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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 575 journals)
Showing 1 - 200 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academia y Crítica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Sociologica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Acta Universitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Social Analysis     Open Access  
Advanced Journal of Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Advertising & Society Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
AFFRIKA Journal of Politics, Economics and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African and Asian Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
African Identities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
African Sociological Review : Revue Africaine de Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ageing & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Akademik İncelemeler Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AlterNative : An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
American Behavioral Scientist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
American Journal of Cultural Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Human Ecology     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
American Journal of Orthopsychiatry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
American Journal of Sociological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 357)
American Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 307)
American Sociologist     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Análise Social     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Anduli : Revista Andaluza de Ciencias Sociales     Open Access  
Annales Universitatis Mariae Curie-Sklodowska, sectio I – Philosophia-Sociologia     Open Access  
Annuaire du Collège de France     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 288)
Anthropological Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 66)
Anthropologie et Sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
AntropoWebzin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antyajaa : Indian Journal of Women and Social Change     Hybrid Journal  
Anuari del Conflicte Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Research in Quality of Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Arabian Humanities     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Argumentos     Open Access  
Arquivos do CMD : Cultura, Memória e Desenvolvimento     Open Access  
Arte, Individuo y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Artes Humanae     Open Access  
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal for Poverty Studies     Open Access  
Ateliers d'anthropologie     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atenea (Concepción)     Open Access  
Aztlan : A Journal of Chicano Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Barn : Forskning om barn og barndom i Norden     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Behavior Analysis in Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Berliner Journal für Soziologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BMS: Bulletin of Sociological Methodology/Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
BOGA : Basque Studies Consortium Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bronte Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Caderno CRH     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cadernos Zygmunt Bauman     Open Access  
Cahiers d'Asie centrale     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Cahiers de l'Urmis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de recherche sociologique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Cahiers québécois de démographie     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Ethnic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Canadian Graduate Journal of Sociology and Criminology     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Canadian Journal of Sociology / Cahiers canadiens de sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Canadian Journal of Women and the Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Canadian Review of Sociology / Revue Canadienne De Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Canadian Social Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Caribbean Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Catalyst : A Social Justice Forum     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Celebrity Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
CERN IdeaSquare Journal of Experimental Innovation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chinese Sociological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Sociology & Anthropology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Chophayom Journal     Open Access  
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencia e Cultura     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Cultura y Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia, Docencia y Tecnología     Open Access  
Cities in the 21st Century     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Citizenship Teaching & Learning     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
City & Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
City, Culture and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
City: analysis of urban trends, culture, theory, policy, action     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Ciudad Paz-ando     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clepsidra. Revista Interdisciplinaria de Estudios sobre Memoria     Open Access  
Clio. Femmes, Genre, Histoire - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Clivatge. Estudis i testimonis sobre el conflicte i el canvi socials     Open Access  
Columbia Journal of Law and Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Commonwealth Youth and Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Communication Monographs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Community Empowerment     Open Access  
Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Comparative Studies in Society and History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 49)
Configurações     Open Access  
Conflict and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Conflicto Social     Open Access  
Confluences Méditerranée     Full-text available via subscription  
Contemporary Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Contemporary Pacific     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Contemporary Sociology : A Journal of Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 34)
Contemporary Voice of Dalit     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
COnTEXTES     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Contexts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Contributions to Indian Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Cosmopolitan Civil Societies : An Interdisciplinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Crime, Histoire & Sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Criminologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Critical Discourse Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Critical Horizons     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Critical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Critical Studies on Terrorism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Cross-cultural Communication     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Cuadernos de Marte     Open Access  
Cuadernos del CENDES     Open Access  
Cuban Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Cultura y Representaciones Sociales     Open Access  
Culturales     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Cultures & conflits     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Current Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Dalogue and Universalism     Full-text available via subscription  
Debates en Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Design and Culture : The Journal of the Design Studies Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access  
Dilemas : Revista de Estudos de Conflito e Controle Social     Open Access  
DIMENSI : Journal of Sociology     Open Access  
disClosure : A Journal of Social Theory     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription  
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Ecopolítica     Open Access  
Educação, Escola e Sociedade     Open Access  
Éducation et socialisation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Eko-Regional : Jurnal Pembangunan Ekonomi Wilayah     Open Access  
Em Debate     Open Access  
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Empiria. Revista de metodología de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Entramados : educación y sociedad     Open Access  
Entramados y Perspectivas     Open Access  
Environmental Sociology     Hybrid Journal  
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Epos : Genealogias, Subjetivaçãoes e Violências     Open Access  
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Espirales     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Estudios Rurales     Open Access  
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Estudos de Sociologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Ethnologia Actualis     Open Access  
Ethnologia Fennica     Open Access  
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
European Journal for Sport and Society     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Cultural and Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal  
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Review of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Eutopía - Revista de Desarrollo Económico Territorial     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Feministische Studien     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Finance and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Fokus pa familien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Frontiers in Human Dynamics     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Hábitat y Sociedad     Open Access  
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Hispania     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Homo Ludens     Open Access  
Horizontes y Raíces     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Housing and Society     Hybrid Journal  
Human and Social Studies     Open Access  
Human Architecture : Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Human Behavior, Development and Society     Open Access  
Human Factors in Information Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 36)
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  
Humanities : Rivista online di Storia, Geografia, Antropologia, Sociologia     Open Access  
Humanity & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
identidade!     Open Access  
Identity Papers : A Journal of British and Irish Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Illawarra Unity - Journal of the Illawarra Branch of the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Inclusión y Desarrollo     Open Access  

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American Behavioral Scientist
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.982
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 22  
 
Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal   * Containing 2 Open Access Open Access article(s) in this issue *
ISSN (Print) 0002-7642 - ISSN (Online) 1552-3381
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1085 journals]
  • “A Small Story With Great Symbolic Potential”: Attempts at Fixing a
           Cemetery of Unknown Migrants in Tunisia
    • Authors: Valentina Zagaria
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      From the summer of 2015, as Europe faced the so-called “refugee crisis,” a cemetery in southeast Tunisia started gaining fame. Journalists, researchers, filmmakers, photographers, and activists began traveling to the coastal town of Zarzis to report on a burial site for the victims of the European Union’s border. They were welcomed by local actors, and in particular by Chamseddine, a former fisherman who over the years became deeply involved in these burials. Told through one man’s charitable commitment to provide dignity to those who died at the European Union’s liquid border, the cemetery was fixed as a place epitomizing both the deadly effects of migration policies and the compassion of simple citizens in the face of horror. Different individuals and groups also began organizing to materially fix the cemetery. Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Zarzis between 2015 and 2018, this article explores the conceptual and practical acts of “fixing” surrounding the cemetery. These resulted in turning it into a focal symbol triggering moral and political discourses not only of empathy and hope but also of blame and responsibility, bringing to the fore the colonial and neocolonial legacies of the “refugee crisis.”
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-29T06:07:32Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219882994
       
  • The Spatial Scope of Youth-Related Claims Making in Nine European
           Countries
    • Authors: Maria Paschou, Maria Kousis, Manlio Cinalli, Didier Chabanet
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This comparative examination sheds light on the spatial scope of actors making youth-related claims in mainstream media. Drawing on the “political opportunity structure” approach, our main argument is that the spatial scope of political debates on youth-related issues are driven by institutional arrangements reflecting windows of opportunities for the representation of various youth interests. Methodologically, we draw on “claim-making” analysis of five newspapers for each of the nine countries of the EURYKA project, that is, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. Our cross-national exploratory analysis aims to show, (a) how state configuration and youth regime contexts impact on the spatial scope of youth and nonyouth actors, and furthermore, on specific state, civil society, and interest group actors, as well as (b) whether this leads to a new clustering of countries across spatial divides in the age of youth precarity. Cross-national variation is especially considered by looking at how institutional arrangements vary in each country, based on their youth policy regimes, the specific state structure and the impact of recent economic crisis on youth welfare policies.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-18T09:01:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885438
       
