Subjects -> EDUCATION (Total: 2550 journals)
    - ADULT EDUCATION (24 journals)
    - COLLEGE AND ALUMNI (10 journals)
    - E-LEARNING (37 journals)
    - EDUCATION (2189 journals)
    - HIGHER EDUCATION (154 journals)
    - INTERNATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS (4 journals)
    - ONLINE EDUCATION (41 journals)
    - SCHOOL ORGANIZATION (14 journals)
    - SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATION (40 journals)
    - TEACHING METHODS AND CURRICULUM (37 journals)

EDUCATION (2189 journals)                  1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 857 Journals sorted alphabetically
#Tear : Revista de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
(Pensamiento), (palabra) y obra     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
21. Yüzyılda Eğitim Ve Toplum Eğitim Bilimleri Ve Sosyal Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access  
21st Century Pedagogy     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
@tic. revista d'innovació educativa     Open Access  
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ABDIMAS ALTRUIS : Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat     Open Access  
Abdimas Toddopuli : Jurnal Pengabdian Pada Masyarakat     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
About Campus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Academic Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Academic Psychiatry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Academic Questions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Academy of Educational Leadership Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Academy of Management Learning and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 65)
Accounting & Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Accounting Education: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Açıköğretim Uygulamaları ve Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
ACM Transactions on Computing Education (TOCE)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Acta Científica : Ciências Humanas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Didactica Norge     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Educationis Generalis     Open Access  
Acta Paedagogica Vilnensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Scientiarum. Education     Open Access  
Action in Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 79)
Action Learning: Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Action Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Active Learning in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 371)
Actualidades Pedagógicas     Open Access  
Adelphi series     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Adiyaman University Journal of Educational Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administração Educacional     Open Access  
Administration & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Administrative Science Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 245)
Adult Education Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 246)
Advanced Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Building Education     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Health Sciences Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Advances in School Mental Health Promotion     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
AERA Open     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Africa Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
African Journal of Chemical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
African Journal of Health Professions Education     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Research in Mathematics, Science and Technology Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Agora     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
AGORA Magazine     Open Access  
Ahi Evran Üniversitesi Kırşehir Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AIDS Education and Prevention     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ainedidaktiikka     Open Access  
Akadémiai Értesítö     Full-text available via subscription  
Akademos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
AKSIOMATIK : Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aksis : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia     Open Access  
Al-Athfaal : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Al-Bahith Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Fikrah     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Al-Idarah : Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Jabar : Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Mudarris : Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Al-Tadris : Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Al-Tadzkiyyah : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al-Tanzim : Jurnal Manajemen Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Al.Qadisiya journal for the Sciences of Physical Education     Open Access  
Alan Eğitimi Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
Alberta Journal of Educational Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Aldaba     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Alexandria : Revista de Educação em Ciência e Tecnologia     Open Access  
Alotrop     Open Access  
Alsic : Apprentissage des Langues et Systèmes d'Information et de Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Alteridad     Open Access  
Amasya Universitesi Egitim Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Ambiente & Educação : Revista de Educação Ambiental     Open Access  
American Annals of the Deaf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
American Biology Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
American Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 235)
American Journal of Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Distance Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
American Journal of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 279)
American Journal of Educational Research     Open Access   (Followers: 72)
American Journal of Health Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
American Journal of Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
American String Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ana Dili Eğitimi Dergisi / Journal of Mother Tongue Education     Open Access  
Anadolu Journal Of Educational Sciences International     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Anadolu University Journal of Education Faculty     Open Access  
ANALES de la Universidad Central del Ecuador     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Anargya : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Matematika     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio N – Educatio Nova     Open Access  
Annali dell'Universita di Ferrara     Hybrid Journal  
Annals of Dyslexia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Annals of Modern Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Antistasis : An Open Educational Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Anuario Pilquen : Sección Divulgación Científica     Open Access  
Apertura. Revista de innovación educativa‏     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Apex : New Zealand Journal of Gifted Children     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Environmental Education & Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Applied Measurement in Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Aprender     Open Access  
AR-RIAYAH : Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar     Open Access  
Arabia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arabiyatuna : Jurnal Bahasa Arab     Open Access  
Archivos de Ciencias de la Educación     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Areté, Revista Digital del Doctorado en Educación de la Universidad Central de Venezuela     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arrancada     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ars Educandi     Open Access  
Art Design & Communication in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Arte e Investigación     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arts and Humanities in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Arts Education Policy Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Artseduca : Revista electrónica de educación en las ARTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
ASEAN Journal of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ASHE Higher Education Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Asia Pacific Education Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asia Pacific Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Asia-Pacific Education Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Asian Journal of Distance Education     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Education and Social Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asian Journal of English Language Teaching     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Asian Journal of Legal Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASp     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Assessing Writing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 244)
Assessment for Effective Intervention     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Assessment Update     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
