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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2255 journals)
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CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (187 journals)                     

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AATCC Journal of Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Chemical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Applied Ceramics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biochemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Biofuel Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 9)
Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription  
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 10)
Chemical and Materials Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemical and Process Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical and Process Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Chemical Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Engineering Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemical Engineering Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Chemical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemical Product and Process Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 134)
Chemical Society Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 137)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Chinese Chemical Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coke and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coloration Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Computer Aided Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
CORROSION     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Corrosion Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Crystal Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Eksergi     Open Access  
Emerging Trends in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
European Polymer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Fibers and Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fluorescent Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gels     Open Access  
Geochemistry International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Handbook of Powder Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Heat Exchangers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
High Performance Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Hungarian Journal of Industry and Chemistry     Open Access  
Indian Chemical Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Indian Journal of Chemical Technology (IJCT)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Industrial Chemistry Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Gases     Open Access  
Info Chimie Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Chemoinformatics and Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Industrial Chemistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Polymeric Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Waste Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Crystallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Applied Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 100)
Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chemical Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chemical Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of CO2 Utilization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Fuels     Open Access  
Journal of Geochemical Exploration     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Information Display     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials     Partially Free   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Modern Chemistry & Chemical Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Organic Semiconductors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Polymer Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Polymer Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Polymer Science Part C : Polymer Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Polymers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Polymers and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Powder Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Chemical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 231)
Journal of the Bangladesh Chemical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India) : Series E     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Pakistan Institute of Chemical Engineers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia     Open Access  
Jurnal Reaktor     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Main Group Metal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Materials Chemistry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Materials Science and Applied Chemistry     Open Access  
Materials Sciences and Applied Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Molecular Imprinting     Open Access  
MRS Communications     Hybrid Journal  
Nanocontainers     Open Access  
Nanofabrication     Open Access  
Noise Control Engineering Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ochrona Srodowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych : Environmental Protection and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Petroleum Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Plasma Processes and Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Plasmas and Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Polymer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
Polymer Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Polymer Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Recyclable Catalysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research on Chemical Intermediates     Hybrid Journal  
Reviews in Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista Cubana de Química     Open Access  
Revista ION     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química     Open Access  
Rubber Chemistry and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Russian Chemical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Solid Fuel Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
South African Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sustainable Chemical Processes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Synthesis Lectures on Chemical Engineering and Biochemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Chemical Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Transition Metal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research     Open Access  
Visegrad Journal on Bioeconomy and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B : A Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

           

