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  Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 1755 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (24 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (9 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (22 journals)
    - EDUCATION (1466 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (119 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (28 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (12 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (34 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (37 journals)

EDUCATION (1466 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
#Tear : Revista de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access  
@tic. revista d'innovació educativa     Open Access  
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Academic Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Academy of Educational Leadership Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Academy of Management Learning and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Across the Disciplines     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Acta Didactica Norge     Open Access  
Acta Scientiarum. Education     Open Access  
Acta Technologica Dubnicae     Open Access  
Action in Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Action Learning: Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307)
Actualidades Pedagógicas     Open Access  
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 149)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Advanced Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Advances in School Mental Health Promotion     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Africa Education Review     Partially Free   (Followers: 24)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access  
Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AIDS Education and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Akadémiai Értesítö     Full-text available via subscription  
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access  
Alexandria : Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Alsic     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Alteridad     Open Access  
Amasya Universitesi Egitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
American Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Distance Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 172)
American Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
American Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Apertura. Revista de innovación educativa‏     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Measurement in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Arabia     Open Access  
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Arts Education Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Asian Association of Open Universities Journal     Open Access  
Asian Education and Development Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of English Language Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
ASp     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Assessing Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 126)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
At-Ta'dib Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
Athenea Digital     Open Access  
Aula Abierta     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Australasian Journal of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Educational Computing     Open Access  
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Australian Journal of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Australian Journal of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australian Journal of Dyslexia and Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 406)
Australian Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian Screen Education Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 194)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
BELT - Brazilian English Language Teaching Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Berkeley Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biblioteka i Edukacja     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bildung und Erziehung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access  
Biosaintifika : Journal of Biology & Biology Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Biosfer : Jurnal Biologi dan Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
BMC Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 41)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
BoEM - Boletim online de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
British Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 173)
British Journal of Educational Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 165)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 127)
British Journal of Religious Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
British Journal of Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
British Journal of Special Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
British Journal of Visual Impairment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Brookings Trade Forum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Business, Management and Education     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física     Open Access  
Caderno Intersabares     Open Access  
Cadernos CEDES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos de Educação     Open Access  
Cadernos de Educação, Tecnologia e Sociedade     Open Access  
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access  
Cadernos de Pesquisa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cadernos de Pesquisa em Educação     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadmo     Full-text available via subscription  
Cahiers de la recherche sur l'éducation et les savoirs     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Calidad en la educación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cambridge Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 95)
Campus Legal Advisor     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Campus Security Report     Hybrid Journal  
Canadian and International Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal for New Scholars in Education/ Revue canadienne des jeunes chercheures et chercheurs en éducation     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Education : Revue canadienne de l'éducation     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Canadian Journal of Higher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Canadian Journal of Learning and Technology / La revue canadienne de l’apprentissage et de la technologie     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Canadian Journal of School Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Canadian Journal of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalejos. Revista sobre lectura, formación de lectores y literatura para niños     Open Access  
Catharsis : Journal of Arts Education     Open Access  
CELE Exchange, Centre for Effective Learning Environments     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Cendekia : Jurnal Kependidikan dan Kemasyarakatan     Open Access  
Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Changing English: Studies in Culture and Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Charrette     Open Access  
Chemical Engineering Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Chemistry Education Research and Practice     Free   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Chi'e : Journal of Japanese Learning and Teaching     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Child Language Teaching and Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Child Psychiatry & Human Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Childhood Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Children's Literature in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chinese Education & Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Christian Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Christian Perspectives in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Ciência & Educação (Bauru)     Open Access  
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ciencia en Desarrollo     Open Access  
Ciencias Sociales y Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Citizenship, Social and Economics Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Classroom Discourse     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Clio y Asociados     Open Access  
CME     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cogent Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
College Athletics and The Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
College Teaching     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Colóquio Internacional de Educação e Seminário de Estratégias e Ações Multidisciplinares     Open Access  
Communication Disorders Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Communication Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Communication Methods and Measures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Community College Journal of Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Community College Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Community Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Community Literacy Journal     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Comparative Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Comparative Education Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Comparative Professional Pedagogy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Compare: A journal of comparative education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Journal Cover Biosaintifika : Journal of Biology & Biology Education
  [7 followers]  Follow
    
  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
   ISSN (Print) 2085-191X - ISSN (Online) 2338-7610
   Published by Universitas Negeri Semarang Homepage  [71 journals]
  • Ethnobotany Study to Identify Wood Apple Conservation Efforts as An
           Identity Plant of Rembang Regency Central of Java Province

