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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 469 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chain-computerisation     Open Access  
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Culture, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access  
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of World-Systems Research     Open Access  
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
KARSA : Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
Kultura-Społeczeństwo-Edukacja     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Labirinto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
London Journal of Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Masyarakat : Jurnal Sosiologi     Open Access  
Memorias     Open Access  
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access  
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers. Revista de Sociologia     Open Access  
PArtecipazione e COnflitto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
People Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access  
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Profanações     Open Access  
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Relations : Beyond Anthropocentrism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de História Bilros. História(s), Sociedade(s) e Cultura(s)     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Sociedade - REDES     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Revista Movimentos Sociais e Dinâmicas Espaciais     Open Access  
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Salud & Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access  
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 54)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociální studia / Social Studies     Open Access  
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Societal Studies     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociolinguistica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sociologia urbana e rurale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas     Open Access  
Sociologias     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociological Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)

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Journal Cover Sexuality Research and Social Policy
  [SJR: 0.808]   [H-I: 15]   [7 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Internalized Homophobia and Perceived Stigma: a Validation Study of Stigma
           Measures in a Sample of Young Men who Have Sex with Men
    • Authors: Jae A. Puckett; Michael E. Newcomb; Daniel T. Ryan; Greg Swann; Robert Garofalo; Brian Mustanski
      Pages: 1 - 16
      Abstract: Young men who have sex with men (YMSM) experience minority stressors that impact their mental health, substance use, and sexual risk behaviors. Internalized homophobia (IH) and perceived stigma represent two of these minority stressors, and there has been limited research empirically validating measures of these constructs. We validated measures of IH and perceived stigma with a sample of 450 YMSM (mean age = 18.9) and a sample of 370 YMSM (mean age = 22.9). Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported modifications to the IH and perceived stigma scales, ultimately revealing a three factor and one factor structure, respectively. Convergent and discriminant validity were examined utilizing correlations between IH, perceived stigma, and other variables related to minority stress (e.g., victimization). We evaluated predictive validity by examining relations with mental health, substance use, and risky sexual behaviors measured 12-months from baseline. There were mixed findings for IH, with subscales varying in their relations to mental health, drinking, and sexual risk variables. Perceived stigma was not related to mental health or substance use, but was associated with greater prevalence of STIs. Findings supported the use of these modified scales with YMSM and highlight the need for further measurement studies.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0258-5
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Social Workers and LGBT Policies: Attitude Predictors and Cultural
           Competence Course Outcomes
    • Authors: Adrienne B. Dessel; Nancy Rodenborg
      Pages: 17 - 31
      Abstract: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people are gaining ground in civil rights but still experience exclusion or discrimination through social policy, and policy advocacy on behalf of LGBT people is an ongoing need. Social work practice areas intersect with policies that are relevant to LGBT people’s civil rights. This study examined the effects of social work graduate students’ gender, political views, religious attendance, beliefs about sexual orientation and gender identity choice, active critical thinking, and empathy, in combination with a cultural competence course, on attitudes about LGBT military policy, marital equality, and LGBT discrimination. Men and more conservative students had less affirming attitudes about LGBT military policy. Men and students with more conservative political ideology, less empathy, and more active thinking held less affirming attitudes about marital policy. Students who believed that sexual orientation and gender identity are not a choice were more likely to report recognition of LGBT discrimination. Students changed significantly after the course in their acknowledgement of discrimination, and attitudes stayed the same (generally affirming) about military policy and marital laws. Implications for examining critical thinking and empathy and attitudes about military policy and measuring course interventions for social workers with regard to attitudes about LGBT discrimination and related policies are discussed, and recommendations are made for future research.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0231-3
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • “I consider being gay a very high risk factor”: How Perceptions of a
