Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2333 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (22 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (31 journals)
    - EDUCATION (2002 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (141 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (35 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (38 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (36 journals)

EDUCATION (2002 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10     

Showing 1201 - 857 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
Jurnal Basicedu : Journal of Elementary Education     Open Access  
Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Biologi Edukasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Candrasangkala Pendidikan Sejarah     Open Access  
Jurnal Curricula     Open Access  
Jurnal Dinamika Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian : Media Komunikasi Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Educatio : Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Edukasi Khatulistiwa : Pembelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Hadhari : An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Ilmiah KORPUS     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Potensia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Inovasi Teknologi Pendidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal IPA & Pembelajaran IPA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Keilmuan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Kependidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Jurnal Kependidikan : Penelitian Inovasi Pembelajaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Keperawatan Profesional     Open Access  
Jurnal Konseling dan Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Manajemen dan Supervisi Pendidikan (JMSP)     Open Access  
Jurnal Pelangi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pembangunan Pendidikan Fondasi dan Aplikasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pencerahan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Manajemen     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Edutama     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora : Journal of Humanities Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Raflesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Nonformal     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Sains     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)     Open Access  
Jurnal PGSD     Open Access  
Jurnal Prima Edukasia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pro-Life     Open Access  
Jurnal PROMKES : Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan dan Pendidikan Kesehatan Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikoedukasi dan Konseling     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling : Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Sosiologi Pendidikan Humanis     Open Access  
Jurnal Taman Vokasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Tatsqif     Open Access  
Jurnal Varidika     Open Access  
Jurnal Visi Ilmu Pendidikan     Open Access  
K-12 STEM Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kappa Delta Pi Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Karaelmas Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Kasuari : Physics Education Journal     Open Access  
Kasvatus & Aika     Open Access  
Kerygma und Dogma     Hybrid Journal  
Kimün. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Formación Docente     Open Access  
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Konfigurasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia dan Terapan     Open Access  
KONSELI : Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access  
Koulu ja menneisyys     Open Access  
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Kronos : The Language Teaching Journal     Open Access  
KULA : knowldge creation, dissemination, and preservation studies     Open Access  
Kuramsal Eğitimbilim Dergisi / Journal of Theoretical Educational Science     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L2 Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Land Forces Academy Review     Open Access  
Language and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Language Literacy : Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Language Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Language Teaching Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Language Testing in Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Language, Culture and Curriculum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Laplage em Revista     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Large-scale Assessments in Education     Open Access  
Latin American Journal of Content & Language Integrated Learning     Open Access  
LATISS Learning and Teaching in the Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Law Teacher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Le Pédagogue     Open Access  
Leadership and Policy in Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Leading and Managing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Learning & Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Learning : Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal  
Learning and Individual Differences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Learning and Instruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Learning and Motivation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Learning and Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Learning and Teaching : The International Journal of Higher Education in the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Learning Disabilities Research & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Learning, Culture and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Learning, Media and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Lectura : Jurnal Pendidikan     Open Access  
Legal Education Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Les dossiers des sciences de l’éducation     Open Access  
Lidil     Open Access  
LingTera     Open Access  
Lingua Franca : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
Linguistics and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Linhas Criticas     Open Access  
Lisanul' Arab : Journal of Arabic Learning and Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
LITERA     Open Access  
Literacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Literacy in Composition Studies     Open Access  
Literacy Learning: The Middle Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Literacy Research : Theory, Method, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Literacy Research and Instruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
LLT Journal : A Journal on Language and Language Teaching     Open Access  
LO SCALPELLO-OTODI Educational     Hybrid Journal  
LOEX Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
LOGIKA Jurnal Ilmiah Lemlit Unswagati Cirebon     Open Access  
London Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Longitudinal and Life Course Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
LUMAT : International Journal on Math, Science and Technology Education     Open Access  
LUMAT-B : International Journal on Math, Science and Technology Education     Open Access  
MADARASAH Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Maestro y Sociedad     Open Access  
Magister : Revista de Formación del Profesorado e Innovación Educativa     Open Access  
Magister : Revista de Investigación Educativa     Full-text available via subscription  
Management in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Management Teaching Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Manajemen Pendidikan     Open Access  
Manajer Pendidikan     Open Access  
MaPan : Jurnal Matematika dan Pembelajaran     Open Access  
MarcoELE     Open Access  
Marketing of Scientific and Research Organizations     Open Access  
Mask     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Matemáticas, Educación y Sociedad     Open Access  
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematics Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Research Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 17)
McGill Journal of Education / Revue des sciences de l'éducation de McGill     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Media Practice and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Medical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 73)
Medical Education Development     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Medical Education Online     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Medical Science Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
MEDICC Review     Open Access  
Medienwelten - Zeitschrift für Medienpädagogik     Open Access  
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Mesure et évaluation en éducation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Metacognition and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Method & Theory in the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Metro Magazine: Media & Education Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning     Free   (Followers: 3)
Mid-Atlantic Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
MIDA : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Islam     Open Access  
Middle Grades Review     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mimbar Pendidikan : Jurnal Indonesia untuk Kajian Pendidikan     Open Access  
MIMBAR PENDIDIKAN : Jurnal Indonesia untuk Kajian Pendidikan (Indonesian Journal for Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Mind, Brain, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Minerva     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Modelling in Science Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modulema : Revista Científica sobre Diversidad Cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Morphologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Movimento     Open Access  
MSOR Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Muaddib : Studi Kependidikan dan Keislaman     Open Access  
MULTIárea : Revista de didáctica     Open Access  
Multicultural Perspectives     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Multidisciplinary Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Multilingual Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Muróbbî : Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan     Open Access  
Music Education Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Music Educators Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Musica Docta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
MUST : Journal of Mathematics Education, Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nadwa : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
NALS Journal     Open Access  
NASPA Journal About Women in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
NASSP Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
National Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
National Institute Economic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Natural Science     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nature Methods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 420)
Near and Middle Eastern Journal of Research in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Netla     Open Access  
New Directions for Adult & Continuing Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
New Directions for Community Colleges     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
New Directions for Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
New Directions for Institutional Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
New Directions for Student Services     Hybrid Journal  
New Directions for Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Learning and Motivation
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.341
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 17  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0023-9690 - ISSN (Online) 1095-9122
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3161 journals]
  • Antiepileptogenic effect of myricitrin on spatial memory and learning in a
           kainate-induced model of temporal lobe epilepsy
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Fereshteh Keikhaei, Mohammad Ali Mirshekar, Mohammad Reza Shahraki, Alireza DashipourTemporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) causes impairment in learning and memory by causing neurological damage. Using the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of myricitrin (MYC), the present study was conducted in order to investigate the neuroprotection effects of MYC in kainic acid (KA) induced- TLE experimental model.Forty male Wistar rats were divided into five groups: 1: Sham, 2: MYC, 3: TLE (epileptic group), 4: VA + TLE (valproic acid and KA recipient), and 5: MYC + TLE (MYC and KA recipient). Intra-hippocampal KA was used for induction of epilepsy. Five mg/kg of MYC was administered from one week before surgery to one hour prior to KA injection intraperitoneally. Shuttle box and Morris water maze tasks were used to investigate passive avoidance and spatial memory respectively. Also, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF- α) as an inflammatory cytokine, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in hippocampal tissue were measured.Intra-hippocampal KA led to the elevation of the severity of seizure scores (SS), hippocampal TNF- α and reduction of TAC concentrations. Administration of MYC attenuated the severity of SS and TNF- α concentrations significantly. The hippocampal TAC concentration increased significantly in the KA + MYC group. Behavioral evaluation also showed that pretreatment with 5 mg/kg of MYC improved the ability to maintain information in passive avoidance and spatial memory tasks.The results of this study indicate that TLE causes neuronal damage of the hippocampus, and pretreatment with MYC prevents KA-induced TLE through its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity.Graphical abstractGraphical abstract for this article
       
