Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2376 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (22 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (33 journals)
    - EDUCATION (2040 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (141 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (37 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (39 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (36 journals)

EDUCATION (2040 journals)            First | 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10     

Showing 1201 - 857 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Visual Literacy     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Vocational Education & Training     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education (JWEE)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Writing in Creative Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal on English as a Foreign Language     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal Pelita PAUD     Open Access  
Journal Plus Education     Open Access  
Journal Sampurasun : Interdisciplinary Studies for Cultural Heritage     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journalism & Mass Communication Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Joyful Learning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JPG (Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JPGI (Jurnal Penelitian Guru Indonesia)     Open Access  
JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia)     Open Access  
JRAMathEdu : Journal of Research and Advances in Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
JUMLAHKU : Jurnal Matematika Ilmiah STKIP Muhammadiyah Kuningan     Open Access  
Juridikdas : Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
JURING (Journal for Research in Mathematics Learning)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Akuntabilitas Manajemen Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Al Bayan : Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Jurnal Bahasa Lingua Scientia     Open Access  
Jurnal Basicedu : Journal of Elementary Education     Open Access  
Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Biologi Edukasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Candrasangkala Pendidikan Sejarah     Open Access  
Jurnal Curricula     Open Access  
Jurnal Dinamika Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Dinamika Penelitian : Media Komunikasi Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Jurnal Educatio : Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Edukasi Khatulistiwa : Pembelajaran Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Hadhari : An International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Ilmiah KORPUS     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Potensia     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Humaniora     Open Access  
Jurnal Inovasi Teknologi Pendidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal IPA & Pembelajaran IPA     Open Access  
Jurnal Kajian Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Keilmuan Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Kependidikan     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Jurnal Kependidikan : Penelitian Inovasi Pembelajaran     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Keperawatan Profesional     Open Access  
Jurnal Konseling dan Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Lensa Pendas     Open Access  
Jurnal Manajemen dan Supervisi Pendidikan (JMSP)     Open Access  
Jurnal Pelangi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pembangunan Pendidikan Fondasi dan Aplikasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pencerahan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Manajemen     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Edutama     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora : Journal of Humanities Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Raflesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Nonformal     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Sains     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Matematika Sekolah     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan     Open Access  
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)     Open Access  
Jurnal PGSD     Open Access  
Jurnal Prima Edukasia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pro-Life     Open Access  
Jurnal PROMKES : Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan dan Pendidikan Kesehatan Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Health Promotion and Health Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikoedukasi dan Konseling     Open Access  
Jurnal Psikologi Pendidikan dan Konseling : Jurnal Kajian Psikologi Pendidikan dan Bimbingan Konseling     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Jurnal Sosiologi Pendidikan Humanis     Open Access  
Jurnal Taman Vokasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Tatsqif     Open Access  
Jurnal Tuturan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Varidika     Open Access  
Jurnal Visi Ilmu Pendidikan     Open Access  
K-12 STEM Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kappa Delta Pi Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Karaelmas Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Kasuari : Physics Education Journal     Open Access  
Kasvatus & Aika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kerbala Magazine of Physical Edu. Seiences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kerygma und Dogma     Hybrid Journal  
Kimün. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Formación Docente     Open Access  
Kleio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Konfigurasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Kimia dan Terapan     Open Access  
KONSELI : Jurnal Bimbingan dan Konseling     Open Access  
Koulu ja menneisyys     Open Access  
Kreano, Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Kronos : The Language Teaching Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
KULA : knowldge creation, dissemination, and preservation studies     Open Access  
Kuramsal Eğitimbilim Dergisi / Journal of Theoretical Educational Science     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
L2 Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Land Forces Academy Review     Open Access  
Language and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Language Literacy : Journal of Linguistics, Literature, and Language Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Language Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Language Teaching Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Language Testing in Asia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Language, Culture and Curriculum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Laplage em Revista     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Large-scale Assessments in Education     Open Access  
Latin American Journal of Content & Language Integrated Learning     Open Access  
LATISS Learning and Teaching in the Social Sciences     Hybrid Journal  
Law Teacher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Le Pédagogue     Open Access  
Leadership and Policy in Schools     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Leading and Managing     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Learning & Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Learning : Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal  
Learning and Individual Differences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Learning and Instruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Learning and Motivation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Learning and Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Learning and Teaching : The International Journal of Higher Education in the Social Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Learning and Teaching Mathematics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Learning Disabilities Research & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Learning, Culture and Social Interaction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Learning, Media and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Lectura : Jurnal Pendidikan     Open Access  
Legal Education Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Les dossiers des sciences de l’éducation     Open Access  
Lidil     Open Access  
LingTera     Open Access  
Lingua Franca : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access  
Linguistics and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Linhas Criticas     Open Access  
Lisanul' Arab : Journal of Arabic Learning and Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
LITERA     Open Access  
Literacy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Literacy in Composition Studies     Open Access  
Literacy Learning: The Middle Years     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Literacy Research : Theory, Method, and Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Literacy Research and Instruction     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
LLT Journal : A Journal on Language and Language Teaching     Open Access  
LO SCALPELLO-OTODI Educational     Hybrid Journal  
LOEX Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
LOGIKA Jurnal Ilmiah Lemlit Unswagati Cirebon     Open Access  
London Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Longitudinal and Life Course Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
LUMAT : International Journal on Math, Science and Technology Education     Open Access  
LUMAT-B : International Journal on Math, Science and Technology Education     Open Access  
MADARASAH Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Dasar     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Maestro y Sociedad     Open Access  
Magister : Revista de Formación del Profesorado e Innovación Educativa     Open Access  
Magister : Revista de Investigación Educativa     Full-text available via subscription  
Management in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Management Teaching Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Manajemen Pendidikan     Open Access  
Manajer Pendidikan     Open Access  
MaPan : Jurnal Matematika dan Pembelajaran     Open Access  
MarcoELE     Open Access  
Marketing of Scientific and Research Organizations     Open Access  
Mask     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Matemáticas, Educación y Sociedad     Open Access  
Mathematical Methods in the Applied Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Mathematics Education Forum Chitwan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mathematics Education Research Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 17)
McGill Journal of Education / Revue des sciences de l'éducation de McGill     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Media Practice and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Medical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Medical Education Development     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Medical Education Online     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Medical Science Educator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
MEDICC Review     Open Access  
Medienwelten - Zeitschrift für Medienpädagogik     Open Access  
Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences     Open Access  
Mentoring & Tutoring: Partnership in Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Mesure et évaluation en éducation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Metacognition and Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Method & Theory in the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Metro Magazine: Media & Education Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Michigan Journal of Community Service Learning     Free   (Followers: 3)
Mid-Atlantic Education Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
MIDA : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Islam     Open Access  
Middle Grades Review     Open Access  
Millenium : Journal of Education, Technologies, and Health     Open Access  
Mimbar Pendidikan : Jurnal Indonesia untuk Kajian Pendidikan     Open Access  
MIMBAR PENDIDIKAN : Jurnal Indonesia untuk Kajian Pendidikan (Indonesian Journal for Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Mind, Brain, and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Minerva     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Modelling in Science Education and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Modulema : Revista Científica sobre Diversidad Cultural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Morphologie     Full-text available via subscription  
Movimento     Open Access  
MSOR Connections     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Muaddib : Studi Kependidikan dan Keislaman     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Learning and Instruction
Journal Prestige (SJR): 3.432
Citation Impact (citeScore): 5
Number of Followers: 29  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0959-4752 - ISSN (Online) 0959-4752
Published by Elsevier Homepage  [3206 journals]
  • Effectiveness of private tutoring during secondary schooling in Germany:
           Do the duration of private tutoring and tutor qualification affect school
           achievement'
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Melike Ömeroğulları, Karin Guill, Olaf KöllerAbstractPrivate tutoring is considered an effective measure to improve academic achievement. However, previous studies have come to different conclusions regarding its effectiveness. In this study, we conducted secondary analyses using data of two longitudinal studies (approx. 8000 secondary school students) and investigated the effects of private tutoring duration and different levels of tutors' formal qualifications on subject-specific grades and test scores in 4 school subjects. OLS-regression analyses showed neither a systematic positive effect of a longer duration of tutoring nor of higher qualified tutors when prior knowledge, motivational and sociodemographic variables were controlled for. However, we found significant positive interaction effects between tutors' qualifications and students’ prior knowledge in German tutoring. Overall, we find only weak evidence that private tutoring is effective but show that students may benefit from private tutoring under certain conditions.
       
