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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 384 journals)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
JURA, the Journal of Urban and Regional Analysis     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Michigan Sociological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access  
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PArtecipazione e COnflitto     Open Access  
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
People Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Planned Giving Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Présentation La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Reis. Revista Española de Investigaciones Sociológicas     Open Access  
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access  
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Argentina de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Iberoamericana de Ciencia Tecnología y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revue de la régulation     Open Access  
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Saberes em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Sociology Compass
   [11 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1751-9020 - ISSN (Online) 1751-9020
     Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1602 journals]   [SJR: 0.144]   [H-I: 3]
  • Issue Information
    • Abstract: No abstract is available for this article.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:42.947939-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12108
       
  • Information and Communication Technology Use and Social Connectedness over
           the Life Course
    • Authors: Noelle Chesley; Britta E. Johnson
      First page: 589
      Abstract: Technological innovation and adoption is, at root, a social process that unfolds over time. In this review, we connect ideas from life course and technology studies to examine social connectedness among youth, working age, and older adults. We argue that a sensitivity to key life course themes – especially timing and transitions, linked lives, and social and historical context – in studies examining the implications of technological innovation and social connectedness will generate deeper understanding of the role that technology use plays in shaping social life.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:42.342848-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12170
       
  • Nation in Market Times: Connecting the National and the Commercial. A
           Research Overview
    • Authors: Magdalena Kania‐Lundholm
      First page: 603
      Abstract: This article provides an overview of the growing body of research pertaining to different forms of mediated nationhood. In particular, it focuses on the relatively recent trend toward increasing articulations of national identity with the language of consumerism and neoliberal market ideology. It argues that the process is twofold; on the one hand commercial entities employ nationalist appeals in order to sell their commodities, a process which is called “nationalizing the commercial”. On the other hand, nation states make advantage of advertising agencies to create attractive and competitive nation brands which is a process of “commercializing the national”. The article argues that this double logic is a result of the growing importance of the economic power in societies which can be named as " economization of the social" . In the context where the political articulations of nationhood are subsumed by the commercial ones, the link between the national and the commercial is seldom challenged or questioned.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:43.042128-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12186
       
  • Policing Disaster: An Analytical Review of the Literature on Policing,
           Disaster, and Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
    • Authors: Kelly L. Faust; Thomas Vander Ven
      First page: 614
      Abstract: A large body of research findings suggests that law-enforcement officers are confronted with erratic, periodic, and unpredictable high-stress experiences in the line of duty. There is also an increasing amount of research on police as first responders to disasters and their mental health. Recent high-stress events, like the social disorder generated by Hurricanes Sandy and Katrina, the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, and the violence at Newtown, created a unique matrix for stressors on police officers who may not have had much training to deal with the associated disorder or much social support to draw upon when confronting the residual emotional and mental traumas that they experienced as a result. In this context, we conduct an analytical review of the literature on police stress in instances in which officers have responded to disasters. Moreover we discuss the extant research related to rates of post-traumatic stress disorder, the effects of PTSD and related diagnoses on the personal and professional lives of officers, and the sources of social support available to them in the aftermath of trauma-inducing events. We conclude with a summary of current research and a critique of what is missing in the literature including attention to subclinical PTSD, proper training, the lack of attention to institutional screening for PTSD vulnerability, and the dearth of evaluation research on “what works” in disaster preparedness for police officers.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:39.195403-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12160
       
  • Mental Illness and the Criminal Justice System
    • Authors: Matt Vogel; Katherine D. Stephens, Darby Siebels
      First page: 627
      Abstract: This is the second essay in a two-part series exploring the relationships between mental illness, criminal behavior, and the criminal justice system. The number of mentally ill persons in prisons and jails has increased substantially over the last several decades, and there are currently more people with mental illness behind bars than there are in mental hospitals. In this essay, we place these trends within a broader historical context of the social control of mental illness in the United States. We identify how and why mentally ill persons have come to be overrepresented in the criminal justice system and highlight the unique challenges this population poses for police, courts, and correctional facilities. Finally, we review several recent innovations in policy and practice that may help alleviate that burden of criminal justice involvement on mentally ill offenders, as well as the burden of mentally ill offenders on the criminal justice system.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:33.336924-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12174
       