  • Local constraint of the contingent response controls rates of
           wheel-running and lever-pressing on an interval schedule of wheel-running
           reinforcement
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Terry W. Belke, W. David Pierce, Christine A. Sexton, Monica H. ZahlAbstractThree experiments assessed whether changes in rates of wheel running and lever pressing on a schedule of wheel-running reinforcement were controlled by local or overall constraint of the contingent response. In Experiment 1 rats responded on a response-initiated variable interval 15-s schedule with wheel running as reinforcement. Overall constraint (total revolutions by session) was held constant at 600 revolutions while local constraint (revolutions per reinforcement) varied from 5 to 60 revolutions. Results showed that rates of wheel running and lever pressing decreased as local constraint decreased. In Experiment 2, rats responded on the same schedule, but local constraint (revolutions per reinforcement) was held constant at 10 revolutions. Overall constraint (total revolutions) was varied from 100 to 800 revolutions. Results showed no systematic changes in rates of wheel running and lever pressing with variation in overall constraint. In Experiment 3, rats responded on the same VI schedule for 30 revolutions as reinforcement. A 4.5-s interruption during the wheel-running reinforcement (30 revolutions) occurred after 2, 5, 10, and 15 revolutions as a manipulation of local constraint. Results showed that with overall constraint (total revolutions) and total reinforcement held constant, rates of wheel running before the interruption and overall lever-pressing rates varied in a bitonic relationship with local constraint. Comparison of the results across experiments demonstrates that local constraint of contingent wheel running controls the rate of wheel running and the rate of instrumental responding for wheel-running reinforcement.
       