  • Talking About Youth: The Depoliticization of Young People in the Public
           Domain
    • Authors: Marco Giugni, Maria Grasso
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we employ data from comparative claims analysis of five major newspapers in nine European countries between 2010 and 2016 to examine discourse around youth. We look at the ways in which collective actors frame youth in the public domain and how this may provide discursive opportunities understood in terms of the extent to which public discourse portrays young people as agents of social change. More specifically, we argue that young people are depoliticized in the public domain. We find that public statements and more generally public discourse about youth tend to depict them as actors who do not have political aims or to focus on other, nonpolitical characteristics. Our exploratory analysis shows that, while youth are fairly present as actors in the public domain, they are only rarely addressed or discussed in political terms. Moreover, where they are addressed politically, it is in negative terms, with few political claims. At the same time, we observe important cross-national variations, whereby the depoliticization process looks to be further matured in some countries relative to others. This process of depoliticization of youth in the public domain, in turn, has important implications on their potential for acting as political agents and for their political activism.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-18T08:59:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885429
       
  • Youth- and Crime-Related Political Claims in Comparative Perspective
    • Authors: Katrin Uba, Ludvig Stendahl
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article analyzes youth collective activism in relation to crime and violence in the context of long-term dominance of “moral panics” discourse, where young people are often framed as a “threat” and “problem.” While many prior studies focus on media presentation of youth in single countries, we investigate how youth actors themselves make political claims related to crime and violence, and take a comparative perspective on this question. Based on a unique data on youth-related political claims from the newspapers of nine European countries—France, Greece, Germany, Italy, Poland, Spain, Switzerland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom, we demonstrate that youth are rarely present in the public discussions about crime and violence, especially in the countries where youth actors face restricted discursive opportunities in the print media. The dominant “adult view” in claims about crime and violence often connect youth to diverse social problems and attribute blame to youth more often than to adults; the claims made by youth do not make such a difference in blame attribution.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-15T06:28:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885422
       
  • Claiming and Framing Youth in the Public Domain During Times of Increasing
           Inequalities
    • Authors: Maria Kousis, Marco Giugni
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Aiming to contribute to research on youth representation in the mainstream media, this special issue provides eight articles offering fresh empirical comparative analyses of the ways in which young people as well as issues concerning them are dealt with in the public domain. Applying political claims analysis on original data from the EURYKA project (European Commission, Horizon 2020), the special issue is focused on how youth-related claims are raised in the media by youth and nonyouth actors during a period of increasing inequalities and social and political exclusion, how young people’s ways of doing politics are dealt with in the media, and to what extent organized youth and contestation are visible in the public domain.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-14T05:11:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885423
       
  • Rescuing Migrants in the Central Mediterranean: The Emergence of a New
           Civil Humanitarianism at the Maritime Border
    • Authors: Marta Esperti
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The Central Mediterranean is the most deadly body of water in the Mediterranean Sea with at least 15,062 fatalities recorded by International Organization of Migration between 2014 and 2018. This article aims at highlighting the rise of a variety of new civil society actors engaged in the rescue of people undertaking dangerous journeys across the sea in the attempt of reaching the southern European shores. The peculiarity of the humanitarian space at sea and its political relevance are pointed out to illustrate the unfolding of the maritime border management on the Central Mediterranean route and its relation with the activity of the civil society rescue vessels. The theoretical aspiration of the article is to question the role of a proactive civil humanitarianism at sea, discussing the emergence of different political and social meanings around humanitarianism at the EU’s southern maritime border. In recent years, the increasing presence of new citizens-based organizations at sea challenges the nexus between humanitarian and emergency approaches adopted to implement security-oriented policies. This essay draws on the findings of a broader comparative work on a variety of civil society actors engaged in the search and rescue operations on the maritime route between Libya and Europe, focusing in particular on Italy as country of first arrival. The fieldwork covers a period of time going between 2016 and 2018. The research methodology is built on a multisited ethnography, the conduct of semidirective and informal interviews with both state and nonstate actors, and the analysis of various reports unraveling the social and political tensions around rescue at sea on the Central Mediterranean route.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-13T06:11:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219882976
       
  • Deaths, Borders, and the Exception: Humanitarianism at the
           Spanish–Moroccan Border
    • Authors: Lorena Gazzotti
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This essay questions the rise of border humanitarianism in the North-Eastern Moroccan borderlands. The increasing presence of humanitarian organizations in contexts marked by border violence has raised the attention of a number of critical migration scholars. Observers, however, have failed to problematize the presence of humanitarian activities, traditionally connected to emergency contexts, in sites integrated in the “routinary” regulation of mobility. Building on 8 months of fieldwork conducted in 2016 and 2017, the article addresses this gap, taking the working of border humanitarianism as a vantage point to reflect on the relation of borders to the exception, on the role of violence in border maintenance and, ultimately, on the politics of life and death at the frontier. Drawing on the work of Salter and Vaughan Williams on exceptionalism and biopolitics at the border, the article makes two points. First, I argue that the ordinary functioning of the Spanish–Moroccan border is founded on the bestialization and devaluation of Black lives, often to the point of death. Second, I contend that the integration of the “exception” in border normalcy activates, challenges, and endlessly reproduces the need for emergency interventions. In this dystopian framework, humanitarianism becomes a tool for the ordinary maintenance of migrants’ degraded life, transformed by the border into a less-than-citizen, less-than-human form of existence.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-13T06:06:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219882990
       
  • Of Migrant Slaves and Underground Railroads: Movement, Containment,
           Freedom
    • Authors: Maurice Stierl
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores the figure of the “migrant slave” that appears to conjoin antithetical notions—migration, often associated with intentionality and movement, and slavery, commonly associated with coercion and confinement. The figure of the migrant as slave has been frequently mobilized by “antitrafficking crusaders” in debates over unauthorized forms of trans-Mediterranean crossings to EUrope. Besides scrutinizing the depoliticized and dehistoricized ways in which contemporary migrant journeys have come to be associated with imaginaries of the trans-Atlantic slave trade, this article draws other, actual, comparisons between historic slavery and contemporary forms of migration. It argues that there does exist a historical resonance between the former and the latter. By remembering slave rebellions on land and at sea, the article makes the case that if one had to draw comparisons between historic slaves and contemporary migrants, beyond often crude visual associations, one would need to do so by enquiring into moments in which both enacted escape to a place of perceived freedom. It is shown that the fugitive slave escaping on the “underground railroad” resembles most closely the acts of escape via the Mediterranean and its “underground seaways” today.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-13T06:04:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219883006
       
  • Death at the Border: Revisiting the Debate in Light of the
           Euro-Mediterranean Migration Crisis
    • Authors: Antoine Pécoud
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Migrant deaths at the border is a long-standing consequence of border control. The lethal effects of irregular migration have become particularly salient in the Euro-Mediterranean region since the beginning of the Arab Spring in 2011, as several thousand migrants have been losing their lives every year. This special issue of American Behavioral Scientist revisits the debate on border deaths in the light of this context. This article introduces this special issue and outlines the key arguments developed therein.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-12T06:20:10Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219882987
       
  • Counting Migrants’ Deaths at the Border: From Civil Society
           Counterstatistics to (Inter)Governmental Recuperation
    • Authors: Charles Heller, Antoine Pécoud
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Migrant deaths in border-zones have become a major social and political issue, especially in the context of the Euro-Mediterranean refugee/migrant crisis. While media, activists, and policy makers often mention precise figures regarding the number of deaths, little is known about the production of statistical data on this topic. This article explores the politics of counting migrant deaths in Europe. This statistical activity was initiated in the 1990s by civil society organizations with the purpose of shedding light on the deadly consequences of “Fortress Europe” and of challenging states’ control-oriented political strategies. In 2013, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) started to count migrants’ deaths: while this intergovernmental organization seems to follow up on civil society initiatives, it actually works with different political objectives. Rather than criticizing states, IOM aims at conciliating the control of irregular migration with the prevention of deaths. IOM’s statistics on border deaths illustrate the humanitarianization of the border, as denunciation of migrants’ deaths and life-saving activities become integrated in border management and border control. In producing statistics on border deaths, IOM depoliticizes this data and challenges the critical framework that was central to earlier civil society initiatives. Finally, the article explores ways in which statistics on border deaths are being repoliticized to challenge European states’ immigration policies.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-11T10:50:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219882996
       
