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  Subjects -> SOCIOLOGY (Total: 496 journals)
Showing 201 - 382 of 382 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Review of Social Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Review of Sociology: Revue Internationale de Sociologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Studies in Sociology of Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IRIS European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Irish Journal of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Italian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Italian Sociological Review     Open Access  
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Journal for the Study of Radicalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of African Studies and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ayn Rand Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Borderlands Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chinese Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Classical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Cognition and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Critical Realism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Culture, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Ecological Anthropology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Ethnic & Cultural Diversity in Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of European Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Family Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Family Therapy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Global Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Health and Social Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Historical Pragmatics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Historical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of humanistic counseling     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Humanitarian Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of International and Intercultural Communication     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Islamic Law and Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Latino-Latin American Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Mathematical Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Middle East Women's Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of New Zealand & Pacific Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Policy History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Politeness Research. Language, Behaviour, Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Political Power     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Poverty and Social Justice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Prevention & Intervention Community     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Public and Professional Sociology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion & Spirituality in Social Work: Social Thought     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Social and Personal Relationships     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Social Development in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Social Ontology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Social, Behavioral, and Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Sociolinguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Trafficking and Human Exploitation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Urbanism: International Research on Placemaking and Urban Sustainability     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Journal of Victorian Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Vietnamese Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of World-Systems Research     Open Access  
Judgment and Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Jurnal Komunitas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (Indonesian Journal of Community Engagement)     Open Access  
K&K : Kultur og Klasse     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kamchatka : Revista de análisis cultural     Open Access  
KARSA : Jurnal Sosial dan Budaya Keislaman     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kultura i Spoleczenstwo     Open Access  
Kultura-Społeczeństwo-Edukacja     Open Access  
L'Orientation scolaire et professionnelle     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
La Nouvelle Revue du Travail     Open Access  
Laboreal     Open Access  
Landscapes of Violence     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lengas     Open Access  
Les Cahiers de Framespa     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Life Sciences, Society and Policy     Open Access  
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics     Open Access  
Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure     Hybrid Journal  
London Journal of Canadian Studies     Open Access  
Lutas Sociais     Open Access  
Luxury : History, Culture, Consumption     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Masyarakat : Jurnal Sosiologi     Open Access  
Memorias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Mental Health and Social Inclusion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Meridians : feminism, race, transnationalism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Metaphor and Symbol     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Metaphor and the Social World     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
methaodos.revista de ciencias sociales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Michigan Family Review     Open Access  
Michigan Feminist Studies     Open Access  
Middle West Review     Full-text available via subscription  
Miranda     Open Access  
Miscelánea Comillas. Revista de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales     Open Access  
Moussons : Recherche en Sciences Humaines sur l’Asie du Sud-Est     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Narrative Works     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Neuroscience of Decision Making     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
New Zealand Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Nordic Journal of Migration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Novos Rumos Sociológicos     Open Access  
Observatorio Laboral Revista Venezolana     Open Access  
OGIRISI : a New Journal of African Studies     Open Access  
Opcion     Open Access  
P3T : Journal of Public Policies and Territory     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Papers. Revista de Sociologia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PArtecipazione e COnflitto     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
People and Place     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Philosophy & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Política y sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Porn Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
PRISM : A Journal of Regional Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society     Full-text available via subscription  
Profanações     Open Access  
Professions and Professionalism     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Protée     Full-text available via subscription  
Psicologia & Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Relations Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Punk & Post Punk     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pyramides     Open Access  
QED : A Journal in GLBTQ Worldmaking     Full-text available via subscription  
Quaderni di Sociologia     Open Access  
Qualitative Sociology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Race/Ethnicity : Multidisciplinary Global Perspectives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
RASE : Revista de la Asociación de Sociología de la Educación     Open Access  
RASP - Research on Ageing and Social Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Recherches féministes     Full-text available via subscription  
Recherches sociologiques et anthropologiques     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Relations : Beyond Anthropocentrism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religion and Society in Central and Eastern Europe     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Organizational Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research on Emotion in Organizations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Research, Society and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Review of Japanese Culture and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Review of Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Revista Angolana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Desenvolvimento Regional     Open Access  
Revista Catalana de Sociologia     Open Access  
Revista de Ciencias Sociales (Cl)     Open Access  
Revista de Economia e Sociologia Rural     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de História Bilros. História(s), Sociedade(s) e Cultura(s)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Movimentos Sociais e Conflitos     Open Access  
Revista de Psicología Social, International Journal of Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Sociologia e Polí­tica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista de Sociologia, Antropologia e Cultura Jurídica     Open Access  
Revista del CESLA     Open Access  
Revista El Topo     Open Access  
Revista Eletrônica Direito e Sociedade - REDES     Open Access  
Revista Internacional de Sociología     Open Access  
Revista Katálysis     Open Access  
Revista Labor     Open Access  
Revista Latina de Sociología     Open Access  
Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios sobre Cuerpos, Emociones y Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mad. Revista del Magíster en Análisis Sistémico Aplicado a la Sociedad     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Sociologí­a     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Revista Nuevo Humanismo     Open Access  
Revista Pós Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Revista Sinais     Open Access  
Revista TOMO     Open Access  
Revue de la régulation     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revue de Recherche en Civilisation Américaine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue d’ethnoécologie     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Internationale De Securite Sociale     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
RIPS. Revista de Investigaciones Politicas y Sociologicas     Open Access  
Rivista di Sessuologia Clinica     Full-text available via subscription  
RUDN Journal of Sociology     Open Access  
Rural China     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Rural Sociology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Salud & Sociedad     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Scientiae Studia     Open Access  
Secuencia     Open Access  
Século XXI – Revista de Ciências Sociais     Open Access  
Seminar : A Journal of Germanic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Senses and Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Serendipities : Journal for the Sociology and History of the Social Sciences     Open Access  
Sexuality Research and Social Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Sexualization, Media, & Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Signs and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Simmel Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Social Change Review     Open Access  
Social Currents     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Social Dynamics: A journal of African studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Social Forces     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 53)
Social Inclusion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Social Networking     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Social Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Social Problems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 51)
Social Psychology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Social Psychology Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Social Transformations in Chinese Societies     Full-text available via subscription  
Sociální studia / Social Studies     Open Access  
Sociedad y Religión     Open Access  
Sociedade e Cultura     Open Access  
Societal Studies     Open Access  
SocietàMutamentoPolitica     Open Access  
Societies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Society and Culture in South Asia     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Society and Mental Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Socio-logos     Open Access  

