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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 441 journals)
Debates en Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Design and Culture : The Journal of the Design Studies Forum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Dhaulagiri Journal of Sociology and Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
disClosure : A Journal of Social Theory     Open Access  
Distinktion : Scandinavian Journal of Social Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Diversité urbaine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
East Asian Science, Technology and Society: An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
East Central Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Éducation et socialisation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Emotion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
EMPIRIA. Revista de Metodología de las Ciencias Sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enfances, Familles, Générations     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Epos : Genealogias, Subjetivaçãoes e Violências     Open Access  
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Estudios Rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Ethnologia Actualis : The Journal of Ethnographical Research     Open Access  
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
European Review Of Applied Sociology     Open Access  
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Eutopía - Revista de Desarrollo Económico Territorial     Open Access  
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Facta Universitatis, Series : Philosophy, Sociology, Psychology and History     Open Access  
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Fokus pa familien     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
GEMS : Gender, Education, Music, and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Sociology Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Hispania     Partially Free   (Followers: 4)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Human and Social Studies : Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Architecture : Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Factors in Information Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 67)
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  
Humanity & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Illawarra Unity - Journal of the Illawarra Branch of the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Information Technology, Education and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 78)
İnsan & Toplum Dergisi     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Applied Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Developing Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Japanese Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Sociology and Social Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
International Journal of Sociology of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sociotechnology and Knowledge Development     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of the Sociology of Language     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of the Sociology of Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal of Work Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
IRIS European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Irish Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Íslenska Thjodfélagid     Open Access  
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chain-computerisation     Open Access  
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)

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Journal Cover   Sexuality Research and Social Policy
  [SJR: 0.707]   [H-I: 9]   [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2276 journals]
  • The Internet as a Source of Sexual Information in a Sample of Spanish
           Adolescents: Associations with Sexual Behavior
    • Abstract: Abstract Given the widespread availability of sexual information and content on the internet, together with the web’s corresponding appeal (e.g., anonymity, portability, and social networking), it is likely that many adolescents learn about sex online. However, the internet has rarely been considered in studies on teenagers’ sources of sexual information, and the literature has several limitations and gaps. This study aims mainly to examine the amount of sexual information that a sample of Spanish adolescents receives from the internet, along with its usefulness, differences by sex and developmental stage, and associations with sexual behavior. A total of 3809 secondary students aged 12 to 17 completed a written survey anonymously. According to the analyses, 68.4 % of the participants had received sexual information online. Boys and middle adolescents obtained more (and more useful) information. Receiving more sexual information online was associated with masturbation and engaging in non-coital and coital behavior, but not with age or condom use at first intercourse. Since the internet appears to be a promising, useful, and widely accessed source of sexual information among adolescents, professionals are encouraged to incorporate internet-based approaches into their sexual education interventions with this age group.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Prejudice Toward Gender and Sexual Diversity in a Brazilian Public
           University: Prevalence, Awareness, and the Effects of Education