    • Authors: Enni Suwarsi Rahayu, Nur Kusuma Dewi, Talitha Widiatningrum, Lina Herlina
      Abstract: Feronia limonia (L.) Swingle (wood apple) is an identity plant of Rembang Regency of Central Java Province. However, the  population is very limited. In order to identify the conservation efforts, this ethnobotany study was aimed to determine traditional knowledge on the existence, economic value, utility, breeding technique and conservation of wood apple. The survey was conducted on a total of 102 local people from 10 sub-districts which were determined by proportionally stratified random sampling. Data were collected by questionnaires and individual interviews; then were descriptively analyzed. The results showed that all of respondents knew the figure of wood apple, but only 79.50% understood its status as plant identity. Most of respondents (96%) stated that the fruit  have low economic value, 80.39% respondents have utilized ripe fruit as ingredients of beverages and stems as firewood. This utilization was only equal to 36.85% compared to the potential usability based on research results. The most important outcome was the finding that some respondents thought if conservation efforts should be undertaken, while the others stated unnecessary which was mainly forced by the situation of the frequently roof damage due to falling fruit and the plants’ less economic profit.  It was concluded that the traditional knowledge about the existence, economic value, and breeding technique were good; and on the contrary the knowledge about the usability was bad. Based on the results, it is suggested to educate local people about the importance of woody apple conservation, as well as to inform and train the various uses.
      PubDate: 2017-10-18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Influence of Environmental Factors on the Diversity of Gastropods in
           Marsegu Island, Maluku

    • Authors: Wiwien Bula, Fredy Leiwakabessy, Dominggus Rumahlatu
      Abstract: Gastropods are known to have a wide distribution. They can live in a variety of habitats and influenced by various environmental factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the diversity of gastropods and its relationship with the physical and chemical environment of a water. This research was an ecological research with correlational descriptive type. The selection of Marsegu Island was based on the fact that the area is a conservation area, both the forest and sea are frequently visited by tourists. The results of this research showed that there were 22 species of gastropod found in the water of Marsegu Island. The most commonly found was from the genus of Cypraea (5 species). Gastropods found mostly from the family of Strombidae which consisted of 4 genera i.e. Lambis, Canarium, Strombus and Lentigo. The value of gastropod diversity in the three research stations was moderate, 2.93, 2.91 and 2.95 respectively. In addition, there is a correlation between environmental factors and the diversity of gastropods. The simultaneous effect of the independent variables toward the dependent variables can be explained by the magnitude of the determination coefficient (R Square) which was 0528 or 52.8%. Result of this study confirms that the environmental factors greatly affects the diversity of Gastropod in the coastal waters of Marsegu island. The results can provide benefits as control over fishing and coastal pollution due to human activities.
      PubDate: 2017-10-18
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Colour and Morphometric Variation of Donacid Bivalves from Nepa Beach,
           Madura Island, Indonesia

    • Authors: Reni Ambarwati, Ulfi Faizah
      Abstract: Donacid bivalves vary in colour, pattern, and the shape of the shells. A population of donacid bivalves had been found in the northern shore of Madura Island, Indonesia. This study aimed to identify the donacids found in northern shore of Madura Island as well as to describe their variation on morphometric and morphological characters. Colour and pattern of 215 shells were observed and carefully photographed. Morphometric of the shells including the shell height, shell length, shell width, dorsal length, and umbo-margin length were measured and then their patterns were analyzed using regression analysis. The results revealed that there were two species of donacid bivalves in Nepa Beach, namely Donax cuneata and Donax faba with different morphological characteristics, including twelve different patterns and colours of the shells. These variations were described completely in this paper. This study contributes to the research on bivalve taxonomy, and is useful for the identification of donacid bivalves based on morphological characteristics.
      PubDate: 2017-10-11
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Molecular Identification of Endophytic Fungi from Bark of Raru
           (Cotylelobium melanoxylon) that Produce the Antibacterial Compounds