AStA Wirtschafts- und Sozialstatistisches Archiv     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
At-Ta'dib Jurnal Kependidikan Islam     Open Access  
At-Taqaddum     Open Access  
At-Turats     Open Access  
ATENA Didaktik     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atenas : Revista Científico Pedagógica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Athenea Digital     Open Access  
ATIKAN : Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan (Journal of Educational Studies)     Open Access  
Atthulab : Islamic Religion Teaching and Learning Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Aula Abierta     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Aula de Encuentro     Open Access  
Australasian Journal of Educational Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Australasian Journal of Engineering Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Australasian Journal of Gifted Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australasian Marketing Journal (AMJ)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Art Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Educational Researcher     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Australian Journal of Adult Learning     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Australian Journal of Career Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Dyslexia and Learning Difficulties     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Australian Journal of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Australian Journal of Environmental Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Australian Journal of Music Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 476)
Australian Journal of Teacher Education     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Australian Mathematics Teacher, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Australian Primary Mathematics Classroom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Screen Education Online     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian TAFE Teacher     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Universities' Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Autism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 343)
Avaliação : Revista da Avaliação da Educação Superior (Campinas)     Open Access  
Azalea: Journal of Korean Literature & Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Bahastra     Open Access  
Balkan Region Conference on Engineering and Business Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Baltic Journal of Career Education and Management     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Basastra : Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pengajarannya     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
BC TEAL Journal     Open Access  
Becoming : Journal of the Georgia Middle School Association     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Behavioural Sciences Undergraduate Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
BELAJEA : Jurnal Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
BELIA : Early Childhood Education Papers     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
BELT - Brazilian English Language Teaching Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Berkeley Review of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biblioteca Escolar em Revista     Open Access  
Biblioteka i Edukacja     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bildung und Erziehung     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bio-Lectura     Open Access  
BIODIK : Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioedukasi : Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UM Metro     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bioma : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi     Open Access  
Biosaintifika : Journal of Biology & Biology Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Biosfer : Jurnal Biologi dan Pendidikan Biologi     Open Access  
Biosfer : Jurnal Tadris Biologi     Open Access  
BISE : Jurnal Pendidikan Bisnis dan Ekonomi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biuletyn Historii Wychowania     Open Access  
BMC Medical Education     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
BMJ Simulation & Technology Enhanced Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Boletim Cearense de Educação e História da Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim de Educação Matemática     Open Access  
Boletim Técnico do Senac     Open Access  
Bordón : Revista de Pedagogía     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British (Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
British Educational Research Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 251)
British Journal of Educational Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 204)
British Journal of Educational Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 203)

        1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Academic Medicine
Journal Prestige (SJR): 2.53
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 75  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1040-2446 - ISSN (Online) 1938-808X
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [301 journals]
  • Women and Academic Medicine, 2020
    • Authors: Roberts; Laura Weiss
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Differences in Milestone Evaluations of Men and Women: The Devil Is in the
           Details
    • Authors: O’Connor; Daniel M.; Dayal, Arjun; Arora, Vineet M.
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • In Reply
    • Authors: Santen; Sally A.; Yamazaki, Kenji; Holmboe, Eric S.; Hamstra, Stan J.
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Lift as You Rise: Conference Panel Comoderation With Female Trainees
    • Authors: Gerull; Katherine M.; Loe, Maren E.; Swaroop, Mamta; Jain, Shikha
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Toward Thoughtful Use of Shelf Exam Scores in Clerkship Assessment Systems
    • Authors: Mattson; Christopher; Park, Yoon Soo
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Medical Students in the Operating Room: Helpful, Not a Hindrance
    • Authors: Soualhi; Ahmed; Kraria, Loubna; Munajjed, Osama
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • In Reply
    • Authors: Odell; David D.
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Achieving Gender Equity Is Our Responsibility: Leadership Matters
    • Authors: Acosta; David A.; Lautenberger, Diana M.; Castillo-Page, Laura; Skorton, David J.
      Abstract: imageAcross academic medicine, and particularly among faculty and medical school leadership, the status quo is unacceptable when it comes to gender diversity, equity, and inclusion. The Association of American Medical Colleges has launched a bold gender equity initiative, endorsed by its Board of Directors, to implore academic medical institutions to take meaningful and effective actions.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • A Long, Adventurous Journey: Reflecting on 50 Years as a Woman in Academic
           Medicine
    • Authors: DeAngelis; Catherine D.
      Abstract: As part of a special collection of articles on women in academic medicine, the author reflects on her 50 years in medicine as a trainee, faculty member, administrator, and editor-in-chief of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). She uses personal experiences to illustrate several lessons learned. First, good leaders share 4 characteristics, each of which begins with the letter “T” (tenacity, tough mindedness—not toughness, thick skin, and tender heart). Second, never underestimate the ability to change things. Third, always keep a paper trail. Fourth, people will not remember what was said, but they will never forget how they were made to feel. Fifth, support that comes only from the top is actually a hanging. Sixth, losing one’s vision might be worse than losing one’s sight. And finally, some things can only be seen through eyes that have cried. The author closes with advice for women negotiating a first or a new position, and a reminder that whatever position one holds in medicine, it is part of the greatest profession in the world, affording its members the honor and joy of taking care of sick people.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Where Are We in Bridging the Gender Leadership Gap in Academic
           Medicine'
    • Authors: Valantine; Hannah A.
      Abstract: imageIn nearly all walks of life, leadership sets the tone for what gets done, who does it, and how it is achieved. In 2020, the top ranks of academic medicine have not yet attained gender parity—an aspirational goal set 7 years ago in this journal as “50:50 by 2020,” and a vital aim for the United States’ productivity and innovation as a leader in biomedical research. Parity in academic leadership for women and other groups underrepresented in science and medicine will seed the culture change necessary for inclusive excellence: environments in which individuals from all backgrounds thrive in their pursuit of new knowledge to benefit human health.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Leading by Design: Lessons for the Future From 25 Years of the Executive
           Leadership in Academic Medicine (ELAM) Program for Women
    • Authors: Jagsi; Reshma; Spector, Nancy D.
