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    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (158 journals)
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CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (158 journals)                  1 2     

ACS Combinatorial Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Advanced Chemical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
BMC Chemical Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Chemical and Materials Engineering     Open Access  
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Chemical and Process Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemical and Process Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Chemical Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemical Engineering Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Chemical Engineering Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Product and Process Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 309)
Chemical Society Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 30)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 207)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Chemical Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coke and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Coloration Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Aided Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Corrosion Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Crystal Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Ekologia : The Journal of Institute of Landscape Ecology of Slovak Academy of Sciences     Open Access  
Eksergi     Open Access  
Emerging Trends in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription  
European Polymer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Fibers and Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geochemistry International     Hybrid Journal  
Handbook of Powder Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
High Performance Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Chemical Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Chemical Technology (IJCT)     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Industrial Chemistry Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Chemoinformatics and Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Industrial Chemistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Polymeric Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Waste Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ISRN Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ISRN Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Applied Crystallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 193)
Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chemical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chemical Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

        1 2     

Journal Cover Geochemistry International
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1556-1968 - ISSN (Online) 0016-7029
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2210 journals]   [SJR: 0.401]   [H-I: 13]
  • Partition geochemistry of hydrothermal precipitates from submarine
           hydrothermal fields in the Hellenic Volcanic Island Arc
    • Abstract: Abstract The geochemical study of 5 sediment cores obtained from different shallow hydrothermal fields along the volcanic arc (Methana, Milos, Kos and Yali), revealed that the degree of rock hydrothermal alteration from one area to another is different and is influenced by the physical and geochemical properties of the hydrothermal venting fluids and the type of the rocks in the substrate. The submarine hydrothermal fields in the central Aegean Sea are linked with the Hellenic Volcanic Arc and imprint their hydrothermal influence on the local marine sediments. Hydrothermal venting fluids differ in pH, temperature, gas and metallic element content, intensity of gas and water flux, while rock substrate is variable in terms of thickness and chemistry of the marine sediments and the mineral deposits. The analytical results showed that the lowest values of Fe are observed in Palaeochori Bay (0.72%) and the highest values are found in Bros Thermi (2.72%). The highest Mn concentrations are found in Bros Thermi (407 ppm) and the lowest are found in Yali (29 ppm). Cu and Pb highest concentrations are found in Bros Thermi (21 ppm) and Thiafi Bay (16 ppm), and the lowest in Yali (1 ppm). Zn highest values are found in Bros Thermi (56 ppm) and the lowest values in Kephalos Bay (10 ppm). Finally, the Ca and Mg-richest layers are observed in Kephalos 7.5 and 0.98% respectively and the lowest are observed in Milos (0.01% for Ca) and Yali (0.12% for Mg). The hydrothermal activity presented variations with geological time and hydrothermal suspended particulate matter coming out from the vent outlets also influence the sediment geochemistry. As an example in Methana, high concentrations of Cu and Zn in SPM result in high levels of Cu and Zn in the sediments.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Identification of anthropogenic radionuclides in the Song Hong (Red) and
           Song Da (Black) river basins of Vietnam
