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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 423 journals)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Éducation et socialisation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
EMPIRIA. Revista de Metodología de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Epos : Genealogias, Subjetivaçãoes e Violências     Open Access  
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Estudios Rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 8)
Fokus pa familien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
GEMS : Gender, Education, Music, and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Hispania     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Human and Social Studies : Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Architecture : Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Factors in Information Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  
Humanity & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Illawarra Unity - Journal of the Illawarra Branch of the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Information Technology, Education and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
İnsan & Toplum Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Developing Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Japanese Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Sociology and Social Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Journal of Sociology of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sociotechnology and Knowledge Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of the Sociology of Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of the Sociology of Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Work Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IRIS European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Irish Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Íslenska Thjodfélagid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Chain-computerisation     Open Access  
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)

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Journal Cover   Sexuality Research and Social Policy
  [SJR: 0.707]   [H-I: 9]   [7 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2292 journals]
  • Routine Activities and Perceived Homophobia Among Older Lesbians
    • Abstract: Abstract Research on experiences of perceived homophobia among the older lesbian population has been limited. Using data from a national, online survey of 456 lesbians over the age of 51, the authors explore the correlates of perceived homophobia using a routine activities approach. Potential correlates explored include both risk and protective factors experienced in the daily lives of the women surveyed. The findings indicate that risk and protective factors affect personal and systemic homophobia differently. Risk factors such as being “out” to family were related to all forms of homophobia, while protective factors seem to impact systemic and personal homophobia differently. Findings suggest a need for further research examining potential protective factors for older lesbians.
      PubDate: 2015-06-28
       
  • Homonegativity in Italy: Cultural Issues, Personality Characteristics, and
           Demographic Correlates with Negative Attitudes Toward Lesbians and Gay Men
           
    • Abstract: Abstract This study is an extension of earlier research that investigated the nature of homonegativity among Italian people (Lingiardi et al. 2005). We used the Modern Homophobia Scale (MHS), adapted to be more appropriate for the Italian social and cultural context. Associations were examined between homophobic attitudes, demographics, and personality characteristics and contact with lesbians and gay men. Gender issues were considered twice, from the viewpoint of both the agent and the target of the prejudice. The findings indicated that people at higher risk of possessing homonegative attitudes are older; less educated; more involved in religion and politically conservative; characterized by a more conforming, moralistic, and rule-bound personality, according to Cattell’s personality factors; and have poor contact experience with lesbians and gay men. Males tended to have higher levels of homonegativity toward gay men but not toward lesbians. Proposals to reduce antigay bias in the Italian context will be briefly discussed.
      PubDate: 2015-06-24
       
  • The Internet as a Source of Sexual Information in a Sample of Spanish
           Adolescents: Associations with Sexual Behavior
    • Abstract: Abstract Given the widespread availability of sexual information and content on the internet, together with the web’s corresponding appeal (e.g., anonymity, portability, and social networking), it is likely that many adolescents learn about sex online. However, the internet has rarely been considered in studies on teenagers’ sources of sexual information, and the literature has several limitations and gaps. This study aims mainly to examine the amount of sexual information that a sample of Spanish adolescents receives from the internet, along with its usefulness, differences by sex and developmental stage, and associations with sexual behavior. A total of 3809 secondary students aged 12 to 17 completed a written survey anonymously. According to the analyses, 68.4 % of the participants had received sexual information online. Boys and middle adolescents obtained more (and more useful) information. Receiving more sexual information online was associated with masturbation and engaging in non-coital and coital behavior, but not with age or condom use at first intercourse. Since the internet appears to be a promising, useful, and widely accessed source of sexual information among adolescents, professionals are encouraged to incorporate internet-based approaches into their sexual education interventions with this age group.
      PubDate: 2015-06-23
       
  • Information Age: Do Urban African-American Youth Find Sexual Health
           Information Online?
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the present study was to understand the extent to which urban African-American youth access information via the Internet for a variety of sexual health topics and to identify the conditions under which they find sexual health information. African-American heterosexual youth (N = 81; 15–17 years) residing in low-income neighborhoods completed semi-structured interviews. Data on access to and use of the Internet for sexual health information were extracted, coded, and charted. Access to the Internet was widespread. Nearly half of the respondents had used the Internet for sexual health information; a variety of topics were covered (e.g., HIV/STIs; condoms; communication; relationships). Notably, many youth accessed information in the context of a sex education assignment or through advertisements on social network sites (SNSs). Universal use of the Internet has not led to widespread use of digital media for sexual health information. The Internet continues to be an underutilized resource, but our findings suggest several pathways through which youth may be reached with sexual health information online. We identify several testable hypotheses, which can be explored in larger quantitative studies and which will enhance our ability to develop effective strategies to reach youth with legitimate sexual health information online.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
       