    • Authors: Uswatun Hasanah, Riwayati Riwayati, Idramsa Idramsa, Eko Prasetya
      Abstract: The Dipterocarpaceae plant, raru(Cotylelobium melanoxylon) is widespread in Southeast Asia. The bark of raru has been used by local communities in North Sumatera as antidiarrheal drugs due to its antibacterial compounds. The antibacterial activity of the raru’s bark is induced by endophytic fungi that live in the region of the bark. This study aimed to identify the endophytic fungi-producer of antibacterial compounds in the bark of raru (C. melanoxylon) by means of molecular analysis. In general, endophytic fungi have the ability to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria. Thirty-eight isolates of endophytic fungi were isolated from the bark of raru. Selection of isolates for antibacterial activity againstEscherichia coli ATCC 35218 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923 used the dual culture assay. Selection using the dual culture assay yielded 6 endophytic fungal isolates that have the ability to inhibit the growth of test bacteria. EF10A sample was the most powerful isolate inhibiting the growth of both bacteria test. Those six bacteria molecularly identified used a sequence generated from ITS rDNA region. Based on rDNA ITS region sequences, isolate, the producers of the antibacterial compound were identified as Talaromyces cellulolyticus, Penicillium purpurogenum, Aspergillus sp., Trichoderma harzianum, and Aspergillus orizae. The results of this study can be used by researchers to explore more potential endophytic fungi in raru plants (C. melanoxylon) as a source of medicine. The data obtained need to be supported by further research to isolate the bioactive compounds that can inhibit the growth of microbial pathogens.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Screening of Acetic Acid Bacteria from Pineapple Waste for Bacterial
           Cellulose Production using Sago Liquid Waste

    • Authors: Nur Arfa Yanti, Sitti Wirdhana Ahmad, Sri Ambardini, Nurhayani Haji Muhiddin, La Ode Iman Sulaiman
      Abstract: Bacterial cellulose is a biopolymer produced by fermentation process with the help of bacteria. It has numerous applications in industrial sector with its characteristic as a biodegradable and nontoxic compound in nature. The potential application of BC is limited by its production costs, because BC is produced from expensive culture media. The use of cheap carbon and nutrient sources such as sago liquid waste is an interesting strategy to overcome this limitation. The objective of this study was to obtain the AAB strain that capable to produce bacterial cellulose from sago liquid waste. Isolation of AAB strains was conducted using CARR media and the screening of BC production was performed on Hestrin-Schramm (HS) media with glucose as a carbon source. The strains of AAB then were evaluated for their cellulose-producing capability using sago liquid waste as a substrate. Thirteen strains of AAB producing BC were isolated from pineapple waste (pineapple core and peel) and seven of them were capable to produce BC using sago liquid waste substrate. One of the AAB strains produced a relatively high BC, i.e. isolate LKN6. The result of morphological and biochemical test was proven that the bacteria  was Acetobacter xylinum.. The result of this study showed that A. xylinum LKN6 can produce a high yield of BC, therefore this strain is potentially useful for its utilization as a starter in bacterial cellulose production. 
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • The Effect of Biofertilizer on The Diversity of N2O Reducing Bacteria in
           Paddy Fields of Sukabumi, Indonesia

    • Authors: Alfan Cahyadi, Iman Rusmana, Nisa Rachmania Mubarik
      Abstract: Some of the methanotrophic bacteria and N2O reducing bacteria have been proven to be able to support the plant growth and increase the productivity of paddy. However effect of the methanotrophic and N2O reducing bacteria application as a biofertilizer to indigenous N2O reducing bacteria is still not well known yet. The aim of this study was to analyze the diversity of N2O reducing  bacteria in lowland paddy soil based on a nosZ gene. Soil samples were taken from lowland paddy soils in Pelabuhan Ratu Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia. There were two treatments for the paddy field soil, ie. biofertilizer-treated field 20% fertilizer (50 kg/ha) with the addition of biofertilizer and 100% fertilizer. PCR amplification of nosZ gene was successfully conducted using nosZF and nosZR primer pair. Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (DGGE) process was conducted at 150 V for 5.5h. There were three differences nosZ bands were sequenced. The phylogenetic analysis showed that they were close to uncultured bacteria. Microbial diversity in the biofertilizer-treated field was higher than that of  in the 100% fertilizer-treated field. The biofertilizer treatment has higher in microbial diversity than that of applied non-biofertilizer paddy fields. This research might have impact in the application of biofertilizers due to the emission of N2O as a green house gas from paddy fields farming activity. The biofertilizer has great potential application in sustainable environmental friendly agriculture systems.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Callus Induction of Gendarussa (Justicia gendarussa) by Various
           Concentration of 2,4-D, IBA, and BAP

