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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 446 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access  
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access  
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
Kultura Popularna     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Labirinto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
London Journal of Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Memorias     Open Access  
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal  
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access  
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access  
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
People Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access  
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Sociedade - REDES     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Societal Studies     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociolinguistica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sociologia urbana e rurale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas     Open Access  
Sociologias     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociological Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sociological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sociological Research Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Spectrum: Mid-South Sociological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sociologie et sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SociologieS - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sociologus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 144)
Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociology Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sociology of Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociology of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Sociology of Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociology of Race and Ethnicity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sociology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Sociology of Sport Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)

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Journal Cover Sociological Forum
  [SJR: 1.134]   [H-I: 33]   [13 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 0884-8971 - ISSN (Online) 1573-7861
   Published by John Wiley and Sons Homepage  [1597 journals]
  • Credit at the Corner Store: An Analysis of Resource Exchange among
           Detroit‐Area Urban Poor
    • Authors: Vance Alan Puchalski
      Abstract: This ethnographic study examines how and why Detroit‐area credit‐constrained members of the urban poor relied on owners/employees of corner convenience stores, known as “party stores,” for accessing short‐term, interest‐free informal credit services. Findings indicate that informal credit at party stores functioned as a low‐ or no‐cost alternative to formal credit and high‐cost fringe banking services such as payday loans, both of which were inaccessible and/or cost prohibitive for informants. These data contribute empirically to a growing body of research on “credit invisibility” by exploring these populations' use of informal credit mechanisms. Findings also make a theoretical contribution by highlighting the importance of resource exchange networks through which members of the urban poor build strong yet disposable social ties in order to respond to economic shocks, combat food insufficiency, and survive economic destitution.
      PubDate: 2016-08-08T09:54:42.051923-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12295
  • Fashioning Futures: Life Coaching and the Self‐Made Identity Paradox
    • Authors: Michal Pagis
      Abstract: Contemporary processes of individualization push people to construct single‐handedly their own identities. This urge runs counter to a fundament of sociology, which proposes that identities are social products that must be validated through social relations. Based on participant observation and in‐depth interviews with life coaches and their clients, I investigate life coaching as a social institution that aims to resolve the paradoxical nature of the desire for self‐creation. Locating life coaching in the larger identity‐fashioning market, this article illustrates how the artificial nature of outsourced social relations reconciles two apparently contradictory desires: the “need for help” and “wanting to find it on my own.” Three mechanisms are involved: creating an independent social space where identities can be crafted away from significant others; deliberately deemphasizing the coach and intentionally underwriting personal authorship; and encouraging clients to root identities in the social world while promoting an instrumental view of sociality. The article discusses the blurring of boundaries between intimate social relations and utilitarian market logic, and the implications of the ongoing outsourcing of identity support that reinforces the privileged ideal of self‐made identities.
      PubDate: 2016-08-05T02:11:41.15905-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12297
  • Authenticity and Carrier Agents: The Social Construction of Political
    • Authors: Ian Sheinheit; Cynthia J. Bogard
      Abstract: Political campaigns require constant performance from politicians. This presents ample opportunity for the occurrence of political gaffes. While it is not surprising that political gaffes can have a major impact on political campaigns, the process by which a gaffe is transformed into a meaning‐laden defining campaign event is underanalyzed. To address this, we analyze and reconstruct the media trajectory of three instances, two involving Senate candidates (George Allen and Todd Akin) and one a presidential candidate (Mitt Romney), in which gaffes were constructed into meaning‐laden events. We find that constructing a political gaffe as a meaning‐laden event is a deeply social process. Our research highlights the impact of sousveillance (surveillance from below) and the difficulty that political performers have maintaining consistent “authentic” performances. Recounting the trajectories of these three gaffes allows for a detailing of the diverse methods by which the hybrid media system was effectively mobilized by “carrier agents” (actors with narrative capacity and media know‐how). Further, we find that these gaffes proved particularly salient because they were interpreted as embodying an authentic representation of the candidate while simultaneously violating emergent norms of inclusive democratic public discourse.
      PubDate: 2016-07-31T23:50:33.096821-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12292
  • Ontological Insecurity, Racial Tension, and Confidence in the Police in
           the Shadow of Urban Unrest
    • Authors: Kevin H. Wozniak
      Abstract: According to the theory of “ontological insecurity,” people who worry that society is in a state of decline or upheaval will also support punitive social control of deviants. I test the relationship between several measures of people's anxiety about the state of society, their perception of racial tension, and their confidence in the police (as enforcers of social control) during the period of social unrest following the death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, Missouri. I use ordinary least squares regression to analyze data from a nationally representative public opinion poll gathered for the Pew Research Center for the People and the Press during August, 2014. I find that pessimism about the state of the economy, pessimism about race relations, and the experience of personal hardship are related to decreased confidence in the police, while pessimism about the state of morals in society is related to increased confidence. I conclude that public confidence in the police is intertwined with public confidence in the stability of the country, more generally. This study supports a “neo‐Durkheimian” model of policing. The opposite findings of economic versus moral insecurity also call for refinement of the ontological insecurity theory.
      PubDate: 2016-07-31T23:50:31.217287-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12296
  • Human Rights: What the United States Might Learn from the Rest of the
           World and, Yes, from American Sociology
    • Authors: Judith Blau
      Abstract: The U.S. Constitution includes civil and political rights—as individual rights—but does not include what is internationally understood to be “human rights,” namely rights we enjoy as equals, including economic, social, and cultural rights, and protections for vulnerable persons, such as children, minorities, mothers, and refugees. The United States has not ratified any international (United Nations) or regional (Organization of American States) human rights treaty, is not a party to the Rome Statute that established the International Criminal Court, and is no longer a member of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization. It might be concluded that Americans do not know what human rights are. It is more complicated than that. While opinion polls show that Americans often endorse individual rights—e. g., the rights of women—they do not frame them as being interdependent or being within the purview of government. Can we conclude that human rights have no place in the United States? Not at all. This article concludes by showing that many U.S. institutions of higher learning have programs in human rights and that some academic associations, including the American Sociological Association, recognize human rights.
