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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 448 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access  
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access  
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
KARSA : Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman     Open Access  
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Labirinto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Memorias     Open Access  
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal  
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Michigan Sociological Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access  
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Novos Rumos Sociológicos     Open Access  
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access  
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
People Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Planned Giving Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access  
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Sociedade - REDES     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Saberes em Perspectiva     Open Access  
Salud & Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociolinguistica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sociologia urbana e rurale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas     Open Access  
Sociologias     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociological Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sociological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sociological Research Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Spectrum: Mid-South Sociological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sociologie et sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SociologieS - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sociologus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 127)
Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociology Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sociology of Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociology of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 32)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Sociology of Islam     Hybrid Journal  

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Journal Cover Sexuality Research and Social Policy
  [SJR: 0.707]   [H-I: 9]   [6 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2281 journals]
  • Homonegativity in Italy: Cultural Issues, Personality Characteristics, and
           Demographic Correlates with Negative Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men
           
    • Abstract: Abstract This study is an extension of earlier research that investigated the nature of homonegativity among Italian people (Lingiardi et al. 2005). We used the Modern Homophobia Scale (MHS), adapted to be more appropriate for the Italian social and cultural context. Associations were examined between homophobic attitudes, demographics, and personality characteristics and contact with lesbians and gay men. Gender issues were considered twice, from the viewpoint of both the agent and the target of the prejudice. The findings indicated that people at higher risk of possessing homonegative attitudes are older; less educated; more involved in religion and politically conservative; characterized by a more conforming, moralistic, and rule-bound personality, according to Cattell’s personality factors; and have poor contact experience with lesbians and gay men. Males tended to have higher levels of homonegativity toward gay men but not toward lesbians. Proposals to reduce antigay bias in the Italian context will be briefly discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Examining the Nuance in Public Opinion of Pro-LGB Policies in a “Red
           State”
    • Abstract: Abstract The red-blue state and urban–rural narratives—which depict that people living in red states and rural areas oppose pro-LGB policies—are popular frames for describing variation in public opinion of LGB policies by geographic region. In a test case of a red state, we examine public opinion of pro-LGB policies to assess the accuracy of the red–blue and urban–rural narratives. Using data from a survey of Nebraskans (n = 1608), we found that public opinion was more nuanced than the red state narrative allows but that urban and rural respondents reported significantly different opinions of pro-LGB policies. Rural people, however, were not unsupportive of all pro-LGB policies. Among all Nebraskans, support was higher for policies to protect LGB people from housing and job discrimination while support was lower for marriage and adoption rights. We discuss what these findings mean for public policy, urban and rural LGB individuals, and future public opinion studies of LGB issues.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • They called it the ‘abominable crime’: an analysis of
           heterosexual support for anti-gay laws in Barbados, Guyana and Trinidad
           and Tobago
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate support for current buggery/sodomy laws in three Caribbean countries—Barbados, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. To complete this task, data from the 2013 Caribbean Development Research Services (CADRES) ‘Attitudes towards homosexuals’ surveys were employed. The data analysis revealed that a majority of heterosexuals in the sample generally supported the maintenance and enforcement of the anti-gay laws, and the main predictors of said support were race, country of residence, religiosity, interpersonal contact and beliefs about the origins of homosexuality.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Attitudes Toward Masturbation Among Residents of Spanish Residential Aged
           Care Facilities
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this research was to explore residents’ attitudes toward masturbation in residential aged care facilities (RACFs). The sample consisted of 47 residents who were purposively selected from five RACFs in the city of Barcelona. Participants were asked to reflect upon what they would think, how they would react, and what possible reactions they might expect from staff were they to enter a room and find a fellow RACF resident masturbating. Almost half the residents expressed some kind of negative reaction, ranging from calling into question the appropriateness of masturbation to extreme rejection of this sexual behavior, although positive and neutral reactions also emerged. Most participants said they would avoid interfering with the situation and that they would expect the same reaction from staff. However, reprimanding the resident in question was also mentioned. Results are discussed in the light of privacy and group pressure issues, which could act as barriers to this kind of sexual expression in RACF. We highlight also the importance of developing formal policies and offering sex education to residents in order to preserve and promote their sexual rights and needs.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Exposure of Pregnant Women to Violence by Partners and Affecting Factors
           in Turkey
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aims to determine the exposure of women to violence by their partners during pregnancy and the factors affecting this condition. The current study conducted as descriptive included a total of 442 pregnant women who were married and at the last trimester of their pregnancy. The data were collected using a semi-structure questionnaire and face to face interview with the pregnant women and were evaluated using descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis. Of the pregnant women, 39.8 % experienced at least one type of violence, and the most common type of violence experienced was verbal violence (31.4 %). Among the participants, 18.2 % exposed to violence expressed that their partners perpetrated violence because of jealousy, and 30.1 % reported that they just cried when exposed to violence. According to the results of the logistic regression analysis, insufficient prenatal care increases all types of violence in pregnancy. Working with pregnant women and their partners together under the scope of prenatal care services, and especially planning the attempts to prevent violence by discussing the causes of violence with couples, will facilitate more successful violence prevention programs.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • The Social Determinants of Polymorphous Prejudice Against Lesbian and Gay
           Individuals: the Case of Portugal
    • Abstract: Abstract In the present article, we analyze polymorphous prejudice against lesbians and gays according to a sample of Portuguese heterosexual individuals. We tested the differential importance of demographic-, ideological-, and psychological-level variables to predicting this phenomenon. Our results show that male, Catholic, right-wing respondents with fewer lesbian and gay (LG) friends prove the group exhibiting the highest levels of polymorphous prejudice. Furthermore, the introduction of psychological-level variables into the regression models increased the explained variance in polymorphous prejudice, above and beyond the remaining predictors. Additionally, we report different patterns of results when deploying regression analyses at the level of the sub-scales of polymorphous prejudice. We discuss our results within the light of contemporary sexual prejudice frameworks before reviewing the utility of results to interventions targeting discriminated LG individuals.
      PubDate: 2016-04-27
       
