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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 389 journals)
Environnement Urbain / Urban Environment     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Epos : Genealogias, Subjetivaçãoes e Violências     Open Access  
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Estudios Rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Family & Community History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
GEMS : Gender, Education, Music, and Society     Open Access  
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Health Sociology Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Hispania     Partially Free   (Followers: 3)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Human and Social Studies : Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Architecture : Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Human Factors in Information Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 139)
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  
Humanity & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Illawarra Unity - Journal of the Illawarra Branch of the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 135)
İnsan & Toplum Dergisi     Open Access  
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Developing Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Japanese Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Research in Sociology and Social Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Sociology of Education     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Sustainable Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of the Sociology of Language     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of the Sociology of Law     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Work Innovation     Hybrid Journal  
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IRIS European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Irish Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Íslenska Thjodfélagid     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Chain-computerisation     Open Access  
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Family Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover Sexuality Research and Social Policy
   [8 followers]  Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2210 journals]   [SJR: 0.379]   [H-I: 6]
  • Construction and Validation of a Subjective Scale of Stigma and
           Discrimination (SISD) for the Gay Men and Transgender Women Population in
           Chile
    • Abstract: Abstract Recent studies in Chile provide encouraging data on the attitude of the Chilean society toward sexual minorities, although other studies reveal that new ways to express stigma and discrimination toward sexual minorities have emerged. The objective of this study was the construction and validation of a measure to describe and characterize stigma and discrimination toward the gay men and transgender women population in Chile. Two studies were conducted. In study 1, the initial version of a scale, consisting of 147 items, was constructed in a process involving three phases: (a) a theoretical phase, (b) a qualitative phase, and (c) a phase using the original version of our scale. This original version was administered to a non-probabilistic snowball-type sample of 100 gay men (pilot study). After several analyses, the items were selected for the abbreviated version of the scale (SISD). Thus, the scale finally contained 23 items in six dimensions. In study 2, the SISD was administered to a type of RDS for gay men and a non-probabilistic snowball-type sample for transgender women. This study included 437 subjects aged 18–75 years (M = 32.22, SD = 10.22), 325 gay men (74.4 %), and 112 transgender women (25.6 %). The reliability coefficient was 0.89 for the SISD. In addition, there were statistically significant differences in the SISD scores between gay men and transgender women (t (435) = −2.48, p < 0.05, d = 0.26). Moreover, statistically significant differences were found between gay men and transgender women in three dimensions of the scale: disadvantages in the presence of authorities (t (435) = −2.83, p < 0.005, d = 0.31); discrimination at work (t (435) = −3.78, p < 0.005, d = 0.40); and institutional exclusion (t (434) = −4.25, p < 0.001, d = 0.46). A high percentage of individuals from each group reported victimization and discrimination events due to their condition as gay men and transgender women. Therefore, the SISD is a reliable and valid instrument to measure stigma and discrimination toward the gay men and transgender women population in Chile.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Variations in Sexual Identity Milestones Among Lesbians, Gay Men, and
           Bisexuals
    • Abstract: Abstract Despite a large body of literature covering sexual identity development milestones, we know little about differences or similarities in patterns of identity development among subgroups of the lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) population. For this study, we assessed identity milestones for 396 LGB New Yorkers, ages 18–59. Sexual identity and disclosure milestones were measured across gender, sexual identity, race/ethnicity, and age cohort subgroups of the LGB sample. Men experienced most sexual identity milestones earlier than women, but they tended to take more time between milestones. LGBs in younger age cohorts experienced sexual identity milestones and disclosure milestones earlier than the older cohorts. Bisexual people experienced sexual identity and disclosure milestones later than gay and lesbian people. Timing of coming out milestones did not differ by race/ethnicity. By comparing differences within subpopulations, the results of this study help build understanding of the varied identity development experiences of people who are often referred to collectively as “the LGB community.” LGB people face unique health and social challenges; a more complete understanding of variations among LGB people allows health professionals and social service providers to provide services that better fit the needs of LGB communities.
      PubDate: 2014-08-16
       
