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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 2246 journals)
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CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (188 journals)                     

Showing 1 - 0 of 0 Journals sorted alphabetically
AATCC Journal of Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Chemical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 27)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Applied Ceramics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 50)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Biochemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biofuel Research Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Chemical Reaction Engineering & Catalysis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
ChemBioEng Reviews     Full-text available via subscription  
Chemical and Engineering News     Free   (Followers: 11)
Chemical and Materials Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemical and Process Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Chemical and Process Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Chemical Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Chemical Engineering Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Chemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Chemical Engineering Research Bulletin     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Chemical Engineering Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Chemical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemical Product and Process Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 127)
Chemical Society Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 143)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Chinese Chemical Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coke and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coloration Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Computer Aided Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
CORROSION     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Corrosion Engineering, Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Corrosion Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Crystal Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Eksergi     Open Access  
Emerging Trends in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
European Polymer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Fibers and Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Fluorescent Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Gels     Open Access  
Geochemistry International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Handbook of Powder Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Heat Exchangers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
High Performance Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Hungarian Journal of Industry and Chemistry     Open Access  
Indian Chemical Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Chemical Technology (IJCT)     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Indonesian Journal of Chemical Science     Open Access  
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Industrial Chemistry Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Industrial Gases     Open Access  
Info Chimie Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Chemoinformatics and Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Industrial Chemistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Polymeric Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Waste Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Crystallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Applied Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 102)
Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Bioprocess Engineering and Biorefinery     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chemical and Biological Interfaces     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chemical Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chemical Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of CO2 Utilization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access  
Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Geochemical Exploration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Information Display     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers and Materials     Partially Free   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Modern Chemistry & Chemical Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Molecular Catalysis A: Chemical     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Organic Semiconductors     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Polymer and Biopolymer Physics Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Polymer Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Polymer Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Polymer Science Part C : Polymer Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Polymers     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Polymers and the Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the American Chemical Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 245)
Journal of the Bangladesh Chemical Society     Open Access  
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of The Institution of Engineers (India) : Series E     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Pakistan Institute of Chemical Engineers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Water Chemistry and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Jurnal Bahan Alam Terbarukan     Open Access  
Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia     Open Access  
Jurnal Reaktor     Open Access  
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Main Group Metal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Materials Chemistry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Materials Science and Applied Chemistry     Open Access  
Materials Sciences and Applied Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription  
Modern Chemistry & Applications     Open Access  
Molecular Imprinting     Open Access  
Nanocontainers     Open Access  
Nanofabrication     Open Access  
Noise Control Engineering Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Ochrona Srodowiska i Zasobów Naturalnych : Environmental Protection and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Petroleum Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Physics and Chemistry of Glasses - European Journal of Glass Science and Technology Part B     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Plasma Processes and Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Plasmas and Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Polymer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 104)
