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  Subjects -> ENGINEERING (Total: 1961 journals)
    - CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (153 journals)
    - CIVIL ENGINEERING (149 journals)
    - ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING (81 journals)
    - ENGINEERING (1114 journals)
    - ENGINEERING MECHANICS AND MATERIALS (292 journals)
    - HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING (46 journals)
    - INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING (52 journals)
    - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING (74 journals)

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING (153 journals)                  1 2     

ACS Combinatorial Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Crystallographica Section B: Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Acta Polymerica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Additives for Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Adhesion Adhesives & Sealants     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Chemical Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Advanced Powder Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Polymer Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
African Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Annual Review of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Petrochemical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Biochemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery     Partially Free   (Followers: 5)
BMC Chemical Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Carbohydrate Polymers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Catalysts     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Chemical and Petroleum Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chemical and Process Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Chemical and Process Engineering Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemical Communications     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 29)
Chemical Engineering & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemical Engineering and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Chemical Engineering Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemical Engineering Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Chemical Engineering Research and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Chemical Engineering Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Chemical Geology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Chemical Papers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Product and Process Modeling     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chemical Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 293)
Chemical Society Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 28)
Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ChemInform     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Chemistry & Industry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Chemistry Central Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Chemistry of Materials     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 196)
Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
ChemSusChem     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Chinese Chemical Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Coke and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal  
Coloration Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computational Biology and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Computer Aided Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Computers & Chemical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Corrosion Reviews     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Crystal Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Education for Chemical Engineers     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
European Polymer Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Fibers and Polymers     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Geochemistry International     Hybrid Journal  
Handbook of Powder Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
High Performance Polymers     Hybrid Journal  
Indian Chemical Engineer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Chemical Technology (IJCT)     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Industrial Chemistry Library     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Chemical and Petroleum Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Chemical Reactor Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Chemical Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Chemoinformatics and Chemical Engineering     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Industrial Chemistry     Open Access  
International Journal of Polymeric Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Science and Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Waste Resources     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
ISRN Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ISRN Polymer Science     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Applied Crystallography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Electrochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Applied Polymer Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 186)
Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Chemical & Engineering Data     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Chemical Ecology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chemical Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science     Open Access  