    • Abstract: Abstract The concentration and distribution of U were measured in zircon samples separated from the streambed sediments collected at different sites along the rivers of northern Vietnam using semiconductor alpha spectrometry and alpha- and fission-track autoradiography. Based on the absolute U content and distribution, we distinguished two groups of zircon grains of different origin. Group 1 zircons have relatively low and uniform U contents ranging from 280 to 440 μg/g. Group 2 zircons are characterized by heterogeneous U distribution and U contents ranging from 490 to 2040μg/g. The determination of absolute alpha activity values and alpha spectrometric characteristics for a number of group 2 zircon grains indicated the presence of relatively short-lived alpha-emitters. These radionuclides are probably 210Po, 232U, 236Pu, 241Am, and 243Am, and all of them can originate exclusively from anthropogenic sources. A comparison of the observed alpha activity values for group 2 zircons with those of group 1 zircons and zircons separated from the suspended colloids in river water samples provided conclusive evidence for traces of anthropogenic radioactive contamination in the Lao Cai, Yen Bai, Tuyen Quang, Thac Ba, Viet Tri, and Hanoi streams flowing in the Song Hong (Red) and Song Da (Black) river basins of northern Vietnam and sourced in the southern regions of the neighboring state.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Physicochemical parameters of the material of mantle plumes: Evidence from
           the thermodynamic analysis of mineral inclusions in sublithospheric
    • Abstract: Abstract Thermodynamic analysis of equilibria involving minerals of the lower mantle of pyrolite composition and crystalline carbon-bearing compounds indicates that the range of oxygen fugacity values at which diamond can be formed is separated from the region in which Fe-rich metallic alloy is generated by a field in which Fe carbides are stable. This implies that diamond can be formed in the lower mantle under more oxidizing conditions than those thought to be dominant in this geosphere. The absence of a metallic phase from the lower-mantle diamond-bearing mineral assemblage is consistent with the high (approximately 1%) Ni concentration in the ferropericlase found as inclusions in diamonds (Fe-rich metallic alloy is able to intensely extract Ni). An elevated redox potential also follows from the occurrence of carbonate phases found among mineral inclusions in lower-mantle diamonds. The main reason for a local increase in oxygen fugacity in the lower mantle may be shifts of redox equilibria toward a decrease in the amount, and then the disappearance of the Fe-Ni alloy with increasing temperature. An important role in the formation of diamond may be played by the generation of carbonate-phosphate and silicate melts in high-temperature zones and the migration of these melts and their interaction with wall rocks.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Pelitic rocks from the molasse formation of the Southern Ural segment of
           the Uralian foredeep: Lithogeochemistry, provenance composition, and
           paleotectonic reconstructions
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we consider the lithogeochemical characteristics of pelitic rocks from the molasses (Late Permian) of the Southern Ural segment of the Uralian foredeep. The examination of mudstones showed that they contain high and variable amounts of secondary carbonate minerals and, consequently, high and variable CO2, which complicates the use of traditional lithochemical diagrams for their classification and genetic reconstructions. On the other hand, the lithogeochemical characteristics of the pelites (as well as psammites) provided evidence on the compositions of provenances in paleocatchments. High Cr and Ni contents indicate the presence of ultrabasic rocks in the provenances, and the distribution of Cr/Ni values suggests insignificant chemical homogenization of aluminosilicate fine-grained clastic materials and, consequently, short transport distances. The dominant first-cycle nature of the clay rocks is indicated by the relations of major oxides and various lithochemical indexes. The heterogeneous and complex composition of the end-Permian provenance is supported by the covariation diagrams of indicator trace element ratios.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Trace element distribution in mineral inclusions in zoned garnets from
           eclogites of the Atbashi Range (South Tianshan)
    • Abstract: Abstract Ion microprobe data for minerals from the eclogites of the Atbashi Range (South Tianshan) constrain the distribution of trace (Rb, Sr, Ba, Cr, V, Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, U, Th, and Y) and rare-earth elements (REE) in zoned garnets and mineral inclusions in them. This study showed that garnets from the Atbashi eclogites are the main hosts for heavy REE; epidotes are important hosts for REE, Y, Sr, Th, and U; and omphacites are depleted in almost all trace elements compared with the bulk-rock compositions. Garnet, as well as epidote and omphacite inclusions exhibit systematic rimward depletion in a number of trace elements, which is related to the depletion of the rock matrix in these elements during crystallization. Deviations from this trend, including the enrichment of garnet rims in HREE and strong variations in the REE contents of garnets and mineral inclusions, can be explained by metamorphic reactions involving the destabilization of REE-bearing minerals. Our data suggest that the mobility of trace elements under eclogites-facies conditions is mainly controlled by the stability of certain minerals.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Erratum to: “Stability conditions of polycyclic aromatic