Journal Cover Geochemistry International
  [SJR: 0.491]   [H-I: 14]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1556-1968 - ISSN (Online) 0016-7029
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Comparative analysis of radioactive cesium wash-off from contaminated
           catchment areas after accidents at the Fukushima Dai-ichi and Chernobyl
           nuclear power plants
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper presents quantitative data on radiocesium wash-off (dissolved and particulate) from catchment areas after the accident at the Fukushima-1 nuclear power plant. The evaluations are conducted based on published data on radiocesium monitoring in streams in the accident zone and monitoring at standard USLE plots. The characteristics of radiocesium wash-off and its distribution coefficient in riverine waters and surface runoff are analyzed by comparing data obtained on the territories of the Fukushima and Chernobyl accidents within a few years after the accidents. The normalized radiocesium wash-off coefficients in solution for the Fukushima river catchment area are one to two orders of magnitude lower than the analogous values for the Chernobyl catchment area. The normalized wash-off coefficients of radiocesium on particulate matter in the Fukushima and Chernobyl catchment areas are comparable. However, at least twice higher mean annual precipitation and steeper slopes in the Fukushima catchment area result in a higher annual wash-off coefficient than that of the Chernobyl area. It is demonstrated that characteristics of radiocesium wash-off obtained at USLE plots can be utilized to evaluate the scales of natural catchment areas.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • The geothermal model of Mersin (Turkey) region
    • Abstract: Abstract The purpose of the study is to present the geothermal model of Mersin (Camili) region geothermal area with its geology, hydrogeology, hydrogeochemistry and isotope hydrology. The 1/25000 scale geology map obtained from the literature research is revised. In order to obtain a geothermal model, geological crosssections are extracted in certain points on the revised geology map. There are 3 hot water outlets. There are MC-1, C-1 and Uclu Cesme deep drillings. MC-1 well is 420 m, approximately 43.6°C temperature and 35 L/s flow rate and C-1 is 150 m, 40.3°C and 35 L/s. There is no exact information about the depth of Uclu Cesme well, but its average temperature is 37.5°C and it has a very low flow rate. Isotope analyses of the water samples obtained from these three wells and the Icme Dere are carried out by using the IRMS method with δ18O–δ2H (Deuterium) and IAEA method with 3H (Tritium). Radioactive Alpha-Beta determination and Physico-chemical and Bacteriological analyses of MC-1 well are made by using EPA 900.00. δ18O–δ2H isotope ratios clearly indicate a meteoric origin for the waters. In the light of all this information, the revised 1/25000 scare geology map of Mersin Guneyyolu (Camili) geothermal area is obtained; it is found out that hot waters are of meteoric origin; and the isotope hydrology and hydro-chemical assessment of the area is conducted to shape the geothermal model.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Geochemistry and petrogenesis of the Late Mesozoic–Early Cenozoic
           volcanic rocks of the Okhotsk and Japan marginal seas
    • Abstract: Abstract The results of ICP-MS trace-element (LILE, HFSE, REE) study of the Late Mesozoic–Early Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Okhotsk and Japan seas and geochronological K-Ar dating of the Eocene volcanic rocks are presented. Specifics of volcanism developed on submarine rises of these seas was characterized for the first time, and magma sources and geodynamic settings of the volcanic complexes predating the formation of the deep-water basins were determined. It is established that the Late Mesozoic magmas were formed in a subduction setting from spinel peridotites of suprasubduction mantle wedge, which was metasomatically reworked by aqueous fluids that were released by dehydration of sedimentary layer of subducting oceanic plate. This follows from the elevated concentrations of H2O, alkalis, potassium, LILE and LREE, and lowered HFSE (including Ta-Nb minimum) and HREE contents, at lowered Sm/Yb, Nb/Ta, Nb/Y and elevated La/Nb, Ba/La, and Zr/Y ratios. Eocene adakite-like volcanic rocks were identified for the first time in the Sea of Okhotsk. They vary from andesitic to more felsic compositions with elevated MgO (>4%) and elevated La/Yb (>14) and Sr/Y (50–60) ratios. Identification of adakite-like volcanic rocks serves as evidence in support of the transform continental-margin (or plate sliding) setting, which is characterized by breaking apart of subduction slab and formation of slab “windows” acting as pathways for the transfer of asthenospheric mantle into continental lithosphere. New geochemical data on the Late Mesozoic–Early Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Okhotsk and Japan seas and analysis of literature data were used to distinguish two geodynamic settings within these seas: subduction and transform margin. Similar settings operated at that time in the adjacent continental- margin volcanic belts (Akinin and Miller, 2011; Martynov and Khanchuk, 2013; et al.).
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Geochemical evolution of amphibolites and gneisses of the Belomorian
           mobile belt during Paleoproterozoic metamorphism
    • Abstract: Abstract We present the results of a comparative study of the geochemical changes of amphibolites and gneisses from the Belomorian mobile belt in response to plagiomigmatization, high-pressure metamorphism, two-feldspar migmatization, and secondary amphibolization during Paleoproterozoic (Svecofennian) tectonometamorphic activation. It is established that most of the Paleoproterozoic metamorphic processes are nonisochemical for major and trace elements, which is possibly caused by the interaction of protolithic rocks with metamorphic fluids. The finds of eclogites within the Belomorian mobile belt are spatially and genetically related to the large fields of apoamphibolite and apogneiss plagiomigmatites. Apoamphibolite eclogites, Grt–Aug eclogite-like rocks, apoamphibolite and apogneiss plagiomigmatites were formed by a single process initiated by the influence of an alkaline fluid on the amphibolite–gneiss complex. This was accompanied by the depletion of the rocks in HREE, enrichment in LREE, disappearance of the negative and formation of the positive europium anomaly. The formation of later two-feldspar migmatites was related to the reworking of the gneiss–migmatite–amphibolite complex by more acid fluids, which led to the depletion of microclinized rocks in LREE. Secondary amphibolization and epidotization of the basites and metabasites did not affect their REE distribution pattern.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Regional and local magmatic anomalies and tectonics of rift zones between
           the Antarctic and South American plates
    • Abstract: Abstract The study provides new understanding of magmatism at extinct and modern spreading zones around the western margin of East Antarctica from Bransfield Strait to the Bouvet Triple Junction (BTJ) in the Atlantic Ocean and reveals causes of geochemical heterogeneity of mantle magmatism during the early opening of the Southern Ocean. The results indicate the involvement of an enriched source component in the generation of parental melts, which was formed in several tectonic stages. The enriched (metasomatized) mantle generated at rift zones has geochemical characteristics typical of the western Gondwana lithosphere (with isotopic compositions similar to those inferred for the enriched HIMU and EM-2 sources). This mantle source may have been produced by the thermal erosion of the continental mantle during the early stages of the Karoo–Maud–Ferrar superplume activity. This enriched mantle generated in the apical parts of the plume (sub-oceanic) began to melt during tectonic displacement and fragmentation of Gondwana. The Bouvet Triple Junction, located along modern spreading zones between the Antarctic and South American plate, is characterized by a greater depth of melting and a higher degree of enrichment of primary tholeiitic magmas. The highest enrichment of magmas in this region is controlled by a contribution from a pyroxenite-rich component, which was also identified in the extinct spreading center in Powell Basin.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Volatile and trace elements in alkaline and subalkaline melts of ocean
           islands: Evidence from inclusions in minerals and quenched glasses of
           rocks
    • Abstract: Abstract Our database of published contents of volatile, major, and trace elements in melt inclusions in minerals and quenched glasses of volcanic rocks was used to calculate the mean compositions of alkaline and subalkaline melts of ocean islands. The data array included ~10300 determinations from more than 200 publications. The alkaline basic melts (mean Na2O + K2O is 4.75 wt %) are strongly enriched compared with the subalkaline melts (mean Na2O + K2O is 2.70 wt %) in volatile components (0.96 and 0.37 wt % H2O, 650 and 190 ppm Cl, 1480 and 320 ppm F, and 930 and 530 ppm S, respectively) and many trace elements. For instance, the alkaline and subalkaline melts contain 31.8 and 7.2 ppm Rb, 50.1 and 9.6 ppm Nb, and 39.9 and 5.7 ppm La, respectively. Such relations were not observed for V, Cr, Co, Cu, Ga, and Sc. As to the major elements, the alkaline melts show significantly higher contents of Ti, Fe, and P, but lower contents of Si and Mg compared with the subalkaline melts. The enrichment of the alkaline melts in many trace elements compared with the subalkaline melts is retained also in silicic melts. The distribution of trace elements suggests a higher contribution of pyroxenite material during the formation of alkaline melts.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Bioaccumulation of mercury in fish as indicator of water pollution
    • Abstract: Abstract The mercury content is studied in fish from the European Russian lakes and rivers. The results revealed significant accumulation of mercury in fish as the uppermost trophic level of aquatic ecosystems even at extremely low (<10 ng/L) content of this element in water. The maximum accumulation was found in the predatory fishes from Middle and Lower Volga, Severnaya Dvina, and small lakes subjected to anthropogenic air pollution. The influence of temperature and geochemical factors on the penetrative ability of mercury in a fish organism is considered.
      PubDate: 2016-06-01
       
