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    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (230 journals)
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    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (145 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1394 journals)
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    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (109 journals)

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (109 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 109 of 109 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Acta Mechanica et Automatica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae Electrical and Mechanical Engineering     Open Access  
Advanced Energy Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 134)
Advances in Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 55)
Archive of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Journal of Mechanical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin of NTU - Dynamics and strength of machines     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Polish Academy of Sciences : Technical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Studies in Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing     Open Access  
Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Curved and Layered Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Emission Control Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
European Mechanical Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Friction     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers in Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
High Speed Machining     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Human Factors and Mechanical Engineering for Defense and Safety     Hybrid Journal  
Ingeniería Mecánica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ingenieria Mecánica. Tecnologia y Desarrollo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Applied Mechanics and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Civil, Mechanical and Energy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Dynamics and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Engineering Materials and Manufacture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Manufacturing, Materials, and Mechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Mechanical and Materials Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Mechanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Mechatronics and Automation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Metrology and Quality Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Microwave Engineering and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Powertrains     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions of Mechanical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
JMST Advances     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Aircraft     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 308)
Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering and Green Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Biomechanical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Computational and Applied Research in Mechanical Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of Energy, Mechanical, Material and Manufacturing Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mechanical Design     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
Journal of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Automation     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Mechatronics, Electrical Power, and Vehicular Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Brazilian Society of Mechanical Sciences and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics     Open Access   (Followers: 26)
Jurnal Energi Dan Manufaktur     Open Access  
Jurnal Taman Vokasi     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknik Mesin     Open Access  
Latin American Journal of Solids and Structures     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Lubricants     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Main Group Metal Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Material Design & Processing Communications     Hybrid Journal  
Mechanical Engineering and Design     Open Access   (Followers: 75)
Mechanical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Mechanical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Mechanical Systems and Signal Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Modern Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 58)
MTZextra     Full-text available via subscription  
Open Mechanical Engineering Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Periodica Polytechnica Mechanical Engineering     Open Access  
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part A: Journal of Power and Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part E: Journal of Process Mechanical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part F: Journal of Rail and Rapid Transit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part G: Journal of Aerospace Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part J: Journal of Engineering Tribology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part K: Journal of Multi-body Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part M: Journal of Engineering for the Maritime Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part N: Journal of Nanoengineering and Nanosystems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part O: Journal of Risk and Reliability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part P: Journal of Sports Engineering and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Quantitative InfraRed Thermography Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Recent Patents on Mechanical Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Rekayasa Mesin     Open Access  
Research Papers Faculty of Materials Science and Technology Slovak University of Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Scientific Bulletin of Valahia University - Materials and Mechanics     Open Access  
Simetris : Jurnal Teknik Mesin, Elektro dan Ilmu Komputer     Open Access  
Strojarstvo     Full-text available via subscription  
Strojn?cky casopis ? Journal of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Technical Reports Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Trends in Mechanical Engineering & Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Tribologia : Finnish Journal of Tribology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Universal Journal of Mechanical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Vestnik of Don State Technical University     Open Access  
Двигуни внутрішнього згоряння     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Проблемы машиностроения - Mechanical Problems     Open Access   (Followers: 1)


Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.415
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 8  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 2095-0233 - ISSN (Online) 2095-0241
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2570 journals]
  • Performance design of a cryogenic air separation unit for variable working
           conditions using the lumped parameter model
    • Abstract: Abstract Large-scale cryogenic air separation units (ASUs), which are widely used in global petrochemical and semiconductor industries, are being developed with high operating elasticity under variable working conditions. Different from discrete processes in traditional machinery manufacturing, the ASU process is continuous and involves the compression, adsorption, cooling, condensation, liquefaction, evaporation, and distillation of multiple streams. This feature indicates that thousands of technical parameters in adsorption, heat transfer, and distillation processes are correlated and merged into a large-scale complex system. A lumped parameter model (LPM) of ASU is proposed by lumping the main factors together and simplifying the secondary ones to achieve accurate and fast performance design. On the basis of material and energy conservation laws, the piecewise-lumped parameters are extracted under variable working conditions by using LPM. Takagi-Sugeno (T-S) fuzzy interval detection is recursively utilized to determine whether the critical point is detected or not by using different thresholds. Compared with the traditional method, LPM is particularly suitable for “rough first then precise” modeling by expanding the feasible domain using fuzzy intervals. With LPM, the performance of the air compressor, molecular sieve adsorber, turbo expander, main plate-fin heat exchangers, and packing column of a 100000 Nm3 O2/h large-scale ASU is enhanced to adapt to variable working conditions. The designed value of net power consumption per unit of oxygen production (kW/(Nm3 O2)) is reduced by 6.45%.