           hydrocarbons at high pressures and temperatures”
    • PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Elucidation of the hierarchy of processes transforming the pore space of
           water-hosting rocks based on thermodynamic simulation results
    • Abstract: Abstract A series of thermodynamic simulations was carried out at varied physicochemical parameters within the framework of a single model experiment in a marginal part of an artesian basin. The transformation of the pore space is proved to be more significantly dependent on temperature than on the initial porosity of the rocks. The extent to which the water-rock system is open (or closed) plays a subordinate role in trans-forming the porosity of the rocks via indirectly controlling the leaching conditions of carbonate rocks. The filtration rate only insignificantly affects the saturation of the groundwaters at certain sites within the aquifer at given P-T parameters. In analyzing this criterion, the mineralogical composition of the host rocks plays the leading role.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • Geochemistry of the Osnitsk-Mikashevichy volcanoplutonic complex of the
           Ukrainian shield
    • Abstract: Abstract This paper addresses the geochemistry of intrusive (Osinitsk complex) and volcanic (Klesov Group) rocks of the Osnitsk-Mikashevichy volcanoplutonic belt (OMVPB) of the Ukrainian shield, which is an active continental margin existing approximately 1980–2000 Ma ago. The Osnitsk complex comprises a wide range of rocks, from ultrabasics to granitoids, and the Klesov Group is dominated by extrusive rocks of basaltic and rhyolitic compositions metamorphosed under epidote-amphibolite facies conditions. The Sr-Nd-Hf isotopic systematics (ɛSr1990 from −4 to +10, ɛNd1990 from −0.6 to +2.3, and ɛHf1990 from 0.1 to 1.4) indicates a juvenile source for the OMVPB rocks. Geochemical data suggest independent origin of the rocks of gabbroid (SiO2 < 60 wt %) and granitoid (SiO2 > 60 wt %) series. The gabbroids are subdivided into pre- and post-granite groups on the basis of the higher contents of incompatible trace elements and lower contents of compatible elements in the post-granite rocks. The geochemical characteristics of the two groups of basic rocks indicate their formation in a convergent tectonic setting. The origin of the granitoid melts is attributed to the low-degree (eutectoid) melting of basic rocks at relatively low temperatures.
      PubDate: 2014-11-01
  • PVT parameters of fluid
           inclusions and the C, O, N, and Ar isotopic composition in a garnet
           lherzolite xenolith from the Oasis Jetty, East Antarctica
    • Abstract: Abstract Orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, and olivine from a metasomatized mantle xenolith of garnet lherzolite in alkaline rocks at the Jetty Oasis, East Antarctica, contain numerous carbon dioxide-dominated composite melt-fluid and fluidized sulfide-silicate (±carbonate) inclusions. Although the maximum pressure under which the inclusions were captured by rock-forming minerals was evaluated at 13 kbar, its actual value should have been much higher, judging by the fact that the inclusions have lost part of their material (decrepitated) when the xenolith was brought to the surface. Two major fluid populations are distinguished. The fluids entrapped during the earlier episode have a more complicated composition. Dominated by CO2, these fluids contain much N2 (0.1–0.2 mole fractions), H2S, and perhaps, also H2O and are hosted by sulfide-silicate (±carbonate) inclusions produced by liquid immiscibility. As these inclusions evolved, they enriched in CO2 and depleted in H2S and N2. Although the concentrations of N2, H2S, and H2O were generally relatively low, these components played an important role in mantle metasomatism, as is reflected in the geochemistry of the derived magmas. The fluids of the younger episode (pressures lower than 7 kbar) are notably richer not only in CO2 but also in H2O (up to the appearance of inclusions with a liquid aqueous phase and the formation of CO2 gas hydrate when cooled in a cryometric stage by liquid N2). The effect of fluids on the mantle source in two discrete episodes is also confirmed by isotopic-geochemical data. Isotopic data on gases obtained immediately from fluid inclusions in minerals by the stepwise crushing technique provide evidence of the evolution of elemental and isotopic ratios of the gases in the course of the metasomatic processes. The high-pressure fluid inclusions of the earlier episode have low C/N2, C/Ar, and N2/Ar ratios, isotopically heavy N2, and somewhat elevated (to 530) 40Ar/36Ar ratios. The younger fluids typically have higher (by two to three orders of magnitude) C/N2 and C/Ar ratios, lower δ13C of CO2, and N2/Ar and 40Ar/36Ar ratios close to the atmospheric values. The nitrogen and argon isotopic compositions and elemental ratios suggest that the younger fluids could have been produced by two-component mixing in the mantle-atmosphere system. Comprehensive analysis of the data and in particular the 40Ar/36Ar ratios, which are atypical of the mantle, and an increase in the H2O concentration, suggests a subduction-related nature of the fluids.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Fluoride and arsenic hydrogeochemistry of groundwater at Yuncheng basin,
