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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 447 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access  
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access  
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access  
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
Kultura Popularna     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Labirinto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
London Journal of Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Memorias     Open Access  
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal  
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access  
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access  
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
People Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access  
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Sociedade - REDES     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Organizaciones     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Salud & Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 46)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 50)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Societal Studies     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociolinguistica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sociologia urbana e rurale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas     Open Access  
Sociologias     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Sociológica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociological Focus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Sociological Inquiry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociological Methodology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociological Methods & Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Sociological Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Sociological Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Sociological Research Online     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sociological Spectrum: Mid-South Sociological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociological Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Sociologie     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Sociologie     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sociologie et sociétés     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
SociologieS - Articles     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Sociologus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 142)
Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Sociology Compass     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Sociology Mind     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Sociology of Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociology of Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 31)
Sociology of Health & Illness     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Sociology of Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociology of Race and Ethnicity     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Sociology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)

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Journal Cover Sexuality Research and Social Policy
  [SJR: 0.707]   [H-I: 9]   [6 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2334 journals]
  • The Impact of Victimization and Neuroticism on Mental Health in Young Men
    • Authors: Jae A. Puckett; Michael E. Newcomb; Robert Garofalo; Brian Mustanski
      Pages: 193 - 201
      Abstract: Abstract Sexual minorities experience greater mental health issues compared with heterosexuals due to minority stressors. This study focused on the impact of victimization and neuroticism on mental health in young men who have sex with men (YMSM) and the mediating role of internalized homophobia (IH). IH refers to when a sexual minority person internalizes social bias and develops a negative view of themselves, which is a likely process through which victimization and neuroticism impact mental health. Data were collected over three time points across 12 months, with 450 YMSM (mean age = 18.9) and an 80.7 % retention rate. Two mediation analyses with bias-corrected bootstrapping using 1000 samples were conducted, controlling for age, race, and sexual orientation. Results revealed that victimization [F (9, 440) = 4.83, p < 0.001, R 2 = 0.09] and neuroticism [F (9, 440) = 12.23, p < 0.001, R 2 = 0.20] had a significant indirect effect on mental health via increased levels of IH. These findings show how external experiences of stigma and personality-level characteristics may impact YMSM in terms of their sense of self. Furthermore, these results support addressing social conditions that marginalize YMSM in order to promote better mental health through decreasing IH.
      PubDate: 2016-05-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0239-8
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • Sexual and Gender Diversity Within the Black Men Who Have Sex with Men HIV
           Epidemiological Category
    • Authors: Bianca D. M. Wilson; Ayako Miyashita
      Pages: 202 - 214
      Abstract: Abstract Epidemiological categories not only reflect existing frameworks for public health, but also reify how subpopulations are defined, understood, and targeted for interventions. The sweeping categorization of Black men who have sex with men (BMSM) used in HIV research and intervention work is one such example. The current paper builds upon previous critiques of the “MSM” nomenclature by delineating the sexual and gender diversity embedded in the term as it pertains specifically to Black peoples. The emphasis is on developing greater specificity about the sociocultural and structural factors that may be shared among these subgroups, such as racism and poverty, and the factors that are likely to distinguish the groups, such as levels of sexual minority identification; access to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) services and community; and experiences with anti-bisexual or anti-transgender bias. The aim then is to provide a framework for HIV health policy work for Black sexual minority cisgender men (SMCM) and gender minorities (GMs).
