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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 484 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Íslenska Thjodfélagid     Open Access  
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Italian Sociological Review     Open Access  
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Culture, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Trafficking and Human Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of World-Systems Research     Open Access  
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
KARSA : Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
Kultura-Społeczeństwo-Edukacja     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
London Journal of Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Masyarakat : Jurnal Sosiologi     Open Access  
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access  
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Novos Rumos Sociológicos     Open Access  
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers. Revista de Sociologia     Open Access  
PArtecipazione e COnflitto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
People Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Profanações     Open Access  
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Relations : Beyond Anthropocentrism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Research, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de História Bilros. História(s), Sociedade(s) e Cultura(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Sociedade - REDES     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Labor     Open Access  
Revista Latina de Sociología     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Revista Movimentos Sociais e Dinâmicas Espaciais     Open Access  
Revista Nuevo Humanismo     Open Access  
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Salud & Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Serendipities : Journal for the Sociology and History of the Social Sciences     Open Access  
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociální studia / Social Studies     Open Access  
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Societal Studies     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociolinguistica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription  

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Journal Cover Sexuality Research and Social Policy
  [SJR: 0.808]   [H-I: 15]   [8 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2352 journals]
  • The Roles of Politics, Feminism, and Religion in Attitudes Toward LGBT
           Individuals: A Cross-Cultural Study of College Students in the USA, Italy,
           and Spain
    • Authors: Meredith G. F. Worthen; Vittorio Lingiardi; Chiara Caristo
      Pages: 241 - 258
      Abstract: Abstract While it is clear that there are existing prejudices directed toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people across the globe, very few studies have provided in-depth investigations of such attitudes from an international comparative perspective, and no cross-cultural studies to date have investigated attitudes toward bisexual and transgender individuals. Without understanding how correlates of attitudes toward LGBT individuals are both similar and different across multiple international locations, it is unclear how we can learn to counteract negative prejudices toward these groups. In the current study, we explore how measures of politics, feminism, and religion affect attitudes toward LGBT individuals using Worthen’s (2012) Attitudes Toward LGBT People Scales and data from four college student samples in Oklahoma, Texas, Italy, and Spain (N = 1311). Results suggest three trends: (1) negative attitudes toward LGBT individuals are more pervasive in Oklahoma than in any of the other university samples and are most positive among Spanish students; (2) negative attitudes toward LGBT individuals are related to the individual and multiplicative effects of political beliefs, feminism, and religiosity across all four samples; and (3) constructs related to attitudes toward gays/lesbians differ from those that relate to attitudes toward bisexual and transgender individuals. Such findings indicate that there are important similarities and differences in prejudices toward LGBT individuals and that attitudes toward bisexual and transgender individuals should be included in future international comparative research.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0244-y
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • Littoral Spaces of Performance: Findings from a Systematic Review and
           Re-analysis of Qualitative Studies on Men Who Have Sex with Men, Substance
           Use and Social Venues
    • Authors: G. J. Melendez-Torres; Chris Bonell
      Pages: 259 - 269
      Abstract: Abstract Substance use occurs at higher rates in men who have sex with men (MSM) than the general population, and, as a whole, is quantitatively linked to sexual risk behaviour. However, quantitative studies cannot adequately account for meanings, agency and role of social venue in shaping substance use, especially as regards sexual outcomes. To develop new theoretical constructs linking social venues and substance use in MSM, we systematically reviewed relevant qualitative studies and re-analysed them using a dimensional analysis method of grounded theory. Our analysis yielded an organising dimension of ‘littoral spaces’ in order to understand the meaning of MSM’s substance use in relation to the social venue. This space is characterised as different from everyday life, through the altering of social boundaries; defined by its illegal qualities; and described as ‘tribal’ and ‘ritual’. Substance use behaviours are embedded as performative regimes within these littoral spaces. Interventions for this population do not adequately account for the role of space in substance use behaviours. Harm reduction interventions, and interventions taking an approach focused on ‘durable’ planning for an entire evening, might offer improved effects.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0247-8
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • Sexually Explicit Online Media, Body Satisfaction, and Partner
           Expectations Among Men who have Sex with Men: a Qualitative Study
    • Authors: Emily Leickly; Kimberly Nelson; Jane Simoni