      Abstract: The Hedwig van Ameringen Executive Leadership in Academic Medicine (ELAM) Program for Women is designed to promote the careers of senior female leaders in academic health care in a way that ultimately seeks to transform culture and promote gender equity far beyond the careers of its participants. In an era of increased awareness of gender inequity within academic medicine, the longevity of the ELAM program raises several important questions. First, why is such a program still needed' Second, what exactly does it do, and what has been its influence on its participants and beyond' And third, what lessons can ELAM’s example provide to help guide the medical profession as it strives to promote gender equity in the field' In this Invited Commentary, the authors seek to answer these questions from the perspective of a recent program participant and the current program director. The authors review the evidence that identifies how women, even today, face accumulating disadvantage over the course of their academic careers, stemming from repeated encounters with powerful unconscious biases and stereotypes, societal expectations for a gendered division of domestic labor, and still-present overt discrimination and sexual harassment. They describe ELAM’s approach, which builds the knowledge and skills of the women who participate in the program, while also intentionally raising their visibility within their home institutions so that they have opportunities to share with institutional leaders what they have learned in ways that not only promote their own careers but also support gender equity in the broader environment. The authors conclude by offering thoughts on how ELAM’s model may be leveraged in the future, ideally in partnership with the numerous professional societies, funding agencies, and other organizations that are committed to accelerating the rate of progress toward gender equity at all levels of academic medicine.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Women in Academic Surgery: A Double-Edged Scalpel
    • Authors: Greenup; Rachel A.; Pitt, Susan C.
      Abstract: Women continue to be underrepresented in academic surgery, especially at the leadership level. Surgical culture has been historically male dominated and recently received negative attention for higher rates of mistreatment, sexual harassment, and attrition of women compared with other medical specialties. The authors examine factors that contribute to challenges in academic surgery, making it a potentially difficult environment for women and underrepresented minorities; these include surgical culture, work–life balance, and historic promotion timelines. Efforts to change social norms and structural biases are critical to improving gender parity in academic surgery.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Seeking Parity for Women in Academic Medicine: A Historical Perspective
    • Authors: Ludmerer; Kenneth M.
      Abstract: In this Invited Commentary, the author applies a historical lens to explore a fundamental paradox in U.S. medical education: the fact that long after women gained parity with men in matriculation to medical school, women remain highly underrepresented in leadership positions in academic medicine. The reasons for this are many and complex, but at the core are the subtle but hurtful indignities (“microinequities”) experienced by women physicians and an academic culture that expects single-minded dedication to work, regardless of the costs to faculty members’ personal lives. Achieving parity for women in academic leadership will require changing the culture of medical schools and teaching hospitals to correct these 2 fundamental obstacles. In recent years, many medical schools and teaching hospitals have made efforts to improve opportunities and satisfaction for women trainees and physicians, enacting reforms to improve work–life balance for all faculty. It is plausible to imagine a future in which flexible time frames to achieve tenure and promotion are universally available to both women and men, with high scholarly standards firmly maintained. If this occurs, it will represent a profound legacy for women in academic medicine, for their generations of professional sacrifice and advocacy for a more equitable culture will have changed its culture.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Teaching Professional Formation in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Authors: McCullough; Laurence B.; Coverdale, John; Chervenak, Frank A.
      Abstract: In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Association of American Medical Colleges has called for a temporary suspension of clinical teaching activities for medical students. Planning for the continued involvement of learners in patient care during this pandemic should include teaching learners professional formation. The authors provide an ethical framework to guide such teaching, based on the ethical principle of beneficence and the professional virtues of courage and self-sacrifice from professional ethics in medicine. The authors show that these concepts support the conclusion that learners are ethically obligated to accept reasonable, but not unreasonable, risk. Based on this ethical framework, the authors provide an account of the process of teaching professional formation that medical educators and academic leaders should implement. Medical educators and academic leaders should embrace the opportunity that the COVID-19 pandemic presents for teaching professional formation. Learners should acquire the conceptual vocabulary of professional formation. Learners should recognize that risk of infection from patients is unavoidable. Learners should become aware of established ethical standards for professional responsibility during epidemics from the history of medicine. Learners should master understandable fear. Medical educators and academic leaders should ensure that didactic teaching of professional formation continues when it becomes justified to end learners’ participation in the processes of patient care; topics should include the professionally responsible management of scarce medical resources. The COVID-19 pandemic will not be the last major infectious disease that puts learners at risk. Professional ethics in medicine provides powerful conceptual tools that can be used as an ethical framework to guide medical educators to teach learners, who will bear leadership responsibilities in responses to future pandemics, professional formation.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Dare to Look
    • Authors: Davis; Denise Lynne
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Accelerated Graduation and the Deployment of New Physicians During the
           COVID-19 Pandemic
    • Authors: Flotte; Terence R.; Larkin, Anne C.; Fischer, Melissa A.; Chimienti, Sonia N.; DeMarco, Deborah M.; Fan, Pang-Yen; Collins, Michael F.