  • Effect of Best Possible Self Intervention on Situational Motivation and
           Commitment in Academic Context
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Emin Altintas, Yasemin Karaca, Ahmed Moustafa, Mohamad El HajAbstractThis study investigated the immediate effect of a Best Possible Self (BPS) intervention to enhance positive affect, situational academic motivation and academic commitment in a university context. A large sample of 176 French undergraduate students participated in the study. An experimental group (n = 88) performed a “Best Possible Self” (BPS) intervention that consisted of mentally thinking of the ideal academic future life. A control group (n = 88) was recruited to read neutral information during the same time. We evaluated positive and negative affect, situational academic motivation, and academic commitment. A comparison between the experimental and control group revealed significantly higher levels of positive affect, self-determined situational motivation, and academic commitment in the experimental group than in the control group. The results suggest that future positive thinking may be used to enhance situational academic motivation, and academic commitment in students, with a pivotal role for positive affect. Finally, the BPS intervention effect on motivation was fully mediate by positive affect.
       
  • Can an augmented flavor augment another flavor' Evidence from
           second-order augmentation
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): W. Robert Batsell, Christina Dandar, Rachel Girard, Chelsea Miller, Gabrielle ShimkoAbstractIn 3 experiments with rat subjects, we explored flavor-aversion learning across multiple conditioning stages. Experiment 1 was the first demonstration of taste-taste augmentation: Saccharin (SAC) preconditioning followed by compound conditioning of SAC + saline produced a significantly stronger saline aversion. Notably, taste-taste augmentation was recorded both when the 2 tastes were mixed together or presented separately during compound conditioning. Experiments 2A and 2B involved 3 conditioning phases to determine if an augmented flavor could subsequently augment a third flavor. Specifically, after Flavor 1 preconditioning, Flavors 1 and 2 were conditioned in compound, and then, Flavors 2 and 3 were conditioned in compound. This conditioning regimen yielded a significantly stronger aversion to Flavor 3, and this stronger aversion was not attributable to direct generalization from either Flavor 1 or Flavor 2. It appears that a given flavor can have multiple within-compound associations, and these associations can summate to produce a stronger conditioned response to a third taste.
       
  • Evaluation during the extinction procedure causes extinction in evaluative
           conditioning
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Ryoji NishiyamaAbstractAfter repeated pairing of a neutral stimulus (the conditioned stimulus or CS) and an affective event (the unconditioned stimulus or US), the stimulus can elicit responses that are evoked by the affective event. The acquired response decreases throughout solo presentations of a stimulus, which is known as extinction. Evaluative conditioning (EC) experiments have showed both extinction and resistance to extinction, while Pavlovian conditioning (PC) experiments have usually showed extinction. The present study hypothesized that repeated evaluation during the extinction procedure develops inhibitory learning of stimulus-response relationships then causes extinction, based on the inhibitory learning perspective of PC. Four experiments examined the effect of repeated evaluation while eliminating alternative explanations other than inhibitory learning, i.e., local CS-US contingency and contextual discriminability (Experiment 2); attention to CS, prolonged time, and additional CS presentations (Experiment 3); and inhibition of the output response and forgetting (Experiment 4). The results demonstrated extinction as well as resistance to extinction, consistent with the hypothesis. Possible content of the inhibitory learning as well as how it explains the extinction phenomenon in EC are discussed.
       
  • Inescapable exposure to the Barnes maze increases preference for alcohol
           over water in rats: Implications for depression and anxiety
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 69Author(s): Joanna B. Thompson, Shannon E. Conrad, Carmen Torres, Mauricio R. PapiniAbstractVarious sources of stress induce alcohol intake in rodents, including inescapable shocks, physical restraint, and reward loss. One hypothesis maintains that alcohol intake increases because its anxiolytic properties reduce negative emotion. A series of experiments explored this hypothesis using escapable vs. inescapable exposure to the well-lit circular platform of a Barnes maze in a master/yoked (M/Y) design, with pairs of rats matched in the amount of time on the lighted platform, but differing in terms of the presence vs. absence of an escape box. In Experiment 1 the M/Y design was validated as a means of producing rapid acquisition of escape behavior in master animals. In Experiment 2, immediate postsession access to a 2-h, 2-bottle preference test with 8 % alcohol and water resulted in a higher increase in preference for alcohol over water across sessions in yoked animals compared to master animals. Group differences were not observed when animals had access to water in both bottles. Higher preference for 8 % alcohol in yoked vs. master animals was also observed when the Barnes maze and preference test were separated by a 1-h interval (Experiment 3). However, voluntary alcohol consumption was similar in master and yoked animals when the order of exposure to the Barnes maze and fluid consumption was reversed (Experiment 4) or when the threat level was reduced by using a dim light over the Barnes maze (Experiment 5). Increased preference for alcohol after inescapable exposure to the Barnes maze is consistent with the hypothesis that alcohol alleviates negative mood and anxiety induced by an inescapable threat. This animal model is relevant to an understanding of the initial stages of co-morbidity between depression, anxiety, and alcohol use.
       