  • Representation of Youth in the Public Debate in Greece, Italy, and Spain:
           Does the Political Leaning of Newspapers Have Any Effect'
    • Authors: Lorenzo Bosi, Anna Lavizzari, Stefania Voli
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Recent scientific studies have reached the near-unanimous conclusion that the media produce a stereotypical representation of young people. However, research in this area has not often scrutinized whether there are any significant differences in the coverage of the subject matter. Notably, this article examines whether the political leaning of newspapers has any impact on the levels of plurality in the news coverage of youth. On the basis of political claim analyses of six newspapers from three countries (Greece, Italy, and Spain), we find that the coverage of youth in the public debate is very similar if we compare center-right to center-left newspapers. This suggests that the social construction of the concept of youth dominates in the adult world, regardless of any political differences. Nonetheless, differences emerge when young people are given the opportunity to speak for themselves; center-left newspapers are more likely to recognize the agency of, and give a voice to, young people.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-09T07:02:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885437
       
  • Another Brick in the Wall' Young people, Protest and Nonprotest Claims
           Making in Nine European Countries
    • Authors: Angelos Loukakis, Martín Portos
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The implementation of austerity and neoliberal policies has disrupted everyday life for a significant number of Europeans, especially among young people. Rising tuition fees, labor market reforms, levels of unemployment, precarious working conditions, and discontent toward the political status quo have contributed to increase moral panics and outrage, which have often triggered mass protests. This article analyses whether and to what extent young Europeans express their demands via protest claims across nine European countries (N = 4,525). We argue that examining political (institutional and discursive) opportunities and claims’ attributes (such as actors, issues, targets) is important to understand whether a youth-related claim takes a protest form or not.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-09T07:02:00Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885435
       
  • Falling on Deaf Ears' An Analysis of Youth Political Claims in the
           European Mainstream Press
    • Authors: Ludovic Terren, Anna Clua Infante, Núria Ferran-Ferrer
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      There is a growing body of work on the ability of young people and minorities to have their voices heard in the public sphere, particularly with advances in information and communication technologies and the emancipatory expectations that ensued. Are all young people, in all their diversity, equally likely to have their political claims relayed by the mainstream press' Is the growing prevalence of social media communication reflected in mainstream media agenda setting' Does it contribute to political equality in terms of representation in the mainstream press' This article aims to answer these questions through a large-scale political claims analysis in 45 newspapers across nine European countries. It comes to confirm the theoretical underpinnings laid out by scholars like Herman and Chomsky with their analysis of media agenda setting and power relations or Chantal Mouffe and her notion of agonistic pluralism and the need to address unequal access to the public sphere. Overall, our findings suggest that young people in general—but even more so disadvantaged youth socioeconomic groups—are misrepresented in mainstream newspapers and that the increasing prevalence of social media communication does not seem to be reflected in mainstream media agenda setting.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-11-08T12:56:43Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885420
       
  • CSOs and EU Border Management: Cooperation or Resistance' The Case of
           Frontex Consultative Forum
    • Authors: Leila Giannetto
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The so-called European migrant or refugee crisis, started in 2015, has marked the climax of an increasing European tension on the management of the external borders, tension that had been building up since the turn of the century. In this particularly turbulent period, civil society organizations (CSOs) lobbying for human and migrant rights have expanded their presence not only operatively at the land and sea borders of the European Union (EU) but also at the EU governance level. With the growing importance of agencies in the EU executive space in terms of competences and resources (i.e., agencification), advocacy groups have started to direct their advocacy efforts toward EU agencies, particularly in the Area of Freedom Security and Justice. The most controversial EU agency in this scenario is the 13-year-old agency Frontex, now called European Border and Coast Guard Agency, which is also where the presence of CSOs has become more substantial in terms of competences and ability to access information on the operational and strategic activity of the agency. The aim of this article is to establish how this relationship between Frontex and CSOs has developed over time and what has been the impact of this relationship on the agency on fundamental rights matters. This study addresses these two issues by, first, analyzing the CSOs represented within Frontex Consultative Forum (CF) on fundamental rights, their aims and lobbying strategies vis-à-vis Frontex; second, the evolution of their relationship with the agency and the rationale of their permanence within the CF; and, last, their impact on Frontex’s understanding of fundamental rights. Considerations on advocacy activity outside of the CF are also presented by stressing the difference in ideology between organizations that decided to advocate for fundamental rights from within or outside Frontex.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-10-23T06:42:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219882988
       
  • Deaths and Disappearances in Migration to Europe: Exploring the Uses of a
           Transnationalized Category
    • Authors: Estela Schindel
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The high number of persons lost, missing, or dead without confirmation of decease in the Euro-Mediterranean in the context of migration and seek of asylum pose a challenge to the technical and conceptual tools available in order to account for their lives. This article explores the reach and possible uses of the category of enforced disappearance. The genealogy of enforced disappearance in Latin America in the 1970s is presented and discussed in terms of its legacies and teachings, like the importance of distinguishing disappearances from deaths. The recent incorporation of “disappearances in context of migration” as a matter of concern in explorative studies of the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances is subsequently exposed and analyzed. Indirect, outsourced, or externalized state agency, creation of spaces of abandonment from the states, and emergence of spaces of indeterminacy between life and death are some of the aspects related to migratory routes to Europe tackled by the recommendations of the Working Group. Finally, the text explores the affinity between migrants’ disappearances and other contemporary forms of exclusion or expulsion which may be subsumed under the category of “social disappearances.”
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-10-21T10:08:40Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219883003
       
  • Who Cares About Ouacil' The Postmortem Itinerary of a Young Border
           Crosser
    • Authors: Carolina Kobelinsky
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      On a sunny Tuesday afternoon in May 2015, two young women walking by a lighthouse in Melilla, a Spanish enclave on the northern shores of Morocco’s Mediterranean coast, found the lifeless body of a young man. As the police quickly soon confirmed, the boy had died while trying to jump on a ferry that would take him “to the real Europe” (i.e., the Iberian Peninsula). Using ethnography, this article aims at mapping the afterlives of this dead young man, in their multiple dimensions. It traces the body’s trajectory through the judicial system and bureaucratic registration; it investigates attempts made by various agencies at identifying the corpse and carrying it to its final destination; finally, it analyzes the efforts made to pay him tribute. By tracing the dead boy’s itinerary, this article sheds light on the conflictual interactions between different actors (state and municipal institutions, civil society groups, and migrants themselves) involved in the treatment of deaths at the borders.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-10-18T09:22:29Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219882993
       
  • “Fake News” Is Not Simply False Information: A Concept Explication and
           Taxonomy of Online Content
    • Authors: Maria D. Molina, S. Shyam Sundar, Thai Le, Dongwon Lee
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      As the scourge of “fake news” continues to plague our information environment, attention has turned toward devising automated solutions for detecting problematic online content. But, in order to build reliable algorithms for flagging “fake news,” we will need to go beyond broad definitions of the concept and identify distinguishing features that are specific enough for machine learning. With this objective in mind, we conducted an explication of “fake news” that, as a concept, has ballooned to include more than simply false information, with partisans weaponizing it to cast aspersions on the veracity of claims made by those who are politically opposed to them. We identify seven different types of online content under the label of “fake news” (false news, polarized content, satire, misreporting, commentary, persuasive information, and citizen journalism) and contrast them with “real news” by introducing a taxonomy of operational indicators in four domains—message, source, structure, and network—that together can help disambiguate the nature of online news content.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-10-14T01:00:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219878224
       
