Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2528 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (24 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (37 journals)
    - EDUCATION (2168 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (154 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (41 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (40 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (36 journals)

EDUCATION (2168 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10     

Showing 1201 - 857 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of New Approaches in Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Nonprofit Education and Leadership     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Nursing Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Nursing Scholarship     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Occupational Therapy Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Outdoor and Environmental Education     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Pedagogy - Pedagogick? ?asopis     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Peer Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Philosophy in Schools     Open Access  
Journal of Philosophy of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Physical Education and Sports Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Planning Education and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Political Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Popular Music Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Praxis in Multicultural Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Primary Education     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychologists and Counsellors in Schools     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Public Affairs Education     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Quality in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Real Estate Practice and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religious Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research and Education Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Childhood Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Educational Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Research in International Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Research in Interprofessional Practice and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Research in Music Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Research In Reading     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Research in Science Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Research Initiatives     Open Access  
Journal of Research on Christian Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Research on Leadership Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Research on Technology in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of School Choice     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of School Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of School Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Science and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Science and Technology of the Arts     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Science Education and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Science Education for Students with Disabilities     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Science Learning     Open Access  
Journal of Science Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Second Language Teaching & Research     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Journal of Security Education     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Shanghai University (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Social Science Education : JSSE     Open Access  
Journal of Social Studies Education Research     Open Access  
Journal of Special Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Statistics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Student Affairs Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Studies in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Studies in International Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Supranational Policies of Education (JoSPoE)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Teaching English for Specific and Academic Purposes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Teaching in International Business     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Teaching in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Teaching in the Addictions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Teaching in Travel & Tourism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Teaching Language Skills     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Technical Education     Open Access  
Journal of Technical Education and Training     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Canadian Association for Curriculum Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the European Teacher Education Network     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the International Academy for Case Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Education     Open Access  
Journal of Training and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Transformative Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Visual Literacy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Vocational Education & Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Women in Educational Leadership     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education (JWEE)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Writing in Creative Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal on Empowering Teaching Excellence     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal on English as a Foreign Language     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal Pelita PAUD     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal Plus Education     Open Access  
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journalism & Mass Communication Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Joyful Learning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JPG (Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JPGI (Jurnal Penelitian Guru Indonesia)     Open Access  
JPI (Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia) : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia)     Open Access  
JRAMathEdu : Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JUMLAHKU : Jurnal Matematika Ilmiah STKIP Muhammadiyah Kuningan     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Juridikdas : Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
JURING (Journal for Research in Mathematics Learning)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Akuntabilitas Manajemen Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Al Bayan : Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Jurnal Bahasa Lingua Scientia     Open Access  
Jurnal Basicedu : Journal of Elementary Education     Open Access  
Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Biogenerasi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Biologi Edukasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Candrasangkala Pendidikan Sejarah     Open Access  
Jurnal Curricula     Open Access  
Jurnal Dinamika Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian : Media Komunikasi Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Educatio : Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Edukasi Khatulistiwa : Pembelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Hadhari : An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Ilmiah KORPUS     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Ilmiah Potensia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Inovasi Teknologi Pendidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal IPA & Pembelajaran IPA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Keilmuan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Kependidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Jurnal Kependidikan : Penelitian Inovasi Pembelajaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Keperawatan Profesional     Open Access  
Jurnal Konseling dan Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Lensa Pendas     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Manajemen dan Supervisi Pendidikan (JMSP)     Open Access  
Jurnal MEKOM (Media Komunikasi Pendidikan Kejuruan)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pelangi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pembangunan Pendidikan Fondasi dan Aplikasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pencerahan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Manajemen     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Edutama     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora : Journal of Humanities Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Raflesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Nonformal     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Sains     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)     Open Access  
Jurnal Perspektif Pendidikan dan Keguruan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal PGSD     Open Access  
Jurnal Prima Edukasia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pro-Life     Open Access  
Jurnal PROMKES : Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan dan Pendidikan Kesehatan Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikoedukasi dan Konseling     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling : Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pustaka Ilmiah     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Sosiologi Pendidikan Humanis     Open Access  
Jurnal Studi Guru dan Pembelajaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Taman Vokasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Tatsqif     Open Access  
Jurnal Tuturan     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Varidika     Open Access  
Jurnal Visi Ilmu Pendidikan     Open Access  
K-12 STEM Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kappa Delta Pi Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Karaelmas Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Kasuari : Physics Education Journal     Open Access  
Kasvatus & Aika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kerbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kerygma und Dogma     Hybrid Journal  
Kimün. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Formación Docente     Open Access  
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Konfigurasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia dan Terapan     Open Access  
KONSELI : Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access  
Kontinu : Jurnal Penelitian Didaktik Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Koulu ja menneisyys     Open Access  
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Kronos : The Language Teaching Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
KULA : knowldge creation, dissemination, and preservation studies     Open Access  
Kuramsal Eğitimbilim Dergisi / Journal of Theoretical Educational Science     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L2 Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Land Forces Academy Review     Open Access  
Language and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Language Literacy : Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Language Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Language Teaching Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Language Testing in Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Language, Culture and Curriculum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)