  • Latent Classes of Sexual Behaviors: Prevalence, Predictors, and
           Consequences
    • Abstract: Abstract Scholars of adolescent and emerging adult sexuality have recently begun to study how diverse patterns of sexual behaviors contribute to development and well-being. A person-oriented approach to studying sexual behaviors provides a nuanced understanding of sexual repertoires. The goals of this paper were to document patterns of sexual behaviors ranging from kissing to penetrative sex, and to examine how latent classes of behaviors, gender, and partner type (romantic versus nonromantic) predict intra- and interpersonal consequences of sexual behaviors. Latent class analysis of a stratified random sample of US college students revealed four classes of sexual behaviors: Kissing Only, Kissing and Touching, All Behaviors, and Oral and Penetrative Only. Compared to individuals in the All Behaviors class, individuals in the Kissing Only class were less likely to experience a positive or a negative intrapersonal consequence of sexual behaviors. Men were less likely to report a negative intrapersonal consequence than women were. Partner type predicted negative interpersonal consequences for the All Behaviors class. Implications are discussed in terms of normative sexual development, prevention, and sexual and relationship education.
      PubDate: 2016-04-02
       
  • Neoliberal Parenting, Future Sexual Citizens, and Vaccines Against Sexual
           Risk
    • Abstract: Abstract Public health systems in the USA and elsewhere recommend vaccination for children from birth through college. Some vaccines target diseases that are easily spread through casual contact, others—like those against hepatitis B and the human papilloma virus (HPV)—target infections spread though more intimate contact, including the exchange of bodily fluids during sexual activity. Although vaccination is very safe, it is in fact a medical intervention into the body that carries some minute risk and that requires individuals or parents to consent. As such, vaccines make for an exciting case through which to understand meanings of health, disease, sexuality, and choice in the context of neoliberalism. Using qualitative data from parents, pediatricians, and attorneys from the vaccine injury compensation system, this article first explores parents’ perceptions of these two vaccines for their children, beliefs about their children’s future sexual selves, and their goals to raise children into the kinds of sexual citizens they desire them to be. Second, the parents’ views are placed in dialogue with pediatricians’ experiences of working with parents to gain trust in the HPV vaccine, as well as barriers to providing care to teens when they become sexually active. Finally, implications for policy are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-03-31
       