  • Lost in Informational Paradise: Cognitive Arrest to Epistemic Inertia in
           Problem Solving
    • Authors: Jeong-Nam Kim, James E. Grunig
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      We conceptualize two cognitive modi operandi by which lay individuals (cf. experts) solve everyday life problems: cognitive retrogression and cognitive progression. The key demarcation between these two strategies is when a conclusion is finalized and how one’s cognitive and communicative efforts are expended in a problematic situation. Using these two concepts of cognitive strategies in problem solving, we explicate the emerging processes of cognitive arrest and epistemic inertia in the digital age and changing information environment. We apply the cognitive and communicative account to an exemplary case of cognitive arrest among lay publics: that of conspiracism and close-mindedness.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-10-14T01:00:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219878237
       
  • Machine Cleaning of Online Opinion Spam: Developing a Machine-Learning
           Algorithm for Detecting Deceptive Comments
    • Authors: Yu Won Oh, Chong Hyun Park
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Humans are not very good at detecting deception. The problem is that there is currently no other particular way to distinguish fake opinions in a comments section than by resorting to poor human judgments. For years, most scholarly and industrial efforts have been directed at detecting fake consumer reviews of products or services. A technique for identifying deceptive opinions on social issues is largely underexplored and undeveloped. Inspired by the need for a reliable deceptive comment detection method, this study aims to develop an automated machine-learning technique capable of determining opinion trustworthiness in a comment section. In the process, we have created the first large-scale ground truth dataset consisting of 866 truthful and 869 deceptive comments on social issues. This is also one of the first attempts to detect comment deception in Asian languages (in Korean, specifically). The proposed machine-learning technique achieves nearly 81% accuracy in detecting untruthful opinions about social issues. This performance is quite consistent across issues and well beyond that of human judges.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-10-03T08:39:13Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219878238
       
  • What’s Next' Six Observations for the Future of Political
           Misinformation Research
    • Authors: Brian E. Weeks, Homero Gil de Zúñiga
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Research on political misinformation is booming. The field is continually gaining more key insights about this important and complex social problem. Academic interest on misinformation has consistently been a multidisciplinary effort. But perhaps political communication researchers are particularly well situated to be the leading voices on the public’s understanding of misinformation and many are heeding the call. With that responsibility in mind, in this brief article we offer six observations for the future of political misinformation research that we believe can help focus this line of inquiry to better ensure we address some of the most pressing problems. Our list is not exhaustive, nor do we suggest that areas we do not cover are not important. Rather, we make these observations with the goal of spurring a conversation about the future of political misinformation research.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-09-30T12:19:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219878236
       
  • Stop the Presses' Moving From Strategic Silence to Strategic
           Amplification in a Networked Media Ecosystem
    • Authors: Joan Donovan, danah boyd
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      In a media ecosystem besieged with misinformation and polarizing rhetoric, what the news media chooses not to cover can be as significant as what they do cover. In this article, we examine the historical production of silence in journalism to better understand the role amplification plays in the editorial and content moderation practices of current news media and social media platforms. Through the lens of strategic silence (i.e., the use of editorial discretion for the public good), we examine two U.S.-based case studies where media coverage produces public harms if not handled strategically: White violence and suicide. We analyze the history of journalistic choices to illustrate how professional and ethical codes for best practices played a key role in producing a more responsible field of journalism. As news media turned to online distribution, much has changed for better and worse. Platform companies now curate news media alongside user generated content; these corporations are largely responsible for content moderation on an enormous scale. The transformation of gatekeepers has led an evolution in disinformation and misinformation, where the creation and distribution of false and hateful content, as well as the mistrust of social institutions, have become significant public issues. Yet it is not just the lack of editorial standards and ethical codes within and across platforms that pose a challenge for stabilizing media ecosystems; the manipulation of search engines and recommendation algorithms also compromises the ability for lay publics to ascertain the veracity of claims to truth. Drawing on the history of strategic silence, we argue for a new editorial approach—“strategic amplification”—which requires both news media organizations and platform companies to develop and employ best practices for ensuring responsibility and accountability when producing news content and the algorithmic systems that help spread it.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-09-30T06:20:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219878229
       
  • Misinformation About Health: A Review of Health Communication and
           Misinformation Scholarship
    • Authors: Arunima Krishna, Teresa L. Thompson
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      As more people choose to get health information online, health-related topics continue to be the target of misinformation. From targeted misinformation campaigns about the safety of tobacco, the mainstreaming and subsequent adoption of scientifically flawed research about vaccines, to the misinformation-driven stigmatization of HIV, health communication as an academic discipline has been faced with the challenge of stemming the flow of misinformation and correcting individuals’ misinformed beliefs. To that end, scholars have devoted much time and effort to understand the antecedents and consequences of health-related misinformation, as well as strategies to correct misinformation and inoculate others from misinformation. In this essay, we review research on health-related misinformation, with a special emphasis on two major journals in the field, that is, Health Communication and the Journal of Health Communication, and interrogate the nature of health-related misinformation. We close this essay with a conceptualization of misinformed yet vocal health communicators, whom we term health misliterates.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-09-28T04:48:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219878223
       
  • Career Self-Efficacy: A Mixed-Methods Study of an Underexplored Research
           Area for First-Generation, Low-Income, and Underrepresented College
           Students in a Comprehensive College Transition Program
    • Authors: Adrianna Kezar, Liane Hypolite, Joseph A. Kitchen
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This mixed-methods study explored whether and how participation in a comprehensive college transition program serving low-income, first-generation, and underrepresented minority students is linked to the development of career self-efficacy in light of the latter’s link to persistence and college completion. Findings suggest that program participation is linked to career self-efficacy, and program participants report significantly higher levels of confidence in their major and career path compared with a control group. Qualitative results indicate that major and career support from college transition program staff and being connected to an ecology of major and career-related activities contributed to the development of program participants’ career self-efficacy. Results hold significance for college transition program design and call attention to an underexplored area of research in the quest to boost college completion for low-income, first-generation, and underrepresented minority students.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-09-16T05:16:02Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869409
       
  • Ensuring Success Among First-Generation, Low-Income, and Underserved
           Minority Students: Developing a Unified Community of Support
    • Authors: Elizabeth Holcombe, Adrianna Kezar
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Recent research has demonstrated the value of comprehensive, integrated programs that combine and align several interventions to create a seamless learning environment for undergraduate students in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics). While there is emerging evidence of the value of these integrated programs for student success, there is little understanding of exactly how and why they are effective. This study of integrated programs at several California State University campuses indicates that successful integrated programs are effective because they create what we term a unified community of support for students, faculty, and staff. A unified community of support leverages structural changes to campus policies and practices to promote individual changes to faculty and staff knowledge, beliefs, actions, and relationships. This combination offers a unique and novel way of both organizing and conceptualizing student support within higher education, as most existing programs are based around either structural changes or individual support, rather than a mutually reinforcing combination of the two.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-09-12T05:50:53Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869413
       
  • Mapping Recent Development in Scholarship on Fake News and Misinformation,
           2008 to 2017: Disciplinary Contribution, Topics, and Impact
    • Authors: Louisa Ha, Loarre Andreu Perez, Rik Ray
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This review article examines 142 journal articles on fake news and misinformation published between 2008 and 2017 and the knowledge generated on the topic. Although communication scholars and psychologists contributed almost half of all the articles on the topic of fake news and misinformation in the past 10 years, the wide variety of journals from various disciplines publishing the topic shows that it has captured interest from the scholarly community in general. Male scholars outnumbered female scholars in both productivity and citations on the topic, but there are variations by fields. There are very few scholars who have produced a large body of work on the topic yet. Effects of fake news/misinformation is the most common topic found in journal articles. A research agenda by the different roles in the production, spreading, and using fake news/misinformation is suggested.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-30T08:15:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869402
       
  • The Role of Collaboration in Integrated Programs Aimed at Supporting
           Underrepresented Student Success in STEM
    • Authors: Adrianna Kezar, Elizabeth Holcombe
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The persistent underrepresentation of low-income, first-generation, and underrepresented minority students among those who complete an undergraduate degree in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics remains an issue of concern in higher education. Scholars and practitioners have increasingly realized that more comprehensive supports are required, as opposed to the single-strategy interventions that have been popular for several decades. Such supports, also known as integrated or comprehensive programs, combine and align several interventions that are both curricular and cocurricular and require the work of both faculty members and student affairs staff to design and implement. Collaboration among these groups is crucial to the success of these programs. However, the actual role that collaboration plays in these new student success efforts is undertheorized and has not been examined empirically. In this article, we describe the role of collaboration in improving program design for comprehensive, integrated programs, and for overcoming policy and practice implementation challenges.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-29T06:05:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869421
       