      PubDate: 2019-11-23
  • Untethered quadrupedal hopping and bounding on a trampoline
    • Abstract: Abstract for quadruped robots with springy legs, a successful jump usually requires both suitable elastic parts and well-designed control algorithms. However, these two problems are mutually restricted and hard to solve at the same time. In this study, we attempt to solve the problem of controller design with the help of a robot without any elastic mounted parts, in which the untethered robot is made to jump on a trampoline. The differences between jumping on hard surfaces with springy legs and jumping on springy surfaces with rigid legs are briefly discussed. An intuitive control law is proposed to balance foot contact forces; in this manner, excessive pitch oscillation during hopping or bounding can be avoided. Hopping height is controlled by tuning the time delay of the leg stretch. Together with other motion generators based on kinematic law, the robot can perform translational and rotational movements while hopping or bounding on the trampoline. Experiments are conducted to validate the effectiveness of the proposed control framework.
      PubDate: 2019-11-21
  • Energy-aware fuzzy job-shop scheduling for engine remanufacturing at the
           multi-machine level
    • Abstract: Abstract The rise of the engine remanufacturing industry has resulted in increased possibilities of energy conservation during the remanufacturing process, and scheduling could exert significant effects on the energy performance of manufacturing systems. However, only a few studies have specifically addressed energy-efficient scheduling for remanufacturing. Considering the uncertain processing time and routes and the operation characteristics of remanufacturing, we used the crankshaft as an illustrative case and built a fuzzy job-shop scheduling model to minimize the energy consumption during remanufacturing. An improved adaptive genetic algorithm was developed by using the hormone modulation mechanism to deal with the scheduling problem that simultaneously involves parallel machines, batch machines, and uncertain processing routes and time. The algorithm demonstrated superior performance in terms of optimal value, run time, and convergent generation in comparison with other algorithms. Computational results indicated that the optimal scheduling scheme is expected to generate 1.7 kW · h of energy saving for the investigated problem size. In addition, the scheme could improve the energy efficiency of the crankshaft remanufacturing process by approximately 5%. This study provides a basis for production managers to improve the sustainability of remanufacturing through energy-aware scheduling.
      PubDate: 2019-11-15
  • Topology optimization based on reduction methods with applications to
           multiscale design and additive manufacturing
    • Abstract: Abstract Advanced manufacturing processes such as additive manufacturing offer now the capability to control material placement at unprecedented length scales and thereby dramatically open up the design space. This includes the considerations of new component topologies as well as the architecture of material within a topology offering new paths to creating lighter and more efficient structures. Topology optimization is an ideal tool for navigating this multiscale design problem and leveraging the capabilities of advanced manufacturing technologies. However, the resulting design problem is computationally challenging as very fine discretizations are needed to capture all micro-structural details. In this paper, a method based on reduction techniques is proposed to perform efficiently topology optimization at multiple scales. This method solves the design problem without length scale separation, i.e., without iterating between the two scales. Ergo, connectivity between space-varying micro-structures is naturally ensured. Several design problems for various types of micro-structural periodicity are performed to illustrate the method, including applications to infill patterns in additive manufacturing.