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Journal Cover Qualitative Sociology
  [SJR: 0.667]   [H-I: 36]   [39 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1573-7837 - ISSN (Online) 0162-0436
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2351 journals]
  • Saving Marriage Culture “One Marriage at a Time”: Relationship
           Education and the Reinstitutionalization of Marriage in an Era of
           Individualism
    • Authors: Jennifer Randles; Orit Avishai
      Abstract: Since 2000, U.S. federal and state governments have devoted almost $1 billion to marriage and relationship education (MRE) programs that teach the skills and attitudes associated with satisfying, long-term marriages. While advocates argue that MRE is an effective way to counter the negative social outcomes resulting from marital decline, critics contend that it is an ideological policy focused on reinstating the moral primacy of heterosexually married families. Drawing on two ethnographies we argue that this debate misses a key feature of MRE. These interventions simultaneously trace structural issues to individualistic tendencies and assume that social problems related to marriage demand individual-level solutions. We consider how this dilemma played out in social spaces where marriage and relationship education policy was discussed and implemented and how MRE advocates navigated this tension, specifically by articulating, codifying, and teaching new individualized norms for marital behavior. This qualitative case study illustrates a common tension in the framing of social problems in the U.S.: Structural issues are translated into individual deficiencies even when the problem is identified as individualism, thereby limiting the scope of perceived solutions.
      PubDate: 2018-02-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-018-9375-1
       
  • Learning to Need a Gun
    • Authors: Harel Shapira; Samantha J. Simon
      Abstract: Millions of Americans feel the need to carry guns with them everywhere they go. They feel this need in their minds as well as in their bodies. Cognitively, they feel their lives are in danger and physically, they feel unease when they are not carrying their guns. In this article, we demonstrate that the practice of carrying guns is constituted by both cognitive schemas about risk and safety, as well as sensory and embodied experiences of comfort, and even pleasure, in holding, shooting, and carrying a gun. As with other social practices, these cognitive schemas and embodied experiences are not innate, but rather learned. Drawing on interviews with 46 people who regularly carry guns, as well as fieldwork at firearms training schools, we examine the process by which people learn the cognitive schemas (how people think about guns) and embodied experiences (how people physically experience guns) associated with the practice of carrying guns.
      PubDate: 2018-01-30
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-018-9374-2
       
