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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 501 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Work Innovation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Political Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
International Review for the Sociology of Sport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Review of Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IRIS European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Irish Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Italian Sociological Review     Open Access  
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Culture, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Journal of Trafficking and Human Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of World-Systems Research     Open Access  
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
KARSA : Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
Kultura-Społeczeństwo-Edukacja     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
London Journal of Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Masyarakat : Jurnal Sosiologi     Open Access  
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Moscow State University Bulletin : Series 18. Sociology and Political Science     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Novos Rumos Sociológicos     Open Access  
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers. Revista de Sociologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PArtecipazione e COnflitto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Profanações     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Quaderni di Sociologia     Open Access  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
RASE : Revista de la Asociación de Sociología de la Educación     Open Access  
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Relations : Beyond Anthropocentrism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Research, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de História Bilros. História(s), Sociedade(s) e Cultura(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Movimentos Sociais e Conflitos     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Sociologia, Antropologia e Cultura Jurídica     Open Access  
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Empresa y Humanismo     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Latina de Sociología     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Revista Nuevo Humanismo     Open Access  
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Punto Género     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revue Sciences Humaines     Open Access  
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
RUDN Journal of Sociology     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Salud & Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Serendipities : Journal for the Sociology and History of the Social Sciences     Open Access  
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies     Hybrid Journal  
Sociální studia / Social Studies     Open Access  
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Societal Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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Journal Cover
Sexuality Research and Social Policy
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.752
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 7  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 1868-9884 - ISSN (Online) 1553-6610
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2350 journals]
  • “I Have No Idea What’s Going On Out There:” Parents’ Perspectives
           on Promoting Sexual Health in Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender
           Adolescents
    • Authors: Michael E. Newcomb; Brian A. Feinstein; Margaret Matson; Kathryn Macapagal; Brian Mustanski
      Pages: 111 - 122
      Abstract: Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and other sexual and gender minority (LGBTQ) adolescents experience higher rates of negative sexual health outcomes relative to their heterosexual and cisgender peers. Healthy parent-adolescent relationships and effective parenting are robust predictors of sexual health in heterosexual adolescents, but very little is known about barriers to and facilitators of effective parenting from the perspective of parents of LGBTQ adolescents. This study conducted online focus groups with 44 parents of LGBTQ adolescents in order to describe the factors influencing effective sexual health communication and parental monitoring in this population. Parents described generally positive relationships with teens, but many noted they went through a transition process in which they struggled with their child’s identity and were less supportive of their LGBTQ teen. Lack of understanding about LGBTQ-specific sexuality was a commonly endorsed barrier to effective communication, and this was most commonly endorsed by parents of cisgender girls. Parents of cisgender boys and transgender/gender-nonconforming teens described fears about long-term sexual health (i.e., sexual predators, consent) as a barrier to parental monitoring. Parents of LGBTQ adolescents need information and skills to optimize their teen’s sexual health. Parent-based programs for LGBTQ adolescents are long overdue for addressing these issues.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0326-0
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Who Counts as Family' Family Typologies, Family Support, and Family
           Undermining Among Young Adult Gay and Bisexual Men
    • Authors: Jorge H. Soler; Cleopatra H. Caldwell; David Córdova; Gary Harper; José A. Bauermeister
      Pages: 123 - 138
      Abstract: Gay and bisexual men may form chosen families in addition to or in place of families of origin. However, the characteristics of these diverse families remain largely unexamined in the quantitative literature. The purpose of this study was to develop a family typology based on responses from a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adult gay and bisexual men (YGBM) recruited from the Detroit Metropolitan Area (N = 350; 18–29 years old). To explore the role of family, we examined family social support and social undermining in relation to YGBM psychological distress within different family types. A series of multivariate regressions were used to examine associations between family social support and social undermining with depression and anxiety outcomes. The majority (88%) of YGBM included family of origin in their definitions of family and 63% indicated having chosen families. Associations between family social processes and psychological outcomes varied by type of family, suggesting that family composition shapes how perceptions of support and undermining relate to experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety. Chosen families play a prominent role in the lives of YGBM and should not be overlooked in family research. Findings also highlight the importance of examining co-occurring family social support and social stress processes to further address psychological distress symptoms among YGBM.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0288-7
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Sexism and Attitudes Toward Same-Sex Parenting in a Sample of
           Heterosexuals and Sexual Minorities: the Mediation Effect of Sexual Stigma
           