  • “Um… I’m Pregnant.” Young Men’s Attitudes
           Towards Their Role in Abortion Decision-Making
    • Abstract: Abstract Estimates of abortion rates in Australia suggest that substantial numbers of men are party to an unplanned pregnancy. Although men have no formal legal rights in the decision to terminate a pregnancy, they may be liable to pay child support. The purpose of this 2011 study was to glean young men’s perspectives on their role in unplanned pregnancy. In semi-structured in-depth interviews, ten male university students aged 20–23 gave their views on their role in imaginary scenarios and real-life unplanned pregnancy situations ranging from a one-night stand to a two-year relationship. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed. Young men generally expected a higher level of involvement in decision making in longer relationships than in brief liaisons. Those with real-life experiences of abortion tended to think that men should have a greater role in decision-making. Young men felt that it was the woman’s right to make the decision on pregnancy outcome, but they still wanted some say if they were financially implicated. Nevertheless, men usually assumed that women were equally motivated to avoid pregnancy and left responsibility for contraception to the woman. Young men were centrally concerned with maintaining face—not being seen as ‘deadbeat dads’, abandoning mother and child. None expressed religious or moral concerns about abortion. Few men mentioned risk of sexually transmissible infections. Further research should explore the discrepancy between young men’s desire to be more involved in the abortion decision-making process and their ambivalence towards contraception responsibility. Sex education should attempt to make the risk of unintended fatherhood more real to male adolescents. Sex education should incorporate discussion of different relationship dilemmas to encourage greater ownership over sexual and reproductive health.
      PubDate: 2014-08-14
       
  • The New Majority: How Will Latino Youth Succeed in the Context of Low
           Educational Expectations and Assumptions of Sexual Irresponsibility?
    • Abstract: Abstract Latino youth are the fastest-growing ethnic group in the USA and will soon comprise a significant portion of our future leadership and workforce. Prejudicial stereotypes about Latino youth—such as the assumption that teen pregnancy will inevitably lead to lower educational attainment—ignore significant advancements in educational and sexual health outcomes and contribute to inequities in health and education policies. A total of 332 Latino-identified youth living in California gave voice to their educational aspirations, challenges, and sexual and reproductive health needs through an exploratory mixed-methods research study. Youth participated in interviews and focus groups (n = 105) and in a statewide survey (n = 227) to explore assets that help youth overcome discriminatory low expectations and improve sexual decision making and educational aspirations. Results indicated most Latino youth desire to attend college. Likelihood of attending college was associated with individual and environmental assets. Lower likelihood of attending college was associated with perceived discrimination from teachers. Sexually active youth reported high levels of contraceptive use. Many youth want to defy the negative stereotypes and are seeking successful futures despite the structural challenges and social bias. There is an urgent need to reframe the negative public discourse about Latino youth, to acknowledge their resilience and to address underlying structural factors creating inequities. Specific policy recommendations are provided to promote positive sexual health and educational outcomes among Latino youth.
      PubDate: 2014-08-01
       
  • Intimate Partner Violence in Self-identified Lesbians: a Meta-analysis of
           its Prevalence
    • Abstract: Abstract The present study is the first meta-analytic study about the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) in self-identified lesbians in same-sex couples. It summarizes the scientific evidence from studies published from 1990 to 2013. First, 1,184 studies were identified, then 59 studies were pre-selected, and finally 14 studies were chosen that met the criteria for inclusion and methodological quality. The studies were conducted in the USA, using non-probabilistic sampling methods, and they were characterized by their high level of heterogeneity. The mean prevalence of victimization in IPV over the lifespan is 48 % (95 % CI, 44–52 %) and 15 % (95 % CI, 5–30 %) in the current/most recent relationship, with the difference being statistically significant between over the lifespan and current/most recent relationship IPV. The mean prevalence of victimization in physical violence over the lifespan is 18 % (95 % CI, 0–48 %), in sexual violence 14 % (95 % CI, 0–37 %), and in psychological/emotional violence 43 % (95 % CI, 14–73 %). The high prevalence suggests the need to implement IPV prevention programs among lesbians, as well as homophobia prevention programs. Moreover, the methodological quality of prevalence studies should be improved. The limited number of studies considered in each thematic block and the high heterogeneity of their results should be taken into account.
      PubDate: 2014-07-01
       