           Partner’s Sexual Identity Influence Perceptions of HIV Risk Among Gay
           and Bisexual Men
    • Authors: Tamar Goldenberg; Catherine Finneran; Stephen P. Sullivan; Karen L. Andes; Rob Stephenson
      Pages: 32 - 41
      Abstract: Gay and bisexual men (GBM) in the USA experience a disproportionate burden of new HIV infections. Previous studies demonstrate that gay self-identification and outness are associated with GBM’s sexual risk-taking behaviors. However, little is known about the extent to which GBM make sexual decisions based on the level of HIV risk they associate with a male partner’s sexual identity. Using qualitative interviews with 13 GBM, we examine how a partner’s gay identification, outness, and sex with women influence perceptions of HIV risk and decisions about condoms. Participants discussed a reduced HIV risk perception for partners who were not gay-identified, not out, or having sex with women, based on the belief that they were not having sex with other men. Some participants stated that this could lead to condomless sex. Participants perceived lower risk despite stating that these partners had reduced exposure to HIV prevention interventions and increased substance use during intercourse. These findings indicate a potential discrepancy between how GBM perceive HIV risk and the behavioral factors associated with risk. HIV prevention messages and policies should focus on tackling the myth that a non-gay identity is protective of HIV and decentralize messages and policies from being only about gay men.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0235-z
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • “Trying to Figure Out Where We Belong”: Narratives of Racialized
           Sexual Minorities on Community, Identity, Discrimination, and Health
    • Authors: Monica A. Ghabrial
      Pages: 42 - 55
      Abstract: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans, and Queer people of color (LGBTQ-POC) are regularly exposed to unique and contextual forms of prejudice and stigma, which have been linked to stress and increased likelihood of mental and physical health problems. In order to better understand the experiences of this multiply marginalized population, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 LGBTQ-POC to examine how they describe their experiences with identities, communities, discrimination, and health. Data consisted of verbatim interviews, which were guided by intersectionality theory and minority stress theory and analyzed using interpretive phenomenological analysis. Using intersectionality theory, this study addresses the simultaneity of oppressions and the ways in which having different combinations of marginalized identities may impact LGBTQ-POC well-being. Common issues discussed by respondents include disconnect from communities, relationships between identities, coming out, and stress and anxiety. The primary concepts introduced in this study include positive intersectionality and come out stress.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0229-x
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Social Determinants of Polymorphous Prejudice Against Lesbian and Gay
           Individuals: the Case of Portugal
    • Authors: Diniz Lopes; João Manuel de Oliveira; Conceição Nogueira; Rita Grave
      Pages: 56 - 70
      Abstract: In the present article, we analyze polymorphous prejudice against lesbians and gays according to a sample of Portuguese heterosexual individuals. We tested the differential importance of demographic-, ideological-, and psychological-level variables to predicting this phenomenon. Our results show that male, Catholic, right-wing respondents with fewer lesbian and gay (LG) friends prove the group exhibiting the highest levels of polymorphous prejudice. Furthermore, the introduction of psychological-level variables into the regression models increased the explained variance in polymorphous prejudice, above and beyond the remaining predictors. Additionally, we report different patterns of results when deploying regression analyses at the level of the sub-scales of polymorphous prejudice. We discuss our results within the light of contemporary sexual prejudice frameworks before reviewing the utility of results to interventions targeting discriminated LG individuals.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0230-4
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Aphrodisiac Use and Associated Factors Among Older Male Clients of
           Low-Cost Female Sex Workers in Southwestern Rural Areas of China
    • Authors: Xinghua Wu; Huiling Huang; Zhenzhu Tang; Zhiyong Shen; Huaxiang Lu; Huanhuan Chen; Li Chen; Hui Huang; Yuhua Ruan; Yiming Shao
      Pages: 71 - 80
      Abstract: This is the first study focusing on the use of non-prescribed aphrodisiacs by older male clients of FSWs in southwestern rural areas of Guangxi China. A cross-sectional survey was performed in low-cost commercial sex venues in 13 regions in Guangxi. Structured interviews collected data about demographics, general health status, commercial sex and aphrodisiac use behaviors, the awareness of HIV and the diagnostic services. Blood assays were conducted to test for HIV and syphilis infections. A sample of 3485 male clients from 50 to 92 years old were recruited, among which 1040 (29.8 %) were aphrodisiac users. HIV prevalence was 3.0 % (4.3 % among aphrodisiac users and 2.4 % among non-aphrodisiac users). Factors independently associated with aphrodisiac use included older age, ethnic minorities, low level of education, infected by HIV, having chronic disease, and not using condoms every time in commercial sex with FSWs. Aphrodisiacs were reported to improve sexual function by older male clients, and thereby unsafe commercial sex among them was facilitated. Aphrodisiac use can be viewed as a marker of a high-risk behavioral pattern for HIV transmission and infection in such a population.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0224-2
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Decriminalization of Sex Work Is Not Associated with More Men Paying for
           