      Pages: 270 - 274
      Abstract: Abstract Limited research has investigated the perceived influence of sexually explicit online media (SEOM) on body satisfaction and partner expectations of men who have sex with men (MSM). Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 16 MSM, covering the perceived influence of MSM-specific SEOM. All nine men who broached the topics of body satisfaction and partner expectations reported that MSM-specific SEOM set unreasonably high physical appearance expectations for themselves and/or their potential partners. Although MSM-specific SEOM might be negatively affecting body satisfaction and partner expectations among MSM, its ubiquity may make it a useful tool to support body positivity.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0248-7
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • Secondary Victimization of Sexual Minority Men Following Disclosure of
           Sexual Assault: “Victimizing Me All Over Again…”
    • Authors: Michelle A. Jackson; Sarah E. Valentine; Eva N. Woodward; David W. Pantalone
      Pages: 275 - 288
      Abstract: Abstract The estimated prevalence of adult sexual assault among sexual minority men (SMM) is comparable to published estimates for women. Adult sexual assault is associated with low disclosure rates and poor physical and mental health in SMM. One potential negative consequence of disclosures is secondary victimization, whereby victims perceive disclosure recipients’ reactions as victim-blaming or discriminatory and, therefore, retraumatizing. The published literature on secondary victimization among SMM is limited to the reporting of hate crimes and has not been extended to adult sexual assault, despite its high prevalence among SMM. Here, we explored the adult sexual assault disclosure experiences of 18 SMM through qualitative interviews (M age = 42.4 years). We observed four themes: (1) secondary victimization behaviors by disclosure recipients; (2) the role of sexual orientation in disclosure experiences; (3) participants’ own emotional, cognitive, and behavioral responses to secondary victimization; and (4) participants’ perceptions about how disclosure influenced their long-term recovery process from adult sexual assault. Secondary victimization behaviors included dismissal, blaming, and attributing sexual assault to alcohol use or sexual orientation. Disclosure recipients’ responses strongly influenced men’s future disclosures. Future mixed-methods research investigating the impact of secondary victimization on mental and physical health of SMM is warranted.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0249-6
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • How LGBT-Supportive Workplace Policies Shape the Experience of Lesbian,
           Gay Men, and Bisexual Employees
    • Authors: Anouk Lloren; Lorena Parini
      Pages: 289 - 299
      Abstract: Abstract Support for lesbians’, gay men’s, bisexuals’, and transgender people’s (LGBT) rights has increased over the last two decades. However, these recent trends hide existing disparities between and within countries. In particular, workplace discrimination is still a relatively widespread phenomenon. Although many countries lack legal provision protecting LGBT employees, numerous organizations have adopted LGBT-supportive policies over the last two decades. Many studies have investigated the business case for diversity arguments and tested whether diversity brings about positive business outcomes. However, few studies have studied their effect on outcomes that do not directly affect employees’ productivity. This article aims at filling this gap and examines whether LGBT-supportive policies help (1) to reduce discrimination based on sexual discrimination and (2) to increase LGB employees’ well-being and psychological health at work. Results show that diversity management contributes to shaping the experience of LGB employees by reducing discrimination and increasing overall well-being at work. However, LGBT-supportive policies do not influence employees’ psychological health outcomes.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0253-x
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • The Role of Political and Legislative Changes in the Everyday Lives of LGB
           Individuals: the Case of Portugal
    • Authors: Henrique Pereira; Samuel Monteiro
      Pages: 300 - 309
      Abstract: Abstract Using findings from a qualitative investigation based on in-depth asynchronous online interviews with 425 self-identified LGB Portuguese individuals (73.9 % gay, 12.3 % lesbian, and 13.8 % bisexual), this paper explores the role of political and legislative changes in the everyday lives of LGB individuals after the implementation of recent political and legislative changes in the country, such as the 2010 law allowing same-sex couples to marry and the 2016 law allowing same-sex couples to adopt and joint-adopt children. Participants were asked to complete a structured interview online, which consisted of socio-demographic questions concerning age, sexual orientation, gender, occupation, education, relationship status, and knowledge of the legislation that affected them as an LGB person. Participants were also asked to write a response to a single open-ended and fundamental question: “As an LGB person, what was the most important thing that happened to you over the last year because of the political and legislative changes concerning LGB rights implemented in Portugal'” The content analysis of the major findings was structured around the following main thematic areas: relationships and family, coming out issues, health issues, happiness and personal development, and social and political changes. The paper concludes by highlighting the importance of political and legislative changes in the everyday lives of LGB people, as delivering this type of knowledge is a very important tool to fight discrimination against LGB individuals.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0261-x
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • To Have or Not to Have Children' That Is the Question. Factors
           Influencing Parental Decisions Among Lesbians and Gay Men
    • Authors: Jorge Gato; Sara Santos; Anne Marie Fontaine
      Pages: 310 - 323