  • “It Depends on the Cop:” Street-Based Sex Workers’
           Perspectives on Police Patrol Officers
    • Abstract: Abstract Based upon 50 interviews that took place over the course of 3 years of ethnographic research with 100 female street-based sex workers in Denver, Colorado, the tenth largest city in the United States, this article explores the cultural ethos informing women’s interactions with police and the tools women use to navigate their struggles with homelessness, addiction, and the everyday violence of the street. It identifies three beliefs about patrol officers that reflect the complexities of women’s interactions with police: arrest is indiscriminate in a “known prostitution area,” arrest avoidance strategies necessitate interpreting behavioral cues while showing respect to officers and forming affective bonds with potential clients, and officers may abuse their authority. This belief system is part of an environment in which women’s stigmatized behaviors are highly visible and constitute an increased risk of negative police encounters. Changes to policing practices remain unlikely while women’s sex work and drug use activities remain criminalized. Findings presented support arguments for decriminalizing prostitution as well as the implementation of harm reduction-oriented social policy, including services that inform women about their rights in the criminal justice system while facilitating awareness of how their individual lives intersect with gender, class, and racial bias in a sociolegal system that stigmatizes and criminalizes their choices.
      PubDate: 2014-06-24
       
  • Youth Sexting: Prevalence Rates, Driving Motivations, and the Deterrent
           Effect of Legal Consequences
    • Abstract: Abstract This study investigated the prevalence of and motivations behind the exchange of sexually explicit text messages (“sexting”)—including those with and without photographic images—among youth. Secondary aims included gauging youth awareness of potential legal and other negative consequences of sexting, and assessing the possible deterrent effect of anti-sexting legislation. Undergraduate students (N = 175) recruited from a large Northeastern university completed an anonymous online survey concerning their engagement in sexting as minors. Consistent with hypotheses, more than half of respondents reported sexting as minors, although only 28 % sent photographic sexts. Respondents demonstrated a general lack of awareness regarding legal consequences of underage sexting, with knowledge of legal consequences having a modest deterrent effect. Respondents who, as minors, were aware of legal consequences of youth sexting were significantly less likely than their peers to engage in underage sexting. Survey respondents were divided on the issue of whether minors should be prosecuted for sexting, and generally advocated for rehabilitative over punitive sanctions. Policy implications and future directions are discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-06-04
       
  • Strategic Authenticity and Voice: New Ways of Seeing and Being Seen as
           Young Mothers Through Digital Storytelling
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents the Ford Foundation-funded Hear Our Stories: Diasporic Youth for Sexual Rights and Justice project, which explores the subjective experience of structural violence and the ways young parenting Latinas embody and respond to these experiences. We prioritize uprooted young parenting Latinas, whose material conditions and cultural worlds have placed them in tenuous positions, both socially constructed and experientially embodied. Existing programs and policies focused on these women fail to use relevant local knowledge and rarely involve them in messaging efforts. This paper offers a practical road map for rendering relevant and modifying notions of voice as a form of knowledge with the potential to disrupt authoritative knowledge. We present the context and method behind the four digital storytelling workshops that served as a venue for transforming assumptions about young parenting women and producing novel understandings of teen pregnancy and parenting. We end by suggesting an intervention for what we call “strategic authenticity” as it plays out in storytelling, meaning making, and voice, and implications for policy concerned with social justice and equity.
      PubDate: 2014-06-03
       