    • Authors: C. Rissel; B. Donovan; A. Yeung; R. O. de Visser; A. Grulich; J. M. Simpson; J. Richters
      Pages: 81 - 86
      Abstract: It has been claimed that the decriminalization of sex work may result in its proliferation, but there is no evidence to prove or disprove this claim. We investigated whether decriminalization was associated with the prevalence of paying for sex. A representative national sample of 8074 Australian men interviewed by telephone reported whether they had paid for sex ever and in the last 12 months. Cross-sectional associations between paying for sex in the last 12 months and their jurisdiction’s legal approach to sex work (criminalized, licensed, or decriminalized), were examined with logistic regression analysis, controlling for demographic variables and relationship status. Overall, 2.2 % of the men reported paying for sex in the past year—a proportion that was not statistically different by state or territory (P = 0.26). The only variable that was associated with paying for sex was not having a regular sexual partner, or to a lesser extent, not living with a regular partner. Being aged 16–19 years was associated with lower odds of paying for sex. Being a male without a regular partner was associated with paying for sex. The legal approach to sex work in the respondent’s state of residence was not associated with having paid for sex.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0225-1
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Minimization of Male Suffering: Social Perception of Victims and
           Perpetrators of Opposite-Sex Sexual Coercion
    • Authors: Anna Magda Studzinska; Denis Hilton
      Pages: 87 - 99
      Abstract: Studies show equal impact of sexual harassment (SH) on men and women, whereas lay perceptions are that women suffer more. We identify the phenomenon of minimization of male suffering (MMS), which occurs when people assume that SH has less effect on men’s well-being and which results in the perpetrators of SH on men being evaluated less harshly. To verify whether these effects occur, we conducted two studies in which we presented stories describing acts of sexual coercion (SC, study 1) and SC or financial coercion (FC, study 2) and measured the perceived suffering of victims and the perception of the perpetrators. Both studies showed that female victims were perceived to suffer more from SC and FC and that perpetrators of both acts on women were evaluated more negatively. The results support our hypothesis that the suffering of male victims is minimized as they are perceived to suffer less than women.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0226-0
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • Latent Classes of Sexual Behaviors: Prevalence, Predictors, and
           Consequences
    • Authors: Rose Wesche; Eva S. Lefkowitz; Sara A. Vasilenko
      Pages: 100 - 111
      Abstract: Scholars of adolescent and emerging adult sexuality have recently begun to study how diverse patterns of sexual behaviors contribute to development and well-being. A person-oriented approach to studying sexual behaviors provides a nuanced understanding of sexual repertoires. The goals of this paper were to document patterns of sexual behaviors ranging from kissing to penetrative sex, and to examine how latent classes of behaviors, gender, and partner type (romantic versus nonromantic) predict intra- and interpersonal consequences of sexual behaviors. Latent class analysis of a stratified random sample of US college students revealed four classes of sexual behaviors: Kissing Only, Kissing and Touching, All Behaviors, and Oral and Penetrative Only. Compared to individuals in the All Behaviors class, individuals in the Kissing Only class were less likely to experience a positive or a negative intrapersonal consequence of sexual behaviors. Men were less likely to report a negative intrapersonal consequence than women were. Partner type predicted negative interpersonal consequences for the All Behaviors class. Implications are discussed in terms of normative sexual development, prevention, and sexual and relationship education.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0228-y
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 1 (2017)
       
  • The Role of Sex Work Stigma in Victim Blaming and Empathy of Sexual
           Assault Survivors
    • Authors: Eric Sprankle; Katie Bloomquist; Cody Butcher; Neil Gleason; Zoe Schaefer
      Abstract: Sex workers have reported a history of stigma associated with their identity and labor, which has resulted in numerous barriers to justice, social services, and healthcare. The current study aimed to experimentally investigate the effects of sex work stigma on observers’ victim blame and empathy toward sexual assault survivors. The participants included 197 undergraduate students from the Midwestern US who were randomly assigned to read a newspaper article reporting a sexual assault in which the victim’s identity was manipulated as a sex worker or a non-sex worker between the conditions. Results indicated participants assigned to the article describing the rape of a sex worker responded to the article with statistically less victim empathy and more victim blame than participants who read an article describing the rape of a non-sex worker. Integrating stigma theory and qualitative research on sex work stigma, the implications of the results demonstrate a significant barrier sex workers may face within the criminal justice system when reporting acts of violence against them. Recommendations for sex work decriminalization, changing the conversation of academic discourse on sex work, and educational initiatives are proposed to reduce the stigma of this marginalized population.
      PubDate: 2017-03-25
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0282-0
       