           Northern China
    • Abstract: Abstract High fluoride and arsenic concentrations in groundwater have led to serious health problems to local inhabitants at Yuncheng basin, Northern China. In this study, groundwater with high fluoride and arsenic concentration at Yuncheng basin was investigated. A majority of the samples (over 60%) belong to HCO3 type water. The predominant water type for the shallow groundwater collected from southern and eastern mountain areas was Ca/Mg-Ca-HCO3 types. For the shallow groundwater from flow through and discharge area it is Na-HCO3/SO4-Cl/SO4/Cl type. The predominant water type for the intermediate and deep groundwater is of Na/Ca/Mg-Ca-HCO3 type. According to our field investigation, fluoride concentration in groundwater ranges between 0.31 and 14.2 mg/L, and arsenic concentration ranges between 0.243 and 153.7 μg/L. Out of seventy collected groundwater samples, there are 31 samples that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) standard of 1.5 mg/L for fluoride, and 15 samples exceeds the WHO standard of 10 μg/L for arsenic. Over 40% of high fluoride and arsenic groundwater are related to the Na-HCO3 type water, and the other fifty percent associated with Na-SO4-Cl/HCO3-SO4-Cl type water; little relation was found in calcium bicarbonate type water. A moderate positive correlation between fluoride and arsenic with pH were found in this study. It is due to the pH-dependent adsorption characteristics of F and As onto the oxide surfaces in the sediments. The observed negative correlation between fluoride and calcium could stem from the dissolution equilibrium of fluorite. The high concentration of bicarbonate in groundwater can serve as a powerful competitor and lead to the enrichment of fluoride and arsenic in groundwater. Most of the groundwater with high fluoride or arsenic content has nitrate content about or over 10 mg/L which, together with the observed positive correlations between nitrate and fluoride/arsenic, are indicative of common source of manmade pollution and of prevailing condition of leaching in the study area.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Geochemistry of alkali and nepheline syenites of the Ukrainian Shield:
           ICP-MS data
    • Abstract: Abstract We present new geochemical data on alkali and nepheline syenites from various complexes of different age within the Ukrainian Shield. The results reveal a correlation between the content of trace elements in the syenites, their assignment to a particular rock complex, the chemistry of primary melts, and the degree of their differentiation. The data also suggest regional geochemical heterogeneity in the ultramafic-alkaline complexes of the Ukrainian Shield. The alkali and nepheline syenites in the ultramafic-alkaline massifs from the eastern and western parts of the region exhibit similar REE contents and Eu/Eu* ratios but are markedly different in Nb, Ta, Zr, and Hf content and are of the miaskitic type. These rocks have lower REE, Nb, and Zr and higher Sr and Ba compared with early foidolites. The rocks of the gabbro-syenite complexes define a distinct Fe-enrichment fractionation trend from early syenitic intrusions to more differentiated varieties; they are also characterized by lower Sr, Ba, and Eu/Eu* and significantly lower contents of some major elements, e.g., Ti, Mg, and P. The agpaitic index and concentrations of Zr, Nb, Y, and REE increase in the same direction. A similar geochemical feature is observed in the alkali syenites genetically associated with anorthositerapakivi-granite plutons, which show incompatible-element enrichment and strong depletion in Sr and Ba. The distinctive evolutionary trends of alkali and nepheline syenites from different rock complexes of the Ukrainian Shield can be explained by different mechanisms of their formation. The main petrogenetic mechanism controlling the distribution of trace elements in the rocks of ultramafic-alkaline complexes was the separation of parent melts of melanephelinite and melilitite types into immiscible phonolite and carbonatite liquids. The gabbro-syenite complexes and alkali syenites from anorthosite-rapakivi granite plutons evolved via crystallization differentiation, which involved extensive feldspar fractionation.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Geochemistry and origin of metabasites from the granulite-gneiss complex
           of the Angara-Kan block, southwestern Siberian craton
