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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 481 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Italian Sociological Review     Open Access  
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Culture, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of World-Systems Research     Open Access  
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
KARSA : Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
Kultura-Społeczeństwo-Edukacja     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
London Journal of Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Masyarakat : Jurnal Sosiologi     Open Access  
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Miscellanea Anthropologica et Sociologica     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access  
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Novos Rumos Sociológicos     Open Access  
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers. Revista de Sociologia     Open Access  
PArtecipazione e COnflitto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
People Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access  
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Profanações     Open Access  
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Relations : Beyond Anthropocentrism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Research, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de História Bilros. História(s), Sociedade(s) e Cultura(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Sociedade - REDES     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Labor     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Revista Movimentos Sociais e Dinâmicas Espaciais     Open Access  
Revista Nuevo Humanismo     Open Access  
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Salud & Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 56)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociální studia / Social Studies     Open Access  
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Societal Studies     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Socio-logos     Open Access  
Sociolinguistic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Sociolinguistica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia     Open Access  
Sociologia del diritto     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia del Lavoro     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia della Comunicazione     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Politiche Sociali     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Internationalis     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociologia Ruralis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Sociologia urbana e rurale     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Sociologia, Problemas e Práticas     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Sexuality Research and Social Policy
  [SJR: 0.808]   [H-I: 15]   [7 followers]  Follow
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2353 journals]
  • Sexting Behaviors and Cyber Pornography Addiction Among Adolescents: the
           Moderating Role of Alcohol Consumption
    • Authors: Mara Morelli; Dora Bianchi; Roberto Baiocco; Lina Pezzuti; Antonio Chirumbolo
      Pages: 113 - 121
      Abstract: Abstract Sexting is defined as the exchange of provocative or sexually explicit content via smartphone, Internet, or social networks. Previous studies found a relationship between cyber pornography and sexting. The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between sexting, cyber pornography, and alcohol consumption. Previous evidence underlined the disinhibitory effect of alcohol on sexual responsiveness. Therefore, the possible moderating role of alcohol consumption was investigated in the relationship between cyber pornography addiction and sexting. The Sexting Behaviors Questionnaire, the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test, and the Cyber Pornography Use Inventory were administered to 610 adolescents (63 % females; mean age = 16.8). Boys reported significantly more sexting, alcohol consumption, and cyber pornography addiction than girls. As expected, sexting was robustly correlated with alcohol consumption and cyber pornography. In line with these expectations, we found that the relationship between cyber pornography and sexting was moderated by different level of alcohol consumption. In those who reported low levels of alcohol consumption, the relationship between cyber pornography and sexting was not significant. On the contrary, in those who reported high alcohol consumption, this relationship was stronger and significant. Thus, the results suggest that alcohol restraint could represent a protective factor against engaging in sexting, even in the presence of high cyber pornography addiction.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0234-0
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • College Students, Sexualities Identities, and Participation in Political
    • Authors: Eric Swank; Breanne Fahs
      Pages: 122 - 132
      Abstract: Abstract Student protest is often an engine of social change for sexual minorities and other oppressed groups. Through an analysis of college students in the Add Health survey (n = 2,534), we found that sexual minorities attend more political marches than heterosexuals. To understand why this sexuality difference occurs, we performed a logistic regression analysis to decipher the importance of four explanations: essentialism, selection, embeddedness, and conversion. We discovered that participation in political groups is the best explanation of the sexuality gap in activism, but racial attitudes were also important. Type of college major was generally connected to student activism, but educational attainment and disciplinary curriculums did not explain the increased activism of sexual minorities.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0242-0