Polymer Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Polymer Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Polyolefins Journal     Open Access  
Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Recyclable Catalysis     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research on Chemical Intermediates     Hybrid Journal  
Reviews in Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Revista Cubana de Química     Open Access  
Revista ION     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química     Open Access  
Rubber Chemistry and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Russian Chemical Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Science and Engineering of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
Solid Fuel Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
South African Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
South African Journal of Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Surface Engineering and Applied Electrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Sustainable Chemical Processes     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Synthesis Lectures on Chemical Engineering and Biochemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
The Chemical Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Theoretical Foundations of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Transition Metal Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Transylvanian Review of Systematical and Ecological Research     Open Access  
Visegrad Journal on Bioeconomy and Sustainable Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Zeitschrift für Naturforschung B : A Journal of Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

           

Journal Cover Geochemistry International
  [SJR: 0.399]   [H-I: 18]   [2 followers]  Follow
    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
   ISSN (Print) 1556-1968 - ISSN (Online) 0016-7029
   Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2335 journals]
  • Deep differentiation of alkali ultramafic magmas: Formation of carbonatite
           melts
    • Authors: I. D. Ryabchikov; L. N. Kogarko
      Pages: 739 - 747
      Abstract: Abstract The study of melt microinclusions in olivine megacrysts from meimechites and alkali picrites of the Maimecha–Kotui alkali ultramafic and carbonatite province (Polar Siberia) revealed that the melt compositions corrected for loss of olivine due to post-entrapment crystallization of olivine on inclusion walls (differentiates of primary meimechite magma) match well to the composition of nephelinites and olivine melilitites belonging to carbonatite magmatic series. Modeling of fractional crystallization of meimechite magmas results in the high-alkali melt compositions corresponding to the silicate–carbonate liquid immiscibility field. The appearance of volatile-rich melts at the base of magma-generating plume systems at early stages of partial melting can be explained by extraction of incompatible elements including volatiles, by near-solidus melts at low degrees of partial melting, and meimechites are an example of such magmas. Subsequent accumulation of CO2 in the residual melt results in generation of carbonate magma.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s001670291609007x
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Isotopic characteristics of the ermakovskoe
           fluorite–bertrandite–phenakite deposit (Western Transbaikalia)
    • Authors: G. S. Ripp; I. A. Izbrodin; E. I. Lastochkin; A. G. Doroshkevich; M. O. Rampilov; V. F. Posokhov
      Pages: 748 - 764
      Abstract: Abstract Isotope-geochemical study of the Ermakovskoe fluorine–beryllium deposit was carried out to estimate the ore sources and role of host carbonate rocks in its formation. We analyzed oxygen and carbon isotope compositions in marbles, skarn carbonates, ore and post-ore parageneses; oxygen isotope compositions in oxides, silicates, apatite; and sulfur isotope composition in sulfides and sulfates. Sources of fluids participating in the rock and ore formation were determined using hydrogen and oxygen isotope compositions in hydroxyl-bearing minerals: phlogopite from marbles, vesuvian from skarns, eudidymite and bertrandite from ore parageneses, and bavenite of the post-ore stage. Isotopic studies suggest crustal source of sulfur, oxygen, and carbon dioxide, while oxygen and hydrogen isotope compositions in the hydroxyl-bearing minerals points to the contribution of meteoric waters in the formation of the fluorine-beryllium ores.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916090056
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Zirconology of miaskites from the Ilmeny Mountains, South Urals
    • Authors: A. A. Krasnobaev; P. M. Valizer; S. V. Busharina; E. V. Medvedeva
      Pages: 765 - 780
      Abstract: Abstract It is shown that the replacement and long evolution of miaskitic zircons led to the formation of two main age groups: 420–380 Ma (I) and 260–240 Ma (II). The age of miaskites is estimated at 440–445 Ma. Zircons I bear traces of fragmentation, dissolution, and replacement; they have “flat” REE patterns typical of metasomatic (hydrothermal) types, which is caused by allochthonous nature of the studied miaskites. Zircons II with differentiated REE patterns are similar to magmatic varieties, but have metamorphic origin. Mineralogical–geochemical and age characteristics of zircons in combination with structural–compositional features of miaskites define their metasomatic nature. The origin of the early zircon generations was related to the Ordovician rifting, while late generations were formed during shear deformations at the final stage of the evolution of the Uralian orogen.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916070041
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Linear growth rate and sectorial growth dynamics of diamond crystals grown
           by the temperature-gradient techniques (Fe–Ni–C system)
    • Authors: Y. V. Babich; B. N. Feigelson; A. I. Chepurov
      Pages: 781 - 787
      Abstract: Abstract The paper reports data on the linear growth rates of synthetic diamond single crystals grown at high P–T parameters by the temperature-gradient technique in the Fe–Ni–C system. Techniques of stepwise temperature changes and generation of growth microzoning were applied to evaluate the growth rates of various octahedral and cubic growth sectors and variations in these rates with growth time. The maximum linear growth rates of the order of 100–300 µm/h were detected at the initial activation of crystal growth, after which the growth rates nonlinearly decreased throughout the whole growth time to 5–20 µm/h. The fact that the linear growth rates can broadly vary indicates that the inner structure and growth dynamics of single diamond crystals grown by the temperature-gradient technique should be taken into account when applied in mineral–geochemical studies (capture of inclusions, accommodation of admixture components, changes of the defective structure, etc.).