  First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Learning and Motivation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.341
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0023-9690 - ISSN (Online) 1095-9122
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3207 journals]
  • Successive negative contrast in humans: Dissociation between behavioral
           and affective measures of frustration
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Loida E. Morillo-Rivero, Antonio J. Ibáñez-Molina, Carmen Torres
       
  • Attenuation of renewal of fear using context similarity with spider
           fearful individuals
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Louella R. Bagley, Siavash Bandarian-Balooch
       
  • Academic self-concept and achievement motivation among adolescent students
           in different learning environments: Does competence-support matter'
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Stefan Kulakow
       
  • ABA renewal and spontaneous recovery of operant performance formerly
           eliminated by omission training
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Javier Vila, Fatima Rojas-Iturria, Rodolfo Bernal-Gamboa
       
  • Timing matters: The interplay of the retrieval frequency and temporal
           distance between retrieving a prior list and encoding a new list in
           vocabulary retention
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Lin Guo
       
  • Extinction training can make the extinction context a stimulus-specific
           inhibitor: A potential mechanism of experimental renewal
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Ralph R. Miller, Mario A. Laborda, Cody W. Polack
       
  • Cluster profiles of university students’ conceptions of learning
           according to gender, educational level, and academic disciplines
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Giulia Vettori, Claudio Vezzani, Lucia Bigozzi, Giuliana Pinto
       
  • Effects of intrahippocampal injection of Leptin on seizure-induced
           cognitive impairment in male rats
    • Abstract: Publication date: May 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 70Author(s): Hanie Safa, Asma Sharifinejad, Farshid Ataollahi, Elham Haghparast, Khadijeh Esmaeilpour
       
  • Dimensions of sucrose solutions in the successive negative contrast effect
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Juan Carlos Ruiz-Salas, L. Gonzalo de la Casa, Mauricio R. PapiniAbstractThe consummatory successive negative contrast (cSNC) task typically involves administering food-deprived rats 10 daily 5-min sessions of access to 32 % sucrose (preshift) followed by a few sessions in which the concentration is reduced to 4 % sucrose (postshift). Such sucrose downshift leads to transient suppression of consummatory behavior. Reward downshifts were used to determine whether food-deprived rats treat sucrose solutions as food, because sweetness is a proxy for its caloric content, or as water, because a solution has hydration content. In Experiment 1, a cSNC effect was obtained in food-deprived animals, but not in water-deprived animals. This suggested that food deprivation focused attention on the feeding dimension of sucrose, whereas water deprivation focused attention on the drinking dimension of sucrose. Sucrose downshift results in a greater caloric change than in hydration content because both concentrations continue to provide fluid. Experiments 2 and 3 offered presession access to rewards either before preshift or before postshift sessions, respectively. Consistent with this attentional view, presession access to water (which should focus attention on the feeding dimension), but not to food (which should focus attention on the drinking dimension), suppressed consummatory behavior after a sucrose downshift. Presession access to food, like water deprivation, enhanced the hydration properties of the sucrose solution at the expense of its caloric properties. These results are consistent with an attentional hypothesis according to which the internal state, manipulated via deprivation or presession reward access, determines which dimension of the sucrose reward would control consummatory behavior.
       
  • Scaling relative incentive value in honey bees, Apis mellifera
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Alan M. DanielAbstractReward downshifts in honey bees, Apis mellifera, result in a suppression of behavior that parallels mammalian frustration in response to reward downshift. Consistent with Weber’s Law, rats drinking sucrose that are trained with a 32 % sucrose solution and downshifted to a 4 % solution show a disruption in drinking based on the ratio discrepancy between the solutions, known as the “ratio scaling” property. The present experiment explored whether bee reward downshifts also exhibit ratio scaling, or instead depend upon absolute differences between solutions. Groups of bees were trained with a variety of sucrose solutions, then downshifted to smaller solutions that shared the same absolute differences or the same ratios. Results indicated that for bees, the disruption of consummatory behavior is determined by the absolute difference between solutions. A second experiment confirmed that these results are unlikely to be due to sensory adaptation. These results are the first to highlight a fundamental difference in the way bee and mammalian reward comparisons are made.
       