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0219-z
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • Homophobic Prejudice in Czech Youth: a Sociodemographic Analysis of Young
           People’s Opinions on Homosexuality
    • Authors: Michal Pitoňák; Jana Spilková
      Pages: 215 - 229
      Abstract: Abstract The aims of this study are to provide momentum to research on homophobic prejudice in Czechia and to identify the significant factors influencing or mediating homophobic attitudes in Czech youth. The paper first contextualizes homophobia within the context of the Central and Eastern European countries and then refers to the role of schools and education tools in the prevention of homophobia. Results of a quantitative analysis based on original data collected during a research survey from 9th graders (N = 1082) in 35 selected Czech elementary schools are presented in the empirical part of the paper. We identify demographic, socioeconomic, psychological, and environmental factors that are significantly linked with homophobic attitudes in youth. Gender differences as well as relationship satisfaction with parents or peers, psychological status, and perception of quality of the environment one lives in were found to be among the most significant factors influencing prejudicial opinions in youth. Metropolitan youth were found to be significantly less prejudiced against nonheterosexuals. By taking lessons from abroad, we propose a number of possible policy interventions mainly in the realm of curricular documents and teacher training.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-015-0215-8
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • “Peer Pressure” and “Peer Normalization”:
           Discursive Resources that Justify Gendered Youth Sexualities
    • Authors: Catriona Ida Macleod; Nicola Jearey-Graham
      Pages: 230 - 240
      Abstract: Abstract “Peer pressure” is associated in the scientific literature with a range of risky sexual behaviors and with undermining public sexual health messages. Interventions are instituted encouraging young people to resist peer pressure or to model positive peer norms. Taking a discursive psychology perspective, we show how young people themselves use the discourses of “peer pressure to have sex” and “peer normalization of sex” to explain and justify youth sexual activity. Using data from focus group discussions about youth sexualities with students at a South African further education and training college, we show how participants outlined a need for young people to be socially recognizable through engaging in, and talking about, sex and how they implicated peer norms in governing individual sexual behavior. Both discourses pointed to a gendering of peer-endorsed sexual norms: masculine virility, the avoidance of shameful virgin or gay positions, and multiple sexual partners were emphasized for men, while the necessity of keeping a boyfriend and avoiding a “slut” position were foregrounded for women. These discourses potentially undermine the aims of public sexual health programs targeting youth. Nuanced engagement with peer group narratives, especially how sexual activity is explained and justified in a gendered fashion, is indicated.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-015-0207-8
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • The Effect of the Religious Environment on Teenage Birth Rates in the
           United States
    • Authors: Roland Kappe
      Pages: 241 - 251
      Abstract: Abstract This article tests whether there exists a relationship between the religious environment and teenage birth rates. Specifically, it is hypothesized that in the USA, the presence of a greater number of religious congregations and a greater number of religious adherents in a county are associated with higher teenage birth rates in this county. The data analysis is based on public health records from the CDC, and county religiosity data from the “Religious Congregations and Membership Survey” by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). The data analysis broadly supports the hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-015-0206-9
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • The Status of Reproductive and Sexual Health in Southern USA: Policy
           Recommendations for Improving Health Outcomes
    • Authors: Kristen N. Jozkowski; Brandon L. Crawford
      Pages: 252 - 262
      Abstract: Abstract A review of public health data for the 50 states shows that southern states including Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas consistently have the highest teen pregnancy, teen birth, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates in the USA. Furthermore, these states also lack mandates regarding sexuality education; and when sexuality education is provided, abstinence must be stressed while medically accurate information is not a specific requirement. This article synthesizes findings from recent health data collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Guttmacher Institute, the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, and the National Assembly on School-Based Health Care with research and professional recommendations from the scientific literature. Based on the summary of these findings, the goal of this article is to provide recommendations aimed at addressing sexual health in these states, as well as other states with abstinence-only policies, to help improve the health of young people through preventing unintended pregnancy and STD transmission.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-015-0208-7
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • Sexual Responsibility and the Politics of Abortion and Contraception
    • Authors: Nathaniel Swigger
      Pages: 263 - 275
      Abstract: Abstract Rape myths, which shift responsibility for sexual assault from the assailant to the victim, have gained prominence in American politics. Like many negative stereotypes, rape myths have a strong association with public opinion on the social groups affected by the stereotype. In this study, I investigate rape myth acceptance in the US population, differences in the causes of rape myth acceptance among men and women, and the effect of rape myths on political beliefs. I show that rape myth acceptance is significantly related to a decrease in support for access to contraception and increases opposition to abortion among male respondents. This finding is particularly significant given the current debates over women’s healthcare and the future of reproductive health policy in particular.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-015-0214-9
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • Reporting Sexual Assaults to the Police: the Israeli BDSM Community
    • Authors: Noam Haviv
      Pages: 276 - 287
      Abstract: Abstract This article explores what considerations members of the sadomasochistic community in Israel take into account in deciding whether to report sexual offenses and victimization to the police. This research is a qualitative study that included 20 interviews with members (men and women) of the BDSM community during 2012–2013 in Israel. The study found that members of the BDSM community in Israel have experienced sexual assault in the context of BDSM play. Respondents mentioned several reasons for not reporting this assault to the police. These reasons included fear of the victim’s being blamed, a desire to be discreet and not out themselves or others as having an interest in BDSM, shame about the practices that may have been part of the consensual part of the scene, difficulty explaining BDSM, and difficulty proving assault specifically when it requires explaining distinctions between play violence and assault. Respondents mentioned several ways that the Israeli BDSM community attempts to deal with assault and help victims, including a submissive women’s forum, a hotline that offered emotional support to victims, an informal list of people accused of assault, gossip as a way of sharing information, outing people who commit assault, and banning people from the community. Many of these considerations are common to victims of sexual assault and rape in non-BDSM contexts as well. What is different here is a layer of stigma specific to public perception of BDSM sexual interests as “deviant” or “perverse.”