  • “The Contact Hypothesis” and Attitudes Toward Same-Sex
           Parenting
    • Abstract: Abstract “The contact hypothesis” refers to the value of heterosexuals’ interpersonal contact with gay men and lesbians in lowering negative attitudes toward them. With the increasing number of same-sex parented families worldwide, in spite of a generalized lack of appropriate social and legal protection, the issue of attitudes toward gay and lesbian parents gains special relevance. A sample of 1690 Portuguese heterosexual individuals were asked about their interpersonal contact experiences with gay men and lesbians, their attitudes toward them and toward same-sex parenting. Results revealed that women and non-religious participants were significantly more likely to have gay and lesbian acquaintances and friends, feel more comfortable in their company, and hold less negative attitudes toward gay men and lesbians, and gay and lesbian parenting. A path analysis model revealed that interpersonal contact experiences were not directly linked to attitudes toward same-sex families, but were mediated by homonegativity and comfort with gay men and lesbians. These findings extend previous knowledge about the value of interpersonal contact, by highlighting the roles of homonegativity and positive affect as mediators of contact experiences on attitudes toward same-sex parented families.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
       
  • “Um… I’m Pregnant.” Young Men’s Attitudes
           Towards Their Role in Abortion Decision-Making
    • Abstract: Abstract Estimates of abortion rates in Australia suggest that substantial numbers of men are party to an unplanned pregnancy. Although men have no formal legal rights in the decision to terminate a pregnancy, they may be liable to pay child support. The purpose of this 2011 study was to glean young men’s perspectives on their role in unplanned pregnancy. In semi-structured in-depth interviews, ten male university students aged 20–23 gave their views on their role in imaginary scenarios and real-life unplanned pregnancy situations ranging from a one-night stand to a two-year relationship. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed. Young men generally expected a higher level of involvement in decision making in longer relationships than in brief liaisons. Those with real-life experiences of abortion tended to think that men should have a greater role in decision-making. Young men felt that it was the woman’s right to make the decision on pregnancy outcome, but they still wanted some say if they were financially implicated. Nevertheless, men usually assumed that women were equally motivated to avoid pregnancy and left responsibility for contraception to the woman. Young men were centrally concerned with maintaining face—not being seen as ‘deadbeat dads’, abandoning mother and child. None expressed religious or moral concerns about abortion. Few men mentioned risk of sexually transmissible infections. Further research should explore the discrepancy between young men’s desire to be more involved in the abortion decision-making process and their ambivalence towards contraception responsibility. Sex education should attempt to make the risk of unintended fatherhood more real to male adolescents. Sex education should incorporate discussion of different relationship dilemmas to encourage greater ownership over sexual and reproductive health.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
       
  • Researching Prostitution and Sex Trafficking Comparatively
    • Abstract: Abstract This article examines different types of comparative research designs as applied to either prostitution or sex trafficking. I first present several comparative approaches that are found to be deeply flawed either because of the problematic assumptions of the analysts or because the data provided are insufficient to support the conclusions drawn. I then review research designs that compare two to four cases in depth and have the potential to yield stronger evidence-based findings and richer theoretical insights. The article concludes by discussing a set of methodological issues that face researchers who conduct comparative research on sex work.
      PubDate: 2015-06-01
       
  • Exposure of Pregnant Women to Violence by Partners and Affecting Factors
           in Turkey
    • Abstract: Abstract This study aims to determine the exposure of women to violence by their partners during pregnancy and the factors affecting this condition. The current study conducted as descriptive included a total of 442 pregnant women who were married and at the last trimester of their pregnancy. The data were collected using a semi-structure questionnaire and face to face interview with the pregnant women and were evaluated using descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and logistic regression analysis. Of the pregnant women, 39.8 % experienced at least one type of violence, and the most common type of violence experienced was verbal violence (31.4 %). Among the participants, 18.2 % exposed to violence expressed that their partners perpetrated violence because of jealousy, and 30.1 % reported that they just cried when exposed to violence. According to the results of the logistic regression analysis, insufficient prenatal care increases all types of violence in pregnancy. Working with pregnant women and their partners together under the scope of prenatal care services, and especially planning the attempts to prevent violence by discussing the causes of violence with couples, will facilitate more successful violence prevention programs.
      PubDate: 2015-05-14
       