Journal of Chemical Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chemical Sciences     Partially Free   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Coatings     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Crystallization Process and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Fuel Chemistry and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Fuels     Open Access  
Journal of Geochemical Exploration     Hybrid Journal  

        1 2     

Journal Cover Geochemistry International
   Journal TOC RSS feeds Export to Zotero Follow    
   Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
     ISSN (Print) 1556-1968 - ISSN (Online) 0016-7029
     Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2209 journals]   [SJR: 0.401]   [H-I: 13]
  • PVT parameters of fluid
           inclusions and the C, O, N, and Ar isotopic composition in a garnet
           lherzolite xenolith from the Oasis Jetty, East Antarctica
    • Abstract: Orthopyroxene, clinopyroxene, and olivine from a metasomatized mantle xenolith of garnet lherzolite in alkaline rocks at the Jetty Oasis, East Antarctica, contain numerous carbon dioxide-dominated composite melt-fluid and fluidized sulfide-silicate (±carbonate) inclusions. Although the maximum pressure under which the inclusions were captured by rock-forming minerals was evaluated at 13 kbar, its actual value should have been much higher, judging by the fact that the inclusions have lost part of their material (decrepitated) when the xenolith was brought to the surface. Two major fluid populations are distinguished. The fluids entrapped during the earlier episode have a more complicated composition. Dominated by CO2, these fluids contain much N2 (0.1–0.2 mole fractions), H2S, and perhaps, also H2O and are hosted by sulfide-silicate (±carbonate) inclusions produced by liquid immiscibility. As these inclusions evolved, they enriched in CO2 and depleted in H2S and N2. Although the concentrations of N2, H2S, and H2O were generally relatively low, these components played an important role in mantle metasomatism, as is reflected in the geochemistry of the derived magmas. The fluids of the younger episode (pressures lower than 7 kbar) are notably richer not only in CO2 but also in H2O (up to the appearance of inclusions with a liquid aqueous phase and the formation of CO2 gas hydrate when cooled in a cryometric stage by liquid N2). The effect of fluids on the mantle source in two discrete episodes is also confirmed by isotopic-geochemical data. Isotopic data on gases obtained immediately from fluid inclusions in minerals by the stepwise crushing technique provide evidence of the evolution of elemental and isotopic ratios of the gases in the course of the metasomatic processes. The high-pressure fluid inclusions of the earlier episode have low C/N2, C/Ar, and N2/Ar ratios, isotopically heavy N2, and somewhat elevated (to 530) 40Ar/36Ar ratios. The younger fluids typically have higher (by two to three orders of magnitude) C/N2 and C/Ar ratios, lower δ13C of CO2, and N2/Ar and 40Ar/36Ar ratios close to the atmospheric values. The nitrogen and argon isotopic compositions and elemental ratios suggest that the younger fluids could have been produced by two-component mixing in the mantle-atmosphere system. Comprehensive analysis of the data and in particular the 40Ar/36Ar ratios, which are atypical of the mantle, and an increase in the H2O concentration, suggests a subduction-related nature of the fluids.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Fluoride and arsenic hydrogeochemistry of groundwater at Yuncheng basin,
           Northern China
    • Abstract: High fluoride and arsenic concentrations in groundwater have led to serious health problems to local inhabitants at Yuncheng basin, Northern China. In this study, groundwater with high fluoride and arsenic concentration at Yuncheng basin was investigated. A majority of the samples (over 60%) belong to HCO3 type water. The predominant water type for the shallow groundwater collected from southern and eastern mountain areas was Ca/Mg-Ca-HCO3 types. For the shallow groundwater from flow through and discharge area it is Na-HCO3/SO4-Cl/SO4/Cl type. The predominant water type for the intermediate and deep groundwater is of Na/Ca/Mg-Ca-HCO3 type. According to our field investigation, fluoride concentration in groundwater ranges between 0.31 and 14.2 mg/L, and arsenic concentration ranges between 0.243 and 153.7 μg/L. Out of seventy collected groundwater samples, there are 31 samples that exceed the World Health Organization (WHO) standard of 1.5 mg/L for fluoride, and 15 samples exceeds the WHO standard of 10 μg/L for arsenic. Over 40% of high fluoride and arsenic groundwater are related to the Na-HCO3 type water, and the other fifty percent associated with Na-SO4-Cl/HCO3-SO4-Cl type water; little relation was found in calcium bicarbonate type water. A moderate positive correlation between fluoride and arsenic with pH were found in this study. It is due to the pH-dependent adsorption characteristics of F and As onto the oxide surfaces in the sediments. The observed negative correlation between fluoride and calcium could stem from the dissolution equilibrium of fluorite. The high concentration of bicarbonate in groundwater can serve as a powerful competitor and lead to the enrichment of fluoride and arsenic in groundwater. Most of the groundwater with high fluoride or arsenic content has nitrate content about or over 10 mg/L which, together with the observed positive correlations between nitrate and fluoride/arsenic, are indicative of common source of manmade pollution and of prevailing condition of leaching in the study area.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Geochemistry of alkali and nepheline syenites of the Ukrainian Shield:
           ICP-MS data
    • Abstract: We present new geochemical data on alkali and nepheline syenites from various complexes of different age within the Ukrainian Shield. The results reveal a correlation between the content of trace elements in the syenites, their assignment to a particular rock complex, the chemistry of primary melts, and the degree of their differentiation. The data also suggest regional geochemical heterogeneity in the ultramafic-alkaline complexes of the Ukrainian Shield. The alkali and nepheline syenites in the ultramafic-alkaline massifs from the eastern and western parts of the region exhibit similar REE contents and Eu/Eu* ratios but are markedly different in Nb, Ta, Zr, and Hf content and are of the miaskitic type. These rocks have lower REE, Nb, and Zr and higher Sr and Ba compared with early foidolites. The rocks of the gabbro-syenite complexes define a distinct Fe-enrichment fractionation trend from early syenitic intrusions to more differentiated varieties; they are also characterized by lower Sr, Ba, and Eu/Eu* and significantly lower contents of some major elements, e.g., Ti, Mg, and P. The agpaitic index and concentrations of Zr, Nb, Y, and REE increase in the same direction. A similar geochemical feature is observed in the alkali syenites genetically associated with anorthositerapakivi-granite plutons, which show incompatible-element enrichment and strong depletion in Sr and Ba. The distinctive evolutionary trends of alkali and nepheline syenites from different rock complexes of the Ukrainian Shield can be explained by different mechanisms of their formation. The main petrogenetic mechanism controlling the distribution of trace elements in the rocks of ultramafic-alkaline complexes was the separation of parent melts of melanephelinite and melilitite types into immiscible phonolite and carbonatite liquids. The gabbro-syenite complexes and alkali syenites from anorthosite-rapakivi granite plutons evolved via crystallization differentiation, which involved extensive feldspar fractionation.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Geochemistry and origin of metabasites from the granulite-gneiss complex
           of the Angara-Kan block, southwestern Siberian craton
    • Abstract: In this paper, we present data on major and trace elements in highly metamorphosed mafic rocks from the granulite-gneiss complex of the Angara-Kan block (southwestern Siberian craton), identify igneous protoliths of the metabasites, and assess the mobility of elements during metamorphism. Two types of rocks with different geologic relations and compositions were recognized. Garnet-bearing two-pyroxene granulites (Cpx + Pl + Grt + Opx) occur as sheet- and boudin-like bodies, which were folded and deformed with their host paragneisses. Dikes, which in most cases underwent only brittle deformation, are composed of metabasites characterized by the assemblage Cpx + Hbl + Pl + Grt. The major element compositions of igneous protoliths for the mafic granulites and metabasite dykes correspond to variously differentiated basaltic magmas. The protoliths of the metabasites are depleted in K2O, LILE, Zr, Nb, and LREE and were derived from a depleted mantle source. The major and trace element compositions of the dike metabasites are similar to those of low-K tholeiitic basalts of oceanic island arcs. Continental intraplate basalts derived from an enriched mantle source are possible igneous protoliths for the mafic granulites enriched in Ba, LREE, Nb, Ta, Zr, and Hf. It is assumed that lower Rb, Th, and U contents in the mafic granulites compared with continental flood basalts, high K/Rb and La/Th, and moderate Th/U ratios reflect the loss of Rb, Th and U during granulite-facies metamorphism.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Gold sulfoarsenide complexes in ore-forming hydrothermal solutions
           (thermodynamic modeling)
    • PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Generation of hydrocarbons in the burial history of Silurian formations in
           the Libyan part of the Ghadames Basin
    • Abstract: Burial history, temperature variations, and organic matter maturation in the sedimentary rocks in the Ghadames Basin were numerically reconstructed using the GALO system for basin modeling taking into account repeated tectonic (stretching) and thermal activation events in the basin lithosphere. The modeling improved the reconstruction of the thermal history of the basin and hydrocarbon generation potential compared with previous model estimates based on the assumption of a constant temperature gradient during the whole period of basin development. In particular, the results of modeling suggest that the amplitude of Cenozoic erosion was smaller than that proposed in previous studies. The central part of the Ghadames Basin, which was considered in this study, is the western part of the Libyan sector of the basin, which underwent intense subsidence reaching 4000 m already in the Carboniferous. Given the relatively active thermal history of the basin, the modeling suggests high degrees of organic maturity in the source rocks of the Lower Silurian in the modern section of the basin and confirms the high generation potential of liquid and gaseous hydrocarbons in these formations. Significant hydrocarbon generation has occurred there since the Late Carboniferous. On the other hand, the generation potential of the Late Devonian (Frasnian) sequences is limited and strongly dependent on burial depth. The main stage of hydrocarbon generation in these rocks coincided with the Cenozoic thermal activation of the basin lithosphere. In all the areas considered, the oil window overlaps a significant portion of the modern sedimentary section of the Ghadames Basin.