  • Minimization of Male Suffering: Social Perception of Victims and
           Perpetrators of Opposite-Sex Sexual Coercion
    • Abstract: Abstract Studies show equal impact of sexual harassment (SH) on men and women, whereas lay perceptions are that women suffer more. We identify the phenomenon of minimization of male suffering (MMS), which occurs when people assume that SH has less effect on men’s well-being and which results in the perpetrators of SH on men being evaluated less harshly. To verify whether these effects occur, we conducted two studies in which we presented stories describing acts of sexual coercion (SC, study 1) and SC or financial coercion (FC, study 2) and measured the perceived suffering of victims and the perception of the perpetrators. Both studies showed that female victims were perceived to suffer more from SC and FC and that perpetrators of both acts on women were evaluated more negatively. The results support our hypothesis that the suffering of male victims is minimized as they are perceived to suffer less than women.
      PubDate: 2016-03-19
       
  • Routine Activities and Perceived Homophobia Among Older Lesbians
    • Abstract: Abstract Research on experiences of perceived homophobia among the older lesbian population has been limited. Using data from a national, online survey of 456 lesbians over the age of 51, the authors explore the correlates of perceived homophobia using a routine activities approach. Potential correlates explored include both risk and protective factors experienced in the daily lives of the women surveyed. The findings indicate that risk and protective factors affect personal and systemic homophobia differently. Risk factors such as being “out” to family were related to all forms of homophobia, while protective factors seem to impact systemic and personal homophobia differently. Findings suggest a need for further research examining potential protective factors for older lesbians.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Hypervisibility: Toward a Conceptualization of LGBTQ Aging
    • Abstract: Abstract There remains a salient need to conceptualize lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) aging as an area of study. Although the limited body of theoretical literature in this field has delineated systemic silence or invisibility as a prominent feature of marginalization among LGBTQ elders, this model does not appear to account for mechanisms of surveillance and control that often regulate sexuality and gender identity in old age. This paper represents a preliminary attempt at developing a framework of LGBTQ aging that addresses social processes in which queerness and gender variance are monitored and limited in later stages of the life course. The analysis is guided by the Foucauldian notion of neoliberal governmentality, which enables consideration of bodies of discourse and technologies of power that together drive these systemic phenomena in contemporary political and economic contexts. The paper concludes with implications of this analysis on theory and empirical inquiry in the field of LGBTQ aging.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Psychological Well-being Among Religious and Spiritual-identified Young
           Gay and Bisexual Men
    • Abstract: Abstract Religiosity and spirituality are often integral facets of human development. Young gay and bisexual men (YGBM), however, may find themselves at odds when attempting to reconcile potentially conflicting identities like religion and their sexual orientation. We sought to explore how different components of religiosity (participation, commitment, spiritual coping) are linked to different markers of psychological well-being (life purpose, self-esteem, and internalized homophobia). Using data collected in Metro Detroit (N = 351 ages 18-29 years; 47 % African American, 29 % Non-Latino White, 8 % Latino, 16 % Other Race), we examined how components of religiosity/spirituality were associated with psychological well-being among religious/spiritual-identified participants. An overwhelming majority (79.5 %) identified as religious/spiritual, with most YGBM (91.0 %) reporting spirituality as a coping source. Over three quarters of our religious/spiritual sample (77.7 %) reported attending a religious service in the past year. Religious participation and commitment were negatively associated with psychological well-being. Conversely, spiritual coping was positively associated with YGBM’s psychological well-being. Programs assisting YGBM navigate multiple/conflicting identities through sexuality-affirming resources may aid improve of their psychological well-being. We discuss the public health potential of increasing sensitivity to the religious/spiritual needs of YGBM across social service organizations.
      PubDate: 2016-03-01
       