  • Brief circadian rhythm disruption does not impair hippocampal dependent
           memory when rats are over-trained and given more re-entrainment days
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Abigail W. Newman, Scott H. Deibel, Leanna M. Lewis, Kayla B. Viguers, Christina M. ThorpeAbstractCircadian rhythm disruption can impair cognition in both humans and rodents. Brief exposure to circadian rhythm disruption that occurs after Morris water task training impairs retention of the place memory. This is quite unexpected as circadian rhythms were entrained both during training and memory testing. In the present study, we investigated this phenomenon, but with a few procedural elements implemented that would likely improve Morris water task retention. These procedural elements consisted of more Morris water task training, an easier final light-dark cycle to entrain to, and more re-entrainment days following circadian rhythm disruption. To determine that a retention deficit in the Morris water task was not a performance issue, rats were also trained in a simple stimulus-response task, and a one-trial hippocampal dependent Y-maze task. As expected, the procedural changes resulted in no Morris water task retention deficit despite experiencing circadian rhythm disruption in between training and retention testing. The rats also did not display impaired retention of the stimulus-response task and were able to acquire a one-trial hippocampal dependent task in the Y-maze post-circadian rhythm disruption. These data add to the body of literature suggesting that circadian rhythm disruption induced memory impairments is a complex phenomenon that is yet to be understood fully.
       
  • Antiepileptogenic effect of myricitrin on spatial memory and learning in a
           kainate-induced model of temporal lobe epilepsy
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Fereshteh Keikhaei, Mohammad Ali Mirshekar, Mohammad Reza Shahraki, Alireza DashipourTemporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) causes impairment in learning and memory by causing neurological damage. Using the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of myricitrin (MYC), the present study was conducted in order to investigate the neuroprotection effects of MYC in kainic acid (KA) induced- TLE experimental model.Forty male Wistar rats were divided into five groups: 1: Sham, 2: MYC, 3: TLE (epileptic group), 4: VA + TLE (valproic acid and KA recipient), and 5: MYC + TLE (MYC and KA recipient). Intra-hippocampal KA was used for induction of epilepsy. Five mg/kg of MYC was administered from one week before surgery to one hour prior to KA injection intraperitoneally. Shuttle box and Morris water maze tasks were used to investigate passive avoidance and spatial memory respectively. Also, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF- α) as an inflammatory cytokine, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in hippocampal tissue were measured.Intra-hippocampal KA led to the elevation of the severity of seizure scores (SS), hippocampal TNF- α and reduction of TAC concentrations. Administration of MYC attenuated the severity of SS and TNF- α concentrations significantly. The hippocampal TAC concentration increased significantly in the KA + MYC group. Behavioral evaluation also showed that pretreatment with 5 mg/kg of MYC improved the ability to maintain information in passive avoidance and spatial memory tasks.The results of this study indicate that TLE causes neuronal damage of the hippocampus, and pretreatment with MYC prevents KA-induced TLE through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
       
  • Local constraint of the contingent response controls rates of
           wheel-running and lever-pressing on an interval schedule of wheel-running
           reinforcement
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Terry W. Belke, W. David Pierce, Christine A. Sexton, Monica H. ZahlAbstractThree experiments assessed whether changes in rates of wheel running and lever pressing on a schedule of wheel-running reinforcement were controlled by local or overall constraint of the contingent response. In Experiment 1 rats responded on a response-initiated variable interval 15-s schedule with wheel running as reinforcement. Overall constraint (total revolutions by session) was held constant at 600 revolutions while local constraint (revolutions per reinforcement) varied from 5 to 60 revolutions. Results showed that rates of wheel running and lever pressing decreased as local constraint decreased. In Experiment 2, rats responded on the same schedule, but local constraint (revolutions per reinforcement) was held constant at 10 revolutions. Overall constraint (total revolutions) was varied from 100 to 800 revolutions. Results showed no systematic changes in rates of wheel running and lever pressing with variation in overall constraint. In Experiment 3, rats responded on the same VI schedule for 30 revolutions as reinforcement. A 4.5-s interruption during the wheel-running reinforcement (30 revolutions) occurred after 2, 5, 10, and 15 revolutions as a manipulation of local constraint. Results showed that with overall constraint (total revolutions) and total reinforcement held constant, rates of wheel running before the interruption and overall lever-pressing rates varied in a bitonic relationship with local constraint. Comparison of the results across experiments demonstrates that local constraint of contingent wheel running controls the rate of wheel running and the rate of instrumental responding for wheel-running reinforcement.
       