      Abstract: imageThe COVID-19 pandemic has presented unprecedented challenges and opportunities for medical schools in the United States. In this Invited Commentary, the authors describe a unique collaboration between the University of Massachusetts Medical School (UMMS), the only public medical school in the state; the University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center (UMMMC); and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Through this partnership, UMMS was able to graduate fourth-year medical students 2 months early and deploy them to UMMMC to care for patients and alleviate workforce shortages during the COVID-19 surge, which peaked in Massachusetts in April 2020. The authors describe how they determined if students had fulfilled graduation requirements to graduate early, what commencement and the accompanying awards ceremony looked like this year as virtual events, the special emergency 90-day limited license these new graduates were given to practice at UMMMC during this time, and the impact these new physicians had in the hospital allowing residents and attendings to be redeployed to care for COVID-19 patients.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Managing a Specialty Service During the COVID-19 Crisis: Lessons From a
           New York City Health System
    • Authors: Ammar; Adam; Stock, Ariel D.; Holland, Ryan; Gelfand, Yaroslav; Altschul, David
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has stretched health care resources to a point of crisis throughout the world. To answer the call for care, health care workers in a diverse range of specialties are being retasked to care for patients with COVID-19. Consequently, specialty services have had to adapt to decreased staff available for coverage coupled with a need to remain available for specialty-specific emergencies, which now require a dynamic definition. In this Invited Commentary, the authors describe their experiences and share lessons learned regarding triage of patients, staff safety, workforce management, and the psychological impact as they have adapted to a new reality in the Department of Neurosurgery at Montefiore Medical Center, a COVID-19 hot spot in New York City.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • When a Specialty Becomes “Women’s Work”: Trends in and Implications
           of Specialty Gender Segregation in Medicine
    • Authors: Pelley; Elaine; Carnes, Molly
      Abstract: imageThe gender composition of physician specialties varies dramatically with some becoming increasingly female predominant while others remain overwhelmingly male. In their analysis of physician workforce data, the authors demonstrate that despite large increases in the number of female physicians over 4 decades, the degree of gender segregation between specialties has not declined. The authors describe lessons from the highly gender-segregated U.S. workforce as a whole to understand these demographic patterns in the physician workforce. Echoing U.S. workforce findings, women physicians are becoming overrepresented in certain specialties, and this appears to be associated with a relative decline in earnings for physicians in these specialties over time. The authors found a strong negative relationship between the proportion of female physicians in a specialty and its mean salary, with gender composition explaining 64% of the variation in salaries among the medical specialties.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • To Be Seen, Heard, and Valued: Strategies to Promote a Sense of Belonging
           for Women and Underrepresented in Medicine Physicians
    • Authors: Haggins; Adrianne N.
      Abstract: Lingering unconscious biases and daily cues continue to permeate and persist in academic medicine environments in the form of the exclusion of physicians who are women or racially/ethnically underrepresented in medicine. Academic medicine environments must change so that women and underrepresented in medicine racial/ethnic groups are seen, heard, and valued. A shared awareness among faculty, administrators, and trainees can inform the development of intentional strategies to alter individual behaviors, academic spaces, and institutional processes to cultivate a sense of belonging. Shifting the norms in medicine and the course of historical exclusion will require professional development in areas of inclusive teaching practices, skills to cultivate mentoring relationships with diverse trainees, and fostering discussions about the relevance of personal identity, as well as attention to the symbolism and imagery in institutional messages (e.g., portraits on the walls, website, marketing campaigns) and to the value of including community involvement in productivity metrics.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Coaching Versus Competency to Facilitate Professional Identity Formation
    • Authors: Sawatsky; Adam P.; Huffman, Brandon M.; Hafferty, Frederic W.
      Abstract: Professional identity formation, with its focus on the development of professional values, actions, and aspirations, is the ideal goal of medical education. Medicine is a community of practice, and medical education is a socialization process by which novice trainees become full community members. The authors believe coaching provides an ideal means for promoting this socialization process to develop a learner’s identity as they engage in the community. Coaching involves an orientation toward growth and development, valuing reflection and nurturing continuous reflection, and embracing failure as an opportunity for learning. However, there are challenges to implementing coaching in medical education. Competency-based medical education has provided clear outcomes (competencies) for medical education and programs of assessment around these competencies. Yet, there is a tension in medical training between professional identity formation (the process of socialization into the profession) and the formal assessment process. The ideal of multiple low-stakes assessments and written evaluations, intended as formative assessments, are perceived by residents as high-stakes evaluations with significant consequences for their future. The authors present a resident story that highlights this tension. They outline Goffman’s theory of impression management, postulating that medicine’s assessment system encourages residents to stage a performance for evaluators that displays their competence and conceals their perceived weaknesses. This performance hinders coaching and the formation of an appropriate professional identity. Coaching, the authors believe, provides a model that aligns assessment and professional identity formation. Given the challenges to implementing coaching in medical education, the authors propose several questions to contemplate when integrating coaching into medical education to facilitate the goal of professional identity formation.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • The Definition of Faculty Must Evolve: A Call to Action
    • Authors: Bellini; Lisa M.; Kaplan, Brian; Fischel, Janet E.; Meltzer, Carolyn; Peterson, Pamela; Sonnino, Roberta E.