    • Authors: Jessica Pistella; Annalisa Tanzilli; Salvatore Ioverno; Vittorio Lingiardi; Roberto Baiocco
      Pages: 139 - 150
      Abstract: The present study aimed to: (a) investigate the relationship between attitudes toward same-sex parenting and sexism both in heterosexuals and sexual minorities; (b) verify whether sexism predicted negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting via the mediating role of sexual stigma (sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and internalized sexual stigma [ISS] in lesbians and gay men [LG]). An Italian sample of 477 participants (65.6% heterosexual people and 34.4% LG people) was used to verify three hypotheses: (a) heterosexual men showed higher levels of sexism than heterosexual women and LG people; (b) heterosexual men reported more negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting than those of heterosexual women and LG people; and (c) sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and ISS in LG people mediated the relationship between sexism and attitudes toward same-sex parenting. Overall, men and heterosexual people showed stronger sexist tendencies and more negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting. Moreover, sexism affected attitudes toward same-sex parenting via sexual prejudice in heterosexual people and ISS in LG people. These results suggest that negative attitudes toward same-sex parenting reflect sociocultural inequalities based on the traditional gender belief system and points to the necessity of social policies to reduce prejudice toward sexual minority groups.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0284-y
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Support for Policy Protecting LGBT Student Athletes among Heterosexual
           Students Participating in Club and Intercollegiate Sports
    • Authors: Brittanie Atteberry-Ash; Spectrum Center; Michael R. Woodford
      Pages: 151 - 162
      Abstract: Athletic spaces on campuses can be hostile for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) college students. Policies that foster safe sporting spaces are needed. By examining the nature of support for guidelines protecting LGBT athletes among a convenience sample of heterosexual students involved in club and intercollegiate sports (N = 290), this cross-sectional study offers a starting place for institutional leaders who want to implement such policies. Four independent variables were significant in multivariable linear regression analysis: gender, political ideology, knowing an LGBT athlete, and frequency of hearing homophobic language in a team setting. The findings and recommendations provide administrators and staff with insights about areas to address in order to minimize potential student opposition to LGBT anti-discrimination and other LGBT-inclusive policies.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0283-z
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Improving Health While Saving Money: Lessons Learned from a Supportive
           Housing Program for Young Adults with HIV
    • Authors: S. J. Dodd; Jeannette Ruffins; Denise Arzola
      Pages: 163 - 171
      Abstract: The Bailey House Success Through Accessing Rental Assistance and Support (STARS) Program is a 20-unit scatter-site permanent supportive housing program for homeless or unstably housed HIV-positive young adults ages 18–24. A harm reduction and strength-based approach is utilized to connect HIV+ individuals with medical care and other services while ensuring housing stability. An intensive case management team provides support such as home visits, case monitoring, accompaniment to appointments, and referrals to health and social service resources within the community. This program evaluation used clinical data mining (CDM) to implement a Return-on-Investment (ROI) analysis of the STARS supportive housing program. The evaluation compared program costs to “services as usual” through the NYC shelter system. The STARS program served 27 individuals, achieving 25 successful outcomes, during 3 years. The program’s total value (savings relative to shelter costs) yielded a 1.32 ROI. The results support practice and policy advocacy initiatives promoting supportive housing and housing first initiatives as a viable method to reduce homelessness and as a structural intervention to improve health outcomes for young people with HIV.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0287-8