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0222-4
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • The Utility of the Two-Step Gender Measure Within Trans and Cis
    • Authors: Emilia Lombardi; Swagata Banik
      Pages: 288 - 296
      Abstract: Abstract It has been acknowledged that more research into the health and well-being of trans people is needed in order to identify important health issues. While recent studies have suggested using a two-question gender status measure to assess assigned sex at birth and gender identity, it is not well understood how participants understand and subsequently answer the questions. The study recruited a convenience sample of 50 people (25 trans and 25 cis) from the general population of Cleveland and Akron, OH. The study used cognitive interviewing methods with scripted, semi-structured and spontaneous probes when appropriate. Participants were asked to read questions out-loud, answer the questions, and explain why they answered the way they did. Interviews were audio recorded and transcribed prior to analysis. The gender status questions were found to be easy to use and understood by both trans and cis participants. The two-question gender status measure was able to encompass a diversity of identities within a trans sample and be consistently answered by the study’s cis participants. The measures were able to differentiate between trans and cis groups. The two-step gender measure can be a useful tool in examining gender diversity within general population studies.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0220-6
      Issue No: Vol. 13, No. 3 (2016)
  • Sexual Health Education Topics in Schools: Inclusion and Timing
           Preferences of a Sample of Southern U.S. College Students
    • Authors: Sasha N. Canan; Kristen N. Jozkowski
      Abstract: Abstract Previous literature indicates that the American public is comfortable including multiple topics in sexual health education curriculum in public schools, yet comprehensive sex education is often portrayed as controversial, especially in the southern USA. Southern university students (N = 560) completed an online survey containing 18 potential sexual health education topics that could be taught in schools. Favorability and timing of all topics as well as demographics variables’ relationships with a total topic endorsement score were assessed. All topics were endorsed by a majority of participants. The least endorsed topic (sexual pleasure) was still selected to be taught at some time by a majority (70 %) of participants. Political affiliation had the strongest relationship with overall endorsement of topics followed by religious commitment. Political affiliation mediated the predictive path of religious commitment to the total topic endorsement score. Findings indicated that, similar to previous literature, individuals would like a wide variety of topics to be included in sexual health education. Therefore, ideas of heightened dispute surrounding comprehensive sex education in the southern USA may be unfounded. Additionally, caution should be exercised when assessing religious individual’s support or opposition of sexual health topics without also analyzing their political affiliation.
      PubDate: 2016-08-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0251-z
  • Perceptions of University Policies to Prevent Sexual Assault on Campus
           Among College Students in the USA
    • Authors: Tara K. Streng; Akiko Kamimura
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study is to assess correlations between attitude, opinions, and perceptions of sexual assault on campus and perceptions of university policies related to sexual assault among college students. Students (N = 507) at a large public university in the intermountain west region of the USA completed a survey in February and March 2015. Multivariable multiple regression was conducted to test the association between perceptions of students regarding university polices on sexual assault and individual factors. The factors that were predictive for student perceptions of sexual assault policy importance included student gender, affiliation with a campus organization, previous report of sexual assault to university officials, and adherence to particular anti-rape attitudes. Attitudes and perceptions of sexual assault may be very important for successful implementation of university policies related to sexual assault.