  • Effect of on-screen text on multimedia learning with native and
           foreign-accented narration
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 7 February 2020Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Kit Ying Chan, Claire Lyons, Lo Lo Kon, Katelyn Stine, Melissa Manley, Anthony CrossleyAbstractThis study examined the impact of redundant on-screen text on learning from an animated PowerPoint presentation, narrated either by a native or a foreign-accented narrator, with no text, summary text, or full text. Participants completed retention and transfer tests and rated the cognitive load induced by the narration and the PowerPoint materials. With a native narrator, participants performed better on transfer with no text than summary text (redundancy effect). The foreign-accented narration was perceived to be more difficult to understand. Transfer performance was worse for accented than native narration with no text, replicating a voice effect. With a foreign-accented narrator, participants performed better on retention with full text than summary text. Full text facilitated decoding of the accented narration at the word level, but it did not facilitate deep processing for knowledge transfer. The results are discussed in the context of cognitive load and the cognitive theory of multimedia learning.
       
  • Obtaining secondary students’ perceptions of instructional quality:
           Two-level structure and measurement invariance
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Benedikt Wisniewski, Klaus Zierer, Markus Dresel, Martin DaumillerAbstractStudents' perceptions of instructional quality have become an important information source for teachers' professional development. This requires knowledge of the structure of these perceptions, their validity, and generalizability. To this end, we conducted a study with 15,005 German 512 grade students from 690 classrooms in three different school types and three different grade levels. Assuming three basic dimensions of instructional quality with 7 facets, we investigated the factorial structure of students' perceptions with two-level confirmatory factor analyses as well as their generalizability with two-level measurement invariance analyses. Our results confirmed the postulated factorial structure and strict invariance across subject groups, school types, and grade levels. We confirmed the same structure in teachers' assessments of their instructional quality that were positively correlated with the students' assessments. As such, these findings shed light on the structure, validity, and generalizability of students’ perceptions of instructional quality.
       
  • Syllable-based reading improvement: Effects on word reading and reading
           comprehension in Grade 2
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Bettina Müller, Tobias Richter, Panagiotis KarageorgosAbstractThis study examined the effects of a syllable-based reading intervention for German second graders who demonstrated difficulties in the recognition of written words. The intervention focused on fostering word reading via syllable segmentation. The materials consisted of the 500 most frequent syllables typically read by 6- to 8-year-old children. The aims were to practice phonological recoding, consolidate orthographic representations of syllables, and routinize the access to these representations. Compared to children randomly assigned to a wait-list group, poor readers in the treatment condition showed significant improvements in standardized measures of phonological recoding, direct word recognition, and text-based reading comprehension after the 24-session intervention. Poor readers in the treatment condition also showed greater improvements in development of word recognition compared to children with efficient word recognition skills. The results provide evidence that a syllable-based reading intervention is a promising approach to increase struggling readers’ word recognition skills, which in turn will improve their reading comprehension.
       