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Dating Application Use and Sexual Risk Behavior Among Young Adults
    • Authors: Ashlee N. Sawyer; Erin R. Smith; Eric G. Benotsch
      Pages: 183 - 191
      Abstract: Cell phone-based dating applications (apps) are increasingly popular in the USA. However, there is a paucity of research regarding dating app use among young heterosexual adults. This study examined the prevalence of dating application use and its connections with sexual behavior among young heterosexual adults. Five hundred nine heterosexual cisgender undergraduate students aged 18–25 completed an online survey assessing trait impulsivity, dating app use and motivations for using dating apps, sexual behavior, and demographics. 39.5% of the participants reported using dating apps. Individuals who used dating apps had higher rates of sexual risk behaviors in the past 3 months, including sex after using drugs or alcohol, and unprotected sex (anal or vaginal), and more lifetime sexual partners. When controlling for demographics and impulsivity, individuals who used dating applications were twice as likely to have had unprotected sex in the past 3 months, but were not significantly more likely to have had multiple partners within the past 3 months. In an exploratory analysis controlling for demographics and impulsivity, dating app use predicted the number of lifetime sexual partners. This study documented an association between dating app use and sexual risk behaviors among young heterosexual adults. Results suggest potential targets for intervention, including interventions that address sexual health information, and the dissemination of sexual health information through dating apps themselves.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0297-6
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • Teachers’ Reaction in Homophobic Bullying Incidents: the Role of
           Self-efficacy and Homophobic Attitudes
    • Authors: Maria Rosaria Nappa; Benedetta Emanuela Palladino; Ersilia Menesini; Roberto Baiocco
      Pages: 208 - 218
      Abstract: Literature on homophobic bullying underlines that many teachers do not intervene in this kind of issue and often underestimate this type of bullying. At the same time, the protective role of teachers’ support for victimized students is well recognized. The present study aims to understand the processes that can lead to teachers’ activation against homophobic bullying. Two hundred and thirteen teachers belonging to different schools in Rome completed an anonymous questionnaire that assessed (a) reactions to homophobic bullying (feeling of powerlessness and positive activations), (b) homophobic attitudes, (c) teachers’ general perceived self-efficacy, and (d) perceived self-efficacy in managing homophobic bullying incidents. We used a structural equation model to test whether self-efficacy, both as a teacher and in managing homophobic bullying incidents, predicts both aspects of teachers’ reactions to homophobic bullying, controlling for homophobic attitudes. We found that lower levels of perceived self-efficacy in managing homophobic bullying incidents and higher levels of homophobic attitudes predict stronger feeling of powerlessness, while higher levels of perceived self-efficacy as a teacher and lower levels of homophobic attitudes predict stronger positive activation toward the victimized student. Theoretical and practical implications are provided.
      PubDate: 2018-06-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0306-9
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2018)
       