  • Challenging Race-Based Stereotypes about Gay and Bisexual Men’s
           Sexual Behavior and Perceived Penis Size and Size Satisfaction
    • Abstract: Abstract Racial prejudice and stereotyping in gay and bisexual communities may be important contextual factors that contribute to racial disparities in HIV. In an effort to challenge race-based stereotypes regarding gay and bisexual men’s sexuality, we sought to determine the extent to which race and ethnicity were associated with (1) racial homophily (i.e., same-race partnerships), (2) sexual behavior (e.g., number of partners, condomless anal sex (CAS), sexual position (top/versatile/bottom)), and (3) perceived penis size and size satisfaction. Data were taken from a survey of 1,009 gay and bisexual men recruited using a street-intercept method at gay, lesbian, and bisexual community events in NYC in 2006—15 % Black, 61 % White, 18 % Latino, and 6 % Asian/Pacific Islander (mean age, 35.7). There was strong evidence of racial homophily (i.e., having a partner of the same race) among men who were in relationships, particularly for White and Black men. Race and ethnicity was largely unassociated with multiple dimensions of sexual behavior (e.g., number of partners, CAS, sexual positioning). Although we observed some racial and ethnic differences in perceived penis size that were consistent with stereotypes, the magnitudes of the differences were insufficient to justify the stereotype. As well, there were no significant differences with regard to satisfaction with penis size or lying to others about penis size. The disproportionate HIV prevalence among Black and Latino men does not appear to be as a result of differences in sexual behavior (e.g., CAS, number of partners) and race-based sexual stereotypes were largely unsupported by empirical data.
      PubDate: 2015-05-07
       
  • Prejudice Toward Gender and Sexual Diversity in a Brazilian Public
           University: Prevalence, Awareness, and the Effects of Education
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate how gender and sexual diversity prejudice (GenSex) expresses itself in a university, how prejudice varies in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, the effects of religious status, and how exposure to GenSex education affects levels of prejudice. Eight thousand one hundred eighty-four undergraduate students from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), in southern Brazil, completed the revised version of the Prejudice Against Sexual and Gender Diversity scale. Data reflect a concentration of ‘extreme’ and ‘high’ prejudice in students enrolled in Engineering, Agricultural Sciences, and the Exact and Geological Sciences. ‘Moderate’ and ‘low’ prejudice was over-represented in these disciplines as well as in Health, Applied Social Science, and Biological Sciences student samples. Conversely, those who have ‘very low’ or ‘minimal’ prejudice tended to cluster in Humanities and Linguistics and Arts. Most students were unaware of ongoing discrimination, reporting to have neither seen nor heard of discrimination towards LGBT students at the university. Time spent at the university had a negligible effect in prejudice mean reduction. Although a large effect was found for previous GenSex training, overall there was substantial variation across disciplines. We recommend raising student awareness of prejudice on campus, in addition to better GenSex education policy for all students, regardless of discipline.
      PubDate: 2015-05-06
       
  • Hypervisibility: Toward a Conceptualization of LGBTQ Aging
    • Abstract: Abstract There remains a salient need to conceptualize lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) aging as an area of study. Although the limited body of theoretical literature in this field has delineated systemic silence or invisibility as a prominent feature of marginalization among LGBTQ elders, this model does not appear to account for mechanisms of surveillance and control that often regulate sexuality and gender identity in old age. This paper represents a preliminary attempt at developing a framework of LGBTQ aging that addresses social processes in which queerness and gender variance are monitored and limited in later stages of the life course. The analysis is guided by the Foucauldian notion of neoliberal governmentality, which enables consideration of bodies of discourse and technologies of power that together drive these systemic phenomena in contemporary political and economic contexts. The paper concludes with implications of this analysis on theory and empirical inquiry in the field of LGBTQ aging.
      PubDate: 2015-05-05
       