  • What Puts “At-Risk Girls” at Risk? Sexual Vulnerability
           and Social Inequality in the Lives of Girls in the Child Welfare System
    • Abstract: Abstract Many studies document the susceptibility of adolescent girls in the child welfare system to negative sexual experiences (e.g., James et al. 2009). However, this body of research tends to frame sexual risk in individualized, deficit-focused terms that overlook contextual factors and girls’ sexual agency (Harris 2004; Kelly 2001). We analyzed the sexual history narratives of adolescent girls in residential treatment using theoretical and inductive thematic analysis (Braun and Clarke 2006) to gain a more thorough understanding of their sexual risks and sexual agency. Participants described advocating for their sexual interests but with variable success. Upon examination of occasions when agency did not produce intended results, we observed participants’ vulnerability to be linked to their broader social, material, and relational circumstances, not necessarily to intrinsic deficits such as a lack of sexual assertiveness. Results highlight how girls’ sexual experiences are influenced by the contexts in which they are embedded. This more holistic view indicates that sexual health promotion efforts should not only address individual factors related to sexuality but also must bolster the social and material resources of girls in the child welfare system.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
       
  • Adolescent School-Based Sex Education: Using Developmental Neuroscience to
           Guide New Directions for Policy and Practice
    • Abstract: Abstract While school-based sex education is one of the key program and policy solutions to improve adolescent sexual health outcomes, new efforts are needed to strengthen its overall impact. The cognitive, hormonal, emotional, and physical changes that accompany the onset of puberty and occur throughout the teenage years play a significant role in aspects of adolescent sexual risk taking. Thus, one approach to advancing current understanding of these complex issues is to leverage emerging knowledge in developmental affective neuroscience over the past 15 years, which suggests some potentially promising innovations that may inform new educational directions to improve adolescent sexual health. Exploring the conceptual and empirical advances in understanding adolescent brain development through the lens of the conceptualization, implementation, and evaluation of sex education, this article provides new perspectives that encourage the testing of innovative approaches to sex education policy and practice.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
       
  • Patterns of Bullying in Single-Sex Schools
    • Abstract: Abstract This study explores how the relationship between students’ risk of being bullied and their gender conformity differs depending on whether they attend single-sex or coeducational high schools. Findings indicate that gender nonconforming students, and students who vary from their dominant school gender norms, are most likely to experience bullying regardless of school context. Single-sex schools emerge as a protective factor for gender nonconforming females, possibly due to a privileged position female masculinity holds in a single-sex female context. These findings contribute to a complicated terrain emerging in the research literature on single-sex schools.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
       
  • The Roles of Individual Characteristics and Liberalism in Intentional and
           Unintentional Exposure to Online Sexual Material Among European Youth: A
           Multilevel Approach
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to examine how young people are intentionally or unintentionally exposed to sexual material on the internet. A sample from the EU Kids Online II project, including youth (N = 11,712, 11–16 years, 50 % girls) from 25 countries, was used to examine predictors of unintentional exposure to online sexual material (EOSM) via pop-up images and intentional EOSM on adult/X-rated websites. Using a multilevel analysis, we considered several individual-level predictors (psychosocial characteristics, patters of internet use, and parental mediation), one country-level predictor (mean cultural liberalism of the country), and cross-level interactions. Except for gender, the study did not identify any specific patterns of individual-level predictors for unintentional and intentional EOSM: age, sensation seeking, sexual intercourse, amount of time spent online, level of digital skills, and degree of restrictive mediation predicted both types of EOSM. Intentional EOSM was more often reported by boys, while unintentional EOSM occurred to a similar degree among boys and girls. Finally, living in a country with a stronger culture of liberalism predicted a greater likelihood of intentional but not unintentional EOSM and also was associated with smaller gender differences in intentional EOSM.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
       