  • On Tensions and Opportunities: Building Partnerships Between Government
           and Sex Worker-Led Organizations in Kenya in the Fight Against HIV/AIDS
    • Abstract: This research reveals how the experienced “tokenism” by sex workers’ representatives who take part in HIV prevention and care partnerships hinges on a lack of expertise by “technical experts” to make use of the different types of knowledge brought to the policy table by them. The article further explores other tensions and opportunities within HIV prevention and care partnerships in Kenya, including the effect of criminalization and devolution on the partnerships. Recent strategic frameworks developed by the government explicitly mention the need for horizontal partnerships between sex workers and government as a crucial step to achieve a more unified and effective response to HIV/AIDS. In addition, during several conversations, government representatives also maintained that more horizontal partnerships can only be achieved through community participation. They defined this as taking sex workers as equal partners in policy development and program implementations. In practice, however, such partnerships have yet to become fully established. All this leads to the main question: where and why do gaps exist between policy visions and actual practices in HIV prevention and care partnerships between government and sex worker-led organizations in Kenya'
      PubDate: 2018-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0337-x
       
  • Predictors for Condom Use With Steady Partners in QUILOMBOLA Communities
           of Sergipe
    • Abstract: Condom use with steady heterosexual partners has been insufficiently addressed in Brazil, because, in this setting, most studies are on the population of men who have sex with men or sex workers. Besides that, the literature on this topic regarding traditional communities is even scarcer. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to identify which factors are related to the consistent use of condoms with steady partners in Quilombola communities in the northeast region of Brazil. A total of 367 individuals from 14 communities were enrolled from September 2016 to June 2017. Logistic regression models for predicting the consistent use of condoms with steady partners were developed. Most of the study participants (90.73%) had steady partners. Regarding personal vulnerability to not using condoms, only 9.91% of those who had steady partners engaged in protected sexual intercourse with the partners. Provision of sexual health information and receiving condoms showed statistical significance (OR = 4.38; CI = 1.7–11.09; p = 0.002), with approximately four times greater probability of consistent condom use with steady partners, pointing to a vulnerability in relation to those who do not receive these resources. It should also be emphasized that low socioeconomic levels and geographic distance of health units can have a negative impact on access to information and condoms.
      PubDate: 2018-05-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0341-1
       
  • The Moral and Political Stakes of Health Issues in the Regulation of
           Prostitution (the Cases of Belgium and France)
    • Authors: Marion David
      Abstract: Many studies have demonstrated the prominent role legal frameworks and local policies play in the shaping of prostitution, by informing to a large extent the conditions governing the exercise of the sex trade, while promoting a certain definition of this activity and its protagonists. However, the role of private organizations delegated the mission of providing social or medical assistance to people selling sex should not be overlooked. These organizations are still under-researched, despite the fact that they often occupy a pivotal position between those involved in the sex trade, public authorities, and the general population. Our contribution aims to provide an overview of the relevant landscape of third sector organizations in both Belgium and France and, more specifically, retrace the genesis of associations that have implemented programs to prevent sexually transmitted infections. We will also examine their relations with the public authorities and the legitimacy they enjoy in each country, before highlighting their potential influence on the structuring of representations and regulation of prostitution.
      PubDate: 2018-05-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0333-1
       
  • Canadian Sex Workers Weigh the Costs and Benefits of Disclosing Their
           Occupational Status to Health Providers
    • Authors: Cecilia Benoit; Michaela Smith; Mikael Jansson; Samantha Magnus; Renay Maurice; Jackson Flagg; Dan Reist
      Abstract: Prostitution stigma has been shown to negatively affect the work, personal lives, and health of sex workers. Research also shows that sex workers have much higher unmet health care needs than the general population. Less is known about how stigma obstructs their health-seeking behaviors. For our thematic analysis, we explored Canadian sex workers’ accounts (N = 218) of accessing health care services for work-related health concerns. Results show that participants had mixed feelings about revealing their work status in health care encounters. Those who decided not to disclose were fearful of negative treatment or expressed confidentiality concerns or lack of relevancy. Those who divulged their occupational status to a health provider mainly described benefits, including nonjudgment, relationship building, and comprehensive care, while a minority experienced costs that included judgment, stigma, and inappropriate health care. Overall, health professionals in Canada appear to be doing a good job relating to sex workers who come forward for care. There is still a need for some providers to learn how to better converse with, diagnose, and care for people in sex work jobs that take into account the heavy costs associated with prostitution stigma.
      PubDate: 2018-05-21
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0339-8
       