      PubDate: 2016-07-31T23:50:27.612935-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12299
  • Gender and the Mental–Physical Health Connection Among U.S. Adults
    • Authors: Jen'nan Ghazal Read; Jeremy R. Porter, Bridget K. Gorman
      Abstract: Using data from the 1995, 1998, and 2001 panels of Aging, Status, and Sense of Control (ASOC) Survey, we examine gender differences in the relationship between self‐rated physical health and mental health over time (n = 2,543). Gender‐stratified path models highlight how the nature of the mental–physical health relationship changes when we use indicators of mental health that have traditionally been labeled as female sensitive (depression) or male sensitive (heavy drinking). Results show that women and men are similar in that mental health has a stronger effect on physical health than the reverse. However, this is only the case when we use gender‐sensitive measures of mental distress: Men who drink heavily and women who are depressed report poorer self‐rated physical health over time, while heavy drinking for women and depression for men have no significant effects on their self‐rated physical well‐being. These results provide evidence of a health process that is gendered in its expression but more universal in its outcome—the exact measure might vary, but men and women alike are physically harmed by mental health problems.
      PubDate: 2016-07-31T23:50:26.106974-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12298
  • Our Day Jobs: Politics and Pedagogy in Academia
    • Authors: Barbara Katz Rothman
      Abstract: This essay addresses the changing face of the university. It is based on my presidential address at the 2016 meetings of the Eastern Sociological Society.
      PubDate: 2016-07-26T02:15:45.670639-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12289
  • Recipes for Attention: Policy Reforms, Crises, Organizational
           Characteristics, and the Newspaper Coverage of the LGBT Movement,
    • Authors: Thomas Alan Elliott; Edwin Amenta, Neal Caren
      Abstract: Why do some organizations in a movement seeking social change gain extensive national newspaper coverage? To address the question, we innovate in theoretical and empirical ways. First, we elaborate a theoretical argument that builds from the political mediation theory of movement consequences and incorporates the social organization of newspaper practices. This media and political mediation model integrates political and media contexts and organizations' characteristics and actions. With this model, we hypothesize two main routes to coverage: one that includes changes in public policy and involves policy‐engaged, well‐resourced, and inclusive organizations and a second that combines social crises and protest organizations. Second, we appraise these arguments with the first analysis of the national coverage of all organizations in a social movement over its career: 84 lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights and AIDS‐related organizations in the New York Times, Los Angeles Times, and Wall Street Journal from 1969 to 2010. These analyses go beyond previous research that provides either snapshots of many organizations at one point in time or overtime analyses of aggregated groups of organizations or individual organizations. The results of both historical and fuzzy set qualitative comparative analyses support our media and political mediation model.
      PubDate: 2016-07-26T02:15:44.291253-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12290
  • Unpacking the Habitus: Meaning Making Across Lifestyles
    • Abstract: The concept of habitus refers to socially stratified patterns of perception, classification, and thinking that are supposed to bring about specific lifestyles. Until now, research on the links between stratification and lifestyles has accounted for the habitus mainly in conceptual and theoretical terms, and studies directly measuring habitus and its association with stratification and lifestyles are rare. The present study conceptualizes the habitus as an individual‐level pattern of meaning making and suggests an operationalization that is commonly used in identity research. Using survey data of 3,438 respondents, the study investigates associations between different lifestyles and patterns of meaning making. Results show, first, that self‐related meanings vary systematically across lifestyle categories and mirror respondents' stratification position. Second, the meanings of various social concepts also vary significantly across lifestyle categories and partly reflect descriptive lifestyle characteristics. In sum, the study presents a plausible operationalization of (parts of) the habitus and advances our understanding of its mediating position between stratification and lifestyles.
      PubDate: 2016-07-26T02:15:32.915924-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12293
  • Cisgendered Organizations: Trans Women and Inequality in the Workplace
    • Authors: Jill E. Yavorsky
      Abstract: This article responds to calls to better understand how intersecting “inequality regimes” operate in organizations. Through in‐depth interviews with 25 white trans women about their workplace experiences, my analyses highlight how trans women navigate relational practices that are simultaneously gendered and cisgendered—that is, practices that maintain cultural connections between sex and gender and maintain gender as immutable. Findings demarcate three distinct mechanisms by which cisgenderism, a system that devalues women and trans people, operates and strengthens hierarchical privileges at work: (1) double‐bind constraints; (2) fluid biases of cissexism and sexism; and (3) group practices of privilege and subordination. In the first regard, analyses reveal unique double binds that trans women face—binds that dictate contradictory feminine and masculine ideal worker expectations but also expectations of gender authenticity. Second, I find that trans women often hover between two subordinate statuses (i.e., gender and transgender status) in a given workday, a fact that prods a more fluid conception of cisgenderism. Finally, this study highlights how cis men collectively mobilize through group practices to repair cisgender system breaches. All three dimensions are critical for understanding the production of workplace inequality between not only trans women and cis men, but all feminine‐identified workers.