      PubDate: 2016-08-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0245-x
  • Neoliberalism’s Market Morality and Heteroflexibility: Protectionist
           and Free Market Discourses in Debates for Legal Prostitution
    • Authors: Barbara G. Brents
      Abstract: Abstract In August of 1999, not too long before narratives of sex trafficking began to dominate prostitution policy debates, the residents of a small town in Nevada debated closing the city’s legal brothels. Citizens crowded the hearing hall, holding signs about protecting family and community values. But instead of opposing prostitution, as one might have expected, most public commenters echoed a sign that read, “Pro Family, Pro Prostitution.” Drawing on an analysis of the testimony of the 51 citizens in attendance at that public hearing and ethnographic data gathered in four visits to Evenheart over a 1-year period, this paper examines the arguments that framed support for, and opposition to, legal prostitution at this critical historic juncture. The research finds important differences in the ways particular neoliberal discourses can be deployed to the wide range of sexual, gender, and relationship values that constitute heterosexuality. Both supporters and opponents drew on market logics—defined for purposes of this paper as a neoliberal individualism and economic rationality of free trade, scarcity, competition, and self-regulation—as well as on discourses of morality and the family, but each side used them in strikingly different ways. Brothel supporters drew on market logics to defend and support individualized family values and a market-driven morality, while brothel opponents deployed market logics that supported conservative heteronormative values and morals. I suggest that these deployments of market logics, particularly among brothel supporters, are instances of “heteroflexibility” in neoliberal governance, that is, flexibility in the various gender, sexual, and relationship norms that collectively make up heterosexuality as an institution. Key to the intensity of heteroflexibility’s challenge to heterosexuality, both then and today, is whether market logics use free choice or protection discourses in the neoliberal governance of sexuality.
      PubDate: 2016-08-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0250-0
  • Sexually Explicit Online Media, Body Satisfaction, and Partner
           Expectations Among Men who have Sex with Men: a Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Emily Leickly; Kimberly Nelson; Jane Simoni
      Abstract: Abstract Limited research has investigated the perceived influence of sexually explicit online media (SEOM) on body satisfaction and partner expectations of men who have sex with men (MSM). Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 16 MSM, covering the perceived influence of MSM-specific SEOM. All nine men who broached the topics of body satisfaction and partner expectations reported that MSM-specific SEOM set unreasonably high physical appearance expectations for themselves and/or their potential partners. Although MSM-specific SEOM might be negatively affecting body satisfaction and partner expectations among MSM, its ubiquity may make it a useful tool to support body positivity.
      PubDate: 2016-07-28
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0248-7
  • Secondary Victimization of Sexual Minority Men Following Disclosure of
           Sexual Assault: “Victimizing Me All Over Again…”
    • Authors: Michelle A. Jackson; Sarah E. Valentine; Eva N. Woodward; David W. Pantalone
      Abstract: Abstract The estimated prevalence of adult sexual assault among sexual minority men (SMM) is comparable to published estimates for women. Adult sexual assault is associated with low disclosure rates and poor physical and mental health in SMM. One potential negative consequence of disclosures is secondary victimization, whereby victims perceive disclosure recipients’ reactions as victim-blaming or discriminatory and, therefore, retraumatizing. The published literature on secondary victimization among SMM is limited to the reporting of hate crimes and has not been extended to adult sexual assault, despite its high prevalence among SMM. Here, we explored the adult sexual assault disclosure experiences of 18 SMM through qualitative interviews (M age = 42.4 years). We observed four themes: (1) secondary victimization behaviors by disclosure recipients; (2) the role of sexual orientation in disclosure experiences; (3) participants’ own emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to secondary victimization; and (4) participants’ perceptions about how disclosure influenced their long-term recovery process from adult sexual assault. Secondary victimization behaviors included dismissal, blaming, and attributing sexual assault to alcohol use or sexual orientation. Disclosure recipients’ responses strongly influenced men’s future disclosures. Future mixed-methods research investigating the impact of secondary victimization on mental and physical health of SMM is warranted.