  • Media’s Influence on Perceptions of Trans Women
    • Authors: Haley E. Solomon; Beth Kurtz-Costes
      Abstract: Although media representations of trans women are becoming increasingly common, many trans women still face discrimination in their daily lives, in part due to prejudices and stereotypes that are perpetuated by media. In two studies, we investigated group differences in baseline transphobia linked to gender, sexual orientation, religiosity, and political ideology; we then measured whether different representations of trans women in media led to attitude change. After providing information about their baseline attitudes, participants were randomly assigned to positive, negative, or control film-viewing conditions, with a problematic condition (i.e., sympathetic portrayal of a trans woman by a cisgender male actor) added in study 2. In each condition, participants viewed two depictions of trans women from film or television shows. After watching the clips, participants’ attitudes toward trans individuals were re-assessed. Heterosexuals, Christians, conservatives, and men (study 2 only) showed greater transphobia at pretest than LGB individuals, atheists, liberals, and women, respectively. Attitudes of participants who viewed negative film depictions of trans women became more negative after viewing the clips. We discuss implications of these findings in relation to recent media interest in representing trans women.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0280-2
       
  • Factors Affecting Heterosexual Attitudes to Same-Sex Marriage in Australia
    • Authors: Jessica Leigh Sloane; Laurance Madeleine Robillard
      Abstract: Same-sex marriage (SSM) has been a contentious topic in recent times. Despite current trends indicating that support for same-sex marriage is on the rise in Australia, attempts to introduce marriage equality legislation have failed. This study examined influential factors affecting attitudes towards same-sex marriage in Australia. A sample of heterosexual Australians completed a survey regarding their attitudes to marriage equality, homophobia, beliefs about a nature or nurture basis for same-sex attraction, common assumptions and beliefs about the etiology of same-sex attraction and social desirability. Believing that the etiology of same-sex attraction is nature-based predicted positive attitudes towards same-sex marriage whereas thinking sexual orientation is nurture-based predicted negative attitudes. Mediation analysis was used to assess the relationship between etiology beliefs and attitudes towards same-sex marriage. Homophobia fully explained the effect of nature beliefs and partially explained the effect of nurture beliefs on attitudes to same-sex marriage. Given that attitudes towards same-sex marriage are not created in a vacuum, the study also explored what people felt were their most influential sources of beliefs about the origins of same-sex attraction. The implications of the research findings for those lobbying for marriage equality in Australia are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-03-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0276-y
       
  • Baked Sex: the Exploration of Sex-Related Drug Expectancies of Marijuana
           Users
    • Authors: Joseph M. Currin; Julie M. Croff; Randolph D. Hubach
      Abstract: This study describes a modification of a sex-related expectancy measure to measure sex-related marijuana expectancies, and results were significant. Original research on expectancies for marijuana was conducted over 25 years ago. During this time period, attitudes, values, and beliefs regarding marijuana use are rapidly changing. This study examined if sex-related drug expectancies (SRDEs) predicted the frequency of marijuana use. By changing the prompt of a sex-related alcohol expectancy measure that instructed participants to focus on drug use, the study sought to measure SRDEs in a general adult population. An online survey was advertised on social media sites like Facebook and Craigslist. The SRDEs were assessed on N = 419 individuals (326 women, 93 men) who indicated using marijuana over the past 12-month period. A one-way ANOVA for women (p < .001) determined there were significant differences between SRDE scores for individuals, and post hoc analysis determined significant differences between infrequent and frequent marijuana users. Similar results were found for men using independent t tests. According to the SRDE, both male and female frequent marijuana users have higher sex-related expectancies when compared to infrequent marijuana users. With cultural changes influencing use of marijuana, measures like the SRDE that assess sex-related drug expectancies will help researchers understand how sex-related drug expectancies influence drug use.
      PubDate: 2017-03-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0281-1
       
  • HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP) Is Coming to Europe, but Are Gay Men
           Ready to Accept It? Qualitative Findings from Berlin, Germany
    • Authors: Christian Grov; Navin Kumar
      Abstract: In 2016, the European Medicines Agency approved the marketing of Truvada for use as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in European Union (EU) member states. As individual countries throughout the EU make decisions about whether to adopt PrEP and fund it via governmental insurance, it is vital to understand key populations’ knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP. In 2015, 20 gay men completed face-to-face audio-recorded interviews, describing their knowledge of and attitudes toward PrEP (mean age 35.9; 35% HIV-positive, 65% HIV-negative). We found that in spite of PrEP not yet having been approved for marketing in Germany, all but one of the participants were aware of PrEP and knew the difference between PrEP and post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP; which is approved for use in Germany). By and large, attitudes were favorable about PrEP, especially among HIV-negative participants. Next, there appeared to be an already high demand for PrEP with several participants going to great lengths to gain access to PrEP; two described intentions to obtain PEP for use as PrEP, one was obtaining PrEP via another country (where it was legal), and a fourth participant was discretely distributing PrEP out of his home. Our findings appear to validate anecdotal evidence suggesting high demand for PrEP and that some are already finding ways to obtain it without governmental approval. Our findings suggest that participants were prepared to see the rollout of PrEP in Berlin, pending its approval.
      PubDate: 2017-03-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0278-9
       
  • Community-Led Economic Initiatives with Sex Workers: Establishing a
           Conceptual Framework for a Multidimensional Structural Intervention
    • Authors: Megan C. Stanton; Toorjo Ghose
      Abstract: Commercial sex workers are at significant risk of contracting HIV. Scholars have identified economic insecurity and the exploitation resulting from it as structural vectors of HIV risk for this community. While community-led structural interventions have successfully reduced HIV risk with sex workers, economic structural interventions remain under-utilized and under-studied in this population. The few existing economic interventions described in the literature are limited to individual interventions and do not adopt a community-led structural intervention approach. We conduct a literature review to examine the connections between economic insecurity and sex worker HIV risk, the limitations of existing economic interventions with sex workers, and the evidence in support of HIV structural interventions with sex workers. We then develop a conceptual framework for a community-led structural economic intervention model that would enable sex workers to negotiate the socio-political and economic barriers that increase their HIV vulnerability. Specifically, we articulate an economic structural intervention model which stands on three pillars: (1) a meaningful community ownership, (2) a multilevel (individual, community, socio-political) intervention approach, and (3) a commitment to empowering sex workers as workers, rather than an orientation that seeks to rescue them from sex work through alternative income generation.
      PubDate: 2017-03-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0275-z
       
  • Hidden Rainbows: Gay Bars as Safe Havens in a Socially Conservative Area
           Since the Pulse Nightclub Massacre
    • Authors: Julie M. Croff; Randolph D. Hubach; Joseph M. Currin; Amanda F. Frederick
      Abstract: Gay and lesbian bars are considered a safe haven. Safe havens exist because of the larger cultural environment that makes safe places necessary. Some communities have noted reductions in the need for gay and lesbian bars due to growing acceptance within the community. However, many states and communities within the South and Bible Belt continue to propose and pass bills which target or restrict the freedoms of LGBT persons. These cultural overtones may support or encourage targeted violence, including the Pulse Nightclub Massacre which was the deadliest incidence of violence targeted at LGBT persons in the USA. This manuscript presents two studies: one at gay bars in Tulsa, Oklahoma, a socially conservative city/state, and the other examines four US communities following the Pulse Nightclub Massacre. Study 1 included interviews at entrance to the bar, exit from the bar, and within a week of leaving the bar in order to identify feelings of safety and comfort. Study 2 seeks to compare gay bar attendance and feelings of comfort and safety in gay bars in regions of the USA with varying structural stigma. Results of study 1 suggest that the participants felt safe (82.4%, n = 42) and comfortable (72.5%, n = 37). In study 2, individuals from Tulsa, Oklahoma were compared to individuals in New York and the DC metro area and were significantly less likely to attend gay bars after the Pulse shooting (t = 2.53 and 3.66, p ≤ 0.01 and p ≤ 0.001, respectively). Moreover, compared to individuals living in the DC metro area and Philadelphia, participants residing in the city in a conservative state felt significantly less safe attending gay bars (t = −2.03 and −2.30, respectively; p ≤ 0.05). No differences across the communities were noted by comfort within the gay bar space. In light of a changing political landscape, additional programming efforts may be necessary at gay bars in communities with high structural stigma. These efforts may include supporting the naturally occurring feelings of community connectedness and facilitating community building.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0273-1
       