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080036
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Y–REE-Rich zircons of the Timan region: Geochemistry and economic
           significance
    • Authors: A. B. Makeyev; S. G. Skublov
      Pages: 788 - 794
      Abstract: Abstract Mineralogical–geochemical studies of zircon from the Ichet’yu occurrence revealed unusually high Y and HREE contents (correlative with the P content) in the inner parts and zones of approximately 10% of the grains. They represent the intermediate members of the zircon–xenotime join with a heterovalent scheme of isomorphism Zr4+ + Si4+ → (Y + HREE)3+ + P5+. Geochronological and mineralogical–geochemical data suggest that the Middle Timan basement (the most probable source of zircon of the Ichet’yu occurrence) is made up of the Paleoproterozoic rocks and possibly represents a continuation beneath the Mezen syneclise and Middle Timan of the Paleoproterozoic collisional structure, to which the Arkhangelsk diamond province is confined.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080073
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Hydrogeochemistry at mining districts
    • Authors: R. F. Abdrakhmanov; R. M. Akhmetov
      Pages: 795 - 806
      Abstract: Abstract The Southern Urals exemplifies hydrogeochemical environments at mining districts. Information obtained by studying the geochemistry of nonferrous-metal industrial wastes (both mine and dump drainage) is important not only because these wastes are potential sources of base metals but also in the context of geoecological problems. The Southern Urals is one of Russia’s principal producers of Cu and Zn concentrates for metallurgical processing: the region produces 12–15% Cu and 49% Zn concentrates in the country and 35% Cu and 69% Zn concentrates in the Urals. The Yubileinoe, Podol’skoe, Sibai, Uchaly, Novy Uchaly, and Gai deposits are the largest in the Urals. The ores of these deposits contain certain components (Se, Te, Cd, Co, Ga, Ge, In, Be, etc.) that are environmental contaminants. The volume of mine and dump drainage in the Southern Urals amounts to 9 million m3/year, and its mineralization varies from 3.0 to 30–40 g/L, occasionally as high as 365 g/L, with a sulfate, chloride–sulfate calcic–magnesian, magnesian–sodic, and magnesian–calcic composition of the waters. The minor and trace elements of the regional waste waters whose concentrations exceed the regional background values are Cu, Zn (one to four orders of magnitude), As, Cd (one to three orders of magnitude), Li and Be (one to two orders of magnitude). All waste waters transfer various contaminants into environmental subsystems and most actively modify the composition of the groundwaters. At the same time, dump drainage is a potentially important secondary source of valuable mineral components.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080024
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Geochemistry of sediments from Lake Grand, Northeast Russia
    • Authors: P. S. Minyuk; V. Ya. Borkhodoev
      Pages: 807 - 816
      Abstract: Abstract Major and trace element distribution in the bottom sediments from Hole 13 drilled in Lake Grand, Magadan district, was studied using the method of principal components. It was established that geochemical characteristics are correlated with environmental changes. The sediments of cold MIS2 and MIS4 are characterized by the enriched TiO2, MgO, Al2O3, Fe2O3, and Cr and low Na2O, K2O contents, which is related to the grain-size composition of sediments. Sediments of warm stages show an opposite tendency. High concentration peaks of iron, phosphorus, and manganese correspond to the accumulation levels of vivianite and ferromanganese rocks. Silica is represented by biogenic and abiogenic varieties. Maximum SiO2 contents were found in the Late Holocene sediments and mark the high biological productivity of the basin. Revealed variations of some elements are correlated with the Heinrich events.
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916070065
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Geochemical features of mature hydrocarbon systems and indicators of their
           recognition
    • Authors: S. A. Punanova; T. L. Vinogradova
      Pages: 817 - 823
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080103
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Calculation of equilibria in CO 2 –water–salt systems using
           the Frezchem model
    • Authors: M. V. Mironenko; V. B. Polyakov; G. M. Marion
      Pages: 824 - 828
      PubDate: 2016-09-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080085
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 9 (2016)
       
  • Age and geochemistry of zircon from the oldest metamorphic rocks of the
           Omolon Massif (Northeast Russia)
    • Authors: V. V. Akinin; I. L. Zhulanova
      Pages: 651 - 659