      PubDate: 2016-07-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0249-6
  • Littoral Spaces of Performance: Findings from a Systematic Review and
           Re-analysis of Qualitative Studies on Men Who Have Sex with Men, Substance
           Use and Social Venues
    • Authors: G. J. Melendez-Torres; Chris Bonell
      Abstract: Abstract Substance use occurs at higher rates in men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general population, and, as a whole, is quantitatively linked to sexual risk behaviour. However, quantitative studies cannot adequately account for meanings, agency and role of social venue in shaping substance use, especially as regards sexual outcomes. To develop new theoretical constructs linking social venues and substance use in MSM, we systematically reviewed relevant qualitative studies and re-analysed them using a dimensional analysis method of grounded theory. Our analysis yielded an organising dimension of ‘littoral spaces’ in order to understand the meaning of MSM’s substance use in relation to the social venue. This space is characterised as different from everyday life, through the altering of social boundaries; defined by its illegal qualities; and described as ‘tribal’ and ‘ritual’. Substance use behaviours are embedded as performative regimes within these littoral spaces. Interventions for this population do not adequately account for the role of space in substance use behaviours. Harm reduction interventions, and interventions taking an approach focused on ‘durable’ planning for an entire evening, might offer improved effects.
      PubDate: 2016-07-22
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0247-8
  • Towards Bi-Inclusive Policies: Suggestions Based on Research on Dutch
           Same-Sex Attracted Young People
    • Authors: Jantine van Lisdonk; Saskia Keuzenkamp
      Abstract: Abstract Dutch national LGBT policies are not bi-inclusive and this study provides suggestions for improvement, based on empirical research. Attention for bisexuality in policy appears simply to pay lip service and to endorse the construction of sexual orientation as a hetero/homo binary. The outcomes of our survey (n = 1449) and in-depth interviews (n = 38) of Dutch same-sex attracted young people suggest that special attention for bisexual people is warranted. Compared to exclusively same-sex attracted participants, the equally both-sex attracted participants scored worse on openness about their sexual attraction, visibility discomfort, perceived acceptance, and suicide attempts. Unique issues for bisexual-identified young people were identified as follows: marginalization of bisexuality; difficulty expressing bisexuality, particularly in relationships; and a lack of bisexual or bi-inclusive communities. These issues were all related to the hetero/homo binary and mononormativity. Suggested implications for more bi-inclusive policies focus on awareness of marginalization and invisibility of bisexuality, biphobia, community and capacity building, and comprehensive sexuality and gender education. Furthermore, rather than policies focusing on sameness, a comprehensive diversity perspective on sexuality and gender offers more space for bisexuality. This may be particularly relevant for young people who are exploring their sexuality and developing a sense of their sexual self.
      PubDate: 2016-07-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0241-1
  • Evidence of Validity of the Beliefs About Children’s Adjustment in
           Same-Sex Families Scale
    • Authors: Dolores Frias-Navarro; Laura Badenes-Ribera; Hector Monterde-i-Bort
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the study is to provide evidence about the validity and reliability of the Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families Scale. The scale identifies two types of rejection of same-sex parenting: individual opposition and normative opposition. Individual opposition identifies opinions involving open and more aggressive rejection toward the effects of the child-rearing and educational practices of same-sex parents. The attribution of the children’s possible psychological difficulties and maladjustments is directly linked to the sexual orientation of the same-sex parents. Normative opposition identifies beliefs and opinions linked to everyday heterosexism that are present in our society and represent a subtle form of heterosexism. The scale was administrated to 326 Spanish heterosexual university students. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a two-factor structure. The findings showed that personal contact inversely correlates with the rejection of same-sex parents, the etiology of the homosexual orientation correlates with rejection of same-sex parents when the belief is that homosexuality is learned, and supporting the civil rights of gay people also correlates with rejection of same-sex parents. These findings can be useful in planning variables for intervention programs designed to foster the tolerance and normality of sexual and family diversity.