      PubDate: 2016-07-22T04:55:54.075466-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12291
  • “I Stay by Myself”: Social Support, Distrust, and Selective Solidarity
           Among the Urban Poor
    • Authors: Danielle Raudenbush
      Abstract: Significant debate exists about whether the black urban poor rely on each other for support. Currently, two perspectives dominate: the pervasive solidarity perspective, which asserts that support is widespread in poor, black communities, and the distrust‐individualism perspective, which claims that, in these communities, pervasive distrust undermines social cohesion and people use individualistic strategies for solving problems. Based on fieldwork in an African American public housing development, I present the concept of selective solidarity, which suggests that social life in these communities is neither as cohesive nor as individualistic as what past perspectives suggest. With selective solidarity, people rely on one another for support but selectively choose exchange partners, restricting exchange networks. Selective solidarity helps us understand how people manage sentiments of distrust while developing strategies for coping with material deprivation. Findings also have implications for the study of urban poverty. While my informants frequently stated that they “stay by themselves,” which implies individualism, they actually have meaningful exchange relationships. I argue that this contradiction suggests that they have multiple frames for approaching social life. We must consider such frames to avoid drawing misinformed conclusions, such as that the urban poor do not have supportive relationship when in fact they do.
      PubDate: 2016-07-22T04:55:52.359608-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12294
  • Water Policy And Governance Networks: A Pathway To Enhance Resilience
           Toward Climate Change
    • Authors: Beth Caniglia; Beatrice Frank, Bridget Kerner, Tamara L. Mix
      Abstract: Natural resources governance is key to enhancing resilience toward climate change and strengthening socioecological systems in light of future uncertainties. Overlapping jurisdictions and lack of clarity in the lines of authority reduce the efficiency of environmental policies and governance, jeopardizing the conservation and sustainable use of resources. With the forecast of longer droughts, extreme precipitation patterns, faster runoff, and slower water table recharge over the coming years, water governance becomes an impellent issue. To understand the risks posed by water scarcity and water regulations, a case study was conducted of Oklahoma state‐level water policies and governance. A content analysis of water policies and a network analysis of water governance was used to determine how Oklahoma experiences features of fragmented and adaptive governance within its natural resource governance structure. Data analysis reveals that Oklahoma water governance experiences multiple forms of fragmentation while also showing features of an adaptive network. Such adaptive features make Oklahoma's water governance network more resilient than forecasted. Identifying gaps and understanding how a governance system experiences fragmentation can help policy makers develop strategies to enhance the adaptive features of water governance, thus preparing for risk and disasters related to water scarcity and climate variability.
      PubDate: 2016-07-15T03:55:23.134783-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12275
  • What's the Matter with Kansas? Now It's the High White Death Rate
    • Authors: Frank W. Young
      Abstract: This article reports empirical tests for an explanation of the anomalous finding that Case and Deaton recently identified. They found that middle‐aged white people were dying at increased rates during the 1998–2013 years. By contrast, the Hispanic and African Americans enjoyed lower rates. The explanation proposed here for this deviant trend is that the middle‐aged whites are especially vulnerable to the stress of “white status loss” as measured by the decline in the county white population. Using data for the 105 Kansas counties, the analysis replicates the divergent mortality trends and shows that white population decline predicts the rising mortality rate for the middle‐aged segment of the population. This explanation opens the door to a new branch of public health, one based on social problems, not pathogens.
      PubDate: 2016-07-15T03:55:20.263557-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12279
  • Introduction to Special Issue: Risk, Climate, and the Environment
    • Authors: Daina Cheyenne Harvey
      Abstract: This essay introduces articles in a special issue of Sociological Forum on “Risk, Climate, and the Environment.”
      PubDate: 2016-06-30T01:51:34.10676-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12270
  • Life after Hurricane Katrina: The Resilience in Survivors of Katrina
           (RISK) Project
    • Authors: Mary C. Waters
      Abstract: This article presents an overview of the findings to date of the Resilience in Survivors of Katrina (RISK) Project, a longitudinal study of 1,019 young, predominantly female and African American community college students who were surveyed a year before Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans and then two to three times afterward. This study combines a multidisciplinary, multimethod approach to understanding the immediate and long‐term effects of the Katrina disaster on physical and mental health, economic and social functioning, and neighborhood attainment. I discuss what we can learn from the rare inclusion of predisaster data and our unusual ability to follow participants for years after the disaster. I argue that it is important to follow the recovery of individuals and communities as well as the recovery of the city, as these are often not the same, especially in Katrina where a large proportion of the city never returned.
      PubDate: 2016-06-30T01:25:36.012493-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12271
  • Knowledge and Concern for Sea‐Level Rise in an Urban Environmental
           Justice Community
    • Authors: Victor W. Perez; Jennifer Egan
      Abstract: Perceptions of sea‐level rise in urban, environmental justice (EJ) communities are poorly understood. These communities’ long‐term vulnerability may increase as a result of the interaction of sea‐level rise and legacy pollution. This article presents research on experience and perceptions of sea‐level rise, flooding, legacy pollution/contamination, and health in an EJ community in northern Delaware. The community is in close proximity to documented brownfields and other hazardous sites, and is located where there are long‐term projections of water inundation due to sea‐level rise. Researchers administered quantitative surveys at local events that measured knowledge and concern for these issues; conducted focus groups that enabled a deeper understanding of survey results; and examined community perceptions relative to existing policy tools, including sea‐level rise inundation maps and documentation of contaminated sites. The mixed‐method approach created a baseline of perceptions on pollution, flooding, a health–environment connection, and sea‐level rise. Key findings include the value of experiential knowledge of local flooding to improve efficacy of future policy prescriptions, and how a lack of knowledge of sea‐level rise, coupled with great concern for it, might be explained by longtime familiarity with flooding issues in the community.