  • People who cheat on tests accurately predict their performance on future
           tests
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Monika Undorf, Eric Y. Mah, Dawn-Leah L. McDonald, Zachariah I. Hamzagic, Ryan Burnell, Maryanne Garry, Daniel M. BernsteinAbstractStudies suggest that people who cheat on a test overestimate their performance on future tests. Given that erroneous monitoring of one's own cognitive processes impairs learning and memory, this study investigated whether cheating on a test would harm monitoring accuracy on future tests. Participants had the incentive and opportunity to cheat on one (Experiments 1, 2, and 3, with N = 90, 88, and 102, respectively) or two (Experiment 4, N = 214) of four general-knowledge tests. Cheating produced overconfidence in global-level performance predictions in Experiment 2 (Cohen's d ≥ 0.35) but not in Experiments 1 or 4. Also, cheating did not affect the absolute or relative accuracy of item-level performance predictions in Experiments 3 or 4. A Bayesian meta-analysis of all experiments provided evidence against cheating-induced overconfidence in global- and item-level predictions. Overall, our results demonstrate that people who cheat on tests accurately predict their performance on future tests.
       
  • Self-fulfilling prophecies in the classroom: Teacher expectations, teacher
           feedback and student achievement
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Sarah Gentrup, Georg Lorenz, Cornelia Kristen, Irena KoganAbstractThis study investigated the link between teacher expectations and student learning, relying on longitudinal data from 64 classrooms and 1026 first-grade students in Germany. Further, based on a subsample of 19 classrooms with 354 students, we explored the mediating role of three characteristics of teacher feedback rated in video-recorded school lessons. The results showed that teacher expectations were inaccurate to some extent; that is, they did not entirely agree with students' current achievement, general cognitive abilities and motivations. In addition, this inaccuracy in teacher expectations significantly predicted students’ end-of-year achievement, even after prior achievement, general cognitive abilities, motivation, and student background characteristics were considered. Specifically, inaccurately high teacher expectations were associated with greater achievement in reading and mathematics, whereas inaccurately low teacher expectations were associated with lower achievement in reading only. Furthermore, teacher feedback varied significantly with inaccurate teacher expectations but did not substantially mediate teacher expectancy effects.
       
  • High school students’ feelings: Discoveries from a large national survey
           and an experience sampling study
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Julia Moeller, Marc A. Brackett, Zorana Ivcevic, Arielle E. WhiteAbstractWe investigated students' feelings at high school in a nation-wide survey of 21,678 US students (study 1), and in a four-week study using experience sampling methodology (ESM) with 472 students across 5 high schools (study 2). Both studies combined mixed methods, including open-ended questions and rating scales (e.g., PANAS). In study 1, seventy-five percent of the feelings students reported in their responses to open-ended questions were negative. The three most frequently mentioned feelings were tired, stressed, and bored. Similar findings emerged with rated items, The prevalence of negative feelings was largely similar across demographic groups. Study 2 largely corroborated the findings from study 1. Although the retrospective measures showed similar results to study 1, the in-the-moment measures also showed frequent positive feelings. We discuss the findings in light of the ‘sleep deprivation epidemic’, the achievement motivation literature, and implications for the validity of state- and trait measures of academic emotions.
       
  • Teacher self-efficacy, instructional quality, and student motivational
           beliefs: An analysis using multilevel structural equation modeling
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Irena Burić, Lisa E. KimAbstractTeacher self-efficacy (TSE) is one of the most salient motivational characteristics that is assumed to affect teachers’ instructional quality and student motivational beliefs. However, discussions of these associations have primarily been often primarily conceptual and/or based on empirical research that has suffered from methodological shortcomings. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationships between TSE, instructional quality (i.e., classroom management, cognitive activation, and supportive climate) and student motivational beliefs (i.e., self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation) by using responses from both teachers and students and implementing a sophisticated doubly latent multilevel structural equation modeling approach. A total of 94 high school teachers and their 2087 students participated in the study. The results demonstrated that, at the class level, TSE was positively related to the three dimensions of instructional quality but not to student motivational beliefs. As expected, instructional quality was positively related to student motivational beliefs.
       
  • Professional knowledge or motivation' Investigating the role of
           teachers’ expertise on the quality of technology-enhanced lesson plans
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Iris Backfisch, Andreas Lachner, Christoff Hische, Frank Loose, Katharina ScheiterAbstractIn an expertise study with 94 mathematics teachers varying in their relative teacher expertise (i.e., student teachers, trainee teachers, in-service teachers), we examined effects of teachers' professional knowledge and motivational beliefs on their ability to integrate technology within a lesson plan scenario. Therefore, we assessed teachers' professional knowledge (i.e., content knowledge, pedagogical content knowledge, technological knowledge), and their motivational beliefs (i.e., self-efficacy, utility-value). Furthermore, teachers were asked to develop a lesson plan for introducing the Pythagorean theorem to secondary students. Lesson plans by advanced teachers (i.e., trainee teachers, in-service teachers) comprised higher levels of instructional quality and technology exploitation than the ones of novice teachers (i.e., pre-service teachers). The effect of expertise was mediated by teachers' perceived utility-value of educational technology, but not by their professional knowledge. These findings suggest that teachers’ motivational beliefs play a crucial role for effectively applying technology in mathematics instruction.
       