      PubDate: 2016-07-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0246-9
  • The Roles of Politics, Feminism, and Religion in Attitudes Toward LGBT
           Individuals: A Cross-Cultural Study of College Students in the USA, Italy,
           and Spain
    • Authors: Meredith G. F. Worthen; Vittorio Lingiardi; Chiara Caristo
      Abstract: Abstract While it is clear that there are existing prejudices directed toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people across the globe, very few studies have provided in-depth investigations of such attitudes from an international comparative perspective, and no cross-cultural studies to date have investigated attitudes toward bisexual and transgender individuals. Without understanding how correlates of attitudes toward LGBT individuals are both similar and different across multiple international locations, it is unclear how we can learn to counteract negative prejudices toward these groups. In the current study, we explore how measures of politics, feminism, and religion affect attitudes toward LGBT individuals using Worthen’s (2012) Attitudes Toward LGBT People Scales and data from four college student samples in Oklahoma, Texas, Italy, and Spain (N = 1311). Results suggest three trends: (1) negative attitudes toward LGBT individuals are more pervasive in Oklahoma than in any of the other university samples and are most positive among Spanish students; (2) negative attitudes toward LGBT individuals are related to the individual and multiplicative effects of political beliefs, feminism, and religiosity across all four samples; and (3) constructs related to attitudes toward gays/lesbians differ from those that relate to attitudes toward bisexual and transgender individuals. Such findings indicate that there are important similarities and differences in prejudices toward LGBT individuals and that attitudes toward bisexual and transgender individuals should be included in future international comparative research.
      PubDate: 2016-06-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0244-y
  • Impact of Civil Marriage Recognition for Long-Term Same-Sex Couples
    • Authors: Ellen D. B. Riggle; Robert E. Wickham; Sharon S. Rostosky; Esther D. Rothblum; Kimberly F. Balsam
      Abstract: Abstract Many same-sex couples had already established long-term relationships prior to the availability of civil marriage rights in the USA. The impact and possible benefits of marriage and marriage recognition for long-term couples was tested using data from a sample of couple members: 307 in a civil marriage and 50 with no legal relationship status. The reported study was conducted prior to marriage recognition in all US states and tests the associations of marital status and living in a state that recognized civil marriages of same-sex couples with self-reports of positive and negative LGB (lesbian, gay, and bisexual) identity, social support, and daily discrimination. Dyadic regression analyses revealed that participants in a civil marriage reported higher levels of LGB identity centrality and support from partner. Residing in a state that recognized civil marriage was associated with lower levels of LGB identity concealment, a less difficult process accepting one’s LGB identity, and less vigilance and isolation. Results are discussed in terms of the benefits of long-term relationships and the impact of socio-historical context and marriage policy on same-sex relationships.
      PubDate: 2016-06-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0243-z
  • The Problem with the Phrase “Intersecting Identities”: LGBT
           Affirmative Therapy, Intersectionality, and Neoliberalism
    • Authors: Patrick R. Grzanka; Joseph R. Miles
      Abstract: Abstract Since the declassification of homosexuality as a mental illness in 1973, psychology has transformed the way it approaches sexual orientation and gender identity issues in scientific research and clinical practice. The paradigmatic shift from psychopathology to identity has corresponded with the introduction of “LGBT affirmative therapy,” which suggests that therapists should affirm clients’ sexual orientations rather than reinforce sexual minorities’ experiences of stigma and marginalization. This qualitative study used a subset of psychotherapy training videos about LGBT issues to explore the form of content of LGBT affirmative therapy in the context of increased attention to identity and multiculturalism in applied psychology. The videos suggest that multiculturally competent therapists should understand sexuality and gender issues in terms of what psychologists call “multiple” or “intersecting” identities, namely race and ethnicity. While the multicultural turn in psychotherapy may signal a transformation in mental health service provision, our analysis questions whether these videos may unintentionally reflect a neoliberal logic of inclusion that obscures the structural dimensions of social inequality. We suggest that the uptake of intersectionality-like identitarian discourse in psychotherapy in particular offers opportunities for challenging and reinforcing neoliberalism.
      PubDate: 2016-06-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0240-2
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