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Perceptions of University Policies to Prevent Sexual Assault on Campus
           Among College Students in the USA
    • Authors: Tara K. Streng; Akiko Kamimura
      Pages: 133 - 142
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of this study is to assess correlations between attitude, opinions, and perceptions of sexual assault on campus and perceptions of university policies related to sexual assault among college students. Students (N = 507) at a large public university in the intermountain west region of the USA completed a survey in February and March 2015. Multivariable multiple regression was conducted to test the association between perceptions of students regarding university polices on sexual assault and individual factors. The factors that were predictive for student perceptions of sexual assault policy importance included student gender, affiliation with a campus organization, previous report of sexual assault to university officials, and adherence to particular anti-rape attitudes. Attitudes and perceptions of sexual assault may be very important for successful implementation of university policies related to sexual assault.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0245-x
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Sexual Health Education Topics in Schools: Inclusion and Timing
           Preferences of a Sample of Southern U.S. College Students
    • Authors: Sasha N. Canan; Kristen N. Jozkowski
      Pages: 143 - 156
      Abstract: Abstract Previous literature indicates that the American public is comfortable including multiple topics in sexual health education curriculum in public schools, yet comprehensive sex education is often portrayed as controversial, especially in the southern USA. Southern university students (N = 560) completed an online survey containing 18 potential sexual health education topics that could be taught in schools. Favorability and timing of all topics as well as demographics variables’ relationships with a total topic endorsement score were assessed. All topics were endorsed by a majority of participants. The least endorsed topic (sexual pleasure) was still selected to be taught at some time by a majority (70 %) of participants. Political affiliation had the strongest relationship with overall endorsement of topics followed by religious commitment. Political affiliation mediated the predictive path of religious commitment to the total topic endorsement score. Findings indicated that, similar to previous literature, individuals would like a wide variety of topics to be included in sexual health education. Therefore, ideas of heightened dispute surrounding comprehensive sex education in the southern USA may be unfounded. Additionally, caution should be exercised when assessing religious individual’s support or opposition of sexual health topics without also analyzing their political affiliation.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0251-z
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Italian Validation of the Queer/Liberationist Scale (Short Version) in a
           Sample of University Students: Confirmatory Factor Analysis
    • Authors: Laura Badenes-Ribera; Dolores Frias-Navarro; Jose Berrios-Riquelme; Claudio Longobardi
      Pages: 157 - 170
      Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the study was to provide evidence on the validity and reliability of the Queer/Liberationist Scale (QLS, short version) among heterosexual Italian university students. The QLS analyzes new manifestations of sexual prejudice. A four-factor structure was supported. The subscales were related to gender, political ideology, religious beliefs, contact, supporting the civil rights of gay people, beliefs about the etiology of homosexuality, and sexual prejudice in the expected direction. Our results may be useful in planning intervention programs designed to foster the tolerance and normality of sexual diversity.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0256-7
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Evidence of Validity of the Beliefs About Children’s Adjustment in
           Same-Sex Families Scale
    • Authors: Dolores Frias-Navarro; Laura Badenes-Ribera; Hector Monterde-i-Bort
      Pages: 171 - 181
      Abstract: Abstract The aim of the study is to provide evidence about the validity and reliability of the Beliefs about Children’s Adjustment in Same-Sex Families Scale. The scale identifies two types of rejection of same-sex parenting: individual opposition and normative opposition. Individual opposition identifies opinions involving open and more aggressive rejection toward the effects of the child-rearing and educational practices of same-sex parents. The attribution of the children’s possible psychological difficulties and maladjustments is directly linked to the sexual orientation of the same-sex parents. Normative opposition identifies beliefs and opinions linked to everyday heterosexism that are present in our society and represent a subtle form of heterosexism. The scale was administrated to 326 Spanish heterosexual university students. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a two-factor structure. The findings showed that personal contact inversely correlates with the rejection of same-sex parents, the etiology of the homosexual orientation correlates with rejection of same-sex parents when the belief is that homosexuality is learned, and supporting the civil rights of gay people also correlates with rejection of same-sex parents. These findings can be useful in planning variables for intervention programs designed to foster the tolerance and normality of sexual and family diversity.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0246-9
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Testing the Validity and Factor Structure of the Willingness to Engage in
           Consensual Non-Monogamy Scale Among College Men and Women