  • Erratum to: Sexual Behavior and Sexual Risks Among Spanish University
           Students: a Descriptive Study of Gender and Sexual Orientation
    • PubDate: 2016-02-20
       
  • Chinese College Students’ Attitudes Toward Homosexuality: Exploring
           the Effects of Traditional Culture and Modernizing Factors
    • Abstract: Abstract Using survey data of 494 college students from two universities in China, this study explores the effects of traditional culture (filial piety, parental attitudes toward homosexuality, and attitudes toward sexuality) and social changes accompanying modernization (intergroup contact and exposure to homosexuality in the media) on attitudes toward homosexuality as well as gay and lesbian people in China. This study finds that Chinese college students generally hold accepting attitudes toward homosexuality, although the extent of tolerance is limited, and is affected by various factors. Traditional cultural factors predict less tolerance for homosexuality and gay and lesbian people, whereas modernizing factors predict greater tolerance. Although both traditional and modernizing factors shape contemporary attitudes toward homosexuality in Chinese society, modernizing variables seem to have a greater impact. Theoretical and policy implications are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-02-12
       
  • LGBT in the Military: Policy Development in Sweden 1944–2014
    • Abstract: Abstract This article contributes to the growing field of research on military LGBT policy development by exploring the case of Sweden, a non-NATO-member nation regarded as one of the most progressive in terms of the inclusion of LGBT personnel. Drawing on extensive archival work, the article shows that the story of LGBT policy development in the Swedish Armed Forces from 1944 to 2014 is one of long periods of status quo and relative silence, interrupted by leaps of rapid change, occasionally followed by the re-appearance of discriminatory policy. The analysis brings out two periods of significant change, 1971–1979 and 2000–2009, here described as turns in LGBT policy. During the first turn, the military medical regulation protocol’s recommendation to exempt gay men from military service was the key issue. During these years, homosexuality was classified as mental illness, but in the military context it was largely framed in terms of security threats, both on a national level (due to the risk of blackmail) and for the individual homosexual (due to the homophobic military environment). In the second turn, the focus was increasingly shifted from the LGBT individual to the structures, targeting the military organization itself. Furthermore, the analysis shows that there was no ban against LGBT people serving in the Swedish Armed Forces, but that ways of understanding and regulating sexual orientation and gender identity have nonetheless shaped the military organization in fundamental ways, and continue to do so.
      PubDate: 2016-02-04
       
  • Attitude Toward Gay Men in an Italian Sample: Masculinity and Sexual
           Orientation Make a Difference
    • Abstract: Abstract The present research investigates differences between heterosexuals and gay men in their attitudes toward effeminate and masculine gay men. More specifically, the role of internalized sexual stigma and perceived masculinity were considered to explain emotive reaction toward gay men with gender conforming and non-conforming behaviors. Results showed that effeminate gay men, that is those who enact gender non-conforming behaviors, elicited more negative emotions compared to masculine gay men both in gay and heterosexual respondents with no difference in intensity. Moreover, such negative reactions toward effeminate gay men were more extreme among gay men with high internalized sexual stigma and among heterosexuals with high self-perception of feminine traits. Implications and limitations are discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-01-21
       