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to investigate how gender and sexual diversity prejudice (GenSex) expresses itself in a university, how prejudice varies in relation to socio-demographic characteristics, the effects of religious status, and how exposure to GenSex education affects levels of prejudice. Eight thousand one hundred eighty-four undergraduate students from Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), in southern Brazil, completed the revised version of the Prejudice Against Sexual and Gender Diversity scale. Data reflect a concentration of ‘extreme’ and ‘high’ prejudice in students enrolled in Engineering, Agricultural Sciences, and the Exact and Geological Sciences. ‘Moderate’ and ‘low’ prejudice was over-represented in these disciplines as well as in Health, Applied Social Science, and Biological Sciences student samples. Conversely, those who have ‘very low’ or ‘minimal’ prejudice tended to cluster in Humanities and Linguistics and Arts. Most students were unaware of ongoing discrimination, reporting to have neither seen nor heard of discrimination towards LGBT students at the university. Time spent at the university had a negligible effect in prejudice mean reduction. Although a large effect was found for previous GenSex training, overall there was substantial variation across disciplines. We recommend raising student awareness of prejudice on campus, in addition to better GenSex education policy for all students, regardless of discipline.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • An Examination of Gender of Aggressor and Target (Un)wanted Sex and
           Nonconsent on Perceptions of Sexual (Un)wantedness, Justifiability and
    • Abstract: Abstract This investigation examines the relationship between gender of sexual aggressor and perceptions of sexual aggressor justifiability and target (un)wantedness and (non)consent. Collecting online data, 342 men and 375 women (ages 18 to 63 (M = 22.22, SD = 5.53), involved in various relational stages, participated. Results indicate that sexual aggression on an unwanting and nonconsenting target is perceived as more grievous than sexual aggression on a wanting, but nonconsenting, target, and the impact appears to be more pronounced for women than it is for men. Specifically, when the man is the sexual aggressor on a female target, it is perceived more negatively than when the woman is the sexual aggressor and the man is the target. Similarly, a woman pursuing unwanted sex by the male target is not perceived as negatively as when a man pursues sex with an unwanting female target. Discussion follows addressing how the findings inform sexual script theory and stereotypes about men, women and sexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Concurrent Alcohol and Marijuana Use as a Determinant of Condom Beliefs
           and Utility Among African American Male Inmates
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study is to determine the extent to which regular use of marijuana and alcohol may influence African American inmate’s beliefs, views, and practices regarding condoms. In this article, we report and discuss the implications of our findings for the planning of HIV prevention interventions for African American male inmate populations. Relationships between individual condom use and belief variables were examined using linear regression models. All models specified regularity of marijuana or alcohol use with respect to detailed condom use or belief outcomes as predictor variables. Analysis from 126 male inmates recruited from three medium security prisons and one Area Transition Center in Georgia are presented herein. Results note that frequency of marijuana use predicted and was associated with inmate’s reporting how often they use a condom during sex (Beta = −0.261, P < 0.009), suggesting that the more respondents reported smoking marijuana, the less likely they were to indicating using condoms during sex. Regularity of alcohol consumption was almost predictive of inmates indicating that they could always talk to any potential sex partner to make him/her understand why they should use condoms (p < 0.082) and stating that they could always say no to sexual intercourse with someone they had just met even if they were very attracted to that person (p < 0.063).
      PubDate: 2015-12-01
  • Sexual Responsibility and the Politics of Abortion and Contraception
    • Abstract: Abstract Rape myths, which shift responsibility for sexual assault from the assailant to the victim, have gained prominence in American politics. Like many negative stereotypes, rape myths have a strong association with public opinion on the social groups affected by the stereotype. In this study, I investigate rape myth acceptance in the US population, differences in the causes of rape myth acceptance among men and women, and the effect of rape myths on political beliefs. I show that rape myth acceptance is significantly related to a decrease in support for access to contraception and increases opposition to abortion among male respondents. This finding is particularly significant given the current debates over women’s healthcare and the future of reproductive health policy in particular.
      PubDate: 2015-11-20
  • Recruiting a US National Sample of HIV-Negative Gay and Bisexual Men to
           Complete at-Home Self-Administered HIV/STI Testing and Surveys: Challenges
           and Opportunities
    • Abstract: Abstract We describe enrollment for the One Thousand Strong panel, present characteristics of the panel relative to other large US national studies of gay and bisexual men (GBM), and examine demographic and behavioral characteristics that were associated with passing enrollment milestones. A US national sample of HIV-negative men was enrolled via an established online panel of over 22,000 GBM. Participants (n = 1071) passed three milestones to join our panel. Milestone 1 was screening eligible and providing informed consent. Milestone 2 involved completing an hour-long at-home computer-assisted self-interview (CASI) survey. Milestone 3 involved completing at-home self-administered rapid HIV testing and collecting/returning urine and rectal samples for gonorrhea and chlamydia testing. Compared to those who completed milestones: Those not passing milestone 1 were more likely to be non-White and older; those not passing milestone 2 were less likely to have insurance or a primary care physician; and those not passing milestone 3 were less educated, more likely to be bisexual as opposed to gay, more likely to live in the Midwest, had fewer male partners in the past year, and less likely to have tested for HIV in the past year. Effect sizes for significant findings were small. We successfully enrolled a national sample of HIV-negative GBM who completed at-home CASI assessments and at-home self-administered HIV and urine and rectal STI testing. This indicates high feasibility and acceptability of incorporating self-administered biological assays into otherwise fully online studies. Differences in completion of study milestones indicate a need for further investigation into the reasons for lower engagement by certain groups.