      PubDate: 2019-11-15
  • Optimization of remanufacturing process routes oriented toward
    • Abstract: Abstract Remanufacturing route optimization is crucial in remanufacturing production because it exerts a considerable impact on the eco-efficiency (i.e., the best link between economic and environmental benefits) of remanufacturing. Therefore, an optimization model for remanufacturing process routes oriented toward eco-efficiency is proposed. In this model, fault tree analysis is used to extract the characteristic factors of used products. The ICAM definition method is utilized to design alternative remanufacturing process routes for the used products. Afterward, an eco-efficiency objective function model is established, and simulated annealing (SA) particle swarm optimization (PSO) is applied to select the manufacturing process route with the best eco-efficiency. The proposed model is then applied to the remanufacturing of a used helical cylindrical gear, and optimization of the remanufacturing process route is realized by MATLAB programming. The proposed model’s feasibility is verified by comparing the model’s performance with that of standard SA and PSO.
      PubDate: 2019-10-17
  • Hybrid forming mechanism of patternless casting and laser cladding
    • Abstract: Abstract In accordance with the requirement of manufacturing dies quickly and economically, a hybrid forming method of stamping dies for automobile panels is proposed. The method combines digital patternless casting and high-power laser cladding. An experimental study is conducted on the hybrid forming process and its trial production and application in the manufacturing of stamping dies for typical panels. Results prove that the laser cladding layer exceeds HRC60 (Rockwell hardness) and thus meets the production efficiency requirement of automobile dies. The rate of defects is well controlled. Compared with traditional technology, this technology has remarkable advantages and advancement.
      PubDate: 2019-10-08
  • Hot deformation behavior of a novel bimetal consisting of BTW1 and Q345R
           characterized by processing maps
    • Abstract: Abstract Only a few studies have been conducted on the flow behavior of the novel BTW1/Q345R bimetal, which is widely used in coal equipment. In this work, compression tests were conducted on BTW1/Q345R bimetal at a temperature range of 950 °C–1200 °C and strain rates of 0.05, 0.5, 5, and 15 s-1 by using a Gleeble-3800 thermomechanical simulator. A constitutive equation was validated by referring to the Arrhenius equation during the characterization of hot workability. The computed apparent activation energy of the BTW1/Q345R bimetal was 360 kJ/mol, and processing maps under different strain conditions were drawn. Analysis of the stress-strain relationship revealed that work hardening exerted a dominant effect on the thermal deformation of the BTW1/Q345R bimetal. The processing maps predicted that the optimal processing interval will increase with strain. Results showed that thermal deformation of the BTW1/Q345R bimetal should proceed when the temperature range varies from 1182 °C to 1200 °C and the strain rate interval is from 4.2 to 15 s-1.
      PubDate: 2019-09-28
  • Timing decision-making method of engine blades for predecisional
           remanufacturing based on reliability analysis
    • Abstract: Abstract A timing decision-making method for predecisional remanufacturing is presented. The method can effectively solve the uncertainty problem of remanufacturing blanks. From the perspective of reliability, this study analyzes the timing decision-making interval for predecisional remanufacturing of mechanical products during the service period and constructs an optimal timing model based on energy consumption and cost. The mapping relationships between time and energy consumption are predicted by using the characteristic values of performance degradation of products combined with the least squares support vector regression algorithm. Application of game theory reveals that when the energy consumption and cost are comprehensively optimal, this moment is the best time for predecisional remanufacturing. Used engine blades are utilized as an example to demonstrate the validity and effectiveness of the proposed method.