    • Authors: Kayla M. Sizemore; Spencer B. Olmstead
      Pages: 182 - 191
      Abstract: Abstract Currently, the Willingness to Engage in Consensual Non-monogamy (CNM) Scale (Journal of Social and Personal Relationships 32: 222-240, 2015) is the only known measure for assessing CNM desire among individuals who have never engaged in CNM. However, the factor structure and validity of this measure have yet to be tested. Further, scholars have yet to consider that this scale may measure different constructs across men and women. Given the magnitude and consistency with which previous work has reported gender differences in CNM research, it is worthy to critically evaluate this scale. The purpose of this study was to examine the factor structure and validity of the Willingness to Engage in CNM Scale. Additionally, this study examined the factorial invariance of this scale across men and women. Results from exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses using a large sample (N = 938) of college attending emerging adults (ages 18–29) supported a single-factor structure for all items in the scale. This study also found supporting evidence for convergent and divergent validity. A multigroup confirmatory factor analysis indicated partial measurement invariance across men and women. Implications for CNM research, methodology, and policy are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0263-8
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Victims Without a Choice? A Critical View on the Debate About Sex Work
           in Northern Ireland
    • Authors: Susann Huschke
      Pages: 192 - 205
      Abstract: Abstract In this paper, I argue that the implementation of the “Swedish model”—the criminalization of the purchase of sex—in Northern Ireland in 2014 provides an example of a morality-driven policy process in which the actual concerns of sex workers were distorted and dismissed. In the policy debate, sex workers were portrayed as victims who had no choice—a claim passionately refuted by many sex workers. As a result of the narrow focus on “victim vs. free choice,” there has been little room to discuss the actual working conditions of sex workers and the structural constraints that inhibit their freedom and negatively affect their well-being. In this paper, I present the contradictions and conflicts between the personal opinions of Northern Irish policy-makers on one hand and the actual experiences and views of sex workers on the other. By juxtaposing these views, I facilitate a belated conversation between policy-makers and sex workers—a conversation which can inform policy debates in other jurisdictions.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0254-9
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Towards Bi-Inclusive Policies: Suggestions Based on Research on Dutch
           Same-Sex Attracted Young People
    • Authors: Jantine van Lisdonk; Saskia Keuzenkamp
      Pages: 206 - 222
      Abstract: Abstract Dutch national LGBT policies are not bi-inclusive and this study provides suggestions for improvement, based on empirical research. Attention for bisexuality in policy appears simply to pay lip service and to endorse the construction of sexual orientation as a hetero/homo binary. The outcomes of our survey (n = 1449) and in-depth interviews (n = 38) of Dutch same-sex attracted young people suggest that special attention for bisexual people is warranted. Compared to exclusively same-sex attracted participants, the equally both-sex attracted participants scored worse on openness about their sexual attraction, visibility discomfort, perceived acceptance, and suicide attempts. Unique issues for bisexual-identified young people were identified as follows: marginalization of bisexuality; difficulty expressing bisexuality, particularly in relationships; and a lack of bisexual or bi-inclusive communities. These issues were all related to the hetero/homo binary and mononormativity. Suggested implications for more bi-inclusive policies focus on awareness of marginalization and invisibility of bisexuality, biphobia, community and capacity building, and comprehensive sexuality and gender education. Furthermore, rather than policies focusing on sameness, a comprehensive diversity perspective on sexuality and gender offers more space for bisexuality. This may be particularly relevant for young people who are exploring their sexuality and developing a sense of their sexual self.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0241-1
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Impact of Civil Marriage Recognition for Long-Term Same-Sex Couples
    • Authors: Ellen D. B. Riggle; Robert E. Wickham; Sharon S. Rostosky; Esther D. Rothblum; Kimberly F. Balsam
      Pages: 223 - 232
      Abstract: Abstract Many same-sex couples had already established long-term relationships prior to the availability of civil marriage rights in the USA. The impact and possible benefits of marriage and marriage recognition for long-term couples was tested using data from a sample of couple members: 307 in a civil marriage and 50 with no legal relationship status. The reported study was conducted prior to marriage recognition in all US states and tests the associations of marital status and living in a state that recognized civil marriages of same-sex couples with self-reports of positive and negative LGB (lesbian, gay, and bisexual) identity, social support, and daily discrimination. Dyadic regression analyses revealed that participants in a civil marriage reported higher levels of LGB identity centrality and support from partner. Residing in a state that recognized civil marriage was associated with lower levels of LGB identity concealment, a less difficult process accepting one’s LGB identity, and less vigilance and isolation. Results are discussed in terms of the benefits of long-term relationships and the impact of socio-historical context and marriage policy on same-sex relationships.