      PubDate: 2015-11-12
  • They called it the ‘abominable crime’: an analysis of
           heterosexual support for anti-gay laws in Barbados, Guyana and Trinidad
           and Tobago
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate support for current buggery/sodomy laws in three Caribbean countries—Barbados, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. To complete this task, data from the 2013 Caribbean Development Research Services (CADRES) ‘Attitudes towards homosexuals’ surveys were employed. The data analysis revealed that a majority of heterosexuals in the sample generally supported the maintenance and enforcement of the anti-gay laws, and the main predictors of said support were race, country of residence, religiosity, interpersonal contact and beliefs about the origins of homosexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-10-15
  • Sexual Behavior and Sexual Risks Among Spanish University Students: a
           Descriptive Study of Gender and Sexual Orientation
    • Abstract: Abstract University years are characterized by new experiences and relationships, some of which can prove to be risky. This is of particular concern when considering sexual behavior. The main objective of this study was to examine sexual behavior and some of its negative consequences in a sample of Spanish university students according to gender and sexual orientation. The data were collected from 1451 students of both sexes (29 % men, 71 % women) between 18 and 26 years old in a mid-size university in Spain. Eighty-seven percent of the participants had engaged in sexual relations with vaginal penetration and 20.4 % had engaged in sexual relations with anal penetration. In both cases, inconsistent condom use was found as well as the consumption of alcohol and drugs before sexual contacts. Cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), sexual problems, and sexual victimization were also detected. We found statistically significant gender and sexual orientation differences in sexual behavior, STI history, sexual victimization, and sexual problems. These results are discussed in light of the effectiveness of university education and prevention programs. A need to develop new policies for promoting sexual health in Spanish university students is suggested.
      PubDate: 2015-10-10
  • Same-Sex Marriage Policies and Lesbian Family Life
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigates the relationship between marriage equality and its impact on parenting and committed monogamous relationships for lesbian women. Specifically, this study aims to explore how marriage equality, or the lack thereof, affects the daily lives of 21 lesbian mothers in 6 states across the United States. Following an examination of the discourse surrounding same-sex marriage, research on lesbian family dynamics is discussed. Notably, how marriage equality or lack thereof matters in the lives of lesbian families necessarily includes attention to the day-to-day experiences in such families. Narratives from this study illustrate that for this sample of lesbian mothers issues of guardianship are most salient. Moreover, that attainment of legal marriage does not assuage these hardships. Results and implications are discussed within the framework of legal consciousness.
      PubDate: 2015-10-10
  • The Status of Reproductive and Sexual Health in Southern USA: Policy
           Recommendations for Improving Health Outcomes
    • Abstract: Abstract A review of public health data for the 50 states shows that southern states including Alabama, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas consistently have the highest teen pregnancy, teen birth, and sexually transmitted disease (STD) rates in the USA. Furthermore, these states also lack mandates regarding sexuality education; and when sexuality education is provided, abstinence must be stressed while medically accurate information is not a specific requirement. This article synthesizes findings from recent health data collected by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Guttmacher Institute, the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, and the National Assembly on School-Based Health Care with research and professional recommendations from the scientific literature. Based on the summary of these findings, the goal of this article is to provide recommendations aimed at addressing sexual health in these states, as well as other states with abstinence-only policies, to help improve the health of young people through preventing unintended pregnancy and STD transmission.
      PubDate: 2015-10-09
  • The Effect of the Religious Environment on Teenage Birth Rates in the
           United States
    • Abstract: Abstract This article tests whether there exists a relationship between the religious environment and teenage birth rates. Specifically, it is hypothesized that in the USA, the presence of a greater number of religious congregations and a greater number of religious adherents in a county are associated with higher teenage birth rates in this county. The data analysis is based on public health records from the CDC, and county religiosity data from the “Religious Congregations and Membership Survey” by the Association of Statisticians of American Religious Bodies (ASARB). The data analysis broadly supports the hypothesis.