  • Relational Work in Economic Sociology: A Review and Extension
    • Authors: Alfredo García
      First page: 639
      Abstract: Understanding how economic transactions are constitutive in the development, maintenance, and solidification of relationships has been of particular importance for economic sociologists in recent years. Following the work of Viviana Zelizer, economic sociologists have expanded from a purely network-based approach of analyzing economic action to consider how and in what ways relations shape economic life. This paper provides a review of Zelizer's relational view of economic activity and presents an extension to the theory. While scholars have successfully applied “relational work” to many areas of economic life, this paper asks whether one can use the theory to examine economic interactions between human and non-human agents. The example of tithing in the Prosperity Gospel tradition is used in order to expand relational work to this realm.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:34.432422-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12181
       
  • Gender Labor, Assimilationism, and Transformative Practices: The
           Relational Negotiations of Cisgender Women and their Transgender Men
           Partners
    • Authors: Kolbe Franklin
      First page: 648
      Abstract: Despite the rise in research on the experiences of transgender men (female-to-male, FTM) in recent years, little academic attention has been paid to the partners of these individuals. The experiences of a large portion of this population, cisgender women whose partners transition from female to male, provide a unique perspective on how individuals negotiate performances of normative gender ideals and heteronormative practices in transitioning non-normative relationships. Research has shown that when these cisgender women find themselves in relationships that are socially defined as heterosexual, they often begin questioning their sexual orientation in relation to their partner's gender identity as well as the role and applicability of their beliefs regarding gender equality and anti-heteronormative practices. This article provides an overview of the current literature that addresses the enactment of gender labor, the practice of reaffirming another person's gender through physical, emotional, and sexual care, by cisgender women whose partners transition from female to male. Specific focus is given to how, in some situations, the performance of gender labor manifests in assimilationist ways that adhere to typically heteronormative frameworks as well as how, in others, the performance of gender labor manifests in potentially transformative and destabilizing ways that serve to challenge normative structures. Gaps in the existing literature as well as directions for future research are also explored.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:31.567688-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12165
       
  • Capturing Capital to Negotiate the Intersections of Motherhood and Work
    • Authors: Jane E. Brooks; Christabel L. Rogalin
      First page: 660
      Abstract: Women are judged and judge themselves in response to cultural norms about motherhood and employment. While much has been written in sociology and other disciplines about the intersections of motherhood and work, there is not much on their ideals and the enactment of the ideals of womanhood and worker in connection to various forms of capital. In this paper, we review the literature on motherhood to explore the ways in which these ideals are related to the meanings of mother and worker. Further, we highlight how differential access to economic and non-economic capital due to one's social location influences a woman's ability to be viewed successful simultaneously as mother and worker.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:41.672109-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12169
       
  • The Sociology of Innovation: Organizational, Environmental, and Relative
           Perspectives
    • Authors: Eric C. Dahlin
      First page: 671
      Abstract: Innovation is risky. New products and firms are subject to high failure rates. To minimize the risk associated with innovation, most scholars agree that firms should engage simultaneously in two types of activities: exploring new alternatives and exploiting existing competencies. Firms that simultaneously engage in explorative and exploitative activities are called ambidextrous organizations. Research on ambidextrous organizations, however, inadequately considers the importance of the environment in which organizations operate for innovation success. The sociological view of innovation fills this gap by emphasizing the importance of social context for explaining innovative outcomes. The sociology of innovation highlights, first, the structural arrangements – characteristics of social networks, organizations, and institutions – that influence innovation and, second, the relative nature of innovation – whether an object is considered novel depends on one's vantage point. Drawing on the relative view of innovation, I develop a typology that outlines several paths to innovation with respect to two vantage points: the organization and the environment. I argue that minimizing the risks associated with innovation is most likely to occur when firms follow the path of innovation that consists of generating novel solutions that simultaneously exploit knowledge and resources that are both available to the firm and in the firm's environment.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:35.543169-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12177
       