  • Experiences of Violence and Head Injury Among Women and Transgender Women
           Sex Workers
    • Authors: Rebekah M. Baumann; Sarah Hamilton-Wright; Dana Lee Riley; Karen Brown; Cindy Hunt; Alicja Michalak; Flora I. Matheson
      Abstract: Women and transgender women sex workers have similar experiences of housing instability, childhood trauma, and victimization to populations with high rates of traumatic brain injury (TBI), such as people experiencing homelessness and incarceration; yet, there is little research on TBI among sex workers. We conducted a mixed method study using qualitative interviews and the Ohio State University TBI Identification Method to understand experiences of violence and head injury with 10 participants recruited from Elizabeth Fry Toronto. Head injuries which resulted in loss of consciousness, or a change in conscious state, a report of feeling dazed or a gap in memory, were classified as traumatic brain injuries. All other injuries to the head which did not meet these criteria were classified as head injuries. Ninety percent of participants reported at least one lifetime TBI, and all participants reported at least one head injury related to violence in sex work. Findings indicate the need to educate sex workers on the seriousness of head injuries and the importance of treatment. Participants spoke of widespread stigma and discrimination as barriers to care, which may be mitigated by enhanced training with an anti-oppressive framework in the health care sector and in law enforcement. Participants felt that peer support workers could best deliver education and create awareness of TBI among people involved in sex work. The magnitude of violence and TBI in this population indicates the need for future research to determine actual prevalence of TBI and appropriate screening tools combined with educational programs.
      PubDate: 2018-05-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0334-0
       
  • Tolerance, Acceptance, or Ambivalence': Changing Expressions of
           Attitudes towards Homosexuals in Barbados
    • Authors: Alana Griffith; Peter Wickham
      Abstract: This article sought to establish whether the perception and understanding of homosexuality among Barbadians has changed. It specifically investigated whether there was evidence of change in attitudes to different categories of relationships with homosexuals, Barbadians’ knowledge of the meaning of homosexual, their self-described attitude to homosexuals, and their attitude on the decriminalization of same-sex intimacy. The analysis utilized secondary data from two national surveys on attitudes to homosexuality conducted in 2004 and 2013. A two-tailed two-proportion z test was used to determine whether the observed changes were significant with p < .05. It was found that compared with 2004, significantly more people understood homosexual to mean someone liking the same sex. Significant changes were also observed in levels of acceptance and support for decriminalization of same-sex intimacy. There were significant declines in persons indicating that they would prefer not to have homosexuals as friends, family, children, employee, employer, teacher, or public official. This shift was accompanied by significant changes in those uncertain about they felt about such relationships. Only in the categories of family and child was there a significant increase in respondents indicating they would not mind having such a relationship. The results demonstrate that Barbadian’s level of acceptance increased although not to the point of supporting decriminalization of same-sex intimacy. The paper assesses the implications of the findings for the possible policy change within the country.
      PubDate: 2018-05-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0329-x
       
  • Challenges in Reach with Online Sexual Health Information Among African
           American Youth: Assessing Access and Engagement
    • Authors: M. Margaret Dolcini; Joseph A. Catania; Coral Cotto-Negron; Jesse A. Canchola; Jocelyn Warren; Cara Ashworth; Gary W. Harper; Senna Towner
      Abstract: There is a need for sexual health promotion among African American youth. The internet is an efficient means of delivering sexual health information (SHI). However, there may be disparities that reduce internet reach to low-income African American youth. The present mixed-methods study analyzed data from the U.S. Current Population Survey (national household sample; ages 14–17) and the Two-Cities Study (Chicago, San Francisco; low-income African Americans, ages 15–17) to examine internet reach, defined as access and engagement. We found that nationally, in-home internet access and cell/smartphone ownership varied by income and race/ethnicity. In-home internet access (52%) and cell/smartphone ownership (75%) were lowest among low-income African American youth. Access from other locations (e.g., libraries, schools) was also quite low. The Two-Cities Study showed that internet access and site engagement were limited by site blocking, poor privacy, affordability, and trust. Youths’ trust in SHI was conditional on their ability to authenticate SHI websites. Our study suggests that there is limited reach into African American and low-income groups, which may be addressed by decreasing internet blocking, enhancing privacy, and supporting community programs and policies to facilitate internet access. Trust in sexual health websites may be increased through directed engagement and authentication by health experts. Without higher levels of access and implementation of strategies to enhance engagement, the potential of the internet as a vehicle for sexual health promotion among African American youth will not be realized.
      PubDate: 2018-05-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0332-2
       