      PubDate: 2017-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-016-0243-z
      Issue No: Vol. 14, No. 2 (2017)
  • Barriers to Gender-Affirming Care for Transgender and Gender Nonconforming
    • Authors: Jae A. Puckett; Peter Cleary; Kinton Rossman; Brian Mustanski; Michael E. Newcomb
      Abstract: Abstract Gender-affirming care, including hormone therapy, “top” (e.g., chest reconstruction surgery) and “bottom” (e.g., vaginoplasty, phalloplasty, metoidioplasty, etc.) surgeries, and puberty blockers, is an efficacious treatment of gender dysphoria for transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. However, many TGNC people encounter significant barriers in accessing gender-affirming care, which we detail via results from on online study. Participants included 256 TGNC individuals (78.9% White, ages 16–73, M age = 28.4). Among participants, 61.3% were receiving hormone therapy, 22.7% had undergone top surgery, and 5.5% had undergone bottom surgery. Open-ended responses (n = 201) were thematically analyzed and common barriers included finances and insurance issues, a lack of service availability, and fears or worries. Participants reported various systemic issues and incidents of bias within medical and mental health fields, as well as a lack of medical provider awareness and education. Other themes were interpersonal barriers (e.g., fears of rejection); age and need of parental consent for minors; other medical issues; and a lack of information about how to acquire care. These findings can be utilized to educate professionals in medical and mental health fields about barriers their TGNC patients may encounter in receiving affirming care and suggest a number of ways to improve access to these services.
      PubDate: 2017-08-04
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0295-8
  • Attitude of Italian Gay Men and Italian Lesbian Women Towards Gay and
           Lesbian Gender-Typed Scenarios
    • Authors: Marco Salvati; Jessica Pistella; Salvatore Ioverno; Mauro Giacomantonio; Roberto Baiocco
      Abstract: Abstract This study examined the differences between gay men and lesbian women in their negative attitudes towards gay men and lesbians who either confirm or disconfirm stereotypical gender roles. One hundred thirty-eight gay and lesbian participants read four gender-typed scenarios: in two, a gay student and a lesbian student were portrayed as more stereotypically masculine, and in the other two, two gay and lesbian students were described as more stereotypically feminine. Participants rated the targets on a scale assessing negative emotions. The results showed that the feminine gay male target provoked more negative emotions than the other three targets, among both gay and lesbian participants. Moreover, gay and lesbian participants felt more negative emotions towards the masculine lesbian target than the feminine lesbian one. In the end, while the feminine gay man target elicited more negative emotions than the feminine lesbian target, the masculine gay man target did not elicit more negative emotions than the masculine lesbian one. Implications of the results are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-07-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0296-7
  • A Systematic Review of the Attitudes of Different Stakeholders Towards
           Prostitution and Their Implications
    • Authors: Polly H. X. Ma; Zenobia C. Y. Chan; Alice Yuen Loke
      Abstract: Abstract The legal status of sex workers is correlated with their occupational health and safety. However, there is little consensus on the ideal legal framework for prostitution. Obtaining a good understanding of the opinions of different stakeholders will provide policymakers, health care professionals, and social workers with the necessary information to make decisions on how to protect the health and safety of sex workers and to propose laws on prostitution. This is a review of the literature on the attitudes of different stakeholders towards sex workers. A search of the literature identified a total of 49 studies that could ultimately be included in this review. The studies explored the attitudes towards prostitution among law enforcement officers, professionals in health and social services, clients of sex workers, the general public, and other multiple stakeholders. There was a lack of consensus among these stakeholders on accepting sex workers, and not everyone supported the decriminalization or legalization of prostitution in their countries. Although the debate over the legal status of prostitution seems unlikely to end in the foreseeable future, the findings of this review provide some indications that interventions among different professional groups are needed to improve the health and safety of sex workers.