      Abstract: Abstract This study provides SHRIMP-RG data on zircons from garnet gedritites, the products of retrograde metamorphism of eclogite-like rocks constituting belonging to the basement of the Omolon Massif. The earliest episode recorded by oscillatory-zoned cores having high HREE and Ti contents occurred at 3.25–3.22 Ga (Paleoarchean) and is interpreted to represent an upper age limit of a metamorphic or magmatic protolith. One zircon core with a pronounced negative Eu anomaly yielded a concordant age of 2.6 Ga, which is interpreted to mark a Neoarchean episode of granite formation. The studied population of zircons provides the most distinct record of a Paleoproterozoic (1.9 Ga) event, which is marked by formation of garnet gedritites under amphibolite-facies conditions. This event is recorded by transparent recrystallization rims of preexisting large zircon grains and small newly-formed grains, which are characterized, compared with their cores, by lower crystallization temperatures and one order of magnitude lower concentrations of U, Th, and HREE, and the presence of garnet micro-inclusions.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916060021
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Chlorine partitioning between melt and aqueous chloride fluid phase during
           granite magma degassing. Part II. Crystallization-induced degassing of
           melts
    • Authors: O. A. Lukanin
      Pages: 660 - 680
      Abstract: Abstract An empirical computer model was developed to describe granite magma degassing and the partitioning behavior of Cl between melts and aqueous chloride fluids that formed during eutectic isobaric crystallization of magmas at pressures from 4 to 0.4 kbar and a temperature of 800 ± 25°C. This model is the extensions of the earlier model describing the decompression degassing of granite melts (Lukanin, 2015). The numerical modeling was performed for both closed-system conditions, when fluid remains in the system, and open-system conditions, when fluid is removed from the system. The results of numerical modeling revealed the main factors controlling the behavior of Cl during crystallization-induced degassing, such as the initial contents of Cl and H2O of the melts, pressure, and the degree of system openness. At high pressures (>1.6 kbar), isobaric crystallization is accompanied by a decrease in the concentrations of Cl in the melt (C Cl m ) and fluid phase (C Cl fl ). This tendency becomes even more pronounced in an open-system with increasing pressure and initial Cl content. A decrease in pressure in the range of 1.62–0.85 kbar results in a drastic change in the Cl behavior: the trend of C Cl fl and C Cl fl decrease dominating during crystallization at high pressures changes to the opposite. At low pressures (<0.85 kbar), the enrichment of the residual melts and released fluids in Cl leads at a certain stage of crystallization to the formation of a heterogeneous fluid consisting of two immiscible aqueous chloride phases, a waterdominated aqueous phase and a chloride-rich liquid (brine).
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080061
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Distribution of structural impurities and fluid microinclusions in cubic
           and coated diamond crystals from the Udachnaya pipe, Yakutia, Russia
    • Authors: I. N. Bogush; Z. V. Spetsius; O. E. Koval’chuk; B. S. Pomazanskiy
      Pages: 681 - 690
      Abstract: Abstract FTIR microspectroscopic data were used to construct two-dimension maps showing the distribution of structural impurities and mineral microinclusions in cubic and coated octahedral diamond crystals from the Udachnaya kimberlite pipe in Yakutia. Elevated concentrations of hydrogen and total nitrogen are detected in parts corresponding to the early growth of single-episode growth regions of diamond crystals. These concentrations decrease toward the peripheral portions of these regions. The microinclusions contain water and polyphase mineral associations that preserve a high residual pressure. Microinclusions in the coats of octahedral diamond crystals are dominated by silicates, in which the intensity of IR spectral bands increases toward the peripheries, whereas the cubes posses irregularly distributed domains rich in these phases. The carbonate phases of the microinclusions are distributed according to growth zones of the crystals, and their distribution is often not correlated with the concentrations of structural impurities. The facts that microinclusions in the diamond cuboids are dominated by carbonates and that the rims of the octahedra are dominated by silicates suggest that the diamonds crystallized from dominantly carbonate and silicate fluids/ melts, respectively. The chemical composition of the microinclusions point to an eclogitic paragenesis of the crystals. Facts are obtained that provide support for the earlier hypothesis that cubic diamond crystals and coated octahedral crystals grow at metasomatic interaction between deep fluids and eclogitic rocks in the lithospheric mantle.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080048
