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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 375 journals)
Epos : Genealogias, Subjetivaçãoes e Violências     Open Access  
Espacio Abierto     Open Access  
Espiral     Open Access  
Estudios Geográficos     Open Access  
Estudios Rurales     Open Access   (1 follower)
Estudios sobre las Culturas Contemporáneas     Open Access  
Estudios Sociologicos     Open Access   (1 follower)
Ethnicities     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
Ethnologies     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Études françaises     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
European Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (16 followers)
European Societies     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
European Sociological Review     Hybrid Journal   (21 followers)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
Extensão Rural     Open Access   (2 followers)
Families, Relationships and Societies     Full-text available via subscription   (3 followers)
Family Relations     Partially Free   (5 followers)
Forum Sociológico     Open Access  
Games and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
GEMS : Gender, Education, Music, and Society     Open Access  
Gender and Behaviour     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
Genre & histoire     Open Access   (5 followers)
Genre, sexualité & société     Open Access   (2 followers)
Good Society     Full-text available via subscription   (4 followers)
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal     Open Access   (3 followers)
Group Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (4 followers)
Health Sociology Review     Full-text available via subscription   (11 followers)
Health, Culture and Society     Open Access   (8 followers)
Heritage & Society     Hybrid Journal   (12 followers)
Hispania     Partially Free   (3 followers)
Hospitality & Society     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Human and Social Studies : Research and Practice     Open Access   (1 follower)
Human Architecture : Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge     Open Access   (3 followers)
Human Factors in Information Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (91 followers)
Human Figurations : Long-term Perspectives on the Human Condition     Open Access  
Humanity & Society     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
IFE Psychologia : An International Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Illawarra Unity - Journal of the Illawarra Branch of the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History     Open Access   (2 followers)
Information, Communication & Society     Hybrid Journal   (101 followers)
İnsan & Toplum Dergisi     Open Access  
Interfaces Brasil/Canadá     Open Access  
International Area Studies Review     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Comparative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management     Hybrid Journal   (11 followers)
International Journal of Conflict and Violence     Open Access   (7 followers)
International Journal of Developing Societies     Open Access   (3 followers)
International Journal of Japanese Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (2 followers)
International Journal of Research in Sociology and Social Anthropology     Open Access   (1 follower)
International Journal of Social Quality     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
International Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (12 followers)
International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (30 followers)
International Journal of Sociology of Education     Open Access   (1 follower)
International Journal of Sustainable Society     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
International Journal of the Sociology of Language     Full-text available via subscription   (10 followers)
International Journal of the Sociology of Law     Hybrid Journal   (16 followers)
International Journal of Work Innovation     Hybrid Journal  
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (15 followers)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
International Review of the Aesthetics and Sociology of Music     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (14 followers)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access  
IRIS European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate     Open Access   (3 followers)
Irish Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Íslenska Thjodfélagid     Open Access   (1 follower)
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (1 follower)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (3 followers)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies, The     Full-text available via subscription   (1 follower)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)
Journal of Chain-computerisation     Open Access  
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (12 followers)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (12 followers)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Critical Mixed Race Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access  
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (8 followers)
Journal of Family Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (9 followers)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (7 followers)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Full-text available via subscription   (8 followers)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Full-text available via subscription   (2 followers)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (9 followers)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free  
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (1 follower)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (10 followers)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (6 followers)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (3 followers)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (1 follower)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (7 followers)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (5 followers)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (5 followers)