  • Non-threatening Muslim Men: Stigma Management and Religious Observance in
           America
    • Authors: Pooya S. D. Naderi
      Abstract: In Western contexts, the social identities of Muslim men pose a persistent predicament. Yet few studies have conceptualized the ways in which these identities are negotiated in encounters with non-Muslim publics. In this study, I examine how Muslim men experience, interpret, and cope with anti-Islamic attitudes by analyzing in-depth interviews with twenty-six young observant Muslims living in the midwestern United States. I find that participants use a combination of embodied, relational, situational, and gender-signifying strategies to manage interactions with non-Muslim audiences. Using a dramaturgical framework, I conceptualize these strategies as allaying embodiment, venial accommodation, and claiming normality, and distinguish each in terms of individual adherence and collaborative appeals to prevailing gender norms in American culture. This conciliatory course of action suggests that Muslims’ experiences of stigma are contoured by (a) an awareness of and ability to confront deviant gender displays, and (b) the physical, relational, discursive, and situational intrusions of these displays—the vicinity of stigma. The implications of this research for how stigmatized groups confront and reconcile in-group/out-group gender expectations are also discussed.
      PubDate: 2018-01-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-018-9372-4
       
  • Life Histories and Political Commitment in a Poor People’s Movement
    • Authors: Marcos Emilio Perez
      Abstract: Even though social movement research has developed an elaborate understanding of how individuals get involved in collective action, our theories frequently fail to capture the full diversity of activists’ experiences following recruitment. In this article, I argue that in order to analyze why people follow different trajectories after they join a movement we need to focus on the interaction between their individual backgrounds and their experiences while mobilized. I address these issues through the study of activists in the unemployed worker’s movement in Argentina (also known as the Piqueteros), one of Latin America’s most influential contemporary instances of collective action. Drawing on 133 in-depth interviews with current and former activists, as well as participant observation of events in their organizations, I find that through the interplay between their practices in the movement and other aspects of their lives, some of them gradually see participation as an end in itself. Their involvement provides refuge from the personal consequences of long-term socioeconomic decline by offering a combination of three particular rewards: access to places to belong, a feeling of empowerment, and the recognition by others in the community.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-018-9371-5
       
  • Deepening the Explanation of Radical Flank Effects: Tracing Contingent
           Outcomes of Destructive Capacity
    • Authors: Rune Ellefsen
      Abstract: Radical flank effect (RFE) research has too often ignored the conditions under which particular RFEs occur and failed to acknowledge that RFEs might change over time, producing different, yet interrelated, outcomes across societal arenas. In order to fill these gaps, this article argues for expanding the framework to be used in analysis of RFEs by incorporating insights from recent social movement theory, and thus adding temporal and arena dimensions. This enables a deeper explanation of the conditions under which specific RFEs occur—and change—in more complex empirical settings where several actors interact in distinct arenas over time. The analytical approach is employed in the case study of the international Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty (SHAC) campaign and its engagement with corporate and state adversaries throughout a fifteen-year period in the UK. The analysis does two things: first, it identifies the pathways along which the overall campaign attained its destructive capacity, which was key to the SHAC campaign’s short-term successes, and secondly, it explicates the variables and factors in distinct arenas that explain why the initial positive outcome was reversed. Thus, the analysis reveals the contingency of RFEs by comparing their short and long-term outcomes, and it explains why and how the outcomes changed. Broadly, the aim is to produce a deeper explanation of RFEs, while also suggesting ways to expand this strand of research by, for example, examining the radical flank dilemma that results from the contingent outcomes of RFEs.
      PubDate: 2018-01-24
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-018-9373-3
       
  • Cultural Boundaries to Access in Farmers Markets Accepting Supplemental
           Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)
    • Authors: Savannah Larimore
      Abstract: The alternative food movement aims to alleviate racial and class inequalities in the conventional American food system by providing economically and socially sustainable markets that invigorate communities while providing access to environmentally safe, nutritious foods. While activists and organizers reach towards this ideal, many alternative food markets fall short, creating additional cultural barriers to food access that restrict participation among marginalized groups. Through ethnographic methods including participant observation and formal, semi-structured interviews, I examine the process through which these cultural barriers are created and persist in two urban farmers markets; both markets are located in or in very close proximity to food deserts and accept Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP; formerly known as food stamps). I find that one field site has been successful in integrating low-income, minority consumers into the market economy, while the other field site has not. I identify three salient narratives—norms of market participation, the concept of community, and perceptions of low-income consumers—that differ in content across markets. In addition, based on interviews and field notes, I describe the alternative food system experiences of low-income, racial minority consumers who reside in food deserts and or receive SNAP. I build on previous theories of cultural distinction and boundary maintenance in alternative food systems and offer several implications based on these findings.
      PubDate: 2017-11-29
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9370-y
       