  • Gendered pathways from academic performance, motivational beliefs, and
           
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Anna Widlund, Heta Tuominen, Anna Tapola, Johan KorhonenAbstractThis study examined Finnish 9th-graders’ (N = 966) pathways to educational and occupational aspirations considering two academic domains: mathematics and reading. Multi-group structural equation models were conducted to investigate how domain-specific performance and motivational beliefs (self-concept and interest), and more general school burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and inadequacy) relate to boys' and girls' aspirations. Performance in both domains was related to girls' educational aspirations, but only mathematics was linked to boys' aspirations. Positive within-domain relations from girls' motivational beliefs were also found, but their reading self-concept was negatively linked to their math-related occupational aspirations. For boys, only math-related motivational beliefs were associated with their aspirations. Lastly, school burnout was both directly and indirectly linked to students' aspirations. Overall, the study demonstrated the importance of including several factors when investigating students’ aspired educational degrees and occupational plans and, also, the added value of examining educational and occupational aspirations across academic domains.
       
  • Integrating mindfulness and connection practices into preservice teacher
           education improves classroom practices
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Matthew J. Hirshberg, Lisa Flook, Robert D. Enright, Richard J. DavidsonAbstractTeachers vary in their ability to enact effective teaching practices. We randomly assigned 88 early education preservice teachers to standard teacher education or teacher education plus a 9-week mindfulness-based intervention. Using the Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS) as our primary outcome, we assessed effective teaching practices at baseline and at a 6-month follow-up that occurred during full-time student teaching. Mindfulness, negative affect, and well-being were assessed at baseline, post-test, and follow-up. At follow-up, we observed significant GROUP × time interactions on all major CLASS domains: Instructional supports, Emotional supports, and Classroom organization favoring the intervention group (Cohen's d's 0.53–0.65). Daily mindfulness practice was significantly associated with intervention group improvements on Instructional supports (r = .39) and Classroom organization (r = .38). No group differences were observed on negative affect or well-being. Implications for teacher education are discussed.
       
  • Researching and writing based on multiple texts
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Hongcui Du, Alexandra ListAbstractStudents perform poorly on multiple text reading-writing (MTRW) tasks. To address this issue, we examine students' strategy engagement during response composition by analyzing five types of data. These include: (a) log data of text access, (b) the notes that students composed during processing, (c) students' modified think-aloud reports, (d) screen-capture videos of writing behaviors, and (e) the written products generated. We report on insights gained by coordinating and juxtaposing these various sources of data on students' writing. Results showed that while students accessed and took notes on the majority of the texts provided, information from texts was rarely connected, neither in students' notes nor in the written responses composed. Moreover, students' effortful engagement in multiple text use, captured via log data, was associated with task performance. Finally, a number of variables, corresponding to students’ strategy reports during processing, were found to be significant predictors of writing performance.
       
  • Commentary and future directions: What can multi-modal data reveal about
           temporal and adaptive processes in self-regulated learning'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 December 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Allyson F. Hadwin
       
  • Is academic tracking related to gains in learning competence' Using
           propensity score matching and differential item change functioning
           analysis for better understanding of tracking implications
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Patrícia Martinková, Adéla Hladká, Eva PotužníkováAbstractThis study analyzes gains in cognitive components of learning competence with respect to cohorts based on ability tracking in a Czech longitudinal study. Propensity score matching is used to form parallelized samples of academic and non-academic track students and to eliminate the effect of selective school intake. We applied regression models on the total scores to test for the overall track effect. Furthermore, we analyze scores and gains on the subscores and check for differential item functioning in Grade 6 and in change to Grade 9. While after 3 years, no significant difference between the two tracks was apparent in the total learning competence score, we did, however, find significant differences in some subscores and in the functioning of some items. We argue that item-level analysis is important for deeper understanding of the tracking implications and may provide the basis for more precise evidence-based decisions regarding the tracking policy.
       
  • EARLI Association News
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s):
       
  • EARLI title page
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s):
       
  • Editorial board/Publication information
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s):
       
  • Self-derivation through memory integration: A model for accumulation of
           semantic knowledge
    • Abstract: Publication date: April 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 66Author(s): Patricia J. Bauer, Alena G. Esposito, James J. DalyAbstractSemantic knowledge accumulates through explicit means and productive processes (e.g., analogy). These means work in concert when information explicitly acquired in separate episodes is integrated, and the integrated representation is used to self-derive new knowledge. We tested whether (a) self-derivation through memory integration extends beyond general information to science content, (b) self-derived information is retained, and (c) details of explicit learning episodes are retained. Testing was in second-grade classrooms (children 7–9 years). Children self-derived new knowledge; performance did not differ for general knowledge (Experiment 1) and science curriculum facts (Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, children retained self-derived knowledge over one week. In Experiment 2, children remembered details of the learning episodes that gave rise to self-derived knowledge; performance suggests that memory integration is dependent on explicit prompts. The findings support nomination of self-derivation through memory integration as a model for accumulation of semantic knowledge and inform the processes involved.
       
  • Understanding and measuring emotions in technology-rich learning
           environments
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Susanne P. Lajoie, Reinhard Pekrun, Roger Azevedo, Jacqueline P. LeightonAbstractTechnology-rich learning environments (TREs) play an increasingly important role for 21st century education, and the emotions learners experience in these environments are pivotal for their cognitive and affective learning gains. The contributors to this special issue address the importance of understanding and measuring emotions in TREs as a mechanism for fostering learning. In particular, the special issue situates this research with a systemic review and meta-analysis of the literature on emotions in TREs. Following this review empirical research is presented on measuring emotions in the context of learning with TREs in multiple domains, including medicine, history, and mathematics. These researchers use concurrent measures to capture students’ cognitive, metacognitive and affective processes before, during, and after solving problems, documenting the complex role of such processes as individuals and groups learn with technology. The special issue concludes with two commentaries that point the way to next steps in this field of research.
       