      Abstract: Abstract Few studies have examined lesbians’ and gay men’s parental decision-making processes. Our goal in this work was to review what literature says about this understudied area of research. We first looked at transformations that have made it possible for lesbian- and gay-parented families to gain visibility. We then described how parental aspirations of lesbians and gay men have been operationalized. Factors shaping parental decisions were categorized as sociodemographic (gender, age and cohort, and race/ethnicity), personal (internalization of anti-homosexual prejudice and openness about one’s non-heterosexual orientation), relational (one’s partner’s parental motivation and social support), and contextual (work conditions, access to LGBT support networks, information and resources, and social, legal, and medical barriers). Research findings were discussed and implications for future research and social policies regarding the issue of prospective lesbian and gay parenthood were drawn.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0268-3
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • Harassment and Violence Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) and Hijras
           After Reinstatement of India’s “Sodomy Law”
    • Authors: Dennis H. Li; Shruta Rawat; Jayson Rhoton; Pallav Patankar; Maria L. Ekstrand; B. R. Simon Rosser; J. Michael Wilkerson
      Pages: 324 - 330
      Abstract: Abstract On December 11, 2013, the Indian Supreme Court recriminalized non-peno-vaginal sex under Sec. 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), overturning a 2009 ruling that deemed IPC Sec. 377 unconstitutional. Similar “sodomy laws” in other countries have been associated with increased violence, harassment, and other discrimination against men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women. However, few studies have looked at the effects of such a law in an Indian context. This study examined experiences of victimization among MSM and hijra/transgender women (MSM-H) in the State of Maharashtra using a mixed-method approach. Data came from a quantitative survey and qualitative focus groups and interviews from an HIV prevention study as well as qualitative media and case reports from a local MSM-H-serving community-based organization. MSM-H in Maharashtra reported experiencing a high frequency of harassment, violence, and extortion, particularly from male sex partners met online and police. IPC Sec. 377 was implicated across qualitative sources as creating a culture of protection for harassment against MSM-H by being used directly as a tool for harassment, hindering victims of harassment from seeking legal recourse, and adversely impacting HIV and healthcare services. The reinstated IPC Sec. 377 may directly and indirectly facilitate negative health outcomes among MSM-H. Health agencies and advocates should continue to monitor the impact of IPC Sec. 377, incorporate rights-based approaches to protect MSM-H identities while addressing their health and well-being, and explore avenues to initiate discussions with the government to work toward repealing the law.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0270-9
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • The Disregarding of Heteronormativity: Emphasizing a Happy Queer Adulthood
           and Localizing Anti-Queer Violence to Adolescent Schools
    • Authors: Doug Meyer
      Pages: 331 - 344
      Abstract: Abstract This article focuses on how lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) adults in 159 “It Gets Better” videos used happiness discourse to provide advice for an assumed adolescent viewer experiencing anti-queer bullying. Employing a grounded theory approach to analyze the videos and building on sociological analyses of changing sexuality norms, the author develops the concept of “disregarding heteronormativity” to account for processes that draw attention away from the widespread privileging and normalizing of heterosexuality. Indeed, findings reveal that makers of the videos not only localized anti-LGBTQ violence and harassment to adolescent schools, emphasizing the decline or disappearance of discriminatory events into adulthood, but also emphasized happiness and positivity more than power relations and structural constraints. At times, this emphasis included suggestions that bullied LGBTQ youth could improve their lives by adopting a more positive outlook or ignoring the negative opinions of other people. Thus, makers of the videos generally positioned violence against queer youth as primarily solvable through emotional management, contributing to the individualizing and depoliticizing of this social problem. In contrast, the author argues for analyses that resist the disregarding of heteronormativity and instead position unequal power relations as enduring and widespread structural features of US society.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0272-7
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • Sexual Health Care Services Among Young Adult Sexual Minority Women
    • Authors: Emily J. Youatt; Lisa H. Harris; Gary W. Harper; Nancy K. Janz; José A. Bauermeister
      Pages: 345 - 357
      Abstract: Abstract Young adult sexual minority women (YSMW) are at elevated risk for negative reproductive health outcomes, yet are less likely than heterosexual peers to utilize preventive health care. Medical and public health policy organizations advocate sexual orientation disclosure (“coming out”) to health care providers as a strategy for increasing service utilization among YSMW. Limited research explores relationships between disclosure and receipt of sexual health services. YSMW (N = 285) ages 21–24 participated in an online survey assessing their health behaviors and care utilization. We employed multivariable logistic regression models to examine the association between receipt of sexual health services and sexual orientation disclosure to provider, after adjusting for sociodemographic covariates. Thirty-five percent of YSMW were out to their provider. Less than half the sample had received Pap screening or STI testing in the previous year; approximately 15% had received at least one dose of the HPV vaccination. Disclosure was associated with increased likelihood of Pap screening (OR=2.66, p < .001) and HPV vaccination (OR=4.30, p < .001), but was not significantly associated with STI testing. Promoting coming out to providers may be a promising approach to increase sexual health care use among YSMW. Future research should explore causal relationships between these factors.