      Abstract: imageAs academic medical centers and academic health centers continue to adapt to the changing landscape of medicine in the United States, the definition of what it means to be faculty must evolve as well. Both institutional economic priorities and the need to recalibrate educational programs to address current and future societal and patient needs have brought new complexity to faculty identity, faculty value, and the educational mission.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Resident Leadership in the Era of COVID-19: Harnessing Emotional
           Intelligence
    • Authors: Ward; Heather Burrell
      Abstract: imageThe COVID-19 pandemic is a public health emergency that demands leadership throughout the health care system. Leadership is the ability to guide a team or organization toward a stated goal or objective. In addition to hospital-wide leadership, there is need for leadership at the level of medical teams. Resident leadership is essential to ensure team function and patient care, yet residents are often overlooked as valuable leaders. This Perspective argues that residents can demonstrate leadership during a public health crisis by creating a culture of emotional intelligence in their medical teams. Emotional intelligence has been identified as a critical aspect of leadership and consists of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, and relationship management. In psychiatry, patient interactions depend upon psychiatrists demonstrating a high level of attention to their own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors as well as those of the patient to communicate in a way that demonstrates both understanding and empathy. In this Perspective, a psychiatry resident uses expertise in emotional intelligence to recommend residents (1) be mindful, (2) ask and listen, (3) establish safety, and (4) unite around a common goal. These practical recommendations can be immediately implemented to increase emotional intelligence on medical teams to improve team function and patient care. Emotional intelligence is valuable at all levels of leadership, so hospital leadership and program directors should also heed these suggestions. While these recommendations are not unique to COVID-19, they are of paramount importance during the pandemic.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Gender Bias in Collaborative Medical Decision Making: Emergent Evidence
    • Authors: Helzer; Erik G.; Myers, Christopher G.; Fahim, Christine; Sutcliffe, Kathleen M.; Abernathy, James H.
      Abstract: imageThis initial, exploratory study on gender bias in collaborative medical decision making examined the degree to which physicians’ reliance on a team member’s patient care advice differs as a function of the gender of the advice giver. In 2018, 283 anesthesiologists read a brief, online clinical vignette and were randomly assigned to receive treatment advice from 1 of 8 possible sources (physician or nurse, man or woman, experienced or inexperienced). They then indicated their treatment decision, as well as the degree to which they relied upon the advice given.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Behind the Mask: An Exploratory Assessment of Female Surgeons’
           Experiences of Gender Bias
    • Authors: Barnes; K. Lauren; Dunivan, Gena; Sussman, Andrew L.; McGuire, Lauren; McKee, Rohini
      Abstract: imageThough overt sexism is decreasing, women now experience subtle, often unconscious, gender bias as microaggressions. The authors sought to explore the prevalence and impact of the sexist microaggressions female surgeons experience, using a sequential exploratory mixed methods approach (January 2018–April 2018), to identify opportunities for education and prevention. First, all resident, fellow, and attending female surgeons at the University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center (UNM HSC) were invited to participate in focus groups conducted by experienced moderators using a semistructured interview guide based on the 7 Sexist Microaggressions Experiences and Stress Scale (Sexist MESS) domains. Qualitative analysis was performed using line-by-line manual coding to identify themes aligned with the Sexist MESS domains as well as other gender bias experiences of female surgeons. Next, a survey was sent to all resident, fellow, and attending female surgeons at the UNM HSC, which included the Sexist MESS questionnaire and questions related to surgeon-specific experiences of gender bias that the authors developed based on major thematic categories from the focus groups.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Full House
    • Authors: Draper; Phoebe Frances
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Artist’s Statement: MS3
    • Authors: Chen; Pamela
      Abstract: imageNo abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Stories in Training
    • Authors: Goldenberg; Ben; Srisuwananukorn, Andrew; Cummins, John Steven; Kreston, Rebecca; Gramelspacher, Anna Maria; King, Rachael
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Commentary on Stories in Training
    • Authors: Gramelspacher; Anna Maria; Cummins, John Steven
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • 2020 Hope Babette Tang Humanism in Healthcare Essay Contest: Third Place
           Nursing Student Essay: Mia
    • Authors: Max; Sonia
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • 2020 Hope Babette Tang Humanism in Healthcare Essay Contest: Third Place
           Medical Student Essay
    • Authors: Ferri; Grace
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Fast, Easy, and Good: Assessing Entrustable Professional Activities in
           Psychiatry Residents With a Mobile App
    • Authors: Young; John Q.; McClure, Matthew
      Abstract: Problem Entrustable professional activities (EPAs) can be used to operationalize competency-based medical education. Mobile apps can efficiently capture feedback based on direct observation. To leverage the benefits of both, the authors developed an assessment tool that combines EPAs with mobile technology.Approach The authors designed an app to collect EPA data based on direct observation using human–technology interface guidelines. Data collected in the app included: name of resident, the 13 end-of-training EPAs for psychiatry, entrustment ratings, and corrective narrative feedback. The app was implemented in an outpatient continuity clinic for second-year psychiatry residents over a 10-month period between September 2017 and June 2018. Ten faculty–resident dyads piloted the app. To assess the feasibility, utility, and validity of this intervention, the authors examined 3 outcomes: (1) utilization (mean time to complete each assessment; percentage of dyads who completed 10 assessments), (2) quality of the comments (proportion of comments that were behaviorally specific and actionable), and (3) correlation between entrustment level and resident experience (defined as days elapsed since the beginning of the experience).Outcomes A total of 99 assessments were completed during the pilot. Mean time to complete an assessment was 76 seconds (standard deviation = 50 seconds, median = 67 seconds). Only 6 of the 10 dyads completed at least 10 assessments. Of all comments, 95% (94) were behaviorally specific and actionable and 91% (90) were corrective. Entrustment scores correlated moderately with resident experience (r = 0.43, P < .001).Next Steps The authors’ EPA mobile app was efficient, generated high-quality feedback, and produced entrustment scores that improved as the residents gained experience. Challenges included uneven adoption. Looking forward, the authors plan to examine the enablers and barriers to adoption from an implementation science perspective.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Beyond the Chief Concern
    • Authors: Saklecha; Anokhi
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Childbearing Decisions in Residency: A Multicenter Survey of Female
           Residents
    • Authors: Stack; Shobha W.; Jagsi, Reshma; Biermann, J. Sybil; Lundberg, Gina P.; Law, Karen L.; Milne, Caroline K.; Williams, Sigrid G.; Burton, Tracy C.; Larison, Cindy L.; Best, Jennifer A.