      PubDate: 2017-07-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0294-9
  • “So Much Is at Stake”: Professional Views on Engaging Heterosexually
    • Authors: Christy E. Newman; Asha Persson; Pene Manolas; Heather-Marie Ann Schmidt; Catriona Ooi; Alison Rutherford; John de Wit
      Abstract: Abstract Australian HIV prevention, testing, and treatment services are well-established for men who have sex with men (MSM) who identify as gay or bisexual. However, the sexual health needs of heterosexually identified MSM (hereafter called “straight MSM” as a shorthand) and opportunities to engage this sub-group with services and information are less clear. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in 2015–2016 with 30 professionals working in the sexual health sector in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Participants viewed straight MSM as comprising multiple, intersecting sub-groups, but sharing a common preference for services which promise “discretion” and “confidentiality”, and information which does not presume an alignment between gay identity and sex between men. Participants described these men as typically very concerned about keeping this aspect of their sexual lives secret and separate from their family, work, and community lives. Participants were keenly aware of both the benefits and the challenges of providing respectful and non-judgmental care. This exploratory study provides initial evidence of the complexities of engaging straight MSM with sexual health care and suggests a range of strategies for increasing cultural understanding of the diverse sexual practices that can be present in the lives of some heterosexually identified men.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0291-z
  • Sexual Behavior in Sexual Minority Women and Connections with
    • Authors: Erin R. Smith; Paul B. Perrin; Annie E. Rabinovitch
      Abstract: Abstract This study examined the prevalence and forms of sexual behavior in a sample of sexual minority women (SMW) with a history of experiencing discrimination. One hundred fifty ethnically diverse lesbian, bisexual, queer, and other non-heterosexual-identified cisgender women completed a national online survey. Rates of sexual behavior over the past 6 months were high, including having sex with someone who had had many sexual partners (40.7%), engaging in cunnilingus without protection (64%), and having sex under the influence of substances (56.7%). A canonical correlation found that heterosexist experiences and sexual behaviors had 20.7% overlapping variance. Experiences of heterosexism by individuals in service jobs, strangers, or those in helping professions were tied to engagement in more impulsive sexual behaviors. Multiple linear regressions found that heterosexism explained 19.3% of the variance in impulsive sexual behaviors, 8.6% in sex with uncommitted partners, and 8.8% in intent to engage in sexual behaviors. Despite the high rates of sexual behavior found in this study, a focus on sexual behaviors among SMW has largely been omitted from health research. Based on the current findings, interventions for addressing sexual behaviors in SMW as well as future research directions are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0293-x
  • Sexual Prejudice in Portugal: Results from the First Wave European Study
           on Heterosexual’s Attitudes Toward Same-Gender Marriage and Parenting
    • Authors: Pedro Alexandre Costa; Francis Anne Carneiro; Francesca Esposito; Salvatore D’Amore; Robert-Jay Green
      Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to document the prevalence and evolution of sexual prejudice toward gay men and lesbian, same-gender marriage, and same-gender parenting among a large sample of Portuguese young adults. The sample consisted of 704 self-identified heterosexual individuals (24% men and 76% women), aged between 18 and 30 years (M = 22; SD = 3), who participated in an online survey. ANOVA results revealed that women were less sexually prejudiced, were less likely to endorse social etiological beliefs of homosexuality, and were more supportive of same-gender marriage and same-gender parenting than were men. Further mediation analysis revealed that the effects of gender, religiosity, importance of religious beliefs, and political leaning on the support for same-gender marriage and same-gender parenting were partially mediated by etiological beliefs and attitudes toward gay men and lesbians. The complexity of attitudes toward same-gender marriage and same-gender parenting was highlighted, indicating how attitudes toward gay men and lesbians and the belief that homosexuality is controllable impact on the support for same-gender parented families. These results are important to inform affirmative polities designed to correct inequalities and recognize same-gender families.
      PubDate: 2017-06-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0292-y
  • Who Counts as Family? Family Typologies, Family Support, and Family
           Undermining Among Young Adult Gay and Bisexual Men
    • Authors: Jorge H. Soler; Cleopatra H. Caldwell; David Córdova; Gary Harper; José A. Bauermeister
      Abstract: Abstract Gay and bisexual men may form chosen families in addition to or in place of families of origin. However, the characteristics of these diverse families remain largely unexamined in the quantitative literature. The purpose of this study was to develop a family typology based on responses from a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adult gay and bisexual men (YGBM) recruited from the Detroit Metropolitan Area (N = 350; 18–29 years old). To explore the role of family, we examined family social support and social undermining in relation to YGBM psychological distress within different family types. A series of multivariate regressions were used to examine associations between family social support and social undermining with depression and anxiety outcomes. The majority (88%) of YGBM included family of origin in their definitions of family and 63% indicated having chosen families. Associations between family social processes and psychological outcomes varied by type of family, suggesting that family composition shapes how perceptions of support and undermining relate to experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety. Chosen families play a prominent role in the lives of YGBM and should not be overlooked in family research. Findings also highlight the importance of examining co-occurring family social support and social stress processes to further address psychological distress symptoms among YGBM.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0288-7
