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Journal Cover   Organization Studies
  [SJR: 1.632]   [H-I: 69]   [28 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0170-8406 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3044
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [757 journals]
  • 'He probably thought we were students': Age norms and the exercise of
           visual judgement in service work
    • Authors: Llewellyn; N.
      Pages: 153 - 173
      Abstract: This paper analyses how organisational actors draw upon, perhaps without conscious acknowledgement, assumptions about age as they engage in organisational activities. Drawing on video-recordings of naturalistic interaction, the paper analyses how customers are positioned with respect to age-based norms, often following visual assessments of their physical appearance. Through detailed rhetorical and sequential analysis, the paper describes artful practices, through which participants make age-based norms relevant for the composition of ordinary organisational actions. The paper is amongst the first micro-sociological studies to analyse how people engage age-based norms in this way. It shows the positioning of age identities to be substantially an interactional phenomenon, as well as a discursive and reflexive one.
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:55-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614546151
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
  • Agent-Based Modeling and Organization Studies: A critical realist
    • Authors: Miller; K. D.
      Pages: 175 - 196
      Abstract: The method of agent-based modeling raises philosophy of science issues that modelers have yet to resolve in a way that reconciles their work with that of other management and organization researchers. As a result, agent-based modelers have made only modest contributions to advancing organization theory and empirical research. In response, this study proposes critical realism as a philosophical perspective to understand and orient agent-based modeling research. A critical realist perspective clarifies the nature and purpose of agent-based modeling and indicates the potential complementarity between agent-based modeling and other approaches to theory building and testing in the field of management and organization studies. Key emphases within critical realism on mechanismic explanations, emergence, simplifying assumptions, and abductive reasoning support agent-based modelers’ practices. Critical realism carries implications for specifying models, clarifying ontology, evaluating model outcomes, validating models, triangulating, and identifying the limits of agent-based modeling. This study provides practical guidance from a critical realist perspective—to modelers and nonmodelers—to advance the contribution of agent-based modeling to management and organization research.
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:55-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614556921
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
  • Developing a Relational View of the Organizing Role of Objects: A study of
           the innovation process in computer games
    • Authors: Scarbrough, H; Panourgias, N. S, Nandhakumar, J.
      Pages: 197 - 220
      Abstract: Innovation processes create distinctive challenges for coordination. Objects are seen as supporting coordination in such settings by enabling the emergent action needed to deal with a dynamic and uncertain process. Thus, previous work has highlighted the role of different types of objects in coordinating the collaborative tasks undertaken by expert groups, either by motivating the creation of new knowledge or through the translation of understanding. Through an empirical study of innovation processes in the computer games sector, our paper adds to this previous work by finding that the relations between objects, and not the objects alone, help to orchestrate multiple collaborative tasks towards a final outcome within temporal and resource constraints. The relational view which emerges from this study shows how such a ‘system of objects’ is able to stabilize coordination of the process while preserving the emergence and autonomy of games developer practices needed to achieve innovation.
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:55-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614557213
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
  • Overcoming the Help-Seeker's Dilemma: How Computer-Mediated Systems
           Encourage Employee Help-Seeking Initiation
    • Authors: Cleavenger, D. J; Munyon, T. P.
      Pages: 221 - 240
      Abstract: Helping processes are critical for organizations. Yet, research suggests that there are strong disincentives for employees to seek help from others. Drawing on self-presentation theory, this paper tested how computer-mediated communication may be used to stimulate a help-seeking response from workers. Subjects were placed in an induced-failure work scenario and provided with a computer-mediated channel with which to request help. By experimentally manipulating feedback, anonymity, and interdependence features of the work context, we then measured the length of time before subjects requested help. Eighty three percent of subjects initiated a request for help within the work period, and these help-seeking requests were made more quickly under strong helping norms, high goal interdependence, and high anonymity conditions rather than weak helping norms, low goal interdependence, and low anonymity conditions. The results provide new insights into the design of official communication channels intended to encourage employee help-seeking.
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:55-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614556920
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
  • Performing the Responsive and Committed Employee through the Sociomaterial
           Mangle of Connection
    • Authors: Symon, G; Pritchard, K.
      Pages: 241 - 263
      Abstract: In the light of increasingly mobile and flexible work, maintaining connections to work is presented as vital. Various studies have sought to understand how these connections are experienced and managed, particularly through the use of smartphones. We take a new perspective on this practice by bringing together the conceptual fields of sociomateriality and identity work. Through the analysis of narratives produced by smartphone users in an engineering firm we argue that connection can be viewed as a sociomaterial assemblage that performs particular identities: being contactable and responsive; being involved and committed; and being in-demand and authoritative. Through this analysis we both elaborate the concept of connectivity at work and indicate how the material is implicated in identity performances.
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614556914
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
  • Making Sense of Sensemaking in Organization Studies
    • Authors: Brown, A. D; Colville, I, Pye, A.
      Pages: 265 - 277
      Abstract: ‘Sensemaking’ is an extraordinarily influential perspective with a substantial following among management and organization scholars interested in how people appropriate and enact their ‘realities’. Organization Studies has been and remains one of the principal outlets for work that seeks either to draw on or to extend our understanding of sensemaking practices in and around organizations. The contribution of this paper is fourfold. First, we review briefly what we understand by sensemaking and some key debates which fracture the field. Second, we attend critically to eight papers published previously in Organization Studies which we discuss in terms of five broad themes: (i) how sense is made through discourse; (ii) the politics from which social forms of sensemaking emerge and the power that is inherent in it; (iii) the intertwined and recursive nature of micro-macro sensemaking processes; (iv) the strong ties which bind sensemaking and identities; and (v) the role of sensemaking processes in decision making and change. Third, while not designed to be a review of extant literature, we discuss these themes with reference to other related work, notably that published in this journal. Finally, we raise for consideration a number of potentially generative topics for further empirical and theory-building research.
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614559259
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
  • Beyond the Gap: Discovering the impact and importance of studying Emotions
           & Institutions
    • Pages: 279 - 281
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614559259a
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
  • Call for Papers Inequality
    • Pages: 283 - 288
      PubDate: 2015-01-29T06:29:56-08:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614559259b
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 2 (2015)
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