      PubDate: 2016-06-26T23:32:33.266651-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12278
  • Testing a Sociological Explanation for Rising Rates of White Mortality
    • Authors: Julie A. Phillips
      Abstract: This article is a response to Young's (2016) essay on high white death rates in Kansas. I argue that a focus on external causes would further help researchers theorize about how and why certain behavioral factors link declining white populations to various mortality changes. Additional work that examines changing mortality patterns by sex and race and that extends analyses to the entire nation will provide further tests of Young's thesis. In this context, I encourage researchers to consider how intergenerational comparisons and cohort effects may produce some of the observed patterns.
      PubDate: 2016-06-26T23:32:29.536368-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12280
  • The Discourse of the Ecological Precariat: Making Sense of Social
           Disruption in the Lower Ninth Ward in the Long‐Term Aftermath of
           Hurricane Katrina
    • Authors: Daina Cheyenne Harvey
      Abstract: The Lower Ninth Ward in New Orleans was ground zero for Hurricane Katrina. In the prolonged aftermath, residents were forced to deal with social abandonment, discriminatory rebuilding policies, the BP disaster, redistricting, and the everyday toxic assault that comes from living in Cancer Alley. A 14‐month ethnography of the neighborhood revealed residents’ understanding of Katrina was grounded in a larger pattern of discourse surrounding extreme environmental threats. While not everyone in the community talked about suffering in the same way, there was a common discourse stemming from a cultural coherence based on shared perceptions and understandings of social disruption from the environment. This coherence reveals a discourse of environmental suffering. I refer to residents who employed this discourse as the ecological precariat. In this article, I focus on the discursive responses to suffering that constitute this particular way of making sense of suffering. In doing so, I denote three dominant discourses, including distrust, uncertainty, and confusion.
      PubDate: 2016-06-26T23:32:26.822147-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12277
  • Domestic Inequality and Carbon Emissions in Comparative Perspective
    • Authors: Andrew K. Jorgenson; Juliet B. Schor, Kyle W. Knight, Xiaorui Huang
      Abstract: Drawing from multiple bodies of literature, the authors investigate the relationship between consumption‐based carbon emissions and domestic income inequality for 67 nations from 1991 to 2008. Results of two‐way fixed‐effects longitudinal models indicate that the relationship between national‐level emissions and inequality changes through time and varies for nations in different macroeconomic contexts. For high‐income nations, the relationship shifts from negative to positive, suggesting that in recent years, income inequality in such nations increases carbon emissions. For middle‐income nations, the association is negative, and becomes increasingly negative in the later years of the study. For low‐income nations, the relationship between carbon emissions and domestic income inequality is null for the entire 1991 to 2008 period. These diverse results hold, net of the effects of other well‐established human drivers of emissions, including population size, level of economic development, and urbanization. The authors conclude by emphasizing the need for future research on greenhouse gas emissions and domestic inequality, and the central role that sociology should play in this emerging area of inquiry.
      PubDate: 2016-06-14T04:31:09.546573-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12272
  • Drought, Risk, and Institutional Politics in the American Southwest
    • Authors: David J. Hess; Christopher A. Wold, Elise Hunter, John Nay, Scott Worland, Jonathan Gilligan, George M. Hornberger
      Abstract: Although there are multiple causes of the water scarcity crisis in the American Southwest, it can be used as a model of the long‐term problem of freshwater shortages that climate change will exacerbate. We examine the water‐supply crisis for 22 cities in the extended Southwest of the United States and develop a unique, new measure of water conservation policies and programs. Convergent qualitative and quantitative analyses suggest that political conflicts play an important role in the transition of water‐supply regimes toward higher levels of demand‐reduction policies and programs. Qualitative analysis using institutional theory identifies the interaction of four types of motivating logics—development, rural preservation, environmental, and urban consumer—and shows how demand‐reduction strategies can potentially satisfy all four. Quantitative analysis of the explanatory factors for the variation in the adoption of demand‐reduction policies points to the overwhelming importance of political preferences as defined by Cook's Partisan Voting Index. We suggest that approaches to water‐supply choices are influenced less by direct partisan disagreements than by broad preferences for a development logic based on supply‐increase strategies and discomfort with demand‐reduction strategies that clash with conservative beliefs.
      PubDate: 2016-06-14T04:31:07.442344-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12274
  • Coastal Restoration as Contested Terrain: Climate Change and the Political
           Economy of Risk Reduction in Louisiana
    • Authors: Kevin Fox Gotham
      Abstract: Although many studies have examined the effects of structural factors and institutional interests on risk estimation practices, little is known about the political dynamics surrounding divergent responses to risk reduction measures. This article examines the political economy of risk reduction, using a case study of Louisiana's coastal restoration planning and decision‐making process. Specifically, the article draws on documentary evidence, long‐term ethnographic field observations, and semistructured interviews to investigate the proliferation of risk conflicts and disputes surrounding the 2012 Louisiana Comprehensive Master Plan for a Sustainable Coast, the latest long‐term risk‐reduction plan to slow coastal erosion and achieve a sustainable coast. As I point out, coastal restoration in Louisiana is contested terrain where a variety of contentious groups struggle to influence and control debates over climate change risk and coastal erosion risk reduction. By examining the proliferation of contested risk definitions and risk reduction strategies in Louisiana, I aim to provide new insight into the organizational and institutional forces that shape positions on risk, the political‐economic forces that create and allocate risk, and the social construction of community identity and culture through risk debates.