      Abstract: imagePurpose To characterize how female residents make decisions about childbearing, factors associated with the decision to delay childbearing, and satisfaction with these decisions.Method In 2017, the authors sent a voluntary, anonymous survey to 1,537 female residents enrolled across 78 graduate medical education programs, consisting of 25 unique specialties, at 6 U.S. academic medical centers. Survey items included personal, partner, and institutional characteristics, whether the respondent was delaying childbearing during residency, and the respondent’s satisfaction with this decision.Results The survey response rate was 52% (n = 804). Among the 447 (56%) respondents who were married or partnered, 274 (61%) were delaying childbearing. Residents delaying childbearing were significantly more likely to be younger (P < .001), not currently a parent (P < .001), in a specialty with an uncontrollable lifestyle (P = .001), or in a large program (P = .004). Among self-reported reasons for delaying childbearing, which were not mutually exclusive, the majority cited a busy work schedule (n = 255; 93%) and desire not to extend residency training (n = 145; 53%). Many cited lack of access to childcare (n = 126; 46%), financial concerns (n = 116; 42%), fear of burdening colleagues (n = 96; 35%), and concern for pregnancy complications (n = 74; 27%). Only 38% (n = 103) of respondents delaying childbearing were satisfied with this decision, with satisfaction decreasing with increasing age.Conclusions Decisions to delay childbearing are more common in certain specialties, and many residents who delay childbearing are not satisfied with that decision. These findings suggest that greater attention is needed overall, and particularly in certain specialties, to promote policies and cultures that both anticipate and normalize parenthood in residency, thus minimizing the conflict between biological and professional choices for female residents.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Evaluating the Role of Self-Esteem on Differential Career Outcomes by
           Gender in Academic Medicine
    • Authors: Manne-Goehler; Jennifer; Freund, Karen M.; Raj, Anita; Kaplan, Samantha E.; Terrin, Norma; Breeze, Janis L.; Carr, Phyllis L.
      Abstract: imagePurpose Gender differences in faculty advancement persist in academic medicine. Understanding of what drives these differences remains limited. The relationship among self-esteem, gender, and career outcomes has not previously been explored.Method The authors evaluated the association between gender and 2012–2013 career outcomes, specifically, the number of publications, academic rank, leadership positions, and retention, and whether self-esteem as measured in the 1995 National Faculty Survey mediates this relationship. They measured self-esteem using the modified Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. The authors used multivariable logistic regression analysis to understand the association among gender, self-esteem, and the outcomes of rank, leadership, and retention, and negative binomial models for number of publications. Models were adjusted for race, specialty, effort distribution, and years since first faculty appointment. The authors performed a mediation analysis to understand whether self-esteem mediates the relationship between gender and these career outcomes.Results Overall, self-esteem scores were high. Women had lower self-esteem in 1995 than their male colleagues. In adjusted models, female gender was associated with lower performance on all 4 career outcome metrics. While self-esteem scores were positively associated with all 4 outcomes, the authors’ mediation analysis suggested that self-esteem did not mediate the relationship between gender and these 4 career metrics.Conclusions Female medical faculty members lag behind men on traditional metrics of faculty achievement. While higher self-esteem is positively associated with faculty achievement, it did not mediate the relationship between gender and career advancement over the 17 years of follow-up and, thus, may not be an ideal target for programs and policies to increase gender parity in academic medicine.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Curricular Approaches to Transgender Health in Physician Assistant
           Education
    • Authors: Rolls; Joanne; Davis, John; Backman, Richard; Wood, Tim; Honda, Trenton
      Abstract: imagePurpose According to the Williams Institute, 1.4 million U.S. adults identify as transgender. Many experience health care disparities. Professional organizations call for medical education to improve transgender care, but what curricula are being delivered is unknown. The goal of this study was to conduct the first comprehensive, national survey of transgender health care curricula in physician assistant (PA) education.Method The authors sent a questionnaire to program directors (PDs) at all 236 U.S. PA programs in June 2018. They categorized programs as those that currently deliver at least 1 hour of transgender health content and those who do not (Teaching/Not Teaching). They examined differences between Teaching and Not Teaching programs using chi-square tests, and they evaluated comments for themes.Results The response rate was 100%. Of the 236 programs, 202 (85.6%) teach transgender content and 34 (14.4%) do not. According to PDs, most transgender content was delivered in medical interviewing (44.1%) or women’s health (31.4%) and the most common transgender health topics included differentiating between sex and gender and between behavior and identity (78.8%), followed by health disparities (77.5%) and barriers to care (75.0%). PDs most commonly cited a lack of time (51.3%) and faculty knowledge (35.6%) as barriers for teaching transgender health topics. Half of the PDs (50.4%) ranked transgender health as very or extremely important. The authors detected statistically significant differences between Teaching and Not Teaching programs based on geographic region (P = .01), perceived importance (P ≤ .001), and presence of knowledgeable faculty (P = .01). Presence of knowledgeable faculty was significantly associated with perceived importance (P = .01).Conclusions This is the first comprehensive, nationwide survey of transgender health education in U.S. PA programs. A key finding is that the presence of expert faculty is significantly associated with delivery and perceived importance of transgender health curricula.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Exploring the Networking of Academic Health Science Leaders: How and Why
           Do They Do It'
    • Authors: Lieff; Susan J.; Baker, Lindsay; Poost-Foroosh, Laya; Castellani, Brian; Hafferty, Frederic W.; Ng, Stella L.
