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Journal Cover   Organization Studies
  [SJR: 2.371]   [H-I: 80]   [28 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0170-8406 - ISSN (Online) 1741-3044
   Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [813 journals]
  • Collective Action Without Organization: The Material Constitution of Bike
           Commuters as Collective
    • Authors: Wilhoit, E. D; Kisselburgh, L. G.
      Pages: 573 - 592
      Abstract: This study uses a novel situation of organizing, bicycle commuting, to develop an argument regarding the requirements for collective action and increased autonomy for the material in constituting organizations. We found that through individual material and spatial practices, bike commuters constitute themselves as a collective, making their presence known and creating possibility for change. However, bike commuters’ discourses indicate that they do not experience a collective identity or sense of community of practice. We use this study to extend two areas of theory. First, we suggest that collective action can take place without organization or organizing: individual activities can aggregate to have an effect even if they are not officially coordinated or members do not acknowledge membership in a collective. Second, we suggest that this example moves beyond previous work on the communicative constitution of organizations to suggest that the material can constitute a collective, even without human, discursive recognition of it.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:53:25-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614556916
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 5 (2015)
  • How is New Organizational Knowledge Created in a Virtual Context? An
           Ethnographic Study
    • Authors: Baralou, E; Tsoukas, H.
      Pages: 593 - 620
      Abstract: Seeking to enhance our understanding of organizational knowledge creation in multimodal polysynchronous contexts, this paper empirically explores a project team, within a UK-based international company, concerned with the development of new software. Our aim is to extend current dialogical approaches to organizational knowledge creation, largely developed in the context of face-to-face communication, into virtual contexts of communication. Through close analysis of the ICT-mediated dialogical interactions between the members of a project team and the occasional face-to-face interactions between certain members of the project team and other organizational members, we show how knowledge creation emerges via three core dialogical processes: dialogues with real others, quasi-dialogues with invisible others, and quasi-dialogues with virtual artifacts. Exploring these processes in more depth, we further argue that the dialogical processes at hand are crucially shaped by team members actively working with the materiality of technology used, which enables them to: (a) mobilize multiple task-related voices when simultaneously interacting in multiple contexts; (b) alter the boundaries of communication to suit the demands of the task at hand; and (c) textualize the ongoing experience of interaction with others and artifacts.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:53:25-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614556918
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 5 (2015)
  • Mors ex Machina: Technology, Embodiment and the Organization of
    • Authors: Bloomfield, B. P; Vurdubakis, T.
      Pages: 621 - 641
      Abstract: The article argues that the organization of destruction requires the same level of attention that organization studies have typically accorded to the organization of production. Taking as its starting point recent debates in the field concerning the embodied character of organizational ethics, the present paper sets out to explore what we might call the contemporary ‘automation of warfare’ by focusing on the proposed deployment of autonomous robots capable of exercising lethal force while governed by the ‘ethical constraints’ dictated by the Laws of War. Acknowledging the ‘technical’ challenges inherent in the development of ‘ethical warrior robots’, we propose that the importance of such technological fixes for the management of human conflict primarily lies not in their status as (potentially) functional artefacts but rather in their role as material expressions of the moral and philosophical conflicts haunting Atlantic (post?)modernity.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:53:25-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840614556922
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 5 (2015)
  • Temporal and Spatial Dimensions of Strategizing
    • Authors: Hydle; K. M.
      Pages: 643 - 663
      Abstract: This paper extends existing research on time and space in strategizing by combining the understanding of temporal-spatial activities from practice theory with the strategy-as-practice perspective. In practice theory, temporal dimensions incorporate the past, present, and future of temporality and objective time, while spatial dimensions involve the places and paths of spatiality and objective space. These dimensions are used to uncover patterns of everyday activities in service provision and the related deliberate and non-deliberate strategizing in a transnational professional service firm. Three overall patterns of practices are identified as a result, and a framework of the temporal and spatial dimensions of strategizing is developed. The contribution of this study is to identify how strategy is realized, modified and developed, simultaneously, through distributed agency. Attention to the temporal-spatial dimensions helps explain the enabling and limiting factors in strategizing.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:53:25-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615571957
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 5 (2015)
  • If You Can't Take the Heat: Cultural Beliefs about Questionable Conduct,
           Stigma, Punishment, and Withdrawal among Mexican Police Officers
    • Authors: Gonzalez, J. A; Perez-Floriano, L. R.
      Pages: 665 - 687
      Abstract: We introduce the concept of cultural beliefs about questionable conduct, and examine how these beliefs interact with stigma consciousness to influence punishment and two withdrawal behaviors: turnover and absenteeism. We used a sample of Mexican police officers in a border city and implemented a mixed method design, paying attention to the national, occupational, and organizational context of this setting. We conducted a qualitative phase to explore the prevalence and meaning of occupational stigma and four cultural beliefs about questionable conduct: greed, toughness, wariness, and savvy. The results of this phase helped us develop a context-relevant measure of cultural beliefs about questionable conduct using Mexican proverbs. The results of the quantitative phase indicated that, contingent upon stigma consciousness, beliefs about questionable conduct affected received punishment, turnover, and absenteeism. We discuss the theoretical and behavioral implications of our findings for socialization, identity management, occupational stigma, corruption, and ethical behavior.
      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:53:25-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615571961
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 5 (2015)
  • Book Review: Practice Theory, Work, and Organization: An Introduction
    • Authors: Yanow; D.
      Pages: 689 - 691
      PubDate: 2015-04-23T07:53:25-07:00
      DOI: 10.1177/0170840615572590
      Issue No: Vol. 36, No. 5 (2015)
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