  • The ameliorative effects of myricetin on neurobehavioral activity,
           electrophysiology, and biochemical changes in an animal model of traumatic
           brain injury
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Mohammad Ali Mirshekar, Mohammadreza Shahraki, Reza Najafi, Sahreh ShabaniAbstractTraumatic brain injury (TBI) can produce cognitive disabilities and death. The most frequent clinical symptoms of TBI are memory loss and unusual behavior or mental health disorders. The present study was aimed to evaluate the effects of chronic oral administration of myricetin (MYR) on behavioral activities (spatial and passive avoidance memory, and motor coordination) and long-term potentiation (LTP) from cornu ammonis area as well as malondialdehyde (MDA) levels in the rat hippocampus following TBI. Brain injury was induced following Marmarou's method. Motor balance, spatial memory test, and passive avoidance task (PAT) were assessed in the Rotarod, Morris water maze, and shuttle-box apparatus, respectively. The level of MDA was measured by ELISA kits and LTP indices were recorded by Electromadule.The results indicated that step-through latency (p 
       
  • Analysis of inequality aversion in mice using stress-induced hyperthermia
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Shigeru WatanabeAbstractHumans have a sense of fairness and consequently have an aversion to inequality condition. Recently, animal researchers have suggested that some non-human animals also exhibit an aversion to inequality. This experiment used stress-induced hyperthermia (SIH) to examine inequality aversion in mice. Aversion was analyzed using inequitable restraint stress in Experiment 1. The mice that were restrained, but had free cage mates (disadvantageous inequality) displayed SIH. In contrast, free mice that had restrained cage mates (advantageous inequality) did not show SIH. Inequitable food delivery was used to induce SIH in Experiment 2. Food deprived mice who were surrounded by cage mates who were consuming food (disadvantageous inequality) displayed SIH. The mice that received food and were surrounded by food-deprived cage mates (advantageous inequality) also showed some increase in body temperature, but the increase was not significantly higher than that in the equality condition (where all mice received food). Pre-feeding of the test mice attenuated SIH in the disadvantageous condition suggesting that satisfied mice do not display disadvantageous inequality aversion. These results showed disadvantageous inequality aversion in mice in both negative (restraint) and positive (food) situations but not advantageous inequality aversion.
       
  • Identifying the motivational and demotivational factors influencing
           students’ academic achievements in language education
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Shiva Zeynali, Reza Pishghadam, Azar Hosseini FatemiAbstractThis study aims first to design a motivational/ demotivational pattern scale (MDPAS) for English as a foreign language (EFL) students, and then proposes a model of motivation/ demotivation in EFL education. Entire population participated in the study comprised 800 students majoring in EFL. MDPAS was designed and validated by applying confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Further investigations revealed that three motivational constructs, including Demotivation/ Motivating Demotivation, Perfectionist/Non-perfectionist motivation, and Collective/Individual motivation could predict almost 56% of the variance in students’ grade point averages. Finally, the results were discussed in the context of second/foreign language education, and some suggestions were proposed to improve the quality of language education.
       
  • Assessing motivation to speak (MTS) and willingness to communicate through
           metalinguistic corrective feedback
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Morteza Montazeri, Esmaeil Ali SalimiAbstractThe positive contribution of corrective feedback in language instruction seems undeniable for the numerous research studies conducted in language teaching. This study aimed to investigate the effect of oral metalinguistic corrective feedback on EFL learners’ motivation to speak (MTS) and willingness to communicate in an Iranian second language learning context. The participants of the study were assigned to two groups: one experimental and one control. The experimental group received twenty hours of instruction and metalinguistic corrective feedback, while the control group received twenty hours of instruction with only traditional way of correction. Afterwards, the questionnaires of motivation to speak and willingness to communicate, which were administered before the treatment, were re-administered (post-administration) to detect whether metalinguistic corrective feedback can have any statistically significant bearing on motivation to speak and willingness to communicate of language learners. The results showed statistically significant effects of metalinguistic corrective feedback on both motivation to speak and willingness to communicate in the experimental groups.
       