  • Methodological progress in the study of self-regulated learning enables
           theory advancement
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 1 November 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Peter ReimannAbstractThe collection of papers in this special issue demonstrates the level of methodological sophistication that has become characteristic of contemporary research on self-regulated learning. In this commentary I develop the argument that these methods can lead us not only to improved theoretical models but also to a new type of theory for SRL. In particular, multimodal and temporal methods provide us with an extended epistemic space for SRL research, a move from theories we could describe as ‘event-oriented’ toward those we might want to call ‘structure-oriented’. First, however, I take stock of the range of methods employed in the contributions to this issue.
       
  • Improving sleep, cognitive functioning and academic performance with sleep
           education at school in children
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Amandine E. Rey, Anne Guignard-Perret, Françoise Imler-Weber, Luis Garcia-Larrea, Stéphanie MazzaAbstractWe aimed at measuring the impact of a school-based sleep education program (ENSOM: ‘EN’ for ‘ENfant’ and SOM for ‘SOMmeil’ in French) on sleep, cognitive functioning and academic performance in children. In contrast with existing sleep education programs, ENSOM was designed by sleep experts with the intent of being autonomously achieved by teachers. One-hundred and thirty children aged 8–9 years took part in control versus ENSOM interventions. Compared to the control intervention, total sleep time was extended by 31 min per night, sleep efficiency improved by 2.9%, and sleep latency and wake after sleep onset were shortened by 7.7 and 4.5 min respectively after the ENSOM program. Sleep improvement remained significant at one-year follow-up. Attention, executive functioning, academic performance and parents' sleep knowledge also improved significantly. Given the frequency of sleep curtailment in children, school-based programs could be an efficient method to implement sleep education on a large scale.
       
  • Epistemic beliefs about the value of integrating information across
           multiple documents in history
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Jennifer Wiley, Thomas D. Griffin, Brent Steffens, M. Anne BrittAbstractIndividual differences in epistemic dispositions may affect learning from multiple-document inquiry tasks by prompting different students to have different task and activity models. Students with epistemic beliefs that are more appropriate for the required activities may view a multiple-document inquiry task as an exercise in corroboration, seeking coherence, and looking for evidence to support claims, whereas students with less-appropriate epistemic beliefs may see the goal as simply finding the “right” answer verbatim within the documents. This paper describes attempts to develop an assessment for this subset of epistemic beliefs about the value of engaging in integration of evidence when learning from multiple documents in history. Across three experiments, the measure was shown to be reliable and valid. It also uniquely predicted multiple-document comprehension in history above and beyond beliefs about the simplicity and certainty of knowledge, and accounted for differences in prior instruction and experience with document-based questions.
       
  • Temporal and adaptive processes of regulated learning - What can
           multimodal data tell'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 October 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Sanna Järvelä, Maria Bannert
       
  • Refutation texts and argumentation for conceptual change: A winning or a
           redundant combination'
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Christa S.C. Asterhan, Maya S. ResnickAbstractEffective instruction for conceptual change should aim to reduce the interference of irrelevant knowledge structures, as well as to improve sense-making of counterintuitive scientific notions. Refutation texts are designed to support such processes, yet evidence for its effect on individual conceptual change of robust, complex misconceptions has not been equivocal. In the present work, we examine whether effects of refutation text reading on conceptual change in biological evolution can be augmented with subsequent peer argumentation activities. Hundred undergraduates read a refutation text followed by either peer argumentation on erroneous worked-out solutions or by standard, individual problem solving. Control group subjects read an expository text followed by individual problem solving. Results showed strong effects for the refutation text. Surprisingly, subsequent peer argumentation did not further improve learning gains after refutation text reading. Dialogue protocols analyses showed that gaining dyads were more likely to be symmetrical and to discuss core conceptual principles.
       
  • Learning fractions with and without educational technology: What matters
           for high-achieving and low-achieving students'
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Frank Reinhold, Stefan Hoch, Bernhard Werner, Jürgen Richter-Gebert, Kristina ReissAbstractInstructional design research promotes interactive and adaptive scaffolds as features of educational technology. Mathematics education research can guide elaborated fractions curricula to develop basic fraction concepts while challenging the natural number bias. Thus, we developed theory-grounded interactive material for learning fractions providing scaffolds in an eBook. Evaluating both, curriculum and scaffolds, we split 745 high-achieving and 260 low-achieving 6th graders into three groups: Scaffolded Curriculum group (using the eBook on iPads), Curriculum group (using a paper copy of our developed material), and Traditional group (using conventional textbooks). Generalized linear mixed models revealed diverse positive effects on the achievement of students in the experimental conditions: Results showed that high-achieving students did benefit from the curriculum, regardless of whether it was presented with or without scaffolds, while for low-achieving students using scaffolds was decisive. This suggests that interactive and adaptive scaffolds can support students in learning mathematical concepts, especially for low-achieving students.
       
  • Antecedents and consequences of organized extracurricular activities among
           Chinese preschoolers in Hong Kong
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Lixin Ren, Xiao ZhangAbstractOrganized extracurricular activities (EAs) are an important component of the microsystem that impacts children's lives. Previous literature has primarily focused on school-aged children and youth in Western societies. This study utilized a longitudinal design and examined the antecedents and consequences of extracurricular participation in a sample of 194 Hong Kong Chinese preschoolers. The results showed that higher family socioeconomic status (SES) predicted higher levels of participation in EAs (e.g., attendance intensity and the breadth of participation). Children from higher-SES families were more likely to involve in non-academic-oriented EAs. Participation in EAs was generally associated with the growth trajectories of reading and math skills in children from less advantaged SES backgrounds, but not higher-SES children. In contrast, EA participation was not associated with children's social skills. Findings highlight the importance of examining the relationship between EA participation and children's early development in non-Western societies.
       