  • The Maintenance of Untenable Values: an Ethnographic Study of Group-Level
           Strategies to Manage Conflict
    • Authors: Rebecca L. Durkee
      Abstract: This study examines how members of a group rife with contradiction manage the friction or tension that results from persistent violations of expectations for values and behaviors. Through ethnographic observation, I find that local practices impact processes of tension creation and reduction. Local cultural practices – including the use of both material and nonmaterial cultural elements – of managing friction within groups have been so thoroughly woven into the routine behaviors of the group that these practices enable members to continue membership and participation in the group despite frequent dissonant or conflictual experiences. I propose the concept of routinized management to describe this phenomenon. By elaborating Fine’s Sociology of the Local, I offer a theoretical account of both the micro- and mesolevel processes that facilitate the maintenance of untenable values in the field.
      PubDate: 2017-10-12
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9369-4
       
  • Doing Testing: How Concrete Competence can Facilitate or Inhibit
           Performances of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder
    • Authors: Douglas W. Maynard; Jason J. Turowetz
      Abstract: This article contributes to the sociology of science and technology through the study of language use and social interaction. As an analysis of how clinicians examine children to diagnose developmental disabilities, it involves the sociology of testing and standardization, with our particular focus on Autism Spectrum Disorders. Whereas previous research has concentrated primarily on the outcomes of testing, such as diagnostic trends, little has been written about the tests by which these trends are produced. Our analysis shows how psychometric tests operate to shape the interactive environments (those established by the test instrument, scoring metrics, etc.). Additionally, the interactional environment (the practices by which protocols are implemented as clinician and child do the test) exerts an influence on performance. In short, the interactive and interactional environment may affect the measurement of ability and difference in children. We propose that the emphasis of clinical tests on measuring second-order, abstract competence—or the ability to produce general answers to theoretical questions—may obscure various kinds of first-order, concrete competence and “autistic intelligence” a child displays. As forms of first-order, concrete competence, we examine orientation in situ to testing history, narrative combinations of test items, and using filler words for test item answers.
      PubDate: 2017-10-10
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9368-5
       
  • Should We Stay or Should We Go' Local and National Factionalism in the
           National Organization for Women
    • Authors: Kelsy Kretschmer
      Abstract: While the National Organization for Women (NOW) has endured over time, it has faced significant internal factionalism. In this article, I ask why some of these factions resulted in schisms, while other factions persisted in NOW over time. This is a critical question for understanding how organizational location and factional collective identities combine to produce different outcomes when internal conflict breaks out. My analysis of interview, archival, and secondary data indicates that organizational location influences factions’ independent collective identities, shaping what they want and their perceptions of opportunities to change their organization. Compared to national level factions, local factions also lack the ability to use NOW’s hierarchical structure to their advantage in their effort to stay. This sheds lights on the distinct patterns of factionalism and schism in formalized groups.
      PubDate: 2017-10-08
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9365-8
       
  • Participatory Skepticism: Ambivalence and Conflict in Popular Discourses
           of Participatory Democracy
    • Authors: Patricia García-Espín; Ernesto Ganuza
      Abstract: In recent years researches have focused on the preferences of ordinary citizens towards democratic deepening, asking: Do people want more institutional participation' The present work analyzes how different classes of people envisage a participatory democracy and its problems. Supported by qualitative research based on 16 focus groups conducted in Spain between 2011 and 2013, it is shown that skepticism plays a central role in the views of participatory democracy. Doubts surrounding its viability, negative expectations on the responsiveness of governments and, overall, distrust of the capacities of ordinary citizens, contribute to skepticism. In some groups these beliefs lead to a rejection of participatory reforms. In other groups, participants harbor hopes and positive prospects. For them, the key point is faith in education as a shortcut to political equality.
      PubDate: 2017-10-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9367-6
       