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Sexuality Research and Social Policy    [8 followers]  Follow    
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2187 journals]   [SJR: 0.379]   [H-I: 6]
  • Men Who Have Sex with Men’s Attitudes Toward Using Color-Coded
           Wristbands to Facilitate Sexual Communication at Sex Parties
    • Abstract: Abstract Sex parties are environments where men who have sex with men (MSM) have the opportunity to have sex with multiple partners over a brief period of time. Dim lighting and nonverbal communication are the characteristics of sex parties that make sexual communication more challenging. We report on qualitative data from 47 MSM who attended sex parties in New York City. Participants responded to distinct hypothetical scenarios involving the use of color-coded wristbands to communicate (1) condom use preferences, (2) sexual position (e.g., top, bottom), and (3) human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) status at sex parties. The majority had positive-to-neutral attitudes toward color-coded wristbands to indicate (1) condom use preference and (2) sexual position (70.8, 75.0 % HIV positive; 63.6, 81.8 %, HIV negative, respectively). These men cited that wristbands would facilitate the process of pursuing partners with similar interests while also avoiding the discomforts of verbal communication. In contrast, 41.7 % of HIV-positive and 50.0 % of HIV-negative men expressed unfavorable attitudes to using wristbands to communicate HIV status. These men cited the potential for HIV-status discrimination as well as suspicions around dishonest disclosure. Although participants were receptive to utilizing color-coded wristbands at sex parties to convey certain information, it may be unfeasible to use wristbands to communicate HIV status.
      PubDate: 2014-01-24
       
  • Participation in Prostitution: Associated Outcomes Within Familial
           Relationships
    • Abstract: Abstract There are several competing models of conceptualizing the prostitution industry. One such model, the polymorphous model, posits that sex work contains positive and negative factors and that both must be considered when assessing the consequences of participating in prostitution. This study examines the relationship between participation in prostitution and familial relationships using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health data. The present study conceptualized participation in prostitution to include both clients and providers. Results indicate that participation in prostitution is not a predictor of parenting satisfaction, relationship satisfaction, or of reporting being the victim of domestic violence. It is, however, associated with a significantly increased chance of perpetrating domestic violence (OR = 2.59). These results highlight the possible power dynamic present in prostitution and how these may influence intimate partner relationships. These dynamics are discussed and their influence on policy is considered.
      PubDate: 2014-01-16
       
  • What Puts “At-Risk Girls” at Risk? Sexual Vulnerability
           and Social Inequality in the Lives of Girls in the Child Welfare System
    • Abstract: Abstract Many studies document the susceptibility of adolescent girls in the child welfare system to negative sexual experiences (e.g., James et al. 2009). However, this body of research tends to frame sexual risk in individualized, deficit-focused terms that overlook contextual factors and girls’ sexual agency (Harris 2004; Kelly 2001). We analyzed the sexual history narratives of adolescent girls in residential treatment using theoretical and inductive thematic analysis (Braun and Clarke 2006) to gain a more thorough understanding of their sexual risks and sexual agency. Participants described advocating for their sexual interests but with variable success. Upon examination of occasions when agency did not produce intended results, we observed participants’ vulnerability to be linked to their broader social, material, and relational circumstances, not necessarily to intrinsic deficits such as a lack of sexual assertiveness. Results highlight how girls’ sexual experiences are influenced by the contexts in which they are embedded. This more holistic view indicates that sexual health promotion efforts should not only address individual factors related to sexuality but also must bolster the social and material resources of girls in the child welfare system.
      PubDate: 2014-01-10
       
  • The Roles of Individual Characteristics and Liberalism in Intentional and
           Unintentional Exposure to Online Sexual Material Among European Youth: A
           Multilevel Approach
    • Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to examine how young people are intentionally or unintentionally exposed to sexual material on the internet. A sample from the EU Kids Online II project, including youth (N = 11,712, 11–16 years, 50 % girls) from 25 countries, was used to examine predictors of unintentional exposure to online sexual material (EOSM) via pop-up images and intentional EOSM on adult/X-rated websites. Using a multilevel analysis, we considered several individual-level predictors (psychosocial characteristics, patters of internet use, and parental mediation), one country-level predictor (mean cultural liberalism of the country), and cross-level interactions. Except for gender, the study did not identify any specific patterns of individual-level predictors for unintentional and intentional EOSM: age, sensation seeking, sexual intercourse, amount of time spent online, level of digital skills, and degree of restrictive mediation predicted both types of EOSM. Intentional EOSM was more often reported by boys, while unintentional EOSM occurred to a similar degree among boys and girls. Finally, living in a country with a stronger culture of liberalism predicted a greater likelihood of intentional but not unintentional EOSM and also was associated with smaller gender differences in intentional EOSM.
      PubDate: 2014-01-04
       