  • Effect of Best Possible Self Intervention on Situational Motivation and
           Commitment in Academic Context
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Emin Altintas, Yasemin Karaca, Ahmed Moustafa, Mohamad El HajAbstractThis study investigated the immediate effect of a Best Possible Self (BPS) intervention to enhance positive affect, situational academic motivation and academic commitment in a university context. A large sample of 176 French undergraduate students participated in the study. An experimental group (n = 88) performed a “Best Possible Self” (BPS) intervention that consisted of mentally thinking of the ideal academic future life. A control group (n = 88) was recruited to read neutral information during the same time. We evaluated positive and negative affect, situational academic motivation, and academic commitment. A comparison between the experimental and control group revealed significantly higher levels of positive affect, self-determined situational motivation, and academic commitment in the experimental group than in the control group. The results suggest that future positive thinking may be used to enhance situational academic motivation, and academic commitment in students, with a pivotal role for positive affect. Finally, the BPS intervention effect on motivation was fully mediate by positive affect.
       
  • Can an augmented flavor augment another flavor' Evidence from
           second-order augmentation
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): W. Robert Batsell, Christina Dandar, Rachel Girard, Chelsea Miller, Gabrielle ShimkoAbstractIn 3 experiments with rat subjects, we explored flavor-aversion learning across multiple conditioning stages. Experiment 1 was the first demonstration of taste-taste augmentation: Saccharin (SAC) preconditioning followed by compound conditioning of SAC + saline produced a significantly stronger saline aversion. Notably, taste-taste augmentation was recorded both when the 2 tastes were mixed together or presented separately during compound conditioning. Experiments 2A and 2B involved 3 conditioning phases to determine if an augmented flavor could subsequently augment a third flavor. Specifically, after Flavor 1 preconditioning, Flavors 1 and 2 were conditioned in compound, and then, Flavors 2 and 3 were conditioned in compound. This conditioning regimen yielded a significantly stronger aversion to Flavor 3, and this stronger aversion was not attributable to direct generalization from either Flavor 1 or Flavor 2. It appears that a given flavor can have multiple within-compound associations, and these associations can summate to produce a stronger conditioned response to a third taste.
       
  • Evaluation during the extinction procedure causes extinction in evaluative
           conditioning
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Ryoji NishiyamaAbstractAfter repeated pairing of a neutral stimulus (the conditioned stimulus or CS) and an affective event (the unconditioned stimulus or US), the stimulus can elicit responses that are evoked by the affective event. The acquired response decreases throughout solo presentations of a stimulus, which is known as extinction. Evaluative conditioning (EC) experiments have showed both extinction and resistance to extinction, while Pavlovian conditioning (PC) experiments have usually showed extinction. The present study hypothesized that repeated evaluation during the extinction procedure develops inhibitory learning of stimulus-response relationships then causes extinction, based on the inhibitory learning perspective of PC. Four experiments examined the effect of repeated evaluation while eliminating alternative explanations other than inhibitory learning, i.e., local CS-US contingency and contextual discriminability (Experiment 2); attention to CS, prolonged time, and additional CS presentations (Experiment 3); and inhibition of the output response and forgetting (Experiment 4). The results demonstrated extinction as well as resistance to extinction, consistent with the hypothesis. Possible content of the inhibitory learning as well as how it explains the extinction phenomenon in EC are discussed.
       
  • Inescapable exposure to the Barnes maze increases preference for alcohol
           over water in rats: Implications for depression and anxiety
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Joanna B. Thompson, Shannon E. Conrad, Carmen Torres, Mauricio R. PapiniAbstractVarious sources of stress induce alcohol intake in rodents, including inescapable shocks, physical restraint, and reward loss. One hypothesis maintains that alcohol intake increases because its anxiolytic properties reduce negative emotion. A series of experiments explored this hypothesis using escapable vs. inescapable exposure to the well-lit circular platform of a Barnes maze in a master/yoked (M/Y) design, with pairs of rats matched in the amount of time on the lighted platform, but differing in terms of the presence vs. absence of an escape box. In Experiment 1 the M/Y design was validated as a means of producing rapid acquisition of escape behavior in master animals. In Experiment 2, immediate postsession access to a 2-h, 2-bottle preference test with 8 % alcohol and water resulted in a higher increase in preference for alcohol over water across sessions in yoked animals compared to master animals. Group differences were not observed when animals had access to water in both bottles. Higher preference for 8 % alcohol in yoked vs. master animals was also observed when the Barnes maze and preference test were separated by a 1-h interval (Experiment 3). However, voluntary alcohol consumption was similar in master and yoked animals when the order of exposure to the Barnes maze and fluid consumption was reversed (Experiment 4) or when the threat level was reduced by using a dim light over the Barnes maze (Experiment 5). Increased preference for alcohol after inescapable exposure to the Barnes maze is consistent with the hypothesis that alcohol alleviates negative mood and anxiety induced by an inescapable threat. This animal model is relevant to an understanding of the initial stages of co-morbidity between depression, anxiety, and alcohol use.
       
 
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