  • Everyday Violence in Central America as Seen Through the Life of One Woman
    • Authors: Laura J. Enríquez
      Abstract: Everyday violence in Central America assumes diverse forms, with the structural violence intrinsic to the poverty and inequality in the region being the most predominant. The life story of Andrea embodies many elements of that violence, as it led to her entering the labor force as a child, to her having her own children early, and to her employment in the service sector. But, Andrea came of age during a revolution in her country—that waged by the Sandinistas in the 1980s—which provided her family with resources of both a material and non-material nature. The changes it wrought, however, were not deep enough to transform the opportunities of the next generation and were undercut in its aftermath. Hence, Andrea’s aspiration for her children to have different lives from her own required her emigration to achieve it. Yet, it was also the revolution, in the form of a network that emerged from it, that made possible her work abroad in Italy. She was able to earn enough there to provide the education for her children that she sought. Drawing on an oral history I collected from Andrea, this article portrays the challenges she confronted, the ways she addressed them, and how her life course has been produced by the interaction between these phenomena. In addition to telling her story and describing the ways in which structural violence colored it, the article highlights the broader social, economic, and political dynamics that make this about more than just one woman.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9366-7
       
  • Sardonic Atheists and Silly Evangelicals: the Relationship between
           Self-Concept and Humor Style
    • Authors: Rick Moore
      Abstract: Humor is widely used as a means of supporting group solidarity, but what determines the direction that this humor takes (i.e. its quality and targets)' I suggest that the answer lies in an interaction between self-concept, perceptions of outgroups and micro group culture. Aspects of self-concept that are central for a group’s identity work, especially how the group imagines outsiders, open possibilities for certain types of humor while closing off others. Then micro-cultural processes, heavily dependent on the exact persons present in a given interaction, influence the humorous forms used. This process explains why groups in roughly similar structural positions often make use of humor to generate solidarity in strikingly different ways, as well as why styles of humor vary, within limits, within groups. I provide illustrations of this process in two religious minority groups with very different humorous styles: atheists in the Bible Belt and evangelical Christians in Chicago.
      PubDate: 2017-10-02
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9364-9
       
  • Individualism and Marriage: Ideal Types for Making Sense of the
           Relationship between Self and Sacrifice
    • Authors: Karen Hooge Michalka; Mary Ellen Konieczny; Elexis Ellis
      Abstract: The question of how the individual and group relate is one that has long interested social theorists. Changes in family form and structure in the contemporary West resituate this question in a contentious public debate regarding how the prevalence of new family forms may contribute or be deleterious to the well-being of individuals and families. Sociological discourse on marriage and the family generally tends to mirror this debate by dichotomizing individualism and commitment and self and marriage, resulting in an obfuscation of our understanding of the forms and styles in marriage. In order to clarify and advance this discussion, we show how individualism and commitment are mutually required in a modern world. We follow this by outlining a logically-derived typology that, along with a committed individualist and a group conformer, includes two intermediate types: a self-regulator and a relationship negotiator. We empirically demonstrate the utility of these types by showing how they correspond with the ways that interviewees talk about marriage in six local congregations, and we suggest various social factors that may particularly impact the development of local marriage cultures. These types provide a theoretical frame for understanding how individualism and commitment are intertwined and require each other.
      PubDate: 2017-07-13
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9357-8
       
  • Gender and Performance Capital among Local Musicians
    • Authors: Diana L. Miller
      Abstract: This article extends Bourdieu’s field theory to explain how learning spaces in the Toronto folk and metal scenes create gendered access to a field-specific form of cultural capital: performance capital, or the instrumental and interpersonal skills required to perform music. Folk musicians develop performance capital in open-access spaces, such as workshops and open stages at local folk clubs, while metal musicians learn in private spaces such as garages, basements, and rented rehearsal rooms. Folk’s learning spaces are open to all aspiring musicians, while access to heavy metal’s learning spaces relies on social networks from which women are often excluded. These different processes of capital development can lead to greater or lesser opportunities for women to become cultural producers: In Toronto, women make up approximately five percent of heavy metal musicians, but almost half of practicing folk musicians.
      PubDate: 2017-07-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9360-0
       
  • Immigration and Borders
    • Authors: Stephanie A. Pullés
      PubDate: 2017-07-01
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9362-y
       
  • “Becoming a Parent Changes Everything”: How Nonbeliever and Pagan
           Parents Manage Stigma in the U.S. Bible Belt
    • Authors: Amy I. McClure
      Abstract: Despite the increasing visibility of secularism and alternative religions in the United States, few have paid attention to the relationship between family roles and religious identity outside of mainstream Christian denominations. Guided by insights from theories of identity work, I compare stigma management strategies by two religiously marginalized groups. Based on participant-observation, in-depth interviews, and textual analysis, I show how nonbeliever and Pagan parents in the Bible Belt respond to perceived threats to their moral identities as “good parents.” Nonbeliever and Pagan parents manage their spoiled identities by engaging in defensive othering amongst subordinates, a form of stigma management, to distance themselves from discrediting stereotypes—specifically the “militant atheist” and the “hedonistic Pagan.” I demonstrate that access to greater financial and cultural capital (nonbeliever parents) allows for reliance on defensive othering to massage interpersonal relations, whereas access to low levels of financial and cultural capital (Pagan parents), prompts the need to rely on defensive othering as a matter of survival. Becoming a parent changes the dynamic of stigma management for individuals; pushing individual parents away from social justice activism and ultimately undercutting broader social movements for equality.
      PubDate: 2017-06-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9359-6
       