    • Authors: Dwi Kusuma Wahyuni, Putri Andriani, Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori, Edy Setiti Wida Utami
      Abstract: Justicia gendarussa Burm.f., a medicinal plant, is Acanthaceae that has many functions. Furthermore, the compounds in gendarussa must be produced in high quantity and quality by applying callus culture method. Accordingly, it is important to study the effects of plant growth regulators (2,4-D, IBA, and BAP) on callus induction of gendarussa leaves. This research design utilized a factorial design with two factors (2,4-D and IBA: 0.5, 1, 1.5 mg/L and BAP: 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2 mg/L). The experiment consisted of 24 treatments, each of which was repeated 3 times. Observation was carried out in 6 weeks. Data on the time of callus formation, percentage of explants formed callus, and callus morphology were analyzed descriptively,while data on fresh and dry weight were analyzed by Two-Way ANOVA (α = 0.5). Interestingly, the results showed that various concentration of plant growth regulators (2,4-D, IBA, and BAP) affected callus induction from leaf explants of gendarussa. We concluded that the most optimal treatment combination of concentration of plant growth regulators in inducing callus from leaf explants of gendarussa is 1.5 mg/L 2,4-D and 2 mg/L BAP with a relatively long period of callus formation at the earliest, i.e. on day 5, 2.247 g of fresh weight, 0.108 gof dry weight, white callus translucent, and friable. Moreover, the optimum treatment will be used to produce secondary metabolite and seed synthetic by cell suspension culture.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Cryopreservation of Acehnese Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Semen with
           Combination of Glycerol and Lactose

    • Authors: Kartini Eriani, Nisa Sari, Rosnizar Rosnizar, Dasrul Dasrul, Suhartono Suhartono, Muhammad Rizal
      Abstract: Acehnese swamp buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis) are decreasing their population and genetic quality. This study was conducted to determine the influence of lactose and glycerol cryoprotectants on spermatozoa of Acehnese swamp buffaloes after thawing. This study used completely a factorial randomized design with nine treatments, and five replications. Fresh sperms of the Acehnese swamp buffalo were diluted by using a combination extender lactose cryoprotectants 0 mM  (L0), 60 mM  (L60), 120 mM (L120)  and   glycerol  3%  (G3), 5%  (G5), 7%  (G7) with the  equilibration of  4 hours. The  results showed that the combination  of  cryoprotectants L120G7 influenced  significantly   (P < 0.05) on  the  quality of  spermatozoa of  the acehnese swamp buffalo (B. bubalis) after  thawing. The percentage of  sperm motility L120G7 (42.60 ± 1.14); viability L120G7 (55.00 ± 0.71);  acrosome integrity L120G7 (52.00 ± 0.71); and plasma membrane integrity L120G7 (53.20 ± 1.48).  The combination of lactose cryoprotectants 120 mM (L120) and glycerol 7% (G7) was the best combination to maintain the quality of spermatozoa of swamp buffalo. This finding could be used to define a policy for the spermatozoa storage of Aceh swamp buffalo to artificial insemination (AI). Furthermore, future research should focus on the molecular mechanisms of the antioxidative effects of the antioxidants β-carotene and glutathione.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Effect of Carica papaya Leaf Juice on Hematology of Mice (Mus musculus)
           with Anemia

    • Authors: Afreni Hamidah, Evita Anggereini, Nurjanah Nurjanah
      Abstract: Anemia is defined as a decrease in haemoglobin concentration and the number of erythrocytes. One source of iron in vegetable is in the papaya leaf. This study aimed to determine the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin levels after the application of Carica papaya leaf on mice through the sodium nitrite induction. The research design used was Randomized Design Complete by using 5 treatments with 5 repetitions on each treatment. The data measured in this study is number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin levels of rats before being given sodium nitrite, after being given sodium nitrite and after being given papaya leaf juice. The data obtained were analyzed statistically by using variance analysis (ANOVA), and the data that significantly different was then analyzed by Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) test. The results showed that papaya leaf juice significantly affected the increase of erythrocyte count and hemoglobin level. The concentration that gives the best effect in increasing the number of erythrocytes is 50% papaya leaf juice concentration and 25% papaya leaf juice concentration which gives the best effect in increasing the hemoglobin content.Further, the findings can be used as baseline information for further scientific investigation for using Papaya leaf as an alternative medicine in curing anemia disease and analyzing phytochemical, pharmaceutical and other biological activities on other plant or vegetable and to conducted further research by using female mice and pregnant female mice.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Size and Density of Artemisia annua Stomata Soaked in Water Extract of
           Gloriosa superba Seeds