    • Abstract: Abstract In this paper, we present data on major and trace elements in highly metamorphosed mafic rocks from the granulite-gneiss complex of the Angara-Kan block (southwestern Siberian craton), identify igneous protoliths of the metabasites, and assess the mobility of elements during metamorphism. Two types of rocks with different geologic relations and compositions were recognized. Garnet-bearing two-pyroxene granulites (Cpx + Pl + Grt + Opx) occur as sheet- and boudin-like bodies, which were folded and deformed with their host paragneisses. Dikes, which in most cases underwent only brittle deformation, are composed of metabasites characterized by the assemblage Cpx + Hbl + Pl + Grt. The major element compositions of igneous protoliths for the mafic granulites and metabasite dykes correspond to variously differentiated basaltic magmas. The protoliths of the metabasites are depleted in K2O, LILE, Zr, Nb, and LREE and were derived from a depleted mantle source. The major and trace element compositions of the dike metabasites are similar to those of low-K tholeiitic basalts of oceanic island arcs. Continental intraplate basalts derived from an enriched mantle source are possible igneous protoliths for the mafic granulites enriched in Ba, LREE, Nb, Ta, Zr, and Hf. It is assumed that lower Rb, Th, and U contents in the mafic granulites compared with continental flood basalts, high K/Rb and La/Th, and moderate Th/U ratios reflect the loss of Rb, Th and U during granulite-facies metamorphism.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Gold sulfoarsenide complexes in ore-forming hydrothermal solutions
           (thermodynamic modeling)
    • PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Generation of hydrocarbons in the burial history of Silurian formations in
           the Libyan part of the Ghadames Basin
    • Abstract: Abstract Burial history, temperature variations, and organic matter maturation in the sedimentary rocks in the Ghadames Basin were numerically reconstructed using the GALO system for basin modeling taking into account repeated tectonic (stretching) and thermal activation events in the basin lithosphere. The modeling improved the reconstruction of the thermal history of the basin and hydrocarbon generation potential compared with previous model estimates based on the assumption of a constant temperature gradient during the whole period of basin development. In particular, the results of modeling suggest that the amplitude of Cenozoic erosion was smaller than that proposed in previous studies. The central part of the Ghadames Basin, which was considered in this study, is the western part of the Libyan sector of the basin, which underwent intense subsidence reaching 4000 m already in the Carboniferous. Given the relatively active thermal history of the basin, the modeling suggests high degrees of organic maturity in the source rocks of the Lower Silurian in the modern section of the basin and confirms the high generation potential of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons in these formations. Significant hydrocarbon generation has occurred there since the Late Carboniferous. On the other hand, the generation potential of the Late Devonian (Frasnian) sequences is limited and strongly dependent on burial depth. The main stage of hydrocarbon generation in these rocks coincided with the Cenozoic thermal activation of the basin lithosphere. In all the areas considered, the oil window overlaps a significant portion of the modern sedimentary section of the Ghadames Basin.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Fourteenth International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Avignon,
           France, June 9–14, 2013
    • PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • On the preservation of Xe of the isotopically normal component of noble
           gases in meteoritic nanodiamonds and        class="a-plus-plus">4He in lunar soil according
           to the data of gas desorption during stepped pyrolysis
    • Abstract: Abstract The release kinetics of Xe of the isotopically normal component of noble gases (P3 component) from the coarse-grained fraction of nanodiamonds from the Orgueil (CI) meteorite and the kinetics of 4He release from lunar soil were studied by means of a numerical simulation. It is demonstrated that the release of these gases as a peak with a single pronounced maximum may not correspond to the diffusion model with a single activation energy and can in fact be controlled by a spectrum of activation energies with a number of peaks a number of peaks remaining unresolved at stepped pyrolysis. In particular, the amount of Xe-P3 preserved in nanodiamonds during thermal metamorphism of the Orgueil meteorite calculated using parameters of the diffusion process (activation energy and frequency factor) that were determined in the model with a single activation energy indicates that practically all Xe should be lost during a very short time. These losses are inconsistent with both the duration of thermal metamorphism of the meteorite parent bodies and the Xe-P3 concentrations measured in these meteorites. A much higher preservation of Xe-P3 during thermal metamorphism lasting for hundreds of years follows from calculations based on diffusion with a spectrum of activation energiesa for Xe release. The results of isothermal pyrolysis of a nanodiamonds fraction from Orgueil confirms a presence of several activation energies for Xe-P3 release from the nanodiamonds. The application of the diffusion model with a spectrum of activation energies to He release from lunar soil samples also shows that He can be retained in these samples at 20°C during a much longer time than it follows from the model with a single activation energy (Anufriev, 2010).