  • Sociodemographic and Psychosexual Characteristics of Students from a
           Spanish University Who Engage in Casual Sex
    • Authors: Ana Belén Correa; Ángel Castro; Juan Ramón Barrada; Paula Ruiz-Gómez
      Abstract: Casual sexual relations, understood as those in which there are no expectations of affective commitment, are increasingly common among youth. The goal of this study was to analyze the casual sexual behavior of students from a Spanish university, paying special attention to its relation with sociodemographic and psychosexual variables. Participants were 659 students from a Spanish university aged between 18 and 26 years, without a partner or being in a partner relationship of less than 12 months, who completed a battery of online questionnaires. It was found that about half of the participants had engaged in casual sex in the past year, with no differences as a function of gender. Engaging in casual sex was related to being older, less religious, performing risky sexual behaviors, and other psychosocial variables such as attitudes towards condoms, sociosexuality, and measures of personal well-being. The discussion highlights the need to conduct more research on casual sexual relations, due to the possible influence of cultural aspects in youth’s sociosexuality.
      PubDate: 2017-02-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0274-0
       
  • Confessional Technologies and the Will to Disclose: Mobilizing Emotions
           and Lived Experience in AIDS Service Organizations in Canada
    • Authors: Jennifer M. Kilty; Michael Orsini
      Abstract: This research highlights how frontline workers in the HIV/AIDS sector in Canada mobilize the confessional as a technology of governance to encourage changes in the sexual health and safety and disclosure practices of HIV-positive men and women. The ways in which frontline workers counsel clients are especially important in light of Canada’s aggressive growth in criminal prosecutions against individuals for failing to disclose their HIV status to sexual partners. Drawing on 62 semi-structured interviews with AIDS service organization (ASO) staff from across Canada, we suggest that the work performed by ASO workers constitutes a form of bioethics on the ground, which is rooted in both the worker’s and the client’s lived experiences of HIV. It can be especially fraught if the lived experience is mobilized in ways that are ultimately disempowering for clients who do not relate to the individual’s disclosure narrative.
      PubDate: 2017-01-16
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0269-2
       
  • The Disregarding of Heteronormativity: Emphasizing a Happy Queer Adulthood
           and Localizing Anti-Queer Violence to Adolescent Schools
    • Authors: Doug Meyer
      Abstract: This article focuses on how lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) adults in 159 “It Gets Better” videos used happiness discourse to provide advice for an assumed adolescent viewer experiencing anti-queer bullying. Employing a grounded theory approach to analyze the videos and building on sociological analyses of changing sexuality norms, the author develops the concept of “disregarding heteronormativity” to account for processes that draw attention away from the widespread privileging and normalizing of heterosexuality. Indeed, findings reveal that makers of the videos not only localized anti-LGBTQ violence and harassment to adolescent schools, emphasizing the decline or disappearance of discriminatory events into adulthood, but also emphasized happiness and positivity more than power relations and structural constraints. At times, this emphasis included suggestions that bullied LGBTQ youth could improve their lives by adopting a more positive outlook or ignoring the negative opinions of other people. Thus, makers of the videos generally positioned violence against queer youth as primarily solvable through emotional management, contributing to the individualizing and depoliticizing of this social problem. In contrast, the author argues for analyses that resist the disregarding of heteronormativity and instead position unequal power relations as enduring and widespread structural features of US society.
      PubDate: 2017-01-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0272-7
       
  • A Qualitative Exploration of Teacher and School Staff Experiences when
           Teaching Sexuality Education Programmes at Special Needs Schools in South
           Africa
    • Authors: Julia S. Louw
      Abstract: Teachers and health care professionals are seen as valuable collaborators in delivering sensitive topics to learners. A qualitative exploration of how teachers and school staff described their teaching experiences when teaching sexuality education programmes was conducted at Special Needs Schools in South Africa. A total of 78 participants (68 teachers and 10 school staff) completed three open-ended response questions that were part of a survey questionnaire on knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and perceptions (KABP) of teaching practises related to teaching sexuality education. In spite of learners’ disabilities, specifically their cognitive level of functioning, participants noted the importance and the right of learners with disabilities to receive this information. Participants reported that some learners are well informed about the topic of sexuality and are already sexually active. Though they acknowledged various challenges in teaching this topic, participants also expressed the urgency for an updated and relevant curriculum to be implemented. It is imperative to provide sufficient support to learners with disabilities in the form of sexuality education, in order to help them understand their sexuality better. This will lead to meaningful participation and engagement, ensuring that learners with disabilities are treated with dignity and respect.
      PubDate: 2016-12-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0271-8
       
 
 
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