  • Assessing Political Opinions About Transgender Legal Rights Using a
           Multiple-Segment Factorial Vignette Approach
    • Abstract: Abstract Research has rarely teased apart the issues related to the transgender community from lesbian, gay, and bisexual concerns. This is particularly problematic due to the relatively delayed passing of legislation to protect transgender legal rights when compared to those of various sexual orientations. With research showing how important empirical evidence can be for advocacy, this study attempts to understand the nature of the general population’s attitudes about transgender rights separate from gays and lesbians by using a multiple-segment factorial vignette to bring clarity on the similarities and differences in political attitudes about sexual orientation and gender identity. Results reveal how attitudes about legal rights differ between groups and how stable the opinions are for policies that support transgender people. These findings have the potential to be useful in building effective policy campaigns targeting members of the dominant voting group.
      PubDate: 2015-12-23
       
  • Recruiting a US National Sample of HIV-Negative Gay and Bisexual Men to
           Complete at-Home Self-Administered HIV/STI Testing and Surveys: Challenges
           and Opportunities
    • Abstract: Abstract We describe enrollment for the One Thousand Strong panel, present characteristics of the panel relative to other large US national studies of gay and bisexual men (GBM), and examine demographic and behavioral characteristics that were associated with passing enrollment milestones. A US national sample of HIV-negative men was enrolled via an established online panel of over 22,000 GBM. Participants (n = 1071) passed three milestones to join our panel. Milestone 1 was screening eligible and providing informed consent. Milestone 2 involved completing an hour-long at-home computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) survey. Milestone 3 involved completing at-home self-administered rapid HIV testing and collecting/returning urine and rectal samples for gonorrhea and chlamydia testing. Compared to those who completed milestones: Those not passing milestone 1 were more likely to be non-White and older; those not passing milestone 2 were less likely to have insurance or a primary care physician; and those not passing milestone 3 were less educated, more likely to be bisexual as opposed to gay, more likely to live in the Midwest, had fewer male partners in the past year, and less likely to have tested for HIV in the past year. Effect sizes for significant findings were small. We successfully enrolled a national sample of HIV-negative GBM who completed at-home CASI assessments and at-home self-administered HIV and urine and rectal STI testing. This indicates high feasibility and acceptability of incorporating self-administered biological assays into otherwise fully online studies. Differences in completion of study milestones indicate a need for further investigation into the reasons for lower engagement by certain groups.
      PubDate: 2015-11-12
       
  • Sexual Behavior and Sexual Risks Among Spanish University Students: a
           Descriptive Study of Gender and Sexual Orientation
    • Abstract: Abstract University years are characterized by new experiences and relationships, some of which can prove to be risky. This is of particular concern when considering sexual behavior. The main objective of this study was to examine sexual behavior and some of its negative consequences in a sample of Spanish university students according to gender and sexual orientation. The data were collected from 1451 students of both sexes (29 % men, 71 % women) between 18 and 26 years old in a mid-size university in Spain. Eighty-seven percent of the participants had engaged in sexual relations with vaginal penetration and 20.4 % had engaged in sexual relations with anal penetration. In both cases, inconsistent condom use was found as well as the consumption of alcohol and drugs before sexual contacts. Cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), sexual problems, and sexual victimization were also detected. We found statistically significant gender and sexual orientation differences in sexual behavior, STI history, sexual victimization, and sexual problems. These results are discussed in light of the effectiveness of university education and prevention programs. A need to develop new policies for promoting sexual health in Spanish university students is suggested.
      PubDate: 2015-10-10
       
  • Same-Sex Marriage Policies and Lesbian Family Life
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigates the relationship between marriage equality and its impact on parenting and committed monogamous relationships for lesbian women. Specifically, this study aims to explore how marriage equality, or the lack thereof, affects the daily lives of 21 lesbian mothers in 6 states across the United States. Following an examination of the discourse surrounding same-sex marriage, research on lesbian family dynamics is discussed. Notably, how marriage equality or lack thereof matters in the lives of lesbian families necessarily includes attention to the day-to-day experiences in such families. Narratives from this study illustrate that for this sample of lesbian mothers issues of guardianship are most salient. Moreover, that attainment of legal marriage does not assuage these hardships. Results and implications are discussed within the framework of legal consciousness.
      PubDate: 2015-10-10
       
 
 
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