  • Restratification, Hybridity and Professional Elites: Questions of Power,
           Identity and Relational Contingency at the Points of
           ‘Professional–Organisational Intersection’
    • Authors: Justin Waring
      First page: 688
      Abstract: This paper re-visits and re-appraises Freidson's restratification thesis. His thesis was proposed in the mid-1980s to counter the idea of de-professionalisation, suggesting professional elites can retain collective interests in a more bureaucratic and marketised workplace. Contemporary research highlights the growth of professional–managerial hybrids, and the blurring of professional and organisational boundaries. Within this context, the restratification thesis offers a relevant sociological lens for understanding the emergence and implications of these hybrid elite roles. Research tends to support the broad descriptive aspect of the thesis, but there remains much debate about its explanatory accuracy. The paper reviews Freidson's thesis and develops three areas of theoretical debate and elaboration related to questions of elite power, culture and identity, and relational contingency, with particular reference to the experiences of the medical profession. The paper re-interprets hybrid elite roles in terms of their points of ‘professional–organisational intersection’ from which it develops a tentative extension of Freidson's categorisation.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:43.506654-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12178
       
  • American Evangelicals and Conservative Politics: Past, Present, and Future
    • Authors: Brian Steensland; Eric L. Wright
      First page: 705
      Abstract: Since the late 1970s, American evangelicals have been a potent influence in conservative politics. Recent scholarship both refines and contextualizes some of the central themes found in the broader literature on evangelical politics. We first review key recent scholarship in American religious history. It shows that current patterns of evangelical conservatism are the product of historically contingent social forces and that political conservatism was never uniform among evangelicals. We then discuss recent scholarship on evangelicals' attitudes toward public issues. This work indicates that commitment to moral traditionalism on social issues is the dominant force animating evangelical political conservatism and that evangelicals remain distinctly Republican in their partisan voting despite economic and foreign policy commitments that are not as strongly aligned with Republican priorities. We then shift our focus to the dominant conservative movement of the moment: the Tea Party. We cite evidence that evangelicals and the Tea Party remain distinct in terms of constituents and issue priorities but that social concerns may be taking precedence over the economic concerns that birthed the movement. We conclude by discussing recent trends that suggest that a de-alignment between evangelicalism and conservative politics may be underway.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:36.361876-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12175
       
  • Powerblindness
    • Authors: Charles Kurzman; Rajesh Ghoshal, Kristin Gibson, Clinton Key, Micah Roos, Amber Wells
      First page: 718
      Abstract: In the land of the blind, the one-eyed man may be king. But positions of power may produce their own forms of blindness. This paper reviews multiple theoretical approaches to the concept of powerblindness and categorizes these literatures into five forms through which powerblindness operates: powerblind identity (failure to notice that one belongs to a privileged group), powerblind egalitarianism (belief that all groups are equal in power), powerblind hierarchy (emphasis on one's own subordinate position), powerblind exception (the claim that one is less privileged than others in one's group), and powerblind justification (belief that present-day hierarchy is merited or inevitable). The paper identifies studies offering evidence for each, drawing on social-psychological experiments, survey data, and qualitative research, suggesting that power and knowledge do not necessarily go hand in hand – some forms of knowledge about the social order may be more visible to people with less power than to people with more.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:38.22777-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12161
       
  • The Ideologically Colonized Metropole: Dutch Racism and Racist Denial
    • Authors: Melissa F. Weiner
      First page: 731
      Abstract: Many in The Netherlands deny the existence of race and racism even as significant research strongly suggests otherwise. This paper synthesizes existing literature to illuminate This paper synthesized existing literature to illuminate The Netherlands' unique form of racism, which is rooted in racial neoliberalism, anti-racialism (i.e. the denial of race), racial Europeanization, and the particular Dutch history of colonial exploitation. This article summarizes existing scholarship addressing racism in wide array of social institutions in The Netherlands before addressing the historical roots of Dutch racism and how Dutch aphasia and racial Europeanization deny the links between contemporary and historical oppression before, finally, offering an explanation for this disconnect.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:36.92154-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12163
       