      PubDate: 2017-09-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0277-x
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 3 (2017)
  • Morality Politics and Prostitution Policy in Brussels: A Diachronic
    • Authors: Magaly Rodríguez García; Kristien Gillis
      Abstract: Abstract This paper discusses the genealogy of prostitution policies in Brussels through the lens of morality politics. It uses the analytical framework proposed by Hendrik Wagenaar and Altink (2012) to compare the formulation and implementation of policies in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries with today’s policymaking in Brussels as well as the discourses underlying those policies. Although it departs from the six characteristics of morality politics, the study introduces one element that adds to the complexity of policymaking in this domain: gender. We argue that a gendered ideology and stigma have informed past and present prostitution policies in Brussels and that the many actors involved in the city’s policymaking have more often than not relied on emotions and personal views on female sexuality to support their calls for the control or outright repression of public commercial sex. The comparative analysis illustrates the persistent symbolic nature of policy formulation and a blatant disregard for data, both of which have led to the approval of unworkable laws and sudden policy shifts. However, the participation of new actors in the debates about prostitution in recent years has ushered in an increase in questionings of morality politics and will hopefully bolster calls for fact-based policies.
      PubDate: 2017-09-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0298-5
  • Social Interaction and Safer Sex at Sex Parties: Collective and Individual
           Norms at Gay Group Sex Venues in NYC
    • Authors: Étienne Meunier
      Abstract: Abstract Sex-on-premise venues for gay/bisexual men have been identified as high-HIV risk environments, partly because they seem to have norms discouraging discussion of safer sex. This study investigated individual and collective norms about social and sexual interaction in these venues through qualitative interviews with 20 men recruited from private sex parties in New York City. All participants recognized that there was a collective norm encouraging casual conversation at sex parties, which was supported by organizational features of these events; however, participants’ willingness to engage in social interaction ranged widely. Although conversation seemed pervasive in the social area of parties, most participants said there was no conversation in the sexual area and very few participants reported ever asking potential sex partners about HIV status or safer-sex preferences. Participants preferred going to events that set clear expectations regarding condom use (either “safer-sex” or “bareback” parties). These data point to a dichotomy in the norms of sex parties where conversation is expected in the social area of a venue but inappropriate around sexual activity. Sexual health interventions targeted to this population are more likely to be successful if they take the social and sexual norms of these events into account.
      PubDate: 2017-09-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0300-2
  • An Application of the Minority Stress Model in a Non-Western Context:
           Discrimination and Mental Health Among Sexual and Gender Minorities in
    • Abstract: Abstract We examined an application of the minority stress model to the experiences of sexual and gender minorities in Macedonia. We conducted a cross-sectional online national survey among 18–30-year-old participants in Macedonia. We facilitated two focus groups with a subset of sexual and gender minority participants to gain an additional context about their everyday lives and experiences of discrimination. We performed unadjusted and adjusted linear regression models between sexual and gender identity and discrimination scales, as well as rumination and social anxiety. We calculated indirect effects using the Judd and Kenny difference of coefficients approach and used framework analysis to analyze the focus groups. Overall, 396 persons completed the survey, 178 identified as cisgender male and 200 identified as cisgender female. Sexual and gender minorities had higher scores on the rumination scale, 48.6 vs. 45.6 (p = 0.039), as compared to non-sexual and gender minorities. Sexual and gender minority persons had scores on the social anxiety that were higher than those of non-sexual and gender minority persons, 17.7 vs. 12.9 (p = 0.000). Experiences of discrimination due to one’s sexual orientation and gender identity accounted for a substantial portion of the increased anxiety and rumination. Focus groups confirmed the quantitative findings. Sexual and gender minority persons in Macedonia have poorer mental health outcomes as compared to non-sexual and gender minority persons, with discrimination being a major factor. Policies are needed to safeguard their rights, and interventions are also needed to provide mental health support and services to the population in an identity-friendly and affirming manner.