  • Failing to Learn, or Learning to Fail' Accounting for Persistence in
           the Acquisition of Spiritual Disciplines
    • Authors: Erin F. Johnston
      Abstract: Failures abound in religious and spiritual life: Religious prophecies can fail to come to fruition, prayers sometimes go unanswered, and adherents are often unable to feel God’s presence. Experiences of perceived failure and personal shortcoming — especially when frequent or salient — can erode religious commitment. How then can we account for individuals’ persistence in the face of these experiences' Drawing on fieldwork in two organizations dedicated to the transmission of personal spiritual disciplines — an Integral Yoga studio and a Catholic prayer house — I find that texts and teachers at both sites promote a similar interpretive style related to experiences of shortcoming, one which translates perceived failures into constitutive features of practice. In doing so, this authoritative discourse normalizes, universalizes, and even valorizes the most common sources of frustration and anxiety for practitioners. More, I find that this interpretive style is tied to both identity and progress: The enactment of these socially-sanctioned scripts becomes a way to project oneself and to identify others as committed and authentic practitioners. More broadly, this research draws attention to the ubiquity of failure in cultural systems, and to the challenges posed by these events. Drawing on insights from social psychology and cultural sociology, it reveals the importance of organizations, social interaction, and meaning-making in accounting for persistence.
      PubDate: 2017-06-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9361-z
       
  • Let People Be People: Everyday Substance Use in a Public Work Site
    • Authors: Laura A. Orrico
      Abstract: This article complicates the prevailing portrait of substance use as being incompatible with work. Drawing on in-depth ethnographic data of one informal economic zone collected over a four-year period between January 2010 and January 2014, I expose the daily interactions through which substance use becomes compatible with work and the mechanisms by which drug and alcohol use become embedded in the local ecology of a public work site. To capture the ways in which people link their substance use to their experience of work, I utilize three concepts—taking a break, maintaining a cycle, and tipping the balance—each of which is suggestive of different patterned relationships between substance use and work in public. Data indicate that people link their substance use to their work in different ways and with different consequences and that each of these patterned relationships becomes an interrelated part of a single social system. These findings add necessary nuance and complexity to substance use literature, which is more frequently focused on abject abuse and disorder, and provide a more complete understanding of the ways in which substance use practices become linked to urban economies. Furthermore, they illuminate how participation in informal economic activity can play a variety of roles in the lives of people engaged in substance use practices.
      PubDate: 2017-06-26
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9358-7
       
  • Time, Knowledge, and Power in Psychotherapy: A Comparison of Psychodynamic
           and Cognitive Behavioral Practices
    • Authors: Mariana Craciun
      Abstract: Time has long been recognized as a marker of professional control and a tool for the organization of work. Yet we know less about how temporality intersects with experts’ epistemic goals. This article illustrates how the patterning of time in psychotherapy shapes the construction of knowledge about mental illness and how this relationship is mediated by patients’ own interventions. I focus on psychodynamic and cognitive behavioral therapeutic practices and draw on data from ethnographic observations in an outpatient psychiatry clinic and in-depth interviews with psychotherapists. The article details the constitutive relationship between two dimensions of temporality: first, clock time, namely the length of treatment, the length and frequency of sessions, and the flow of the therapy hour, and second, the temporal epistemics of illness, its construction as a phenomenon with a past, present, and future. Clinicians in the two orientations attempt to construct particular temporal landscapes by integrating these two facets of their work. Yet they must always do so in response to patients’ own temporal interventions. By attending both to the organization of professional work and the temporality of illness, this article brings together two largely distinct literatures within medical sociology, namely scholarship on the profession of medicine and social scientific understandings of the temporal dimensions of illness. It shows that temporality is constitutive of how knowledge and power are negotiated in expert work.
      PubDate: 2017-04-27
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9355-x
       
  • Dealing with Trauma Experience and Political Violence Memory
    • Authors: Joanna Rak
      PubDate: 2017-04-17
      DOI: 10.1007/s11133-017-9356-9
       
 
 
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