  • Bridging Immigration Research and Racial Formation Theory to Examine
           Contemporary Immigrant Identities
    • Authors: Yuching Julia Cheng
      First page: 745
      Abstract: This article explores the potential for linking immigration research with racial formation theory to examine contemporary immigrant identities. The current literature is dominated by three paradigms (ethnicity, nationalism, and transnationalism) and five theoretical perspectives on immigrant identities (plain American, hyphenated American, panethnic American, nationality origin, and transnational). They are all flawed in their reductions of race to the concepts of ethnicity, nationality, and transnationality. Based on my reading of the existing research, I will argue that immigration researchers can benefit from using racial formation theory to explore immigrant identity due to its acknowledgment of the autonomous power of race. However, racial formation theory has been correctly challenged due to its high level of abstraction and lack of micro-level analyses. Certain transnational migration studies have underscored the necessity to integrate national origin into racial formation theoretical frameworks. According to this transnational perspective, my conclusion is that immigrant families represent a logical starting point for conceptualizing the relationship between immigration and racial formation.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:31.994171-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12164
       
  • Race for Cures: Rethinking the Racial Logics of ‘Trust’ in
           Biomedicine
    • Authors: Ruha Benjamin
      First page: 755
      Abstract: This article examines the normative underpinnings of ‘trust talk’, asking how biomedical discourse constructs racial group boundaries and what implications this has for our understanding of the politics of medicine more broadly. Drawing upon a 2-year multi-method study of the world's largest stem cell research initiative and extending key insights from the sociology of race–ethnicity and social studies of science and medicine, this paper identifies three ways in which discourse in the stem cell field constructs racial group boundaries – through diversity outreach, clinical gatekeeping, and charismatic collaborations. In so doing, the paper also explicates counter-narratives – medical racial profiling, subversive whiteness, and biopolitical minstrelsy – as forms of discursive resistance that challenge the normative underpinnings of recruitment discourse.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:30.554287-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12167
       
  • Black Authenticity: Defining the Ideals and Expectations in the
           Construction of “Real” Blackness
    • Authors: Jenny Nguyen; Amanda Koontz Anthony
      First page: 770
      Abstract: This review presents an overview of research on Black authenticity. As the definition of Black authenticity is often not made explicit in literature, the complexity and nuance of this cultural resource can be overlooked. We explore two trends of Black authenticity present within literature, which we label as commodifying realness and legitimating membership. Beyond offering a working definition and review of these trends, this review also attempts to highlight the importance of the interconnectedness between controlling images and individuals' negotiations of Black authenticity. We conclude by summarizing the importance of studying Black authenticity and suggesting future directions for research.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:37.715056-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12171
       
  • An Intersectional Analysis to Explaining a Lack of Physical Activity Among
           Middle Class Black Women
    • Authors: Rashawn Ray
      First page: 780
      Abstract: In this essay, I make the case that the intersectionality framework is useful to explain the high level of obesity among Black women. I describe how the intersectionality framework reformulates the examination of racial and gender disparities in health by deconstructing traditional frames of Whiteness and maleness. Next, I discuss key barriers that operate as mechanisms to reduce Black women's level of physical activity. Then, I provide ways to potentially combat these barriers. In doing so, I argue that being physically active is a privilege rooted in how race, place, gender, and body image converge differently on Black women's propensity to be physically active than other raced and gendered groups. Middle class Black women are excluded from class-based privileges and experience a form of space invasion where their temporal space, geographic space, and bodily space are invaded. In this regard, this research agenda is not solely about physical activity but rather how the structural arrangements of communities contribute to healthy lifestyles.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:33.90614-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12172
       