      PubDate: 2017-09-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0299-4
  • Dating Application Use and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Young Adults
    • Authors: Ashlee N. Sawyer; Erin R. Smith; Eric G. Benotsch
      Abstract: Abstract Cell phone-based dating applications (apps) are increasingly popular in the USA. However, there is a paucity of research regarding dating app use among young heterosexual adults. This study examined the prevalence of dating application use and its connections with sexual behavior among young heterosexual adults. Five hundred nine heterosexual cisgender undergraduate students aged 18–25 completed an online survey assessing trait impulsivity, dating app use and motivations for using dating apps, sexual behavior, and demographics. 39.5% of the participants reported using dating apps. Individuals who used dating apps had higher rates of sexual risk behaviors in the past 3 months, including sex after using drugs or alcohol, and unprotected sex (anal or vaginal), and more lifetime sexual partners. When controlling for demographics and impulsivity, individuals who used dating applications were twice as likely to have had unprotected sex in the past 3 months, but were not significantly more likely to have had multiple partners within the past 3 months. In an exploratory analysis controlling for demographics and impulsivity, dating app use predicted the number of lifetime sexual partners. This study documented an association between dating app use and sexual risk behaviors among young heterosexual adults. Results suggest potential targets for intervention, including interventions that address sexual health information, and the dissemination of sexual health information through dating apps themselves.
      PubDate: 2017-09-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0297-6
  • Barriers to Gender-Affirming Care for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming
    • Authors: Jae A. Puckett; Peter Cleary; Kinton Rossman; Brian Mustanski; Michael E. Newcomb
      Abstract: Abstract Gender-affirming care, including hormone therapy, “top” (e.g., chest reconstruction surgery) and “bottom” (e.g., vaginoplasty, phalloplasty, metoidioplasty, etc.) surgeries, and puberty blockers, is an efficacious treatment of gender dysphoria for transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. However, many TGNC people encounter significant barriers in accessing gender-affirming care, which we detail via results from on online study. Participants included 256 TGNC individuals (78.9% White, ages 16–73, M age = 28.4). Among participants, 61.3% were receiving hormone therapy, 22.7% had undergone top surgery, and 5.5% had undergone bottom surgery. Open-ended responses (n = 201) were thematically analyzed and common barriers included finances and insurance issues, a lack of service availability, and fears or worries. Participants reported various systemic issues and incidents of bias within medical and mental health fields, as well as a lack of medical provider awareness and education. Other themes were interpersonal barriers (e.g., fears of rejection); age and need of parental consent for minors; other medical issues; and a lack of information about how to acquire care. These findings can be utilized to educate professionals in medical and mental health fields about barriers their TGNC patients may encounter in receiving affirming care and suggest a number of ways to improve access to these services.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0295-8
  • Attitude of Italian Gay Men and Italian Lesbian Women Towards Gay and
           Lesbian Gender-Typed Scenarios
    • Authors: Marco Salvati; Jessica Pistella; Salvatore Ioverno; Mauro Giacomantonio; Roberto Baiocco
      Abstract: Abstract This study examined the differences between gay men and lesbian women in their negative attitudes towards gay men and lesbians who either confirm or disconfirm stereotypical gender roles. One hundred thirty-eight gay and lesbian participants read four gender-typed scenarios: in two, a gay student and a lesbian student were portrayed as more stereotypically masculine, and in the other two, two gay and lesbian students were described as more stereotypically feminine. Participants rated the targets on a scale assessing negative emotions. The results showed that the feminine gay male target provoked more negative emotions than the other three targets, among both gay and lesbian participants. Moreover, gay and lesbian participants felt more negative emotions towards the masculine lesbian target than the feminine lesbian one. In the end, while the feminine gay man target elicited more negative emotions than the feminine lesbian target, the masculine gay man target did not elicit more negative emotions than the masculine lesbian one. Implications of the results are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0296-7
  • A Systematic Review of the Attitudes of Different Stakeholders Towards
           Prostitution and Their Implications
    • Authors: Polly H. X. Ma; Zenobia C. Y. Chan; Alice Yuen Loke
