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Journal Cover   Organization Studies
  [SJR: 2.371]   [H-I: 80]   [33 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0170-8406 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3044
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [827 journals]
  • Labour out of Control: The Political Economy of Capitalist and Ethical
    • Authors: O'Neil; M.
      Pages: 1627 - 1647
      Abstract: Digitally networked voluntary associations such as free software projects and Wikipedia can be distinguished from capitalist firms in two respects. First, their predominant logic is ‘ethical’. Participation is primarily motivated by self-fulfilment and validated by a community of peers, rather than by earning wages. Second, their governance is ‘modular’, understood in a design sense (decomposable blocks sharing a common interface), but also in political economy terms: participants oppose restricted ownership and control by individually socializing their works into commons. In recent years capitalist-centralized firms have increasingly engaged with ethical-modular organizations, in some cases paying wages to participants (such labour is thus both ‘alienated’ or sold, and ‘communal’, as workers freely cooperate to produce commons). This article reviews the literature dealing with the relationship of these two organizational types. It argues that the manner in which scholars approach a central characteristic of ethical-modular organizations – participants relinquish exclusive property rights over the resource they have created – leads to highly diverse interpretations. Four hypotheses are presented. A ‘panoptic’ view overlooks the abjuration of exclusive property rights, so that ethical-modular organizations can be defined as a variant of the evolution of capitalist firms into post-bureaucratic networks. ‘Skeptics’ view this abjuration as irrelevant, and ethical-modular organizations as increasing worker exploitation. In contrast, ‘activists’ celebrate the abjuration of exclusive property rights, and present ethical-modular organizations as key actors in a historical process leading to the disappearance of capitalism and hierarchy. Finally ‘reformists’ suggest that the co-optation of communal labour by firms will benefit business practices and society. The article examines the analytical focus of each hypothesis in terms of labour, loss of control by firms over workers, and societal impact. Where appropriate, it raises questions and objections. The conclusion addresses communal labour’s effective dependence on capitalist-centralized firms and suggests factors which may contribute to its emancipation.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615585339
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • Building Governance Capability in Online Social Production: Insights from
    • Authors: Aaltonen, A; Lanzara, G. F.
      Pages: 1649 - 1673
      Abstract: This article investigates a form of governance that makes online social production possible. Drawing on the concepts of capability and routine, we develop a dynamic, process-oriented view that departs from past research focused on static comparative analysis. We theorize that online social production systems develop a collective governance capability to steer the process of integrating distributed knowledge resources to the production of value. Governance mechanisms emerge from individual and collective learning that is made possible by new technology, and they evolve over time, as routines are developed to respond to new problems faced by a growing production system. Using Wikipedia as a paradigmatic example of online social production, we characterize governance as an evolving, enabling and embedded process and discuss implications for a dynamic theory of governance.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615584459
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • Organization Theory and the Study of European Union Institutions: Lessons
           and Opportunities
    • Authors: Murdoch; Z.
      Pages: 1675 - 1692
      Abstract: Most scholarship in modern organization theory maintains a near-exclusive focus on private-sector settings. In contrast, this article argues that complex public-sector organizational systems – such as the European Union (EU) – can provide a very relevant laboratory to both fine-tune organization theoretical propositions and test them empirically. I first draw attention to the value-added of organization theory for the study of EU institutions. Then, I turn to these institutions’ capacity to present a springboard for theoretical development in organization theory, and bring forward a number of avenues for further research on the intersection of EU studies and organization theory that can push forward both research fields.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615585342
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • Regulators, Conformers and Cowboys: The Enterprise Discourse, Power and
           Resistance in the UK Passive Fire Protection Industry
    • Authors: Russell, S; McCabe, D.
      Pages: 1693 - 1714
      Abstract: This article draws on industry-level research to explore the enterprise discourse in the UK passive fire protection industry. It highlights the theoretical weaknesses of the enterprise discourse by questioning the assumption that employers and managers necessarily support enterprise. It examines how employers, not just employees, may seek to resist or evade enterprise and how, far from offering a united front, employers may oppose each other. The article points towards the need for industry-level studies due to the limitations and potentially misleading insights that can flow from organization-level studies. Overall, it is argued that there may be more common ground between employees and employers in terms of opposition to enterprise than has previously been suggested.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615593582
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • A Touch Too Much: Negotiating Masculinity, Propriety and Proximity in
           Intimate Labour
    • Authors: Hancock, P; Sullivan, K, Tyler, M.
      Pages: 1715 - 1739
      Abstract: This paper explores how men who perform intimate labour negotiate perceptions of themselves and their work through complex intersections of masculinity, proximity and propriety. Its focus is on the ways in which embodied organizational negotiations are shaped by gendered perceptions of bodily propriety in three examples of physically, sexually and/or emotionally intimate forms of labour: male massage therapists; men who work in sex shops; and men working as Santa Claus performers. While ostensibly quite different forms of work, each is shaped by the expectation that a ‘quality’ interaction with customers or clients will be based upon the nurturance of a close physical, sexual and/or emotional bond between the service provider and recipient, at the same time as maintaining appropriate bodily boundaries and professional distance. Mediating both imperatives requires a careful negotiation of being appropriately close while at the same time understanding that social perceptions of their work, themselves as workers, and their interactions with customers and clients mean that they are frequently under heightened scrutiny, requiring constant vigilance on their part. Drawing on insights from phenomenological writing on embodiment, specifically Merleau-Ponty’s (2002 [1945]) Phenomenology of Perception, the analysis considers the ways in which intersections between masculinity, propriety and proximity are perceived and negotiated in intimate forms of labour, reflecting on instances when a touch becomes ‘too much’. It considers what these instances reveal to us about gendered experiences of embodiment within organizations and the importance of perception in understanding embodied negotiations of workplace intimacy.
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615593592
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • Book Review: The Great Persuasion: Reinventing Free Markets since the
    • Authors: Carruthers; B. G.
      Pages: 1741 - 1742
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615590747
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • Advancing Organization Studies in Family Business Research: Exploring the
           Multilevel Complexity of Family Organizations
    • Pages: 1743 - 1746
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615590747a
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • Uses of the Past: History and Memory in Organizations and Organizing
    • Pages: 1747 - 1750
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615590747b
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • 11th Organization Studies Summer Workshop & Special Issue
    • Pages: 1751 - 1754
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615590747c
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
  • Eighth International Symposium on Process Organization Studies
    • Pages: 1755 - 1755
      PubDate: 2015-11-10T06:56:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615590747d
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 12 (2015)
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