      PubDate: 2016-06-10T02:25:31.155943-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12273
  • Climate Change Mitigation and the Collective Action Problem: Exploring
           Country Differences in Greenhouse Gas Contributions
    • Authors: Steven R. Brechin
      Abstract: Global climate change has become the collective action problem of our era. With the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 2015 COP21 Meetings in Paris as the context, the author draws upon critical mass theory (CMT) (Oliver and Marwell 1988; Oliver, Marwell, and Teixeria 1985) in an attempt to yield greater understanding of the international community's ability to achieve climate stability as a global public good. Using CMT key elements of collective action production functions, group heterogeneity, and interdependence, the author explores the world's collective ability to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at the country level. Brief examples from Belize, Central America, and other small, vulnerable nations are used to focus attention on those countries that cannot make meaningful contribution to the collection action. The findings help illustrate why climate change is such a difficult collective action problem to address, what broad strategies might be required, and how to potentially achieve more targeted distribution of international resources.
      PubDate: 2016-06-10T02:25:23.378435-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12276
  • “A Grain of Salt in a Pepper Shaker”: Interviewing Whites, Blacks, and
           Latinos about their Neighborhood Preferences
    • Authors: Cassi A. Meyerhoffer
      Abstract: Several perspectives dominate as explanations for neighborhood preferences: pure race, racial proxy, race‐based neighborhood stereotyping, and race‐associated neighborhood factors. This analysis extends and supports the pure race and race‐associated neighborhood factors arguments by showing that these theories are applied differently depending on respondents' social class, race and ethnicity, and whether they are talking about white, black, or Latino neighborhoods. Race‐associated factors are emphasized for white and black neighborhoods, but pure race serves as a better theoretical framework for understanding people's preferences for Latino neighborhoods. I analyze qualitative interview data, using maps of real neighborhoods and hypothetical neighborhood show cards, to examine the neighborhood preferences of 65 white, black, and Latino residents in Ogden, Utah, and Buffalo, New York.
      PubDate: 2016-05-11T02:40:49.124304-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12263
  • Mechanisms of Organizational Commitment: Adding Frames to Greedy
           Institution Theory
    • Authors: Amanda Barrett Cox
      Abstract: How do organizations that make significant physical, emotional, and intellectual demands foster commitment and loyalty from voluntary participants? Greedy institution theory (Coser ) answers this question by identifying structural elements that foster participants' undivided commitment to “greedy” groups, those in which participants' involvement interferes with and takes precedence over their involvement in other social spheres. In this article, I argue for the expansion of greedy institution theory to include frames and framing processes as “greedy” organizational tools that work on the microinteractional level. Using data from an ethnographic study of an intensive program that prepares low‐income students of color to attend elite boarding high schools, I show how the organization's “family” frame mobilized participants and encouraged interpretations and interactions that helped students persist in the program and remain committed to the organization. I argue that turning our attention to frames and framing processes will increase our understanding of the tools organizations use on a microinteractional level to build and repair participants' loyalty and commitment.
      PubDate: 2016-05-02T01:12:53.023864-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12269
  • Moving Beyond the Sound Bite: Complicating the Relationship Between
           Negative Television News Framing and In‐Depth Reporting on Activism
    • Authors: Malaena Taylor; Kate Gunby
      Abstract: Social movements often want their protests to gain media attention, yet most media coverage negatively portrays activists. Many assume that this negative coverage of protesters precludes substantive coverage of the movement, but our research is the first to test this assumption. Using content analysis of 754 television news reports about the Global Justice Movement and the Tea Party Movement, we find that frames that marginalize the protesters are often coupled with in‐depth, factual coverage of social movements. Contrary to common assumptions, the results show that the presence of negative framing is not necessarily bad publicity for social movements. Instead, we find that the news segments that provide unflattering descriptions of protesters are more likely to provide in‐depth information about the movement and the activists’ grievances and demands.
      PubDate: 2016-04-28T02:06:19.62894-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12264
  • Bending but Not Breaking?: Foreign Investor Pressure and Dividend
           Payouts by Japanese Firms
    • Authors: Jiwook Jung; Eunmi Mun
      Abstract: This article examines the global diffusion of shareholder‐oriented governance practices, using the case of dividend payouts by Japanese firms. While Japanese firms previously retained profits for rainy days or new ventures, their dividend payouts began to increase in the 1990s, rapidly catching up with the levels prevailing in the United States. Following prior research, we focus on the role of foreign investors in this process but provide a more nuanced account of their influence, using panel data on 2,036 publicly traded Japanese firms from 1990 to 2005. First, we show that pressure from foreign investors increased dividends by Japanese firms not only directly but also indirectly, by extending the cognitive boundaries of organizational fields of Japanese firms beyond their local peers and toward their global competitors. Second, we show that although Japanese firms that remained deeply embedded in the traditional, stakeholder‐oriented governance system resisted shareholder‐oriented governance practices, even such firms yielded under pressure from both foreign and domestic investors. We conclude with theoretical implications of our findings for the literature on the global diffusion of shareholder value and its broader political and social consequences.
      PubDate: 2016-04-28T02:05:57.090643-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12268
  • Contesting Racialized Discourses of Homophobia
    • Authors: Catherine Connell
      Abstract: In the course of research concerning the experiences of gay and lesbian teachers in public schools, I discovered that teachers often construct racialized explanations of potential homophobia in their schools, including the expectation that black and Latino coworkers, parents, and students were more likely to be homophobic. By taking an intersectional approach to these narratives as a case study in the discursive construction of race and sexuality, this article shows how racism and homophobia are mutually sustained in everyday talk. This process of racializing homophobia not only further alienates gay and lesbian teachers of color, it also reinforces racial inequality more broadly. In addition to racializing homophobia discourse, many white research participants used racial discrimination as a comparative rhetorical strategy to make sense of the discrimination they experience as gays and lesbians. While this strategy was purportedly useful for combating discrimination, it is also troubling. First, it assumes a false dichotomy between race and sexual identity that further erases the experience of queer people of color, who must contend with both kinds of discrimination. Second, it posits a false equivalence, when in fact the unique histories and operations of each kind of marginality resist such facile comparisons.