  • Using a picture-embedded method to support acquisition of sight words
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): C. Benjamin Strauber, Piya Sorcar, Claire Howlett, Shelley GoldmanAbstractThis study investigated whether an intervention using words embedded with pictures can be more effective in sight word instruction than one using words alone. Participants included sixty-nine children in junior kindergarten (ages 4–5) enrolled in school in Ontario, Canada. Children were split randomly into treatment and control groups; the treatment group was taught four words using picture-embedded words, and the control group was taught using text alone. Both groups also received phonics instruction to support sight word acquisition. Children in the picture-embedded word condition performed significantly higher than those in the word-alone condition on an immediate post-training test and later retention tests. This outcome, which contrasts with previous studies using picture-embedded words, may result from this method's use of a relevant linking phrase and action that help build an association between picture and word, as well as its incorporation of phonics instruction, with future work needed to test this hypothesis.
       
  • Executive function facilitates learning from math instruction in
           kindergarten: Evidence from the ECLS-K
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Andrew D. RibnerAbstractExtensive evidence has suggested mathematical skill in early childhood is a robust predictor of children's later academic skills and eventual labor market outcomes; however, there is substantial heterogeneity in the degree to which different students learn from the same instructional contexts. Using data from N = 12,082 children enrolled in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort, this paper employs a latent piecewise growth curve modeling approach to investigate the role of classroom math instruction and executive function and approaches to learning in the development of mathematical skills in kindergarten, first, and second grade. Findings suggest that overall instructional frequency relates to math development in kindergarten through second, and that this is driven by exposure to advanced content in kindergarten. Further, executive function moderates children's learning in kindergarten, such that children with higher levels of executive function benefit more from instruction than do those with lower levels.
       
  • Elementary school children's conceptions of teaching and learning to write
           as intentional activities
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Ana Clara Ventura, Nora Scheuer, Juan Ignacio PozoAbstractWe study children's conceptions of teaching and learning to write as intentional activities. Sixty elementary school children in First, Fourth and Seventh Grade were interviewed individually following a structured script of open questions. Based on the Grounded Theory, a system of analysis composed of first- and second-order intentional actions for teacher and learner was developed and applied to children's full responses. Descriptive and multivariate statistical analyses were conducted. We identified five response patterns in children's explanations showing complementary interactions between teacher and learner, which remind us of instructional cultural learning. Patterns progress according to the order of intentionality of teacher's and learner's actions mentioned, the variety of actions covered and the frequency in which they appeared throughout the interview. This progress is moderately associated to school grade. These findings encourage educational design and practice to take into consideration children's views of intentionality of teaching and learning school contents.
       
  • Exploring student hand-raising across two school subjects using mixed
           methods: An investigation of an everyday classroom behavior from a
           motivational perspective
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Ricardo Böheim, Maximilian Knogler, Christian Kosel, Tina SeidelAbstractStudent hand-raising is an everyday behavior in classroom interactions with teachers. This research presents two studies that examine the variance in hand-raising and its relation to student motivation in two school subjects, Mathematics and Language Arts. Student hand-raising is introduced as an indicator of behavioral engagement. Study 1 investigated N = 397 high school students in 20 classrooms during a videotaped lesson in each subject. Multilevel regression analysis suggests that student motivation accounts for significant variance in hand-raising. The results show subject-specific differences: Student self-concept predicts hand-raising in Mathematics, while students' situational interest predicts their hand-raising in Language Arts. Students’ externally regulated motivation is predictive across both subjects. In Study 2, N = 14 high school students were interviewed about their hand-raising behavior. The results validate and extend the findings from Study 1. Finally, this research emphasizes the importance of fostering student hand-raising and discusses the implications for future research.
       
  • Teachers’ belief that math requires innate ability predicts lower
           intrinsic motivation among low-achieving students
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Anke Heyder, Anne F. Weidinger, Andrei Cimpian, Ricarda SteinmayrAbstractMany students find math difficult, but those who are intrinsically motivated learn and do well even when they face obstacles. Here, we examine an environmental factor that might affect students' intrinsic motivation in math: namely, teachers' beliefs about success in math. Do teachers perceive elementary school math as a domain that requires an innate ability, and does this belief relate to students' intrinsic motivation in math' Our study explored these questions in a sample of 830 German fourth graders and their 56 teachers. Teachers reported stronger beliefs in the role of innate ability for math than for German language arts. In addition, the more teachers believed that math requires innate ability, the lower was the intrinsic motivation of their low-achieving students. These results suggest that teachers’ beliefs that math success depends on innate ability may be an important obstacle to creating a classroom atmosphere that fosters engagement and learning for all students.
       
  • The role of rational number density knowledge in mathematical development
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Jake McMullen, Jo Van HoofAbstractMany students still have not developed a robust understanding of rational number concepts at the end of primary school, despite several years of instruction on the topic. The present study aims to examine the patterns, predictors, and outcomes of the development of rational number knowledge in lower secondary school. Latent transition analysis revealed that rational number development from primary to lower secondary school (N = 362) appears to follow similar patterns as in younger students. In particular, a majority of students had poor knowledge of the density of the rational number set. Whole number magnitude knowledge appeared to be an important predictor of the development of rational number size knowledge, but not density knowledge. Finally, fraction density knowledge appeared to be related to concurrent algebra knowledge. Together these results point to an important role for density knowledge in mathematical development.
       