  • Lesbian and Gay Parenting: Strategies of Normalization in Spain
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper assesses expert discourse within the social and political debate on lesbian and gay parenting. In particular, we analyze the discursive strategies used by the defenders of lesbian and gay parenting, and their impact on the process of the social construction of this new family setting. We examine the discourse of experts invited to a special session of the Spanish Senate addressing changes to the Spanish Civil Code related to the possible regulation of same-sex marriage. Discourse analysis is used for this purpose, specifically the identification of interpretative repertoires in the construction and defense of alternative parenthood. The study identifies three main interpretative repertoires in the analyzed material: lesbian and gay parenthood is “not different”; “the question of rights,” that is, balancing potential tension between the rights of same-sex parents and children; and “desexualization” as a normalizing strategy. These repertoires are evaluated in relation to existing tension between the assimilationist–normalization approach and other frameworks that reject heterocentric solutions. The possibility of establishing an alternative research agenda is discussed.
      PubDate: 2014-01-04
       
  • The European Men-Who-Have-Sex-With-Men Internet Survey (EMIS): Design and
           Methods
    • Abstract: Abstract Community-based opportunistic self-completion surveying for sexual health programming is common among men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) in Europe, being used to generate evidence of unmet prevention need, for behavioural surveillance and as a platform for advocating HIV precautions. However, comparing survey findings across Europe is difficult because of varying measures and recruitment designs, and surveying has not occurred in all countries. EMIS (the European Men-who-have-sex-with-men Internet Survey) aimed to develop a pan-European Internet survey on HIV-related male homosexual behaviours and prevention needs both to increase research capacity and to move towards harmonisation of existing systems. Six associated partners (APs) recruited another 77 collaborating partners from academia, public health and civil society across 35 countries. Partners’ existing MSM surveys were collected and collated, producing a meta-survey which was discussed by all partners through rotating round-tables at a 2-day summit. Survey development continued iteratively through user piloting and partner feedback until the English language content was agreed. Transfer to an online survey application was followed by further testing before on-screen translation into 24 other languages, final testing and sign-off. The project’s visual identity and promotional materials were developed in close collaboration with national leads, tailoring products to match country specific needs while maintaining an overall project identity. Five international MSM dating websites were contracted to send carefully crafted instant messages to members in a series of waves. The survey sought common ground with stakeholders and respondents by endorsing ‘the best sex with the least harm’ for MSM. Real-time monitoring of responses allowed targeted spending of the advertising budget to maximise coverage and depth of responses. Fieldwork occurred during June–August 2010. Over 184,469 responses were submitted of which 94.4 % were eligible. Partners in 38 countries were supplied with a national database of 100 or more respondents for national analysis and outputs, while the AP team proceeded on international comparisons among 174,209 respondents in 38 countries. EMIS demonstrated the feasibility of multi-country community-based MSM Internet surveying with limited public funding. The concept of ‘the best sex with the least harm’ provided a common ground for a diverse range of stakeholders to collaborate. Meaningful involvement of a large number of collaborators in the survey design, its visual identity and in promotional strategies ensured unprecedented coverage and depth of recruitment. Flexible planning was essential and a patchwork of recruitment was required across a range of commercial and community partners. Careful design, piloting and presentation ensured the survey was acceptable and had both authority and perceived community benefit.
      PubDate: 2013-12-01
       
