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Journal Cover   Organization Studies
  [SJR: 2.371]   [H-I: 80]   [28 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0170-8406 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3044
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [814 journals]
  • Studying Hybrids: Sectors and Mechanisms
    • Authors: Seibel; W.
      Pages: 697 - 712
      Abstract: The present paper introduces and compares two alternative perspectives on hybridity. One is the perspective of hybrids being located at the interface of dominant ‘sectors’ such as the private for-profit sector, the public sector and the civil society or nonprofit sector. The alternative perspective focuses on a combination of sector-specific governance mechanisms. The paper discusses the characteristics as well as the advantages and disadvantages of those two perspectives and what a combination of both implies for further research with an emphasis on the analysis of organizational pathologies and managerial coping.
      PubDate: 2015-05-13T07:44:34-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615580005
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 6 (2015)
  • Navigating Institutional Plurality: Organizational Governance in Hybrid
    • Authors: Mair, J; Mayer, J, Lutz, E.
      Pages: 713 - 739
      Abstract: Hybrid organizations operate in a context of institutional plurality and enact elements of multiple, often conflicting institutional logics. Governance is highly relevant in navigating such an environment. This study examines how hybrid organizations set up their governance structures and practices. Building on survey data from 70 social enterprises, a subset of hybrid organizations, we identify two types of hybrid organization: conforming hybrids rely on the prioritization of a single institutional logic and dissenting hybrids use defiance, selective coupling and innovation as mechanisms to combine and balance the prescriptions of several institutional logics. We illustrate these mechanisms by drawing on the qualitative analysis of selected cases. This study refines current debates on social enterprises as hybrid organizations. Based on our findings, we speculate that some social enterprises might assume hybridity for symbolic reasons while others – genuine hybrids – do so for substantive reasons.
      PubDate: 2015-05-13T07:44:34-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615580007
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 6 (2015)
  • Legitimacy Struggles and Political Corporate Social Responsibility in
           International Settings: A Comparative Discursive Analysis of a Contested
           Investment in Latin America
    • Authors: Joutsenvirta, M; Vaara, E.
      Pages: 741 - 777
      Abstract: This paper examines the discursive legitimation of controversial investment projects to provide a better understanding of the ways in which corporate social responsibility is constructed in international settings. On the basis of a discursive analysis of an intense dispute between Finnish, Uruguayan and Argentinean actors over a pulp mill project in Uruguay, we develop a framework that elucidates four legitimating discourses: technocratic, societal, national-political, and global-capitalist. With this framework, our analysis helps to better understand how CSR involves discourse-ideological struggles, how CSR is embedded in international relations, and how CSR is mediatized in contemporary globalizing society. By so doing, our analysis contributes to critical studies of CSR as well as research on legitimation more generally.
      PubDate: 2015-05-13T07:44:34-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615571958
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 6 (2015)
  • An Exploratory Study of Organizational Governance in Publicly-Quoted
           Professional Service Firms
    • Authors: Pickering; M. E.
      Pages: 779 - 807
      Abstract: There has been a trend of large professional service firms (PSFs) to move from the partnership form of ownership to alternative ownership forms. As part of this trend large, publicly-quoted accounting companies have emerged in Australia, the US and the UK. Research on how publicly-owned PSFs, including accounting companies, are governed, whether aspects of the governance of partnership persist, why particular governance interpretive schemes and associated structures and systems are implemented and implications for performance is sparse. This study explores the interpretive scheme of governance in two Australian publicly-quoted accounting companies and finds one of the companies to have mimicked the major attributes of the partnership interpretive scheme while the other company moved to a corporate form of governance eliminating all vestiges of the partnership interpretive scheme. Governance was found to have significant implications for the performance of the companies with moving from a partnership interpretive scheme contributing to the ultimate failure of one of the companies. The cases suggest that failed experiments in the governance of publicly-owned PSFs, a relatively recently emerged ownership form in some professions, may contribute to conflicting prior findings on the implications of ownership form for the performance of PSFs. Two alternative approaches to the introduction of corporate style governance structures and systems were identified with the findings suggesting potential benefits of evolution rather than revolution. Based on the findings, a theoretical model of the interpretive scheme of governance of publicly-traded PSFs is developed including factors affecting the interpretive scheme implemented and the introduction of more corporate-like governance structures and systems, potential performance implications of PSFs moving away from a partnership interpretive scheme and the conditions and contingencies under which the relationship may hold. The paper also extends the application of agency theory to publicly-owned PSFs.
      PubDate: 2015-05-13T07:44:34-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615571959
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 6 (2015)
  • Relational Capital and Individual Exploration: Unravelling the Influence
           of Goal Alignment and Knowledge Acquisition
    • Authors: Mom, T. J. M; van Neerijnen, P, Reinmoeller, P, Verwaal, E.
      Pages: 809 - 829
      Abstract: We investigate how the relational capital of a person within an organization affects the extent to which she or he conducts exploration activities. Our theory separates out a negative effect that comes from aligning goals with other organizational members from a positive effect that stems from acquiring knowledge from them. Our data from 150 members of the R&D teams of three leading R&D-intensive firms support the theoretical model. By developing and testing this theory, we contribute to the literature on exploration, which lacks understanding of the antecedents of individual exploration in organizations. We also contribute to relational capital literature, which has focused on organizational and group-level exploration, but which has shown inconsistent findings regarding the relationship between relational capital and exploration. A reason for this may be that this body of research has emphasized positive effects of relational capital for exploration only, and has not accounted for the different mechanisms that mediate the effects of relational capital on individual exploration activities. Our theory offers a more comprehensive view by explaining how relational capital may provide both benefits and liabilities to individual exploration activities.
      PubDate: 2015-05-13T07:44:34-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615580009
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 6 (2015)
  • Book Review: From Social Movement to Moral Market: How the Circuit Riders
           Sparked an IT Revolution and Created a Technology Market
    • Authors: Hiatt, S; Grandy, J.
      Pages: 831 - 834
      PubDate: 2015-05-13T07:44:34-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614564320
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 6 (2015)
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