  • Physicochemical characteristics of mine waters in the Urals
    • PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Chemical transformation of the runoff of dissolved matters in the mouth
           areas of the Onega and Mezen’ rivers
    • Abstract: Abstract Natural observations were analyzed to study the distribution of dissolved species of major and trace elements in the Onega and Mezen’ mouth areas and the tendencies in the chemical transformations of the is continental runoff in the river mouths of the White Sea drainage system. It is shown that the migration of major ions and dissolved species of Li, Rb, Cs, Sr, B, F and Mo is consistent with a conservative behavior and is controlled by hydrodynamic processes. The amounts of uranium and barium additionally supplying in the Mezen’ mouth exceed those removed with a continental runoff, whereas the Onega, Severnaya Dvina, and other rivers of the White Sea drainage system are characterized by the conservative behavior of uranium, while barium desorption from particulate matter reaches no more than 33% of its content in the riverine waters. The growth of concentrations of these elements in the Mezen’ mouth is caused by the long-term interaction of solid matters of the continental runoff with saline waters in the tide-affected estuary. 28–59, 12–63, 25–67 and 20–63% of concentrations of iron, aluminum, lanthanum, and cerium are removed from the riverine waters in the mouth areas of all studied rivers of the White Sea drainage system mainly owing to the coagulation and flocculation of organic and organomineral colloids. The distribution of dissolved species of mineral phosphorus and silicon in the Mezen’ mouth is presumably controlled by the remineralization of the organic matter in the bottom sediments, which due to the hydrological features of estuary are regularly stirred up and interact with vertically mixing water sequence. Up to 20–46% of dissolved phosphates and 3–22% of silicon are removed from the continental runoff during vegetation period in the mouths of the Onega, Severnaya Dvina, and other rivers of the White Sea drainage system mainly owing to their biological consumption.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Techniques for identification of the fine structure of the Polyarnaya
           sequence and sediments of the marine isotope stage 6 in the central part
           of Arctic Ocean
    • PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Glimmerite-wehrlite xenolith from the ugandite of East African Rift:
           Mineral composition and conditions of formation
    • PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Oddo–Harkins evenness rule as an indication of the abundances of
           chemical elements in the Earth’s hydrosphere and estimations of the
           nature of cosmic bodies
    • PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Effect of sulfur concentration on diamond crystallization in the
           