  • Enhanced monitoring accuracy and test performance: Incremental effects of
           judgment training over and above repeated testing
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Marion Händel, Bettina Harder, Markus DreselAbstractFrom a self-regulated learning perspective, adequate monitoring of own learning processes and outcomes is crucial to regulate one's own learning effectively. Research on metacognitive judgments, however, clearly indicates that students frequently overestimate their actual performance. Therefore, the present study with N = 209 undergraduate students aimed to support students in developing accurate judgments in order to improve learning processes and, eventually, performance. A quasi-experimental design with three conditions (metacognitive training, testing, and control) and five testing sessions was implemented. In addition to repeated testing plus individual feedback in the testing group, students in the metacognitive training group received psychoeducation, made item-specific judgments, and were given feedback. Over and above the positive effects of repeated testing, metacognitive training positively influenced several monitoring accuracy scores (bias, absolute accuracy, and specificity) and students' performance. Moreover, the metacognitive training group exhibited a nonlinear interindividual decrease in overconfidence. Overall, the study provided considerable evidence that monitoring accuracy and performance can be improved by means of judgment training.
       
  • Schema abstraction with productive failure and analogical comparison:
           Learning designs for far across domain transfer
    • Abstract: Publication date: February 2020Source: Learning and Instruction, Volume 65Author(s): Michael J. Jacobson, Micah Goldwater, Lina Markauskaite, Polly K. Lai, Manu Kapur, Gareth Roberts, Courtney HiltonAbstractAlthough there has been considerable research into knowledge transfer for over a century, there remains a need for specific, validated techniques for teaching for transfer. This article reports on classroom-based research in which students learned about complex systems and climate change with agent-based computer models using two different instructional approaches based on productive failure (PF). In both PF approaches, students initially explored a problem space on their own and then received teacher-led instruction. One treatment group used climate computer models whereas the other group engaged in analogical comparisons between the same climate computer models and complexity computer models in different domains. The study found both groups demonstrated significant learning gains by posttest on assessments of declarative and explanatory knowledge and on within domain near transfer. However, students in the two models treatment group performed at a significantly higher level on an across domain far transfer problem solving task. Theoretical and practical implications are considered.
       
  • Emotions are the experiential glue of learning environments in the 21st
           century
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 30 July 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Arthur C. GraesserAbstractThis article comments on the five papers published in this special issue on understanding and measuring emotions in technology-rich learning environments. The articles identify a number of emotions that frequently occur in digital learning environments across different tasks, goals, populations, and subject matters. The Control Value Theory of achievement emotions unifies the research reported in the articles, whereas social emotions surface in contexts where there are significant social interactions, such as group learning or the training of medical students. The emotions that were detected and tracked in the reported studies rely on self-reports of learners and judges who observe them. This commentary identifies a number of limitations of the studies that will hopefully stimulate future research. Researchers are encouraged to collect (1) larger sample sizes, (2) longer interventions with learning technologies, (3) physiological, multimodal, and behavioral signatures of emotions to complement the subjective judgments, (4) more precise timing and transitions between emotions to uncover emotion dynamics, (5) assessments of nonlinear relations between variables, and (6) interventions designed to regulate and productively respond to learner emotions.
       
  • Examining the interplay of affect and self regulation in the context of
           clinical reasoning
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 28 June 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Susanne P. Lajoie, Juan Zheng, Shan Li, Amanda Jarrell, Maren GubeAbstractThere is an active strand of research on how affect and self-regulatory activities influence performance and learning outcomes, but the mechanisms through which they interact during learning remain poorly understood. Additionally, these constructs have been under-researched in medical education. Using multimodal data in the context of a clinical reasoning task for medical students learning case diagnosis, we explored the temporal nature of cognition, affect, motivation, and self-regulation. With a sample of n = 10 medical students, we collected data on self-regulated learning (SRL) processes through think-aloud analyses; emotion data through facial expressions; and achievement goal orientations and habitual emotion regulation strategies through self-report questionnaires. Results from our sequential data mining techniques and quantitative analyses suggested that high-performing medical students (who arrived at an accurate diagnosis) differed from low-performing students (who did not arrive at correct diagnosis): Low performers reported higher performance goal orientation, and expressed more emotions overall, than high performers. High performers exhibited marginally more monitoring SRL behaviours, while low performers tended to orient and reorient throughout the task. High and low performers also differed on the co-occurrences of, and sequential transitions between, emotions and SRL behaviours. The implications of these findings with respect to research and medical education are discussed.
       
  • Searching for the role of emotions in e-learning
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Richard E. MayerAbstractThis special issue of Learning and Instruction examines the role of emotions in academic learning, with a special focus on emotions in computer-supported academic learning (or e-learning). Three central research challenges concerning emotion in e-learning are: identification (e.g., what are the key emotions in e-learning'), measurement (e.g., how can we tell how strongly a learner is experiencing each key emotion during e-learning'), and explanation (e.g., what are the causes and consequences of the learner's emotional state during learning'). A useful goal of research on emotions in e-learning is to test an affective-cognitive model of e-learning with links among an e-learning episode, the learner's emotional reaction during learning, the learner's cognitive processing during learning, and the learning outcome.
       
  • What can moment-by-moment learning curves tell about students’
           self-regulated learning'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Inge Molenaar, Anne Horvers, Ryan S. BakerAbstractMany students in primary education learn arithmetic using adaptive learning technologies (ALTs) on tablets every day. Driven by developments in the emerging field of learning analytics, these technologies adjust problems based on learners' performance. Yet, until now it is largely unclear how students regulate their learning with ALTs. Hence, we explored how learners regulate their effort, accuracy and learning with an ALT using moment-by-moment learning curves. The results indicated that moment-by-moment learning curves did reflect students’ accuracy and learning, but no associations with effort were found. Immediate drops were associated with high prior knowledge and suboptimal learning. Immediate peaks were associated with robust learning and pointed to effective student regulation. Close multiple spikes showed moderate learning and lower initial levels of accuracy but, with system support, these students seemed able to regulate their learning. Separated multiple spikes indicated reduced learning and accuracy and potentially signal the inability of students to regulate their learning. In this light, moment-by-moment learning curves seem to be valuable indicators of accuracy regulation during learning with ALTs and could potentially be used in interventions to support SRL with personalized visualizations.
       