    • Authors: Sri Indah Rahmawati, Ahmad Yunus, Ari Susilowati
      Abstract: Artemisia annua is a herbaceous plant that produces artemisinin as a malaria drug, haemorrhoids therapy, aromatherapy, antiviral, anticancer and antibacterial. Gloriosa superba is a plant that contains high colchicine compounds, especially on the seeds. Gloriosa superba extracts of tubers, stems, seeds, and leaves were used as biomutagen for many plants. Colchicine contains of these plants as antimitotic have been studied and proven by the mitotic index plants. Water extracts of Gloriosa superba seeds was used as a mutagen for Artemisia annua. The aim of this study was to determine the size and density of Artemisia annua stomata soaked in water extract of Gloriosa superba seeds as a mutagen. Extraction of Gloriosa superba seeds obtained naturally on Krakal Beach, Gunung Kidul by using a maceration method with water solvent (1:1). Artemisia annua sprouts were obtained from B2P2TOOT Tawangmangu. Variables treatment on sprouts using water extract concentration of Gloriosa superba seeds and soaking time of Artemisia annua sprouts. Measurements of stomatal length, width and density were conducted in epidermis of Artemisia annua leaf. Observation and measurements of the stomata were conducted by using a light microscope. The results showed that the length and width of stomata were 0.025 mm and 0.017 mm respectively. The stomatal density of the control leaf (174.69 amount/mm2) was lower than the other treated plants. Stomatal size and density has increased with the increasing concentration extracts on treated plants. Water extracts of Gloriosa superba seeds proved the effects on stomatal size and density of treated plants.  
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Immunomodulatory Effectiveness of Aqueous Obat Pahit Extract of Lingga
           Malay Ethnic on White Rats (Rattus novergicus)

    • Authors: Fitmawati Fitmawati, Rodesia Mustika Roza, Nery Sofiyanti, Isnaini Isnaini, Febrian Lailatul Fitri, Desi Paramita, Awal Prichatin Kusumo Dewi
      Abstract: Obat pahit has been generally known and believed by Lingga Malay society as anti-aging agent. However, the study of obat pahit is not scientifically proven. This research was aimed  to prove immunomodulatory ability of Obat Pahit potion from Lingga, Riau Archipelago. This study used white rats as an animal modelling, and Staphylococcus aureus as bacteria tester. The rats had been treated with aqueous obat pahit extract from three TMPs on dose scales of 0.09, 0.18 and 0.27 mL/200g of body weight through oral administration for 7 days. Furthermore, on the 8th days, the experiment animals were injected by the preparation of bacteria tester through intraperitoneal administration in the amount of 0.5 mL/200 gram of body weigth and subsequently incubated for 1 hour after the injection. There were 2 observed parameters on this study, i.e efectivity and capacity of phagocytosis by leukocytes. The observation of leukocytes-phagocytocis activity was carried out by making a smear preparat samples of peritoneum fluid from rats. After the observation under microscope on a magnification of 100 times. The result was obtained the obat pahit from Kalan PMT swere more effective on dose 2, while from SP4 and Linau TMPs were much more effective on dose 1. It is therefore, using these data of the results, the advanced doses scale of this obat pahit would not be necessary. Obat pahit potion from Malay Lingga Malay Ethnic could become raw materials of immunomodulatory herbal medicine based on traditional knowledege. It also potentially as a standardized herbal.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Contribution of Plantation Forest on Wild Bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)
           Pollinators Conservation in Mount Slamet, Central Java, Indonesia

    • Authors: Imam Widhiono, Eming Sudiana, Edy Yani
      Abstract: Wild bee pollinators (Hymenoptera : Apiade) diversity and abundance were studied in three types of plantation forest on Mt. Slamet (Central Java Province, Indonesia). The aims of the research was to know the diversity and abundance of wild bee pollinators and to determine the possibility of plantation forest contribution on wild bees conservation. Sampling has been done at three stands: a pine forest (PF, with Pinus merkusii), an Agathis forest (AF, with Agathis damara) and a community forest (CF, with Albizia falctaria). Each habitat was divided into 5 line transect (100 x 5 m) and sweep nets were used to collect the wild bee samples. Sampling was done eah month from April to August 2015. The diversity of wild bees was high (12 species in 9 genera; members of the Apidae (7 species were dominant). The most abundant species across the forests were Apis cerana (343 individuals; 25.5% of total), Trigona laeviceps (195 individuals; 14.5%), and Megachille relativa (165 individuals; 12.3%). Measurements of species diversity (H’), species evenness (E), habitat similarity (Ss) and species richness indicated that the wild bee species diversity in the region was relatively high (H’ = 1.275) to (H’ = 1.730); (E= 0.870) to (E = 0.93). The result showed that the diversity of wild bees in three different plantation forest habitats on Mt. Slamet were similar and  can be concluded that plantation forest types were important for pollinator conservation, and an appropriate future preservation strategy should include of the areas of all plantation forest types
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Genetic Variability of Local Corn Cultivars from Kisar Island Southwest
           Maluku Regency Using Microsatellite Molecular Marker