  • My three heavyweight bouts with behaviorism
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Martin SeligmanAbstractI describe three squabbles with behaviorism and the reaction: Cognitive Theory of Avoidance Learning, Preparedness and Learned Helplessness.
       
  • Relations of patterns of perfectionism to BIS sensitivity, achievement
           goals and student engagement
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Vanja Putarek, Daria Rovan, Nina Pavlin-BernardićAbstractIn the hierarchical model of achievement motivation, achievement goals represent mediators between reinforcement sensitivity (e.g., Behavioral Inhibition System [BIS]), as a self-based antecedent variable, and student engagement, as an outcome variable. However, the manifestations of these variables and the relationships between them may differ according to the type of perfectionism. The aim of this study was to explore the differences between adaptive, maladaptive, and non-perfectionists in motivation and engagement in learning physics. Participants were 299 high school pupils from Croatia. When group differences were analyzed, maladaptive perfectionists exhibited a more sensitive BIS and higher mastery- and performance goals than adaptive and non-perfectionists, while maladaptive and adaptive perfectionists had higher approach achievement goals than non-perfectionists. Maladaptive perfectionists were as cognitively engaged as adaptive perfectionists, but their emotional and behavioral engagement were lower. Multigroup analysis demonstrated different models of achievement motivation depending on perfectionism type for cognitive engagement, but not for behavioural and emotional engagement. Among adaptive and non-perfectionists, mastery- and performance-approach goals positively predicted cognitive engagement. Among maladaptive perfectionists, mastery-avoidance and performance-approach goals positively predicted cognitive engagement, while performance-avoidance goals negatively predicted cognitive engagement. Behavioral engagement was predicted by mastery-approach goals only. For the emotional engagement, mediation analysis provided strong support for the hierarchical model of achievement motivation. Our results address the importance of interventions that encourage mastery-approach goals, especially among maladaptive perfectionists.
       
  • Free throw performance in non-expert basketball players: The effect of
           dynamic motor imagery combined with action observation
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Nicolas Robin, Lucette Toussaint, Cédric Charles-Charlery, Guillaume R. CoudevylleAbstractWe investigated the effect of dynamic motor imagery (dMI) combined with physical practice on free throw performances of advanced basketball players in two conditions: With and without a video of a model. They performed a pre-test, participated in 5-weeks of intervention sessions, and performed a post-test. During pre-test and post-test, they performed 10-free throws followed by the “Evan Fournier test”: Maximum number of sequences of two consecutive free throws and round trips to the midfield and shot zone in 45-seconds. During intervention sessions, they were assigned to Control, Imagery or Model + imagery groups and performed five blocks of two free throws. Before each block, they watched a video and performed countdown or dMI. The results revealed that the Imagery and Model + imagery groups had higher free throw performances in the post-test than in the pre-test. At the post-test, the Model + Imagery group made more consecutive shots in the onfield-test Evan Fournier than the two other groups.
       
  • Renewal in a heterogeneous behavior chain: Extinction of the first
           response prevents renewal of a second response when it is separately
           extinguished and returned to the chain
    • Abstract: Publication date: November 2019Source: Learning and Motivation, Volume 68Author(s): Michael Steinfeld, José A. Alcalá, Eric A. Thrailkill, Mark E. BoutonAbstractTwo experiments with rat subjects examined the renewal of an extinguished instrumental response that occurs when it is returned to the context of a behavior chain in which it had been trained. In both experiments, rats first learned a discriminated heterogeneous chain in which a stimulus (S1) set the occasion for one response (R1), the emission of which turned off S1 and turned on a second stimulus (S2) that set the occasion for a second response (R2). R2 in turn terminated S2 and earned a food-pellet reinforcer. When R2 was extinguished separate from the chain, it was renewed when it was returned to and tested in the chain. However, in both experiments, separate extinction of R1 prevented this renewal of R2 from occurring. In Experiment 2, Pavlovian extinction of S1 without the opportunity to emit R1 during extinction also weakened the renewal of R2 and had an unexpected effect of weakening R1. The results are consistent with the idea that R1 can be an important part of the “context” controlling R2 in a discriminated chain. They also suggest that Pavlovian extinction of a discriminative stimulus can weaken the instrumental response under some conditions.
       
 
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