  • Sexuality-Related Work Discrimination and Its Association with the Health
           
    • Abstract: Abstract Discrimination has been linked to negative health outcomes among minority populations. The increasing evidence regarding health disparities among sexual minorities has underscored the importance of addressing sexuality discrimination as a public health issue. We conducted a web-based survey between May and September of 2012 in order to obtain a diverse sample of young men who have sex with men (ages 18–29; N = 397; 83 % gay; 49 % black, 27 % white, 15 % Latino) living in the Detroit Metro Area (Michigan, USA). Using multivariate regression models, we examined the association between overall health (self-rated health, days in prior month when their physical or mental health was not good, and limited functionality) and experiences of sexuality-based work discrimination. Fifteen percent reported at least one experience of sexuality-based work discrimination in the prior year. Recent workplace discrimination was associated with poorer self-rated health, a greater number of days when health was not good, and more functional limitation. We discuss the importance of addressing sexuality-related discrimination as a public health problem and propose multilevel intervention strategies to address these discriminatory practices.
      PubDate: 2013-11-12
       
  • Barriers of the Health Sector of Iran in Response to Sexual and
           Reproductive Needs of Young People: Perspectives from Key Informants
    • Abstract: Abstract This study explored the perceived barriers to the provision of sexual and reproductive health information and services for young people in the health sector of Iran. This is a qualitative study; data were collected in Tehran, capital of Iran. The study method included two parts: in-depth interview with 54 key stakeholders including religious leaders, policy makers, senior academics, and health care managers; and six focus groups with staff from provisional and local levels. The identified barriers by the key informants in the health care system and in other organizations were classified into four categories: the political ambiguity about reproductive rights, the ineffective arrangement and inefficient programs, the lack of capable human resources, and the poor collaboration and coordination among key actors. There are many barriers in addressing young people's sexual and reproductive health needs in Iran; therefore, the health sector of Iran has to be strengthened in this area. This requires strong political support and collaboration between various stakeholders to carry out sustainable and coordinated intervention. Such health reinforcement efforts will eventually impact the health of young people positively.
      PubDate: 2013-11-12
       
  • Antecedents of Pro-LGBT Advocacy among Sexual Minority and Heterosexual
           College Students
    • Abstract: Abstract Utilizing the resource model of political participation, we identify the antecedents of willingness to sign a petition supporting employment protections for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people among sexual minority and heterosexual college students. Through secondary data analysis, we investigate the role of sociodemographic, mobilizing context, and framing variables, including various LGBT-related attitudes that have never been integrated in a single regression of LGBT activism. Results from a sample of sexual minority (n = 367) and heterosexual (n = 1,707) college students suggest that the majority of students from both sexual orientation groups are willing to sign a petition for LGBT rights. Although the impact of framing variables, such as transphobia and liberal identity, were most influential among both groups, the relevance of some framing antecedents (i.e., heterosexist attitudes and the disclosure of sexual identities) was specific to each sexuality. Before the inclusion of framing factors, knowing LGBT peers and observing heterosexist discrimination inspired greater activism among both sexuality groups as did being female and a graduate student; however, the significance of religious factors were only important among heterosexual students. Implications for future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2013-09-13
       
  • Polyamory and Criminalization of Plural Conjugal Unions in Canada:
           Competing Narratives in the s.293 Reference
    • Abstract: Abstract The constitutionality of criminalizing plural conjugal unions recently came under review through a reference on s.293 of the Criminal Code of Canada. This article examines popular narratives of the reference, focusing on the role of polyamorists in this case and its impact on their socio-legal positioning. An examination of public texts yields three competing narratives: Canadian citizens fighting government intrusion, fundamentalist religious practitioners seeking religious freedom, and patriarchal oppression of women and children. The most successful of these narratives construct clear boundaries between monogamous citizens and polygamous outsiders. The final judgment upheld the criminalization of plural conjugal union while parsing unsanctified polyamorous relationships as outside the intent of the law. This maneuver affirms the centrality of monogamy to Canadian citizenship and the privileged legal position of monogamists. At the same time, polyamorists are “saved” from explicit criminalization, but only as long as their community and its unions remain unrecognized. Polyamorists' position as marginal citizens is reaffirmed.
      PubDate: 2013-09-11
       