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Gallium concentration in natural melts and fluids
    • Authors: V. Yu. Prokof’ev; V. B. Naumov; V. A. Dorofeeva
      Pages: 691 - 705
      Abstract: Abstract We generalize, for the first time, published and original data on the gallium concentrations in natural magmatic melts and fluids obtained by studying quenched glasses in volcanic rocks and inclusions in minerals. Based on 2688 determinations, gallium concentrations in magmatic melts vary between 0.47 and 495 ppm at average content of 18.0 ppm (+4.2/–3.4). Gallium concentrations in magmatic melts generated in different geodynamic settings show different distribution. Minimum concentrations (on average, 16.0 ppm, +3.6/–2.9) are typical of the island-arc melts, while maximum contents were determined in melts of oceanic islands (on average, 29.1 ppm, +13.4/–9.2) and intracontinental rifts and hot spots (26.5 ppm, +25.4/–13.0). Published and new 339 determinations of gallium concentrations in natural fluids indicate the wider range of their variations as compared to those of melts: from 0.02 to 11260 ppm, at average 1.6 ppm (+10.8–1.4). The possible gallium fractionation in fluid—magmatic systems is discussed.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080097
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Computer simulation of the transformation of natural living matter into
           kerogen
    • Authors: B. N. Ryzhenko; E. S. Sidkina; E. V. Cherkasova
      Pages: 706 - 711
      Abstract: Abstract Thermodynamic simulation of the system living matter (algae, zooplankton, or green plants) + mineral matter (25% carbonates + 75% clay minerals) + standard seawater at temperatures and pressure corresponding to diagenesis indicates that kerogen can be synthesized, together with hydrocarbons and carbon dioxide, in the reaction mix. The removal of CO2(g) and N2(g) from the system is favorable for the reaction Δ1C292H288O12 (s; H/C = 0.99, O/C = 0.041) → Δ2C128H68O7 (s; H/C = 0.53, O/C = 0.055) + xСH4(aq) + yCO2(aq) + zH2O, whose constant and stoichiometric coefficients were calculated based on the simulation results. It is demonstrated that a pressure increase is favorable, while a temperature increase is not, for the procedure of this reaction at P-T parameters of diagenesis: log K =–567 (20°C, 35 bar), 1170 (20°C, 200 bar),–1530 (20°C, 60 bar), and +1030 (20°C, 600 bar).
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916080115
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Analysis of accumulation conditions of minor elements in mineral waters:
           An example of hydrocarbonate sodic waters of the Nagutskoe mineralized
           groundwater field
    • Authors: O. A. Limantseva; E. G. Potapov; S. P. Danilov; E. V. Cherkasova
      Pages: 712 - 718
      Abstract: Abstract Computer simulations of carbon dioxide leaching of Aptian–Albian sandstone at the Nagutskoe groundwater field, Caucasian Mineral Waters, are compared with laboratory experimental data obtained using a high-pressure autoclave under parameters close to conditions under which mineral waters are formed at the Nagutskoe and Essentuki fields (temperatures 20–25 and 65–70°C, carbon dioxide pressure up to 4.04 MPa). The solvents were distilled water and naturally occurring groundwaters from the Caucasian Mineral Waters (CMW) area, individual experimental runs lasted for 2 h, the starting material (rock) was crushed to 0.25 mm, and the gas phase was carbon dioxide. In most of the experiments, the solid: liquid phase (R/W) ratio was 1: 5 and was varied from 1: 10 to 1: 100 in other experiments. Our simulation results indicate that multiple-cycle (10 cycles) leaching leads to an increase in mineralization from 1.3 g/L to 4 g/L and transformation of the geochemical type of the waters from the hydrocarbonate calcic–sodic one (leaching cycle 1) to chloride–hydrocarbonate sodic (cycles 5 and later). The mineralization increased mostly because the and Na+ ions are transferred into solution at an insignificant increase in the Cl concentration and a practically unchanging concentrations of the sulfate, calcium, and magnesium ions. With regard for the averaged mineralogical composition of the sandstone (quartz, feldspars, mica, glauconite, magnetite, ilmenite, garnet, rutile, zircon, and tourmaline) used in our thermodynamic simulations, we arrived at the conclusion that the chemical compositions of the waters, including their minor-element compositions, are controlled by (i) the composition of the cement (clay, calcareous, siliceous, limonitic, chloritic, zeolitic, phosphate, sulfate, or mixed) of the rocks, (ii) weight percentages of minerals containing certain elements, and (iii) temperature, at a given composition of the gas phase of the simulated system (silty sandstone–rainwater–CO2 gas phase).