  • Which Partners Are More Human? Monogamy Matters More than Sexual
           Orientation for Dehumanization in Three European Countries
    • Authors: David Rodrigues; Fabio Fasoli; Aleksandra Huic; Diniz Lopes
      Abstract: Abstract Compared to monogamous relationships, consensual non-monogamous (CNM) relationships are stigmatized. Similarly, compared to heterosexual individuals, gay men are perceived to have more promiscuous and less committed romantic relationships. Hence, CNM and same-sex male relationships are potential targets of dehumanization (i.e., denied traits considered unique of human beings). We tested the impact of monogamy and sexual orientation on dehumanization, and examined if CNM (vs. monogamous) and same-sex (vs. heterosexual) partners are dehumanized through the attribution of primary (non-uniquely human) and secondary (uniquely human) emotions. A sample of heterosexual young adults (N = 585, 455 women; M age = 25.55, SD = 7.48) in three European countries—Croatia, Italy, and Portugal—attributed primary and secondary emotions to four groups: (a) CNM same-sex male partners, (b) CNM heterosexual partners, (c) monogamous same-sex male partners, and (d) monogamous heterosexual partners. Results showed that uniquely human emotions were attributed less to CNM than to monogamous partners, and this happened regardless of sexual orientation. Furthermore, CNM same-sex and CNM heterosexual partners were evaluated similarly. This pattern of results was consistent across countries. The implication of these findings for social policies and sexual rights is discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-05-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0290-0
  • Improving Health While Saving Money: Lessons Learned from a Supportive
           Housing Program for Young Adults with HIV
    • Authors: S. J. Dodd; Jeannette Ruffins; Denise Arzola
      Abstract: Abstract The Bailey House Success Through Accessing Rental Assistance and Support (STARS) Program is a 20-unit scatter-site permanent supportive housing program for homeless or unstably housed HIV-positive young adults ages 18–24. A harm reduction and strength-based approach is utilized to connect HIV+ individuals with medical care and other services while ensuring housing stability. An intensive case management team provides support such as home visits, case monitoring, accompaniment to appointments, and referrals to health and social service resources within the community. This program evaluation used clinical data mining (CDM) to implement a Return-on-Investment (ROI) analysis of the STARS supportive housing program. The evaluation compared program costs to “services as usual” through the NYC shelter system. The STARS program served 27 individuals, achieving 25 successful outcomes, during 3 years. The program’s total value (savings relative to shelter costs) yielded a 1.32 ROI. The results support practice and policy advocacy initiatives promoting supportive housing and housing first initiatives as a viable method to reduce homelessness and as a structural intervention to improve health outcomes for young people with HIV.
      PubDate: 2017-05-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0287-8
  • Hidden Rainbows: Gay Bars as Safe Havens in a Socially Conservative Area
           Since the Pulse Nightclub Massacre
    • Authors: Julie M. Croff; Randolph D. Hubach; Joseph M. Currin; Amanda F. Frederick
      Abstract: Abstract Gay and lesbian bars are considered a safe haven. Safe havens exist because of the larger cultural environment that makes safe places necessary. Some communities have noted reductions in the need for gay and lesbian bars due to growing acceptance within the community. However, many states and communities within the South and Bible Belt continue to propose and pass bills which target or restrict the freedoms of LGBT persons. These cultural overtones may support or encourage targeted violence, including the Pulse Nightclub Massacre which was the deadliest incidence of violence targeted at LGBT persons in the USA. This manuscript presents two studies: one at gay bars in Tulsa, Oklahoma, a socially conservative city/state, and the other examines four US communities following the Pulse Nightclub Massacre. Study 1 included interviews at entrance to the bar, exit from the bar, and within a week of leaving the bar in order to identify feelings of safety and comfort. Study 2 seeks to compare gay bar attendance and feelings of comfort and safety in gay bars in regions of the USA with varying structural stigma. Results of study 1 suggest that the participants felt safe (82.4%, n = 42) and comfortable (72.5%, n = 37). In study 2, individuals from Tulsa, Oklahoma were compared to individuals in New York and the DC metro area and were significantly less likely to attend gay bars after the Pulse shooting (t = 2.53 and 3.66, p ≤ 0.01 and p ≤ 0.001, respectively). Moreover, compared to individuals living in the DC metro area and Philadelphia, participants residing in the city in a conservative state felt significantly less safe attending gay bars (t = −2.03 and −2.30, respectively; p ≤ 0.05). No differences across the communities were noted by comfort within the gay bar space. In light of a changing political landscape, additional programming efforts may be necessary at gay bars in communities with high structural stigma. These efforts may include supporting the naturally occurring feelings of community connectedness and facilitating community building.
      PubDate: 2017-02-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0273-1
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