  • Factors Influencing Use of Family Planning Services among HIV-positive
           Women in the PMTCT Program at Clínica de Familia La Romana in the
           Dominican Republic
    • Abstract: Abstract Reducing unmet family planning need to zero is an integral part of UNAIDS’ Global Plan to virtually eliminate infant HIV infection by 2015. This study aims to understand the beliefs and attitudes that influence family planning use among HIV-positive women in the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) program at Clínica de Familia La Romana, Dominican Republic, and to determine which barriers to use are most important in this population and prioritize them as targets for intervention. Data were collected from one focus group and 21 single investigator-administered semistructured interviews with women in the PMTCT program at Clínica de Familia La Romana, Dominican Republic. The majority of women stated that their last pregnancy was undesired, although they were not using family planning at the time of the pregnancy. Knowledge about the methods, social influences (family, friends), and logistics were not significant barriers within this population. The two barriers that were most frequently reported as reasons for not using, or stopping use of, a family planning method were the attitudes and beliefs of the partner and menstrual changes ranging from irregular bleeding to amenorrhea. This study suggests two main categories of interventions to reduce unmet family planning need in this PMTCT population. First, further research is needed to probe family planning attitudes and beliefs among the partners of HIV-positive women. Only by exploring both partners’ beliefs and expectations can culturally sensitive interventions be developed to increase family planning acceptability among the partners, and thus potentially increase use among women. Second, specific counseling is needed to ask for and address concerns of the women. Importantly, women need to understand that menstrual change is normal with certain methods and does not indicate a decline in their health status. Involving partners in family planning education and improving women’s understanding of how methods work and side effects to expect may improve uptake of contraception in this population.
      PubDate: 2013-09-01
       
  • Perception of Prostate Screening Services among Men in Trinidad and Tobago
    • Abstract: Abstract There have been calls for greater involvement of men in Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH). One of the major SRH issues affecting men is prostate cancer. Prostate cancer represents the leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men in Trinidad and Tobago. A key contributor to this burden of mortality may be low uptake of screening services. This study explored men’s perceptions of prostate screening services to identify implications for policy and practice. Data were drawn from 14 focus groups, including 75 men between the ages of 19 and 60 years representing a cross section of socio-demographic groups in Trinidad and Tobago. Data were qualitatively analysed. Across all groups, men were aware of prostrate screening services, and aware of the need for examinations, particularly at older age. Men reported feeling responsible for maintaining their health, but were unwilling to access prostate screening services. Concerns about digital rectal examination (DRE) were universal, and spontaneously raised in discussions. Expressed levels of anxiety were related to fear of the negative implications of being diagnosed with prostate cancer. More significantly, unwillingness to seek screening was related to sensitivity to the associations of the DRE with homosexual activity and an ‘assault on manhood’. In a cultural context of extreme homophobia, such cultural meanings were a barrier for most men. The major barriers to accessing services in Trinidad and Tobago are cultural beliefs, not lack of knowledge. Whilst addressing homophobia may be a long-term goal, in the short-term, health promotion which focuses on reducing the associations of digital rectal examinations with a threat to masculinity, and stresses the responsibilities of men to take care of their own health, may be productive in improving outcomes in this important area of men’s sexual and reproductive health.
      PubDate: 2013-09-01
       