  • Concurrent Alcohol and Marijuana Use as a Determinant of Condom Beliefs
           and Utility Among African American Male Inmates
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study is to determine the extent to which regular use of marijuana and alcohol may influence African American inmate’s beliefs, views, and practices regarding condoms. In this article, we report and discuss the implications of our findings for the planning of HIV prevention interventions for African American male inmate populations. Relationships between individual condom use and belief variables were examined using linear regression models. All models specified regularity of marijuana or alcohol use with respect to detailed condom use or belief outcomes as predictor variables. Analysis from 126 male inmates recruited from three medium security prisons and one Area Transition Center in Georgia are presented herein. Results note that frequency of marijuana use predicted and was associated with inmate’s reporting how often they use a condom during sex (Beta = −0.261, P < 0.009), suggesting that the more respondents reported smoking marijuana, the less likely they were to indicating using condoms during sex. Regularity of alcohol consumption was almost predictive of inmates indicating that they could always talk to any potential sex partner to make him/her understand why they should use condoms (p < 0.082) and stating that they could always say no to sexual intercourse with someone they had just met even if they were very attracted to that person (p < 0.063).
      PubDate: 2015-05-01
       
  • An Examination of Gender of Aggressor and Target (Un)wanted Sex and
           Nonconsent on Perceptions of Sexual (Un)wantedness, Justifiability and
           Consent
    • Abstract: Abstract This investigation examines the relationship between gender of sexual aggressor and perceptions of sexual aggressor justifiability and target (un)wantedness and (non)consent. Collecting online data, 342 men and 375 women (ages 18 to 63 (M = 22.22, SD = 5.53), involved in various relational stages, participated. Results indicate that sexual aggression on an unwanting and nonconsenting target is perceived as more grievous than sexual aggression on a wanting, but nonconsenting, target, and the impact appears to be more pronounced for women than it is for men. Specifically, when the man is the sexual aggressor on a female target, it is perceived more negatively than when the woman is the sexual aggressor and the man is the target. Similarly, a woman pursuing unwanted sex by the male target is not perceived as negatively as when a man pursues sex with an unwanting female target. Discussion follows addressing how the findings inform sexual script theory and stereotypes about men, women and sexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-05-01
       
  • Sex Education and Support of LGB Families: a Family Impact Analysis of the
           Personal Responsibility Education Program
    • Abstract: Abstract The authorization of the Personal Responsibility Education Program (PREP) represents a significant legislative shift in how social policy in the United States implements school-based sexual health education to address concerns for youth health. In contrast to its abstinence-based predecessors, this federally funded program provides a more comprehensive approach to sex education that includes content on contraception, is evidence-based, and emphasizes diversity and service to vulnerable populations. Yet, despite these improvements to how sex education policy facilitates the healthy development of youth, the design and implementation of PREP do not provide substantial support of lesbian, bisexual, and gay (LGB) populations. This paper applies a family impact analysis framework to further explore this policy limitation and demonstrates how PREP perpetuates the heteronormative legacy of sex education in a way that continues to marginalize and harm LGB families.
      PubDate: 2015-04-25
       
  • Erratum to: “Um… I’m Pregnant.” Young Men’s
           Attitudes Towards Their Role in Abortion Decision-Making
    • PubDate: 2015-04-18
       
  • Prevalence and Association of Sexting and Online Sexual Victimization
           Among Spanish Adults
    • Abstract: Abstract This study has two objectives: (1) to investigate the occurrence of sexting and online sexual victimization (OSV) in adults by sex, age, and sexual orientation and 2) to analyze whether participating in sexting is a risk factor for OSV. The sample included 873 Spanish 18- to 60-year-old adults. Approximately two thirds of the adults had been involved in sexting, and one in three had experienced OSV. In general, no differences were found in sexting between men and women; however, sexting was more common among young adults and non-heterosexuals. In contrast, OSV was more common in women, young and middle-aged adults, and non-heterosexuals. Finally, sexting increased the probability of reporting OSV after controlling for the effects of sex, age, and sexual orientation. The relationship between sexting and OSV was stronger when the sexual content was sent to a person met online only compared to sexting with a partner or with friends or acquaintances. These findings are discussed in light of the implications for practice and future research.
      PubDate: 2015-03-14
       