      PubDate: 2016-04-21T06:51:40.288924-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12265
  • Completing the Circuit: Routine, Reflection, and Ethical Consumption
    • Authors: Ethan D. Schoolman
      Abstract: Efforts to explain why some people incorporate ethical concerns into everyday shopping for food and household goods, while many do not, have so far left significant variation in “ethical consumption” unexplained. Seeking to move beyond explanations that rely mainly on differences in consumers’ social class, gender, and political engagement, I draw on concepts associated with “practice theory” to argue that ethical consumption is closely tied to people's willingness and ability to spend time, while shopping, on distinct activities associated with breaking old routines and establishing new ones. The central insight of practice theory is that most consumption is the product of unconscious routine. And it is precisely because consciously departing from routine is, according to my study, a fundamentally time‐consuming process, that lack of time emerges as a crucial obstacle to translating abstract ethical concerns into concrete action as a consumer.
      PubDate: 2016-04-21T06:51:20.568622-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12266
  • Beyond Being on Call: Time, Contingency, and Unpredictability Among Family
           Caregivers for the Elderly
    • Authors: Guillermina Altomonte
      Abstract: This article explores contingency as a central yet underappreciated feature of care work. It does so by focusing on family elder care and the complex temporal interactions between caregiver, care receiver, and healthcare institutions in the U.S. context. Drawing on in‐depth interviews with 19 family caregivers for an elderly relative, I show that their experience of time is, paradoxically, systematically unpredictable. It is shaped by three dimensions: uncertain futures (not knowing how long, or how much, they will have to care), conflicting rhythms (mediating between the temporalities of institutions and that of the elderly relative), and flooded time (ongoing expectations of interruption). Focusing on caregivers’ experiences of unpredictability highlights their exclusion from broader social temporalities and the obstruction of their possibilities to craft their own futures. I therefore suggest that the experience and management of contingency may constitute its own form of inequality and is a fruitful site for exploring the temporal relations between paid and unpaid labor. Also, sociological theories of time and labor may benefit from foregrounding care work to advance understandings of the complex and hierarchical interactions between multiple temporal orders in post‐Fordist economies.
      PubDate: 2016-04-19T01:21:24.556209-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12267
  • Apathy and Antipathy: Media Coverage of Restrictive Immigration
           Legislation and the Maintenance of Symbolic Boundaries
    • Authors: Emily P. Estrada; Kim Ebert, Michelle Halla Lore
      Abstract: Although the government no longer explicitly establishes boundaries of whiteness, it continues to play a central role in shaping symbolic boundaries between immigrants and nonimmigrants through immigration lawmaking. However, the salience of these boundaries may depend on how the media disseminate them to the public. In this study, we investigate media framing of immigration lawmaking using an original data set of news coverage of six of the most widely recognized exclusionary immigration bills and laws at different levels of government. Two patterns emerged from an iterative frame analysis. First, in their coverage of frames critical of these bills and laws, outlets devoted more attention to the effects of exclusionary legislation for nonimmigrants. Second, in their coverage of frames supportive of the restrictive legislation, outlets provided more space to those who openly associated immigrants with criminality and terrorism. Regardless of outlets’ seemingly neutral stance toward restrictive legislation, their disparate coverage of exclusionary lawmaking demonstrates apathy and antipathy toward immigrants, which has repercussions for the maintenance of inequality.
      PubDate: 2016-04-15T07:00:40.993985-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12262
  • From Social Capital to Inequality: Migrant Networks in Different Stages of
           Labor Incorporation
    • Authors: Maria Cristina Morales
      Abstract: How does social capital vary in the distinct stages (prehiring, hiring, and posthiring) of labor incorporation? Based on interviews with 71 Latino migrant workers engaged in residential construction in Las Vegas, Nevada, and 30 transnational migrants who returned to Mexico after working in the United States, I examined two primary issues: first, the structural labor mechanisms that create hyperexploitation, and second, how, in turn, such processes shape social capital. I discovered, at the prehiring phase, social networks connected to subcontractors and those who attempt to form a labor crew function as social capital, despite what may appear to be bonded labor. At the hiring stage, social capital continues to play a role, yet posthiring labor structures create hyperexploitation and immigrants experience inequality in social capital. In such contexts, undocumented Latinos are unable to retain their social capital as U.S. labor structures such as subcontracting and piece‐rate compensation lead to the subjugation of workers, who can become “ghost workers” and bonded laborers. I conclude that in the posthiring stage, such labor structures create what Lin (2000, 2001) refers to as capital deficit and return deficit in social capital that greatly limit the economic incorporation of Latino immigrants.
      PubDate: 2016-04-08T04:06:41.74712-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12261
  • On the Elementary Neural Forms of Micro‐Interactional Rituals:
           Integrating Autonomic Nervous System Functioning Into Interaction Ritual
    • Abstract: Randall Collins's interaction ritual (IR) theory suggests social solidarity as hardwired in the human neurological capacity for rhythmic entrainment. Yet, this article suggests that IR theory may benefit from being tied more firmly to recent neurobiological research, specifically Stephen W. Porges's polyvagal theory that proposes autonomic nervous system functioning as a basis for emotions and social behavior. In this perspective, IR theory does not sufficiently acknowledge the human nervous system as a system involving a phylogenetically ordered response hierarchy, of which only one subsystem supports prosocial behavior. The ritual ingredients of mutual attention and shared mood may, moreover, be specified as part of a social engagement system, neurally regulating attention and emotional arousal via a face–heart connection. The article suggests that this social engagement system provides part of the neural basis for rhythmic entrainment. The polyvagal theory furthermore challenges IR theory to reconsider the importance of individual biological differences—ritual success may not merely be ascribed to interactional effects, but also to reciprocal causality between situations and neurobiological properties of ritual participants.