  • Understanding and Responding to Homophobia and Bullying: Contrasting Staff
           and Young People’s Views within Community Settings in England
    • Abstract: Abstract Schools have been called the last bastion of homophobia; by comparison, little research has been carried out on this subject in youth services. This article reports on qualitative findings from a recent mixed methods study of barriers and facilitators to schools and youth services addressing issues about (homo)sexuality, homophobia and transphobia in one English region. The research sought to more fully understand the contexts in which young people experience and manage their identities and/or the prejudices they may face. Findings are based on 146 self-completion survey responses from young people and qualitative data drawn from 74 participants involved in in-depth methods (interviews and discussion groups) in nine different settings. This included teachers, youth service workers and young people (aged 11–20) who self-identified as lesbian, gay or bisexual, or heterosexual. The study adds to existing literature by taking a broader view of the social contexts in which young people learn about, make sense of, and practice, identities. In doing so, it suggests ways in which sociological perspectives can add to and expand the current (often psychology-based) body of work on bullying. The article documents six key themes emerging from the data: curriculum inclusion/exclusion; understandings of homophobia and bullying; experiences and impacts of bullying and homophobia; professional responses and support services; issues underlying professional practice; implications for identity management. Drawing on these findings and supporting evidence, the article concludes with a critique of the limiting constraints of individualised anti-bullying discourses, and argues that these risk minimising understandings of the complex social contexts for homophobia and transphobia.
      PubDate: 2013-08-27
       
  • Sexual Health Promotion and the Attention to the Social Determinants of
           Health in the Caribbean
    • PubDate: 2013-08-18
       
  • Creating Comprehensive, Youth Centered, Culturally Appropriate Sex
           Education: What Do Young Gay, Bisexual, and Questioning Men Want?
    • Abstract: Abstract We examined young gay, bisexual, and questioning men’s (YGBQM) experiences with school-based sex education as they sought to learn about sex and sexual health, and their suggestions for improving same-sex education resources. Thematic analysis of 30 in-depth interviews with YGBQM (ages 18–24) underscored the discrepancies between the existing school-based sex education curricula and YGBQM’s perceived sex education needs. Our results show that many youths’ sexuality and same-sex sexual behaviors are excluded in sex education lessons; however, YGBQM noted that they sought out other resources (e.g., websites) to answer their questions. We discuss YGBQM’s ideas for the creation of a sex and sexual health website that would be tailored for youth like themselves, including topics and features that an ideal website would contain. In addition, we present recommended changes to existing school-based sexual education curricula.
      PubDate: 2013-08-15
       
  • Addressing Health Disparities Among Men: Demographic, Behavioral, and
           Clinical Characteristics of Men Who Have Sex with Men in Puerto Rico
    • Abstract: Abstract The objective of this study was to compare sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) among men who have sex with men (MSM) and men who have sex with women (MSW) in Puerto Rico. Data from a population-based cross-sectional study in PR (2005–2008) were analyzed. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the study sample, and bivariate analyses were performed to identify differences of sociodemographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics between MSM and MSW. Exact logistic regression models adjusting for age were constructed for each risk behavior associated to MSM in bivariate analysis. Of the 674 men interviewed, 6.1 % (n = 41) reported ever having sex with men. Age-adjusted logistic regression models indicated that MSM were significantly more likely than MSW to have first sexual intercourse before the age of 15 (Prevalence Odds Ratio (POR) = 2.6; 95 % CI = 1.3, 5.3) and have at least 10 lifetime sex partners (POR = 2.8; 95 % CI = 1.4, 5.9). In addition, MSM were significantly more likely to report lifetime use of marijuana (POR = 2.7; 95 % CI = 1.3, 5.8), cocaine (POR = 2.5; 95 % CI = 1.2, 5.0), amphetamines (POR = 3.8; 95 % CI = 1.4, 9.2), and sedatives or tranquilizers (POR = 3.3; 95 % CI = 1.4, 7.2). In addition, MSM were 13 times more likely to be HIV seropositive as compared to MSW (POR = 13.3; 95 % CI = 1.7, 102.0). In this population-based sample of men living in Puerto Rico, self-reported same-sex behavior is strongly associated with HIV and other behavioral factors associated with HIV. Future targeted research is still necessary for the development of intervention programs among MSM in Puerto Rico.
      PubDate: 2013-07-28
       