    • Abstract: Abstract The paper presents results of experiments aimed at diamond synthesis in the Fe–C–S system at 5.3–5.5 GPa and temperatures of 1300–1370°C and detailed data on the microtextures of the experimental samples and the composition of the accompanying phases (Fe3C and Fe7C3 carbides, graphite, and FeS). It is demonstrated that diamond can be synthesized after temperatures at which carbides are formed are overcome and can crystallize within the temperature range of 1300°C (temperature of the peritectic reaction melt + diamond = Fe7C3) to 1370°C (of thermodynamically stable graphite) under the appearance experimental pressure. The possible involvement of natural metal- and sulfur-bearing compounds in the origin of natural diamond is discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Gas mixing with aqueous solution in the ore-forming hydrothermal process:
           an example of gold
    • Abstract: Abstract The mixing of gas and aqueous fluid in hydrothermal ore-forming processes is discussed with reference to gold deposits to demonstrate that this phenomenon may affect ore deposition. Data on fluid inclusions in samples from the Sukhoi Log and Olimpiadinskoe deposits in Russia are utilized to demonstrate possible implications of gas mixing with hydrothermal solution when gold ores are formed. A simplified thermodynamic model is suggested to show how interaction between aqueous saline solutions with pure carbon dioxide or carbon dioxide—methane mixture may affect gold solubility. Further studying such processes may provide interesting information for understanding the genesis of ore mineralization.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • 9th International Biogeochemical School
    • PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Ca–Al-rich inclusions in carbonaceous chondrites: the oldest solar
           system objects
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper presents a review of recent available data on the first solid condensates of the Solar System, which include refractory CAIs (Ca–Al-rich Inclusions) mostly composed of Ca, Al, Mg, and Ti minerals. A theoretical condensation sequence calculated from thermodynamic data confirmed that CAIs formed as fine-grained aggregates in the protoplanetary disk from an 16О-rich gas of solar composition at temperatures >1300° K and pressures <10–4 bar. Based on the diversity of CAI types, their mineralogical, bulk chemical, and isotopic compositions, it can be concluded that CAIs experienced melting and evaporation, possibly by shock waves, which may have occurred in the protoplanetary disk within a brief time interval. Some CAIs may have experienced multiple events such as melting, evaporation, and recycling back to the disk by means of a bipolar outflow. The CAIs having an absolute age of 4567.30 ± 0.16 Myr are the oldest objects in the Solar System. The study of CAIs revealed two distinct oxygen isotope reservoirs (16О-rich and 16О-poor) and established a chronology of the sequence of processes forming individual CAI components using Mg–Al, Cr–Mn and Pb–Pb isotopic systematics.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Geochemistry of major and rare earth elements in garnet of the Kal-e Kafi
           skarn, Anarak Area, Central Iran: Constraints on processes in a
           hydrothermal system
    • Abstract: Abstract Grossular-andradite (grandite) garnets, precipitated from hydrothermal solutions is associated with contact metamorphism in the Kal-e Kafi skarn show complex oscillatory chemical zonation. These skarn garnets preserve the records of the temporal evolution of contact metasomatism. According to microscopic studies and microprobe analysis profiles, the studied garnet has two distinct parts: the intermediate (granditic) composition birefringent core that its andradite content based on microprobe analysis varies between 0.68–0.7. This part is superimposed with more andraditic composition, and the isotropic rim which its andradite content regarding microprobe analysis ranges between 0.83–0.99. Garnets in the studied sample are small (0.5–2 mm in diameter) and show complex oscillatory zoning. Electron microprobe analyses of the oscillatory zoning in grandite garnet of the Kal-e Kafi area showed a fluctuation in chemical composition. The grandite garnets normally display core with intermediate composition with oscillatory Fe-rich zones at the rim. Detailed study of oscillatory zoning in grandite garnet from Kal-e Kafi area suggests that the garnet has developed during early metasomatism involving monzonite to monzodiorite granitoid body intrusion into the Anarak schist- marble interlayers. During this metasomatic event, Al, Fe, and Si in the fluid have reacted with Ca in carbonate rocks to form grandite garnet. The first step of garnet growth has been coeval with intrusion of the Kal-e Kafi granitoid into the Anarak schist- marble interlayers. In this period of garnet growth, change in fluid composition may cause the garnet to stop growing temporarily or keep growing but in a much slower rate allowing Al to precipitate rather than Fe. The next step consists of pervasive infiltration of Fe rich fluids and Fe rich grandite garnets formation as the rim of previously formed more Al rich garnets. Oscillatory zoning in the garnet probably reflects an oscillatory change in the fluid composition which may be internally and/or externally controlled. The rare earth elements study of these garnets revealed enrichment in light REEs (LREE) with a maximum at Pr and Nd and a negative to no Eu anomaly. This pattern is resulted from the uptake of REE out of hydrothermal fluids by growing crystals of calcsilicate minerals principally andradite with amounts of LREE controlled by the difference in ionic radius between Ca++ and REE3+ in garnet x site.
      PubDate: 2016-05-01
       