  • Does Media Literacy Help Identification of Fake News' Information
           Literacy Helps, but Other Literacies Don’t
    • Authors: S. Mo Jones-Jang, Tara Mortensen, Jingjing Liu
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Concerns over fake news have triggered a renewed interest in various forms of media literacy. Prevailing expectations posit that literacy interventions help audiences to be “inoculated” against any harmful effects of misleading information. This study empirically investigates such assumptions by assessing whether individuals with greater literacy (media, information, news, and digital literacies) are better at recognizing fake news, and which of these literacies are most relevant. The results reveal that information literacy—but not other literacies—significantly increases the likelihood of identifying fake news stories. Interpreting the results, we provide both conceptual and methodological explanations. Particularly, we raise questions about the self-reported competencies that are commonly used in literacy scales.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-28T07:04:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869406
       
  • The Process of Academic Validation Within a Comprehensive College
           Transition Program
    • Authors: Ronald E. Hallett, Robert D. Reason, Jonathan Toccoli, Joseph A. Kitchen, Rosemary J. Perez
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Postsecondary institutions often create support programs to encourage the academic success of underserved students. Comprehensive college transition programs have been posited as one approach that provides wraparound support for the first 2 years students attend college. In this article, we use validation theory to explore how a Comprehensive college transition programs can create academically validating experiences for underserved students, many of whom are first-generation and racially minoritized. Our study confirms that how program elements are implemented is more important that what elements are included within a support program. The overarching finding that emerged is that programs can be designed to provide reassurance along with allowing second chances, which creates the space for vulnerability and risk taking to occur. This process creates the context for academically validation experiences for underserved students.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-28T07:04:12Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869419
       
  • Concluding Thoughts
    • Authors: Adrianna Kezar, Joseph A. Kitchen
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This issue has explored the efficacy of two comprehensive college transition programs: CSU STEM Collaboratives and the Thompson Scholars Learning Community. Both studies identify similar issues that merit further exploration and point to key findings that practitioners should consider to guide their future work with first-generation, low-income, and underrepresented students.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-27T07:19:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869416
       
  • Mediated Misinformation: Questions Answered, More Questions to Ask
    • Authors: Eun-Ju Lee, Soo Yun Shin
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      With the rampant increase of misinformation produced and distributed online at an alarming rate, it has become more imperative than ever to understand what makes people fall for misinformation. Drawing on the literature on persuasion, credibility of online information, and digital deception, we first review a list of factors associated with the source, message, channel, and receiver that may alter the extent to which people judge information as truthful and believable. Based on critical assessments of the gaps in the literature, suggestions are offered to shape future research agendas and develop an integrative conceptual framework.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-24T06:02:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869403
       
  • Sense of Belonging and Mattering Among Two Cohorts of First-Year Students
           Participating in a Comprehensive College Transition Program
    • Authors: Darnell Cole, Christopher B. Newman, Liane I. Hypolite
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      For first-year students who carry traditionally marginalized identities, comprehensive college transition programs (CCTPs) can offer key wraparound services to help address some of the major academic, social, and financial barriers they may encounter. This article looks at one such CCTP implemented at three public college campuses serving a range of students, including those from low-income, first generation, and racial/ethnic minority backgrounds. More specifically, this study uses regression analyses to look at two cohorts of first-year students’ experiences related to sense of belonging and mattering to their CCTP. The findings suggest that when considering students’ experiences in CCTP, staff care and support and perceptions of grade check meetings were experiences that were significantly related to both sense of belonging and mattering.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-23T11:52:30Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869417
       
  • A Typology of College Transition and Support Programs: Situating a 2-Year
           Comprehensive College Transition Program Within College Access
    • Authors: Ronald E. Hallett, Adrianna Kezar, Rosemary J. Perez, Joseph A. Kitchen
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      College transition and support programs have emerged over the past century as important tools that institutions can employ to improve student outcomes. With the variety of approaches used, a common language is needed to discuss why and how programs relate to institutional goals and relate to student outcomes. In this article, we present and discuss the College Transition and Support Program Typology as a way of understanding how programs are similar and different in their approach to addressing barriers and creating opportunities for student success. The typology centers on student needs, focus, duration, and timing as important program dimensions. We then apply the typology to a comprehensive college transition program to illustrate the dimensions. The final section discusses a set of criteria for practitioners to consider when designing a program and making choices about what type of transition initiatives may be most suitable for one’s campus and student needs.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-23T11:50:51Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869410
       
  • Supporting First-Generation, Low-Income, and Underrepresented Students’
           Transitions to College Through Comprehensive and Integrated Programs
    • Authors: Adrianna Kezar, Joseph A. Kitchen
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This special issue of American Behavioral Scientist focuses on college transition programs that have either comprehensive or integrated designs, exploring whether, how, and why these programs are making progress toward improving success among marginalized student populations to address long-standing retention and completion gaps that have troubled higher education for decades. Comprehensive programs offer a broad range of supports coordinated within a single program. Integrated programs link students to several existing supports on campus so that they essentially become a comprehensive support program. There are multiple institutional and structural factors that can thwart the success and development of underrepresented and marginalized students. Comprehensive and integrated programs represent an opportunity to structure or coordinate an environment within the larger university community that is explicitly oriented toward the particular needs and success of these student populations. This volume of articles focuses on two major comprehensive and integrated programs: (1) the Thompson Scholars Learning Communities program and (2) the California State University STEM Collaboratives Initiative.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-08-22T05:09:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219869397
       
  • Retrospective Consecration Beyond the Mainstream: The Creation of a
           Progressive Rock Canon
    • Authors: Timothy J. Dowd, Trent Ryan, Vaughn Schmutz, Dionne Parris, Ashlee Bledsoe, Dan Semenza
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Based on a sample of 28,360 albums identified by an online community devoted to progressive rock, this article examines factors that shape the retrospective consecration of music that operates beyond the mainstream. Drawing on previous work on fields of cultural production, genre trajectories, and creative careers, the article produces findings that both replicate and innovate. As in previous research, critical acclaim greatly enhances the likelihood of consecration; however, it is not mainstream critics but underground critics whose opinions are most influential and most consistent with popular appeal among the progressive rock audience. Likewise, although performers from the “first wave” of progressive rock and from the United Kingdom have an advantage in getting consecrated, a more recent wave of performers in the online era see higher odds of consecration and there is neither a significant advantage for U.S.-based performers nor a significant disadvantage for performers from the margins. Findings suggest that the relationship between different types of legitimation varies across fields and that in progressive rock—a field with a high degree of aesthetic solidarity—some sources of acclaim often thought of as being in competition are actually compatible.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-29T09:27:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219865315
       
  • North Carolina [Un]incorporated: Place, Race, and Local Environmental
           Inequity
    • Authors: Danielle M. Purifoy
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Research linking municipal underbounding to racialized environmental inequality suggests that understanding the built environmental outcomes of municipal annexation or incorporation may add an important dimension to scholarship on environmental justice and critical race theory. This article explores whether white, black, and Latinx populations are likely to receive the same built environmental benefits from municipal incorporation. I study the distribution and proximity of built amenities and disamenities across white, black, and Latinx populations in incorporated municipalities and unincorporated communities in North Carolina—a state with ongoing controversies about who benefits from municipal jurisdiction. To the extent that municipalities are associated with built environmental amenities, I find that block groups with high white populations are the primary beneficiaries. By contrast, environmental disamenities are distributed disproportionately in communities with higher black and Latinx populations regardless of municipal incorporation. These findings suggest that histories of racialized municipal exclusion are an additional layer of already overdetermined environmental racism, such that municipal inclusion—primarily through annexation of excluded black and Latinx populations—may do little to alter the existing inequities.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-18T05:00:26Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859645
       