  • The ‘First Three Years’ Movement and the Infant Brain: A
           Review of Critiques
    • Authors: Jan Macvarish; Ellie Lee, Pam Lowe
      First page: 792
      Abstract: This article reviews a particular aspect of the critique of the increasing focus on the brain and neuroscience; what has been termed by some, ‘neuromania’. It engages with the growing literature produced in response to the ‘first three years’ movement: an alliance of child welfare advocates and politicians that draws on the authority of neuroscience to argue that social problems such as inequality, poverty, educational underachievement, violence and mental illness are best addressed through ‘early intervention’ programmes to protect or enhance emotional and cognitive aspects of children's brain development. The movement began in the United States in the early 1990s and has become increasingly vocal and influential since then, achieving international legitimacy in the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, the UK and elsewhere. The movement, and the brain-based culture of expert-led parent training that has grown with it, has been criticised for claiming scientific authority whilst taking a cavalier approach to scientific method and evidence; for being overly deterministic about the early years of life; for focusing attention on individual parental failings rather than societal or structural problems, for adding to the expanding anxieties of parents and strengthening the intensification of parenting and, ultimately, for redefining the parent–child relationship in biologised, instrumental and dehumanised terms.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:44.129384-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12183
       
  • The Sociology of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine
    • Authors: Nicola Gale
      First page: 805
      Abstract: Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and traditional medicine (TM) are important social phenomena. This article reviews the sociological literature on the topic. First, it addresses the question of terminology, arguing that the naming process is a glimpse into the complexities of power and history that characterize the field. Second, focusing on the last 15 years of scholarship, it considers how sociological research on users and practitioners of TM/CAM has developed in that time. Third, it addresses two newer strands of work termed here the ‘big picture’ and the ‘big question’. The big picture includes concepts that offer interpretation of what is happening at a societal level to constrain and enable observed patterns of social practice (pluralism, integration, hybridity and activism). The big question, ‘Does it work'’, is one of epistemology and focuses on two developing fields of critical enquiry – first, social critiques of medical science knowledge production and, second, attempts to explain the nature of interventions, i.e. how they work. Finally, the article examines the role of sociology moving forward.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:44.813626-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12182
       
  • Evidence-Based Medicine or Cookbook Medicine' Addressing Concerns over
           the Standardization of Care
    • Authors: Loes Knaapen
      First page: 823
      Abstract: Evidence-based medicine (EBM), which advocates clinical decisions are based on evidence from medical research, has become an important ideal pursued in contemporary medicine. EBM relies on two key principles: the evidence hierarchy and clinical practice guidelines. Both principles have been fiercely criticized, and critics often invoke the term ‘Cookbook medicine’ to stress the dangers and limitations of EBM. This article reviews diverse critical literature on EBM by drawing on the newly proposed subfield of “Sociology of Standards.” It reframes the manifold critiques on EBM as concerns over the harm that standardization can bring about and demonstrates how empirical sociological studies have contributed to a better understanding of EBM's justificatory basis and regulatory impact. First, it discusses the ‘politics of Evidence’ inherent in EBM's epistemological basis, secondly, explores the actual ‘evidence-base’ of its tools in practice, and third, addresses sociological debates on EBM's regulatory impact. In the concluding section, I argue that a ‘Sociology of Standards’ opens up new research avenues by allowing scholars to challenge – or at least empirically investigate – a host of dichotomies. By doing so, the role of the patient in EBM can be reframed to allow for more productive empirical investigations.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:41.004651-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12184
       
  • Prenatal Screening for Down's Syndrome: Parent and Healthcare Practitioner
           Experiences
    • Authors: Gareth M. Thomas
      First page: 837
      Abstract: This article reviews research on both parent and healthcare practitioner experiences of prenatal screening for Down's syndrome. Whilst studies on Down's syndrome screening are broad in scope and diverge in theoretical and epistemological foundations, their core focus can be classified into two main and intertwining categories: (i) the decision-making practices of expectant parents and why they do/do not participate in screening and (ii) the interactions between parents and practitioners, particularly the discrepancies of knowledge and the pursuit of “informed choice” and “non-directive care.” To conclude, I highlight current knowledge gaps and the areas of substantial interest for future critical sociological engagements.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:32.588768-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12185
       