  • Low-temperature heat capacity and thermodynamic properties of PrPO 4
    • Abstract: Abstract The heat capacity of praseodymium orthophosphate PrPO4 was measured by adiabatic and relaxation calorimetric techniques at 5.12–345.54 K, and these data were utilized to calculate thermodynamic functions of PrPO4 at 6–350 K. The Gibbs free energy of PrPO4 formation Δ f G 0(298.15 K) is evaluated at 1851.8 ± 4.7 kJ mol–1.
      PubDate: 2016-04-01
       
  • Key processes determining secondary alterations in kimberlites
    • Abstract: Abstract A variety of hypotheses have been put forward as to the nature of secondary alteration. They were tested by using the amount of insoluble SiO2 accumulated in the rocks (Q) as the index of secondary alteration degree. This parameter allows any sample to be characterized with the degree of its secondary alteration. By putting Q values together with contents of CaO and rare earth elements, features of diamond crystal size distributions within samples in most altered kimberlites, and the distribution of these parameters over kimberlite bodies, we show that secondary processes occurred when kimberlites were exposed to postmagmatic solutions: fluids containing water and carbon dioxide. Endogenous fluids rose from the bottom of pipes along narrow local zones and spread beyond them at the top, involving larger rock masses. There, they mingled with vadose and phreatic water. The basicity decreased abruptly, inducing profound changes of rock-forming minerals and alteration of diamond crystal weight distribution by recrystallization. The study invokes a great body of factual information, including hundreds and thousands of analyzes of kimberlites from Yakutian diamond pipes: Botuobinskaya, Nyur’inskaya, Maiskaya, Internatsional’naya, Mir, Aikhal, Yubileinaya, Sytykanskaya, Udachnaya-West, and Udachnaya-East.
      PubDate: 2016-04-01
       
  • Silver and silver microparticles of the Cretaceous-Paleogene boundary
           sediment of Fish Clay Højerup (Stevns Klint, Denmark)
    • Abstract: Abstract We report the occurrence of micrometer-sized silver particles in the red (“impact” or “ejecta”) layer of the Fish Clay. These appear to be embedded into the biogenic/abiogenic calcite matrix. Energy dispersive X-ray analysis indicates that these microparticles are composed of pure silver (>99% of the total weight). Scanning electron microscopy images reveal irregular and predominantly rounded shapes with rugged surfaces. Numerous silver microparticles are spherical, and some exhibit dendritic textures. These microparticles were probably originated during the Chicxulub asteroid impact event, or immediately afterwards, and dispersed globally.
      PubDate: 2016-04-01
       
 
 
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