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s001670291608005x
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Experimental modeling of the immobilization of heavy metals at the
           carbonate adsorption–precipitation geochemical barrier
    • Authors: A. V. Savenko
      Pages: 719 - 731
      Abstract: Abstract Experimental data obtained on the adsorption–precipitation immobilization of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, Co, and Ni) from acidic and neutral solutions by calcite and dolomite demonstrate that interaction of solutions of heavy metals with these minerals at pH > 7.8–8.1 leads to a significant decrease in the concentrations of the metals because of the crystallization of carbonates of these metals. Except Pb, which is equally removed from solutions by both minerals, the immobilization efficiency of the metals on dolomite is greater than on calculate at the same pH. Residual Zn, Cd, Co, and Ni concentrations are immobilized by chemosorption, which is the most efficient for Cd and less significant for Co, Ni, and Zn. It is proved that artificial geochemical barriers on the basis of carbonate rocks can be efficiently applied to protect environment from contamination with heavy metals.
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916060069
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Behavior of lanthanides during the formation of the Svetloe deposit,
           Chukotka
    • Authors: Yu. A. Popova; A. Yu. Bychkov; S. S. Matveeva
      Pages: 732 - 738
      PubDate: 2016-08-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916060057
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 8 (2016)
       
  • Formation of adakitic granitoids in the collisional orogens: Evidence from
           
    • Authors: S. V. Efremov; S. I. Dril’; G. P. Sandimirova
      Pages: 618 - 623
      Abstract: Abstract The classical models of adakite formation by melting of basaltic layer of oceanic lithosphere in the subduction zone were verified using geochemical and Sr–Nd isotope data on the Early Paleozoic granitoids of Eastern Sayan. The presence of adakites in fold belts is usually regarded as geochemical proxy for paleogeodynamic reconstruction. The formation of felsic derivatives with adakitic signatures in the collisional orogens is inconsistent with these models and requires their revision. It is shown that the composition of the granitoids and their evolution cannot be described with these models. In order to solve this problem, two hypotheses of granitoid formation by mixing of two geochemically contrasting reservoirs were proposed and verified. According to the first hypothesis, the granitoids represent the mixing products between alkaline olivine basalts and partial melts of the gray gneiss basement of this region. The second model relates the formation of the granitoids with melting of geochemically 2700 Ma-old enriched source in the subcontinental lithospheric mantle. In spite of differences, both these hypotheses are based on the remobilization of sources formed at the previous stages of the geological evolution of the region. In both cases, adakitic geochemical characteristics of forming felsic magmas are determined by the composition of protolith rather than by their geodynamic position. Obtained preliminary results place constraints on genetic models and geochemical reservoirs participating in the formation of the granitoids.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916070028
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 7 (2016)
       
  • Solubility and migration ability of rhodium in natural conditions: model
           experimental data
    • Authors: I. Ya. Koshcheeva; I. V. Kubrakova; N. V. Korsakova; O. A. Tyutyunnik
      Pages: 624 - 632
      Abstract: Abstract The contents of dissolved rhodium species in the near-neutral environments have been studied for the first time and data on the interaction of Rh with organic matters of natural waters and its sorption behavior during contact with the components of geochemical barriers were obtained. The solubility method was used to analyze the behavior of rhodium hydroxide in the Rh(OH) x –H2O and Rh(OH) x –H2O–FA (fulvic acids) systems. The possible contents of inorganic species of rhodium and its compounds with humic organic ligands were determined within the pH range typical of surface waters. The solubility of rhodium shows a twoorder- of magnitude increase in the presence of humic matters (FA). The sorption interaction of the soluble rhodium species with the main components of geochemical barriers such as iron oxyhydroxides (III), (including fulvic-acid modified ones), alumosilicates, and precipitates of humic acids in contact with natural waters was studied. It was revealed that rhodium has the high affinity to all studied materials; its species are sorbed by ferrihydrite within several hours. It is suggested that rhodium is mainly transferred as colloid with suspended particulate matters of waters and then is accumulated in bottom sediments. The differences revealed in the sorption behavior of Pt(IV), Pd(II) and Rh(III) may be used to predict the distribution of the considered platinum group elements between the components of ecosystems.
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916050049
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 7 (2016)
       
  • Experimental study of gallium oxide solubility in chloride solutions at
           300–400°C
    • Authors: M. E. Tarnopolskaia; A. Yu. Bychkov; Yu. V. Shvarov
      Pages: 640 - 644
      PubDate: 2016-07-01
      DOI: 10.1134/s0016702916070107
      Issue No: Vol. 54, No. 7 (2016)
       
 
 
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