      PubDate: 2016-03-23T02:05:38.472915-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12248
  • From Bad to Worse? Pornography Consumption, Spousal Religiosity,
           Gender, and Marital Quality
    • Authors: Samuel L. Perry
      Abstract: Pornography consumption is consistently associated with lower marital quality. Scholars have theorized that embeddedness within a religious community may exacerbate the negative association between pornography use and marital quality because of greater social or psychic costs to porn viewing. As a test and extension of this theory, I examine how being married to a religiously devout spouse potentially moderates the link between respondents' reported pornography consumption and their marital satisfaction. Data are taken from the 2006 Portraits of American Life Study. In the main effects, porn consumption is negatively related to marital satisfaction, while spousal religiosity is positively related to marital satisfaction. Interaction effects reveal, however, that spousal religiosity intensifies the negative effect of porn viewing on marital satisfaction. These effects are robust whether marital satisfaction is operationalized as a scale or with individual measures and whether spousal religiosity is measured with respondents' evaluations their spouses' religiosity or spouses' self‐reported religiosity measures. The effects are also similar for both husbands and wives. I argue that for married Americans, having a religiously committed spouse increases the social and psychic costs of porn consumption such that marital satisfaction decreases more drastically as a result.
      PubDate: 2016-03-17T00:36:02.380056-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12252
  • The Protestant Reading Ethic and Variation in Its Effects
    • Authors: James S. Mosher
      Abstract: Max Weber's thesis that a “Protestant ethic” in a subset of Protestant sects created a “spirit of capitalism” is often interpreted as an explanation for the increase in economic growth in the Protestant parts of the West before and during the industrial revolution. One alternative pathway through which Protestantism might have contributed to high economic performance is that it was Protestantism's promotion of literacy that led to higher economic growth and not behavioral changes due to a Protestant ethic as suggested by Weber. To evaluate the “Protestant reading ethic” thesis, this study examines historical events for the period from 1500 up to the 1800s in nine countries. The study also explores available cross‐national quantitative data on economic development and literacy for the same period. The qualitative and quantitative evidence supports the overall thesis that Protestantism promoted literacy and rises in literacy likely contributed to the economic development. The evidence also suggests that the impact of Protestantism on literacy varied depending on what actions were taken by Protestant states and Protestant national churches to promote literacy.
      PubDate: 2016-03-17T00:35:40.924892-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12250
  • Normlessness, Anomie, and the Emotions
    • Authors: Warren D. TenHouten
      Abstract: In Suicide, Durkheim described two qualitatively different experiences of normative anomie, each with a distinct affective basis: an intentional, if not ruthless, disdain for society's normative order; and an unintentional disregard for, or confusion about, norms or rules of conduct. We generalize Durkheim's classification of the socioaffective aspects of anomic suicide, and present two theoretical models of normlessness‐anomie and the emotions. These models posit that intentional anomie involves the primary emotions anger, disgust, and joy‐happiness; these emotions can combine to form the secondary emotions contempt, pride, and derisiveness. Unintentional, passive anomie rather involves the emotions surprise, fear, and sadness; these can combine to form the secondary emotions disappointment, shame, and alarm. We additionally hypothesize that each kind of anomie has distinct potential behavioral consequences: intentional anomie can result in immorality, shamelessness, acquisitiveness, and premeditated homicidality; unintentional anomie, in depression, confusion, uncertainty, unpremeditated homicidality, and suicidality.
      PubDate: 2016-03-14T08:11:19.538885-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12253
  • Institutional Amnesia: Sustainability and Peacebuilding in Croatia
    • Authors: Laura J. Heideman
      Abstract: This article studies the relationship between sustainability and institutional memory in postwar Croatia. Is institutional memory preserved after interventions end? Is so, how and by whom? What are the causes of loss of institutional memory? What are the consequences for sustainability and accountability? When international organizations pulled out of peacebuilding operations in Croatia in the mid to late 2000s, they quickly lost their institutional memory of their projects. Donors, international nongovernmental organizations, and intergovernmental organizations all lost their ability to recall the work they had done in the past. Using interview, ethnographic data, and archival documents gathered over five years (2008–2013), I define three types of memory—archival, human, and electronic—and show how each of these forms of memory eroded as international projects in Croatia ended. The loss of international memory has implications for international organizations' own stated goals of sustainability and their ability to achieve and assess sustainability, and for the downward accountability of donors to their beneficiaries and the countries they worked in.
