- Issue Information
- Pages: 987 - 988
Abstract: No abstract is available for this article.
- The pains of immigrant imprisonment
- Authors: Jamie Longazel; Jake Berman, Benjamin Fleury-Steiner
Pages: 989 - 998
Abstract: The immigrant detention system in the United States is civil, rather than criminal, and therefore nonpunitive. However, in practice, detained immigrants lacking many basic constitutional protections find themselves in facilities that are often indistinguishable from prisons and jails. In this paper, we explore the crisis of immigrant imprisonment at the affective level, focusing on the painful experiences of immigrant detainees, while also emphasizing its systemic and racialized nature. Specifically, we place a review of a growing body of research that draws connections between immigrant detention and mass imprisonment alongside the findings from numerous reports issued by human rights organizations on the conditions of confinement within immigrant detention facilities. Using a “pains of imprisonment” framework, we highlight four particularly prominent “pains”: containment, exploitation, coercion, and legal violence. We suggest the infliction of such pain, especially when contextualized within a broader history of Latina/o oppression, demonstrates that immigration prisons are in fact punitive, “lawless spaces” where penal oppression is exercised. We conclude with a call for sociologists to become more attentive to this crisis, and to appreciate the similarities between immigration detention and other forms of racialized social control—namely, mass incarceration.
- The relationship between medical education and trans health disparities: a
call to research
- Authors: Danielle M. Giffort; Kelly Underman
Pages: 999 - 1013
Abstract: According to the National Transgender Discrimination Survey, 28% of trans respondents reported postponing medical care due to discrimination, and 28% reported being harassed by providers when they did seek out care. Scholars have proposed that what is taught (or not) in medical schools might play a role in the unequal health care experienced by many trans people. As medical education becomes a site of intervention for reducing transgender health disparities, it presents opportunities for sociologists to study and explain the processes by which medical training creates, reinforces, and potentially challenges stigma-related health disparities. In this paper, we propose three areas of inquiry that might help explain this situation: the hidden curriculum, patient health movements and consumerism, and medical competency. By employing these concepts, we argue that sociologists can develop more comprehensive explanations for the relationship between medical education and transgender health inequalities and offer solutions to address this disparity.
- The dynamics of dining out in the 21st century: Insights from
- Authors: Michaela DeSoucey; Daphne Demetry
Pages: 1014 - 1027
Abstract: The world of restaurants—as organizations as well as indicators of social status and cultural tastes—has, thus far in the 21st century, become especially dynamic in the United States and elsewhere. Social scientists have begun to engage seriously with issues concerning germane shifts in the culinary profession and the emergence of new forms of cooking and dining out. For sociologists interested in consumption, organizations, and creative work, this offers a number of timely topics, such as restaurants' financing strategies and ownership models, the institutionalization of new culinary trends, the expanding roles of chefs, and the labor practices of upmarket restaurants. This article synthesizes recent scholarship on the modern culinary field in the United States, specifically examining three interrelated themes: tensions between concurrent demands for creativity and financial returns, new ways of catering to consumer desires for authenticity, and issues of inequality in professional kitchens. It concludes by discussing several issues facing the future of dining out, as forecast by field leaders themselves, which offer further opportunities for burgeoning sociological and organizational inquiry.
- When questions do not yield answers: Foreclosures of racial knowledge
- Authors: Kasey Henricks
Pages: 1028 - 1037
Abstract: Those who study racism in the U.S. enter into a conceptually ordered field. What we study is filtered in ways that are relevant to established questions of the field, effectively straining possibilities for alternative ways of knowing and what might otherwise be asked. A case can be made that despite disagreements over theory, studies on racism agree upon the importance of the following questions: What is the content, form, and style of racism, and how has it shifted in patterned and resilient ways over time? Answers to these questions vary, as do the perspectives and interests they advance, but in many ways, the substance remains the same. Too often subsequent answers are bent on the idea of racial transcendence, claiming ideology has shifted from a biological to cultural basis, or contending that racist structures today are substantively unique from the past. These themes represent a routinized convergence of intellectual thought: Change is prioritized. Rather than debate if this emphasis is correct, my suggestion is that there are other meaningful questions worth asking.
- Race and critical tourism studies: An analytical literature review
- Authors: W. Trevor Jamerson
Pages: 1038 - 1045
Abstract: This analytical literature review focuses on critical tourism studies and its intersections with racial analyses. The tourism industry has long relied on desires to experience a sense of Otherness to generate economic growth, which makes race a valuable heuristic site to consider ways culture and economy are intertwined in the global marketplace. Two theories of race—Omi and Winant's () racial formation and Goldberg's () racial neoliberalism—are offered as avenues through that scholars might better investigate intersections of race and tourism. Race is commodified in tourism through orienting the concept around loci of value, and different types of tourism feature more racial prominence than others. Critical tourism scholars may benefit from an increased racial awareness in their work towards providing a counternarrative to strictly business-based tourism research. Meanwhile, race scholars might benefit from an increased understanding of ways racial difference operates within tourism, as it is a major site of negotiations of Otherness. Although racial themes are more prevalent in some types of tourism than others, the two theories provided together force us to consider ways that tourism studies might further racialize its critical inquiries.
- Towards a sociology of risk work: A narrative review and synthesis
- Authors: Nicola K. Gale; Gareth M. Thomas, Rachel Thwaites, Sheila Greenfield, Patrick Brown
Pages: 1046 - 1071
Abstract: In this article, we define the concept of “risk work,” which aims to make visible working practices to assess or manage risk, in order to subject these practices to sociological critique. This article reviews and synthesizes existing published literature to identify components of risk work: (a) translating risk into different contexts, (b) minimizing risks in practice, and (c) caring in the context of risk. We argue that these three components of risk work raise important tensions for workers that have been inadequately explored in the literature to date. We propose that future research should additionally focus on practitioner subjectivity and identity in risk work. In addition, we argue that comparative research—across type of risk and different contexts—and methodological and theoretical diversity would enhance this emerging field of research.
- Teaching and Learning Guide for: “Understanding Crimmigration:
- Authors: Felicia Arriaga
Pages: 1072 - 1076