  • A Level of Discomfort! Exploring the Relationship Between Maternal Sexual
           Health Knowledge, Religiosity and Comfort Discussing Sexual Health Issues
           with Adolescents
    • Abstract: Abstract This pilot study explored if a relationship existed between maternal sexual health knowledge, religiosity and comfort discussing sexual health issues with adolescents. Seventy-six mothers with adolescent children aged between 10 and 19 completed a combined survey addressing religiosity, sexual health knowledge and comfort discussing sexual health issues. Mann–Whitney U tests were performed to compare the median scores, Spearman’s rho tests were performed to determine correlations between the median scores, Fisher’s exact tests were computed to test for significant differences between proportions and a logistic regression model was used to investigate significant factors. No significant differences or relationships between maternal total sexual health knowledge, total religiosity and total comfort discussing sexual health issues with adolescents were detected; however, specific sexual health topics did show differences. Mothers with a higher level of religiosity were more likely to feel uncomfortable discussing masturbation, condoms, abortion, sexual assault and contraception than mothers with a lower level of religiosity. Regardless of religiosity, many of the mothers in the study reported a lack of accurate knowledge regarding some sexual health topics. The findings suggest that mothers need more education regarding accurate sexual health information if they are to comfortably provide comprehensive sexual health education in a religiously sensitive context.
      PubDate: 2014-06-01
       
  • Lesbian Disclosure, Social Support, and Depression: A Geopolitical
           Perspective
    • Abstract: Abstract For lesbian women, both identity disclosure (“coming out”) and nondisclosure (“remaining closeted”) may have life-altering consequences to health and overall well-being. As with most countries, the USA may have specific regions where disclosure may have more severe consequences and nondisclosure may therefore be a pragmatic and a self-protective decision. This study explored disclosure, social support, and depression in 265 self-identified lesbian women by geographic sectors and political differences in the USA and Canada. The South was found to have less legal protection, less disclosure by geographic sector, more religiosity and less family support. Improvement and furthering protections for LGBT citizens in these states may promote their health and well-being. Legislators of all political persuasions and in all geographic locations are called upon to serve all of their citizens by promoting legal and social protections and equality at the local, state, and federal levels.
      PubDate: 2014-05-28
       
  • Sexual and Reproductive Health Educational Needs in Engaged Couples in
           Tehran in 2010
    • Abstract: Abstract Performing needs assessment is an essential step for developing and designing sexual and reproductive health (SRH) educational programs. In Iran, there is little information about couples’ SRH educational needs. This research aimed to describe engaged couples’ SRH educational needs in Tehran in 2010. In a cross-sectional study, 450 engaged people participating in a premarital educational course were selected by randomized stratified sampling with two-gender strata. A questionnaire was developed as a new measurement tool to determine the need for education in the SRH field using a 5-point Likert scale. A high percentage of both men (44.8 %) and women (56.6 %) mentioned a high or very high need for education in SRH, and the mean reported need for SRH education was significantly higher in women (42.29 ± 10.35) than men (39.74 ± 10.84) (P = 0.02). “Healthy sexual relationships” was the most important topic for both men and women, with 51 % of men and 62 % of women reporting a high to very high need. Our findings demonstrate that engaged Iranian couples wish to receive information about SRH matters, particularly in topics related to sexuality. The results suggest a need for developing comprehensive and culturally sensitive marital education for engaged Iranian couples.
      PubDate: 2014-05-15
       
  • Sexual Minority Women Who Use Drugs: Prejudice, Poverty, and Access to
           Care
    • Abstract: Abstract Access to care is a critical issue for ameliorating the health and social impact of marginalization. Research indicates that sexual minority women experience low utilization of medical care overall, combined with high levels of substance abuse and lack of access to culturally appropriate services. This study uses qualitative data to examine factors that affect access to services for sexual minority women who use(d) heroin or crack cocaine. Semi-structured interviews were done with 34 sexual minority women drug users, of diverse sexual identities, recruited from community-based agencies. Interviews explored factors shaping service utilization, including basic life history, self-assessed needs, positive and negative experiences with service providers, and barriers to care. Analysis explored prejudice and discrimination at institutional and interactional levels, the role of social policy, the interactional dynamics surrounding gender presentation, and how these institutional and social processes shape individual experience. The women who participated in this study described multiple layers of marginalization that limited access to—and discouraged use of—a range of vital services, but their stories simultaneously demonstrated the power of personal networks and low-threshold agencies to share resources, provide bridges to services, and build supportive communities.
      PubDate: 2014-05-13
       