      PubDate: 2016-03-10T00:46:06.971295-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12249
  • Language Use and Violence: Assessing the Relationship Between Linguistic
           Context and Macrolevel Violence
    • Authors: Ben Feldmeyer; Casey T. Harris, Daniel Lai
      Abstract: Scholars have produced a sizable body of research assessing the macrolevel links between immigration and crime. However, researchers have given far less attention to related questions about the effects of language use on aggregate levels of violence. The current study addresses this gap in research by exploring the ways that patterns of language use—specifically, language heterogeneity and Spanish‐language concentration—are related to year 2010 serious violent crime rates for nearly 2,900 census places across the United States. Results of our analysis reveal that linguistic heterogeneity is associated with increased violence and that this relationship is stronger in disadvantaged contexts. In contrast, Spanish‐language concentration appears to be protective against violence and mitigates the violence‐generating effects of structural disadvantage, net of immigration and other macrostructural characteristics. Implications of these findings for research on immigration, communities and crime, and related theoretical perspectives on immigrant revitalization and macrostructural theories of crime are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-03-08T03:53:29.141989-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12246
  • Dimensions of Job Quality, Mechanisms, and Subjective Well‐Being in
           the United States
    • Authors: Jonathan Horowitz
      Abstract: How does job quality predict subjective well‐being in the United States? Prior research suggests that various job quality dimensions such as job security and individual task discretion affect subjective well‐being, but the theoretical mechanisms are implied rather than tested and aspects of job quality are rarely tested together. I use structural equation modeling and General Social Survey data to assess the impact of five job quality dimensions—individual task discretion, monetary compensation, job security, low work intensity, and safe work conditions—on subjective well‐being. Then, I show that job quality influences subjective well‐being by improving social life, altering class identification, affecting physical health, and increasing amounts of leisure time. Finally, while I find that job quality dimensions do have statistically significant effects on subjective well‐being, the way in which job quality affects subjective well‐being differs by job dimension. In other words, job quality has a statistically significant impact on subjective well‐being, but different job quality domains are connected to subjective well‐being in different ways.
      PubDate: 2016-03-04T05:20:21.120967-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12251
  • The Missing Organizational Dimension of Prisoner Reentry: An Ethnography
           of the Road to Reentry at a Nonprofit Service Provider
    • Authors: Jonathan J. B. Mijs
      Abstract: Prisoner reentry has received great interest in political sociology, criminology, and beyond. Research documents the struggles of individuals trying to find their way back into society. Less attention has been given to the organizational aspects of reentry. This is unfortunate given the rapid growth of nonprofit reentry organizations in the United States, which introduces a new set of questions about the context and challenges to prisoner reentry. Drawing on an ethnography of Safe, a nonprofit reentry organization in the Northeast, I describe the organization's pivotal role in institutionalizing the pathway to prisoner reentry: a road to reentry, which takes former prisoners through a process that reconfigures their morality, identity, and social relationships. The road‐to‐reentry concept helps bring together scholars of the welfare state and criminology by highlighting how the challenges of prisoner reentry rely on how this process is organized. The way in which prison reentry is organized, in turn, affects former prisoners’ agency and shapes the relationship between these men and women and their respective families and communities.
      PubDate: 2016-03-04T05:19:27.268593-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12254
  • “Taking Back a Little Bit of Control”: Managing the Contaminated Body
           Through Consumption
    • Authors: Norah MacKendrick; Lindsay M. Stevens
      Abstract: In this article, we explore the lived experience of avoiding environmental chemicals through safer consumption, such as buying “eco‐friendly” products. Using focus groups and in‐depth interviews involving 50 subjects, we investigate how individuals become aware of environmental chemicals and how they adapt to this awareness. Our participants describe being surprised or alarmed to learn that chemicals are present in food and commodities that they believed were safe. They respond by developing a set of heuristics rendering the “dangerous” consumer landscape into a space that is amenable to personal control. They learn to read an ingredient label and look for organic certification seals on product packaging. We develop the idea of the “contingent boundary” to describe how participants perceive personal control as uneven: they believe they can activate a protective boundary in local and familiar contexts, but outside these contexts, they believe the boundary dissolves. They accept this contingency as normal and describe having to ignore some chemical exposures, for fear of becoming too “crazy.” We conclude that the individuals in our study accept that inverted quarantine (Szasz 2007) is out of reach, and instead try to impose order upon a ubiquitous risk.
      PubDate: 2016-03-04T05:14:52.170615-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12245
  • Gender, Field, and Habitus: How Gendered Dispositions Reproduce Fields of
           Cultural Production
    • Authors: Diana L. Miller
      Abstract: Bourdieu argues that fields of action produce a specific habitus in participants, and views this specific habitus as a mechanism through which the field is reproduced. Although Bourdieu acknowledges the habitus as gendered, he does not theorize gender as part of the mutually constitutive relationship between field and habitus. Using evidence from two cultural fields, the Toronto heavy metal and folk music scenes, I show that gender is central to the process through which field and habitus sustain each other. The metal field produces a “metalhead habitus” that privileges gender performances centered on individual dominance and status competition. In contrast, the “folkie habitus” encourages gender performances centered on caring, emotional relations with others, and community‐building. These differently gendered habitus support different working conventions: music production occurs largely through volunteer‐based nonprofit organizations in the folk field, and individual entrepreneurship in the metal field. The gendered habitus also supports different stylistic conventions: guitar virtuosity in the metal field, and participatory music‐making in folk. Applying a gendered lens to the field–habitus relationship clarifies the mechanisms through which cultural fields shape individual action, and the mechanisms through which cultural fields are reproduced and maintained.
      PubDate: 2016-03-04T05:14:49.770622-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12247
  • Table of Contents
    • Pages: 263 - 264
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:37.900075-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12213
  • Copyright Page
    • Pages: 265 - 265
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:32.201813-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12214
  • Reluctant Witnesses
    • Authors: Ron Eyerman
      Pages: 487 - 488
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:33.460221-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12255
  • American Secularism
    • Authors: Michael S. Evans
      Pages: 489 - 492
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:32.816198-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12256
  • Income Inequality
    • Pages: 492 - 495
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:35.195499-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12257
  • Taking Heat
    • Authors: Scarlett Lindeman
      Pages: 495 - 498
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:37.779985-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12258
  • American Zoo
    • Authors: Colin Jerolmack
      Pages: 498 - 500
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:37.181201-05:
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12259
  • About the Authors
    • Pages: 501 - 504
      PubDate: 2016-06-01T02:26:36.34547-05:0
      DOI: 10.1111/socf.12260
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762
Fax: +00 44 (0)131 4513327
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