  • Analyzing temporal data for understanding the learning process induced by
           metacognitive prompts
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 17 May 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Katharina Engelmann, Maria Bannert
       
  • What changes, and for whom' A study of the impact of learning
           analytics-based process feedback in a large course
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 16 May 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Lisa-Angelique Lim, Sheridan Gentili, Abelardo Pardo, Vitomir Kovanović, Alexander Whitelock-Wainwright, Dragan Gašević, Shane DawsonAbstractRecent developments in educational technologies have provided a viable solution to the challenges associated with scaling personalised feedback to students. However, there is currently little empirical evidence about the impact such scaled feedback has on student learning progress and study behaviour. This paper presents the findings of a study that looked at the impact of a learning analytics (LA)-based feedback system on students' self-regulated learning and academic achievement in a large, first-year undergraduate course. Using the COPES model of self-regulated learning (SRL), we analysed the learning operations of students, by way of log data from the learning management system and e-book, as well as the products of SRL, namely, performance on course assessments, from three years of course offerings. The latest course offering involved an intervention condition that made use of an educational technology to provide LA-based process feedback. Propensity score matching was employed to match a control group to the student cohort enrolled in the latest course offering, creating two equal-sized groups of students who received the feedback (the experimental group) and those who did not (the control group). Growth mixture modelling and mixed between-within ANOVA were also employed to identify differences in the patterns of online self-regulated learning operations over the course of the semester. The results showed that the experimental group showed significantly different patterns in their learning operations and performed better in terms of final grades. Moreover, there was no difference in the effect of feedback on final grades among students with different prior academic achievement scores, indicating that the LA-based feedback deployed in this course is able to support students’ learning, regardless of prior academic standing.
       
  • Modeling temporal self-regulatory processing in a higher education biology
           course
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 10 May 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Jeffrey A. Greene, Robert D. Plumley, Christopher J. Urban, Matthew L. Bernacki, Kathleen M. Gates, Kelly A. Hogan, Cynthia Demetriou, Abigail T. PanterAbstractThe scientific literacy and conceptual understanding demands of the 21st century have necessitated fundamental changes in science education, including changes from traditional lecture to more active learning pedagogies. The affordances of such pedagogies can benefit students, but only when they are able to enact effective and efficient self-regulated learning processing. More research is needed to understand how and when students should self-regulate during science learning, as well as how to help those students who struggle to do so. In this study, we leveraged multimodal online interaction trace data from 408 college students enrolled in an introductory biology class to investigate the temporal nature of self-regulation during science education. Using latent profile analyses, we found differences in self-regulatory processing predicted course performance, with implications for the development of systems for identifying and supporting students who are likely to struggle in active learning science education environments.
       
  • How are students’ emotions related to the accuracy of cognitive and
           metacognitive processes during learning with an intelligent tutoring
           system'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 9 May 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Michelle Taub, Roger Azevedo, Ramkumar Rajendran, Elizabeth B. Cloude, Gautam Biswas, Megan J. PriceAbstractThe goal of this study was to investigate 65 students' evidence scores of emotions while they engaged in cognitive and metacognitive self-regulated learning processes as they learned about the circulatory system with MetaTutor, a hypermedia-based intelligent tutoring system. We coded for the accuracy of detecting students’ cognitive and metacognitive processes, and examined how the computed scores related to mean evidence scores of emotions and overall learning. Results indicated that mean evidence score of surprise negatively predicted the accuracy of making a metacognitive judgment, and mean evidence score of frustration positively predicted the accuracy of taking notes, a cognitive learning strategy. These results have implications for understanding the beneficial role of negative emotions during learning with advanced learning technologies. Future directions include providing students with feedback about the benefits of both positive and negative emotions during learning and how to regulate specific emotions to ensure the most effective learning experience with advanced learning technologies.
       
  • What multimodal data can tell us about the students’ regulation of
           their learning process'
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 6 May 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Sanna Järvelä, Jonna Malmberg, Eetu Haataja, Marta Sobocinski, Paul A. Kirschner
       
  • Emotional design for digital games for learning: The effect of expression,
           color, shape, and dimensionality on the affective quality of game
           characters
    • Abstract: Publication date: Available online 20 February 2019Source: Learning and InstructionAuthor(s): Jan L. Plass, Bruce D. Homer, Andrew MacNamara, Teresa Ober, Maya C. Rose, Shashank Pawar, Chris M. Hovey, Alvaro OlsenAbstractWhat is the affective quality of specific design features of game characters' The Integrative Model of Emotion in Game-based Learning (EmoGBL) describes common mechanisms of how emotion and learning processes interact to foster specific learning outcomes. In the present paper, we asked how color, shape, expression, and dimensionality of game characters induce emotions in digital games for learning. We investigated learners' perception of the affective quality of these four different visual design features for adults and adolescents using a forced choice paradigm (studies 1–3), as well as the PANAS-X and qualitative measures (study 4). Participants were shown a series of game characters and were asked to report their emotional response. Results show the relative contribution of the four visual attributes on players’ perception of affective quality, with the visual design features of expression and dimensionality having the strongest effect, color a medium-sized effect, and shape a small to medium-sized effect.
       
 
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