      Abstract: Abstract The legal status of sex workers is correlated with their occupational health and safety. However, there is little consensus on the ideal legal framework for prostitution. Obtaining a good understanding of the opinions of different stakeholders will provide policymakers, health care professionals, and social workers with the necessary information to make decisions on how to protect the health and safety of sex workers and to propose laws on prostitution. This is a review of the literature on the attitudes of different stakeholders towards sex workers. A search of the literature identified a total of 49 studies that could ultimately be included in this review. The studies explored the attitudes towards prostitution among law enforcement officers, professionals in health and social services, clients of sex workers, the general public, and other multiple stakeholders. There was a lack of consensus among these stakeholders on accepting sex workers, and not everyone supported the decriminalization or legalization of prostitution in their countries. Although the debate over the legal status of prostitution seems unlikely to end in the foreseeable future, the findings of this review provide some indications that interventions among different professional groups are needed to improve the health and safety of sex workers.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0294-9
  • “So Much Is at Stake”: Professional Views on Engaging Heterosexually
    • Authors: Christy E. Newman; Asha Persson; Pene Manolas; Heather-Marie Ann Schmidt; Catriona Ooi; Alison Rutherford; John de Wit
      Abstract: Abstract Australian HIV prevention, testing, and treatment services are well-established for men who have sex with men (MSM) who identify as gay or bisexual. However, the sexual health needs of heterosexually identified MSM (hereafter called “straight MSM” as a shorthand) and opportunities to engage this sub-group with services and information are less clear. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2015–2016 with 30 professionals working in the sexual health sector in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Participants viewed straight MSM as comprising multiple, intersecting sub-groups, but sharing a common preference for services which promise “discretion” and “confidentiality”, and information which does not presume an alignment between gay identity and sex between men. Participants described these men as typically very concerned about keeping this aspect of their sexual lives secret and separate from their family, work, and community lives. Participants were keenly aware of both the benefits and the challenges of providing respectful and non-judgmental care. This exploratory study provides initial evidence of the complexities of engaging straight MSM with sexual health care and suggests a range of strategies for increasing cultural understanding of the diverse sexual practices that can be present in the lives of some heterosexually identified men.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0291-z
  • Sexual Behavior in Sexual Minority Women and Connections with
    • Authors: Erin R. Smith; Paul B. Perrin; Annie E. Rabinovitch
      Abstract: Abstract This study examined the prevalence and forms of sexual behavior in a sample of sexual minority women (SMW) with a history of experiencing discrimination. One hundred fifty ethnically diverse lesbian, bisexual, queer, and other non-heterosexual-identified cisgender women completed a national online survey. Rates of sexual behavior over the past 6 months were high, including having sex with someone who had had many sexual partners (40.7%), engaging in cunnilingus without protection (64%), and having sex under the influence of substances (56.7%). A canonical correlation found that heterosexist experiences and sexual behaviors had 20.7% overlapping variance. Experiences of heterosexism by individuals in service jobs, strangers, or those in helping professions were tied to engagement in more impulsive sexual behaviors. Multiple linear regressions found that heterosexism explained 19.3% of the variance in impulsive sexual behaviors, 8.6% in sex with uncommitted partners, and 8.8% in intent to engage in sexual behaviors. Despite the high rates of sexual behavior found in this study, a focus on sexual behaviors among SMW has largely been omitted from health research. Based on the current findings, interventions for addressing sexual behaviors in SMW as well as future research directions are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0293-x
  • Sexual Prejudice in Portugal: Results from the First Wave European Study
           on Heterosexual’s Attitudes Toward Same-Gender Marriage and Parenting
    • Authors: Pedro Alexandre Costa; Francis Anne Carneiro; Francesca Esposito; Salvatore D’Amore; Robert-Jay Green
      Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to document the prevalence and evolution of sexual prejudice toward gay men and lesbian, same-gender marriage, and same-gender parenting among a large sample of Portuguese young adults. The sample consisted of 704 self-identified heterosexual individuals (24% men and 76% women), aged between 18 and 30 years (M = 22; SD = 3), who participated in an online survey. ANOVA results revealed that women were less sexually prejudiced, were less likely to endorse social etiological beliefs of homosexuality, and were more supportive of same-gender marriage and same-gender parenting than were men. Further mediation analysis revealed that the effects of gender, religiosity, importance of religious beliefs, and political leaning on the support for same-gender marriage and same-gender parenting were partially mediated by etiological beliefs and attitudes toward gay men and lesbians. The complexity of attitudes toward same-gender marriage and same-gender parenting was highlighted, indicating how attitudes toward gay men and lesbians and the belief that homosexuality is controllable impact on the support for same-gender parented families. These results are important to inform affirmative polities designed to correct inequalities and recognize same-gender families.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0292-y
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