      PubDate: 2015-09-26
  • “Peer Pressure” and “Peer Normalization”:
           Discursive Resources that Justify Gendered Youth Sexualities
    • Abstract: Abstract “Peer pressure” is associated in the scientific literature with a range of risky sexual behaviors and with undermining public sexual health messages. Interventions are instituted encouraging young people to resist peer pressure or to model positive peer norms. Taking a discursive psychology perspective, we show how young people themselves use the discourses of “peer pressure to have sex” and “peer normalization of sex” to explain and justify youth sexual activity. Using data from focus group discussions about youth sexualities with students at a South African further education and training college, we show how participants outlined a need for young people to be socially recognizable through engaging in, and talking about, sex and how they implicated peer norms in governing individual sexual behavior. Both discourses pointed to a gendering of peer-endorsed sexual norms: masculine virility, the avoidance of shameful virgin or gay positions, and multiple sexual partners were emphasized for men, while the necessity of keeping a boyfriend and avoiding a “slut” position were foregrounded for women. These discourses potentially undermine the aims of public sexual health programs targeting youth. Nuanced engagement with peer group narratives, especially how sexual activity is explained and justified in a gendered fashion, is indicated.
      PubDate: 2015-09-12
  • Ghent’s Red-Light District in Comparative Perspective
    • Abstract: Abstract Research on modern red-light districts is centered largely on street prostitution zones. Missing from most of the literature are studies that examine red-light districts consisting of clusters of visible indoor businesses that are legal and regulated by the authorities. This paper examines this kind of zone in Ghent, Belgium. A variety of data is used to document this red-light district’s social and physical ecology, routine activities within it, and key characteristics of actors involved in the sector. The goal of the paper is to provide a fairly comprehensive analysis of both the zone’s internal arrangements as well as ways in which it is shaped by external forces. The findings are then compared to previous research on red-light districts in two other Belgian cities, Antwerp and Brussels, which reveals significant differences between the three settings.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Theism, Secularism, and Sexual Education in the United States
    • Abstract: Abstract Substantial bodies of literature have examined public opinion about sexual education, the politicization of sexual education in public schools, and connections between population characteristics and social policies. At present, however, little is known about whether and how population characteristics predict the likelihood of specific sexual education policies. We analyze data at the state level in the USA to determine if and how specific religious aspects of states’ populations influence the likelihood of specific sexual education policies. Results indicate that high levels of theism significantly increase the likelihood of sexual education policies stressing abstinence, while higher levels of individuals not actively participating in organized religion correlate with a significantly higher likelihood of having sexual education policy that mandates the coverage of contraception. We discuss these findings in a framework of symbolic politics and moral communities, focusing on the intersections of religion, politics, and sexuality.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Attitudes Toward Homosexuality Among Nursing Students in a Public
           University in Malaysia: the Religious Factor
    • Abstract: Abstract Islam is the federal religion of Malaysia and prohibits homosexuality. However, homosexual people undeniably exist in the community. Because all healthcare professionals are required to abide by the code of professional conduct that demands fair deliverance of care to patients, it is important that they are able to draw a line between professionalism and personal judgment when dealing with homosexual patients so that the standard of care for these individuals is not jeopardized. This study examined Malaysian nursing students’ attitudes toward homosexuality. Four hundred and ninety-five nursing students from University Malaya Medical Centre were recruited to participate in this study. Attitudes toward homosexuality and degree of religiosity were measured using the Homosexuality Attitude Scale (HAS) and the Duke University Religion Index (DUREL), respectively. The results showed that nursing students in Malaysia have negative attitudes toward homosexuality, and there is a significant correlation between homosexuality and intrinsic religiosity. These findings provide important baseline information for future research studies, and indicate the need for educational awareness interventions to increase tolerance toward homosexuals among nursing students in Malaysia.
      PubDate: 2015-09-01
  • Important but Incomplete: Plan B as an Avenue for Post-assault Care
    • Abstract: Abstract Many survivors of rape do not seek post-assault care. The recent change in status of emergency contraception (EC), such as Plan B, to an over-the-counter (OTC) product may be further changing post-assault care seeking. This descriptive study will quantify OTC EC use in the post-assault period and elicit survivors’ desires for care. Data were collected from women purchasing OTC EC at university pharmacies (n = 55) and students in an undergraduate university class (n = 165). Quantitative results indicate annual prevalence rates of post-assault OTC EC use as 5.4–7.3 %. Qualitative analyses indicate that OTC EC is an important but incomplete form of post-assault care. Future work should focus on intervention development to provide all OTC EC users with information about post-assault resources to prevent long-term sequelae.