  • “Who’s to Blame'” Constructing the Responsible
           Sexual Agent in Neoliberal Sex Education
    • Abstract: Abstract Based on ethnographic observations in two high schools, this paper analyzes how sex educators deploy the neoliberal discourse of personal responsibility in their comprehensive and abstinence-only lessons. I focus not just on the explicit and intended messages of personal responsibility but also the hidden and evaded lessons that are imparted in the classroom. The findings demonstrate that sex educators rely on and reproduce gender, race, class, and sexual inequalities in their lessons in personal responsibility that put forth a version of the good sexual citizen as self-sufficient, self-regulating, and consequence-bearing, what I call the responsible sexual agent. Yet, in their hidden and evaded lessons, sex educators also underscore the extent to which people’s lives are intertwined with and reliant on others, suggesting the discourse of personal responsibility is inadequate for capturing the complexities and realities of people’s intimate lives. The findings point to the importance of examining the translation and negotiation of neoliberal sex education policy at the classroom level.
      PubDate: 2014-05-10
       
  • Effects of Sexual Objectification on Conspicuous Consumption and
           Materialism
    • Abstract: Abstract Few studies have examined the effect of sexual objectification on consumption and materialism. We addressed this gap in the literature by examining whether sexual objectification is related to conspicuous consumption and materialism. More specifically, we attempt to answer the following questions: “What are some of the major antecedents of conspicuous consumption and materialism'” and “Is there any relationship between conspicuous consumption and materialism'” Using a quantitative approach, a multistage and cluster sampling method, and self-report questionnaires, we gathered responses from 362 young females living in Iran, as a developing country governed by Islamic codes. Participants completed self-report measures of the following variables: interpersonal sexual objectification scale (ISOS), body surveillance, body shame, conspicuous consumption, and materialism. Results showed that conspicuous consumption was significantly related to materialism. Regression analyses also indicate that body surveillance, as the main variable of self-objectification, had the highest impact on conspicuous consumption. Finally, according to our findings, conspicuous consumption was the main antecedent for materialism. The following study provides evidence for the negative effects of objectification on consumption and materialism.
      PubDate: 2014-04-27
       
  • Religiosity and the Transition to Nonmarital Parity
    • Abstract: Abstract Nonmarital parity is associated with several negative outcomes, including health problems, educational problems, and poverty. Understanding the risk and protective factors associated with nonmarital parenthood can inform policy and interventions, reducing both the incidences and associated consequences. The current study focuses on how intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity (the degree to which individuals or groups employ religious ideology in forming values and making decisions) are related to the timing of nonmarital parity using discrete time hazard modeling of a nationally representative sample of adolescent females (N = 7,367) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health. The majority of the sample (86 %) claimed a religious affiliation and almost a third (32 %) had a nonmarital birth during the study. Even though the majority of the sample is White (67 %), Black and Hispanic females were more likely to experience a nonmarital birth. Results indicate that intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity and religious affiliation assert protective effects for some populations while religious affiliation increases risk in the full model. Recommendations for policy, intervention, and future research are offered.
      PubDate: 2014-03-26
       
  • What Kinds of Workshops do Internet-Based Male Escorts Want'
           Implications for Prevention and Health Promotion
    • Abstract: Abstract There has been limited research on the types of programs that male-for-male escorts would want for themselves. In 2013, 418 Internet-based male escorts completed an online survey. Participants were presented with a description of an ongoing outreach program for male sex workers called “Rent University” and asked to select workshop topics that they would be interested in (from a list of 14). Participants selected, on average, six workshops. The most commonly selected workshops centered around enhancing one’s career/wealth as an escort (e.g., “Attracting the ‘right’ clients and keeping them” 65.0 %, “Escorting and legal matters” 64.0 %, “How best to market yourself online” 62.7 %, “Financial planning and planning for the future” 52.7 %). More often than not, demographic characteristics were unassociated with selecting individual topics. Being younger, having less than a college degree, being gay identified, and having used club drugs in the past 12 months were associated with expressing interest in a greater number of workshops. Those seeking to provide such services might be well served to ensure that materials are at an appropriate reading level and culturally acceptable for younger, gay-identified men.
      PubDate: 2014-03-07
       
 
 
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