      PubDate: 2019-09-27
  • Compressive behavior and energy absorption of polymeric lattice structures
           made by additive manufacturing
    • Abstract: Abstract Lattice structures have numerous outstanding characteristics, such as light weight, high strength, excellent shock resistance, and highly efficient heat dissipation. In this work, by combining experimental and numerical methods, we investigate the compressive behavior and energy absorption of lattices made through the stereolithography apparatus process. Four types of lattice structures are considered: (i) Uniform body-centered-cubic (U-BCC); (ii) graded body-centered-cubic (G-BCC); (iii) uniform body-centered-cubic with z-axis reinforcement (U-BCCz); and (iv) graded body-centered-cubic with z-axis reinforcement (G-BCCz). We conduct compressive tests on these four lattices and numerically simulate the compression process through the finite element method. Analysis results show that BCCz has higher modulus and strength than BCC. In addition, uniform lattices show better energy absorption capabilities at small compression distances, while graded lattices absorb more energy at large compression distances. The good correlation between the simulation results and the experimental phenomena demonstrates the validity and accuracy of the present investigation method.
      PubDate: 2019-09-25
  • Progress in terahertz nondestructive testing: A review
    • Abstract: Abstract Terahertz (THz) waves, whose frequencies range between microwave and infrared, are part of the electromagnetic spectrum. A gap exists in THz literature because investigating THz waves is difficult due to the weak characteristics of the waves and the lack of suitable THz sources and detectors. Recently, THz nondestructive testing (NDT) technology has become an interesting topic. This review outlines several typical THz devices and systems and engineering applications of THz NDT techniques in composite materials, thermal barrier coatings, car paint films, marine protective coatings, and pharmaceutical tablet coatings. THz imaging has higher resolution but lower penetration than ultrasound imaging. This review presents the significance and advantages provided by the emerging THz NDT technique.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
  • Finite element modeling of counter-roller spinning for large-sized
           aluminum alloy cylindrical parts
    • Abstract: Abstract Counter-roller spinning (CRS), where the mandrel is replaced by rollers, is an effective means of manufacturing large-sized, thin-walled, cylindrical parts with more than 2500 mm diameter. CRS is very complex because of multi-axis rotation, multi-local loading along the circumference, and radial-axial compound deformation. Analytical or experimental methods cannot fully understand CRS. Meanwhile, numerical simulation is an adequate approach to investigate CRS with comprehensive understanding and a low cost. Thus, a finite element (FE) model of CRS was developed with the FORGE code via meshing technology, material modeling, determining the friction condition, and so on. The local fine mesh moving with the roller is one of highlights of the model. The developed 3D-FE model was validated through a CRS experiment by using a tubular blank with a 720 mm outer diameter. The developed 3D-FE model of CRS can provide a basis for parameter optimization, process control, die design, and so on. The data on force and energy predicted by the 3D-FE model can offer reasonable suggestions for determining the main mechanical parameters of CRS machines and selecting the motors. With the predicted data, an all-electric servo-drive system/machine with distributed power was designed in this work for CRS with four pairs of rollers to manufacture a large-sized, thin-walled, cylindrical part with 6000 mm diameter.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
  • Review of materials used in laser-aided additive manufacturing processes
           to produce metallic products
    • Abstract: Abstract Rapid prototyping (RP) or layered manufacturing (LM) technologies have been extensively used to manufacture prototypes composed mainly of plastics, polymers, paper, and wax due to the short product development time and low costs of these technologies. However, such technologies, with the exception of selective laser melting and sintering, are not used to fabricate metallic products because of the resulting poor life, short cycle, poor surface finish, and low structural integrity of the fabricated parts. The properties endowed by these parts do not match those of functional parts. Therefore, extensive research has been conducted to develop new additive manufacturing (AM) technologies by extending existing RP technologies. Several AM technologies have been developed for the fabrication of metallic objects. These technologies utilize materials, such as Ni-, Al-, and Ti-based alloys and stainless steel powders, to fabricate high-quality functional components. The present work reviews the type of materials used in laser-based AM processes for the manufacture of metallic products. The advantages and disadvantages of processes and different materials are summarized, and future research directions are discussed in the final section. This review can help experts select the ideal type of process or technology for the manufacturing of elements composed of a given alloy or material (Ni, Ti, Al, Pb, and stainless steel).