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Fourteenth International Symposium on Water-Rock Interaction, Avignon,
           France, June 9–14, 2013
    • PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • On the preservation of Xe of the isotopically normal component of noble
           gases in meteoritic nanodiamonds and        class="a-plus-plus">4He in lunar soil according
           to the data of gas desorption during stepped pyrolysis
    • Abstract: The release kinetics of Xe of the isotopically normal component of noble gases (P3 component) from the coarse-grained fraction of nanodiamonds from the Orgueil (CI) meteorite and the kinetics of 4He release from lunar soil were studied by means of a numerical simulation. It is demonstrated that the release of these gases as a peak with a single pronounced maximum may not correspond to the diffusion model with a single activation energy and can in fact be controlled by a spectrum of activation energies with a number of peaks a number of peaks remaining unresolved at stepped pyrolysis. In particular, the amount of Xe-P3 preserved in nanodiamonds during thermal metamorphism of the Orgueil meteorite calculated using parameters of the diffusion process (activation energy and frequency factor) that were determined in the model with a single activation energy indicates that practically all Xe should be lost during a very short time. These losses are inconsistent with both the duration of thermal metamorphism of the meteorite parent bodies and the Xe-P3 concentrations measured in these meteorites. A much higher preservation of Xe-P3 during thermal metamorphism lasting for hundreds of years follows from calculations based on diffusion with a spectrum of activation energiesa for Xe release. The results of isothermal pyrolysis of a nanodiamonds fraction from Orgueil confirms a presence of several activation energies for Xe-P3 release from the nanodiamonds. The application of the diffusion model with a spectrum of activation energies to He release from lunar soil samples also shows that He can be retained in these samples at 20°C during a much longer time than it follows from the model with a single activation energy (Anufriev, 2010).
      PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Effect of groundwater runoff on the chemical composition of the
           delta-front water of the Selenga River, Lake Baika
    • PubDate: 2014-10-01
       
  • Solution behavior of C-O-H volatiles in FeO-Na       class="a-plus-plus">2O-Al       class="a-plus-plus">2O       class="a-plus-plus">3-SiO       class="a-plus-plus">2 melts in equilibrium with
           liquid iron alloy and graphite at 4 GPa and 1550°C
    • Abstract: In order to elucidate the solution behavior of carbon and hydrogen in iron-bearing magmatic melts in equilibrium with a metallic iron phase and graphite at oxygen fugacity (fO2) values 2–5 orders of magnitude below the iron-wustite buffer equilibrium, fO2 (IW), experiments were carried out at 4 GPa and 1550°C with melts of FeO-Na2O-SiO2-Al2O3 compositions. Melt reduction in response to an fO2 decrease was accompanied by a decrease in FeO content. The values of fO2 in the experiments were determined on the basis of equilibrium between Fe-C-Si alloy and silicate liquid. Infrared and Raman spectroscopy showed that carbon compounds are formed in FeO-Na2O-SiO2-Al2O3 melts: CH4 molecules, CH3 complexes (Si-O-CH3), and complexes with double C=O bonds. The content of CO2 molecules and carbonate ions (CO 3 2− ) is very low. In addition to carbon-bearing compounds, dissolved hydrogen occurs in melt as H2 and H2O molecules and OH− groups. The spectral characteristics of FeO-Na2O-SiO2-Al2O3 glasses indicate the occurrence of redox reactions in the melt, which are accompanied at decreasing fO2 by a significant decrease in H2O and OH−, a slight decrease in H2, and a significant concomitant increase in CH4 content. The content of species with the double C=O bond increases considerably at decreasing fO2 and reaches a maximum at ΔlogfO2(IW) = −3. According to the obtained IR spectra, the total water content (OH− + H2O) in the glasses is 1.2–5.8 wt % and decreases with decreasing fO2. The high H2O contents are due largely to oxygen release related to FeO reduction in the melt. The total carbon content at high H2O (4.9–5.8 wt %) is approximately 0.4 wt %. The carbon content in liquid iron alloys depends on silicon content and, probably, oxygen solubility and ranges from 0.3 to 3.65 wt %. Low carbon contents were observed at a significant increase in Si content in liquid iron alloy, which may be as high as ∼13 wt % at fO2 values 4–5 orders of magnitude below fO2(IW).