  • Negotiating Professional Identities: Male Sex Workers in Slovenia and the
           Impact of Online Technologies
    • Authors: Roman Kuhar; Mojca Pajnik
      Abstract: This article presents selected results from the first exploratory study on male sex workers in Slovenia. Drawing on nine semi-structured interviews with self-identified male sex workers, who sell sex predominantly to (gay) men, and starting from Altman’s (1999) suggestion to understand sex work as a continuum ranging from sex work as a profession to casual or accidental encounters, it discusses three themes recurring in the interviews: (1) entrance into sex work; (2) relationships with clients and occupational strategies; and (3) use of technology for sex work. The male sex workers’ narratives are clustered along the distinctions between the “devoid-of-choice-oriented” and “business-oriented” male sex work, pointing to the somewhat blurred professional/private relations of the business in the context of post-socialist Slovenia. Entry into sex work is narrated at the crossroads of poor socioeconomic circumstances as a trigger, as exemplified in past studies, and a career decision-making, as noted by the recent studies. The distinction also runs along the lines of types of relationship male sex workers establish with their clients; while the first group describe relationships as turning into friends-like and moving beyond sexual encounters, the second group keep their contacts with clients as strictly business relations. This distinction can also be read in the context of the use of online technologies: although all our participants have used the internet to obtain clients, the business-oriented ones have thoughtfully worked on creating and updating their online profiles to make them as appealing to potential clients as possible, while the “devoid-of-choice-oriented” have reverted to only using a mobile phone, counting on “word of mouth” promotion of their work.
      PubDate: 2018-05-07
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0330-4
       
  • Attitudes toward Same-Sex Marriage and Parenting, Ideologies, and Social
           Contacts: the Mediation Role of Sexual Prejudice Moderated by Gender
    • Authors: Olivier Vecho; Martine Gross; Emmanuel Gratton; Salvatore D’Amore; Robert-Jay Green
      Abstract: Recognition of same-sex marriage and parenting has increased in the last two decades but remains a controversial issue in which public opinion plays a role, as it can influence political leaders but also determine the immediate environment of same-sex families. The literature highlights the effect of religiosity, political orientation, beliefs about etiology of homosexuality, and social contacts with gay men and lesbians on attitudes toward same-sex marriage and parenting (ASSMP). The aim of this study was to explore the under-studied mediation role of sexual prejudice in this process and how participants’ gender moderated the mediation effects. Data were collected from 1416 heterosexual French students and analyzed with moderated mediation models in accordance with recent recommendations from Hayes (2013). Sexual prejudice mediated the effects of religiosity, political orientation, and etiological beliefs on ASSMP more strongly in men than in women. It also mediated the effect of contact with gay and lesbian persons and same-sex couples on ASSMP in men but not in women. The results highlight the need to explicitly deconstruct negative beliefs about homosexuality during debates about same-sex marriage and same-sex parenting, even when prejudice against homosexuality itself is not explicit in opponents’ discourse.
      PubDate: 2018-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0331-3
       
  • Teaching and Learning About Sexual Diversity Within Medical Education: the
           Promises and Pitfalls of the Informal Curriculum
    • Authors: Marie Murphy
      Abstract: Although there has been a great deal of attention to medical education concerning sexual diversity in recent years, it has focused nearly exclusively on the content presented within the formal curriculum, i.e., medical schools’ required classes and other official offerings. In this article I examine the teaching and learning about sexual diversity that occurred within the informal curriculum of a top 20 US medical school. Previous research has found that the informal milieu of medical education is a site where sexual minority medical students may experience marginalization, and I found that this continues to be the case. However, I also argue that this aspect of medical education has the potential to be a very powerful form of curriculum concerning sexual diversity. The (in)visibility of sexual diversity within the interactions that comprise the informal curriculum shaped what all students, regardless of their own sexual identity, learned about sexual diversity and its place within the medical profession. Additional ethnographic research on the informal curricular processes that produce knowledge and understandings about sexual diversity in medical education may inform the development of robust policy interventions to ensure a more equitable environment for sexual minority members of the medical profession, and perhaps ultimately, more equitable, effective care of sexual minority patients.
      PubDate: 2018-05-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-018-0336-y
       
  • Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men:
           Experiences with Diagnosis, Treatment, and Reinfection
    • Authors: Brian A. Feinstein; Trey V. Dellucci; Simon Graham; Jeffrey T. Parsons; Brian Mustanski
      Abstract: Despite high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), little is known about their experiences with diagnosis, treatment, and reinfection. To fill this gap, we interviewed 17 YMSM ages 18–29 who participated in an online HIV prevention trial and tested positive for STIs at both the baseline and 3-month follow-up assessments. Participants were asked about their reactions to testing positive, experiences with treatment, disclosure to partners, and changes in thinking and behavior. Reactions were diverse, the most common being surprise and concern. Most participants sought treatment, although type of provider varied (e.g., primary care physician, clinic that specialized in gay/bisexual men’s health). Providers tended to retest participants, but some did so at the incorrect anatomical site. Participants who felt comfortable talking to providers about STIs tended to use their regular provider or one who specialized in gay/bisexual men’s health. Most participants described changes in their thinking and behavior (e.g., increased condom use, fewer sex partners, questioning whether or not they could trust their partners). Most participants disclosed to at least one partner, but some did not remember or were not in contact with partners. Experiences were similar the first and second time participants tested positive for STIs during the study with a few exceptions (e.g., more self-blame and comfort talking to providers the second time). In sum, YMSM have diverse experiences with STI diagnosis and treatment. Implications for public policy and STI prevention are discussed.
      PubDate: 2017-12-11
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0312-y
       
  • “Talk More About It”: Emerging Adults’ Attitudes About How and When
           Parents Should Talk About Sex
    • Authors: Katrina L. Pariera; Evan Brody
      Abstract: Sexual communication from parents is crucial to healthy sexual well-being in young people, yet there is a dearth of research offering evidence-based guidelines for how and when parent-child sexual communication should take place. The perspective of youth on what works and when conversations should happen is also largely absent from the literature. We conducted a mixed-methods study on emerging adults’ (N = 441) beliefs about the ideal age and frequency for parents to discuss sex-related topics, and about their parents’ strengths and weaknesses in sexual communication. Most participants reported that parents should talk about sex frequently, early, and on a wide variety of topics. They also recommended parents to be open, honest, and realistic when talking to their children about sex. We discuss implications for how to reposition parents to engage in successful sexual communication, and thus improve sexual health and well-being for young people.
      PubDate: 2017-12-09
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0314-9
       
  • “What Should I Do'”: Young Women’s Reported Dilemmas
           with Nude Photographs
    • Authors: Sara E. Thomas
      Abstract: Sexting and sending nude and semi-nude photographs continues to be at the forefront of discourse pertaining to adolescence. While researchers have explored consequences for sexting, less is known about the challenges adolescents face when making decisions about sending photographs. Using online personal accounts posted by adolescents, this study explores young women’s reported dilemmas with sending nude photographs to their peers. A thematic analysis of 462 stories reveals that young women received conflicting messages which told them both to send and refrain from sending photographs. In addition to sending photographs in the hope of gaining a relationship, young women also reported sending photographs as the result of coercion by male counterparts in the form of persistent requests, anger, and threats. Young women attempted to navigate young men’s coercive behaviors yet frequently resorted to compliance. Refusal was often met with repeated requests or threats. Alternative tactics were largely absent from young women’s stories, indicating that young women do not have tools to successfully navigate the challenges they face.
      PubDate: 2017-12-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s13178-017-0310-0
       
 
 
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