  • Themes in Heterosexuals’ Responses When Challenging LGBT Prejudice
    • Abstract: Abstract The purposes of this study were (a) to examine themes in heterosexuals’ responses when responding to LGBT prejudice, and (b) to explore the potential influence of educational information about LGBT topics on these themes of responses. Heterosexual undergraduate students (N = 225) were randomly assigned to one of two conditions: participants received information about LGBT topics, or they did not. Then participants were asked to speak out in a written format against LGBT prejudicial statements they read in a blog taken directly from the Internet. Using content analysis, 16 codes were generated from the literature on the confrontation of prejudice and from participants’ responses. The 16 codes were then grouped conceptually into four themes with the following percent representations in participants’ responses: values (38.9 %), knowledge promotion (36.2 %), attack (16.7 %), and personal participation (8.4 %). No differences between conditions emerged in the prevalence of these themes. Implications for ally interventions, multicultural education, and future research are discussed.
      PubDate: 2013-07-20
       
  • Attitudes of Italian Heterosexual Older Adults Towards Lesbian and Gay
           Parenting
    • Abstract: Abstract Several studies have examined the attitudes of heterosexuals towards lesbian and gay parenting, revealing mostly negative attitudes. Nonetheless, no research studies have examined these attitudes specifically among elderly adults. Two hundred eighty older heterosexuals adults ranged from 65 to 87 years old (women: M = 74.2, SD = 6.0; male M = 73.9, SD = 6.1) completed measures evaluating their knowledge of the existence of lesbian and gay parents, their attitudes towards lesbian and gay parenting and expected child outcomes, and opinions regarding legalization and recognition of lesbian and gay parents. As we expected, age was a relevant predictor of negative attitudes towards lesbian and gay parenting: older elders had a stronger prejudice than the others. Data revealed that the more positive evaluation was for the heterosexual and lesbian parents while the more negative evaluation was for the gay male parents. Regression analyses showed that a negative attitude towards lesbian and gay parents was predicted by older age, right-wing conservatism, and internalized sexual stigma. The expected effects on child outcomes were predicted only by the dimensions of sexual stigma.
      PubDate: 2013-07-14
       
  • Breast Cancer Mortality’s Association with Sexual Orientation
    • Abstract: Abstract Our objective is to test disparities in breast cancer mortality by sexual orientation. Using an ecological approach that links SEER breast cancer mortality data with Census 2000 data, we test the hypothesis of higher breast cancer mortality in areas with more presumed lesbians. From the Census 2000 data on female same-sex partnered households, we derive a measure of sexual minority women density (SMWD) for each of the 215 counties covered by SEER 12. We test the association of SMWD with breast cancer mortality using multivariable Poisson regression models that control for age, race, and socioeconomic status. We confirm our hypothesis as we find a significant positive association between SMWD and breast cancer mortality. This relationship remains significant even after controlling for other factors, known to have an association with mortality, such as poverty or race. This ecological approach compensates for the absence of cancer surveillance by sexual orientation. The results suggest a disparity in breast cancer mortality due to sexual orientation. The causes for this disparity need to be identified by future studies.
      PubDate: 2013-06-15
       
  • Is Same-Sex Marriage Legislation Related to Attitudes Toward
           Homosexuality?
    • Abstract: Abstract Since 2001, various Western countries have accorded legal recognition to same-sex marriages, but thus far, we lack information on how this legislation is related to trends in public opinion. In most of the literature, declining levels of prejudice toward homosexuality are found to result from structural social processes (rising education, secularization, and detraditionalization), which should occur in all industrialized societies, with or without same-sex marriage. In this article, we analyze data of the five waves of the European Social Survey for the period 2002–2010. Results show that levels of prejudice are significantly lower in countries that recognize same-sex marriage, while levels are only slightly lower in countries with some form of registered partnership for gay and lesbian couples. Therefore, we can assume that same-sex marriage is indeed an issue affecting public opinion and public policy.
      PubDate: 2013-06-11
       
 
 
JournalTOCs
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
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