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Estimation of the standard thermodynamic potentials of framework
           Ca-aluminosilicates by linear programming
    • PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Chemical space and biospheric space
    • PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Stability conditions of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at high pressures
           and temperatures
    • Abstract: The first results of study of stability of diverse polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at around 7 GPa and 773–1073 K are reported. Experiments were carried out in hydraulic multi-anvil presses. The run products after quenching were analyzed using a method of matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization (MALDI). The formation of polymers of starting matters was determined at 7 GPa and 773–883 K. The polymers are characterized by atomic masses up to 5000 Da, that are multiple by masses of starting matters. At higher temperatures (873–1073 K), the selected PAHs and their polymers become unstable. The decomposition temperature of PAHs and their polymers exclude their stability under Earth’s mantle conditions. The studies could be of great significance for the low-temperature near-surface geodynamics of small and large planetary bodies, which supposedly contain hydrocarbon compounds.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Quantification of electrical resistance to estimate NaCl behavior in a
           column under controlled conditions
    • Abstract: Accurate prediction of solute transport processes in surface water and its underlying bed is an important task not only for proper management of the surface water but also for pollution control in these water bodies. Key issue in this task is an estimation of parameters as diffusion coefficient and velocity for solute transport both in water body and in the underlying bed. This estimation would greatly help us to understand the deposition and release mechanism of solute across the water-bed interface. In this study, a column experiment was conducted in laboratory to estimate the velocity and diffusion coefficient of sodium chloride (NaCl) in water body and underlying sand layer (bed). The column used with a diameter of 30 cm and a height of 100 cm, was filled with sand at the lower half part and water at the upper half part. Total 64 stainless steel electrodes were installed on its surface around. The sodium chloride solution was injected from the top of the column, and electrical resistance between electrodes was monitored for 71 h. Then the dimensionless resistance breakthrough curve was fitted with one dimensional analytic solution for solute transport and the related diffusion coefficient and velocity parameters were estimated. The results show that the NaCl transport velocity was high in the water body but extremely low in the underlying sand layer (bed). The diffusion coefficient estimated in sand layer coincides with those reported well. This indicates that the electrical resistance based solute transport parameter estimation method is not only effective but also has an advantage of multipoints monitoring. This is useful both in mapping solute transport parameter for solute transport process analysis and in providing parameter input for solute transport numerical modeling.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Experimental evidence for the coexistence of two liquids in the H       class="a-plus-plus">2O-SiO       class="a-plus-plus">2-NaF-Na       class="a-plus-plus">2SO       class="a-plus-plus">4 System at        class="a-plus-plus">T = 700°C and        class="a-plus-plus">P = 2 kbar
    • Abstract: The phase state of fluid in the H2O-NaF-Na2SO4 system in the presence of silicates (quartz and albite) was experimentally explored using the method of synthetic fluid inclusions in quartz at 700°C and pressures of 1 and 2 kbar. Parallel experiments were conducted under identical conditions with either two silicates (quartz and albite) or quartz only. The presence of albite affects heterogeneous fluid equilibria both at different pressures and at different solution compositions. This indicates high solubilities of silicates in a saltwater fluid containing NaF and Na2SO4. The absence of inclusions homogenizing to a gas phase in the experimental products provides compelling evidence that liquid-liquid rather than liquid-vapor equilibria are characteristic of the H2O-SiO2-NaF-Na2SO4 and H2O-SiO2-NaF-Na2SO4-NaAlSi3O2 systems in the heterogeneous region. It can be concluded that critical equilibria in saturated solutions can exist in these systems. In addition, it was shown that the phase diagrams of these systems are complicated by the formation of immiscible liquids in the presence of vapor. This allowed us to conclude that there are two critical curves describing equilibria with two different salts. Fluids containing two salts (NaF and Na2SO4) are similar to fluids containing only one of these salts: (a) two liquids are in equilibrium under the parameters of the upper heterogeneous region, (b) each of them can in turn undergo unmixing at decreasing temperature and pressure, and (c) owing to chemical interaction between silicate and fluid components, a glassy phase can be formed and trapped in inclusions.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Radioactive elements in collisional and within-plate Sodic-Potassic
