend on the past history of motion via convolution integrals. The non-viscos damping is modeled by the generalized Maxwell model. The transient response is calculated with the implicit Newmark time integration scheme. The design sensitivity analysis method of the history dependent system is developed using the adjoint variable method. The discretize-then-differentiate approach is adopted for deriving discrete adjoint equations. The accuracy and the consistency of the proposed method are demonstrated through a single dof system. The proposed method is also applied to a multi-dof system. The validity and accuracy of the sensitivities from the proposed method are confirmed by finite difference results.
      PubDate: 2017-01-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1636-6
  • A robust global optimization approach to solving CO problems – enhanced
           design space decrease collaborative optimization
    • Authors: Xia Jin; Fuhai Duan; Pu Chen; Yuanfeng Yang
      Abstract: Abstract Collaborative optimization (CO) is a decomposition-based multidisciplinary design optimization method that sometimes suffers from two predominant drawbacks: computational inefficiency and nonexistence of Lagrange multipliers when the system-level optimization solution is system-level feasible. To overcome aforementioned drawbacks, we propose enhanced design space decrease collaborative optimization (EDSDCO). It can notably simplify the system-level optimization problem through modifying the system-level consistency equality constraints that exist in the standard CO to create some linear inequality constraints with no tolerance. Thus, the aforementioned drawbacks, mainly resulted by the use of equality forms of consistency constraints, can be successfully overcome. During the process of optimization, the updated system-level solution space is constantly decreased; meanwhile, the original feasible region is entirely preserved throughout regardless of whether the constraints are convex. Consequently, the global optimum can be obtained when the system-level optimization solution moves into the original feasible region. In EDSDCO, the starting point is not introduced to the formulas of subsystem or system-level optimization. Therefore, the optimum obtained using EDSDCO cannot be affected by the parameters of the starting points, which certainly enhances EDSDCO’s robustness. EDSDCO converges faster than design space decrease collaborative optimization for two reasons: deleting more original infeasible region fragments per iteration and more efficient decision to choose the next solution subspace. In order to illustrate the proposed method’s capabilities, we describe the principles and process of EDSDCO and discuss its application to three optimization problems: a numerical test problem, gear reducer design problem, and combustion of propane problem.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s00158-016-1644-6
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