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
  • Creep-fatigue crack growth behavior in GH4169 superalloy
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aims to examine the crack growth behavior of turbine disc GH4169 superalloy under creep-fatigue loading. Crack growth experiments were performed on compact tension specimens using trapezoidal waveform with dwell time at the maximum load at 650 °C. The crack growth rate of GH4169 superalloy significantly increased with dwell time. The grain boundaries oxidize during the dwell process, thereby inducing an intergranular creep-fatigue fracture mode. In addition, testing data under the same dwell time showed scattering at the crack growth rate. Consequently, a modified model based on the Saxena equation was proposed by introducing a distribution factor for the crack growth rate. Microstructural observation confirmed that the small grain size and high volume fraction of the δ phase led to a fast creep-fatigue crack growth rate at 650 °C, thus indicating that two factors, namely, fine grain and presence of the δ phase at the grain boundary, increased the amount of weakened interface at high temperature, in which intergranular cracks may form and propagate.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
  • Nonlinear dynamics of a wind turbine tower
    • Abstract: Abstract The recent proliferation of wind turbines has revealed problems in their vulnerability under different site conditions, as evidenced by recent collapses of wind towers after severe actions. Analyses of structures subjected to variable actions can be conducted through several methods with different accuracy levels. Nonlinear dynamics is the most reliable among such methods. This study develops a numerical procedure to obtain approximate solutions for rigid-plastic responses of structures subjected to base harmonic pulses. The procedure’s model is applied to a wind turbine tower subjected to inertial forces generated by harmonic ground acceleration, and failure is assumed to depend on the formation of shear hinges. The proposed approach provides an efficient representation of the post-elastic behavior of the structure, has a low computational cost and high effectiveness, and uses a limited number of mechanical parameters.
      PubDate: 2019-09-01
  • Vehicle roll stability control with active roll-resistant
           electro-hydraulic suspension
    • Abstract: Abstract This study examines roll stability control for vehicles with an active roll-resistant electro-hydraulic suspension (RREHS) subsystem under steering maneuvers. First, we derive a vehicle model with four degrees of freedom and incorporates yaw and roll motions. Second, an optimal linear quadratic regulator controller is obtained in consideration of dynamic vehicle performance. Third, an RREHS subsystem with an electric servo-valve actuator is proposed, and the corresponding dynamic equations are obtained. Fourth, field experiments are conducted to validate the performance of the vehicle model under sine-wave and double-lane-change steering maneuvers. Finally, the effectiveness of the active RREHS is determined by examining vehicle responses under sine-wave and double-lane-change maneuvers. The enhancement in vehicle roll stability through the RREHS subsystem is also verified.
      PubDate: 2019-08-31
  • Inverse identification of the mechanical parameters of a pipeline hoop and
           analysis of the effect of preload
    • Abstract: Abstract To create a dynamic model of a pipeline system effectively and analyze its vibration characteristics, the mechanical characteristic parameters of the pipeline hoop, such as support stiffness and damping under dynamic load, must be obtained. In this study, an inverse method was developed by utilizing measured vibration data to identify the support stiffness and damping of a hoop. The procedure of identifying such parameters was described based on the measured natural frequencies and amplitudes of the frequency response functions (FRFs) of a pipeline system supported by two hoops. A dynamic model of the pipe-hoop system was built with the finite element method, and the formulas for solving the FRF of the pipeline system were provided. On the premise of selecting initial values reasonably, an inverse identification algorithm based on sensitivity analysis was proposed. A case study was performed, and the mechanical parameters of the hoop were identified using the proposed method. After introducing the identified values into the analysis model, the reliability of the identification results was validated by comparing the predicted and measured FRFs of the pipeline. Then, the developed method was used to identify the support stiffness and damping of the pipeline hoop under different preloads of the bolts. The influence of preload was also discussed. Results indicated that the support stiffness and damping of the hoop exhibited frequency-dependent characteristics. When the preloads of the bolts increased, the support stiffness increased, whereas the support damping decreased.