  • Comparing Sexuality Communication Among Offspring of Teen Parents and
           Adult Parents: a Different Role for Extended Family
    • Abstract: Abstract This brief report examined teenagers’ sexuality communication with their parents and extended families. It compared who teens of early parents (those who had children when they were adolescents) and teens of later parents (those who were adults when they had children) talk to about sex. Eighth grade students (N = 1281) in 24 schools completed survey items about their communication about sex. Structural equation modeling was used to predict communication profiles, while adjusting for the nesting of students within schools. After controlling for teens’ age, gender, race/ethnicity, grades, parent/guardian closeness, and social desirability of survey responses, as well as family status and median family income, results showed that teens of early (teen) parents were more likely than teens of later (adult) parents to talk with both parents and extended family about sex and less likely than later parents to talk only with parents. These findings indicate that realities of teen sexuality communication for teens of early parents may extend beyond a parent-teen model to include extended family. Extended family involvement in educational outreach is a potential untapped resource to support sexual health for teens of early parents.
      PubDate: 2015-02-19
       
  • Parents’ Beliefs Regarding Sex Education for Their Children in
           Southern Alabama Public Schools
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated the attitudes of parents of public school children in a conservative southern U.S. metropolitan area concerning the incorporation of a variety of adolescent pregnancy prevention strategies taught in the public school curriculum. It also assessed how attitudes from parents living in high risk teen pregnancy zip codes compared to the attitudes from parents living in the larger community. A telephone survey included 402 randomly selected parents from Mobile County, Alabama and an additional 120 Mobile County parents who lived in specific regions with high rates of teen pregnancy (target group). When the participants from the entire group were asked if schools should teach sex education, almost 80 % responded affirmatively and 16.5 % responded negatively. There were statistically significant income, education, and race differences between the at-large and target groups and statistically significant differences in parents' attitudes about whether or not their children should be taught about abstinence and other methods for preventing adolescent pregnancy in public schools. More than three-fourths of both groups, however, supported an assortment of adolescent pregnancy prevention strategies, a finding that could belie statistical difference in opinions between the two groups. The results suggest there is strong parental support for an approach to sex education in Alabama public schools that extends beyond abstinence-only. Informing state public policy-makers of these research findings could result in a sustained investment in the implementation of evidence-based adolescent sex education programs appropriate for the adolescents served.
      PubDate: 2015-02-01
       
  • “It Is One, Big Loneliness for Me”: the Influences of Politics
           and Society on Men Who Have Sex with Men and Transwomen in Macedonia
    • Abstract: Abstract In Central and Eastern Europe, the progression of rights for lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) persons has not had the same success as in other parts of the world. The purpose of this study was to examine how society and politics influence men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women in Macedonia, particularly in relation to health services and access to justice. A cross-sectional mixed methods study design was employed between October 2013 and February 2014. Participants were recruited using geo-location-based social applications, purposeful snowball sampling, and venue-based time sampling. Quantitative data was collected, and semistructured in-depth interviews and focus groups were performed to examine the influences of politics and society on the MSM and transwomen communities in Macedonia. We recruited a diverse sample of participants (N = 26) with 15 identifying as male, nine transwomen, one female, and one transgressive. Eight participants stated they were bisexual, one stated they were lesbian, 16 stated they were gay, and one was unsure. The framework analysis identified four major themes; they were the perceived influences of politics and society on (1) MSM, transwomen, and LGBT rights, (2) MSM and trans identity, gender roles, and sexist ideologies, (3) ethnic, sexual, and long-term relationships, and (4) access to health services and justice. The major subthemes discovered that society and politics had an overall negative impact on MSM and transwomen and that health services and the justice system were overall inaccessible. The study illustrates how societal and political structures in Macedonia negatively influence sexual minorities and persons of differing gender expressions and identities.
      PubDate: 2015-01-20
       
  • Bridging the Gap: Fertility Timing in the United States, Effective Public
           Policy, and Prevention Design
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper takes an ecologically articulated approach to understanding public policy and early fertility timing prevention and proposes that early fertility timing is an adaptive response to environmental constraints such as economic and social inequality. The use of an evolutionarily and environmentally informed feminist perspective presents a better approach to understanding earlier fertility timing and designing prevention programs that address the contexts to which individuals adaptively respond by engaging in behavior that our society deems to be “risky.” This paper documents the major correlates to earlier fertility timing, poverty, and health status within context and suggests that the targets of prevention programs should not only include individual adolescent behavior but also consider their contextual circumstances. Using this knowledge, prevention strategists can design more effective early fertility timing prevention programs.
      PubDate: 2015-01-15
       
 
 
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