  • Critical Race Theory and Empirical Sociology
    • Authors: Michelle Christian, Louise Seamster, Victor Ray
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      We argue that empirical sociology would benefit from a greater engagement with critical race theory (CRT). In this introduction, we outline four steps to the empirical application of CRT in sociology: (1) understanding that social science is not value neutral, (2) using CRT to inform research design and methodology, (3) investigating racism at multiple levels of analysis, and (4) empirical data and analysis should uncover the relational aspect to racism. The studies in this special issue demonstrate how CRT and social science cross empirical boundaries in fruitful collaboration to document the reproduction of racism in the 21st century.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-08T04:50:03Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859646
       
  • Power to the Paperwork' Mandatory Financial Sanctions and the
           Bureaucratic Means to Racially Unequal Ends
    • Authors: Kasey Henricks
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Few studies that disentangle the relationship between race, crime, and punishment have turned to administrative documents as a central site of power. Speaking to this omission, I use a case study of mandatory financial sanctions in the Criminal Division of the Cook County Circuit Court in the State of Illinois. The analysis draws upon a sample of 89 sanctions imposed upon conviction, at the state and county levels, to identify three bureaucratic aspects that sustain racial inequality. One, these sanctions are represented in ways that abstract the conviction process from its highly racialized context. Two, these sanctions enable legal actors to enact a multilevel mode of decision making, combining compulsory and discretionary judgment, that entrenches racial bias within the broader legal organization of punishment. And three, these sanctions redistribute the operational costs of justice through earmarks onto those who are processed through the system (i.e., disproportionately people of color). Altogether, these bureaucratic aspects paradoxically intensify racial stratification in ways that are seemingly nonracial.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T09:53:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859620
       
  • Racial Microaggressions and Sense of Belonging at a Historically White
           University
    • Authors: Jioni A. Lewis, Ruby Mendenhall, Ashley Ojiemwen, Merin Thomas, Cameron Riopelle, Stacy Anne Harwood, Margaret Browne Huntt
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This study applied critical race theory to explore the racial microaggression experiences of students of color (i.e., African American, Asian American, Latinx, and Multiracial students) at a historically White university. Using quantitative and qualitative data from an online survey (N = 1,710), we explored the relationship between the frequency of racial microaggressions and sense of belonging using multiple regression analysis. In addition, we analyzed qualitative open-ended responses to better understand students’ perceptions about how the racial microaggressions they experienced affected their sense of belonging. The findings indicated that African American students reported experiencing a significantly greater frequency of racial microaggressions than Asian American, Latinx, and Multiracial students. In addition, students who reported a greater frequency of racial microaggressions also reported lower sense of belonging. We highlight implications for future research on students of color at historically White universities.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T09:51:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859613
       
  • A Jim Crow State of Mind: The Racialization of Space in the McKinney,
           Texas Pool Party Incident
    • Authors: Barbara Harris Combs
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Violence against Black bodies is not new, but contemporary discussions of these matters often focus on police or other state-sanctioned violence against male Black bodies. While this is important, it ignores the perils all Black bodies face as they navigate White spaces. In this article, I utilize an analytical framework, which highlights intersectional bodies in order to expose the extent to which a Jim Crow-like mentality about where people belong still persists in U.S. society. I examine the 2015 McKinney, Texas, pool party incident as a case study to demonstrate how gender and the social status of children operated to imperil Black (and Brown) bodies in the social environment of a predominantly White upper middle-class suburban neighborhood. I offer a counternarrative reading of the incident utilizing a framework I term bodies out of place, a critical extension on critical race theory scholarship and the work of Nirmal Puwar (2004). The article makes an important contribution toward understanding White epistemologies of ignorance with respect to the existence and maintenance of continuing racial oppression and White supremacy in society.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T05:44:59Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859617
       
  • The Problem of Overgeneralization: The Case of Mental Health Problems and
           U.S. Violent White Supremacists
    • Authors: Bryan F. Bubolz, Pete Simi
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-02-28T12:01:07Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219831746
       
  • Hate Crimes and Bias Incidents in the Ivory Tower: Results From a
           Large-Scale Campus Survey
    • Authors: Walter DeKeseredy, James J. Nolan, Amanda Hall-Sanchez
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-02-22T10:30:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219831733
       
  • The Dark Figure of Hate Crime Underreporting
    • Authors: Frank S. Pezzella, Matthew D. Fetzer, Tyler Keller
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.

      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-01-29T06:37:42Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218823844
       
  • Innovations in Social Science Methodologies: An Overview
    • Authors: Daniel Druckman, William Donohue
      First page: 3
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      In this article, we discuss the historical development of various methodological approaches used by social scientists. The well-known divide between the positivist and constructivist traditions is alive and well in the variety of recent methodologies including those discussed in these issues. More recent developments include nonlinear approaches intended to deal with the complexity of the world as it presents itself. The advent of new technologies has expanded the reach of quantitative methods while also increasing the efficiency of data collections and analyses performed by qualitative researchers. Another trend is toward making research findings more relevant to the communities being researched. Innovation is the key theme of each article that is summarized in this essay. The developments captured by the authors presage a brave new world of continuing innovation in social science methodologies.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-09-10T06:20:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859623
       
  • Conditional Process Analysis: Concepts, Computation, and Advances in the
           Modeling of the Contingencies of Mechanisms
    • Authors: Andrew F. Hayes, Nicholas J. Rockwood
      First page: 19
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Behavioral scientists use mediation analysis to understand the mechanism(s) by which an effect operates and moderation analysis to understand the contingencies or boundary conditions of effects. Yet how effects operate (i.e., the mechanism at work) and their boundary conditions (when they occur) are not necessarily independent, though they are often treated as such. Conditional process analysis is an analytical strategy that integrates mediation and moderation analysis with the goal of examining and testing hypotheses about how mechanisms vary as a function of context or individual differences. In this article, we provide a conceptual primer on conditional process analysis for those not familiar with the integration of moderation and mediation analysis, while also describing some recent advances and innovations for the more experienced conditional process analyst. After overviewing fundamental modeling principles using ordinary least squares regression, we discuss the extension of these fundamentals to models with more than one mediator and more than one moderator. We describe a differential dominance conditional process model and overview the concepts of partial, conditional, and moderated moderated mediation. We also discuss multilevel conditional process analysis and comment on implementation of conditional process analysis in statistical computing software.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-18T04:57:46Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859633
       
  • Complexity, Causality, and Control in Statistical Modeling
    • Authors: Brian R. Urlacher
      First page: 55
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Social scientists using statistical models and more qualitative techniques frequently employ divergent approaches to thinking about causality. Statistical methodologies tend to draw on probabilistic understandings of causality. Qualitative research traditions, however, have advanced a sophisticated framework around necessary and sufficient conditions. In particular, the qualitative comparative analysis approach has embraced theory development that emphasizes equifinality and complex causal relationships. This article reviews the two traditions and explores how a causal framework grounded in necessary and sufficient conditions can be adapted to statistical models. A logistic regression analysis of major contributions to peacekeeping missions is used to illustrate both the viability of blending the two traditions as well as the potential for more sophisticated theory development and testing.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-13T09:44:35Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859641
       
  • Understanding the Practice, Application, and Limitations of Meta-Analysis
    • Authors: Mike Allen
      First page: 74
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article discusses the basic assumptions and practices for meta-analysis as well as describing options and innovations for implementing this tool. Meta-analysis represents a family of techniques with different assumptions and procedures. I discuss some of the ongoing debates and limitations of the methods that continue to receive attention. In an era of “evidence-based” applications and educational material, meta-analysis (in all the forms) represents the best way to reduce Type II error and identify Type I error. Use of the technique provides facilitates the formulation and evaluation theoretical arguments as well as identifying the means to optimally generate future research efforts. The process of meta-analysis takes the scientist back to the future by reminding the community of the original premises that guided the formation of the statistical process.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-01T09:52:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859619
       