      Abstract: imagePurpose Networking is essential to leadership effectiveness in the business context. Yet little is known about leadership networking within the academic health science context. If we are going to train academic leaders, we must first understand the relational, network-based activities of their work. The purpose of this study was to explore how academic health science leaders engage in networking activities in the academic health science context.Method A constructivist grounded theory approach guided our study. The authors interviewed 24 academic health science leaders who were enrolled in the New and Evolving Academic Leadership program at the University of Toronto and used social network mapping as an elicitation method. Interviews, which were conducted between September 2014 and June 2015, explored participants’ networks and networking activities. Constant comparative analysis was used to analyze the interviews, with attention paid to identifying key networking activities.Results Academic health science leaders were found to engage in 4 types of networking activities: role bound, project based, goal/vision informed, and opportunity driven. These 4 types were influenced by participants’ conception of their role and their perceived leadership work context, which in turn influenced their sense of agency.Conclusions The networking activities identified in this study of academic health science leaders resonate with effective networking activities found in other fields. The findings highlight that these activities can be facilitated by focusing on leaders’ perceptions about role and work context. Leadership development should thus attend to these perceptions to encourage effective networking skills.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Professional Identity Formation: A Role for Patients as Mentors
    • Authors: Kline; Cathy C.; Park, So Eyun; Godolphin, William J.; Towle, Angela
      Abstract: imagePurpose Medical education should foster professional identity formation, but there is much to be learned about how to support learners in developing their professional identity. This study examined the role that patients can play in supporting professional identity development during the University of British Columbia Interprofessional Health Mentors Program (HMP), a longitudinal preclinical elective in which patients, or their caregivers, act as mentors and educate students about their lived experience of a chronic condition or disability.Method The authors interviewed 18 medical residents in 2016, 3 to 4 years after they completed the HMP. Professional identity was explored by asking participants how the HMP had influenced their ideas about the ideal physician and the kind of doctor they aspire to become. The authors analyzed the data using the identify status paradigm as a conceptual framework.Results The authors identified 7 themes: patient as more than disease, patient as autonomous, patient as expert, doctor as partner, doctor as collaborator, self-aware doctor, and empathic doctor. They found firm commitments to patient partnership, interprofessional collaboration, and holistic care for patients rooted in the exploration of professional values that was prompted by patient mentors during HMP.Conclusions Patient mentors can help medical students begin to construct their professional identity during the preclinical period by supporting exploration of and commitment to the professional values that society expects of physicians.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • What Does Context Have to Do With Anything' A Study of Professional
           Identity Formation in Physician-Trainees Considered Underrepresented in
           Medicine
    • Authors: Wyatt; Tasha R.; Rockich-Winston, Nicole; Taylor, Taryn R.; White, DeJuan
      Abstract: Purpose Research on professional identity formation has largely ignored how race, ethnicity, and the larger sociohistorical context work to shape medical students’ professional identity. Researchers investigated how physician-trainees considered underrepresented in medicine (URM) negotiate their professional identity within the larger sociohistorical context that casts them in a negative light.Method In this qualitative study, 14 black/African American medical students were recruited from the Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University and Emory University College of Medicine between September 2018 and April 2019. Using constructive grounded theory and Swann’s model of identity negotiation, the authors analyzed interview data for how students negotiate their racial and professional identities within medical education.Results The results indicated that URM students were aware of the negative stereotypes ascribed to black individuals and the potential for the medical community to view them negatively. In response, students employed identity cues and strategies to bring the community’s perceptions in line with how they perceived themselves—black and a physician. Specifically, students actively worked to integrate their racial and professional identities by “giving back” to the African American community. Community-initiated mentoring from non-URM physicians helped to reify students’ hope that they could have a racialized professional identity.Conclusions Race, ethnicity, and the larger sociohistorical context is often overlooked in professional identity formation research, and this omission has resulted in an underappreciation of the challenges URM physicians’ experience as they develop a professional identity. Within the context of this study, findings demonstrated that black/African American physicians negotiated the formation of professional identity within a challenging sociohistorical context, which should be given greater consideration in related research.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Clinical Teachers’ Perceptions of Their Role in Professional
           Identity Formation
    • Authors: Sternszus; Robert; Boudreau, J. Donald; Cruess, Richard L.; Cruess, Sylvia R.; Macdonald, Mary Ellen; Steinert, Yvonne