      PubDate: 2015-08-16
  • Sexuality Education Policy Implementation in Two Rural Midwestern School
    • Abstract: Abstract This study sought to further interrogate the sexuality education debate from the perspective of the educational policy being implemented to achieve established curricular requirements and goals in rural midwestern communities. To this point, very little research has examined the way in which sexuality education curricula are implemented in these communities. The overall purpose of this study was to analyze sexuality education policy implementation in two rural midwestern communities in the state of Iowa. The researcher was interested in learning how administrators and educators in rural midwestern communities implemented sexuality education policy, and understanding that process from a social cognitive theoretical framework. A qualitative case study was conducted. Seven local administrators and educators from two rural school districts in the state of Iowa were interviewed. Analysis revealed four interactive themes that shed light on how sexuality education policy is implemented in rural midwestern communities: (a) values and beliefs of implementing agents, (b) community context, (c) implementing agent interaction, and (d) organization and administration of sexuality education. Ultimately, the impact of situated social cognition on implementing agents’ decisions with regard to sexuality education was evident and significant. Prior knowledge (Cohen and Weiss 1993), social situations and community history (Lin 2000), professional discourses (Hill 1999), and informal networks all impacted the implementing agents’ cognitive frameworks.
      PubDate: 2015-08-15
  • Parents’ Attitudes About School-Based Sex Education in Croatia
    • Abstract: Abstract In 2012, a culture war over a comprehensive sexuality education module, included in the first ever school-based health education (HE) program, erupted in Croatia. Both the opponents of the program and the supporters claimed to represent the opinion of the majority of parents. This study aimed to assess parents’ support for the program and to explore the association between familiarity with and support for health and sexuality education. All analyses were based on the data from two national probability-based samples of parents (n = 1949 and n = 919) surveyed as a part of the HE program evaluation study carried out in the period between May 2013 and May 2014. At the end of the period under observation, a large majority of participants (78.6 %) supported the program. A significant association between familiarity with and support for the program was observed only after more (detailed) information about HE became publicly available. Form teachers that parents trusted seemed to facilitate parents’ familiarity with the program. Considering the controversial character of sexuality education, timely and systematic efforts directed at providing parents with comprehensive information about the program may be crucial for its successful implementation.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Ethical and Legal Considerations for Crafting Rigorous Online Sex
           Trafficking Research Methodology
    • Abstract: Abstract The literature involving human trafficking is limited and often involves advocacy groups, victim shelters, and gatekeepers. As a result, an inaccurate representation of human trafficking may occur. To increase the existing literature base, many investigators are crafting methodology that involves examining Internet-based commercial sex advertisements. Such investigation involves the undetermined ontological status of the Internet and raises the question of whether such postings are representative of written, publicly available text or if they are representative of human participants. This paper postulates that the increased risk of examining Internet-based commercial sex advertisements may dissuade scholars from interpreting the Internet as a textual repository. This could be the result of mandatory reporting of suspected child abuse as required by state law and the required reporting of felonious behavior as required by federal law. The authors advocate for the adoption of a human subjects approach to Internet-based sex trafficking research as it reduces the potential for inadvertent harm to parties, but to also request a waiver of informed consent as is outlined in §46.116 and §46.408 (c) of Part 46, Protection of Human Subjects.
      PubDate: 2015-08-01
  • Multiple and Concurrent Sex Partnerships and Social Norms: Young
           Adults’ Sexual Relationships in the Metropolitan Communities of Cape
           Town, South Africa
    • Abstract: Abstract Even though antiretroviral treatment is becoming more efficient and available, new HIV infections still occur, and this is particularly evident in the sub-Saharan Africa region. Heterosexual intercourse is still the main mode of HIV transmission in the region, and multiple and concurrent sex partners are arguably crucial for the spread of the epidemic. It is therefore problematic that sexual risk-taking, in terms of multiple and concurrent sex partners, persists in spite of HIV awareness and knowledge. This study examines the role of social norms on multiple and concurrent sex partnerships using longitudinal data of young adults residing in the metropolitan communities of Cape Town in South Africa. Overall, our results show that the social norms related to multiple and concurrent sex partners, in the community, have a positive and significant influence on young adults’ choice of sex partners. This effect appears to be stronger amongst male young adults, than female young adults.
      PubDate: 2015-07-28
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