  • Understanding the Role of Language in Conflict
    • Authors: William A. Donohue, Qi Hao, Richard Spreng, Charles Owen
      First page: 97
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The purpose of this article is to illustrate innovations in text analysis associated with understanding conflict-related communication events. Two innovations will be explored: LIWC (Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count), the text modeling program from the open-source data analysis software program R, and SPSS Modeler. The LIWC analysis revisits the 2009 study by Donohue and Druckman and the 2014 study by Donohue, Liang, and Druckman focusing on text analyses of the Oslo I Accords between the Palestinians and Israelis to illustrate this approach. The R and SPSS modeling of text analysis use the same data set as the LIWC analysis to provide a different set of pictures associated with each leader’s rhetoric during the period in which the Oslo I accords were being negotiated. Each innovation provides different insights into the mind-set of the two groups of leaders as the secret talks were emerging. The implications of each approach in establishing an understanding of the communication exchanges are discussed to conclude the article.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-05T06:20:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859626
       
  • Approaches to Understanding Sustainable Peace: Qualitative Causal Loop
           Diagrams and Quantitative Mathematical Models
    • Authors: Larry S. Liebovitch, Peter T. Coleman, Joshua Fisher
      First page: 123
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Scholarly research on peace has overwhelmingly focused on negative peace, or the absence of conflict, aggression, violence, and war. We seek to understand holistic peace systems, the political, economic, and social systems that sustain peaceful societies. We show how two methods can help us understand the properties and dynamics of such complex peace systems. Each method provides insights from different perspectives to help understand sustaining peace. The causal loop diagram helps us to identify the peace factors and the connections between them. The mathematical model helps us determine the quantitative results of the interactions between all the peace factors. Using these methods, we found that there is no single “leverage” factor that is the lynchpin in creating sustainable peace. Rather, the small effects of a large number of positive peace factors that support peace can collectively overcome the stronger emotional response to the negative conflict factors that jeopardize peace.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-04T12:06:57Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859618
       
  • Advances in Machine Learning for the Behavioral Sciences
    • Authors: Tomáš Kliegr, Štěpán Bahník, Johannes Fürnkranz
      First page: 145
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The areas of machine learning and knowledge discovery in databases have considerably matured in recent years. In this article, we briefly review recent developments as well as classical algorithms that stood the test of time. Our goal is to provide a general introduction into different tasks such as learning from tabular data, behavioral data, or textual data, with a particular focus on actual and potential applications in behavioral sciences. The supplemental appendix to the article also provides practical guidance for using the methods by pointing the reader to proven software implementations. The focus is on R, but we also cover some libraries in other programming languages as well as systems with easy-to-use graphical interfaces.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-24T08:45:01Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859639
       
  • Innovations in Ethnographic Methods
    • Authors: Linda J. Seligmann, Brian P. Estes
      First page: 176
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article reviews innovations in ethnographic methods that have developed over the past 25 years, specifically the emergence of multisited and short-term fieldwork, digital ethnography, various kinds of participatory and collaborative ethnography, and the use of interviews. Ethnographic methods, once primarily employed by anthropologists, have now been embraced by many other social science practitioners. The article discusses the strengths and weaknesses of how these methods are being implemented and applied; the ethical challenges their use raises; and the kinds of novel modes of interpretation, analysis, and representations of research findings they are producing.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-09-10T06:20:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859640
       
  • Conducting Field Research Effectively
    • Authors: Larry Crump
      First page: 198
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article is concerned primarily with preparing for and conducting field research by examining innovative methods and techniques that support the effectively utilization of our time in the field. Specifically, it examines innovations for identifying and communicating with potential respondents to secure interview appointments. Procuring interview notes is dependent first on the ability to secure interview appointments; however, this aspect of the field research life cycle has received insufficient attention. Securing interviews requires identifying potential respondents through our network of contacts, relevant websites, and traditional and social media. Field research has moved onto the Internet—an innovation that contributes to conducting field research effectively. Once potential respondents are identified, interview appointments are then secured by clearly understanding the mode, content and timing of respondent communication. Interview methods, data recording and data analysis are also considered. When conducted effectively, these purposeful activities produce the interview notes that then become the data used for case analysis. This article concludes by reviewing the field research life cycle.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      PubDate: 2019-07-11T06:25:15Z
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219859624
       
  • The Diverging Presence of Youth in Public Discourse: A Comparative
           Analysis of Youth-Related Debates Across Countries and Issue Fields

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: Christian Lahusen, Johannes Kiess
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Youth is a recurrent topic of public debates, particularly because youth features in almost all issue fields discussed in mass media, ranging from educational and cultural to criminal matters. However, previous research has highlighted that youth is not necessarily actively involved in raising its own voice within the public sphere, which gives cause for concerns about the representation of youth in public discourses and thus in democratic opinion formation. This article wishes to critically assess the proposition that young people are objects of public discourses rather than active participants. For this purpose, it will analyze public statements reported in newspapers of nine countries (Germany, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom). The analysis makes conceptual use of claims-making analysis and tries to identify contextual factors that determine the extent to which youth actors actively participate in public discourses. In particular, we wish to assess whether discursive inclusion or exclusion of youth is patterned along countries and/or policy fields. Our findings show that policy fields are the most important contextual factors. Moreover, considering claims and actors, public debates about youth are rather similar between the nine countries. This indicates that public debates about youth are patterned by a similar, cross-national differentiation along policy domains.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885426
       
  • Not Seen and Not Heard' The Representation of Young Women and Their
           Political Interests in the Traditional Print Public Sphere
    • Authors: Katherine A. Smith, Valentina Holecz
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      A number of marginalized groups, including women and young people face multiple disadvantages in the traditional print media public sphere. As an inherently political space, young women’s position within the public sphere has implications for their wider role in politics and society. However, few studies analyze this specific intersection of youth and gender empirically. Using recent original data, this article analyzes how young women and their interests are represented in the traditional media public sphere. It uses the lens of political claims analysis, a method that collects data on strategic interventions that express a political opinion either verbal or nonverbal, by collective actors in the public sphere, in addition to the thematic content analysis of the coded claims. This is an exploratory analysis of original political claims data and news content gathered from a range of newspapers across nine European countries from the period 2010 to 2016. It finds that the main qualities of representation confirm patterns within existing literature, with a centrality of young women’s bodies within our sample, and a low level of agency or “active” role for young women within claims relating to their own interest. Furthermore, we empirically confirm trends which offer examples of more progressive representations of young women and their interests, including the significance of civil society actors in promoting the rights of young women and the theme of gender (in)equality in professional life, which enables space for a greater level of agency for young women than most other debates.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764219885439
       
  • Harmonizing Forms of Legitimacy in the Consecration of Popular Music
    • Authors: Vaughn Schmutz, Alex van Venrooij
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Recent sociological research has focused attention on formal instances of retrospective cultural consecration in the United States. In the fields of film, sport, and popular music, this has largely involved comparing the effects of various forms of cultural legitimacy on the odds of retrospective consecration. Such studies have used the three “competing” principles of cultural legitimacy identified by Bourdieu (1983)—specific, bourgeois, and popular—as predictors of consecration. Although Bourdieu (1983) refers to these as “competing” forms of cultural legitimacy, elsewhere he describes consecration as the collective product of “all the agents involved in the field of production.” Based on 3,234 popular music albums released from 2000 through 2007, we analyze factors associated with immediate, intermediate, and retrospective forms of consecration to explore the extent to which such forms of legitimacy compete and converge over time. Our findings suggest that rites of consecration can serve to reveal conflicts as well as build consensus regarding the reputations of artists and their works. The increasing consensus surrounding consecrated albums is particularly striking.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218813607
       