    • Authors: Hermalina Sinay, Ritha Lusian Karuwal
      Abstract: Kisar Island is one area in Southwest Maluku Regency, that has high diversity of corn germplasm with different morphological characteristic and can be investigated at the molecular level through DNA identification using microsatellite. This research aim was to reveal the genetic variability of local corn cultivars from Kisar Island using microsatellite molecular marker. The use of microstellile markers is based on one reasons that the genetic information is polymorphic, and will be better to identify genetic diversity of plants including corn. Corn cultivars used were obtained from farmer in Kisar Island, and three reference varieties as outgroup were obtained from Institute of Cereals in Maros South Sulawesi. Polymerase chain reaction was conducted following the protocols from Fast Start kit (Qiagen-USA). The data obtained then analyzed with MVSP 3.1A Software for dendogram construction. The results showed that the appearance of DNA bands was vary (monomorphic and polymorphic) for local cultivars as well as reference varieties, with one or two bands on each primer. Based on the dendogram, there are three main clusters with similarity index ranged from 20% -100%. It can be concluded there is very low similarity and disntnat kinship of local cultivars. The novelty of this research is knowing kinship relationship between local corn in Kisar Island which is not known yet. This results is expected to provide benefits regarding the breeding program, and for instance, it can be an important information regarding the development of local corn as a source in assembly the superior corn cultivars.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Traditional Knowledge on The Animal Utilization by The Hatam Tribe of
           Manokwari, West Papua Province

    • Authors: Simon Sutarno, Ibnul Qayim, Ignatius Muhadiono, Yohanes Purwanto, Ervizal A. M. Zuhud
      Abstract: Animal utilization in traditional community life is an integral part of traditional knowledge itself. This research aims to reveal the Hatam people’s traditional knowledge about the utilization of animals in their lives. The method used is the exploratory survey method. The respondents were determined purposively using the snowball sampling technique. The results showed that there are at least 55 species of animals commonly used by the Hatam people. Based on the forms of utilization, the animals can be divided into six groups: consumption, traditional medicine, specific meanings, traditional technology and arts, significant value, and traditional purposes. Wild animals are most widely used for the living needs of the Hatam people. The traditional hunt that is limited and the communal land ownership system (ulayat system) practiced by the Hatam people have indirectly helped preserve and ensure the availability of wildlife for the Hatam people’s needs. In addition to being a form of documentation of Hatam people’s traditional knowledge, the results of this research also have significance for the development of science especially in the field of ethnozoology. The form of interaction between Hatam people and animals revealed in this research can also serve as a reference for designing development policies related to the presence of Hatam people in the Arfak mountains.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
  • Polysaccharides from Okra Improves Spleen Weight and B-Lymphocytes
           Proliferation in Mice Infected by Staphylococcus aureus

    • Authors: Sri Puji Astuti Wahyuningsih, Manikya Pramudya, Intan Permata Putri, Nadyatul Ilma Indah Savira, Dwi Winarni, Listijani Suhargo, Win Darmanto
      Abstract: Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) is reported to have various biological functions such as antioxidant, anticancer and anti-inflammation. However, few studies has been reported in immunomodulatory activity of okra to prevent disease caused by bacteria infection. In this study, the immunomodulatory activities of polysaccharides from okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) pods were investigated further through spleen weight and B-lymphocytes proliferation in mice infected by Staphylococcus aureus. Okra polysaccharides was obtain by water extraction and ethanol precipitation. Okra polysaccharide with doses of 25, 50, 75 and 100 mg/kg BW was orally administrated to mice with or without Staphylococcus aureus infection. Spleen weight was evaluated among treatment group and control group. B-lymphocytes proliferation was evaluated by MTT assay using LPS induction. Results showed that okra polysaccharide at the doses of 50, 75 and 100 mg/kg increased spleen weight (p < 0,05) significantly. For B-lymphocytes proliferation, 75 and 100 mg/kg of okra polysaccharide significantly improved B-lymphocytes proliferation (p < 0,05). Between the spleen weight and B-lymphocytes proliferation had a positive correlation of 73.3%. These result suggest that okra polysaccharide could improve immune response and utilized as novel candidate of neutraceutical 
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2017)
       
 
 
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