           Granitoids: Accumulation levels and metallogenic significance
    • Abstract: New data are reported on the content of radioactive elements in the Precambrian Na-K granitoids from the southwestern margin of the Siberian Craton, Aldan and Ukrainian shields, and Kursk-Voronezh Massif. Analytical data on other regions were generalized for comparison. Two global epochs of Na-K granitoid magmatism bearing elevated contents of radioactive elements (U, Th, K) were distinguished in the Early Precambrian (in Ga): Neoarchean (2.8-2.6) and Late Paleoproterozoic (1.9-1.75). Mesoarchean (3.1-2.8 Ga) epoch of Na-K granite formation has been additionally distinguished at the Australian, South African, and Canadian shields. These epochs of granitization provided high maturity of the crust: geochemical differentiation of the oldest continental blocks and their geochemical and metallogenic specialization for trace elements and RAE. In the southern margin of the Siberian Craton, the most intense granite formation occurred in the Late Paleoproterozoic. The extended South Siberian belt of collisional and within-plate Na-K granitoids is characterized by intense influx of RAE and other trace elements in the upper crustal shell. The southwestern margin of the craton (Yenisei Range) was spanned by repeated Late Neoproterozoic Na-K granite formation, with wide development of collisional and within-plate Na-K granites having elevated Th content and [Th]/[U] ratio. The higher RAE concentrations are typical of within-plate Paleo and Neoproterozoic granitoids. The highest uranium content was found in the postcollisional and within-plate Na-K granites and subalkaline leucogranites. Uranium ore concentrations were formed at the riftogenic stages of evolution of these crustal blocks, when within-plate subalkaline acid magmatism and accompanying hydrothermal metamorphism overprinted granitized crystalline massifs, including high-U sedimentary and volcanic complexes. Areas with the most favorable geological-geochemical environments for the formation of uranium mineralization were distinguished in the southern margin of the Siberian Craton and its nearest folded framing.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Geochemistry of stable oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in minerals and
           corundum-bearing rocks in northern Karelia as an indicator of their
           unusual genesis
    • Abstract: The paper presents newly obtained data on the oxygen and hydrogen isotopic composition of minerals in corundum occurrences and their host rocks in northern Karelia. Minerals in the Khitoostrov and Varaka corundum-bearing zones have extremely low δ18O (lower than −26‰) and δ D (lower than −215‰), which suggest that the mineral-forming process involved glacial waters and that the minerals preserve the isotopic ratios of their protolith. Aluminous corundum plagioclasites were produced by high-pressure Svecofennian (1.9-1.8 Ga) metamorphism of Paleoproterozoic rocks that had been metasomatized with the involvement of meteoric waters during the Guronian glaciation epoch.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Geochemistry of mafic rocks of the PGE-bearing Vurechuaivench Massif
           (Monchegorsk Complex, Kola region)
    • Abstract: The platinum-bearing Paleoproterozoic Vurechuaivench Massif in the Monchegorsk Pluton is made up of amphibolized and saussuritized gabbronorites, anorthosites, and norites. The geochemical features of the massif rocks are considered at four detailed areas. It was confirmed that the Vurechuaivench and Nyud-Poaz massifs are geochemically similar. The rare-earth element (REE) distribution in the rocks of the Vurechuaivench Massif is peculiar in the low total REE content (9.4–27.6 ppm), negative REE slope, significant LREE enrichment [La/Yb] n = 3.7–8.7), and distinctly expressed positive Eu anomaly ([Eu/Eu*] n = 1.2–2.2). The REE distribution pattern remains unchangeable throughout the entire section, including the rocks of the Pt reef, with a gradual upsection REE increase. It is suggested that the PGE reef of the Vurechuaivench Massif, as the Platinova Reef (Skaergaard massif) and Sonju-Lake Intrusion (Duluth complex), was formed during fractional crystallization in a large magma chamber without new magma influx. It is conceivable that the Vurechuaivench Massif is the allochthonous fragment of a large loppolith-like body, the lower portions of which compose the Nyud-Poaz Massif, while the middle part was almost completely eroded.
      PubDate: 2014-09-01
       
  • Portlandite in rocks of carbonatite massifs
    • PubDate: 2014-08-01
       
  • Enthalpy of dehydration of natural volkonskoite: Calorimetric data
    • PubDate: 2014-08-01
       
 
 
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