  • Introducing Aesthetics Into Status Analysis: The Case of French
           Contemporary Poetry
    • Authors: Sébastien Dubois, Pierre François
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The consecration of artists is a fundamental issue in the study of artistic fields. Status theory proposes that consecration (or “status”) is constructed through associations between actors, leading the actors to choose partners whose status is comparable to theirs. This theory, widely used in the study of artistic consecration, tends to undersocialize actors as it only considers their relative position in the status order. In particular, it hypothesizes that when two actors associate, they do so on the basis of their relative position in their respective areas of reference. Yet status theory can be accused of ignoring the aesthetic dimension of the works produced. In other words, it overlooks what makes art worlds distinct from other fields of production. The aim of this article is to complete this hypothesis by showing how aesthetic affinities can contribute to pairing choices (between a publisher and a poet, in particular), and how these aesthetic affinities can play a determining role in unequal artistic consecration.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218813703
       
  • Consecration and Materiality
    • Authors: Fiona R. Greenland
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article focuses on a case of failed consecration: the Egyptian obelisk in New York’s Central Park, commonly known as Cleopatra’s Needle. The obelisk arrived in New York from Alexandria in 1880, with great fanfare. For a brief period, it was the talk of the town: a tourist curiosity and star of advertising campaigns for consumer goods. After an initial surge in public visibility, the monument’s prominence faded. Today, the obelisk is not on the list of New York’s top cultural attractions, and no longer features in media campaigns or political rallies. I ask why the obelisk’s initial popularity failed to crystallize into an enduring condition of consecration. To answer this question, I use archival data to chart the obelisk’s transfer of ownership and planned move, through its Central Park début and subsequent decline in cultural salience. The obelisk met key criteria associated with successful cases of retrospective consecration. What weakened the obelisk’s career were lack of consecrating institutions and inherently unstable material conditions. These mechanisms are symbiotically related: because no institution took responsibility for conserving and protecting the obelisk, its granite face rapidly deteriorated and frustrated attempts to attract potential consecrating institutions. The article makes a twofold contribution to the literature on retrospective consecration. First, by discussing a failed case, it highlights the linked efficacy of consecration formation mechanisms. Second, in focusing on an ancient monument, it demonstrates the role played by materials and the specific measures of consecration that obtain in the broader sphere of ancient monuments.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218801063
       
  • Networks Created Within Exhibition: The Curators’ Effect on
           Historical Recognition

         This is an Open Access Article Open Access Article

    • Authors: L. E. A. Braden
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This research examines artist networks created by shared museum exhibition. While previous research on artistic careers assesses self-cultivated networks, historical recognition may be further influenced by connections created by important others, such as museum curators and art historians. I argue when museum exhibitions show artists together, curators are creating symbolic associations between artists that signal the artist’s import and contextualization within his or her peer group. These exhibition-created associations, in turn, influence historians who must choose a small selection of artists to exemplify a historical cohort. The research tests this idea through a cohort of 125 artists’ exhibition networks in the Museum of Modern Art, New York, from 1929 to 1968 (996 exhibitions). Individual network variables, such as number and quality of connections, are examined for impact on an artist’s recognition in current art history textbooks (2012-2014). Results indicate certain connections created by exhibition have a positive effect on historical recognition, even when controlling for individual accomplishments of the artist (such as solo exhibitions). Artists connected with prestigious artists through “strong symbolic ties” (i.e., repeated exhibition) tend to garner the most historical recognition, suggesting robust associations with historical peers may signify an artist’s exemplary status within his or her cohort, and consequent “good fit” into the historical narrative.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218800145
       
  • Consecration as a Population-Level Phenomenon
    • Authors: Fabien Accominotti
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      We tend to think of consecration as something happening to individuals: We say that someone has been consecrated when they have been declared a saint, inducted into a hall of fame, or presented with a lifetime achievement award. The present article explores the analytical payoffs of looking at consecration as a population-level phenomenon, that is, as the delineation of clear-cut divides between the chosen and the rest in a population of candidates. This approach, I argue, brings out the unique character of consecration as an abstract process of status formation: It enhances the perceived worth of the consecrated, not by confirming that they are individually worthy, but by asserting the existence in a field of a reliable hierarchy of worthiness. A population-level approach also implies that consecrating institutions derive some of their authority from the forcefulness of the divides they draw between elected individuals and others. The article shows how this explains some of the salient features of retrospective consecration projects. To make these points I analyze cases of consecration in a variety of empirical domains, from politics to the arts, sports, and religion.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218800144
       
  • Reconceptualizing Aesthetic Cosmopolitanism: Evidence From the Early
           Consecration of Anglo-American Pop-Rock in Italy
    • Authors: Simone Varriale
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      This article explores how foreign, recently imported cultural forms can redefine the dynamics of legitimation in national cultural fields. Drawing on archival research, the article discusses the early consecration of Anglo-American pop-rock in 1970s Italy and analyzes the articles published by three specialist music magazines. Findings reveal the emergence of a shared pop-rock canon among Italian critics, but also that this “cosmopolitan capital” was mobilized to implement competing editorial projects. Italian critics promoted both different strategies of legitimation vis-à-vis contemporary popular music and opposite views of cultural globalization as a social process. Theoretically, the article conceptualizes “aesthetic cosmopolitanism” as a symbolic resource that can be realized through competing institutional projects, rather than as a homogeneous cultural disposition.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218800139
       
  • The Evolution of Trump’s Image in Russian Media
    • Authors: Elena Bykova, Dmitrii Gavra, Pavel Slutskiy
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      The article examines the dynamics of the Donald Trump’s myth creation in Russia through nominations in media discourse. Mythological nominations are objects of reflected reality which are capable of directing public opinion and creating some desired public attitude on irrational levels. The article generalizes nominations-antinomies of Donald Trump in the Russian political media discourse during the information confrontation between Russia and the United States. The analysis is based on the universal sample of articles published in three major Russian newspapers during the period from the inauguration of Donald Trump on January 20, 2017 until May 31, 2018. The results of the discursive and content analysis, together with semiotic and semantic analysis of the nominations, indicate the intention of forming positive image of Trump in Russia. The only notable exceptions in this generally positive narrative were 4 months which coincide with the following events: missile strike on Syria military base in April 2017, threats to North Korea and withdrawal from the Paris climate deal in September 2017, record military budget and relocation of the embassy in Israel to Jerusalem in December 2017, further tightening economic sanctions, trade and military activity in Syria in April 2018. During the periods surrounding these events, the discourse was sharply reversed from a generally positive validation of Trump to a negative one.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218793691
       
  • Privacy and Data Management: The User and Producer Perspectives
    • Authors: Wenhong Chen, Anabel Quan-Haase, Yong Jin Park
      Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Drawing on diverse theoretical and methodological approaches, this special issue takes a fresh look at the various aspects of the messy gridlock of privacy practices from the user and the producer perspectives. On the one hand, we aim to advance privacy research at the individual level in terms of scope, typology, and implications. On the other hand, we advocate for greater attention to one of the most important, yet still underdeveloped, lines of inquiry in privacy research: the perspective of producers such as governments, corporations, and tech startups, especially looking at how corporations and entrepreneurs design and develop their privacy policies, practices, and strategies. Together, these articles have numerous implications for policy makers, industry, and community practitioners.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
      DOI: 10.1177/0002764218791287
       
  • Erratum
    • Abstract: American Behavioral Scientist, Ahead of Print.
      Singh, P. (2017). The theoretical potential of the within-nation comparison: How sub-national analyses can enrich our understandings of the national welfare state. American Behavioral Scientist, 61(8), 861–886.
      DOI : 10.1177/0002764217731122• On page 863, Figure 1 was missing from the article.• On page 869, the last line of the last full paragraph is incomplete. It is currently mentioned as,“Similarly, Gibson (argument about hiding from central government).”It should read:“Similarly, Gibson’s argument about how local autocrats are able to escape national scrutiny by limiting the scope of political conflict in their jurisdictions would not travel to explain pockets of national authoritarianism.”• On page 874, the last line of Note 13 is incomplete. It currently says,“…include Tudor and Ziegfeld (2016), who . . .;”It should read:“…include Tudor and Ziegfeld (2016), who show that the one-party dominance of the Congress was challenged earliest where opposition parties could draw on resources from political competition in the pre-independence period;”The electronic version of the article has been corrected.
      Citation: American Behavioral Scientist
       
 
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