      Abstract: Purpose A fundamental goal of medical education is supporting learners in forming a professional identity. While it is known that learners perceive clinical teachers to be critically important in this process, the latter’s perspective is unknown. This study sought to understand how clinical teachers perceive their influence on the professional identity formation of learners.Method In 2017, a research assistant conducted 16 semistructured interviews of clinical teachers from 8 specialties at McGill University. The research assistant audiorecorded and subsequently transcribed interviews for analysis. Following principles of qualitative description, the research team developed a coding scheme using both inductive codes (from the words of the participants) and deductive codes (based on the literature and the theory of communities of practice). Through a cross-case analysis, the team then identified salient themes.Results Participants struggled to describe their influence on learners’ professional identity without first being prompted to focus on their own identity and its formation. Once prompted, clinical teachers reported viewing their personal and professional identities as integrated and believed that caring for patients was integral to forming their professional identity. They identified explicit role modeling, engaging in difficult conversations, and providing graded autonomy as ways in which they could influence the identity development of learners. However, they had difficulty discerning the magnitude of their influence.Conclusions This study was the first to explore professional identity formation from the perspective of clinical teachers. The 2010 Carnegie Foundation report called for an increased focus on professional identity formation. Giving clinical teachers the space and guidance to reflect on this process, helping them make the implicit explicit, and supporting them in using their own experiences as learners to inform their teaching appear to be critical steps in achieving this goal.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Mentors’ Beliefs About Their Roles in Health Care Education: A
           Qualitative Study of Mentors’ Personal Interpretative Framework
    • Authors: Loosveld; Lianne M.; Van Gerven, Pascal W.M.; Vanassche, Eline; Driessen, Erik W.
      Abstract: imagePurpose How mentors shape their mentoring is strongly influenced by their personal beliefs about the goals and purpose of mentoring, the possible activities associated with it, who decides on the focus of the mentoring relationship, and the strategies mentors choose to enact these beliefs in practice. In accordance with the personal interpretative framework, the authors operationalized mentors’ beliefs as professional self-understanding (the what) and subjective educational theory (the how) of teaching and sought to identify different mentoring positions.Method Using a qualitative approach, the authors conducted semistructured interviews between December 2017 and January 2018 with 18 undergraduate mentors from Maastricht University in Maastricht, the Netherlands. The aim of the interviews was to reconstruct their personal interpretative framework. Before building a general pattern of explanation in a cross-case analysis, the authors performed a within-case analysis of the data, analyzing individual mentors.Results This approach resulted in the identification and description of 4 mentoring positions: the (1) facilitator (service providing and responsive), (2) coach (development supporting and responsive), (3) monitor (signaling and collaborative), and (4) exemplar (service providing or development supporting and directive). Each position represents a coherent pattern of normative beliefs about oneself as a mentor (professional self-understanding) and how to enact these beliefs in practice (subjective educational theory).Conclusions Awareness of their mentoring position can help mentors understand why they act the way they do in certain situations and how this behavior affects their mentees’ learning and development. It can also help mentors identify personal learning needs and, consequently, provide opportunities for faculty development.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Pregnancy and Parenthood Remain Challenging During Surgical Residency: A
           Systematic Review
    • Authors: Todd; Anna R.; Cawthorn, Thomas R.; Temple-Oberle, Claire
      Abstract: imagePurpose To examine common themes and synthesize data surrounding pregnancy and parenthood during surgical residency training.Method The authors conducted a systematic search of the literature in March 2019. They searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Scopus, seeking articles published from 2003 to 2018 that focused on pregnancy, parenthood, and the experience of surgical residents. They excluded articles that examined nonsurgical programs, as well as editorials, abstracts, and commentaries. Two investigators independently reviewed all citations, selected articles for full-text review, and extracted data from the selected articles.Results Of 523 titles and abstracts screened, 27 were included. Overall, female surgical residents had fewer children during residency training than their male counterparts (18%–28% vs 32%–54%). As compared with the general population, surgical residents had their first child later in life (30–34 vs 25 years old), and had fewer children overall (0.6–2.1 vs 2.7). Infertility rates were higher among female surgeons than in the general population (30%–32% vs 11%), as were assisted reproductive technology rates (8%–13% vs 1.7%). Pregnant surgical residents experienced a high rate of obstetrical complications; working more than 6 overnight calls shifts per month or 60 hours per week were predictors of increased complication rates. The authors noted no differences in attrition, caseload, or exam pass rates amongst female surgical residents who had become pregnant as compared with other residents. Despite these similar academic outcomes, negative attitudes and perceptions toward pregnancy during residency were consistently identified.Conclusions Female surgical residents experience high rates of infertility and obstetrical complications, contend with negative attitudes and stigma during their pregnancies, and voluntarily delay childbearing. Formal maternity policies, a shift in surgical culture, and ongoing discussion with all stakeholders are needed to attract and retain female surgical residents.
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Your @Attending Will #Tweet You Now: Using Twitter in Medical Education
    • Authors: Jaffe; Rebecca C.; O’Glasser, Avital Y.; Brooks, Michelle; Chapman, Margaret; Breu, Anthony C.; Wray, Charlie M.
      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Thu, 01 Oct 2020 00:00:00 GMT-
       
 
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