  • Construction, Co-production, and Beyond. Academic Disputes and Public
           Concerns in the Recent Debate on Nature and Society
    • Authors: Luigi Pellizzoni
      First page: 851
      Abstract: The debate on realism and constructionism has transferred to environment and science studies a long-standing philosophical controversy over the constitution of, and human cognitive access to, nature. Quite lively years ago, the dispute has been gradually sidestepped by approaches that, without merging into a full-fledged theory, counter the subject/object dichotomy and argue about the mutual constitution of knowledge and reality. As earlier, analysis and critique, academic questions and ‘public’ concerns, are closely intertwined. Co-production scholarship has addressed a number of issues at the crossroads of science and policy, offering a reply to the alleged weaknesses of constructionism. Cutting-edge approaches, with special reference to ‘new materialism’, are now moving forward, making a case for the liveliness and full agential role of matter. They build on different areas of scientific inquiry, where distinctions between living and non-living and material and symbolic entities are increasingly blurring. They tend, however, also to align with an emergent way of regulating the interface with the material world, which can be ascribed to the neoliberal rationality of government.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:46.806804-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12180
       
  • Social Movements and Collective Memory
    • Authors: Timothy Kubal; Rene Becerra
      First page: 865
      Abstract: This article summarizes key findings and provides suggestions for further research in the literature that combines social movements and collective memory. Existing reviews of the collective memory literature highlight the macro and micro levels of analysis; studying movements and memory adds a meso level of analysis. This review covers all three levels and for each level discusses research methods, the social consequences of memory activism, recurring patterns, and explanations. Suggestions for future research emphasize the concept of repertoire and its relation to memory. Tactical repertoires and cultural repertoires provide the resources needed to construct collective memories, and repertoires empower memory activists to engage the political sphere, create change, and nurture solidarity within movement organizations. Because the idea of a repertoire uncovers a process of remembering and is already a widely used term in social movement studies, it provides a resonant tool for future movement and memory research.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:34.925181-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12166
       
  • Visions of Protest. A Media-Historic Perspective on Images in Social
           Movements
    • Authors: Alice Mattoni; Simon Teune
      First page: 876
      Abstract: Social movements and the messages they wish to spread are essentially visual phenomena. Although this is both an obvious and momentous assertion, social movement research has been hesitant to integrate visual data. Until lately, most insights into the use of images in social movements originated from historical and media studies. This contribution presents the recent surge in literature devoted to the visual analysis of social movements. It focuses on activists' practices of image production and distribution under certain media-historic constellations. In this perspective, the current opportunities to create and spread images of dissent are contrasted with previous appropriations of technical possibilities from early print to electronic media. In times of mobile devices combined with social network sites, scholars of movement images are confronted with profound changes in the ways images contribute to the emergence and dynamics of social movements. Thus, we argue for a media-sensitive analysis of images in social movements.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:40.425-05:00
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12173
       
  • 21st Century American Military Families: A Review in the Context of the
           Wars in Afghanistan and Iraq
    • Authors: Susan M. Ross
      First page: 888
      Abstract: This article has three interrelated objectives designed to highlight military family studies in the context of the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Often referred to collectively as “the war on terror,” Operation Enduring Freedom in Afghanistan and Operation Iraqi Freedom represent the most comprehensive wars fought with an all-volunteer force since the nation's independence. I review the literature on American military families with an emphasis on the challenges facing military families during these operations. First I provide coverage of issues specific to military marriages and then address the research on children of military families. The article ends with an argument for scholars to take a more integrated approach to the study of military families that would help break down the current state of family scholarship and military family scholarship as parallel lines of inquiry.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:46.052362-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12168
       
  • Globalization and the Question of Social Justice
    • Authors: Kaan Agartan
      First page: 903
      Abstract: Previous conceptions of social justice presupposed a closed political community in which nation-states were to be in full control of policy instruments that reinforced mechanisms of social justice. States’ governing capacity to deliver social justice to their citizens has been challenged in the face of deepening transnational interactions and interdependencies in economic, political, and cultural realms, as these interactions and interdependencies directly affect the lives of millions of people. This paper revisits an ongoing debate on Global Social Justice and aims to introduce two clashing views – namely, Minimalist and Cosmopolitan approaches – on whether or not people in affluent societies have distinctive duties of concern for people in less developed countries. After outlining the main contours of the arguments on both sides, the paper concludes by suggesting that the debate can inform different areas of sociological inquiry that are directly related to issues such as power, inequality, and social exclusion.
      PubDate: 2014-06-19T04:09:39.809629-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/soc4.12162
       
 
 
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