      PubDate: 2019-07-04
  • A family of non-conforming crack front elements of quadrilateral and
           triangular types for 3D crack problems using the boundary element method
    • Abstract: Abstract This study focuses on establishing nonconforming crack front elements of quadrilateral and triangular types for 3D crack problems when the dual boundary element method is applied. The asymptotic behavior of the physical variables in the area near the crack front is fully considered in the construction of the shape function. In the developed quadrilateral and triangular crack front elements, the asymptotic term, which captures the asymptotic behavior of the physical variable, is multiplied directly by the conventional Lagrange shape function to form a new crack front shape function. Several benchmark numerical examples that consider pennyshaped cracks and straight-edge crack problems are presented to illustrate the validity and efficiency of the developed crack front elements.
      PubDate: 2019-07-04
  • Real-time task processing method based on edge computing for spinning CPS
    • Abstract: Abstract Spinning production is a typical continuous manufacturing process characterized by high speed and uncertain dynamics. Each manufacturing unit in spinning production produces various real-time tasks, which may affect production efficiency and yarn quality if not processed in time. This paper presents an edge computing-based method that is different from traditional centralized cloud computation because its decentralization characteristics meet the high-speed and high-response requirements of yarn production. Edge computing nodes, real-time tasks, and edge computing resources are defined. A system model is established, and a real-time task processing method is proposed for the edge computing scenario. Experimental results indicate that the proposed real-time task processing method based on edge computing can effectively solve the delay problem of real-time task processing in spinning cyber-physical systems, save bandwidth, and enhance the security of task transmission.
      PubDate: 2019-07-01
  • Comprehensive analysis of the influence of structural and dynamic
           parameters on the accuracy of nano-precision positioning stages
    • Abstract: Abstract Nano-precision positioning stages are characterized by rigid-flexible coupling systems. The complex dynamic characteristics of mechanical structure of a stage, which are determined by structural and dynamic parameters, exert a serious influence on the accuracy of its motion and measurement. Systematic evaluation of such influence is essential for the design and improvement of stages. A systematic approach to modeling the dynamic accuracy of a nano-precision positioning stage is developed in this work by integrating a multi-rigid-body dynamic model of the mechanical system and measurement system models. The influence of structural and dynamic parameters, including aerostatic bearing configurations, motion plane errors, foundation vibrations, and positions of the acting points of driving forces, on dynamic accuracy is investigated by adopting the H-type configured stage as an example. The approach is programmed and integrated into a software framework that supports the dynamic design of nano-precision positioning stages. The software framework is then applied to the design of a nano-precision positioning stage used in a packaging lithography machine.
      PubDate: 2019-05-02
  • Review on mechanism and process of surface polishing using lasers
    • Abstract: Abstract Laser polishing is a technology of smoothening the surface of various materials with highly intense laser beams. When these beams impact on the material surface to be polished, the surface starts to be melted due to the high temperature. The melted material is then relocated from the ‘peaks to valleys’ under the multidirectional action of surface tension. By varying the process parameters such as beam intensity, energy density, spot diameter, and feed rate, different rates of surface roughness can be achieved. High precision polishing of surfaces can be done using laser process. Currently, laser polishing has extended its applications from photonics to molds as well as bio-medical sectors. Conventional polishing techniques have many drawbacks such as less capability of polishing freeform surfaces, environmental pollution, long processing time, and health hazards for the operators. Laser polishing on the other hand eliminates all the mentioned drawbacks and comes as a promising technology that can be relied for smoothening of initial topography of the surfaces irrespective of the complexity of the surface. Majority of the researchers performed laser polishing on materials such as steel, titanium, and its alloys because of its low cost and reliability. This article gives a detailed overview of the laser polishing mechanism by explaining various process parameters briefly to get a better understanding about the entire polishing process. The advantages and applications are also explained clearly to have a good knowledge about the importance of laser polishing in the future.
      PubDate: 2019-03-29
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