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Effect of groundwater runoff on the chemical composition of the
           delta-front water of the Selenga River, Lake Baika
    • PubDate: 2014-10-01
  • Estimation of the standard thermodynamic potentials of framework
           Ca-aluminosilicates by linear programming
    • PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Quantification of electrical resistance to estimate NaCl behavior in a
           column under controlled conditions
    • Abstract: Abstract Accurate prediction of solute transport processes in surface water and its underlying bed is an important task not only for proper management of the surface water but also for pollution control in these water bodies. Key issue in this task is an estimation of parameters as diffusion coefficient and velocity for solute transport both in water body and in the underlying bed. This estimation would greatly help us to understand the deposition and release mechanism of solute across the water-bed interface. In this study, a column experiment was conducted in laboratory to estimate the velocity and diffusion coefficient of sodium chloride (NaCl) in water body and underlying sand layer (bed). The column used with a diameter of 30 cm and a height of 100 cm, was filled with sand at the lower half part and water at the upper half part. Total 64 stainless steel electrodes were installed on its surface around. The sodium chloride solution was injected from the top of the column, and electrical resistance between electrodes was monitored for 71 h. Then the dimensionless resistance breakthrough curve was fitted with one dimensional analytic solution for solute transport and the related diffusion coefficient and velocity parameters were estimated. The results show that the NaCl transport velocity was high in the water body but extremely low in the underlying sand layer (bed). The diffusion coefficient estimated in sand layer coincides with those reported well. This indicates that the electrical resistance based solute transport parameter estimation method is not only effective but also has an advantage of multipoints monitoring. This is useful both in mapping solute transport parameter for solute transport process analysis and in providing parameter input for solute transport numerical modeling.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
  • Experimental evidence for the coexistence of two liquids in the H       class="a-plus-plus">2O-SiO       class="a-plus-plus">2-NaF-Na       class="a-plus-plus">2SO       class="a-plus-plus">4 System at        class="a-plus-plus">T = 700°C and        class="a-plus-plus">P = 2 kbar
    • Abstract: Abstract The phase state of fluid in the H2O-NaF-Na2SO4 system in the presence of silicates (quartz and albite) was experimentally explored using the method of synthetic fluid inclusions in quartz at 700°C and pressures of 1 and 2 kbar. Parallel experiments were conducted under identical conditions with either two silicates (quartz and albite) or quartz only. The presence of albite affects heterogeneous fluid equilibria both at different pressures and at different solution compositions. This indicates high solubilities of silicates in a saltwater fluid containing NaF and Na2SO4. The absence of inclusions homogenizing to a gas phase in the experimental products provides compelling evidence that liquid-liquid rather than liquid-vapor equilibria are characteristic of the H2O-SiO2-NaF-Na2SO4 and H2O-SiO2-NaF-Na2SO4-NaAlSi3O2 systems in the heterogeneous region. It can be concluded that critical equilibria in saturated solutions can exist in these systems. In addition, it was shown that the phase diagrams of these systems are complicated by the formation of immiscible liquids in the presence of vapor. This allowed us to conclude that there are two critical curves describing equilibria with two different salts. Fluids containing two salts (NaF and Na2SO4) are similar to fluids containing only one of these salts: (a) two liquids are in equilibrium under the parameters of the upper heterogeneous region, (b) each of them can in turn undergo unmixing at decreasing temperature and pressure, and (c) owing to chemical interaction between silicate and fluid components, a glassy phase can be formed and trapped in inclusions.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
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